JP2007253512A - Optical laminated biaxially stretched polyester film and hard coat film using it - Google Patents

Optical laminated biaxially stretched polyester film and hard coat film using it Download PDF

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JP2007253512A
JP2007253512A JP2006082550A JP2006082550A JP2007253512A JP 2007253512 A JP2007253512 A JP 2007253512A JP 2006082550 A JP2006082550 A JP 2006082550A JP 2006082550 A JP2006082550 A JP 2006082550A JP 2007253512 A JP2007253512 A JP 2007253512A
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film
laminated
hard coat
laminated film
biaxially stretched
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JP4816183B2 (en
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Takashi Ueda
Masayuki Yamagishi
隆司 上田
正幸 山岸
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Toray Ind Inc
東レ株式会社
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Abstract

【Task】
Transparent laminated film using biaxially stretched polyester film Reducing interference color unevenness during hard coat processing, improving adhesive boiling resistance, and reducing heat-precipitated oligomers during heating while maintaining the advantages of conventional products It is a problem to provide a laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optics.
[Solution]
The hard coat after boiling for 1 hour with a ripple amplitude of spectral reflectance at 450 to 600 nm of 2.0% or less after laminating a hard coat with a refractive index of 1.45 to 1.55 on the laminated film (A) Adhesive strength is 90% or more, and the size per area of oligomer particles deposited on the laminated film (A) after heating at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes in a state where no hard coat is laminated on the laminated film (A) is 30 μm in terms of area. A laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optics that is 2 or less.
[Selection figure] None

Description

  The present invention relates to a laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optical use. More specifically, interference color unevenness during hard coat lamination is reduced, moisture adhesion with the hard coat is improved to a level that can withstand boiling tests, and a hard coat is provided. In relation to the laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optics that can suppress the size of the oligomer that precipitates during heating in a non-heated state, more specifically, in order to be able to be suitably used as a hard coat film for a touch panel or an antireflection film The present invention relates to a laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optical use.

  Transparent plastic films such as polyester (PET, PEN, etc.), polycarbonate (PC), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), triacetyl cellulose (TAC), and amorphous polyolefin (amorphous PO) are lighter in weight than glass. Because of its favorable properties such as being hard to break and being bent, it is used as a base material for flat panel display (FPD) members such as liquid crystal display (LCD) and plasma display (PDP), nameplates, and window pasting films. Among them, the biaxially stretched polyester film has excellent properties such as mechanical properties, electrical properties, dimensional stability, heat resistance, transparency and chemical resistance, and is more versatile than other transparent plastic films. Therefore, it is used suitably for such applications.

  However, there are also uses that require physical properties that cannot be achieved with a biaxially stretched polyester film alone. For example, biaxially stretched polyester film has a low surface hardness and lacks abrasion resistance. Therefore, protective films and anti-reflection films for flat panel displays, touch panels, display boards, nameplates, window paste films, etc. In the case of an application to be applied to the surface, the surface is easily damaged by contact or friction with a sharp object. For this reason, it is known that a hard coat layer is provided on the surface of a biaxially stretched polyester film to improve scratch resistance and wear resistance (for example, Patent Document 1). As this hard coat layer, an acrylic hard coat is suitably used in terms of hardness, durability, and productivity, but when used as a base material such as an antireflection film, a touch panel, a nameplate, a window pasting film, The hard coat layer is also required to be transparent. As a conventional film having such a configuration, for example, the film of Patent Document 2 can be mentioned. This is an invention related to a highly transparent surface protective film excellent in durability, in which a laminated film is applied to a highly transparent biaxially stretched polyester film substantially free of external particles to improve adhesion with a hard coat layer. is there. In addition, biaxially stretched polyester film has no weather resistance, and when used on the surface of outdoor articles such as window-sealed films and agricultural films, a biaxial layer containing an ultraviolet absorber in an acrylic binder is used. Laminating on a stretched polyester film has been studied (see Patent Document 3).

  However, there are the following three problems when the above-described conventional technology is used for touch panel applications and antireflection film applications.

  The first is related to interference color unevenness. The biaxially stretched polyester film generally has a surface direction refractive index of about 1.66, and the acrylic resin layer generally has a refractive index of about 1.5. Due to this difference in refractive index, interference occurs at the interface between the biaxially stretched polyester film and the acrylic resin layer, and color spots appear on the surface of the laminated film. This color spot is sensed as the laminated film is more transparent and under a special fluorescent lamp called a three-wavelength fluorescent lamp rather than sunlight or an incandescent lamp. On the other hand, in the case of a triacetyl cellulose film having a refractive index of about 1.5, there is no difference in refractive index even if an acrylic resin layer is provided, so that color spots do not occur, but the cost is high and the handleability is poor. At present, there is a strong demand for improvement in interference color unevenness in a hard coat film using a low-cost biaxially stretched polyester film.

  The second is related to moisture resistance. Specifically, it relates to moisture resistance of adhesion between the laminated polyester film and the hard coat, and is particularly strongly demanded for a hard coat film used for a portable device. Portable devices are required to have moisture resistance that can withstand condensation in bathrooms, hot and humid areas, and cold areas. Up to now, a moisture resistance test for 250 hours to 500 hours has been carried out. However, in order to reduce the number of inspection steps and to obtain the ultimate moisture resistance, a boiling test has recently been imposed. As a known example, an example in which high temperature and humidity resistance is improved while using a water-dispersible polyester resin in a laminated film is disclosed (see Patent Document 4), but it cannot withstand a boiling test.

Third, oligomers are deposited on the surface of the laminated film during heating. In particular, when used for touch panel applications, a temperature of 100 to 200 ° C. is applied when forming an ITO conductive film to be an electrode. In such a case, the oligomer generated from the polyester film causes problems such as poor conductivity of the ITO conductive film, the oligomer becoming a luminescent spot defect, visible on the display, and haze. In the case of an antireflection film, it is not always subjected to such intense heating, but the same problem may occur due to oligomer precipitation in a high-temperature region and oligomer precipitation over time during long-term storage. There are many known examples of oligomers, and there are patents that can prevent oligomer precipitation by applying a laminated film even for optical film applications (see Patent Document 5), but there is no detailed description of the laminated film, and the laminated film It could not be applied to this application without intensive study on the structure of.
JP 2000-214791 A JP 9-157420 A JP 2001-232730 A JP-A-9-85919 JP-A 61-162337

  The purpose of the present invention is a transparent laminated film using a biaxially stretched polyester film, while reducing the interference color unevenness at the time of hard coat processing and improving the boiling test resistance of adhesiveness, heating precipitation during heating An object of the present invention is to provide an optical laminated biaxially stretched polyester film that realizes a reduction in oligomers.

That is, the present invention
A laminated film (A) having a refractive index of 1.55 to 1.62 and a film thickness of 50 to 150 nm,
After laminating a hard coat with a refractive index of 1.45 to 1.55 on the laminated film (A), the amplitude of the ripple of spectral reflectance at 450 to 600 nm on the surface is 2.0% or less and boiled for 1 hour The size per oligomer particle precipitated on the laminated film (A) after heating at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes in a state where the hard coat adhesion after 90% or more and no hard coat is laminated on the laminated film (A) is An optical laminated biaxially stretched polyester film characterized by having an area of 30 μm 2 or less,
(2) The laminated film (A) contains two kinds of polyester resins (a) and (b), and the glass transition points Tg (a) and Tg (b) are in the following ranges. 1. An optical laminated biaxially stretched polyester film according to 1,
105 ° C ≦ Tg (a) ≦ 135 ° C
65 ° C ≦ Tg (b) ≦ 95 ° C
(3) The laminated film (A) contains 50 wt% or more and 83 wt% or less of the polyester resins (a) and (b), with the entire laminated film (A) being 100 wt%, and contains 15 wt% or more and 48 wt% of the melamine-based crosslinking agent. % Or less, and an oxazoline-based crosslinking agent is contained in an amount of 2 wt% or more and 35 wt% or less. The laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optical use according to claim 1,
(4) The laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optical use according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the polyester resins (a) and (b) contained in the laminated film (A) have the following constitution:
Polyester resin (a)
2,6-Naphthalenedicarboxylic acid and SSIA (sodium sulfonate,
Isophthalic acid), ethylene glycol is included in the diol component, and the content molar ratio of SSIA in the acidic component is within the range of 2/50 to 15/50, where the total acidic component is 50.

Polyester resin (b)
The acid component contains terephthalic acid and trimellitic acid, the diol component contains ethylene glycol, and the content molar ratio of trimellitic acid in the acidic component is within the range of 2/50 to 20/50, with the total acidic component being 50. And
It is.

  According to the present invention, a transparent laminated film using a biaxially stretched polyester film has the advantages of conventional methods, reduces interference color unevenness during hard coat processing, improves the boiling test resistance of adhesiveness, It was possible to provide an optical laminated biaxially stretched polyester film that achieves reduction.

  The laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optics in the present invention is one in which a laminated film (A) is provided on one side or both sides on a polyester base film. The laminated film (A) in the present invention will be described below.

In order to reduce the interference color unevenness after the hard coat, the amplitude of the ripple of the spectral reflectance at 450 to 600 nm after the hard coat having a refractive index of 1.45 to 1.55 is laminated on the laminated film (A). Is required to be 2.0% or less, more preferably 1.5% or less. Within this range, the difference in color unevenness is small and inconspicuous, and the level is not detected by human eyes on the display. When a hard coat layer made of an acrylic resin of about several μm is provided on a biaxially stretched polyester film, undulation called ripple occurs in the spectral reflectance of the hard coat layer surface (FIG. 2). The average refractive index in the plane direction of the biaxially stretched polyester film is about 1.66, and the refractive index of the acrylic hard coat layer is about 1.50. As a result, the reflectance unevenness, that is, the color spot becomes remarkable. In particular, in the case of a three-wavelength fluorescent lamp that emits light in a specific narrow wavelength range, in such a narrow emission wavelength range, the fluctuation of the ripple caused by the fluctuation of the film thickness of the hard coat layer and the deviation of the emission wavelength region become large, and color spots are generated. Be encouraged. Therefore, between the biaxially stretched polyester film and the hard coat layer, it is possible to reduce the amplitude of ripple by providing a laminated film (A) having a refractive index that is about the middle of both refractive indexes. is there.
That is, the refractive index of the laminated film (A) is preferably 1.55 to 1.62, and more preferably 1.57 to 1.61. When it is smaller than 1.55, the refractive index is close to the refractive index of the acrylic hard coat layer, and the refractive index difference from the biaxially stretched polyester film is increased. Therefore, the ripple amplitude is increased and the color spots become remarkable. On the other hand, when it is larger than 1.62, it becomes close to the refractive index of the biaxially stretched polyester film, and the refractive index difference with the acrylic hard coat layer becomes large. . Further, the thickness of the laminated film (A) is preferably 50 nm to 150 nm, more preferably 70 to 120 nm in order to cause a node with a large ripple to exist in the visible light region (380 to 780 nm). If it is smaller than 50 nm, the node with a large ripple shifts to the ultraviolet region, so that the amplitude of the ripple in the visible light region increases, and if it is larger than 150 nm, the node with a large ripple shifts to the infrared region. The ripple amplitude in the region increases, which is not preferable. In addition, a node with a large ripple means a node where the amplitude of the ripple of the biaxially stretched polyester film and the hard coat layer has wavelength dependence due to the presence of the laminated film (A), and the amplitude of the ripple is minimized ( FIG. 3).

As a countermeasure against uneven interference color, in order to set the refractive index of the laminated film (A) to 1.55 to 1.62, it is preferable to use polyester as the main resin of the laminated film (A). Of course, an acrylic resin or a urethane resin may be used in an auxiliary manner, but the main component is preferably a polyester resin, and preferably 50 parts or more with respect to the entire component of the laminated film (A). The polyester resin (a) for realizing a high refractive index is preferably a resin having a high glass transition point. The glass transition point Tg (a) is preferably 105 ° C. or higher and lower than 135 ° C., more preferably 110 ° C. or higher and lower than 130 ° C. If the glass transition point Tg (a) is less than 105 ° C., the refractive index cannot be increased, and if it is 135 ° C. or more, the amount of heat at the time of transverse stretching is lower than that, so that a coating film crack occurs, which is not preferable. As an example, an acid component using 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid is preferable.
In addition, since the polyester resin (a) is very difficult to disperse in water, it is preferable to use another type of polyester resin (b) in view of adhesiveness, moisture resistance and a heat precipitation oligomer described later. The glass transition point Tg (b) of the polyester resin (b) is preferably 65 ° C. or higher and lower than 95 ° C., more preferably 70 ° C. or higher and lower than 90 ° C. As an example, it is preferable to use terephthalic acid as an acidic component in the polyester resin (b). The refractive index of the laminated film (A) depends on the mixing weight ratio of the polyester (a) to (b), but when considering the refractive index, adhesiveness, moisture resistance, and heated oligomer, 2: 8 to 5: 5 preferable.

  The adhesion between the hard coat and the laminated film (A) is a very important basic property, but moisture resistance is also required for this adhesion, and it is necessary to withstand boiling tests in recent years. In the present invention, the hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 hour is preferably 90% or more, more preferably 95% or more. In order to realize such high moisture resistance, it is necessary to pay attention to the components of the laminated film (A). For water dispersion of the polyester resin (a), it is preferable to copolymerize SSIA having hydrophilicity strong against acidic components. Since it is difficult to disperse the resin in water, it is necessary to use SSIA having strong hydrophilicity. However, if the hydrophilicity is too high, the hard coat adhesion after boiling is lowered. Therefore, the copolymer molar ratio of SSIA is preferably 15/50 or less, more preferably 10 / 50 or less. In order to disperse the polyester resin (a) in water, a small amount of a surfactant or a solvent may be used in combination. For aqueous dispersion of the polyester resin (b), trimellitic acid having a hydrophilicity lower than that of SSIA is preferably copolymerized. Further, the copolymerization molar ratio of trimellitic acid is preferably 20/50 or less, more preferably 15/50 or less, with the total acidic content being 50 in the acidic content.

  Further, it is preferable to use a crosslinking agent as an additive other than the main resin. In the present invention, it is preferable to use a melamine crosslinking agent and an oxazoline crosslinking agent. The melamine-based cross-linking agent is mainly effective for raising the adhesive strength with the hard coat, and is preferably contained in an amount of 15 wt% or more with respect to the entire components of the laminated film (A). The oxazoline-based crosslinking agent is mainly effective in improving moisture resistance. When laminating the laminated film (A) on the polyester film, it is preferably after longitudinal stretching and before lateral stretching, but the oxazoline-based crosslinking agent is a functional group contained in the trimellitic acid of the polyester resin (b) at the time of heat drying in the lateral stretching. The carboxylic acid group of is deactivated. This deactivation of the carboxylic acid greatly improves the hard coat moisture resistance adhesion. In addition, since the temperature is not high in the coating liquid in the state before coating, the carboxylic acid deactivation of the oxazoline-based crosslinking agent does not proceed, and there is little adverse effect on water dispersion. For this reason, it is preferable that 2 wt% or more of the oxazoline-based cross-linking agent is contained with respect to the entire components of the laminated film (A).

Regarding the precipitated oligomer during heating, the number of precipitates is related to the increase in film haze, and the size of the precipitate is related to the occurrence of bright spot defects, but it is the bright spot defects that are more fatal. Preferably 30 [mu] m 2 or less size per one oligomer particles 1 to be deposited on the laminated film when subjected to a film heating 0.99 ° C. 60 minutes (A) is the area in terms of the present application, and more preferably is 20 [mu] m 2 or less . Oligomer precipitation on the surface where the hard coat is not applied is more fatal, but oligomer precipitation on the hard coat installation surface is also problematic because the hard coat is transparent and visible.

In order to improve the thermal precipitation oligomer, there are many known examples of improvement of the base material portion of the polyester film so far. However, in optical applications, it is not preferable because it leads to a decrease in transparency and a change in color. Therefore, an oligomer precipitation block by the laminated film (A) is required. For that purpose, it is important how to narrow or eliminate the passage of oligomers existing in the laminated film (A). The oligomer escape route corresponds to the resin gap in the laminated film (A), which is formed when a water-dispersed resin coating solution is applied and then dried and solidified. In order to narrow or eliminate the resin gap, it is necessary to improve water dispersibility or water-solubilization.
In order to reduce the size of the heat precipitation oligomer within the above range, it is effective to improve the water dispersibility of the polyester resin. For this purpose, the copolymerization molar ratio of the SSIA of the polyester resin (a) is acidic. 2/50 or more is preferable in a minute, More preferably, it is 4/50 or more. Further, the copolymerization molar ratio of trimellitic acid in the polyester resin (b) is preferably 2/50 or more, more preferably 8/50 or more in the acidic content.

  In addition to the above resin and crosslinking agent, various additives such as surfactants, solvents, antioxidants, heat stabilizers, weather stabilizers, UV absorbers, organics are also included in the laminated film (A). These lubricants, pigments, dyes, organic or inorganic fine particles, fillers, antistatic agents, nucleating agents and the like may be blended within a range that does not impair the optical properties. In particular, the addition of inorganic particles in the laminated film is more preferable because the slipperiness and blocking resistance are improved. In this case, silica, colloidal silica, alumina, alumina sol, kaolin, talc, mica, calcium carbonate, or the like can be used as the inorganic particles to be added.

  However, in applications that require transparency of the laminated polyester film, attention must be paid to the size and amount of particles to be added, and special attention is required when used for optical applications. If used for optical applications, the inorganic particles used preferably have an average particle size of 0.005 to 3 μm, more preferably 0.01 to 1 μm, most preferably 0.02 to 0.3 μm. The mixing ratio of the resin to the resin is preferably 0.05 to 10% by weight, more preferably 0.1 to 5% by weight in terms of solid content.

  The laminated film (A) is necessary at least on the surface in contact with the hard coat layer. Moreover, if another laminated film is not directly provided on the opposite surface of the hard coat, the laminated film (A) is provided on both sides for the purpose of preventing slippage (handling property) after the hard coat is installed and heating precipitation oligomers. It is preferable to install in.

  Since the laminated polyester film of the present invention is used for optical applications, the total light transmittance is preferably 90% or more, more preferably 91% or more, and still more preferably 92% or more. The haze of the entire laminated film is preferably 2% or less, more preferably 1.5% or less, and still more preferably 1% or less. When the total light transmittance is less than 90%, when the laminated film is placed on the surface of the article, the brightness of the flat panel display is reduced or the original color of the article appears dark. If the haze significantly exceeds 2%, it is not preferable that the laminated film is placed on the surface of the article because the article appears whitish and cloudy, and the original appearance of the article such as images of flat panel displays and home appliances may be impaired.

  In producing the polyester film of the present invention, a preferable method for providing the laminated film (A) is a method provided during the production process of the polyester film, and a method of stretching together with the film is preferable. As introduced above, a method of providing a coating method during the film forming process is most suitable. Considering the influence on the environment and the human body, it is preferable to use a water-based paint mainly containing water and a water-dispersible solid content, not a paint mainly containing a solvent.

  Various coating methods such as a reverse coating method, a gravure coating method, a rod coating method, a bar coating method, a Meyer bar coating method, a die coating method, a spray coating method and the like can be used as a method for coating on a film substrate. . Further, in consideration of the uniformity of coating film application and adhesiveness, corona discharge may be applied to the surface.

  Next, the polyester base film in the present invention will be described. It is preferable that the polyester film in the present invention has transparency that can sufficiently transmit visible light, and has heat resistance, mechanical strength, and dimensional stability that can withstand higher-order processes. Also, if the film thickness is 30 μm or less, thermal and mechanical stability will be insufficient, and if it is 350 μm or more, the rigidity will be too high and the handleability will decrease, and the roll length will be physical. 30 to 350 μm is preferable, and 50 to 300 μm is more preferable. And it is preferable that it is a biaxially stretched polyester film from the problem of thermal and mechanical stability.

  Here, the biaxially stretched polyester film is a polyester obtained by polymerizing dicarboxylic acids and glycols, if necessary, dried and fed to a known melt extruder, from a slit die to a single layer or composite It is a film that has been extruded into a sheet of layers, adhered to a casting drum by a method such as electrostatic application, cooled and solidified to form an unstretched sheet, and then stretched and heat-treated in two directions.

  Dicarboxylic acids used in the polyester resin include aromatic dicarboxylic acids such as terephthalic acid, naphthalene dicarboxylic acid, isophthalic acid, diphenyl carboxylic acid, diphenyl sulfone dicarboxylic acid, diphenoxyethane dicarboxylic acid, 5-sodium sulfone dicarboxylic acid, and phthalic acid. And oxalic acid, succinic acid, adipic acid, sebacic acid, dimer acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid and other aliphatic dicarboxylic acids, cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid and other alicyclic dicarboxylic acids, and paraoxybenzoic acid and other oxycarboxylic acids. Can be used. The glycols used in the polyester resin of the film include aliphatic glycols such as ethylene glycol, propanediol, butanediol, pentanediol, hexanediol, and neopentyl glycol, and polyoxyls such as diethylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, and polypropylene glycol. Alicyclic glycols such as alkylene glycol and cyclohexanedimethanol, and aromatic glycols such as bisphenol A and bisphenol S can be used. In consideration of mechanical strength, weather resistance, chemical resistance, transparency and the like, it is preferable to use terephthalic acid or naphthalenedicarboxylic acid for the former and ethylene glycol for the latter. Moreover, it is preferable to use an alkaline-earth metal compound, a manganese compound, a cobalt compound, an aluminum compound, an antimony compound, a titanium compound, a germanium compound, etc. as a catalyst at the time of superposition | polymerization. These dicarboxylic acids, glycols, and catalysts may be used in combination of two or more.

  In addition, in order to give the film functions such as runnability (easiness of sliding), weather resistance, and heat resistance, particles may be added to the film raw material. Careful attention to the material is required. The addition amount is preferably very small, and more preferably no addition. As described above, it is preferable to assist the film runnability (slidability) with the additive particles of the laminated film.

  As the stretching method, known techniques such as a sequential biaxial stretching method of stretching in the width direction after stretching in the longitudinal direction and a simultaneous biaxial stretching method of stretching the longitudinal direction and the width direction almost simultaneously are used. The preheating temperature before stretching and the stretching temperature are 60 ° C. to 130 ° C., the stretching ratio is 2.0 to 5.0 times, and if necessary, heat treatment from 140 ° C. to 240 ° C. is performed after stretching. The amount of heat applied at the time of stretching may be used for applying the laminated film as a water-based paint and then drying it.

  Finally, the hard coat placed on the laminated film (A) will be described. The hard coat layer in the present invention contains acrylic resin as a main component, and the thickness needs to be 3 μm to 20 μm, preferably 5 μm to 15 μm. If the thickness is less than 3 μm, there is a problem that the hardness is insufficient or the excellent weather resistance is not exhibited even if an ultraviolet absorber is added. If the thickness exceeds 20 μm, the laminated polyester film may be curled or a hard coat may be cracked. This is because of the increase. The refractive index of the hard coat is usually about 1.47 to 1.53 because the main component is acrylic. Although it is possible to make the refractive index larger than 1.53 by adding metal particles or the like, the hard coat becomes hazy or the refractive index difference from air with a refractive index of about 1 becomes large. This is not preferable because the reflectance of the hard coat surface increases. Moreover, it is preferable that the adhesive force with the laminated biaxially stretched polyester film as the base material is higher, and the surface hardness is preferably 3H or more.

  The raw material of the hard coat layer may be an acrylic resin, but an actinic radiation curable acrylic type is preferable in terms of curability, flexibility, and productivity. The actinic ray curable acrylic type contains an acrylic oligomer and a reactive diluent as active ray polymerization components. If necessary, photopolymerization initiators, photosensitizers, modifiers, leveling agents, lubricants, antistatic agents, solvents, and the like may be added, but the effects of the present invention, particularly transparency and refractive index, may be added. It is preferable to consider the amount of addition so as not to affect. Acrylic oligomers and reaction diluents include monofunctional monomers such as methyl (meth) acrylate, ethyl (meth) acrylate, butyl (meth) acrylate, trimethylolpropane tri (meth) acrylate, hexanediol (meth) acrylate, diethylene glycol Known materials such as polyfunctional monomers such as di (meth) acrylate are exemplified. Examples of the photopolymerization initiator include known materials such as acetophenones, benzophenones, and thioxanthones. Examples of the photosensitizer include n-butylamine, Known substances such as triethylamine can be mentioned.

  The hard coat layer may be installed by a conventionally known method. That is, brush coating, dip coating, knife coating, spray coating, gravure coating, bar coating, extrusion coating and the like can be mentioned. If necessary, the solvent is dried, and in the case of actinic radiation curing type, curing is performed by irradiating active energy such as ultraviolet rays, electron beams and gamma rays.

The evaluation criteria in the present invention are as follows.
(1) Refractive Index of Laminated Film (A) and Hard Coat A film having a thickness of about 1 mm obtained by drying, solidifying or actinically curing the resin used was measured according to JIS-K-7105 using an Abbe refractometer manufactured by Atago Co., Ltd. . That is, using a sodium lamp (Na-D line) as the light source, using methylene iodide as the mounting liquid, measuring the birefringence in two orthogonal directions at 23 ° C. and 65% relative humidity, and calculating the average value Refractive index.

As another method for measuring the refractive index of the laminated film (A), the spectral reflectance of the laminated biaxially stretched polyester film is measured by the following method (3), and the thickness of the laminated film is measured by the following method (2). It can also be obtained by measuring and fitting to the following formula 1.
Formula 1
R = 1-4n 1 2 n 0 / {n 1 2 (1 + n 0 ) 2 + (1-n 1 2 ) (n 0 2 -n 1 2 ) sin 2 (2πn 1 d 1 / λ)}
However, n 0 : average refractive index in the plane direction of the biaxially stretched polyester film
n 1 : Refractive index of the laminated film (A)
d 1 : film thickness of the laminated film (A) λ: wavelength (incident angle approximates 0 degree)
R: Spectral reflectance of laminated polyester film at λ As another method for measuring the refractive index of the hard coat, the spectral reflectance of the surface of the hard coat is measured by the following method (3), and the thickness of the hard coat is It can also be obtained by measuring by the method of (8) and fitting to the following formula 2.

Formula 2
d = Δm / {2 (n−sin 2 θ) 1/22 −1 −λ 1 −1 )}
Where λ 1 and λ 2 are the wavelengths of the two peaks or valleys of the ripple Δm is the order of interference (number of ripples) between λ 1 and λ 2
θ: Incident angle d: Hard coat film thickness n: Hard coat refractive index (2) Laminate film (A) thickness A cross section of the laminated biaxially stretched polyester film was cut out by a freezing ultrathin section method, and by RuO 4 staining The laminated film portion was observed and photographed by an ultrathin section method using a transmission electron microscope H-7100FA manufactured by Hitachi, Ltd. at an acceleration voltage of 100 kV. From the cross-sectional photograph, the thicknesses of any five laminated films are calculated from the magnification and averaged.
(3) Amplitude of ripple of spectral reflectance at 450 to 600 nm after hard coating A sample was prepared by attaching Yamato black vinyl tape 200-38 to the surface opposite to the hard coating. In accordance with JIS-Z8722, the absolute reflectance at an incident angle of 5 degrees on the hard coat side of the sample adjusted as described above was measured using a spectrophotometer “UV-2450PC” (using an integrating sphere for the light receiving portion) manufactured by Shimadzu Corporation. 2. The ripple amplitude was measured as shown in FIG. At this time, the light source was F10 and the viewing angle was 2 degrees.
(4) Hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 hour A hard coat film obtained by laminating a hard coat on the laminated film (A) of the laminated biaxially stretched polyester film is cut out to a size of 100 mm × 100 mm and consists of pure water. The film slices were placed in boiling water (100 ° C.) for 1 hour. Thereafter, the film piece was taken out and dried, and then 100 crosscuts of 1 mm 2 were put on the hard coat, cellophane tape (registered trademark) manufactured by Nichiban Co., Ltd. was applied on the hard coat, and strongly pressed with fingers, then 90 ° Evaluation was performed based on the number of the hard coats remaining in the direction.
(5) Size per one deposited oligomer particle on the laminated film (A) after heating at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes The laminated polyester film was cut into a size of 100 mm × 100 mm, and 60 minutes in an oven set at 150 ° C. After heating, it was taken out of the oven and cooled, and the surface of the film piece was observed with a microscope set at 1000 times. Five fields of view having an area of 100 μm × 100 μm were observed, and the width, length, and shape of all the oligomer particles seen there were recorded, and the average area was calculated to obtain the size per one. Measurements of the area of the visual field and the average size of the oligomer particles were carried out while calibrating the scale and the actual length by placing a scale on the eyepiece.
(6) Glass transition point The measurement was performed by connecting an SSC5200 disk station manufactured by Seiko Electronics Industry Co., Ltd. to a robot DSC (differential scanning calorimeter) RDC220 manufactured by Seiko Electronics Industry Co., Ltd. The DSC measurement conditions are as follows. In other words, 10 mg of the sample was adjusted to an aluminum pan, then set in a DSC apparatus (reference: the same type of aluminum pan without the sample), heated at 300 ° C. for 5 minutes, and then rapidly cooled in liquid nitrogen Did. The sample was heated at 10 ° C./min, and the glass transition point was detected from the DSC chart.
(7) Interference Color Unevenness Using a hard coat film in a dark room with a three-wavelength fluorescent lamp as a light source, the hard coat surface was observed with reflected light, and the color unevenness was evaluated according to the following criteria. (A) and (B) are considered to have good color spots.

◎: Glare and color spots are not noticeable ○: Glare and color spots are visible, but I do not care △: Green or purple color spots are partially noticeable ×: Green or purple color spots and glare are conspicuous overall.
(8) Thickness of hard cord A cross section of the laminated film is cut into sections, a sample is prepared by ion-sputtering Pt-Pd on the cross section, and the cross section of the laminated film is observed using a scanning electron microscope S-800 manufactured by Hitachi, Ltd. , Took a photo shoot. From the photograph, the thickness of the laminated film (B) was measured.
(9) Plane direction average refractive index of biaxially stretched polyester film It measured according to JIS-K-7105 using the Abbe refractometer by an Atago company. That is, the light source is a sodium lamp (Na-D line), the mounting liquid is methylene iodide, the birefringence in the longitudinal direction and the width direction is measured at 23 ° C. and 65% relative humidity, and the longitudinal direction and width are measured. The average value of the refractive index in the direction was defined as the average refractive index in the surface direction. Since the laminated film (A) is as thin as about 100 nm, the measurement reveals the refractive index of only the biaxially stretched polyester film.
(10) Hard coat adhesion (initial adhesion)
In the hard coat film in which the hard coat is laminated on the laminated film (A) of the laminated biaxially stretched polyester film, 100 crosscuts of 1 mm 2 are put on the hard coat, and the cellophane tape made by Nichiban is pasted on it. After pressing strongly with a finger, peeling was performed in the direction of 90 °, and evaluation was performed based on the number of remaining hard coats.
(11) Haze and total light transmittance This was performed according to JIS-K-7105 using a fully automatic direct reading haze computer “HGM-2DP” manufactured by Suga Test Instruments Co., Ltd.
(12) Thickness of laminated biaxially stretched polyester film Using a digital micrometer manufactured by Sony Corporation, the thickness was measured according to JIS-C-2151.

  Hereinafter, the present invention will be described more specifically with reference to examples.

Example 1
Polyethylene terephthalate containing no filler is melt-extruded at 280 ° C., cast on an electrostatically applied 20 ° C. cast drum to make an unstretched sheet, preheated at 100 ° C., and stretched by roll stretching at this temperature. Stretched 3.0 times in the direction. Thereafter, an aqueous paint having a concentration of 4.5% to which a lubricant (colloidal silica having a particle size of 150 nm) was added at a solid content ratio of 2.0 wt% was applied to both surfaces of the film. Thereafter, the film was stretched 3.5 times in the width direction at 120 ° C. and heat-treated at 220 ° C. As a result, a 125 μm thick laminated film having a base material of a polyethylene terephthalate film having a laminated film (A) having a total film thickness of 100 nm formed on both surfaces was obtained. The breakdown of the laminated film (A) is as follows: Tg (a) is 120 ° C., SSIA molar ratio 7/50 polyester resin (a) is 19 wt%, Tg (b) is 80 ° C., trimellitic acid molar ratio is 12/50. The polyester resin (b) was 45 wt%, the melamine addition amount was 27 wt%, and the oxazoline addition amount was 7 wt%. As a result, the refractive index of the laminated film (A) was 1.59.

When the laminated film is laminated on one side with a hard coat having an average size of 15 μm 2 and a refractive index of 1.50 film thickness of 7 μm per 150 ° C. for 60 minutes at 150 ° C., the ripple amplitude of the hard coat surface reflectivity Is 1.5%, interference color unevenness evaluation is ◎, hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 h is 100/100, initial adhesion is 100/100, which is suitable as an optical base film for hard coat. It was.

Example 2
The breakdown of the laminated film (A) is as follows: Tg (a) is 110 ° C., polyester resin (a) having an SSIA molar ratio of 12/50 is 15 wt%, Tg (b) is 70 ° C., and trimellitic acid molar ratio is 16/50. The polyester resin (b) was 62 wt%, the melamine addition amount was 18 wt%, and the oxazoline addition amount was 3 wt%. As a result, the refractive index of the laminated film (A) was 1.56. The film thickness of the laminated film (A) was adjusted to 60 nm. Otherwise, a laminated film having a thickness of 125 μm was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1.

When the laminated film is laminated on one side with a hard coat having an average size of 10 μm 2 and a refractive index of 1.50 film thickness of 7 μm at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes, the ripple amplitude of the hard coat surface reflectivity. 1.9%, interference color unevenness evaluation is ○, the hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 hour is 92/100, and the initial adhesiveness is 95/100, which is suitable as an optical base film for hard coat. It was.

Example 3
The breakdown of the laminated film (A) is as follows: Tg (a) is 130 ° C., polyester resin (a) having an SSIA molar ratio of 3/50 is 35 wt%, Tg (b) is 90 ° C., and trimellitic acid molar ratio is 5/50. The polyester resin (b) was 37 wt%, the melamine addition amount was 18 wt%, and the oxazoline addition amount was 7 wt%. As a result, the refractive index of the laminated film (A) was 1.61. The film thickness of the laminated film (A) was adjusted to 130 nm. Otherwise, a laminated film having a thickness of 125 μm was obtained in the same manner as in Example 1.

When the laminated film is laminated on one side with a hard coat having an average size of 25 μm 2 at a temperature of 150 ° C. for 60 minutes and a refractive index of 1.50 and a thickness of 7 μm, the ripple amplitude of the hard coat surface reflectivity. 1.7%, interference color unevenness evaluation is ○, hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 hour is 100/100, and initial adhesion is 92/100, which is suitable as an optical base film for hard coat. It was.

Comparative Example 1
The changes from Example 1 are as follows. Regarding the breakdown of the laminated film (A), the polyester resin (a) has a Tg (a) of 95 ° C., a content of 6 wt%, and a content of the polyester resin (b) of 58 wt%. A laminated film having a thickness of 125 μm was obtained only because the refractive index of the film (A) was 1.53.

When this laminate film is laminated on one side with a hard coat having an average size of 15 μm 2 and a refractive index of 1.50 film thickness of 7 μm per 150 ° C. for 60 minutes at 150 ° C., the hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 h Was 100/100, and the initial adhesiveness was 100/100. However, the ripple amplitude of the hard coat surface reflectance was 2.5%, and the interference color unevenness evaluation was x. As an optical base film for hard coat, It became inappropriate.

Comparative Example 2
The changes from Example 1 are as follows. Regarding the breakdown of the laminated film (A), the polyester resin (a) has a Tg (a) of 140 ° C., a content of 39 wt%, and a polyester resin (b) content of 25 wt%. A laminated film having a thickness of 125 μm was obtained only because the refractive index of the film (A) was 1.64.

The average size per one thermally precipitated oligomer at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes of this laminated film was 20 μm 2 , but when a hard coat having a refractive index of 1.50 and a film thickness of 7 μm was laminated on one side, Coat adhesion is 0/100, initial adhesion is 0/100, ripple amplitude of hard coat surface reflectivity is 2.5%, interference color unevenness evaluation is x, optical base film for hard coat As inappropriate.

Comparative Example 3
The only change from Example 1 was that the thickness of the laminated film (A) was 40 nm, and a laminated film with a thickness of 125 μm was obtained.

When a hard coat having an average size of 20 μm 2 and a refractive index of 1.50 film thickness of 7 μm is laminated on one side of this laminated film at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes, the adhesion to the hard coat after boiling for 1 h is Although the initial adhesiveness was 100/100, the ripple amplitude of the hard coat surface reflectivity was 2.2% and the interference color unevenness evaluation was Δ, which is not suitable as an optical base film for hard coat. It became appropriate.

Comparative Example 4
The only change from Example 1 was that the film thickness of the laminated film (A) was 160 nm, and a laminated film with a thickness of 125 μm was obtained.

When a hard coat having an average size of 10 μm 2 and a refractive index of 1.50 film thickness of 7 μm is laminated on one side of the laminated film at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes, the adhesion of the hard coat after boiling for 1 h is Although the initial adhesiveness was 100/100, the ripple amplitude of the hard coat surface reflectivity was 2.2% and the interference color unevenness evaluation was Δ, which is not suitable as an optical base film for hard coat. It became appropriate.

Comparative Example 5
The only changes from Example 1 are that the SSIA molar ratio of the polyester resin (a) is 1/50 and the trimellitic acid molar ratio of the polyester resin (b) is 1/50 with respect to the breakdown of the laminated film (A). As a result, a laminated film having a thickness of 125 μm was obtained.

When a hard coat with a refractive index of 1.50 film thickness of 7 μm is laminated on one side of this laminated film, the hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 h is 100/100, the initial adhesion is 100/100, and the hard coat surface reflectivity ripple Although the amplitude was 1.5% and the interference color unevenness evaluation was ◎, the average size per heated precipitation oligomer at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes on the non-hard coated surface was 40 μm 2. It was inappropriate as a base film for optical use.

Comparative Example 6
The only change from Example 1 is that the SSIA molar ratio of the polyester resin (a) is 17/50 and the trimellitic acid molar ratio of the polyester resin (b) is 22/50 for the breakdown of the laminated film (A). As a result, a laminated film having a thickness of 125 μm was obtained.

When a hard coat having an average size of 5 μm 2 and a refractive index of 1.50 film thickness of 7 μm is laminated on one side of this laminated film at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes, the initial size is 100/100, The ripple amplitude of the reflectance on the coated surface was 1.5% and the interference color unevenness evaluation was ◎, but the hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 hour was 30/100, so it was not suitable as an optical base film for hard coat. It became appropriate.

Comparative Example 7
The change from Example 1 is that the addition amount of oxazoline is 1 wt% for the breakdown of the laminated film (A), the content of the polyester resin (a) is 21 wt%, and the content of the polyester resin (b) is 49 wt%. %, A laminated film having a thickness of 125 μm was obtained.

When a hard coat having a mean size of 10 μm 2 and a refractive index of 1.50 film thickness of 7 μm is laminated on one side of the laminated film at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes, the initial size is 100/100, The ripple amplitude of the reflectance on the coated surface was 1.5%, and the interference color unevenness evaluation was ◎, but the hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 h was 70/100, so it was not suitable as an optical base film for hard coat. It became appropriate.

Comparative Example 8
The change from Example 1 is that the addition amount of melamine is 10 wt% for the breakdown of the laminated film (A), the content of the polyester resin (a) is 24 wt%, and the content of the polyester resin (b) is 57 wt%. %, A laminated film having a thickness of 125 μm was obtained.

When the laminated film has a hard coat surface with an average size of 15 μm 2 and a refractive index of 1.50 film thickness of 7 μm on one side, the ripple amplitude of the hard coat surface reflectivity is The interference color unevenness evaluation was 1.5%, but the hard coat initial adhesion was 50/100, and as a result, the hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 h was 46/100. It was inappropriate as a base film.

The present invention is particularly suitably used for optical uses in which hard coats are laminated. For example, an ITO conductive film is further installed for use in membrane switches, touch panels, electronic paper, etc., and an antireflection film is further installed on a display surface such as a liquid crystal display or a plasma display. it can.
However, the applicability of the present invention is not limited to the above, and can be suitably used for any member that requires high transparency and low haze.

Cross-sectional schematic diagram of laminated biaxially stretched polyester film and hard coat film in the present invention An example of the spectral reflectance of a biaxially stretched polyester film without the laminated film (A) and the spectral reflectance of a hard coat film obtained by laminating a hard coat on the film Example of spectral reflectance of laminated biaxially stretched polyester film laminated with laminated film (A), and spectral reflectance of hard coat film laminated with hard coat on the film

Explanation of symbols

1: Biaxially stretched polyester film (base film)
2: Laminated film (A)
3: Laminated biaxially stretched polyester film (corresponding to claims 1 to 4)
4: Hard coat 5: Hard coat film (corresponding to claim 5)
6: Spectral reflectivity of biaxially stretched polyester film (without laminated film (A)) 7: Spectral reflectivity of hard coat surface laminated on biaxially stretched polyester film of 6: Ripple 9: Laminated biaxial stretch Polyester film laminated film (A) surface spectral reflectance 10: 9 laminated biaxially oriented polyester film laminated film (A) spectral reflectance 11 of hard coat surface 11: large ripple

Claims (5)

  1. A laminated film (A) having a refractive index of 1.55 to 1.62 and a film thickness of 50 to 150 nm is provided, and a hard coat having a refractive index of 1.45 to 1.55 is laminated on the laminated film (A). The amplitude of the ripple of spectral reflectance at 450 to 600 nm on the subsequent surface is 2.0% or less, the hard coat adhesion after boiling for 1 hour is 90% or more, and no hard coat is laminated on the laminated film (A). A laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optics, wherein the size per oligomer particle precipitated on the laminated film (A) after heating at 150 ° C. for 60 minutes in the state is 30 μm 2 or less in terms of area.
  2. The laminated film (A) includes two kinds of polyester resins (a) and (b), and the glass transition points Tg (a) and Tg (b) are in the following ranges, respectively. Laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optical use.
    105 ° C ≦ Tg (a) ≦ 135 ° C
    65 ° C ≦ Tg (b) ≦ 95 ° C
  3. The laminated film (A) comprises 100 wt% of the whole laminated film (A), and includes 50 wt% or more and 83 wt% or less of the polyester resins (a) and (b), and contains 15 wt% or more and 48 wt% or less of the melamine-based crosslinking agent, 3. The laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optical use according to claim 1, comprising an oxazoline-based crosslinking agent in an amount of 2 wt% to 35 wt%.
  4. The laminated biaxially stretched polyester film for optics according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the polyester resins (a) and (b) contained in the laminated film (A) have the following constitution.
    Polyester resin (a)
    2,6-Naphthalenedicarboxylic acid and SSIA (sodium sulfonate,
    Isophthalic acid), ethylene glycol is included in the diol component, and the content molar ratio of SSIA in the acidic component is within the range of 2/50 to 15/50, where the total acidic component is 50.
    Polyester resin (b)
    The acid component contains terephthalic acid and trimellitic acid, the diol component contains ethylene glycol, and the content molar ratio of trimellitic acid in the acidic component is within the range of 2/50 to 20/50, with the total acidic component being 50. And
  5. A hard coat film obtained by laminating a hard coat on the optically laminated biaxially stretched polyester film according to claim 1.
JP2006082550A 2006-03-24 2006-03-24 Optically laminated biaxially stretched polyester film and hard coat film using the same Active JP4816183B2 (en)

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EP2192424A1 (en) * 2008-12-01 2010-06-02 Seiko Epson Corporation Optical article and method for producing the same
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JP2011154134A (en) * 2010-01-26 2011-08-11 Panasonic Electric Works Co Ltd Hard coat film
KR20120051043A (en) 2009-08-05 2012-05-21 도요 보세키 가부시키가이샤 Highly adhesive polyester film
WO2012066743A1 (en) * 2010-11-15 2012-05-24 コニカミノルタオプト株式会社 Hard coating film and image display device
WO2012098967A1 (en) 2011-01-18 2012-07-26 東レ株式会社 Layered polyester film and hardcoat film
WO2013133451A1 (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-12 帝人デュポンフィルム株式会社 Laminate for transparent electroconductive film base material
JP2013184431A (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-19 Teijin Dupont Films Japan Ltd Laminate for transparent electroconductive film base material
JP2014078152A (en) * 2012-10-11 2014-05-01 Toray Advanced Film Co Ltd Base film of transparent conductive film for touch panel, and transparent conductive film for touch panel
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EP2192424A1 (en) * 2008-12-01 2010-06-02 Seiko Epson Corporation Optical article and method for producing the same
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JP2011000708A (en) * 2009-05-18 2011-01-06 Sony Chemical & Information Device Corp Oligomer precipitation suppression adhesive layer of stuck laminated pet film
KR20120051043A (en) 2009-08-05 2012-05-21 도요 보세키 가부시키가이샤 Highly adhesive polyester film
US10054816B2 (en) 2009-11-12 2018-08-21 Toyo Boseki Kabushiki Kaisha Method for improving visibility of liquid crystal display device, and liquid crystal display device using same
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US9897857B2 (en) 2010-06-22 2018-02-20 Toyobo Co., Ltd. Liquid crystal display device, polarizer and protective film
US9798189B2 (en) 2010-06-22 2017-10-24 Toyobo Co., Ltd. Liquid crystal display device, polarizer and protective film
US10503016B2 (en) 2010-06-22 2019-12-10 Toyobo Co., Ltd. Liquid crystal display device, polarizer and protective film
JP5783182B2 (en) * 2010-11-15 2015-09-24 コニカミノルタ株式会社 hard coat film and image display device
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WO2012066743A1 (en) * 2010-11-15 2012-05-24 コニカミノルタオプト株式会社 Hard coating film and image display device
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US10175494B2 (en) 2011-05-18 2019-01-08 Toyobo Co., Ltd. Polarizing plate suitable for liquid crystal display device capable of displaying three-dimensional images, and liquid crystal display device
US10180597B2 (en) 2011-05-18 2019-01-15 Toyobo Co., Ltd. Liquid crystal display device, polarizing plate, and polarizer protection film
JP2013184431A (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-19 Teijin Dupont Films Japan Ltd Laminate for transparent electroconductive film base material
WO2013133451A1 (en) * 2012-03-09 2013-09-12 帝人デュポンフィルム株式会社 Laminate for transparent electroconductive film base material
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JP2014198462A (en) * 2013-03-15 2014-10-23 東レ株式会社 Laminated polyester film
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JP2015021014A (en) * 2013-07-16 2015-02-02 三菱樹脂株式会社 Laminated polyester film
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