JP2007082480A - Rice cultivation method using organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Rice cultivation method using organic fertilizer Download PDF

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JP2007082480A
JP2007082480A JP2005276387A JP2005276387A JP2007082480A JP 2007082480 A JP2007082480 A JP 2007082480A JP 2005276387 A JP2005276387 A JP 2005276387A JP 2005276387 A JP2005276387 A JP 2005276387A JP 2007082480 A JP2007082480 A JP 2007082480A
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fertilizer
rice
powder
organic fertilizer
fertilizers
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Michito Tagawa
道人 田川
Nobuyuki Hamada
暢之 濱田
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Nissan Chem Ind Ltd
日産化学工業株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a rice cultivation method gentle to the environment, relating to direct sowing of rice on well-drained paddy field using organic fertilizer. <P>SOLUTION: This rice cultivation method comprises direct sowing of rice on well-drained paddy field using 5 kg-200 kg of organic fertilizer per 10 are. The cultivating method enables cultivation without lowering rice plant yield compared to the case of using an inorganic chemical fertilizer containing the same quantity of nitrogen, even if an using organic fertilizer with less load to the environment. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2007,JPO&INPIT

Description

本発明は、有機肥料を用いる稲の乾田直播栽培に関する。   The present invention relates to direct sowing cultivation of rice using organic fertilizer.
有機特殊肥料を用いた稲の栽培方法としては、例えば、籾殻と鶏糞の混合発酵堆肥を稲の元肥とする方法(特許文献1)、稲わらを用いた栽培方法(非特許文献1)等が知られているが、この場合には当該肥料を10アール当たり400kgから数トン用いる必要がある。
特開昭60−81079号公報 日本土壌肥料科学雑誌第61巻第1号119頁(1990年)
Examples of rice cultivation methods using organic special fertilizers include a method of using mixed fermented compost of rice husk and chicken manure as the original fertilizer of rice (Patent Document 1), a cultivation method using rice straw (Non-Patent Document 1), and the like. In this case, it is necessary to use 400 to several tons of the fertilizer per 10 ares.
JP 60-81079 A Japan Soil Fertilizer Science Vol.61, No.1, 119 (1990)
有機肥料は、無機化成肥料に比べて環境への負荷が少ないことから、近年推奨されている。しかし、有機肥料は無機化成肥料に比較して、遅効的である、発芽阻害を起こす、多肥でガス害を起こすことがある、肥効調節が難しいといった問題点があり、それが収量の低下につながっていた。   Organic fertilizers have been recommended in recent years because they have less environmental impact than inorganic chemical fertilizers. However, compared with inorganic chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizers are slow-acting, cause germination inhibition, may cause gas damage due to high fertilization, and are difficult to control fertilization, which reduces yield. It was connected to.
本発明者は上記状況に鑑み、鋭意検討したところ、乾田直播栽培を行うことにより、有機肥料の欠点に伴う稲の収量の低下を抑制できることを見いだし、本発明を完成させた。   The present inventor has intensively studied in view of the above situation, and has found that by performing dry rice direct sowing cultivation, it is possible to suppress a decrease in the yield of rice accompanying the disadvantages of organic fertilizer, and the present invention has been completed.
すなわち、本発明は、
〔1〕 有機肥料を、10アール当たり5kg〜200kg用いて乾田直播栽培することを特徴とする、稲の栽培方法。
That is, the present invention
[1] A method for cultivating rice, characterized in that organic fertilizer is directly cultivated by dry seeding using 5 kg to 200 kg per 10 ares.
本願発明の栽培方法により、環境に負荷の少ない有機肥料を用いても、同じ窒素含有量の無機化成肥料を用いる場合に比べて稲の収量を落とすことなく栽培することが可能である。   With the cultivation method of the present invention, it is possible to cultivate without reducing the yield of rice compared to the case of using an inorganic chemical fertilizer having the same nitrogen content, even when using an organic fertilizer with a low environmental load.
本願発明に用いられる有機肥料としては、例えば魚かす粉末、干魚肥料粉末、魚節煮かす、甲殻類質肥料粉末、蒸製魚鱗及びその粉末、肉かす粉末、肉骨粉、蒸製てい角粉、蒸製てい角骨粉、蒸製毛粉、乾血及びその粉末、生骨粉、蒸製骨粉(脱こう骨粉)、蒸製鶏骨粉、蒸製皮革粉、干蚕蛹粉末、蚕蛹油かす及びその粉末、絹紡蚕蛹くず、とうもろこしはい芽及びその粉末、大豆油かす及びその粉末、なたね油かす及びその粉末(からし油かす及びその粉末)、わたみ油かす及びその粉末、落花生油かす及びその粉末、あまに油かす及びその粉末、ごま油かす及びその粉末、ひまし油かす及びその粉末、米ぬか油かす及びその粉末、その他の草本性植物油かす及びその粉末、カポック油かす及びその粉末、とうもろこしはい、芽油かす及びその粉末、たばこくず肥料粉末、甘草かす粉末、豆腐かす乾燥肥料、えんじゅかす粉末、窒素質グアノ、加工家きんふん肥料、とうもろこし浸漬液肥料、魚廃物加工肥料、乾燥菌体肥料、副産動物質肥料、副産植物質肥料、混合有機質肥料等が挙げられる。   Examples of the organic fertilizer used in the present invention include fish meal powder, dried fish fertilizer powder, fish boiled fish, crustacean fertilizer powder, steamed fish scales and powders thereof, meat meal powder, meat bone powder, steamed corn powder, steamed food Cornhorn bone meal, steamed hair powder, dry blood and its powder, raw bone powder, steamed bone powder (dehydrated bone powder), steamed chicken bone powder, steamed leather powder, dried rice cake powder, rice bran oil powder and powder thereof, silk spinning waste, corn Buds and powder thereof, soybean oil cake and powder thereof, rapeseed oil cake and powder thereof (mustard oil cake and powder thereof), cotton seed meal and powder thereof, peanut oil cake and powder thereof, linseed oil cake and powder thereof, Sesame oil cake and powder, castor oil cake and powder thereof, rice bran oil cake and powder thereof, other herbaceous vegetable oil cake and powder thereof, Kapok oil cake and powder thereof, corn germ, bud oil cake and Powder, tobacco waste fertilizer powder, licorice powder, tofu powder dry fertilizer, enjuka powder, nitrogenous guano, processed poultry manure fertilizer, corn soaked fertilizer, fish waste processed fertilizer, dry cell fertilizer, by-product moving substance Examples include fertilizers, by-product plant fertilizers, and mixed organic fertilizers.
有機肥料の施用量としては、好ましくは10アール当たり5〜200kgであり、更に好ましくは10アール当たり5〜100kgである。   The application amount of the organic fertilizer is preferably 5 to 200 kg per 10 ares, more preferably 5 to 100 kg per 10 ares.
なお、用いる有機肥料には、無機化成肥料を混合しても良いし、有機肥料と無機肥料とを別々に用いても良い。   The organic fertilizer to be used may be mixed with an inorganic chemical fertilizer, or an organic fertilizer and an inorganic fertilizer may be used separately.
用いられる無機化成肥料としては、尿素、硝酸アンモニウム、硝酸苦土アンモニウム、塩化アンモニウム、硫酸アンモニウム、リン酸アンモニウム、硝酸ソーダ、硝酸カルシウム、硝酸カリウム、石灰窒素、ホルムアルデヒド加工尿素肥料(UF)、アセトアルデヒド加工尿素肥料(CDU)、イソブチルアルデヒド加工尿素肥料(IBDU)およびグアニール尿素(GU)等の窒素質肥料、過リン酸石灰、重過リン酸石灰、熔成リン肥、腐植酸リン肥、焼成リン肥、重焼リン、苦土過リン酸、ポリリン酸アンモニウム、メタリン酸カリウム、メタリン酸カルシウム、苦土リン酸、硫リン安、リン硝安カリウムおよび塩リン安等のリン酸質肥料、塩化カリウム、硫酸カリウム、硫酸カリソーダ、硫酸カリ苦土、重炭酸カリウムおよびリン酸カリウム等のカリウム質肥料、珪酸カルシウム等の珪酸質肥料、硫酸マグネシウムおよび塩化マグネシウム等のマグネシウム質肥料、生石灰、消石灰および炭酸カルシウム等のカルシウム質肥料、硫酸マンガン、硫酸苦土マンガンおよび鉱さいマンガン等のマンガン質肥料、ホウ酸およびホウ酸塩等のホウ素質肥料、鉄鋼スラグ等の含鉄肥料等の肥料取締法に定められる普通肥料(複合肥料を含む)を挙げることができる。中でも、窒素(N)、リン(P)、およびカリウム(K)より選ばれる肥料成分の一種以上、特にこれら三種全ての肥料成分を含有するものが好ましい。その具体例としては、NPK成分型(N−P−KO)肥料が挙げられ、かかる肥料としては、たとえば、5−5−7および12−12−16等の1型平上り型、5−5−5および14−14−14等の2型水平型、6−6−5および8−8−5等の3型平下がり型、4−7−9および6−8−11等の4型上り型、4−7−7および10−20−20等の5型上り平型、4−7−4および6−9−6等の6型山型、6−4−5および14−10−13等の7型谷型、6−5−5および18−11−11等の8型下がり平型、7−6−5および14−12−9等の9型下がり型、3−20−0および18−35−0等の10型NP型、16−0−12および18−0−16等の11型NK型、0−3−14および0−15−15等の12型PK型等を挙げることができる。用いる肥料の形態は、粒状、粉状、塊状および液状等の何れでもよく、種々の形態の肥料を用いることができる。 Inorganic chemical fertilizers used include urea, ammonium nitrate, ammonium nitrate, ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, sodium nitrate, calcium nitrate, potassium nitrate, lime nitrogen, formaldehyde processed urea fertilizer (UF), acetaldehyde processed urea fertilizer ( CDU), nitrogenous fertilizers such as isobutyraldehyde processed urea fertilizer (IBDU) and guanneaurea (GU), superphosphate lime, heavy superphosphate lime, molten phosphorus fertilizer, humic acid phosphorus fertilizer, calcined phosphorus fertilizer, heavy firing Phosphorous fertilizers such as phosphorus, bitter earth superphosphate, ammonium polyphosphate, potassium metaphosphate, calcium metaphosphate, bitter phosphate, ammonium sulfate, phosphorous ammonium phosphate and ammonium phosphate, potassium chloride, potassium sulfate, potassium sulfate , Potassium sulfate clay, potassium bicarbonate and potassium phosphate Potassium fertilizers such as um, siliceous fertilizers such as calcium silicate, magnesium fertilizers such as magnesium sulfate and magnesium chloride, calcium fertilizers such as quick lime, slaked lime and calcium carbonate, manganese sulfate, sulfated manganese and mineral manganese Examples include manganese fertilizers, boron fertilizers such as boric acid and borate, and ordinary fertilizers (including composite fertilizers) defined in the fertilizer control law such as ferrous fertilizers such as steel slag. Among these, one containing at least one fertilizer component selected from nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), particularly one containing all three types of fertilizer components is preferable. Specific examples thereof include NPK component type (NP 2 O 5 —K 2 O) fertilizers. Examples of such fertilizers include type 1 flattening such as 5-5-7 and 12-12-16. Type, 2 type horizontal type such as 5-5-5 and 14-14-14, 3 type flat falling type such as 6-6-5 and 8-8-5, 4-7-9 and 6-8-11 4 type up type such as 4-7-7 and 10-20-20, 6 type up type such as 4-7-4 and 6-9-6, 6-4-5 and 7 type valley type such as 14-10-13, 8 type falling flat type such as 6-5-5 and 18-11-11, 9 type falling type such as 7-6-5 and 14-12-9, 3 10 type NP type such as -20-0 and 18-35-0, 11 type NK type such as 16-0-12 and 18-0-16, 0-3-14 and 0-15-15 etc. Mention may be made of the 12-inch PK type, and the like. The form of the fertilizer to be used may be any of granular, powder, lump, and liquid, and various forms of fertilizer can be used.
以下、本発明について実施例を用いて具体的に説明するが、本発明は必ずしもこれらに限定されるものではない。   Hereinafter, the present invention will be specifically described using examples, but the present invention is not necessarily limited thereto.
〔圃場試験1〕
不耕起乾田状態の水田圃場(0.5a)に、4月11日、みのる産業社製不耕起播種機(PFT-6)を用いて、水稲乾燥籾種(品種:日本晴)を10a当り5.2kg播種した。播種後直ちに、尿素系被覆窒素肥料(窒素40%)を7.5kg/10a(窒素換算で3kg/10a)と混合有機質肥料(窒素10%)を30kg/10a(窒素換算で3kg/10a)表層に散布した。5月24日にイネの出芽が揃い、6月3日のイネ2.5葉期に入水した。8月15日に出穂し、順調に生育した。
〔圃場試験2〕
不耕起乾田状態の水田圃場(0.5a)に、4月11日、みのる産業社製不耕起播種機(PFT-6)を用いて、水稲乾燥籾種(品種:日本晴)を10a当り5.2kg播種した。播種後直ちに、尿素系被覆窒素肥料(窒素40%)を7.5kg/10a(窒素換算で3kg/10a)した。5月24日にイネの出芽が揃い、5月26日のイネ1.5〜2葉期に混合有機質肥料(窒素10%)を30kg/10a(窒素換算で3kg/10a)表層に散布した。6月3日のイネ2.5葉期に入水した。8月15日に出穂し、順調に生育した。
〔圃場試験3〕
耕起乾田状態の水田圃場(27a)に、4月19日、みのる産業社製不耕起播種機(PFT-6)を用いて、水稲乾燥籾種(品種:彩のかがやき)を10a当り5.5kg播種した。播種後直ちに、尿素系被覆窒素肥料(窒素40%)を7.5kg/10a(窒素換算で3kg/10a)した。5月20日にイネの出芽が揃い、5月26日のイネ1.5〜2葉期に混合有機質肥料(窒素10%)を30kg/10a(窒素換算で3kg/10a)表層に散布した。5月31日のイネ2.5葉期に入水した。8月16日に出穂し、順調に生育した。
〔比較例〕
乾田直播栽培による比較試験
1/5000アールのワグネルポットに土を詰め、乾田状態で乾燥籾を深度3cmで播種(品種:日本晴)し、肥料を施した。イネの葉齢が4葉期になったところで入水し、以後は深さ5cmの湛水条件で管理した。
[Field test 1]
Using a non-tillage sowing machine (PFT-6) manufactured by Minoru Sangyo Co., Ltd. on a paddy field (0.5a) in a non-tillage dry field, 5.2 per 10a kg seeded. Immediately after sowing, urea-coated nitrogen fertilizer (40% nitrogen) is 7.5kg / 10a (3kg / 10a in terms of nitrogen) and mixed organic fertilizer (10% nitrogen) is 30kg / 10a (3kg / 10a in terms of nitrogen) on the surface Scattered. Rice emerged on May 24, and water entered the 2.5 leaf stage of rice on June 3. Headed on August 15 and grew steadily.
[Field test 2]
Using a non-tillage sowing machine (PFT-6) manufactured by Minoru Sangyo Co., Ltd. on a paddy field (0.5a) in a non-tillage dry field, 5.2 per 10a kg seeded. Immediately after sowing, urea-based nitrogen fertilizer (nitrogen 40%) was added to 7.5 kg / 10a (3 kg / 10a in terms of nitrogen). Rice emerged on May 24, and mixed organic fertilizer (10% nitrogen) was sprayed on the surface of 30kg / 10a (3kg / 10a in terms of nitrogen) during the 1.5-2 leaf stage on May 26. Water entered the 2.5 leaf stage of rice on June 3. Headed on August 15 and grew steadily.
[Field test 3]
On 19 April, plowed dry rice seeds (variety: Aya no Kagayaki) were applied to the paddy field (27a) in a plowed dry field using a non-plowing seeder (PFT-6) manufactured by Minoru Sangyo Co., Ltd. kg seeded. Immediately after sowing, urea-based nitrogen fertilizer (nitrogen 40%) was added to 7.5 kg / 10a (3 kg / 10a in terms of nitrogen). On May 20, rice emerged, and mixed organic fertilizer (10% nitrogen) was sprayed on the surface of 30kg / 10a (3kg / 10a in terms of nitrogen) in the 1.5-2 leaf stage of May 26th. Water entered the rice 2.5 leaf stage on May 31. It headed on August 16 and grew smoothly.
[Comparative example]
Comparative test by direct sowing cultivation of dry paddy A 1/5000 aren Wagner pot was filled with soil, dried paddy was seeded at a depth of 3 cm (variety: Nipponbare), and fertilizer was applied. Water was introduced when the leaf age of rice reached the 4th leaf stage, and thereafter it was managed under submerged conditions with a depth of 5 cm.
湛水移植栽培による比較試験
1/5000アールのワグネルポットに土を詰め、代掻きした後に肥料を施し、深度3cmで、あらかじめ育てた3葉期のイネ(品種:日本晴)を移植した。入水し、以後は深さ5cmの湛水条件で管理した。
Comparative test by submerged transplantation The soil was filled in a 1/5000 aren Wagner pot, and after scraping, fertilizer was applied, and 3 leaf rice (cultivar: Nipponbare) grown in advance at a depth of 3 cm was transplanted. After entering the water, it was managed under flooding conditions with a depth of 5 cm.
なお、肥料は、有機肥料としては日清純正ナタネ油粕粉末(N(窒素)5.3%)を、無機化成肥料としては硫安(住金化学工業製、商品名:ふみん、N(窒素)21%)を、それぞれ用いた。   As for the fertilizer, Nisshin genuine rapeseed oil cake powder (N (nitrogen) 5.3%) is used as the organic fertilizer, and ammonium sulfate (product name: Fumin, N (nitrogen) 21) as the inorganic chemical fertilizer. %) Were used respectively.
そして、Nの量として同量の有機肥料を用いた場合と無機化成肥料を用いた場合とで、播種あるいは移植後40日目の生体重を比較することで、生育の違いを比較した。試験の結果を第1表に示す。
〔第1表〕
――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
栽培条件 肥料中のN(kg) 有機肥料/無機化成肥料の生育比
(生体重比較)
――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
乾田直播栽培 20 1.0
湛水移植栽培 20 0.6
――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
上記の通り、10アール当たり377kg(Nの量として20kg)の有機肥料を用いた場合は、10アール当たり95kg(Nの量として20kg)の無機化成肥料を用いた場合に比べて、湛水移植栽培では稲の収量が60%であったが、乾田直播栽培では同等となり、稲の生育阻害を示さなかった。
And the difference in growth was compared by comparing the body weight of the 40th day after sowing or transplanting when the same amount of organic fertilizer was used as the amount of N and when using inorganic chemical fertilizer. The results of the test are shown in Table 1.
[Table 1]
――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
Cultivation conditions N (kg) in fertilizer Growth ratio of organic fertilizer / inorganic chemical fertilizer
(Body weight comparison)
――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
Dry rice field sowing cultivation 20 1.0
Flooded transplant cultivation 20 0.6
――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――――
As described above, when 377 kg (20 kg as the amount of N) of organic fertilizer is used per 10 ares, submerged transplantation is performed compared to when 95 kg (20 kg as the amount of N) of inorganic fertilizers is used per 10 ares. In the cultivation, the yield of rice was 60%, but in the direct sowing cultivation of the dry rice field, it was equivalent and showed no inhibition of rice growth.
本発明の栽培方法は、環境に優しい稲の栽培方法として有用である。 The cultivation method of the present invention is useful as an environmentally friendly rice cultivation method.

Claims (1)

  1. 有機肥料を、10アール当たり5kg〜200kg用いて乾田直播栽培することを特徴とする、稲の栽培方法。 A method for cultivating rice, characterized in that organic fertilizer is directly cultivated in dry fields using 5 kg to 200 kg per 10 ares.
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CN105028071A (en) * 2015-06-14 2015-11-11 安徽徽大农业有限公司 Paddy rice planting technology capable of effectively increasing yield
CN105237103A (en) * 2015-08-07 2016-01-13 安徽新中远化工科技有限公司 Phosphogypsum soil improver for improving acid soil and preparation method for phosphogypsum soil improver
CN105409661A (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-03-23 丰都县都市农业开发专业合作社 Direct seeding planting method for rice on dry field
CN105724145A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-06 黑龙江省农业科学院耕作栽培研究所 Cold-region japonica-rice wet direct-sowing cultivation method
CN105935035A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-09-14 山东省水稻研究所 Mechanical water direct sowing culture method for rice in slight alkaline land in Yellow River Delta
CN106134876A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 长沙莎桂农业开发有限公司 A kind of Rice Cropping technology of disease-resistant high yield
CN107182657A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-22 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of rice field fish culture
CN107494449A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-22 张志全 A kind of frog rice stereoscopic cultivation technique

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783389A (en) * 2012-09-03 2012-11-21 隆化县上客上福种植专业合作社 Method for planting thousands of acres of organic scientific and technological rice
CN102907288A (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-02-06 镇江万山红遍农业园 Organic cultivation method for improving thousand grain weight of rice
CN103907494A (en) * 2014-03-21 2014-07-09 罗时词 Organic spirulina rice cultivation method
CN105409661A (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-03-23 丰都县都市农业开发专业合作社 Direct seeding planting method for rice on dry field
CN105028071A (en) * 2015-06-14 2015-11-11 安徽徽大农业有限公司 Paddy rice planting technology capable of effectively increasing yield
CN105237103A (en) * 2015-08-07 2016-01-13 安徽新中远化工科技有限公司 Phosphogypsum soil improver for improving acid soil and preparation method for phosphogypsum soil improver
CN105724145A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-06 黑龙江省农业科学院耕作栽培研究所 Cold-region japonica-rice wet direct-sowing cultivation method
CN105935035A (en) * 2016-06-23 2016-09-14 山东省水稻研究所 Mechanical water direct sowing culture method for rice in slight alkaline land in Yellow River Delta
CN105935035B (en) * 2016-06-23 2018-12-28 山东省水稻研究所 A kind of Huanghe delta mild or moderate rice in saline-alkali field mechanized direct sowing cultural method
CN106134876A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-23 长沙莎桂农业开发有限公司 A kind of Rice Cropping technology of disease-resistant high yield
CN107182657A (en) * 2017-07-19 2017-09-22 合肥浦邦农业科技有限公司 A kind of method of rice field fish culture
CN107494449A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-22 张志全 A kind of frog rice stereoscopic cultivation technique

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