JP2006186805A - Multi-antenna communication equipment, and method of multiplex system determination - Google Patents

Multi-antenna communication equipment, and method of multiplex system determination Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2006186805A
JP2006186805A JP2004379672A JP2004379672A JP2006186805A JP 2006186805 A JP2006186805 A JP 2006186805A JP 2004379672 A JP2004379672 A JP 2004379672A JP 2004379672 A JP2004379672 A JP 2004379672A JP 2006186805 A JP2006186805 A JP 2006186805A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
subcarrier
multiplexing
subcarriers
transmission
multiplexing scheme
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2004379672A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP4526944B2 (en
Inventor
Masayuki Hoshino
Tomohiro Imai
Ryohei Kimura
友裕 今井
正幸 星野
良平 木村
Original Assignee
Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
松下電器産業株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd, 松下電器産業株式会社 filed Critical Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
Priority to JP2004379672A priority Critical patent/JP4526944B2/en
Publication of JP2006186805A publication Critical patent/JP2006186805A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4526944B2 publication Critical patent/JP4526944B2/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To suppress an increase in circuit scale while always ensuring a high transmission capacity.
A correlation value calculation unit 1091 calculates a correlation value from channel estimation values of propagation paths between all transmission / reception antenna pairs. Average value calculating section 1092 calculates an average value of correlation values in each subcarrier. Multiplexing scheme selection section 1093 compares the average value calculated for each subcarrier with a predetermined threshold, and selects a multiplexing scheme suitable for the signal of each subcarrier. The subcarrier number comparison unit 1094 compares the number of subcarriers for which SDM is selected for each subcarrier block with the threshold set by the threshold setting unit 1095, and sets the multiplexing scheme of each subcarrier block to either SDM or MRC diversity. Decide on. Threshold setting section 1095 sets the number of subcarriers that becomes a boundary for switching the subcarrier block multiplexing scheme as a threshold corresponding to the transmission rate information.
[Selection] Figure 2

Description

  The present invention relates to a multi-antenna communication apparatus and a multiplexing scheme determination method, and more particularly to a multi-antenna communication apparatus and a multiplexing scheme determination method that perform transmission / reception using a plurality of carriers having different frequencies.

  In recent years, studies on MIMO communication in which a transmission / reception side performs communication using a plurality of antennas have been actively conducted. In MIMO communication, there is a propagation path between transmission and reception by the product of the number of transmission antennas on the transmission side and the number of reception antennas on the reception side. That is, there are propagation paths corresponding to all pairs of transmission / reception antennas. Depending on the correlation of each propagation path, either a space division multiplexing (SDM) method or a maximum ratio combining (MRC) diversity method is suitable.

  That is, when the correlation between the propagation paths is small, signals transmitted through the propagation paths can be separated relatively easily on the receiving side, and therefore it is preferable to improve transmission efficiency by SDM. In SDM, transmission data is spatially multiplexed on the transmission side, and different signals are transmitted simultaneously from a plurality of transmission antennas. Therefore, a signal is transmitted at a transmission rate that is several times the number of transmission antennas as compared to the case of one transmission antenna.

  In addition, when the correlation between the propagation paths is large, it is difficult to separate the signals transmitted through the propagation paths on the reception side, and therefore it is preferable to prevent the reception characteristics from being deteriorated by MRC diversity. In MRC diversity, the same signal is simultaneously transmitted from a plurality of transmission antennas. Therefore, although the transmission rate is not different from the case where there is one transmission antenna, it is possible to prevent the reception characteristics from deteriorating even when the correlation of the propagation path is large.

In MIMO communication, as described above, one of the two multiplexing schemes of SDM and MRC diversity is suitable depending on the correlation of propagation paths. For example, in Patent Document 1, switching between SDM and MRC diversity is always high. Obtaining transmission capacity is disclosed.
JP 2004-194262 A

  By the way, in multicarrier transmission such as OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing), a signal is transmitted by a plurality of carriers having different frequencies (hereinafter referred to as “subcarriers”), and a propagation path is transmitted by each subcarrier. The correlation is different. Therefore, it is different whether SDM or MRC diversity is suitable for each subcarrier, and in order to perform transmission with the optimum multiplexing scheme, information on the propagation path is acquired for all subcarriers, and multiplexing is performed for each subcarrier. It is necessary to perform control to switch the method. If the transmission side performs control to change the multiplexing method for each subcarrier, the receiving side also needs to perform decoding according to the multiplexing method for each subcarrier.

  Thus, when switching the multiplexing method in multi-carrier transmission, there is a problem that control for each subcarrier is required on both the transmission and reception sides, and the circuit scale increases.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above points, and an object thereof is to provide a multi-antenna communication apparatus and a multiplexing method determination method that can suppress an increase in circuit scale while always ensuring a high transmission capacity. .

  A multi-antenna communication apparatus according to the present invention is a multi-antenna communication apparatus that communicates with a communication partner having a plurality of antennas that transmit and receive signals, and that transmits and receives signals to and from the plurality of antennas of the communication partner. An acquisition means for acquiring a channel estimation value for each of a plurality of subcarriers in a propagation path between the antenna and all transmission / reception antenna pairs of the communication partner and the own apparatus, and two or more sub-channels using the acquired channel estimation value And a determining unit that determines a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block including a carrier.

  A multiplexing method determining method according to the present invention is a multiplexing method determining method in communication between multi-antenna communication apparatuses having a plurality of antennas for transmitting and receiving signals, and channel estimation values in propagation paths between all transmitting / receiving antenna pairs are calculated. A step of acquiring each of the plurality of subcarriers; and a step of determining a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block including two or more subcarriers using the acquired channel estimation value.

  According to these, since the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block is determined using channel estimation values in the propagation paths between all transmission / reception antenna pairs, a multiplexing scheme suitable for either sub-carrier block, SDM or MRC diversity, is used. Thus, space-time coding and space-time decoding can be performed, and a high transmission capacity can always be ensured. In addition, it is not necessary to perform control for switching the multiplexing method for each subcarrier, and an increase in circuit scale can be suppressed.

  According to the present invention, an increase in circuit scale can be suppressed while always ensuring a high transmission capacity.

  The essence of the present invention is that a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block composed of a plurality of subcarriers is determined as either a space division multiplexing (SDM) scheme or a maximum ratio combining (MRC) diversity scheme according to the correlation between antennas. is there.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.

(Embodiment 1)
FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a main configuration of a receiving side multi-antenna communication apparatus according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. A multi-antenna communication apparatus shown in FIG. 1 includes an RF (Radio Frequency) receiving unit 101, a GI (Guard Interval) removing unit 102, an FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) unit 103, and a space-time decoding. Units 104-1 to 104-n, parallel-serial conversion unit 105, demodulation unit 106, decoding unit 107, channel estimation unit 108, multiplexing scheme determination unit 109, FB (FeedBack) information generation unit 110, and RF transmission unit 111 have.

  The RF receiving unit 101 receives a multicarrier signal including a plurality of subcarriers via an antenna, and performs predetermined radio reception processing (down-conversion, A / D conversion, etc.) on the received signal.

  GI removal section 102 removes the guard interval inserted between symbols in the received signal.

  FFT section 103 performs fast Fourier transform on the signal after removal of the guard interval, and outputs a signal for each subcarrier to channel estimation section 108 and space-time decoding sections 104-1 to 104-n. At this time, FFT section 103 outputs a signal for each subcarrier to space-time decoding sections 104-1 to 104-n corresponding to the subcarrier block to which each subcarrier belongs. Note that all subcarriers included in the received signal are divided into n subcarrier blocks in advance. Further, the number of subcarriers in each subcarrier block is two or more, and may be equal or different between the subcarrier blocks.

  Space-time decoding sections 104-1 to 104-n are provided corresponding to n subcarrier blocks, and for either subcarrier signal belonging to each subcarrier block, multiplexing scheme of either SDM or MRC diversity Perform space-time decoding according to. Specifically, the space-time decoding sections 104-1 to 104-n, according to the determination by the multiplexing scheme determining section 109 described later, for subcarrier signals belonging to subcarrier blocks whose transmitting multiplexing scheme is SDM, Signals transmitted from a plurality of transmission antennas are separated, and for signals of subcarriers belonging to a subcarrier block whose transmission side multiplexing method is MRC diversity, signals transmitted from the plurality of transmission antennas are combined in a maximum ratio.

  Parallel-serial converter 105 performs parallel-serial conversion on the signals of the subcarriers subjected to space-time decoding, and outputs the result to demodulator 106.

  The demodulation unit 106 performs demodulation according to the modulation method on the transmission side for the signal after parallel-serial conversion according to the transmission rate information obtained by scheduling or the like that determines the coding rate and modulation method assigned to the transmission side, The obtained demodulated signal is output to decoding section 107.

  Decoding section 107 performs error correction decoding on the demodulated signal according to the coding rate on the transmission side according to the transmission rate information, and outputs received data.

  Channel estimation section 108 performs channel estimation using a reference pilot signal for each subcarrier, and outputs a channel estimation value for a propagation path for each transmission / reception antenna pair to multiplexing scheme determination section 109 for each subcarrier.

  Multiplexing method determining section 109 obtains the inter-antenna correlation for each subcarrier, which is an index of the correlation of the propagation path between all transmission / reception antenna pairs, from the channel estimation value, and calculates the inter-antenna correlation of each subcarrier for each subcarrier block. The multiplexing method is determined as either SDM or MRC diversity. Then, multiplexing scheme determining section 109 outputs the multiplexing scheme information of all the subcarrier blocks and the coding rate / modulation scheme information on the transmission side included in the transmission rate information to FB information generating section 110, and each subcarrier. The block multiplexing scheme information is output to the corresponding space-time decoding sections 104-1 to 104-n. The detailed configuration of the multiplexing method determining unit 109 will be described in detail later.

  The FB information generation unit 110 generates feedback information (FB information) for feeding back the multiplexing scheme information and the coding rate / modulation scheme information to the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side. Here, as the multiplexing scheme information included in the FB information, bits corresponding to the number of subcarrier blocks may be used. For example, the bit corresponding to the subcarrier block for which SDM is selected is set to “1”, and the MRC is selected for the subcarrier block. The bit corresponding to the carrier block may be set to “0”. Therefore, the information amount of the multiplexing scheme information can be greatly reduced as compared with the case where one bit is assigned to all the subcarriers.

  The RF transmission unit 111 performs predetermined wireless transmission processing (D / A conversion, up-conversion, etc.) on the feedback information and transmits the feedback information via an antenna.

  FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing an internal configuration of multiplexing scheme determining section 109 according to the present embodiment. As shown in the figure, multiplexing scheme determining section 109 has correlation value calculating section 1091, average value calculating section 1092, multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093, subcarrier number comparing section 1094, and threshold setting section 1095.

  Correlation value calculation section 1091 calculates a correlation value by the following equation (1) from channel estimation values of propagation paths between all transmission / reception antenna pairs.

Here, ρ (i, j, k) is the channel gain on the propagation path for the signal of subcarrier k transmitted from transmission antenna i and the channel gain on the propagation path for the signal of subcarrier k transmitted from transmission antenna j. It can be said that this is the correlation value between the transmission antenna i and the transmission antenna j in subcarrier k. Further, h (i, k) and h (j, k) are column vectors in which channel estimation values at the receiving antennas of the signals of subcarrier k transmitted from transmitting antenna i and transmitting antenna j are arranged in the column direction, respectively. It is. Furthermore, H indicates Hermitian conjugate.

  That is, correlation value calculation section 1091 calculates a correlation value at subcarrier k from Equation (1) for a combination of two transmission antennas, and calculates the same correlation value for all subcarriers. At this time, correlation value calculation section 1091 may calculate correlation values for all combinations of two transmission antennas, or may calculate correlation values only for combinations of two predetermined transmission antennas.

  Average value calculating section 1092 calculates an average value of correlation values in each subcarrier. That is, average value calculation section 1092 calculates the average value of correlation values in subcarrier k calculated for the combination of two transmission antennas by the following equation (2).

ρ (k) = E [ρ (i, j, k)] (2)
However, 1 ≦ i, j ≦ M
That is, the average value calculation unit 1092 calculates the average value of the correlation values of the combination of the two transmission antennas for which the correlation value is calculated out of the total number M of transmission antennas. In the present embodiment, the calculated average value is the correlation between antennas in each subcarrier k, and the correlation between antennas is large when the average value is large, and the correlation between antennas is small when the average value is small. If the correlation between the antennas is large, it is difficult to separate the signals on each propagation path on the reception side. Therefore, MRC diversity is suitable as a multiplexing method. If the correlation between the antennas is small, the signal on each propagation path on the reception side. SDM is suitable as a multiplexing method because it is separated and cheap.

Multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093 selects whether the multiplexing scheme suitable for the signal of each subcarrier is SDM or MRC diversity by comparing the average value calculated for each subcarrier with a predetermined threshold. . Specifically, multiplexing scheme selection section 1093 compares ρ (k) obtained for each subcarrier by equation (2) with a predetermined threshold T c, and if ρ (k) is equal to or greater than T c , Since the correlation between the antennas at the carrier k is relatively large, MRC diversity is selected as a suitable multiplexing scheme, and when ρ (k) is less than T c , the correlation between the antennas at the subcarrier k is relatively small. Select SDM as the method.

Note that the multiplexing scheme selection unit 1093 may adjust the threshold value T c to be compared with ρ (k) according to the coding rate / modulation scheme included in the transmission rate information. That is, when a coding rate / modulation method that is unlikely to cause an error is selected, the threshold Tc may be increased so that the SDM is easily selected.

The subcarrier number comparison unit 1094 compares the number of subcarriers for which SDM is selected for each subcarrier block with the threshold value set by the threshold value setting unit 1095, thereby determining the multiplexing scheme to be applied to each subcarrier block. Decide on either SDM or MRC diversity. Specifically, the subcarrier number comparison unit 1094 compares the number N SDM (k SCB ) of subcarriers for which SDM is selected in each subcarrier block k SCB with the threshold T SDM, and N SDM (k SCB ) If T SDM is greater than or equal to T SDM , it is determined that SDM is applied to subcarriers belonging to subcarrier block k SCB . If N SDM (k SCB ) is less than T SDM, it is determined for subcarriers belonging to subcarrier block k SCB . It is determined that MRC diversity is applied.

The threshold setting unit 1095 sets the number of subcarriers as a boundary for switching the subcarrier block multiplexing scheme, and the number of subcarriers for which the SDM in the subcarrier block is selected, as a threshold corresponding to the transmission rate information. Specifically, the threshold setting unit 1095 reduces the threshold T SDM and reduces the multiplexing scheme for the subcarrier block k SCB when the coding rate / modulation method included in the transmission rate information is unlikely to cause an error. As shown in FIG.

  FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing a main configuration of the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus according to the present embodiment. 3 includes an encoding unit 201, a modulation unit 202, a serial-parallel conversion unit 203, space-time encoding units 204-1 to 204-n, and IFFT (Inverse Fast Fourier Transform). Unit 205, GI insertion unit 206, RF transmission unit 207, RF reception unit 208, FB information demodulation unit 209, multiplexing method instruction unit 210, and transmission rate control unit 211.

  Encoding section 201 performs error correction coding on transmission data according to the coding rate / modulation method information output from transmission rate control section 211, and outputs the obtained encoded data to modulation section 202.

  Modulation section 202 modulates the encoded data according to the coding rate / modulation method information output from transmission rate control section 211, and outputs the obtained modulated data to series-parallel conversion section 203.

  The serial / parallel conversion unit 203 performs serial / parallel conversion on the modulation data, and outputs the modulation data allocated to the plurality of subcarriers to the space-time coding units 204-1 to 204-n. At this time, the serial-parallel conversion unit 203 outputs the modulation data allocated to each subcarrier to the space-time coding units 204-1 to 204-n corresponding to the subcarrier block to which each subcarrier belongs.

  Space-time coding sections 204-1 to 204-n are provided corresponding to n subcarrier blocks, and either SDM or MRC diversity is applied to modulation data allocated to subcarriers belonging to each subcarrier block. Space-time coding is performed by such a multiplexing method. Specifically, according to the instruction from multiplexing scheme instruction section 210, space-time encoding sections 204-1 to 204-n simultaneously receive different signals from a plurality of transmission antennas for subcarrier blocks whose multiplexing scheme is SDM. The modulated data is space-division multiplexed so as to be transmitted, and for the subcarrier block whose multiplexing method is MRC diversity, the modulated data is space-time encoded so that the same signal is transmitted simultaneously from a plurality of transmitting antennas.

  IFFT section 205 performs inverse fast Fourier transform on the space-time encoded modulation data, and outputs the obtained multicarrier signal to GI insertion section 206.

  The GI insertion unit 206 duplicates the end portion of each symbol in the multicarrier signal at the beginning and inserts a guard interval.

  The RF transmission unit 207 performs predetermined radio transmission processing (D / A conversion, up-conversion, etc.) on the multicarrier signal after insertion of the guard interval, and transmits it through the antenna.

  The RF reception unit 208 receives a signal including FB information via an antenna, and performs predetermined radio reception processing (down-conversion, A / D conversion, etc.) on the received signal.

  The FB information demodulation unit 209 demodulates the FB information included in the received signal, outputs the obtained multiplexing method information to the multiplexing method instruction unit 210, and outputs the coding rate / modulation method information to the transmission rate control unit 211. To do.

  Multiplexing system instruction section 210 instructs the space-time encoding sections 204-1 to 204-n corresponding to each subcarrier block, according to the multiplexing system information. That is, multiplexing scheme designating section 210 instructs to space-time coding sections 204-1 to 204-n corresponding to each subcarrier block, which of SDM and MRC diversity is applied as a multiplexing scheme to each subcarrier block. To do.

  The transmission rate control unit 211 notifies the encoding unit 201 of the coding rate assigned to the own device according to the coding rate / modulation method information, and notifies the modulation unit 202 of the modulation method assigned to the own device. .

  Next, the operation of the transmission / reception multi-antenna communication apparatus configured as described above will be described. Hereinafter, an operation of determining a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block by the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the reception side will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

  The multicarrier signal transmitted from the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 3) is received by the RF reception unit 101 via the antenna of the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 1). The received signal is subjected to radio reception processing by the RF receiving unit 101, the guard interval is removed by the GI removing unit 102, and fast Fourier transformed by the FFT unit 103, whereby the signal for each subcarrier is converted into the channel estimating unit 108 and It is output to the space-time decoding units 104-1 to 104-n. Here, processing from channel estimation section 108 to RF transmission section 111 will be described, and processing from space-time decoding sections 104-1 to 104-n to decoding section 107 will be described later.

Channel estimation section 108 then obtains a channel estimation value in each propagation path between the transmission / reception antenna pair for each subcarrier (ST1000). That is, when the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus includes M antennas and the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus includes N antennas, the channel estimation unit 108 performs M × N propagation. Channel estimation values for all paths are calculated for each subcarrier. Hereinafter, the channel estimated value of the subcarrier k in the propagation path between the transmitting antenna m and the receiving antenna n is denoted as h nm (k). The calculated channel estimation value is output to correlation value calculation section 1091 in multiplexing scheme determination section 109.

Correlation value calculation section 1091 first calculates the channel gain for each subcarrier of each transmission antenna. That is, if the channel gain on the propagation path for the signal of the subcarrier k transmitted from the transmission antenna i is h (i, k), h (i, k) is the channel estimation value h 1i (k) to h Ni ( It is expressed as a column vector shown in the following equation (3) with k) as an element.

h (i, k) = [h 1i (k), h 2i (k),..., h Ni (k)] T (3)
In Equation (3), [] T represents a transposed matrix of the matrix indicated by [].

  Then, correlation value calculation section 1091 uses equation (1) described above to calculate a correlation value ρ (i, j, k) of channel gain corresponding to transmission antenna i and transmission antenna j for subcarrier k. (ST1100). The correlation value ρ (i, j, k) is calculated for each subcarrier and for each combination of two transmission antennas. However, although at least one correlation value ρ (i, j, k) is calculated for all subcarriers k, it need not be calculated for all combinations of two transmission antennas i and j. Therefore, correlation value calculation section 1091 may calculate correlation values for all combinations of two transmission antennas for one subcarrier, or calculate correlation values for only two predetermined combinations of transmission antennas. Also good. When calculating only a combination of two predetermined transmission antennas, it is preferable to calculate a correlation value for the same combination for all subcarriers.

  The calculated correlation value is output to the average value calculation unit 1092, and the average value calculation unit 1092 calculates the average value ρ (k) of the correlation value ρ (i, j, k) of each subcarrier k as described above ( 2). The average value ρ (k) calculated in this way is an index of the correlation between antennas of subcarrier k, and a subcarrier having a high average value ρ (k) has a relatively large correlation between antennas and is suitable for SDM. It can be said that it is not. On the other hand, a subcarrier having a low average value ρ (k) has a relatively small correlation between antennas and can be said to be suitable for SDM.

The calculated average value ρ (k) is output to multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093, and multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093 selects a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier (ST1200). That is, the multiplexing scheme selection unit 1093, and compared the average value of the sub-carrier k [rho (k) and a predetermined threshold value T c is, for a subcarrier k mean values [rho (k) is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold value T c is While MRC diversity is selected as the multiplexing scheme, SDM is selected as the multiplexing scheme for subcarrier k whose average value ρ (k) is less than a predetermined threshold T c . Here, when the coding rate / modulation method assigned to the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side corresponds to a low transmission rate, an error is unlikely to occur, so the threshold T c is increased and the SDM is selected. You may adjust so that it may be made easy. On the other hand, when the coding rate / modulation method corresponds to a high transmission rate, the threshold value Tc may be reduced so that the SDM is not easily selected. The selected multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier is notified to the subcarrier number comparison section 1094.

Also, the threshold setting unit 1095 receives information on the transmission rate assigned to the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side by scheduling or the like, and since the subcarrier block multiplexing scheme is SDM, the SDM in the smallest subcarrier block A threshold T SDM indicating the number of subcarriers for which is selected is set. That is, when the transmission rate is low and the coding rate / modulation method is unlikely to cause an error, the threshold value T SDM is set to a relatively small value, and SDM is easily selected as a subcarrier block multiplexing method. When the transmission rate is high and the coding rate / modulation method is likely to cause an error, the threshold value T SDM is set to a relatively large value, and it is difficult to select SDM as the subcarrier block multiplexing method. The set threshold value T SDM is notified to the subcarrier number comparison unit 1094.

Then, subcarrier number comparison section 1094 determines the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block (ST1300). That is, the subcarrier number comparison unit 1094 counts the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) for which SDM is selected as the multiplexing scheme in the subcarrier block k SCB , and N SDM (k SCB ) is the threshold T SDM . In comparison, the multiplexing scheme of the subcarrier block k SCB in which the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) is greater than or equal to the threshold T SDM is determined as SDM, while the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) is less than the threshold T SDM . The multiplexing scheme of a certain subcarrier block k SCB is determined by MRC diversity. At this time, since the threshold value T SDM is set as described above, if the transmission rate assigned to the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side is low, the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) in the subcarrier block k SCB Is relatively small, the multiplexing scheme of the subcarrier block k SCB is determined to be SDM. Conversely, the higher the transmission rate assigned to the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side, be relatively large number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB) is the subcarrier block k SCB, multiple subcarrier block k SCB The scheme is not determined by SDM.

  As described above, since a suitable multiplexing method of SDM or MRC diversity is determined for each subcarrier block, it is possible to improve the transmission capacity and to switch the multiplexing method for each subcarrier. Thus, an increase in circuit scale on both the transmission and reception sides can be suppressed.

  The multiplexing scheme information of each subcarrier block determined in this way is output to space-time decoding sections 104-1 to 104-n corresponding to the respective subcarrier blocks, and the multiplexing scheme information of all subcarrier blocks and The coding rate / modulation method information included in the transmission rate information is output to the FB information generation unit 110.

  The multiplexing scheme information of each subcarrier block output to the space-time decoding sections 104-1 to 104-n is used when space-time decoding is performed on a signal to be transmitted later from the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus. Also, the multiplexing scheme information and the coding rate / modulation scheme information output to the FB information generation unit 110 are formed by the FB information generation unit 110 as FB information to the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side. The FB information is subjected to a predetermined radio transmission process by the RF transmission unit 111 and transmitted via the antenna (ST1400). Here, in the present invention, since the multiplexing scheme is determined for each subcarrier block, it is not necessary to feed back the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier to the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side, and the amount of FB information can be reduced. Can do.

  The FB information transmitted from the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 1) is received by the RF reception unit 208 via the antenna of the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 3). The received signal is subjected to radio reception processing by the RF reception unit 208, demodulated by the FB information demodulation unit 209, and the multiplexing method information included in the FB information is output to the multiplexing method instruction unit 210, and is encoded in the FB information. The rate / modulation method information is output to the transmission rate control unit 211.

  Then, after the transmission rate control unit 211 sets the encoding rate of the encoding unit 201 and the modulation scheme of the modulation unit 202 to be notified by the encoding rate / modulation scheme information, the transmission data is encoded. Error correction coding is performed by the unit 201 and modulated by the modulation unit 202. By these error correction coding and modulation, the transmission rate determined by the scheduling of the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the receiving side is realized.

  The modulation data obtained by the modulation is serial-parallel converted by the serial-parallel conversion unit 203, and the parallel modulation data corresponding to the number of subcarriers belonging to one subcarrier block is respectively space-time encoded corresponding to the subcarrier block. Are output to the sections 204-1 to 204-n. Each of the space-time coding units 204-1 to 204-n is instructed by the multiplexing method instruction unit 210 to use either SDM or MRC diversity according to the multiplexing method information. The modulated data is space-time encoded with a suitable multiplexing scheme. As a result, in the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the receiving side, the modulation data is space-time encoded by the multiplexing scheme determined from the inter-antenna correlation of subcarriers belonging to each subcarrier block, and the subcarrier having a large inter-antenna correlation. For the block modulation data, the same signal is transmitted simultaneously from a plurality of antennas, and for the modulation data of a subcarrier block having a small correlation between antennas, different signals are transmitted simultaneously from the plurality of antennas.

  The coded data obtained by space-time coding is subjected to inverse fast Fourier transform by the IFFT unit 205 to generate a multicarrier signal, and a GI insertion unit 206 inserts a guard interval into the multicarrier signal to perform RF transmission. A predetermined wireless transmission process is performed by the unit 207 and transmitted via an antenna.

  The multicarrier signal transmitted from the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 3) is received by the RF reception unit 101 via the antenna of the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 1), and is transmitted by the GI removal unit 102. The guard interval is removed, and the FFT unit 103 outputs a signal for each subcarrier to the space-time decoding units 104-1 to 104-n.

  Multiplex system information of either SDM or MRC diversity is output from the multiplexing method determining unit 109 to the space-time decoding units 104-1 to 104-n, and the subcarriers in the multiplexing system corresponding to each subcarrier block are output. Each signal is space-time decoded. That is, the subcarrier signal belonging to the subcarrier block having a large inter-antenna correlation is transmitted by MRC diversity, so that maximum ratio combining is performed, and the subcarrier signal belonging to the subcarrier block having a small inter-antenna correlation is transmitted by SDM. Therefore, space separation for separating signals for each antenna is performed. The space-time-decoded signal of each subcarrier is parallel-serial converted by the parallel-serial converter 105, and the modulation scheme and coding assigned to the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side by the demodulator 106 and the decoder 107 at the time of scheduling. Demodulation and error correction decoding corresponding to the rate is performed, and received data is obtained.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier is selected from the inter-antenna correlation for each subcarrier, and the number of subcarriers suitable for the SDM in the subcarrier block is equal to or greater than the threshold. For example, the multiplexing scheme of the subcarrier block is SDM, and if the number of subcarriers suitable for SDM in the subcarrier block is less than the threshold, the multiplexing scheme of the subcarrier block is MRC diversity. For this reason, a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier block can be selected to ensure a high transmission capacity, and it is not necessary to switch the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier, thereby suppressing an increase in circuit scale.

  In the present embodiment, the number of antennas provided in the transmission / reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus may be any number as long as it is two or more, and does not need to be equal on the transmission / reception side.

(Embodiment 2)
A feature of Embodiment 2 of the present invention is that, when the number of transmitting antennas and receiving antennas are equal, a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier is selected from a determinant obtained from a channel estimation value in a propagation path between each transmitting / receiving antenna pair. Is a point.

  The configuration of the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus and the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus according to the present embodiment includes the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 1) and the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus according to Embodiment 1. Since it is the same as (FIG. 3), the description is abbreviate | omitted. However, in this embodiment, it is assumed that the number of antennas provided in the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission / reception side is equal. Further, in the present embodiment, only the internal configuration of multiplexing scheme determining section 109 in the receiving-side multi-antenna communication apparatus is different from that in the first embodiment.

  FIG. 5 is a block diagram showing an internal configuration of multiplexing scheme determining section 109 according to the present embodiment. In FIG. 5, the same parts as those in FIG. As shown in the figure, multiplexing scheme determining section 109 has determinant calculating section 3001, multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093a, subcarrier number comparing section 1094, and threshold setting section 1095.

  The determinant calculating unit 3001 generates a matrix H (k) shown in the following expression (4) from channel estimation values of propagation paths between all transmission / reception antenna pairs, and the determinant det [H ( k)] is calculated.

That is, the determinant calculation unit 3001 has the transmission antenna m and the reception antenna n related to the subcarrier k when the total number of transmission antennas is M and the total number of reception antennas is N (where N = M in this embodiment). A matrix H (k) whose element is the channel estimation value h nm (k) in the propagation path between and is generated, and a determinant det [H (k)] is calculated. The determinant det [H (k)] and the correlation value ρ in the first embodiment have a relationship as shown in FIG. 6 and correspond one-to-one. In other words, in the present embodiment, the determinant det [H (k)] is an index of the correlation between antennas in each subcarrier k. If the determinant det [H (k)] is small, the correlation between antennas is On the other hand, SDM is not suitable as a multiplexing method, whereas if determinant det [H (k)] is large, the correlation between antennas is small, and SDM is suitable as a multiplexing method.

The multiplexing scheme selection unit 1093a compares the determinant det [H (k)] calculated for each subcarrier with a predetermined threshold value, so that the multiplexing scheme suitable for the signal of each subcarrier is SDM or MRC diversity. Select which one of them. Specifically, the multiplexing scheme selection unit 1093a compares the determinant det [H (k)] for the subcarrier k with a predetermined threshold T d, and if the determinant det [H (k)] is equal to or greater than T d. in order correlation between the antennas in the subcarrier k is relatively small, suitable to select the SDM as multiplexing, the determinant det [H (k)] is relatively correlation between the antennas in the subcarrier k is less than T d Since it is large, MRC diversity is selected as a suitable multiplexing method.

Note that, as in Embodiment 1, multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093a adjusts threshold value T d to be compared with determinant det [H (k)] according to the coding rate and modulation scheme included in the transmission rate information. You may do it.

  Next, the operation of determining the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block by the multiplexing scheme determining unit configured as described above will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG. In FIG. 7, the same parts as those in FIG. 4 are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted.

First, similarly to the first embodiment, the multicarrier signal transmitted from the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 3) is used, and the channel estimation unit 108 of the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 1) A channel estimation value in each propagation path between the transmission / reception antenna pair is obtained for each subcarrier (ST1000). As a result, for each subcarrier k, channel estimation values h 11 (k) to h NM (k), which are elements of the matrix H (k) in the above equation (4), are obtained. These channel estimation values are output to the determinant calculation unit 3001 in the multiplexing method determination unit 109.

In the determinant calculation unit 3001, first, the matrix H (k) of the equation (4) is generated from the channel estimation values h 11 (k) to h NM (k), and the determinant det [H (k )] Is calculated (ST2000). The determinant can be calculated only by calculation that is easier than the calculation of the correlation value ρ (i, j, k) in the first embodiment, and it is not necessary to perform calculation for each combination of two transmission antennas. Thus, the calculation amount can be significantly reduced as compared with the first embodiment. The calculated determinant det [H (k)] is an index of the correlation between antennas of subcarrier k, and a subcarrier having a large determinant det [H (k)] has a relatively high correlation between antennas. It is small and can be said to be suitable for SDM. On the contrary, it can be said that a subcarrier having a small determinant det [H (k)] has a relatively large correlation between antennas and is not suitable for SDM.

The calculated determinant det [H (k)] is output to multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093a, and multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093a selects a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier (ST1200). That is, the multiplexing scheme selection unit 1093a compares the determinant det [H (k)] of the subcarrier k with the predetermined threshold Td, and the determinant det [H (k)] is greater than or equal to the predetermined threshold Td . For a certain subcarrier k, SDM is selected as a multiplexing scheme, while for a subcarrier k whose determinant det [H (k)] is less than a predetermined threshold T d , MRC diversity is selected as a multiplexing scheme. . Here, as in the first embodiment, the threshold value T d may be adjusted according to the transmission rate information. The selected multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier is notified to the subcarrier number comparison section 1094.

Then, the threshold T SDM set in the same manner as in Embodiment 1 is compared with the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) for which SDM is selected as the multiplexing scheme, and the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block is determined ( ST1300).

  As described above, since a suitable multiplexing method of SDM or MRC diversity is determined for each subcarrier block, it is possible to improve the transmission capacity and to switch the multiplexing method for each subcarrier. Thus, an increase in circuit scale on both the transmission and reception sides can be suppressed. In the present embodiment, when a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier is selected, only the determinant is calculated more easily than the correlation value, so that the amount of calculation can be reduced.

  The multiplexing scheme information of each subcarrier block determined in this way is formed into FB information together with the coding rate / modulation scheme information and transmitted via the antenna (ST1400).

  Hereinafter, as in the first embodiment, a multi-carrier signal in which the multiplexing scheme of each subcarrier block is optimized is transmitted from the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side (FIG. 3), and the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the reception side (FIG. 1) performs space-time decoding for each subcarrier block according to the multiplexing scheme determined as described above.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier is selected from the determinant used as an index of inter-antenna correlation for each subcarrier, and the subcarrier suitable for the SDM in the subcarrier block is selected. If the number is greater than or equal to the threshold, the multiplexing scheme of the subcarrier block is SDM, and if the number of subcarriers suitable for SDM in the subcarrier block is less than the threshold, the multiplexing scheme of the subcarrier block is MRC diversity. For this reason, a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier block can be selected to ensure a high transmission capacity, and it is not necessary to switch the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier, thereby suppressing an increase in circuit scale. Further, it is not necessary to calculate a correlation value or the like to select a multiplexing method for each subcarrier, and the amount of calculation can be reduced.

(Embodiment 3)
The feature of Embodiment 3 of the present invention is that the transmission rate is determined by changing the coding rate and modulation scheme for each subcarrier block according to the number of subcarriers for which SDM or MRC diversity is selected in the subcarrier block. Is a point.

  The configuration of the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus and the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus according to the present embodiment includes the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 1) and the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus according to Embodiment 1. Since it is the same as (FIG. 3), the description is abbreviate | omitted. However, in the present embodiment, only the internal configuration of multiplexing scheme determining section 109 in the receiving-side multi-antenna communication apparatus is different from that in the first embodiment.

  FIG. 8 is a block diagram showing an internal configuration of multiplexing scheme determining section 109 according to the present embodiment. In FIG. 8, the same parts as those in FIG. As shown in the figure, multiplexing scheme determining section 109 has correlation value calculating section 1091, average value calculating section 1092, multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093, subcarrier number comparing section 4001, and transmission rate determining section 4002. .

Subcarrier number comparison section 4001 compares the number of selected SDMs for each subcarrier block with a predetermined threshold value, and determines the multiplexing scheme to be applied to each subcarrier block as either SDM or MRC diversity. To do. Specifically, subcarrier number comparison section 4001 compares the number N SDM (k SCB ) of subcarriers for which SDM is selected in each subcarrier block k SCB with threshold T SDM, and N SDM (k SCB ) If T SDM is greater than or equal to T SDM , it is determined that SDM is applied to subcarriers belonging to subcarrier block k SCB . If N SDM (k SCB ) is less than T SDM, it is determined for subcarriers belonging to subcarrier block k SCB . It is determined that MRC diversity is applied. At this time, unlike the first and second embodiments, subcarrier number comparison section 4001 determines a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block using a fixed threshold value T SDM .

The transmission rate determining unit 4002 determines the coding rate of each subcarrier block k SCB according to the difference between the number N SDM (k SCB ) of subcarriers for which SDM is selected in each subcarrier block k SCB and the threshold T SDM.・ Determine the modulation method. Specifically, when the multiplexing scheme of subcarrier block k SCB is determined to be SDM, transmission rate determining section 4002 first determines the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) and threshold T SDM according to the following equation (5). The difference d SDM is calculated.

d SDM = N SDM (k SCB ) −T SDM (5)
The larger this difference d SDM is, the more subcarriers in which SDM has been selected as a multiplexing scheme in the subcarrier block k SCB , and there are more subcarriers with small correlation between antennas. In other words, there are many subcarriers that can easily separate signals for each antenna, and this subcarrier block can be said to be a subcarrier block that is less prone to error. Therefore, the transmission rate determining unit 4002 compares the difference d SDM with a predetermined threshold value T MCS, higher coding rate and modulation scheme included in the transmission rate information if the difference d SDM predetermined threshold T MCS or Change to the one corresponding to the transmission rate and output as coding rate / modulation method information. On the other hand, if the difference d SDM is less than a predetermined threshold value T MCS , the coding rate / modulation method included in the transmission rate information is changed to one corresponding to a lower transmission rate and output as coding rate / modulation method information. To do.

In addition, when the multiplexing scheme of the subcarrier block k SCB is determined to be MRC diversity, the transmission rate determining unit 4002 first determines the difference between the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) and the threshold T SDM according to the following equation (6). d Calculate MRC .

d MRC = T SDM -N SDM (k SCB ) (6)
The smaller this difference d MRC is, the more subcarriers for which SDM has been selected as a multiplexing scheme in the subcarrier block k SCB , and there are more subcarriers with a small correlation between antennas. In other words, there are many subcarriers that can obtain a sufficient diversity gain when performing MRC diversity, and this subcarrier block can be said to be a subcarrier block that is less prone to error. Therefore, the transmission rate determining unit 4002 compares the difference d SDM with a predetermined threshold value T MCS, lower the coding rate and modulation scheme included in the transmission rate information if the difference d SDM predetermined threshold T MCS or Change to the one corresponding to the transmission rate and output as coding rate / modulation method information. On the other hand, if the difference d SDM is less than the predetermined threshold value T MCS , the coding rate / modulation method included in the transmission rate information is changed to one corresponding to a higher transmission rate and output as coding rate / modulation method information. To do.

  Next, the operation of determining the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block by the multiplexing scheme determining unit configured as described above will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG. 9, the same parts as those in FIG. 4 are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted.

  First, similarly to the first embodiment, the multicarrier signal transmitted from the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 3) is used, and the channel estimation unit 108 of the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 1) A channel estimation value in each propagation path between the transmission / reception antenna pair is obtained for each subcarrier (ST1000). Then, the correlation value calculation unit 1091 calculates the correlation value ρ (i, j, k) of the subcarrier k from the above equation (1) (ST1100), and the average value calculation unit 1092 calculates the correlation value ρ ( The average value ρ (k) of i, j, k) is calculated as the inter-antenna correlation.

The calculated average value ρ (k) is output to multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093, and multiplexing scheme selecting section 1093 selects a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier (ST1200). At this time, in this embodiment, since the actual transmission rate may be changed from that of the transmission rate information, the threshold value T c compared with the average value ρ (k) is fixed. To do. The selected multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier is notified to subcarrier number comparison section 4001.

Then, a predetermined threshold value T SDM fixed regardless of the transmission rate information is compared with the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) for which SDM is selected as the multiplexing scheme, and the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block is determined. (ST3000).

As described above, in the present embodiment, the subcarrier block multiplexing scheme is determined by comparison with the fixed threshold value T SDM , but either SDM or MRC diversity is suitable for each subcarrier block. The transmission capacity can be improved without being changed. Further, it is not necessary to switch the multiplexing method for each subcarrier, and an increase in circuit scale on both the transmitting and receiving sides can be suppressed. Furthermore, since the threshold value is not changed according to the transmission rate, the calculation for setting the threshold value can be omitted.

The multiplexing scheme information of each subcarrier block determined in this way is output to the FB information generation unit 110 and the space-time decoding units 104-1 to 104-n, and at the same time, the SDM in each subcarrier block k SCB . Are output to transmission rate determining section 4002 together with the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) selected.

Transmission rate determination section 4002 determines the transmission rate (coding rate) for each subcarrier block from the difference between transmission carrier information N SDM (k SCB ) and threshold T SDM used in subcarrier number comparison section 4001. (Modulation method) is determined (ST3100). That is, for the subcarrier block k SCB for which the multiplexing scheme is determined to be SDM , the difference d SDM between the number of subcarriers N SDM (k SCB ) and the threshold T SDM is calculated by the above equation (5), and the difference d SDM is predetermined. A transmission rate higher than the transmission rate specified by the transmission rate information is determined if it is equal to or greater than the threshold value TMCS . If the difference d SDM is less than the predetermined threshold value T MCS , a transmission rate lower than the transmission rate defined by the transmission rate information is determined.

Similarly, multiplexing is about the subcarrier block k SCB determined for MRC diversity, the difference d MRC of the equation (6) by a threshold value T SDM and the sub-carrier number N SDM (k SCB) is calculated, the difference d MRC than the transmission rate but is determined lower transmission rate than the transmission rate specified by the transmission rate information if a predetermined threshold value T MCS or more, the difference d MRC is defined by the transmission rate information is less than a predetermined threshold value T MCS A high transmission rate is determined.

  In the present embodiment, as described above, since the transmission rate is increased for the subcarrier block having many subcarriers for which SDM is selected as a suitable multiplexing scheme, the transmission capacity can be further improved. In addition, since the transmission rate is lowered for the subcarrier block having many subcarriers for which MRC diversity is selected as a suitable multiplexing scheme, errors that occur during transmission can be further reduced.

  The coding rate / modulation method information of each subcarrier block determined in this way is formed into FB information together with the multiplexing method information, and transmitted via the antenna (ST1400).

  Thereafter, as in the first embodiment, a multi-carrier signal with an optimized multiplexing scheme and transmission rate for each subcarrier block is transmitted from the multi-antenna communication apparatus on the transmission side (FIG. 3), and the multi-antenna on the reception side The antenna communication apparatus (FIG. 1) performs space-time decoding, demodulation, and decoding for each subcarrier block according to the multiplexing scheme and transmission rate determined as described above.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier is selected from the inter-antenna correlation for each subcarrier, and the number of subcarriers suitable for SDM in the subcarrier block and a fixed threshold value are selected. And the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block is determined, and the transmission rate for each subcarrier block is determined from the difference between the number of subcarriers suitable for SDM and a fixed threshold. For this reason, a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier block can be selected to ensure a high transmission capacity, and it is not necessary to switch the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier, thereby suppressing an increase in circuit scale. Further, by changing the transmission rate, the transmission capacity can be further improved, and the occurrence of errors during transmission can be further reduced.

  In each of the above embodiments, the receiving-side multi-antenna communication apparatus determines the multiplexing method of each subcarrier block. However, the receiving-side multi-antenna communication apparatus is all connected to the transmitting-side multi-antenna communication apparatus. It is also possible to feed back the channel estimation value between the transmission / reception antenna pair for the subcarrier and determine the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block from the channel estimation value fed back by the transmitting multi-antenna communication apparatus. In this case, the transmission-side multi-antenna communication apparatus notifies the reception-side multi-antenna communication apparatus of the multiplexing scheme of each subcarrier block.

  A multi-antenna communication apparatus according to a first aspect of the present invention is a multi-antenna communication apparatus that communicates with a communication partner having a plurality of antennas that transmit and receive signals, and that transmits signals to and from the plurality of antennas of the communication partner. Using a plurality of antennas for transmitting and receiving, a channel estimation value for each of a plurality of subcarriers in the transmission path between the communication partner and all transmission / reception antenna pairs of the own apparatus, and a channel estimation value acquired And a determining unit that determines a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block including two or more subcarriers.

  According to this configuration, since the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block is determined using channel estimation values in the propagation paths between all transmission / reception antenna pairs, multiplexing suitable for either sub-block or SDM or MRC diversity is performed. It is possible to perform space-time coding and space-time decoding by the method, and always ensure a high transmission capacity. In addition, it is not necessary to perform control for switching the multiplexing method for each subcarrier, and an increase in circuit scale can be suppressed.

  The multi-antenna communication apparatus according to a second aspect of the present invention is the multi-antenna communication apparatus according to the first aspect, wherein the determining means performs optimum multiplexing for each subcarrier according to the inter-antenna correlation of each subcarrier obtained from the channel estimation value. A selection means for selecting a scheme, and a multiplexing scheme for a subcarrier block including a predetermined number or more of subcarriers for which the spatial division multiplexing scheme is selected as an optimum multiplexing scheme is determined as a spatial division multiplexing scheme, while an optimum multiplexing scheme is determined As an example, the subcarrier block multiplexing scheme including less than a predetermined number of subcarriers for which the space division multiplexing scheme is selected is determined as the maximum ratio combining diversity scheme.

  According to this configuration, a subcarrier block multiplexing scheme that includes a relatively large number of subcarriers suitable for the space division multiplexing scheme is a spatial division multiplexing scheme, and a subcarrier that includes a relatively small number of subcarriers suitable for the spatial division multiplexing scheme. The carrier block multiplexing method is a maximum ratio combining diversity method. For this reason, the optimum multiplexing scheme is determined for each subcarrier block, and the transmission capacity can be improved.

  The multi-antenna communication apparatus according to the third aspect of the present invention is the correlation value in which, in the second aspect, the selecting means calculates a correlation value of channel estimation values for a combination of two transmission antennas for each subcarrier. A calculation unit, an average value calculation unit that calculates an average value of correlation values calculated for each subcarrier as an inter-antenna correlation of each subcarrier, and a subcarrier multiplexing scheme in which the calculated average value is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold A maximum ratio combining diversity system is selected, and a multiplexing system selection unit that selects a space division multiplexing system as a multiplexing system of subcarriers whose average value is less than a predetermined threshold is adopted.

  According to this configuration, the average value for each subcarrier of the correlation value regarding the combination of two transmission antennas is calculated, and the multiplexing method for each subcarrier is selected by comparing the average value with a predetermined threshold. A multiplexing scheme suitable for the carrier can be accurately selected, and as a result, a multiplexing scheme suitable for each subcarrier block can be determined.

  The multi-antenna communication apparatus according to a fourth aspect of the present invention is the multi-antenna communication apparatus according to the second aspect, wherein the plurality of antennas is provided in the same number as the plurality of antennas of the communication partner, and the selection means is a channel for each subcarrier. A determinant calculating unit that calculates the determinant of the matrix whose elements are estimated values as the correlation between antennas of each subcarrier, and a space division multiplexing method is selected as a multiplexing method for subcarriers whose calculated determinant is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold. On the other hand, a configuration having a multiplexing scheme selection unit that selects a maximum ratio combining diversity scheme as a multiplexing scheme of subcarriers whose average value is less than a predetermined threshold is adopted.

  According to this configuration, when the number of transmission / reception antennas is equal, a multiplexing method for each subcarrier is selected by comparing a determinant of a matrix made up of channel estimation values and a predetermined threshold value, so that a correlation value is not calculated. Multiplexing schemes suitable for each subcarrier can be selected, and the amount of calculation can be reduced.

  The multi-antenna communication apparatus according to a fifth aspect of the present invention is the multi-antenna communication apparatus according to the second aspect, wherein the determining means sets a threshold value for the number of subcarriers serving as a boundary for switching a subcarrier block multiplexing scheme according to a transmission rate. A subcarrier block multiplexing method including a subcarrier for which the space division multiplexing method is selected as the optimum multiplexing method is determined as the space division multiplexing method, while the space division multiplexing method is used as the optimum multiplexing method. A configuration is adopted in which a multiplexing scheme of subcarrier blocks including subcarriers for which a division multiplexing scheme has been selected is less than the threshold is determined as a maximum ratio combining diversity scheme.

  According to this configuration, the sub-carrier block multiplexing scheme is determined by comparing the threshold set according to the transmission rate with the number of sub-carriers suitable for the spatial division multiplexing scheme. If it is difficult, the subcarrier block multiplexing scheme can be easily determined to be the space division multiplexing scheme, and the transmission capacity can be further improved.

  A multi-antenna communication apparatus according to a sixth aspect of the present invention, in the second aspect described above, includes, in each subcarrier block, the number of subcarriers for which space division multiplexing is selected as the optimum multiplexing scheme and the predetermined number. The configuration further includes second determining means for determining a transmission rate according to the difference.

  According to this configuration, since the transmission rate is determined according to the number of subcarriers for which the space division multiplexing scheme is selected, transmission is performed even when the multiplexing scheme for all subcarriers included in the subcarrier block is uniformly determined. It is possible to suppress the occurrence of errors by adjusting the rate.

  A multiplexing method determination method according to a seventh aspect of the present invention is a multiplexing method determination method in communication between multi-antenna communication apparatuses having a plurality of antennas for transmitting and receiving signals, and a propagation path between all transmission / reception antenna pairs. Obtaining a channel estimation value for each of a plurality of subcarriers, and determining a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block including two or more subcarriers using the obtained channel estimation values. did.

  According to this method, since the multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block is determined using channel estimation values in the propagation paths between all transmission / reception antenna pairs, multiplexing suitable for either SDM or MRC diversity is performed for each subcarrier block. It is possible to perform space-time coding and space-time decoding by the method, and always ensure a high transmission capacity. In addition, it is not necessary to perform control for switching the multiplexing method for each subcarrier, and an increase in circuit scale can be suppressed.

  The multi-antenna communication apparatus and the multiplexing method determining method of the present invention can suppress an increase in circuit scale while always ensuring a high transmission capacity. For example, multi-antenna communication that performs transmission / reception using a plurality of carriers having different frequencies. It is useful as an apparatus and a multiplexing method determination method.

The block diagram which shows the principal part structure of the multi-antenna communication apparatus of the receiving side which concerns on Embodiment 1 of this invention. FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing an internal configuration of a multiplexing scheme determining unit according to the first embodiment. FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing a main configuration of a transmitting-side multi-antenna communication apparatus according to Embodiment 1; FIG. 3 is a flowchart showing a multiplexing method determination method according to the first embodiment. The block diagram which shows the internal structure of the multiplexing system determination part which concerns on Embodiment 2 of this invention. The figure which shows an example of the relationship between the determinant which concerns on Embodiment 2, and correlation between antennas FIG. 9 is a flowchart showing a multiplexing method determination method according to the second embodiment. The block diagram which shows the internal structure of the multiplexing system determination part which concerns on Embodiment 3 of this invention. FIG. 9 is a flowchart showing a multiplexing method determination method according to the third embodiment.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 101 RF receiving part 102 GI removal part 103 FFT part 104-1 to 104-n Space-time decoding part 105 Parallel-serial conversion part 106 Demodulation part 107 Decoding part 108 Channel estimation part 109 Multiplexing method determination part 1091 Correlation value calculation part 1092 Average value Calculation unit 1093, 1093a Multiplex selection unit 1094, 4001 Subcarrier number comparison unit 1095 Threshold setting unit 3001 Determinant calculation unit 4002 Transmission rate determination unit 110 FB information generation unit 111 RF transmission unit

Claims (7)

  1. A multi-antenna communication apparatus for communicating with a communication partner having a plurality of antennas for transmitting and receiving signals,
    A plurality of antennas for transmitting and receiving signals to and from the plurality of antennas of the communication partner;
    An acquisition means for acquiring a channel estimation value for each of a plurality of subcarriers in a propagation path between all communication antenna pairs of the communication partner and the own device;
    Determining means for determining a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block including two or more subcarriers using the acquired channel estimation value;
    A multi-antenna communication apparatus comprising:
  2. The determining means includes
    Selecting means for selecting an optimal multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier according to the inter-antenna correlation of each subcarrier obtained from the channel estimation value;
    The subcarrier block multiplexing method including a predetermined number or more of subcarriers for which the space division multiplexing method is selected as the optimum multiplexing method is determined as the space division multiplexing method, while the space division multiplexing method is selected as the optimum multiplexing method. 2. The multi-antenna communication apparatus according to claim 1, wherein a multiplexing scheme of subcarrier blocks including less than a predetermined number of carriers is determined as a maximum ratio combining diversity scheme.
  3. The selection means includes
    A correlation value calculation unit for calculating a correlation value of channel estimation values for a combination of two transmission antennas for each subcarrier;
    An average value calculating unit for calculating an average value of correlation values calculated for each subcarrier as an inter-antenna correlation of each subcarrier;
    Multiplexing selecting a maximum ratio combining diversity method as a multiplexing method of subcarriers whose calculated average value is equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold, and selecting a spatial division multiplexing method as a multiplexing method of subcarriers whose average value is less than the predetermined threshold A method selection unit;
    The multi-antenna communication apparatus according to claim 2, further comprising:
  4. The plurality of antennas are:
    The same number as the plurality of antennas of the communication partner,
    The selection means includes
    A determinant calculating unit that calculates a determinant of a matrix having a channel estimation value for each subcarrier as an element as an inter-antenna correlation of each subcarrier;
    Multiplexing for selecting a maximum ratio combining diversity method as a multiplexing method for subcarriers whose average value is less than a predetermined threshold while selecting a spatial division multiplexing method as a multiplexing method for subcarriers whose calculated determinant is a predetermined threshold or more A method selection unit;
    The multi-antenna communication apparatus according to claim 2, further comprising:
  5. The determining means includes
    A setting means for setting a threshold value of the number of subcarriers serving as a boundary for switching the multiplexing scheme of the subcarrier blocks according to the transmission rate,
    The subcarrier block multiplexing method including the subcarriers for which the space division multiplexing method is selected as the optimum multiplexing method is greater than the threshold is determined as the space division multiplexing method, while the space division multiplexing method is selected as the optimum multiplexing method. The multi-antenna communication apparatus according to claim 2, wherein a multiplexing scheme of subcarrier blocks including carriers less than the threshold is determined as a maximum ratio combining diversity scheme.
  6.   In each subcarrier block, further comprising second determining means for determining a transmission rate according to a difference between the predetermined number and the number of subcarriers for which space division multiplexing is selected as the optimum multiplexing scheme. The multi-antenna communication apparatus according to claim 2.
  7. A multiplexing method determination method in communication between multi-antenna communication apparatuses having a plurality of antennas for transmitting and receiving signals,
    Obtaining channel estimates for each of a plurality of subcarriers in a propagation path between all transmission / reception antenna pairs;
    Determining a multiplexing scheme for each subcarrier block including two or more subcarriers using the obtained channel estimate;
    A multiplexing method determination method characterized by comprising:
JP2004379672A 2004-12-28 2004-12-28 Multi-antenna communication apparatus and multiplexing method determination method Active JP4526944B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004379672A JP4526944B2 (en) 2004-12-28 2004-12-28 Multi-antenna communication apparatus and multiplexing method determination method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004379672A JP4526944B2 (en) 2004-12-28 2004-12-28 Multi-antenna communication apparatus and multiplexing method determination method

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2006186805A true JP2006186805A (en) 2006-07-13
JP4526944B2 JP4526944B2 (en) 2010-08-18

Family

ID=36739552

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2004379672A Active JP4526944B2 (en) 2004-12-28 2004-12-28 Multi-antenna communication apparatus and multiplexing method determination method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP4526944B2 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008193304A (en) * 2007-02-02 2008-08-21 Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd Receiver and receiving method of wireless communication
JPWO2006100767A1 (en) * 2005-03-23 2008-08-28 三菱電機株式会社 Wireless communication system
JP2009253379A (en) * 2008-04-01 2009-10-29 Canon Inc Radio communication device and method
WO2010061590A1 (en) * 2008-11-28 2010-06-03 三菱電機株式会社 Data transmitting apparatus, data receiving apparatus and wireless communication system
JP2012050118A (en) * 2006-07-20 2012-03-08 Sharp Corp Multi carrier signal transmitting device, multi carrier signal transmitting method, and multi carrier communication system
WO2014087663A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-12 パナソニック株式会社 Transmission device, transmission method, reception device, reception method, integrated circuit, and program
JP2015213374A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-26 日本放送協会 Data transmission device and data reception device
WO2018159226A1 (en) * 2017-03-03 2018-09-07 株式会社Nttドコモ Wireless base station and scheduling method

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4671790B2 (en) * 2005-07-07 2011-04-20 パナソニック株式会社 Communication device, base station device, and communication method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001238269A (en) * 2000-02-25 2001-08-31 Kddi Corp Sub carrier assignment method for wireless communication system
JP2002016577A (en) * 2000-06-28 2002-01-18 Sony Corp Communication method and communication unit
JP2003110517A (en) * 2001-09-26 2003-04-11 Toshiba Corp Multicarrier communication equipment
JP2003528527A (en) * 2000-03-22 2003-09-24 クゥアルコム・インコーポレイテッド High-efficiency, high-performance communication system employing multi-carrier modulation
WO2004049593A1 (en) * 2002-11-26 2004-06-10 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Apparatus, module and computer program for minimizing correlation between received signals
JP2004194262A (en) * 2002-10-18 2004-07-08 Ntt Docomo Inc Signal transmission system, signal transmission method and transmitter

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2001238269A (en) * 2000-02-25 2001-08-31 Kddi Corp Sub carrier assignment method for wireless communication system
JP2003528527A (en) * 2000-03-22 2003-09-24 クゥアルコム・インコーポレイテッド High-efficiency, high-performance communication system employing multi-carrier modulation
JP2002016577A (en) * 2000-06-28 2002-01-18 Sony Corp Communication method and communication unit
JP2003110517A (en) * 2001-09-26 2003-04-11 Toshiba Corp Multicarrier communication equipment
JP2004194262A (en) * 2002-10-18 2004-07-08 Ntt Docomo Inc Signal transmission system, signal transmission method and transmitter
WO2004049593A1 (en) * 2002-11-26 2004-06-10 Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. Apparatus, module and computer program for minimizing correlation between received signals

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPWO2006100767A1 (en) * 2005-03-23 2008-08-28 三菱電機株式会社 Wireless communication system
JP2012050118A (en) * 2006-07-20 2012-03-08 Sharp Corp Multi carrier signal transmitting device, multi carrier signal transmitting method, and multi carrier communication system
JP2015119489A (en) * 2006-07-20 2015-06-25 シャープ株式会社 Base station device, multicarrier signal transmission method, and integrated circuit
JP2014057320A (en) * 2006-07-20 2014-03-27 Sharp Corp Base station device, multicarrier signal transmission method, and integrated circuit
JP2008193304A (en) * 2007-02-02 2008-08-21 Sumitomo Electric Ind Ltd Receiver and receiving method of wireless communication
JP2009253379A (en) * 2008-04-01 2009-10-29 Canon Inc Radio communication device and method
JP4942846B2 (en) * 2008-11-28 2012-05-30 三菱電機株式会社 Data transmitting apparatus, data receiving apparatus, and wireless communication system
WO2010061590A1 (en) * 2008-11-28 2010-06-03 三菱電機株式会社 Data transmitting apparatus, data receiving apparatus and wireless communication system
WO2014087663A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2014-06-12 パナソニック株式会社 Transmission device, transmission method, reception device, reception method, integrated circuit, and program
US9258083B2 (en) 2012-12-07 2016-02-09 Panasonic Corporation Transmission device, transmission method, reception device, reception method, integrated circuit, and program
JPWO2014087663A1 (en) * 2012-12-07 2017-01-05 サン パテント トラスト Transmitting apparatus, transmitting method, receiving apparatus, receiving method, integrated circuit, and program
JP2015213374A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-26 日本放送協会 Data transmission device and data reception device
WO2018159226A1 (en) * 2017-03-03 2018-09-07 株式会社Nttドコモ Wireless base station and scheduling method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP4526944B2 (en) 2010-08-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
DE60303598T2 (en) Method and system for multicanal transmitter and receiver with amplitude and phase calibration
CA2542655C (en) Methods and apparatus of providing transmit and/or receive diversity with multiple antennas in wireless communication systems
KR101564479B1 (en) Method and system for reduced complexity channel estimation and interference cancellation for v-mimo demodulation
AU2006337296B2 (en) Radio transmitting method, radio transmitter and radio receiver
KR100742448B1 (en) A system and method of dynamically optimizing a transmission mode of wirelessly transmitted information
US9331813B2 (en) Transmitting and receiving method, and radio apparatus utilizing the same
KR101589463B1 (en) Method and apparatus for transmitting control information in wireless communication system
KR101475816B1 (en) Apparatus and method for eliminating inter cell interference in a multiple input multiple output wireless communication system
JP4490368B2 (en) Wireless communication apparatus, wireless communication system, and wireless communication method
US7778147B2 (en) MIMO communication system using an adaptive transmission mode switching technique
KR100915750B1 (en) Communicating method, transmitting device using the same, and receiving device using the same
US8909159B2 (en) Channel rank feedback in multiple-input multiple-output communication systems
CN1674572B (en) Apparatus and method for sub-carrier allocation in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) communication system
US8027367B2 (en) Methods and apparatus for multi-carrier communication systems with adaptive transmission and feedback
EP2122850B1 (en) Method for transmitting control information in multiple antenna system
JP5210278B2 (en) Radio base station apparatus, mobile terminal apparatus and radio communication method
KR100956042B1 (en) Constrained hopping in wireless communication systems
US8861632B2 (en) Method and apparatus for subcarrier and antenna selection in MIMO-OFDM system
KR100895992B1 (en) Apparatus and method for increasing the number of antennas in wireless communication system using multiple antennas
KR101008776B1 (en) Wireless communication system and wireless communication method
US8111763B2 (en) Methods and systems for OFDM using code division multiplexing
US7130592B2 (en) Radio transmission apparatus and radio communication method
JP5001230B2 (en) Transmitter
JP4832087B2 (en) Radio base station apparatus and terminal apparatus
US10243626B2 (en) Transmission method and transmission apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20071219

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20100222

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20100309

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20100415

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20100511

A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20100602

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20130611

Year of fee payment: 3

S111 Request for change of ownership or part of ownership

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R313113

R350 Written notification of registration of transfer

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R350

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250