JP2006215468A - Illumination optical system of display panel and color division method, and projection type display device having its illumination optical system - Google Patents

Illumination optical system of display panel and color division method, and projection type display device having its illumination optical system Download PDF

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JP2006215468A
JP2006215468A JP2005030521A JP2005030521A JP2006215468A JP 2006215468 A JP2006215468 A JP 2006215468A JP 2005030521 A JP2005030521 A JP 2005030521A JP 2005030521 A JP2005030521 A JP 2005030521A JP 2006215468 A JP2006215468 A JP 2006215468A
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color
light
display panel
optical system
illumination optical
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JP4079950B2 (en
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Atsushi Kato
厚志 加藤
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Nec Viewtechnology Ltd
Necビューテクノロジー株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an Illumination optical system of a display panel of a small size and a low cost, which divides a white light source to color illumination light of time division and a color division method and a projection type display device having the illumination optical system. <P>SOLUTION: A dichroic filter 30 is fixed and arranged near an incident side of a rod integrator 40 in such a manner that three areas having the characteristic to allow the transmission of any among color light of R color, G color, and B color and to reflect other two colors are formed, and a rotary prism 20 which is a selective incident means to continuously move the convergence position of a luminous flux on a plane perpendicular to the optical axis is arranged between the light source section 10 and the dichroic filter 30 and therefore, the convergence position of the luminous flux sequentially selects the three areas. Any of the color light of the R color, the G color, and the B color is thereby made uniform in illumination distribution with the rod integrator 40, and a display panel 60 is time dividedly irradiated with any of the color light. Consequently, any of the color light is displayed as the color image from the display panel 60 of a veneer type. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention relates to an illumination optical system for a display panel, a color division method, and a projection display apparatus having the illumination optical system, and more particularly to an illumination optical system for a single display panel that does not use a color wheel.

  A projection display device (projector) is known as a device that can easily display a large screen image. In the projection display device, the small display panel that spatially modulates the illumination light is irradiated with the illumination light, and an image formed by modulating the illumination light by the display panel is enlarged and displayed on the projection surface by the projection lens. There are two types of display panels: a transmission type that modulates while transmitting illumination light, and a reflection type that modulates while reflecting illumination light. The former is a liquid crystal panel, and the latter is Texas Instruments. A DMD (digital mirror device) manufactured by the company is widely known. As disclosed in Patent Document 1, a projection display device using a DMD as a display panel generally includes a light source composed of a light source lamp that emits white light and a reflector that reflects and collects the light. , A rod integrator for equalizing the light from the light source, a color wheel that temporally divides the white light into R, G, and B color lights, and the light from the rod integrator is guided to the DMD as illumination light It comprises an illumination optical system and a projection lens for enlarging and projecting image light from the DMD. Since the color wheel is used for time division of the R, G, and B color lights in this way, there is an advantage that a small projection display device can be easily obtained because only one display panel is required.

  On the other hand, as a recent market demand, realization of a lower-cost and smaller projection display device is required. In particular, in miniaturization, it is strongly desired to reduce the thickness of the apparatus as well as to reduce the weight of the apparatus. In a conventional projection display apparatus using a single DMD, the thickness (height) of the main body is greatly influenced by the size of the light source unit including the reflector and the size of the color wheel. If the light source portion becomes small and the color wheel becomes small, a very thin projection display device can be realized. In terms of cost reduction, the color wheel size reduction leads to cost reduction. FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a conventional color wheel body. As shown in FIG. 9, the color wheel is generally formed of a glass disk-shaped color wheel main body 91, and three regions are formed in a fan shape from the center so as to divide the circumferential angle into three equal parts. In each region, a dichroic film that transmits only one color light of the three primary colors and reflects the other color light is formed by vapor deposition. The shaft portion of the motor 92 is fixed and rotated at the center of the disk. Here, a dichroic film that transmits R, G, and B colors on a single glass disk is vapor-deposited in three areas and assembled with a motor, and dichroic films for R, G, and B colors. It is known that three fan-shaped filters with vapor deposited thereon are assembled with a motor so that the outer shape is circular. In any case, since a motor for rotating the color wheel is required, it is difficult to reduce the size in the assembled state. Further, the smaller the area of the filter portion on which the dichroic film is deposited, the more advantageous in terms of cost.

On the other hand, regarding the downsizing of the light source unit, Non-Patent Document 1 discloses a technique for surely downsizing. FIG. 10 is a schematic partial sectional external view of a miniaturized light source lamp and reflector of the prior art. In this well-known technique, as shown in FIG. 10, a tube wall 94, which is approximately half the front of the light source lamp 93, is coated with a predetermined characteristic so that the light beam emitted in front of the light source lamp is reflected in the direction of the reflector 96. In other words, the light source unit is downsized.
Japanese Patent No. 3121843 Holger et al., "High Output, More Compact UHP Lamp System", SID02, Paper 41.1, pp. 1160-1163

  However, a method for reducing the size and cost of the color wheel has not yet been disclosed.

  An object of the present invention is to provide a small and low-cost illumination optical system and color division method for a display panel that divides a white light source into time-division color illumination light in place of a conventional rotating disk-shaped color wheel, and illumination optics thereof It is an object of the present invention to provide a small and thin projection display device having a system.

The illumination optical system of the display panel of the present invention is
A light source, a fixedly arranged color splitting member having a plurality of regions that transmit different spectra, a light guide member provided with an incident surface on the exit surface side of the color splitting member, and emitting incident light from the exit surface; A selective incident means disposed on an optical path between the light source and the color dividing member to make light from the light source enter any region of the color dividing member; and a light beam emitted from the light guide member to the display panel Imaging means for imaging.

  The color dividing member may have a region that transmits at least one of three different spectra, and the color dividing member includes three regions that transmit the G color, the B color, and the R color. The area of the color dividing member may be provided with a dichroic film that transmits a spectrum that transmits the area and reflects other spectrum, and the color dividing member further transmits all light rays. The color dividing member may be provided directly on the incident surface of the light guide member. The light guide member may be a rod integrator.

  Each region of the color dividing member is rectangular, and the long sides of the rectangle are in contact with each other, and the selective incident means may move the light beam incident from the light source in a direction orthogonal to the long side of the region. The movement of the light beam on each region of the member may be performed by the operation of a prismatic prism arranged on the optical path between the light source and the color dividing member, and a concave lens is provided between the prismatic prism and the light source. In addition, a convex lens may be provided between the prismatic prism and the color dividing member. The movement of the light beam on each region of the light guide member may be performed by the operation of a rotary polygon mirror disposed on the optical path between the light source and the light guide member.

  The color dividing member has a disk shape, each region has a fan shape, and the sides are in contact with each other to form a circle. The selective incident means is on a region where light beams incident from the light source are combined in a circle. The movement of the light beam on each region of the light guide member may be moved in a circular direction, and the light guide of the wedge-shaped cross-section disk having a wedge-shaped cross section disposed on the optical path between the light source and the light guide member The rotation may be performed on a central axis parallel to the optical axis of the member.

  The display panel may be a single-plate liquid crystal device or a reflective single-plate device. In this case, the reflective single-plate device may be DMD or LCos.

The projection display device of the present invention is
A display panel; and an illumination optical system of any of the display panels described above.

The color dividing method of the illumination optical system of the display panel of the present invention is as follows:
Each color light is time-sequentially emitted by a step of emitting a light beam from the light source unit toward the focusing point, and scanning the light beam on a predetermined path on a region where each color splitting member transmits only predetermined color light. And a step of making the luminance distribution of the light beam having the color light uniform, and a step of forming an image of the light flux having the uniform luminance distribution on the display panel.

  Irradiate light from the light source to any one of the fixedly arranged color dividing members having a plurality of regions that transmit different spectra, and irradiate the display panel via the light guide member. Since the light beam applied to the light is switched with time, the color dividing member fits in the same size as the incident surface of the light guide member, and the color light after the division is sequentially irradiated onto the display panel by the operation of the selective incident means. .

  In the illumination optical system of the display panel of the projection display device of the present invention, a dichroic filter that is a fixed color dividing member and a selective incident means, not a conventional rotary color wheel in which a color filter and a motor are combined. Therefore, there is an effect that the color dividing element for time division can be reduced in size. In addition, the fixed dichroic filter can be reduced in size so as not to be significantly different from the area of the incident surface of the rod integrator, so that the cost can be reduced. Further, since the color filter is small, the illumination optical system can be thinned, and there is an effect that a small and thin projection display device can be provided.

  The present invention reduces the cost and size of an apparatus by implementing a color division method different from that of a color wheel in an illumination optical system of a display panel in a single-plate projection display apparatus using a single display panel. It is characterized by realizing.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an illumination optical system according to a first embodiment of the present invention and a projection display device including the illumination optical system. The illumination optical system 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention includes a light source unit 10 that has a light source 11 and a reflector 12 and projects a light beam 14 that is focused on a predetermined position on an optical axis 13, and rotation that is a selective incident unit. The prism 20, a dichroic filter 30 that is a color splitting member that splits incident light into B, G, and R color lights, a rod integrator 40 that is a light guide member, and light emitted from the rod integrator 40 on the display panel 60 Field lens 51 and condenser lens 52 for condensing light over the entire display area. In this specification, the R color means a color having the center of the spectrum in the red region, the G color means a color having the center of the spectrum in the green region, and the B color means the blue region. Refers to a color having the center of gravity of the spectrum.

  A light source lamp that emits white light is used as the light source 11. Here, a high-pressure mercury lamp that emits white light with high luminance is assumed, but the present invention is not limited to this, and any light source capable of emitting light that can be divided into desired color light may be used. The light source 11 is combined with a reflector 12, which is an elliptical mirror, so that focused light can be obtained as the light source unit 10. If the light source 11 is arranged in the vicinity of the first focal point of the elliptical mirror, the light beam 14 from the light source 11 can be focused in the vicinity of the second focal point. It is also possible to use a parabolic reflector as the light source. In this case, if a convex lens having an arbitrary focal length is disposed immediately after the reflector, a light beam that converges in the vicinity of the focal point of the convex lens can be obtained. This is because by arranging a light source near the focal point of the parabolic mirror, the light from the light source becomes a substantially parallel light beam after being reflected by the parabolic mirror.

  A dichroic filter 30 that is a color dividing member is disposed at the converging position of the white light beam from the light source 11. 2A and 2B are explanatory diagrams of the dichroic filter. FIG. 2A is a schematic diagram showing three regions of the dichroic filter, and FIG. 2B is a graph showing the transmittance of the wavelength in each region. As shown in FIG. 2, the dichroic filter 30 includes a first dichroic film having different transmission characteristics in three regions of a first region 31, a second region 32, and a third region 33 on a glass substrate. 34, a second dichroic film 35, and a third dichroic film 36 are formed. As shown in FIG. 2B, the characteristics of the dichroic film 34 in the first area 31 are characteristics that transmit R color light and reflect B and G color lights, and dichroic in the second area 32. The characteristic of the film 35 is that it transmits G color and reflects B and R color light, and the characteristic of the dichroic film 36 in the third region 33 is that it transmits B color light, R color and G color. It has the characteristic of reflecting the color light of the color. Although each area | region 31, 32, 33 is shown by the area of equality in FIG. 2, it does not necessarily need to be equally divided. A large area 32 may be secured. Thereby, the color tone can be adjusted. The color arrangement need not be in this order. Moreover, it is not limited to three colors of R color, G color, and B color, It is good also as a combination of a different color according to the objective.

  Immediately after the dichroic filter 30, a rod integrator 40, which is a light guide member, is provided. The rod integrator 40 may be a solid light tunnel or a hollow light tunnel. The light guide member is not limited to the rod integrator, and any member that can emit light having a uniform luminance distribution may be used. Further, the dichroic filter 30 may be arranged separately from the rod integrator 40, but may be integrated with the rod integrator 40. That is, it may be joined to the entrance surface of the rod integrator 40, or a dichroic film may be directly deposited on the entrance surface of the rod integrator 40.

  A field lens 51 and a condenser lens 52 are disposed on the exit side of the rod integrator 40. Although it is preferable to use the field lens 51 and the condenser lens 52 in order to efficiently form the illumination information of the exit surface of the rod integrator 40 on the surface of the display panel 60, the combination is not limited to this, and the rod integrator 40 is not limited to this combination. Any optical system may be used as long as the illumination information on the exit surface is efficiently imaged on the display panel 60 surface. The color light emitted from the condenser lens 52 of the illumination optical system 1 enters the display panel 60. The display panel 60 is driven by an input corresponding to incident color light from a signal processing circuit (not shown) to form an image on the display panel 60, and the formed image is enlarged by the projection lens 70 and from the projection display device 100. Projected onto a projection surface (not shown). In FIG. 1, a liquid crystal panel, which is a transmissive device, is assumed as the display panel 60, but a reflective type such as DMD or LCos can also be used.

  Between the light source unit 10 and the dichroic filter 30, there is provided a quadrangular prism-shaped rotating prism 20 that is a selective incident means for sequentially entering the focused light beam from the light source 11 into the three regions 31, 32, 33 of the dichroic filter 30. ing. In the present embodiment, the rotating prism 20 is used as the selective incident means. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the three regions 31, 32, 32 of the dichroic filter 30 are selectively and sequentially selected from the light beam 14 from the light source 11. Any means can be used as long as it can enter the light source 33. For example, a rotating polygon mirror may be used. The rotating prism 20 can be a prismatic prism as well as a cubic shape. The material is preferably optical glass. Scanning using the rotating prism 20 and the rotating polygon mirror is a well-known technique, and can be rotated at high speed by combining a motor or the like, and an image corresponding to the color light input to the display panel 60 by detecting the rotation angle. A signal can be output to the display panel 60 from a signal processing circuit (not shown).

  Next, the operation of the illumination optical system according to the first embodiment of the present invention will be described. A focused light beam 14 from a light source unit 10 having a light source 11 and a reflector 12 is transmitted through a rotating prism 20 which is a selective incident means and focused on one of three dichroic films 34, 35, 36 of a dichroic filter 30. To do. Predetermined color light is selected by the dichroic films 34, 35, and 36 on which the focused light beam 14 is incident, and the color light enters the rod integrator 40 and reaches the exit end face of the rod integrator 40 while being internally reflected in the rod integrator 40. . Due to this internal reflection, the illuminance distribution on the exit surface becomes uniform regardless of the incident position of the colored light on the entrance surface. The light beam that has exited the exit surface is irradiated onto the surface of the display panel 60 via the field lens 51 and the condenser lens 52. Thereafter, an image is formed on the display panel 60 by being driven by an input from a signal processing circuit (not shown) corresponding to the color light incident on the display panel 60, and the formed image is enlarged to a projection surface (not shown) by the projection lens 70. Projected.

  1 and 2, the focusing position of the light beam 14 input to the dichroic filter 30 is moved between the dichroic films 34, 35, and 36 by the rotation of the rotating prism 20, and the focusing position is the dichroic films 34, 35, and 36. The repetitive color light of R → G → B is incident on the rod integrator 40 by moving in this order, and after being emitted from the rod integrator 40, the repetitive color light of R → G → B is time-divided on the display panel 60. Irradiated. Therefore, if the driving of the display panel 60 is synchronized with the irradiated color light, color display can be performed on the single display panel 60.

  Next, a mechanism in which time-division color light is formed by the rotating prism 20 and the dichroic films 34, 35, and 36 of the dichroic filter 30 will be described. The rotating prism 20 is disposed in the optical path between the light source unit 10 and the dichroic films 34, 35, and 36 of the dichroic filter 30. A rotating shaft 23 of the rotating prism 20 is disposed on the optical axis 13 of the light source 11 so as to be orthogonal to the optical axis 13. The center of the dichroic filter 30 and the center of the incident surface of the rod integrator 40 are also arranged on the optical axis 13.

  FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram showing the relationship between the rotation of the rotating prism and the incident light of the focused light on the color splitting member and the rod integrator. FIG. 3A shows the case where the optical axis is perpendicular to the incident surface of the rotating prism. When the rotating prism is rotated clockwise, (c) is a case where the rotating prism is further rotated clockwise.

  As shown in FIG. 3, when the incident surface 21 of the rotating prism 20 and the optical axis 13 are perpendicular to each other, the optical axis 13 of the light source 11 is not deflected and the incident light beam 14 is focused on the optical axis 13, The light beam 14 enters the second region 32 at the center of the dichroic filter 30 (FIG. 3A). Since the converged light beam passes through the dichroic film 35 in the second region 32, the G color light component is transmitted and immediately enters the rod integrator 40 (first light beam 41). After that, the light is uniformized in the rod integrator 40, and after emission, the color light is emitted to the display panel 60. In this case, even if the rotating prism 20 rotates and the focusing position moves, while the focusing portion is incident on the second dichroic film 35, it is uniformized in the rod integrator 40 as uniform G color light. Exit.

  Next, when the rotating prism 20 is slightly rotated clockwise (FIG. 3B), the light beam 14 is affected by refraction at the incident surface 21 and the emitting surface 22 of the rotating prism 20, and the optical axis 13 and the light beam 14 are reflected. The whole is deflected downward, whereby the focusing position of the light beam 14 moves downward. As a result, the light beam 14 from the light source 11 enters the third dichroic film 36 in the third region 33 (FIG. 3B). The converged light beam passes through the dichroic film 36 in the third region 33, so that the component of the B color light is transmitted and immediately enters the rod integrator 40 (second light beam 42). Thereafter, the light is uniformized in the rod integrator 40, and after emission, B color light is emitted to the display panel 60. In this case, even if the rotating prism 20 rotates and the focusing position moves, while the focusing portion is incident on the third dichroic film 36, it is uniformized in the rod integrator 40 as uniform B color light. Exit.

  When the rotating prism 20 is further rotated clockwise, the light beam 14 from the light source 11 is incident on the first dichroic film 34 in the first region 31 (FIG. 3C). That is, the optical axis 13 is deflected upward, and the focusing position of the light beam 14 moves to the first dichroic film 34 in the first region 31. Since the converged light beam passes through the dichroic film 34 in the first region 31, the component of the R color light is transmitted and immediately enters the rod integrator 40 (third light beam 43). Thereafter, the light is uniformized in the rod integrator 40, and becomes R-colored light irradiated on the display panel 60 after emission. In this case, even if the rotating prism 20 rotates and the focusing position moves, while the focusing portion is incident on the first dichroic film 34, it is uniformized in the rod integrator 40 as uniform R color light. Exit. When the rotating prism 20 further rotates, the state returns to the state of FIG.

  By this series of rotations of the rotating prism 20, light of R → G → B color light repeatedly enters the rod integrator 40, so that a time-divided light beam of R → G → B is emitted from the rod integrator 40.

  In the first embodiment, the region where the dichroic film is vapor-deposited on the dichroic filter 30 is not limited to the three regions shown in FIG. 2, and may be composed of, for example, four regions. FIG. 4 is an explanatory diagram of a dichroic filter provided with a fourth region, (a) is a schematic diagram showing four regions of the dichroic filter, and (b) is a graph showing the transmittance of wavelengths in each region. is there. If the fourth region 37 is provided and the dichroic film is not vapor-deposited in this region, R → G → B → white can be repeatedly incident on the rod integrator. It is also possible to obtain a brighter projection display device by controlling the synchronization.

  FIG. 5 is a schematic configuration diagram of an application example of the illumination optical system according to the first embodiment of the present invention and a projection display device including the illumination optical system. As shown in FIG. 5, the converging light beam from the light source unit 10 is once collimated by using the concave lens 15, and then the rotating prism 20 is disposed. Then, the optical lens is focused on the dichroic filter 30 by the convex lens 16. It is also possible to construct a system.

  Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 6 is a schematic configuration diagram of an illumination optical system according to a second embodiment of the present invention and a projection display device including the illumination optical system, and FIG. 7 is an explanatory diagram of a dichroic filter constituting a color dividing member. (A) is a schematic diagram showing three regions of the color dividing member, (b) is a graph showing the transmittance of the wavelength in each region, and FIG. 8 is a focusing of the light beam incident on the color dividing member. It is explanatory drawing of the locus | trajectory of a position. The configuration of the illumination optical system 2 of the second embodiment is substantially the same as that of the illumination optical system 1 of the first embodiment, but only the selective incident means and the color dividing member are different. Accordingly, the selective incident means and the color dividing member will be described in detail, and the other components will be denoted by the same reference numerals as those in the first embodiment and description thereof will be omitted.

  The selective incident means of the second embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that a wedge-shaped cross-section disk 24 having a wedge-shaped cross section and rotating is used instead of the rotating prism of the first embodiment. The wedge-shaped cross-section disk 24 can be obtained by obliquely cutting cylindrical glass. A motor 25 is attached to the wedge-shaped cross-section disk 24. By rotating the motor 25, the focusing position of the focused light beam from the light source unit 10 can be scanned in an arc shape.

  Further, in the dichroic filter 80 of the color dividing member, as shown in FIG. 7, a first region 81, a second region 82, and a third region 83 are formed on a disk-shaped glass substrate. The characteristics of the dichroic films 84, 85, 86 provided in the respective regions are the same as those of the dichroic films 34, 35, 36 of the first embodiment. The locus 87 of the converging position of the light beam incident on the color splitting member 80 by the rotatable wedge-shaped cross-section disk 24 having a wedge-shaped cross section is obtained by the rotation of the wedge-shaped cross-section disk 24 and the exit surface and the exit surface of the wedge-shaped cross-section disk 24. Due to the change in the angle of the surface with respect to the optical axis 13, for example, as shown by a converging position locus 87 in FIG. 8, the area to be scanned is a first area 81 → second area 82 → third area. 82 is repeated. That is, white light from the light source is selected in the order of R → G → B and enters the rod integrator 40. Therefore, since the display panel 60 is irradiated with R → G → B repeated color light in a time-sharing manner, a color image can be projected by synchronizing the drive of the display panel 60 with the incident color light. Also in the second embodiment, the ratio of the areas of the first region 81, the second region 82, and the third region 83 may be changed as in the first embodiment, and the dichroic filter 80 is changed to a dichroic filter. You may provide the 4th area | region which can permeate | transmit white light, without providing a film.

  As described above, according to the illumination optical system of the display panel of the projection display apparatus of the present invention, unlike the conventional color wheel in which the color filter and the motor are assembled, the focusing position of the focused light beam from the light source unit The color splitting is performed by the selective incident means for changing the light intensity and the fixed dichroic filter as the color splitting member, and then the display panel is irradiated with the time-divided light flux as a uniform light flux by the rod integrator. . In particular, the dichroic filter is arranged at the light beam focusing position unlike the conventional color filter, so the size is almost the same as the incident surface of the rod integrator. An element can be configured, which is effective for downsizing of the apparatus and at the same time low cost. Further, since the color dividing element is reduced in size, it is possible to reduce the size of the entire apparatus, in particular, to reduce the thickness of the apparatus.

  Next, a projector having the illumination optical system of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 6 as a third embodiment of the present invention. A projection display apparatus 100 of FIG. 1 includes the illumination optical system 1 of the first embodiment described above, and a plurality of light beams of color light that are sequentially color-divided from the illumination optical system 1 to a display panel 60 over a predetermined entire display area. The display panel 60 is color-displayed by driving the display panel 60 in synchronization with the time of the emitted colored light, and the displayed color image is projected from the projector 100 to the external projection surface by the projection lens 70. Project. The projection display apparatus 200 of FIG. 6 also includes the illumination optical system 2 of the above-described second embodiment, and irradiates while switching light beams of a plurality of color lights that are sequentially color-divided from the illumination optical system 2 to the display panel 60. Then, the display panel 60 is driven in synchronism with the time of the emitted colored light to display the color of the display panel 60, and the displayed color image is projected from the projector 200 onto the external projection surface by the projection lens 70.

1 is a schematic configuration diagram of an illumination optical system according to a first embodiment of the present invention and a projection display apparatus including the illumination optical system. It is explanatory drawing of a dichroic filter, (a) is a schematic diagram which shows 3 area | regions of a dichroic filter, (b) is a graph which shows the transmittance | permeability of the wavelength in each area | region. It is a schematic diagram showing the relationship between the rotation of the rotating prism and the incident light on the color splitting member and the rod integrator of the focused light, where (a) is the case where the optical axis is perpendicular to the incident surface of the rotating prism, (b) When rotating clockwise, (c) is when the rotating prism is further rotated clockwise. It is explanatory drawing of the dichroic filter which provided the 4th area | region, (a) is a schematic diagram which shows 4 area | regions of a dichroic filter, (b) is a graph which shows the transmittance | permeability of the wavelength in each area | region. It is a typical block diagram of the application example of the projection type display apparatus provided with the illumination optical system of the 1st Embodiment of this invention, and the illumination optical system. It is a typical block diagram of the projection type display apparatus provided with the illumination optical system of the 2nd Embodiment of this invention, and the illumination optical system. It is explanatory drawing of the dichroic filter which comprises a color division member, (a) is a schematic diagram which shows 3 area | regions of a color division member, (b) is a graph which shows the transmittance | permeability of the wavelength in each area | region. It is explanatory drawing of the locus | trajectory of the condensing position of the light beam which injects into a color division member. It is a schematic diagram of the color wheel main body of a prior art. It is a typical partial cross section outline drawing of a miniaturized light source lamp and reflector of the prior art.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1, 2 Illumination optical system 10 Light source part 11 Light source 12, 96 Reflector 13 Optical axis 14 Light beam 15 Concave lens 16 Convex lens 20 Rotating prism 21 Incident surface 22 Outgoing surface 23 Rotating shaft 24 Wedge-shaped cross-section disk 25, 92 Motor 30, 80 Dichroic filter 31, 81 First region 32, 82 Second region 33, 83 Third region 34, 84 First dichroic film 35, 85 Second dichroic film 36, 86 Third dichroic film 37 Fourth region 40 Rod integrator 41 First light beam 42 Second light beam 43 Third light beam 51 Field lens 52 Condenser lens 60 Display panel 70 Projection lens 87 Convergence position locus 91 Color wheel main body 93 Light source lamp 94 Tube wall 95 Coating 100, 200 Copy type display device

Claims (18)

  1. A light source;
    A fixedly arranged color splitting member having a plurality of regions that transmit different spectra;
    An incident surface is provided on the exit surface side of the color dividing member, and a light guide member that emits incident light from the exit surface;
    A selective incident means that is disposed on an optical path between the light source and the color dividing member and causes the light from the light source to enter one of the regions of the color dividing member;
    An illumination optical system for a display panel, comprising image forming means for forming an image of the light beam emitted from the light guide member on the display panel.
  2.   The illumination optical system of a display panel according to claim 1, wherein each of the color division members has a region that transmits at least one of three different spectra.
  3.   The illumination optical system of a display panel according to claim 1, wherein the color dividing member has three regions that transmit G color, B color, and R color.
  4.   The illumination optical system for a display panel according to claim 1, wherein a dichroic film that transmits a spectrum that transmits the region and reflects another spectrum is provided in the region of the color dividing member.
  5.   The illumination optical system for a display panel according to claim 1, wherein the color dividing member further has a region that transmits all light rays.
  6.   The illumination optical system for a display panel according to claim 1, wherein the color division member is directly provided on an incident surface of the light guide member.
  7.   The illumination optical system for a display panel according to claim 1, wherein the light guide member is a rod integrator.
  8.   The regions of the color dividing member are rectangular, and the long sides of the rectangles are in contact with each other, and the selective incident means moves the light beam incident from the light source in a direction orthogonal to the long sides of the region. The illumination optical system of the display panel according to claim 1.
  9.   The display panel according to claim 8, wherein the movement of the light beam on each region of the color dividing member is performed by an operation of a prism prism arranged on an optical path between the light source and the color dividing member. Lighting optics.
  10.   The illumination optical system for a display panel according to claim 9, wherein a concave lens is provided between the prismatic prism and the light source, and a convex lens is provided between the prismatic prism and the color dividing member.
  11.   The display according to claim 8, wherein the movement of the light beam on each region of the light guide member is performed by an operation of a rotating polygon mirror disposed on an optical path between the light source and the light guide member. Panel illumination optics.
  12.   The color dividing member is disk-shaped, each region is fan-shaped and the sides are in contact with each other to form a circle, and the selective incident means combines light beams incident from a light source into a circle. The illumination optical system for a display panel according to claim 1, wherein the display panel is moved in a circular direction on the region.
  13.   The light of the light guide member of a wedge-shaped cross-section disk having a wedge-shaped cross section disposed on an optical path between the light source and the light guide member, the movement of the light beam on each region of the light guide member. The illumination optical system of a display panel according to claim 12, wherein the illumination optical system is performed by a rotation operation on a central axis parallel to the axis.
  14.   The illumination optical system for a display panel according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the display panel is a single-plate liquid crystal device.
  15.   The illumination optical system of a display panel according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the display panel is a reflective single-plate device.
  16.   16. The illumination optical system for a display panel according to claim 15, wherein the reflective single-plate device is DMD or LCos.
  17.   A projection display device comprising: a display panel; and the illumination optical system of the display panel according to any one of claims 1 to 16.
  18. Emitting a light beam from the light source unit toward the focusing point;
    A step of emitting the light beams having the respective color lights in time series by scanning along the predetermined path of the light fluxes on a region where each of the color splitting members transmits only the predetermined color light;
    Homogenizing the luminance distribution of the luminous flux having the color light;
    And a step of forming an image on the display panel of the luminous flux having a uniform luminance distribution.
JP2005030521A 2005-02-07 2005-02-07 Display panel illumination optical system, color division method, and projection display apparatus having the illumination optical system Expired - Fee Related JP4079950B2 (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010145638A (en) * 2008-12-17 2010-07-01 Casio Computer Co Ltd Light source device and light source control method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010145638A (en) * 2008-12-17 2010-07-01 Casio Computer Co Ltd Light source device and light source control method
JP4692623B2 (en) * 2008-12-17 2011-06-01 カシオ計算機株式会社 Light source device and light source control method
US8038299B2 (en) 2008-12-17 2011-10-18 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Light source apparatus, light source control method, and projector apparatus

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