JP2007058845A - Photovoltaic power generator - Google Patents

Photovoltaic power generator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2007058845A
JP2007058845A JP2006197586A JP2006197586A JP2007058845A JP 2007058845 A JP2007058845 A JP 2007058845A JP 2006197586 A JP2006197586 A JP 2006197586A JP 2006197586 A JP2006197586 A JP 2006197586A JP 2007058845 A JP2007058845 A JP 2007058845A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
solar cell
semiconductor switch
switch element
cell body
output
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2006197586A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Tetsumi Harakawa
Atsushi Kajiwara
哲美 原川
篤 梶原
Original Assignee
Despac Kk
Gunma Prefecture
デスパック株式会社
群馬県
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2005217514 priority Critical
Application filed by Despac Kk, Gunma Prefecture, デスパック株式会社, 群馬県 filed Critical Despac Kk
Priority to JP2006197586A priority patent/JP2007058845A/en
Publication of JP2007058845A publication Critical patent/JP2007058845A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a photovoltaic power generator capable of obtaining electric power from a solar cell at the maximum efficiency all the time, even under an uneven sunshine condition. <P>SOLUTION: A solar cell module (photovoltaic module) PVM outputs the maximum electric power all the time under the sunshine condition thereof, since tracking-controlled to be brought into the maximum power point Pmax by controlling switchingly charge transfer circuits CONV provided in every of the solar cell modules PVM, and the photovoltaic power generator 40 of the present invention connected with the plurality of solar cell modules PVM in series, or in series and parallel, also outputs the maximum electric power all the time to a load side. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2007,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention belongs to a technical field of a photovoltaic power generation apparatus for efficiently obtaining power from a solar battery and charging the secondary battery or linking it to a power system.

  A solar cell element (cell) is a minimum unit of power generation in which an equivalent circuit is expressed by a current source and one diode (solar cell itself), but its output density is small, and usually a plurality of solar cell elements are included. The basic unit is a configuration in which they are arranged in series and connected in series or in series and parallel.

  And practically, for example, as in the equivalent circuit of FIG. 20, a solar cell body SC in which a plurality of solar cell elements are connected in series (FIG. 20 is an example of seven solar cell elements in series. It is expressed as seven series diodes.) And a solar cell module having a configuration in which a bypass diode Db inserted as a countermeasure when an element that does not generate electricity appears is connected to a backflow prevention diode Da. ing.

  Furthermore, in a general solar power generation device, a plurality of the solar cell modules are used as a solar cell array or a solar cell panel connected in series and parallel.

  As a typical solar power generation device (or a synonymous solar power generation system) using the solar cell array, a plurality of solar cell arrays 21a, 21b, and 21c are provided as in the solar power generation device 30 shown in FIG. The solar cell arrays 21a, 21b, 21c,... Are formed by connecting the solar cell modules 22 in series and in parallel in a matrix shape. The box 23 collects the DC output output from each solar cell module 22 through the solar cell arrays 21a, 21b, 21c,..., And the power conversion device 26 collects the solar cell array 21a collected in the current collection box 23. , 21b, 21c,..., 21b, 21c,..., 21b, 21c,. , There is a configuration in which supply to the load 28 the converted AC output while linked to the power system 27.

  On the other hand, there are various types of solar cells in practical use, such as crystalline silicon solar cells, amorphous silicon solar cells, compound semiconductor solar cells, and organic semiconductor solar cells, all of which output characteristics (output current) of the solar cell. The I-output voltage V curve is generally an IV characteristic curve as shown in FIG. 22, and in order to efficiently extract the maximum power from the solar cell, the actual operating point P of the solar cell (operating current Iope × operating voltage Vope). ) At the maximum power point Pmax (optimum operating current Iop × optimum operating voltage Vop) as much as possible.

  In this respect, in the current solar power generation device (system) including the solar power generation device 30, so-called maximum power that controls the output voltage and output current so that the output of the solar cell array always operates at the maximum power point Pmax. Point tracking (Maximum Power Point Tracking: MPPT) control is often employed. Various methods have been devised for the MPPT control. For example, the output voltage of the solar cell array is decreased from the open circuit voltage, and during that time, the power value is scanned to measure the maximum power point Pmax, and the maximum power point is measured. There is a scanning method in which the operating point is moved to Pmax.

  By the way, in an actual photovoltaic power generation device (system), the entire solar cell is not always irradiated with sunlight under uniform conditions, and the output is partially weak due to shadows such as clouds and trees. It may become a state of partial shadow irradiation, or an operating state under so-called non-uniform solar radiation conditions where the solar radiation conditions differ depending on the orientation of the installation location and the temperature environment (this is also normal) ).

  Under the non-uniform solar radiation conditions as described above, efficient power extraction cannot be desired with a single MPPT control for the entire installed solar cell.

  In this regard, a number of solutions have been proposed in order to solve the inefficiency problem of the solar battery power generation device under the uneven solar radiation conditions (for example, under the partial shade conditions).

  For example, in [Patent Document 1] below, it is assumed that the output of a solar cell can be efficiently extracted by performing MPPT control with a DC-DC converter provided for each solar cell group (solar cell array). Is disclosed.

  [Patent Document 2] includes a solar cell module including a plurality of solar cell elements connected in series and parallel, and a converter for stepping down DC power generated by the plurality of solar cell elements of the solar cell module. There has been proposed a solar cell module provided on a substrate and configured so that the converter performs MPPT control.

  In [Patent Document 3] below, a step-up chopper circuit is provided for each of a plurality of blocks of a solar cell panel, and direct current voltage conversion is performed by MPPT control for each block, and these are integrated to flow into the system. A power generation device has been proposed.

  Furthermore, in [Patent Document 4] below, in a grid-connected inverter that is input by connecting a plurality of solar cell arrays in parallel, each solar cell array is independently subjected to MPPT control by a DC-DC converter to generate power. There has been proposed a power conversion device for photovoltaic power generation that is configured to improve efficiency.

JP 2000-112545 A

JP 2003-124492 A JP 2003-134667 A JP 2004-194500 A

  It has recently been reported that when a solar cell array in which a plurality of solar cell modules are connected in series and parallel is operated under non-uniform solar radiation conditions, there is a so-called bimodality in which multiple power maximum points appear in its output characteristics ( IEEJ Trans.IA.Vol.124, No.8, 2004, Ichiro Takano et al.).

  That is, as shown in FIG. 24, when the current I or power P of the solar cell is taken on the vertical axis and the voltage V of the solar cell is taken on the horizontal axis, a plurality of solar cell modules shown in FIG. A plurality (two in FIG. 24) of power maximum points P1 and P2 appear in the current-voltage characteristics and power-voltage characteristics of the battery array. This bimodality also appears in the case of series connection, and their characteristic curves vary depending on the uneven solar radiation conditions. For example, under partial shading conditions, the shading area changes, and there are many possibilities that power maximum points are not limited to two.

The present inventor connects two solar cell modules as shown in FIG. 20 in series, and when a current difference (difference in light intensity) occurs in each current source, the solar cell module with the smaller current As a result, it has been clarified that a remarkable bimodality appears in the output characteristics due to the fact that the current does not flow completely through the bypass diode Db provided for each solar cell module.
In addition, when two solar cell modules are connected in parallel and a voltage difference appears due to a temperature difference between the two modules, a double peak appears, and the cause is the influence of the backflow prevention diode Da. Investigated.

  However, in the case of a solar cell array in which a plurality of conventional solar cell modules are connected in series and parallel, a large number of power maximum points may appear due to the influence of changes in the current and voltage of each module.

  In the conventional photovoltaic power generation apparatus (system) in which bimodality inevitably appears under the non-uniform conditions as described above, a simple maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control for a solar cell array or a solar cell module, or Even if the control is converged at the power maximum point P2 in FIG. 24 by the improved and accurate MPPT control considering the bimodality, a loss occurs in the solar cell array or the solar cell module, and the true maximum Inventor's research has revealed that no power can be obtained and about 60% of the loss may occur under worst-case conditions.

  As described above, the bimodality appearing in the output characteristics of the solar cell array under non-uniform conditions such as partial shading is caused by the backflow prevention diode Da and the bypass diode Db in the solar cell module as shown in FIG. However, in order to always extract the maximum electric power from the solar cell even under such partial shadow conditions where the multi-peaks appear, a solar cell array or solar cell composed of a plurality of conventional solar cell modules It is considered difficult to use a means for maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control for the module or a means for improving its accuracy.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and an object of the present invention is to provide a solar power generation device that always efficiently extracts the maximum power from a solar cell even under non-uniform solar radiation conditions and generates almost no loss. To do.

The present invention
(1) A solar cell body SC formed from one solar cell element or a plurality of solar cell elements connected in series or series-parallel, and the solar cell body SC provided for each solar cell body SC and an input terminal 43 for each solar cell A plurality of solar cell modules PVM having a charge transfer circuit CONV connected to both poles of the main body SC and having an output terminal 47 connected to the load side are connected in series or in series and parallel,
The charge transfer circuit CONV provided in each solar cell body SC includes a control unit 44 that performs tracking control of the maximum power point Pmax of the output of the solar cell body SC. By providing, the above-mentioned problems are solved.
(2) In the solar power generation device according to (1) above,
The charge transfer circuit CONVa provided in each solar cell body SC includes a first semiconductor switch element SW1 or a first semiconductor switch element SW1 and a first semiconductor switch element SW1 connected in series between the solar cell body SC and the output terminal 47. A second semiconductor switch element SW2 connected in parallel to the solar cell body SC on the output end 47 side of the one semiconductor switch element SW1, a voltmeter 46 for monitoring the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC, and the voltmeter The first semiconductor switch element SW1 or the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element so that the output of the solar cell body SC follows the maximum power point Pmax from the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC obtained from 46. And a control unit 44a that performs switching control of SW2. By providing an apparatus 40, to solve the above problems.
(3) In the solar power generation device according to (1) above,
The charge transfer circuit CONVb provided in each solar cell body SC includes a first semiconductor switch element SW1 or a first semiconductor switch element SW1 and a first semiconductor switch element SW1 connected in series between the solar cell body SC and the output terminal 47. A second semiconductor switch element SW2 connected in parallel to the solar cell body SC on the output end 47 side of the one semiconductor switch element SW1, an ammeter 52 for monitoring the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC, and the ammeter The first semiconductor switch element SW1 or the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element so that the output of the solar cell body SC follows the maximum power point Pmax from the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC obtained from 52. And a control unit 44b for performing switching control of SW2. By providing an apparatus 40, to solve the above problems.
(4) In the solar power generation device according to (1) above,
The charge transfer circuit CONVc provided in each solar cell body SC includes a first semiconductor switch element SW1 or a first semiconductor switch element SW1 and a first semiconductor switch element SW1 connected in series between the solar cell body SC and the output terminal 47. A second semiconductor switch element SW2 connected in parallel to the solar cell body SC on the output end 47 side of the one semiconductor switch element SW1, a voltmeter 46 for monitoring the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC, and the solar cell From the ammeter 52 for monitoring the operating current Iope of the main body SC, the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell main body SC obtained from the voltmeter 46 and the operating current Iope of the solar cell main body SC obtained from the ammeter 52, the solar cell The first semiconductor switch element SW1 or the first semiconductor switch element SW1 so that the output of the main body SC follows the maximum power point Pmax. By providing a solar power generation apparatus 40, characterized in that it comprises a control unit 44c for controlling switching of the semiconductor switching element SW1 and the second semiconductor switching element SW2, to solve the above problems.
(5) In the solar power generation device according to (1) above,
The charge transfer circuit CONVd provided in each solar cell body SC includes a first semiconductor switch element SW1 or a first semiconductor switch element SW1 and a first semiconductor switch element SW1 connected in series between the solar cell body SC and the output terminal 47. A second semiconductor switch element SW2 connected in parallel to the solar cell body SC on the output end 47 side of the one semiconductor switch element SW1, a voltmeter 46 for monitoring the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC, and a temperature monitor The output of the solar cell body SC follows the maximum power point Pmax from the temperature detection element 54 that performs, the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC obtained from the voltmeter 46, and the temperature obtained from the temperature detection element 54. First semiconductor switch element SW1, or first semiconductor switch element SW1 and second semiconductor switch element By providing a solar power generation apparatus 40, characterized in that it comprises a control unit 44d for performing switching control of W2, to solve the above problems.
(6) In the solar power generation device according to (1) above,
The charge transfer circuit CONVe provided in each solar cell body SC includes a first semiconductor switch element SW1 or a first semiconductor switch element SW1 and a first semiconductor switch element SW1 connected in series between the solar cell body SC and the output terminal 47. A second semiconductor switch element SW2 connected in parallel to the solar cell body SC on the output end 47 side of the one semiconductor switch element SW1, an ammeter 52 for monitoring the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC, and a temperature monitor The output of the solar cell body SC follows the maximum power point Pmax from the temperature detection element 54 that performs, the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC obtained from the ammeter 52, and the temperature obtained from the temperature detection element 54. First semiconductor switch element SW1, or first semiconductor switch element SW1 and second semiconductor switch element By providing a solar power generation apparatus 40, characterized in that it comprises a control unit 44e for performing switching control of W2, to solve the above problems.
(7) The switching control cycle in each charge transfer circuit CONV of a plurality of solar cell modules PVM connected in series is independent for each solar cell module PVM. (1) to (6) This problem is solved by providing a solar power generation device 40a.
(8) The photovoltaic power generation apparatus 40b according to any one of (1) to (6), wherein the switching control periods in the charge transfer circuits CONV of the plurality of solar cell modules PVM connected in series are synchronized. By providing, the above-mentioned problems are solved.
(9) In the solar power generation device according to (1) to (6), in which a plurality of strings PVS configured by a plurality of solar cell modules PVM connected in series are connected in parallel, a plurality of solar cells configuring each string PVS Provided is a photovoltaic power generation apparatus 40c characterized in that the switching control period in each charge transfer circuit CONV of the module PVM is synchronized for each string PVS, and the switching control period of each string PVS has a constant phase difference. This solves the above problem.
(10) In the solar power generation device according to (1) to (6), in which a plurality of strings PVS composed of a plurality of solar cell modules PVM connected in series are connected in parallel, a plurality of solar cells constituting each string PVS The switching control cycle in each charge transfer circuit CONV of the module PVM is performed independently for each solar cell module PVM, and a diode is provided between each string PVS and the output terminal of the solar power generation device 40d. The above problem is solved by providing a solar power generation device 40d.
(11) The solar power generation apparatus according to any one of (7) to (10), wherein a coil L2 is provided between the string PVS or a plurality of strings PVS connected in parallel and an output end of the solar power generation apparatus. By providing, the above-mentioned problems are solved.
(12) In the solar power generation device according to (1) above,
The charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body includes a plurality of capacitors that store output power of the solar cell body in the form of charges, a plurality of semiconductor switching elements that switch connection of the plurality of capacitors, and the solar cell The plurality of output controls for following the control of the maximum power point of the output to the battery main body and causing the output voltage of the circuit to follow substantially the same as the terminal voltage on the load side and transferring the charge stored in the capacitor to the load side. The above problem is solved by providing a solar power generation device comprising a control unit that performs switching control of the semiconductor switch element.
(13) In the solar power generation device according to (12) above,
A plurality of capacitors in the charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body can be connected in parallel between the ± both poles of the solar cell body via first / second semiconductor switch element groups. A series connection is possible via a third group of semiconductor switch elements inserted between the first and second output terminals of the charge transfer circuit and between the capacitors connected in series. The charge charged in each capacitor by the 4 or / and the fifth semiconductor switch element group can be selectively transferred to the load side, and the sixth inserted between the positive electrode of the solar cell body and the ground. The semiconductor switch element or the seventh semiconductor switch element inserted between the negative electrode of the solar cell body and the ground is connected so that one end of the capacitor connected in series can be set to the ground potential. It has been,
The control unit in the charge transfer circuit monitors the output voltage and the output current of the solar cell body, and controls the tracking of the maximum power point with respect to the solar cell body, and the input voltage of the circuit is the maximum power of the solar cell body. The charging / discharging timing of the plurality of capacitors is controlled by switching of the semiconductor switch element so as to coincide with the voltage at the point, and the output voltage of the charge transfer circuit is monitored to selectively switch the semiconductor switch element. Provided is a photovoltaic power generation device that performs output control to control the output voltage of the device so that the output voltage of the device is substantially equal to the terminal voltage on the load side and to transfer the charge stored in the capacitor to the load side. This solves the above problem.

The solar power generation device according to the present invention is configured as described above,
(1) Even under non-uniform solar radiation conditions for solar cells, it is possible to always take out the maximum electric power under the sunshine conditions from individual solar cell bodies.
(2) Since the charge transfer circuit is provided in each of the solar cell bodies to which the backflow prevention diode and bypass diode provided in the conventional solar cell module are not connected, the bimodality does not appear in principle in the output characteristics, MPPT control is performed to extract the true maximum power without loss for each solar cell body.
(3) In addition to the effects of (1) and (2), the invention according to claim 12 or claim 13 transfers power from the output of the charge transfer circuit with an optimum output voltage or output current according to the load without loss. Can do.

  Embodiments of a photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention. FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing a first embodiment of a solar cell module constituting the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention. FIG. 3 is a diagram showing the relationship between the operating voltage of the solar cell body and the output power. FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing a second embodiment of the solar cell module constituting the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention. FIG. 5 is a block diagram showing a third embodiment of the solar cell module constituting the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention. FIG. 6 is a block diagram showing a fourth embodiment of a solar cell module constituting the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention. FIG. 7 is a diagram showing the relationship between the operating voltage of the solar cell body and the output power when the temperature changes. FIG. 8 is a block diagram showing a fifth embodiment of a solar cell module constituting the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention. FIG. 9 is a block diagram showing an embodiment in which control of the solar cell module constituting the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention is performed by switching control to the first semiconductor switch element. FIG. 10 is a block diagram showing a configuration in which switching control of each solar cell module forming the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention is performed at independent cycles. FIG. 11 is a block diagram showing a configuration in which switching control of each solar cell module forming the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention is performed in synchronization. FIG. 12 is a block diagram showing a configuration in which the switching control of each solar cell module forming the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention is synchronized for each string and a phase difference is provided in the period of each string. FIG. 13 is a block diagram showing a configuration in which switching control of each solar cell module forming the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention is performed in an independent cycle and a backflow prevention diode is provided in each string. FIG. 14 is a block diagram showing a configuration in which a coil is provided between a plurality of solar cell modules connected in series and an output end of the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention. FIG. 15 is a block diagram showing a connection between the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention and a load. FIG. 16 is a block diagram of a photovoltaic power generator according to claim 12 of the present invention. FIG. 17 is a circuit diagram showing a preferred example of the charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body of the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 13 of the present invention. FIG. 18 is a circuit diagram showing a circuit connection state at the time of output of the charge transfer circuit. FIG. 19 is a schematic diagram showing a transfer charge amount for each switching period, which is an output current with respect to a voltage change of a connected system (AC power supply) obtained as an output of the charge transfer circuit.

  FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a connection configuration of solar cell modules PVM of a photovoltaic power generation apparatus 40 according to the present invention. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the solar power generation device 40 includes a plurality of solar cell modules PVM between the positive electrode output end 42 a and the negative electrode output end 42 b of the solar power generation device 40, and the positive electrode output end 48 a of the solar cell module PVM. And a plurality of components connected in series or in series and parallel via the negative electrode output end 48b. The positive output terminal 42 a and the negative output terminal 42 b of the solar power generation device 40 are connected to the load 28 via a regulator, a converter, a power storage device, and the like (not shown), and supply power to the load 28. Although FIG. 1 shows an example in which a plurality of series-connected solar cell modules PVM are connected in parallel in three rows, the number of parallel connections can be appropriately increased or decreased depending on the application, scale, etc. of the photovoltaic power generation apparatus. is there. Moreover, it is good also as only a serial connection without performing parallel connection.

  In FIG. 2, the block diagram of 1st Embodiment of the solar cell module PVM in the solar power generation device 40 which concerns on this invention is shown. The solar cell module PVMa of the first embodiment shown in FIG. 2 includes a solar cell body SC formed from one solar cell element or a plurality of solar cell elements connected in series or series-parallel, and an input end 43. Are connected to the positive electrode terminal 41a and the negative electrode terminal 41b of each solar cell body SC, and the output end 47 has a charge transfer circuit CONVa connected to the positive electrode output end 48a and the negative electrode output end 48b side of the solar cell module PVMa. ing.

  The charge transfer circuit CONVa of the battery module PVMa includes a voltmeter 46 connected in parallel between the positive terminal 41a and the negative terminal 41b of the solar cell body SC, a control unit 44a, and the positive terminal 41a of the solar cell body SC and the charge. The first semiconductor switch element SW1 connected in series with the output terminal 47 on the positive electrode side of the transfer circuit CONVa, and the first semiconductor switch element SW1 connected in parallel with the solar cell body SC on the output terminal 47 side of the first semiconductor switch element SW1. 2 semiconductor switch elements and a diode D functioning as a flywheel diode connected in parallel to the second semiconductor switch element SW2. The coil L1 connected in series between the positive output terminal 47 of the charge transfer circuit CONVa and the positive output terminal 48a has a function of accumulating or discharging electric energy from the solar cell body SC. Capacitors Ca and Cb are smoothing capacitors provided to reduce terminal voltage ripples between the solar cell body SC, the positive electrode output terminal 48a, and the negative electrode output terminal 48b.

  Here, FIG. 3 shows the relationship between the operating voltage and the output power generated in the solar cell body SC when the intensity of the irradiated light is changed. The solid lines A, B, and C in FIG. 3 indicate the relationship between the operating voltage Vope and the output power generated in the solar cell body SC when the light intensity is increased in the order of A> B> C. In addition, the temperature of the solar cell body SC is assumed to be constant. From FIG. 3, if the temperature of the solar cell main body SC is constant, the optimum operating voltage Vop of the solar cell main body SC at which the maximum power point Pmax of the solar cell main body SC can be obtained depends on the intensity of the irradiated light. It turns out that it is constant. From this, it is possible to always operate the solar cell body SC at the maximum power point Pmax by controlling the operation voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC to be the optimum operation voltage Vop so that the maximum power point Pmax is obtained. I can do it.

  Next, the operation of the charge transfer circuit CONVa will be described. The control unit 44a of the charge transfer circuit CONVa has an oscillator 55. Based on a signal from the oscillator 55, the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 are alternately pulse width modulated (PWM). Switching control and synchronous rectification. The signal for performing the switching control is not necessarily obtained from the control unit 44a, but may be obtained from a signal from the oscillator 55 provided outside. The same applies to control units 44b, 44c, 44d, and 44e described later.

  Here, when the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 is open, the output power generated in the solar cell body SC stores electric energy in the coil L1 through the first semiconductor switch element SW1. And output from the positive terminal 48a to the load side. When the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side, the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC decreases. On the contrary, when the second semiconductor switch element SW2 is closed and the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is opened, the coil L1 releases the stored electrical energy to the load side. At this time, since the output power generated in the solar cell main body SC is not output to the load side, the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell main body SC increases. When the second semiconductor switch element SW2 is closed and the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open, the power output from the other solar cell modules PVMa connected in series is the diode D or the second It is output to the load side through the semiconductor switch element SW2.

  The operating voltage Vope of the solar cell main body SC is constantly monitored by the voltmeter 46 and output to the control unit 44a. As described above, the optimum operating voltage Vop when taking the maximum power point Pmax is constant regardless of the intensity of light applied to the solar cell main body SC. Therefore, the optimum operating voltage Vop is set in the control unit 44a in advance. be able to. The control unit 44a receives the operating voltage Vope from the voltmeter 46, and when the operating voltage Vope is higher than the preset optimum operating voltage Vop, the control unit 44a performs PWM so as to widen the time interval at which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed. The duty ratio of the signal is changed to control opening and closing of the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element SW2. If the time interval at which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed becomes longer, the time interval at which the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side becomes longer, and thus the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC decreases. To do.

  On the other hand, when the operating voltage Vope is lower than the optimum operating voltage Vop, the duty ratio of the PWM signal is changed so as to widen the time interval during which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open, and the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element Controls the opening and closing of the switch element SW2. If the time interval at which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open becomes longer, the time interval at which the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side becomes shorter, and thus the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC increases. To do.

  By the switching control of the control unit 44a, the operation voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC is follow-up controlled so as to always take the optimum operation voltage Vop. As described above, if the operating voltage Vope is the optimum operating voltage Vop, the solar cell body SC operates at the maximum power point Pmax. Therefore, the solar cell module PVMa always outputs the maximum power under the sunshine conditions. To do.

  In FIG. 4, the circuit diagram of 2nd Embodiment of the solar cell module PVM in the solar power generation device 40 which concerns on this invention is shown. The solar cell module PVMb of the second embodiment shown in FIG. 4 has a solar cell body SC and a charge transfer circuit CONVb. Further, the charge transfer circuit CONVb of the battery module PVMb has an ammeter 52 connected in series between the positive terminal 41a of the solar cell body SC and the first semiconductor switch element SW1 instead of the voltmeter 46 having the configuration of CONVa. Yes.

  Here, the output characteristic (output current I-output voltage V curve) of the solar cell of FIG. 22 is referred. From FIG. 22, the optimum operating current Iop of the solar cell main body SC at which the maximum power point Pmax of the solar cell main body SC is obtained is the short-circuit current Isc of the solar cell main body SC (when the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell main body SC = 0V). It is known that the current value of the solar cell main body SC is reduced by a certain ratio. That is, if the fixed ratio is 90%, the optimum operating current Iop is obtained by Iop = Isc × 0.9. The output characteristics of FIG. 22 change depending on the irradiation condition of sunlight, etc., but the relationship between the optimum operating current Iop and the short-circuit current Isc always holds even if the output characteristics change. From this, if the short-circuit current Isc is found, the optimum operating current Iop can be obtained. By controlling the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC to be the optimum operating current Iop, the solar cell body SC is always set to the maximum power point. It can be operated at Pmax.

  Next, the operation of the charge transfer circuit CONVb will be described. Similarly to the charge transfer circuit CONVa, the control unit 44b of the charge transfer circuit CONVb performs switching rectification by performing switching control between the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 based on a signal from the oscillator 55. Here, when the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 is open, the output power generated in the solar cell body SC passes through the first semiconductor switch element SW1 as in the charge transfer circuit CONVa. The coil L1 stores electrical energy and is output from the positive terminal 48a to the load side. When the output power generated in the solar cell main body SC is output to the load side, the operating current Iope of the solar cell main body SC increases in the direction of the short-circuit current Isc. On the other hand, when the second semiconductor switch element SW2 is closed and the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open, the coil L1 releases the stored electrical energy to the load side. At this time, since the output power generated in the solar cell main body SC is not output to the load side, the operating current Iope of the solar cell main body SC decreases.

  The operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC is constantly monitored by the ammeter 52 and output to the control unit 44b. In the controller 44b, the optimum operating current Iop when the solar cell body SC takes the maximum power point Pmax is obtained in advance from the short circuit current Isc of the solar cell body SC, and the operating current Iope from the ammeter 52 is the optimum operating current. When it is lower than Iop, the duty ratio of the PWM signal is changed so as to widen the time interval during which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed, and the opening / closing of the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 is controlled. If the time interval during which the switch element SW1 is closed becomes longer, the time interval at which the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side becomes longer, and thus the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC increases.

  On the other hand, when the operating current Iope is higher than the optimum operating current Iop, the duty ratio of the PWM signal is changed so as to widen the time interval during which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open, and the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element Controls the opening and closing of the switch element SW2. If the time interval at which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open becomes longer, the time interval at which the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side becomes shorter, and thus the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC decreases. To do.

  By the switching control of the control unit 44b, the operation current Iope of the solar cell body SC is controlled so as to always take the optimum operation current Iop. If the operating current Iope is the optimum operating current Iop as described above, the solar cell main body SC operates at the maximum power point Pmax, and therefore the solar cell module PVMb always outputs the maximum power under the sunshine conditions. To do.

  In FIG. 5, the circuit diagram of 3rd Embodiment of the solar cell module PVM in the solar power generation device 40 which concerns on this invention is shown. The solar cell module PVMc of the third embodiment shown in FIG. 5 has a solar cell body SC and a charge transfer circuit CONVc. In addition to the configuration of the charge transfer circuit CONVb, the charge transfer circuit CONVc of the battery module PVMc has a voltmeter 46 connected in parallel between the positive terminal 41a and the negative terminal 41b of the solar cell body SC.

  Next, the operation of the charge transfer circuit CONVc will be described. Similarly to the charge transfer circuit CONVa, the controller 44c of the charge transfer circuit CONVc performs switching rectification by performing switching control between the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 based on a signal from the oscillator 55. Here, when the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 is open, the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is the same as that of the charge transfer circuits CONVa and COMVb. The electric energy is stored in the coil L1 through the positive electrode terminal 48a and output to the load side. When the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side, the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC increases in the short-circuit current Isc direction, and the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC decreases. On the other hand, when the second semiconductor switch element SW2 is closed and the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open, the coil L1 releases the stored electrical energy to the load side. At this time, since the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is not output to the load side, the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC decreases and the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC increases.

  The operating current Iope of the solar cell main body SC is constantly monitored by the ammeter 52, and the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell main body SC is constantly monitored by the voltmeter 46 and is output to the control unit 44c. The controller 44c obtains the output power of the solar cell main body SC from the operating current Iope obtained from the ammeter 52 and the operating voltage Vope obtained from the voltmeter 46, and the first power so that this output power follows the maximum power point Pmax. The duty ratio of the PWM signal for controlling the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 is changed. Thus, the solar cell main body SC always operates at the maximum power point Pmax, and thus the solar cell module PVMc always outputs the maximum power under the sunshine conditions.

  In FIG. 6, the circuit diagram of 4th Embodiment of the solar cell module PVM in the solar power generation device 40 which concerns on this invention is shown. The solar cell module PVMd of the fourth embodiment shown in FIG. 6 has a solar cell body SC and a charge transfer circuit CONVd. The charge transfer circuit CONVd of the battery module PVMd includes a temperature sensing element 54 in addition to the configuration of the charge transfer circuit CONVa.

  Here, FIG. 7 shows the relationship between the operating voltage generated in the solar cell body SC and the output power when the temperature is changed. The solid line D, solid line E, and solid line F in FIG. 7 show the relationship between the operating voltage Vope generated in the solar cell body SC and the output power when the temperature of the solar cell body SC is increased in the order of D <E <F. Shall be shown. From FIG. 7, the optimum operating voltage Vop of the solar cell body SC at which the maximum power point Pmax of the solar cell body SC is obtained increases or decreases depending on the temperature of the solar cell body SC, and when the temperature is a solid line D, the optimum operating voltage Vop (D) is a high value, the optimum operating voltage Vop (F) is a low value when the solid line F is high, and the optimum operating voltage Vop (E) is Vop (F) when the solid line E is the temperature between them. ) And Vop (D). It has been found that the temperature of the solar cell body SC and the optimum operating voltage Vop are in a proportional relationship, and the optimum operating voltage Vop can be obtained if the temperature of the solar cell body SC is known. Therefore, the solar cell main body SC is always operated at the maximum power point Pmax by performing follow-up control so that the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell main body SC becomes the optimum operating voltage Vop obtained from the temperature of the solar cell main body SC. I can do it.

  Next, the operation of the charge transfer circuit CONVd will be described. However, since the operation of the charge transfer circuit CONVd is substantially the same as that of the charge transfer circuit CONVa, detailed description of overlapping portions will not be given. Similarly to the control unit 44a of the charge transfer circuit CONVa, the control unit 44d of the charge transfer circuit CONVd performs switching control on the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 to perform synchronous rectification, and generates electric power in the solar cell body SC. Controls the output to the load side. Along with this, the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell main body SC increases or decreases in the same manner as the charge transfer circuit CONVa.

  The operating voltage Vope of the solar cell main body SC is constantly monitored by the voltmeter 46 and output to the control unit 44d. Further, the temperature sensing element 54 measures the temperature around the solar cell main body SC and outputs this to the control unit 44d as the temperature of the solar cell main body SC. The controller 44d obtains the optimum operating voltage Vop from which the solar cell body SC takes the maximum power point Pmax from the temperature obtained from the temperature sensing element 54, and the operating voltage Vope is optimum from the operating voltage Vope obtained from the voltmeter 46. When it is higher than the operating voltage Vop, the duty ratio of the PWM signal is changed so as to widen the time interval during which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed. If the time interval at which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed becomes longer, the time interval at which the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side becomes longer, and thus the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC decreases. To do.

  On the contrary, when the operating voltage Vope is lower than the optimum operating voltage Vop, the duty ratio of the PWM signal is changed so as to widen the time interval during which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open. If the time interval at which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open becomes longer, the time interval at which the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side becomes shorter, and thus the operating voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC increases. To do.

  By the switching control of the control unit 44d, the operation voltage Vope of the solar cell body SC is always controlled to take the optimum operation voltage Vop regardless of the temperature of the solar cell body SC. As described above, if the operating voltage Vope is the optimum operating voltage Vop, the solar cell main body SC operates at the maximum power point Pmax. Therefore, the solar cell module PVMd always outputs the maximum power under the sunshine conditions. To do.

  In FIG. 8, the circuit diagram of 5th Embodiment of the solar cell module PVM in the solar power generation device 40 which concerns on this invention is shown. The solar cell module PVMe of the fifth embodiment shown in FIG. 8 has a solar cell body SC and a charge transfer circuit CONVe. The charge transfer circuit CONVe of the battery module PVMe includes a temperature sensing element 54 in addition to the configuration of the charge transfer circuit CONVb.

  Next, the operation of the charge transfer circuit CONVe will be described. However, since the operation of the charge transfer circuit CONVe is almost the same as that of the charge transfer circuit CONVb, detailed description of overlapping portions will not be given. Similar to the control unit 44b of the charge transfer circuit CONVb, the control unit 44e of the charge transfer circuit CONVe performs switching control on the first semiconductor switch element SW1 and the second semiconductor switch element SW2 to perform synchronous rectification, thereby generating electric power generated in the solar cell body SC. Controls the output to the load side. Along with this, the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC increases and decreases in the same manner as the charge transfer circuit CONVb.

  The operating current Iope of the solar cell main body SC is constantly monitored by the ammeter 52 and output to the control unit 44e. Further, the temperature sensing element 54 measures the temperature around the solar cell main body SC, and outputs this to the control unit 44e as the temperature of the solar cell main body SC. As described above, the optimum operating current Iop when taking the maximum power point Pmax is obtained from the short-circuit current Isc. The control unit 44e obtains the optimum operating current Iop obtained from the short-circuit current Isc from the temperature sensing element 54. A slight correction is made according to the temperature of the main body SC.

  When the operating current Iope obtained from the ammeter 52 is lower than the optimum operating current Iop corrected by the temperature obtained from the temperature sensing element 54, the control unit 44e widens the time interval during which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed. The duty ratio of the PWM signal is changed. If the time interval at which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is closed becomes longer, the time interval at which the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side becomes longer, and thus the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC increases. To do.

  On the other hand, when the operating current Iope is higher than the optimum operating current Iop, the duty ratio of the PWM signal is changed so as to widen the time interval during which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open. If the time interval at which the first semiconductor switch element SW1 is open becomes longer, the time interval at which the output power generated in the solar cell body SC is output to the load side becomes shorter, and thus the operating current Iope of the solar cell body SC decreases. To do.

  By the switching control of the control unit 44e, the operation current Iope of the solar cell main body SC is always follow-up controlled so as to take the optimum operation current Iop. If the operating current Iope is the optimum operating current Iop as described above, the solar cell body SC operates at the maximum power point Pmax, and therefore the solar cell module PVMe always outputs the maximum power under the sunshine conditions. To do.

  Various temperature detection elements can be used as the temperature detection elements 54 of the battery modules PVMd and PVMe, but it is preferable to use a thermistor or a diode. In this example, the temperature detecting element 54 measures the temperature around the solar cell body SC. However, if the temperature of the solar cell body SC itself is measured, the charge transfer circuits CONVd and CONVe The accuracy of the follow-up control is further improved.

  As shown in FIG. 9, the charge transfer circuit used in the solar cell modules PVMa to PVMe eliminates the semiconductor switch element SW2 of the charge transfer circuits CONVa to CONVe, and replaces the diode D connected in parallel with the semiconductor switch element SW2. The charge transfer circuits CONVa ′ to CONVe ′ configured to also function as the semiconductor switch element SW2 may be used. In this case, the control units 44a to 44e of the charge transfer circuits CONVa 'to CONVe' perform switching control so as to operate only the semiconductor switch element SW1 and operate the solar cell body SC at the maximum power point Pmax. The basic operation principle of the charge transfer circuits CONVa ′ to CONVe ′ is the same as that of the charge transfer circuits CONVa to CONVe except that there is no control path for the semiconductor switch element SW2. Also in this configuration, the solar cell modules PVMa to PVMe always output the maximum power under the sunshine conditions by the switching control of the charge transfer circuits CONVa 'to CONVe'.

  From the above, the solar cell bodies SC of all the solar cell modules PVMa to PVMe constituting the solar power generation device 40 are charge transfer circuits CONVa to CONVe, CONVa ′ to CONVe provided for the solar cell modules PVMa to PVMe. Since the tracking control is performed so as to take the maximum power point Pmax by the switching control of ', the maximum power is always output under the sunshine condition. As a result, the solar power generation device 40 in which a plurality of solar cell modules PVMa to PVMe are connected in series or in series and parallel can always output the maximum power to the load side.

  Next, description will be made regarding the connection of each solar cell module PVM of the photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to the present invention and the synchronization of signals used for switching control of the charge transfer circuit CONV. In the following description, the solar cell modules PVMa to PVMe are collectively referred to as the solar cell module PVM, the charge transfer circuits CONVa to CONVe, CONVa ′ to CONVe ′ are referred to as the charge transfer circuit CONV, and the control units 44a to 44e are collectively referred to as the control unit 44. To do.

  As shown in FIG. 10, the photovoltaic power generation apparatus 40a according to the present invention obtains a signal that is a basis for switching control in the control unit 44 of the solar cell module PVM from an oscillator 55 having an independent period for each solar cell module PVM. It has become. According to the configuration of the solar power generation device 40a, switching control is performed for each solar cell module PVM. Therefore, one of the solar cell modules PVM is always operating, and the solar power generation device 40a has more stable power. Can be output to the load side. 10 shows an example in which the oscillator 55 is provided in the control unit 44 of the charge transfer circuit CONV constituting the solar cell module PVM, the oscillator 55 can also be provided outside.

  Moreover, as shown in FIG. 11, the photovoltaic power generation apparatus 40b according to the present invention is provided with a sync terminal 59 in the control unit 44 of each solar cell module PVM, and is connected to this to control switching of each solar cell module PVM. It has the structure which synchronizes a period. According to the configuration of the solar power generation device 40b, each solar cell module PVM performs switching control based on a signal having a synchronized period. Therefore, even if the duty ratios of the individual solar cell modules PVM are different, they are synchronized. In addition, there is always a section in which all the first semiconductor switch elements SW1 of the solar cell module PVM are closed. In the section in which all the first semiconductor switch elements SW1 of the synchronized solar cell modules PVM are closed, all the synchronized solar cell modules PVM output power all at once, so that the maximum power in the photovoltaic power generator 40b Can be output to the load side. As a means for synchronizing each solar cell module PVM, one oscillator and a control unit 44 of each solar cell module PVM are connected, and the switching control of each solar cell module PVM is synchronized based on a signal from the oscillator. May be performed.

  In FIGS. 10 and 11, an example in which the solar cell modules PVM connected in series are arranged in one row is used. However, the present invention can be applied to a configuration in which a plurality of solar cell modules PVM as shown in FIG. Is possible.

  As shown in FIG. 12, the solar power generation device 40 c according to the present invention connects a plurality of strings PVS composed of a plurality of series-connected solar cell modules PVM in parallel, and configures each string PVS. The control terminal 44 is provided with a sync terminal 59 and connected thereto, so that the switching control cycle of the solar cell module PVM is synchronized for each string PVS, and the switching control cycle of each string PVS is made constant by the oscillator control unit 50. It has the structure which provides the phase difference of a space | interval.

  According to the solar power generation device 40c, since the signals for performing the switching control of the solar cell modules PVM constituting one string PVS are synchronized, all the first semiconductor switch elements SW1 of the solar cell modules PVM in the string PVS are synchronized. Is closed, and the maximum power in the string PVS can be output to the load side. Moreover, since the period of the switching control of each string PVS has a phase difference of a constant interval by the oscillator control unit 50, even if the output power decreases after a certain string PVS outputs the maximum power to the load side, Sequentially different strings PVS can output maximum power to the load side. Therefore, the solar power generation device 40c can stably output high power to the load side.

  As shown in FIG. 13, the solar power generation device 40d according to the present invention connects a plurality of strings PVS composed of a plurality of solar cell modules PVM connected in series in parallel, and controls switching of each solar cell module PVM. It has the structure which performs independently the period of the signal used as every solar cell module PVM. According to this configuration, since all the solar cell modules PVM perform switching control at an independent cycle, the solar power generation device 40d can output extremely stable power to the load side. However, in the solar power generation device 40d, there is a possibility that there is a string PVS having a section in which no power is output at all depending on the switching control timing of the solar cell module PVM. Therefore, each string PVS and the positive electrode of the solar power generation device 40d It is preferable to connect a diode D1 that prevents backflow of current between the output terminal 42a.

  12 and 13 show an example in which three strings PVS composed of a plurality of solar cell modules PVM connected in series are connected in parallel. However, the strings PVS are connected in parallel depending on the use, scale, etc. of the photovoltaic power generation apparatus. The number of connections can be increased or decreased as appropriate.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the photovoltaic power generation devices 40a, 40b, 40c, and 40d according to the present invention are a plurality of solar cell modules PVM connected in series except for the coil L1 provided in each solar cell module PVM. It can be set as the structure which provides the coil L2 between the comprised string PVS and the positive electrode output end 42a of solar power generation device 40a, 40b, 40c, 40d. According to this configuration, it is possible to save space by installing the coil L1 provided in each solar cell module PVM. In addition, when an inductive load such as a motor is connected to the solar power generation devices 40a, 40b, 40c, and 40d, the inductive load may be used as the coil L2. In FIG. 14, one string PVS is used as an example, but a plurality of strings PVS are connected in parallel, and between each string PVS and the positive output terminal 42a of the solar power generation devices 40a, 40b, 40c, and 40d. The coil L2 may be provided in the.

  Also in the configuration of these solar power generation devices 40a, 40b, 40c, and 40d, the solar cell main body SC of each solar cell module PVM has the charge transfer circuits CONVa to CONVe provided for each of the solar cell modules PVMa to PVMe as described above. Since the tracking control is performed so as to always operate at the maximum power point Pmax, the maximum power is always output under the sunshine condition. As a result, the solar power generation devices 40a, 40b, 40c, and 40d can always output the maximum power to the load side.

  Moreover, the solar power generation devices 40, 40a, 40b, 40c, and 40d are each provided with a charge transfer circuit CONV in each solar cell body SC, and MPPT control is performed for each solar cell body SC to follow the maximum power point Pmax. Therefore, since there is no bypass diode Db or backflow prevention diode Da provided in the conventional solar cell module, there is no principle of bimodality. Therefore, MTTP control for extracting the true maximum power without loss is performed for each solar cell body SC.

  In addition, since the solar power generation devices 40, 40a, 40b, 40c, and 40d are configured to extract and output the power of each solar cell module PVM to the maximum extent, these solar power generation devices 40, 40a, 40b, 40c, and 40d are used. When connecting the load 28 or the power system 27 to the load 28 or the power system 27, a regulator 60, a converter 61, or the like is provided between the photovoltaic power generation devices 40, 40a, 40b, 40c, 40d and the load 28 or the power system 27, as shown in FIG. It is necessary to provide it and convert it to a predetermined voltage value and current value. Further, a power storage device 62 may be provided between the solar power generation devices 40, 40 a, 40 b, 40 c, and 40 d and the regulator 60 and the converter 61 as necessary.

  Next, the solar power generation device according to claims 12 and 13 of the present invention will be described. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus 10 according to claims 12 and 13 of the present invention is surrounded by a broken-line frame formed by connecting a plurality of solar cell elements in series or in series and parallel as shown in the circuit diagram of FIG. A plurality of simplified solar cell bodies SC1, SC2, SC3,... And the solar cell bodies SC1, SC2, SC3,. A plurality of charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... Connected to the load side in parallel, and provided in each solar cell body SC1, SC2, SC3,. 17, the charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... Have a plurality of capacitors C2 to C8 that store the output power of the solar cell body SC in the form of charges (FIG. 17 is identical). Capacity (0.1μ F) in the case of seven capacitors), and a plurality of semiconductor switch elements SW1a to SW1g, SW2a to SW2g, SW3a to SW3f, SW4a to SW4g, SW5a to SW5g for switching the connection of the plurality of capacitors C2 to C8, SW6, SW7, the follow-up control of the maximum power point of the output to the solar cell body SC, and the circuit output voltage Vox (x = 1, 2, 3,...) Are made substantially equal to the load-side terminal voltage Vo The output control for transferring the charge stored in the capacitors C2 to C8 to the load side in accordance with the above-mentioned semiconductor switching elements SW1a to SW1g, SW2a to SW2g, SW3a to SW3f, SW4a to SW4g, SW5a to SW5g, SW6 , By switching control of SW7 (maximum power point tracking control means M1 and output control means And 2 includes a) control unit 8, and has a configuration comprising a.

  When the charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... Are connected in parallel, the maximum power point voltages of the individual solar cell bodies SC1, SC2, SC3,. Even if the currents are different such as I1, I2, and I3, the output voltages Vo1, Vo2, Vo3,... Of the respective charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,. The sum of the output currents Io1, Io2, Io3,... Of the respective charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... Can be set as a total output current Io (= Io1 + Io2 + Io3 + ..).

  Next, the charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... Provided in the solar cell bodies SC1, SC2, SC3, which are constituent elements of the solar power generation device 10, will be described in detail below.

  As shown in FIG. 17, the plurality of capacitors C2 to C8 are connected in parallel via ± first and second semiconductor switch element groups SW1a to SW1g and SW2a to SW2g, respectively, between the ± polarities of the solar cell body SC. And can be connected in series through the third semiconductor switch element groups SW3a to SW3f inserted between the capacitors C2 to C8, which is the state at the time of output of the charge transfer circuit of the capacitors C2 to C8. The capacitors C2 to C8 are connected by the fourth or fifth semiconductor switch element groups SW4a to SW4g and SW5a to SW5g inserted between the connected capacitors C2 to C8 and the + output terminal or the − output terminal of the charge transfer circuit. The sixth semiconductor switch inserted between the positive electrode of the solar cell body SC and the ground can be selectively output. One end of capacitors C2 to C8 connected in series can be set to the ground potential by the seventh semiconductor switch element SW7 inserted between the negative electrode of the element SW6 or the solar cell body SC and the ground, The control unit 8 in the charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... Monitors the output voltage and output current of the solar cell body SC as the maximum power point tracking control means M1 for the solar cell body SC, The charging / discharging timing of the plurality of capacitors C2 to C8 is set so that the input voltage of the circuit T matches the voltage Vx (x = 1, 2, 3,...) Of the maximum power point Pmax of the solar cell body SC. The output voltage V of the charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... Is controlled by switching of the semiconductor switch element SW and the output control means M2. ox was monitored and the output voltage Vox of the circuit T was tracked so as to be substantially equal to the terminal voltage Vo on the load side by selective switching control of the semiconductor switch element SW, and stored in the capacitors C2 to C8. Performs output control to transfer charge to the load side.

  Specifically, at the time of input to the charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,..., The switches SW1a to SW1g and SW2a to SW2g are closed to charge the capacitors C2 to C8 with power from the solar cell body SC. The other switches SW3a to SW3f, SW4a to SW4g, SW5a to SW5g, SW6 and SW7 are open. In this state, the charges from the solar cell main body SC are equal, and the capacitors C2 to C8 having the same capacity are charged.

  Subsequently, FIG. 18 shows the state of the output of the charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... With the SW1a to SW1g and SW2a to SW2g switch groups opened and then the SW3a to SW3f switch groups closed. .

  In this figure, C2 to C8 are connected in series through SW3a to SW3f. In other words, when the output voltage of the solar cell body SC is E, the potential difference from the negative electrode of C2 to the positive electrode of C8 is 8 × E. If the number of capacitors C and semiconductor switch elements SW is increased to increase the number of series connections, the potential difference that can be taken out further increases.

  In this state, SW2a and SW7 are closed, a switch having a necessary voltage is selected from the switch group of SW4a to SW4g, and the positive potential difference is obtained by closing. Further, a negative potential difference can be obtained by closing SW1a and SW6 and selecting a switch having a necessary voltage from the switch group of SW5a to SW5g.

  The photovoltaic power generation apparatus 10 in which the output ends of the charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... Are connected in parallel is connected to a power system such as an AC power source (not shown) so as to be substantially equal to the system voltage Vo. The electric charge can be transferred (power supply) with a desired current Iox by selecting a voltage that is one step higher while following the above.

  Further, the current Ix flowing through the circuits of the charge transfer circuits T1, T2, T3,... Is determined by the number of times the capacitors C2 to C8 are charged / discharged per unit time. That is, the flowing current increases as the switching frequency f increases.

  Further, as described above, the operating point P of the solar cell main body SC changes depending on the connected load, that is, the current Ix to be extracted. Specifically, as shown in the output characteristic diagram of FIG. 23, the maximum power Pmax can be obtained from the solar cell by adjusting the output current I so as to be the voltage Vx at the power maximum point Pmax.

  Therefore, in the circuit of the solar power generation device 10 in FIG. 16, the capacitors C2 to C8 are set so that the output voltage of the solar cell body SC, that is, the input voltage of the charge transfer circuit T coincides with the voltage Vx of the maximum power point Pmax of the solar cell. The charge / discharge frequency f is controlled.

  Next, at the time of output of the charge transfer circuit T, assuming that the terminal voltage of the connected load is 3 × E with respect to the output voltage E of the solar cell body SC, the output voltage Vox of the charge transfer circuit T is (3 + 1). By setting it to E, it becomes possible to flow an electric current to the output side.

Specifically, since four capacitors C2 to C5 are used in the above case, SW3a to SW3c in the SW3 switch group are closed, and SW4d is closed, so that 1 of the capacitor C5 is placed on the output side. One charge or current can flow. The output voltage Vox is constrained by the terminal voltage of the load because the connected load assumes an AC power supply system and is considered to be a very low impedance voltage source. (The terminal voltage Vo of the connected load is equal to the output voltage Vox of the charge transfer circuit T.)
By sequentially performing such an operation, it is possible to output a current corresponding to the charge amount of the blackened portion in FIG. 19 with respect to the AC voltage waveform of the terminal voltage at the connection destination. Here, one square corresponds to the electric charge accumulated in one capacitor. At this time, the charging / discharging frequency f of the capacitor is expected to be several hundred to several tens of thousands times the frequency change of the voltage on the output side (sine waveform in FIG. 19).

  When the load is a battery or the like, the voltage at the connection destination is determined to be a positive potential or a negative potential. In that case, only one of the switch group of the semiconductor switch element SW4 or the switch group of SW5 is used. It is feasible.

  As described above, in the photovoltaic power generation apparatus 10, there is no bypass diode Db or backflow prevention diode Da provided in the conventional solar cell module, and a charge transfer circuit is provided for each of the plurality of solar cell bodies SC that do not generate multi-peak in principle. T is provided, and MPPT control is performed for each solar cell body SC to collect current following the maximum power point Pmax, and the current or voltage at the output of each charge transfer circuit T is adapted to the load. Since the configuration is controlled and linked, no loss occurs between the charge transfer circuits, and the system can always obtain the maximum power under the optimum conditions even under non-uniform solar radiation conditions (for example, partial shadow conditions).

  Note that the charge transfer circuit T of FIG. 17 provided for each small-scale solar cell body SC as in the present invention flows only a minute amount of power, so that it is used in a conventional batch control type converter. Large and heavy coils are not required, and downsizing, particularly integrated circuits, is possible.

  As a precaution, the photovoltaic power generation apparatus 10 of the present invention can charge the extracted power to the secondary battery as it is, or can directly link the power to the AC power supply. In addition, the photovoltaic power generation devices 40, 40a, 40b, 40c, and 40d according to the present invention can be used to charge the extracted battery to the secondary battery via a regulator, a converter, or the like at the output end. It can also be linked. Furthermore, the range of application ranges from a small-scale photovoltaic power generation system for indoor use to a large-scale photovoltaic power generation system for outdoor use.

It is a block diagram of the solar power generation device concerning the present invention. It is a block diagram which shows 1st Embodiment of the solar cell module which comprises the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the operating voltage of a solar cell main body, and output electric power. It is a block diagram which shows 2nd Embodiment of the solar cell module which comprises the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is a block diagram which shows 3rd Embodiment of the solar cell module which comprises the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is a block diagram which shows 4th Embodiment of the solar cell module which comprises the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the operating voltage and output electric power of a solar cell main body when temperature changes. It is a block diagram which shows 5th Embodiment of the solar cell module which comprises the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is a block diagram which shows embodiment which performs control of the solar cell module which comprises the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention by switching control to a 1st semiconductor switch element. It is a block diagram which shows the structure which performs switching control of each solar cell module which forms the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention in the independent period. It is a block diagram which shows the structure which synchronizes switching control of each solar cell module which forms the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is a block diagram which shows the structure which performs the switching control of each solar cell module which forms the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention for every string, and gives a phase difference to the period of each string. It is a block diagram which shows the structure which provided the backflow prevention diode in each string while performing switching control of each solar cell module which forms the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention in the independent period. It is a block diagram which shows the structure which provided the coil between the several solar cell module connected in series and the output terminal of the solar power generation device which concerns on this invention. It is a block diagram which shows the connection of the solar power generation device and load etc. which concern on this invention. It is a block diagram of the solar power generation device which concerns on Claim 12 of this invention. It is a circuit diagram which shows the suitable example of the electric charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell main body of the solar power generation device which concerns on Claim 13 of this invention. It is a circuit diagram which shows the connection state of the circuit at the time of the output of the said charge transfer circuit. It is a schematic diagram which shows the amount of transport charges for every switching period used as the output current with respect to the voltage change of the connection destination system | system | group (alternating current power supply) obtained at the output of the said charge transfer circuit. It is a circuit diagram of the conventional solar cell module. It is a figure which shows the structure of the conventional typical solar power generation device. It is a figure for demonstrating the output characteristic (output current I-output voltage V curve) of a solar cell. It is a figure for demonstrating the output characteristic (output electric power-output voltage V curve) of a solar cell. It is a figure for demonstrating the bimodality of the output characteristic at the time of operating the solar cell array which consists of a several solar cell module on non-uniform solar radiation conditions.

Explanation of symbols

10, 40, 40a to 40d Solar power generation device
44, 44a to 44e Charge transfer circuit control unit
46 Voltmeter
52 Ammeter
54 Temperature sensing element
55 Oscillator
CONV, CONVa to CONVe, CONVa ′ to CONVe ′ Charge transfer circuit
D, D1 diode
L1, L2 coil
PVM, PVMa-PVMe solar cell module
PVS string
SC, SC1, SC2, SC3, ... Solar cell body
SW1 First semiconductor switch element
SW2 Second semiconductor switch element
C2 to C8 capacitors
8 Control unit
T1, T2, T3, ... Charge transfer circuit
E Output voltage of solar cell body
f Frequency of charge / discharge of C2 to C8
Io Common predetermined value of output current of each charge transfer circuit
Iox Output current of charge transfer circuit
Vo load terminal voltage
Output voltage of Vox charge transfer circuit
Vx Voltage at maximum power point Pmax
M1 Maximum power point tracking control means
M2 output control means
Pmax maximum power point
SW1a to SW1g First semiconductor switch element group
SW2a to SW2g Second semiconductor switch element group
SW3a to SW3f Third semiconductor switch element group
SW4a to SW4g Fourth semiconductor switch element group
SW5a to SW5g Fifth semiconductor switch element group
SW6 Sixth semiconductor switch element
SW7 Seventh semiconductor switch element

Claims (13)

  1. A solar cell body formed from one solar cell element or a plurality of solar cell elements connected in series or in series and parallel, and provided for each of the solar cell bodies, and an input terminal is connected to both electrodes of each solar cell body A plurality of solar cell modules having a charge transfer circuit whose output end is connected to the load side are connected in series or in series and parallel,
    The photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body includes a control unit that performs tracking control of the maximum power point of the output of the solar cell body.
  2. In the solar power generation device according to claim 1,
    The charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body includes a first semiconductor switch element connected in series between the solar cell body and an output terminal, or outputs of the first semiconductor switch element and the first semiconductor switch element. A second semiconductor switch element connected to the end of the solar cell body in parallel; a voltmeter for monitoring the operating voltage of the solar cell body; and the solar cell from the operating voltage of the solar cell body obtained from the voltmeter And a control unit that controls switching of the first semiconductor switch element and the first semiconductor switch element and the second semiconductor switch element so that the output of the main body follows the maximum power point. .
  3. In the solar power generation device according to claim 1,
    The charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body includes a first semiconductor switch element connected in series between the solar cell body and an output terminal, or outputs of the first semiconductor switch element and the first semiconductor switch element. A second semiconductor switch element connected in parallel to the solar cell body on the end side, an ammeter for monitoring the operating current of the solar cell body, and the solar cell from the operating current of the solar cell body obtained from the ammeter And a control unit that controls switching of the first semiconductor switch element and the first semiconductor switch element and the second semiconductor switch element so that the output of the main body follows the maximum power point. .
  4. In the solar power generation device according to claim 1,
    The charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body includes a first semiconductor switch element connected in series between the solar cell body and an output terminal, or outputs of the first semiconductor switch element and the first semiconductor switch element. A second semiconductor switch element connected in parallel to the solar cell body on the end side, a voltmeter for monitoring the operating voltage of the solar cell body, an ammeter for monitoring the operating current of the solar cell body, and the voltage The first semiconductor switch element or the first semiconductor so that the output of the solar cell body follows the maximum power point from the operating voltage of the solar cell body obtained from the meter and the operating current of the solar cell body obtained from the ammeter And a control unit that performs switching control of the switch element and the second semiconductor switch element.
  5. In the solar power generation device according to claim 1,
    The charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body includes a first semiconductor switch element connected in series between the solar cell body and an output terminal, or outputs of the first semiconductor switch element and the first semiconductor switch element. A second semiconductor switch element connected in parallel to the solar cell body on the end side, a voltmeter for monitoring the operating voltage of the solar cell body, a temperature detection element for monitoring temperature, and the sun obtained from the voltmeter The first semiconductor switch element, or the first semiconductor switch element and the second semiconductor switch element so that the output of the solar cell body follows the maximum power point from the operating voltage of the battery body and the temperature obtained from the temperature sensing element. And a control unit that performs switching control.
  6. In the solar power generation device according to claim 1,
    The charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body includes a first semiconductor switch element connected in series between the solar cell body and an output terminal, or outputs of the first semiconductor switch element and the first semiconductor switch element. A second semiconductor switch element connected in parallel to the solar cell body on the end side, an ammeter for monitoring the operating current of the solar cell body, a temperature detection element for monitoring temperature, and the sun obtained from the ammeter The first semiconductor switch element, or the first semiconductor switch element and the second semiconductor switch element so that the output of the solar cell body follows the maximum power point from the operating current of the battery body and the temperature obtained from the temperature sensing element. And a control unit that performs switching control.
  7.   7. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a period of switching control in each charge transfer circuit of a plurality of solar cell modules connected in series is independent for each solar cell module.
  8.   The photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the switching control periods in the charge transfer circuits of the plurality of solar cell modules connected in series are synchronized.
  9.   7. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of strings formed of a plurality of solar cell modules connected in series are connected in parallel, and switching in each charge transfer circuit of the plurality of solar cell modules constituting each string is performed. A photovoltaic power generation apparatus, wherein the control cycle is synchronized for each string, and the switching control cycle of each string has a constant phase difference.
  10.   7. The photovoltaic power generation apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of strings formed of a plurality of solar cell modules connected in series are connected in parallel, and switching in each charge transfer circuit of the plurality of solar cell modules constituting each string is performed. A solar power generator characterized in that a control cycle is performed independently for each solar cell module, and a diode is provided between each string and the output end of the solar power generator.
  11.   The solar power generation device according to claim 7, wherein a coil is provided between the string or a plurality of strings connected in parallel and an output end of the solar power generation device.
  12. In the solar power generation device according to claim 1,
    The charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body includes a plurality of capacitors that store output power of the solar cell body in the form of charges, a plurality of semiconductor switching elements that switch connection of the plurality of capacitors, and the solar cell The plurality of output controls for following the control of the maximum power point of the output to the battery main body and causing the output voltage of the circuit to follow substantially the same as the terminal voltage on the load side and transferring the charge stored in the capacitor to the load side. And a control unit that performs switching control of the semiconductor switch element.
  13. In the solar power generation device according to claim 12,
    A plurality of capacitors in the charge transfer circuit provided in each solar cell body can be connected in parallel between the ± both poles of the solar cell body via first / second semiconductor switch element groups. A series connection is possible via a third group of semiconductor switch elements inserted between the first and second output terminals of the charge transfer circuit and between the capacitors connected in series. The charge charged in each capacitor by the 4 or / and the fifth semiconductor switch element group can be selectively transferred to the load side, and the sixth inserted between the positive electrode of the solar cell body and the ground. The semiconductor switch element or the seventh semiconductor switch element inserted between the negative electrode of the solar cell body and the ground is connected so that one end of the capacitor connected in series can be set to the ground potential. It has been,
    The control unit in the charge transfer circuit monitors the output voltage and the output current of the solar cell main body for tracking control of the maximum power point with respect to the solar cell main body, and the input voltage of the circuit is the maximum power of the solar cell main body. Selective switching of the semiconductor switch element by controlling the charge / discharge timing of the plurality of capacitors by switching of the semiconductor switch element so as to coincide with the voltage of the point and monitoring the output voltage of the charge transfer circuit A photovoltaic power generation device that performs output control to control the output voltage of the device to be substantially equal to the terminal voltage on the load side under control and to transfer the charge stored in the capacitor to the load side.
JP2006197586A 2005-07-27 2006-07-20 Photovoltaic power generator Pending JP2007058845A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005217514 2005-07-27
JP2006197586A JP2007058845A (en) 2005-07-27 2006-07-20 Photovoltaic power generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006197586A JP2007058845A (en) 2005-07-27 2006-07-20 Photovoltaic power generator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2007058845A true JP2007058845A (en) 2007-03-08

Family

ID=37922236

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2006197586A Pending JP2007058845A (en) 2005-07-27 2006-07-20 Photovoltaic power generator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2007058845A (en)

Cited By (58)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008121266A2 (en) 2007-03-30 2008-10-09 Sunpower Corporation Localized power point optimizer for solar cell installations
US7900361B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2011-03-08 Solaredge, Ltd. Current bypass for distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
WO2011059067A1 (en) 2009-11-16 2011-05-19 オムロン株式会社 Voltage setting device, photovoltaic power generation system, and control method of voltage setting device
WO2011102051A1 (en) * 2010-02-16 2011-08-25 株式会社日立産機システム Solar photovoltaic power generator system
US8013472B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2011-09-06 Solaredge, Ltd. Method for distributed power harvesting using DC power sources
WO2012018155A1 (en) * 2010-08-03 2012-02-09 (주)하이레벤 Maximum power point tracking inverter control device for a solar power generation system
WO2012118654A2 (en) * 2011-03-03 2012-09-07 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Photovoltaic energy extraction with multilevel output dc-dc switched capacitor converters
US8289742B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2012-10-16 Solaredge Ltd. Parallel connected inverters
US8303349B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2012-11-06 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Dual compressive connector
US8319471B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2012-11-27 Solaredge, Ltd. Battery power delivery module
US8319483B2 (en) 2007-08-06 2012-11-27 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Digital average input current control in power converter
US8324921B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2012-12-04 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Testing of a photovoltaic panel
US8384243B2 (en) 2007-12-04 2013-02-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
DE112011101170T5 (en) 2010-03-31 2013-03-21 Hitachi, Ltd. Solar energy system and control system
JP2013097531A (en) * 2011-10-31 2013-05-20 Despac Kk Photovoltaic generation device
US8473250B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2013-06-25 Solaredge, Ltd. Monitoring of distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US8476524B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2013-07-02 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Electrically isolated heat dissipating junction box
US8531055B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2013-09-10 Solaredge Ltd. Safety mechanisms, wake up and shutdown methods in distributed power installations
US8570005B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2013-10-29 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Direct current link circuit
US8618692B2 (en) 2007-12-04 2013-12-31 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power system using direct current power sources
US8630098B2 (en) 2008-06-12 2014-01-14 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Switching circuit layout with heatsink
US8690110B2 (en) 2009-05-25 2014-04-08 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Bracket for connection of a junction box to photovoltaic panels
US8710699B2 (en) 2009-12-01 2014-04-29 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Dual use photovoltaic system
US8766696B2 (en) 2010-01-27 2014-07-01 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Fast voltage level shifter circuit
US8781538B2 (en) 2007-05-30 2014-07-15 Kyocera Corporation Portable terminal, portable apparatus and supply power control method
US8816535B2 (en) 2007-10-10 2014-08-26 Solaredge Technologies, Ltd. System and method for protection during inverter shutdown in distributed power installations
US8947194B2 (en) 2009-05-26 2015-02-03 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Theft detection and prevention in a power generation system
WO2015016006A1 (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-02-05 株式会社日立産機システム System and method for controlling solar power generation system
US8957645B2 (en) 2008-03-24 2015-02-17 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Zero voltage switching
US8963369B2 (en) 2007-12-04 2015-02-24 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US8988838B2 (en) 2012-01-30 2015-03-24 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Photovoltaic panel circuitry
US9000617B2 (en) 2008-05-05 2015-04-07 Solaredge Technologies, Ltd. Direct current power combiner
US9088178B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2015-07-21 Solaredge Technologies Ltd Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US9112379B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2015-08-18 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Pairing of components in a direct current distributed power generation system
US9116537B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2015-08-25 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Thermophotovoltaic energy generation
US9130401B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2015-09-08 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US9235228B2 (en) 2012-03-05 2016-01-12 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Direct current link circuit
US9291696B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2016-03-22 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Photovoltaic system power tracking method
US9318974B2 (en) 2014-03-26 2016-04-19 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Multi-level inverter with flying capacitor topology
US9401599B2 (en) 2010-12-09 2016-07-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Disconnection of a string carrying direct current power
US9537445B2 (en) 2008-12-04 2017-01-03 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Testing of a photovoltaic panel
US9548619B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-01-17 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Method and apparatus for storing and depleting energy
US9647442B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-05-09 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Arc detection and prevention in a power generation system
US9673630B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2017-06-06 Ampt, Llc Protected conversion solar power system
US9812984B2 (en) 2012-01-30 2017-11-07 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Maximizing power in a photovoltaic distributed power system
US9819178B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-11-14 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Bypass mechanism
US9831824B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2017-11-28 SolareEdge Technologies Ltd. Current sensing on a MOSFET
US9853565B2 (en) 2012-01-30 2017-12-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Maximized power in a photovoltaic distributed power system
US9866098B2 (en) 2011-01-12 2018-01-09 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Serially connected inverters
US9870016B2 (en) 2012-05-25 2018-01-16 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Circuit for interconnected direct current power sources
US9941813B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2018-04-10 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. High frequency multi-level inverter
US10032939B2 (en) 2009-10-19 2018-07-24 Ampt, Llc DC power conversion circuit
US10061957B2 (en) 2016-03-03 2018-08-28 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Methods for mapping power generation installations
US10115841B2 (en) 2012-06-04 2018-10-30 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Integrated photovoltaic panel circuitry
US10116140B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-10-30 Ampt, Llc Magnetically coupled solar power supply system
US10230310B2 (en) 2016-04-05 2019-03-12 Solaredge Technologies Ltd Safety switch for photovoltaic systems
US10326282B2 (en) 2009-04-17 2019-06-18 Ampt, Llc Safety methods and apparatus for adaptive operation of solar power systems
WO2019164181A1 (en) * 2018-02-22 2019-08-29 삼성전자 주식회사 Power conversion device and method

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1141832A (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-02-12 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> System and method for solar cell generation

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH1141832A (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-02-12 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> System and method for solar cell generation

Cited By (120)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8659188B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2014-02-25 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US7900361B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2011-03-08 Solaredge, Ltd. Current bypass for distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US10447150B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2019-10-15 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US8004117B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2011-08-23 Solaredge, Ltd. Current bypass for distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US9680304B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2017-06-13 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Method for distributed power harvesting using DC power sources
US10230245B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2019-03-12 Solaredge Technologies Ltd Battery power delivery module
US8013472B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2011-09-06 Solaredge, Ltd. Method for distributed power harvesting using DC power sources
US9644993B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2017-05-09 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Monitoring of distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US8319471B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2012-11-27 Solaredge, Ltd. Battery power delivery module
US9112379B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2015-08-18 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Pairing of components in a direct current distributed power generation system
US10097007B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2018-10-09 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Method for distributed power harvesting using DC power sources
US9368964B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2016-06-14 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power system using direct current power sources
US9088178B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2015-07-21 Solaredge Technologies Ltd Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US9590526B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2017-03-07 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Safety mechanisms, wake up and shutdown methods in distributed power installations
US9041339B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2015-05-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Battery power delivery module
US9543889B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2017-01-10 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US9966766B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2018-05-08 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Battery power delivery module
US9960667B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2018-05-01 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. System and method for protection during inverter shutdown in distributed power installations
US8473250B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2013-06-25 Solaredge, Ltd. Monitoring of distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US9960731B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2018-05-01 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Pairing of components in a direct current distributed power generation system
US8531055B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2013-09-10 Solaredge Ltd. Safety mechanisms, wake up and shutdown methods in distributed power installations
US9948233B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2018-04-17 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US8587151B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2013-11-19 Solaredge, Ltd. Method for distributed power harvesting using DC power sources
US9130401B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2015-09-08 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US9853490B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2017-12-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power system using direct current power sources
WO2008121266A2 (en) 2007-03-30 2008-10-09 Sunpower Corporation Localized power point optimizer for solar cell installations
EP2135296A4 (en) * 2007-03-30 2018-03-07 Sunpower Corporation Localized power point optimizer for solar cell installations
US8781538B2 (en) 2007-05-30 2014-07-15 Kyocera Corporation Portable terminal, portable apparatus and supply power control method
US8319483B2 (en) 2007-08-06 2012-11-27 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Digital average input current control in power converter
US10116217B2 (en) 2007-08-06 2018-10-30 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Digital average input current control in power converter
US9673711B2 (en) 2007-08-06 2017-06-06 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Digital average input current control in power converter
US8773092B2 (en) 2007-08-06 2014-07-08 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Digital average input current control in power converter
US8816535B2 (en) 2007-10-10 2014-08-26 Solaredge Technologies, Ltd. System and method for protection during inverter shutdown in distributed power installations
US10326283B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2019-06-18 Ampt, Llc Converter intuitive photovoltaic electrical energy power system
US9673630B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2017-06-06 Ampt, Llc Protected conversion solar power system
US9853538B2 (en) 2007-12-04 2017-12-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US8384243B2 (en) 2007-12-04 2013-02-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US8618692B2 (en) 2007-12-04 2013-12-31 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power system using direct current power sources
US8963369B2 (en) 2007-12-04 2015-02-24 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US9407161B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2016-08-02 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Parallel connected inverters
US9979280B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2018-05-22 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Parallel connected inverters
US8289742B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2012-10-16 Solaredge Ltd. Parallel connected inverters
US9831824B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2017-11-28 SolareEdge Technologies Ltd. Current sensing on a MOSFET
US8599588B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2013-12-03 Solaredge Ltd. Parallel connected inverters
US8324921B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2012-12-04 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Testing of a photovoltaic panel
US9291696B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2016-03-22 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Photovoltaic system power tracking method
US8957645B2 (en) 2008-03-24 2015-02-17 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Zero voltage switching
US9876430B2 (en) 2008-03-24 2018-01-23 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Zero voltage switching
US9000617B2 (en) 2008-05-05 2015-04-07 Solaredge Technologies, Ltd. Direct current power combiner
US9362743B2 (en) 2008-05-05 2016-06-07 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Direct current power combiner
US10468878B2 (en) 2008-05-05 2019-11-05 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Direct current power combiner
US8630098B2 (en) 2008-06-12 2014-01-14 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Switching circuit layout with heatsink
US9537445B2 (en) 2008-12-04 2017-01-03 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Testing of a photovoltaic panel
US10461687B2 (en) 2008-12-04 2019-10-29 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Testing of a photovoltaic panel
US10326282B2 (en) 2009-04-17 2019-06-18 Ampt, Llc Safety methods and apparatus for adaptive operation of solar power systems
US8476524B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2013-07-02 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Electrically isolated heat dissipating junction box
US9692164B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2017-06-27 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Dual compressive connector
US10411644B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2019-09-10 Solaredge Technologies, Ltd. Electrically isolated heat dissipating junction box
US9391385B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2016-07-12 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Dual compressive connector
US9006569B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2015-04-14 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Electrically isolated heat dissipating junction box
US8303349B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2012-11-06 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Dual compressive connector
US9748897B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2017-08-29 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Electrically isolated heat dissipating junction box
US9748896B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2017-08-29 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Electrically isolated heat dissipating junction box
US8771024B2 (en) 2009-05-22 2014-07-08 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Dual compressive connector
US10090803B2 (en) 2009-05-25 2018-10-02 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Bracket for connection of a junction box to photovoltaic panels
US9099849B2 (en) 2009-05-25 2015-08-04 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Bracket for connection of a junction box to photovoltaic panels
US8690110B2 (en) 2009-05-25 2014-04-08 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Bracket for connection of a junction box to photovoltaic panels
US10432138B2 (en) 2009-05-25 2019-10-01 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Bracket for connection of a junction box to photovoltaic panels
US9813020B2 (en) 2009-05-25 2017-11-07 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Bracket for connection of a junction box to photovoltaic panels
US9438161B2 (en) 2009-05-25 2016-09-06 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Bracket for connection of a junction box to photovoltaic panels
US8947194B2 (en) 2009-05-26 2015-02-03 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Theft detection and prevention in a power generation system
US9869701B2 (en) 2009-05-26 2018-01-16 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Theft detection and prevention in a power generation system
US10032939B2 (en) 2009-10-19 2018-07-24 Ampt, Llc DC power conversion circuit
US9035491B2 (en) 2009-11-16 2015-05-19 Omron Corporation Voltage setting device, photovoltaic power generation system, and control method of voltage setting device
WO2011059067A1 (en) 2009-11-16 2011-05-19 オムロン株式会社 Voltage setting device, photovoltaic power generation system, and control method of voltage setting device
US9276410B2 (en) 2009-12-01 2016-03-01 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Dual use photovoltaic system
US8710699B2 (en) 2009-12-01 2014-04-29 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Dual use photovoltaic system
US10270255B2 (en) 2009-12-01 2019-04-23 Solaredge Technologies Ltd Dual use photovoltaic system
US9564882B2 (en) 2010-01-27 2017-02-07 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Fast voltage level shifter circuit
US9917587B2 (en) 2010-01-27 2018-03-13 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Fast voltage level shifter circuit
US8766696B2 (en) 2010-01-27 2014-07-01 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Fast voltage level shifter circuit
US9231570B2 (en) 2010-01-27 2016-01-05 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Fast voltage level shifter circuit
TWI425174B (en) * 2010-02-16 2014-02-01 Hitachi Ind Equipment Sys The Sun can generate system
WO2011102051A1 (en) * 2010-02-16 2011-08-25 株式会社日立産機システム Solar photovoltaic power generator system
US9310822B2 (en) 2010-02-16 2016-04-12 Hitachi Industrial Equipment Systems Co., Ltd. Solar photovoltaic system including a power conditioner
JP2011171348A (en) * 2010-02-16 2011-09-01 Hitachi Industrial Equipment Systems Co Ltd Photovoltaic power generation system
DE112011101170B4 (en) * 2010-03-31 2016-06-02 Hitachi, Ltd. Solar energy system and control system
US9207700B2 (en) 2010-03-31 2015-12-08 Hitachi, Ltd. Solar power system and control system
DE112011101170T5 (en) 2010-03-31 2013-03-21 Hitachi, Ltd. Solar energy system and control system
US9116537B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2015-08-25 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Thermophotovoltaic energy generation
WO2012018155A1 (en) * 2010-08-03 2012-02-09 (주)하이레벤 Maximum power point tracking inverter control device for a solar power generation system
US9647442B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-05-09 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Arc detection and prevention in a power generation system
US9935458B2 (en) 2010-12-09 2018-04-03 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Disconnection of a string carrying direct current power
US9401599B2 (en) 2010-12-09 2016-07-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Disconnection of a string carrying direct current power
US9866098B2 (en) 2011-01-12 2018-01-09 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Serially connected inverters
US9024478B2 (en) 2011-03-03 2015-05-05 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Photovoltaic energy extraction with multilevel output DC-DC switched capacitor converters
WO2012118654A3 (en) * 2011-03-03 2012-11-22 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Photovoltaic energy extraction with multilevel output dc-dc switched capacitor converters
WO2012118654A2 (en) * 2011-03-03 2012-09-07 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Photovoltaic energy extraction with multilevel output dc-dc switched capacitor converters
US10396662B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2019-08-27 Solaredge Technologies Ltd Direct current link circuit
US8570005B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2013-10-29 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Direct current link circuit
JP2013097531A (en) * 2011-10-31 2013-05-20 Despac Kk Photovoltaic generation device
US8988838B2 (en) 2012-01-30 2015-03-24 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Photovoltaic panel circuitry
US10381977B2 (en) 2012-01-30 2019-08-13 Solaredge Technologies Ltd Photovoltaic panel circuitry
US9812984B2 (en) 2012-01-30 2017-11-07 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Maximizing power in a photovoltaic distributed power system
US9923516B2 (en) 2012-01-30 2018-03-20 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Photovoltaic panel circuitry
US9853565B2 (en) 2012-01-30 2017-12-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Maximized power in a photovoltaic distributed power system
US9235228B2 (en) 2012-03-05 2016-01-12 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Direct current link circuit
US10007288B2 (en) 2012-03-05 2018-06-26 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Direct current link circuit
US9639106B2 (en) 2012-03-05 2017-05-02 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Direct current link circuit
US9870016B2 (en) 2012-05-25 2018-01-16 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Circuit for interconnected direct current power sources
US10115841B2 (en) 2012-06-04 2018-10-30 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Integrated photovoltaic panel circuitry
US9941813B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2018-04-10 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. High frequency multi-level inverter
US9548619B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2017-01-17 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Method and apparatus for storing and depleting energy
US9819178B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2017-11-14 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Bypass mechanism
US10116140B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2018-10-30 Ampt, Llc Magnetically coupled solar power supply system
WO2015016006A1 (en) * 2013-07-30 2015-02-05 株式会社日立産機システム System and method for controlling solar power generation system
US9318974B2 (en) 2014-03-26 2016-04-19 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Multi-level inverter with flying capacitor topology
US10061957B2 (en) 2016-03-03 2018-08-28 Solaredge Technologies Ltd. Methods for mapping power generation installations
US10230310B2 (en) 2016-04-05 2019-03-12 Solaredge Technologies Ltd Safety switch for photovoltaic systems
WO2019164181A1 (en) * 2018-02-22 2019-08-29 삼성전자 주식회사 Power conversion device and method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Eltawil et al. MPPT techniques for photovoltaic applications
Kjær Design and control of an inverter for photovoltaic applications
Bidram et al. Control and circuit techniques to mitigate partial shading effects in photovoltaic arrays
Nguyen et al. An adaptive solar photovoltaic array using model-based reconfiguration algorithm
EP2557650B1 (en) Current bypass for distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US10447150B2 (en) Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US9680304B2 (en) Method for distributed power harvesting using DC power sources
Pilawa-Podgurski et al. Submodule integrated distributed maximum power point tracking for solar photovoltaic applications
Rani et al. Enhanced power generation from PV array under partial shading conditions by shade dispersion using Su Do Ku configuration
US20090020151A1 (en) Method and apparatus for converting a direct current to alternating current utilizing a plurality of inverters
US9088178B2 (en) Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
EP2549635B1 (en) Distributed power harvesting systems using DC power sources
US8618456B2 (en) Inverter for a three-phase AC photovoltaic system
EP2135348B1 (en) Distributed power harvesting systems using dc power sources
US8106537B2 (en) Photovoltaic DC/DC micro-converter
CN102570804B (en) DC (direct current) power supply conversion module and control method thereof as well as connector and energy collection system
US10069308B2 (en) Localized power point optimizer for solar cell installations
JP5770171B2 (en) Power acquisition circuit and method for DC power supplies connected in series
EP1971019A2 (en) Switching device for transformerless conversion of an electric direct current into an AC voltage with two DC/DC converters and an DC/AC converter
US8373308B2 (en) Device and method for generating alternating current
JP2011522505A (en) System and method for an array of multiple intelligent inverters
EP2280469B1 (en) A photovoltaic unit, a dc-dc converter therefor, and a method of operating the same
US8093754B2 (en) High voltage array converter
US20120098344A1 (en) Photovoltaic units, methods of operating photovoltaic units and controllers therefor
US20120223584A1 (en) Novel Solar Panel String Converter Topology

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20080402

A711 Notification of change in applicant

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A711

Effective date: 20090805

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A821

Effective date: 20090805

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20100730

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20100803

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20100921

A02 Decision of refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A02

Effective date: 20110322