JP2007318997A - Ultrasonic actuator - Google Patents

Ultrasonic actuator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2007318997A
JP2007318997A JP2007219988A JP2007219988A JP2007318997A JP 2007318997 A JP2007318997 A JP 2007318997A JP 2007219988 A JP2007219988 A JP 2007219988A JP 2007219988 A JP2007219988 A JP 2007219988A JP 2007318997 A JP2007318997 A JP 2007318997A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
piezoelectric element
support
ultrasonic actuator
power supply
surface
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2007219988A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yusuke Adachi
Hiroshi Fukushima
寛 福島
祐介 足立
Original Assignee
Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
松下電器産業株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2005350357 priority Critical
Priority to JP2005350355 priority
Priority to JP2005350356 priority
Application filed by Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd, 松下電器産業株式会社 filed Critical Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
Priority to JP2007219988A priority patent/JP2007318997A/en
Publication of JP2007318997A publication Critical patent/JP2007318997A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

An object of the present invention is to improve the efficiency as an ultrasonic actuator by reducing adverse effects on vibrations of a piezoelectric element, and at the same time, stress is concentrated on a connecting portion of a wire for supplying power to the piezoelectric element in the piezoelectric element. Prevent cracking.
An ultrasonic actuator includes a piezoelectric element that generates a plurality of vibrations having different vibration directions, and a driving force that is provided in the piezoelectric element and operates in accordance with the vibration of the piezoelectric element. Are in contact with the power supply electrodes 8, 2,..., Which are provided on the piezoelectric element 10 and are electrically connected to the piezoelectric element 10, and the piezoelectric elements 10. Are provided, and support power supply portions 6A, 6B, 7A, 7B, 9A serving as power supply terminals for supplying power to the power supply electrodes 8, 8,.
[Selection] Figure 2

Description

  The present invention relates to a vibration actuator used in various electronic devices, and more particularly to an ultrasonic actuator using an electromechanical transducer.

  A conventional ultrasonic actuator is shown in FIGS. FIG. 21 is a perspective view of a piezoelectric element portion of a conventional ultrasonic actuator, and FIG. 22 is a sectional view thereof.

  The piezoelectric element 100 is supported by five support portions 101A, 101B, 101C, 101D, and 101E. The piezoelectric element 100 is formed with four divided electrodes 102a, 102b, 102c, and 102d, and the piezoelectric element on the opposite side. A full-surface electrode (not shown) is formed on the entire surface of the element.

  The wire 104a is connected to the electrode 102a by the solder 105a and the electrode 102c by the solder 105c. The wire 104b is connected to the electrode 102b by the solder 105b and to the electrode 102d by the solder 105d. Furthermore, the wire 104g is connected to the entire surface electrode. A voltage is applied to the piezoelectric element 100 through these wires 104a, 104b, and 104g.

  A driver element 102 is provided on the upper surface of the piezoelectric element 100, and a tip portion thereof is in contact with the movable body 103. The distal end portion of the driver element 102 is pressed against the movable body 103 by the support portion 101C, whereby the frictional force between the distal end portion of the driver element 102 and the movable body 103 is increased, and the vibration of the piezoelectric element 100 is driven. It is more reliably propagated to the movable body 103 via 102.

  Next, a method for driving the ultrasonic actuator will be briefly described.

  23, 24, and 25 (a) to 25 (d) are conceptual diagrams for explaining the vibration modes of the piezoelectric elements.

  The wire 104g is connected to the ground, a sine wave reference voltage having a specific frequency is applied to the wire 104a, and a voltage whose phase is shifted by 90 ° or −90 ° from the reference voltage is applied to the wire 104b. Then, as shown in FIG. 23, a secondary mode of bending vibration and a primary mode of stretching vibration (so-called longitudinal vibration) shown in FIG. 24 are induced in the piezoelectric element 100.

  The resonance frequency of the bending vibration and the resonance frequency of the stretching vibration are determined by the material, shape, etc. of the piezoelectric element 100, respectively. By making these two resonance frequencies substantially coincident and applying a voltage having a frequency in the vicinity thereof, In the piezoelectric element 100, the bending secondary mode and the expansion / contraction primary mode are induced in a harmonic manner, and the shape changes shown in FIGS. 25A, 25B, 25C, and 25D are caused in order.

  As a result, the driver element 102 provided in the piezoelectric element 100 causes a substantially elliptical motion when viewed from the paper surface direction. That is, the driver element 102 causes an elliptical motion by combining the bending vibration and the stretching vibration of the piezoelectric element 100. Due to this elliptical motion, the movable body 103 supported by the driver element 102 moves in the direction of arrow A or arrow B, and serves as an ultrasonic actuator.

  Here, the node part (node) of the vibration of the piezoelectric element will be described.

  The node part of the stretching vibration is the central part in the length direction of the piezoelectric element as shown in FIG. 24, and the node part of the bending vibration is the center part in the length direction of the piezoelectric element and the element as shown in FIG. Although it is displaced depending on the shape of the element, it is a portion separated from the center by about 35-40% of the element length.

  In other words, the common node when the stretching vibration and the bending vibration occur in harmony is only the central portion in the longitudinal direction of the piezoelectric element.

For example, Patent Document 1 and Patent Document 2 are known as prior art document information relating to the invention of the present application.
JP-A-8-237971 JP 11-69851 A

  However, like the ultrasonic actuator according to Patent Document 1, a feeding electrode is provided on the surface of the piezoelectric element, a wire is connected to the feeding electrode with solder, and a voltage is applied to the feeding electrode of the piezoelectric element through this wire. In such a configuration, there is a problem that stress may concentrate on the portion of the piezoelectric element where the solder is provided and the piezoelectric element may break.

  On the other hand, there is an ultrasonic actuator disclosed in Patent Document 2 as an ultrasonic actuator that supplies power to a piezoelectric element without using a wire and solder, and a configuration in which a piezoelectric element or an actuator body is firmly fixed like the ultrasonic actuator. However, there is a problem that the expansion and contraction movement of the piezoelectric element or the actuator body is hindered, and as a result, the efficiency as the ultrasonic actuator is lowered.

  Therefore, the present invention improves the efficiency as an ultrasonic actuator by reducing the adverse effect on the vibration of the piezoelectric element, and stress concentrates on the connecting portion of the piezoelectric element for supplying power to the piezoelectric element. The object is to prevent the element from cracking.

  The present invention includes an actuator main body that has a piezoelectric element and generates a plurality of vibrations having different vibration directions, and a driving force that is provided in the actuator main body and operates according to the vibration of the actuator main body in a predetermined driving direction. And a power supply electrode provided on the actuator main body and electrically connected to the piezoelectric element, elastically supporting the actuator main body in contact with the power supply electrode, and It is assumed that a support power supply unit serving as a power supply terminal for supplying power is provided.

  According to the present invention, the actuator main body having the piezoelectric element is elastically supported by the supporting power feeding portion, so that the inhibition of the vibration of the actuator main body and the piezoelectric element can be reduced, and as a result, the efficiency can be improved. Has a working effect. In addition, the present invention eliminates the need to provide solder on the piezoelectric element by realizing electrical continuity between the piezoelectric element and the power supply by the supporting power supply unit. It has the effect that the element can be prevented from cracking.

  Hereinafter, an ultrasonic actuator of the present invention will be described with reference to embodiments and drawings.

Embodiment 1 of the Invention
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the piezoelectric element 10 is attached to the support portions 6 </ b> A, 6 </ b> B, 7 </ b> A, 7 </ b> B, 9 </ b> A of the first, second, and third support bodies 6, 7, 9 provided on the mounted body 1. It is supported. The piezoelectric element 10 constitutes an actuator body.

  The third support body 9 is provided on the mounted body 1 on which the ultrasonic actuator is mounted. By mounting the ultrasonic actuator on the mounted body 1, the piezoelectric element 10 is attached to the back surface via the support portion 9A. And the driver 2 is pressed against the movable body 3.

  These support portions 6A, 6B, 7A, 7B, and 9A are each made of an elastic body, and specifically include elastomers, silicone rubbers, and leaf springs.

  In particular, when silicone rubber is used, the contact between the support portion and the piezoelectric element 10 and the contact between the support portion and the support body become surface contact, respectively, which can support the piezoelectric element 10 stably. Compared to other elastomers, it has an effect that it can be supported stably with less temperature change of elasticity. In addition, there is an operational effect that generation of sound due to vibration of the piezoelectric element 10 can be prevented.

  By using the elastic body at least in the support portion as described above, the obstruction of the vibration of the piezoelectric element 10 can be reduced, and as a result, the efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator can be improved. In particular, since the support portion 9A of the third support 9 supports a portion (non-node portion) that is not a node portion of the piezoelectric element 10, the effect of reducing the inhibition of extension vibration (stretching vibration) by using an elastic body is It ’s a big one.

  On the other hand, the support portions 6A, 6B, 7A, and 7B of the first and second support bodies 6 and 7 support the bending vibration node portions, and these support portions 6A, 6B, 7A, and 7B are used as elastic bodies. By doing so, it has the effect of reducing the inhibition of flexural vibration as compared with the conventional one that is firmly fixed to the piezoelectric element, and also has the effect of reducing the inhibition of stretching vibration that becomes a non-node portion.

  In particular, when considering miniaturization of an ultrasonic actuator that has been desired in recent years, the piezoelectric element is also miniaturized. At this time, it is more difficult to join the support only to the node portion in manufacturing. However, since the inhibition of vibration can be alleviated by using an elastic body for the support portion even if it is slightly deviated from the node portion, there is no need for higher accuracy in manufacturing, and it is easy to manufacture a small ultrasonic actuator. Have.

  When mounting the elastic body, it is desirable to mount the elastic body in a compressed state in order to improve the adhesion between the piezoelectric element and the elastic body and the adhesion between the support body and the elastic body.

  A feeding electrode 8 is provided on the front surface of the piezoelectric element 10. When a voltage is applied to the power supply electrode 8, the piezoelectric element 10 vibrates according to the frequency of the applied voltage. Although not shown, each of the power supply electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) is formed so as to partially extend to the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 10, and the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 10 (specifically, the side peripheral surface). Of these, exposed to a conductive portion 51 of support portions 6A, 6B, 7A, 7B, and 9A, which will be described later, are exposed to form external electrodes.

  Further, the first, second, and third supports 6, 7, and 9 are provided with conductive portions 51, 51,..., And the first, second, and third supports 6, 7, and 9 are provided with lead electrodes 11, 11, ... are provided. Each conductive portion 51 is in contact with the external electrode of each power supply electrode 8 a (8 b, 8 c, 8 d) exposed on the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 10, so that each power supply of the piezoelectric element 10 via each conductive portion 51 is performed. The electrode 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) and each extraction electrode 11 are electrically connected. That is, the support portions 6A, 6B, 7A, 7B, and 9A function as power supply terminals that supply power to the power supply electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, and 8d), and constitute a support power supply portion.

  With this configuration, there is no need to provide solder wire connection to the piezoelectric element 10, so that there is no risk that the piezoelectric element 10 may break due to stress concentration on the portion of the piezoelectric element provided with solder. . Moreover, since the solder provided in the thickness direction of the piezoelectric element 10 is not required, the thickness can be reduced accordingly.

  Further, silicone rubber is used as the elastic body of the support portions 6A, 6B, 7A, 7B, and 9A of the first, second, and third supports 6, 7, and 9, and the compression rate of the silicone rubber is 5 to 40%. By compressing and mounting within the range, the adhesion between the feeding electrode of the piezoelectric element 10 and the conductive portion 51, and the conductive portion 51 and the lead electrode 11 of the support becomes stable, so that the conduction resistance becomes stable. It is possible to stabilize the characteristics as a sonic actuator. The compression rate referred to here is the ratio of the difference in length before and after deformation and the length before deformation. Specifically, when an elastic body having a length of 1 mm is compressed to 0.9 mm, the compression rate is 10%.

  The reliability can be improved by providing a plurality of the conductive portions 51 in one support portion. As the conductive portion 51, a metal wire or metal particles can be used. In particular, when metal particles are used, they have an effect of improving durability because they are resistant to repeated compression.

  That is, the support portions 6A, 6B, 7A, 7B, and 9A can be made of conductive rubber.

  Moreover, as a material of the electroconductive part 51, as a metal wire, what plated those surfaces with gold | metal | money as needed can be used. Further, it is desirable to use silver having good electrical conductivity as the metal particles.

  Furthermore, the feeding electrodes 8a to 8d, in particular, the external electrode among them is made of silver or silver palladium alloy (Ag—Pd) or the like (that is, made of silver as a main component), or silver or silver palladium alloy or the like. Baking treatment or plating treatment is preferable.

  Here, each power supply electrode 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) or its surface is composed mainly of silver, and each conductive part 51 or its surface is composed mainly of silver, whereby each power supply electrode 8a ( 8b, 8c, and 8d) can be prevented from being sulfided at the contact portions between the external electrodes and the respective conductive portions 51, and an increase in conduction resistance at the corresponding contact portions can be prevented. Specifically, since silver has the property of being easily sulfided by hydrogen sulfide and sulfurous acid gas in the atmosphere, the external electrodes of the respective feeding electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) having at least a surface composed mainly of silver If at least the surface of each conductive portion 51 whose surface is mainly composed of silver is brought into contact, the external electrode of each of the feeding electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) and the conductive portion 51 are exposed to the atmosphere. Silver located on the formed surface reacts with hydrogen sulfide or sulfurous acid gas in the atmosphere to form silver sulfide. As a result, the power supply electrodes 8 a (8 b, 8 c, 8 d) and the conductive portions 51 are integrally covered around the outer periphery of the external electrodes of the power supply electrodes 8 a (8 b, 8 c, 8 d) and the conductive portions 51. Thus, a silver sulfide film is formed. As a result, the contact portion between the external electrode of each power supply electrode 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) and each conductive portion 51 is protected from hydrogen sulfide and sulfurous acid gas in the atmosphere by the silver sulfide film, thereby preventing sulfidation. be able to.

  In addition, this electroconductive part 51 may be provided in all the support parts (support part 6A, 6B, 7A, 7B, 9A of 1st, 2nd, 3rd support body 6,7,9), or arbitrary It can also be provided on the support.

  A driver element 2 is provided on the surface of the piezoelectric element 10 and is in contact with the movable body 3.

  Next, the operation of the ultrasonic actuator having the above configuration will be described. FIG. 3 is a conceptual diagram showing the operation of the piezoelectric element of the ultrasonic actuator of the present invention.

  By applying an alternating voltage of a specific frequency to a specific power supply electrode of the piezoelectric element 10, the piezoelectric element 10 is induced to a secondary mode of bending vibration shown in FIG. 23 and a primary mode of stretching vibration shown in FIG. The Specifically, the resonance frequency of the bending vibration and the resonance frequency of the stretching vibration are determined by the material, shape, etc. of the piezoelectric element 10, respectively. Of the four power supply electrodes 8, the piezoelectric element 10 is bent and quadratic by applying a phase shift of 90 ° or −90 ° to the power supply electrodes 8 a, 8 c and 8 b, 8 d positioned on the diagonal line of the piezoelectric element 10. The vibrations of the mode and the expansion / contraction primary mode are induced harmonically. Here, the vibration direction of the bending secondary mode is the moving direction of the movable body, that is, the driving direction of the driving force output by the driver 2, and the vibration direction of the expansion / contraction primary mode is the moving direction of the movable body ( That is, the drive direction is a direction perpendicular to the piezoelectric element 10 and the movable body 3 (a direction in which the driver 2 supports the movable body 3).

  Then, the piezoelectric element 10 causes the shape changes shown in FIGS. 3A, 3B, 3C, and 3D in order, and as a result, the driver 2 provided on the piezoelectric element 10 is moved from the paper surface direction. It causes a nearly elliptical motion. That is, the drive element 2 causes an elliptical motion by combining the bending vibration and the stretching vibration of the piezoelectric element 10. Due to this elliptical motion, the movable body 3 with which the driver 2 abuts moves in the direction of arrow A or arrow B in FIG. 2 and serves as an ultrasonic actuator. That is, the driver element 2 outputs driving force in the direction in which the arrows A and B extend (predetermined driving direction).

  More specifically, for example, when a lead zirconate titanate piezoelectric ceramic material is used for the piezoelectric element 10, the shape of the piezoelectric element is 6 mm long, 1.7 mm wide, and 1 mm thick. When the piezoelectric element 10 has an electrode arrangement similar to that shown in FIG. 1 and is polarized in the thickness direction, the resonance frequency of the primary mode of the stretching vibration and the resonance frequency of the secondary mode of the bending vibration are approximately one. It was close to 270 kHz.

  Then, the conductive portion 51 of the support portion 9A connected to the electrode formed on almost the entire back surface of the piezoelectric element 10 is connected to the ground, and the support portions 6A and 7B connected to the electrodes 8a and 8c. A sine wave reference voltage of 270 kHz and 20 Vrms is connected to the conductive portions 51 and 51 via the extraction electrode 11, and the conductive portions 51 and 51 of the support portions 6B and 7A are connected to the electrodes 8b and 8d via the extraction electrode 11. By applying a voltage having the same frequency and the same voltage as the reference voltage and a phase difference of 90 ° or −90 °, the piezoelectric element 10 is induced harmonically in the secondary mode of bending vibration and the primary mode of stretching vibration. The shape changes as shown in FIG. 3 were caused in order, and the vibrator 2 could be moved in an elliptical motion.

  In the above description, the support portions 6A, 6B, 7A and 7B of the first and second support bodies 6 and 7 are provided in the same direction as the movable direction of the movable body 3 (directions A and B in FIG. 2). The first and second support members 6 and 7 are provided in the first and second directions orthogonal to the movable direction of the movable body 3 (directions A and B in FIG. 2) (front and rear directions of the piezoelectric element). It may be provided on the support or may be provided in combination. When the support portions of the first and second support bodies are provided on the first and second support bodies in the direction orthogonal to the movable direction of the movable body 3 (directions A and B in FIG. 2), The vibration of the piezoelectric element 10 can be suppressed, and this has the effect that the vibration of the piezoelectric element 10 can be converted into the elliptical motion of the driver 2 more efficiently.

-Modification 1 of Embodiment 1-
Subsequently, a modification of the first embodiment will be described. 4 and 5 show a first modification of the first embodiment.

  In the ultrasonic actuator according to the first modification, the piezoelectric element 10 is accommodated in the case 21, and wall surfaces 23A, 23B, 23D, and 23E are provided on the inner wall surface of the case 21, and the piezoelectric elements are respectively provided. 10 is supported.

  A back support 24 </ b> C is also provided on the inner bottom surface of the case 21 to support the piezoelectric element 10. Each of these supports 23A, 23B, 23C, 23D, and 23E is made of an elastic body, and this elastic body has a lower elasticity than the piezoelectric element 10 and the case 21. Specific examples include elastomers, silicone rubbers, and leaf springs.

  In particular, when silicone rubber is used, the contact with the piezoelectric element 10 and the contact with the case 21 become surface contact, respectively, which enables the piezoelectric element 10 to be stably supported and compared with other elastomers. Thus, there is an effect that the temperature can be stably supported with little change in elasticity. In addition, there is an operational effect that generation of sound due to vibration of the piezoelectric element 10 can be prevented.

  By using the elastic body as the support body in this way, the obstruction of the vibration of the piezoelectric element 10 can be reduced, and as a result, the efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator can be improved. In particular, since the back support 24C supports a portion (non-node portion) that is not a node portion of the piezoelectric element 10, the effect of reducing inhibition of elongation vibration (stretching vibration) by using an elastic body is great.

  On the other hand, the wall surface supports 23A, 23B, 23D, and 23E support the bending vibration node portions. By making these supports 23A, 23B, 23D, and 23E elastic, they are firmly fixed to the piezoelectric element. Compared to the conventional one, it has the effect of reducing the inhibition of bending vibration, and also has the effect of reducing the inhibition of stretching vibration that becomes a non-node portion.

  In particular, when considering miniaturization of an ultrasonic actuator that has been desired in recent years, the piezoelectric element is also miniaturized. At this time, it is more difficult to join the support only to the node portion in manufacturing. However, since the inhibition of vibration can be alleviated by using an elastic body as a support even if it is slightly deviated from the node portion, there is no need for higher accuracy in manufacturing, and it is easy to manufacture a small ultrasonic actuator. Have.

  When the elastic body is mounted, it is desirable to mount the elastic body in a compressed state in order to improve the adhesion between the piezoelectric element 10 and the elastic body and the adhesion between the case 21 and the elastic body.

  A feeding electrode 8 is provided on the front surface of the piezoelectric element 10. When a voltage is applied to the power supply electrode 8, the piezoelectric element 10 vibrates according to the frequency of the applied voltage. Although not shown, each of the power supply electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) is formed so as to partially extend to the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 10, and the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 10 (specifically, the side peripheral surface). Of these, the outer electrode is formed by being exposed to a wall support 23A, 23B, 23D, 23E, which will be described later, and the conductive portion 51 of the back support 24C.

  Further, the wall surface supports 23A, 23B, 23D, 23E and the back surface support 24C are provided with conductive portions 51, 51,..., And the case 21 is provided with extraction electrodes 52, 52,. The conductive portions 51 are in contact with the external electrodes of the feeding electrodes 8 a (8 b, 8 c, 8 d) exposed on the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 10, so that each of the piezoelectric elements 10 is connected via the conductive portions 51. The feeding electrode 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) and each extraction electrode 52 are electrically connected.

  With this configuration, there is no need to provide solder wire connection to the piezoelectric element 10, so that there is no risk that the piezoelectric element 10 may break due to stress concentration on the portion of the piezoelectric element provided with solder. . Moreover, since the solder provided in the thickness direction of the piezoelectric element 10 is not required, the thickness can be reduced accordingly.

  In addition, a silicone rubber is used as the elastic body of the wall surface supports 23A, 23B, 23D, 23E and the back surface support 24C, and the silicone rubber is compressed in a range of 5 to 40% to be mounted. Since the adhesiveness of each of the 10 power supply electrodes and the conductive portion 51 and between the conductive portion 51 and the lead electrode 52 of the case 21 is stabilized, the conduction resistance becomes stable. As a result, the characteristics as the ultrasonic actuator can be stabilized. it can. The compression rate referred to here is the ratio of the difference in length before and after deformation and the length before deformation. Specifically, when an elastic body having a length of 1 mm is compressed to 0.9 mm, the compression rate is 10%.

  The reliability can be improved by providing a plurality of the conductive portions 51 on one support. As the conductive portion 51, a metal wire or metal particles can be used. In particular, when metal particles are used, they have an effect of improving durability because they are resistant to repeated compression.

  Moreover, as a material of the electroconductive part 51, as a metal wire, what plated those surfaces with gold | metal | money as needed can be used. Further, it is desirable to use silver having good electrical conductivity as the metal particles.

  Furthermore, the feeding electrodes 8a to 8d, in particular, the external electrode among them is made of silver or silver palladium alloy (Ag—Pd) or the like (that is, made of silver as a main component), or silver or silver palladium alloy or the like. Baking treatment or plating treatment is preferable.

  Here, each power supply electrode 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) or its surface is composed mainly of silver, and each conductive part 51 or its surface is composed mainly of silver, whereby each power supply electrode 8a ( 8b, 8c, and 8d) can be prevented from being sulfided at the contact portions between the external electrodes and the respective conductive portions 51, and an increase in conduction resistance at the corresponding contact portions can be prevented. Specifically, since silver has the property of being easily sulfided by hydrogen sulfide and sulfurous acid gas in the atmosphere, the external electrodes of the respective feeding electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) having at least a surface composed mainly of silver If at least the surface of each conductive portion 51 whose surface is mainly composed of silver is brought into contact, the external electrode of each of the feeding electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) and the conductive portion 51 are exposed to the atmosphere. Silver located on the formed surface reacts with hydrogen sulfide or sulfurous acid gas in the atmosphere to form silver sulfide. As a result, the power supply electrodes 8 a (8 b, 8 c, 8 d) and the conductive portions 51 are integrally covered around the outer periphery of the external electrodes of the power supply electrodes 8 a (8 b, 8 c, 8 d) and the conductive portions 51. Thus, a silver sulfide film is formed. As a result, the contact portion between the external electrode of each power supply electrode 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) and each conductive portion 51 is protected from hydrogen sulfide and sulfurous acid gas in the atmosphere by the silver sulfide film, thereby preventing sulfidation. be able to.

  In addition, this electroconductive part 51 may be provided in all the support bodies (wall surface support body 23A, 23B, 23D, 23E, and the back surface support body 24C), and can also be provided in arbitrary support bodies.

  The driver element 2 is provided on the surface of the piezoelectric element 10, and the driver element 2 protrudes from an opening 22 provided on the surface of the case 21, and is in contact with the movable body 3 above the case 21.

  About the operation | movement of the ultrasonic actuator of the modification 1, it is the same as that of the ultrasonic actuator which concerns on above-mentioned Embodiment 1. FIG.

-Modification 2 of Embodiment 1
Next, a second modification of the first embodiment will be described. 6 and 7 show a second modification of the first embodiment.

  In the ultrasonic actuator according to the first modification, the piezoelectric element 10 is accommodated in the case 21, and wall surfaces 23A, 23B, 23D, and 23E are provided on the inner wall surface of the case 21, and the piezoelectric elements are respectively provided. 10 is supported.

  Further, an opening 22 is provided on the surface of the case 21, and an overhanging portion 65 protruding from the opening 22 is provided in the case 21. The overhanging portion 65 is provided with surface supports 6A and 6B that support the piezoelectric element 10. The wall surface supports 23A, 23B, 23D, 23E and the surface supports 6A, 6B are made of an elastic body. A back support 24 </ b> C is also provided on the inner bottom surface of the case 21 to support the piezoelectric element 10. The back support 24C is also made of an elastic body.

  As the elastic body, one having elasticity lower than that of the piezoelectric element 10 and the case 21 is used. Specific examples include elastomers, silicone rubbers, and leaf springs.

  In particular, when silicone rubber is used, the contact with the piezoelectric element 10 and the contact with the case 21 become surface contact, respectively, which can support the piezoelectric element 10 stably, and in comparison with other elastomers. Therefore, it has an effect that it can be supported stably with little change in temperature of elasticity. In addition, there is an operational effect that generation of sound due to vibration of the piezoelectric element 10 can be prevented.

  By using the elastic body as the support body in this way, the obstruction of the vibration of the piezoelectric element 10 can be reduced, and as a result, the efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator can be improved. In particular, since the back support 24C and the front supports 6A and 6B support a portion (non-node portion) that is not a node portion of the piezoelectric element 10, it is possible to reduce inhibition of elongation vibration (stretch vibration) by using an elastic body. The effect is great.

  Further, by providing the front surface supports 6A and 6B, the piezoelectric element 10 is sandwiched between the back surface support 24C, and more stable support in combination with the support by the wall surface supports 23A, 23B, 23D, and 23E. There is also an effect that can be realized.

  On the other hand, the wall surface supports 23A, 23B, 23D, and 23E support the bending vibration node portions. By making these supports 23A, 23B, 23D, and 23E elastic, they are firmly fixed to the piezoelectric element. Compared to the conventional one, it has the effect of reducing the inhibition of bending vibration, and also has the effect of reducing the inhibition of stretching vibration that becomes a non-node portion.

  In particular, when considering miniaturization of an ultrasonic actuator that has been desired in recent years, the piezoelectric element is also miniaturized. At this time, it is more difficult to join the support only to the node portion in manufacturing. However, since the inhibition of vibration can be alleviated by using an elastic body as a support even if it is slightly deviated from the node portion, there is no need for higher accuracy in manufacturing, and it is easy to manufacture a small ultrasonic actuator. Have.

  When the elastic body is implemented, it is desirable to mount the elastic body in a compressed state in order to improve the adhesion between the piezoelectric element 10 and the elastic body and the adhesion between the case 21 and the elastic body.

  A feeding electrode 8 is provided on the front surface of the piezoelectric element 10. When a voltage is applied to the power supply electrode 8, the piezoelectric element 10 vibrates according to the frequency of the applied voltage. Although not shown, each of the power supply electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) is formed so as to partially extend to the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 10, and the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 10 (specifically, the side peripheral surface). Of these, the outer electrode is formed by being exposed to a wall support 23A, 23B, 23D, 23E, which will be described later, and the conductive portion 51 of the back support 24C.

  Further, the wall surface supports 23A, 23B, 23D, 23E and the back surface support 24C are provided with conductive portions 51, 51,..., And the case 21 is provided with extraction electrodes 52, 52,. The conductive portions 51 are in contact with the external electrodes of the feeding electrodes 8 a (8 b, 8 c, 8 d) exposed on the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 10, so that each of the piezoelectric elements 10 is connected via the conductive portions 51. The feeding electrode 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) and each extraction electrode 52 are electrically connected. This conductive portion can also be provided on the surface supports 6A and 6B.

  With this configuration, there is no need to provide solder wire connection to the piezoelectric element 10, so that there is no risk that the piezoelectric element 10 may break due to stress concentration on the portion of the piezoelectric element provided with solder. . Moreover, since the solder provided in the thickness direction of the piezoelectric element 10 is not required, the thickness can be reduced accordingly.

  Further, silicone rubber is used as the elastic bodies of the wall surface supports 23A, 23B, 23D, 23E, the back surface support 24C, and the front surface supports 6A, 6B, and the silicone rubber is compressed in a range of 5 to 40%. By mounting, the respective power supply electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) of the piezoelectric element 10 and the respective conductive portions 51, and the respective adhesive portions of the respective conductive portions 51 and the respective lead electrodes 52 of the case 21 are stabilized, so that they are conductive. The resistance becomes stable, and as a result, the characteristics as an ultrasonic actuator can be stabilized. The compression rate referred to here is the ratio of the difference in length before and after deformation and the length before deformation. Specifically, when an elastic body having a length of 1 mm is compressed to 0.9 mm, the compression rate is 10%.

  Further, since the case 21 is pressed from the back surface toward the movable body 3, the compression rate of the back surface support 24 </ b> C is directly influenced by the pressing force of the case 21. Since the pressing force of the case 21 is set so that the characteristics of the ultrasonic actuator are optimized, there is a risk that the pressing force is different from the optimal value of the compressibility of the back support 24C. However, since the front surface supports 6A and 6B are provided, the compression rate of the back surface support 24C can be adjusted separately, so that the characteristics can be stabilized.

  The reliability can be improved by providing a plurality of the conductive portions 51 on one support. As the conductive portion 51, a metal wire or metal particles can be used. In particular, when metal particles are used, they have an effect of improving durability because they are resistant to repeated compression.

  Moreover, as a material of the electroconductive part 51, as a metal wire, what plated those surfaces with gold | metal | money as needed can be used. Further, it is desirable to use silver having good electrical conductivity as the metal particles.

  Furthermore, the feeding electrodes 8a to 8d, in particular, the external electrode among them is made of silver or silver palladium alloy (Ag—Pd) or the like (that is, made of silver as a main component), or silver or silver palladium alloy or the like. Baking treatment or plating treatment is preferable.

  Here, each power supply electrode 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) or its surface is composed mainly of silver, and each conductive part 51 or its surface is composed mainly of silver, whereby each power supply electrode 8a ( 8b, 8c, and 8d) can be prevented from being sulfided at the contact portions between the external electrodes and the respective conductive portions 51, and an increase in conduction resistance at the corresponding contact portions can be prevented. Specifically, since silver has the property of being easily sulfided by hydrogen sulfide and sulfurous acid gas in the atmosphere, the external electrodes of the respective feeding electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) having at least a surface composed mainly of silver If at least the surface of each conductive portion 51 whose surface is mainly composed of silver is brought into contact, the external electrode of each of the feeding electrodes 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) and the conductive portion 51 are exposed to the atmosphere. Silver located on the formed surface reacts with hydrogen sulfide or sulfurous acid gas in the atmosphere to form silver sulfide. As a result, the power supply electrodes 8 a (8 b, 8 c, 8 d) and the conductive portions 51 are integrally covered around the outer periphery of the external electrodes of the power supply electrodes 8 a (8 b, 8 c, 8 d) and the conductive portions 51. Thus, a silver sulfide film is formed. As a result, the contact portion between the external electrode of each power supply electrode 8a (8b, 8c, 8d) and each conductive portion 51 is protected from hydrogen sulfide and sulfurous acid gas in the atmosphere by the silver sulfide film, thereby preventing sulfidation. be able to.

  In addition, this electroconductive part 51 may be provided in all the support bodies (wall surface support body 23A, 23B, 23D, 23E, back surface support body 24C, and surface support body 6A, 6B), and it provides in arbitrary support bodies. You can also.

  The driver element 2 is provided on the surface of the piezoelectric element 10, and the driver element 2 protrudes from an opening 22 provided on the surface of the case 21, and is in contact with the movable body 3 above the case 21.

  About the operation | movement of the ultrasonic actuator of the modification 2, it is the same as that of the ultrasonic actuator which concerns on above-mentioned Embodiment 1. FIG.

<< Embodiment 2 of the Invention >>
Subsequently, Embodiment 2 of the present invention will be described. 8 to 10 show a basic configuration of the ultrasonic actuator according to the second embodiment. The second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that the vibration direction of the stretching vibration of the piezoelectric element 61 and the movable direction of the movable body 3 (that is, the driving direction of the ultrasonic actuator) are the same direction, and the vibration direction of the bending vibration. Is a direction perpendicular to the movable direction of the movable body 3 and connecting the piezoelectric element 61 and the movable body 3 (that is, the direction in which the driver 2 supports the movable body 3).

  In the ultrasonic actuator according to the second embodiment, the first and first piezoelectric elements 61 are arranged such that the vibration direction of the expansion and contraction vibration of the piezoelectric element 61 is the same direction as the movable direction of the movable body 3 (directions A and B in FIG. 10). The support portions 52A and 53A are provided on the first and second support bodies 52 and 53 which are arranged between the two support bodies 52 and 53 and are in the same direction as the movable direction of the movable body 3. The third support 54 is also provided on the back surface of the piezoelectric element 61, and the piezoelectric element 61 is supported by the support portion 54A. Two drivers 2, 2 are provided on the surface of the piezoelectric element 61, and these drivers 2, 2 are in contact with the movable body 3.

  The third support body 54 is pressed so that the two driver elements 2 and 2 are in contact with the movable body 3 at substantially the same pressure, whereby the movable body 3 can be operated stably.

  As shown in FIG. 10, conductive portions are provided on the support portions 52A, 53A, and 54A of the first, second, and third supports 52, 53, and 54, as shown in FIG. In addition, extraction electrodes 81 and 81 are provided on the first, second and third supports 52, 53 and 54. Then, each conductive portion 82 comes into contact with an external electrode of each power supply electrode 8 exposed on the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 61, whereby each power supply electrode 8 and each extraction electrode 81 of the piezoelectric element 61 are interposed via each conductive portion 82. Are electrically energized.

  As described above, the second embodiment differs from the first embodiment in the arrangement posture of the piezoelectric element 61, and the materials and configurations of the support portions 52A, 53A, 54A and the extraction electrodes 81, 81 are the same as those in the first embodiment. .

  However, in the first embodiment, two support portions 6A and 6B (7A and 7B) are disposed on one side surface of the piezoelectric element 10, whereas in the second embodiment, one of the piezoelectric elements 61 is provided. One support portion 52A (53A) is disposed on the side surface. That is, since the piezoelectric element 61 is substantially divided into four by providing the four power supply electrodes 8a, 8b,..., The external electrodes are respectively connected to the side peripheral surfaces of the piezoelectric element 61 from the four power supply electrodes 8a, 8b,. Usually, power is supplied through a total of four support portions (conductive rubbers) that are in contact with the four external electrodes, but in the second embodiment, it is provided on both side surfaces of the piezoelectric element 61. Power is supplied to the four power supply electrodes 8a, 8b,... Via the two support parts 52A, 53A. That is, in the ultrasonic actuator according to the second embodiment, a predetermined alternating voltage is applied to one set of power supply electrodes 8a and 8c located on the diagonal line of the piezoelectric element 61, while another set of power supply electrodes 8b and 8d is applied. Although it is configured to generate bending vibration and expansion / contraction vibration by applying another predetermined AC voltage, the external electrodes of the one set of feeding electrodes 8a and 8c to which the predetermined AC voltage is applied Is formed on one short side surface of the piezoelectric element 61, while the external electrode of the other pair of power supply electrodes 8 b and 8 d to which the other predetermined AC voltage is applied is formed on the other short side surface of the piezoelectric element 61. Forming. By doing this, external electrodes to which the same AC voltage is applied gather on each short side surface of the piezoelectric element 61, so that the support portion can be shared on each short side surface and the extraction electrode 81 can be shared. Can be made. That is, by applying a predetermined AC voltage to the extraction electrode 81 located on one short side surface side of the piezoelectric element 61, the predetermined AC voltage is applied to the feeding electrodes 8 a and 8 c positioned on the diagonal line of the piezoelectric element 61. On the other hand, by applying another predetermined AC voltage to the extraction electrode 81 located on the other short side surface side of the piezoelectric element 61, the feeding electrodes 8b and 8d located on the diagonal line of the piezoelectric element 61 are separated from each other. A predetermined alternating voltage is applied. In addition, as a method of forming the external electrodes of the pair of power supply electrodes 8a and 8c to which the same AC voltage is applied on one short side surface of the piezoelectric element 61, the two power supply electrodes 8a and 8c are separately provided. The external electrode may be extended to the short side surface of the electrode, or the power supply electrode 8a and the power supply electrode 8c may be electrically connected to each other, and only one power supply electrode 8a (8c) may be connected to the one short side surface. May be formed by stretching. The same applies to another set of power supply electrodes 8b and 8d to which the same AC voltage is applied. As described above, since only the external electrodes of the power feeding electrodes 8a and 8c (or 8b and 8d) to which the same AC voltage is to be applied are provided on the respective side circumferential surfaces of the piezoelectric element 6, each of the piezoelectric elements 61 is provided. The support portions (conductive rubber) 52A (52B) and the extraction electrode 81 that are in contact with the side peripheral surface can be configured by one each, and the configuration can be simplified. For example, as in the second and third modifications of the first embodiment, when the support portion 23A (23B, 23D, 23E) and the extraction electrode 52 are provided for each external electrode of each power supply electrode 8, when assembling the ultrasonic actuator In addition, the external electrodes formed on the piezoelectric element and the support portion must be accurately aligned with 23A, 23B, 23D, and 23E. In particular, when the ultrasonic actuator is small, high assembly accuracy is required. On the other hand, in the ultrasonic actuator according to the second embodiment, only the external electrodes of the power supply electrodes 8 and 8 to which the same alternating current should be applied are provided on each side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 61, and power is supplied to the external electrodes. Since the support portion and the lead electrode for the same are made common, even if the assembly accuracy is not so high, the external electrodes of the power supply electrodes 8 and 8 and the support portion can be brought into contact with each other at the time of assembly. Can be secured.

  The support portion 52A (52B) and the extraction electrode 81 may be configured without being shared on one short side surface of the piezoelectric element 61. For example, the external electrodes of the feeding electrodes 8 a and 8 b (or 8 c and 8 d) to which different AC voltages are applied may be provided on one short side surface of the piezoelectric element 61. In this case, even if two support portions corresponding to the two external electrodes are provided on one short side surface, and two extraction electrodes 81 and 81 (see FIGS. 5 and 7) corresponding to the two support portions are provided. Good. In such a configuration, different AC voltages are applied to the two extraction electrodes 81 and 81, whereby different AC voltages are applied to the power supply electrodes 8a and 8b via the support portions. Alternatively, one support portion including a total of two conductive portions respectively corresponding to two external electrodes on one short side surface in a state of being electrically insulated by an insulating member, and corresponding to the two conductive portions 82 and 82, respectively. Two extraction electrodes 81, 81 may be provided. In such a configuration, different AC voltages are applied to the two extraction electrodes 81 and 81, whereby different AC voltages are applied to the power supply electrodes 8 a and 8 b via the conductive portions 82 and 82.

  Next, the operation of the ultrasonic actuator having the above configuration will be described with reference to FIG.

  By applying an AC voltage having a specific frequency to a specific power supply electrode of the piezoelectric element 61 through the conductive portion 82, the piezoelectric element 61 has a secondary mode of bending vibration shown in FIG. 23 and a stretching vibration shown in FIG. Is induced. The resonance frequency of the bending vibration and the resonance frequency of the stretching vibration are determined by the material, shape, and the like of the piezoelectric element, respectively. Among them, the piezoelectric element 61 is applied with the bending secondary mode and the expansion and contraction by applying the phases to the feeding electrodes 8a, 8c and 8b, 8d positioned on the diagonal line of the piezoelectric element 10 with a phase shift of 90 ° or −90 °. A primary mode is induced harmonically. As a result, the piezoelectric element 61 causes the shape changes shown in FIGS. 11A, 11 </ b> B, 11 </ b> C, and 11 </ b> D in order, and the two driving elements 2 provided on the piezoelectric element 61 are provided. 2 causes a substantially elliptical motion when viewed from the direction of the paper. That is, the two driver elements 2 and 2 cause an elliptical motion by the combination of the bending vibration and the stretching vibration of the piezoelectric element 61. Due to this elliptical motion, the movable body 3 with which the two driver elements 2 and 2 abut is moved in the direction of arrow A or arrow B in FIG. 10 and serves as an ultrasonic actuator.

  As described above, according to the present invention, at least the support portion of the support body of the piezoelectric element is an elastic body, and has an effect that the efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator can be improved.

  In addition, since it is not necessary to provide wire connection by solder to the piezoelectric element 61, there is an effect that stress is concentrated on the portion of the piezoelectric element provided with solder and there is no possibility that the piezoelectric element 61 is broken. Further, since the solder provided in the thickness direction of the piezoelectric element 61 is not necessary, the thickness can be reduced accordingly.

  In addition, the same effects as those of the first embodiment can be achieved.

-Modification 1 of Embodiment 2
Subsequently, a modification of the second embodiment will be described. 12 and 13 show a first modification of the second embodiment.

  In the ultrasonic actuator according to the first modification, the piezoelectric element 61 is disposed in the case 21, and wall surface supports 62 </ b> A and 62 </ b> C are provided on the inner wall surface of the case 21 in the same direction as the movable direction of the movable body 3. A back support 63 </ b> B is also provided on the inner bottom surface of the case 21 to support the piezoelectric element 61. Two drivers 2, 2 are provided on the surface of the piezoelectric element 61, and these drivers 2, 2 protrude from the opening 22 provided on the surface of the case 21, so that the movable body 3 above the case 21 It is in contact.

  The back support 63B presses the two driver elements 2 and 2 so as to come into contact with the movable body 3 at substantially the same pressure, whereby the movable body 3 can be operated stably.

  Similar to the first embodiment, the wall surface supports 62A and 62C and the back surface support 63B are provided with conductive portions. As shown in FIG. 13, the extraction electrodes 81, 81 are provided inside the wall surface of the case 21, and the extraction electrode 81 is also provided inside the bottom surface of the case 21. Each conductive portion 82 contacts each power supply electrode 8 exposed on the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 61, thereby electrically connecting each power supply electrode 8 and each extraction electrode 81 of the piezoelectric element 61 via each conductive portion 82. Is made conductive.

  About the operation | movement of the ultrasonic actuator which concerns on the modification 1, it is the same as that of the ultrasonic actuator which concerns on the above-mentioned Embodiment 2. FIG.

-Modification 2 of Embodiment 2
Next, a second modification of the second embodiment will be described. 14 and 15 show a second modification of the second embodiment.

  In the ultrasonic actuator according to the second modification, the piezoelectric element 61 is disposed in the case 21, and wall surface supports 62 </ b> A and 62 </ b> C are provided on the inner wall surface of the case 21 in the same direction as the movable body 3. Further, a back support 63B is also provided on the inner bottom surface of the case 21, and surface supports 66A and 66B are also provided on the overhanging portion 65 of the case 21 to support the piezoelectric element 61, respectively. Two driving elements 2 are provided on the surface of the piezoelectric element 61, and these driving elements 2, 2 protrude from the opening 22 provided on the surface of the case 21, and above the case 21. It is in contact with a certain movable body 3.

  The back support 63B presses the two driver elements 2 and 2 so as to come into contact with the movable body 3 at substantially the same pressure, whereby the movable body 3 can be operated stably.

  The wall surface supports 62A and 62C and the back surface support 63B are provided with conductive portions as in the first embodiment. As shown in FIG. 15, the extraction electrode 81 is provided inside the wall surface of the case 21, and the extraction electrode 81 is also provided inside the bottom surface of the case 21. Each conductive portion 82 contacts each power supply electrode 8 exposed on the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 61, thereby electrically connecting each power supply electrode 8 and each extraction electrode 81 of the piezoelectric element 61 via each conductive portion 2. Is made conductive.

  In addition, the materials and configurations of the wall surface supports 62A and 62C, the back surface support 63B, and the extraction electrodes 81, 81,... Are the same as those of the ultrasonic actuator according to the second embodiment.

  The operation of the ultrasonic actuator according to Modification 2 is the same as that of the ultrasonic actuator according to Embodiment 2 described above.

《Reference example》
In the first and second embodiments, the piezoelectric elements 10 and 61 are supported by conductive rubber. However, for the purpose of elastically supporting the piezoelectric elements 10 and 61, the piezoelectric elements 10 and 61 are shown in FIGS. It may be a configuration. The ultrasonic actuator shown in FIG. 16 has basically the same configuration as the ultrasonic actuator according to the second embodiment, but the support portions 52A, 53A, and 54A that support the piezoelectric element 61 do not include a conductive portion. That is, the support portions 52A, 53A, and 54A are made of an elastic body (specifically, an elastomer, silicone rubber, a leaf spring, etc.), but the elastic body is not a conductive rubber. The ultrasonic actuator shown in FIG. 17 has basically the same configuration as the ultrasonic actuator according to Modification 1 of Embodiment 2, but the wall surface supports 62A and 62C and the back support 63B that support the piezoelectric element 61 are provided. Does not include conductive parts. That is, the wall surface supports 62A and 62C and the back surface support 63B are made of elastic bodies (specifically, elastomer, silicone rubber, leaf springs, etc.), but the elastic bodies are not conductive rubber. The ultrasonic actuator shown in FIG. 18 has basically the same configuration as the ultrasonic actuator according to Modification 2 of Embodiment 2, but wall surface supports 62A and 62C and a back support 63B that support the piezoelectric element 61 are provided. Does not include conductive parts. That is, the wall surface supports 62A and 62C and the back surface support 63B are made of elastic bodies (specifically, elastomer, silicone rubber, leaf springs, etc.), but the elastic bodies are not conductive rubber.

  In the case of the above-described configuration, particularly when silicone rubber is used, the contact between the support portion and the piezoelectric element 61 and the contact between the support portion and the support body are respectively surface contact. Further, it has an effect of being able to support and stably supporting with less elastic temperature change compared to other elastomers. In addition, there is an effect that it is possible to prevent generation of sound due to vibration of the piezoelectric element 61.

  By using the elastic body at least in the support portion as described above, the obstruction of the vibration of the piezoelectric element 61 can be reduced, and as a result, the efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator can be improved. In particular, since the support portions 52A and 53A and the wall surface supports 62A and 62C support portions (non-node portions) that are not node portions of the piezoelectric element 61, the effect of reducing inhibition of stretching vibration by using an elastic body is great. Is.

  On the other hand, the support portions 6A, 6B, 7A, and 7B of the first and second support members 6 and 7 support the bending vibration node portions, and the back support member 63B supports the stretching vibration and bending vibration node portions. However, by using the supporting portions 6A, 6B, 7A, 7B and the back surface supporting body 63B as elastic bodies, it has an effect of reducing the inhibition of bending vibration as compared with the conventional one that is firmly fixed to the piezoelectric element. In addition, it also has an effect of reducing the inhibition of stretching vibration that becomes a non-node portion.

  In particular, when considering miniaturization of an ultrasonic actuator that has been desired in recent years, the piezoelectric element is also miniaturized. At this time, it is more difficult to join the support only to the node portion in manufacturing. However, the use of an elastic body for the support portion can alleviate the inhibition of vibration even if it is slightly deviated from the node portion, so that it does not require higher accuracy in manufacturing and has the effect of being easy to manufacture a small ultrasonic actuator. Have.

  When mounting the elastic body, it is desirable to mount the elastic body in a compressed state in order to improve the adhesion between the piezoelectric element and the elastic body and the adhesion between the support body and the elastic body.

  Here, the ultrasonic actuator may be required not only to move the movable body 3 but also to move the movable body 3 while positioning it with high positioning accuracy. Thus, when high positioning accuracy is required, it is preferable that the absolute position of the piezoelectric element 61, that is, the position with respect to the mounted body 1 can be controlled with high accuracy. As shown in FIGS. 16 to 18, in the ultrasonic actuator according to the reference example, since the driving elements 2 and 2 are in contact with the movable body 3, the movement of the piezoelectric element 61 in the direction orthogonal to the driving direction is the movable body. 3, the movement of the piezoelectric element 61 in the driving direction is relatively free. That is, stable support is required in the driving direction of the piezoelectric element 61.

  Accordingly, in the reference example, the piezoelectric element 61 is supported from both sides in the driving direction by the support portions 52A and 53A. By doing so, it is possible to stably support the piezoelectric element 61 as compared with a configuration in which the piezoelectric element 61 is supported only by the support portion 54A, for example.

  In this way, in the configuration in which the piezoelectric element 61 is supported from both sides in the driving direction, when the piezoelectric element 61 is arranged so that the longitudinal direction thereof faces the driving direction, both ends of the piezoelectric element 61 in the driving direction. Since it becomes a non-node portion of the stretching vibration, there is a risk of inhibiting the stretching vibration. Therefore, in the reference example, the support portions 52A and 53A that support both ends of the piezoelectric element 61 in the driving direction are made of an elastic body. That is, according to this reference example, even if both ends in the driving direction of the piezoelectric element 61 are non-node portions of vibration, the piezoelectric element 61 can be stably supported without inhibiting the vibration, As a result, an ultrasonic actuator with high positioning accuracy can be realized.

  In addition, as a configuration for supporting the piezoelectric element 61, a rod member that penetrates the piezoelectric element 61 in the thickness direction is provided instead of supporting the side peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 61 as in the present embodiment. Although there is a configuration in which the piezoelectric element 61 is supported, the size in the thickness direction of the piezoelectric element 61 can be reduced compared to the configuration in which the piezoelectric element 61 is supported.

  In addition, a feeding electrode 8 is provided on the front surface of the piezoelectric element 61, and a wire 4 is connected to the feeding electrode 8 with solder 5, and is applied to the feeding electrode 8 of the piezoelectric element 61 through the wire 4. The piezoelectric element 10 vibrates according to the frequency of the applied voltage.

  Specifically, when a lead zirconate titanate-based piezoelectric ceramic material is used for the piezoelectric element 61, the piezoelectric element has a shape of 6 mm in length, 1.7 mm in width, and 1 mm in thickness. When the electrode arrangement is the same as that shown in FIG. 16 and polarization is applied in the thickness direction, the resonance frequency of the primary mode of the stretching vibration and the resonance frequency of the secondary mode of the bending vibration are substantially the same and are close to 270 kHz. .

  Then, the wire 4g connected to the electrode formed on almost the entire back surface of the piezoelectric element 61 is connected to the ground, and a sine wave reference voltage of 270 kHz and 20 Vrms is applied to the wire 4a connected to the electrodes 8a and 8c. By applying a voltage having the same frequency and the same voltage as the reference voltage and a phase difference of 90 ° or −90 ° to the wire 4b connected to the electrodes 8b and 8d, the piezoelectric element 61 is in a secondary mode of bending vibration. The first-order mode of stretching vibration was induced in a harmonic manner, causing the shape changes as shown in FIG.

  The part of the piezoelectric element 61 where the solder 5 is formed is around the node part of the stretching vibration and the bending vibration, and the adverse effect on the vibration of the piezoelectric element 61 by using this node part as a part for connecting the wire 4. That is, an unnecessary load on the piezoelectric element 61 due to the formation of the solder 5 is to be suppressed as much as possible.

<< Other Embodiments >>
In the above-described embodiment, the movable body 3 that is driven by the driving force of the ultrasonic actuator is a flat plate shape. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and an arbitrary configuration may be adopted as the configuration of the movable body. it can. For example, as shown in FIG. 19, the movable body is a disc body 31 that can rotate about a predetermined axis X, and the driver 2 of the ultrasonic actuator abuts on the side peripheral surface 31 a of the disc body 31. It may be configured as follows. In the case of such a configuration, when the ultrasonic actuator is driven, the disk body 31 is rotated about a predetermined axis X by the approximate elliptical motion of the driver 2. Further, as shown in FIG. 20, the movable body is a disc body 32 that can rotate about a predetermined axis X, and the driver 2 of the ultrasonic actuator is brought into contact with the flat portion 32 a of the disc body 32. It may be configured. In such a configuration, when the ultrasonic actuator is driven, the disk body 32 is driven in the tangential direction at the contact portion with the driver element 2 by the substantially elliptical motion of the driver element 2, and as a result, the disk body 32 is predetermined. It is rotated around the axis X.

  In the above-described embodiment, the vibration mode has been described with the expansion / contraction primary mode and the bending secondary mode. However, other modes such as other expansion / contraction primary and bending quaternary and longitudinal-twisting modes may be used.

  Further, although the support body, the wall surface support body, and the back surface support body are all elastic bodies, at least one of them may be an elastic body, or only one annular support body penetrates the support body around the piezoelectric element. The same effect can be obtained even when only the vicinity of the connection between the support and the piezoelectric element is an elastic body.

  In the above-described embodiment, the single electrode configuration in which the feeding electrode 8 is formed on the front surface and the back surface of the piezoelectric element has been described. However, the same applies to the case of a stacked body in which the electrode and the piezoelectric body are stacked. In that case, an elliptical motion can be generated in the driver by applying piezoelectric to an external electrode connected to a plurality of internal electrodes and formed on an arbitrary surface of the piezoelectric element.

  Further, the configuration of the feeding electrode has been described with the simplest configuration of the four-divided electrode on the front surface and the full-surface electrode on the rear surface. Can be obtained.

  In addition, the example in which the elliptical motion of the driver is induced using only the piezoelectric element has been described, but there are cases where a resonator in which the piezoelectric element is attached to another substance or placed in another substance is used. Similar effects can be obtained. In this case, the resonator including the piezoelectric element constitutes the actuator body.

  In addition, the above embodiment is an essentially preferable illustration, Comprising: It does not intend restrict | limiting the range of this invention, its application thing, or its use.

  As described above, the ultrasonic actuator of the present invention has a feature that an elastic body is used as a support for a piezoelectric element, and can be highly efficient and downsized. It is useful for required electronic equipment.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an ultrasonic actuator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the ultrasonic actuator. FIGS. 3A to 3D are conceptual diagrams illustrating the operation of the piezoelectric element of the ultrasonic actuator according to the first embodiment. FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the ultrasonic actuator according to the first modification of the first embodiment. FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the ultrasonic actuator. FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view of the ultrasonic actuator according to the second modification of the first embodiment. FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the ultrasonic actuator. FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the ultrasonic actuator according to the second embodiment. FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of the ultrasonic actuator. FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of the ultrasonic actuator. 11A to 11D are conceptual diagrams showing the operation of the piezoelectric element of the ultrasonic actuator according to the second embodiment. FIG. 12 is an exploded perspective view of the ultrasonic actuator according to the first modification of the second embodiment. FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view of the ultrasonic actuator. FIG. 14 is an exploded perspective view of the ultrasonic actuator according to the second modification of the second embodiment. FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional view of the ultrasonic actuator. FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view of an ultrasonic actuator according to a reference example. FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional view of an ultrasonic actuator according to another reference example. FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional view of an ultrasonic actuator according to still another reference example. FIG. 19 is a perspective view of an ultrasonic actuator according to another embodiment. FIG. 20 is a perspective view of an ultrasonic actuator according to another embodiment. FIG. 21 is a perspective view of a piezoelectric element portion in a conventional ultrasonic actuator. FIG. 22 is a cross-sectional view of a conventional ultrasonic actuator. FIG. 23 is a displacement diagram of a secondary mode of bending vibration. FIG. 24 is a displacement diagram of the primary mode of stretching vibration. FIGS. 25A to 25D are conceptual diagrams for explaining the operation of the piezoelectric element.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Mounted object 2 Driver 3 Movable body 4, 4a, 4b, 4g Wire 5 Solder 6, 52 First support body 6A, 6B, 52A First support body support portion 7, 53 Second support body 7A, 7B, 53A Second support member support portion 8, 8a, 8b, 8c, 8d Feed electrode 9, 54 Third support member 9A, 54A Third support member support member 10, 61 Piezoelectric element 11, 81 Lead electrode 51, 82 Conductivity Part

Claims (22)

  1. An actuator body configured with a piezoelectric element or including a piezoelectric element, and generating a plurality of vibrations having different vibration directions;
    A driver that is provided in the actuator body and outputs a driving force in a predetermined driving direction by operating according to the vibration of the actuator body;
    A feeding electrode provided in the actuator body and electrically connected to the piezoelectric element;
    An ultrasonic actuator comprising: a support power supply unit that is in contact with the power supply electrode and elastically supports the actuator body, and serves as a power supply terminal for supplying power to the power supply electrode.
  2.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 1, wherein the supporting power feeding unit is a conductive rubber.
  3.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 1, wherein the actuator main body generates and generates at least bending vibration and longitudinal vibration.
  4.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 1, wherein the driving direction is the same direction as a vibration direction of longitudinal vibration of the actuator body.
  5.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 1, wherein the supporting power feeding unit supports a non-node portion in longitudinal vibration of the actuator body.
  6. The power supply electrode is provided on a side surface of the actuator body located in a direction orthogonal to the drive direction,
    2. The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 1, wherein the supporting power feeding unit is in contact with the power feeding electrode and supports the actuator body on a side surface positioned in a direction orthogonal to the driving direction.
  7.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 2, wherein the conductive rubber is mounted in a compressed state.
  8.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 2, wherein a base material of the conductive rubber is silicone rubber.
  9.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 8, wherein the conductive rubber is mounted with a compressibility of 5 to 40%.
  10. Further comprising a support having an extraction electrode for supplying power to the piezoelectric element;
    The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 2, wherein the support power supply unit elastically supports the actuator main body with respect to the support and electrically connects the extraction electrode and the power supply electrode.
  11.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 2, wherein the conductive rubber includes at least one of a metal wire and metal particles.
  12. The feeding electrode is composed mainly of silver,
    The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 2, wherein the conductive rubber includes silver.
  13.   2. The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 1, further comprising a back surface supporting portion that supports the actuator body in contact with a surface facing the surface on which the driver element is provided in the actuator body.
  14.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 13, wherein at least a part of the back support is made of an elastic body.
  15.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 14, wherein the back support is mounted in a state where the elastic body is compressed.
  16. A plurality of the driver elements are provided on the same surface of the actuator body,
    The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 15, wherein the back surface support portion is provided at a position obtained by projecting the gravity center positions of the plurality of driver elements onto the facing surface.
  17.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 14, wherein the elastic body is silicone rubber.
  18. A counter-surface feeding electrode provided on the counter-surface and electrically connected to the piezoelectric element;
    The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 15, wherein the elastic body is a conductive rubber serving as a power supply terminal for supplying power to the opposing surface power supply electrode.
  19.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 18, wherein the conductive rubber is mounted with a base material of silicone rubber and a compression rate of 5 to 40%.
  20. Further comprising a support having an extraction electrode for supplying power to the piezoelectric element;
    The back support is in contact with the opposed surface power supply electrode to elastically support the actuator body with respect to the support, and electrically connects the extraction electrode and the opposed surface power supply electrode. 18. The ultrasonic actuator according to 18.
  21.   The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 18, wherein the conductive rubber includes at least one of a metal wire and metal particles.
  22. The opposing surface feeding electrode is composed mainly of silver,
    The ultrasonic actuator according to claim 18, wherein the conductive rubber includes silver.
JP2007219988A 2005-12-05 2007-08-27 Ultrasonic actuator Pending JP2007318997A (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005350357 2005-12-05
JP2005350355 2005-12-05
JP2005350356 2005-12-05
JP2007219988A JP2007318997A (en) 2005-12-05 2007-08-27 Ultrasonic actuator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2007219988A JP2007318997A (en) 2005-12-05 2007-08-27 Ultrasonic actuator

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2007523907 Division

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2007318997A true JP2007318997A (en) 2007-12-06

Family

ID=38852313

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2007219988A Pending JP2007318997A (en) 2005-12-05 2007-08-27 Ultrasonic actuator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2007318997A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7642696B2 (en) 2007-07-11 2010-01-05 Panasonic Corporation Vibration actuator and drive unit including the same
JP4564582B2 (en) * 2007-12-06 2010-10-20 パナソニック株式会社 Ultrasonic actuator
EP2420887A1 (en) 2007-12-10 2012-02-22 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image capturing apparatus and control method therefor
US9236042B2 (en) 2011-12-07 2016-01-12 Nec Corporation Oscillation device
US9391257B2 (en) 2011-12-06 2016-07-12 Seiko Epson Corporation Actuator, robot hand, robot, electronic component carrying device, electronic component inspection device, and printer
WO2018181160A1 (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-10-04 住友理工株式会社 Vibration presentation device

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7642696B2 (en) 2007-07-11 2010-01-05 Panasonic Corporation Vibration actuator and drive unit including the same
JP4564582B2 (en) * 2007-12-06 2010-10-20 パナソニック株式会社 Ultrasonic actuator
JPWO2009072302A1 (en) * 2007-12-06 2011-04-21 パナソニック株式会社 Ultrasonic actuator
US8004150B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2011-08-23 Panasonic Corporation Ultrasonic actuator with flexible cable connection member
US8076823B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2011-12-13 Panasonic Corporation Ultrasonic actuator
US8159113B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2012-04-17 Panasonic Corporation Ultrasonic actuator with power supply electrode arrangement
EP2420887A1 (en) 2007-12-10 2012-02-22 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Image capturing apparatus and control method therefor
US9391257B2 (en) 2011-12-06 2016-07-12 Seiko Epson Corporation Actuator, robot hand, robot, electronic component carrying device, electronic component inspection device, and printer
US9236042B2 (en) 2011-12-07 2016-01-12 Nec Corporation Oscillation device
WO2018181160A1 (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-10-04 住友理工株式会社 Vibration presentation device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CA2533132C (en) Strain energy shuttle apparatus and method for vibration energy harvesting
US6242846B1 (en) Vibration actuator to control pitching vibration
CN1538612B (en) Ultrasonic vibrator and ultrosonic electric machine
US7706089B2 (en) Lens driving device
CN1813487B (en) Piezoelectric actuator
US4769570A (en) Piezo-electric device
US20020153807A1 (en) Electroactive apparatus and methods
KR20110045486A (en) Piezoelectric vibrator capable of amplifying self-vibration and electric/electronic appliance equipped with the same as vibrating means
US6060811A (en) Advanced layered composite polylaminate electroactive actuator and sensor
US8324784B2 (en) Method for tuning a resonant frequency of a piezoelectric component
JP2007538484A (en) Piezoelectric ultrasonic motor
JP4227255B2 (en) Piezo actuator with improved electrical contact connection and use of such a piezoelectric actuator
JP4103799B2 (en) Linear actuator
JP2011091719A (en) Flexural oscillating actuator
JP2004516657A (en) Composite piezoelectric transformer
EP1761999B1 (en) Drive unit
JP4794897B2 (en) Ultrasonic motor
US6218767B1 (en) Vibration device
JP4354909B2 (en) Near resonance electromechanical motor
CN100498593C (en) Piezoelectric actuator, timepiece, and electronic device
US6856072B2 (en) Ultrasonic driving mechanism
JP4698580B2 (en) Near-resonant wide-range electromechanical motor
KR101100484B1 (en) Flat resonating electromechanical drive unit
JP2006067643A (en) Piezoelectric device and piezoelectric switch with same
EP0720246B1 (en) Piezoelectric transformer

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20070828