JP2007189769A - Charging method and charging system of traffic system - Google Patents

Charging method and charging system of traffic system Download PDF

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JP2007189769A
JP2007189769A JP2006003638A JP2006003638A JP2007189769A JP 2007189769 A JP2007189769 A JP 2007189769A JP 2006003638 A JP2006003638 A JP 2006003638A JP 2006003638 A JP2006003638 A JP 2006003638A JP 2007189769 A JP2007189769 A JP 2007189769A
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charging
vehicle
device
power
position
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JP4738177B2 (en )
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Katsuaki Morita
Satoru Nishimura
Hiroshi Yamashita
博 山下
克明 森田
悟 西村
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Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd
三菱重工業株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/122Electric charging stations by inductive energy transmission

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To simplify a feeding mechanism of a primary coil, prevent a vehicle from starting, while the vehicle is being charged, or prevent a current from being carried, when a power transmission apparatus installed on the ground does not exist at a charging location in an overhead-wire-less traffic system with a storage apparatus mounted to a vehicle. <P>SOLUTION: A method includes a step for detecting stoppage of the vehicle 1 at the charging location, sensing the vehicle 1 stopped at the charging location, making a vehicle controller 11 enter into a brake activation mode and transmit a charge initiation enabling instruction to a ground charging facility 20, makes the charging facility receive the charge initiation enabling instruction and drive the ground power transmission apparatus 24 to the charging location, senses the power transmission apparatus stopped at the charging location and activates a charge, makes the vehicle controller 11 transmit a charge terminating instruction to the charging facility and prevent the current from being carried, and drives the power transmission apparatus 24 so as to return to a standby location. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2007,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、車両に蓄電装置を搭載し、地上に設置された充電設備から電力の供給を受けながら軌道上等設定された経路を走行する架線レス交通システムの充電方法及び充電システムに関し、地上側に設けた送電装置を車両走行時に建築限界を超えることなく、車両停止時に単純な機構で充電することができるようにしたものである。 The present invention is mounted with a power storage device in a vehicle, relates charging method and a charging system in the transportation system without the contact wire traveling the trajectory choice set route while receiving power from the installed charging facility on the ground, the ground-side without exceeding the construction gauge during vehicle traveling power transmission device provided, in which to be able to be charged by a simple mechanism when the vehicle is stopped.

近年車両が設定された軌道上を走行する交通システムにおいて、架線から電力の供給を受けずに走行する電気車両を用いた架線レス交通システムが提案されている。 A traffic system for running a recent vehicle set orbit, without a contact wire transportation system using an electric vehicle traveling from the overhead line without the supply of power has been proposed. 架線レス交通システムの電気車両は、蓄電装置を搭載している。 Electric vehicles in the transportation system without the contact wire is equipped with a power storage device.
かかる架線レス交通システムは、例えば特許文献1(特開2000−83302号公報)に開示されている。 Such transportation system without a contact wire is disclosed, for example, in Patent Document 1 (JP 2000-83302).

特許文献1に開示された交通システムは、車両がその停止施設に停止したときには、その受電手段がその外部給電手段と電気的に結合し、その外部給電手段からその外部電力の供給を受け、受電したその外部電力をその蓄積電力として車両内蓄電手段に蓄積させる。 Transportation system disclosed in Patent Document 1, when the vehicle is stopped at the stop facility, the receiving means is the external power supply means electrically coupled, supplied with the external power from the external power supply means, receiving It is the accumulated the external power to the in-vehicle power storage device as a storage power. 車両の走行時には、車両内蓄電手段からその蓄積電力を取り出し、その電気的駆動源へ送り、その電気的駆動源の回転速度を制御して車両の走行速度を制御する。 During running of the vehicle, takes out the accumulated electric power from the vehicle in the storage means, sends to the electric driving source, by controlling the rotational speed of the electric driving source to control the traveling speed of the vehicle. かつ、その車両の制動走行時には、その電気的駆動源を発電機として用いて回転させ、発生する回生電力をその蓄積電力として車両内蓄電手段に蓄積させる。 And, at the time of braking running of the vehicle, the electric drive source is rotated using as a generator, and accumulates the regenerative electric power generated in the vehicle in the storage means as a storage power.

また特許文献2(特開2005−269687号公報)には、車両用非接触充電装置が開示さている。 Also in Patent Document 2 (JP 2005-269687), a non-contact charging apparatus for a vehicle is disclosed. 図10は、該非接触充電装置の概略構成図である。 Figure 10 is a schematic configuration diagram of a noncontact charging device. 図10において、この充電装置は、外部電源に連なる1次コイル03を、車両031aの動力用バッテリ033に連なる2次コイル042に電磁結合させ、動力用バッテリ033を充電する非接触式充電装置であって、1次コイル03を、車両が走行する路面Rと略同一面で、かつ車両が走行しない位置に設置するとともに、1次コイル03を、車両の底面047に設けられている2次コイル042の下方に迫り出すように構成している。 10, the charging device, the primary coil 03 connected to an external power source, the secondary coil 042 connecting to the power battery 033 of the vehicle 031a by electromagnetic coupling, a non-contact type charging device for charging a power battery 033 there are, the primary coil 03, in the road surface R and substantially flush which the vehicle travels, and thereby placed in a position where the vehicle is not traveling, the primary coil 03, secondary coil provided on the bottom surface 047 of the vehicle It is configured so as pushed out below the 042.

なお図10において、2次コイル042に整流器043と、RBCI(リモートバッテリチャージインターフェース)045と、赤外線通信送受信器046が直列に接続され、RBCI045にはBMS(バッテリマネージメントシステム)044が接続されている。 In FIG. 10, a rectifier 043 to the secondary coil 042, a RBCI (remote battery charging interface) 045, an infrared communication transceiver 046 are connected in series, BMS (Battery Management System) 044 is connected to the RBCI045 . 他方充電スタンド02側に設けられた非接触式充電用高周波電源装置051には、CPU052が設けられており、このCPU052の指令によって充電スタンド02側の赤外線通信送受信器053と、電気自動車031a側の赤外線送受信器046との間で高周波信号の授受を行なうとともに、制御装置054によってアクチュエータ055、即ち1次コイル03の送り出し用モータ及び昇降用モータを制御するようになっている。 The other charging station 02 contactless charging the high-frequency power supply device provided on the side 051, CPU052 is provided, the charging station 02 side by a command of the CPU052 and infrared communication transceiver 053, the electric vehicle 031a side with exchanges RF signals with the infrared transceiver 046, which is the actuator 055, i.e., to control the motor and the elevation motor for feeding the primary coil 03 by the controller 054. 図中、C1及びC2はそれぞれリレーの接点である。 In the figure, C1 and C2 is a contact of each relay.

特開2000−83302号公報 JP 2000-83302 JP 特開2005−269687号公報 JP 2005-269687 JP

しかしながら特許文献2に開示された充電装置は、1次コイル03を2次コイル042側に送り出す送り出し機構、及び2次コイル042に対して接近または離反させるための昇降機構を有し、1次コイル03の駆動機構が複雑になっている。 However, it disclosed in Patent Document 2 charging apparatus includes paying out mechanism feeding the primary coil 03 to the secondary coil 042 side, and a lifting mechanism to close or away from the secondary coil 042, primary coil 03 of the drive mechanism is complicated.
また1次コイル03が車両下方に充電位置にあるときに車両が発進してしまったり、あるいは1次コイル03が充電位置にない時に通電が開始されてしまうという事態もあり得るが、かかる課題及びこの事態を防ぐ機構は、特許文献2には開示されていない。 The primary coil 03 may be a situation that power from being started when or vehicle accidentally starting or primary coil 03, is not in the charging position when in the charging position to the vehicle lower, but such problems and mechanism to prevent this situation, not disclosed in Patent Document 2.

本発明は、かかる従来技術の課題に鑑み、車両に蓄電装置を搭載し電力を用いて予め設定された経路を走行させる架線レス式の交通システムにおいて、1次コイルの送り出し機構を簡素化し、かつ充電中に車両が発進したり、あるいは地上側に設置された送電装置が充電位置にない時に通電を開始したりすることがない充電システムを実現することを目的とする。 In view of the problems in the prior art, the contact wire-less type transportation system to run the pre-set route using the electric power mounted power storage device on the vehicle, simplifies the delivery mechanism of the primary coil, and and an object that the vehicle to achieve a charging system is not able to or initiate energized when not in the installed power transmitting device charging position or, or on the ground start during charging.

前記目的を達成するため、本発明の交通システムの充電方法は、 To achieve the above object, a charging method of transportation system of the present invention,
車両に蓄電装置を搭載し電力を用いて予め設定された経路を走行させ、 Mounted power storage device on the vehicle is traveling a predetermined route using the electric power,
該経路に沿った複数の充電場所で車両を停止させ該充電場所に設けられた充電設備から車両の蓄電装置に該充電設備に設けられた送電装置と車両に設けられた受電装置とを互いに対面させて接触方式又は非接触方式により充電する交通システムの充電方法において、 A plurality of charging place facing each other and a power receiving device provided in the power transmitting device and the vehicle provided in the charging equipment from the charging facility provided the charging location of the vehicle is stopped in the power storage device of the vehicle along the said path in charging method of transportation system for charging by brought in contact method or a non-contact manner is,
車両を充電可能位置に停車させる第1ステップと、 A first step of stopping the vehicle in the rechargeable position,
車両が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して前記送電装置の待機位置から充電可能位置への駆動を開始する第2ステップと、 A second step of starting the driving to the rechargeable position from the standby position of the power transmitting device detects that the vehicle has stopped in rechargeable position,
前記送電装置が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して充電を開始する第3ステップと、 A third step of starting charging by detecting that the power transmitting device has stopped the rechargeable position,
充電が完了したら、前記充電設備の通電を停止して前記送電装置を待機位置に戻す第4ステップとからなり、 When charging is completed, consist of a fourth step of returning to the standby position the power transmitting device to stop the energization of the charging facility,
前記第2ステップから第4ステップまでの間車両の発進をロックしておくことを特徴とする。 Wherein the keep to lock the start of the vehicle until the fourth steps from the second step.

本発明方法においては、送電装置の待機位置を車両の走行路に面した建築限界を超えない位置に設定し、充電位置を車両走行路の領域に設定した上で、該送電装置を待機位置と充電位置との間を移動自在に構成し、前記構成により、送電装置の位置を検知し、送電装置が充電位置にあるときに車両が走行できないように制御するとともに、送電装置が充電可能位置にあるときのみ通電するように制御することができる。 In the method of the present invention, the standby position of the power transmitting device set in a position that does not exceed the construction gauge facing the travel path of the vehicle, after setting the charging position in the region of the vehicle traveling road, a standby position the sending device freely configure moved between a charging position, by the configuration to detect the position of the power transmission device, together with the power transmitting device vehicle is controlled so as not to be run when in the charging position, the rechargeable position power transmitting device it can be controlled to energize only one occasion.

本発明方法の一実施形態として、 As an embodiment of the present invention method,
車両の位置検知手段及び車載制御装置により車両を充電可能位置に停車させるステップと、 A step of stopping the vehicle in the rechargeable position by the position detecting means and the in-vehicle control apparatus for a vehicle,
車両が充電可能位置に停車したことを検知して、車載制御装置をブレーキ作動モードとするとともに、前記車載制御装置から前記充電設備に充電開始許可指令を送信するステップと、 Vehicle detects that the vehicle stops in rechargeable position, with the vehicle control unit and brake actuation mode, and transmitting the charging start permission command to the charging facility from the vehicle control device,
前記充電設備が前記充電開始許可指令を受信して前記送電装置を待機位置から充電可能位置に駆動するステップと、 A step in which the charging facility is driven to chargeable position from the standby position the power transmitting device to receive the charging start permission instruction,
前記送電装置が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して充電を開始するステップと、 And initiating a charging by detecting that the power transmitting device has stopped the rechargeable position,
前記車載制御装置が充電終了指令を前記充電設備に送信するステップと、 A step of the vehicle control device transmits a charge termination command to the charging facility,
前記充電設備が前記充電終了指令を受信して通電を停止し、前記送電装置を駆動して待機位置に戻すステップと、 A step in which the charging facility to stop the current supply to receive the charging end command to return to the standby position by driving the power transmission device,
前記送電装置が待機位置に停止したことを検知して前記充電設備から発進許可指令を前記車載制御装置に送信するステップと、 A step of the power transmission device is transmitted to the vehicle control apparatus start permission command from the charging facility detects that it has stopped at the standby position,
前記車載制御装置で前記発進許可指令を受信してブレーキ作動モードを解除するステップとからなるように構成することができる。 Wherein receiving the start permission command at vehicle control apparatus may be configured such that the step of releasing the braking mode.

本発明方法においては、例えば蓄電装置(例えばリチウムイオン二次電池等の二次電池)の電圧を検出して、その検出値と予め設定された充電終了電圧とを比較することで、充電動作の終了時点を決定することができる。 In the process of the present invention, for example by detecting the voltage of the electrical storage device (e.g., a secondary battery such as a lithium ion secondary battery), by comparing with a preset charge end voltage and the detected value, the charging operation it is possible to determine the end point in time.

また本発明の充電システムの第1の構成は、 The first configuration of the charging system of the present invention is also
電力を用いて予め設定された経路を動く車両本体と、 And the vehicle body move a preset path using a power,
該車両本体に搭載され前記電力を蓄積する蓄電装置と、 A power storage device for storing the electric power is mounted on said vehicle body,
前記経路に沿った複数の充電場所に設けられた充電設備とからなり、 Consists of a charging equipment provided in a plurality of charging locations along said path,
前記充電場所にて前記充電設備に設けられた送電装置と車両に設けられた受電装置とを互いに対面させて接触方式又は非接触方式により車両本体の蓄電装置に充電する交通システムの充電システムにおいて、 In the charging system of the transportation system for charging the power storage device of the vehicle main body by the contact charging place at so as to face each other and the power receiving device provided in the power transmitting device and the vehicle provided in the charging equipment type or non-contact manner,
車両本体が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知する検知手段と、 Detecting means for detecting that the vehicle body is stopped in rechargeable position,
前記検知手段により前記車両本体が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して充電開始許可指令を前記充電設備に発信するとともに、前記送電装置の位置情報を入力し該送電装置が充電位置にあるときは車両本体を走行させないように制御する車載制御装置と、 While transmitting the charging start permission command detects that the vehicle body is stopped in rechargeable located at the charging facility by the detecting means, wherein when the transmission position information of the device to enter the sending device is in the charging position a vehicle control device for controlling so as not to run the vehicle body,
該車載制御装置から発信された充電開始許可指令に基づいて前記送電装置を充電位置に駆動させ、該送電装置が充電位置にあるときのみ通電させるように制御する地上制御装置とを備えたことを特徴とする。 It is driven to the charging position the power transmitting device based on the charging start permission command transmitted from the vehicle-mounted control unit, that the sending device and a ground control unit only controls to power when in the charging position and features.

本発明システムの第1の構成においては、前記検知手段により車両本体を充電可能位置にあることを検知し、また前記車載制御装置により送電装置が充電位置にあるときに車両本体を走行させないようにすることができる。 In the first configuration of the present invention the system detects that the chargeable position of the vehicle body by said detecting means, and as the vehicle control device by the power transmitting device does not drive the vehicle body when in the charging position can do. また前記地上制御装置により送電装置が充電位置にあるときにのみ通電するように制御することができる。 Also be the ground train control unit by the power transmission device is controlled to be energized only when it is in the charging position.

また車両本体に取り付けられる受電装置の取り付け位置は、適宜選定される。 The mounting position of the power receiving device mounted on the vehicle body is appropriately selected. 例えば車両本体の底面や側面、あるいは前面や後面の車両限界を超えない位置に取り付け、これに対し地上側の充電設備に取り付けられる送電装置は、車両本体が走行する際に障害にならないような地上側の建築限界を超えない位置に待機位置を設定し、待機位置と充電可能位置との間を移動可能に構成され、充電に際して停止した車両に取り付けられた受電装置に対面するように充電可能位置が設定される。 For example attached to a position that does not exceed the vehicle limit of the bottom or side or front or rear, of the vehicle body, the power transmission device mounted on the ground side of the charging facility with respect to this ground as not to failure in the vehicle body travels set standby position to a position not exceeding the side of the construction gauge, configured to be movable between a chargeable position and the standby position, rechargeable positioned so as to face the power receiving device mounted on a vehicle that has stopped during charging There is set.

また送電装置を待機位置から充電位置に移動させる方式として、駆動軸を中心に回動させるようにすれば、特許文献2にように複雑な移動機構とならない。 As a method of moving the charge position power transmission device from the standby position, be caused to rotate about the drive shaft, not a complicated moving mechanism as in Patent Document 2. 例えば送電装置を支軸を中心に駆動装置により充電位置と待機位置との間を回動させるように構成し、該送電装置が充電位置及び待機位置にあることを検知する検知手段を設け、該検知手段の検知情報を前記地上制御装置に送るように構成すれば、構成が簡素化させるとともに、送電装置の待機位置及び充電位置の検知を確実に行なうことができる。 For example, the power transmission device configured to rotate between a charging position and the standby position by the driving device around the support shaft, provided with detection means for detecting that the sending device is in the charging position and the standby position, the by configuring the detection information of the detecting means to send to the ground train control unit can be configured together with be simplified, ensure the detection of the standby position and the charging position of the power transmission apparatus.

また本発明システムの第2の構成は、 The second aspect of the present invention the system also
電力を用いて予め設定された経路を動く車両本体と、 And the vehicle body move a preset path using a power,
該車両本体に搭載され前記電力を蓄積する蓄電装置と、 A power storage device for storing the electric power is mounted on said vehicle body,
前記経路に沿った複数の充電場所に設けられた充電設備とからなり、 Consists of a charging equipment provided in a plurality of charging locations along said path,
前記充電場所にて前記充電設備に設けられた送電装置と車両に設けられた受電装置とを互いに対面させて接触方式又は非接触方式により車両本体の蓄電装置に充電する交通システムの充電システムにおいて、 In the charging system of the transportation system for charging the power storage device of the vehicle main body by the contact charging place at so as to face each other and the power receiving device provided in the power transmitting device and the vehicle provided in the charging equipment type or non-contact manner,
前記受電装置を車両本体の屋根上面に取り付け、 Mounting the power receiving device on the roof top of the vehicle body,
前記送電装置を前記充電場所に設置した構造物に取り付けて前記受電装置の上方に対面するように位置させ、 It said power transmission device is positioned so as to face upwardly of the power receiving device is attached to a structure installed in the charging place,
前記送電装置又は受電装置の少なくともどちらか一方を可動にして両者が接近又は離反可能に構成したことを特徴とする。 Wherein both in the movable at least either of the power transmitting device or receiving device is characterized in that close to or away from possible constructed.

本発明システムの第2の構成においては、受電装置を車両本体の屋根上に取り付けることで、車両本体内の乗車空間を制限することなく、受電装置の設置スペースを確保することができる。 In the second configuration of the present invention system, by attaching the power receiving device on the roof of the vehicle body, without limiting the riding space in the vehicle body, it is possible to secure the installation space of the power receiving device. また地上側送電装置を設置する構造物として駅舎等の屋根を併用することができ、地上設備を簡素化することができるとともに、人が近づけない高所にある屋根部に設置することで、電磁場に対する安全性を確保することができる。 Also can be used in combination with roof station building or the like as a structure for installing a ground-side power transmission device, it is possible to simplify the ground equipment, by installing the roof in high places inaccessible person, field it is possible to secure safety against.

前記第2の構成に一実施形態として、例えば、前記送電装置を取り付けた構造物を車両本体の両側に配置された支持構造体で両側支持させ、該支持構造体の上部に設けた駆動装置により前記構造物を上下方向に平行移動させるように構成すれば、送電装置の駆動装置の数を減らして簡素化できるとともに、車両本体に取り付けられた充電設備との間隔の調整を容易にすることができる。 As an embodiment in the second configuration, for example, the power transmission to the attached structure of the device is on both sides supported by a supporting structure disposed on both sides of the vehicle body, by a driving device provided at the top of the support structure be configured to translate the structure in the vertical direction, it is possible to simplify to reduce the number of drive power transmission device, to facilitate the adjustment of the distance between the charging facility which is attached to the vehicle body it can. なお非接触式充電の場合、受電装置に到達する磁力線の密度を密するために送電装置と受電装置との間隔を30〜60mmとするのがよい。 In the case of non-contact type charging, it is preferable to 30~60mm the distance between the power transmitting apparatus and the power receiving apparatus to close the density of the magnetic lines of force that reaches the receiving device.

また別の実施形態として、送電装置を取り付けた構造物を車両本体の一側側に配置した支持構造体で片持ち支持させ、該片持ち部を中心に回動可能して前記送電装置を前記受電装置に接近又は離反可能に構成してもよい。 As another embodiment, a structure fitted with a power transmitting device is cantilever supported by a supporting structure which is arranged on one side of the vehicle body, the said transmission device and pivotable about a 該片 gripping portion it may be closer to or away configured to be able to power receiving device. かかる構成では、送電装置の移動装置を片持ち側のみに限定でき、移動装置をさらに簡素化することができる。 In such a configuration, the moving device of the power transmission apparatus can limit only the cantilever side, it is possible to further simplify the mobile device.

本発明の充電方法によれば、車両を充電可能位置に停車させる第1ステップと、車両が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して送電装置の待機位置から充電可能位置への駆動を開始する第2ステップと、送電装置が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して充電を開始する第3ステップと、充電が完了したら、充電設備の通電を停止して前記送電装置を待機位置に戻す第4ステップとからなり、第2ステップから第4ステップまでの間車両の発進をロックしておくことにより、前記検知手段により車両本体が充電可能位置にあることを確実に検知して、車載制御装置により送電装置が充電位置にあるときに車両本体を走行させないようにすることができるとともに、充電設備によって送電装置が充電位置にあるときにのみ通電するように制御す According to the charging method of the present invention, it begins with the first step of stopping the vehicle in the rechargeable position, the driving of the rechargeable position from the standby position of the detection to the power transmitting device that the vehicle has stopped in rechargeable position a second step, a third step of the power transmitting device starts charging by detecting the stoppage to rechargeable position, When charging is completed, the return to the standby position the power transmitting device to stop the energization of the charging equipment 4 consists of a step, by previously locking the start between the vehicle from the second step to the fourth step, and reliably detect that the vehicle body is in chargeable position by said detecting means, vehicle control apparatus by it is possible to power transmission apparatus so as not to run the vehicle body when in the charging position, controls so that the power transmitting device by the charging equipment is energized only when it is in the charging position ことができる。 It is possible.

また本発明の充電システムの第1の構成によれば、車両本体が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知する検知手段と、該検知手段により前記車両本体が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して充電開始許可指令を充電設備に発信するとともに、送電装置の位置情報を入力し該送電装置が充電位置にあるときは車両本体を走行させないように制御する車載制御装置と、該車載制御装置から発信された充電開始許可指令に基づいて送電装置を充電位置に駆動させ、該送電装置が充電位置にあるときのみ通電させるように制御する地上制御装置とを備えたことにより、送電装置が充電可能位置にあることを確実に検知して、送電装置が充電位置にあるときに車両本体を走行させないようにすることができるとともに、送電装置が充電位置にあるときに According to a first configuration of the charging system of the present invention, detects a detection means for detecting that the vehicle body is stopped in rechargeable position, that the vehicle body is stopped in rechargeable position by said detecting means while transmitting the charging facility charge start permission command Te, a vehicle control device for controlling so as not to run the vehicle body when the entered the sending device location information of the power transmission device is in the charging position, from the vehicle-mounted control unit the power transmission device based on originated the charging start permission command is driven to the charging position, by the sending device and a ground control unit only controls to power when in the charging position, the power transmitting device can be charged and reliably detect that it is in position, the power transmitting device can be prevented by running the vehicle body when in the charging position, when the power transmission device is in the charging position み通電するように制御することができる。 It can be controlled so as to be seen energized.

また本発明の充電システムの第2の構成によれば、受電装置を車両本体の屋根上面に取り付け、送電装置を充電場所に設置した構造物に取り付けて前記受電装置の上方に対面するように位置させ、送電装置又は受電装置の少なくともどちらか一方を可動にして両者が接近又は離反可能に構成したことにより、車両本体内の乗車空間を制限することなく、受電装置の設置スペースを確保することができ、また地上側送電装置を設置する構造物として駅舎等の屋根を併用でき、地上設備を簡素化することができるとともに、人が近づけない高所にある屋根部に設置することで、電磁場に対する安全性を確保することができる。 According to the second configuration of the charging system of the present invention, fitted with a power receiving device on the roof top of the vehicle body, positioned so as to face upwardly of the power receiving device transmitting device is attached to a structure installed in the charging location is, by the both are configured to be close to or away from the at least one of the power transmitting device or receiving device in the movable, without limiting the riding space within the vehicle body, to ensure the installation space of the power receiving device can also be used together roof station building or the like as a structure for installing a ground-side power transmission device, it is possible to simplify the ground equipment, by installing the roof in high places inaccessible human, against electromagnetic fields it is possible to ensure the safety.

以下、本発明を図に示した実施例を用いて詳細に説明する。 Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to embodiments shown in FIG. 但し、この実施例に記載されている構成部品の寸法、材質、形状、その相対配置などは特に特定的な記載がない限り、この発明をそれのみに限定する趣旨ではない。 However, the dimensions of the components described in this embodiment, the material, shape, unless otherwise specifically relative positions and so forth is not intended to limit the invention thereto.
図1は、本発明の第1実施例を示す平面構成図、図2は、第1実施例の立面構成図、図3は、第1実施例の動作手順を示すフローチャート、図4は、前記第1実施例の変形例を示す、車両本体後方から視た側面図、図5は、本発明の第2実施例を示す立面構成図、図6は、本発明の第3実施例を示す立面構成図、図7は、前記第3実施例の車両本体後方から視た側面図、図8は、本発明の第4実施例の車両本体後方から視た側面図、図9は、本発明の第5実施例の車両本体後方から視た側面図である。 Figure 1 is a plan view showing a first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is an elevational schematic diagram of a first embodiment, FIG. 3 is a flowchart showing the operation procedure of the first embodiment, FIG. 4, shows a modification of the first embodiment, a side view from the vehicle body rear, FIG. 5 is an elevational diagram showing the second embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 6, a third embodiment of the present invention elevation diagram showing, Figure 7, the side view from the vehicle body rear of the third embodiment, FIG. 8 is a side view from the vehicle body behind the fourth embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 9, it is a side view seen from the vehicle body rear side of the fifth embodiment of the present invention.

第1実施例を示す図1及び図2において、車両本体1は、レール等の予め定められた軌道(図示略)を電力で走行する電気車両であって、例えばLRT交通システムで走行する車両である。 1 and 2 show a first embodiment, the vehicle body 1, an electric vehicle that travels a predetermined trajectory such as rails (not shown) in power, for example in vehicles traveling in LRT transportation system is there. 車両本体1には、その下部四隅に走行車輪2が設けられ、また車輪2を駆動する電動モータ3、モータ3に駆動電流を送る二次電池5(例えばリチウムイオン二次電池)、モータ3を制御するコントローラ6が設けられている。 The vehicle body 1, the lower four corners running wheels 2 are provided, also electric motor 3 for driving the wheels 2, the secondary battery 5 sends a drive current to the motor 3 (for example, lithium-ion secondary battery), a motor 3 controller 6 for controlling is provided.
車両本体1の前方下部には受電装置7が設けられ、受電装置7から整流器4を介して二次電池5に接続されている。 The front lower portion of the vehicle body 1 powered device 7 is provided, which is connected to the secondary battery 5 through the rectifier 4 from the power receiving device 7.

また車両本体1には、走行その他車両全体の制御を行なう車両制御装置11が搭載され、例えば位置センサ14で走行中車両本体1の位置を検知して所望の位置で停止させるような制御を行なう。 Also in the vehicle body 1, driving the other vehicle control device 11 for controlling the entire vehicle is mounted, traveling in by detecting the position of the vehicle body 1 performs control so as to stop at a desired position, for example by the position sensor 14 . また車両本体1には、充電制御装置12が装備され、充電場所に設けられた地上充電設備20の地上通信装置23と赤外線等を使って通信する車載通信装置13を介して二次電池5の充電動作を制御する。 Also in the vehicle body 1, is equipped with the charge control unit 12, via the vehicle communication device 13 for communicating with the ground communication unit 23 and the infrared rays of the ground charging equipment 20 provided in the charging place the rechargeable battery 5 to control the charging operation. また車両本体1には車両本体1の走行中の位置を検知する位置センサ14が装備されている。 The position sensor 14 for detecting the position of the traveling of the vehicle body 1 is equipped with the vehicle body 1.

車載充電制御装置12には、図示しない充電終了電圧設定手段、及び図示しない電圧検出手段によって検出された二次電池5の電圧検出値と設定された充電終了電圧とを比較する図示しない比較手段が装備され、図3のフローチャートにおいて2重線による枠で示された処理操作を行う。 The in-vehicle charging control device 12, charge end voltage setting means not shown, and a comparison means (not shown) for comparing the charge end voltage set as a voltage detection value of the secondary battery 5 detected by the voltage detecting means (not shown) is equipped, it performs processing operations indicated by the frame by double lines in the flowchart of FIG.
一方充電場所の地上側に設けられた充電設備20は、充電電源21と、地上充電制御装置22と、車両本体1に設置された車載通信装置13と通信する地上通信装置23を装備している。 On the other hand charging equipment 20 provided on the ground side of the charging place, the charging power supply 21, and ground the charge control device 22 is equipped with a ground communication device 23 that communicates with the vehicle-mounted communication apparatus 13 installed in the vehicle body 1 .

また地上送電装置24が腕24aを介して駆動装置25に水平方向に回動可能に取り付けられ、車両本体1の走行路から外れ、車両限界及び建築限界を超えない待機位置aと車両本体1の走行路に重なる充電位置bとの間を移動可能に構成されている。 The ground power transmission device 24 is rotatably attached to the drive unit 25 via the arm 24a in a horizontal direction, it deviates from the travel path of the vehicle body 1, the standby position a and the vehicle body 1 does not exceed the vehicle gauge and construction gauge and it is configured to be movable between the charging position b overlapping the roadway. 地上送電装置24は、充電位置bに位置したときは、停止した車両本体1の前方下部に設けられた車載受電装置7の下方にわずかな隙間(30〜60mm)を介して対面する。 Ground power transmission device 24, when positioned in the charging position b is facing with a slight gap (30 to 60 mm) below the vehicle power receiving device 7 provided at the front lower portion of the vehicle body 1 stops. このとき車載受電装置7は、地上送電装置24から非接触にて電力を受け取り、二次電池5に給電する。 The time-vehicle power receiving device 7 receives power in a non-contact from the ground power transmitting device 24, for supplying power to the secondary battery 5.

リミットスイッチ26は、地上送電装置24の待機位置a及び充電位置bに配置され、地上送電装置24が待機位置a及び充電位置bに到達したときを検知してその検知信号を地上充電制御装置22に送信する。 Limit switch 26 is disposed in the standby position a and the charging position b of the ground power transmitting device 24, and detect when the ground power transmitting device 24 has reached the standby position a and the charging position b by the detection signal ground charge control device 22 to send to. 地上充電設備20は、駅など車両1の二次電池5に充電可能な場所に設けられ、充電電源21から地上送電装置24を介して車両本体1に電力が供給される。 Ground charging equipment 20 is provided in rechargeable place the secondary battery 5 of the vehicle 1, such as stations, electric power is supplied to the vehicle body 1 via the ground power transmitting device 24 from the charging power source 21. 充電電源21は、地上充電制御装置22から充電終了指令を受けると通電を停止する。 Charging power supply 21 stops the energization to undergo charge termination command from the ground charging control device 22.

図3のフローチャートで本充電装置の操作を説明する。 In the flow chart of FIG. 3 illustrating the operation of the charging device. 図中三重線の枠は車両制御装置11の動作であり、二重線の枠は車載充電制御装置12の動作であり、一重線の枠は地上充電制御装置22の動作を示す。 Frame of triplet in the figure is an operation of the vehicle control device 11, the frame of the double line is an operation of the in-vehicle charging control device 12, the frame of the single line showing the operation of the ground charge control device 22. まず車両本体1が位置センサ14にて車両本体1の位置を検知しながら予め設定された受電可能位置、即ち車載受電装置7と地上送電装置24とが非接触にて対面する位置に停止する(ステップ1)。 First the vehicle body 1 is the position sensor 14 preset power receiving enabling position while detecting the position of the vehicle body 1 at, i.e. the vehicle power receiving device 7 and the ground power transmitting device 24 stops the facing position in a non-contact ( step 1).
なお位置センサ14の代わりに、車載通信装置13と地上通信装置23とで通信しながら、車両本体1の位置を検知する手法を採用することもできる。 Incidentally, instead of the position sensor 14, while communicating with the vehicle-mounted communication apparatus 13 and the ground communication device 23, it is also possible to employ a method of detecting the position of the vehicle body 1.

次に位置センサ14により、又は車載通信装置13と地上通信装置23との通信で車両本体1が充電定位置に停止したことを検知した後、車両制御装置11が車両本体1の非常ブレーキ(EB)解除不可モードに移行し、車両本体1が発進しないように非常ブレーキをかけた状態に保持する(ステップ2)。 The next position sensor 14, or after the vehicle main body 1 in communication with the vehicle communication device 13 and the ground communication device 23 detects that it has stopped the charging position, the emergency brake (EB of the vehicle control device 11 is a vehicle body 1 ) moves to release not mode is held in the vehicle body 1 is multiplied by the emergency brake to not start (step 2).
次に車両制御装置11が充電開始許可指令を車両充電制御装置12を介し地上充電制御装置22に送信し(ステップ3)、地上充電制御装置22ではこれを受信し、地上送電装置24を駆動する(ステップ4)。 Then send the charging start permission command vehicle control device 11 to the ground charge control device 22 via the vehicle charging control device 12 (Step 3), the ground charging control device 22 receives this, to drive the ground power transmission device 24 (step 4).

次に地上送電装置24が車載受電装置7下方の充電位置に達し停止すると、地上充電制御装置22がリミットスイッチ26によりそれを検知し、充電電源21より充電を開始する(ステップ5)。 Next, when the ground power transmitting device 24 stops reaching the vehicle power receiving device 7 charged position below, detects this by the limit switch 26 is ground charge control device 22 to start charging from the charging power source 21 (Step 5).
車載の二次電池5に充電が開始されると、車両充電制御装置12において、二次電池5の充電電圧と予め設定された充電終了電圧の設定値を比較し、二次電池5の充電電圧が徐々に上がり、該充電電圧のほうが高くなると、車載通信装置13を介して充電終了指令を地上充電制御装置22に送信する(ステップ6)。 When charging an in-vehicle secondary battery 5 is started, the vehicle charging controller 12 compares the set value of the preset charge end voltage and the charging voltage of the secondary battery 5, the charging voltage of the secondary battery 5 but gradually increases, the more the the charging voltage is increased, via the vehicle communication device 13 transmits a charge completion command to the ground charge control device 22 (step 6).

地上充電制御装置22で充電終了指令を受け取ったら、充電電源21による車両本体1への通電を停止する(ステップ7)。 After receiving the charging completion command the ground charge control device 22 stops the power supply to the vehicle body 1 by the charging power source 21 (step 7).
次に地上充電制御装置22が地上送電装置24を駆動し、待機位置aまで後退させ、リミットスイッチ26により待機位置aへの到達及び停止を検知する(ステップ8)。 Then the ground charge control device 22 drives the ground power transmitting device 24 retracts to the standby position a, sensing the onset and termination of the waiting position a by the limit switch 26 (step 8).
次に地上充電制御装置22から車両発進許可指令が車両充電制御装置12を介して車両制御装置11に送信され(ステップ9)、車両制御装置11でこの発信許可指令を受信し、車両制御装置11が非常ブレーキ(EB)解除可能モードに移行した後、車両本体11を発進させる(ステップ10)。 Next vehicle start permission command from the ground charge control device 22 is transmitted to the vehicle control unit 11 via the vehicle charging control device 12 (step 9), receives the transmission permission command the vehicle control device 11, the vehicle control device 11 after shifts to the emergency brake (EB) releasably mode, to start the vehicle body 11 (step 10).

かかる第1実施例によれば、位置センサ14又は車載通信装置13と地上通信装置23との通信により、車両本体1が充電可能位置にあることを確実に検知して、車両制御装置11により送電装置24が充電位置にあるときに、非常ブレーキ(EB)解除不可モードとすることにより、車両本体1を走行させないようにすることができる。 According to the first embodiment the power transmission, the communication with the position sensor 14 or the in-vehicle communication device 13 and the ground communication device 23, and reliably detect that the vehicle body 1 is in a chargeable position, the vehicle control device 11 when the device 24 is in the charging position, by the emergency brake (EB) cancellation Call mode, it is possible to not drive the vehicle body 1.
また地上充電設備20の充電制御装置22によって、送電装置24が充電位置にあることを検知して通電を開始し、車両充電制御装置12の充電終了指令を受信してから送電装置24を待機位置に戻すようにしているので、送電装置24が充電位置に位置するときのみ充電するように制御することができる。 Also the charging control unit 22 of the ground charging equipment 20, the power transmission device 24 starts the power by detecting that the charging position, the standby position of the power transmission device 24 from receiving the charging completion command for the vehicle charging control device 12 since the way back, it is possible to power transmission device 24 is controlled to only be charged when located in the charging position.

また地上送電装置24を駆動装置25を中心にスウィングさせて建築限界を超えない待機位置aと車両走行路に位置する充電位置bとの間を移動させ、待機位置a及び充電位置bにあることの検知をリミットスイッチ26で行なう構成としているため、装置構成を簡略化することができるとともに、送電装置24が待機位置又は充電位置にあることを確実に検知して、充電開始又は充電終了の動作を行なうことができる。 The move between a charging position b located on the ground power transmitting device 24 the driving device 25 standby position a and the vehicle traveling road that does not exceed the construction gauge by swing around a, that is in the standby position a and the charging position b for being configured to perform a limit switch 26 the detection, it is possible to simplify the device configuration, the power transmission device 24 is reliably detected that the standby position or the charging position, operation of the charging start or end of charge it can be carried out.

なお第1実施例の変形例として、図4及び図2の破線部で示すように、車載受電装置7'を車両本体1の前面に取り付け、地上送電装置24'を車両走行路脇の路面に設けられた支軸25'に回動可能に取り付け、充電位置bで停止した車両本体1に取り付けられた車載受電装置7'に対面するように配置する。 Note as a modification of the first embodiment, as shown by the broken lines in FIG. 4 and FIG. 2, 'attached to the front of the vehicle body 1, the ground power transmission device 24' in-vehicle power receiving device 7 on the road surface of the vehicle traveling road side support shaft 25 provided arranged so as to face the 'pivotally attached to, the vehicle-mounted receiving apparatus 7 that is attached to the vehicle body 1 stops at charging position b'.

かかる構成とすることにより、地上送電装置24'が充電位置で車両本体1の前面に位置するため、車両本体1からの検知が容易となり、従って車両本体1が発進しないように非常ブレーキをかけた状態に保持するのが容易になるという利点がある。 With such a configuration, since the ground power transmission device 24 'is positioned in front of the vehicle body 1 at the charging position, it is easy to detect from the vehicle body 1, thus the vehicle body 1 is multiplied by the emergency brake so as not to start there is an advantage that it becomes easy to hold the state.

次に本発明の第2実施例を図5により説明する。 Next will be described a second embodiment of the present invention by FIG. 図5において、第2実施例は、車両本体1の前面1a近傍の底面、車両本体1の中央部底面、及び車両本体1の後方部底面にそれぞれ車載受電装置31a、31b及び31cを取り付け、地上側にこれら3個の車載受電装置と充電位置において対面する3個の地上送電装置32a、32b及び32cを設置する。 5, the second embodiment is attached the bottom surface of the front surface 1a vicinity of the vehicle body 1, a central bottom face of the vehicle body 1, and the respective in-vehicle power receiving device 31a to the rear bottom face of the vehicle body 1, and 31b and 31c, the ground three ground power transmitting device 32a facing the charging position and these three-vehicle power receiving device on the side, placing the 32b and 32c. その他の構成は図2に示す第1実施例と同一であるので、同一の部位につき図2と同一の符号を付し、同一の部位の説明を省略する。 Other configurations are the same as those in the first embodiment shown in FIG. 2, the same reference numerals as per Figure 2 the same parts, and a description thereof will be omitted of the same site.

このように第2実施例では、車載受電装置と地上送電装置との組み合わせを複数設置するものであるが、車載受電装置は略平板型のため、二次電池5やコントローラ6など他の車上機器と路面との間のスペースに容易に配置することができる。 Thus, in the second embodiment, although the combination of the vehicle power receiving equipment and a power transmission device in which a plurality of installation, because of the in-vehicle power receiving device substantially flat type, the secondary battery 5 and controller 6 such as the other vehicle it can be easily disposed in the space between the device and the road surface.
かかる構成の第2実施例によれば、充電時に3組の送受電装置を稼動させることができるため、駅停車時などの充電時間が限られている場合の急速な充電が可能となる。 According to a second embodiment of such a configuration, it is possible to operate the three sets of transmitting and receiving apparatus at the time of charging, it is possible to rapidly charge when charge time, such as when the station stop is limited.

次に本発明の第3実施例を図6及び図7により説明する。 Next will be described a third embodiment of the present invention by FIGS. 図6及び図7において、第3実施例は、複数の車載受電装置41を車両本体1の屋根上部に車両本体の前後方向に並べて取り付け、これと同数の地上送電装置42を駅舎などの屋根43の下部に設置したものである。 6 and 7, a third embodiment is mounted side by side a plurality of in-vehicle power receiving device 41 in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body on the roof top of the vehicle body 1, a roof, such as station building as many terrestrial power transmission device 42 and this 43 in which of was installed in the lower part. なお車載受電装置41及び地上送電装置42は、図1に示す第1実施例と同一の構造及び機能を有し、配置位置のみが異なる。 Incidentally vehicle power receiving device 41 and the ground power transmission device 42 has the same structure and function as the first embodiment shown in FIG. 1, only the arrangement positions are different.
また地上送電装置42は、送電装置42の支持部に取り付けられた駆動装置44で上下方向cに平行移動可能となっており、駆動装置44で上下させることにより充電位置と待機位置を切り替えることができる。 The ground power transmission device 42, a driving device 44 mounted to the support portion of the power transmitting device 42 has a translatable vertically c, to switch between the standby position and the charging position by vertically driving unit 44 it can. その他の部位は第1実施例と同一の構成を有するので、第1実施例と同一の符号を付し、同一部位の説明を省略する。 Since other portions have the same structure as the first embodiment, the same reference numerals as in the first embodiment, description thereof will be omitted of the same site.

屋根43は支柱45に片持ち支持で取り付けられ、車載受電装置41は、略平板型のため、車両限界を超えることなく、既存の車両本体の屋根上部に設置することができる。 Roof 43 is mounted in cantilevered support post 45, the in-vehicle power receiving device 41, for substantially flat type, without exceeding vehicle limits may be placed on the roof top of the existing vehicle body. 車両の軌道がトンネルの場合でも駅舎屋根の代わりにトンネルの内面部に地上送電装置を設置することができる。 Can track the vehicle to install the ground power transmission device to the inner surface of the tunnel instead of the station building roof even when the tunnel.
かかる構成の第3実施例によれば、車両本体1の屋根上部に車載受電装置41を設置することで、車載受電装置の設置スペースを容易に確保することができる。 According to the third embodiment of this configuration, by installing the in-vehicle power receiving device 41 on the roof top of the vehicle body 1, it is possible to easily secure a space for installing the vehicle power receiving device. また地上送電装置43の設置に駅舎等の屋根を兼用できるので、地上設備を簡素化することができる。 Since it also serves as a roof of the station building or the like for installing the ground power transmission device 43, it is possible to simplify the ground equipment. また人が近づけない屋根部に設けることで、電磁場に対する安全性を確保することができる。 Also by providing the roof inaccessible person, it is possible to secure safety against electromagnetic fields.

次に本発明の第4実施例を図8により説明する。 Next will be described a fourth embodiment of the present invention by FIG. 図8において、第4実施例において、車載受電装置41と地上送電装置42とは、前記第3実施例と同様に、車両本体1の屋根上部に車両本体1の前後方向に複数並べて配置され、前記第3実施例と異なる構成は、車両本体1を覆う駅舎等の屋根51が支柱45及び54により両側から支持され、かつ屋根51と支柱45及び54との間に介設された駆動装置52及び53により上下方向cに移動可能に構成されている点である。 8, in the fourth embodiment, the in-vehicle power receiving device 41 and the ground power transmitting device 42, as in the third embodiment are arranged side by side a plurality in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body 1 on the roof top of the vehicle body 1, the third embodiment is different configurations, roof 51 of station building for covering the vehicle body 1 is supported from both sides by the struts 45 and 54, and the drive device is interposed between the roof 51 and the posts 45 and 54 52 and 53 by a point that is configured to be movable in the vertical direction c.

その他の構成は、前記第3実施例と同一であり、第3実施例と同一の符号を付して説明を省略する。 Other configurations are the same as the third embodiment, its description is omitted with the same reference numerals as the third embodiment. かかる構成の第4実施例によれば、前記第3実施例が得られる作用効果に加えて、複数の地上送電装置41を少ない駆動装置52及び53で同時に駆動することができる利点がある。 According to the fourth embodiment having such a configuration, in addition to the effects of the third embodiment can be obtained, there is an advantage capable of simultaneously driving a plurality of ground power transmitting device 41 with a small drive unit 52 and 53.

次に本発明の第5実施例を図9により説明する。 Next will be described a fifth embodiment of the present invention by FIG. 図9において、車載受電装置41と地上送電装置42とは、前記第4実施例と同様に、車両本体1の屋根上部に車両本体1の前後方向に複数並べて配置され、第4実施例と異なる点は、屋根61を支柱45で片持ち支持し、屋根61を支柱45の上端に設けた駆動装置62を中心に回動可能にし、屋根61と支柱45とを設定された角度で固定することにより、地上送電装置42と車上受電装置41との間隔を調整可能としたものである。 9, a vehicle power receiving device 41 and the ground power transmitting device 42, the similar to the fourth embodiment, are arranged a plurality in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body 1 on the roof top of the vehicle body 1, different from the fourth embodiment point, the roof 61 and cantilevered in struts 45 and rotatable about the drive device 62 provided with a roof 61 to the upper end of the strut 45 is fixed at an angle which is set between the roof 61 and the posts 45 the one in which the distance between the ground power transmitting device 42 and the on-board power receiving apparatus 41 was adjustable. その他の構成は前記第4実施例と同一である。 The other construction is the same as the fourth embodiment.
かかる第5実施例によれば、駆動装置62を第4実施例よりさらに少なくすることができ、複数の地上送電装置42を少ない駆動装置62で同時に駆動できるという長所がある。 According to the fifth embodiment, the driving device 62 can be further reduced than that of the fourth embodiment, there is an advantage that they can be driven at the same time a plurality of ground power transmitting device 42 with a small drive 62.

本発明によれば、車両が設定された経路を走行する架線レス交通システムにおいて、その充電動作を車両走行時の車両限界や建築限界を超えることなく、フェイルセイフ機構を付加して、簡易な機構により充電システムの操作を確実にかつ安全に行なうことができる。 According to the present invention, the transportation system without a contact wire traveling the route that the vehicle has been set, the charging operation without exceeding vehicle limits and architectural limitations during vehicle traveling, by adding a fail-safe mechanism, a simple mechanism can be reliably and safely perform the operation of the charging system by.

本発明の第1実施例を示す平面構成図である。 Is a plan view showing a first embodiment of the present invention. 前記第1実施例の立面構成図である。 It is an elevation diagram of the first embodiment. 前記第1実施例の動作手順を示すフローチャートである。 Is a flowchart showing an operation procedure of the first embodiment. 前記第1実施例の変形例を示す、車両本体後方から視た側面図である。 It shows a modification of the first embodiment, is a side view seen from the vehicle body rear. 本発明の第2実施例を示す立面構成図である。 Is an elevation diagram showing a second embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第3実施例を示す立面構成図である。 Is an elevation diagram showing a third embodiment of the present invention. 前記第3実施例の車両本体後方から視た側面図である。 It is a side view seen from the vehicle body rear side of the third embodiment. 本発明の第4実施例の車両本体後方から視た側面図である。 It is a side view seen from the vehicle body behind the fourth embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の第5実施例の車両本体後方から視た側面図である。 It is a side view seen from the vehicle body rear side of the fifth embodiment of the present invention. 従来の車両用非接触充電装置の概略構成図である。 It is a schematic diagram of a conventional non-contact charging apparatus for a vehicle.

符号の説明 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 電気車両本体 2 車輪 5 二次電池 6 コントローラ 7,7',31a,31b,31c,41 車載受電装置 11 車両制御装置 12 車両充電制御装置 13 車載通信装置 14 位置センサ 20 充電設備 21 充電電源 22 地上充電制御装置 23 地上通信装置 24,24',32a,31b,31c,42 地上送電装置 24a 腕 25,44,52,53,62 駆動装置 26 リミットスイッチ 27 腕 43,51,61 屋根 45,54 支柱 1 electric vehicle body 2 wheels 5 secondary battery 6 controllers 7,7 ', 31a, 31b, 31c, 41 vehicle power receiving device 11 the vehicle control device 12 vehicle charging control device 13 vehicle-mounted communication apparatus 14 the position sensor 20 charging equipment 21 charging power supply 22 ground charging control device 23 ground communication devices 24,24 ', 32a, 31b, 31c, 42 ground power transmitting device 24a arms 25,44,52,53,62 drive 26 limit switch 27 arms 43,51,61 roof 45,54 prop

Claims (7)

  1. 車両に蓄電装置を搭載し電力を用いて予め設定された経路を走行させ、 Mounted power storage device on the vehicle is traveling a predetermined route using the electric power,
    該経路に沿った複数の充電場所で車両を停止させ該充電場所に設けられた充電設備から車両の蓄電装置に該充電設備に設けられた送電装置と車両に設けられた受電装置とを互いに対面させて接触方式又は非接触方式により充電する交通システムの充電方法において、 A plurality of charging place facing each other and a power receiving device provided in the power transmitting device and the vehicle provided in the charging equipment from the charging facility provided the charging location of the vehicle is stopped in the power storage device of the vehicle along the said path in charging method of transportation system for charging by brought in contact method or a non-contact manner is,
    車両を充電可能位置に停車させる第1ステップと、 A first step of stopping the vehicle in the rechargeable position,
    車両が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して前記送電装置の待機位置から充電可能位置への駆動を開始する第2ステップと、 A second step of starting the driving to the rechargeable position from the standby position of the power transmitting device detects that the vehicle has stopped in rechargeable position,
    前記送電装置が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して充電を開始する第3ステップと、 A third step of starting charging by detecting that the power transmitting device has stopped the rechargeable position,
    充電が完了したら、前記充電設備の通電を停止して前記送電装置を待機位置に戻す第4ステップとからなり、 When charging is completed, consist of a fourth step of returning to the standby position the power transmitting device to stop the energization of the charging facility,
    前記第2ステップから第4ステップまでの間車両の発進をロックしておくことを特徴とする交通システムの充電方法。 Charging method of transportation system, characterized in that to keep locked the start of the vehicle until the fourth steps from the second step.
  2. 車両の位置検知手段及び車載制御装置により車両を充電可能位置に停車させるステップと、 A step of stopping the vehicle in the rechargeable position by the position detecting means and the in-vehicle control apparatus for a vehicle,
    車両が充電可能位置に停車したことを検知して、車載制御装置をブレーキ作動モードとするとともに、前記車載制御装置から前記充電設備に充電開始許可指令を送信するステップと、 Vehicle detects that the vehicle stops in rechargeable position, with the vehicle control unit and brake actuation mode, and transmitting the charging start permission command to the charging facility from the vehicle control device,
    前記充電設備が前記充電開始許可指令を受信して前記送電装置を待機位置から充電可能位置に駆動するステップと、 A step in which the charging facility is driven to chargeable position from the standby position the power transmitting device to receive the charging start permission instruction,
    前記送電装置が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して充電を開始するステップと、 And initiating a charging by detecting that the power transmitting device has stopped the rechargeable position,
    前記車載制御装置が充電終了指令を前記充電設備に送信するステップと、 A step of the vehicle control device transmits a charge termination command to the charging facility,
    前記充電設備が前記充電終了指令を受信して通電を停止し、前記送電装置を駆動して待機位置に戻すステップと、 A step in which the charging facility to stop the current supply to receive the charging end command to return to the standby position by driving the power transmission device,
    前記送電装置が待機位置に停止したことを検知して前記充電設備から発進許可指令を前記車載制御装置に送信するステップと、 A step of the power transmission device is transmitted to the vehicle control apparatus start permission command from the charging facility detects that it has stopped at the standby position,
    前記車載制御装置で前記発進許可指令を受信してブレーキ作動モードを解除するステップとからなることを特徴とする請求項1記載の交通システムの充電方法。 Charging method according to claim 1, wherein the transportation system, characterized in that comprising the step of releasing the braking mode to receive the start permission command in the vehicle control device.
  3. 電力を用いて予め設定された経路を動く車両本体と、 And the vehicle body move a preset path using a power,
    該車両本体に搭載され前記電力を蓄積する蓄電装置と、 A power storage device for storing the electric power is mounted on said vehicle body,
    前記経路に沿った複数の充電場所に設けられた充電設備とからなり、 Consists of a charging equipment provided in a plurality of charging locations along said path,
    前記充電場所にて前記充電設備に設けられた送電装置と車両に設けられた受電装置とを互いに対面させて接触方式又は非接触方式により車両本体の蓄電装置に充電する交通システムの充電システムにおいて、 In the charging system of the transportation system for charging the power storage device of the vehicle main body by the contact charging place at so as to face each other and the power receiving device provided in the power transmitting device and the vehicle provided in the charging equipment type or non-contact manner,
    車両本体が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知する検知手段と、 Detecting means for detecting that the vehicle body is stopped in rechargeable position,
    前記検知手段により前記車両本体が充電可能位置に停止したことを検知して充電開始許可指令を前記充電設備に発信するとともに、前記送電装置の位置情報を入力し該送電装置が充電可能位置にあるときは車両本体を走行させないように制御する車載制御装置と、 The charging start permission command detects that the vehicle body is stopped in rechargeable position with sending to the charging equipment by the detecting means, input the sending device location information of the power transmission device is in a chargeable position a vehicle control device for controlling so as not to run the vehicle body when,
    該車載制御装置から発信された充電開始許可指令に基づいて前記送電装置を充電可能位置に駆動させ、該送電装置が充電位置にあるときのみ通電させるように制御する地上制御装置とを備えたことを特徴とする交通システムの充電システム。 Is driven to chargeable position the power transmitting device based on the charging start permission command transmitted from the vehicle-mounted control unit, that the sending device and a ground train control unit that controls so as to energize only when in the charging position the charging system of the transportation system according to claim.
  4. 前記送電装置を支軸を中心に駆動装置により充電可能位置と待機位置との間を回動させるように構成し、該送電装置が充電可能位置又は待機位置にあることを検知する検知手段を設け、該検知手段の検知情報を前記地上制御装置に送るように構成したことを特徴とする請求項3記載の交通システムの充電システム。 Provided a detection means for the power transmission device is configured to pivot between an rechargeable position and the standby position by the driving device around the support shaft, the sending device detects that it is in rechargeable position or standby position the charging system of claim 3, wherein the transport system characterized by being configured to send the detection information of the detecting means to the ground controller.
  5. 電力を用いて予め設定された経路を動く車両本体と、 And the vehicle body move a preset path using a power,
    該車両本体に搭載され前記電力を蓄積する蓄電装置と、 A power storage device for storing the electric power is mounted on said vehicle body,
    前記経路に沿った複数の充電場所に設けられた充電設備とからなり、 Consists of a charging equipment provided in a plurality of charging locations along said path,
    前記充電場所にて前記充電設備に設けられた送電装置と車両に設けられた受電装置とを互いに対面させて接触方式又は非接触方式により車両本体の蓄電装置に充電する交通システムの充電システムにおいて、 In the charging system of the transportation system for charging the power storage device of the vehicle main body by the contact charging place at so as to face each other and the power receiving device provided in the power transmitting device and the vehicle provided in the charging equipment type or non-contact manner,
    前記受電装置を車両本体の屋根上面に取り付け、 Mounting the power receiving device on the roof top of the vehicle body,
    前記送電装置を前記充電場所に設置した構造物に取り付けて前記受電装置の上方に対面するように位置させ、 It said power transmission device is positioned so as to face upwardly of the power receiving device is attached to a structure installed in the charging place,
    前記送電装置又は受電装置の少なくともどちらか一方を可動にして両者が接近又は離反可能に構成したことを特徴とする交通システムの充電システム。 The charging system of the traffic system, wherein said that the power transmitting device or that both in the movable at least either one of the power receiving device is approaching or away possible constructed.
  6. 前記送電装置を取り付けた構造物を車両本体の両側に配置された支持構造体で両側支持させ、 The power transmission to the attached structure of the device is on both sides supported by a supporting structure disposed on both sides of the vehicle body,
    該支持構造体の上部に設けた駆動装置により前記構造物を上下方向に平行移動させるように構成したことを特徴とする請求項5記載の交通システムの充電システム。 Transportation system charging system according to claim 5, characterized by being configured to translate the structure in the vertical direction by a driving device provided at the top of the support structure.
  7. 前記送電装置を取り付けた構造物を車両本体の一側側に配置した支持構造体で片持ち支持させ、該片持ち部を中心に回動可能して前記送電装置を前記受電装置に接近又は離反可能に構成したことを特徴とする請求項5記載の交通システムの充電システム。 The power transmission to the attached structure of the device is cantilever supported by a supporting structure which is arranged on one side of the vehicle body, toward or away from the power receiving device the transmission device and pivotable about a 該片 gripping portion transportation system charging system according to claim 5, wherein capable by being configured.
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