JP2006214628A - Plate-type heat exchanger and hot water device and heating device provided with it - Google Patents

Plate-type heat exchanger and hot water device and heating device provided with it Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2006214628A
JP2006214628A JP2005027095A JP2005027095A JP2006214628A JP 2006214628 A JP2006214628 A JP 2006214628A JP 2005027095 A JP2005027095 A JP 2005027095A JP 2005027095 A JP2005027095 A JP 2005027095A JP 2006214628 A JP2006214628 A JP 2006214628A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
water
heat exchanger
plates
plate
combustion gas
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2005027095A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP4462054B2 (en
Inventor
Tetsuo Hamada
哲郎 濱田
Original Assignee
Noritz Corp
株式会社ノーリツ
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Noritz Corp, 株式会社ノーリツ filed Critical Noritz Corp
Priority to JP2005027095A priority Critical patent/JP4462054B2/en
Publication of JP2006214628A publication Critical patent/JP2006214628A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4462054B2 publication Critical patent/JP4462054B2/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a plate-type heat exchanger capable of increasing efficiency of heat exchange more than a conventional heat exchanger and preventing a can body from being heated up to high temperatures by combustion gas properly. <P>SOLUTION: This plate-type heat exchanger A1 is provided with a plurality of plates 2 for heat exchange laminated in the direction of thickness, a water flow passage 3 formed by the plurality of these plates 2, and the can body 1 having a peripheral wall part 10 surrounding the plurality of plates 2. This heat exchanger A1 is provided with a space part 5 formed in the inward parts of the plurality of plates 2 owing to each plate 2 being like a frame, a plurality of clearances 51 provided between the plurality of plates 2 to let combustion gas pass, and a passage 52 for combustion gas formed among the plurality of plates 2 and the peripheral wall part 10 of the can body 1 so that combustion gas introduced into the space part 5 or generated in the space part 5 passes through the plurality of clearances 51 and flows out into the passage 52 for combustion gas. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention relates to a plate heat exchanger used to form a water flow path using a plurality of plates and to heat a heat medium in the flow water path using combustion gas, and a hot water apparatus and a heating apparatus provided with the plate heat exchanger. .
  Specific examples of conventional plate heat exchangers include those described in Patent Documents 1 to 3. The heat exchangers described in these documents have a structure in which a plurality of flat plates are stacked in the thickness direction and these are accommodated in a can. The plurality of plates are provided with a plurality of holes penetrating in the stacking direction, and a flow channel is formed by connecting these holes in series. When the combustion gas is advanced to the plurality of plates, the plates recover heat from the combustion gas, and the water in the flow channel is heated.
  Such a plate-type heat exchanger is suitable for the case where the entire heat exchanger is made of stainless steel because the flow channel is formed without using a heat transfer tube. For example, in a tube-type heat exchanger, it is technically difficult to bend a hard stainless steel tube into a complicated shape, and its manufacturing cost may be quite expensive. On the other hand, according to the plate type heat exchanger, since it is not necessary to use a heat transfer tube, the processing is facilitated and the above-described problems can be suppressed.
  However, the prior art has problems to be improved as described below.
  That is, when a plurality of plates for heat exchange are provided, for example, in a horizontal direction, the combustor is disposed above or below the combustor. Then, the combustion gas generated by the combustor simply advances downward or upward with respect to the plurality of plates, and passes through the gaps between the plurality of plates. However, when the combustion gas is advanced in this way, the combustion gas acts intensively on the portion of the plurality of plates that directly faces the combustor, and the amount of combustion gas traveling to the other portions Less. In order to increase the heat exchange efficiency, it is required that the combustion gas act on the entire plurality of plates under as uniform a condition as possible. However, the conventional technology does not sufficiently satisfy such a requirement, There was still room for improvement in improving heat exchange efficiency.
  In the above prior art, when the combustion gas generated by the combustor is advanced toward the plurality of plates, a part of the combustion gas enters the gap between the plurality of plates and the can body at a high temperature. To do. Therefore, the can body may be heated to a high temperature by the combustion gas and may be damaged. As a means for solving this, a means such as wrapping a tube that allows water to flow around the can body and performing water cooling can be considered, but this complicates the structure, leading to an increase in cost, and further The advantage of the plate heat exchanger that does not require a heat transfer tube is also lost.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2003-50047 JP 2001-41580 A JP-A-11-108442
  The present invention has been conceived under such circumstances, and can improve the heat exchange efficiency as compared with the prior art and appropriately suppress the can body from being heated to a high temperature by the combustion gas. It is an object of the present invention to provide a plate heat exchanger that can be used, a hot water device including the plate heat exchanger, and a heating device.
  In order to solve the above problems, the present invention takes the following technical means.
  The plate heat exchanger provided by the first aspect of the present invention includes a plurality of plates for heat exchange stacked in the thickness direction, a water channel formed by the plurality of plates, and the plurality of plates. A plate-type heat exchanger comprising: a can body having a peripheral wall portion surrounding the periphery, wherein each plate has a frame shape, and a space portion formed inside the plurality of plates; A plurality of gaps for passage of combustion gas provided between the plurality of plates, and a passage for combustion gas formed between the plurality of plates and the peripheral wall portion of the can body, Combustion gas introduced into the space part or generated in the space part passes through the plurality of gaps and flows out to the combustion gas passage.
  The plate heat exchanger according to the present invention is used by introducing combustion gas into a space portion formed inward of a plurality of plates or generating combustion gas in the space portion. Since the plurality of plates are frame-shaped and surround the periphery of the space portion, the combustion gas in the space portion acts substantially uniformly on the entire periphery of the inner peripheral portion of the plurality of plates. Is possible. In addition, the combustion gas in the space portion thereafter passes through a plurality of gaps formed between the plurality of plates, and at that time, the combustion gas is supplied so that the flow rate is approximately equal in each place in the circumferential direction of each plate. Can be passed. For this reason, in the present invention, the combustion gas concentrates on only a part of the plurality of heat exchange plates, and the amount of heat recovered in the other part is not extremely reduced. It is possible to increase the heat exchange efficiency as compared with the prior art.
  In the present invention, a combustion gas passage is formed between the plurality of plates and the peripheral wall portion of the can, and the combustion gas passage passes through gaps between the plurality of plates. Then, the combustion gas whose heat has been recovered by the plates proceeds. The temperature of the combustion gas is lowered by the amount of heat recovery. Therefore, the peripheral wall portion of the can body is prevented from being directly heated by the high-temperature combustion gas, and the portion is appropriately prevented from being damaged. As a result, unlike the prior art, it is not necessary to separately provide a means for cooling the can body, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the combustion gas in the space portion advances from the one end opening side toward the other end opening portion of the space portion, the combustion gas passes through the other end opening portion as it is. It further includes a combustion gas stopper that suppresses passage and outflow to the outside.
  According to such a configuration, the total amount or almost the total amount of the combustion gas introduced into the space portion or generated in the space portion passes through the gaps between the plurality of plates, and the heat exchange efficiency is further improved. It is done.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the combustion gas stopper partitions the space into first and second regions in the stacking direction of the plurality of plates, and is introduced into the first region, Alternatively, after the combustion gas generated in the first region passes through a part of the plurality of gaps and flows into the combustion gas flow path, the other part of the plurality of gaps and the second region are passed through. It is configured to pass through.
  According to such a configuration, the plurality of plates are divided into two parts surrounding the first and second regions, and the combustion gas in the space portion passes through one of the two parts, Furthermore, it will pass through the other. Therefore, heat recovery from the combustion gas is performed in two stages, and the heat exchange efficiency can be further increased. Of the plurality of plates, the sensible heat may be recovered from the combustion gas by the portion surrounding the first region, and the latent heat may be recovered by the portion surrounding the second region.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of water flow paths capable of individually passing water are formed as the water flow paths, which are configured as a single can multiple circuit type heat exchanger.
  According to such a configuration, it is possible to use hot water generated by heat exchange, for example, for general hot water supply such as a kitchen and bath hot water different from it.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of water flow path forming frames are formed by the plurality of plates, and each of the water flow path forming frames is formed by the inner peripheral edges and the outer peripheral edges of a pair of plates. Since at least one of the pair of plates is overlapped and joined and has a protruding portion that protrudes in a direction opposite to the other side, a hollow portion that forms a part of the flow channel is formed therein. Has a structured.
  According to such a configuration, by combining a pair of plates, a hollow portion forming a part of the flow channel is formed in the inside thereof, and facilitating formation of the flow channel using a plurality of plates And rationalization.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the plurality of flow channel forming frame bodies have a plurality of the convex portions at intervals in the circumferential direction, and are in contact with each other through the plurality of convex portions. As a result, a plurality of gaps for passing the combustion gas are formed between the plurality of flow channel forming frames.
  According to such a configuration, a plurality of gaps for passage of combustion gas can be appropriately provided by a simple structure in which a plurality of flow channel forming frames are stacked, and manufacturing is facilitated. Further, when the arrangement (number or interval) of the plurality of convex portions, the height dimension, and the like are changed, the shape, size, number, and the like of the gap for passing the combustion gas are also changed. Therefore, it becomes easy to define the shape and size of the gap for passing the combustion gas so as to increase the heat exchange efficiency.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, among the plurality of flow channel forming frames, the tip wall portions of the plurality of convex portions and the portion in contact therewith are adjacent to the cavity portions in the flow channel forming frame body. A through hole for communicating the two is provided.
  According to such a structure, each hollow part in a some flow-flow-path formation frame body is connected by simple structure, and the water flow path with which these hollow parts were connected in series is formed appropriately.
  In preferable embodiment of this invention, the said convex part is formed with the recessed part which hollowed a part of the front-end | tip wall part, Of these several flowing water channel formation frame bodies, the said several recessed part is formed. An additional through-hole is provided in the bottom wall portion and the portion facing the bottom wall portion to communicate the inner portions of the recesses of the adjacent flow channel forming frame bodies, and the inner sides of the plurality of recesses The portion is formed as a flow channel capable of allowing water to flow separately from the flow channel formed by the hollow portions in the plurality of convex portions.
  According to such a configuration, as the water flow path formed in the stacking direction of the plurality of plates, the water flow path in which the hollow portions in the plurality of convex portions communicate with each other and the inner portions of the plurality of concave portions communicate with each other. In addition, these two kinds of water channels can be individually made to pass water. Therefore, it is suitable when it is set as the heat exchanger of 1 can multiple circuit type.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the flow channels are provided with a plurality of flow channels extending in the stacking direction of the plurality of plates and spaced apart in the circumferential direction of the plates. The plate includes a pair of header portions that are arranged so as to sandwich the plate in the stacking direction, and the inside communicates with the opening portions at both ends of the plurality of water channels, and at least one of the pair of header portions has a frame shape. is there.
  According to such a configuration, it is possible to appropriately perform water flow to the plurality of water channels using a pair of header portions. Since the pair of header portions are arranged with a plurality of plates sandwiched in the stacking direction, the combustion gas does not hinder the passage of the combustion gas through the gaps between the plurality of plates. Furthermore, if at least one of the pair of header portions is a frame shape, it is possible to prevent the one end opening of the space portion formed inside the plurality of plates from being blocked by the header portion.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, one of the pair of header portions has a water inlet, and is configured as a water inlet header that allows water supplied to the water inlet to flow into the plurality of water channels. The other of the pair of header portions has a hot water outlet, and is configured as a hot water header portion that guides water that has passed through the plurality of water flow channels to the hot water outlet and flows out to the outside.
  According to such a configuration, when water is supplied to the inlet header portion, the water flows into the plurality of flowing water channels and circulates toward the other hot water header portion, and reaches the hot water header portion. I will take out hot water later. Such one-way water flow is suitable for increasing the amount of hot water discharged per unit time.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, one of the pair of header portions has a water inlet chamber having a water inlet and a water outlet chamber having a water outlet, and from the water inlet to the water inlet. The water that has flowed into the chamber makes a U-turn by passing through a part of the plurality of water flow paths and into the other of the pair of header parts, and passes through the remaining portions of the plurality of water flow paths for the hot water supply. It is configured to flow into the chamber.
  According to such a structure, since the water supplied to the inlet header part makes a U-turn through a plurality of water channels, the water flow distance can be increased and the heating amount can be increased. Therefore, it is suitable for producing hot water.
  In preferable embodiment of this invention, the said convex part of each said water flow path formation frame is formed so that it may extend in the circumferential direction of a pair of said plate, and it is in the inside of each said water flow path formation frame. A cavity that allows water to flow in the circumferential direction is formed.
  According to such a configuration, it is possible to increase the size of the cavity formed in one flow channel forming frame. Therefore, it is suitable for increasing the total length of the water channel while reducing the number of plates for heat exchange.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the convex portion extends over substantially the entire circumference of the pair of plates, and the convex portion has an additional portion that protrudes further than the other portion. Protrusions are provided, and the plurality of flow channel formation frames are in contact with each other via the additional projections, so that the combustion gas passages are provided between the plurality of flow channel formation frames. The gap is formed.
  According to such a configuration, the gap for passing the combustion gas can be appropriately provided by a simple structure in which a plurality of flow channel forming frames are stacked, and manufacturing is facilitated. Also, by making the arrangement (number and interval) and height dimension of the plurality of additional convex portions appropriate values, the shape, size, number, etc. of the gaps for passing the combustion gas also increase the heat exchange efficiency. It can be set to an appropriate specification to do.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, among the plurality of flow channel forming frames, the tip wall portions of the plurality of additional convex portions and the portions contacting the same are disposed in the adjacent flow channel forming frames. A through hole for communicating the hollow portions with each other is provided.
  According to such a configuration, it is possible to easily and appropriately form a water flow channel connecting the hollow portions in the plurality of water flow channel forming frames with a simple structure and connecting them.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of convex portions arranged in the width direction of the pair of plates and extending in the circumferential direction are provided as the convex portions of the flow channel forming frame bodies. Thus, a plurality of hollow portions capable of allowing water to flow individually are formed inside each flow channel forming frame.
  Such a configuration is suitable for use as a so-called single-can multiple-circuit heat exchanger.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, all or a part of the plurality of plates have the same shape and size.
  According to such a structure, manufacture of a some plate is facilitated and it becomes suitable for reducing manufacturing cost.
  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, each of the plates is made of a metal having acid resistance. Specific examples of the material include stainless steel and titanium.
  According to such a configuration, the corrosion resistance of each plate is excellent. In particular, when the plate heat exchanger according to the present invention is configured as a latent heat recovery type, a drain (condensed water) is generated along with the latent heat recovery, and this drain is often strongly acidic, Even if such a strongly acidic drain is generated, it is possible to appropriately prevent or suppress the corrosion of each plate.
  A hot water apparatus provided by the second aspect of the present invention includes a combustor that generates combustion gas, and a heat exchanger that recovers heat from the combustion gas to generate hot water. It is an apparatus, Comprising: The plate type heat exchanger provided by the 1st side surface of this invention is used as said heat exchanger, It is characterized by the above-mentioned.
  A heating device provided by a third aspect of the present invention includes a combustor that generates combustion gas, and a heat exchanger that recovers heat from the combustion gas and heats a heat medium. And the plate type heat exchanger provided by the 1st side of the present invention is used as the heat exchanger, It is characterized by the above-mentioned. As the heat medium supplied to the flow channel, for example, an antifreeze liquid can be used.
  According to the hot water apparatus or the heating apparatus provided by the second or third aspect of the present invention, the same effect as described for the plate heat exchanger provided by the first aspect of the present invention is obtained. It is done.
  Other features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description of embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
  1 to 6 show an embodiment of a plate heat exchanger to which the present invention is applied. As clearly shown in FIG. 1, the plate heat exchanger A <b> 1 of this embodiment includes a cylindrical can 1, a plurality of heat exchange plates 2 arranged in the can 1, and the plates 2, a plurality of flowing water passages 3, a combustion gas stopper 90, and a pair of header portions 4 </ b> A and 4 </ b> B are provided. These constituent members are all made of stainless steel.
  The plurality of plates 2 are stacked in the vertical direction, and adjacent ones in the same direction are brazed. Each plate 2 has a frame shape (circular ring shape) having a hollow circular shape in plan view, and a space portion 5 is formed inward of the plurality of plates 2. A combustion gas stopper 90 is provided at an intermediate portion in the height direction of the space portion 5, and the space portion 5 is partitioned into first and second regions 5 a and 5 b by the combustion gas stopper 90. . When the combustion gas is introduced from the outside, the combustion gas is introduced into the first region 5a. Moreover, this 1st area | region 5a can also be made into a fuel combustion part. As will be described later, among the plurality of plates 2, the upper portion Sa surrounding the first region 5 a recovers sensible heat from the combustion gas, and the lower portion Sb surrounding the second region 5 b is formed from the combustion gas. Used to recover latent heat. A combustion gas passage 52 is formed between the outer peripheral edges of the plurality of plates 2 and the peripheral wall portion 10 of the can 1. The combustion gas passage 52 is formed over the entire circumference of the outer periphery of the plurality of plates 2.
  Each of the plurality of plates 2 has the same shape and size. The specific shape is shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. As shown in these drawings, the plate 2 has a configuration in which a plurality of convex portions 21 are provided at regular intervals in the circumferential direction of the frame-shaped base portion 20. Each convex portion 21 has a shape in which a part of the plate 2 is protruded from the base portion 20 in the thickness direction, and a through hole 22 is provided in the tip wall portion. Of the tip wall portion, the peripheral portion of the through hole 22 is used for brazing. This plate 2 is formed by press working. In the present embodiment, the convex portion 21 and the through hole 22 have a rectangular shape in plan view, but they may be other shapes such as a circular shape in plan view.
  FIG. 4 shows a flow channel forming frame B1 configured using a pair of plates 2. This flow channel forming frame B1 corresponds to a structural unit of the flow channel 3, and a pair of plates 2 (2a, 2b) are overlapped so that their directions are opposite to each other, and their inner peripheral edges 20a and outer peripheral edges are overlapped. 20b is brought into contact with each other and joined. According to such a configuration, the hollow portion 23 having the through hole 22 as the upper and lower openings is formed in the pair of convex portions 21 of the two plates 2a and 2b facing each other. As will be described later, the hollow portion 23 constitutes a part of the flowing water channel 3.
  As shown in FIG. 5, the plurality of plates 2 are stacked so as to constitute a plurality of the flow channel forming frame bodies B1 described above. However, in this laminated structure, as shown in FIG. 1, the plurality of convex portions 21 of the adjacent flow channel forming frame B1 are in contact with each other and their tip wall portions are brazed. Yes. As a result, as shown in FIG. 6, a plurality of gaps 51 for passage of combustion gas are formed between the plurality of water flow path forming frames B1. Although not clearly shown in FIG. 1, each gap 51 communicates with each of the space portion 5 and the combustion gas passage 52. Further, the through holes 22 of the two convex portions 21 that are in contact with each other communicate with each other. Thereby, the cavity part 23 in several flow channel formation frame B1 becomes the flow channel 3 connected to a series in the up-down direction. A plurality of flow channels 3 are provided at intervals in the circumferential direction of the plurality of plates 2.
  As shown in FIG. 1, the pair of header portions 4A and 4B are stacked on the lower side and the upper side so as to sandwich the plurality of plates 2 in the vertical direction. These header portions 4A and 4B are both in the shape of a hollow circle in plan view, like the plates 2, and do not block the lower end opening 50b and the upper end opening 50a of the space 5. However, the outer peripheral portions of the header portions 4A and 4B are in contact with the inner surface of the peripheral wall portion 10 of the can 1 and close the lower end and the upper end of the combustion gas passage 52. The header portion 4A is a header portion for entering water into the plurality of water passages 3 from below, and has a chamber 41a communicating with the inlet 40a formed therein. The upper wall portion of the header portion 4A is provided with a plurality of hole portions 42a that allow the lower ends of the plurality of water channels 3 to communicate with the chamber 41a. On the other hand, the header part 4B is a header part for hot water for letting out water (hot water) that has passed through the plurality of water channels 3 to the outside, and forms a chamber 41b in communication with the hot water outlet 40b. ing. The lower wall portion of the header portion 4B is provided with a plurality of hole portions 42b that allow the upper ends of the plurality of water flow channels 3 to communicate with the chamber 41b.
  Preferably, the water inlet 40a and the hot water outlet 40b are provided in a symmetrical arrangement with respect to the center line (not shown) of the plurality of plates 2. Such an arrangement is preferable because the water flow state to each of the plurality of water channels 3 is made uniform. Unlike the present embodiment, for example, when the hot water outlet 40b is provided at the location indicated by reference numeral n1 in FIG. 1, the water supplied to the water inlet 40a is the water inlet 40a and the hot water outlet among the plurality of flow channels 3. There is a possibility that the portion close to both of 40b may flow intensively. In the present embodiment, such a fear can be appropriately eliminated.
  FIG. 7 shows an example of a hot water device provided with the plate heat exchanger A1 described above.
  The hot water device HS of the present embodiment is configured as a so-called oil reverse combustion type hot water supply device, and a combustor 6 is provided above the heat exchanger A1. The combustor 6 burns fuel oil such as kerosene by injecting it downward with a spray nozzle. The combustor 6 is covered with an upper can body 61, and combustion air is sent downward from a blower fan 62 mounted on the upper can body 61. The combustor 6 includes a cylindrical portion 6a that generates a swirling flow for promoting the combustion of fuel oil. The cylindrical portion 6a includes an inner portion of the header portion 4B and a plurality of plates 2. It has entered the upper end opening 50a. The inside of the cylindrical part 6 a and the part immediately below it are the fuel combustion part of the combustor 6.
  Below the heat exchanger A1, there is provided a bottom casing 90 for U-turning upward the combustion gas that has passed through the heat exchanger A1. The bottom casing 90 is provided with an upright exhaust duct 91 for guiding the upward U-turned combustion gas to the exhaust port 91a. The exhaust duct 91 includes a sound absorbing material (not shown) in the inside thereof, and plays a role as a silencer.
  Next, the operation of the hot water device HS will be described.
  First, in the state where water enters the inlet portion 4A from the water inlet 40a and water flows through the plurality of water channels 3, the combustor 6 is driven to burn the fuel oil. Then, the combustion gas enters the first region 5a of the plate heat exchanger A1 from above. The fuel is also burned in the first region 5a, and a part of the combustion gas is directly generated in the first region 5a. On the other hand, the upper portions Sa of the plurality of plates 2 surround the entire periphery of the first region 5a. Therefore, the heat of the combustion gas in the first region 5a acts efficiently and uniformly on the entire inner peripheral edge of the plurality of plates 2, and the first stage heat that is efficient in those portions. Recovery is done.
  Next, the combustion gas in the first region 5 a flows out to the combustion gas passage 52 through a plurality of gaps 51 formed between the plates 2 of the upper portion Sa. During the passage, each plate 2 performs the second stage heat recovery from the combustion gas. However, it is possible to distribute the combustion gas almost evenly through the gaps 51 in the circumferential direction of each plate 2. Is possible. Therefore, efficient heat recovery is possible. The combustion gas stopper 90 prevents the combustion gas from directly traveling from the first space portion 5a toward the second space portion 5b, so that the combustion gas is separated from the first space portion 5a by a plurality of gaps. Inflow toward 51 is promoted, and the entire amount can be introduced into the plurality of gaps 51.
  When the combustion gas flows out into the combustion gas passage 52, the peripheral wall 10 of the can 1 is heated by the combustion gas. However, this combustion gas has already been subjected to heat recovery in the first and second stages as described above, and the temperature is considerably lowered as compared with the initial generation. Therefore, the peripheral wall part 10 of the can body 1 is not heated to a high temperature and can be prevented from being damaged by heat. There is no need to wrap a cooling water pipe around the peripheral wall 10. The combustion gas travels downward in the combustion gas passage 52, and at this time, the third stage heat recovery is performed by the outer peripheral edges of the plurality of plates 2.
  The combustion gas that has progressed to the lower region of the combustion gas passage 52 then passes through the plurality of gaps 51 provided between the plates 2 of the lower portion Sb and enters the second region 5b. Subsequently, it proceeds downward in the second region 5b. In such a combustion gas distribution process, the plurality of plates 2 of the lower portion Sb perform the fourth stage heat recovery from the combustion gas. The combustion gas that has entered the second region 5b then passes through the bottom casing 90 and the exhaust duct 91, and is discharged outside as exhaust gas from the exhaust port 91a.
  In the heat exchange described above, all or almost all of the combustion gas generated by the combustor 6 is in effective contact with the plurality of plates 2 and is discharged to the outside with a small amount of contact with the plates 2. It can be said that there is no combustion gas. Also, the whole of the plurality of plates 2 is effectively used for heat recovery, and it can be said that there are no parts that do not come into contact with the combustion gas or extremely few parts. Therefore, the amount of heat recovered from the combustion gas can be increased, and the heat exchange efficiency can be made extremely high. In the upper part Sa of the plurality of plates 2, sensible heat can be recovered from the combustion gas, while latent heat can also be recovered in the lower part Sb. As can be seen, when latent heat recovery is performed in addition to sensible heat recovery, the heat exchange efficiency is further increased. When latent heat recovery is performed, water vapor in the combustion gas is condensed and many drains are generated. As described above, the lower portions Sb of the plurality of plates 2 are used for recovering latent heat, and concentrated on this portion. If the drain is generated, it becomes easy to process the drain. Although not shown in the drawings, the bottom casing 90 may be provided with drain receiving means for receiving drains dripping from the plurality of plates 2 and discharging them to the outside of the bottom casing 90. it can. Although the drain is generally strongly acidic, since each part of the heat exchanger A1 is made of stainless steel, occurrence of corrosion due to the drain is appropriately suppressed.
  The plate heat exchanger A1 described above is manufactured using a plurality of plates 2, and these plates 2 have the same shape and size. Therefore, it is not necessary to prepare a plurality of types of plates 2 having different shapes and the like, which is optimal for reducing the overall manufacturing cost. Each plate 2 has a plurality of protruding convex portions 21 and has a simple configuration in which a through hole 22 is provided in the tip wall portion of each convex portion 21, and the plurality of flowing water passages 3 and combustion gases are provided. The passage gap 51 is configured by stacking a plurality of the plates 2 described above. Therefore, the formation of the plurality of water flow channels 3 and the gaps 51 for passing the combustion gas is also rationally performed, and the manufacture of the plate heat exchanger A1 becomes easier.
  8 to 23 show another embodiment of the present invention. In these drawings, the same or similar elements as those of the above embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals as those of the above embodiment.
  In the plate heat exchanger A <b> 2 shown in FIG. 8, the lower end opening 50 b of the space portion 5 formed inside the plurality of plates 2 is closed by the combustion gas stopper 90. Therefore, unlike the embodiment, the space 5 is not divided into two upper and lower regions by the combustion gas stopper 90. The header portion 4A is provided so as not to block the lower end of the combustion gas passage 52, and a gap 99 is formed between the outer peripheral surface of the header portion A and the peripheral wall portion 10 of the can body 1. .
  In the present embodiment, the combustion gas introduced into the space portion 5 or generated in the space portion 5 passes through the plurality of gaps 51 between the plurality of plates 2 and flows out into the combustion gas passage 52. The gas travels downward in the combustion gas passage 52 and flows out downward from the gap 99 at the lower end opening. Even in such a manner of distribution of the combustion gas, the plurality of plates 2 surround the space portion 5 and the combustion gas has gaps 51 between the plurality of plates 2 or the combustion gas, as in the above-described embodiment. By passing through the use passage 52, it is possible to recover a large amount of heat from the combustion gas, and high heat exchange efficiency can be obtained.
  In the configuration shown in FIG. 9 (a), the header portion 4A includes water inlet and outlet chambers 44a and 44b each having a water inlet 40a and a hot water outlet 40b (however, these chambers 44a and 44b are schematically shown). This is also the case in FIG. These water inlet / outlet chambers 44a and 44b are alternately communicated with the plurality of water flow paths 3 one by one. The header portion 4B is partitioned into a plurality of chambers 44c by a plurality of partition walls 45. Each chamber 44c communicates with two flow channels 3 adjacent to each other.
  In the present embodiment, when water is supplied to the inlet chamber 44a of the header portion 4A, the water passes upward every other portion of the plurality of water channels 3 and flows into the header portion 4B. . Then, this water makes a U-turn in each chamber 44c, passes downwardly through the other flowing water channel 3 adjacent to the flowing water channel 3 that has flown previously, and flows into the tapping chamber 44b of the header portion 4A. Become. If such water flow is performed, the circulation distance of water becomes longer and the heating time becomes longer, so that hot water is easily generated. In addition, in the previous embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 to 8, water is circulated in one way from one to the other of the pair of header portions 4A and 4B. Since the water supplied to the header section 4B flows all at once in the plurality of water channels 3 toward the hot water outlet 40b, it is suitable for increasing the amount of hot water discharged from the hot water outlet 40b.
  In the configuration shown in FIG. 9 (b), the water inlet / outlet chambers 44 a and 44 b of the header section 4 </ b> A are alternately communicated with the plurality of water flow paths 3 by two. Each chamber 44c in the header portion 4B communicates with four adjacent water channels 3.
  In the present embodiment, the water that has flowed into the water inlet chamber 44a travels upward in two adjacent flow channels 3 and flows into the header portion 4B, and then makes a U-turn. The two water channels 3 flow downward and flow into the hot water discharge chamber 44b. In the present invention, as in the present embodiment, after water has circulated in one direction through a plurality of water channels 3 adjacent to each other, the water may be passed so as to make a U-turn all at once. Even in such a case, the water circulation distance and the heating time can be increased as in the embodiment shown in FIG.
  The plate heat exchanger A3 shown in FIG. 10 is configured as a one-can two-circuit type provided with an additional flow channel 3A that allows water to flow separately from the plurality of flow channels 3. Each plate 2A of the plate heat exchanger A3 has a configuration as shown in FIGS. As shown in the figure, the plate 2 </ b> A has a plurality of protruding convex portions 21 provided on the frame-shaped base portion 20, similarly to the plate 2 of the previous embodiment. However, the convex portion 21 is further formed with a concave portion 24 in which the central portion of the tip wall portion is recessed. The bottom wall portion 24a of the recess 24 is aligned with the same height as the inner peripheral edge 20a and the outer peripheral edge 20b of the base portion 20, and an additional through hole 22A is provided in the bottom wall portion 24a. . The through hole 22 in the tip wall portion of the convex portion 21 is divided into a plurality so as to surround the concave portion 24.
  A flow channel forming frame B2 is formed by a pair of plates 2A respectively indicated by a solid line and a virtual line in FIG. This flow channel forming frame B2 is a structural unit of the flow channels 3 and 3A, and is formed by joining a pair of plates 2A facing each other. As shown in FIG. 10, the plurality of plates 2 </ b> A are stacked so as to configure a plurality of the flowing water channel forming frames B <b> 2. In this laminated structure, the bottom wall portions 24a of the two concave portions 24 adjacent in the vertical direction are in contact with each other. As a result, the inner portions of the two adjacent recesses 24 are connected to each other, the periphery thereof is surrounded by the bottom wall 24 a of the recess 24 and the side wall of the protrusion 21, and the cavity 23 in the protrusion 21 is provided. Is a partitioned cavity 23A. This hollow part 23A is a part which constitutes additional flowing water channel 3A, and additional flowing water channel 3A is formed by a plurality of hollow parts 23A communicating in series via additional through holes 22A. . The flowing water channel 3 is formed by connecting the hollow portion 23 in the convex portion 21 in series through the through hole 22 as in the previous embodiment.
  Both the inlet and outlet headers 4A and 4B have a double structure, and in the chambers 41a and 41b, a circular frame-like internal chamber 41a ′ similar to the chambers 41a and 41b, 41b 'is further provided. The portions of the water inlet 40a and the hot water outlet 40b have a double-pipe structure, and are provided with water inlets 40a 'and 40b' that allow water and hot water to be separately supplied. The chamber 41a 'communicates with the lower end portion of each flowing water channel 3A through the communication hole 42c, and the water flowing into the chamber 41a' from the water inlet 40a 'can flow into each flowing water channel 3A. is there. The chamber 41b 'communicates with the upper end portion of each flowing water channel 3A through the communication hole 42d, and water (hot water) flowing into the chamber 41b' through each flowing water channel 3A is discharged from the outlet 40b '. It can be discharged to the outside.
  In this embodiment, it is possible to suitably heat the water passing through either the flowing water channel 3 or the additional flowing water channel 3A with the combustion gas. For example, hot water generated through the flowing water channel 3 is used in the kitchen. On the other hand, the hot water generated through the additional flow channel 3A can be used for bath hot water, which is convenient. The two kinds of flow channels 3 and 3A are both formed by using the plate 2A, and heat conduction occurs between the waters inside them. Therefore, for example, even if one of the water flow paths 3 and 3A is stopped, water is passed only on the other side, and even if the water is heated by the combustion gas, the one water boils. Such a phenomenon can be prevented from occurring. Since the flowing water channel 3A is rationally configured using a simple structure in which the concave portion 24 having the additional through hole 22A is formed in each convex portion 21 for forming the flowing water channel 3, Manufacture is also easy.
  The plate type heat exchanger A4 shown in FIG. 13 is configured to include a plurality of water flow paths 3B through which water flows in the circumferential direction of the plurality of plates 2B. More specifically, as shown in FIGS. 15 and 16, the plate 2 </ b> B is provided with a convex portion 21 </ b> A protruding in the thickness direction from the inner peripheral edge 20 a and the outer peripheral edge 20 b. The plate 2 extends over substantially the entire circumference in the circumferential direction. At both end portions 210 in the longitudinal direction of the convex portion 21A, an additional convex portion 21A ′ is formed by projecting those portions further than other portions. A through hole 22b is provided in the tip wall portion of these additional convex portions 21A ′. As shown in FIG. 15, an additional convex portion 21A ″ that does not have the through hole 22b is provided in a portion other than both end portions 210 of the convex portion 21A. For example, a total of three additional convex portions 21A ′ are provided. , 21A "are arranged at equal intervals.
  As shown in FIG. 16, a flow channel forming frame B3 in which a hollow portion as a flow channel 3B is formed is formed by joining two plates 2B facing each other. As shown in FIG. 13, the plurality of flow channel forming frame bodies B3 are stacked such that these additional convex portions 21A ′ come into contact with each other. Although not shown in the drawing, the additional protrusions 21A "are in contact with each other. Due to such a laminated structure, the combustion gas passes between the plurality of flow channel forming frames B3. A plurality of gaps 51 are formed as described above, and as described above, if a total of, for example, three additional convex portions 21A ′ and 21A ″ are provided at a distance on one plate 2B, a plurality of flow channels are provided. The forming frames B3 can be laminated stably. In addition, the inside of the additional convex portion 21A ′ that is in contact with each other is connected via the through hole 22b. With such a structure, two water channels 30 and 31 extending in the stacking direction of the plates 2B are also formed. ing.
  One of the two through holes 22b of the lowermost plate 2B is opened and serves as a water inlet 40a. On the other hand, the other through hole 22b is closed by an appropriate member 220. Further, one of the two through holes 22b of the uppermost plate 2B, which is located immediately above the water inlet 40a, is closed by an appropriate member 221. On the other hand, the other through-hole 22b is opened and serves as a hot water outlet 40b. In addition, it may replace with the structure which closes the through-hole 22b with the members 220 and 221, and it is good also as a structure which does not drill such a through-hole 22b. The same applies to an embodiment described later with reference to FIG.
  FIG. 14 schematically shows how water flows in the plate heat exchanger A4 of the present embodiment. As shown in the figure, in this plate type heat exchanger A4, when water enters from the water inlet 40a, the water proceeds upward in the water flow path 30, and a part of each water is formed in each flow path forming frame. It flows sequentially into the flowing water channel 3B in the body B3. The water that has flowed into each flow channel 3B flows in the circumferential direction of each flow channel formation frame B3 and then reaches the flow channel 31 and reaches the tap 40b when it reaches the flow channel 31. In this way, if water is allowed to flow in the circumferential direction of each plate 2B, even if the total number of plates 2B is small, the water flow distance can be increased and the water heating time can be increased. Become. As understood from the present embodiment, in the present invention, the water flow direction with respect to the plurality of plates can be not only the direction in which the plurality of plates are stacked, but also the circumferential direction of each plate.
  The plate type heat exchanger A5 shown in FIG. 17 further includes two flow channels 3C sandwiching the flow channels 3B extending in the circumferential direction of the plurality of plates 2C. As shown in FIGS. 18 to 20, the plate 2 </ b> C has two convex portions 21 </ b> C that sandwich the convex portion 21 </ b> A extending in the circumferential direction of the plate 2 </ b> C and extend in the same direction as the convex portion 21 </ b> A. . At both ends of these two convex portions 21C, an additional convex portion 21C ′ similar to the additional convex portion 21A ′ of the both end portions 210 of the convex portion 21A is provided. However, this additional convex portion 21C ′ communicates between the end portions of the two convex portions 21C, and a through hole 22c is provided in the tip wall portion. As shown in FIG. 18, the two convex portions 21 </ b> C are provided with a means for improving the stability when the plurality of plates 2 </ b> C are stacked, like the additional convex portion 21 </ b> A ″ provided on the convex portion 21 </ b> A. Further, an additional convex portion 21C ″ that does not have the through hole 22c is also provided.
  As shown in FIG. 19 and FIG. 20, the flow channel forming frame B4 in which a plurality of hollow portions as the flow channels 3B and 3C are formed is obtained by joining the two plates 2C face to face. It is configured. As shown in FIG. 17, the plurality of plates 2C are stacked such that a plurality of the flow channel forming frame bodies B4 are configured. The additional convex portions 21A ′ and 21C ′ are in contact with each other, and thereby, a plurality of gaps 51 for passage of combustion gas are formed between the plurality of flow channel forming frame bodies B4. In addition, the additional protrusions 21A 'adjacent to each other in the vertical direction and the interiors of the additional protrusions 21C' communicate with each other through the through holes 22b and 22c, and thereby the stacking direction of the plates 2C A total of four water channels (not shown) are also formed. One of the pair of downward through-holes 22b and 22c of the pair of lowermost plates 2C is a water inlet, and the other is closed by an appropriate member 220. One of the upward through holes 22b and 22c of each pair of the uppermost plate 2C serves as a hot water outlet, and the other is closed by an appropriate member 221.
  According to the plate heat exchanger A5 of the present embodiment, when water is supplied to the downward through holes 22b and 22c of the lowermost plate 2C, the water supplied to the through holes 22b is shown in FIG. It flows in the same route as the case, flows in each flow channel 3B in the plurality of flow channel formation frames B4, and drains hot water from the upward through hole 22b of the uppermost plate 2C. On the other hand, the water supplied to the through-hole 22c is basically the same as that, and flows upward in the uppermost plate 2C after branching and flowing in the flow channels 3C in the plurality of flow channel formation frames B4. Hot water is discharged from the through hole 22c. Therefore, the plate heat exchanger A5 can be used for two types of hot water supply. Of course, in either case of the two types of hot water supply, it is possible to increase the distance by allowing water to flow in the circumferential direction of the plate 2C. Further, when the water in the flow channels 3B and 3C has a temperature difference, heat conduction occurs between them. Therefore, even if one water flow is stopped and only the other water is passed, one water boils. The effect that it is prevented appropriately is also acquired. In addition, in this embodiment, although the water flow direction of two types of water flow paths 3B and 3C is arranged in the same direction, you may make it those water flow directions become reverse.
  In the configuration shown in FIGS. 21 and 22, the plate 2D is provided with three independent convex portions 21D to 21F extending in the circumferential direction. Additional longitudinal portions 21D ′ to 21F ′ are individually provided at both longitudinal ends 210 of the three convex portions 21D to 21F, and the distal end wall portions of the additional convex portions 21D ′ to 21F ′ are provided. The through holes 22d to 22f are individually provided.
  According to such a configuration, as shown in FIG. 22, when the flow channel forming frame B5 is formed by facing a pair of plates 2D, the gaps in the convex portions 21D to 21F are used inside. A total of three flow channels 3D-3F are formed. These water channels 3D to 3F can each be made to conduct water individually. Therefore, for example, three types of hot water supply such as general hot water supply, bath hot water supply, and hot water supply for heating are possible, which is more convenient. Of course, it is possible to increase the number of hot water supply destinations as the number of convex portions provided on the plate is increased.
  In the configuration shown in FIG. 23, two types of plates 2 and 2E having different shapes are used as the plurality of plates for heat exchange. The plate 2 is the same as that of the embodiment described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 6, for example, whereas the plate 2 </ b> E is formed in a frame shape having no convex portion. However, the plate 2E is combined with the plate 2 so as to face each other, and a through hole 22E is provided for communicating with the through hole 22 of the convex portion 21 of the plate 2 when a plurality of the plates 2E are stacked.
  In the present embodiment, since two types of plates 2 and 2E are used, compared with the case where only one type of plate is used, the trouble of preparing a plurality of types of plates becomes complicated or the manufacturing cost is high. Although there is a possibility of becoming, as an effect | action of heat exchange, it is possible to obtain the effect | action similar to embodiment shown, for example in FIGS. Thus, in the present invention, a plurality of types of plates having different shapes and the like may be used as the plurality of plates.
  The present invention is not limited to the embodiment described above. The specific configuration of each part of the plate heat exchanger according to the present invention and the hot water apparatus including the plate heat exchanger can be varied in design in various ways. Moreover, this invention can also be comprised as a heating apparatus. As an example of a specific configuration of the heating device, the plate heat exchanger according to the present invention and a desired heating target area are connected by appropriate piping having an outward pipe and a return pipe, and heated by the plate heat exchanger. The water or the antifreeze liquid can be supplied to the heating target area using the forward pipe and can be circulated back to the plate heat exchanger using the return pipe. As another example, a heating medium such as water or antifreeze heated by a plate heat exchanger can be supplied to a heating terminal installed in a heating target area. As understood from this, the plate-type heat exchanger according to the present invention may use an antifreeze liquid instead of water, and may use a heat medium other than these. In any case, it is included in the technical scope of the present invention.
  In the present invention, the heat exchange plate may have a frame shape and may not have a circular frame shape. For example, it may be a frame shape such as a rectangle, a polygon, or an ellipse. The shape of the outer peripheral edge of the plate and the shape of the inner peripheral edge may be a frame shape (for example, the outer peripheral edge is rectangular while the inner peripheral edge is circular). Furthermore, the material of the plate is not limited to stainless steel, and may be iron, copper, or other materials.
  In the hot water device or the heating device according to the present invention, an oil vaporization type may be adopted as the combustor instead of the oil spray type, and further a gas combustor or the like may be used. The specific kind is not ask | required. Further, the combustion method is not limited to the reverse combustion method, and may be a normal combustion method, for example. The hot water apparatus according to the present invention can be configured as an instantaneous hot water heater, as well as other various hot waters that need to generate hot water, for example, for bath hot water, for heating hot water, or for melting snow. It can be configured as a device. Furthermore, as described above, the present invention can also be configured as a heating device.
It is sectional drawing which shows an example of the plate type heat exchanger which concerns on this invention. (A) is a top view which shows an example of the frame-shaped plate which comprises the plate type heat exchanger shown in FIG. 1, (b) is the front view, (c) is (a). It is II-II sectional drawing. (A) is a fragmentary fragmentary perspective view of the frame-shaped plate shown in FIG. 2, and (b) is a fragmentary fragmentary view in a state where the frame-shaped plate shown in (a) is turned upside down. FIG. It is a partially broken principal part perspective view which shows the water flow path formation frame comprised using the plate shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. FIG. 2 is a schematic exploded perspective view of a plurality of plates and a pair of header portions constituting the plate heat exchanger shown in FIG. 1. It is a circumferential direction principal part sectional drawing of the several plate of the plate type heat exchanger shown in FIG. It is principal part sectional drawing which shows an example of the hot water apparatus which comprises the plate type heat exchanger shown in FIG. It is sectional drawing which shows the other example of the plate type heat exchanger which concerns on this invention. (A), (b) is principal part sectional explanatory drawing which shows typically the other example of the method of water flow of the plate-type heat exchanger which concerns on this invention. It is a partially omitted sectional view showing another example of a plate heat exchanger according to the present invention. It is a top view which shows the frame-shaped plate used for the plate type heat exchanger shown in FIG. It is a partially broken principal part perspective view of the frame-shaped plate-type heat exchanger shown in FIG. It is a partially omitted sectional view showing another example of a plate heat exchanger according to the present invention. It is explanatory drawing which shows typically the water flow aspect in the plate type heat exchanger shown in FIG. It is a top view which shows the frame-shaped plate used for the plate type heat exchanger shown in FIG. FIG. 16 is a partially cutaway perspective view of the frame-shaped plate shown in FIG. 15. It is a partially omitted sectional view showing another example of a plate heat exchanger according to the present invention. It is a top view which shows the frame-shaped plate used for the plate type heat exchanger shown in FIG. It is a partially broken principal part perspective view of the flowing water channel formation frame comprised using the frame-shaped plate shown in FIG. It is a principal part cross-section perspective view of FIG. It is a top view which shows the other example of a frame-shaped plate. It is a partially broken principal part perspective view of the frame-shaped plate shown in FIG. It is a partially broken principal part perspective view which shows the other example of a frame-shaped plate.
Explanation of symbols
A1 to A5 Plate type heat exchanger B1 to B5 Flow channel forming frame HS Hot water device 1 Can body 2, 2A to 2E Plate 3, 3A to 3F Flow channel 4A, 4B Header portion 5 Space portion 5a First region (space Part)
5b 2nd area | region (space part)
6 Combustor 10 Perimeter wall (can body)
21 Convex (plate)
21A-21F Convex (plate)
21A 'Additional convex part 22 Through-hole (of convex part of plate)
22A Additional through hole 23 Cavity 24 Recess 24a Bottom wall (recess)
40a Water inlet 40b Hot water outlet 51 Clearance for passage of combustion gas 52 Passage for combustion gas 90 Stopper for combustion gas

Claims (19)

  1. A plate type comprising a plurality of plates for heat exchange stacked in the thickness direction, a flow channel formed by the plurality of plates, and a can body having a peripheral wall portion surrounding the periphery of the plurality of plates. A heat exchanger,
    Since each of the plates has a frame shape, a space formed inside the plurality of plates, a plurality of gaps for passing a combustion gas provided between the plurality of plates, and the plurality of plates A passage for combustion gas formed between the peripheral wall portion of the can body,
    The plate-type heat exchanger is configured such that the combustion gas introduced into the space portion or generated in the space portion flows through the plurality of gaps and flows out to the combustion gas passage. .
  2.   When the combustion gas in the space portion travels from the one end opening side to the other end opening side of the space portion, the combustion gas is prevented from passing through the other end opening portion and flowing out to the outside. The plate heat exchanger according to claim 1, further comprising a combustion gas stopper.
  3. The combustion gas stopper partitions the space into first and second regions in the stacking direction of the plurality of plates,
    The combustion gas introduced into the first region or generated in the first region passes through a part of the plurality of gaps and flows into the combustion gas flow path, and then the other gas in the plurality of gaps. The plate-type heat exchanger according to claim 2, wherein the plate-type heat exchanger is configured to pass through the second region and the second region.
  4.   The plate according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a plurality of water flow paths capable of individually passing water are formed as the water flow paths, and the heat flow is configured as a single can multiple circuit type heat exchanger. Type heat exchanger.
  5. A plurality of flow channel forming frames are formed by the plurality of plates,
    Each of the flow channel forming frames has a convex portion in which the inner peripheral edge and the outer peripheral edge of the pair of plates are overlapped and joined, and at least one of the pair of plates protrudes in a direction opposite to the other side. 5. The plate heat exchanger according to claim 1, wherein the plate heat exchanger has a structure in which a hollow portion forming a part of the flow channel is formed.
  6.   The plurality of flow channel forming frame bodies have a plurality of the convex portions at intervals in the circumferential direction thereof, and are in contact with each other through the plurality of convex portions, thereby forming the plurality of water flow channels. The plate-type heat exchanger according to claim 5, wherein a plurality of gaps for passing the combustion gas are formed between the frames.
  7.   Among the plurality of flow channel forming frame bodies, through-holes are provided in the tip wall portions of the plurality of convex portions and portions in contact therewith to communicate the hollow portions in the adjacent flow channel forming frame bodies. The plate heat exchanger according to claim 6.
  8. Each convex part is formed with a concave part in which a part of the tip wall part is recessed,
    Among the plurality of flow channel forming frame bodies, the bottom wall portion of the plurality of recesses and the portion facing the bottom wall portion are added to communicate the inner portions of the recesses of the adjacent flow channel forming frame bodies. Through-holes are provided,
    The inward portion of the plurality of concave portions is formed as a water flow channel capable of allowing water to flow separately from the water flow channel formed by the hollow portions in the plurality of convex portions. Plate heat exchanger.
  9. As the water flow channel, a plurality of water flow channels extending in the stacking direction of the plurality of plates and spaced apart in the circumferential direction of the plates are provided,
    It is arranged so as to sandwich the plurality of plates in the stacking direction, and has a pair of header portions that communicate with the openings at both ends of the plurality of water channels,
    The plate heat exchanger according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein at least one of the pair of header portions has a frame shape.
  10. One of the pair of header portions has a water inlet, and is configured as a water inlet header portion that allows water supplied to the water inlet to flow into the plurality of water channels.
    The other of the pair of header portions has a hot water outlet, and is configured as a hot water header portion that guides water that has passed through the plurality of water flow channels to the hot water outlet and flows out to the outside. A plate type heat exchanger as described in 1.
  11. One of the pair of header portions has a water inlet chamber having a water inlet, and a hot water chamber having a hot water outlet,
    Water that has flowed into the water inlet chamber from the water inlet makes a U-turn by passing through a part of the plurality of water channels and into the other of the pair of header portions, and the remainder of the plurality of water channels The plate heat exchanger according to claim 9, wherein the plate heat exchanger is configured to pass through a portion and flow into the hot water discharge chamber.
  12.   The convex portion of each flow channel forming frame is formed to extend in the circumferential direction of the pair of plates, and water is circulated in the circumferential direction inside each of the flow channel forming frames. The plate-type heat exchanger according to claim 5, wherein a cavity portion capable of being configured is formed.
  13. The convex portion extends over substantially the entire circumference of the pair of plates, and the convex portion is provided with an additional convex portion that protrudes further than the other portion,
    The plurality of water flow path forming frames are in contact with each other via the additional convex portion, so that a gap for passing the combustion gas is formed between the plurality of water flow path forming frames. The plate heat exchanger according to claim 12.
  14.   Among the plurality of flow channel forming frame bodies, through holes for communicating the hollow portions in the adjacent flow channel forming frame bodies are provided in the tip wall portions of the plurality of additional convex portions and the portions in contact therewith. The plate heat exchanger according to claim 13, wherein
  15.   As the convex portions of the flow channel forming frame bodies, a plurality of convex portions arranged in the width direction of the pair of plates and extending in the circumferential direction are provided. The plate-type heat exchanger according to any one of claims 12 to 14, wherein a plurality of cavities capable of individually passing water are formed inside.
  16.   The plate type heat exchanger according to any one of claims 1 to 15, wherein all or a part of the plurality of plates have the same shape and size.
  17.   The plate heat exchanger according to any one of claims 1 to 16, wherein each of the plates is made of metal having acid resistance.
  18. A hot water apparatus comprising: a combustor that generates combustion gas; and a heat exchanger that recovers heat from the combustion gas to generate hot water,
    A hot water apparatus using the plate heat exchanger according to claim 1 as the heat exchanger.
  19. A heating device comprising: a combustor that generates combustion gas; and a heat exchanger that recovers heat from the combustion gas and heats the heat medium,
    A heating apparatus using the plate heat exchanger according to any one of claims 1 to 17 as the heat exchanger.
JP2005027095A 2005-02-02 2005-02-02 Plate heat exchanger, hot water device and heating device provided with the same Expired - Fee Related JP4462054B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005027095A JP4462054B2 (en) 2005-02-02 2005-02-02 Plate heat exchanger, hot water device and heating device provided with the same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005027095A JP4462054B2 (en) 2005-02-02 2005-02-02 Plate heat exchanger, hot water device and heating device provided with the same

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2006214628A true JP2006214628A (en) 2006-08-17
JP4462054B2 JP4462054B2 (en) 2010-05-12

Family

ID=36978009

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2005027095A Expired - Fee Related JP4462054B2 (en) 2005-02-02 2005-02-02 Plate heat exchanger, hot water device and heating device provided with the same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP4462054B2 (en)

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011058768A (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-24 Kawasaki Thermal Engineering Co Ltd Fluid heating device
JP2011185511A (en) * 2010-03-08 2011-09-22 Kawasaki Thermal Engineering Co Ltd Fluid heating device
JP2011220622A (en) * 2010-04-12 2011-11-04 Kawasaki Thermal Engineering Co Ltd Fluid heating device
KR101144459B1 (en) * 2010-01-18 2012-05-11 린나이코리아 주식회사 a condensation heat exchanger
KR101167631B1 (en) 2009-01-21 2012-07-20 허종목 Electric boiler
CN102705989A (en) * 2012-05-01 2012-10-03 杨斌 Horizontally placed multilayer fin type heat exchanger
WO2015141994A1 (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-24 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
WO2015141992A1 (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-24 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
WO2015141993A1 (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-24 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger and manufacturing method for unit plate constituting heat exchanger
WO2016119776A1 (en) * 2015-01-26 2016-08-04 Viessmann Werke Gmbh & Co Kg Boiler
KR20160143073A (en) * 2015-06-04 2016-12-14 주식회사 두발 Heat exchanger having combustion chamber and the method thereof
WO2017014495A1 (en) * 2015-07-23 2017-01-26 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
WO2017014498A1 (en) * 2015-07-23 2017-01-26 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
JP2017044404A (en) * 2015-08-26 2017-03-02 中部電力株式会社 High temperature fluid generation device
KR101765173B1 (en) 2015-07-07 2017-08-04 주식회사 두발 Boiler having parallel coupled multi heat exchanger
WO2017135727A1 (en) 2016-02-05 2017-08-10 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
WO2017135729A1 (en) 2016-02-05 2017-08-10 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
WO2017135730A1 (en) * 2016-02-05 2017-08-10 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
EP3327372A4 (en) * 2015-07-23 2019-04-03 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3327370A4 (en) * 2015-07-23 2019-04-03 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3343127A4 (en) * 2015-08-28 2019-05-15 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3343125A4 (en) * 2015-08-28 2019-05-15 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3343126A4 (en) * 2015-08-28 2019-05-15 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
WO2019124847A1 (en) 2017-12-20 2019-06-27 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
US10907905B2 (en) * 2015-11-18 2021-02-02 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Plate for heat exchange arrangement and heat exchange arrangement

Cited By (57)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101167631B1 (en) 2009-01-21 2012-07-20 허종목 Electric boiler
JP2011058768A (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-03-24 Kawasaki Thermal Engineering Co Ltd Fluid heating device
KR101144459B1 (en) * 2010-01-18 2012-05-11 린나이코리아 주식회사 a condensation heat exchanger
JP2011185511A (en) * 2010-03-08 2011-09-22 Kawasaki Thermal Engineering Co Ltd Fluid heating device
JP2011220622A (en) * 2010-04-12 2011-11-04 Kawasaki Thermal Engineering Co Ltd Fluid heating device
CN102705989A (en) * 2012-05-01 2012-10-03 杨斌 Horizontally placed multilayer fin type heat exchanger
WO2013163909A1 (en) * 2012-05-01 2013-11-07 Yang Bin Transversally disposed multi-layer finned heat exchanger
JP2017507315A (en) * 2014-03-18 2017-03-16 キュンドン ナビエン シーオー.,エルティーディー. Heat exchanger
WO2015141992A1 (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-24 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
WO2015141993A1 (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-24 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger and manufacturing method for unit plate constituting heat exchanger
KR20150108540A (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-30 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
KR20150108959A (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-10-01 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger and method of the unit plate comprising the heat exchanger
KR20150108958A (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-10-01 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
KR101594940B1 (en) 2014-03-18 2016-02-17 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
KR101596284B1 (en) 2014-03-18 2016-02-23 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
KR101597980B1 (en) * 2014-03-18 2016-02-29 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger and method of the unit plate comprising the heat exchanger
CN106133469B (en) * 2014-03-18 2018-12-21 庆东纳碧安株式会社 The manufacturing method of the cell board of heat exchanger and composition heat exchanger
CN106104167A (en) * 2014-03-18 2016-11-09 庆东纳碧安株式会社 Heat exchanger
CN106104166A (en) * 2014-03-18 2016-11-09 庆东纳碧安株式会社 Heat exchanger
CN106133469A (en) * 2014-03-18 2016-11-16 庆东纳碧安株式会社 The manufacture method of the cell board of heat exchanger and composition heat exchanger
US10088196B2 (en) 2014-03-18 2018-10-02 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
JP2017508123A (en) * 2014-03-18 2017-03-23 キュンドン ナビエン シーオー.,エルティーディー. Heat exchanger and method of manufacturing unit plate constituting heat exchanger
EP3128251A4 (en) * 2014-03-18 2017-12-27 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3128279A4 (en) * 2014-03-18 2017-12-27 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger and manufacturing method for unit plate constituting heat exchanger
US20170059201A1 (en) * 2014-03-18 2017-03-02 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger and manufacturing method for unit plate constituting heat exchanger
JP2017508124A (en) * 2014-03-18 2017-03-23 キュンドン ナビエン シーオー.,エルティーディー. Heat exchanger
WO2015141994A1 (en) * 2014-03-18 2015-09-24 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
CN107208929A (en) * 2015-01-26 2017-09-26 菲斯曼公司 Boiler
WO2016119776A1 (en) * 2015-01-26 2016-08-04 Viessmann Werke Gmbh & Co Kg Boiler
US10422550B2 (en) 2015-01-26 2019-09-24 Viessmann Werke Gmbh & Co Kg Boiler
CN107208929B (en) * 2015-01-26 2021-02-19 菲斯曼公司 Boiler
KR20160143073A (en) * 2015-06-04 2016-12-14 주식회사 두발 Heat exchanger having combustion chamber and the method thereof
KR101709231B1 (en) * 2015-06-04 2017-03-08 주식회사 두발 Heat exchanger having combustion chamber and the method thereof
KR101765173B1 (en) 2015-07-07 2017-08-04 주식회사 두발 Boiler having parallel coupled multi heat exchanger
US10598406B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2020-03-24 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
US10746436B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2020-08-18 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
WO2017014495A1 (en) * 2015-07-23 2017-01-26 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
US10816239B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2020-10-27 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3327372A4 (en) * 2015-07-23 2019-04-03 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3327370A4 (en) * 2015-07-23 2019-04-03 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3327369A4 (en) * 2015-07-23 2019-04-24 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
WO2017014498A1 (en) * 2015-07-23 2017-01-26 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
US10641522B2 (en) 2015-07-23 2020-05-05 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
JP2017044404A (en) * 2015-08-26 2017-03-02 中部電力株式会社 High temperature fluid generation device
US10690379B2 (en) 2015-08-28 2020-06-23 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3343127A4 (en) * 2015-08-28 2019-05-15 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
US10480870B2 (en) 2015-08-28 2019-11-19 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
US10598405B2 (en) 2015-08-28 2020-03-24 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3343126A4 (en) * 2015-08-28 2019-05-15 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
EP3343125A4 (en) * 2015-08-28 2019-05-15 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
US10907905B2 (en) * 2015-11-18 2021-02-02 Alfa Laval Corporate Ab Plate for heat exchange arrangement and heat exchange arrangement
WO2017135729A1 (en) 2016-02-05 2017-08-10 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
WO2017135727A1 (en) 2016-02-05 2017-08-10 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
US10876762B2 (en) 2016-02-05 2020-12-29 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
US10907859B2 (en) 2016-02-05 2021-02-02 Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd. Heat exchanger
WO2017135730A1 (en) * 2016-02-05 2017-08-10 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger
WO2019124847A1 (en) 2017-12-20 2019-06-27 주식회사 경동나비엔 Heat exchanger

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP4462054B2 (en) 2010-05-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10473408B2 (en) Heat exchanger with embedded heat pipes
EP3413004A1 (en) Heat exchanger
JP6291591B2 (en) Condensing gas boiler heat exchanger
JP4856170B2 (en) Plate heat exchanger
JP5155446B2 (en) Heat exchanger
JP2737987B2 (en) Stacked evaporator
JP3017272B2 (en) Heat exchanger
JP2013234839A (en) Heat exchanger
KR100645734B1 (en) Heat exchanger of condensing boiler for heating and hot-water supply
KR101090225B1 (en) Heat exchanger
JP6357480B2 (en) Fin-tube heat exchanger
CN102906510B (en) Heat exchanger
AU2010239899B2 (en) Heat exchanger
EP2660530B1 (en) Latent heat exchanger and hot water supply device
DE10033965C2 (en) heat exchangers
JP4897041B2 (en) Plate heat exchanger
US2384714A (en) Tubular heat exchanger
KR20020001581A (en) Evaporator
US6904965B2 (en) Radiator with side flat tubes
JPWO2009054162A1 (en) Plate stack heat exchanger
US20100084120A1 (en) Heat exchanger and method of operating the same
JP2005326135A (en) Heat exchanger
JP2007518053A (en) Heat exchanger and its heat exchange module
US20080314570A1 (en) Heat exchanger apparatus for accommodating thermal and/or pressure transients
EP2491326B1 (en) Improvements to a heat-exchanger for a boiler

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20080201

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20090617

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Effective date: 20090630

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

A521 Written amendment

Effective date: 20090827

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20100126

A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Effective date: 20100208

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

FPAY Renewal fee payment (prs date is renewal date of database)

Year of fee payment: 3

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20130226

R150 Certificate of patent (=grant) or registration of utility model

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

LAPS Cancellation because of no payment of annual fees