JP2007175476A - Temperature-adjustable mat - Google Patents

Temperature-adjustable mat Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2007175476A
JP2007175476A JP2006022957A JP2006022957A JP2007175476A JP 2007175476 A JP2007175476 A JP 2007175476A JP 2006022957 A JP2006022957 A JP 2006022957A JP 2006022957 A JP2006022957 A JP 2006022957A JP 2007175476 A JP2007175476 A JP 2007175476A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
temperature
temperature adjustment
mat
air
air circulation
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Pending
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JP2006022957A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Seishi Takagi
清史 高木
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Seishi Takagi
清史 高木
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Priority to JP2005344199 priority Critical
Application filed by Seishi Takagi, 清史 高木 filed Critical Seishi Takagi
Priority to JP2006022957A priority patent/JP2007175476A/en
Publication of JP2007175476A publication Critical patent/JP2007175476A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C21/00Attachments for beds, e.g. sheet holders, bed-cover holders; Ventilating, cooling or heating means in connection with bedsteads or mattresses
    • A47C21/04Devices for ventilating, cooling or heating
    • A47C21/042Devices for ventilating, cooling or heating for ventilating or cooling
    • A47C21/044Devices for ventilating, cooling or heating for ventilating or cooling with active means, e.g. by using air blowers or liquid pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C21/00Attachments for beds, e.g. sheet holders, bed-cover holders; Ventilating, cooling or heating means in connection with bedsteads or mattresses
    • A47C21/04Devices for ventilating, cooling or heating
    • A47C21/048Devices for ventilating, cooling or heating for heating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C27/00Spring, stuffed or fluid mattresses or cushions specially adapted for chairs, beds or sofas
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F7/00Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body
    • A61F2007/0086Heating or cooling appliances for medical or therapeutic treatment of the human body with a thermostat

Abstract

There is provided a temperature adjustment mat capable of adjusting the temperature of a part of the body on the mat, having no peeling, and having a simple structure and being easy to use.
On a surface of a mat, at least one partial temperature adjustment target region is defined in advance. An air circulation passage for circulating air is provided in the area inside the mat of the temperature adjustment target area. Also, air circulating means 10 and 16 for forcibly circulating air through the air circulation passage, circulating air temperature adjusting means 8 and 9 for adjusting the temperature of the circulating air, and temperature adjustment target areas 2 and 3 Body temperature detecting means for detecting the body temperature of the upper body part, and a controller for controlling the driving of the air circulating means 10 and 16 and the circulating air temperature adjusting means 8 and 9 using the detected value of the body temperature detecting means are provided.
[Selection] Figure 2

Description

  TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a temperature adjustment mat having a temperature adjustment function such as a bedding such as a futon or bed for sleeping, a mattress used for rehabilitation and medical treatment for non-sleeping use, emergency medical treatment, or a sofa. It is.

  In recent years, due to the maturation of society and the progress of aging, the number of people who are hindering the maintenance and promotion of a healthy physical condition is increasing. An increasing number of people complain that even when they are generally healthy, local body parts such as knees and shoulders get cold or hurt. In daily life, these people use a supporter with a built-in heater to increase metabolism and improve blood circulation, take medicines, take a hot bath, use a hot compress or massage equipment, etc. to cool the body And alleviates the symptoms of the affected area.

JP-A-6-315424

  However, treatments to relieve the above symptoms are usually performed in a sitting or standing position, and temperature adjustment such as heating or cooling the affected area while sleeping or lying on the body is performed. It was inconvenient for elderly people who were not familiar with the movement of their bodies and those who had difficulty sitting. In addition, there was no means for relieving pain in the affected area in the lying state.

  In addition, although the degree of pain, coldness, etc. is different for each person, it has not been possible to adjust the temperature to the most comfortable temperature according to the degree of symptoms such as pain, coldness, etc. of each affected part with a hot compress. In addition, people whose body temperature has exceeded 40 degrees, such as those who have fallen due to heat stroke, those who have been burned, and people whose body temperature has abnormally decreased, such as those who have bleeded heavily due to an accident None of the emergency medical equipment and devices such as stretchers to be transported can properly adjust the patient's body temperature within the temperature range necessary for maintaining physical functions in a lying state. For example, treatments such as applying an electric blanket have been made for people with heavy bleeding, but it is very difficult to adjust the temperature of the patient appropriately with an electric blanket, and therefore the temperature adjustment was inappropriate. There are problems such as preventing sweating necessary for the patient and making the patient congested. Similarly, medical supplies for patients with senile hypothermia were not able to properly adjust the patient's body temperature to the desired temperature range in the lying state, causing various problems.

  For example, the temperature of an emergency patient whose body temperature has fallen sharply due to a heavy traffic accident due to a traffic accident, the patient whose condition may change suddenly in a hospital or clinic, or the elderly at home who needs to adjust the body temperature In order to appropriately adjust and prevent the above-described problems, the physical condition at the time (for example, body temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, number of turns, etc.) such as a heart rate monitor or blood pressure It is necessary to monitor accurately and continuously using a meter or the like, and for example, a nurse frequently adjusts the temperature of an electric blanket or the like based on the monitor data. However, it is virtually impossible for a nurse or the like to monitor the body condition accurately and continuously and to frequently adjust the temperature of an electric blanket or the like. Conventionally, there has been no feedback means for continuously monitoring the body condition in a lying state and automatically adjusting the temperature of an electric blanket or the like based on the monitor data.

  By the way, the present applicant has proposed a temperature adjustment mat as shown below (unpublished). The temperature adjustment mat circulates temperature-adjusted air in a sealed mat, thereby adjusting the temperature of the entire mat and providing a comfortable temperature environment for the body lying on the mat. As its specific configuration, the mat body is configured as a sealed container with an outer skin such as artificial leather or woven fabric, and the sealed container is composed of three-dimensional fibers having high air flowability in order from the top. A body, a passage wall for controlling air flow, and a mat member having an air circulation path in the lower part of the mat to form an air circulation path in the sealed container, and air is supplied to the air circulation path. The temperature of the entire mat is adjusted by circulating and adjusting the temperature of the circulating air. However, this proposed temperature adjustment mat has a structure that uniformly controls the temperature of the wide area of the mat mainly for the sleep of healthy people, and the temperature adjustment sensing / control function is not enough for the elderly and bleeding It did not satisfy the demand for temperature adjustment function in emergency medical treatment that locally heated and cooled people who lost body temperature maintenance function due to burns or burns.

  Patent Document 1 discloses a bed apparatus as described below. In other words, the bed apparatus of Patent Document 1 has sensors for detecting the body temperature, humidity, and body movements of a person who is in bed, and the sensor is in a pad separately placed on the mat of the bed apparatus. Is provided. In addition, the bed apparatus is provided with a structure for sending air directly into the pad on the mat or the bed by the blowing means, and a heating means for heating the blowing, and the detected value detected by the sensor Based on the above, the heating means is controlled to feed back the bed temperature and humidity to appropriate values, or wind that has not been heated through the pad from under the mat is put into the bed. This Patent Document 1 discloses that a duct is provided inside the bed body and a large number of ventilation holes are provided on the surface.

  However, in the bed device of Patent Document 1, even if an attempt is made to send the wind directly into the pad or bed on the mat, the wind outlet is blocked by the body and the futon on the bed, so the wind escapes well. Absent. For this reason, there is a disadvantage that the practicality is low particularly in the winter season when a thick coverlet is used. In addition, when a pad is placed on the mat, the pad position is shifted due to body movement such as turning over, and it is difficult to accurately heat the desired position. Furthermore, since the wind directly touches the sleeping body, the body is excessively cooled, and there is a disadvantage that is not necessarily good for the health of the elderly.

  Furthermore, Patent Document 1 discloses a configuration in which a cooling device using the Peltier effect is used as means for lowering the temperature in the bed. However, when the outdoor air with high humidity in the summer is cooled, there is a problem that condensation occurs, and the mat itself gets wet and molds tend to propagate. Furthermore, in the bed apparatus of Patent Document 1, the body is heated by a heater (heating means) on the mat, but the body temperature detecting means and the humidity detecting means are built in a pad arranged on the mat. As a result, the body temperature cannot be accurately detected during heating, and there are many fibrous bodies packed in the mat as batting, so the heat capacity is generally high and the heating means will warm the mat. In addition, there is a possibility that various problems will occur such as the problem that the power consumption will increase and the body will be peeled off because the heat of the heating means is directly given to the whole body, and in the worst case, it will cause a low temperature burn. is there.

  The present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems, the purpose of which can adjust the temperature of a part of the body on the mat, and does not cause problems such as peeling and low-temperature burns, It is to provide a temperature control mat that is simple in structure and easy to use.

In order to achieve the above object, the present invention has the following configuration as means for solving the above-mentioned problems. That is, this invention
A temperature adjustment mat having a function of adjusting a body temperature on the mat, wherein at least one partial temperature adjustment target area is predetermined on the body side surface of the mat, and the temperature adjustment target area An air circulation passage for circulating air in the inner area of the mat is formed in a form in which a part thereof is along the mat skin portion of the temperature adjustment target area, and at least a part of the air circulation path has high air permeability. Consists of highly breathable materials,
Air circulating means for forcibly circulating air through the air circulation passage, and circulating air temperature for adjusting the temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region by adjusting the temperature of the air circulating through the air circulation passage An adjustment means, a body temperature detection means for detecting the body temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target area, and a target in which the body temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target area is preset based on a detection value of the body temperature detection means And a controller for controlling the driving of the circulating air temperature adjusting means and a circulating air temperature adjusting means.

  According to the present invention, at least one partial temperature adjustment target region is set on the mat surface, the air circulation passage for circulating air in the mat internal region of the temperature adjustment target region, and the air circulation An air circulating means for forcibly circulating air in the passage and a circulating air temperature adjusting means for adjusting the temperature of the circulating air are provided, and the temperature adjustment is performed by heat exchange with the temperature-controlled circulating air. The temperature of the body part on the target area is adjusted. In this configuration, since the temperature adjustment target area is a partial area of the mat surface, it is possible to adjust the temperature of a part of the body on the mat. Further, for example, instead of directly applying heat from the heater to the body on the mat, in the present invention, the temperature of the body on the mat is adjusted using the temperature-adjusted circulating air. It is possible to avoid problems such as upper body peeling and low-temperature burns. Furthermore, the temperature adjustment mat of the present invention can be configured with a simple structure.

  Further, in the present invention, the body temperature detecting means for detecting the body temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target area on the mat surface, and the body temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target area based on the detection value of the body temperature detection means in advance. The air circulation means and the control part which performs drive control of the circulation air temperature adjustment means are provided so that it may become the set target temperature. For this reason, such as those who are unable to adjust body temperature well due to aging, those who have some physical abnormality in an accident etc., which interferes with body temperature regulation, healthy people who want healthy sleep, etc. By setting a target temperature appropriately according to the physical conditions and needs of various people, it is possible to provide a temperature adjustment mat that can efficiently adjust the temperature of a specific part of the body to meet the demand.

  Further, the body state detecting means is provided, and the body state is provided by setting a target temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region on the mat surface according to the body state detected by the body state detecting means. An appropriate target temperature is set according to the change, and more appropriate body temperature adjustment can be performed.

  Furthermore, external detection means for detecting ambient environment information such as outside air temperature and humidity outside the mat is provided, and on the temperature adjustment target area on the mat surface using the ambient environment information detected by the external detection means. By providing a configuration for setting the target temperature of the body part, an appropriate target temperature is set according to the change in the climate situation, and it becomes possible to perform more appropriate body temperature adjustment. Furthermore, both the body state detection means and the external detection means are provided, and the body on the temperature adjustment target region on the mat surface based on the body state detected by the body state detection means and the ambient environment information detected by the external detection means By providing a configuration to set the target temperature of the part, the target temperature will be set according to the body condition that is different from the climate situation, and it is possible to adjust the temperature of the body more appropriately It becomes.

  Provided with a configuration in which a discharge port for discharging a part of the air in the mat is provided, and an air intake port for taking in external air into the mat is provided in order to supplement the amount of released air. Thus, a part of the air in the mat can be exchanged. It is also possible to adjust the temperature inside the mat using outside air when the climate is warm and the outside air condition is not necessary, such as in autumn, and it is not necessary to perform heating and cooling. The power consumption of the means can be suppressed, and the power can be saved. Furthermore, by providing the air intake port with a means for appropriately removing the humidity of the outside air taken into the mat, the outside air can be taken into the mat without increasing the humidity inside the mat.

  Furthermore, by providing a configuration in which the circulating air temperature adjusting unit including the circulating air temperature adjusting means is externally attached to the outside of the mat, the circulating air temperature adjusting means can be easily repaired, maintained, inspected, and replaced.

  Further, a plurality of temperature adjustment target areas are predetermined on the body-side surface of the mat, and an air circulation passage, an air circulation means, and a circulating air temperature adjustment means are provided for each temperature adjustment target area. The controller is configured to control the air circulation means and the circulating air temperature adjustment means for each temperature adjustment target area, thereby individually adjusting the temperature of the body part on each temperature adjustment target area. can do.

  By providing the structure in which the body temperature detecting means is provided on a member that can be attached to the body part on the mat, the body temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region can be detected more accurately.

  Furthermore, by providing a configuration in which an affected part treatment means for applying any energy of heat, light, and vibration to a body part on a mat surface part of a non-air circulation area other than a temperature adjustment target area by air circulation is provided. The following effects can be obtained. The affected area treatment means can be attached to the inner part of the mat according to the purpose, and for example, energy from the affected area treatment means can be appropriately given to a local body part (affected area) such as a shoulder or a foot to alleviate the symptoms of the affected area. . Moreover, the following effects can be obtained by providing the control unit with a configuration for performing drive control of the affected area treatment means based on a control program given in advance. For example, in the case where a perspiration amount sensor, which is a body condition detection means, is provided, data for setting a target energy output amount from the affected area treatment means based on the perspiration amount detected by the perspiration amount sensor is given in advance. The control unit sets a target energy output amount from the affected area treatment means based on the information on the sweat amount detected by the sweat amount sensor and the data according to a control program given in advance. A configuration is provided in which drive control of the affected area treatment means is performed so that the amount of energy output from the affected area treatment means becomes the target energy output amount to be set. By configuring in this way, it is possible to automatically give appropriate energy to the body part on the mat surface part of the non-air circulation area according to the change in the body condition, and to alleviate the symptoms of the affected part.

  At least one manual operation means of an air circulation means, a circulating air temperature adjustment means, and an affected area treatment means is provided, and when the manual operation means is manually operated, the control unit stops automatic control and prioritizes manual operation. By providing such a configuration, the body temperature adjustment by the circulating air temperature adjusting means and the output energy supply state by the affected part treatment means can be adjusted by manual operation according to different needs of individuals.

  Embodiments according to the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. In addition, the component in drawing used for description of the embodiment described below does not necessarily follow a dimension.

  FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a schematic appearance of the temperature adjustment mat of the first embodiment. The temperature adjustment mat 1 has a function of adjusting the temperature of the body 65 by sensing the body temperature of the body 65 and adjusting the temperature of the mat surface.

  As shown in FIG. 1, a first temperature adjustment unit 2 and a second temperature adjustment unit 3, which are temperature adjustment target regions, are respectively set on the surface of the temperature adjustment mat 1 that lies on the body 65. In the first embodiment, the first temperature adjusting unit 2 is set in a mat surface area that substantially hits the back of the body 65. For example, the back of the body 65 is cooled in the summer and the body in the winter. This is an area for heating 65 backs. The second temperature adjustment unit 3 is set in a region where the body 65 hits the leg from the waist, and is a region where the leg is heated from the waist of the body 65 without cooling.

  In the first embodiment, the side surface of the temperature adjustment mat 1 controls a heat exchanging means that is a circulating air temperature adjustment means (described later) built in the temperature adjustment mat 1 and an air circulation means such as a blower fan. A control unit 4 is provided.

  2 is a cross-sectional view schematically showing a cross-sectional configuration example of the AA portion of the temperature adjustment mat 1 shown in FIG. 1, and FIG. 3A is a schematic view of the temperature adjustment mat 1 of FIG. It is an exploded view. As shown in FIG. 2, the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the first embodiment includes an upper air circulation means 5 made of a highly breathable material, a lower air circulation means 6 made of urethane foam and the like, and an upper air circulation means 5. And an air passage control means 7 made of an aluminum plate or a woven fabric sandwiched between the lower air circulation means 6 and an artificial structure that wraps the laminated structure of the upper air circulation means 5, the lower air circulation means 6 and the flow passage control means 7. Upper skin 11 and lower skin 12 made of leather, woven fabric, etc., first heat exchanging means 8 as circulating air temperature adjusting means, second heat exchanging means 9 as circulating air temperature adjusting means, The air circulation means 10, the first temperature sensor 14, the second temperature sensor 15, and the second air circulation means 16 are configured. Below, the detail of each said component which comprises the temperature adjustment mat 1 is demonstrated.

  The upper skin 11 and the lower skin 12 which are the skins of the temperature control mat 1 have a low moisture permeability and air permeability, and have a thickness of, for example, about 0.5 to 2 mm, for example, a woven fabric made of polyester, acrylic fiber, or fluorine-based fiber. It has a good cushioning property and can substantially block the air and the outside air of the mat, and the upper skin 11 and the lower skin 12 are combined by sewing to such an extent that the flexibility of the mat is not impaired. It is made into a bag shape. Since the upper skin 11 and the lower skin 12 substantially block the air inside the mat and the outside air, the moisture contained in the outside air enters the mat and the inside of the temperature adjustment mat 1 is dewed by the cool air inside the mat. Generation | occurrence | production can be prevented and the propagation of miscellaneous bacteria by excessive moisture can be avoided.

  The inside of the temperature adjustment mat 1 is almost airtight by the upper skin 11 and the lower skin 12, but the material of the upper skin 11 and the lower skin 12 is basically a fibrous body. Due to mat deformation such as when body pressure is applied by the body 65 of the body, part of the air inside the mat is discharged through the upper epidermis 11 and the lower epidermis 12, and when the body 65 leaves the floor, outside air is discharged from the upper epidermis 11 and the lower epidermis. 12 flows into the mat. When the outside air flows into the mat, some moisture enters through the upper skin 11 and the lower skin 12, so that the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the first embodiment is used to remove the humidity of the outside air. In this case, a desiccant such as silica gel or zeolite is built in, or humidity control ventilation means 54 comprising an electronic dryer or the like is installed at the periphery of the mat.

  The upper air circulation means 5 is a flat structure extending along the upper surface of the temperature adjustment mat 1, and is made of a highly breathable material having good ventilation, low heat capacity, and good cushioning properties. . One example of the upper air circulation means 5 is shown in the model diagram of FIG. The upper air circulation means 5 shown in FIG. 4 is a three-dimensional fiber structure having a thickness of, for example, about 10 to 30 mm, and has a surface fabric portion (lattice fiber) 19 that is a two-sided ground structure. And connecting means 20 made of fibers for connecting the upper and lower planar fabric portions 19.

  The planar woven fabric portion 19 is a woven fabric having good air permeability in the vertical direction (b direction in FIG. 4) and a high void (opening) rate per unit area of, for example, about 70 to 80%. It is composed of polyester fibers such as butylene terephthalate and polyamide fibers such as nylon 6 and nylon 66. Since the planar woven fabric portion 19 has good air permeability, air can be easily circulated through the planar woven fabric portion 19 in the vertical direction (direction b in FIG. 4).

  The connecting means 20 is woven integrally with the planar fabric portion 19 and is three-dimensionalized by heat treatment. The connecting means 20 has a high porosity in a cross section orthogonal to the surface of the surface woven fabric portion 19, for example, as high as about 80 to 95%, and air can easily flow in an in-plane direction (a direction in FIG. 4). Is. In order to receive the body 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1 through moderate compression deformation through the upper skin 11, the connecting means 20 is made of a strong thread material that recovers even when repeated compression strain occurs. . Specific examples of the thread material include, for example, a plurality of rigid monofilament fiber bodies made of polyethylene terephthalate having a thickness of about 600 to 800 denier, polybutylene terephthalate, and the like, and arranged in an X shape. And so on, in which a large number of monofilament fiber bodies are arranged.

  Since the upper air circulation means 5 of FIG. 4 as described above is an aggregate of thin fibers and has a high porosity, the weight per unit volume of the upper air circulation means 5 is solid in the unit volume. When it is satisfied, it is about one hundredth, so that the heat capacity of the upper air circulation means 5 is extremely low, and the heat conductivity in the vertical direction (b direction) is also low. For this reason, it is possible to avoid the heat of the body 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1 from being trapped in the upper air circulation means 5.

  The flow path control means 7 is made of an aluminum plate, a woven fabric, or the like. The flow path control means 7 includes a plurality of through holes 17 (17a to 17d) penetrating in the vertical direction as shown in FIG. 3A, for example. Is formed. One of the plurality of through holes 17 is formed in a portion corresponding to a part of the end edge of the first temperature adjusting unit 2, and is opposite to the end edge of the first temperature adjusting unit 2. Another through-hole 17b is formed corresponding to the side edge portion. Further, another through-hole 17 c is formed at a portion corresponding to a part of the end edge portion of the second temperature adjusting portion 3, and the end edge on the opposite side of the end edge portion of the second temperature adjusting portion 3. Another through hole 17d is formed corresponding to the portion.

  The lower air circulation means 6 is constituted by a flat plate member made of, for example, urethane foam. FIG. 3B shows a schematic plan view of the lower air circulation means 6 as viewed from above. As shown in FIG. 3B and FIG. 2, recesses 18-1, 18-2, and 21 are formed on the upper surface of the lower air circulation means 6 (the surface on the upper air circulation means 5 side). The recess 21 is a recess for installing the first heat exchanging means 8 and is provided corresponding to the position where the through hole 17 a of the flow path control means 7 is formed. The concave portion 18-1 is a concave portion formed from a portion corresponding to the formation position of the through hole 17b of the flow passage control means 7 to a region communicating with the concave portion 21, and is a concave portion for forming an air circulation passage as will be described later. It is. The recess 18-2 is a recess formed from a portion corresponding to the formation position of the through hole 17c of the flow passage control means 7 to a portion corresponding to the formation position of the through hole 17d of the flow passage control means 7, and will be described later. It is a recessed part for forming such an air circulation path.

  The first air circulation means 10 is constituted by a blower fan such as a cross flow fan. In the first embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, the first air circulation means 10 is formed in a region where the through hole 17a of the flow path control means 7 is formed. It is arranged. Similarly to the first air circulation means 10, the second air circulation means 16 is also constituted by a blower fan such as a cross flow fan. In the first embodiment, the second air circulation means 16 is disposed in the formation region of the through hole 17 c of the flow path control means 7.

  In the first embodiment, when the first air circulation means 10 is driven, for example, the air inside the upper air circulation means 5 is sucked by the first air circulation means 10. The sucked air is discharged from the first air circulation means 10 toward the recess 18-1 of the lower air circulation means 6, passes through the passage formed by the recess 18-1 and the flow path control means 7, and further controls the flow path. It returns to the upper air circulation means 5 through the through hole 17b of the means 7. The returned air is sucked again by the first air circulation means 10 through the portion of the upper air circulation means 5 corresponding to the first temperature adjustment unit 2. In this way, air circulation as shown by the arrow A in FIG. 2 occurs in the mat internal region corresponding to the first temperature adjusting unit 2 by driving the first air circulation means 10. The circulating air exchanges heat with a part (for example, the back) of the body 65 that is in contact with the first temperature adjusting unit 2 through the upper skin 11 while passing through the upper air circulation means 5.

  That is, the air in the inner area of the mat corresponding to the first temperature adjusting unit 2 is formed by the upper air circulation means 5, the through holes 17 a and 17 b of the flow passage control means 7, and the recess 18-1 of the lower circulation means 6. A first air circulation passage for circulating the air is configured. The first air circulation means 10 is an air circulation means for forcibly circulating air through the first air circulation passage.

  Further, by driving the second air circulation means 16, for example, the air in the air circulation passage composed of the concave portion 18-2 of the lower air circulation means 6 and the flow passage control means 7 is caused by the second air circulation means 16. Sucked. The sucked air is discharged toward the area of the upper air circulation means 5 corresponding to the second temperature adjustment section 3 and passes through the area of the upper air circulation means 5 corresponding to the second temperature adjustment section 3. It returns to the recess 18-2 of the lower air circulation means 6 through the through hole 17d of the path control means 7. The return air is sucked again by the second air circulation means 16 through the recess 18-2. In this way, air circulation as shown by the arrow B in FIG. 2 occurs in the mat internal region corresponding to the second temperature adjusting unit 3 by driving the second air circulation means 16. When the circulating air passes through the upper air circulation means 5, the part of the body 65 that is in contact with the second temperature adjustment unit 3 via the upper skin 11 (for example, the body part from the waist to the leg). Exchange heat with.

  In other words, the upper air circulation means 5, the through holes 17 c and 17 d of the flow passage control means 7, and the recess 18-2 of the lower circulation means 6 allow air to enter the mat internal region corresponding to the second temperature adjustment unit 3. A second air circulation path for circulating the air is configured. The second air circulation means 16 is an air circulation means for forcibly circulating air through the second air circulation passage.

In the first embodiment, the upper air circulation means 5 has good air permeability. For example, when the thickness of the upper air circulation means 5 is 30 mm, the first and second air circulation means. The wind speed in the upper air circulation means 5 of the circulating air by driving 10 and 16 is 0.5-2 (m / sec), for example, and the air volume is 0.1-0.5 (m 3 / sec), for example. Air circulation with a large wind speed and large air volume can be obtained. Moreover, since the upper air circulation means 5 shown in FIG. 4 has the three-dimensional connection means 20, the air flowing into the upper air circulation means 5 from the through hole 17 of the flow path control means 7 Since it collides with the connection means 20 of the air circulation means 5 and collides with the upper epidermis 11, heat exchange with the body 65 can be performed efficiently, and for example, a comfortable temperature adjustment of the body 65 can be obtained in about 5 minutes. Can do.

  The first heat exchanging means 8 is for adjusting the temperature of the air circulating in the first air circulation passage A. In the first embodiment, the first heat exchanging means 8 is attached to the recess 21 of the lower air circulation means 6. ing. FIG. 5A shows a structural example of the first heat exchanging means 8 in a schematic perspective view. The first heat exchanging means 8 shown in FIG. 5A includes a Peltier module 22 as described below, and a temperature adjusting fin 23 made of aluminum or the like connected to the Peltier module 22.

  The Peltier module 22 is a kind of heat pump for transporting heat from one surface of the module to the other surface using the Peltier effect, and is often used as a temperature control device for small refrigerators and electronic components. in use. The Peltier module includes, as main components, a matrix array configured by alternately arranging n-type semiconductor elements and p-type semiconductor elements, alumina disposed so as to sandwich the matrix array from above and below, and the like And an upper electrode group and a lower electrode group that are provided on each of the upper and lower ceramic substrates and electrically connect the n-type semiconductor element and the p-type semiconductor element, respectively. The number of logarithms of n-type semiconductor elements and p-type semiconductor elements required as a Peltier module is usually 100 to 300 pairs depending on the required temperature adjustment capability (heat absorption amount, temperature difference). The semiconductor element and the p-type semiconductor element are electrically connected alternately in series by the upper electrode group and the lower electrode group. When a direct current is passed through the series connection body of the n-type semiconductor element and the p-type semiconductor element, one surface of the Peltier module 22 forms a cooling surface (heat absorption surface), and the other surface facing the Peltier module 22 is a heating surface. (Heat exhaust surface). Further, when the flow of the direct current that is passed through the series connection body of the n-type semiconductor element and the p-type semiconductor element is reversed, one surface of the Peltier module 22 is changed from the cooling surface (heat absorption surface) to the heating surface (heat exhaust surface). ), And the other facing surface changes from a heating surface (heat exhaust surface) to a cooling surface (heat absorption surface). For this reason, the Peltier module 22 has an advantage that both cooling and heating can be performed only by the Peltier module 22.

  The temperature adjustment fin 23 is attached to one surface of the Peltier module 22 and is cooled or heated by driving the Peltier module 22. In the first embodiment, the positional relationship between the temperature adjusting fins 23 and the first air circulating means 10 is such that the circulating air discharged from the first air circulating means 10 passes through the temperature adjusting fins 23. Is set. For this reason, the circulating air discharged from the first air circulation means 10 is cooled or heated by exchanging heat through the temperature adjusting fins 23.

  By the way, when the first heat exchanging means 8 includes the Peltier module 22, exhaust heat generated when the Peltier module 22 performs the cooling operation of the circulating air is discharged to the outside of the temperature adjustment mat 1. It is preferable. For this reason, as shown in FIG. 5A, the Peltier module 22 is attached to the heat transfer means 25. A part of the heat transfer means 25 is formed to protrude outside the temperature adjustment mat 1, and the protruding portion of the heat transfer means 25 is disposed on the side surface of the temperature adjustment mat 1. It is joined with.

  The heat transfer means 25 has a configuration that can efficiently transfer the exhaust heat of the Peltier module 22 to the exhaust heat means 24. Such a configuration includes various configurations such as a heat pipe and a heat pipe panel. Here, any one of these configurations may be adopted, but FIG. 5B shows a configuration example of the heat transfer means 25 in a schematic cross-sectional view. The heat transfer means 25 in FIG. 5B is configured by a heat pipe panel 68. The heat pipe panel 68 has a plurality of through holes 67 formed in an outer shell 66 made of aluminum having a thickness of about 2 mm and a width of about 30 mm, for example. ) Is housed.

  For example, the exhaust heat unit 24 supplies exhaust heat fins 27 made of a plurality of aluminum plates or copper plates thermally bonded to the heat transfer unit 25 by solder or the like, and supplies air to the exhaust heat fins 27. For example, an exhaust heat fan 26 composed of an axial fan or the like, and a cover (envelope) 28 formed of plastic, aluminum, or the like for efficiently guiding the ventilation by the exhaust heat fan 26 to the exhaust heat fin 27. Configured.

  By providing the heat transfer means 25 and the exhaust heat means 24 as described above, the exhaust heat of the Peltier module 22 is transmitted to the exhaust heat means 24 through the heat transfer means 25 and is exchanged with the outside air by the exhaust heat means 24. . That is, the exhaust heat of the Peltier module 22 can be discharged to the outside of the temperature adjustment mat 1.

  The second heat exchanging means 9 is for adjusting the temperature of the air circulating in the second air circulation passage B. In the first embodiment, the through hole 17d of the flow passage control means 7 is formed. Arranged in the area. In the first embodiment, the second heat exchanging means 9 is constituted by, for example, a heater that heats the circulating air, a Peltier module as described above, or the like.

  In the first embodiment, the first heat exchange means 8 as described above is disposed in the first air circulation passage A. For this reason, the temperature of the air circulating through the first air circulation passage A is adjusted by the first heat exchanging means 8, and the temperature-adjusted air corresponds to the first temperature adjusting unit 2. 5, the body 65 is exchanged by heat exchange via the upper epidermis 11 between the circulating air whose temperature has been adjusted and the part (for example, the back) of the body 65 that is in contact with the first temperature adjustment unit 2. Parts such as the back can be cooled or heated. A second heat exchanging means 9 is disposed in the second air circulation passage B. For this reason, the temperature of the air circulating through the second air circulation passage B is adjusted by the second heat exchanging means 9, and the temperature-adjusted air corresponds to the second temperature adjusting unit 3. 5 is passed through the upper epidermis 11 between the circulating air whose temperature has been adjusted and the part of the body 65 that is in contact with the second temperature adjusting unit 3 (for example, the part from the waist to the leg). By exchanging, the part of the body 65 can be heated.

  The first temperature sensor 14 detects the mat surface temperature of the first temperature adjustment unit 2 as the body temperature of the part of the body 65 in contact with the first temperature adjustment unit 2, and the second temperature sensor 15 Detects the mat surface temperature of the second temperature adjustment unit 3 as the body temperature of the part of the body 65 in contact with the second temperature adjustment unit 3. Each of the first and second temperature sensors 14 and 15 is, for example, a temperature sensor such as a plurality of small-diameter thermocouples, or receives infrared rays emitted from the body and based on the wavelength of the received infrared rays. It is comprised by the photodiode etc. which detect this. In the first embodiment, the first temperature sensors 14 are arranged at three positions 30-1, 30-2, and 30-3 as shown in FIG. 3A in the first temperature adjusting unit 2, respectively. It is installed. In addition, second temperature sensors 15 are arranged at three positions 31-1, 31-1, and 31-3 as shown in FIG. 3A in the second temperature adjusting unit 3, respectively.

  The control unit 4 includes a control unit 32, body temperature data processing units 33 and 34, and a memory 38 shown in the block configuration diagram of FIG. The body temperature data processing unit 33 is electrically connected to each of the three first temperature sensors 14 (30-1, 30-2, 30-3) provided in the first temperature adjustment unit 2. The body temperature data of the body 65 detected by each of the first temperature sensors 14 is captured every moment, and the captured body temperature data is processed. In the first embodiment, the body temperature data processing unit 33 compares the detected temperatures of the three first temperature sensors 14 and determines the highest temperature among the detected temperatures in the body 65 in the first temperature adjusting unit 2. It is considered that the body temperature is output to the control unit 32. For example, FIG. 7A shows detected temperature data output from the three first temperature sensors 14 (30-1, 30-2, 30-3) provided in the first temperature adjusting unit 2. Has been. When the detected temperature data as shown in FIG. 7A is obtained, the highest detected temperature is the detected temperature (32 ° C.) of the first temperature sensor 14 (30-3). The body temperature of the body 65 in the temperature adjustment unit 2 is detected to be 32 ° C. Thus, the reason why the highest temperature among the detected temperatures of the three first temperature sensors 14 is regarded as the body temperature of the body 65 is that the body 65 moves on the temperature adjustment mat 1 by body movement such as turning over. Since all the first temperature sensors 14 do not detect the body temperature of the body 65, the highest detected temperature that is considered to sense the heat from the body 65 with the highest accuracy is set as the body temperature of the body 65. It is said.

  The body temperature data processing unit 34 is electrically connected to each of the three second temperature sensors 15 (31-1, 31-2, 31-3) provided in the second temperature adjustment unit 3. The body temperature data of the body 65 detected by each of the second temperature sensors 15 is captured every moment, and the captured body temperature data is processed. In the first embodiment, the body temperature data processing unit 34 compares the detected temperatures of the three second temperature sensors 15 as in the body temperature data processing unit 33, and determines the highest temperature among the detected temperatures. 2 is regarded as the body temperature of the body 65 in the temperature adjusting unit 3 and is output to the control unit 32.

  In the memory 38, the relationship data between the time and the target temperature (target body temperature) as shown by the solid line A in FIG. 7B is predetermined and stored as target temperature data. The control unit 32 is configured by, for example, a microcomputer (CPU), and the control unit 32 includes data and programs stored in the memory 38, body temperature information output from the body temperature data processing units 33 and 34, and the like. Based on the above, drive control of the first and second heat exchanging means 8, 9 and the first and second air circulation means 10, 16 is performed. For example, the control unit 32 includes time measuring means, and sets a target temperature according to time information obtained by the time measuring means from time to time based on the target temperature data in the memory 38, and the set target temperature. And body temperature data added from the body temperature data processing units 33 and 34 are compared. And the control part 32 controls the power supply part 35 in the direction which makes the said difference small based on the difference of the detection body temperature obtained by the comparison, and target temperature, and each 1st and 2nd heat exchange means The drive control of 8, 9 and the drive control of the first and second air circulation means 10, 16 are performed.

  By the way, the target temperature data A shown in FIG. 7B is data used to make it easy to go to sleep when a healthy person does not fall asleep. In other words, the human body generally has a mechanism that lowers the metabolic rate by lowering the temperature of the body by 0.5-1 ° C. before going to sleep, and the set point of body temperature falls from daytime at night. Therefore, the blood vessels on the skin surface are expanded to increase heat dissipation from the skin surface, as seen in the phenomenon of warming the child's limbs before going to sleep. Therefore, in order to shorten the time to go to sleep, it is necessary to lower the temperature of the temperature adjustment mat 1 in accordance with the heat radiation of the body, and to facilitate the heat radiation from the body. If this happens, the cold stimulation will be transmitted to the brain and the peripheral nerves will also contract, and the release of body temperature will be suppressed, so when the surface temperature of the temperature adjustment mat is once warmed and the skin temperature on the body surface is rising In addition, it is possible to improve sleep by taking away this fever. Moreover, after sleeping, the temperature can be controlled appropriately, for example, after first cooling, a pattern such as a V-shaped sleep that gradually takes time to reach the same temperature as the room temperature can be taken. In consideration of the above, the target temperature data A shown in FIG. 7B is set. That is, in the start period (standby period), the target temperature data A is set so that the mat surface temperature is adjusted (heated) to a temperature that does not give a cold stimulus to the sleeping person and the body 65 is on standby. . When the body 65 lies on the temperature adjustment mat 1, the body 65 is heated to an appropriate constant temperature for a period of about 10 to 30 minutes (warming period in the figure), and the skin temperature of the body 65 starts to rise. The target temperature data A is set so that the body temperature and the skin temperature of the body 65 can sometimes fall and sleep can be entered.

  In this example, the target temperature data A is data for introducing a healthy person or the like into comfortable sleep. However, for example, when the temperature adjustment mat 1 is used as an emergency treatment mat, For example, the memory 38 is provided with target temperature data for first-aid treatment of a hypothermic person, and the control unit 32 determines the target temperature data for the first-aid treatment and the body temperature detected by the body temperature data processing units 33 and 34. Based on the above, the drive control of the first and second heat exchanging means 8 and 9 and the first and second air circulation means 10 and 16 may be performed. Thus, the target temperature data is not limited to the data shown in FIG. 7B. Of course, the target temperature data for the first temperature adjustment unit 2 and the target temperature data for the second temperature adjustment unit 3 are set separately, and the control unit 32 sets the first temperature data. Drive control of the first heat exchanging means 8 and the first air circulation means 10 for the temperature adjusting unit 2, and the second heat exchanging means 9 and the second air circulation for the second temperature adjusting unit 3 The drive control of the means 16 may be performed independently of each other. Further, a plurality of target temperature data is stored in the memory 38 in advance, and a user of the temperature adjustment mat 1 can input external information input means (not shown) such as a keyboard and a touch panel connected to the control unit 4, for example. ), And the control unit 32 can select the first or second target temperature data based on the selected target temperature data. It is good also as a structure which performs drive control of each heat exchange means 8 and 9 and the 1st and 2nd air circulation means 10 and 16. FIG. Further, the control unit 32 uses the target temperature data externally input by the user or the like of the temperature adjustment mat 1 using the external information input unit, and the first and second heat exchange units 8, 9 and The first and second air circulation means 10 and 16 may be configured to perform drive control.

  Further, an outside air temperature sensor 36 which is an external detection means is disposed outside the temperature adjustment mat 1, and a target is stored in the memory 38 based on the outside air temperature (ambient environment information) detected by the outside air temperature sensor 36. Correction data for correcting (setting) the temperature data may be stored in advance. In this case, the control unit 32 corrects (sets) the target temperature data based on the information on the outside air temperature detected by the outside air temperature sensor 36 and the correction data in the memory 38, and after this correction (after the setting) ) To set the target temperature based on the target temperature data and to control the driving of the first and second heat exchange means 8 and 9 and the first and second air circulation means 10 and 16. Good.

  When the control unit 32 appropriately has the various configurations as described above, the specific part of the body 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1 is changed according to changes in the surrounding environment such as the climate, the purpose of use of the temperature adjustment mat 1, and the like. The temperature can be adjusted to a constant temperature or to a temperature based on a set temperature pattern as time passes.

  Furthermore, manual operation means for circulating air temperature adjustment means for manually operating the first heat exchange means 8, manual operation means for circulating air temperature adjustment means for manually operating the second heat exchange means 9, At least one of manual operation means for air circulation means for manually operating the first air circulation means 10 and manual operation means for air circulation means for manually operating the second air circulation means 16; The temperature adjustment mat 1 may be provided. In this case, when the manual operation means is manually operated, the control unit 32 determines that the manually operated first heat exchange means 8 or second heat exchange means 9 or first air circulation means 10 or The automatic control of the second air circulation means 16 is stopped to give priority to manual operation. By providing such a configuration, for example, when the temperature adjustment mat 1 is used for treatment purposes under the supervision of a doctor, the doctor can perform the first and second from the medical viewpoint based on the body temperature data and the like. The temperature adjustment of the body 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1 can be performed by manually operating the heat exchange means 8 and 9 and the first and second air circulation means 10 and 16.

  Further, the control unit 32 is connected to the wireless or wired communication means 39, and the body temperature information obtained through the body temperature data processing units 33 and 34, the data stored in the memory 38, etc. are designated in advance. To the information sending partner (for example, if the temperature adjustment mat 1 is installed in a nursing facility or hospital, the central data processing device of the facility, or if it is installed in an ambulance, etc.) You may have the structure which communicates toward.

  Furthermore, the control unit 32 may be connected to the monitor device 37 and may be configured to control the monitor device 37 to display body temperature information and the like obtained via the body temperature data processing units 33 and 34 on the screen.

  In the first embodiment, the example in which the Peltier module 22 constituting the first heat exchanging means 8 heats and cools the circulating air is shown. For example, the Peltier module 22 is dedicated to cooling. The first heat exchanging means 8 may be provided with a heating means different from the Peltier module 22. That is, generally, when the Peltier module is used for heating, the Peltier module is likely to deteriorate at a high temperature, and when the Peltier module is used in the heating mode, it is necessary to heat the exhaust heat fins 27. Heating of the circulating air by the Peltier module is not preferable because the number of parts such as a heater for heating the heat fin 27 must be provided in the exhaust heat fin 27 and the structure becomes complicated. In view of this, the Peltier module 22 may be dedicated to cooling the circulating air, and a means for heating the circulating air may be provided separately. For example, as shown in FIG. 6, a planar heater 29 may be provided on the upper surface of the temperature adjustment fin 23 as circulating air heating means. The planar heater 29 is configured by embedding a heating element in an insulating sheet made of, for example, silicon resin or polyimide having a thickness of about 0.2 to 0.5 mm. Further, when the planar heater 29 is provided, as shown in FIG. 6, on the planar heater 29, the heat of the planar heater 29 is not radiated to the outside and is efficiently supplied to the temperature adjusting fin 23 side. It is preferable to provide a heat insulating material 30 such as polyurethane foam.

  In the first embodiment, the heat exchanging means 8 includes the Peltier module 22, but the heat exchanging means 8 includes a heating means such as a heater and a cooling means instead of the Peltier module 22. It is good also as a structure to provide.

  The second embodiment will be described below. In the description of the second embodiment, the same components as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and duplicate descriptions of common portions are omitted.

  In this second embodiment, instead of providing the mat surface portion with the second temperature sensor 15 for detecting the body temperature of the body part located on the second temperature adjustment unit 3 on the mat surface, the second temperature is used. The sensor 15 is provided on a member that can be attached to the body 65 as shown in FIG. 9A. The configuration of the second embodiment other than this configuration is the same as that of the first embodiment.

  The temperature adjustment mat 1 shown in the second embodiment is used, for example, as an emergency stretcher, an emergency bed, or a lifesaving function for an elderly person who has an incomplete body temperature adjustment function in response to sudden changes in the outside air environment. It is suitable for the case. For example, when an injury involving bleeding occurs in a traffic accident or the like, the body temperature rapidly decreases, and in general, when the body temperature becomes 25 ° C. or less, death often occurs. In addition, due to malfunction of the skin's cold and cold organs in some elderly people, it is often seen that the body becomes hypothermic and died before it was noticed. In order to cope with such a case, for example, the following relationship data between time and target temperature is stored in advance in the memory 38 as target temperature data. For example, in the target temperature data, when a hypothermic patient (for example, a patient whose skin temperature cannot be maintained at a normal 32 to 33 ° C.) 65 is laid on the temperature adjustment mat 1, urgent heating is required. Therefore, the target temperature is set to 36 ° C., for example. However, if the surface temperature of the temperature adjustment mat 1 is kept high for a long time, there is an adverse effect on the skin wound of the patient 65, etc., so that heating is started and the body temperature of the patient 65 starts to rise gradually. The target temperature is set to be lowered to, for example, 32 ° C. when a predetermined time has elapsed.

  By controlling the first and second air circulating means 10 and 16 and the first and second heat exchanging means 8 and 9 by the control unit 32 using the target temperature data in the memory 38, the temperature adjustment mat is used. It is possible to raise the body temperature of the hypothermic patient 65 laid down to 1 to an appropriate body temperature.

  For example, a patient who has suffered a hypothermia due to a large amount of bleeding from the leg due to an accident is detected by the second temperature sensor 15 of the patient 65 when the temperature is adjusted by being laid on the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the second embodiment. An example of the temporal change between the body surface temperature and the surface temperature of the temperature adjustment mat 1 is shown in the graph of FIG. 9B. In the example of FIG. 9B, the patient was in a dangerous state with a low body temperature such as 26.5 ° C., for example, but the body temperature can be gradually increased appropriately by heating the temperature adjustment mat 1. . In the example of FIG. 9B, the target temperature is set to decrease from 36 ° C. to 32 ° C., for example, at the time of transition from the high temperature holding period to the conforming period.

  In the second embodiment, the example of the target temperature data for increasing the body temperature of the hypothermic patient 65 is shown. Of course, the target temperature is also used in the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the second embodiment. The data is not limited to those for hypothermic patients, for example, target temperature data may be given to quench the patient to respond to burn patients, hypertension, etc. In order to respond to the patient, target temperature data may be set so as to achieve a body temperature that lowers blood pressure by expanding blood vessels. Furthermore, of course, when it is necessary to raise the body temperature of the patient 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1, an electric blanket or the like may be used together. It is possible to make it. In addition, when the body temperature of the patient 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1 needs to be cooled, a cold insulator or the like may be used together. In this case, the patient's body temperature can be appropriately cooled.

  The third embodiment will be described below. In the description of the third embodiment, the same components as those in the first and second embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and a duplicate description of the common portions is omitted.

  In the third embodiment, a first temperature adjustment unit 2 and a second temperature adjustment unit 3 as shown in FIG. 10 are set as temperature adjustment target areas on the body-side surface of the temperature adjustment mat 1, respectively. In the third embodiment, the mat internal area of the second temperature adjustment unit 3 is an air circulation area in which the temperature is adjusted using air circulation, and the mat of the first temperature adjustment unit 2 is used. The internal area is a non-air circulation area. In the third embodiment, the first and second temperature adjustment units 2 and 3 are narrower than the temperature adjustment units 2 and 3 shown in the first and second embodiments. Thus, the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the third embodiment has less power consumption required for temperature adjustment of the body part on the first and second temperature adjustment units 2 and 3.

  As shown in the schematic cross-sectional view of FIG. 11, the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the third embodiment is composed of a unit receiving portion 40 and an upper air circulation means 5 that is stacked on the unit receiving portion 40. And an upper skin 11 and a lower skin 12 which are skins covering the laminated body of the unit receiving part 40 and the upper air circulation means 5.

  The upper air circulation means 5, the upper skin 11 and the lower skin 12 have the same configuration as the upper air circulation means 5, the upper skin 11 and the lower skin 12 shown in the first and second embodiments, respectively. ing. The unit receiving part 40 is made of a heat insulating material such as polyethylene foam, and the unit receiving part 40 corresponds to the position corresponding to the first temperature adjusting part 2 and the second temperature adjusting part 3. Recesses 40a and 40b as shown in FIG. 11 are formed in each of the positions. A temperature adjustment unit 41-1 as will be described later is fitted in the recess 40 a corresponding to the first temperature adjustment unit 2 to fix the temperature of the first temperature adjustment unit 2, and an adhesive, a screw, or the like is fixed. It is fixed by means (not shown). In addition, a temperature adjustment unit 41-2 (described later) for adjusting the temperature of the second temperature adjustment unit 3 is fitted in the recess 40b corresponding to the second temperature adjustment unit 3, and an adhesive, a screw, or the like is inserted. The fixing means (not shown).

  FIG. 12A shows the temperature adjustment unit 41-1 in a simplified exploded view, and FIG. 12B shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the temperature adjustment unit 41-1. The temperature adjustment unit 41-1 includes an outer body 44, a heat insulating means 43 disposed on the bottom surface of the concave portion 44a formed in the outer body 44, and an outer layer arranged on the upper side of the heat insulating means 43. Heating means (for example, a heater) 46 accommodated in the recess 44a of the enclosure 44, and cover means 45 for closing the opening of the recess 44a of the outer enclosure 44 in which the heat insulation means 43 and the heating means 46 are accommodated. Configured. In addition, although the lead wire etc. for supplying power supply electric power to the heating means 46 are provided, illustration of a lead wire etc. is abbreviate | omitted in FIG. 12A and 12B.

  The enclosure 44 constituting the temperature adjustment unit 41-1 is made of a metal material having a low thermal conductivity such as stainless steel. The cover means 45 is made of a material having a high far-infrared transmittance, such as zinc sulfide, or a mesh made of metal, fluorine resin, or the like, and the heating means 46 is in direct contact with the upper air circulation means 5. It is for preventing.

In this third embodiment, the heating means 46 is a diseased part treatment means for applying thermal (light) energy to a body part on the mat surface portion on the non-air circulation region, and is constituted by a far infrared heater. FIG. 13A shows a structural example of a far-infrared heater by a schematic cross-sectional view. In the example of FIG. 13A, the heating means 46 which is a far-infrared heater is made of a nickel alloy having a thickness of about 50 to 100 μm in a heat-resistant insulator 48 made of polyimide having a thickness of about 0.2 to 0.4 mm. A porous far-infrared radiation material 53 having a thickness of about 100 μm is applied to a planar heater in which a foil-like heating element 47 is embedded. The far-infrared emitting material, a material capable of emitting efficient far infrared even in a low temperature range of 100 ° C. or less 8~10μm region is wavelength range of high absorption effect in the skin of the body, for example, cordierite (2MgO · 2Al 2 O 3 , 5SiO 2 ) and β-spodumene (Li 2 O · Al 2 O 3 · 4SiO 2 ) are preferably used. In addition, far-infrared radiation material is a material coated with the surface of a fiber material made of a material such as carbon cloth or cordierite as a far-infrared radiation source, which has a high far-infrared radiation performance solution and powder attached to the fiber material surface. May be adopted.

  The heat insulating means 43 is for preventing the heat generated from the heating means 46 from being unnecessarily transferred to the outer body 44, for example, a sintered hollow glass sphere having a diameter of about 10 μm. In addition, it is made of a ceramic having a low thermal conductivity such as pearlite formed into a plate shape having a thickness of about 5 mm. In order to more effectively insulate between the heating means 46 and the bottom surface of the concave portion of the outer enclosure 44, the heating means 46 is not brought into surface contact with the heat insulating means 43. It is good also as a structure which makes point contact in several points. Furthermore, an infrared reflecting means formed by evaporating aluminum foil or the like may be provided on the surface of the heat insulating means 43 on the heating means 46 side.

  The temperature adjustment unit 41-1 shown in FIG. 12A is configured as described above. This temperature adjustment unit 41-1 is attached to the recess 40a of the unit receiving portion 40, and the first temperature adjustment unit shown in FIG. The temperature of the part 2 can be increased by the radiant heat of the heating means 46. Since far-infrared rays have a very high light absorption rate of 1 at the skin, the radiation effect is high even when the heating temperature of the heating means 46 is about 50 ° C. Further, in the temperature adjustment unit 41-1, air circulation is not always necessary because the first temperature adjustment unit 2 is heated by radiant heat, but in order to reduce discomfort due to local heating, You may provide the structure which circulates air in the air distribution means 5. FIG.

  In the third embodiment, as shown in FIG. 12B, the first temperature adjustment unit 2 is provided with a humidity sensor 49 that is a body state detection means. The humidity sensor 49 detects the amount of moisture such as sweat secreted from the skin surface of the body 65 as the amount of sweat. There are various types of humidity sensors. Here, any type of humidity sensor may be adopted as the humidity sensor 49, but one example is a capacitive polymer sensor that is a humidity sensor. Can do. The capacitive polymer sensor has a structure in which electrode lead wires are provided on both sides of a metal film such as gold acetate deposited on both sides of a highly hygroscopic polymer film such as cellulose acetate or polyvinyl alcohol. It is a sensor that detects humidity by using the fact that the dielectric constant of the molecular film changes and the capacitance between the upper and lower metal films of the polymer film changes. For example, as a capacitive polymer sensor, there is a mini cap 2 of Japan Panametrics.

  In the example shown in FIG. 12B, the humidity sensor 49 is housed inside the sensor housing body 50. The sensor housing 50 is made of a fabric that is relatively loosely made of a material having high air permeability and moisture permeability, such as cotton fiber, and is, for example, a bag shape, a bag shape extended from a pillow, or a box shape. Those are preferred.

  In the third embodiment, the control unit 32 takes in humidity information (sweat information) output from the humidity sensor 49 in accordance with a control program stored in the memory 38 in advance, and takes in the information. Based on the humidity information, the driving control of the heating means 46 of the temperature adjustment unit 41-1 is performed so that the amount of water excreted from the body 65 is equal to or less than a predetermined set value. In addition, a manual operation means for the affected area treatment means for manually operating the heating means 46 may be provided. When the manual operation means for the affected area treatment means is provided, the control unit 32 is configured to manually operate the affected area treatment means. When it is detected that a manual operation is performed, the automatic control of the heating means 46 may be stopped, and the manual operation by the manual operation means for the affected area treatment means may be prioritized.

  14A shows the temperature adjustment unit 41-2 in a schematic exploded view, and FIG. 14B shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the temperature adjustment unit 41-2. The temperature adjustment unit 41-2 includes a block body 51, a unit air circulation path 52 formed in the block body 51, a heat insulating means 58 and a circulating air temperature adjustment means arranged in the unit air circulation path 52. It has a heating means 59 and an air circulation means 42 for forcibly passing air through the unit air circulation path 52. In addition, although the lead wire etc. for supplying power supply electric power to the heating means 59 are provided, illustration of a lead wire etc. is abbreviate | omitted in FIG. 14A and FIG. 14B.

  The block body 51 is accommodated and disposed in the recess 40b shown in FIG. 11 of the unit receiving portion 40. The upper surface of the block body 51 accommodated and disposed in the recess 40b is flush with the upper surface of the unit receiving portion 40 or unit reception. The position is recessed from the upper surface of the portion 40. The unit air circulation path 52 is formed inside the block body 51, and both ends of the unit air circulation path 52 are opened on the upper surface of the block body 51.

  The air circulation means 42 is constituted by a blower fan such as an axial fan or a sirocco fan, and the air circulation means 42 is disposed at the end of the unit air circulation path 52 in this third embodiment, The air in the upper air circulation means 5 is sucked and discharged into the unit air circulation path 52. By the driving of the air circulation means 42, as shown by the arrow A in FIG. 14B, the circulation path returns from the upper air circulation means 5 to the upper air circulation means 5 through the air circulation means 42 and the unit air circulation path 52. Air circulates. That is, in the third embodiment, the air circulation passage for circulating the air in the inner area of the mat of the second temperature adjustment unit 3 that is the temperature adjustment area by the upper air circulation means 5 and the unit air circulation path 52. Is formed.

  If the air circulation means 42 is provided in the opening of the unit air circulation path 52 and there is a concern that the body 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1 may feel the air circulation means 42 as a foreign object, for example, A cushion body 53 made of a flexible and breathable urethane foam or the like, as shown in FIG. 14A, or a coarse mesh sheet made of a flexible material such as urethane may be disposed on the air circulation means 42. .

  The heating means 59 is attached to the inner wall surface of the unit air circulation path 52 via a heat insulating means 58. The heating means 59 is for heating the circulating air passing through the unit air circulation path 52, and any type can be used as long as it can be disposed inside the unit air circulation path 52 and has a configuration for heating the circulation air. These heating means may be appropriately employed as the heating means 59. However, in this third embodiment, the heating means 59 is used for adjusting the body temperature of the body 65, and the temperature variable range of the heating means 59 can be a low temperature range from room temperature to about 40 ° C. It is preferable to set a heating means employed as the heating means 59. For example, as an example that can be employed as the heating means 59, a heater in which a heating element is incorporated in silicon rubber can be given.

  The heat insulation means 58 has the same configuration as the heat insulation means 43 of the temperature adjustment unit 41-1, and prevents heat generated from the heating means 59 from being unnecessarily transferred to the block body 51. It is.

  The temperature adjustment unit 41-2 shown in FIGS. 14A and 14B is configured as described above. In this temperature adjustment unit 41-2, by driving the air circulation means 42, the circulation path A passes through the unit air circulation path 52 and the internal region of the upper air circulation means 5 corresponding to the second temperature adjustment unit 3. Accordingly, the circulating air is heated by the heating operation (for example, heating at 38 ° C.) of the heating means 59, so that the heated circulating air corresponds to the second temperature adjustment unit 3. When passing through the inner region of the circulation means 5, the body part (for example, the leg part) located on the second temperature adjustment unit 3 and the circulating air exchange heat through the upper skin 11, and the second The body part located in the temperature adjustment part 3 is warmed. When air is circulated as described above, air is taken into the air circulation path from the outside of the air circulation path as shown by arrow B in FIG. 14B. Since the amount of air is small compared to the amount of air, there is almost no temperature drop of circulating air due to the taken-in air.

  In the third embodiment, as shown in FIG. 14B, the second temperature adjustment unit 3 is provided with a temperature sensor 15 that is a body temperature detecting means. Further, the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the third embodiment is provided with a control unit 4 similar to that of the first and second embodiments. The control unit 32 of the control unit 4 captures body temperature information detected by the temperature sensor 15 every moment, and heats the captured detected body temperature to a target temperature set in advance and stored in the memory 38. The heating operation of the means 59 is controlled. Thereby, the temperature of the circulating air is controlled to adjust the temperature of the body part located on the second temperature adjusting unit 3. In order to control the temperature of the circulating air more precisely, for example, a temperature sensor for detecting the temperature of the circulating air is provided in the unit air circulation path 52, and the control unit 32 uses the temperature sensor. The heating operation of the heating unit 59 may be controlled in consideration of detected temperature information. In addition, manual operation means for circulating air temperature adjusting means for manually operating the heating means 59 may be provided. When the manual operating means for circulating air temperature adjusting means is provided, the control unit 32 determines the circulating air temperature. When it is detected that the manual operation means for adjusting means is manually operated, the automatic control of the heating means 59 may be stopped, and the manual operation by the manual operation means for circulating air temperature adjusting means may be prioritized.

  The third embodiment is configured as described above. In the third embodiment, there are a case where the temperature adjustment units 41-1 and 41-2 are operating simultaneously and a case where only one of the temperature adjustment units 41-1 and 41-2 is operating. is there.

  In the third embodiment, the unit receiving portion 40 is formed of a heat insulating material. However, the constituent material of the unit receiving portion 40 is not limited to the heat insulating material, and can be assembled and replaced as a unit, for example, a bed. The unit receiving portion 40 may be constituted by a spring unit formed in a bowl shape by connecting a number of springs that have been frequently used in the past.

  In the third embodiment, the heating means 46 of the temperature adjustment unit 41-1 is constituted by a far infrared heater, but for example, the heating means 46 may be a near infrared heater. Far infrared rays have a maximum penetration of 2 mm into the skin, whereas near infrared rays have a high penetration of about 10 mm into body tissues. Therefore, by providing a near infrared heater as the heating means 46, the muscle tissue can be heated. FIG. 13B (a) shows an example of a near infrared heater, and FIG. 13B (b) shows a side view of the near infrared heater of FIG. 13B (a). The near-infrared heater shown in FIGS. 13B (a) and 13 (b) includes a printed wiring board 90 made of an epoxy resin, a polyimide film, or the like, a light radiation means 91 mounted on the printed wiring board 90, and an affected part arrangement position. And positioning means 92. The light radiation means 91 emits near-infrared light (wavelength 1000 nm and light in the vicinity thereof), and is constituted by a light emitting diode that emits light having a wavelength of 940 nm, for example. In the example shown in FIG. 13B, a plurality of (for example, 16) light emitting means 91 are arranged in a matrix. The positioning means 92 serves as an indication of the arrangement position of the light radiation means 91 when viewed from the outside of the mat, and makes it easy to align the body part of the object to be heated (treatment target) with the arrangement position of the light radiation means 91. For example, the light emitting means (for example, a red light emitting diode having a wavelength of 700 nm) is used. In the example of FIG. 13B, the positioning means 92 are respectively provided at the four corners of the arrangement area of the light emitting means 91 arranged in a matrix.

  Even when the heating means 46 composed of a near infrared heater is provided in the temperature adjustment unit 41-1, the drive control of the heating means 46 is performed by the control unit 32 as described above. Further, manual operation means for the heating means 46 may be provided, and when the manual operation means for the heating means 46 is provided, when the manual operation means is manually operated, the control unit 32 is provided with the heating means. The automatic control 46 is stopped and manual operation is prioritized. In the example of FIG. 13B, the light radiation means 91 is mounted on a printed circuit board that is a flat plate. However, for example, a mounting table having a curved surface that can efficiently irradiate the body with the light emitted from the light radiation means 91 The light emitting means 91 may be provided on the curved surface. −

  Further, in the third embodiment, the heating means 46 is provided as the affected part treatment means. However, for example, instead of the heating means 46, other affected part treatment means such as an ultrasonic output means for outputting vibration energy is provided. May be. Even when the affected part treatment means such as the ultrasonic output means is provided, the control unit 32 has a configuration for performing drive control of the affected part treatment means in accordance with a predetermined control program. Further, manual operation means for the affected area treatment means may be provided. In this case, when the manual operation means is manually operated, the control unit 32 stops automatic control of the affected area treatment means and performs manual operation. A configuration for giving priority is provided.

  The fourth embodiment will be described below. In the description of the fourth embodiment, the same components as those in the first to third embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and overlapping descriptions of the common portions are omitted.

  In the fourth embodiment, as shown in the schematic cross-sectional view of FIG. 17, the temperature adjustment mat 1 is similar to the first embodiment in the lower air circulation means 6, the flow path control means 7, and the upper part. The air circulation means 5 is sequentially laminated from the lower side, and the laminated body is covered with a skin composed of an upper skin 11 and a lower skin 12.

  In the fourth embodiment, the surface portion of the temperature adjustment mat 1 corresponding to the body part from the head of the body 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1 to the knee position is preset as the temperature adjustment target region. The flow path control means 7 is formed with through holes 17 at positions corresponding to the head-side end of the temperature adjustment target region and positions corresponding to the knee-side end of the temperature adjustment target region. Has been. Further, the lower air circulation means 6 is formed with a recess 18 that extends over a region between the formation positions of the two through holes 17 of the flow path control means 7. In the recess 18, the air circulation means 10 is disposed at a position corresponding to the head side end of the temperature adjustment target region, and the heat exchange means 8 is disposed adjacent to the air circulation means 10. Has been. The air circulation means 10 is constituted by a blower fan such as a sirocco fan. In the fourth embodiment, the air inside the upper air circulation means 5 is sucked through the through hole of the flow path control means 7 and the lower air circulation means. 6 is disposed so as to discharge toward the recess 18. The heat exchanging means 8 is provided in the recess 18 of the lower air circulation means 6, that is, on the circulation path of the air discharged from the air circulation means 10, and adjusts the temperature of the discharged air. It is configured by a Peltier module, a heater or the like as described in the embodiment.

  In the fourth embodiment, the air circulating means 10 is driven to cause the air in the upper air circulating means 5 to be sucked into the air circulating means 10 through the through hole of the flow path control means 7 and the lower air circulating means 6. The liquid is discharged into the recess 18. Then, the temperature of the discharged air is adjusted by the heat exchange means 8, and the temperature-adjusted air is supplied to the recess 18 and the flow path control means 7 at a position corresponding to the knee-side end of the temperature adjustment target region. It reaches the upper air circulation means 5 through the through hole 17. That is, by driving the air circulation means 10, the upper air circulation means 5, the through hole of the flow path control means 7, the recess 18 of the lower air flow means 6, and the through hole 17 of the flow path control means 7 are sequentially passed. Air circulates. That is, in the fourth embodiment, the air is circulated in the area inside the mat of the temperature adjustment target area by the upper air circulation means 5, the flow path control means 7, and the recess 18 of the lower air circulation means 6. The air circulation passage is configured. A part of this air circulation passage is in a form along the mat skin part of the temperature adjustment target region, and the mat skin of the circulating air whose temperature is adjusted by the heat exchanging means 8 and the body part on the temperature adjustment target region. The temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region can be adjusted by heat exchange.

  FIG. 16 shows a plan view of the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the fourth embodiment as viewed from above. As shown in FIGS. 16 and 17, in the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the fourth embodiment, a plurality of temperature sensors 56 as body temperature detection means are provided in the temperature adjustment target region on the mat surface. . The temperature sensors 56 are, for example, on each line of a line crossing a position corresponding to the back part of the body 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1 and a line crossing a position corresponding to the waist part of the body 65. It is dotted and arranged along the upper skin 11 by fixing means such as an adhesive. The temperature sensor 56 is a sensor that senses the body temperature of the body 65, and includes, for example, a thermistor, a platinum resistor, or a thermocouple provided at the tip of the thin wire.

  In the fourth embodiment, a plurality of body pressure detection means 57, which are body state detection means, are arranged in a scattered manner within the mat internal area of the temperature adjustment target area. The body pressure detecting means 57 detects the body pressure of the body 65, and is constituted by, for example, a strain gauge provided at the tip of a thin line or a planar pressure sensor. The planar pressure sensor has a structure in which metal thin films are provided on both upper and lower surfaces of a thin dielectric sheet made of, for example, plastic (such as soft polyurethane) or ceramics, and between the metal thin films by pressure application. Some sensors (pressure-sensitive sensors) have a configuration that detects applied pressure by using a change in capacitance. In addition, as a planar pressure sensor, there is a configuration in which a plurality of piezo elements that cause a voltage change by applying a pressure are arranged in a plane with a space therebetween.

  In this fourth embodiment example, the body pressure detecting means 57 is provided in such a manner that it is sandwiched between the upper air circulation means 5 and the flow path control means 7, thereby the body 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1. However, it is possible to detect a change in body pressure with high sensitivity while preventing the body pressure detecting means 57 from being felt as a foreign object.

  In the fourth embodiment, as in the first embodiment, a control unit 4 is provided. As shown in the block configuration diagram of FIG. 19, the control unit 4 includes a control unit 32 and a body temperature. A data processing unit 34, a memory 38, a body pressure data processing unit 55, and a counter 62 are included.

  The body temperature data processing unit 34 captures temperature information (body temperature information) detected by the plurality of temperature sensors 56 from time to time (for example, every 10 seconds), compares the temperature information captured at the same time, and compares the temperature information. The highest detected value is output as the body temperature (skin temperature) of the body 65. In reality, since the body 65 often wears clothes, the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 56 is, for example, about 0.3 to 0.5 ° C. lower than the actual skin temperature of the body 65. Become. Therefore, for example, a preset raised value (for example, 0.5 ° C.) may be added to the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 56, and the value after the addition may be used as the body temperature (skin temperature) of the body 65.

  The body pressure data processing unit 55 takes in each detection value of the plurality of body pressure detecting means 57 every moment (for example, every 10 seconds). By the way, for example, if the body 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1 changes its posture by turning in the direction of the arrow (A) so that the center of gravity moves from the position b to the position c in FIG. The detection value of the means 57 (see the solid line b in FIG. 18) decreases, and the detection value of the body pressure detection means 57 at the position c (see the solid line c in FIG. 18) increases. In this way, by looking at the change in the detection value of the body pressure detection means 57 (for example, depending on the number of falling peaks of the detection value of the body pressure detection means 57), the posture change state of the body 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1 Can know. Note that the value output from the body pressure detection means 57 includes vibration of about 4 to 6 Hz due to the heartbeat or breathing of the body 65 as a noise component. In the fourth embodiment, a low-pass filter is used. The noise component is attenuated from the detection value of the body pressure detection means 57 by the filter means such as, and the detection value of the body pressure detection means 57 after the noise attenuation is taken into the body pressure data processing unit 55.

  The body pressure data processing unit 55 monitors the change in the detected value of each body pressure detecting means 57 that has been taken in, and for each of the detected values of each body pressure detecting means 57, a threshold value in which the magnitude of the detected value is set in advance. Using the counter 62, the falling of the peak that has become A or more is counted.

  In the fourth embodiment, target temperature data serving as a reference for the body 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1 is stored in the memory 38 in advance. Further, the memory 38 stores information on the state of the body 65 (in this fourth embodiment, information on the number of peaks of detection values of the body pressure detection means 57 counted by the counter 62) on the temperature adjustment target region. Data for setting (changing) the target temperature of the body 65 is determined in advance and stored as target temperature setting data. The control unit 32 takes in the count value of the counter 62 from time to time. For example, during a predetermined time (for example, 10 minutes), the number of falling peaks of the detection value of any body pressure detection means 57 is determined. When it is detected that the set number (for example, twice) or more is detected, the target temperature is set / changed in a direction lower than the reference target temperature, for example, based on the target temperature setting data in the memory 38.

  Further, the control unit 32 changes the body temperature (skin temperature) output from the body temperature data processing unit 34 when the target temperature is set based on the reference target temperature data or when the target temperature is set and changed as described above. The air circulation means 10 and the heat exchange means 8 are controlled to be driven so that the target temperature is reached later.

  In this fourth embodiment, the temperature of the body 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1 is adjusted by adjusting the temperature of the air circulating in the temperature adjustment mat 1 by the control operation of the control unit 32 as described above. be able to. Thereby, for example, the control unit 32 controls the operation of the heat exchanging means 8 by using the target temperature data A as shown in the first embodiment as the reference target temperature data, so that the temperature adjustment mat 1 When the body 65 is just lying down, the body temperature of the body 65 can be adjusted slightly higher so that the blood vessels in the skin of the body 65 open, and then the body temperature of the body 65 can be slowly lowered. Thereby, the body 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1 can be asleep comfortably. In addition, when the sleep is poor, the temperature of the body 65 is high and the blood vessel below the skin surface remains open. When the sleep is not performed, the body movement such as turning over increases, so the control unit 32. However, the body temperature of the body 65 is lowered by changing and setting the target temperature to be lowered based on the detection value of the body pressure detecting means 57 and controlling the operation of the heat exchanging means 8 based on the changed target temperature. This allows the body 65 to fall asleep quickly.

  In the fourth embodiment, as in the first embodiment, an outside air temperature sensor 36 that is an external detection means for detecting the temperature around the temperature adjustment mat 1 is provided. Data for setting (changing) a target temperature based on the outside air temperature, which is ambient environment information detected by the outside air temperature sensor 36, is determined in advance and given as target temperature setting data. The control unit 32 has a configuration for setting / changing the target temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region based on the detected value of the outside air temperature sensor 36 and the target temperature setting data in the memory 38. Also good. Further, a humidity sensor 49 that is a body state detecting means for detecting the sweating state of the body 65 on the mat is provided, and the control unit 32 uses the detected value of the humidity sensor 49 to perform the above on the temperature adjustment target region. The structure which sets and changes the target temperature of the body part of this may be provided.

  The fifth embodiment will be described below. In the description of the fifth embodiment, the same components as those in the first to fourth embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and duplicate descriptions of the common portions are omitted.

  In the fifth embodiment, in addition to the configurations of the first to fourth embodiments, for example, as shown in the schematic cross-sectional view of FIG. And an outside air intake port 61 are provided. The outlet 60 is an outlet for releasing part of the air in the mat. The air outlet 60 is provided in the vicinity of the path of the circulating air driven by the first and second air circulating means 10 and 16 on the side of the temperature adjustment mat 1, and a part of the circulating air is blown out. It spouts outward from the mouth 60.

  The outside air intake port 61 is an air intake port that takes in external air into the mat in order to supplement the amount of released air. The outside air intake port 61 is a portion of the side portion of the temperature adjustment mat 1 that faces the air outlet 60 and is in the vicinity of the circulating air driven by the first and second air circulation means 10 and 16. The outside air is drawn into the flow of the circulating air and is taken into the mat through the outside air intake port 61. The outside air intake 61 is provided with a humidity control ventilation means 54 for reducing the humidity of outside air entering the mat and a filter for removing dust in the outside air. The humidity control aeration means 54 has a configuration in which, for example, a desiccant such as silica gel or a hygroscopic material such as zeolite is incorporated, and a heater for heating and drying the outside air is provided. By providing the humidity control ventilation means 54, the humidity of the outside air taken into the mat can be reduced, and the occurrence of condensation or mold in the mat caused by the high humidity can be suppressed. .

  When the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the fifth embodiment is used for an emergency stretcher or the like, a blanket or the like is put on the body (patient) 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1 so that the air outlet 60 becomes a blanket or the like. Since the air discharged from the outlet 60 covered by the air enters the bed, the air released from the outlet 60 can be applied to the body 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1. Since the released air is temperature-adjusted, when the temperature-adjusted air hits the body 65, the body temperature can be rapidly increased or decreased.

  The sixth embodiment will be described below. In the description of the sixth embodiment, the same components as those in the first to fifth embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and duplicate descriptions of the common portions are omitted.

  FIG. 15A shows a schematic cross-sectional view of the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the sixth embodiment, and FIG. 15B shows the sixth embodiment from the temperature adjustment mat 1 of FIG. In FIG. 1, the characteristic components are extracted and shown. In the sixth embodiment, the first temperature adjustment unit, which is a temperature adjustment target region, is set to a wider region corresponding to, for example, from the head of the body 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1 to the waist. For example, the second temperature adjustment unit that is the adjustment target region is set in a narrow region corresponding to the waist of the body 65, so that another temperature adjustment target region that is narrow in a part of the wider temperature adjustment target region is used. Are set to overlap.

  As in the first embodiment, the temperature adjustment mat 1 of the sixth embodiment has a lower air circulation means 6, a flow path control means 7, and an upper air circulation means 5 stacked in order from the bottom. It has a structure covered with a mat skin composed of an upper skin 11 and a lower skin 12. The flow path control means 7 is provided with through holes at positions corresponding to both ends of the first temperature adjustment unit, and corresponds to the end of the second temperature adjustment unit in the region between the through holes. A through-hole is provided at a position to be used. On the upper surface of the lower air circulation means 6, air is passed from one through hole provided in the flow path control means 7 to correspond to both end portions of the first temperature adjusting part, respectively, to the other through hole. A recess 18 that forms an air flow passage is formed. Air circulation means 10, 16, and 64, each composed of a blower fan such as a sirocco fan, are disposed in the three through-hole formation regions formed in the flow path control means 7.

  In the sixth embodiment, for example, by driving the first air circulation means 10 and the second air circulation means 16, a wider line as indicated by the solid line arrow (b) is formed in the temperature adjustment mat 1. Air circulation in the inner area of the mat of the first temperature adjustment unit can be generated. In order to adjust the temperature of the circulating air, the heat exchange means 8 having the same configuration as the heat exchange means 8 shown in the first embodiment is disposed on the discharge side of the first air circulation means 10. Yes. Also in the sixth embodiment, the temperature adjustment mat 1 is provided with the control unit 4, and the control unit 32 constituting the control unit 4 is operated by the temperature sensor 56 which is a body temperature detecting means provided on the mat surface. It has the structure which performs drive control of the heat exchange means 8 so that the body temperature of the body 65 detected becomes the preset target temperature. Thereby, the temperature of the circulating air by driving the air circulating means 10 and 16 is adjusted, and the body part (for example, the part from the head of the body 65 to the waist) of the wider first temperature adjustment part is positioned. It is possible to adjust the temperature. For example, in summer, if the target temperature is set lower, the temperature of the circulating air becomes lower and the body temperature of the body part located on the first temperature adjustment unit can be lowered.

  Further, by driving the air circulation means 16 and 64, the air circulates through the path as shown by the dotted arrow (a) in FIG. A heat exchanging means 62 such as a heater for adjusting the temperature of the circulating air is provided. Further, the control unit 32 of the control unit 4 has a configuration for performing drive control of the heat exchanging means 62 so that the body temperature of the body 65 detected by the temperature sensor 56 on the mat surface portion becomes a preset target temperature. . Thereby, the temperature of the circulating air by driving the air circulation means 16 and 64 is adjusted, and the temperature of the body part (for example, the waist part of the body 65) located on the narrow second temperature adjustment unit can be adjusted. It is. For example, by setting the target temperature higher, the local body part (for example, the waist) located on the second temperature adjustment unit can be warmed, and for example, the waist of the body 65 is treated with heat. can do.

  As described above, in the sixth embodiment, the temperature adjustment of the wider region of the body 65 and the local temperature adjustment of the body 65 can be switched. Further, by simultaneously driving the air circulating means 10, 16, 64, the air circulation as shown by the dotted arrow (a) in FIG. 15 and the solid arrow (b) are shown in the temperature adjustment mat. Both air circulation and the like can be generated.

  The seventh embodiment will be described below. In the description of the seventh embodiment, the same components as those in the first to sixth embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals, and duplicate descriptions of the common portions are omitted.

  In the seventh embodiment, instead of providing the circulating air temperature adjusting means in the mat, for example, as shown in the schematic cross-sectional view of the temperature adjusting mat in FIG. 22, the circulating air temperature adjusting means is used. A heat exchange unit 78 (79), which is a circulating air temperature adjusting unit incorporating the heat exchange means 8 (9), is externally attached to the outside of the mat, and a part of the air circulation passage is part of the heat exchange unit 78 (79). Is formed inside. Configurations other than this configuration are the same as those in the above-described embodiments.

  In the example of FIG. 22, a through-hole is formed in the mat skin in order to connect the air circulation passage in the mat and the air circulation passage formed in the heat exchange unit 78 (79). Further, in the example of FIG. 22, the air circulation means 10 and 16 configured by, for example, a blower fan for circulating air through the air circulation passage formed in the mat and in the heat exchange unit 78 (79) Arranged in the exchange unit.

  In the seventh embodiment, a part of the air circulation path is formed in the external heat exchange unit, so that the air circulation area is wide. For this reason, when the preset temperature adjustment target region is narrow, for example, the heat insulating means 74 is provided on the back surface of the upper skin 11 so as to correspond to the region other than the temperature adjustment target region.

In addition, this invention is not limited to the form of each 1st-7th embodiment, Various embodiments can be taken. For example, in each of the first to seventh embodiments, the upper air circulation means 5 has an example as shown in FIG. 4, but the upper air circulation means 5 is limited to the configuration shown in FIG. However, if it has a cushioning property, air can be circulated (for example, a JIS fragile air permeability is 100 (cm 3 / cm 2 / s) or more). An appropriate configuration may be adopted. For example, the upper air circulation means 5 may be formed in a bowl shape with a material such as plastic or metal. Further, the upper air circulation means 5 may be constituted by a coarsely woven fabric having a high air permeability or a laminate formed by laminating a soft fabric with fine eyes on the upper side of urethane foam having slits. In this case, it is possible to prevent the body 65 lying on the temperature adjustment mat 1 from being given a foreign object feeling or an uncomfortable feeling due to the structure of the upper air circulation means 5. Further, the upper air circulation means 5 may have a configuration as shown in FIG. In the example of FIG. 21, the upper air circulation means 5 includes a low-rebound urethane foam material 69 that is an easily deformable and low-elastic material, and a highly ventilated material composed of a three-dimensional fabric laminated on the low-resilience urethane foam material 69. 70. A plurality of hole passages 71 for forming an air circulation passage are provided inside the low-resilience urethane foam 69. A plurality of openings 72 communicating with the hole passage 71 are formed on the upper surface of the low-resilience urethane foam 69, and the air circulating in the mat through the hole passage 71 by these openings 72. And efficient heat exchange with the body 65 on the temperature adjustment mat 1 is realized.

  Furthermore, in the sixth embodiment, as shown in FIG. 15 (A), both the temperature adjustment of the first temperature adjustment unit and the temperature adjustment of the second temperature adjustment unit on the mat surface are both air circulated. Although the second temperature adjustment unit overlaps a part of the first temperature adjustment unit, the narrower second temperature adjustment unit performs air circulation. For example, the temperature may be adjusted using radiant heat such as far-infrared rays instead of using the temperature adjustment. As a result, when both the first and second temperature adjustment units are adjusted at the same time, the temperature control of the circulating air for adjusting the temperature of the first temperature adjustment unit can be accurately performed. That is, since the second temperature adjustment unit overlaps a part of the first temperature adjustment unit, as shown in FIG. 15A, the circulating air corresponding to the first temperature adjustment unit and The part which the circulating air corresponding to a 2nd temperature control part mixes arises. This mixing of circulating air makes it difficult to control the temperature of the circulating air. In contrast, the first temperature adjusting unit is configured to adjust the temperature using circulating air, and the second temperature adjusting unit is configured to adjust the temperature using radiant heat instead of circulating air. Air temperature control is facilitated and accuracy can be improved.

  As described above, when the second temperature adjustment unit overlaps a part of the first temperature adjustment unit, the temperature adjustment of the wider first temperature adjustment unit is performed using air circulation, The temperature adjustment of the narrow second temperature adjustment unit is performed using, for example, radiant heat such as far-infrared rays. For example, a wider body part (for example, from the back to the waist) located on the first temperature adjustment unit. While warming the body part), it becomes easy to heat the local body part (for example, the waist) located on the second temperature adjustment unit at a temperature higher than the warming temperature.

  Furthermore, instead of the temperature adjustment unit 41-1 shown in the second embodiment, temperature adjustment for adjusting the temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target area using air circulation as shown in FIG. A unit 86 may be provided. The temperature adjustment unit 86 includes a container 77 having an upper surface opening. In the container 77, the heat insulating means 43 and the heating means 46 disposed in an outer body 44 and a recess 44 a formed in the outer body 44. Cover means 45 disposed in a manner to close the opening of the recess 44 a of the outer enclosure 44, the flow path control means 7 stacked on the upper side of the outer body 44, and the upper side of the flow path control means 7. The upper air circulation means 5 and the air circulation means 75 including a blower fan are accommodated and disposed. In the example of FIG. 23, the upper air circulation means 5 and the flow path control means 7 have the same configurations as the upper air circulation means 5 and the flow path control means 7 shown in the first to seventh embodiments, respectively. It is what has. Further, the envelope 44, the heat insulating means 43, the heating means 46, and the cover means 45 are respectively the envelope 44, the heat insulating means 43, the heating means 46, and the temperature adjusting unit 41-1 shown in the second embodiment. Each of the cover means 45 has the same configuration. The flow path control means 7 and the cover means 45 of the temperature adjustment unit 86 are formed with through-holes 17 corresponding to the mutually opposing end edges of the recess 44a of the outer enclosure 44, respectively. The air circulation means 75 is disposed in the formation region of the through hole 17. By driving the air circulation means 75, air circulation as shown by an arrow M in FIG. 23 is generated. On the air circulation path, heating means 46 as heat exchange means is provided.

  The temperature adjustment unit 86 shown in FIG. 23 is configured as described above. Even when such a temperature adjustment unit 86 is provided, the control of the control unit 32 of the control unit 4 is the same as that in each of the embodiments. The operation controls the driving of the heating means 46 that is the circulating air temperature adjusting means. As a result, the temperature of the circulating air driven by the air circulating means 75 is adjusted by the heating means 46, and the temperature-adjusted circulating air is between the body part located on the mat surface portion on the temperature adjusting unit 86. The temperature of the body 65 is adjusted by exchanging heat through the upper skin 11.

  Furthermore, as shown in FIG. 24A, for example, the temperature adjustment mat 1 may have a configuration in which a plurality of mat portions 80, 81, 82 are connected by a connecting portion 84 to form one mat. By configuring the temperature adjustment mat 1 in this way, the temperature adjustment mat 1 can be easily folded. In the example of FIG. 24A, the surface of the mat portion 81 is set as a temperature adjustment target region, and the mat portion 81 has an internal configuration as shown in the schematic cross-sectional view of FIG. 24B. That is, in the mat portion 81, the lower air circulation means 6, the first flow path control means 79, the second flow path control means 78, and the upper air circulation means 5 are laminated in order from the bottom, and the laminate is formed. The structure is covered with a mat skin composed of an upper skin 11 and a lower skin 12. The upper air circulation means 5 has the same configuration as the upper air circulation means 5 described above. The mutually facing surfaces of the first flow path control means 78 and the second flow path control means 79 form a sliding surface, and the first and second flow path control means 78 and 79 are displaced by sliding relative to each other. be able to. In each of the first and second flow path control means 78 and 79, a plurality of through holes 17a and 17b penetrating in the vertical direction are formed at intervals. On the upper surface of the lower air circulation means 6, a recess 18 is formed across a portion between the formation regions of the through holes 17 a and 17 b of the first and second flow path control means 78 and 79. An air circulation means 10 composed of a blower fan such as a sirocco fan is disposed in the recess 18. By driving the air circulation means 10, for example, the air inside the upper air circulation means 5 is sucked into the air circulation means 10 through the through holes 17a of the first and second flow path control means 78 and 79. The discharged air is discharged into the recess 18, passes through the recess 18, passes through the through holes 17 b of the first and second flow path control means 78 and 79, and returns to the upper air circulation means 5. In other words, air circulation occurs inside the mat portion 81 by driving the air circulation means 10. Circulating air temperature adjusting means (not shown) for adjusting the temperature of the circulating air is provided inside the mat portion 81. Also in this case, the temperature adjustment mat 1 is provided with the control unit 4 similar to that shown in each of the above embodiments, and the circulating air temperature adjusting means is driven by the control operation of the control unit 32 of the control unit 4. Control is performed, and the temperature of the circulating air by driving the air circulating means 10 is adjusted, whereby the temperature of the body part on the mat part 81 can be adjusted.

  Furthermore, it is good also as a structure as shown by FIG. In the example of FIG. 25, a heat exchange unit 87 (88) including a heat exchange means 8 (9) that is a circulating air temperature adjustment means for adjusting the temperature of the body 65 is externally attached to the outside of the mat. Further, a heat transfer means 25 is provided for thermally connecting the heat exchange means 8 (9) in the heat exchange unit 87 (88) and the mat internal area of the temperature adjustment target area 2 (3). ing. For example, when the heat exchange means 8 of the heat exchange unit 87 includes the Peltier module 22, for example, the heat transfer means 25 connected to the Peltier module 22 by the cooling operation of the Peltier module 22 is cooled. It is. On the other hand, the heat of the body part located on the temperature adjustment target region 2 is transferred to the inside of the mat, and heat is exchanged with the heat transfer means 25 to lower the body temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region 2. . For example, when the heat exchanging means 9 of the heat exchanging unit 88 includes the heating means 46 such as a heater, for example, the heat connected to the heating means 46 by the heating operation of the heating means 46. The transmission means 25 is heated. The heat of the heat transfer means 25 is transferred to the body part on the temperature adjustment target region 3, and the body temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region 3 can be raised.

  Furthermore, in each of the first to seventh embodiment examples, the temperature adjustment mat 1 has been described by taking the mat used when the body 65 lies as an example. However, the temperature adjustment mat 1 is shown in the first to seventh embodiment examples. The configuration can also be applied to sofas and the like.

  Further, in each of the above embodiments, a means for detecting a posture change state or a sweating state is provided as the body state detection means, and the control unit 32 of the control unit 4 controls based on the body state detected by the body state detection means. Although an example of operation has been shown, of course, a means for detecting a body condition other than the above for detecting the heart rate, blood pressure, etc. of the body 65 is provided as the body condition detecting means, and the control unit 32 is based on the detection information of the detecting means. A control operation may be performed.

  Further, in each of the above-described embodiments, the example in which the driving control of the circulating air temperature adjusting unit is performed so that the detection value of the body temperature detecting unit becomes the target temperature. However, for example, when the body state detecting unit is provided. The control unit 32 of the control unit 4 may be configured to control the circulating air temperature adjusting means so that the detected value of the body state detecting means becomes a preset value.

  Furthermore, the upper skin 11 shown in each of the above-described embodiments is made of flexible aluminum or copper of about 80 to 90 mesh on the fibrous body constituting the upper skin 11 in order to more efficiently exchange heat with the body 65. Alternatively, a metal mesh made of a high thermal conductor such as fired carbon may be used.

It is a perspective view which shows the example of an external appearance of the temperature control mat of the example of 1st Embodiment. It is sectional drawing of the AA part of the temperature control mat of FIG. It is an exploded view for demonstrating the internal structure of the temperature adjustment mat of the example of 1st Embodiment. It is a top view of the lower air circulation means shown by FIG. 3A. It is the model figure which showed one structural example of the upper air circulation means which comprises the temperature control mat of 1st Embodiment. It is a model figure for demonstrating one structural example of a heat exchange means. It is typical sectional drawing for demonstrating one structural example of the heat transfer means thermally connected to a heat exchange means. It is a model figure for demonstrating another structural example of a heat exchange means. It is a graph for demonstrating an example of the data processing operation | movement of the body temperature data processing part of the control part provided in the temperature adjustment mat of 1st Embodiment. It is a graph for demonstrating the control operation example in connection with body temperature adjustment of the control part provided in the temperature adjustment mat of 1st Embodiment. It is a block block diagram for demonstrating the example of a control structure provided in the temperature adjustment mat of 1st Embodiment. It is a model figure for demonstrating the 2nd Embodiment. It is a graph for demonstrating an example of control operation of the temperature adjustment mat for performing temperature adjustment of the body on the temperature adjustment mat which concerns on this invention. It is a top view for demonstrating the temperature adjustment mat of the example of 3rd Embodiment. It is a typical exploded view for explaining the internal configuration of the temperature adjustment mat of the third embodiment. It is a disassembled perspective view for demonstrating the example of 1 structure of the temperature adjustment unit which comprises the temperature adjustment mat of 3rd Embodiment. It is sectional drawing showing the temperature adjustment unit shown by FIG. 12A in the state integrated in the temperature adjustment mat. It is sectional drawing which showed one structural example of the far-infrared heater which is one of the heating means. It is sectional drawing which showed one structural example of the near-infrared heater which is one of the heating means. It is a figure for demonstrating the example of 1 structure of another temperature adjustment unit which comprises the temperature adjustment mat of 3rd Embodiment. FIG. 14B is a cross-sectional view illustrating a state in which the temperature adjustment unit illustrated in FIG. 14A is incorporated in the temperature adjustment mat. It is a figure for demonstrating the temperature adjustment mat of the example of 6th Embodiment. It is a top view explaining the example of the arrangement position of the body temperature detection means and the body pressure detection means which comprise the temperature adjustment mat of 4th Embodiment. It is sectional drawing showing the example of an internal structure of the temperature adjustment mat of the example of 4th Embodiment. It is a figure for demonstrating the control operation example in connection with the body temperature adjustment in 4th Embodiment. It is a block diagram for demonstrating the control structural example of the control part which comprises the temperature adjustment mat of the example of 4th Embodiment. It is a figure for demonstrating the temperature adjustment mat of the example of 5th Embodiment. It is a figure for demonstrating another example of an upper air circulation means. It is a figure for demonstrating other example embodiments. It is typical sectional drawing for demonstrating the other structural example of a temperature adjustment unit. It is a model figure for demonstrating the temperature adjustment mat of the other example of embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is typical sectional drawing for demonstrating the example of an internal structure of the temperature control mat shown by FIG. 24A. It is a figure for demonstrating another example of another embodiment.

Explanation of symbols

1 Temperature adjustment mat 4 Control unit,
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 5 Upper air circulation means 6 Lower air circulation means 7 Flow path control means 8,9 Heat exchange means 14,15,56 Temperature sensor 36 Outside temperature sensor 49 Humidity sensor 57 Body pressure detection means 60 Outlet 61 Outside air intake 78,79 Heat exchange unit

Claims (10)

  1. A temperature adjustment mat having a function of adjusting a body temperature on the mat, wherein at least one partial temperature adjustment target area is predetermined on the body side surface of the mat, and the temperature adjustment target area An air circulation passage for circulating air in the inner area of the mat is formed in a form in which a part thereof is along the mat skin portion of the temperature adjustment target area, and at least a part of the air circulation path has high air permeability. Consists of highly breathable materials,
    Air circulating means for forcibly circulating air through the air circulation passage, and circulating air temperature for adjusting the temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region by adjusting the temperature of the air circulating through the air circulation passage An adjustment means, a body temperature detection means for detecting the body temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target area, and a target in which the body temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target area is preset based on a detection value of the body temperature detection means The temperature adjustment mat is provided with an air circulation means and a control unit for controlling the drive of the circulation air temperature adjustment means so that the temperature of
  2.   Body state detecting means for detecting the body state on the mat is provided, and for setting the target temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region based on the body state detected by the body state detecting means Data is given in advance, and the control unit sets the target temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region based on the body state information detected by the body state detection means and the data, and detects the body temperature 2. The temperature adjustment mat according to claim 1, wherein drive control of the air circulating means and the circulating air temperature adjusting means is performed so that the detected value of the means becomes the target temperature.
  3.   External detection means for detecting ambient environment information outside the mat is provided, and for setting the target temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region based on at least the ambient environment information detected by the external detection means Data is given in advance, and the control unit sets the target temperature of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region based on the ambient environment information detected by the external detection means and the data, and the body temperature detection means 3. The temperature adjustment mat according to claim 1, wherein drive control of the air circulating means and the circulating air temperature adjusting means is performed so that the detected value becomes the target temperature.
  4.   A plurality of temperature adjustment target areas are predetermined on the body-side surface of the mat, and an air circulation passage, an air circulation means, and a circulating air temperature adjustment means are provided for each temperature adjustment target area. The temperature adjustment mat according to claim 1, wherein the control unit performs drive control of the air circulation means and the circulating air temperature adjustment means for each temperature adjustment target region.
  5.   A discharge port for discharging a part of the air in the mat is provided, and an air intake port for taking in external air into the mat is provided to supplement the amount of air discharged from the discharge port. The temperature adjustment mat according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein:
  6.   The circulating air temperature adjusting unit including the circulating air temperature adjusting means is externally attached to the outside of the mat, and a part of the air circulating passage is formed in the circulating air temperature adjusting unit. The temperature adjustment mat according to claim 5.
  7.   The temperature adjustment mat according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the body temperature detection means is provided on a member that can be attached to a body part on the mat.
  8.   An affected part treatment means for applying any one of heat, light, and vibration to a body part on a mat surface portion in a non-air circulation area other than a temperature adjustment target area by air circulation is provided. The temperature adjustment mat according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
  9.   The control unit performs drive control of the air circulation means and the circulating air temperature adjustment means in the temperature adjustment target area by air circulation, and is given in advance drive control of the affected part treatment means in the non-air circulation area separately from the drive control. Independently based on the control program, the temperature adjustment of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region by air circulation and the simultaneous operation of the treatment by the affected area treatment means of the body part on the non-air circulation region, and the air circulation 9. The temperature adjustment mat according to claim 8, wherein only the temperature adjustment operation of the body part on the temperature adjustment target region by the operation and the operation only of the treatment of the body part on the non-air circulation region by the affected part treatment means are performed. .
  10.   A manual operation means for air circulation means for manually operating the air circulation means according to any one of claims 1 to 9, and the circulating air according to any one of claims 1 to 9. At least one of manual operation means for circulating air temperature adjustment means for manually operating the temperature adjustment means and manual operation means for affected part treatment means for manually operating the affected part treatment means according to claim 9 is provided. When the manual operation means for the air circulation means, the manual operation means for the circulating air temperature adjustment means, or the manual operation means for the affected part treatment means is manually operated, the control unit is configured to perform the air circulation means, the circulating air temperature adjustment means, or the affected part treatment. Manual control by manual operation means for air circulation means, manual operation means for circulating air temperature adjustment means, or manual operation means for affected area treatment means by stopping automatic control of the means Temperature control mat, characterized in that priority is given.
JP2006022957A 2005-11-29 2006-01-31 Temperature-adjustable mat Pending JP2007175476A (en)

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JP2006022957A JP2007175476A (en) 2005-11-29 2006-01-31 Temperature-adjustable mat
KR1020060088640A KR20070056928A (en) 2005-11-29 2006-09-13 Temperature control mat
TW095141254A TW200719853A (en) 2005-11-29 2006-11-08 Temperature-adjustable mat

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US10610661B2 (en) 2006-04-20 2020-04-07 University of Pittsburgh—of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education Noninvasive, regional brain thermal stimuli for the treatment of migraine
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US9596944B2 (en) 2011-07-06 2017-03-21 Tempronics, Inc. Integration of distributed thermoelectric heating and cooling
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TW200719853A (en) 2007-06-01

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