JP2006134607A - Circuit for detecting state of switch and automobile window opening device - Google Patents

Circuit for detecting state of switch and automobile window opening device Download PDF

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JP2006134607A
JP2006134607A JP2004319635A JP2004319635A JP2006134607A JP 2006134607 A JP2006134607 A JP 2006134607A JP 2004319635 A JP2004319635 A JP 2004319635A JP 2004319635 A JP2004319635 A JP 2004319635A JP 2006134607 A JP2006134607 A JP 2006134607A
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current
switch
seat
value
circuit
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JP4475097B2 (en
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Yoichi Atsumi
Yoshimi Kanda
Takeshi Sekine
洋市 渥美
好美 神田
武司 関根
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Omron Corp
オムロン株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a circuit for detecting a state of a switch capable of surely detecting an opened/closed state of the switch, and an automobile window opening device free from erroneous operation even if voltage difference is generated between a grounding line of a circuit at driving seat of the automobile and that at the other seat. <P>SOLUTION: The switches at driver's seat S1u (S1d) are provided for closing (opening) the window at passenger seat. A first constant current circuit 11 outputs a current I1 having a value corresponding to the open/close state of the switches S1u, S1d. A second constant current circuit 12 outputs a current I2 for compensating the change of the current I1 caused by the change of temperature. The current I1 is converted into voltages (Vd, Vm, or Vu) corresponding to the open/close state of the switches S1u, S1d, and the current I2 is converted into threshold values V1r, V2r. Comparators U1, U2 judge the open/close state of the switches S1u, S1d by comparing the voltages (Vd, Vm, or Vu) with the threshold value V1r, V2r. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention relates to a detection circuit for detecting an open / closed state of a switch, and an automobile window opening / closing device for opening / closing an automobile window.

  A knob (operation lever) for opening and closing the windows of the driver seat, the passenger seat, the rear left seat, and the rear right seat is provided on the door of the driver seat of the automobile. Further, knobs for opening and closing the windows of the seats are also provided on the doors of the passenger seat, the rear left seat, and the rear right seat. When the knob is tilted forward or backward, a switch disposed below the knob is opened and closed, and the window is opened and closed (lifted and lowered) by this opening and closing.

  FIG. 8 shows a conventional circuit for opening and closing a passenger seat window. In the figure, 51 and 52 are switches provided on the door of the driver's seat, which are opened and closed by operating the knob on the driver's seat. In the steady state, the switches 51 and 52 are both connected to the black circle side (normally closed side). When the operation for opening the window is performed, the switch 51 is connected to the white circle side (normally open side), and when the operation for closing the window is performed, the switch 52 is connected to the white circle side. Reference numerals 53 and 54 denote switches provided on the door of the passenger seat. In a steady state, the switches 53 and 54 are both connected to the black circle side. When the operation for opening the window is performed, the switch 53 is connected to the white circle side, and when the operation for closing the window is performed, the switch 54 is connected to the white circle side. The white circle side of the switches 51 to 54 is connected to the battery BA. The black circle side of the switches 51 and 52 is grounded by being connected to the vehicle body in the vicinity of the door of the driver's seat. In the figure, 55a to 55d are terminals of the connector, and 55e to 55g are terminals of another connector.

  When the driver's seat is operated to open the passenger seat window, the switch 51 is connected to the white circle side, but the other switches 52 to 54 remain connected to the black circle side. Then, the motor M accommodated in the door of the passenger seat passes through the wiring 56a and the switch 53 in the direction of arrow A, and returns to the ground side of the battery BA through the switch 54, the wiring 56b and the switch 52. When an operation for closing the window is performed at the driver's seat, the switch 52 is connected to the white circle side, but the other switches 51, 53, and 54 remain connected to the black circle side, so that the current flows in the direction of arrow B to the motor M. Flowing.

  When an operation is performed to open the window in the passenger seat, the switch 53 is connected to the white circle side so that current flows in the direction of arrow A. When an operation is performed to close the window, the switch 54 is connected to the white circle side. As a result, a current flows in the direction of arrow B. Thus, when a current flows through the motor M in the direction of the arrow A or B, the passenger seat window opens and closes (lifts). When the same operation is performed in the driver's seat and the passenger seat, for example, an operation of opening the window in both seats, the switches 51 and 53 are both connected to the white circle side, and a current flows in the direction of arrow A to open the window. On the other hand, when operations that conflict between the driver's seat and the passenger seat, such as opening the window in the driver's seat and closing the window in the passenger seat, the switches 51 and 54 are both connected to the white circle side. The current does not flow through the motor M, and the window opening / closing operation is not performed.

  A current of about 2 A flows through the motor M when the window is opened and closed, and a current of about 30 A flows instantaneously when the window reaches the upper limit position or the lower limit position of the movable range and cannot move up and down. Although not shown, when the above state is detected by the output signal of the rotary encoder attached to the rotating shaft of the motor M, a current is not supplied to the motor M by a control circuit (not shown). . Thus, since a large current flows through the wirings 56a and 56b when the window is opened and closed, thick lines are used for the long wirings 56a and 56b between the driver seat and the passenger seat. For this reason, there exists a problem that a vehicle weight becomes heavy and fuel consumption is not good.

  Therefore, it is conceivable to open and close the passenger seat window using the circuit shown in FIG. Here, illustration of the terminals of the connector is omitted. The switches 61 to 64 correspond to the switches 51 to 54 in FIG. 8, respectively, and are normally open. And if the knob of a driver's seat or a passenger seat is operated, the corresponding switches 61-64 will close. In this circuit, as shown in Patent Documents 1 and 2 below, a voltage signal corresponding to the open / closed state of the switches 61 and 62 (only 61 is closed, only 62 is closed, and both 61 and 62 are open) is 1 The signal line 65 is generated. A signal having a desired voltage can be obtained by using the resistors R61 to R63 having a predetermined resistance value. Then, the control circuit 66 determines the open / closed state of the switches 61 and 62 by comparing the voltage of the signal with two threshold values extracted from the resistors R66 to R68. When the switches 63 and 64 connected to the pull-up resistors R64 and R65 are opened and closed, a high / low signal is input to the control circuit 66.

  The control circuit 66 generates a control signal for the motor M based on the determination result and the high / low signal and sends it to the motor drive circuit 67. Then, the motor M is driven by the motor drive circuit 67, whereby the opening / closing operation of the passenger seat window is performed. In this way, a voltage signal corresponding to the open / closed state of the switches 61 and 62 on the driver's seat side can be sent by one signal line 65, and the signal line 65 is a thin line capable of flowing a current of about 10 mA. Since it is sufficient, fuel economy is improved. It should be noted that the output voltage (for example, 8V) of the constant voltage circuit 68 is a resistance so that the voltage signal according to the open / closed state of the switches 61 and 62 is not affected by the fluctuation (decrease) in the voltage of the battery BA. It is supplied to R61, the control circuit 66, and the like.

  Patent Document 3 below shows an opening / closing device for opening and closing a roof window of an automobile. The opening / closing device includes a rotary switch that determines an opening / closing amount of the roof window, a control unit that controls a driving motor of the roof window according to a selection position of the rotary switch, and the like. In addition, by arranging a plurality of contacts of the rotary switch in a resistance network connected between the power source and the ground, a voltage signal corresponding to the open / close state of each contact is generated on the signal line, and the signal Based on the above, the control unit controls the drive motor of the roof window.

JP-A-6-36643 (summary) JP-A-6-267364 (summary) JP 200484211 (paragraphs 0011 to 0031)

  9, the ground line G1 of the driver's seat circuit is connected to the vehicle body in the vicinity of the door of the driver's seat, and the ground line G2 of the circuit of the passenger seat is connected to the vehicle body in the vicinity of the door of the passenger seat. Yes. On the other hand, since a large current is supplied from the battery BA to operate the motor M and other drive circuits, and a large return current flows through the ground line G2 and the vehicle body, a potential difference is generated between the ground lines G1 and G2. . For this reason, the voltage level of the signal corresponding to the open / closed state of the switches 61 and 62 as viewed from the control circuit 66 is also raised or lowered by the potential difference. Therefore, when the potential difference exceeds a predetermined level, the control circuit 66 However, there is a problem that the open / close state of the switches 61 and 62 is erroneously determined, and a malfunction of opening / closing of the window occurs.

  Further, the voltage V0 of the signal line 65 when both the switches 61 and 62 are open is higher than the voltages V1 and V2 when only the switch 61 or 62 is closed. Here, when V1> V2, when the switch 62 is opened and closed, the voltage V1 (the voltage when the switch 61 is closed) passes through the process in which the voltage of the signal line 65 transitions between V0 and V2. Therefore, when a noise removing capacitor (not shown) is attached between the signal line 65 and the ground line G2, the transition time of the voltage of the signal line 65 when the switch 62 is opened and closed is long. Thus, the motor M may rotate in the same way as when the switch 61 is closed even though the switch 61 is not closed, that is, an unexpected opening / closing operation may be performed.

  SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention solves the above problems, and the problem is that a switch state detection circuit that can reliably detect the open / closed state of the switch, and a grounding wire for a driver's circuit of a vehicle Another object of the present invention is to provide an automotive window opening / closing device that does not malfunction even if a potential difference occurs between the circuit and the ground line of the circuit of the other seat.

The switch state detection circuit according to the first aspect of the present invention outputs one or a plurality of switches, a first constant current circuit that outputs a first current having a value corresponding to an open / close state of each switch, and a second current. A second constant current circuit that compensates for fluctuations in the first current by the second current and outputs a compensation result, and determines whether each switch is open or closed based on the value of the compensation result output by the compensation means. Determining means for outputting a determination result.
Here, the above compensation means corresponds to the resistors R4, R8, and R9 and the adder circuit shown in the embodiment. The compensation result corresponds to a voltage difference between the + terminal and the − terminal of the two comparators shown in the embodiment and an output voltage of the adder circuit, and is not limited to a voltage but may be a current. The determination means corresponds to the two comparators shown in the embodiment.

  As described above, the determination means determines the open / close state of the switch based on the value of the first current that is not affected by the potential difference between the ground line of the first constant current circuit and the ground line of the determination means. Even when this occurs, the open / closed state of the switch can be reliably detected. In addition, since the determining means determines the open / closed state of the switch based on the value of the compensation result obtained by compensating the fluctuation of the first current by the second current, the switch can be changed even if the first current fluctuates due to a temperature change or the like. It is possible to reliably detect the open / closed state.

  In the first embodiment of the present invention, the switch is composed of two switches, and the value according to the open / close state is a current value when only one switch is in an operating state, and a value when only the other switch is in an operating state. Current value when both switches are in a non-operating state, and the current value when both switches are in a non-operating state is an intermediate value between the other two current values. In this way, no current is generated when the other switch is in an operating state no matter which switch is opened or closed. For example, the switch state detection circuit of this embodiment is used in an automobile window opening and closing device. In this case, the unscheduled opening / closing operation described above can be prevented.

  Further, in the first embodiment of the present invention, the determination means checks whether the current value or voltage value based on the first current or the value of the compensation result is within a predetermined range, and is outside the predetermined range. In some cases, a determination result indicating that none of the switches is in an operating state is output. Here, the determination unit includes a unit corresponding to the ground fault detection circuit shown in the embodiment. The current value or voltage value based on the first current is a current generated by amplifying the first current or a voltage generated from the first current. By doing in this way, for example, even when a short circuit or a disconnection occurs in the wiring between the first constant current circuit and the determination means, a determination result indicating that any switch is in an operating state is obtained. Since it is not output, it is possible to prevent other devices and circuits using the determination result from malfunctioning.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an automotive window opening / closing device for opening / closing a driver's seat other-seat window opening / closing switch provided in the driver's seat to open / close the windows of other seats other than the driver's seat, A window opening / closing switch for other seats provided in the other seat, a first constant current circuit for outputting a first current having a value corresponding to an open / closed state of the window opening / closing switch for other seats for the driver, and a second current output. 2 constant current circuit, compensation means for compensating for fluctuation of the first current by the second current and outputting the compensation result, and opening / closing of the driver's seat other window opening / closing switch based on the value of the compensation result output by the compensation means Determining means for determining the state and outputting a determination result; and opening / closing means for opening and closing the window of the other seat based on the determination result output by the determining means and the open / closed state of the window opening / closing switch for the other seat.
Here, the above compensation means corresponds to the resistors R4, R8, and R9 and the adder circuit shown in the embodiment. The compensation result corresponds to a voltage difference between the + terminal and the − terminal of the two comparators shown in the embodiment and an output voltage of the adder circuit, and is not limited to a voltage but may be a current. The determination means corresponds to the two comparators shown in the embodiment. The opening / closing means corresponds to the relay driver, relay, motor, etc. shown in the embodiment.

  As described above, the value of the first current that is not affected by the potential difference between the ground line of the first constant current circuit (the ground line of the driver's circuit) and the ground line of the determination means (the ground line of the circuit of the other seat). Since the determination means determines the open / close state of the driver's seat other-seat window open / close switch based on the above, the open / close state of the switch can be reliably detected even when the above-described potential difference occurs. Moreover, since the determining means determines the open / closed state of the switch based on the value of the compensation result obtained by compensating for the fluctuation of the first current by the second current, even if the first current may fluctuate due to a temperature change or the like, The open / closed state of the switch can be reliably detected. Thereby, malfunction of the apparatus can be prevented.

  In the second embodiment of the present invention, the driver's seat other-seat window opening / closing switch is composed of two switches, and the value according to the opening / closing state is the current value when only one switch is in the operating state, and the other switch. Only the current value when the switch is in the operating state and the current value when both the switches are in the non-operating state, and the current value when both switches are in the non-operating state are intermediate values between the other two current values. By doing so, no current is generated when the other switch is in an operating state no matter which switch is opened and closed, and thus the above-described unscheduled opening and closing operation can be prevented.

  In the second embodiment of the present invention, the determination means checks whether the current value or voltage value based on the first current or the value of the compensation result is within a predetermined range, and is outside the predetermined range. At this time, a determination result indicating that the other-seat window opening / closing switch for the driver's seat is not in an operating state is output. Here, the determination unit includes a unit corresponding to the ground fault detection circuit shown in the embodiment. The current value or voltage value based on the first current is a current generated by amplifying the first current or a voltage generated from the first current. By doing so, for example, even when a short circuit or a disconnection occurs in the wiring between the first constant current circuit and the determination means, the other-seat window opening / closing switch for the driver's seat is in the operating state. Since the determination result shown is not output, the other seat window can be opened and closed by the other seat window opening / closing switch. That is, it is possible to prevent the apparatus from malfunctioning even if a ground fault occurs.

  According to the switch state detection circuit of the present invention, the open / close state of one or a plurality of switches can be ensured without being affected by the potential difference between the ground line of the first constant current circuit and the ground line of the determination means or the temperature change. Can be detected. In addition, according to the automotive window opening and closing device of the present invention, the other seat window opening / closing switch for the driver's seat is not affected by the potential difference between the ground wire of the driver's seat circuit and the ground wire of the other seat's circuit or the temperature change. Therefore, the malfunction of the apparatus can be prevented.

  FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a circuit of an automobile window opening / closing device according to the present invention, and the left part of a broken line Y1-Y2 in the figure corresponds to a switch state detection circuit according to the present invention. This circuit is a circuit for opening and closing the window of the passenger seat by the switch of the driver's seat of the automobile and the switch of the passenger seat. The driver's seat shown in the figure is provided on the driver's seat door, and the passenger's seat is provided on the passenger's seat door. From the battery BA, positive power is supplied to the circuits of the driver's seat and the passenger seat via the terminals 5a and 5b of the connector. The ground line G1 of the driver's seat circuit is connected to the vehicle body near the driver's seat door via the connector terminal 5e, and the passenger's circuit ground line G2 is connected to the passenger's seat door via the connector terminal 5f. Is connected to the car body. The output signal of the driver's seat circuit is sent to the passenger's seat circuit via the output terminal 5c which is a connector terminal, one signal line 6, and the input terminal 5d which is a connector terminal.

  The driver's seat switch S1u is closed when an operation of closing a window (raising the window) is performed by a knob (not shown), and automatically returns to an open state when the operation is completed. In the switch S1u, the closed state is an operating state, and the open state is a non-operating state. The switch S1d is closed when an operation of opening a window (lowering the window) is performed, and automatically returns to an open state when the operation is completed. However, the switches S1u and S1d are not closed at the same time. The passenger seat switches S2u and S2d have the same structure. When an operation for closing the window is performed, the switch S2u is closed. When an operation for opening the window is performed, the switch S2d is closed. Then, when the motor M rotates forward or backward according to the open / close state of the switch S1u or the like, the passenger seat window is opened and closed. When the rotation of the motor M stops, the open / close operation stops.

  When it is detected by the output signal of the rotary encoder attached to the rotating shaft of the motor M that the window has reached the upper limit position or the lower limit position of the movable range, the rotation of the motor M is stopped. Further, a mechanism for converting the rotation of the motor M into the raising / lowering operation of the window is also provided in the door of the passenger seat. Further, a circuit for opening and closing the driver's seat window (a circuit similar to the portion on the right side of the broken line Y1-Y2 in the drawing) is provided separately on the door of the driver's seat. Further, in a vehicle having a rear left seat and a rear right seat, a circuit similar to FIG. 1 is provided in the driver seat and the door of the seat in order to open and close the window of the seat. In addition, the driver's seat is also provided with a switch that prevents the other seat's window from being opened or closed even if the knob of another seat other than the driver's seat (the passenger seat shown in FIG. 1 is an example of another seat) is operated. Yes. Means for stopping the rotation of the motor M when the window reaches the upper limit position or the lower limit position is not a direct matter of the present invention, and thus description and illustration thereof are omitted.

  Hereinafter, the circuit of FIG. 1 will be described. The first constant current circuit 11 outputs a current I1 having a value corresponding to the opening / closing (open / closed state) of the switches S1u and S1d from the collector of the transistor Q2. This current I1 flows into the resistors R4 and R5 through the signal line 6 and the input terminal 5d. Since the input impedances of the negative terminals of the comparators U1 and U2 and the gate of the field effect transistor Q5 are extremely high and the series resistance values of the resistors R10 and R11 are sufficiently larger than those of the resistors R4 and R5, they flow into the resistor R5. The current and voltage drop across resistor R5 is very small. Therefore, in the following, it is assumed that the voltage at the input terminal 5d is equal to the voltage at the negative terminals of the comparators U1 and U2. The resistor R5 is a protective resistor for preventing the input terminals of the comparators U1 and U2 from being damaged by high voltage due to static electricity when the input terminal 5d is opened (for example, when a passenger seat door is manufactured).

Next, the voltage at the input terminal 5d will be described. Since the values of the resistors R1 to R3 are determined so that the base current of the transistors Q1 and Q2 is sufficiently smaller than the current flowing through the resistors R1 and R2, the voltage Vd of the input terminal 5d when the switch S1d is closed. The voltage Vm when the switches S1d and S1u are both open and the voltage Vu when the switch S1u is closed are expressed by the following equations (1) to (3), respectively, and the relationship Vd>Vm> Vu is established. To do.
Vd = R4 · (V BE + V D ) / (R1 // R2) (1)
Vm = R4 · (V BE + V D ) / R1 (2)
Vu = R4 · V BE / R1 (3)
Here, V BE is the base-emitter voltage of the transistor Q1, and V D is the forward voltage of the diode D1. The current I1 having a value corresponding to the open / closed state of the switches S1u and S1d is a current obtained by dividing the equations (1) to (3) by R4.

  FIG. 2 is a diagram showing voltages at various parts of the circuit of FIG. In the figure, Vcc is a power supply voltage (for example, 8V) of the comparators U1 and U2, and is generated from an output voltage of the battery BA by a constant voltage circuit (not shown) provided in the door of the passenger seat. Vr1 is a threshold value input to the + terminal of the comparator U1. Vr2 is a threshold value input to the + terminal of the comparator U2. Vgs is a ground fault detection voltage (for example, 1 V), and a ground fault detection circuit 13 described later detects whether or not the voltage of the input terminal 5d is equal to or lower than Vgs. The ground fault means that the covering of the signal line 6 is broken and the conductor inside comes into contact with the conduction part of the vehicle body. As the design values of the thresholds Vr1 and Vr2, 2 · (Vcc−Vgs) / 3, (Vcc−Vgs) / 3, etc. are adopted, respectively. As the design values of Vd, Vm, and Vu, an average value of Vcc and Vr1, an average value of Vr1 and Vr2, an average value of Vr2 and Vgs, and the like are employed. And the resistance R4 etc. of resistance value which can implement | achieve said design value are used.

  Returning to the description of FIG. As described above, since the relationship Vd> Vm> Vu is established, the voltage Vm when the switches S1d and S1u are both open is the voltage Vd when the switch S1d is closed and the switch S1u is closed. Therefore, when the switch S1d opens and closes, the voltage at the input terminal 5d does not pass the voltage Vu when the switch S1u is closed, and when the switch S1u opens and closes, the voltage at the input terminal 5d Does not pass the voltage Vd when the switch S1d is closed. Therefore, the unscheduled opening / closing operation described above does not occur. Further, since the output current I1 of the constant current circuit 11 is not affected by the potential difference between the ground line G1 in the driver's seat and the ground line G2 in the passenger's seat, the voltage at the input terminal 5d (the voltage at the negative terminals of the comparators U1 and U2) Is a constant value corresponding to the open / closed state of the switches S1u, S1d. That is, even when the potential difference between the ground lines G1 and G2 exceeds a predetermined level (a level at which malfunction occurs in the circuit of FIG. 9), the open / close states of the switches S1u and S1d are mistaken by the comparators U1 and U2. It can be judged without. Further, since the voltage at the input terminal 5d is determined by the output current I1 of the constant current circuit 11, the voltage at the input terminal 5d is not affected by fluctuation (decrease) in the voltage of the battery BA.

  The second constant current circuit 12 is a general constant current circuit composed of transistors Q3, Q4, etc., and outputs a constant current I2 from the collector of the transistor Q4. When the constant current I2 flows through the resistors R8 and R9, the threshold value Vr1 of the + terminal of the comparator U1 becomes I2 · (R8 + R9), and the threshold value Vr2 of the + terminal of the comparator U2 becomes I2 · R9.

  Here, the reason why the threshold values Vr1 and Vr2 are generated by the constant current circuit 12 will be described. In the first constant current circuit 11 described above, since the transistors Q1 and Q2 and the diode D1 are used, the current I1 varies due to a temperature change. Further, since the second constant current circuit 12 has a circuit configuration similar to that of the first constant current circuit 11, the current I2 also fluctuates due to a temperature change with the same tendency as the current I1. Therefore, when the voltage at the negative terminals of the comparators U1 and U2 determined by the current I1 rises due to the temperature change, the voltages at the positive terminals of the comparators U1 and U2 (threshold values Vr1 and Vr2) determined by the current I2 also increase with the same tendency. Further, when the voltage at the negative terminal of the comparators U1 and U2 decreases due to temperature change, the voltage at the positive terminal of the comparators U1 and U2 also decreases with the same tendency.

  As a result, the comparators U1 and U2 receive the negative terminal voltage (I1 · R4) and the positive terminal voltage (I2 · (R8 + R9) or I2 · R9) without being affected by the fluctuation of the current I1 due to the temperature change. Can be compared. That is, even when the current I1 varies due to temperature change, the open / closed state of the switches S1u and S1d can be correctly determined. In this way, the influence of the fluctuation due to the temperature change of the current I1 of the first constant current circuit 11 is canceled (compensated) by the current I2.

  The comparators U1 and U2 are open collector type comparators, and pull-up resistors R13 and R14 are connected to the output terminals. Therefore, when the voltage at the + terminal is higher than the voltage at the-terminal, the comparators U1 and U2 The output of the comparators U1 and U2 is low when the voltage at the negative terminal is higher than the voltage at the positive terminal. However, when the passenger seat switch S2d is closed, the output of the comparator U1 is low, and when the inverter U6 described later outputs low, the output of the comparator U2 is low.

  Next, the ground fault detection circuit 13 will be described. Since the signal line 6 that connects the output terminal 5c and the input terminal 5d is long, the covering of the signal line 6 may be broken along the way, and the conductor inside may be short-circuited (grounded) with the conduction part of the vehicle body. The ground fault detection circuit 13 detects a ground fault of the signal line 6 and outputs a ground fault detection signal for preventing the motor M from rotating when a ground fault is detected. When no ground fault has occurred, the voltage at the input terminal 5d is one of Vd, Vm, and Vu, which is higher than the ground fault detection voltage Vgs (FIG. 2), and the values of the resistors R10 and R11 are at a predetermined ratio. Therefore, the field effect transistor Q5 is in the on state (the drain is low).

  When a ground fault occurs, the voltage at the input terminal 5d becomes substantially 0V (below the ground fault detection voltage Vgs), so that the field effect transistor Q5 is turned off (the drain becomes high by the pull-up resistor R12). Since the other end of the resistor R4 connected to the input terminal 5d is grounded, the voltage at the input terminal 5d becomes 0V even when the signal line 6 is disconnected. That is, here, disconnection and ground fault are treated in the same way. The drain signal of the field effect transistor Q5 is inverted by the open collector type inverter U6 and applied to the output terminal of the comparator U2. The high signal output from the comparator U2 is a signal that activates the relay L2. However, when the output of the inverter U6 is low, the high signal is forcibly made low. That is, the low signal output from the inverter U6 is the above-described ground fault detection signal.

  Here, the reason why the ground fault detection signal forces the output of the comparator U2 instead of the comparator U1 to be low will be described. First, the comparator U1 does not output a low signal (a signal for operating the relay L1) even if a ground fault occurs. Second, when a ground fault occurs, the comparator U2 outputs a high signal (a signal for operating the relay L2) in the same manner as when the switch S1u is turned on, so that the relay L2 is not operated by the ground fault detection signal. It is necessary to make it.

  On the other hand, in a circuit configuration different from that in FIG. 1, when the voltage at the input terminal 5 d becomes Vcc (FIG. 2) when the signal line 6 is disconnected, the ground fault detection circuit 13 detects the voltage at the input terminal 5 d. Is logically configured to forcibly set the output of the comparator U1 to high (a state in which the relay L1 is not operated) when the voltage becomes equal to or higher than a predetermined voltage (for example, Vcc-1V). However, when the comparator U1 is low, it cannot be forced to be electrically high, so in practice, two open collector type inverters are interposed between the comparator U1 and the relay driver U3. For example, the output of the eye inverter is forced to be low.

  That is, when the ground fault detection circuit 13 detects that the voltage of the input terminal 5d is out of the predetermined range due to the ground fault or disconnection of the signal line 6, the comparators U1 and U2 are in the closed state (the operating state). ) Has a function to extinguish (shut off) the signal output at the time. “Outside the predetermined range” means that, for example, the voltage at the input terminal 5d is equal to or lower than the ground fault detection voltage Vgs or equal to or higher than (Vcc−1V). In addition, even when an error or fluctuation of the voltage at the input terminal 5d is taken into consideration, the voltage when the voltage at the input terminal 5d does not correspond to the voltage (Vd, Vm or Vu) corresponding to the open / close state of the switches S1u and S1d is out of the predetermined range. The ground fault detection circuit 13 may be configured as described above.

  Next, power supply voltages for the comparator U1 and the inverter U6 will be described. As described above, the power supply voltage Vcc of the comparators U1 and U2 is supplied from a constant voltage circuit (not shown). However, when the voltage of the battery BA does not decrease so much, the power supply voltage of the comparators U1 and U2 is supplied from the battery BA. You may make it supply directly. On the other hand, the power supply voltage is supplied from the battery BA to the inverters U4 and U6 and the relay drivers U3 and U5.

  Next, driving of the relays L1 and L2 will be described. The output signal of the comparator U1 is inverted and amplified by the relay driver U3. When the output of the comparator U1 goes low or the switch S2d is closed, the output of the relay driver U3 goes high and current flows through the coil L1a. As a result, the relay L1 is activated, and the contact L1b of the relay L1 connected to the black circle side (normally closed side) is connected to the white circle side (normally open side). The output signal of the comparator U2 is inverted by an open collector type inverter U4 to which a pull-up resistor R15 is connected, and further inverted and amplified by a relay driver U5. When the output of the comparator U2 becomes high (however, when the ground fault is detected, the output of the comparator U2 is always low) or when the switch S2u is closed, the output of the relay driver U5 becomes high and the coil L2a Current flows. As a result, the relay L2 is activated, and the contact L2b of the relay L2 connected to the black circle side (normally closed side) is connected to the white circle side (normally open side).

  Next, the relationship between the operation of the relays L1 and L2 and the rotation of the motor M will be described. For example, when the switch S2d is closed by opening the window, the relay L1 is activated and the contact L1b is connected to the white circle side, so that a current in the direction of arrow A flows through the motor M and the window is opened. On the other hand, when the switch S2u is closed by the operation of closing the window, the relay L2 is activated and the contact L2b is connected to the white circle side, so that a current in the direction of arrow B flows to the motor M, and the window is closed.

  FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating a state of each part of the automotive window opening / closing device when no ground fault occurs. The contents of FIG. 3 are derived by grasping the operation of the circuit of FIG. 1 with reference to FIG. (D) and (u) in the number column indicate that an operation of opening (lowering) or closing (raising) the window has been performed. Number 1 is when the window opening / closing operation is not performed. Numbers 2 to 5 are those when only one switch among the switches S1u for the driver seat and the passenger seat is operated, and the windows are opened and closed according to the operation. Nos. 6 and 7 are those when the same type of operation (opening operation or closing operation) is simultaneously performed on the driver's seat switches S1u and S1d and the passenger seat switches S2u and S2d. Windows are opened and closed. Nos. 8 and 9 are those when operations opposite to each other between the driver's seat switches S1u and S1d and the passenger's seat switches S2u and S2d are performed simultaneously. Not done.

  FIG. 4 is a diagram showing the state of each part of the automotive window opening / closing device when a ground fault has occurred but the ground fault detection circuit 13 does not exist. The absence of the ground fault detection circuit 13 corresponds to the disconnection of the wiring connecting the output terminal of the inverter U6 and the output terminal of the comparator U2. The numbers (d) and (u) in the number column are the same as those in FIG. When a ground fault occurs, the voltage at the input terminal 5d becomes 0V, so that the window cannot be opened or closed by opening or closing the switches S1u and S1d in the driver's seat. Also, the opening and closing of the window by opening and closing the passenger seat switches S2u and S2d is not normally performed. In number 1, since the switches S2u and S2d are both open, the current should not flow through the motor M, but the current flows in the direction of the arrow B, so the window closes. In No. 2, since the switch S2d is closed, the current should flow in the direction of the arrow A, but the current cannot flow through the motor M, so the window cannot be opened.

  The reason why the circuit does not operate normally as described above is that when a ground fault occurs, the voltage at the input terminal 5d becomes 0V, and the comparator U2 is a high signal, that is, a signal that activates the relay L2, as when the switch S1u is closed. Is output. In No. 3, the direction current of the arrow B flows through the motor M, and the window closing operation is normally performed. However, even if the switch S2u is automatically returned to the open state (state No. 1), the window closing operation is continued. From the above, considering the case where the voltage of the input terminal 5d becomes Vcc due to the disconnection of the signal line 6 as described above, if the ground fault or disconnection of the signal line 6 occurs, the switches S2u and S2d in the passenger seat Even if is operated, there are situations where the window is open but cannot be closed, or the window is closed but cannot be opened. For this reason, the problem that it is not desirable for crime prevention and the problem that the inside of a vehicle cannot be ventilated arise.

  FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating a state of each part of the automotive window opening / closing device when a ground fault is detected by the ground fault detection circuit 13. The numbers (d) and (u) in the number column are the same as those in FIG. Also in this case, since the voltage of the input terminal 5d becomes 0V, the window cannot be opened / closed by opening / closing the driver's seat switches S1u, S1d, but the window opening / closing by opening / closing the passenger seat switches S2u, S2d is normal. Has been done. This is because when a ground fault is detected, the ground fault detection circuit 13 forcibly sets the output of the comparator U2 to low (a state in which the relay L2 is not operated). In this way, the above-mentioned undesirable situation caused by the ground fault or disconnection of the signal line 6 is avoided. That is, even if the driver's seat switches S1u and S1d cannot be opened and closed due to the occurrence of a ground fault, the passenger seat windows can be opened and closed by operating the passenger seat switches S2u and S2d. it can. As a result, the above problem is prevented.

  In the embodiment described above, the first constant current circuit 11 outputs the constant current I1 corresponding to the open / closed state of the switches S1u and S1d. However, instead of the first constant current circuit 11, another constant current circuit 11 is used. The present invention can also be implemented using a current circuit, for example, the constant current circuit 11a shown in FIG. The constant current circuit 11a also outputs a current I1a corresponding to the open / close state of the switches S1u and S1d. However, since the current I1a is minimized when both the switches S1u and S1d are open, it is not possible to prevent the above-described unscheduled opening / closing operation. Further, a normal close type switch may be used for only one of the switches S1u and S1d of the constant current circuit 11a. In the normally closed type switch, the open state of the switch is the operating state. In this way, the current value when the two switches are both inactive, the current value when only one switch is active, and the current value when only the other switch is active, Therefore, it is possible to prevent the unexpected opening / closing operation described above.

  Further, in the above embodiment, the output current I1 of the first constant current circuit 11 and the output current I2 of the second constant current circuit 12 are changed in the same tendency with respect to the temperature change, and the current I1 and the current I2 is converted into a voltage by resistors R4 and R8, R9, respectively, and these voltages are input to the + terminal and −terminal of comparators U1 and U2, thereby compensating for fluctuations due to temperature changes in current I1. The present invention can also be implemented using other methods. For example, the constant current circuit is adjusted so that the output current I2a of the constant current circuit corresponding to the second constant current circuit 12 fluctuates with a tendency opposite to the output current I1 of the first constant current circuit 11 with respect to a temperature change. Constitute. Then, the currents I1 and I2a are input to the circuit shown in FIG.

The adder circuit 30 is composed of an operational amplifier and a plurality of resistors, and converts a value obtained by adding the current I1 and the current I2a into a voltage and outputs the voltage. This output voltage is expressed by the following equation (4).
Output voltage = α (I1 + β · I2a) (4)
Here, α is a current / voltage conversion coefficient, and β is a compensation coefficient for compensating the fluctuation of the current I1 due to the temperature change by the current I2a. Desired α and β are obtained by attaching a resistor having a predetermined resistance value to the adder circuit 30. In this circuit, when the current I1 increases (decreases) due to a temperature change, the current I2a decreases (increases), so that the output voltage of the adder circuit 30 is kept substantially constant without being affected by the temperature change. That is, the adder circuit 30 uses the current I2a to compensate for fluctuations in the current I1 due to temperature changes. The output voltage of the adder circuit 30 is compared with the first and second threshold values by the comparators U31 and U32 corresponding to the comparators U1 and U2 in FIG. In the circuit of FIG. 7, the above-described ground fault is detected by the output voltage of the adder circuit 30.

  Further, in the above embodiment, when a ground fault is detected, the ground fault detection circuit 13 forcibly sets the output of the comparator U2 to low so that the relay L2 does not operate. However, other methods may be used. Good. For example, instead of the inverter U4, a tristate output inverter may be used, and when a ground fault is detected, the output of the inverter may be set to a high impedance state. A voltage (eg, voltage Vm (FIG. 2)) that is smaller and larger than the threshold value Vr2 may be forcibly applied.

  Furthermore, in the above-described embodiment, the case where the switch state detection circuit (the circuit on the left side of the broken line Y1-Y2 in FIG. 1) is used in an automobile window opening / closing device has been described. However, the switch state detection circuit is used for other applications. Can also be used. For example, it can be used as a circuit for operating the direction of the side mirror on the passenger seat side of a car with a switch on the driver's seat. The number of switches of the first constant current circuits 11 and 11a is not limited to two, and may be one or three or more.

  Furthermore, in the above embodiment, since there are only two switches S1u and S1d, the open / close state is determined by the comparators U1 and U2. However, when the number of switches is large, the switch states are set for each switch open / close state. Since the level difference of the signal is small and it is difficult to determine the open / closed state of the switch in a comparator that also requires a threshold value, the signal is numerically converted by an A / D converter as shown in Patent Documents 1 and 3 above. The data may be converted into data, and a control unit including a CPU and a memory may determine whether the switch is open or closed and whether a ground fault has occurred based on the numerical data.

It is a figure which shows the circuit of the opening / closing apparatus for motor vehicle windows which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the voltage of each part of the circuit of FIG. It is a figure which shows the state of each part of the opening / closing apparatus for motor vehicle windows when the ground fault has not generate | occur | produced. It is a figure which shows the state of each part of the opening / closing apparatus for motor vehicle windows when a ground fault has generate | occur | produced, but a ground fault detection circuit does not exist. It is a figure which shows the state of each part of the opening / closing apparatus for motor vehicle windows when a ground fault is detected by a ground fault detection circuit. It is a figure which shows the other example of the 1st constant current circuit. It is a figure which shows the other circuit structure which compensates the fluctuation | variation of the output current of a 1st constant current circuit. It is a figure which shows the circuit for opening and closing the window of the conventional passenger seat. It is a figure which shows the other circuit for opening and closing the window of the conventional passenger seat.

Explanation of symbols

5d input terminal 6 signal line 11, 11a first constant current circuit 12 second constant current circuit 13 ground fault detection circuit 30 addition circuit G1, G2 ground line I1, I1a output current of first constant current circuit I2 second Output current of the constant current circuit L1, L2 relay M motors S1d, S2d switches for opening (lowering) windows S1u, S2u switches for closing (raising) windows U1, U2, U31, U32 comparators U3, U5 Relay driver

Claims (6)

  1. One or more switches;
    A first constant current circuit that outputs a first current having a value corresponding to an open / close state of each switch;
    A second constant current circuit for outputting a second current;
    Compensation means for compensating for variations in the first current by the second current and outputting a compensation result;
    A switch state detection circuit comprising: a determination unit that determines an open / close state of each switch based on a value of a compensation result output from the compensation unit and outputs a determination result.
  2. The switch state detection circuit according to claim 1,
    The switch consists of two switches,
    The value according to the open / close state is a current value when only one switch is in an operating state, a current value when only the other switch is in an operating state, and a current value when both switches are in a non-operating state, A switch state detection circuit, wherein the current value when both switches are in the non-operating state is an intermediate value between the other two current values.
  3. In the switch state detection circuit according to claim 1 or 2,
    The determination means checks whether the current value or voltage value based on the first current or the value of the compensation result is within a predetermined range. If the value is out of the predetermined range, any of the switches is in an operating state. A switch state detection circuit that outputs a determination result indicating that the switch is not.
  4. The other-seat window opening / closing switch for the driver's seat provided in the driver's seat in order to open / close the window of the other seats other than the driver's seat
    A window opening / closing switch for other seats provided in the other seats to open and close the windows of the other seats;
    A first constant current circuit that outputs a first current having a value corresponding to an open / closed state of the driver's seat other-window opening / closing switch;
    A second constant current circuit for outputting a second current;
    Compensation means for compensating for variations in the first current by the second current and outputting a compensation result;
    Determination means for determining an open / close state of the driver's seat other window opening / closing switch based on a value of a compensation result output by the compensation means and outputting a determination result;
    An opening / closing device for an automobile window, comprising: opening / closing means for opening / closing the window of the other seat based on a determination result output by the determining means and an open / closed state of the window opening / closing switch for other seats.
  5. The opening / closing apparatus for motor vehicle windows of Claim 4 WHEREIN:
    The driver's seat other-seat window opening / closing switch consists of two switches,
    The value according to the open / close state is a current value when only one switch is in an operating state, a current value when only the other switch is in an operating state, and a current value when both switches are in a non-operating state, An automotive window opening and closing device characterized in that the current value when both switches are in the non-operating state is an intermediate value between the other two current values.
  6. The automotive window opening and closing device according to claim 4 or 5,
    The determination means checks whether the current value or voltage value based on the first current or the value of the compensation result is within a predetermined range. If the value is outside the predetermined range, the driver's seat other window opening / closing switch A vehicle window opening and closing device that outputs a determination result indicating that is not in an operating state.
JP2004319635A 2004-11-02 2004-11-02 Switch state detection circuit and automotive window opening and closing device Active JP4475097B2 (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012506335A (en) * 2008-10-25 2012-03-15 ブローゼ ファールツォイクタイレ ゲゼルシャフト ミット ベシュレンクテル ハフツング ウント コンパニ コマンディートゲゼルシャフト ハルシュタットBrose Fahrzeugteile GmbH & Co. KG, Hallstadt Driving device for electric adjustment of position adjusting member in automobile
JP2012060697A (en) * 2010-09-06 2012-03-22 Strapya Next:Kk Constant current circuit for charge, and charging apparatus
WO2017181071A1 (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-10-19 Emerson Electric Co. Switch actuation measurement circuit for voltage converter
US9933842B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2018-04-03 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Microcontroller architecture for power factor correction converter
US9965928B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2018-05-08 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. System and method for displaying messages in a column-by-column format via an array of LEDs connected to a circuit of a compressor
US10075065B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2018-09-11 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Choke and EMI filter circuits for power factor correction circuits
US10277115B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-04-30 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Filtering systems and methods for voltage control
US10305373B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-05-28 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Input reference signal generation systems and methods
US10312798B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-06-04 Emerson Electric Co. Power factor correction circuits and methods including partial power factor correction operation for boost and buck power converters

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012506335A (en) * 2008-10-25 2012-03-15 ブローゼ ファールツォイクタイレ ゲゼルシャフト ミット ベシュレンクテル ハフツング ウント コンパニ コマンディートゲゼルシャフト ハルシュタットBrose Fahrzeugteile GmbH & Co. KG, Hallstadt Driving device for electric adjustment of position adjusting member in automobile
JP2012060697A (en) * 2010-09-06 2012-03-22 Strapya Next:Kk Constant current circuit for charge, and charging apparatus
WO2017181071A1 (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-10-19 Emerson Electric Co. Switch actuation measurement circuit for voltage converter
US9933842B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2018-04-03 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Microcontroller architecture for power factor correction converter
US9965928B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2018-05-08 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. System and method for displaying messages in a column-by-column format via an array of LEDs connected to a circuit of a compressor
US10075065B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2018-09-11 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Choke and EMI filter circuits for power factor correction circuits
US10277115B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-04-30 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Filtering systems and methods for voltage control
US10284132B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-05-07 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Driver for high-frequency switching voltage converters
US10305373B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-05-28 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Input reference signal generation systems and methods
US10312798B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-06-04 Emerson Electric Co. Power factor correction circuits and methods including partial power factor correction operation for boost and buck power converters
US10320322B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-06-11 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Switch actuation measurement circuit for voltage converter
US10437317B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-10-08 Emerson Climate Technologies, Inc. Microcontroller architecture for power factor correction converter

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