JP2007007100A - Method and device for reproducing musical piece for supporting exercise - Google Patents

Method and device for reproducing musical piece for supporting exercise Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2007007100A
JP2007007100A JP2005190740A JP2005190740A JP2007007100A JP 2007007100 A JP2007007100 A JP 2007007100A JP 2005190740 A JP2005190740 A JP 2005190740A JP 2005190740 A JP2005190740 A JP 2005190740A JP 2007007100 A JP2007007100 A JP 2007007100A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
music
exercise
menu
phrase
speed
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Pending
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JP2005190740A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yoshihiko Sano
芳彦 佐野
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Yoshihiko Sano
芳彦 佐野
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Priority to JP2005190740A priority Critical patent/JP2007007100A/en
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Abstract

【Task】
Perform music playback for various exercise menus.
[Solution]
A user 50 who wants to train with the instrument 10 specifies an exercise menu on the operation display panel 30. A phrase prepared in advance is assigned to the designated menu in consideration of its attributes, and music is synthesized based on the assigned phrase. The synthesized music is synchronously reproduced by the headphone 34 of the user 50 when the traveling belt 22 is started to travel by the traveling drive device 24. The user 50 can perform an exercise along the menu by matching the music.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

  The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for supporting various exercises, and more specifically, to a music reproduction method and apparatus for supporting exercise from a musical aspect.

  Examples of using music during exercise include “exercise support method and recorded audio data for exercise support used in the method” described in Patent Document 1 below. The purpose of this is to easily and accurately confirm the duration of exercise, the state of the user during exercise, the effect of exercise, etc. while exercising without using a measuring instrument such as a clock or a pulse measuring device. Thus, the user sets an audio data recording for exercise support such as a CD prepared in advance in the reproduction system, and starts reproduction. Then, the playback system plays back the exercise support audio data recorded in the exercise support audio data recording and outputs music, narration, etc. to the user, such as rhythm exercise, pulse measurement, physical fitness measurement, etc. Prompt. For example, a music suitable for a user to perform a rhythm exercise is output at a predetermined tempo, and at a predetermined time during the music playback, the elapsed time from the start of playback to the current time or the playback ends from that time A narration to notify the remaining time until is output.

In the exercise support audio recording material, a plurality of pieces of music according to various kinds of exercises and their strengths are recorded, and a plurality of pieces having different recorded contents according to the purpose of the exercises are produced. FIG. 10 of the same publication shows an example of four recorded items for light exercise for beginners, for high physical fitness persons, for athletes, and for preventing stiff shoulders.
JP 2004-216142 A

  However, in the background art described above, only audio data prepared in advance is played back, and flexible music playback corresponding to the individual exercise menu of the user cannot be performed, and the original effect can be obtained. There is a fear that it cannot be done. As the exercise menu increases, so does the audio data.

  The present invention focuses on the above points, and its purpose is to perform music reproduction corresponding to various exercise menus. Another purpose is to respond well even if the exercise menu increases.

  In order to achieve the above object, the present invention prepares a plurality of music phrases to which a predetermined attribute is assigned when playing music corresponding to the exercise menu, and the music prepared in advance in the exercise menu. Are allocated, the assigned phrases are synthesized in a predetermined order to obtain a new musical piece, and the obtained musical piece is reproduced in synchronization with the exercise menu. The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings.

  According to the present invention, the phrases corresponding to the exercise menu are extracted from a large number of phrases prepared in advance, and the music is generated by synthesizing them in a predetermined order and synchronized with the exercise menu. Therefore, it is possible to reproduce music corresponding to various exercise menus by combining phrases.

  Hereinafter, the best mode for carrying out the present invention will be described in detail based on examples.

  First, Embodiment 1 of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. FIG. 1 shows an external configuration of the first embodiment. This figure shows an example in which the present invention is applied to an apparatus for training indoor running. In the drawing, a traveling belt (or traveling plate) 22 is provided on the lower main body 20 of the instrument 10 and can be rotated by a traveling drive device 24. An operation display panel 30 is supported by legs 32 on the front side of the lower body 20. As illustrated, the user 50 performs a running exercise on the running belt 22 while operating the operation display panel 30. The above external configuration is general.

  In this embodiment, exercise is performed while listening to music with a speaker provided as appropriate or a speaker (not shown) provided on the operation display panel 30 or the headphones 34. Since the music changes according to the menu contents of the user 50, by exercising according to the music, it is possible to exercise according to the menu as a result.

  FIG. 2 shows the configuration of the music generation device. In the figure, the apparatus is configured such that a display 102, an input device 104, an output device 106, a data memory 110, and a program memory 120 are connected to an arithmetic processing unit 100, and a computer can be used. The travel drive device 24 described above is also connected. These devices are provided on the operation display panel 30 of FIG.

  Among these, the arithmetic processing unit 100 includes a CPU, a RAM, and a ROM. The display 102 is configured by a liquid crystal panel or the like. The input device 104 includes a switch and a keyboard. The headphone 34 described above is connected to the output device 106. The data memory 110 and the program memory 120 are configured by, for example, a flash memory or a hard disk. The speed comparison warning program 126, the pedometer 210, the speed detection device 212, the heart rate sensor 300, the limit heart rate data 302, and the heart rate comparison warning program 304 will be described later.

  In the data memory 110, standard menu data 112 and phrase data 114 are prepared, and selection data 115, synthesized music data 116, and individual menu data 117 are also stored. Among these, the standard menu data 112 is an exercise menu prepared in advance. For example, for men in their 50s, the standard of exercise content, such as how much the running speed is increased, how many minutes the vehicle is run, and how much the running speed is lowered to finish A typical menu is set in advance and data is stored. An example is shown in FIG. The younger generation has a higher maximum speed, longer time, and a steep increase in travel speed after starting and a decrease in travel speed before finishing. On the other hand, the higher the middle-aged group, the lower the maximum speed and the shorter the time, and the traveling speed increase after the start and the traveling speed decrease before the end are gentler.

  On the other hand, the individual menu data 117 is, for example, an exercise menu specially prepared for the user himself / herself by the expert, and the traveling speed increase, the maximum speed, the traveling speed decrease, the number of repetitions, etc. It is set according to the order. The individual menu data 117 is input by the input device 104 and stored in the data memory 110.

  The phrase data 114 is data selected from the standard menu data 112 by the user 50 or music phrase data for converting the individual menu data 117 into music. Phrases usually have a length of about one measure, but phrases of various lengths such as 1/2 and 1/4 are also prepared and used for adjusting the length of the song. In this embodiment, the technique of “expression generation method, expression generation apparatus, expression generation system” published as an international publication number WO 03/081572 based on the PCT application is used. According to this, a table of music phrases is prepared. Music phrases are composed according to the principle of functional harmony. For this reason, regardless of how the music phrases are arranged, the listener can listen to the music as a unitary music without any sense of incongruity.

  FIG. 4 shows an example of the phrase data 114. Each phrase is preliminarily assigned with attributes such as a suitable age, whether it is suitable for an increase, a constant speed, or a decrease in travel speed, and a length. For example, phrase 1 is in its 30s, suitable for rising, and is a standard one-measure phrase. As the genre of the phrase, for example, hip-hop style in the 20s, pops style in the 30s, rock style in the 40s, jazz style in the 50s, classic style in the 60s. A lot of phrase data with such attributes is prepared.

  Next, the selection data 115 is data indicating which of the standard menu data 112 or the individual menu data 117 is selected by the user 50.

  Next, in the program memory 120, a phrase assignment program 122 and a music composition program 124 that are executed by the arithmetic processing unit 100 are prepared. Among these, the phrase assignment program 122 is a program that assigns the phrase shown in FIG. 4 to the menu selected by the selection data 115. In the assignment, the above-mentioned phrase attributes are considered.

  The music composition program 124 is a program for synthesizing the phrases assigned by the phrase assignment program 122 into one music piece. When each phrase is, for example, a MIDI file, they may be combined to generate a single MIDI file, or may be in a format such as a program that sequentially plays back each MIDI file. The synthesized music data 116 is stored in the data memory 110.

  Next, the overall operation of this embodiment will be described with reference to FIG. A user 50 who wants to train with the instrument 10 designates an exercise menu using the input device 104 of the operation display panel 30. That is, an appropriate one is selected from the standard menus shown in FIG. 3, or individual menu data 117 is input and designated. Which menu is designated is stored in the data memory 110 as selection data 115 by the arithmetic processing unit 100.

  Next, the arithmetic processing device 100 refers to the phrase data 114 and assigns a corresponding phrase to the menu specified by the user 50 by the selection data 115. An example is shown in FIG. For example, it is assumed that the traveling speed of the traveling belt 22 changes as shown in FIG. That is, in the first start section KA, the walking starts at a slow and constant speed, in the next ascending section KB, the running speed gradually increases, and in the next constant speed section KC, the running becomes a constant speed, and the next descending section In KD, the traveling speed gradually decreases, and in the final end section KE, the walking returns to a slow and constant speed and ends. In the arithmetic processing unit 100, the phrase assignment program 122 is executed, and a corresponding phrase is assigned from the phrase data 114.

  For example, when the age of the user 50 is 35 years old and the travel speed increase section KB, the pop-like phrases 1, 2, 5,... Correspond from FIG. The For example, it is selected at random based on a random number or the like. At this time, the length of the phrase is taken into consideration, and the phrase is selected so as to have a length corresponding to each section. In the example of FIG. 5, phrases FB, FC, and FD are selected as shown in FIG. The phrases FB and FC are normal length phrases, and the phrase FD is a half length phrase for time adjustment. For other sections, the corresponding phrases are selected in the same manner.

  Next, in the arithmetic processing apparatus 100, a music composition program 124 is executed. Thereby, a music is synthesize | combined based on the allocated phrase. In the example of FIG. 5 (B), the phrase strings FA, FB, FC,... Are arranged in order to form a melody, and, as shown in FIG. Is set for each phrase, and a song is generated. Note that if each phrase is MIDI data, the tempo can be easily set by rewriting the data representing the tempo. Further, as shown in FIG. 4D, the tempo may be gradually changed in one phrase, and the phrase can be synthesized more smoothly.

  The synthesized music data 116 is stored in the data memory 110 by the arithmetic processing unit 100. Then, along with the start of traveling of the traveling belt 22 by the traveling drive device 24, the music data 116 is output to the output device 106 and reproduced by the headphones 34 of the user 50. That is, the music is reproduced so that the tempo changes as shown in FIG. 5C or 5D in synchronization with the speed change of the running belt 22 as shown in FIG. Therefore, the user 50 can perform a running exercise according to the exercise menu by running at the tempo while listening to music with the headphones 34.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, music is generated corresponding to the individual exercise menu of the user, so by exercising according to the music, the exercise naturally follows the menu. Can do. In addition, by randomly selecting a phrase, a different piece of music is generated each time, so there is an advantage that even if exercise is repeated, the user will not get bored.

  Next, Embodiment 2 of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. In the first embodiment described above, the present invention is applied to a traveling apparatus in a room. In the second embodiment, the present invention is applied to an outdoor exercise. As shown in FIG. 6, in this embodiment, the music generation device 200 is portable, and the user 202 can listen to the music reproduced by the earphone 204. Music generation is the same as in the first embodiment. That is, since music according to the exercise menu is reproduced, the user 202 can perform exercise according to the menu by running according to the tempo of the music.

  By the way, in Example 1 mentioned above, the traveling belt 22 rotates at the speed according to the exercise menu. Therefore, when the traveling speed of the user 50 is different from the menu, the user 50 moves forward or backward on the traveling belt 22. Accordingly, the user 50 can adjust his / her traveling speed to match the speed according to the exercise menu. However, in this embodiment, since the vehicle is traveling on the road, it is necessary to detect whether or not the speed of the user 202 is along the exercise menu by some method and warn.

  Therefore, in this embodiment, a pedometer 210 is provided as shown in FIG. 2, and a speed detection device 212 is added to the music generation device 200. The speed detection device 212 is for detecting the travel speed of the user 202 from the speed of counting the number of steps by the pedometer 210, and the detected travel speed is supplied to the arithmetic processing device 100. In the arithmetic processing unit 100, a speed comparison warning program 126 is executed, whereby the speed input from the speed detection unit 212 and the menu (specified by the user 202 in the standard menu data 112 or the individual menu data 117). Compared to the speed specified in As a result, when the speed of the menu and the speed of the user 202 are different from each other by a certain level, a warning is sent to the user 202 through the earphone 204 or the music composition program 124 slows down the music tempo. The synthesis process is performed. The user 202 can perform training according to the exercise menu by adjusting the traveling speed by listening to the music whose warning or tempo has become slow. The warning sound may be a buzzer sound, or may be a sound such as “Please reduce the speed” or “Please increase the speed”.

  For example, in FIG. 5 described above, if the traveling speed of the user 202 becomes higher than the speed specified in the exercise menu at time TA by the arithmetic processing unit 100 based on the speed comparison warning program 126, the fact is shown. Is detected. Then, the arithmetic processing unit 100 uses the music composition program 124 to lower the tempo of the next phrase FF,... As shown by the dotted line in FIG. The user 202 listens to the phrase FF,. As a result, if the traveling speed according to the exercise menu is reached at time TB, this is detected by the arithmetic processing unit 100, and the tempo of the next phrase FH,... Return to the original tempo as shown by the solid line.

  Thus, according to the present embodiment, since the music is synthesized on the spot, the music can be generated corresponding to the change in the running speed, and the music can be used for adjusting the running speed. In addition, since the music generating device is portable, it can be used not only indoors or indoors but also for outdoor exercises.

  Next, Embodiment 3 of the present invention will be described. This embodiment is an example in which the tempo of music generated according to the user's heart rate is changed. Even if the exercise menu is a menu specially prepared by an expert for the user, the exercise menu may be overloaded depending on the physical condition of the user. Therefore, in this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, a heart rate sensor 300 is prepared and is attached by the user. The form of movement may be either FIG. 1 or FIG. In the data memory 110, limit heart rate data 302 is prepared, and in the program memory 120, a heart rate comparison warning program 304 is prepared. The limit heart rate data 302 indicates an allowable upper limit value of the heart rate during exercise of the user, and may be an average value determined by age, sex, or the like, or a value unique to the user.

  The heart rate comparison warning program 304 is executed by the arithmetic processing unit 100 to constantly monitor the user's heart rate and compare it with the limit heart rate data 302. When the user's heart rate exceeds the limit data 302, the degree of exercise, for example, the running speed is reduced. Specifically, a music composition process is performed so that a warning to that effect is issued to the user through the headphones 34 or the earphone 204 or the music composition program 124 slows down the tempo of the music. The user can perform training according to the exercise menu within a range in which the heart rate does not exceed the limit by listening to the music whose warning or tempo is slow and adjusting the running speed.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, since the music is synthesized on the spot, the music can be generated corresponding to the change of the user's heart rate, and the music can be used for adjusting the heart rate. Can do.

In addition, this invention is not limited to the Example mentioned above, A various change can be added in the range which does not deviate from the summary of this invention. For example, the following are also included.
(1) The above embodiment is a case where the present invention is applied to a running exercise such as marathon or jogging, but can also be applied to other exercises such as walking, exercise bike, weight and the like. It can be applied to various uses such as training, dieting, rehabilitation, and the like.
(2) Instead of changing the tempo of the music in the second to third embodiments, the phrase to be synthesized may be changed. For example, by using jazz-like or pop-like phrases as classical phrases, the music feels more relaxed, and as a result, the tempo of the exercise can be slowed to reduce the running speed and heart rate. . For example, the phrase FF in FIG. This is the No. 9 pop phrase. Change to a classic phrase of 6. As described above, each phrase is composed according to the principle of functional harmony, and the listener can listen to it as a united piece without any sense of incompatibility regardless of how it is arranged.
(3) The exercise menu and phrase configuration shown in the above-described embodiment are also examples, and various design changes can be made within the scope of the present invention.

  According to the present invention, music is generated corresponding to the exercise menu, and the user can exercise while listening to it, which is suitable for various exercises such as training and dieting.

It is a perspective view which shows the mode of the whole structure and exercise | movement of the Example of this invention. It is a block diagram which shows the structure of the music production | generation apparatus of Examples 1-3 of this invention. It is explanatory drawing which shows an example of the exercise menu in the said Example 1. FIG. It is explanatory drawing which shows an example of the phrase data in the said Example 1. It is explanatory drawing which shows an example of the exercise menu and phrase allocation in the said Example 1. FIG. It is a perspective view which shows the use condition in Example 2 of this invention.

Explanation of symbols

10: Appliance 20: Lower body 22: Travel belt 24: Travel drive device 30: Operation display panel 32: Leg 34: Headphone 50: User 100: Processing unit 102: Display 104: Input device 106: Output device 110: Data Memory 112: Standard menu data 114: Phrase data 115: Selection data 116: Music data 117: Individual menu data 120: Program memory 122: Phrase assignment program 124: Music composition program 126: Speed comparison warning program 200: Music generator 202: User 204: Earphone 210: Pedometer 212: Speed detector 300: Heart rate sensor 302: Limit heart rate data 304: Heart rate comparison warning program FA, FB,...: Phrase

Claims (6)

  1. An exercise support music playback method for playing music corresponding to an exercise menu,
    In addition to preparing phrases for a number of songs with certain attributes,
    Step 1, assigning the phrase of the music prepared in advance to the exercise menu
    Step 2 to obtain a new song by synthesizing the phrases assigned in Step 1 in a predetermined order
    Step 3 for reproducing the music obtained in Step 2 in synchronization with the exercise menu
    An exercise support music reproduction method comprising:
  2. An exercise support music playback device that plays music in response to an exercise menu,
    In addition to preparing phrases for a number of songs with certain attributes,
    Phrase assigning means for assigning a phrase of the music prepared in advance to the exercise menu;
    Music composition means for synthesizing phrases assigned by the phrase assignment means in a predetermined order to obtain music;
    Synchronous playback means for playing back the music obtained by the music composition means in synchronization with the exercise menu;
    An exercise support music reproducing apparatus comprising:
  3.   3. The exercise support music reproducing device according to claim 2, wherein the attribute of the phrase includes at least one of a correspondence relationship with a user's age, genre, and exercise menu.
  4. The exercise menu is walking or running exercise,
    4. The exercise support music reproducing apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the music composition means performs music composition so that the tempo of the music corresponds to the walking or running speed.
  5. Speed detecting means for detecting the speed of walking or running;
    Speed comparison warning means that compares the speed detected by the speed detection means with the speed specified in the exercise menu and warns that the two are different.
    The exercise support music reproducing apparatus according to claim 4, further comprising:
  6. Heart rate detection means for detecting the heart rate of the user during exercise,
    A heart rate comparison warning means for comparing the value of the heart rate detected by the heart rate detection means with a preset limit value and for warning when the detected heart rate exceeds the limit value;
    The exercise support music reproducing apparatus according to claim 4 or 5, further comprising:

JP2005190740A 2005-06-29 2005-06-29 Method and device for reproducing musical piece for supporting exercise Pending JP2007007100A (en)

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Cited By (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007164878A (en) * 2005-12-13 2007-06-28 Sony Corp Piece of music contents reproducing apparatus, piece of music contents reproducing method, and piece of music contents distributing and reproducing system
JP2008229101A (en) * 2007-03-22 2008-10-02 Yamaha Corp Training support apparatus, training support method, and program for training support apparatus
JP2008242285A (en) * 2007-03-28 2008-10-09 Yamaha Corp Performance device and program for attaining its control method
JP2009028459A (en) * 2007-07-30 2009-02-12 Xing Inc Animation generating system, animation generating method, and computer program
JP2010079068A (en) * 2008-09-26 2010-04-08 Brother Ind Ltd Delivery device, delivery method, and program for delivery
WO2010050216A1 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 ブラザー工業株式会社 Motion content generation system
JP2012236086A (en) * 2012-09-10 2012-12-06 Xing Inc Moving image generating system, moving image generating method, and computer program
JP2014056243A (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-03-27 Brother Ind Ltd Motion content creating system, output terminal, motion content creating device, content creating method, and program for creating content
JP2014147457A (en) * 2013-01-31 2014-08-21 Brother Ind Ltd Information processor, information processing method and program
WO2016157389A1 (en) * 2015-03-30 2016-10-06 パイオニア株式会社 Output control device, output control method and output control program

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JPH0654093U (en) * 1992-12-21 1994-07-22 カシオ計算機株式会社 Automatic performance device
JP2000112472A (en) * 1998-08-05 2000-04-21 Yamaha Corp Automatic music composing device, and recording medium
JP2002272890A (en) * 2001-03-16 2002-09-24 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd System and method for universal exercise
WO2003081572A1 (en) * 2002-03-25 2003-10-02 Yoshihiko Sano Representation generation method, representation generation device, and representation generation system

Patent Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0654093U (en) * 1992-12-21 1994-07-22 カシオ計算機株式会社 Automatic performance device
JP2000112472A (en) * 1998-08-05 2000-04-21 Yamaha Corp Automatic music composing device, and recording medium
JP2002272890A (en) * 2001-03-16 2002-09-24 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd System and method for universal exercise
WO2003081572A1 (en) * 2002-03-25 2003-10-02 Yoshihiko Sano Representation generation method, representation generation device, and representation generation system

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007164878A (en) * 2005-12-13 2007-06-28 Sony Corp Piece of music contents reproducing apparatus, piece of music contents reproducing method, and piece of music contents distributing and reproducing system
JP2008229101A (en) * 2007-03-22 2008-10-02 Yamaha Corp Training support apparatus, training support method, and program for training support apparatus
JP2008242285A (en) * 2007-03-28 2008-10-09 Yamaha Corp Performance device and program for attaining its control method
JP2009028459A (en) * 2007-07-30 2009-02-12 Xing Inc Animation generating system, animation generating method, and computer program
JP2010079068A (en) * 2008-09-26 2010-04-08 Brother Ind Ltd Delivery device, delivery method, and program for delivery
WO2010050216A1 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 ブラザー工業株式会社 Motion content generation system
US9044632B2 (en) 2008-10-31 2015-06-02 Brother Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Information processing apparatus, information processing method and recording medium storing program
JP2010107817A (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-13 Brother Ind Ltd Motion content creating system, output terminal, and device, method, and program for creating motion content
JP2012236086A (en) * 2012-09-10 2012-12-06 Xing Inc Moving image generating system, moving image generating method, and computer program
JP2014147457A (en) * 2013-01-31 2014-08-21 Brother Ind Ltd Information processor, information processing method and program
JP2014056243A (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-03-27 Brother Ind Ltd Motion content creating system, output terminal, motion content creating device, content creating method, and program for creating content
WO2016157389A1 (en) * 2015-03-30 2016-10-06 パイオニア株式会社 Output control device, output control method and output control program
JPWO2016157389A1 (en) * 2015-03-30 2018-03-08 パイオニア株式会社 Output control device, output control method, and output control program

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