JP2006224819A - Parking lock mechanism for vehicle - Google Patents

Parking lock mechanism for vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2006224819A
JP2006224819A JP2005041113A JP2005041113A JP2006224819A JP 2006224819 A JP2006224819 A JP 2006224819A JP 2005041113 A JP2005041113 A JP 2005041113A JP 2005041113 A JP2005041113 A JP 2005041113A JP 2006224819 A JP2006224819 A JP 2006224819A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
parking lock
mechanism
drive
wheel
vehicle
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JP2005041113A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP3956975B2 (en
Inventor
Yoshinori Maeda
Kazuya Okumura
Mitsutaka Tsuchida
Yoshio Uragami
Kansuke Yoshisue
義紀 前田
監介 吉末
充孝 土田
和也 奥村
芳男 浦上
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Toyota Motor Corp
トヨタ自動車株式会社
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Priority to JP2005041113A priority Critical patent/JP3956975B2/en
Publication of JP2006224819A publication Critical patent/JP2006224819A/en
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Publication of JP3956975B2 publication Critical patent/JP3956975B2/en
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a parking lock mechanism capable of reliably locking drive wheels while suppressing occurrence of unexpected vehicle behavior during parking in a vehicle having independent drive sources for left and right drive wheels.
A parking lock mechanism 6 for a vehicle in which an independent drive mechanism (for example, an in-wheel motor 2) is disposed on each of a pair of left and right drive wheels, and includes a drive mechanism 2 and a brake rotor 4 of the drive wheel. A clutch mechanism 5 capable of switching the engagement state between the two is disposed between the engagement member 61 driven by the actuator 62 and the output shaft 20 of the in-wheel motor 2. A gear 60 meshed with 61 is disposed between the in-wheel motor 2 and the clutch mechanism 5.
[Selection] Figure 2

Description

  The present invention relates to a parking lock mechanism for reliably stopping a vehicle at the time of parking, and more particularly to a parking lock mechanism for a vehicle having a drive mechanism independent of each drive wheel.

  Among electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles that use an electric motor to drive a vehicle, a technique for driving the vehicle by arranging independent electric motors on the left and right front wheels, the left and right rear wheels, or all four wheels is known. ing. Among them, a technology that employs a so-called in-wheel motor in which an electric motor is built in a wheel has been developed.

In a vehicle in which driving force is propagated from a common driving source to each driving wheel via a transmission device, when the vehicle is parked, the transmission device is locked on the driving source side from means for distributing the driving force to each driving wheel. Although it is possible to lock all the driving wheels at the same time, in a vehicle provided with a driving source for each driving wheel, it is necessary to lock the wheel during parking for each driving wheel. As a parking lock mechanism in such an in-wheel motor vehicle, the one disclosed in Patent Document 1 is known.
JP 2002-186115 A

  By the way, if the wheels are locked for each driving wheel in this way, when the wheels are locked during the parking operation, a shift occurs in the timing (lock timing) until the locking is completed with the left and right driving wheels. This may cause unexpected vehicle behavior such as the direction of the vehicle fluctuating.

  Accordingly, the present invention provides a parking lock mechanism capable of reliably locking the drive wheels while suppressing the occurrence of unexpected vehicle behavior during parking in a vehicle having independent drive sources for the left and right drive wheels. This is the issue.

  In order to solve the above problems, a parking lock mechanism for a vehicle according to the present invention is a parking lock mechanism for a vehicle having a drive mechanism independent of at least a pair of left and right drive wheels, and (1) each drive mechanism; A clutch mechanism disposed on the drive shaft between the brake rotors of the corresponding drive wheels and capable of switching the engagement state between the drive mechanism and the brake rotor; and (2) provided corresponding to each drive shaft, An engagement member to be driven; and (3) a gear portion that is disposed on a drive shaft between the clutch mechanism and the brake rotor and that is locked to the engagement member when parking is locked. To do.

  In the parking lock mechanism for a vehicle according to the present invention, when the parking lock is performed, the clutch mechanism between the brake rotor and the drive mechanism is released so that the drive shaft between the clutch and the drive mechanism is separated from the drive wheel. Separate. In this state, the engaging member is driven by the actuator to lock the engaging member and the gear on the drive shaft. Then, the drive wheel is fixed by the engagement member and the gear on the drive shaft by connecting the clutch mechanism after locking.

  When it is determined that there is a driving wheel that is not locked by the determining means that determines the locking state between the gear portion and the engaging member in each driving wheel when the parking lock mechanism is operated. A control unit that releases the corresponding clutch mechanism in a state in which a braking force is applied to the brake rotor, operates the drive mechanism and the gear unit is locked by the engaging member, and then connects the clutch mechanism; Furthermore, it is preferable to provide.

  The determining means determines whether or not the parking lock is successful by determining whether or not the engagement state between the gear portion and the parking lock mechanism in each drive wheel is established. If there is a parking lock failure wheel, the clutch mechanism is released with the wheel fixed by the brake device to free the drive wheel, and then the drive mechanism is operated to rotate the drive shaft. The engaging member and the gear portion are securely locked.

  It is preferable that the control unit performs the determination by the determination unit after instructing the braking force to be applied to the brake rotor and driving the engagement member to lock the gear unit when the parking lock mechanism is operated. When the parking lock mechanism is actuated, the driving wheel is fixed by instructing the brake rotor to be applied in advance, and then the lock mechanism is operated, so that the drive wheel is securely fixed during operation.

  According to the parking lock mechanism for a vehicle according to the present invention, the drive mechanism and the lock mechanism are separated from the drive wheel by releasing the clutch mechanism, and the drive shaft is locked in that state, and then connected to the drive wheel. As a result, the drive shaft and the drive wheel can be locked regardless of the position of the drive wheel and further the drive shaft, and inadvertent rotation of the drive wheel during the locking operation can be suppressed. For this reason, generation | occurrence | production of the unexpected vehicle behavior accompanying a driving wheel rotating at the time of a lock | rock can be suppressed reliably.

  If there are unlocked wheels, the drive shaft is rotated by the drive source with the clutch mechanism released, and the gear portion of the drive shaft is engaged with the engaging member, so that both of them can be moved without moving the drive wheel. The drive wheel can be fixed by engaging with certainty.

  By securely fixing the drive wheels using the brake device before the locking mechanism is activated, the drive wheels are prevented from rotating unexpectedly even on hills and slippery road surfaces. The generation is surely suppressed.

  DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In order to facilitate the understanding of the description, the same reference numerals are given to the same components in the drawings as much as possible, and duplicate descriptions are omitted.

  FIG. 1 shows a configuration of a vehicle provided with a parking lock mechanism according to the present invention. The vehicle 1 has four wheels, that is, a right front wheel FR, a left front wheel FL, a right rear wheel RR, and a left rear wheel RL, and an in-wheel motor 2 as a drive mechanism is incorporated in all of them. For this reason, all the wheels can be driven completely independently of each other. To be able to drive completely independently means that it is possible to generate a completely different driving torque for each wheel.

  Each wheel is provided with a brake caliper 3 and constitutes a hydraulic brake mechanism together with a brake rotor (brake disc) 4 fixed to the hub of each wheel. The hydraulic brake mechanism also includes a brake pedal 32, a master cylinder 33, and an actuator 31. The actuator 31 mentioned here includes a pump for increasing the hydraulic pressure (brake hydraulic pressure), a plurality of valves for changing the hydraulic pressure transmission path and transmitting the increased hydraulic pressure to a desired wheel, and the like.

  In the vehicle 1 of the present embodiment, parking lock mechanisms 6 are provided on the left and right rear wheels RR and RL. FIG. 2 is a schematic configuration diagram of the parking lock mechanism 6. The parking lock mechanism 6 is disposed on a drive shaft (output shaft) 20 that extends from the in-wheel motor 2 to the brake rotor 4 described above, and between the parking lock mechanism 6 and the brake rotor 4, the drive shaft A clutch mechanism 5 for switching connection / release between the motor 20 and the input shaft 40 of the brake rotor 4 is disposed. The clutch mechanism 5 is composed of, for example, two disc-shaped clutch plates 5a and 5b and an actuator (not shown), and the drive shaft 20 and the input shaft 40 are connected by bringing the clutch plates 5a and 5b into surface contact with the actuator. When the clutch plates 5a and 5b are separated from each other, the drive shaft 20 and the input shaft 40 are disconnected.

  On the other hand, the parking lock mechanism 6 mechanically fixes the output shaft 20 of the in-wheel motor 2. For example, a gear 60 is disposed on the output shaft 20 portion in a reduction gear (not shown) in the in-wheel motor 2, and an engagement member that engages a tooth of the gear 60 with a claw at the tip thereof to suppress rotation. A certain plunger 61 is electromagnetically driven by an actuator 62 (see FIG. 3). Driving of the clutch mechanism 5 and driving of the actuator of the parking lock mechanism 6 are controlled by an ECU (Electric Control Unit) 8. The ECU 8 includes a CPU, a ROM, and a RAM, and executes various control commands based on a built-in program.

  The hydraulic brake mechanism according to the present embodiment is generated by a normal brake control that performs braking by transmitting the hydraulic pressure generated in the master cylinder 33 to each brake caliper 3 when the driver depresses the brake pedal 32 and the actuator 31. It is possible to execute brake control in which the hydraulic pressure thus transmitted is transmitted to each brake caliper 3 to perform braking. The structure of this hydraulic brake is the same as that of a normal brake mechanism with ABS (Anti-lock Brake System). The actuator 31 of the hydraulic brake mechanism is connected to an ECU (electronic control unit) 8 and its operation is controlled by the ECU 8.

  Output signals from the stroke sensor 22 of the accelerator pedal 21 and the position sensor 42 of the shift lever 41 are also input to the ECU 8. As described above, the vehicle 1 of the present embodiment is provided with the in-wheel motor 2 for each wheel, and by electrically controlling the driving torque of the in-wheel motor 2, it is equivalent to the conventional transmission by the transmission. Is doing that. For this reason, the shift lever 41 here corresponds to the drive range mode (variable drive torque control based on the accelerator opening), the low-speed gear fixed mode, the second-speed start mode, the reverse mode, and the overdrive cancel mode in the conventional vehicle. Thus, the driving amount characteristic of the in-wheel motor 2 with respect to the operation amount of the accelerator pedal 21 is appropriately selected. Further, the position sensor 42 determines that parking lock is requested when the shift lever 41 is in the parking lock mode position (P range).

  The ECU 8 is also connected to an inverter 7 that supplies electric power to the in-wheel motor 2 (see a thick solid line in FIG. 1). The inverter 7 adjusts the power supplied from the battery 9 to each in-wheel motor 2 based on a command from the ECU 8. Each in-wheel motor 2 has a built-in sensor for detecting a rotational position called a resolver (see the dotted line in FIG. 1). The resolver is connected to the ECU 8. The resolver functions as a means for detecting the rotation of the wheel. Further, the vehicle speed (wheel speed) can be obtained from the detection result of the resolver, and the conventional vehicle speed sensor can be used with higher accuracy.

  Since the plunger 61 is engaged with the gear 60 as described above when the lock is executed, the lock is not completed unless the plunger 61 and the gear 60 are in phase. For this reason, there may be a case where it is impossible to completely grasp whether or not the locking is completed only by the execution command from the ECU 8. Therefore, here, a plunger position detection sensor 63 for determining the tip position of the plunger 61 is incorporated in the parking lock mechanism 6. The ECU 8 detects the locked state of the parking lock mechanism 6 based on the detection result of the plunger position detection sensor 63. Since the structure is maintained after the lock is executed or after the lock is released, no electrical / mechanical energy is required to maintain the state after the execution / release operation.

  The ECU 8 described above also functions as a part of a parking lock mechanism that mechanically fixes the left and right rear wheels RR and RL when the parking lock is executed. Further, the ECU 8 releases the mechanical fixing of the left and right rear wheels RR and RL when the parking lock is released. Further, as will be described later, the ECU 8 also functions as a control means for operating the hydraulic brake mechanism in accordance with a predetermined condition when the parking lock is executed / released. Furthermore, the ECU 8 also functions as a determination unit that determines the success or failure of the parking lock based on the detection result of the resolver and the parking lock state.

  The parking lock execution control will be described below. FIG. 4 is a flowchart showing a parking lock execution process. This process is repeatedly executed at a predetermined timing while the vehicle is powered on.

  First, the position sensor 42 detects whether or not an operation for moving the shift lever 41 to the parking lock execution position (P range) has been performed (step S1). If the set position of the shift lever 41 is outside the P range, the subsequent process is skipped and the process is terminated.

  On the other hand, if it is determined in step S1 that the shift lever 41 is set to the P range, the resolver in the in-wheel motor 2 causes the wheel speed Nmr of the right wheel (here, the right rear wheel RR that performs parking lock). And the wheel speed Nml of the left wheel (here, the left rear wheel RL that performs parking lock) is detected, and each is compared with a predetermined wheel speed Nvth (step S2). If any of the wheel speeds exceeds the predetermined wheel speed Nvth, it is determined that the vehicle speed is too fast to execute the parking lock, and the subsequent process is skipped and the process is terminated. By setting the predetermined wheel speed Nvth to an appropriate threshold value, even if the driver or a passenger misoperates the shift lever 11 during driving and sets the shift lever 11 to the P range, parking is performed by this determination. The lock mechanism is prevented from being erroneously operated, and the occurrence of abnormal vehicle behavior due to the breakage of the parking lock mechanism or the unexpected parking lock operation during traveling is suppressed.

  If it is determined in step S2 that the vehicle is substantially stopped and the parking lock is possible, the process proceeds to step S3 to check the brake state. This may be performed by referring to the hydraulic pressure supplied from the brake actuator 31 to each of the rear wheels RR and RL or referring to the hydraulic pressure in the brake caliper 3.

  If it is determined that the hydraulic pressure is equal to or lower than the predetermined hydraulic pressure and the braking operation state is not sufficient, the process proceeds to step S4 to command the actuator 31 to increase the hydraulic pressure supplied to the brake caliper 3 of each rear wheel RR, RL. And apply braking force. As a result, the rotation of the rear wheels RR and RL is reliably suppressed before the parking lock is performed. As a result, inadvertent occurrence of rotation of each of the rear wheels RR and RL during the locking operation is suppressed, and the direction of the vehicle is prevented from changing and the vehicle is prevented from moving.

  If it is determined in step S3 that the hydraulic pressure exceeds the predetermined hydraulic pressure and the braking operation is sufficiently performed, and if the braking force is applied to the actuator 31 in step S4, the process proceeds to step S5. Activate the parking lock. Specifically, the actuator 62 is operated with respect to the parking lock mechanism 6 of each rear wheel RR, RL to move the claw at the tip of the plunger 61, and the teeth of the gear 60 provided on the output shaft 20 of the in-wheel motor 2. Engage with each other.

  When the driving of the actuator 62 is completed, the locked state of each rear wheel RR, RL is determined from the output signal of the plunger position detection sensor 63 (step S6). If the left and right locks are established, the process ends. On the other hand, if the lock is not established on one side, the process proceeds to step S7.

  In step S7, first, the clutch mechanism 5 of the parking lock failure wheel (hereinafter referred to as NG wheel) is instructed to release the connection. In this state, the wheels of the NG wheels themselves are in a state in which rotation is suppressed because braking force is applied by the brake mechanism. Then, by releasing the connection of the clutch mechanism 5, the output shaft 20 of the in-wheel motor 2 including the gear 60 upstream from the clutch plate 5 a is in a rotation-free state.

  When the clutch mechanism 5 is disconnected, a slight amount of rotation is instructed to the in-wheel motor 2 of the NG wheel (step S8). When the lock is not established, the claw at the tip of the plunger 61 is on the tooth crest of the gear 60. By driving the in-wheel motor 2 in this state, the gear is placed at the claw position at the tip of the plunger 61. The position of the valley of the 60 teeth is moved to establish engagement between the two and lock.

  In step S9, the success or failure of the engagement is re-determined, and if it is not established, the process returns to step S8 to perform reliable locking. When it is determined that the relationship is established, the process proceeds to step S10 to instruct the clutch mechanism 5 to connect. Thereby, the wheel is fixed by the parking lock mechanism 6.

  According to the present invention, when the parking lock is not established as described above, the parking lock is forcibly established by rotating the drive shaft separated from the wheel in a state where the wheel is fixed, and then driving with the wheel. Since the shaft is reconnected, the parking lock can be surely performed while preventing inadvertent rotation of the wheel during the parking lock operation. For this reason, it is possible to reliably prevent unexpected movement of the vehicle and fluctuation of the direction due to the rotation of the wheels when the parking lock is executed.

  In this example, an in-wheel motor as a driving source is built in all four wheels, and a parking lock mechanism is provided only for the rear wheels. However, only the front wheels or all four wheels are parked. A mechanism may be provided. In addition, the drive source is not limited to the in-wheel motor, and has an independent motor corresponding to each drive wheel, or an internal combustion engine such as a gasoline engine or an external combustion engine. It may be connected. The present invention can be suitably applied even when the driving wheels are only front wheels or only rear wheels.

  Here, the position of the plunger 61 is checked by the plunger position detection sensor 63 to determine whether the gear 60 and the plunger 61 are engaged with each other. However, by managing the phase of the resolver, the gear 60 of the output shaft 20 is determined. , And whether or not the plunger 61 matches the pawl position of the plunger 61. If it is determined that the plunger 61 matches, the in-wheel motor 2 is further driven by a small amount to confirm the success or failure of the lock. May be.

  Here, the processing of S2 to S4 is performed after the P range of the shift lever 41 is set, but the shift lever 41 is set to the P range only when the vehicle is in a substantially stopped state and in a desired braking operation state by the driver. May be permitted. In this case, after setting the P range, the parking lock mechanism 6 is first operated, and after determining success or failure, the NG wheel is re-locked.

  Further, the forcible operation of the brake device may include a period from when the clutch mechanism 5 is released to when it is reconnected when an NG wheel is present, but as described in the above embodiment, the parking lock mechanism It is preferable that the driving wheels be fixed by the braking force from the start of operation 6 to the completion of locking because the vehicle can be reliably prevented from becoming unstable.

It is the schematic which shows the structure of the vehicle provided with the parking lock mechanism which concerns on this invention. It is a schematic block diagram of the parking lock mechanism 6 of FIG. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the gear 60 and the plunger 61 of FIG. It is a processing flow at the time of the parking lock operation | movement in the apparatus of FIG.

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Vehicle, 2 ... In-wheel motor, 3 ... Brake caliper, 4 ... Brake rotor, 5 ... Clutch mechanism, 5a, 5b ... Clutch board, 6 ... Parking lock mechanism, 7 ... Inverter, 8 ... ECU, 9 ... Battery, DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 11 ... Shift lever, 20 ... Output shaft (drive shaft), 21 ... Accelerator pedal, 22 ... Stroke sensor, 31 ... Brake actuator, 32 ... Brake pedal, 33 ... Master cylinder, 40 ... Input shaft, 41 ... Shift lever, 42 ... Position sensor, 60 ... Gear, 61 ... Plunger, 62 ... Actuator, 63 ... Plunger position detection sensor, FL ... Left front wheel, FR ... Right front wheel, RL ... Left rear wheel, RR ... Right rear wheel.

Claims (3)

  1. A parking lock mechanism for a vehicle having an independent drive mechanism for at least a pair of left and right drive wheels,
    A clutch mechanism disposed on a drive shaft between each drive mechanism and a brake rotor of a corresponding drive wheel, and capable of switching an engagement state between the drive mechanism and the brake rotor;
    An engagement member provided corresponding to each drive shaft and driven by an actuator;
    A gear portion that is disposed on a drive shaft between the clutch mechanism and the drive source and is locked to the engagement member at the time of parking lock;
    A parking lock mechanism for a vehicle, comprising:
  2. Determining means for determining a locking state between the gear portion and the engaging member in each driving wheel when the parking lock mechanism is operated;
    When it is determined by the determination means that there is a drive wheel that is not locked, the corresponding clutch mechanism is released in a state in which a braking force is applied to the brake rotor, and the drive mechanism is operated to operate the gear. A control part for connecting the clutch mechanism after the part is locked by the engaging member;
    The vehicle parking lock mechanism according to claim 1, further comprising:
  3.   When the parking lock mechanism is operated, the control unit instructs the brake rotor to apply a braking force, and then drives the engagement member to lock the gear unit and perform determination by the determination unit. The parking lock mechanism for a vehicle according to claim 2.
JP2005041113A 2005-02-17 2005-02-17 Vehicle parking lock mechanism Expired - Fee Related JP3956975B2 (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009126482A (en) * 2007-11-28 2009-06-11 Toyota Motor Corp Drive device for vehicle
JP2009137427A (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-06-25 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Parking device
WO2009093395A1 (en) * 2008-01-21 2009-07-30 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Parking control device for vehicle
JP2010214976A (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-09-30 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Parking mechanism for vehicle
WO2010128561A1 (en) * 2009-05-08 2010-11-11 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Parking controller for vehicle
JP2011168257A (en) * 2010-02-22 2011-09-01 Toyota Motor Corp Apparatus for controlling vehicle
KR101270952B1 (en) * 2012-01-19 2013-06-11 전자부품연구원 Brake for in-wheel electric motor
WO2013125304A1 (en) * 2012-02-20 2013-08-29 日産自動車株式会社 Parking lock device for vehicle
CN105691362A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-22 广西秋实机械科技有限责任公司 Brake
JP5937226B2 (en) * 2012-11-02 2016-06-22 本田技研工業株式会社 Vehicle parking control device
JPWO2014016911A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2016-07-07 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Driving assistance device
JPWO2014016910A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2016-07-07 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Driving assistance device
WO2017057070A1 (en) * 2015-09-29 2017-04-06 Ntn株式会社 Electric vehicle drive device

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009126482A (en) * 2007-11-28 2009-06-11 Toyota Motor Corp Drive device for vehicle
JP2009137427A (en) * 2007-12-06 2009-06-25 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Parking device
WO2009093395A1 (en) * 2008-01-21 2009-07-30 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Parking control device for vehicle
JP2010214976A (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-09-30 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Parking mechanism for vehicle
WO2010128561A1 (en) * 2009-05-08 2010-11-11 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Parking controller for vehicle
JP2011168257A (en) * 2010-02-22 2011-09-01 Toyota Motor Corp Apparatus for controlling vehicle
KR101270952B1 (en) * 2012-01-19 2013-06-11 전자부품연구원 Brake for in-wheel electric motor
WO2013125304A1 (en) * 2012-02-20 2013-08-29 日産自動車株式会社 Parking lock device for vehicle
CN104125901A (en) * 2012-02-20 2014-10-29 日产自动车株式会社 Parking lock device for vehicle
US9707973B2 (en) 2012-07-24 2017-07-18 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Drive assist device
JPWO2014016911A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2016-07-07 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Driving assistance device
JPWO2014016910A1 (en) * 2012-07-24 2016-07-07 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Driving assistance device
US9505411B2 (en) 2012-07-24 2016-11-29 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Drive assist device
JP5937226B2 (en) * 2012-11-02 2016-06-22 本田技研工業株式会社 Vehicle parking control device
WO2017057070A1 (en) * 2015-09-29 2017-04-06 Ntn株式会社 Electric vehicle drive device
CN105691362A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-22 广西秋实机械科技有限责任公司 Brake

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