JP2007215436A - Window opening and shutting mechanism having insect screen and insect screen - Google Patents

Window opening and shutting mechanism having insect screen and insect screen Download PDF

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JP2007215436A
JP2007215436A JP2006037633A JP2006037633A JP2007215436A JP 2007215436 A JP2007215436 A JP 2007215436A JP 2006037633 A JP2006037633 A JP 2006037633A JP 2006037633 A JP2006037633 A JP 2006037633A JP 2007215436 A JP2007215436 A JP 2007215436A
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opening
insect
window
net
closing
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Toshichika Fujita
利親 藤田
Tatsu Nishida
達 西田
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Sankin B & G Kk
サンキンB&G株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a window opening and shutting mechanism having an insect screen simple in structure, easy in installation and easily applicable regardless of the form of a driving arm (that is, regardless of the travel locus of the driving arm), and to provide a insect screen. <P>SOLUTION: A window opening and shutting mechanism 24 comprises a window 20 pivoted its one side rim, an insect screen 23 closing an opening 21 of the window 20 and a driving means 28 for opening and closing the window in the outdoor side of the insect screen 23, wherein the insect screen 23 has a release opening 30 of the driving means 28 of the insect screen 23 at the through part of the driving means 28 and has an expanded sleeve 32 followable to open and close action of the driving means 28 driving through the insect screen 23. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2007,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、例えば農業用温室や農業用ハウス(以下「農業用温室」という)の屋根等に設けられた開閉式の窓から害虫が侵入することを防止する防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構および防虫網に関するものであり、より詳しくは、前記防虫網を貫通して開閉動作する前記窓の駆動手段に拘わらず、効果的に隙間を閉鎖できると共に、スムースな開閉動作を行うことができる防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構および防虫網に関する。   The present invention relates to a window opening / closing mechanism provided with an insect net that prevents an insect from entering through an openable window provided on the roof of an agricultural greenhouse or an agricultural house (hereinafter referred to as “agricultural greenhouse”), for example. The present invention relates to an insect net, and more specifically, an insect net that can effectively close a gap and perform a smooth opening / closing operation regardless of the window driving means that opens and closes through the insect net. The present invention relates to a window opening / closing mechanism and an insect net.
従来、農業用温室には、屋根に換気用又は採光用等のために窓(天窓等)が設けられるとともに、前記窓の開口部から害虫が侵入することがないように、又は、農作物栽培に使用する受粉用昆虫や天敵昆虫(生物農薬)が室内から逃げ出して生態系に悪影響を及ぼさないように、前記窓の開口部に防虫網が取り付けられているものがある。   Conventionally, an agricultural greenhouse is provided with a window (such as a skylight) on the roof for ventilation or lighting, and pests are not invaded from the opening of the window, or for crop cultivation. Some insects for pollination and natural enemy insects (biological pesticides) that are used escape from the room and have an adverse effect on the ecosystem.
このような農業用温室として、例えば、図9に示されるように、垂木Aの上面に型材を介してガラス板を張り渡して屋根面Bを構成するとともに、該屋根面Bの一部に換気用の開口部Cを開口させており、しかもこの開口部Cには天窓Dが、その一側端部をヒンジEにより棟材Fの天窓支承部に回転自在に支承させてヒンジ機構を構成し、該ヒンジ機構を支点として、駆動アームG、リンク機構Hを介して駆動手段により同図の実線位置から鎖線位置にかけて開閉が自在に構成されており、しかも、前記開口部Cには防虫用の網枠Iが取り付けられているものがある。   As such an agricultural greenhouse, for example, as shown in FIG. 9, a roof surface B is formed by stretching a glass plate over the upper surface of the rafter A via a mold material, and a part of the roof surface B is ventilated. An opening C is opened, and a skylight D is formed in the opening C, and one end thereof is rotatably supported by a hinge E on a skylight support portion of the building material F to constitute a hinge mechanism. The hinge mechanism is used as a fulcrum, and can be opened and closed freely from the solid line position to the chain line position in the drawing by the drive means via the drive arm G and the link mechanism H. Some have a frame I attached.
前記網枠Iは、図10に示すように、前記開口部C全体を覆うに十分な大きさの網Jを、前記駆動アームGの移動軌跡に合わせて2分割し、内部に防虫網を張り巡らせた網枠Iと、該両網枠Iの相互に対接する側の端部に取り付けられ、それぞれの端部を略接触させて両網枠I間の間隙を閉塞することのできるゴム板Kとからなり、両ゴム板K,Kによって前記駆動アームGを挟み込ませた状態のまま、その移動を行うように構成している。   As shown in FIG. 10, the mesh frame I is divided into a mesh J large enough to cover the entire opening C according to the movement trajectory of the drive arm G, and an insect repellent net is stretched inside. Circulated network frame I and a rubber plate K that is attached to the ends of the mesh frames I that are in contact with each other, and that can close the gap between the network frames I by bringing the ends into contact with each other. The drive arm G is sandwiched between the rubber plates K and K, and the movement is performed.
しかしながら、前記の窓開閉構造においては、前記駆動アームGの位置が常時移動しているわけではなく、特に天窓Dを全開にし、あるいは全閉状態に保持する場合には、前記駆動アームGがその位置に比較的長時間留まりやすいために、前記ゴム板Kの特定の箇所に前記駆動アームGよる曲げ癖ができやすく、また前記天窓Dを開閉する際において、前記駆動アームGの移動方向に対して横ぶれを起こし、両ゴム板K,Kのいずれか一方の側に偏ることがある。そして上記のいずれの場合においても両ゴム板K,K間に、部分的な隙間を生じ得る。   However, in the window opening / closing structure, the position of the drive arm G does not always move. In particular, when the skylight D is fully opened or held fully closed, the drive arm G Since it tends to stay at a position for a relatively long time, it is easy to make a bending wrinkle by the drive arm G at a specific portion of the rubber plate K, and when the skylight D is opened and closed, the movement direction of the drive arm G May cause lateral deflection and be biased to one of the two rubber plates K, K. In any of the above cases, a partial gap may be generated between the rubber plates K and K.
これらの問題を解決するために、例えば、実開平05−74247号公報に記載の防虫網収納装置が提案されている。該防虫網収納装置は、図11および図12に示すように、開口部Lを防虫網Mで覆った前記開口部Lの外側において開閉する天窓Nと、温室内に設置され、前記防虫網Mを貫通する駆動アームOを介して前記天窓Nを開閉する駆動機構とを有するとともに、前記防虫網Mの前記駆動アームOの貫通箇所には、その中央に、少なくとも前記駆動アームOの移動範囲以上の小窓Pを開設したカバープレートQを嵌め込むとともに、前記駆動アームOには、これに追従移動が可能であって、しかも移動時においても前記カバープレートQの小窓Pを完全に覆うことのできるスライドプレートRを嵌め込み、しかも前記カバープレートQに対してスライド自在に重ね合わせて構成しており、これにより温室における前記開口部Lを覆う防虫網Mのシール性を向上させると共に、経時的使用によっても防虫効果の完全を期すことができるように構成されている。   In order to solve these problems, for example, an insect net storage device described in Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 05-74247 has been proposed. As shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, the insect net storage device is installed in a greenhouse with a skylight N that opens and closes outside the opening L with the opening L covered with the insect net M, and the insect net M A drive mechanism that opens and closes the skylight N through a drive arm O that passes through the insect screen M, and the penetration position of the drive arm O of the insect net M is at least in the center of the movement range of the drive arm O. The cover plate Q having the small window P is fitted, and the drive arm O can be moved in accordance with the cover plate Q, and can completely cover the small window P of the cover plate Q even during the movement. And a slide plate R that can be slid, and is slidably overlapped with the cover plate Q, whereby a sheet of an insect screen M that covers the opening L in the greenhouse. It improves the sex, and is configured to be able to completeness of insect repellent by time use.
実開平05−74247号公報Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 05-74247
しかしながら、前記実開平05−74247号公報に記載された防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構は、構造が複雑であり、部品点数等も多く、前記駆動アームOの移動範囲と前記カバープレートQの小窓Pを位置を合わせたうえで、取り付ける等の必要が生じ、施工時においても、取付工程が難しいものであった。さらに、例えば後述する図1乃至図7に示すように、駆動アームがV字状に広がって伸びるタイプの開閉機構を有する農業用温室では、構造上非常に複雑なものとなり、実際上取り付けることは困難である。   However, the window opening / closing mechanism provided with the insect net described in Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 05-74247 has a complicated structure, a large number of parts, and the like, and the movement range of the drive arm O and the small size of the cover plate Q are small. It was necessary to attach the window P after adjusting the position, and the installation process was difficult even during construction. Furthermore, for example, as shown in FIGS. 1 to 7, which will be described later, in an agricultural greenhouse having an opening / closing mechanism in which a drive arm extends and extends in a V shape, the structure becomes very complicated, and it is actually attached. Have difficulty.
本発明は、かかる事情に鑑みてなされたものであって、構成が簡単であり、取り付けも容易であり、駆動アームの形状如何に拘わらず(すなわち、駆動アームの移動軌跡に拘わらず)、容易に施工することができる防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構および防虫網を提供することを目的とする。   The present invention has been made in view of such circumstances, has a simple configuration, is easy to install, and is easy regardless of the shape of the drive arm (that is, regardless of the movement trajectory of the drive arm). An object of the present invention is to provide a window opening / closing mechanism and an insect net that are provided with an insect net that can be applied to an object.
請求項1に記載の防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構は、一側縁を枢支された窓と該窓の開口部を閉鎖する防虫網と前記窓を前記防虫網の室外側において開放および閉鎖する駆動手段とを有する窓開閉機構であって、前記防虫網は、前記駆動手段の貫通箇所に前記防虫網の駆動手段の逃がし開口部を備えると共に、前記防虫網を貫通して駆動する前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を備えてなることを特徴とする。   A window opening / closing mechanism having an insect repellent net according to claim 1, wherein a window supported on one side edge, an insect repellent net for closing an opening of the window, and the window are opened and closed outside the insect repellent net. A window opening / closing mechanism having a driving means for performing the driving operation, wherein the insect screen has a relief opening for the driving means of the insect screen at a penetration portion of the driving means and drives through the insect screen. A bulging sleeve portion that can follow the opening / closing operation of the means is provided.
請求項1に記載の防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構にあっては、前記防虫網は、駆動手段の逃がし開口部と前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を取り付けるだけでよいので、構成が簡単であり、取り付けも容易であり、駆動アームの移動軌跡に拘わらず容易に製造することができ、さらに施工性も良いものとなる。   In the window opening / closing mechanism provided with the insect net according to claim 1, the insect net only needs to be attached to the relief opening of the driving means and the bulging sleeve that can follow the opening / closing operation of the driving means. Therefore, the configuration is simple, the attachment is easy, the manufacturing can be easily performed regardless of the movement trajectory of the drive arm, and the workability is also good.
請求項2に記載の防虫網は、一側縁を枢支された窓と該窓の開口部を閉鎖する防虫網と前記窓を前記防虫網の室外側において開放および閉鎖する駆動手段とを有する窓開閉機構に適用する防虫網であって、前記駆動手段の貫通箇所に前記防虫網の駆動手段の逃がし開口部を備えると共に、前記防虫網を貫通して駆動する前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を備えてなることを特徴とする。   The insect repellent net according to claim 2 has a window pivoted on one side edge, an insect repellent net that closes an opening of the window, and a driving means that opens and closes the window outside the insect repellent net. An insect repellent net applied to a window opening and closing mechanism, wherein the drive means includes a relief opening for the drive means of the insect repellent net, and follows the opening and closing operation of the drive means driven through the insect repellent net It is characterized by comprising a bulging sleeve portion that can be.
請求項2に記載の防虫網にあっては、駆動手段の逃がし開口部と前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を取り付けるだけでよいので、構成が簡単であり、取り付けも容易であり、駆動アームの移動軌跡に拘わらず容易に製造することができ、さらに、施工性も良いものとなる。   In the insect net of claim 2, since it is only necessary to attach the relief opening of the driving means and the bulging sleeve that can follow the opening / closing operation of the driving means, the configuration is simple and the attachment is easy. Therefore, it can be easily manufactured regardless of the movement trajectory of the drive arm, and the workability is also good.
請求項1に記載の防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構によれば、一側縁を枢支された窓と該窓の開口部を閉鎖する防虫網と前記窓を前記防虫網の室外側において開放および閉鎖する駆動手段とを有する窓開閉機構であって、前記防虫網は、前記駆動手段の貫通箇所に前記防虫網の駆動手段の逃がし開口部を備えると共に、前記防虫網を貫通して駆動する前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を備えているので、前記防虫網は、駆動手段の逃がし開口部と前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を取り付けるだけでよく、構成が簡単であり、取り付けも容易であり、駆動アームの移動軌跡に拘わらず容易に施工することができる。   According to the window opening / closing mechanism provided with the insect net according to claim 1, the window supported on one side edge, the insect net closing the opening of the window, and the window are opened outside the insect net. And a window opening / closing mechanism having a driving means for closing, wherein the insect net has a relief opening for the driving means of the insect net at a location where the driving means penetrates, and is driven through the insect net. Since the bulging sleeve portion that can follow the opening / closing operation of the driving means is provided, the insect net has only to attach the relief opening portion of the driving means and the bulging sleeve portion that can follow the opening / closing operation of the driving means. Well, the structure is simple, the mounting is easy, and it can be easily constructed regardless of the movement trajectory of the drive arm.
請求項2に記載の防虫網によれば、一側縁を枢支された窓と該窓の開口部を閉鎖する防虫網と前記窓を前記防虫網の室外側において開放および閉鎖する駆動手段とを有する窓開閉機構に適用する防虫網であって、前記駆動手段の貫通箇所に前記防虫網の駆動手段の逃がし開口部を備えると共に、前記防虫網を貫通して駆動する前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を備えているので、前記防虫網にあっては、駆動手段の逃がし開口部と前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を取り付けるだけでよく、構成が簡単であり、取り付けも容易であり、駆動アームの移動軌跡に拘わらず容易に製造することができ、さらに施工性も良いものとなる。   According to the insect net of claim 2, a window pivoted on one side edge, an insect net closing the opening of the window, and a driving means for opening and closing the window outside the insect net. An insect repellent net that is applied to a window opening and closing mechanism having a relief opening for the drive means of the insect repellent net at a location where the drive means passes, and an opening / closing operation of the drive means that drives through the insect repellent net In the insect net, it is only necessary to attach the relief opening of the driving means and the bulging sleeve that can follow the opening / closing operation of the driving means. Is easy to install, can be easily manufactured regardless of the movement trajectory of the drive arm, and has good workability.
以下、本発明を実施するための最良の形態を図面に基づいて具体的に説明する。   The best mode for carrying out the present invention will be specifically described below with reference to the drawings.
(第1の実施の形態) (First embodiment)
図1は、本発明の第1の実施の形態にかかる防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構を有する農業用温室の概略斜視図であり、図2は、同農業用温室の要部断面図である。   FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an agricultural greenhouse having a window opening / closing mechanism provided with an insect screen according to the first embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a main part of the agricultural greenhouse. .
図1および図2において、10は連棟型の農業用温室であり、山型に組み合わされた屋根面11を複数棟連結して構成される。図中12は支柱であり、該支柱12は、横方向(梁行方向)と奥行方向(桁方向)に夫々複数本が立設されており、該支柱12上部には横方向に向けて梁材13を架設すると共に、これと直交する奥行方向において長尺の桁材14を架設している。   In FIGS. 1 and 2, reference numeral 10 denotes a continuous greenhouse greenhouse, which is configured by connecting a plurality of roof surfaces 11 combined in a mountain shape. In the figure, reference numeral 12 denotes a support column. A plurality of support columns 12 are erected in the horizontal direction (beam direction) and the depth direction (girder direction), respectively. A material 13 is installed, and a long girder material 14 is installed in a depth direction orthogonal to the material 13.
該桁材14には奥行方向に向けて垂木材15が多数並設されており、該垂木材15は、天頂部16において、合掌状に逆斜面の垂木材15と連結しており、山型状の前記屋根面11を形成しており、また、前記天頂部16には、長尺状の棟材17を奥行方向に取り付けており、ガラス板18を張り渡して形成した屋根面11を支えると同時に、上部両側にはヒンジ受部17aを形成して天窓20を支承している。   A large number of hanging lumbers 15 are juxtaposed on the beam member 14 in the depth direction, and the hanging lumbers 15 are connected to the hanging lumbers 15 on the reverse slope in the shape of a palm at the zenith portion 16. The long roof material 17 is attached to the zenith part 16 in the depth direction, and the roof surface 11 formed by stretching the glass plate 18 is supported. At the same time, hinge receiving portions 17a are formed on both sides of the upper portion to support the skylight 20.
前記天窓20は、天窓上枠材20aと天窓下枠材20bと天窓側枠材20c,20dとを枠組みし、ガラス板を嵌め込んで形成しており、前記天窓上枠材20aの端部にはヒンジ部20eを形成して、前記棟材17に設けられたヒンジ受部17aに、回動自在に嵌合されている。   The skylight 20 has a skylight upper frame material 20a, a skylight lower frame material 20b, and skylight side frame materials 20c and 20d, and is formed by fitting a glass plate. At the end of the skylight upper frame material 20a. Forms a hinge portion 20e and is rotatably fitted to a hinge receiving portion 17a provided on the building material 17.
そして、前記天窓20の開口部21には、前記屋根面と略面一となるように、網枠材22が嵌め込んでおり、該網枠材22に防虫網23を張設して、前記天窓20を換気等のために開放した場合に、前記開口部21からの害虫の侵入又は受粉用等昆虫の逃走を防止している。また、前記網枠材22には横桟22aが架設されており、前記防虫網23を上部防虫網23aと下部防虫網23bの二段に仕切っている。   A net frame member 22 is fitted into the opening 21 of the skylight 20 so as to be substantially flush with the roof surface, and an insect net 23 is stretched over the net frame member 22 to When the skylight 20 is opened for ventilation or the like, insects are prevented from invading through the opening 21 or for pollination for pollination. Further, a horizontal rail 22a is installed on the net frame member 22, and the insect net 23 is divided into two stages of an upper insect net 23a and a lower insect net 23b.
図中24は、前記天窓20の開閉機構であり、該天窓の開閉機構24は、前記梁材13と水平に設置されたレール25と、該レール25に滑車26にて懸架された駆動軸27と、該駆動軸27の端部に設けて前記駆動軸27の水平移動を行う駆動手段(図示せず)と、前記駆動軸27の上部に上方に向けて回動自在に取り付けた略V字状の駆動アーム28とを含み、前記駆動軸27を横方向に水平移動することにより、前記駆動軸アーム28を揺動させながら上下動させて、これにより、前記駆動アーム28の先端に取り付けた前記天窓側枠材20c,20dを上下動させて、前記防虫網23の室外側にて、前記天窓20の開放および閉鎖を行っている。   In the figure, reference numeral 24 denotes an opening / closing mechanism for the skylight 20. The opening / closing mechanism 24 for the skylight includes a rail 25 installed horizontally with the beam member 13, and a drive shaft 27 suspended on the rail 25 by a pulley 26. A drive means (not shown) provided at the end of the drive shaft 27 for horizontally moving the drive shaft 27, and a substantially V-shape mounted on the upper portion of the drive shaft 27 so as to be rotatable upward. The drive shaft 27 is horizontally moved in the horizontal direction to move the drive shaft arm 28 up and down while swinging, so that the drive shaft 27 is attached to the tip of the drive arm 28. The skylight side frame members 20c and 20d are moved up and down to open and close the skylight 20 outside the insect screen 23.
図3は、開放した状態の天窓および天窓周辺を示す拡大断面図であり、図4は、天窓の開放状態を室内側から示す斜視図である。図5は、閉鎖した状態の天窓および天窓周辺を示す拡大断面図であり、図6は、天窓の閉鎖状態を室内から示す斜視図である。また、図7は、防虫網の要部を示す(a)は正面図であり、(b)は側面図である   FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view showing the skylight and the periphery of the skylight in an open state, and FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing the open state of the skylight from the indoor side. FIG. 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view showing the skylight and the vicinity of the skylight in a closed state, and FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing the closed state of the skylight from the room. Moreover, FIG. 7 is a front view showing the main part of the insect screen, and (b) is a side view.
前記下部防虫網23bには、前記駆動アーム28を貫通させるために前記駆動アーム28の外径よりも僅かに径大の逃がし開口部30を開設すると共に、前記駆動アーム28の移動軌跡を担保するために楕円形状のアームホール31を開設しており、該アームホール31の周端縁から前記逃がし開口部30に向けて、室外側に膨出するように膨出袖部32を形成している。なお、本実施形態では、前記防虫網23上における前記駆動アーム28の軌跡は略ハ字状であるため、前記アームホール31もこれに合致するように略ハ字状に形成している。   The lower insect screen 23b is provided with a relief opening 30 having a diameter slightly larger than the outer diameter of the drive arm 28 in order to allow the drive arm 28 to pass therethrough, and ensures the movement trajectory of the drive arm 28. For this purpose, an elliptical armhole 31 is provided, and a bulging sleeve portion 32 is formed so as to bulge outward from the peripheral edge of the armhole 31 toward the escape opening 30. In this embodiment, since the locus of the drive arm 28 on the insect screen 23 is substantially C-shaped, the arm hole 31 is also formed in a substantially C-shape so as to match this.
前記天窓20を最大限に開放した状態においては、図3及び図4に示すように、前記膨出袖部32は、前記駆動アーム28の開動作に追従して上方に突出した状態に位置している。このとき、前記逃がし開口部30は、前記駆動アーム28の外径よりも僅かに径大に形成されているため、前記駆動アーム28の移動に対して摺動し、追従移動を行うのであって、この追従移動によって、前記膨出袖部32は最上部に位置しているのである。   In the state where the skylight 20 is fully opened, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the bulging sleeve portion 32 is positioned in a state of protruding upward following the opening operation of the drive arm 28. ing. At this time, the escape opening 30 is formed to be slightly larger in diameter than the outer diameter of the drive arm 28, so that it slides and moves following the movement of the drive arm 28. By this follow-up movement, the bulging sleeve portion 32 is located at the uppermost portion.
そして、前記天窓20を閉鎖した場合は、図5および図6に示すように、前記駆動アーム28の閉動作に伴い、前記膨出袖部32は、室内側に引き込まれて収納されるのであるが、このとき、前記膨出袖部32は、前記逃がし開口部30を頂点とする略円錐形状に形成されているので、裏返し状に収納されるか、若しくは、円錐状に重なるように収納され、何れにしても、嵩高くならず、好適に収納することができ、前記天窓20からはみ出ることなく収納することができる。   When the skylight 20 is closed, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the swollen sleeve 32 is retracted and housed inside the room as the drive arm 28 is closed. However, at this time, since the bulging sleeve portion 32 is formed in a substantially conical shape having the relief opening 30 as a vertex, it is stored in an inverted shape or stored so as to overlap with the conical shape. In any case, it is not bulky and can be stored suitably, and can be stored without protruding from the skylight 20.
(第2の実施の形態) (Second Embodiment)
図8は、他の防虫網を備えた開放した状態の天窓を室内側から示す斜視図である。図中320aは、第2の実施の形態の防虫網23である。前述した第1の実施形態では、前記駆動アーム28は略V字形状であり、したがって、前記アームホール31も前記駆動アーム28の移動軌跡に合致する形状から構成されるが、本実施の形態の駆動アーム280は、1本であり、前記天窓下枠材20bの中央部に軸支されている。したがって、これに対応する前記アームホール310も、前記下部防虫網の横方向略中央部に直線上に開設されている。このように、前記アームホール310は前記駆動アーム280の移動軌跡に沿って開設するとよく、前記駆動アームの形状(すなわち、前記防虫網上の軌跡)の如何にっかわらず、前記駆動アームの形状に合わせて開設するとよいのである。   FIG. 8 is a perspective view showing the skylight in an open state provided with another insect net from the indoor side. In the figure, 320a is the insect net 23 of the second embodiment. In the first embodiment described above, the drive arm 28 is substantially V-shaped, and thus the arm hole 31 is also configured to match the movement trajectory of the drive arm 28. The arm 280 is one and is pivotally supported at the center of the skylight lower frame member 20b. Accordingly, the corresponding armhole 310 is also formed in a straight line at a substantially central portion in the horizontal direction of the lower insect screen. As described above, the arm hole 310 may be opened along the movement trajectory of the drive arm 280, regardless of the shape of the drive arm (that is, the trajectory on the insect screen). It is good to open together.
前記防虫網23は、以上のような構成からなるため、構造が簡単で容易に製造ができるとと共に、前記駆動アーム28,280に対して追従性が良く、しかも確実に防虫効果を発揮できるもである。また、前記駆動アーム28,280の形状が相違する場合であっても、製造変更を容易に行うことができ、さらに、施工性もよく、既存の農業用温室にも容易に取り付けることができるという優れた効果を奏するもである。   Since the insect screen 23 has the above-described configuration, it has a simple structure and can be easily manufactured, has good followability with respect to the drive arms 28 and 280, and can reliably exhibit the insect-proof effect. It is. Moreover, even if the shapes of the drive arms 28 and 280 are different, the manufacturing change can be easily performed, the workability is also good, and it can be easily attached to an existing agricultural greenhouse. It has an excellent effect.
また、前述のように、前記防虫網枠22を上下二段に分けて構成した場合にあっては、下部23b又は上部23aの防虫網にのみ、前記構造を付加すればよく、一方の防虫網枠には、例えば、栽培作物の相違や季節の相違等に適宜合わせて、網目の大きさが異なる防虫網23a又は23bに張り替える等の作業が行うことができ、より効率的な運用が可能となるのである。さらに、前記防虫網枠22を上下二段に分けて構成した場合にあっては、前記構造を付加した何れかの防虫網(下部23b又は上部23aの防虫網)部分を、網素材ではなく、布帛素材や合成樹脂フィルム素材等の可撓性を有する素材で構成してもよい。   Further, as described above, in the case where the insect net frame 22 is divided into two upper and lower stages, the structure may be added only to the insect net of the lower part 23b or the upper part 23a. For example, the frame can be replaced with an insect repellent net 23a or 23b having a different mesh size in accordance with differences in cultivated crops or seasons, and more efficient operation is possible. It becomes. Furthermore, in the case where the insect repellent net frame 22 is divided into two upper and lower stages, any insect repellent net (insect repellent net of the lower part 23b or the upper part 23a) part to which the structure is added is not a net material, You may comprise by the raw material which has flexibility, such as a fabric material and a synthetic resin film material.
本発明にかかる防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構を有する農業用温室の概略斜視図である。It is a schematic perspective view of the greenhouse for agriculture which has a window opening and closing mechanism provided with the insect net concerning the present invention. 農業用温室の要部断面図である。It is principal part sectional drawing of the greenhouse for agriculture. 開放した状態の天窓および天窓周辺を示す拡大断面図である。It is an expanded sectional view showing the skylight in the opened state and the skylight periphery. 天窓の開放状態を室内側から示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the open state of a skylight from the indoor side. 閉鎖した状態の天窓および天窓周辺を示す拡大断面図である。It is an expanded sectional view showing the skylight in the closed state and the skylight periphery. 天窓の閉鎖状態を室内から示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the closed state of a skylight from the room. 防虫網の要部を示す(a)は正面図であり、(b)は側面図である(A) which shows the principal part of an insect screen is a front view, (b) is a side view 他の防虫網を備えた開放した状態の天窓を室内側から示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the skylight of the open state provided with the other insect net from the indoor side. 従来例を示す部分断面図である。It is a fragmentary sectional view showing a conventional example. 従来例を示す要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view which shows a prior art example. 従来例を示す部分断面図である。It is a fragmentary sectional view showing a conventional example. 従来例を示す要部斜視図である。It is a principal part perspective view which shows a prior art example.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
10 農業用温室
11 屋根面
12 支柱
13 梁材
14 桁材
15 垂木材
16 天頂部
17 棟材
17a ヒンジ受部
18 ガラス板
20 天窓
20a 天窓上枠材
20b 天窓下枠材
20c 天窓側枠材
20d 天窓側枠材
20e ヒンジ部
21 開口部
22 網枠材
23 防虫網
23a 上部防虫網
23b 下部防虫網
24 開閉機構
25 レール
26 滑車
27 駆動軸
28 駆動アーム
30 逃がし開口部
31 アームホール
32 膨出袖部
280 駆動アーム
310 アームホール
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Agricultural greenhouse 11 Roof surface 12 Column 13 Beam material 14 Girder material 15 Suspended wood 16 Top portion 17 Building material 17a Hinge receiving portion 18 Glass plate 20 Skylight 20a Skylight upper frame material 20b Skylight lower frame material 20c Skylight side frame material 20d Skylight Window side frame material 20e Hinge part 21 Opening part 22 Net frame material 23 Insect net 23a Upper insect net 23b Lower insect net 24 Opening / closing mechanism 25 Rail 26 Pulley 27 Drive shaft 28 Drive arm 30 Relief opening 31 Arm hole 32 Swelling sleeve part 280 Drive Arm 310 Arm hole

Claims (2)

  1. 一側縁を枢支された窓と該窓の開口部を閉鎖する防虫網と前記窓を前記防虫網の室外側において開放および閉鎖する駆動手段とを有する窓開閉機構であって、
    前記防虫網は、前記駆動手段の貫通箇所に前記防虫網の駆動手段の逃がし開口部を備えると共に、前記防虫網を貫通して駆動する前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を備えてなることを特徴とする防虫網を備えた窓開閉機構。
    A window opening / closing mechanism comprising: a window pivoted on one side edge; an insect net that closes an opening of the window; and a drive unit that opens and closes the window outside the insect net.
    The insect screen has an escape opening for the drive means of the insect screen at a penetration portion of the drive means, and has a bulging sleeve portion that can follow the opening and closing operation of the drive means that drives through the insect mesh. A window opening / closing mechanism provided with an insect repellent net.
  2. 一側縁を枢支された窓と該窓の開口部を閉鎖する防虫網と前記窓を前記防虫網の室外側において開放および閉鎖する駆動手段とを有する窓開閉機構に適用する防虫網であって、
    前記駆動手段の貫通箇所に前記防虫網の駆動手段の逃がし開口部を備えると共に、前記防虫網を貫通して駆動する前記駆動手段の開閉動作に追従可能な膨出袖部を備えてなることを特徴とする防虫網。
    The insect net is applied to a window opening / closing mechanism having a window pivoted on one side edge, an insect net that closes the opening of the window, and a driving means that opens and closes the window outside the insect net. And
    The piercing portion of the driving means is provided with a relief opening for the driving means of the insect screen, and a bulging sleeve portion capable of following the opening / closing operation of the driving means driven through the insect screen. Insect screen.
JP2006037633A 2006-02-15 2006-02-15 Window opening and shutting mechanism having insect screen and insect screen Pending JP2007215436A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010283323A (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-16 Green Plus Co Ltd Apparatus for bidirectionally tracking and condensing sunlight of roof installation type

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010283323A (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-16 Green Plus Co Ltd Apparatus for bidirectionally tracking and condensing sunlight of roof installation type

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