JP2006274033A - Vacuum ultraviolet ray-excited fluorescent substance and light emitter using the same - Google Patents

Vacuum ultraviolet ray-excited fluorescent substance and light emitter using the same Download PDF

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JP2006274033A
JP2006274033A JP2005094938A JP2005094938A JP2006274033A JP 2006274033 A JP2006274033 A JP 2006274033A JP 2005094938 A JP2005094938 A JP 2005094938A JP 2005094938 A JP2005094938 A JP 2005094938A JP 2006274033 A JP2006274033 A JP 2006274033A
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fluorescent lamp
phosphor
vacuum ultraviolet
ultraviolet light
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JP4890777B2 (en
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Hisafumi Yoshida
尚史 吉田
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Nec Lighting Ltd
Necライティング株式会社
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Abstract

A vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor capable of further improving the emission intensity is provided.
A vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors of the present invention have the general formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y ≦ 0.5, However x + y <1) vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor comprising gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate represented by, or the general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 ( 0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1), and consists of terbium and gadolinium activated rare earth aluminum scandium borate.
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Description

  The present invention relates to a vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor and a light emitting device using the same.

  Conventionally, light emitting devices such as fluorescent lamps and displays have been widely used. Some of these use mercury as an excitation source, but with the recent increase in environmental awareness, there is a strong demand for light emitting devices that do not use mercury as an excitation source. As a light emitting device that does not use mercury as an excitation source, a discharge lamp using a rare gas such as xenon is known. The rare gas discharge ultraviolet fluorescent lamp does not have the above-described disadvantages that occur when mercury is used as an excitation source. Such an ultraviolet fluorescent lamp is expected to be applied to a deodorizing apparatus using a photocatalytic reaction using titanium oxide, which has been attracting attention in recent years, and a transilluminator for DNA analysis. Further, with the recent development of technology, attention has been paid to a display composed of a plasma display panel using a rare gas as an excitation source instead of a color cathode-ray tube.

Conventionally known ultraviolet phosphors used in such light emitting devices are made of SrB 4 O 7 : Eu, BaSi 2 O 5 : Pb, YPO 4 : Ce, or LaPO 4 : Ce. Patent Document 1 discloses a vacuum ultraviolet light-excited ultraviolet phosphor composed of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum borate represented by the general formula (Y 1-x Gd x ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 <x ≦ 1). Is disclosed.

Further, a borate green phosphor represented by the general formula Y 1-ab GD x Tb b Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0.3 ≦ a ≦ 0.55, 0.003 ≦ b ≦ 0.445) Patent Document 2 discloses this.
JP 2002-348571 A JP 2003-096448 A

It is known that phosphors made of SrB 4 O 7 : Eu, BaSi 2 O 5 : Pb, YPO 4 : Ce, LaPO 4 : Ce, and the like that have been used conventionally emit light by ultraviolet rays having a wavelength of 254 nm emitted by mercury. However, the emission intensity by excitation with vacuum ultraviolet light (VUV) having a wavelength of 200 nm or less is insufficient. Therefore, when these phosphors are applied to a light emitting device using a rare gas as an excitation source, sufficient light emission characteristics cannot be obtained.

Further, vacuum ultraviolet light excitation comprising gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum borate represented by the general formula (Y 1-x Gd x ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 <x ≦ 1) disclosed in Patent Document 1 Although the ultraviolet phosphor has a better emission intensity of ultraviolet light than the phosphor composed of SrB 4 O 7 : Eu, BaSi 2 O 5 : Pb, YPO 4 : Ce, or LaPO 4 : Ce, When applied to various light emitting devices, the light emission characteristics are not yet satisfactory. For this reason, there has been a demand in the market for a phosphor that has higher emission intensity and can output ultraviolet light with high efficiency.

Therefore, as a result of repeated research and development, the present inventors have determined that scandium (Sc) is added to the molar mass of aluminum (Al) in a phosphor in which gadolinium (Gd) is added to a crystal of YAl 3 (BO 3 ) 4. by adding in a predetermined molar ratio Te, found that occurs advantage emission characteristics of ultraviolet light, the general formula (Y 1-x Gd x) Al 3-y Sc y (BO 3) 4 (0 <x A vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor composed of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate represented by ≦ 1, 0 <y ≦ 3) was obtained (Japanese Patent Application No. 2003-328130). However, in the market, for example, a phosphor having further improved emission intensity has been demanded.

The borate green phosphor disclosed in Patent Document 2 is said to have a good relative luminance with respect to the conventional phosphor (Zn 2 SiO 4 : Mn). The luminance characteristics were not fully satisfactory.

Therefore, as a result of repeated research and development, the present inventors have made scandium (Sc) aluminum (Al) into a phosphor in which gadolinium (Gd) and terbium (Tb) are added to a YAl 3 (BO 3 ) 4 crystal. by adding a predetermined molar ratio with respect to the molar mass, found that the superiority in the green light emission characteristics occurs, the general formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Tb y) Al 3-z Sc z (BO 3) A vacuum ultraviolet light-excited green phosphor comprising terbium and gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate represented by 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 3) was obtained. (Japanese Patent Application No. 2003-383826). However, in the market, for example, with the increase in brightness of plasma displays, there has been a demand for green phosphors with further improved emission intensity.

  Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor that can further improve the emission intensity and a light-emitting device using the same.

As a result of further research and development, the inventor of the present invention has added scandium (Sc) to the molar mass of yttrium (Y) in a phosphor in which gadolinium (Gd) is added to a YAl 3 (BO 3 ) 4 crystal. By adding at a predetermined molar ratio, it has been found that there is an advantage in the emission characteristics of ultraviolet light.

In particular, gadolinium activation represented by the general formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, where x + y <1) A vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor made of rare earth aluminum / scandium borate has a higher area intensity ratio than conventional phosphors in the wavelength range of 312 nm to 315 nm when irradiated with vacuum ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 200 nm or less (particularly wavelength 172 nm). It was found that the emission intensity was strong and ultraviolet light could be output with high efficiency.

In addition, as a result of further research and development, the inventor of the present invention has added scandium (Sc) to yttrium (Y) to a phosphor in which gadolinium (Gd) and terbium (Tb) are added to a YAl 3 (BO 3 ) 4 crystal. It has been found that the green light emission characteristics are superior by adding at a predetermined molar ratio with respect to the molar mass.

In particular, the general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z The vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor composed of terbium and gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate represented by <1) has a wavelength of 540 nm to 550 nm when irradiated with vacuum ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 200 nm or less (particularly wavelength 172 nm). It was found that the emission peak intensity higher than that of the conventional green phosphor was obtained in the range, and the luminance could be improved.

That is, vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor of the present invention have the general formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y ≦ 0.5, provided that x + y It consists of gadolinium activated rare earth aluminum and scandium borate represented by <1).

Another vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors of the present invention have the general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y <0. It is characterized by comprising terbium and gadolinium activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate represented by 5,0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1).

  Further, the fluorescent lamp of the present invention which is one of the light emitting devices includes a translucent airtight container, a discharge medium that emits vacuum ultraviolet light enclosed in the translucent airtight container, the discharge electrode, In a fluorescent lamp having a phosphor layer formed inside a light-transmitting hermetic container, the phosphor layer contains the phosphor of the present invention.

  Further, the fluorescent lamp may be a fluorescent lamp having a cold cathode or a hot cathode. The fluorescent lamp may be a flat fluorescent lamp. Alternatively, the fluorescent lamp may be an external electrode type fluorescent lamp.

  Further, the discharge medium may be a rare gas, and the rare gas may be a xenon gas.

  The plasma display panel according to the present invention, which is one of the light emitting devices, is formed in the display cell by disposing the front glass substrate and the rear glass substrate so as to discharge the display cell formed between the glass substrates. In the plasma display panel that performs display by causing the phosphor layer to emit light, the phosphor layer includes the phosphor of the present invention.

As described above, it is represented by the general formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, where x + y <1). The vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor of the present invention comprising gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate has a conventional fluorescence in the wavelength range of 312 nm to 315 nm when irradiated with vacuum ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 200 nm or less (particularly wavelength 172 nm). Since a higher area intensity ratio than that of the body can be obtained, the emission intensity is strong and ultraviolet light can be output with high efficiency.

Further, the general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z The vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor of the present invention comprising the terbium and gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate represented by <1) has a wavelength of 540 nm when irradiated with vacuum ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 200 nm or less (particularly, wavelength 172 nm). In the range of ˜550 nm, an emission peak intensity higher than that of the conventional green phosphor can be obtained, and the luminance can be improved.

(1) Vacuum Ultraviolet Light Excited Ultraviolet Phosphor As described above, the present inventors have conducted research and development, and as a result, scandium was added to a phosphor in which gadolinium (Gd) was added to a YAl 3 (BO 3 ) 4 crystal. By adding (Sc) at a predetermined molar ratio with respect to the molar mass of yttrium (Y), it was found that there is an advantage in the emission characteristics of ultraviolet light, and the general formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y ) Vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor comprising gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate represented by Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, where x + y <1) I came to get.

  The production method of this vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor will be described. First, as a raw material of the phosphor, an yttrium compound such as yttrium oxide, a gadolinium compound such as gadolinium oxide, an aluminum oxide such as aluminum oxide, and a scandium such as scandium oxide. A compound and a boron compound such as boron oxide are prepared. Next, each of these raw materials is weighed and collected according to the above composition formula, and mixed sufficiently well by a wet or dry method.

  Subsequently, the mixture is filled in a heat-resistant container such as “crucible” made of alumina, carbon, platinum or the like, and pre-baked at a temperature of 400 to 600 ° C. Thereafter, main baking is performed in the atmosphere at a temperature of 900 to 1200 ° C. for 3 to 20 hours, and the obtained fired product is subjected to pulverization, washing, drying, and sieving treatment. Get the body.

  Note that the preliminary baking and the main baking may be performed in an oxidizing atmosphere. Alternatively, the phosphor once obtained as described above may be refired and similarly subjected to pulverization, washing, drying, and sieving to obtain a vacuum ultraviolet light excited phosphor.

In the present embodiment, the configuration including yttrium (Y) has been described as an example. However, the vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor may be configured using lanthanum (La) instead of yttrium (Y).
(2) Vacuum ultraviolet light-excited green phosphor As a result of repeated research and development, the present inventors have developed a phosphor in which gadolinium (Gd) and terbium (Tb) are added to a YAl 3 (BO 3 ) 4 crystal. , By adding scandium (Sc) at a predetermined molar ratio with respect to the molar mass of yttrium (Y), it was found that the green light emission characteristics were superior, and the general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1) terbium and gadolinium activated rare earth A vacuum ultraviolet light-excited green phosphor composed of aluminum and scandium borate has been obtained.

  The production method of this vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor will be explained. First, as a raw material of the phosphor, an yttrium compound such as yttrium oxide, a gadolinium compound such as gadolinium oxide, a terbium compound such as terbium oxide, and an aluminum oxide such as aluminum oxide. Products, scandium compounds such as scandium oxide, and boron compounds such as boron oxide are prepared. Next, each of these raw materials is weighed and collected according to the above composition formula, and mixed sufficiently well by a wet or dry method.

  Subsequently, the mixture is filled in a heat-resistant container such as “crucible” made of alumina, carbon, platinum or the like, and pre-baked at a temperature of 400 to 600 ° C. Thereafter, firing is performed in a reducing atmosphere at a temperature of 900 to 1200 ° C. for 3 to 20 hours, and the obtained fired product is subjected to pulverization, washing, drying, and sieving treatment. A phosphor is obtained.

  In addition, you may perform said preliminary baking and this baking in oxidizing property and an atmospheric condition. Alternatively, the phosphor once obtained as described above may be refired and similarly subjected to pulverization, washing, drying, and sieving to obtain a vacuum ultraviolet light excited phosphor.

  In the present embodiment, the configuration including yttrium (Y) has been described as an example. However, the vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor may be configured using lanthanum (La) instead of yttrium (Y).

  Next, the vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor of the present embodiment and the light emitting device using the phosphor will be specifically described with reference to the following examples.

(1) Vacuum ultraviolet light excited ultraviolet phosphors Table 1 below shows the compositions and relative intensity ratios of the phosphors of Examples 1 to 5 and Comparative Example 1 of the present invention. FIG. 6 is a graph showing a comparison of the relationship between the emission wavelength and the emission intensity of the phosphors according to Examples 1 to 5 and Comparative Example 1 of the present invention. An excimer lamp light source having a wavelength of 172 nm was used as the excitation light source.

Here, the phosphor shown in Example 4 in Table 1 will be described. The phosphor shown in Example 4 was synthesized as follows. First, Y 2 O 3 = 1.440 g, Gd 2 O 3 = 0.889 g, Al 2 O 3 = 3.000 g, Sc 2 O 3 = 0.135 g, B 2 O 3 = 2.730 g are weighed as raw materials. After mixing sufficiently uniformly, the mixture was filled in an alumina crucible and pre-fired at 500 ° C. for 2 hours in an air atmosphere. Furthermore, this was heated up to 1100 degreeC, and after baking for 5 hours in air | atmosphere, it annealed and obtained baking products. The obtained fired product was pulverized, washed, dried, and sieved to obtain a phosphor having a composition of Y 0.65 Gd 0.25 Sc 0.1 Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 .

Moreover, with changing the ratio of Y and Sc synthesizing phosphors of Examples 1 to 3 and 5 based on the above method, the phosphor containing no Sc as Comparative Example 1 [(Y 0.75 Gd 0.25) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 ] was synthesized.

As shown in FIG. 6, the wavelength of the ultraviolet light emitted from the phosphor of this example is about 312 nm to 315 nm. Table 1 shows the peak intensity ratio and the area intensity ratio from wavelengths 312 nm to 315 nm in Examples 1 to 5 and Comparative Example 1. These peak intensity ratio and area intensity ratio are expressed using values when Comparative Example 1 is 100%. From Table 1, the vacuum phosphor excited ultraviolet phosphor of the present example has an area intensity ratio of ultraviolet light emission by adding scandium (Sc) at a predetermined molar ratio with respect to the molar mass of yttrium (Y). It was found that the maximum was 1.7 times (Example 4) compared to Comparative Example 1. Also, from Table 1, the vacuum ultraviolet excitation ultraviolet phosphor of the present example has a maximum emission peak intensity of about 1.66 times (Example 4) compared to the phosphor of Comparative Example 1. I understood.
(2) Vacuum ultraviolet light-excited green phosphors Table 2 below shows the composition, peak intensity ratio, luminance, and CIE chromaticity coordinates (x / y) of the phosphors of Example 6 and Comparative Examples 2 and 3 of the present invention. Show. FIG. 7 is a graph showing a comparison of the relationship between the emission wavelength and the emission intensity of the phosphors according to Example 6 and Comparative Examples 2 and 3 of the present invention. An excimer lamp light source having a wavelength of 172 nm was used as the excitation light source.

Here, Example 6 in Table 2 will be described. The phosphor shown in Example 6 in Table 2 was synthesized as follows. First, as raw materials, Y 2 O 3 = 0.9966 g, Gd 2 O 3 = 0.889 g, Tb 4 O 7 = 0.733 g, Al 2 O 3 = 3.000 g, Sc 2 O 3 = 0.135 g, B 2 O 3 = 2.730 g was weighed and mixed sufficiently uniformly, then filled in an alumina crucible and pre-fired at 500 ° C. for 2 hours in a reducing atmosphere. Further, this was heated to 1100 ° C., fired for 5 hours in a reducing atmosphere, and then gradually cooled to obtain a fired product. The obtained fired product was pulverized, washed, dried, and sieved to obtain a phosphor having a composition of (Y 0.45 Gd 0.25 Tb 0.2 Sc 0.1 ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 .

Further, based on the above manufacturing method, a phosphor [(Y 0.55 Gd 0.25 Tb 0.2 ) Al 2.9 Sc 0.1 (BO 3 ) 4 ] is synthesized as Comparative Example 2, and a phosphor [(Y 0.55 Gd 0.25 Tb 0.2 ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 ] was synthesized.

  As shown in FIG. 7, the wavelength of light emitted from the phosphor of this example is about 540 nm to 550 nm. Table 2 shows the peak intensity ratio, luminance ratio, and CIE chromaticity coordinates of Example 6 and Comparative Examples 2 and 3. The numerical values of the peak intensity ratio and the luminance ratio are expressed using values when the comparative example 3 is 100%. From Table 2, the vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor of Example 6 has a peak intensity ratio that is higher than that of Comparative Example 3 by adding scandium (Sc) at a predetermined molar ratio with respect to the molar mass of yttrium (Y). It can be seen that it has improved by 28%. Further, in the vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor of Example 6, the luminance ratio is improved by 29% compared with Comparative Example 3 by adding scandium (Sc) at a predetermined molar ratio with respect to the molar mass of yttrium (Y). You can see that

  Thus, since the vacuum ultraviolet light excitation fluorescent substance by a present Example has strong light emission intensity, it can apply to the various light-emitting devices which use rare gas, such as a xenon, as an excitation source. As a light emitting device to which this vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor can be applied, for example, a discharge medium that emits vacuum ultraviolet light, and a phosphor layer that emits light by being excited by the vacuum ultraviolet light as essential constituent requirements, a lamp form, That is, combining the configuration of the translucent airtight container (straight tube shape, curved tube shape, flat shape, etc.), electrode operation mode (hot cathode, cold cathode, etc.), presence or absence of internal electrodes (external electrode type, etc.) As a result, various fluorescent lamps and the like exhibiting unique effects suitable for various devices can be mentioned.

Hereinafter, an example of a light emitting device to which the vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphor according to the present embodiment can be applied will be described.
(A) Straight tube type cold cathode fluorescent lamp FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view showing a straight tube type cold cathode fluorescent lamp according to an embodiment of the present invention.

This straight tube fluorescent lamp has a vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor made of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate that emits light by vacuum ultraviolet light excitation on the inner wall surface of a light-transmitting hermetic container made of soda glass tube 1 [general formula ( Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, x + y <1)], or terbium and gadolinium activated rare earth aluminum vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y <0.5,0 A phosphor layer 2 including <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1)] is formed, and a xenon gas is sealed in the glass tube 1.

  Lead wires 3 and 4 are sealed at both ends of the glass tube 1, and cold cathodes 5 and 6 in which a metal plate made of a Ni—Fe alloy is folded in two are welded and fixed to the tip portions thereof. A Zr—Al alloy as a getter is formed on one surface of the cold cathodes 5 and 6. The glass tube 1 is heated and degassed, and then the cold cathodes 5 and 6 are degassed by high frequency induction heating, and then xenon is sealed and hermetically sealed. The impure gas in the glass tube 1 is adsorbed by a getter.

The phosphor constituting the phosphor layer 2 is excited by vacuum ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 172 nm emitted from xenon by discharge and is made of a vacuum ultraviolet light excited phosphor composed of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate [general formula (Y 1 -xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, where x + y <1)], as shown in FIG. Efficiently emits UV-B ultraviolet light having a wavelength of ˜315 nm. Further, the vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of terbium and gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5 , 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1)], green light having a wavelength of about 540 to 550 nm is efficiently emitted as shown in FIG.

  In the case where the fluorescent lamp has the cold cathodes 5 and 6 as described above, a compact and long-life fluorescent lamp with improved emission intensity of UV-B ultraviolet light or green light can be provided. Further, in the case of a configuration having a hot cathode instead of the cold cathodes 5 and 6, the lamp current can be increased, so that the emission intensity can be further improved.

In addition, although the translucent airtight container which consists of soda glass tubes 1 was mentioned as an example and demonstrated above, this container may be comprised with the ultraviolet light transmissive glass.
(B) Planar Fluorescent Lamp FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a planar light fluorescent lamp according to an embodiment of the present invention in a partially broken state.

In this flat fluorescent lamp, a pair of flat glass 9 and 10 made of soda lime glass and a side wall glass 11 configured in a frame shape are hermetically sealed with glass solder to form a flat light-transmitting airtight container. Are formed on the inner surfaces of the flat glass plates 9 and 10 and are made of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate that emits light by ultraviolet light excitation [general formula (Y 1 -xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 ( BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, x + y <1)], or vacuum ultraviolet photoexcited phosphor comprising terbium and gadolinium activated rare earth aluminum scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y <0.5,0 <z ≦ 0.5, provided that x + y + z <1) ] Is formed. In the airtight container, xenon gas is sealed.

  Lead wires 13 and 14 are sealed to a pair of opposed side wall glasses 11, and hollow cathode type cold cathodes 15 and 16 each formed by forming a metal plate such as nickel into a U-shape are welded and fixed to the front ends thereof. ing. A getter 17 formed of a Zr—Al alloy is welded to the end of the cold cathode 15. The glass container is heated and degassed, and then the cold cathodes 15 and 16 and the getter 17 are degassed by high frequency induction heating, and xenon is enclosed and the exhaust pipe 18 is sealed.

When a high frequency voltage is applied to the cold cathodes 15 and 16 to generate a discharge and 172 nm of vacuum ultraviolet light is emitted from xenon, the phosphor layer 12 becomes vacuum ultraviolet light excited fluorescence composed of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum scandium borate. When the body [general formula (Y 1 -xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, x + y <1)] is used As shown in FIG. 1, UV-B ultraviolet light having a wavelength of about 312 to 315 nm is efficiently emitted. Further, the vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of terbium and gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5 , 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1)] is used, as shown in FIG. 2, green light having a wavelength of about 540 to 550 nm is efficiently generated. Radiate.

  With this configuration, it is possible to provide a flat fluorescent lamp with improved emission intensity and a large emission area.

In the above description, the pair of flat glass 9 and 10 made of soda lime glass is described as an example. However, the flat glass 9 and 10 may be made of ultraviolet light transmitting glass.
(C) Another Planar Fluorescent Lamp FIG. 5 is a diagram showing another planar fluorescent lamp according to an embodiment of the present invention.

In the flat fluorescent lamp shown in FIG. 5A, a pair of flat glass 20, 21 made of soda lime and the side wall glass 22 are hermetically sealed with glass solder to form a flat glass container. vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate that emits light by ultraviolet light excitation on the inner surface of the plate glass 20 [formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, x + y <1)], or a vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor composed of terbium and gadolinium activated rare earth aluminum scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y <0.5,0 <z ≦ 0.5, provided that x + y + z <phosphor layer 23 comprising 1) Formed in an airtight container Is filled with xenon gas.

A plurality of transparent electrodes 24 and 25 made of ITO (In 2 O 3 Sn) or the like are arranged side by side on the rear flat glass 21, and the top thereof is covered with a dielectric layer 26 made of SiO 2 or the like, and further thereon. A protective layer 27 made of MgO or the like is formed by vapor deposition or the like. The shape of the electrodes is a shape in which a pair of comb-shaped electrodes 24 and 25 are alternately arranged as shown in FIG. The protective layer 27 functions to protect the dielectric layer 26 from sputtering due to discharge and increase the secondary electron emission coefficient to lower the discharge start voltage. The electrodes 24 and 25 may be exposed to the discharge space without using the dielectric layer 26 and the protective layer 27.

When a high frequency voltage is applied to the electrodes 24 and 25 to generate a discharge and 172 nm of vacuum ultraviolet light is emitted from xenon, the phosphor layer 23 becomes a vacuum ultraviolet light excited phosphor made of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum scandium borate. When [general formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, x + y <1)] is used 1 efficiently emits UV-B ultraviolet light having a wavelength of about 312 to 315 nm as shown in FIG. Further, the vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of terbium and gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5 , 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1)] is used, as shown in FIG. 2, green light having a wavelength of about 540 to 550 nm is efficiently generated. Radiate.

In the above description, the pair of flat glass plates 20 and 21 made of soda lime glass has been described as an example. However, the flat glass plates 20 and 21 may be made of ultraviolet light transmitting glass.
(D) External Electrode Fluorescent Lamp FIG. 6 is a diagram showing an external electrode fluorescent lamp according to an embodiment of the present invention.

This external electrode type fluorescent lamp is an ultraviolet light emitting fluorescent lamp which does not have an electrode inside the lamp and excites a discharge gas inside the lamp by applying a high-frequency electromagnetic field from the outside to emit phosphor. As shown in FIG. 6, this external electrode type fluorescent lamp has a vacuum ultraviolet light excitation fluorescence composed of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate that emits light by ultraviolet light excitation on the inner surface of a light-transmitting hermetic container composed of a soda glass tube 31. [General formula (Y 1 -xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, x + y <1)], or terbium and gadolinium vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y < 0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1)] is formed, and xenon gas is sealed in the translucent airtight container.

The electrodeless fluorescent lamp configured as described above is sandwiched between a pair of external electrodes 34 and 35, and a high frequency voltage is applied to the external electrodes 34 and 35 using a high frequency power source 36 to generate a discharge. When light is emitted to the phosphor layer 32, vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, where x + y <1)] is used, UV-B ultraviolet light having a wavelength of about 312 to 315 nm as shown in FIG. It emits well. Further, the vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of terbium and gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5 , 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1)] is used, as shown in FIG. 2, green light having a wavelength of about 540 to 550 nm is efficiently generated. Radiate.

  With this configuration, it is possible to provide a small fluorescent lamp with improved light emission intensity, a long life, and a simple structure.

In the above description, the translucent airtight container made of the soda glass tube 31 has been described as an example. However, this container may be made of ultraviolet light transmitting glass.
(E) White fluorescent lamp Each of the fluorescent lamps shown in FIGS. 3 to 6 is a vacuum ultraviolet light excitation phosphor (green phosphor) made of terbium and gadolinium activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate in a phosphor layer [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y <0.5,0 <z ≦ 0.5, provided that x + y + z <1) ] And a blue phosphor that emits light with vacuum ultraviolet light and a red phosphor that emits light with vacuum ultraviolet light can be used to obtain a white fluorescent lamp.

As the blue phosphor, for example, a BAM phosphor material can be used, and as the red phosphor blue phosphor, for example, a phosphor material such as Y 2 O 3 : Eu or (Y, Gd) BO 3 : Eu is used. be able to.
(F) Plasma display panel (PDP)
FIG. 7 is an exploded perspective view showing a plasma display panel according to an embodiment of the present invention. The plasma display panel (hereinafter referred to as “PDP”) shown in FIG. 7 is an AC surface discharge type PDP.

The PDP 41 shown in FIG. 7 has two types of electrodes constituting the display electrode 13 formed in a pair on the front glass substrate 42 and the address electrode 45 formed on the rear glass substrate 14, and these are formed on two glass plates. An individual display dot consisting of each intersection is formed in a matrix on 42 and 44. The display electrode 43 on the front glass side is formed by etching a transparent conductive film made of deposited ITO (In 2 O 3 Sn) or the like into a stripe shape. A dielectric layer 46 that functions as a capacitor is formed on the display electrode 43, and a protective layer 47 made of MgO is further formed thereon. On the other hand, stripe-shaped partition walls 48 are provided between adjacent address electrodes 45 by thick film printing, and display dots (pixels) are separated and independent. Further, the vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate that emits light by ultraviolet excitation [Formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0. 5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, provided that x + y <1)], or a vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of terbium and gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z ) A phosphor layer 49 containing Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1)]. An inert gas containing xenon (Xe) is applied to the inside of the discharge space surrounded by the partition wall 48 and the front glass substrate 42 and applied to the dielectric layer 50 formed on the top surface and the side surface of the partition wall 48. A mixed gas is enclosed.

  Display is performed by applying an AC voltage between the paired display electrodes 43, and a cell to be displayed is selected by applying a voltage between an arbitrary address electrode 45 and the display electrode 43, and these electrodes 43. , 45 by discharge generated at the intersection. At that time, the phosphor layer 49 is caused to emit light by excitation light of vacuum ultraviolet light emitted by glow discharge of xenon (Xe).

The vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphors consisting of terbium and gadolinium-activated rare-earth aluminum-scandium borate [general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5 , 0 <y <0.5, 0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1)] is a green phosphor. Therefore, when the display cell of the PDP 41 is composed of red, blue, and green pixels, This phosphor is used by being applied to the phosphor layer 49 of the green pixel.

It is a graph which compares and shows the relationship between the light emission wavelength of the fluorescent substance which concerns on Examples 1-5 of this invention, and the comparative example 1, and light emission intensity. It is a graph which compares and shows the relationship between the light emission wavelength of the fluorescent substance which concerns on Example 6 of this invention, and Comparative Examples 2 and 3, and light emission intensity. It is sectional drawing which shows the straight tube | pipe type cold cathode fluorescent lamp which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the flat fluorescent lamp which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention in the state which fractured | ruptured partially. It is a figure which shows the other planar fluorescent lamp which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a figure which shows the external electrode type | mold fluorescent lamp which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. 1 is an exploded perspective view showing a plasma display panel according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Explanation of symbols

1, 31 Glass tube 2, 12, 23, 32, 49 Phosphor layer 3, 4, 13, 14 Lead wire 5, 6, 15, 16 Cold cathode 9, 10, 20, 21 Flat glass 11 Side wall glass 17 Getter 18 Exhaust pipes 24, 25 Electrodes 26, 46, 50 Dielectric layers 27, 47 Protective layers 34, 35 External electrodes 36 High frequency power supply 41 Plasma display panel 42 Front glass substrate 43 Display electrode 44 Rear glass substrate 45 Address electrode 48 Partition wall

Claims (12)

  1. Gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum represented by the general formula (Y 1-xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, where x + y <1)・ Vacuum ultraviolet excitation phosphor made of scandium borate.
  2. Formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y <0.5,0 <z ≦ 0.5, provided that x + y + z <1 The vacuum ultraviolet light excitation fluorescent substance which consists of the terbium and gadolinium activated rare earth aluminum scandium borate represented by this.
  3. A translucent airtight container, a discharge medium that emits vacuum ultraviolet light enclosed in the translucent airtight container, a discharge electrode, and a phosphor layer formed inside the translucent airtight container A fluorescent lamp having
    The phosphor layer is represented by the general formula (Y 1 -xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, where x + y <1). A fluorescent lamp comprising a vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor composed of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate.
  4. A translucent airtight container, a discharge medium that emits vacuum ultraviolet light enclosed in the translucent airtight container, a discharge electrode, and a phosphor layer formed inside the translucent airtight container A fluorescent lamp having
    The phosphor layer has the general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y <0.5,0 <z ≦ 0. 5. A fluorescent lamp comprising a vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor composed of terbium and gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate represented by x + y + z <1).
  5.   The fluorescent lamp according to claim 4, wherein the phosphor layer further includes a blue phosphor and a red phosphor that emit light by vacuum ultraviolet light.
  6.   The fluorescent lamp according to claim 3, wherein the fluorescent lamp is a fluorescent lamp having a cold cathode or a hot cathode.
  7.   The fluorescent lamp according to any one of claims 3 to 5, wherein the fluorescent lamp is a flat fluorescent lamp.
  8.   The fluorescent lamp according to claim 3, wherein the fluorescent lamp is an external electrode type fluorescent lamp.
  9.   The fluorescent lamp according to claim 3, wherein the discharge medium is a rare gas.
  10.   The fluorescent lamp according to claim 9, wherein the rare gas is xenon gas.
  11. A plasma in which a front glass substrate and a rear glass substrate are arranged to face each other, discharge is generated in a display cell formed between the two glass substrates, and a phosphor layer formed in the display cell emits light to perform display. In the display panel,
    The phosphor layer is represented by the general formula (Y 1 -xy Gd x Sc y ) Al 3 (BO 3 ) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5, 0 <y ≦ 0.5, where x + y <1). A plasma display panel comprising a vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor made of gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate.
  12. A plasma in which a front glass substrate and a rear glass substrate are arranged to face each other, discharge is generated in a display cell formed between the two glass substrates, and a phosphor layer formed in the display cell emits light to perform display. In the display panel,
    Each of the display cells has pixels for each color displaying red, blue and green,
    Wherein the phosphor layer in the green pixel of the display cell, the general formula (Y 1-xyz Gd x Tb y Sc z) Al 3 (BO 3) 4 (0 ≦ x <0.5,0 <y <0. A plasma display panel comprising a vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor composed of terbium and gadolinium-activated rare earth aluminum / scandium borate represented by 5,0 <z ≦ 0.5, where x + y + z <1).
JP2005094938A 2005-03-29 2005-03-29 Vacuum ultraviolet light-excited phosphor and light emitting device using the same Active JP4890777B2 (en)

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