JP2006258323A - Showcase - Google Patents

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Publication number
JP2006258323A
JP2006258323A JP2005073237A JP2005073237A JP2006258323A JP 2006258323 A JP2006258323 A JP 2006258323A JP 2005073237 A JP2005073237 A JP 2005073237A JP 2005073237 A JP2005073237 A JP 2005073237A JP 2006258323 A JP2006258323 A JP 2006258323A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
side
air
ventilation path
bottom surface
showcase
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2005073237A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Hirokazu Akabane
Junichi Suda
大計 赤羽根
淳一 須田
Original Assignee
Sanden Corp
サンデン株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sanden Corp, サンデン株式会社 filed Critical Sanden Corp
Priority to JP2005073237A priority Critical patent/JP2006258323A/en
Publication of JP2006258323A publication Critical patent/JP2006258323A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47FSPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS
    • A47F3/00Show cases or show cabinets
    • A47F3/04Show cases or show cabinets air-conditioned, refrigerated
    • A47F3/0439Cases or cabinets of the open type
    • A47F3/0443Cases or cabinets of the open type with forced air circulation

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a showcase for holding stable cooling capability even when the outside air entering from each opening portion into a commodity storage portion is different in temperature or humidity. <P>SOLUTION: A refrigerating cycle is simply constructed by using one cooler 26 for cooling air sucked from each air inlet 21d into each bottom side air duct 21, thus facilitating temperature control and defrosting control. Even when outside air entering from each opening portion into the commodity storage portion 15 is different in temperature or humidity, stable cooling capability is held while avoiding such a difference in the amount of frost formation as found in a plurality of coolers. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention relates to a showcase installed in a store such as a supermarket or a convenience store.

Conventionally, as this type of showcase, there are a showcase body having an opening on the front side, back side and one side surface, a product storage section provided in the showcase body, and a bottom side of the product storage section. A bottom-side ventilation path formed along the side surface, a side-side ventilation path formed along the other side surface of the product storage unit, and at least one branching from the side-side ventilation path and extending toward one side surface side. A product-side cooling passage, a cooler and a blower provided in the bottom-side ventilation passage, and a bottom-side ventilation passage from a plurality of air inlets provided along the lower end side of each opening of the showcase body There is known a system in which the air sucked into the product is cooled and discharged from each air outlet provided on each opening side of the product cooling air passage to cool the inside of the product storage unit (for example, a patent Reference 1).
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-148448

  Since the showcase has openings on the front side, the back side, and one side, the temperature or humidity of the outside air entering the product storage unit may differ depending on each opening. However, the cooler provided in the bottom side ventilation passage is provided for each of the front side and the back side or each opening, and is connected in parallel to the refrigerant circuit, so that the amount of frost formation varies depending on the cooler. There is a problem that the cooling capacity varies depending on the type. Further, even when the defrosting operation is performed, since the amount of frost formation varies depending on the respective coolers, there is a problem that the control for surely defrosting each cooler is complicated.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above-described problems, and the object of the present invention is to maintain a stable cooling capacity even when the temperature or humidity of the outside air entering the product storage unit from each opening is different. It is to provide a showcase that can do.

  To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a showcase body having openings on at least two of the front side, the back side, and the left and right sides, a product storage provided in the showcase body, A bottom side ventilation path formed along the bottom side of the storage unit, a side side ventilation path formed along one side of the product storage unit, and a branch from the side side ventilation path to the other side An air intake port provided along the lower end side of each opening of the showcase body, and including at least one product cooling air passage extending toward the bottom, a cooler and a blower provided in the bottom air passage. In the showcase that cools the air sucked into the bottom side ventilation passage and cools the inside of the product storage portion by discharging from each air discharge port provided on each opening side of the ventilation passage for product cooling, the bottom surface Side air passages, each sky Are coolable form air sucked from each suction port by one of the cooler.

  Thereby, since the air each suck | inhaled from each air inlet is cooled by one cooler, a refrigerating cycle is comprised by simple structure.

  According to the present invention, since the refrigeration cycle can be configured with a simple configuration, temperature control and defrost control can be easily performed. In addition, even when the temperature or humidity of the outside air entering the product storage unit from each opening is different, there is no difference in the amount of frost formation as in the case of providing a plurality of coolers, and a stable cooling capacity is provided. Can be held.

  1 to 5 show an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 1 is an overall perspective view of a showcase, FIG. 2 is a front sectional view of the showcase, FIG. 3 is a side sectional view of the showcase, and FIG. FIG. 5 is a plan cross-sectional view of the showcase showing the drain pan, FIG. 6 is a plan view of the main part of the showcase showing the flow dividing plate, and FIG. 7 is a main part perspective view of the cooler. FIG. 8 is a plan view of the main part of the cooler.

  The showcase includes a showcase body 10 having openings on the front side, the back side, and one side surface, and a ventilation path 20 formed in the showcase body 10.

  The showcase body 10 includes a box-shaped lower case 11 having an open upper surface, a top plate 12 that covers the upper surface side, and a side plate 13 that covers the other of the left and right side surfaces. The lower case 11 has a front side, a back side, a bottom side, and one side surface covered with a heat insulating wall 11 a and the other side surface covered with a side plate 13. The upper surface opening of the lower case 11 is covered with a bottom plate 11b disposed at a distance from the bottom surface in the heat insulating wall 11a. Moreover, the glass plate 11c is provided in the outer peripheral part of the upper end except the side plate 13 side of the lower case 11, and the upper side of the bottom plate 11b is visible from the side. Furthermore, a machine room 11d is provided in the lower part of the lower case 11, and refrigeration equipment such as a compressor, a condenser, and a condenser blower (not shown) are accommodated in the machine room 11d. The top plate 12 is composed of a heat insulating plate-like member supported by a support column 14 that extends upward from the upper end side of the side plate 13 and the central portion in the front-rear direction on one end side in the width direction of the lower case 11. A product storage portion 15 is formed between the two. In addition, a pair of upper and lower product shelves 15a are attached in the product storage unit 15, and products are placed on the top surfaces of the bottom plate 11b and each product shelf 15a.

  The ventilation path 20 includes a bottom-side ventilation path 21 formed between the bottom surface in the lower case 11 and the bottom plate 11 b, a side-side ventilation path 22 formed so as to extend upward along the side plate 13, and the top plate 12. The upper product cooling air passage 23 as the product cooling air passage formed on the lower surface of the lower product shelf, the lower product cooling air passage 24 formed on the lower surface of the lower product shelf 15a, and the column 14 are formed. The side-side product cooling ventilation path 25 is configured.

  The bottom surface side ventilation path 21 is formed in a lower portion excluding the first bottom surface side ventilation path 21a formed along the heat insulation walls 11a on the front surface side, the back surface side, and one side surface side, and the first bottom surface side ventilation path 21a. The second bottom surface side ventilation path 21b is formed, and the third bottom surface side ventilation path 21c is formed above the second bottom surface side ventilation path 21b. A cooler 26 is provided on the other side surface of the third bottom surface side air passage 21 c, and a cooler blower 27 is provided on one side surface side of the cooler 26.

  The first bottom-side ventilation path 21a communicates with the product storage unit 15 via an air suction port 21d provided between the heat insulating wall 11a and the bottom plate 11b, and the first bottom-side ventilation path 21a and the second ventilation path 21a. The bottom plate side ventilation path 21b is communicated with the second bottom surface side ventilation path 21b through a plurality of communication holes 21f provided by opening the partition plate 21e between the bottom surface side ventilation path 21b in a round shape. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, each communication hole 21f is provided continuously on the front side, the back side, and one side of the partition plate 21e, and the other side of the front and back side partition plates 21e. On the side, the distance L2 between the communication holes 21f is made small so that the aperture ratio is larger than the distance L1 between the communication holes 21f on one side surface side. That is, by forming the opening ratio of the communication hole 21f in the partition plate 21e having a long distance from the cooler fan 27 larger than the opening ratio of the communication hole 21f in the partition plate 21e having a short distance from the cooler fan 27, The flow rate of air sucked from the air suction port 21d is made uniform.

  The second bottom surface side air passage 21b communicates with the first bottom surface side air passage 21a through each communication hole 21f, and the third bottom surface through the communication hole 21g provided in the lower part of the cooler blower 27. It communicates with the side ventilation path 21c.

  The third bottom surface side air passage 21 c communicates with the second bottom surface side air passage 21 b through one side surface communication hole 21 g and the other side surface communicates with the side surface air passage 22. The cooler 26 disposed in the third bottom-side air passage 21c is constituted by a well-known fin tube heat exchanger, and is continuously disposed in the front-rear direction as shown in FIGS. The front side and the back side of the plurality of fins 26a are covered with a pair of side plates 26c that are integrally assembled through the tube 26b. Further, an airtight member 26d such as rubber packing is filled between the side plates 26c and the fins 26a located inside thereof to prevent air leakage from the through portion 26e of the tube 26b. It has become. That is, the third bottom surface side ventilation path 21c and the first bottom surface side ventilation path 21a where the cooler 26 is located are partitioned by the side plate 26c provided integrally with the cooler 26, and are separated by the airtight member 26d. The flow of air from the third bottom surface side air passage 21c caused by the pressure difference to the first bottom surface side air passage 21a is blocked. Further, a drain pan 26f for receiving drainage generated when cooling the air or defrosting the cooler 26 is provided on the lower surface side of the cooler 26. The drain pan 26f and the second bottom-side air passage 21b 3 bottom side ventilation path 21c is partitioned. As shown in FIG. 5, the drain pan 26f is provided with a plurality of drainage receiving portions 26g each having an inclined surface toward one side surface and the center in the front-rear direction. A drain outlet 26h is provided for circulation to the second bottom side ventilation path 21b side.

  The side air passage 22 is formed between the side plate 13 and a duct member 22a formed in a U-shaped cross section and extending in the vertical direction, and communicates with the upper product cooling air passage 23 and the lower product cooling air passage 24, respectively. It is supposed to be.

  The upper merchandise cooling air passage 23 is formed so that the lower surface of the top plate 12 extends from the other side surface toward the one side surface, and air is provided at the front side, the back side, and one side side end respectively. A discharge port 23a is provided. Moreover, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 6, a plurality of air guide plates for discharging air uniformly over the width direction of each air discharge port 23a on the upper surface side in the air passage 23 for cooling the upper product. 28 is provided. Each air guide plate 28 extends in the front-rear direction and is arranged with a plurality of air guide plates 28a spaced apart from each other in the width direction, and a pair of air guide plates 28b adjacent to one side air discharge port 23a. It consists of and. Each air guide plate 28a is inclined so that the lower end side is directed to one side surface side, and is formed to have a longer vertical dimension than the air guide plate 28a located on the other side surface side. Each air guide plate 28b is provided so as to extend obliquely from the front-rear direction central portion of the upper product cooling air passage 23 toward both end sides of the air discharge port 23a on one side surface side.

  The lower merchandise cooling air passage 24 is formed so that the lower surface of the lower merchandise shelf 15a extends from the other side surface toward the one side surface, and air discharge ports are provided at the front and back end portions, respectively. 24a is provided. In addition, an end of one side of the lower product cooling air passage 24 communicates with the side product cooling air passage 25.

  The side-side product cooling air passage 25 is formed so as to extend in the vertical direction in the support column 14, and a plurality of air discharge ports 25a are provided on one side surface side.

  In the showcase configured as described above, the air is sucked into the first bottom-side air passage 21a by the cooler blower 27 from each air suction port 21d located at the lower end of the opening on the front side, the back side, and one side. The performed air flows into the second bottom surface side air passage 21b through the communication hole 21f opened in the partition plate 21e. At this time, the interval between the communication holes 21f opened in the partition plate 21e is smaller than the interval between the communication holes 21f of the partition plate 21e located on one side surface where the distance from the cooler blower 27 is short. The space | interval of the communicating hole 21f of the partition plate 21e located in the other side surface side with a long distance is formed small. Thereby, air is sucked at a uniform flow rate across the width direction of each air suction port 21d. The air that has flowed into the second ventilation path 21 b flows into the third ventilation path 21 c through the communication hole 21 g and is cooled by the cooler 26. The air cooled by the cooler 26 branches from the side-side air passage 22 to the upper product cooling air passage 23 and the lower product cooling air passage 24 and flows into the upper product cooling air passage 23. Are discharged from each air discharge port 23a. At this time, the air flowing through the upper merchandise cooling air passage 23 flows to one side while being in contact with each air guide plate 28 and has a uniform flow rate over the width direction of each air discharge port 23a. Discharged. In addition, a part of the air flowing into the lower product cooling air passage 24 is discharged from the air discharge ports 24a on the front end side and the rear end side, and other air flows into the side product cooling air passage 25. The air is discharged from each air discharge port 25a toward one side surface. Thereby, the inside of the product storage unit 15 is cooled, and the products placed on the product shelves 15a and the bottom plate 11b are stored in a cooled state.

  In addition, the waste water generated in the cooler 26 is guided to each drain receiving portion 26g of the drain pan 26f without staying between the fins 26a, and flows from the drain port 26h to the second bottom-side air passage 21b. It is possible to prevent the cooling efficiency from decreasing without reducing the area.

  As described above, according to the showcase of the present embodiment, the air sucked into the bottom-side air passage 21 from each air suction port 21d is cooled by the single cooler 26. A cycle can be constituted, and temperature control and defrost control can be easily performed. Further, even when the temperature or humidity of the outside air entering the product storage unit 15 from each opening is different, there is no difference in the amount of frost formation as in the case of providing a plurality of coolers, and stable cooling is possible. Can retain ability.

  Moreover, the bottom surface side ventilation path 21 is formed on the bottom surface side of the first bottom surface side ventilation path 21a formed along the air inlets 21d and on the second bottom surface side formed in the lower part excluding the first bottom surface side ventilation path 21a. Since each of the air inlets 21d is constituted by the ventilation path 21b and the third bottom side ventilation path 21c formed above the second bottom side ventilation path 21b and provided with the cooler 26 and the cooling fan 27. The air sucked from each of the air can be sequentially passed through the first bottom surface side air passage 21a, the second bottom surface side air passage 21b and the third bottom surface side air passage 21c and can be passed through the cooler 26. There is no need to arrange the cooler 26 across the width direction of the outlet 21d, and the cooler 26 can be downsized.

  Further, a part of the third bottom side air passage 21c is formed by the side plate 26c through which the tube 26b constituting the cooler 26 passes, and the airtight member 26d is filled between the side plate 26c and the fin 16a. In addition, air leakage from the through portion 26e can be prevented, and air flow between the first bottom surface side air passage 21a and the third bottom surface side air passage 21c can be reliably prevented.

  Further, since air is uniformly sucked in the width direction of each air suction port 21d, the air in the product storage portion 15 can be sucked from each air suction port 21d without being biased, and the product storage portion 15 The temperature inside can be made uniform.

  In addition, the first bottom surface side air passage 21a and the second bottom surface side air passage 21b are partitioned by the partition plate 21e, and the cooler is used for the cooler than the opening ratio of the communication hole 21f in the partition plate 21e with a short distance from the cooler fan 27. Since the opening rate of the communication hole 21f in the partition plate 21e having a long distance from the blower 27 is increased so that air is uniformly sucked in the width direction of each air suction port 21d, each simple member can be used. Air can be uniformly sucked in the width direction of the air suction port 21d, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.

  In addition, a drain pan 26f that covers the cooler 26 from the lower surface side is provided, and the drain pan 26f is disposed at the lowermost end of the drain receiving portion 26g having an inclined surface that allows the drainage generated by the cooler 26 to flow in a predetermined direction. Since the drainage 26h is provided, the drainage generated in the cooler 26 is guided to each drainage receiving portion 26g of the drain pan 26f without staying between the fins 26a, and the second bottom side ventilation is conducted from the drainage port 26h. Since it distribute | circulates to the path | route 21b, it becomes possible to prevent the fall of cooling efficiency, without the heat exchange area of the heat exchanger 26 reducing.

  Further, since the drain pan 26f is provided with a plurality of drain receiving portions 26g of the drain pan 26f, the length of the inclined surface of each drain receiving portion 26g can be reduced, and the vertical dimension of the drain pan 26f can be reduced. it can.

  Further, since a plurality of drain receiving portions 26g of the drain pan 26f are provided in the longitudinal direction of the drain pan 26f, the vertical dimension of the drain pan 26f is reduced even when an inclined surface is provided so as to incline in the longitudinal direction of the drain pan 26f. be able to.

  Further, since the air is uniformly discharged over the width direction of each air discharge port 23a, the temperature in the product storage unit 15 can be kept even without unevenness, and the product in the product storage unit 15 can be Cooling can be ensured.

  The air guide plate 28a is provided on the upper surface in the upper product cooling air passage 23 so as to be orthogonal to the air flow direction and is spaced from each other in the air flow direction. Since the plate 28a is formed so that its vertical dimension is longer than that of the adjacent upstream air guide plate 28a, air can be discharged uniformly over the width direction of each air discharge port 23a. By using such a member, air can be discharged uniformly over the width direction of each air discharge port 23a, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.

  Since each air guide plate 28a is inclined so that the lower end side faces the air flow direction, air is efficiently guided to each air discharge port 23a by the air guide plate 28a without obstructing the air flow. Can do.

  In the embodiment, the present invention is applied to a showcase having openings on the front side, the back side, and one side, but the showcase or front side having openings on the front side and the back side. If the showcase has openings on at least two sides, such as a showcase having openings on one side and one side, the above-described effects can be obtained.

  In the above-described embodiment, the cooling fan 27 is provided on the upstream side of the cooler 26. However, the cooling fan 27 may be provided on the downstream side of the cooling device 26. In this case, the airflow from the first bottom surface side air passage 21a to the third bottom surface side air passage 21c is blocked by the airtight member 26d.

The whole perspective view of the showcase which shows one embodiment of the present invention Front sectional view of showcase Side cross-sectional view of showcase Plan sectional view of showcase showing partition plate Plan sectional view of the showcase showing the drain pan Main part plan view of a showcase showing a flow dividing plate Perspective view of main parts of cooler Plan view of main parts of cooler

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Showcase main body, 15 ... Merchandise storage part, 20 ... Ventilation path, 21 ... Bottom side ventilation path, 21a ... First bottom side ventilation path, 21b ... Second bottom side ventilation path, 21c ... Third bottom face Side ventilation path, 21d ... Air inlet, 22 ... Side side ventilation path, 23 ... Upper product cooling ventilation path, 23a ... Air outlet, 26 ... Cooler, 26a ... Fin, 26b ... Tube, 26c ... Side plate, 26d DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS Airtight member, 26f ... Drain pan, 26g ... Drain receiving part, 26h ... Drain outlet, 27 ... Cooler blower, 28 ... Air guide plate, 28a ... Air guide plate.

Claims (11)

  1. A showcase body having openings on at least two of the front surface side, the back surface side, and the left and right side surfaces, a product storage section provided in the showcase body, and a bottom surface side of the product storage section A bottom-side ventilation path, a side-side ventilation path formed along one side surface of the product storage section, and at least one product cooling ventilation path branched from the side-side ventilation path and extending toward the other side surface And a cooler and a blower provided in the bottom-side air passage, and cools the air sucked into the bottom-side air passage from the air suction port provided along the lower end side of each opening of the showcase body. In the showcase in which the inside of the product storage unit is cooled by discharging from the air discharge ports provided on the opening side of the air passage for product cooling,
    The showcase, wherein the bottom-side air passage is formed so that air sucked from each air suction port can be cooled by a single cooler.
  2. The bottom surface side ventilation path is formed with a first bottom surface side ventilation path formed along each air inlet, and a second bottom surface formed under the bottom surface side ventilation path except for the first bottom surface side ventilation path. Formed from a side ventilation path and a third bottom side ventilation path formed above the second bottom side ventilation path and provided with a cooler and a blower;
    The air sucked from each air suction port is configured to sequentially flow through the first bottom surface side ventilation path, the second bottom surface side ventilation path, and the third bottom surface side ventilation path. Showcase described.
  3. A tube bent to circulate the coolant in a direction perpendicular to the blowing direction, a plurality of fins provided on the tube to extend in the blowing direction, and the bent tube pass through the cooler. A pair of side plates covering the side surface of the fin located at the end portion, and an airtight member provided between the side surface of the fin located at the end portion and the side plate,
    The showcase according to claim 2, wherein each side plate forms a part of a side surface of the third bottom side air passage.
  4. The showcase according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising a rectifying unit capable of uniformly sucking air from an air suction port across a width direction on a lower end side of each opening.
  5. The rectifying means is provided by opening a partition plate that partitions the first bottom surface side ventilation path and the second bottom surface side ventilation path, and the second bottom surface side ventilation path from the first bottom surface side ventilation path. It consists of a plurality of communication holes that allow air to flow through the road,
    The showcase according to claim 4, wherein the opening ratio of the communication hole in the partition plate having a long distance from the blower is made larger than the opening ratio of the communication hole in the partition plate having a short distance from the blower.
  6. A drain pan that covers the cooler from the lower surface side,
    The drain pan is provided with a drain receiving portion having an inclined surface capable of circulating drainage generated by the cooler in a predetermined direction, and a drain outlet disposed at the lowermost end of the drain receiving portion. 2. The showcase described in 2.
  7. The showcase according to claim 6, wherein a plurality of the drainage receiving portions are provided in a drain pan.
  8. The showcase according to claim 7, wherein the drainage receiving portions are arranged in the longitudinal direction of the drain pan.
  9. The showcase according to claim 1, further comprising a diverter that discharges air uniformly over the width direction of each of the air discharge ports.
  10. The diversion means is composed of a plurality of air guide plates that are provided on the upper surface or the lower surface in the air passage for product cooling so as to be orthogonal to the air flow direction and are spaced from each other in the air flow direction. ,
    The showcase according to claim 9, wherein each air guide plate is formed so that a dimension in a vertical direction is longer than that of an adjacent upstream air guide plate.
  11. 11. The showcase according to claim 10, wherein each of the air guide plates is inclined so that an end portion in a vertical direction faces an air flow direction.
JP2005073237A 2005-03-15 2005-03-15 Showcase Pending JP2006258323A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005073237A JP2006258323A (en) 2005-03-15 2005-03-15 Showcase

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005073237A JP2006258323A (en) 2005-03-15 2005-03-15 Showcase
US11/370,953 US20060207281A1 (en) 2005-03-15 2006-03-09 Showcase
TW095108351A TW200643353A (en) 2005-03-15 2006-03-13 Showcase
KR1020060023411A KR20060101281A (en) 2005-03-15 2006-03-14 Showcase

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2006258323A true JP2006258323A (en) 2006-09-28

Family

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JP2005073237A Pending JP2006258323A (en) 2005-03-15 2005-03-15 Showcase

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US (1) US20060207281A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2006258323A (en)
KR (1) KR20060101281A (en)
TW (1) TW200643353A (en)

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US8561419B2 (en) 2010-07-02 2013-10-22 Hussmann Corporation Modular island merchandiser
WO2014178312A1 (en) * 2013-04-30 2014-11-06 東芝キヤリア株式会社 Open showcase

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Publication number Publication date
KR20060101281A (en) 2006-09-22
US20060207281A1 (en) 2006-09-21
TW200643353A (en) 2006-12-16

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