JP2007312600A - Piezoelectric element and ultrasonic actuator - Google Patents

Piezoelectric element and ultrasonic actuator Download PDF

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JP2007312600A
JP2007312600A JP2007214844A JP2007214844A JP2007312600A JP 2007312600 A JP2007312600 A JP 2007312600A JP 2007214844 A JP2007214844 A JP 2007214844A JP 2007214844 A JP2007214844 A JP 2007214844A JP 2007312600 A JP2007312600 A JP 2007312600A
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electrode
electrode layer
layer
piezoelectric
piezoelectric element
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Yusuke Adachi
祐介 足立
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Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
松下電器産業株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To suppress vibration of the piezoelectric element, from being blocked by a wire and solder connected to an electrode of the piezoelectric element. <P>SOLUTION: An internal electrode layer 5 consists of a common electrode layer 3 and a power feed electrode layer 6, alternately arranged via a piezoelectric field layer 1, in the laminating direction. A common electrode layer 3 has a common electrode 3a. The power feed electrode layer 6 consists of a first power feed electrode layer 6a and a second power feed electrode layer 6b. The first power feed electrode layer 6 has a pair of mutually conductive first electrodes 2, 2, respectively provided in two regions A2, A4 facing a first diagonal line direction D1, in the main surface of the piezoelectric field layer 1 of four regions A1 to A4, constituted with the main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1 respectively divided into two, in its lengthwise direction L and the shortwise direction S. The second power feed electrode layer 6 has a pair of mutually conductive second electrodes 4, 4 respectively provided in two regions A1, A3 facing a second diagonal line direction D2, in the main surface of the piezoelectric field layer 1 of four regions A1 to A4. The common electrode 3a, the first electrodes 2, 2, the second electrodes 4, 4 are connected to the respective external electrodes 7g, 7b, 7a. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2008,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to a piezoelectric element and an ultrasonic actuator including the piezoelectric element.

DESCRIPTION OF RELATED ART Conventionally, the ultrasonic actuator provided with the piezoelectric element (electromechanical conversion element) used for various electric equipment etc. is known (for example, refer patent document 1). This piezoelectric element is formed by alternately laminating piezoelectric bodies and electrodes. And in the said ultrasonic actuator, a piezoelectric element is vibrated by applying a voltage to an electrode, and, thereby, a movable body is moved.
Special table 2003-501988 gazette

  Here, this inventor devised what is shown below as an ultrasonic actuator. FIG. 16 is a perspective view of the ultrasonic actuator, FIG. 17A is a perspective view of a piezoelectric element used in the ultrasonic actuator, and FIG. 17B is an exploded perspective view of the piezoelectric element. It is.

  As shown in FIGS. 16 and 17, the piezoelectric element 100 is housed and supported in the case 103 by three support portions 104 </ b> A to 104 </ b> C provided in the case 103. Driving elements 110 and 110 are provided on the end face of the piezoelectric element 100, and these driving elements 110 and 110 support the movable body 111. The drivers 110, 110 are pressed against the movable body 111 by the support portion 104B.

  The piezoelectric element 100 is formed by alternately stacking piezoelectric bodies 101 and internal electrodes 102. The internal electrode 102G is a common electrode (ground electrode) provided over almost the entire main surface of the piezoelectric body 101. The piezoelectric body 101 is polarized in the direction of the arrow shown in FIG.

  The internal electrodes 102A to 102D and 102G are connected to the external electrodes 103A to 103D and 103G, respectively. The external electrodes 103 </ b> A to 103 </ b> D and 103 </ b> G are provided on the end face of the piezoelectric element 100. For example, wires 108 </ b> A to 108 </ b> D and 108 </ b> G are connected to the external electrodes 103 </ b> A to 103 </ b> D and 103 </ b> G via solder 107. And voltage is supplied to each internal electrode 102A-102D, 102G through these wires 108A-108D, 108G.

  By the way, the resonance frequency of stretching vibration and the resonance frequency of bending vibration described later of the piezoelectric element 100 are determined by the material, shape, and the like of the piezoelectric element 100, respectively. The material, shape, and the like of the piezoelectric element 100 are determined so that the resonance frequency of the stretching vibration and the resonance frequency of the bending vibration are approximately the same.

  Hereinafter, the operation of the ultrasonic actuator will be described. 6 to 8 are conceptual diagrams for explaining the vibration modes of the piezoelectric elements.

  The wire 108G is connected to the ground, and a sine wave reference voltage having a specific frequency is applied to the internal electrodes 102A and 102C disposed on one diagonal line of the main surface of the piezoelectric body 101 via the wires 108A and 108C. , 108D, a sinusoidal voltage having substantially the same magnitude and frequency as the reference voltage is applied to the internal electrodes 102B, 102D disposed on the other diagonal line. As a result, a voltage having the same phase is applied to the internal electrodes 102A and 102C, and a voltage having the same phase is applied to the internal electrodes 102B and 102D. When the phase difference between the reference voltage and the voltage applied to the internal electrodes 102B and 102D is 0 °, first-order mode stretching vibration is induced in the piezoelectric element 100 as shown in FIG. On the other hand, when the phase difference is 180 °, second-order mode bending vibration is induced in the piezoelectric element 100 as shown in FIG.

  Further, a reference voltage of a sine wave having a frequency near the resonance frequency substantially matched to the internal electrodes 102A and 102C is added, and a reference voltage whose phase differs from the reference voltage by 90 ° or −90 ° is applied to the internal electrodes 102B and 102D. When a sinusoidal voltage having substantially the same magnitude and frequency is applied, the piezoelectric element 100 is induced harmonically in the first-order stretching vibration and the second-order bending vibration. Thereby, the shape of the piezoelectric element 100 changes in the order as shown in FIGS. As a result, the driver elements 110 and 110 provided in the piezoelectric element 100 move substantially elliptically as viewed from the direction penetrating the paper surface of FIG. That is, the drive elements 110 and 110 move elliptically by the combined vibration of the expansion and contraction vibration and the bending vibration of the piezoelectric element 100. Due to this elliptical movement, the movable body 111 supported by the driver elements 110 and 110 moves relative to the piezoelectric element 100 and moves in the direction of arrow A or arrow B.

  By the way, in the ultrasonic actuator, it is necessary to connect at least five wires 108A to 108D and 108G to the external electrodes 103A to 103D and 103G on the piezoelectric element 100. For this reason, when the piezoelectric element 100 vibrates, the solder 107 as a conductive connection member that connects the wires 108A to 108D and 108G and the wires 108A to 108D and 108G and the external electrodes 103A to 103D and 103G becomes a burden, The vibration of the piezoelectric element 100 is hindered. As a result, the efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator may be reduced.

  This invention is made | formed in view of this point, The place made into the objective is to suppress the vibration inhibition of a piezoelectric element.

  In order to achieve the object, the present invention provides a piezoelectric element formed by alternately laminating substantially rectangular piezoelectric layers and internal electrode layers, and the internal electrode layers are arranged in the laminating direction. A common electrode layer and a feeding electrode layer that are alternately arranged via each other, wherein the common electrode layer has a common electrode, and the feeding electrode layer is provided on a main surface of the piezoelectric layer. An electrode layer and a second feeding electrode layer provided on a main surface of a piezoelectric layer different from the piezoelectric layer provided with the first feeding electrode layer on the main surface, wherein the first feeding electrode layer comprises: The main surface of the piezoelectric layer is provided in two regions opposed to each other in the first diagonal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer among the four regions obtained by dividing the main surface of the piezoelectric layer into two in the longitudinal direction and the short direction. The second feeding electrode layer includes a pair of first electrodes that are electrically connected to each other, A pair of second electrodes that are electrically connected to each other and are provided in two regions facing each other in the second diagonal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer, and the common electrode, the first electrode, and the second electrode are The piezoelectric element is configured to be connected to each external electrode provided on the outer surface of the piezoelectric element.

  According to the present invention, of the four regions obtained by dividing the main surface of the piezoelectric layer into two in the longitudinal direction and the short direction, the two regions facing the first diagonal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer are divided into two regions. The pair of first electrodes of the first feeding electrode layer provided to each other are electrically connected to each other, and each of the four regions is provided in two regions facing each other in the second diagonal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer. By making the pair of second electrodes of the two feeding electrode layers conductive with each other, the number of wires and the like can be reduced. As a result, vibration inhibition of the piezoelectric element can be suppressed.

  Further, since the number of connecting steps such as a wire can be reduced, the manufacturing becomes easy. In particular, since the piezoelectric element is weak in mechanical strength, when connecting a wire or the like to an external electrode, the piezoelectric element may be broken due to mechanical stress, but as described above, the connection man-hour of the wire or the like is reduced, The destruction of the piezoelectric element in this connection process can be reduced.

  Furthermore, since the connection point between a wire or the like and the external electrode can be reduced, the reliability is also improved.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

(Embodiment 1)
−Configuration of ultrasonic actuator−
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the ultrasonic actuator according to the first embodiment, FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a piezoelectric element 12 used in the ultrasonic actuator, and FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the piezoelectric element 12. FIG. 4 is a plan view of the piezoelectric layer 1, and FIG. 5A is a diagram showing the positional relationship between the first feeding electrode layer 6a and the common electrode layer 3, and FIG. b) is a diagram showing a positional relationship between the second feeding electrode layer 6b and the common electrode layer 3. FIG.

  As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the ultrasonic actuator includes a piezoelectric element 12. The piezoelectric element 12 includes a pair of main surfaces that face each other, a pair of end surfaces that face each other and extend in the longitudinal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric element 12, and both the main surface and the end surface. And a pair of side surfaces facing each other and extending in the short direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric element 12. The main surface, the end surface, and the side surface constitute the outer surface of the piezoelectric element 12, and the end surface and the side surface constitute the peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element 12. In this embodiment, a main surface has the largest area among a main surface, an end surface, and a side surface.

  The piezoelectric element 12 is housed and supported by the case 11 (support body) via the three support portions 13a to 13c. Drive elements 8 are provided on one end face of the piezoelectric element 12, and these drive elements 8 support a flat movable body 9. The support portion 13 b on the other end face of the piezoelectric element 12 (the end face opposite to the end face on which the drive elements 8, 8 are provided) presses the drive elements 8, 8 against the movable body 9. Thereby, the frictional force between the tip portions of the driver elements 8 and 8 and the movable body 9 is increased, and the vibration of the piezoelectric element 12 is reliably transmitted to the movable body 9 via the driver elements 8 and 8.

  The piezoelectric element 12 has a substantially rectangular parallelepiped shape in which substantially rectangular piezoelectric layers 1 and internal electrode layers 5 are alternately stacked. The piezoelectric layer 1 is an insulator layer made of a ceramic material such as lead zirconate titanate. The internal electrode layer 5 includes a common electrode layer 3 and a feeding electrode layer 6 that are alternately arranged in the stacking direction (thickness direction of the piezoelectric element 12) via the piezoelectric layers 1. The common electrode layer 3 has a substantially rectangular common electrode 3 a provided over substantially the entire upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1. The common electrode 3a is provided with extraction electrodes 3b and 3b extending from the longitudinal center portion toward both end faces of the piezoelectric element 12, respectively.

  The feeding electrode layer 6 is a piezoelectric body different from the first feeding electrode layer 6a provided on the upper principal surface of the piezoelectric layer 1 and the piezoelectric layer 1 provided with the first feeding electrode layer 6a on the upper principal surface. It consists of a second feeding electrode layer 6b provided on the upper main surface of the layer 1. That is, on the main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1, any one of the common electrode layer 3, the first feeding electrode layer 6a, and the second feeding electrode layer 6b is printed. Further, the piezoelectric layer 1 is polarized from the first feeding electrode layer 6a or the second feeding electrode layer 6b side to the common electrode layer 3 side, as indicated by an arrow in FIG.

  The first feeding electrode layer 6a is a piezoelectric layer among four regions A1 to A4 (see FIG. 4) obtained by dividing the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1 into two in the longitudinal direction L and the short direction S, respectively. A pair of first electrodes 2, which are formed in two regions A2 and A4 facing the first diagonal direction (direction in which the first diagonal line extends) D1 of the upper main surface of 1 is connected to each other via the conductive electrode 2a. 2 has. Each first electrode 2 is a substantially rectangular electrode and overlaps the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction (see FIG. 5A). That is, each first electrode 2 is opposed to the common electrode layer 3 with the piezoelectric layer 1 interposed therebetween. The conductive electrode 2a also overlaps with the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction (see FIG. 5A). Each first electrode 2 is provided with an extraction electrode 2 b extending from the longitudinal center portion toward the end face of the piezoelectric element 12. Each extraction electrode 2b does not overlap the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction (see FIG. 5A). That is, each extraction electrode 2 b does not face the common electrode layer 3. For this reason, an electric field does not arise in the part which opposes each extraction electrode 2b of the piezoelectric material layer 1. FIG. That is, this part becomes a piezoelectrically inactive part.

  The second feeding electrode layer 6b is formed by dividing the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1 into two equal parts in the longitudinal direction L and the short direction S, and the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1 in four regions A1 to A4. A pair of second electrodes 4 and 4 formed in two regions A1 and A3 facing the second diagonal direction (direction in which the second diagonal extends) D2 are connected to each other through the conductive electrode 4a. Yes. Each of the second electrodes 4 is a substantially rectangular electrode and overlaps the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction (see FIG. 5B). The conductive electrode 4a also overlaps the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction (see FIG. 5B). Each second electrode 4 is provided with an extraction electrode 4b extending from the central portion in the longitudinal direction toward the end face of the piezoelectric element 12. Each extraction electrode 4b does not overlap the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction (see FIG. 5B). For this reason, an electric field does not arise in the part which opposes each extraction electrode 4b of the piezoelectric material layer 1. FIG.

  The common electrodes 3a on the different piezoelectric layers 1 are connected to each other by an external electrode 7g for a common electrode through an extraction electrode 3b. The 1st electrodes 2 and 2 are connected to the external electrode 7b for 1st electrodes through the extraction electrode 2b. The 2nd electrodes 4 and 4 are connected to the external electrode 7a for 2nd electrodes through the extraction electrode 4b. Each of the external electrodes 7a, 7b, 7g is provided over one end face and one main surface of the piezoelectric element 12 and extends to the vicinity of the vibration node portion (node) of the piezoelectric element 12. A wire 10 is connected to a portion of each external electrode 7a, 7b, 7g on the main surface of the piezoelectric element 12 via solder. A voltage for vibrating the piezoelectric element 12 is applied to the internal electrode layer 5 through the wire 10. In this way, the external electrodes 7a, 7b, and 7g are formed over one end face and one main surface of the piezoelectric element 12, and are extended to the vicinity of the vibration node portion of the piezoelectric element 12. And the connection point of the wire 10 is suppressed from adversely affecting the vibration.

  By the way, the resonance frequency of the stretching vibration and the resonance frequency of the bending vibration of the piezoelectric element 12 are determined by the material and shape of the piezoelectric element 12, respectively. The material, shape, and the like of the piezoelectric element 12 are determined so that the resonance frequency of the stretching vibration and the resonance frequency of the bending vibration are approximately the same. In the present embodiment, the material, shape, and the like of the piezoelectric element 12 are determined so that the resonance frequency of the primary mode stretching vibration and the resonance frequency of the secondary mode bending vibration are approximately the same.

  As described above, the electrodes 2 and 4 arranged in the diagonal directions D1 and D2 are connected to each other, the common electrodes 3a on the different piezoelectric layers 1 are connected to each other by the external electrodes 7g, and the first electrodes on the piezoelectric layer 1 are connected. One electrode 2, 2 is connected to the external electrode 7b, and the second electrode 4, 4 on the piezoelectric layer 1 is connected to the external electrode 7a. That is, the piezoelectric element 12 may be provided with a total of three external electrodes 7, that is, the external electrode 7 g for the common electrode, the external electrode 7 b for the first electrode, and the external electrode 7 a for the second electrode. Thereby, the number of the wires 10 which should be connected to the external electrode 7 can be reduced to three. As a result, vibration inhibition of the piezoelectric element 12 can be suppressed, and a decrease in efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator can be suppressed.

  Moreover, since the man-hour for connecting the wire 10 can be reduced, the manufacture of the ultrasonic actuator is facilitated. In particular, since the piezoelectric element 12 is weak in mechanical strength, when the wire 10 is connected to the external electrode 7, the piezoelectric element 12 may be broken due to mechanical stress. However, as described above, the number of connecting steps of the wire 10 is reduced. As a result, the destruction of the piezoelectric element 12 in this connection step can be reduced.

  Furthermore, the connection point between the wire 10 and the external electrode 7 can also be reduced. Thereby, the vibration inhibition by the solder provided in this connection point can be suppressed. In addition, this connection point is an important part in driving the ultrasonic actuator, but since it is easily affected by the external environment such as humidity and temperature change, as described above, by reducing the number of connection points, The reliability of the ultrasonic actuator can be improved.

  In addition, in a small ultrasonic actuator (for example, the piezoelectric element 12 having a length of about 0.1 mm to 10 mm), when electrodes having different potentials are formed on the power supply electrode layers 6a and 6b, the electrodes having different potentials are formed. When a high voltage is applied, the leakage current may be generated between the electrodes having different potentials. When a leak current occurs, a loss of power supply occurs and the efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator decreases. However, by configuring the power supply electrode layers 6a and 6b as described above, only the electrodes having the same potential are formed on the power supply electrode layers 6a and 6b. As a result, it is difficult to generate a leak current, and a small and highly efficient ultrasonic actuator can be realized.

  In addition, the common electrode 3a, the first electrode 2 and the second electrode 4 are connected to the external electrodes 7g, 7b and 7a via the extraction electrodes 3b, 2b and 4b, respectively. The common electrode 3a, the first electrode 2, and the second electrode 4 can be drawn out at different positions on the surface. As a result, a sufficient insulation distance can be ensured among the common electrode 3a, the first electrode 2, and the second electrode 4. As described above, in order to obtain a sufficient insulation distance, it is desirable to form the extraction electrodes 3b, 2b, and 4b of the electrodes 3a, 2 and 4 having different potentials with an interval equal to or greater than the thickness of the piezoelectric layer 1.

  Further, as described above, the common electrode 3a, the first electrode 2, and the second electrode 4 are respectively connected to the external electrodes 7g, 2b, 4b via the extraction electrodes 3b, 2b, 4b disposed in the piezoelectrically inactive portions. Since they are connected to 7b and 7a, no extra vibration is generated in the piezoelectric element 12. As a result, the piezoelectric element 12 vibrates with good balance, and the vibration efficiency is improved.

  Hereinafter, the power supply electrode layer 6 and the like will be further described.

  The shape formed by the first electrodes 2 and 2 and the conduction electrode 2a of the first feeding electrode layer 6a is a point-symmetric shape with respect to the center point M (see FIG. 4) of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1. The shape formed by the second electrodes 4 and 4 and the conduction electrode 4 a of the second power supply electrode layer 6 b is also a point-symmetric shape with respect to the center point M of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1. That is, the shape of the first feeding electrode layer 6a excluding (excluding) the extraction electrode 2b and the shape of the second feeding electrode layer 6b excluding the extraction electrode 4b are respectively the first diagonal line and the first diagonal line of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1. It is a point-symmetric shape with respect to the intersection of two diagonal lines. In this way, by making the shape of the feeding electrode layer 6 substantially symmetric with respect to the center point M of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1, vibration of the piezoelectric element 12, particularly bending vibration of the secondary mode is obtained. Symmetry is improved. As a result, excessive vibration does not occur in the piezoelectric element 12, and energy loss is greatly reduced. As a result, the supplied power can be efficiently converted into vibration.

  The shape formed by the first electrodes 2 and 2 and the conducting electrode 2a of the first feeding electrode layer 6a and the shape formed by the second electrodes 4 and 4 and the conducting electrode 4a of the second feeding electrode layer 6b are the piezoelectric layer 1. The shape is inverted with respect to the center line C (see FIG. 4) extending in the longitudinal direction L of the upper main surface. That is, the shape of the second power supply electrode layer 6b excluding the extraction electrode 4b is a shape obtained by inverting the shape of the first power supply electrode layer 6a excluding the extraction electrode 2b with respect to the center line C. Thus, by making the shape of the first feeding electrode layer 6a and the shape of the second feeding electrode layer 6b substantially opposite to each other with respect to the center line C, vibration of the piezoelectric element 12, particularly the secondary mode. The symmetry of bending vibration is improved. As a result, excessive vibration does not occur in the piezoelectric element 12, and energy loss is greatly reduced. As a result, the supplied power can be efficiently converted into vibration.

  Further, the number of the first feeding electrode layers 6a and the number of the second feeding electrode layers 6b are the same. Thereby, the symmetry of vibration of the piezoelectric element 12 is improved. As a result, excessive vibration does not occur in the piezoelectric element 12, and energy loss is greatly reduced. As a result, the supplied power can be efficiently converted into vibration.

  The feeding electrode layer 6 includes first feeding electrode layers 6a and second feeding electrode layers 6b arranged alternately in the stacking direction. Thereby, the symmetry of the vibration of the conductive electrode 2a, 4a arrangement portion of the piezoelectric element 12 is improved. As a result, excessive vibration does not occur in the piezoelectric element 12, and energy loss is greatly reduced. As a result, the supplied power can be efficiently converted into vibration.

  The outermost layer in the stacking direction of the piezoelectric elements 12 is the piezoelectric layer 1. Thereby, the following effects are acquired. That is, when a small ultrasonic actuator (for example, one having a length of about 1 mm to 20 mm) is mounted in a very small space inside the electronic device, the outermost layer of the piezoelectric element 12 is the common electrode layer 3 or the feeding electrode layer 6. In this case, when the metal part in the periphery contacts the main surface of the piezoelectric element 12, the outermost electrode layer may be short-circuited, and the characteristics of the ultrasonic actuator may be significantly deteriorated. Therefore, as described above, the outermost layer in the stacking direction of the piezoelectric elements 12 is the piezoelectric layer 1 that is an insulator, so that no short circuit occurs even when a metal part comes into contact with the main surface of the piezoelectric elements 12. As a result, the reliability of the ultrasonic actuator can be improved.

-Operation of ultrasonic actuator-
Hereinafter, the operation of the ultrasonic actuator will be described. 6 is a displacement diagram of the first-order mode stretching vibration according to the present embodiment, FIG. 7 is a displacement diagram of the second-order mode bending vibration, and FIG. 8 is a conceptual diagram showing the operation of the piezoelectric element 12. It is. 6 to 8, the principal surface of the piezoelectric element 12 is in a positional relationship parallel to the paper surface.

  For example, a reference AC voltage having a frequency in the vicinity of the substantially matched resonance frequency is applied between the common electrode layer 3 and the first feeding electrode layer 6 a via the wire 10, and the common electrode layer 3 is interposed via the wire 10. When the AC voltage having the same magnitude and frequency as the reference AC voltage, the phase of which differs from the reference AC voltage by 90 ° or −90 °, is applied between the piezoelectric element 12 and the second feeding electrode layer 6b. The stretching vibration of the primary mode shown in FIG. 6 and the bending vibration of the secondary mode shown in FIG. 7 are induced harmonically.

  Then, the shape of the piezoelectric element 12 changes in the order as shown in FIGS. As a result, the driver elements 8 provided on the piezoelectric element 12 move substantially elliptically as viewed from the direction penetrating the paper surface of FIG. That is, the driver elements 8 and 8 are elliptically moved by the combined vibration of the expansion / contraction vibration and the bending vibration of the piezoelectric element 12. Due to this elliptical movement, the movable body 9 supported by the driver elements 8 and 8 moves relative to the piezoelectric element 12 and moves in the direction of arrow A or arrow B shown in FIG.

  Here, the expansion / contraction direction of the stretching vibration is the longitudinal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric element 12, that is, the moving direction of the movable body 9. The vibration direction of the bending vibration is the driver elements 8 and 8 that support the movable body 9. Direction. The stacking direction of the piezoelectric elements 12 is a direction perpendicular to both the stretching direction of stretching vibration and the vibration direction of bending vibration.

  In the present embodiment, the external electrodes 7a, 7b, and 7g are formed over one end surface and one main surface of the piezoelectric element 12, but only on the end surface of the piezoelectric element 12 as shown in FIG. It may be formed.

(Embodiment 2)
The second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in the configuration of the feeding electrode layer 6. FIG. 10 is an exploded perspective view of the piezoelectric element 21 according to the second embodiment.

  As shown in FIG. 10, in addition to the pair of first electrodes 2 and 2, the first feeding electrode layer 6a is a first electrode provided in one A1 of the two regions A1 and A3 facing the second diagonal direction D2. A side electrode 22 is provided. The first side electrode 22 is a substantially rectangular electrode and overlaps the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction. The first side electrode 22 is provided with an extraction electrode 22 a extending from the longitudinal central portion toward the end face of the piezoelectric element 12. The extraction electrode 22a does not overlap the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction. For this reason, an electric field is not generated in the portion of the piezoelectric layer 1 facing the extraction electrode 22a.

  In addition to the pair of second electrodes 4, 4, the second feeding electrode layer 6 b includes a second side electrode 24 provided in one A 2 of the two regions A 2, A 4 facing the first pair of diagonal directions D 1. ing. The second side electrode 24 is a substantially rectangular electrode and overlaps the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction. The second side electrode 24 is provided with an extraction electrode 24 a extending from the longitudinal central portion toward the end face of the piezoelectric element 12. The extraction electrode 24a does not overlap the common electrode layer 3 when viewed from the stacking direction. For this reason, an electric field is not generated in the portion of the piezoelectric layer 1 facing the extraction electrode 24a.

  The first electrodes 2 and 2 and the second side electrode 24 are connected to each other by the first electrode external electrode 7b via the extraction electrodes 2b and 24a, and the second electrodes 4 and 4 and the first side electrode 22 are connected to each other. Are connected by the external electrode 7a for the second electrode through the extraction electrodes 4b and 22a. The external electrodes 7a and 7b are provided on both end faces of the piezoelectric element 12, respectively. The external electrodes 7g are also provided on both end faces of the piezoelectric element 12, respectively.

  As described above, the electrode area can be increased by further providing the side electrodes 22 and 24 on the feeding electrode layer 6. Thereby, the displacement of the piezoelectric element 21 can be increased, and the efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator can be improved.

  In the present embodiment, the first side electrode 22 and the second side electrode 24 are arranged so as to be substantially symmetrical with respect to the center line C extending in the longitudinal direction L of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1. May be. In this case, the shape formed by the first electrodes 2 and 2, the conducting electrode 2 a and the first side electrode 22 of the first feeding electrode layer 6 a and the second electrodes 4 and 4, the conducting electrode 4 a and the first electrode of the second feeding electrode layer 6 b are used. The shape formed by the two side electrodes 24 is reversed with respect to the center line C extending in the longitudinal direction L of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1.

(Embodiment 3)
The third embodiment is different from the first and second embodiments in the configuration of the feeding electrode layer 6. FIG. 11A is a perspective view of the piezoelectric element 23 according to the third embodiment, FIG. 11B is an exploded perspective view of the piezoelectric element 23, and FIG. 12 is an exploded perspective view of the piezoelectric element 33. It is.

  As shown in FIG. 11, in addition to the pair of first electrodes 2 and 2, the first feeding electrode layer 6a includes a pair of first electrodes provided in two regions A1 and A3 facing the second diagonal direction D2, respectively. Side electrodes 22 are provided.

  The second power supply electrode layer 6b includes a pair of second side electrodes 24 and 24 provided in two regions A2 and A4 facing the first pair of diagonal directions D1 in addition to the pair of second electrodes 4 and 4, respectively. Have.

  Thus, the electrode area can be increased by further providing the side electrodes 22 and 24 on the feeding electrode layer 6. Thereby, the displacement of the piezoelectric element 23 can be increased, and the efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator can be improved.

  In order to efficiently induce the bending vibration of the secondary mode, it is desirable that the pair of electrodes respectively disposed at the diagonal portions of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1 have the same potential. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 11, the second side electrodes 24, 24 on the piezoelectric layer 1 different from the first electrodes 2, 2 are for the first electrode provided on both end faces of the piezoelectric element 23, respectively. The second electrodes 4, 4 and the first side electrodes 22, 22 on the different piezoelectric layers 1 are connected to each other by the external electrodes 7 b, 7 b. Are connected by external electrodes 7a, 7a. That is, the electrodes 2, 2, 22, 22, 4, 4, 24, 24 facing each other of the first feeding electrode layer 6a and the second feeding electrode layer 6b are connected to each other by the external electrodes 7a, 7b. Thus, the first electrode 2 is electrically connected to the second side electrode 24 through the external electrode 7b and has the same potential, and the second electrode 4 is electrically connected to the first side electrode 22 through the external electrode 7a and has the same potential. Become. As a result, all of the pair of electrodes respectively disposed at the diagonal portions of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1 can have the same potential. In this case, the external electrodes 7a and 7b need to be formed at a total of four locations, two on each end face of the piezoelectric element 23 as described above. However, only the external electrodes 7 a and 7 b on one end face of the piezoelectric element 23 may be connected to the wire 10, and therefore the connection location between the piezoelectric element 23 and the wire 10 is the external electrodes 7 a and 7 b and the wire 10. Connection, one for each, a total of two, a connection between the external electrode 7g for the common electrode and the wire 10, one in total.

  Further, external electrodes 7g are formed on both end faces of the piezoelectric element 23, respectively. Thereby, the directionality of the piezoelectric element 23 is lost, and when the driver elements 8 and 8 are mounted on the piezoelectric element 23, it is not necessary to align the positions. As a result, the mass productivity of the ultrasonic actuator is improved. The external electrode 7g may be formed only on one end face of the piezoelectric element 23.

  Further, the shape formed by the first electrodes 2 and 2, the conducting electrode 2 a and the first side electrodes 22 and 22 of the first feeding electrode layer 6 a and the second electrodes 4 and 4, the conducting electrode 4 a and the second feeding electrode layer 6 b The shape formed by the second side electrodes 24 and 24 is a point-symmetric shape with respect to the center point M of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1 provided with the respective feeding electrode layers 6a and 6b. That is, the shape of the first feeding electrode layer 6a excluding the extraction electrode 2b and the shape of the second feeding electrode layer 6b excluding the extraction electrode 4b are the intersections of the first diagonal line and the second diagonal line on the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1, respectively. Is a point-symmetric shape.

  Further, the shape formed by the first electrodes 2 and 2, the conducting electrode 2 a and the first side electrodes 22 and 22 of the first feeding electrode layer 6 a and the second electrodes 4 and 4, the conducting electrode 4 a and the second feeding electrode layer 6 b The shape formed by the second side electrodes 24 and 24 is a shape that is mutually inverted with respect to the center line C extending in the longitudinal direction L of the upper main surface of the piezoelectric layer 1. That is, the shape of the first power supply electrode layer 6a excluding the extraction electrode 2b and the shape of the second power supply electrode layer 6b excluding the extraction electrode 4b are shapes reversed with respect to the center line C.

  Moreover, as shown in FIG.11 (b), as for the feeding electrode layer 6, the 1st feeding electrode layer 6a or the 2nd feeding electrode layer 6b may be distribute | arranged continuously several layers in the lamination direction, Alternatively, the first feeding electrode layer 6a and the second feeding electrode layer 6b may be randomly arranged, but as shown in FIG. 12, the number of the first feeding electrode layers 6a and the second feeding electrode layers 6b It is desirable that the number of the power supply electrode layers 6 is the same, and the first power supply electrode layer 6a and the second power supply electrode layer 6b are alternately arranged in the stacking direction.

(Other embodiments)
In the embodiment, it is desirable that the external electrode 7 is formed only on the peripheral surface of the piezoelectric elements 12, 21, 23, 33 and not formed on the main surface of the piezoelectric elements 12, 21, 23, 33. In this case, since the external electrode 7 is not formed on the main surface having the largest area among the outer surfaces of the piezoelectric elements 12, 21, 23, 33, a short circuit is unlikely to occur even when contacting with the metal parts around the outer surface. Become. Furthermore, since no electric field is generated between the external electrode 7 and the common electrode layer 3, no excessive vibration is generated in the piezoelectric elements 12, 21, 23, and 33, and a decrease in efficiency of the ultrasonic actuator can be suppressed. it can.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment, although the 1st electrode 2, the 2nd electrode 4, the 1st side part electrode 22, and the 2nd side part electrode 24 were made into the substantially rectangular electrode, not only this but these, for example, It is good also as a thing of the shape according to distribution of the stress by vibration.

  In the above embodiment, the configuration in which the wire 10 is connected to the external electrode 7 by solder has been described. However, other electrical connections such as connection by wire bonding, connection by a conductive adhesive, connection by crimping, connection by contact, etc. A method may be used. As a result, the same effects as those of the above embodiment can be obtained.

  In the above-described embodiment, power supply using the wire 10 has been described. However, other power supply methods such as power supply using conductive rubber, power supply using a flexible substrate, and power supply using a contact pin may be used. As a result, the same effects as those of the above embodiment can be obtained.

  Hereinafter, an example of power feeding using conductive rubber will be described. As shown in FIGS. 13 and 14, the support portions 13 a to 13 c are made of conductive rubber in which metal particles are mixed in silicone rubber. The first electrode 2 in the region A4 (see FIG. 4) is provided with an extraction electrode 2c extending from the first electrode 2 toward the side surface of the piezoelectric element 43. The second electrode 4 in the region A3 (see FIG. 4) is provided with an extraction electrode 4c extending from the second electrode 4 toward the side surface of the piezoelectric element 43. External electrodes 7 c are provided on both side surfaces of the piezoelectric element 43. The common electrode 3a is connected to the support portion 13b through the external electrode 7g. The first electrodes 2 and 2 and the second side electrodes 24 and 24 are connected to the support portion 13c via the extraction electrode 2c and the external electrode 7c. The second electrodes 4 and 4 and the first side electrodes 22 and 22 are connected to the support portion 13a via the extraction electrode 4c and the external electrode 7c. A voltage is applied to the internal electrode layer 5 through the support portions 13a to 13c and the like. The other points are almost the same as in the third embodiment. As described above, since it is not necessary to provide solder on the piezoelectric element 43, it is possible to suppress the stress caused by vibration from being concentrated on the portion of the piezoelectric element 43 provided with solder and cracking of the piezoelectric element 43.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment, although the movable body 9 driven by the drive force of an ultrasonic actuator is flat form, it is not restricted to this, Arbitrary structures are employ | adopted as a structure of the movable body 9. can do. For example, as shown in FIG. 15, the movable body is a disc body 9 that can be rotated about a predetermined axis X, and the driver elements 8 of the ultrasonic actuator contact the side peripheral surface 9 a of the disc body 9. You may be comprised so that it may touch. In such a configuration, when the ultrasonic actuator is driven, the disk body 9 is rotated about the predetermined axis X by the substantially elliptical motion of the driver elements 8.

  In the above-described embodiment, the configuration in which the driver elements 8 and 8 are provided on one end face of the piezoelectric elements 12, 21, 23, and 33 has been described, but the driver elements 8 and 8 are formed on one side surface of the piezoelectric elements 12, 21, 23, and 33. May be. In this case, the expansion / contraction direction of the primary mode expansion / contraction vibration is the direction in which the driver elements 8 support the movable body 9, and the vibration mode of the secondary mode bending vibration is the movable direction of the movable body 9.

  Moreover, in the said embodiment, although the support body is comprised by the case 11, as long as it has a support part which supports the piezoelectric elements 12, 21, 23, and 33, you may comprise by what.

(Other)
The ultrasonic actuator described in this specification can also be expressed as follows.

(1) Piezoelectric element formed by alternately laminating substantially rectangular piezoelectric layers and internal electrode layers, a driver provided on an end surface or a side surface of the piezoelectric element, and a movable body supported by the driver The piezoelectric element is caused to vibrate by combining the first-order mode stretching vibration and the second-order mode bending vibration by feeding power to the internal electrode layer, and the driver is caused to move substantially elliptically by the vibration. An ultrasonic actuator for moving the movable body relative to the piezoelectric element,
The internal electrode layer is composed of a common electrode layer and a feeding electrode layer alternately arranged in the stacking direction via the piezoelectric layers,
The common electrode layer has a common electrode;
The power supply electrode layer is formed on a main surface of a piezoelectric layer different from the first power supply electrode layer provided on the main surface of the piezoelectric layer and the piezoelectric layer provided with the first power supply electrode layer on the main surface. A second power supply electrode layer provided,
The first feeding electrode layer is opposed to the first diagonal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer among the four regions obtained by dividing the main surface of the piezoelectric layer into two in the longitudinal direction and the short direction. A pair of first electrodes provided in two regions, respectively, which are electrically connected to each other;
The second feeding electrode layer has a pair of second electrodes that are respectively provided in two regions facing each other in the second diagonal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer among the four regions,
The ultrasonic actuator, wherein the common electrode, the first electrode, and the second electrode are connected to respective external electrodes provided on an outer surface of the piezoelectric element.

(2) further comprising a support having a support for supporting the piezoelectric element;
The ultrasonic actuator according to (1), wherein the support portion is made of conductive rubber.

  As described above, the present invention suppresses vibration inhibition of the piezoelectric element by devising the configuration of the feeding electrode layer, and is useful for ultrasonic actuators used in various electronic devices and the like.

It is a perspective view of the ultrasonic actuator concerning Embodiment 1 of the present invention. It is a perspective view of a piezoelectric element. It is a disassembled perspective view of a piezoelectric element. It is a top view of a piezoelectric material layer. (A) is a figure which shows the positional relationship of a 1st feeding electrode layer and a common electrode layer, (b) is a figure which shows the positional relationship of a 2nd feeding electrode layer and a common electrode layer. It is a displacement figure of the expansion-contraction vibration of a primary mode. It is a displacement figure of the bending vibration of a secondary mode. It is a conceptual diagram which shows operation | movement of a piezoelectric element. It is a perspective view of the modification of an ultrasonic actuator. 6 is an exploded perspective view of a piezoelectric element according to Embodiment 2. FIG. (A) is a perspective view of the piezoelectric element according to Embodiment 3, and (b) is an exploded perspective view of the piezoelectric element. It is a disassembled perspective view of a piezoelectric element. It is a perspective view of the modification of an ultrasonic actuator. (A) is a perspective view of a piezoelectric element, (b) is an exploded perspective view of a piezoelectric element. It is a perspective view of the modification of an ultrasonic actuator. It is a perspective view of an ultrasonic actuator. (A) is a perspective view of a piezoelectric element, (b) is an exploded perspective view of a piezoelectric element.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Piezoelectric layer 2 First electrode 3 Common electrode layer 3a Common electrode 4 Second electrode 5 Internal electrode 6 Feed electrode layer 6a First feed electrode layer 6b Second feed electrode layer 7 External electrode 7a External electrode 7b for the second electrode External electrode 7g for the first electrode External electrode 8 for the common electrode Driver 9 Movable body 10 Wire 11 Case (support)
12, 21, 23, 33, 43 Piezoelectric elements 13a to 13c Support portion 22 First side electrode 24 Second side electrode

Claims (9)

  1. A piezoelectric element formed by alternately laminating substantially rectangular piezoelectric layers and internal electrode layers,
    The internal electrode layer is composed of a common electrode layer and a feeding electrode layer alternately arranged in the stacking direction via the piezoelectric layers,
    The common electrode layer has a common electrode;
    The power supply electrode layer is formed on a main surface of a piezoelectric layer different from the first power supply electrode layer provided on the main surface of the piezoelectric layer and the piezoelectric layer provided with the first power supply electrode layer on the main surface. A second power supply electrode layer provided,
    The first feeding electrode layer is opposed to the first diagonal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer among the four regions obtained by dividing the main surface of the piezoelectric layer into two in the longitudinal direction and the short direction. A pair of first electrodes provided in two regions, respectively, which are electrically connected to each other;
    The second feeding electrode layer has a pair of second electrodes that are respectively provided in two regions facing each other in the second diagonal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer among the four regions,
    The common electrode, the first electrode, and the second electrode are piezoelectric elements connected to respective external electrodes provided on an outer surface of the piezoelectric element.
  2. The first feeding electrode layer has a first side electrode provided in one of the two regions facing the second diagonal direction in addition to the pair of first electrodes,
    The second feeding electrode layer has, in addition to the pair of second electrodes, a second side electrode provided in one of the two regions facing the first diagonal direction,
    The first electrode and the second side electrode are connected by the external electrode,
    The piezoelectric element according to claim 1, wherein the second electrode and the first side electrode are connected by the external electrode.
  3. In addition to the pair of first electrodes, the first feeding electrode layer has a pair of first side electrodes provided in two regions facing each other in the second diagonal direction,
    In addition to the pair of second electrodes, the second feeding electrode layer has a pair of second side electrodes provided in two regions facing each other in the first pair of diagonal directions,
    The first electrode and the second side electrode are connected by the external electrode,
    The piezoelectric element according to claim 1, wherein the second electrode and the first side electrode are connected by the external electrode.
  4.   The piezoelectric element according to claim 1, wherein the shape of the feeding electrode layer is substantially point-symmetric with respect to the center point of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer.
  5.   2. The piezoelectric element according to claim 1, wherein the shape of the first feeding electrode layer and the shape of the second feeding electrode layer are substantially inverted with respect to a center line extending in the longitudinal direction of the main surface of the piezoelectric layer.
  6.   The piezoelectric element according to claim 1, wherein the number of the first power supply electrode layers and the number of the second power supply electrode layers are the same.
  7.   2. The piezoelectric element according to claim 1, wherein the feeding electrode layer is formed by alternately arranging the first feeding electrode layer and the second feeding electrode layer in a stacking direction.
  8.   The piezoelectric element according to claim 1, wherein the outermost layer in the stacking direction of the piezoelectric elements is the piezoelectric layer.
  9.   The piezoelectric element according to claim 1, wherein the external electrode is provided only on a peripheral surface including an end surface and a side surface of the piezoelectric element.
JP2007214844A 2006-01-23 2007-08-21 Piezoelectric element and ultrasonic actuator Pending JP2007312600A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006013391 2006-01-23
JP2007214844A JP2007312600A (en) 2006-01-23 2007-08-21 Piezoelectric element and ultrasonic actuator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2007214844A JP2007312600A (en) 2006-01-23 2007-08-21 Piezoelectric element and ultrasonic actuator

Related Child Applications (1)

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JP2007525099 Division

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2007312600A true JP2007312600A (en) 2007-11-29

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Family Applications (1)

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JP2007214844A Pending JP2007312600A (en) 2006-01-23 2007-08-21 Piezoelectric element and ultrasonic actuator

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Country Link
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2009072302A1 (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-06-11 Panasonic Corporation Ultrasonic actuator
US7638932B2 (en) * 2006-02-07 2009-12-29 Panasonic Corporation Piezoelectric element and ultrasonic actuator
JP2011135711A (en) * 2009-12-25 2011-07-07 Panasonic Corp Vibration actuator

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7638932B2 (en) * 2006-02-07 2009-12-29 Panasonic Corporation Piezoelectric element and ultrasonic actuator
WO2009072302A1 (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-06-11 Panasonic Corporation Ultrasonic actuator
JP4564582B2 (en) * 2007-12-06 2010-10-20 パナソニック株式会社 Ultrasonic actuator
JPWO2009072302A1 (en) * 2007-12-06 2011-04-21 パナソニック株式会社 Ultrasonic actuator
US8004150B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2011-08-23 Panasonic Corporation Ultrasonic actuator with flexible cable connection member
US8076823B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2011-12-13 Panasonic Corporation Ultrasonic actuator
US8159113B2 (en) 2007-12-06 2012-04-17 Panasonic Corporation Ultrasonic actuator with power supply electrode arrangement
JP2011135711A (en) * 2009-12-25 2011-07-07 Panasonic Corp Vibration actuator

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