JP2007233195A - Image forming apparatus and image forming system - Google Patents

Image forming apparatus and image forming system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2007233195A
JP2007233195A JP2006056830A JP2006056830A JP2007233195A JP 2007233195 A JP2007233195 A JP 2007233195A JP 2006056830 A JP2006056830 A JP 2006056830A JP 2006056830 A JP2006056830 A JP 2006056830A JP 2007233195 A JP2007233195 A JP 2007233195A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
developer
carrier
voltage
image
image forming
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Pending
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JP2006056830A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Shinichi Kamoshita
Hiroshi Kato
Naoki Koike
洋 加藤
直樹 小池
伸一 鴨志田
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Seiko Epson Corp
セイコーエプソン株式会社
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Application filed by Seiko Epson Corp, セイコーエプソン株式会社 filed Critical Seiko Epson Corp
Priority to JP2006056830A priority Critical patent/JP2007233195A/en
Priority claimed from US11/678,449 external-priority patent/US7729647B2/en
Publication of JP2007233195A publication Critical patent/JP2007233195A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an image forming apparatus for preventing occurrence of fog. <P>SOLUTION: The image forming apparatus includes: an image carrier for carrying latent images; a developer carrier having recesses arranged regularly on the surface and for conveying a developer at an opposite position facing the image carrier by rotating the developer in a state where the developer is carried; and a voltage application part for applying on the developer carrier an alternating voltage provided with a first voltage for directing the developer from the developer carrier to the image carrier and a second voltage for directing the developer from the image carrier to the developer carrier in order to develop the latent images by the developer conveyed at the opposite position. The magnitude of the cycle of the alternating voltage is no more than a value obtained by dividing the minimum width of the recesses along a circumferential direction of the developer carrier by a movement speed of the surface of the developer carrier when the developer carrier rotates. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2007,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to an image forming apparatus and an image forming system.

  Image forming apparatuses such as laser beam printers are already well known. Such an image forming apparatus includes, for example, an image carrier for carrying a latent image and a developer for conveying the developer to a position facing the image carrier by rotating in a state of carrying the developer. When an image signal or the like is transmitted from an external device such as a host computer, the latent image carried on the image carrier is conveyed to the opposite position by the developer carrier. Development is performed with a developer to form a developer image, the developer image is transferred to a medium, and finally an image is formed on the medium.

Further, in the above image forming apparatus, when developing the latent image with a developer, a first voltage for directing the developer from the developer carrier to the image carrier and the image carrier There is one that applies an alternating voltage having a second voltage for directing the developer to the developer carrying body, to the developer carrying body.
JP-A-5-142950 JP 2004-219640 A

On the surface of the developer carrier, a sufficient amount of developer is carried on the surface of the developer carrier (in other words, the surface area of the surface on which the developer is carried is a sufficiently large value). In some cases, the concave portions arranged regularly are provided.
However, the developer easily fits into the recess, and the rolling property of the developer tends to deteriorate in the recess. Further, in an image forming apparatus having a charging member that contacts the developer carrying member and charges the developer carried on the developer carrying member, the developer on the charging member is formed in the concave portion (compared to the convex portion). Therefore, there is a possibility that the frictional charging is not performed properly.
For this reason, the developer located in the concave portion is likely to be insufficiently charged, and thus the developer causes so-called fogging.

  This invention is made | formed in view of this subject, The place made into the objective is to prevent generation | occurrence | production of fog appropriately.

  The main aspect of the present invention is an image carrier for carrying a latent image, a concave portion regularly arranged on the surface, and rotating the developer in a state of carrying the developer to thereby remove the developer from the image carrier. A developer carrier for transporting the developer to an opposing position, and the developer from the developer carrier to the image carrier for developing the latent image by the developer transported to the opposite position. A voltage applying unit for applying to the developer carrier an alternating voltage having a first voltage for changing the voltage and a second voltage for directing the developer from the image carrier to the developer carrier. In the image forming apparatus, the period of the alternating voltage is a minimum width of the concave portion along the circumferential direction of the developer carrying member when the developer carrying member rotates. An image characterized by being less than or equal to the value divided by the moving speed of the surface of the body A forming apparatus.

  Other features of the present invention will become apparent from the description of the present specification and the accompanying drawings.

  At least the following will be made clear by the description of the present specification and the accompanying drawings.

  An image carrier for carrying a latent image, and concave portions regularly arranged on the surface, and rotating in a state of carrying the developer, the developer is brought into a position facing the image carrier. A developer carrier for transporting and a developer for directing the developer from the developer carrier to the image carrier for developing the latent image by the developer transported to the facing position; A voltage applying unit that applies a voltage and an alternating voltage having a second voltage for directing the developer from the image carrier to the developer carrier, to the developer carrier. The cycle of the alternating voltage is the minimum width of the recess along the circumferential direction of the developer carrier, and the movement of the surface of the developer carrier when the developer carrier rotates. An image forming apparatus having a value equal to or less than a value divided by speed.

  According to such an image forming apparatus, occurrence of fog is appropriately prevented.

  Moreover, the said recessed part is 2 types of spiral groove parts from which the inclination angle with respect to the said circumferential direction differs, It is good also as these 2 types of spiral groove parts crossing | intersecting mutually and having comprised the lattice shape. The developer carrier has a rhombus top surface surrounded by the two types of spiral grooves, and one of the two diagonal lines of the rhombus top surface is in the circumferential direction. It may be along. The developer carrier may have a square top surface surrounded by the two types of spiral grooves.

  The voltage applied by the voltage application unit to the developer carrier is only the first voltage and the second voltage, and the voltage application unit alternately uses the first voltage and the second voltage. It is good also as applying.

Further, the image carrier is rotatable, and the moving speed of the surface of the developer carrier when the developer carrier rotates is determined by the speed of the image carrier when the image carrier rotates. It may be different from the moving speed of the surface.
In such a case, the chargeability of the developer pulled back to the developer carrying member side becomes good.

Further, the moving speed is variable, and when the moving speed is changed, the magnitude of the period of the alternating voltage is not more than a value obtained by dividing the minimum width by the moving speed. The period of the alternating voltage may be changed.
In such a case, the above-described effect, that is, the effect of appropriately preventing the occurrence of fogging, can be achieved regardless of the operation mode of the image forming apparatus.

Also, an image carrier for carrying a latent image and a concavity arranged regularly on the surface, and facing the image carrier by rotating the developer while carrying the developer. A developer carrier for transporting to a position, and for developing the latent image by the developer transported to the opposite position, for directing the developer from the developer carrier to the image carrier. An image forming apparatus comprising: a voltage applying unit that applies a first voltage and an alternating voltage having a second voltage for directing the developer from the image carrier to the developer carrier; A surface of the developer carrying member when the developer carrying member rotates a minimum width of the concave portion along a circumferential direction of the developer carrying member. Less than the value divided by the moving speed of the Two types of spiral groove portions having different inclination angles, the two types of spiral groove portions intersecting each other to form a lattice shape, and the developer carrier has the two types of spiral grooves. A diamond-shaped top surface surrounded by the groove portion, and one of the two diagonals of the diamond-shaped top surface is along the circumferential direction, and the developer carrier is the two types of A square top surface surrounded by a spiral groove, and the voltage applied to the developer carrier by the voltage application unit is only the first voltage and the second voltage, and the voltage application unit Applies the first voltage and the second voltage alternately, the image carrier is rotatable, and the moving speed of the surface of the developer carrier when the developer carrier rotates. Is different from the moving speed of the surface of the image carrier when the image carrier rotates. It can also be realized.
In this way, the effects of the present invention can be achieved more effectively because all the effects described above can be achieved.

A computer and an image forming apparatus that can be connected to the computer, having an image carrier for carrying a latent image, and regularly arranged recesses on the surface, carrying a developer. For developing the latent image by the developer carrier for conveying the developer to an opposing position opposite to the image carrier, and the developer conveyed to the opposite position. An alternating voltage comprising a first voltage for directing the developer from the developer carrier to the image carrier and a second voltage for directing the developer from the image carrier to the developer carrier. A voltage application unit that applies to the developer carrier, wherein the alternating voltage has a minimum width along the circumferential direction of the developer carrier. The developer when the developer carrying member rotates Image forming system characterized by comprising an image forming apparatus, the movement is divided by the following speed of the surface of the lifting body can also be realized.
According to such an image forming system, occurrence of fog is appropriately prevented.

=== Example of Overall Configuration of Image Forming Apparatus ===
Next, an outline of a laser beam printer (hereinafter also referred to as a printer) 10 as an example of the image forming apparatus will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating main components constituting the printer 10. In FIG. 1, the vertical direction is indicated by arrows. For example, the paper feed tray 92 is disposed at the lower part of the printer 10, and the fixing unit 90 is disposed at the upper part of the printer 10.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the printer 10 according to the present embodiment includes a charging unit 30, an exposure unit 40, and a YMCK along the rotation direction of a photoconductor 20 as an example of an image carrier for carrying a latent image. A developing unit 50, a primary transfer unit 60, an intermediate transfer member 70, and a cleaning unit 75; a secondary transfer unit 80; a fixing unit 90; A control unit 100 is provided for controlling these units and controlling the operation as a printer.

  The photoreceptor 20 has a cylindrical conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer formed on the outer peripheral surface thereof, and is rotatable around a central axis. In the present embodiment, the photoreceptor 20 is indicated by an arrow in FIG. Rotate clockwise.

  The charging unit 30 is a device for charging the photoconductor 20, and the exposure unit 40 is a device for forming a latent image on the photoconductor 20 charged by irradiating a laser. The exposure unit 40 includes a semiconductor laser, a polygon mirror, an F-θ lens, and the like, and charges the modulated laser based on an image signal input from a host computer (not shown) such as a personal computer or a word processor. The irradiated photoconductor 20 is irradiated.

  The YMCK developing unit 50 converts the latent image formed on the photoconductor 20 into toner as an example of a developer contained in the developing device, that is, black (K) toner contained in the black developing device 51, magenta development. An apparatus for developing using magenta (M) toner stored in the device 52, cyan (C) toner stored in the cyan developing device 53, and yellow (Y) toner stored in the yellow developing device 54. is there.

  The YMCK developing unit 50 can move the positions of the four developing devices 51, 52, 53, 54 by rotating with the four developing devices 51, 52, 53, 54 mounted. Yes. That is, the YMCK developing unit 50 holds the four developing devices 51, 52, 53, 54 by four holding portions 55a, 55b, 55c, 55d, and the four developing devices 51, 52, 53, 54 is rotatable around the central axis 50a while maintaining the relative position thereof. Each time image formation for one page is completed, it is selectively opposed to the photoconductor 20, and is formed on the photoconductor 20 with the toner accommodated in each developing device 51, 52, 53, 54. The latent images are developed sequentially. Each of the four developing devices 51, 52, 53, 54 described above is detachable from the holding portion of the YMCK developing unit 50. Details of each developing device will be described later.

The primary transfer unit 60 is a device for transferring a single color toner image formed on the photoconductor 20 to the intermediate transfer body 70. When four color toners are sequentially transferred in a superimposed manner, the full color toner is transferred to the intermediate transfer body 70. An image is formed.
This intermediate transfer body 70 is an endless belt in which a tin vapor deposition layer is provided on the surface of a PET film and a semiconductive paint is formed on the surface layer and laminated. The intermediate transfer body 70 is driven to rotate at substantially the same peripheral speed as the photoconductor 20.
The secondary transfer unit 80 is a device for transferring a single color toner image or a full color toner image formed on the intermediate transfer body 70 to a medium such as paper, film, or cloth.
The fixing unit 90 is a device for fusing a single-color toner image or a full-color toner image transferred onto a medium to form a permanent image.

  The cleaning unit 75 is provided between the primary transfer unit 60 and the charging unit 30 and has a rubber cleaning blade 76 that is in contact with the surface of the photoconductor 20. The cleaning unit 75 is disposed on the intermediate transfer body 70 by the primary transfer unit 60. After the toner image is transferred, the toner remaining on the photoreceptor 20 is scraped off and removed by the cleaning blade 76.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the control unit 100 includes a main controller 101 and a unit controller 102. An image signal and a control signal are input to the main controller 101, and in response to a command based on the image signal and the control signal. A unit controller 102 controls each of the units and forms an image.

Next, the operation of the printer 10 configured as described above will be described.
First, when an image signal and a control signal from a host computer (not shown) are input to the main controller 101 of the printer 10 via the interface (I / F) 112, the unit controller 102 based on a command from the main controller 101. The photosensitive member 20 and the intermediate transfer member 70 are rotated by the control. The photoconductor 20 is sequentially charged by the charging unit 30 at the charging position while rotating.

  The charged area of the photoconductor 20 reaches an exposure position as the photoconductor 20 rotates, and a latent image corresponding to image information of the first color, for example, yellow Y, is formed in the area by the exposure unit 40. . In the YMCK developing unit 50, a yellow developing device 54 that contains yellow (Y) toner is located at a developing position facing the photoconductor 20.

  The latent image formed on the photoconductor 20 reaches the development position as the photoconductor 20 rotates, and is developed with yellow toner by the yellow developing device 54. As a result, a yellow toner image is formed on the photoreceptor 20.

  The yellow toner image formed on the photoconductor 20 reaches the primary transfer position as the photoconductor 20 rotates, and is transferred to the intermediate transfer body 70 by the primary transfer unit 60. At this time, a primary transfer voltage having a polarity opposite to the charging polarity of the toner T (negative polarity in the present embodiment) is applied to the primary transfer unit 60. During this time, the photosensitive member 20 and the intermediate transfer member 70 are in contact with each other, and the secondary transfer unit 80 is separated from the intermediate transfer member 70.

  The above processing is sequentially executed for each developing device for the second color, the third color, and the fourth color, so that four color toner images corresponding to the respective image signals are transferred to the intermediate transfer member 70. It is transcribed and superimposed. As a result, a full color toner image is formed on the intermediate transfer member 70.

The full color toner image formed on the intermediate transfer body 70 reaches the secondary transfer position as the intermediate transfer body 70 rotates, and is transferred to the medium by the secondary transfer unit 80. The medium is conveyed from the paper feed tray 92 to the secondary transfer unit 80 via the paper feed roller 94 and the registration roller 96. When performing the transfer operation, the secondary transfer unit 80 is pressed against the intermediate transfer body 70 and a secondary transfer voltage is applied.
The full color toner image transferred to the medium is heated and pressed by the fixing unit 90 and fused to the medium.

  On the other hand, after the primary transfer position has passed, the photosensitive member 20 is scraped off by the cleaning blade 76 supported by the cleaning unit 75 and the toner T adhering to the surface thereof is charged to form the next latent image. Prepare for. The toner T thus scraped off is collected by a residual toner collecting unit provided in the cleaning unit 75.

=== Overview of Control Unit ===
Next, the configuration of the control unit 100 will be described with reference to FIG. The main controller 101 of the control unit 100 is electrically connected to a host computer via an interface 112 and includes an image memory 113 for storing an image signal input from the host computer. The unit controller 102 is electrically connected to each unit (charging unit 30, exposure unit 40, YMCK developing unit 50, primary transfer unit 60, cleaning unit 75, secondary transfer unit 80, fixing unit 90, display unit 95) of the apparatus main body. Each unit is controlled based on a signal input from the main controller 101 while detecting a state of each unit by receiving a signal from a sensor included in them.

  The YMCK development unit drive control circuit 128 connected to the YMCK development unit 50 includes a voltage application unit 132. The voltage application section 132 applies an alternating voltage to the developing roller 510 to develop the latent image with toner, and forms an alternating electric field between the developing roller 510 and the photoconductor 20 (for details). Will be described later).

=== About Development Device ===
Next, the developing device will be described with reference to FIGS. FIG. 3 is a conceptual diagram of the developing device. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view showing main components of the developing device. FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the developing roller 510. FIG. 6 is a schematic front view of the developing roller 510. FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram showing a cross-sectional shape of the groove 512. FIG. 8 is an enlarged schematic view of FIG. 6 and shows the groove portion 512 and the top surface 515. FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the regulating blade 560. FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the holder 526. FIG. 11 is a perspective view showing a state in which the upper seal 520, the regulating blade 560, and the developing roller 510 are assembled to the holder 526. FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing that the holder 526 is attached to the housing 540. FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram showing an alternating voltage applied to the developing roller 510. Note that the cross-sectional view shown in FIG. 4 represents a cross-section obtained by cutting the developing device along a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal direction shown in FIG. 4, the vertical direction is indicated by arrows as in FIG. 1. For example, the central axis of the developing roller 510 is lower than the central axis of the photoconductor 20. Further, in FIG. 4, the yellow developing device 54 is shown in a state where the yellow developing device 54 is located at a developing position facing the photoconductor 20. Further, in FIGS. 5 to 8, the scales of the groove portions 512 and the like are different from the actual ones for easy understanding of the drawings.

  The YMCK developing unit 50 includes a black developing device 51 containing black (K) toner, a magenta developing device 52 containing magenta (M) toner, a cyan developing device 53 containing cyan (C) toner, and a yellow ( Y) Although a yellow developing device 54 containing toner is provided, the configuration of each developing device is the same, so the yellow developing device 54 will be described below.

  The yellow developing device 54 includes a developing roller 510 as an example of a developer carrier, an upper seal 520, a toner container 530, a housing 540, a toner supply roller 550, a regulating blade 560, a holder 526, and the like.

  The developing roller 510 conveys the toner T to a facing position (developing position) facing the photoconductor 20 by rotating in a state where the toner T is carried. The developing roller 510 is a member made of an aluminum alloy, an iron alloy, or the like.

  As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the developing roller 510 has a groove portion 512 as an example of a concave portion on the surface of the central portion 510 a in order to appropriately carry the toner T. In the present embodiment, as the groove portion 512, two types of spiral groove portions 512 having different winding directions, that is, a first groove portion 512a and a second groove portion 512b are provided. As shown in FIG. 6, the inclination angles of the first groove portion 512a and the second groove portion 512b with respect to the circumferential direction of the developing roller 510 are different from each other, and the longitudinal direction of the first groove portion 512a and the axial direction of the developing roller 510 are different. And the magnitude of the acute angle formed by the longitudinal direction of the second groove portion 512b and the axial direction are both about 45 degrees. As shown in FIG. 7, the width of the first groove 512a in the X direction and the width of the second groove 512b in the Y direction are about 50 μm, the depth of the groove 512 is about 7 μm, and the groove angle (in FIG. Is an angle of about 90 degrees.

  Further, the groove 512 includes a bottom surface 513 and a side surface 514. In the present embodiment, the inclination angle of the side surface 514 is about 45 degrees (see FIG. 7).

  The two types of spiral grooves 512 configured as described above are regularly arranged on the surface of the central portion 510a of the developing roller 510 and intersect each other, as shown in FIGS. And has a lattice shape. Therefore, a large number of diamond-shaped top surfaces 515 surrounded by the grooves 512 on the four sides are formed on the mesh at the central portion 510a.

  As described above, in the present embodiment, the size of the acute angle formed by the longitudinal direction of the first groove portion 512a and the axial direction, and the size of the acute angle formed by the longitudinal direction of the second groove portion 512b and the axial direction, Since both are approximately 45 degrees, the top surface 515 has a square planar shape, and one (the other) of the two diagonal lines of the top surface 515 is the circumferential direction of the developing roller 510. (Axial direction). Note that the length of one side of the square top surface 515 is about 30 μm, as shown in FIG.

  Further, the developing roller 510 is provided with a shaft portion 510b. The shaft portion 510b is supported by a developing roller support portion 526b of a holder 526, which will be described later, via a bearing 576 (FIG. 11). 510 is rotatably supported. As shown in FIG. 4, the developing roller 510 rotates in a direction (counterclockwise in FIG. 4) opposite to the rotation direction of the photoconductor 20 (clockwise in FIG. 4). In the present embodiment, the moving speed V of the surface of the developing roller 510 when the developing roller 510 rotates (that is, the linear velocity of the developing roller 510 on the surface of the developing roller 510) is 300 mm / s. . Further, the moving speed of the surface of the photoconductor 20 when the photoconductor 20 rotates (that is, the linear velocity of the photoconductor 20 on the surface of the photoconductor 20) is 210 mm / s. The peripheral speed ratio with respect to the photoconductor 20 is about 1.4.

  Further, a gap exists between the developing roller 510 and the photoconductor 20 in a state where the yellow developing device 54 faces the photoconductor 20. That is, the yellow developing device 54 develops the latent image formed on the photoconductor 20 in a non-contact state. In the printer 10 according to the present embodiment, a jumping development method is used, and an alternating electric field is generated between the developing roller 510 and the photoconductor 20 when the latent image formed on the photoconductor 20 is developed. Formed (to be described in detail later).

  The housing 540 is manufactured by welding a plurality of integrally formed resin housing parts, that is, the upper housing part 542 and the lower housing part 544, and in order to accommodate the toner T therein. The toner container 530 is formed. The toner containing body 530 has two toner containing portions, that is, a first toner containing portion 530a and a second toner, by a partition wall 545 for dividing the toner T projected inwardly (in the vertical direction in FIG. 4) from the inner wall. It is divided into the accommodating portion 530b. The upper portions of the first toner storage portion 530a and the second toner storage portion 530b communicate with each other, and the movement of the toner T is restricted by the partition wall 545 in the state shown in FIG. However, when the YMCK developing unit 50 rotates, the toner accommodated in the first toner accommodating portion 530a and the second toner accommodating portion 530b is once collected on the upper communicating side of the developing position. When returning to the state shown in FIG. 4, the toners are mixed and returned to the first toner storage portion 530a and the second toner storage portion 530b. That is, when the YMCK developing unit 50 rotates, the toner T in the developing device is appropriately agitated.

  For this reason, in this embodiment, the toner container 530 is not provided with a stirring member, but a stirring member for stirring the toner T stored in the toner container 530 may be provided. As shown in FIG. 4, the housing 540 (that is, the first toner storage portion 530 a) has an opening 572 in the lower portion, and the developing roller 510 is provided so as to face the opening 572.

  The toner supply roller 550 is provided in the first toner storage portion 530a described above, supplies the toner T stored in the first toner storage portion 530a to the development roller 510, and remains on the development roller 510 after development. The toner T is peeled off from the developing roller 510. The toner supply roller 550 is made of polyurethane foam or the like, and is in contact with the developing roller 510 in an elastically deformed state. The toner supply roller 550 is disposed below the first toner storage portion 530a, and the toner T stored in the first toner storage portion 530a is transferred by the toner supply roller 550 below the first toner storage portion 530a. Supplied to the developing roller 510. The toner supply roller 550 is rotatable about a central axis, and the central axis is below the rotation central axis of the developing roller 510. Further, the toner supply roller 550 rotates in a direction (clockwise in FIG. 4) opposite to the rotation direction of the developing roller 510 (counterclockwise in FIG. 4).

  The upper seal 520 is in contact with the developing roller 510 along the axial direction thereof, allows the toner T remaining on the developing roller 510 after passing through the developing position to move into the housing 540, and the housing 540. The movement of the toner T inside the housing 540 is restricted. The upper seal 520 is a seal made of a polyethylene film or the like. The upper seal 520 is supported by an upper seal support portion 526a of a holder 526, which will be described later, and is provided so that its longitudinal direction is along the axial direction of the developing roller 510 (FIG. 11). The contact position where the upper seal 520 contacts the developing roller 510 is above the central axis of the developing roller 510.

  Further, a malt is formed between a surface of the upper seal 520 opposite to the contact surface 520b that contacts the developing roller 510 (this surface is also referred to as an opposite surface 520c) and the upper seal support portion 526a. An upper seal urging member 524 made of an elastic body such as a plane is provided in a compressed state. The upper seal urging member 524 presses the upper seal 520 against the developing roller 510 by urging the upper seal 520 toward the developing roller 510 with the urging force.

The regulating blade 560 abuts against the developing roller 510 at the abutting portion 562a from one end to the other end in the axial direction of the developing roller 510 to regulate the layer thickness of the toner T carried on the developing roller 510, In addition, a charge is applied to the toner T carried on the developing roller 510. The regulation blade 560 includes a rubber part 562 and a rubber support part 564 as shown in FIGS. 4 and 9.
The rubber part 562 is made of silicon rubber, urethane rubber, or the like, and is in contact with the developing roller 510.

  The rubber support portion 564 includes a thin plate 564a and a thin plate support portion 564b, and supports the rubber portion 562 at one end portion 564d in the short direction (that is, the end portion on the thin plate 564a side). The thin plate 564a is made of phosphor bronze, stainless steel or the like and has a spring property. The thin plate 564a supports the rubber part 562 and presses the rubber part 562 against the developing roller 510 by the biasing force. The thin plate support portion 564b is a metal sheet metal disposed on the other end 564e in the short side direction of the rubber support portion 564, and the thin plate support portion 564b is a side of the thin plate 564a that supports the rubber portion 562. It is attached to the said thin plate 564a in the state which supported the edge on the opposite side.

  The regulating blade 560 is attached to the regulating blade support portion 526c in a state where both longitudinal end portions 564c of the thin plate supporting portion 564b are supported by the regulating blade support portion 526c of the holder 526 described later.

  The end of the regulating blade 560 opposite to the thin plate support portion 564b side, that is, the tip 560a is not in contact with the developing roller 510, and is a portion separated from the tip 560a by a predetermined distance (that is, the contact portion 562a). ) Is in contact with the developing roller 510 with a width. In other words, the regulating blade 560 is not in contact with the developing roller 510 at the edge but is in contact with the antinode, and the flat surface of the regulating blade 560 comes into contact with the developing roller 510 to regulate the layer thickness. To do. Further, the regulating blade 560 is disposed so that its tip 560a faces the upstream side in the rotation direction of the developing roller 510, and is in contact with a so-called counter. The contact position where the regulating blade 560 contacts the developing roller 510 is below the central axis of the developing roller 510 and below the central axis of the toner supply roller 550. Further, the regulation blade 560 exhibits a function of preventing leakage of the toner T from the toner container 530 by contacting the developing roller 510 along the axial direction thereof.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 11, an end seal 574 is provided on the outer side in the longitudinal direction of the rubber portion 562 of the regulating blade 560. The end seal 574 is formed of a non-woven fabric, contacts the axial end of the developing roller 510 along the peripheral surface of the developing roller 510, and toner from between the peripheral surface and the housing 540. Demonstrates the function of preventing T leakage.

  The holder 526 is a metal member for assembling various members such as the developing roller 510, and as shown in FIG. 10, the upper seal support portion along the longitudinal direction (that is, the axial direction of the developing roller 510). 526a, a developing roller support portion 526b provided outside the upper seal support portion 526a in the longitudinal direction (the axial direction), intersecting the longitudinal direction (the axial direction), and intersecting the developing roller support portion, A regulating blade support portion 526c facing the longitudinal end of the upper seal support portion 526a.

As shown in FIG. 11, the upper seal 520 is supported by the upper seal support portion 526a at the short-side end portion 520a (FIG. 4), and the developing roller 510 is at the end thereof. , And is supported by a developing roller support portion 526b.
Further, the regulating blade 560 is supported by the regulating blade support portion 526c at both longitudinal end portions 564c thereof. The restriction blade 560 is fixed to the holder 526 by being screwed to the restriction blade support portion 526c.

  As described above, the holder 526 in which the upper seal 520, the developing roller 510, and the regulating blade 560 are assembled prevents the toner T from leaking between the holder 526 and the housing 540 as shown in FIG. It is attached to the housing 540 described above via a housing seal 546 (FIG. 4).

  In the yellow developing device 54 configured as described above, the toner supply roller 550 supplies the toner T stored in the toner container 530 to the developing roller 510. The toner T supplied to the developing roller 510 reaches the contact position of the regulating blade 560 as the developing roller 510 rotates, and when the toner T passes through the contact position, the layer thickness is regulated and a negative charge is applied. Is imparted (negatively charged). The toner T on the developing roller 510 to which the layer thickness is regulated and to which a negative charge is applied is conveyed to a facing position (developing position) facing the photoconductor 20 by further rotation of the developing roller 510, and is moved to the facing position. Then, the latent image formed on the photoconductor 20 is developed.

  Here, the development of the latent image will be described with reference to FIG. As described above, in the printer 10 according to the present embodiment, the jumping development method is used. When the jumping development is executed, a rectangular alternating voltage is applied to the developing roller 510 by the voltage application unit 132. As shown in FIG. 13, the alternating voltage includes a first voltage V1 and a second voltage V2.

  The first voltage V1 is a voltage for directing toner from the developing roller 510 to the photoconductor 20, and its value is -900V. In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 13, during development, the potential of the photoreceptor 20 is −500 V in the non-image portion (portion corresponding to the white image), and the image portion (portion corresponding to the black image). ) And −50 V, and the toner is negatively charged. Therefore, when the first voltage V1 is applied to the developing roller 510, the developing roller 510 and the photosensitive member 20 are An electric field for directing the toner from the developing roller 510 to the photoconductor 20 is formed, and the toner on the developing roller 510 moves toward the photoconductor 20.

  On the other hand, the second voltage V2 is a voltage for directing the toner from the photoconductor 20 to the developing roller 510, and its value is 500V. When the second voltage V <b> 2 is applied to the developing roller 510, an electric field is formed between the developing roller 510 and the photoconductor 20 to direct toner from the photoconductor 20 to the developing roller 510. The toner moves (retracts) to the developing roller 510.

  As shown in FIG. 13, since the first voltage V1 and the second voltage V2 are alternately applied by the voltage application unit 132, when developing the latent image, the toner is transferred from the developing roller 510 to the photoreceptor 20. And the movement (return) from the photoconductor 20 to the developing roller 510 are alternately repeated.

  In the present embodiment, both the time during which the voltage application unit 132 continues to apply the first voltage V1 and the time during which the second voltage V2 continues are 0.1 ms (milliseconds). (That is, the duty ratio is 50%). Therefore, the period T of the alternating voltage is 0.2 ms (milliseconds) (see FIG. 13). The average voltage applied to the developing roller 510 by the voltage application unit 132 is larger than the non-image portion potential (−500 V) and smaller than the image portion potential (−50 V), and the value is −200 V. (= (− 900 + 500) / 2).

  The toner T on the developing roller 510 that has passed the developing position by the rotation of the developing roller 510 passes through the upper seal 520 and is collected in the developing device without being scraped off by the upper seal 520. Further, the toner T still remaining on the developing roller 510 can be peeled off by the toner supply roller 550.

=== Relationship Between Width of Groove 512 and Cycle T of Alternating Voltage ===
As described in the section of the problem to be solved by the invention, the surface of the developing roller 510 has a sufficient amount of toner carried on the surface of the developing roller 510 (in other words, the toner is carried on the surface). In consideration of the fact that the surface area of the surface has a sufficiently large value, etc., there may be a case where the regularly arranged concave portions are provided, and the developing roller 510 according to the present embodiment also has a groove portion 512 as an example of the concave portion. Is provided.

However, toner easily fits in the groove 512, and the toner rolling property tends to deteriorate in the groove 512. Further, when the printer 10 according to the present embodiment has a regulating blade 560 as a charging member that contacts the developing roller 510 and charges the toner carried on the developing roller 510 (top surface 515). In comparison with the groove portion 512, the pressing force of the regulating blade 560 on the toner becomes weak, and frictional charging may not be performed properly.
For this reason, the toner located in the groove portion 512 is likely to be insufficiently charged, and thus the toner causes so-called fogging.

  On the other hand, in the printer 10 according to the present embodiment, the developing roller 510 has the above-described alternating voltage period T, which is the minimum width Lmin of the groove 512 along the circumferential direction of the developing roller 510. It is below the value divided by the moving speed V of the surface of the developing roller 510 during rotation (T ≦ Lmin / V). In the printer 10 according to the present embodiment in which the width of the groove portion 512 and the period of the alternating voltage satisfy such a relationship, generation of fog is appropriately prevented.

  Hereinafter, this matter will be described in more detail with reference to FIGS. As described above, the surface of the developing roller 510 according to the present embodiment is provided with two types of spiral grooves 512 having different inclination angles with respect to the circumferential direction, and the two types of spiral grooves 512 are mutually connected. It intersects to form a lattice shape. The developing roller 510 has a square top surface 515 surrounded by the two types of spiral grooves 512, and one of the two square top surfaces is along the circumferential direction (see FIG. 8). In such a developing roller 510 (shown in FIG. 8), the width of the groove 512 along the circumferential direction of the developing roller 510 is defined in several ways, such as a width L1 and a width L2, but the minimum width is , The width Lmin shown in FIG. 8 (the distance between AB in FIG. 8). Note that the value of the width Lmin is approximately 70.71 μm.

  Further, as described above, the moving speed V of the surface of the developing roller 510 when the developing roller 510 rotates is 300 mm / s. Accordingly, a value Lmin / V obtained by dividing the minimum width Lmin by the moving speed V of the surface of the developing roller 510 when the developing roller 510 rotates is about 0.236 ms (milliseconds). As shown in FIG. 13, the period T of the alternating voltage is 0.2 ms, and therefore, in this embodiment, the relationship of T ≦ Lmin / V is satisfied.

Next, how such fogging is appropriately prevented when such a relationship of T ≦ Lmin / V is satisfied will be described with reference to FIG.
FIG. 14 shows two diagrams (upper and lower diagrams) and a time axis in order from the top.

  Here, the lower part of FIG. 14 shows which part of the developing roller 510 is located at a position facing the photoconductor 20 at a certain time t when the development of the latent image is being performed. ing. For example, when developing a latent image, at time t1, if the portion indicated by symbol A in FIG. 8 is located at the facing position, after about 0.236 ms (= Lmin / V) from time t1, development is performed. The roller 510 rotates and the portion indicated by symbol B in FIG. 8 is located at the facing position. That is, the lower diagram shows that it takes about 0.236 ms for the groove portion 512 (between AB) of the developing roller 510 to pass the opposing position.

  On the other hand, since the magnitude T (0.2 ms) of the alternating voltage cycle is Lmin / V (0.236 ms) or less, the groove 512 (between AB) of the developing roller 510 develops the latent image when developing the latent image. While passing the opposite position, one cycle of the alternating voltage is always applied to the developing roller 510 (see the upper diagram of FIG. 14).

  That is, in the printer 10 according to the present embodiment, the toner is directed from the developing roller 510 to the photoconductor 20 while the groove portion 512 in which a large amount of toner that causes fogging is carried passes the opposing position. In addition to the first voltage V1 for this purpose, the second voltage V2 for pulling the toner back from the photoconductor 20 to the developing roller 510 is also reliably applied. Therefore, the toner pullback function of the second voltage V2 contributes to pulling back the fog toner that has moved from the groove portion 512 and adhered to the non-image portion (portion corresponding to the white image) of the photoconductor 20 to the developing roller 510 side. Thus, the generation of fog is appropriately prevented.

=== Method for Manufacturing Developing Device ===
Here, a method for manufacturing the developing device will be described with reference to FIGS. 15A to 17. FIGS. 15A to 15E are schematic views showing the transition of the developing roller 510 in the manufacturing process of the developing roller 510. FIG. FIG. 16 is an explanatory diagram for explaining the rolling process of the developing roller 510. FIG. 17 is a flowchart for explaining a method of assembling the yellow developing device 54. When the developing device is manufactured, after the housing 540, the holder 526, the developing roller 510, the toner supply roller 550, the regulating blade 560, etc. are manufactured, the developing device is assembled using these members. To be implemented. In this section, the manufacturing method of the developing roller 510 among the manufacturing methods of these members will be described first, and then the developing device assembly method will be described. In the following description, among the black developing device 51, the magenta developing device 52, the cyan developing device 53, and the yellow developing device 54, the yellow developing device 54 will be described as an example.

<<< About Manufacturing Method of Developing Roller 510 >>>
Here, a method for manufacturing the developing roller 510 will be described with reference to FIGS. 15A to 16.
First, as shown in FIG. 15A, a pipe material 600 as a base material of the developing roller 510 is prepared. The wall thickness of the pipe material 600 is 0.5 to 3 mm.
Next, as shown in FIG. 15B, flange press-fit portions 602 are formed at both longitudinal ends of the pipe material 600. The flange press-fit portion 602 is made by cutting.
Next, as shown in FIG. 15C, the flange 604 is press-fitted into the flange press-fitting portion 602. In order to ensure the fixing of the flange 604 to the pipe material 600, the flange 604 may be bonded or welded to the pipe material 600 after the flange 604 is press-fitted.
Next, as shown in FIG. 15D, centerless polishing is performed on the surface of the pipe member 600 into which the flange 604 is press-fitted. The centerless polishing is performed over the entire surface, and the 10-point average roughness Rz of the surface after the centerless polishing is 1.0 μm or less.
Next, as shown in FIG. 15E, the pipe material 600 into which the flange 604 is press-fitted is subjected to a rolling process. In the present embodiment, so-called through-feed rolling (also called step rolling or through rolling) using two round dies 650 and 652 is performed.

  That is, as shown in FIG. 16, two round dies 650 and 652 arranged so as to sandwich the pipe material 600 as a work are placed on the pipe material 600 with a predetermined pressure (the direction of the pressure in FIG. The two round dies 650 and 652 are rotated in the same direction (see FIG. 16) in a state where they are pressed with a symbol P). In the through-feed rolling, as the round dies 650 and 652 rotate, the pipe material 600 rotates in the direction opposite to the rotation direction of the round dies 650 and 652 (see FIG. 16). Move in the direction shown. Protrusions 650 a and 652 a for forming grooves 680 are provided on the surfaces of the round dies 650 and 652, and the grooves 680 are formed in the pipe material 600 by deforming the pipe material 600 by the protrusions 650 a and 652 a. Is formed.

  Then, after the rolling process is finished, the surface of the central portion 510a is plated. In the present embodiment, electroless Ni—P plating is used as the plating, but is not limited to this, and for example, hard chrome plating or electroplating may be used.

<<< Assembly Method of Yellow Developing Device 54 >>>
Next, a method for assembling the yellow developing device 54 will be described with reference to FIG.
First, the housing 540, the holder 526, the developing roller 510, the regulating blade 560 and the like described above are prepared (step S2).
Next, the regulating blade 560 is fixed to the holder 526 by screwing the regulating blade 560 to the regulating blade support 526c of the holder 526 (step S4). Note that the end seal 574 described above is attached to the regulating blade 560 in advance before the step S4.
Next, the developing roller 510 is attached to the holder 526 to which the regulating blade 560 is fixed (step S6). At this time, the developing roller 510 is attached to the holder 526 so that the regulating blade 560 comes into contact with the other end of the developing roller 510 in the axial direction. Note that the above-described upper seal 520 is attached to the holder 526 in advance before the step S6.

  Then, the assembly of the yellow developing device 54 is completed by attaching the holder 526 to which the developing roller 510, the regulating blade 560, and the like are attached to the housing 540 via the housing seal 546 (step S8). The toner supply roller 550 described above is previously attached to the housing 540 before step S8.

=== Other Embodiments ===
The image forming apparatus and the like according to the present invention have been described above based on the above embodiment. However, the above embodiment of the present invention is for facilitating understanding of the present invention and limits the present invention. is not. The present invention can be changed and improved without departing from the gist thereof, and the present invention includes the equivalents thereof.

  In the above embodiment, an intermediate transfer type full color laser beam printer has been described as an example of the image forming apparatus. However, the present invention is not limited to the intermediate transfer type, such as a full color laser beam printer, a monochrome laser beam printer, a copying machine, and a facsimile. The present invention can be applied to various image forming apparatuses.

  Also, the photosensitive member is not limited to a so-called photosensitive roller, which is configured by providing a photosensitive layer on the outer peripheral surface of a cylindrical conductive substrate, and is configured by providing a photosensitive layer on the surface of a belt-shaped conductive substrate. A so-called photosensitive belt may be used.

In the above embodiment, the concave portions are two types of spiral groove portions 512 having different inclination angles with respect to the circumferential direction of the developing roller 510, and the two types of spiral groove portions 512 intersect with each other to form a lattice. The shape is assumed to be, but is not limited to this.
For example, the recess may not be a groove. Moreover, when a recessed part is a groove part, a groove part does not need to be helical. Further, only one type of groove may be provided as the recess.

Further, in the above embodiment, the developing roller 510 has a rhombus top surface 515 surrounded by the two types of spiral grooves 512, and among the two diagonal lines that the rhombus top surface 515 has However, the present invention is not limited to this.
For example, as shown in FIG. 18A, both of the two diagonal lines of the top surface of the rhombus may not be along the circumferential direction.

In the above embodiment, the developing roller 510 has the square top surface 515 surrounded by the two types of spiral grooves 512, but the invention is not limited to this.
For example, as shown in FIG. 18B, the top surface may be a rhombus that is not square. Further, the top surface is not a rhombus but may be a circle as shown in FIG. 18C, for example. 18A to 18C are diagrams showing variations on the surface shape of the developing roller 510 (in each figure, the aforementioned minimum width Lmin is shown as reference information).

  Moreover, in the said embodiment, although the groove part 512 was provided with the bottom face 513 and the side surface 514, and the inclination angle of the side surface 514 was about 45 degree | times (refer FIG. 7), it is limited to this. For example, the inclination angle of the side surface 514 may be about 90 degrees.

In the above embodiment, the voltage applied by the voltage applying unit 132 to the developing roller 510 is only the first voltage V1 and the second voltage V2, and the voltage applying unit 132 is connected to the first voltage V1. Although the second voltage V2 is alternately applied, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, the voltage application unit 132 may apply an alternating voltage as shown in FIG. 19A.
In the above embodiment, the duty ratio of the alternating voltage is 50%. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and an alternating voltage as shown in FIG. 19B may be used.
19A and 19B are diagrams showing variations of the alternating voltage (and each figure shows the above-described period size T as reference information).

  Further, in the above embodiment, the moving speed of the surface of the developing roller 510 when the developing roller 510 rotates is different from the moving speed of the surface of the photoconductor 20 when the photoconductor 20 rotates. However, it is not limited to this, For example, you may make the moving speed of both surfaces equal.

  When the moving speed of the surface of the developing roller 510 when the developing roller 510 rotates is different from the moving speed of the surface of the photoconductor 20 when the photoconductor 20 rotates, the moving speed of both surfaces. When fog toner that has moved from the groove portion 512 and adhered to the non-image portion (the portion corresponding to the white image) of the photoconductor 20 is pulled back to the developing roller 510 side by the second voltage V2 as compared with the case where the two are equal. The possibility of returning to the top surface 515 instead of the groove portion 512 increases. Therefore, the chargeability of the returned toner becomes good, and the above embodiment is more desirable in this respect.

  The moving speed V is variable, and when the moving speed V is changed, the period T of the alternating voltage is not more than a value obtained by dividing the minimum width Lmin by the moving speed V. As such, the magnitude T of the period of the alternating voltage may be changed.

  Some printers have a variable moving speed V of the developing roller. An example of such a printer is a printer in which the moving speed V of the developing roller changes as the process speed of the printer is changed according to the type of medium (in the printer, a thick paper is used). When the image is formed on the special paper such as the OHP sheet and the plain paper, the process speed is increased in the latter, and the moving speed V is also increased at this time. Become).

  In such a printer, when the moving speed V is changed, the alternating voltage period T is less than or equal to a value obtained by dividing the minimum width Lmin by the moving speed V. If the period T of the alternating voltage is changed, the above-described effect, that is, the effect of preventing the occurrence of fogging, can be achieved regardless of the operation mode of the printer. In this respect, the printer is more desirable.

  The printer operates as follows, for example. First, it is assumed that the printer is operating in the special paper image forming operation mode and satisfies the above-described condition (that is, T ≦ Lmin / V). Here, when the printer detects the type of medium and the medium is plain paper, the operation mode is changed to the plain paper image forming operation mode, and the printer process speed (moving speed of the developing roller) is changed. To speed up. When the moving speed in the plain paper image forming operation mode is V ′ and T ≦ Lmin / V ′ is not satisfied, the period of the alternating voltage is T ′ ≦ Lmin / V ′. To a smaller T ′ that satisfies

=== Configuration of Image Forming System etc. ===
Next, an image forming system according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 20 is an explanatory diagram showing an external configuration of the image forming system. The image forming system 700 includes a computer 702, a display device 704, a printer 706, an input device 708, and a reading device 710. In this embodiment, the computer 702 is housed in a mini-tower type housing, but is not limited thereto. The display device 704 is generally a CRT (Cathode Ray Tube), a plasma display, a liquid crystal display device, or the like, but is not limited thereto. As the printer 706, the printer described above is used. In this embodiment, the input device 708 uses a keyboard 708A and a mouse 708B, but is not limited thereto. In this embodiment, the reading device 710 uses a flexible disk drive device 710A and a CD-ROM drive device 710B, but is not limited to this. For example, an MO (Magneto Optical) disk drive device or a DVD (Digital Versatile) is used. Disk) etc. may be used.

  FIG. 21 is a block diagram showing a configuration of the image forming system shown in FIG. An internal memory 802 such as a RAM and an external memory such as a hard disk drive unit 804 are further provided in a housing in which the computer 702 is housed.

  In the above description, the example in which the printer 706 is connected to the computer 702, the display device 704, the input device 708, and the reading device 710 to configure the image forming system has been described. However, the present invention is not limited to this. Absent. For example, the image forming system may include a computer 702 and a printer 706, and the image forming system may not include any of the display device 704, the input device 708, and the reading device 710.

  For example, the printer 706 may have a part of the functions or mechanisms of the computer 702, the display device 704, the input device 708, and the reading device 710. As an example, the printer 706 includes an image processing unit that performs image processing, a display unit that performs various displays, a recording medium attachment / detachment unit for attaching / detaching a recording medium that records image data captured by a digital camera or the like. It is good also as a structure to have.

  The image forming system realized in this way is a system superior to the conventional system as a whole system.

FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating main components constituting the printer. FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating a control unit of the printer 10 in FIG. 1. It is a conceptual diagram of a developing device. It is sectional drawing which showed the main components of the image development apparatus. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a developing roller 510. FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of a developing roller 510. FIG. FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram showing a cross-sectional shape of a groove portion 512. It is an expansion schematic diagram of FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a restriction blade 560. FIG. FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a holder 526. FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing a state where an upper seal 520, a regulating blade 560, and a developing roller 510 are assembled to a holder 526. FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a state in which a holder 526 is attached to a housing 540. 6 is a schematic diagram showing an alternating voltage applied to the developing roller 510. FIG. It is explanatory drawing for demonstrating the predominance of the printer 10 which concerns on this Embodiment. FIGS. 15A to 15E are schematic views showing the transition of the developing roller 510 in the manufacturing process of the developing roller 510. FIG. FIG. 6 is an explanatory diagram for explaining a rolling process of the developing roller 510. 4 is a flowchart for explaining a method of assembling the yellow developing device 54. 18A to 18C are diagrams showing variations on the surface shape of the developing roller 510. FIG. 19A and 19B are diagrams showing variations of the alternating voltage. 1 is an explanatory diagram showing an external configuration of an image forming system. It is a block diagram which shows the structure of the image forming system shown in FIG.

Explanation of symbols

10 laser beam printer, 20 photoconductor, 30 charging unit,
40 exposure unit, 50 YMCK development unit, 50a central axis,
51 black developing device, 52 magenta developing device, 53 cyan developing device,
54 Yellow developing device, 55a, 55b, 55c, 55d holding part,
60 primary transfer unit, 70 intermediate transfer member, 75 cleaning unit,
76 Cleaning blade, 80 Secondary transfer unit, 90 Fixing unit,
92 paper feed tray, 94 paper feed roller, 95 display unit, 96 registration roller,
100 control unit, 101 main controller,
102 unit controller, 112 interface,
113 image memory, 128 YMCK development unit drive control circuit,
132 voltage application section, 510 developing roller, 510a center section, 510b shaft section,
512 groove portion, 512a first groove portion, 512b second groove portion, 513 bottom surface,
514 Side surface, 515 Top surface, 520 Top seal, 520a Short side end,
520b contact surface, 520c opposite surface, 524 upper seal biasing member,
526 holder, 526a upper seal support part, 526b developing roller support part,
526c regulating blade support, 530 toner container,
530a first toner container, 530b second toner container, 540 housing,
542 Upper housing part, 544 Lower housing part, 545 Partition wall,
546 Housing seal, 550 toner supply roller, 560 regulating blade,
560a tip, 562 rubber part, 562a contact part, 564 rubber support part,
564a thin plate, 564b thin plate support, 564c both longitudinal ends,
564d one end in the short direction, 564e the other end in the short direction, 572 opening,
574 end seal, 576 bearing, 600 pipe material,
602 flange press-fit part, 604 flange, 650 round die, 650a convex part,
652 round die, 652a convex portion, 680 groove, 700 image forming system,
702 computer, 704 display device, 706 printer, 708 input device,
708A keyboard, 708B mouse, 710 reader,
710A flexible disk drive device,
710B CD-ROM drive device,
802 internal memory, 804 hard disk drive unit,
T Toner

Claims (9)

  1. An image carrier for carrying a latent image;
    A developer carrying member for transporting the developer to a facing position facing the image carrier by rotating in a state of having a concave portion regularly arranged on the surface and carrying the developer;
    For developing the latent image by the developer conveyed to the facing position, a first voltage for directing the developer from the developer carrier to the image carrier and the developer from the image carrier An alternating voltage provided with a second voltage for directing the developer to the carrier, a voltage application unit for applying to the developer carrier,
    An image forming apparatus having
    The period of the alternating voltage is
    The minimum width of the concave portion along the circumferential direction of the developer carrying member is equal to or less than a value divided by the moving speed of the surface of the developer carrying member when the developer carrying member rotates. Image forming apparatus.
  2. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1.
    The concave portions are two types of spiral groove portions having different inclination angles with respect to the circumferential direction, and the two types of spiral groove portions intersect with each other to form a lattice shape. apparatus.
  3. The image forming apparatus according to claim 2.
    The developer carrier has a rhomboid top surface surrounded by the two types of spiral grooves,
    One of the two diagonal lines which the rhombus top surface has is along the said circumferential direction, The image forming apparatus characterized by the above-mentioned.
  4. The image forming apparatus according to claim 3.
    The image forming apparatus, wherein the developer carrying member has a square top surface surrounded by the two types of spiral grooves.
  5. 5. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
    The voltage applied by the voltage application unit to the developer carrier is only the first voltage and the second voltage,
    The image forming apparatus, wherein the voltage application unit alternately applies the first voltage and the second voltage.
  6. The image forming apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 5,
    The image carrier is rotatable,
    Image formation characterized in that the speed of movement of the surface of the developer carrier when the developer carrier rotates is different from the speed of movement of the surface of the image carrier when the image carrier rotates. apparatus.
  7. The image forming apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6,
    The moving speed is variable,
    When the moving speed is changed,
    2. The image forming apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the period of the alternating voltage is changed so that the period of the alternating voltage is equal to or less than a value obtained by dividing the minimum width by the moving speed.
  8. An image carrier for carrying a latent image;
    A developer carrying member for transporting the developer to a facing position facing the image carrier by rotating in a state of having a concave portion regularly arranged on the surface and carrying the developer;
    For developing the latent image by the developer conveyed to the facing position, a first voltage for directing the developer from the developer carrier to the image carrier and the developer from the image carrier An alternating voltage provided with a second voltage for directing the developer to the carrier, a voltage application unit for applying to the developer carrier,
    An image forming apparatus having
    The period of the alternating voltage is
    The minimum width of the concave portion along the circumferential direction of the developer carrier, or less than the value divided by the moving speed of the surface of the developer carrier when the developer carrier rotates,
    The concave portions are two types of spiral groove portions having different inclination angles with respect to the circumferential direction, and the two types of spiral groove portions intersect each other to form a lattice shape,
    The developer carrier has a rhomboid top surface surrounded by the two types of spiral grooves,
    One of the two diagonal lines of the rhomboid top surface is along the circumferential direction,
    The developer carrier has a square top surface surrounded by the two types of spiral grooves,
    The voltage applied by the voltage application unit to the developer carrier is only the first voltage and the second voltage,
    The voltage application unit alternately applies the first voltage and the second voltage,
    The image carrier is rotatable,
    Image formation characterized in that the speed of movement of the surface of the developer carrier when the developer carrier rotates is different from the speed of movement of the surface of the image carrier when the image carrier rotates. apparatus.
  9. Computer and
    An image forming apparatus connectable to the computer, having an image carrier for carrying a latent image, and regularly arranged concave portions on the surface, and rotating in a state of carrying a developer. A developer carrier for transporting the developer to a facing position facing the image carrier, and the developer carrier for developing the latent image with the developer transported to the facing position. An alternating voltage having a first voltage for directing the developer to the image carrier and a second voltage for directing the developer from the image carrier to the developer carrier, to the developer carrier. An image forming apparatus having a voltage application unit to apply, wherein the developer carrier has a minimum width of the alternating voltage in a circumferential direction of the developer carrier. Divide by the moving speed of the surface of the developer carrier when rotating. The image forming apparatus is less than or equal to the value,
    An image forming system comprising:
JP2006056830A 2006-03-02 2006-03-02 Image forming apparatus and image forming system Pending JP2007233195A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006056830A JP2007233195A (en) 2006-03-02 2006-03-02 Image forming apparatus and image forming system
US11/678,449 US7729647B2 (en) 2006-03-02 2007-02-23 Image forming apparatus, image forming method, and image forming system
CN2007800040488A CN101379442B (en) 2006-03-02 2007-02-27 Image forming device, image forming method, and image forming system
PCT/JP2007/053653 WO2007099961A1 (en) 2006-03-02 2007-02-27 Image forming device, image forming method, and image forming system
EP07714996A EP1990688A4 (en) 2006-03-02 2007-02-27 Image forming device, image forming method, and image forming system

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009175699A (en) * 2007-12-28 2009-08-06 Konica Minolta Business Technologies Inc Toner supply roller, developing device and image forming apparatus
JP2009271415A (en) * 2008-05-09 2009-11-19 Konica Minolta Business Technologies Inc Toner supply roller, developing device, and image forming apparatus
JP2009288474A (en) * 2008-05-29 2009-12-10 Seiko Epson Corp Image forming apparatus and image forming method
EP2068203A3 (en) * 2007-12-05 2010-04-14 Seiko Epson Corporation A developer apparatus, an image forming apparatus and an image forming method
US8081910B2 (en) 2008-12-10 2011-12-20 Seiko Epson Corporation Image forming apparatus and image forming method

Families Citing this family (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4544307B2 (en) * 2008-01-10 2010-09-15 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Image forming apparatus and image forming method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4027302B2 (en) * 2003-11-11 2007-12-26 株式会社沖データ Image forming apparatus

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2068203A3 (en) * 2007-12-05 2010-04-14 Seiko Epson Corporation A developer apparatus, an image forming apparatus and an image forming method
US8027624B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2011-09-27 Seiko Epson Corporation Developer apparatus, an image forming apparatus and an image forming method
JP2009175699A (en) * 2007-12-28 2009-08-06 Konica Minolta Business Technologies Inc Toner supply roller, developing device and image forming apparatus
JP2009271415A (en) * 2008-05-09 2009-11-19 Konica Minolta Business Technologies Inc Toner supply roller, developing device, and image forming apparatus
JP2009288474A (en) * 2008-05-29 2009-12-10 Seiko Epson Corp Image forming apparatus and image forming method
US8175504B2 (en) 2008-05-29 2012-05-08 Seiko Epson Corporation Image forming apparatus and image forming method
US8081910B2 (en) 2008-12-10 2011-12-20 Seiko Epson Corporation Image forming apparatus and image forming method

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CN101379442A (en) 2009-03-04

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