JP2007242546A - Lighting device, and image display - Google Patents

Lighting device, and image display Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2007242546A
JP2007242546A JP2006066225A JP2006066225A JP2007242546A JP 2007242546 A JP2007242546 A JP 2007242546A JP 2006066225 A JP2006066225 A JP 2006066225A JP 2006066225 A JP2006066225 A JP 2006066225A JP 2007242546 A JP2007242546 A JP 2007242546A
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surface
light
inclined surface
transparent member
light source
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JP2006066225A
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JP4735348B2 (en
Inventor
Naomi Asagi
Yukito Inoue
Yasuatsu Kawasaki
幸人 井上
安敦 川崎
直美 旦木
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Sony Corp
ソニー株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To efficiently converge light of a light source and give a light-emitting part made in concave parts fitted to a transparent member a wide visual angle. <P>SOLUTION: Light emitted from LEDs 13, converged through a convex lens made of cylindrical face convex parts 10f, and incident on a slanted face 10b made of a glossy surface of an illumination forming part 10a is reflected downward nearly at right angles. Then, the reflected light is made reflected at a concave part 10e with a slanted face 10h with a satin finish on a cylindrical face concave part, so that the concave part 10e to be a light-emitting part is illuminated with a wide visual angle without greatly decreasing a light volume. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2007,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to an illuminating device that illuminates characters and symbols such as a display on a panel of an electronic device, for example, and a flat panel using a liquid crystal panel or a plasma display panel (PDP) to which the illuminating device is applied. The present invention relates to a video display device such as a display or a flat panel color television receiver.

  2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, there is a type in which a light reflecting portion for displaying a predetermined function is provided on a transparent portion of a front panel of an electronic device, and the light reflecting portion is brightly illuminated with light from a light emitting portion. For example, the light reflecting portion of the front panel is illuminated in green so that the user can visually recognize the power-on state of the electronic device.

A conventionally known technique for emitting light from a light reflecting portion on a transparent plate is disclosed in Patent Document 1.
Patent Document 1 discloses a light reflection display method and a light reflection method in which light emitted from a light emitting portion can be input from the side surface of the light transmissive member, and the light can be displayed outside the light transmissive member by a light reflecting portion. The display device and the electronic device are described.
In the light reflection display method disclosed in Patent Document 1, light generated from the light emitting unit is input into the translucent member from the side surface of the translucent member having a flat plate-like translucency, and is transmitted to the translucent member. The light is reflected by the formed light reflecting portion, and this light is displayed outside the translucent member.
And in the translucent member which cannot provide a light emission part directly, light is reflected as if it was shining in the translucent member, and it is made to display on the exterior of a translucent member. Yes.
Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 2004-61922 (second page, FIGS. 2 and 3)

However, in the light reflection display method described in Patent Document 1, light diffusion and light transmission of the light transmissive member are performed while the light emitting diode (LED) that emits illumination light reaches the light reflection portion formed on the light transmissive member. Due to scattering and absorption caused by the internal material, the light intensity distribution with respect to the optical axis is leveled and lowered. For this reason, even when the illuminance is sufficient to confirm the presence or absence of illumination when the electronic device is used in a dark place, for example, the operation state of the electronic device may be reduced due to insufficient illumination in a relatively bright place such as a room. There is an inconvenience that it becomes difficult to see.
Further, in this light reflection display method, small irregularities for light diffusion are formed on the surface of the light reflecting portion in a satin shape, and the appearance shape is a hemispherical concave portion, a 1/4 cylindrical concave portion, and a concave portion having an inclined surface. It is formed. For this reason, when viewing the light reflecting portion of the light transmissive member from a direction perpendicular to the light transmissive member, that is, from the front, the illumination state of the light reflective portion can be confirmed relatively clearly, but the viewing angle is slightly changed. There is an inconvenience that just suddenly it becomes difficult to see.

  In view of the above, the present invention proposes an illumination device that can illuminate a light reflection portion provided on a transparent member sufficiently brightly and can take a wide angle for viewing, and a video display device to which the illumination device is applied. It is.

  In order to solve the above problems, the illumination device of the present invention has a flat plate-like transparent member having a recess formed on the back surface side, and a light source that illuminates from one side surface of the transparent member. In the illuminating device that illuminates the concave portion with the light from the light source that has passed through the first light source, the optical axis of the light source is disposed so as to be substantially orthogonal to the back surface of the transparent member, and the first surface so as to face the light source on the surface side of the transparent member. A notch groove that forms an inclined surface and has a second inclined surface having a concave curved surface in the thickness direction of the plate from the back surface to the recess, and regulates the direction of light on the back surface of the transparent member between the recess and the light source The light is reflected on the first inclined surface and guided in a substantially plane direction inside the transparent member to illuminate the concave curved surface of the second inclined surface.

  In order to solve the above-mentioned problem, the video display device of the present invention is a video display device in which a front member having a flat transparent member at least part of the periphery of the video display surface is provided on the front surface. A light source that forms a first inclined surface on the surface of the transparent member and provides a concave portion having a second inclined surface having a concave curved surface in the thickness direction of the plate from the back surface of the transparent member, and illuminates the second inclined surface of the concave portion. Is arranged so as to face the first inclined surface and the optical axis is substantially orthogonal to the back surface of the transparent member, and a notch groove for regulating the direction of light is provided on the back surface of the transparent member between the recess and the light source. The light of the light source is reflected on the first inclined surface and guided in a substantially plane direction inside the transparent member, and illumination with a wide viewing angle is performed by the concave curved surface of the second inclined surface.

  According to the illuminating device and the image display device of the present invention configured as described above, the light emitted from the light source is first reflected by the first inclined surface toward the inner surface of the transparent member, and then the second inclined surface. Is reflected by the illuminated concave surface of the second inclined surface to a wider area in the surface direction of the transparent member, and the illumination state of the second inclined surface can be confirmed from a wide angle range.

  According to the illumination device and the image display device of the present invention, the second inclined surface provided on the translucent member can be viewed from a wide angle.

  An example of a video display apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

  FIG. 3 shows a front perspective view of the video display device according to this example, and FIG. 4 shows a rear perspective view of the video display device. This example is applied to a liquid crystal display panel.

In FIG. 3, reference numeral 1 denotes a front assembly which is a front member arranged around the front surface of the video display surface, and reference numeral 2 denotes a video display screen of a liquid crystal panel. In FIG. 4, reference numeral 3 denotes a rear cover, and a liquid crystal panel main body, its drive circuit, a tuner section, a speaker, and the like (not shown) are incorporated between the front assembly 1 and the rear cover 3.
In this example, the video display screen of the video display device is 46 inches, for example, and the depth is made extremely thin, for example, 9.8 cm.

  The front assembly 1 is configured as shown in FIGS. FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the front assembly 1, and FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the front assembly 1 as viewed from the front side.

  1, 2, 10, 11, and 12 indicate an outer frame, an inner frame, and a cover frame, which are substantially left-right symmetrical rectangular frames each having an opening that is substantially the same size as the video display screen. The assembly 1 includes the outer frame 10, the inner frame 11, the cover frame 12, and the sash 20. Here, the sash 20 is provided in a frame shape on the four outer edges of the outer frame 10, and includes sash sides 20 a, 20 a, 20 b, and 20 b.

As shown in FIG. 2, the outer frame 10 is formed into a substantially rectangular transparent frame shape by injection molding or the like using a material having high transparency such as acrylic resin (methyl methacrylate resin) or polycarbonate resin. And the screw insertion hole for fixing integrally with the inner frame 11 mentioned later, and the screw insertion hole when assembling the rear cover 3 are formed.
Further, as shown in FIG. 3, a display object such as a company name or a trademark (“ABCD” in the example of FIG. 3) 14 is printed on the lower frame portion of the rectangular transparent frame of the outer frame 10 to the right side. The sensor light receiving unit 15 and the indicator 16 are provided.
Here, the sensor light receiving unit 15 receives a signal from the remote controller such as infrared rays, and the indicator 16 displays the power ON / OFF state, the presence / absence of timer setting, and the like according to the illumination state of the light emitting unit.

The inner frame 11 is formed by injection molding with a material having good moldability such as polycarbonate resin or ABS resin, and openings 11L and 11R exposing the speakers are integrally formed on the left and right sides of the frame shown in FIG. For example, gloss coating is applied thereafter. Further, a screw hole for fixing to the outer frame 10 and an engagement hole for detachably mounting a cover frame 12 described later are provided.
The cover frame 12 is formed by injection molding with a material having good moldability and good shape stability such as polycarbonate resin or ABS resin, and is formed to have substantially the same frame size as the inner frame 11, and the inner side on the back side shown in FIG. An engagement claw (not shown) for detachably attaching to the frame 11 is provided.
The sash 20 is composed of two long sash sides 20a and 20a and two short sash sides 20b and 20b having a substantially U-shaped cross section made of metal such as aluminum.

  In the front assembly 1 configured as described above, the inner frame 11 is fixed to the outer frame 10 with screws, and the engaging claws of the cover frame 12 are inserted into the engaging holes of the inner frame 11, so that the cover frame 12 Is detachably attached to the inner frame 11. The sash sides 20a, 20a, 20b, and 20b are fixed to the four peripheral edges of the outer frame 10 that is a rectangular frame. By attaching the cover frame 12 to the inner frame 11, the entire front surface side of the inner frame 11 including the speaker mounting portions 11L and 11R is covered so as to give a clean appearance.

In a liquid crystal panel display having such a front assembly 1, first, a reinforcing member by a metal frame (not shown) is assembled on the back side of the liquid crystal panel 2 (see FIG. 3). Then, with the front surface of the liquid crystal panel 2 exposed from the rectangular opening of the outer frame 10, the rear cover 3 (see FIG. 4) covers the back surface, and the rear cover 3 and the reinforcing member are fixed. The outer frame 10 is clamped and fixed between the rear cover 3 and the inner frame 11 with screws. Then, the cover frame 12 is provided on the inner frame 11, and the sash sides 20a, 20a, 20b, and 20b are fixed to the periphery of the outer frame 10.
Finally, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the liquid crystal panel display is fixed to the stand 9 to form a liquid crystal panel display device.

In the liquid crystal panel display device of this example, a rectangular frame-shaped cover frame 12 is arranged around the video display screen of the liquid crystal panel 2, and the transparent frame portion of the outer frame 10 is exposed on the outer periphery thereof. A sash 20 is provided. For this reason, since the liquid crystal panel 2 looks as if it is floating and the cover frame 12 can be detachably mounted, for example, the user can easily replace the cover frame 12 of various colors and patterns. You can change it to your liking and enjoy it.
In the example of FIG. 3, the transparent outer frame 10 is provided on the entire upper, lower, left, and right sides of the display screen, but only a part of the surface such as the lower portion may be transparent.

  Next, an illumination device for a light emitting unit that becomes an indicator 16 provided on the outer frame 10 of the liquid crystal panel display device shown in FIG. 3 will be described with reference to FIGS.

First, the illumination forming portion that is the region of the light emitting portion of the outer frame 10 will be described with reference to FIGS. 5 and 6.
5A and 5B show the formation region where the light emitting portions of the three indicators 16 on the lower frame of the outer frame 10 shown in FIG. FIG. 5A is an exploded perspective view seen from the front side, and a perspective view seen from the back side, together with a substrate on which LEDs serving as light emitting sources are mounted.
6 shows an illumination forming portion for one of the indicators 16 shown in FIG. 5, FIG. 6A is a plan view, FIG. 6B is a front view, FIG. 6C is a side sectional view, and FIG. 6A to 10D, reference numeral 10a denotes an illumination forming unit, and a two-dot chain line in the figure is an LED 13 serving as a light source.

In the region where the indicator 16 of the outer frame 10 is formed, the wiring board 15 is incorporated as shown by a two-dot chain line in FIG. 5A. As shown in FIG. 5A, the wiring board 15 has three LEDs 13 and an infrared sensor 14 mounted as light sources on its lower surface, and two openings 15a and 15b are formed in the wiring board 15.
A large notch is provided on the upper side of the outer frame 10 in accordance with the wiring board 15, and an illumination forming portion 10a having a predetermined shape is formed. And a protrusion 10j having a V-shaped notch. The wiring board 15 is sandwiched between the V-shaped notches of the two protrusions 10j, and the engaging claws of the two protrusions 10i are engaged with the openings 15a and 15b of the wiring board 15, so that the wiring board 15 Is held by the outer frame 10.
For example, three LEDs 13 are used as timer ON / OFF display, standby state display, power ON / OFF display, and the like.

Next, a portion corresponding to one LED 13 of the outer frame 10 is extracted to describe the illumination forming unit 10a.
For example, as shown in FIG. 6C, the illumination forming unit 10a is symmetrical with respect to the upper portion of the back surface 10-2 of the transparent member having a frame height H of H = 50 mm and a lower plate thickness t0 of t0 = 3.5 mm. Protrusions 10c and 10c ′ formed are provided.
As shown in FIG. 6C, the protrusions 10c and 10c ′ are formed such that the thickness t1 from the front surface 10-1 side is, for example, t1 = 7 mm. And the slope 10b by the flat surface which has the glossiness which is a 1st inclined surface is provided in the upper end by the side of the front surface 10-1 of this protrusion part 10c, 10c '.
Here, the inclined surface 10b is formed such that the inclination angle θ of the inclined surface 10b with respect to the optical axis L0 is θ = 45 °. This is to guide most of the reflected light from the inclined surface 10b of the LED 13 into the transparent member of the illumination forming portion 10a.
Further, as shown in FIGS. 5B and 6A, a cylindrical surface convex portion 10f having a cylindrical curved surface is formed between the projections 10c and 10c ′ on the back surface 10-2 side of the illumination forming portion 10a. Thereby, the condensing lens part of the light by a transparent member is formed between the slope 10b and this cylindrical surface convex part 10f.
Then, as shown in FIG. 6C, the lower portions of the protrusions 10c and 10d on the back surface 10-2 side are chamfered to form inclined surfaces 10g and 10g ′, and further, 2 below the inclined surfaces 10g and 10g ′. Two long grooves 10d and 10d 'are formed. The long grooves 10d and 10d ′ are formed such that the position of the lower end is covered with the cover frame 12 and cannot be seen from the front.

Here, the shape of the illumination formation part 10a area | region of a transparent member is demonstrated with reference to the example of the formation procedure shown in FIGS.
7A to 7C and FIGS. 8D to 8F are perspective views sequentially showing the formation of the illumination forming portion 10a region, and FIGS. 9A to 9C and FIGS. 10D to G are FIGS. 7A to 7C and FIGS. It is the top view (upper figure) and side sectional view (lower figure) corresponding to the perspective view shown. 7-10 is explanatory drawing for the shape of the illumination formation part 10a area | region in this example to be comparatively complicated, and it forms in batch by injection molding etc. in fact.

As shown in FIG. 7A and FIG. 9A, the region of the illumination forming part 10a has a thickness H1 and a height H1 on the upper side of the back surface 100-2 side of the translucent member 100 having a height H and a thickness t0. A thick part is formed. A rectangular parallelepiped m indicated by a two-dot chain line is removed from the upper surface 100-3 side of the translucent member 100 to form a surface 100-4 (FIGS. 7B and 9B). Then, as shown in FIG. 7C and FIG. 9C, processing is performed so that the thickness of the surrounding region becomes t0 so that only the rectangular parallelepiped convex portion n at the substantially center of the thick portion protrudes.
Next, as shown in FIGS. 8D and 10D, a slope 10b is formed from the surface 100-1 side of the translucent member 100 toward the rectangular parallelepiped convex portion n side of the surface 100-4. Here, the angle θ of the inclined surface 10b is formed to be θ = 45 ° with respect to the surface 100-1.
Then, the corner between the surface 100-5 and the surface 100-6 below the rectangular parallelepiped convex portion n on the back surface 100-2 side shown in FIG. 8D is chamfered to form a slope 10g (FIGS. 8E and 10E). Thereby, the lower surface 100-5 shown in FIG. 8D is removed, and only a part of the upper side of the surface 100-6 is left, and the rectangular parallelepiped convex portion n is processed into a columnar shape having a pentagonal cross section.
Next, as shown in FIGS. 8F and 10F, a cylindrical surface convex portion 10f is formed at a substantially central portion of the cross-sectional pentagonal column, and the chamfered wall 100 is extended so as to expand to the side surfaces 100-7 and 100-7. -8, 100-8 are provided to form convex portions 10c, 10c '.
Then, on the back surface 100-2 side of the translucent member 100, long grooves 10d and 10d ′ which are notched grooves extending downward as shown in FIGS. 8G and 10G immediately below the cylindrical surface convex portion 10f. And a concave portion 10e is formed on the lower side of the center line of the cylindrical surface convex portion 10f.
Here, as shown in FIGS. 8G and 10G, the recess 10e has a recess shape formed by pressing a wedge-shaped projection (not shown) having a substantially cylindrical curved slope on the upper side. For this reason, the inclined surface 10h of the concave portion 10e formed by pressing the wedge-shaped projection forms a substantially cylindrical concave curved surface, and the surface is processed on the curved surface to form minute irregularities on the surface.
Here, as shown by the arrow in FIG. 10G, the slope 10h of the concave portion 10e whose normal line is obliquely upward is the second inclined surface.
As described above, the shape of the illumination forming portion 10a is obtained as a result of the operations shown in FIGS.
Although it is advantageous in terms of the process that the matte surface processing of the inclined surface 10h of the recess 10e is performed simultaneously with the molding of the outer frame 10, only the inclined surface 10h may be separately processed by a sandblasting method or the like after the molding.

Here, the shape of the recess 10e shown in FIG. 6C and FIG. 10G provided in the translucent member 100 of this example will be described with reference to FIG. In addition, since the recessed part 10e makes the shape formed by pressing the wedge-shaped protrusion as mentioned above, below, the pushing type | mold whose front-end | tip forms a wedge shape is demonstrated.
11 shows a pressing die for forming the recess 10e, FIG. 11A is a perspective view, FIG. 11B is a plan view, and FIG. 11C is a side view.
In FIGS. 11A to 11C, reference numeral 150 denotes a pressing die having a wedge-shaped tip. As shown in FIGS. 11B and 11C, the pressing die 150 has a rectangular parallelepiped tip portion having a height h, a width w, and a length L. Is provided with a slope 150-1 having an angle φ. Then, as shown in FIG. 11B, the surface of the slope 150-1 is a substantially cylindrical surface and the surface is textured.
The shape of the tip is, for example, h = 2.2 mm, w = 2.4 mm, and φ = 42 °, and as shown in FIG. 11B, the center is s = 0. A curved surface having a substantially cylindrical surface is formed at the tip so as to be inflated by 3 mm. Note that a draft angle for removing the pressing die 150 from the encroaching resin is provided at the tip of the actually produced pressing die 150 where the inclined surface 150-1 is formed.
Then, a concave portion having a shape corresponding to the pressing die 150, that is, a concave portion 10 e having an inclined surface 10 h forming a substantially cylindrical concave curved surface is formed in the translucent member 100. 12A to 12C are a plan view, a left sectional view, and a front view of the recess 10e formed in this way.

Hereinafter, the reflection of light on the inclined surface 10h of the concave portion 10e serving as the light emitting portion in the illumination forming portion 10a of the outer frame 10 of the present example formed as described above will be described with reference to FIGS. 6 and 13 to 17.
Note that the LED 13 serving as a light source in this example will be described on the assumption that the optical axis L0 is substantially orthogonal to the front surface 10-1 of the outer frame 10 as described above (FIG. 6). reference).

First, the long grooves 10d and 10d ′ provided on the back surface 10-2 side of the illumination forming portion 10a of the outer frame 10 will be described with reference to FIGS.
As shown in FIGS. 6B and 6D, the long grooves 10d and 10d ′ are long grooves having a rectangular cross section having a line u symmetry, a width u, a length v, and a depth p with respect to the center line L. For example, the long grooves 10d and 10d ′ Both lower end portions are formed to be smaller than both upper end portions so as to have a lower concavity. The long grooves 10d and 10d ′ collect light that is reflected downward by the inclined surface 10b shown in FIG. 6A so that the light that goes toward the recess 10e on the back surface 10-2 side increases.

The relationship between the long grooves 10d and 10d ′ and the light traveling toward the recess 10e will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 13A is an explanatory view of the optical path when the long grooves 10d and 10d ′ are not present, and FIG. 13B is an explanatory view of the optical path when the long grooves 10d and 10d ′ are formed. FIG. 13C is a perspective view showing an incident part of light from the light source (LED 13) in the explanatory view in FIGS. 13A and 13B.
Here, as shown in FIG. 13C, the light emitted from the LED 13 is incident on a light incident surface 10k that is substantially parallel to the front and back surfaces 10-1 and 10-2 of the outer frame 10 and has a planar shape. explain.
When there is no long groove 10d, 10d ′, as shown in FIG. 13A, the light emitted from the light source is reflected downward by the inclined surface 10b, but the light source is the LED 13 having a certain extent with respect to the optical axis. The light spreads widely in the surface direction inside the outer frame 10 after reflection on the inclined surface 10b.
On the other hand, when the long grooves 10d and 10d ′ shown in FIG. 13B are formed, the light from the LED 13 is reflected by the inclined surface 10b as in FIG. 13A, but it is wide in the surface direction inside the translucent member 10. The light reflected so as to spread can be reflected again on the side surfaces of the long grooves 10d and 10d ′ and be directed toward the concave portion 10e provided on the back surface 10-2 side of the translucent member 10.
Thus, by forming the long grooves 10d and 10d ′, the amount of light for illuminating the recess 10e can be increased.

Next, the optical path in the illumination formation part 10a is demonstrated with reference to FIGS.
14 to 17 conceptually show the optical path and the intensity distribution on the surface 10-1 side of the translucent member 10 of the light reflected by the recess 10e for various forms of the illumination forming portion 10a. In the explanatory diagrams shown, A is a schematic cross-sectional view of the illumination forming portion 10a, B is a plan projection view of the recess 10e and its reflected light, and C is the intensity distribution of the reflected light by the recess 10e. It is a schematic diagram.
In the following description, it is assumed that the long grooves 10d and 10d ′ are already formed, and the light reflected by the inclined surface 10b is directed to the concave portion 10e side substantially below the illumination forming portion 10a. For the sake of simplicity, the description will be made assuming that the inclined surface 10b and the inclined surface 10h of the recess 10e form 45 ° (θ = φ = 45 °) with respect to the front and back surfaces 10-1 and 10-2 of the illumination forming portion 10a.
The center of the inclined surface 10h of the recess 10e of the translucent member 10 is defined as the origin O, and the coordinate axis xyz is determined as shown in FIG. 14C.

  FIG. 14 shows the light path and the state of reflection on the inclined surface 10h when the light incident surface 10k of the light from the LED 13 is a flat surface and the inclined surface 10h of the recess 10e is a flat and glossy surface. Light that is refracted and incident on the light incident surface while spreading from the LED 13 is reflected substantially downward on the slope 10b as shown in FIG. 14A, and a part of the reflected light is reflected in the z-axis direction on the slope 10h. . At this time, the intensity of the reflected light has a distribution having a peak in the z-axis direction, as shown in FIG.

  FIG. 15 shows the light path and the state of reflection on the inclined surface 10h when the light incident surface 10k of the light from the LED 13 is a flat surface and the inclined surface 10h of the concave portion 10e is a flat and textured surface. Light that is refracted and incident on the light incident surface while spreading from the LED 13 is reflected substantially downward by the slope 10b as shown in FIG. 15A. Reflected in the center direction. At this time, as shown in FIGS. 15B and 15C, although the reflected light has a peak in the z-axis direction, the peak is smaller than in the example of FIG. 14 and also has components in the xz and yz plane directions due to irregular reflection. Has a broader intensity distribution.

  FIG. 16 shows the light path when the light incident surface 10k from the LED 13 is flat and the inclined surface 10h of the recess 10e is a cylindrical concave curved surface and a textured surface, and the state of reflection on the inclined surface 10h. Light that is refracted and incident on the light incident surface while spreading from the LED 13 is reflected substantially downward by the inclined surface 10b as shown in FIG. 16A, and the inclined surface 10h having a concave curved surface in which a part of the reflected light is a matte surface. Reflected by. At this time, as shown in FIGS. 16B and 16C, although the reflected light has a peak in the z-axis direction, the peak is smaller than in the example of FIG. 15 and the components in the xz and yz plane directions due to irregular reflection are relatively large, The intensity distribution is wider in the direction.

  FIG. 17 is a convex lens of the cylindrical convex portion 10f where the light incident surface from the LED 13 forms a cylindrical curved surface, and the light path and the reflection at the inclined surface 10h when the inclined surface 10h of the concave portion 10e is a cylindrical concave curved surface and a matte finish surface. It shows the state of. As shown in FIG. 17A, the incident light that is refracted by the light incident surface while being spread from the LED 13 and condensed by the plano-convex lens is reflected substantially downward by the inclined surface 10b, and a part of the reflected light is used as a satin surface. Reflected by the inclined surface 10h having a concave curved surface. At this time, as shown in FIGS. 17B and 17C, the amount of light incident on the inclined surface 10h increases due to the condensing effect of the convex lens. For this reason, the reflected light on the inclined surface 10h has a large intensity distribution as a whole compared to the example of FIG.

That is, as the structure of the illumination forming portion 10a, the light incident surface of the LED 13 according to the example of FIG. 17 is a convex lens of a cylindrical convex portion 10f having a cylindrical curved surface, and the inclined surface 10h of the concave portion 10e is a cylindrical concave curved surface and a satin finish surface. However, the illumination state of the inclined surface 10h can be visually recognized from a wider range of angles, and sufficient illuminance can be ensured.
14 to 17, the angle φ formed between the front and back surfaces 10-1 and 10-2 of the inclined surface 10h has been described as φ = 45 °. However, the actual angle φ is determined by the illumination forming unit 10a in FIG. As shown in FIG. 2, since it is disposed in a portion below the video display screen 2 of the outer frame 10 of the flat display panel device, in consideration of the standard distance from the user's seat and the visibility when viewing, As described above, φ = 42 ° or the like is determined.

In the illuminating device thus configured, the irradiation light emitted from the LED 13 is collected flat in the x direction by the convex lens formed by the cylindrical surface convex portion 10f, and further reflected by the inclined surface 10b of the glossy surface at an angle of approximately 90 °. Then, the process proceeds to the lower side of the illumination forming unit 10a. Then, a part of the reflected light on the inclined surface 10b illuminates the inclined surface 10h of the concave portion 10e, and the light by this illumination is diffusely reflected by the satin-finished cylindrical concave curved surface and reaches the front surface 10-1 side. The presence or absence of light emission of the recess 10e can be confirmed from the front side of the 10.
At this time, in the illumination forming portion 10a of the illumination device of this example, two long grooves 10d and 10d ′ are formed on the back surface 10-2 side of the outer frame 10 having translucency below the slant surface 10b of the glossy surface. Since it is provided, compared with the illumination light in the conventional transparent plate, the light component toward the recess 10e in the outer frame 10 can be increased, and the amount of light incident on the inclined surface 10h of the recess 10e can be increased. That is, it is possible to efficiently illuminate the inclined surface 10h serving as the light emitting portion provided on the back surface 10-2 side of the outer frame 10 with the light emitted from the LED 13.
And when it sees from the surface 10-1, the light emission part can be made to float in the transparent frame of the outer frame 10. FIG.

According to the illumination device and the image display device of this example, the irradiation light emitted from the LED 13 is condensed by the convex lens by the cylindrical surface convex portion 10f, and further reflected by the glossy inclined surface 10b downward substantially at a right angle. The formation part 10a is moved downward. At this time, two long grooves 10d and 10d ′ are provided on the back surface 10-2 side of the translucent member 10, and the component that diffuses in the surface direction out of the light traveling downward is reflected by the side walls of the long grooves 10d and 10d ′. Thus, the light component toward the recess 10e can be increased, and the inclined surface 10h can be illuminated more brightly.
Moreover, since the inclined surface 10h of the concave portion 10e is formed into a satin-finished cylindrical concave curved surface, the light reflected by the illumination of the inclined surface 10h can be confirmed from a wider range of angles when viewed from the front of the translucent member 10. .
And when it sees from the surface 10-1, the light emission part by the inclined surface 10h can be made to float in the transparent frame of the translucent member 10. FIG.

Of course, the present invention is not limited to the above-described examples, and various other configurations can be adopted without departing from the gist of the present invention. For example, in the above description, an example in which the lighting device is applied to a liquid crystal display panel has been described. However, the present invention is not limited thereto, and various devices that require a transparent or translucent front plate, a plasma display panel, and a display having a cathode ray tube. Of course, the present invention may be applied to apparatuses, digital cameras, digital video cameras, personal digital assistants, mobile phones, game machines, and other types of devices.
Moreover, although the light emitting part used as the indicator 16 has been described in the example in which the light emitting part is arranged on the lower side of the video display screen 2, the light emitting part is not limited to this, and the light emitting part may be provided at any desired position in terms of design. The inclination angle φ formed between the front and back surfaces 10-1 and 10-2 of 10h can be determined in consideration of an assumed user's seat.

It is the perspective view seen from the front side which shows the example of the front assembly by one embodiment of this invention. It is the disassembled perspective view seen from the front side which shows the example of a front assembly. It is the perspective view seen from the front side which shows the liquid crystal panel display apparatus by one embodiment of this invention. It is the perspective view which looked at the liquid crystal panel display apparatus of the example of FIG. 3 from the back side. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The illumination formation part of the illuminating device by the example of one embodiment of this invention has shown the principal part of the outer frame fractured | ruptured, A is the perspective view seen from the front side, B is the perspective view seen from the back side It is. 5 is a plan view, B is a front view, C is a side sectional view, and D is a rear view. It is explanatory drawing which shows the preparation procedure (A-C) with which it uses for description of the shape of the illumination formation part of the example of FIG. It is explanatory drawing which shows the preparation procedure (DG) of the illumination formation part following the example of FIG. It is explanatory drawing which shows the top view and side sectional drawing corresponding to the preparation procedure (A-C) of the illumination formation part of the example of FIG. It is explanatory drawing which shows the top view and side sectional drawing corresponding to the preparation procedure (DG) of the illumination formation part of the example of FIG. The example of the pressing die explaining the shape of the recessed part in FIG. 8G is shown, A is a perspective view, B is a plan view, and C is a side view. FIG. 11A is a plan view, FIG. 11B is a side sectional view, and FIG. The effect of the notched groove will be described. A is an optical path simulation result without a notched groove, B is an optical path simulation result with a groove, and C is an explanatory view showing the shape of a light incident part. FIG. 4A is a schematic cross-sectional view of an illumination forming unit, B is an explanatory diagram of reflected light at a concave portion, and C is a schematic diagram illustrating an intensity distribution of reflected light with respect to the form of the illumination forming unit. FIG. 4A is a schematic cross-sectional view of an illumination forming unit, B is an explanatory diagram of reflected light at a concave portion, and C is a schematic diagram illustrating an intensity distribution of reflected light with respect to the form of the illumination forming unit. FIG. 4A is a schematic cross-sectional view of an illumination forming unit, B is an explanatory diagram of reflected light at a concave portion, and C is a schematic diagram illustrating an intensity distribution of reflected light with respect to the form of the illumination forming unit. FIG. 4A is a schematic cross-sectional view of an illumination forming unit, B is an explanatory diagram of reflected light at a concave portion, and C is a schematic diagram illustrating an intensity distribution of reflected light with respect to the form of the illumination forming unit.

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10a ... Illumination formation part, 10b, 10h ... Slope, 10e ... Concave part, 10f ... Cylindrical surface convex part, 13 ... LED (light source)

Claims (5)

  1. A flat plate-like transparent member having a recess formed on the back surface side, and a light source that illuminates from one side of the transparent member, and the recess is formed by light from the light source that has passed through the inside of the transparent member. In the lighting device that illuminates,
    The optical axis of the light source is disposed so as to be substantially orthogonal to the back surface of the transparent member,
    Forming a first inclined surface so as to face the light source on the surface side of the transparent member, and providing a second inclined surface having a concave curved surface in the thickness direction of the plate from the back surface to the concave portion;
    On the back surface of the transparent member between the concave portion and the light source, a notch groove for regulating the direction of the light is provided,
    The illumination apparatus, wherein the light is reflected on the first inclined surface and guided in a substantially plane direction inside the transparent member, and the concave curved surface of the second inclined surface is illuminated.
  2. The lighting device according to claim 1.
    A lighting device, wherein the second inclined surface of the concave portion formed in the transparent member is finished with a satin finish.
  3. The lighting device according to claim 2.
    An illumination device, wherein the concave curved surface of the second inclined surface of the concave portion has a cylindrical curved surface shape.
  4. The lighting device according to claim 1.
    An illuminating device, wherein a concave lens having a cylindrical curved surface is formed on a surface that faces the light source and is illuminated on the back surface on the side surface side where the first inclined surface of the transparent member is formed.
  5. In a video display device provided with a front member on the front surface having a flat transparent member on at least a part of the periphery of the video display surface,
    Forming a first inclined surface on one side of the transparent member;
    In the thickness direction of the plate from the back surface of the transparent member, a concave portion having a second inclined surface having a concave curved surface is provided,
    A light source for illuminating the second inclined surface of the recess is disposed so as to face the first inclined surface and the optical axis is substantially orthogonal to the back surface of the transparent member;
    On the back surface of the transparent member between the concave portion and the light source, a notch groove for regulating the direction of the light is provided,
    The light from the light source is reflected on the first inclined surface and guided in a substantially plane direction inside the transparent member, and illumination with a wide viewing angle is performed by the concave curved surface of the second inclined surface. Video display device.
JP2006066225A 2006-03-10 2006-03-10 Lighting device and video display device Expired - Fee Related JP4735348B2 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6046503A (en) * 1983-08-24 1985-03-13 Mitsubishi Rayon Co Ltd Diffusion plate
JPH05216419A (en) * 1992-02-07 1993-08-27 Yazaki Corp Light transmission plate for illuminating pointer of meter
JPH0843144A (en) * 1994-07-29 1996-02-16 Yazaki Corp Light introduction plate for pointer and manufacture thereof
JPH10133607A (en) * 1996-10-30 1998-05-22 Yazaki Corp Light guide unit and display device for vehicle
EP0919791A1 (en) * 1997-11-29 1999-06-02 Ford Motor Company Limited Light guide type display apparatus
JP2004061922A (en) * 2002-07-30 2004-02-26 Sony Corp Light reflection display method, light reflection display device and electronic equipment
JP2006058569A (en) * 2004-08-19 2006-03-02 Sony Corp Panel type display apparatus

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH048401Y2 (en) * 1983-09-08 1992-03-03

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6046503A (en) * 1983-08-24 1985-03-13 Mitsubishi Rayon Co Ltd Diffusion plate
JPH05216419A (en) * 1992-02-07 1993-08-27 Yazaki Corp Light transmission plate for illuminating pointer of meter
JPH0843144A (en) * 1994-07-29 1996-02-16 Yazaki Corp Light introduction plate for pointer and manufacture thereof
JPH10133607A (en) * 1996-10-30 1998-05-22 Yazaki Corp Light guide unit and display device for vehicle
EP0919791A1 (en) * 1997-11-29 1999-06-02 Ford Motor Company Limited Light guide type display apparatus
JP2004061922A (en) * 2002-07-30 2004-02-26 Sony Corp Light reflection display method, light reflection display device and electronic equipment
JP2006058569A (en) * 2004-08-19 2006-03-02 Sony Corp Panel type display apparatus

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