JP2007212092A - Drying device - Google Patents

Drying device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2007212092A
JP2007212092A JP2006034375A JP2006034375A JP2007212092A JP 2007212092 A JP2007212092 A JP 2007212092A JP 2006034375 A JP2006034375 A JP 2006034375A JP 2006034375 A JP2006034375 A JP 2006034375A JP 2007212092 A JP2007212092 A JP 2007212092A
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temperature
deodorizing
heater
air
ventilation path
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JP2006034375A
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JP4746997B2 (en
Inventor
Hiroshi Ebita
Yasuo Hara
Kenji Kobayashi
Yusuke Yorita
安夫 原
健治 小林
洋志 海老田
優介 頼田
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Hoshizaki Electric Co Ltd
ホシザキ電機株式会社
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Abstract

To provide a combustion type deodorizing apparatus at low cost.
A bypass passage 37 for generating and joining dry air is connected to a side of an upper ventilation passage 17A that is a part of a circulation passage 23, and a combustion type deodorizing unit 47 is bypassed in the upper ventilation passage 17A. The passage 37 is provided at a position between the suction port 29 and the discharge port 30. In order for the deodorizing unit 47 to exhibit the deodorizing function effectively, there are circumstances in which the temperature of the catalyst 49 and the air in contact with the catalyst 49 must be increased by the heater 50 for deodorization. Since the air which goes to is sucked before passing through the deodorizing unit 47, the temperature does not rise unnecessarily, and the cooler 32 is not lowered more than necessary. Further, since the discharged cool air does not directly pass through the deodorizing unit 47, the amount of heat generated by the deodorizing heater 50 is not increased more than necessary in order to increase the temperature of the catalyst 49.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a drying apparatus used for drying food materials, wood, and the like.

Conventionally, what was described in patent document 1 is known as this kind of drying apparatus. In this case, the inner box is stored in the main body consisting of a heat insulating box with a space, so that a ventilation path is formed from the upper side of the inner box to both the left and right sides, and the outlets are formed on both the left and right sides of the inner box. The upper duct is further divided into upper and lower parts, a cooler and a cooling fan are installed in the upper duct, and a circulation fan is installed in the lower duct. When the circulation fan is driven, air is circulated and circulated in one direction over the ventilation path and the inner box, while the cooling fan is driven so that the air is circulated to the lower duct of the upper ventilation path. A part of the air is sucked into the upper duct side and dehumidified by passing through the cooler, and the dry air is merged at the outlet side of the upper duct to be used for drying the material to be dried stored in the inner box. It has become so.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2003-106766

By the way, when the object to be dried is a dried fish, it is difficult to dry multiple species at the same time because the unique odor of fish species can easily be transferred to other fish, resulting in a decrease in product value. There is a problem that it must be opened and dried. Therefore, it is effective to deodorize at the time of drying, and a combustion-type deodorizing apparatus is known as one that exhibits a strong deodorizing function.
This combustion type deodorization device exhibits a strong deodorization function as described above by heating to a high temperature with a heater provided with a deodorization catalyst, but since it is essential to generate heat, the running cost is low. However, since there is a possibility that the heat load on the cooler increases and the dehumidifying capacity is impaired, there is a problem in practical use.
The present invention has been completed based on the above circumstances, and an object of the present invention is to be able to equip a combustion type deodorizing device at low cost.

  As a means for achieving the above object, the invention of claim 1 is characterized in that a ventilation path is formed around the inner box by storing the inner box with a space in the main body made of the heat insulating box. In addition, a vent is formed in the side surface of the inner box, and a circulation path is formed to circulate and circulate air in one direction between the ventilation path and the inner box by driving a circulation fan provided in the ventilation path. In addition, on the side of the ventilation path, a bypass path is provided with a suction port and a discharge port facing the ventilation path, and a cooler and a cooling fan are provided on the bypass path, and the ventilation path A characteristic is that a combustion-type deodorizing apparatus including a deodorizing catalyst and a heater for heating the deodorizing catalyst is provided at a position corresponding to the bypass path in the path.

A second aspect of the present invention provides the deodorizing filter according to the first aspect, wherein a deodorizing filter capable of decomposing odor components from a low temperature to a normal temperature region is provided downstream of the position where the discharge port of the bypass path in the ventilation path faces. It is characterized by where it is provided.
According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the first or second aspect of the present invention, the ventilation path is provided with a heater, and a temperature sensor for detecting the temperature in the inner box is provided. The inside of the inner box is maintained at the set temperature by controlling energization and shutting off of the heater based on the comparison between the detection temperature of the sensor and a preset temperature in the inner box. And when the said setting temperature is below predetermined temperature, the control means which interrupts | blocks electricity supply to the heater of the said deodorizing apparatus is provided.

<Invention of Claim 1>
During the drying operation, air is circulated through the circulation path by the circulation fan, and part of the circulation air is sucked into the bypass path by the cooling fan and dehumidified while passing through the cooler, and the dry air is merged with the circulation air. Is put into the inner box. During this time, the heater of the deodorizing device is energized to heat the catalyst to a high temperature, and air flows through the catalyst, so that oxidative decomposition of odor components in the air, that is, deodorization, is effectively performed.
In order for the combustion type deodorizing apparatus to exhibit its deodorizing function effectively, the temperature of the catalyst and the air in contact with the catalyst must be increased. Therefore, with regard to the location of the deodorization device, for example, if the deodorization device is on the upstream side of the suction port of the bypass passage, the temperature of the air sucked into the cooler rises and remains above the dew point temperature, so there is no condensation There is a possibility, and to avoid it, it is necessary to lower the temperature of the cooler and lower the hot air below the dew point temperature, that is, a large refrigeration capacity is required. In addition, when the deodorizing device is on the downstream side of the discharge port of the bypass passage, the cold air passes through the deodorizing device, so that the heating value of the heater needs to be increased in order to keep the catalyst at a high temperature. .

  In that respect, in the present invention, the deodorizing device is provided at a position corresponding to the bypass path in the ventilation path, that is, the deodorizing apparatus is provided at a position between the suction port and the discharge port of the bypass path in the ventilation path. . Therefore, since the air toward the cooler is sucked before passing through the deodorizing device, the temperature does not rise unnecessarily, and therefore the cooler is not lowered more than necessary to lower the air temperature. Therefore, it is sufficient to use a refrigeration apparatus with a reduced refrigeration capacity, and an increase in cost can be avoided. Further, since the discharged cool air does not directly pass through the deodorizing device, the amount of heat generated by the deodorizing heater is not increased more than necessary to increase the temperature of the catalyst. As a result, running costs can be reduced.

<Invention of Claim 2>
In the combustion type deodorization apparatus, the oxidative decomposition of the odor component starts after the catalyst is heated to a certain temperature, and exhibits a complete decomposition function when the complete combustion decomposition temperature is reached. Therefore, until the catalyst reaches the complete combustion decomposition temperature after the energization of the heater is started, the energization of the odor component is reduced in the temperature range where the energization of the heater is interrupted and the temperature is lowered to a temperature at which the odor component is not decomposed. There is concern that incomplete decomposition will result in intermediate products.
In this respect, in the present invention, since a deodorizing filter capable of decomposing odor components from a low temperature to a normal temperature region is provided, the intermediate product is prevented from being decomposed by the deodorizing filter and blown into the inner box. .

<Invention of Claim 3>
When the set temperature in the inner box is set to a predetermined temperature or lower, the energization to the heater of the combustion type deodorizer may be cut off. This is based on the reason that it is not necessary to operate the combustion type deodorizing device because the odorous component tends to be released from the object to be dried when the temperature in the inner box is low. If the heater of the deodorizing device is turned off, for example, the heat load on the cooler can be reduced, and the refrigerating capacity can be reduced. It is effective for energy saving.

<Embodiment>
Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
1 and 2, reference numeral 10 denotes a main body 10 formed of a heat insulating box body having a front opening, and an inner box 11 made of a metal plate is mounted in the main body 10. In the inner box 11, the top plate 11 </ b> A and the left and right side plates 11 </ b> B and 11 </ b> C are assembled in a front gate shape that is slightly smaller than the opening of the main body 10, and each plate 11 </ b> A to 11 </ b> C A drying chamber 12 is constituted by the inside of the inner box 11 with a space between the inner side and the inner side of the inner box 11. In the drying chamber 12, a plurality of shelf networks 13 are mounted over a plurality of stages via shelf receivers (not shown). An object to be dried such as food is placed on the shelf network 13.

The front surface of the space between the inner box 11 and the main body 10 is closed with a cover plate 15 (partially omitted), and therefore, the upper side is between the outer surface of the inner box 11 and the inner surface of the main body 10. A ventilation path 17A, a left ventilation path 17B, and a right ventilation path 17C are formed. Each ventilation path 17 </ b> A to 17 </ b> C has a width that is comparable to the depth of the inner box 11.
An inlet 18 is formed in the left side plate 11B facing the left side ventilation path 17B in the inner box 11, and a plurality of outlets 19 are opened in the right side plate 11C facing the right side ventilation path 17C. ing.
On the inflow port 18 side, a guide plate 18A that protrudes horizontally from the lower edge toward the outside is formed. However, these guide plates 18A are set such that the protruding length a gradually increases from the upper stage toward the lower stage.
On the other hand, on the outlet 19 side, a guide plate 19A that protrudes obliquely downward on the outside from the upper edge is formed. These guide plates 19A are formed so that the opening angle gradually increases and the length decreases from the upper stage toward the lower stage, and accordingly, the guide plates 19A correspond to the lower edge of the outlet 19 as they move from the upper stage to the lower stage. The distance from the lower edge of the guide plate 19A, that is, the substantial opening size b is set to be large.

A circulation fan 22 is provided at the left end (exit) viewed from the front of the upper ventilation path 17A. The three circulation fans 22 are arranged side by side over the entire width of the upper ventilation path 17A. When the circulation fan 22 is driven, as shown by the arrow in FIG. 1, the air discharged from the circulation fan 22 flows downwardly through the left ventilation path 17B and sequentially passes from each inlet 18 to the drying chamber. 12 flows into the drying chamber 12 to the right, exits from the outlet 19 and rises on the right ventilation path 17C, and then flows to the left toward the circulation fan 22 through the upper ventilation path 17A. A circulation flow is generated. That is, a circulation path 23 by the circulation fan 22 is configured.
Here, as described above, on the inlet 18 side, the protrusion length a of the guide plate 18A is made larger toward the lower stage side farther from the blowout side of the circulation fan 22 to facilitate the inflow of air. The amount of inflow at the inlet 18 is equalized. On the other hand, on the side of the outlet 19, the lower the side farther from the suction side of the circulation fan 22, the larger the actual opening size b, and the easier the outflow of air. As a result, the outlet 19 of each stage The outflow is equalized. Therefore, in the drying chamber 12, air can be circulated almost uniformly over the entire height region.

  A cooler chamber 25 that houses the cooler 32 is provided on the upper surface of the main body 10. Specifically, a horizontally long rectangular window hole 26 is opened at a position near the right end of the upper surface of the main body 10 and in the center in the depth direction, and above the window hole 26, heat insulation such as polystyrene foam is provided. A cooler chamber 25 is formed in the interior by covering with a heat insulating case 27 having a box shape with an open bottom surface formed integrally with the material. The depth of the window hole 26 described above is about half of the width (depth) of the upper ventilation path 17A. In addition, a heat-insulating partition wall 28 is fitted and partitioned to the left and right in a length range of about 1/3 in the center portion in the left-right direction of the window hole 26, the suction port 29 on the right side, and the discharge port on the left side. 30 are formed.

A cooler 32 is provided in the cooler chamber 25 above the partition wall 28. The cooler 32 is circulated and connected by a refrigerant pipe to a refrigeration apparatus (comprising a compressor 33, a condenser, etc.) installed outside the cooler chamber 25 on the upper surface of the main body 10 to constitute a known refrigeration cycle. Yes. The discharge port 30 is equipped with two cooling fans 35 via attachment members. The mounting member is, for example, a plate shape that closes the discharge port 30 and has two holes arranged side by side, and the cooling fans 35 are respectively disposed in the hole portions. Here, the air blowing capacity of the entire cooling fan 35 is smaller than the air blowing capacity of the entire circulation fan 22 having three.
When the cooling fan 35 is driven, as shown by the arrow in FIG. 1, a part of the air that has circulated from the right ventilation path 17C to the right end (inlet) of the upper ventilation path 17A in the circulation path 23 is sucked. The air is sucked into the cooler chamber 25 upward from the port 29 and circulates through the cooler 32 to the left, and then discharged downward from the discharge port 30 to the upper ventilation path 17A. Thereby, the bypass path 37 for the air flow is formed, and in particular, the suction port 29 and the discharge port 30 of the bypass path 37 are formed in a direction orthogonal to the upper ventilation path 17A.
The suction port 29 is equipped with an internal temperature sensor 60 for detecting the internal temperature (temperature in the drying chamber 12). The internal temperature sensor 60 may be arranged in the drying chamber 12, that is, in the inner box 11.

Further, a defrosting operation is performed as will be described later. Therefore, a defrost heater 39 is attached to the cooler 32, and the lower surface side of the cooler 32 is connected to the upper surface of the partition wall 28. A drain pan 40 is mounted so as to receive it. The drain pan 40 mainly functions to receive defrosted water from the cooler 32 and drain it to the outside.
Further, the cooler chamber 25, the refrigeration apparatus and the like described above are accommodated in a casing constituting the machine chamber 42.

A heater 45 is arranged slightly downstream of the position where the discharge port 30 of the bypass passage 37 is opened in the upper ventilation passage 17A. The heater 45 is spirally wound, for example, and is mounted across the full width (depth) of the upper ventilation path 17A.
A combustion-type deodorizing unit 47 is provided at a position below the partition wall 28 in the upper ventilation path 17 </ b> A, in other words, at a position between the suction port 29 and the discharge port 30 of the bypass path 37. As schematically shown in FIG. 3, the deodorizing unit 47 is fitted with a metal honeycomb catalyst 49 (hereinafter referred to as catalyst 49) in a cylindrical case 48, while a sheathed heater or the like is provided on the intake side thereof. For example, by allowing air to pass through the catalyst 49 while being heated to about 300 ° C., that is, deodorization, that is, deodorization. It has a function that can perform.
Further, a deodorizing filter 52 is provided on the upstream side of the circulation fan 22 in the upper ventilation path 17A. The deodorizing filter 52 is, for example, an artificial enzyme supported on the surface of a honeycomb carrier, and can exhibit a deodorizing function from a low temperature to a normal temperature region.

The drying apparatus of this embodiment basically operates the refrigeration apparatus (the compressor 33), the cooling fan 35, and the circulation fan 22 continuously, while turning on and off the energization of the heater 45 according to the internal temperature. And a refrigeration operation for turning on and off the refrigeration apparatus (compressor 33) according to the internal temperature.
In addition, it is possible to perform defrosting operation and, furthermore, control operation that switches to drying operation when a predetermined time elapses in the first refrigeration operation or alternately repeats drying operation and refrigeration operation. It is to be executed based on the program.

The operation control mechanism will be described with reference to FIG. This control mechanism includes a control device 55 equipped with a microcomputer, a timer 56, and the like, and stores various programs.
An operation mode setting means 57, a temperature setting means 58, a time setting means 59, an internal temperature sensor 60, and a cooler temperature sensor 61 are connected to the input side of the control device 55.
The operation mode setting means 57 can selectively set a drying mode, a refrigeration mode, a switching operation mode in which refrigeration is initially switched to drying in the middle, and a repeated operation mode of drying and refrigeration.
The temperature setting means 58 is for presetting the internal temperature (temperature in the drying chamber 12), and can be set individually for drying and for refrigeration. The time setting means 59 is for setting the operation time, and can be set to the refrigeration mode and the drying mode, respectively.
As described above, the internal temperature sensor 60 detects the internal temperature (the temperature in the drying chamber 12), and the cooler temperature sensor 61 detects the temperature of the cooler 32. It is used to determine whether or not the defrosting operation is finished.

On the other hand, on the output side of the control device 55, the display panel 63, the compressor 33 and the condenser fan 34 constituting the refrigeration device, the cooling fan 35, the circulation fan 22, the defrosting heater 39, the heating heater 45 and the deodorizing heater 50. Is connected.
The display panel 63 can display the type of operation mode, the internal temperature, and the like. The display panel 63 is provided with setting operation units of the operation mode setting means 57, the temperature setting means 58 and the time setting means 59 described above, and is provided at the lower front position of the machine room 42.

Next, the operation in each operation mode will be described.
[Drying mode]
The drying mode will be described with reference to the timing chart of FIG. In this case, the drying mode is set while the internal temperature for drying is set. The internal set temperature T1 for drying is set in the range of 5 to 40 ° C. The temperature of the cooler 32 is changed in accordance with this set temperature. For example, when the internal set temperature T1 is “5 ° C.”, “20 ° C.”, “35 ° C.”, the temperature of the cooler 32 is “ -3 ° C., “7 ° C.”, “15 ° C.”.

  When the start switch is turned on, the cooling fan 35 provided in the bypass passage 37 and the circulation fan 22 provided in the circulation passage 23 are driven, and one minute later, the heater 45 and the deodorizing unit 47 are provided. The deodorizing heater 50 is energized. After 3 minutes from the start, the compressor 33 and the condenser fan 34 of the refrigeration apparatus are driven. Thereby, as shown by the arrow line in FIG. 1, air flows through the circulation path 23, and a part of the air that has circulated from the right ventilation path 17 </ b> C to the right end of the upper ventilation path 17 </ b> A from the suction port 29 of the bypass path 37. By being sucked upward into the cooler chamber 25 and passing through the cooled cooler 32, water vapor in the air is condensed on the cooler 32, that is, dehumidified to generate dry air. This dry air is discharged downward from the discharge port 30 to the upper ventilation path 17A, merged with the air flow flowing leftward through the upper ventilation path 17A, and then heated by passing through the heater 45, This is continued, and the dehumidified air is circulated through the circulation path 23, that is, the drying chamber 12 while being gradually heated, and the inside of the drying chamber 12 is gradually heated (initial heating).

  When the internal temperature reaches the upper limit value T1u that is higher than the predetermined drying temperature T1 by a predetermined temperature (1.0K), the heater 45 is de-energized and the temperature of the circulating air gradually decreases. As a result, the internal temperature also decreases. When the internal temperature reaches the lower limit value T1d lower than the set temperature T1 by a predetermined temperature (2.0K), the heater 45 is energized again, and the temperature is raised by heating the circulating air. The temperature also rises gradually. Thereafter, the internal temperature is maintained at substantially the set temperature T1 by the above repetition (control heating). During this time, the material to be dried housed in the drying chamber 12 is accelerated in the evaporation of the contained water, that is, gradually dried.

  Here, as shown in FIG. 1, the structure of the portion where the dry air generated in the bypass passage 37 merges with the circulating air flow is directed to the horizontal direction and has a relatively low resistance on the way. A circulation fan 22 having a large air blowing capacity is provided on the outlet side of the air outlet, and the bypass passage 37 connects the suction port 29 and the discharge port 30 on the upstream side (suction side) of the circulation fan 22 in the upper ventilation passage 17A. It arrange | positions with the form opened to the upper wall of 17 A of upper side ventilation paths. In addition, the air blowing capacity of the cooling fan 35 arranged in the bypass passage 37 is smaller than that of the circulation fan 22, and the cross-sectional area of the suction port 29 of the bypass passage 37 is set smaller than that of the upper ventilation passage 17A. ing.

  As described above, circulating air circulates in the left direction of the figure at a large flow rate in the upper ventilation path 17A, and thus a large negative pressure is continuously generated on the upstream side (suction side) of the circulation fan 22. Since the discharge port 30 of the bypass passage 37 is open at the portion where the negative pressure is generated and the dry air is discharged at a small flow rate, the dry air does not collide with the circulating air flow. Then, the air is sucked into the negative pressure portion and joined to the circulating air flow. That is, the generated dry air is efficiently merged with the circulating air flow.

During the drying operation, the heater 45 is controlled to be turned on / off while discharging cool air (dry air) from the bypass passage 37 as described above, and when the heater 45 is turned off, the cool air remains as it is. Since it is added to the circulation path 23, there is a concern that the drop in the internal temperature rapidly and increases. In that case, since it is necessary to increase the capacity of the heater 45 to recover the temperature, the power consumption is large and the heater 45 needs to be repeatedly turned on and off frequently. There's a problem.
In this respect, in this embodiment, since the flow rate of the bypass passage 37 is kept small, the amount of cool air discharged is small even when the heater 45 is turned off, and therefore the temperature fluctuation can be kept small.

During the above-described drying operation, the deodorizing heater 50 of the deodorizing unit 47 is energized to raise the temperature of the catalyst 49. In particular, when the temperature of the catalyst 49 reaches about 300 ° C. (complete combustion decomposition temperature), the catalyst 49 is removed. Oxidative decomposition, that is, deodorization, of odor components in the circulating air is performed completely.
As described above, the deodorizing function of the combustion type deodorizing unit 47 cannot be effectively exhibited unless the temperature of the catalyst 49 and the air in contact with the catalyst 49 is set to 300 ° C. Therefore, the deodorizing unit 47 is particularly suitable for the upper ventilation path 17A. The bypass passage 37 is provided at a position between the suction port 29 and the discharge port 30.
For example, if the deodorizing unit 47 is on the upstream side of the suction port 29 of the bypass passage 37, the temperature of the air sucked toward the cooler 32 rises and is kept above the dew point temperature, so there is a possibility that no dew condensation occurs. In order to avoid this, it is necessary to lower the cooler 32 and lower the high-temperature air below the dew point temperature, that is, a large refrigerating capacity is required.
Further, if the deodorizing unit 47 is on the downstream side of the discharge port 30 of the bypass passage 37, cold air will pass through the deodorizing unit 47, so that the deodorizing heater 50 generates heat in order to keep the catalyst 49 at a high temperature. The amount needs to be larger.

  In this respect, in this embodiment, since the deodorizing unit 47 is provided at a position between the suction port 29 and the discharge port 30 of the bypass passage 37, the air toward the cooler 32 is sucked before passing through the deodorizing unit 47. Therefore, the temperature does not rise unnecessarily, and therefore the cooler 32 is not lowered more than necessary to lower the air temperature. Further, since the discharged cool air does not directly pass through the deodorizing unit 47, the amount of heat generated by the deodorizing heater 50 is not increased more than necessary in order to increase the temperature of the catalyst 49.

  At the time of drying operation, as shown in FIG. 7, the deodorizing heater 50 is energized only when the internal temperature T1 is 20 ° C. or higher. The power supply to 50 may be cut off. This is because when the inside temperature is less than 20 ° C., the release of odorous components from the material to be dried is small, so that the odor decomposition can be sufficiently achieved only by the deodorizing filter 52 without intentionally operating the combustion type deodorizing unit 47. Based on the reason that it is possible. If the operation of the deodorizing unit 47 is stopped, that is, the deodorizing heater 50 is turned off, the heat load on the cooler 32 can be reduced, and the refrigerating capacity can be reduced.

In detail, the deodorizing unit 47 starts oxidative decomposition of the odor component from the state where the temperature of the catalyst 49 is about 80 ° C., and when it is increased to about 300 ° C., it is completely decomposed as described above. .
Therefore, the energization of the deodorizing heater 50 is interrupted and the temperature range until the temperature decreases to about 80 ° C. where the odor components are not decomposed, and conversely, the energization of the deodorizing heater 50 is started and the catalyst 49 is completely burned and decomposed. Until the temperature (about 300 ° C.) is reached, there is a concern that incomplete decomposition of the odorous component may cause an intermediate product. However, these intermediate products are prevented from being decomposed by the deodorizing filter 52 having a function of decomposing odor components at room temperature and being blown out into the drying chamber 12.

Further, during the drying operation, as shown in FIG. 8, the defrosting operation is performed on the condition that the temperature of the cooler 32 detected by the cooler temperature sensor 61 is 3 ° C. or lower for 3 hours. The In the above state, since the frosting on the cooler 32 has progressed and the cooling capacity, that is, the dehumidifying capacity is reduced, the dehumidifying capacity is intended to be recovered.
In the defrosting operation, as shown in FIG. 5, the compressor 33, the condenser fan 34, and the cooling fan 35 are stopped and the defrosting heater 39 is energized. The circulation fan 22 is continuously operated. In addition, the power supply to the heater 45 is interrupted while the power supply to the deodorizing heater 50 of the deodorizing unit 47 is continued.
As described above, the cooler 32 is heated to melt frost, and the defrost water is received by the drain pan 40 and then drained to the outside.

During this time, the surface temperature of the cooler 32 is detected by the cooler temperature sensor 61, and when the detected temperature reaches, for example, 15 ° C., it is considered that frosting has disappeared and the energization to the defrost heater 39 is interrupted, that is, the removal The frost operation ends. In addition, when the temperature of the cooler 32 does not reach 15 ° C. even after 25 minutes from the start of energization to the defrost heater 39, the energization to the defrost heater 39 is cut off and the defrost heater 39 is defrosted. Operation is forcibly terminated. In addition, the defrosting operation can be performed manually as needed by operating the switch.
When the defrosting operation is completed, after a draining time of about 7.5 minutes, only the compressor 33 and the condenser fan 34 are operated first (pre-cooling), and the cooling fan 35 is driven with a delay of about 5 minutes. At the same time, the heater 45 can be energized, and the above-described drying operation is resumed.

In the defrosting operation, as described above, the circulation fan 22 is continuously operated while the cooling fan 35 is stopped. Therefore, first, no forced negative pressure is generated at the suction port 29 of the bypass passage 37. Further, it is conceivable that the suction side negative pressure generated by the operation of the circulation fan 22 affects the bypass passage 37. However, the suction port 29 and the discharge port 30 of the bypass passage 37 are located on the upper wall of the common upper ventilation passage 17A. Since the opening is made in a posture orthogonal to the flow direction of the upper ventilation path 17A, no differential pressure is generated between the suction port 29 and the discharge port 30, and the refrigerant pipe constituting the cooler 32 In addition, there is air resistance due to heat radiation fins, and the discharge port 30 is blocked by the cooling fan 35 or its mounting member, so there is almost no air flow to the bypass passage 37.
Therefore, during the defrosting operation, air is circulated only in the circulation path 23 excluding the bypass path 37, in other words, air that does not contain moisture accompanying defrosting is circulated and stored. Evaporation from the surface of the object to be dried is still continued, and as a result, the drying ability can be maintained even during the defrosting operation.

Further, during the defrosting operation, the energization to the heater 45 is interrupted, and as described above, the inflow of heat from the bypass passage 37 is also suppressed. The internal temperature may be 0 ° C or lower. If it does so, when the surface of to-be-dried object freezes and the defrost operation is complete | finished and drying operation is restarted, there exists a problem that the water | moisture content of the center part of to-be-dried object becomes difficult to evaporate.
Therefore, as shown in FIG. 9, the heater 45 is energized when the internal temperature detected by the internal temperature sensor 60 becomes 0 ° C. or lower during the defrosting operation. As a result, the circulating air is heated and the internal temperature rises to a temperature exceeding 0 ° C., thereby preventing the object to be dried from freezing. When the internal temperature rises to the upper limit value T1u of the set temperature T1 on the drying side, the energization to the heater 45 is cut off.

Further, during the defrosting operation, the drying capacity is maintained as described above, and the deodorizing unit 47 is continuously energized to perform the deodorizing function. For this reason, the inside temperature may rise beyond the set temperature T1.
Therefore, as shown in FIG. 10, during the defrosting operation, when the internal temperature detected by the internal temperature sensor 60 is equal to or higher than the upper limit value T1u of the set temperature T1, the energization to the deodorizing heater 50 is interrupted. It is like that. Thereby, the temperature rise of circulating air is suppressed, the rise in the internal temperature is also suppressed, and the temperature of the object to be dried is prevented from rising excessively.
In addition, when the internal temperature falls to the lower limit value T1d of the set temperature T1, energization to the deodorizing heater 50 is resumed.

When the drying operation is stopped, the circulation fan 22 may continue to rotate for about 10 minutes in order to quickly reduce the temperature of the heater 45 and the deodorizing heater 50.
Further, when the interior is washed with water, the drying operation as described above is performed for about one hour using the heater 45, the circulation fan 22, the refrigeration apparatus (compressor 33), and the cooling fan 35. Good. That is, by repeatedly dehumidifying the moisture absorbed in the circulating air flow through the cooler 32, the inside of the cabinet after being washed with water can be dried.

[Refrigerated mode]
The refrigeration mode will be described with reference to the timing chart of FIG. In this case, while setting to the refrigeration mode, the internal temperature for refrigeration is set (for example, about 5 ° C.).
In the refrigeration mode, the heater 45 and the deodorizing heater 50 of the deodorizing unit 47 are basically not energized. When the start switch is turned on, the cooling fan 35 of the bypass passage 37 and the circulation fan 22 of the circulation passage 23 are driven. After three minutes have passed after the fans 35 and 22 are driven, the compressor of the refrigeration apparatus 33 and the condenser fan 34 are driven. Thereby, as shown by the arrow line in FIG. 1, air flows through the circulation path 23, and a part of the air that has circulated from the right ventilation path 17 </ b> C to the right end of the upper ventilation path 17 </ b> A from the suction port 29 of the bypass path 37. The cold air is sucked upward into the cooler chamber 25 and passes through the cooler 32 to generate cold air by heat exchange. The cold air is discharged downward from the discharge port 30 to the upper ventilation path 17A and joined. The air continues to circulate through the circulation path 23 as the temperature gradually decreases, and the inside of the drying chamber 12 is gradually cooled (initial cooling).

  When the internal temperature reaches a lower limit value T2d that is predetermined and lower than the preset temperature T2 for refrigeration by a predetermined temperature (2.0K), the compressor 33 and the condenser fan 34 are stopped, and the cold air from the bypass passage 37 is cooled. When the merging is stopped, the circulating air gradually rises in temperature, and the internal temperature rises accordingly. When the internal temperature reaches the upper limit value T2u that is higher than the set temperature T2 by a predetermined temperature (1.5K), the compressor 33 and the condenser fan 34 are driven again, and cold air is merged again from the bypass passage 37. Thus, the circulating air gradually becomes cooler, and the internal temperature also decreases accordingly. Thereafter, the internal temperature is substantially maintained at the set temperature T2 by repeating the above (control cooling). That is, the object to be dried is refrigerated in the drying chamber 12. During the controlled cooling, the stop time of the compressor 33 is ensured to be 3 minutes or more.

  In the portion where the cool air generated in the bypass passage 37 is merged with the circulating air flow, a large negative pressure is continuously generated in the upper ventilation passage 17A at a large flow rate, as described in detail in the drying mode. Since the cool air is discharged at a small flow rate against the negative pressure part of the circulating air flow, the cold air does not collide with the circulating air flow but is sucked into the negative pressure part so that the circulating air flow Merged. That is, the generated cold air is efficiently merged with the circulating air flow.

In the refrigeration mode, for example, when 6 hours have elapsed since the start of the refrigeration operation, the defrosting operation is performed. In the defrosting operation, similarly, the compressor 33, the condenser fan 34, and the cooling fan 35 are stopped, while the defrosting heater 39 is energized, and the circulation fan 22 is continuously operated. As a result, defrosting is performed from the cooler 32 and the like, and the defrosted water is received by the drain pan 40 and then drained to the outside.
Although the circulation fan 22 is continuously operated during the defrosting operation, there is almost no air flow to the bypass path 37 for the same reason as described in detail in the drying mode, and the circulation path excluding the bypass path 37. Air is circulated only in 23. In other words, hot air associated with defrosting is not mixed in the circulating air flow, the temperature rise is avoided, and the internal temperature rise is suppressed as much as possible.

During the defrosting operation, the surface temperature of the cooler 32 is detected by the cooler temperature sensor 61. Similarly, when the detected temperature reaches 15 ° C., it is considered that frosting has disappeared and the defrost heater 39 is energized. It is interrupted and the defrosting operation ends. Note that this defrosting operation is not limited to automatic operation by the timer 56, but can also be performed manually at any time by operating a switch.
When the defrosting operation is completed, after a draining time of about 7.5 minutes, only the compressor 33 and the condenser fan 34 are operated first (pre-cooling), and the cooling fan 35 is driven with a delay of about 5 minutes. Thereafter, control cooling is performed in which the compressor 33 and the condenser fan 34 are repeatedly turned on and off based on the above-described inside temperature.

[Switching operation mode]
In this mode, the refrigeration operation is first executed, and the operation is switched to the drying operation when a predetermined time has elapsed. Therefore, the operation time of the refrigeration operation is set by the time setting means 59. At the same time, the internal temperature is set for each of the refrigeration operation and the drying operation.
When the operation is started, first, the refrigeration operation shown in FIG. 6 is executed. When the operation is repeated briefly, the cooling fan 35 and the circulation fan 22 are continuously operated, while the refrigeration apparatus (compressor 33) is operated. By performing on / off control according to the internal temperature, the internal temperature is cooled to approximately the set temperature T2, and the object to be dried is stored in a refrigerator. During the refrigeration operation, for example, every 6 hours, the defrosting operation is sandwiched.

  When a preset operation time has elapsed since the start of the refrigeration operation, the drying operation is executed from the timing indicated by the symbol “A” in FIG. Briefly, while the refrigeration apparatus (compressor 33), the cooler 32 fan, and the circulation fan 22 are continuously operated, the energization of the heater 45 is controlled to be turned on / off according to the internal temperature, thereby the internal temperature. Is maintained at substantially the set temperature T1, and evaporation of moisture from the material to be dried is promoted, that is, dried. During the drying operation, the defrosting operation is performed when the above-described conditions are met.

Subsequently, an application example of this switching operation mode will be shown.
(1) When the object to be dried is “fish dried fish”, when a 20% moisture by weight ratio is evaporated from the food (fish) before processing, the finished product as “dried fish” is, for example, “ It is necessary to take a drying time of about 4 hours for “Aji-no-Aki”. On the other hand, the time period during which the work can be performed in one day is, for example, about 9 hours from about 8:00 am to about 5:00 pm, and if the above-mentioned drying operation for 4 hours is performed during this time, there are only 2 cycles at most. I can't do it.

Therefore, in this example, as shown in FIG. 11, it sets so that the foodstuff before a process may be accommodated in the evening of the previous day, a refrigeration operation may be performed until 4:00 in the early morning, and a drying operation may be performed subsequently. Then, the first drying operation is performed from 4 o'clock in the early morning, and the first operation ends at 8 o'clock, so after taking out the “dried fish” as a finished product, instead of it being stored in another refrigerator etc. Contains the ingredients. Even if the replacement takes about 30 minutes, the second drying operation ends at about 12:30, and after further replacement, the third drying operation ends even at about 17:00. It is possible to perform a drying operation of three cycles within a normal working time zone.
In other words, since the drying operation can be automatically started at a time earlier than the normal working time of the day, three cycles of the drying operation can be performed within the working time as described above. As a result, production can be increased.

In addition, in the apparatus of this embodiment, it seems that there is a few percent of water evaporation even during the refrigeration operation. Therefore, in anticipation of this, at least the first drying operation performed following the refrigeration operation requires several hours of drying operation. It is good to reduce it enough.
In addition, since the temperature of the “dried product” that is a finished product is the drying temperature (for example, 20 ° C.) and not the refrigeration temperature (for example, 5 ° C.), the outside air is exposed to the surface of the “dried product”. There is almost no condensation of moisture inside.

(2) The drying time required to complete the “dried fish” varies depending on the type. As described above, when “opening of the horse mackerel” is 4 hours, if the conditions such as the inside temperature are the same, It takes 6 hours for Marui and 10 hours for Marai. In particular, “Kai no Marui” cannot be taken out during normal working hours.
Therefore, in this example, the three kinds of “dried food” before processing are stored in the evening of the previous day, refrigerated until 4 am, and then dried. Then, the drying operation was started from 4:00 in the early morning, and at 8 o'clock, when 4 hours passed, the “opening of the horse mackerel” was taken out. At 2 o'clock, “Karei no Marui” is taken out.
According to this example, “Karei-no-Mori”, which takes 10 hours to dry, can be taken out with a margin at a relatively early time within the normal work time zone. In addition, three types of “dried fish” having different drying times can be obtained on the same day using the same apparatus, which is suitable for production of various small quantities.

[Repeated operation mode]
In this mode, the drying operation and the refrigeration operation are alternately repeated. When the drying operation is first performed, the surface portion of the object to be dried such as ingredients is dried, and then when the refrigeration operation is performed, the object to be dried is at a temperature at which quality deterioration such as bacterial growth, corrosion, and freezing does not occur. In the meantime, the moisture in the central part moves to the surface part. When the operation is switched again to the drying operation, the surface portion is dried, and by repeating this operation, the center portion and the surface portion can have substantially the same water content.
In particular, it is suitable for drying thick-walled foods and further wood. Time can be shortened as compared with the case where the water content in the central portion is lowered to a predetermined level only by the drying operation, and quality deterioration can be prevented as compared with the case where the drying operation and the stop are alternately performed.

  As described above, according to this embodiment, when the combustion type deodorizing unit 47 that exhibits the deodorizing function by setting the temperature of the catalyst 49 and the air that touches the catalyst 49 to 300 ° C. is arranged in the circulation path 23, It is provided between the suction port 29 and the discharge port 30 of the bypass passage 37 in 17A. Therefore, since the air which goes to the cooler 32 is sucked before passing through the deodorizing unit 47, the temperature does not rise unnecessarily, and therefore the cooler 32 is not lowered more than necessary to lower the air temperature. Therefore, it is sufficient to use a refrigeration apparatus with a reduced refrigeration capacity, and an increase in cost can be avoided. Further, since the discharged cool air does not directly pass through the deodorizing unit 47, the amount of heat generated by the deodorizing heater 50 is not increased more than necessary in order to increase the temperature of the catalyst 49. As a result, running costs can be reduced.

  In the combustion type deodorizing unit 47 of this embodiment, the oxidative decomposition of the odor component starts from the state where the temperature of the catalyst 49 is about 80 ° C., and is completely decomposed when the temperature rises to about 300 ° C. Therefore, the energization of the deodorizing heater 50 is interrupted and the temperature range until the temperature decreases to about 80 ° C. where the odor components are not decomposed, and conversely the energization of the deodorizing heater 50 is started and the catalyst 49 is completely burned and decomposed Until the temperature (about 300 ° C.) is reached, there is a concern that incomplete decomposition of the odor component may cause an intermediate product, but the odor component decomposition function from low temperature to normal temperature is provided near the outlet of the upper ventilation path 17A. Since the deodorizing filter 52 is provided, the above-described intermediate product is prevented from being decomposed by the deodorizing filter 52 and blown out into the drying chamber 12.

  Further, in the present embodiment, during the drying operation, the deodorizing heater 50 is energized only when the set temperature T1 of the internal temperature is 20 ° C. or higher, and when it is lower than 20 ° C., the deodorizing heater 50 is energized. Control is performed to cut off the power to. This is because when the inside temperature is less than 20 ° C., the release of odorous components from the material to be dried is small, so that the odor decomposition can be sufficiently achieved only by the deodorizing filter 52 without intentionally operating the combustion type deodorizing unit 47. Based on the reason that it is possible. If the operation of the deodorizing unit 47 is stopped, that is, the deodorizing heater 50 is turned off, the heat load on the cooler 32 can be reduced, and the refrigerating capacity can be reduced.

<Other embodiments>
The present invention is not limited to the embodiments described with reference to the above description and drawings. For example, the following embodiments are also included in the technical scope of the present invention, and further, within the scope not departing from the gist of the invention other than the following. Various modifications can be made.
(1) The internal temperature set as a trigger for cutting off the power supply to the deodorizing heater is not limited to 20 ° C. exemplified in the above embodiment, but depending on the temperature at which the release of odorous components is reduced depending on the type of the object to be dried. Can be set arbitrarily.
(2) In the above embodiment, the combustion type catalyst unit having a complete combustion decomposition temperature of about 300 ° C. has been exemplified. However, a catalyst unit having a complete combustion decomposition temperature of another temperature may be used.
(3) The position where the bypass path is provided is arbitrary as long as it is on the side of the ventilation path.

Schematic sectional view showing the internal structure of a drying apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention Partially cutaway perspective view showing the structure near the upper ventilation path Schematic diagram of combustion deodorization unit Block diagram of operation control mechanism Drying mode timing chart Refrigeration mode timing chart Flow chart showing control operation of deodorizing heater Flow chart showing the case of shifting to defrosting operation during drying operation Flow chart showing control operation of heater during defrosting operation during drying operation Flow chart showing control operation of deodorizing heater during defrosting operation during drying operation Explanatory drawing which shows one application example of switching operation mode Explanatory drawing showing another application example

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Main body 11 ... Inner box 11B, 11C ... Side plate 17A-17C ... Ventilation path 18 ... Inlet (outlet) 19 ... Outlet (outlet) 22 ... Circulation fan 23 ... Circulation path 25 ... Cooler room 29 ... Suction port 30 ... Discharge port 32 ... Cooler 35 ... Cooling fan 37 ... Bypass passage 45 ... Heating heater 47 ... Deodorizing unit (deodorizing device) 49 ... Catalyst 50 ... Deodorizing heater 52 ... Deodorizing filter 55 ... Control device 58 ... Temperature setting Means 60 ... Internal temperature sensor (temperature sensor)

Claims (3)

  1. In the main body made of a heat insulating box, the inner box is stored at a distance so that a ventilation path is formed around the inner box, and a vent is formed on a side surface of the inner box. By driving the provided circulation fan, a circulation path for circulating air in one direction is formed over the ventilation path and the inner box,
    On the side of the ventilation path, a bypass path is provided with the suction port and the discharge port facing the ventilation path, and a cooler and a cooling fan are provided on the bypass path,
    A drying apparatus characterized in that a combustion-type deodorizing apparatus including a deodorizing catalyst and a heater for heating the deodorizing catalyst is provided at a position corresponding to the bypass path in the ventilation path.
  2. 2. The drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a deodorizing filter capable of decomposing odor components from a low temperature to a normal temperature region is provided at a position downstream of the position where the discharge port of the bypass path faces in the ventilation path. .
  3. The ventilation path is equipped with a heater, and a temperature sensor for detecting the temperature in the inner box is provided. For comparison between the temperature detected by the temperature sensor and a preset temperature in the inner box. Based on the control of energization and shut-off of the heater, the inner box is maintained at a set temperature, and when the set temperature is a predetermined temperature or less, the deodorizing device The drying apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a control unit that cuts off power to the heater.
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US8730665B2 (en) 2005-09-19 2014-05-20 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Vertical exhaust duct
US10334761B2 (en) 2005-09-19 2019-06-25 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Method of venting heated air from electronic equipment enclosure
US10123462B2 (en) 2005-09-19 2018-11-06 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Ducted exhaust equipment enclosure
US9974198B2 (en) 2005-09-19 2018-05-15 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Vertical exhaust duct for electronic equipment enclosure
US7952869B2 (en) 2005-09-19 2011-05-31 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Air diverter for directing air upwardly in an equipment enclosure
US9801309B2 (en) 2005-09-19 2017-10-24 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Ducted exhaust equipment enclosure
US9119329B2 (en) 2005-09-19 2015-08-25 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Ducted exhaust equipment enclosure
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WO2009103090A3 (en) * 2008-02-14 2009-10-22 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Air directing device
US20090255653A1 (en) * 2008-04-11 2009-10-15 Dell Products L.P. System and Method for Cooling a Rack
US7957139B2 (en) 2009-01-05 2011-06-07 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Electronic equipment enclosure with side-to-side airflow control system
US7894190B2 (en) 2009-01-05 2011-02-22 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Electronic equipment enclosure with side-to-side airflow control system
US8653363B2 (en) 2010-06-01 2014-02-18 Chatsworth Products, Inc. Magnetic filler panel for use in airflow control system in electronic equipment enclosure
CN102679694A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-19 昆山市线路板厂 Horizontal hot air circulating oven for flexible circuit board
JP2017026264A (en) * 2015-07-27 2017-02-02 福島工業株式会社 Cooling device

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