JP2006012859A - Displaying/lighting system - Google Patents

Displaying/lighting system Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2006012859A
JP2006012859A JP2005237789A JP2005237789A JP2006012859A JP 2006012859 A JP2006012859 A JP 2006012859A JP 2005237789 A JP2005237789 A JP 2005237789A JP 2005237789 A JP2005237789 A JP 2005237789A JP 2006012859 A JP2006012859 A JP 2006012859A
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Prior art keywords
support
display
cap member
socket
tubular member
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JP2005237789A
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JP4153935B2 (en
Inventor
Tomoyuki Katogi
Hideo Moriyama
友之 加藤木
秀男 森山
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Moriyama Sangyo Kk
森山産業株式会社
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Application filed by Moriyama Sangyo Kk, 森山産業株式会社 filed Critical Moriyama Sangyo Kk
Priority to JP2005237789A priority patent/JP4153935B2/en
Publication of JP2006012859A publication Critical patent/JP2006012859A/en
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a displaying/lighting system with easy assembly, capable of reducing a manufacturing cost, even if the diameter of a tubular member for housing the emitter of an LED or the like. <P>SOLUTION: The displaying/lighting system comprise at least one emitter, a support for supporting the emitter, a translucent tubular member for housing the emitter and the support, and a pair of cap members attached to both the ends of the tubular member. Each of the cap members holds a pin portion and a socket portion positioning on the back side of the pin portion, and in a socket pin of one cap member, a pin portion thereof is exposed outside, and in a socket pin of other cap member, a socket portion thereof is exposed outside. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention relates to a display / lighting device and system. In particular, the present invention relates to a display / illumination apparatus and system using a light emitting diode (LED) as a light source.

In recent years, LEDs have been used for illumination and display as a light source that has a longer life and less heat generation than incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lamps. For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a lighting device that can be attached to a general fluorescent lamp fixture (socket) while using an LED as a light source. This lighting device accommodates a circuit for lighting an LED in a tube that accommodates the LED, and this LED lighting circuit converts the power supplied via the caps at both ends of the tube into power suitable for lighting the LED. It works to convert. Such a circuit usually includes a power supply circuit including a rectifier that converts an AC voltage into a DC voltage, and a resistor for preventing an overcurrent from flowing through the LED.
Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 6-54103

  However, such a lighting device has a problem that the temperature inside the tube rises and the LED may be damaged due to a large amount of heat generated by the overcurrent prevention resistor. If the inside of the tube is not sealed and a ventilation hole is provided, this problem can be alleviated to some extent. However, in this case, another problem such as dust and moisture intrusion occurs. In particular, there is a problem that it cannot be used outdoors because it is exposed to rain or the like and requires waterproofness.

  Further, when a support body supporting LEDs is accommodated in a light-transmitting tube as in the illumination device disclosed in Japanese Utility Model Laid-Open No. 6-54103, pins held by caps provided at both ends or one end of the tube It is necessary to supply power to the LED from the outside through an electrical connection part such as, but it is troublesome to manually connect the pin provided on the base part to the LED, and especially the tube diameter is about 1 cm. However, it is extremely difficult if it is small, and this is a cause of a decrease in productivity and an increase in manufacturing cost.

  Further, in the illumination device as described above, in order to obtain a desired light distribution characteristic, for example, it is often used together with, for example, a bowl-shaped reflector having a semicircular arc cross section, and thus a separate reflector is used. This is not only difficult to handle, but also requires a dedicated attachment for connecting the reflector and the lighting device, resulting in an increase in cost and installation space.

  The present invention is for solving the problems of the prior art as described above, and the main object of the present invention is to prevent the LED from being adversely affected by heat generated from an electronic device such as a resistor. It is to provide a possible display / lighting device.

  A second object of the present invention is to provide a display / illumination device having a reflector function that is easy to handle and requires little installation space.

  A third object of the present invention is to provide a display / illumination device that can be easily assembled and reduced in manufacturing cost even when the diameter of a tubular member that accommodates an LED is small.

  To achieve the above object, according to the present invention, at least one light emitter, a support that supports the light emitter, a translucent tubular member that houses the light emitter and the support, and an electrical connection to the light emitter. There is provided a display / illumination device characterized in that the electronic device is installed outside the tubular member. Typically, the light emitter includes an LED, and the electronic device includes a resistor to prevent overvoltage of the LED. By installing the electronic device (resistor) outside the tubular member containing the light emitter (LED) in this way, the temperature inside the tubular member is increased by the heat generated from such an electronic device, and the light emitter is damaged. Can be prevented.

  The electronic device further includes a cap member attached to at least one end of the tubular member, wherein the electronic device is accommodated in a cavity formed in the cap member, and the electronic device and the light emitter are spatially separated from each other by a partition wall. By doing so, it is possible to effectively block heat generated from the electronic device.

  When an aluminum base holding a conductive pin for electrical connection to the outside is attached to the cap member, and the cavity containing the electronic device is blocked by the aluminum base, the heat generated from the electronic device is aluminum. It is convenient because it is dissipated from the base. In addition, since such an aluminum base is widely available on the market, it can be easily obtained at a low cost, which is preferable from the viewpoint of reducing the manufacturing cost.

  In one embodiment, the partition is provided on the support. It is preferable that a passage for passing a conductor that electrically connects the electronic device and the light emitter is formed in the partition wall. Further, when the partition wall is provided on the support body, the electronic device is held on the side facing the cap member of the partition wall provided on the support body, and the cavity formed in the cap member attaches the cap member to the tubular member. When the electronic device is sometimes received in the cavity of the cap member through the first opening when assembled, the electronic device is easily and quickly attached to the cap member. And can be spatially separated from the LED by a partition wall.

  Furthermore, the cavity formed in the cap member has a second opening that faces the outside of the tubular member when the cap member is attached to the tubular member, and after the electronic device is received in the cavity of the cap member, When a sealing agent is injected into the cavity through the second opening and the cavity is sealed in a liquid-tight manner, the dustproof / waterproof performance is improved, which is suitable for outdoor use. It is more preferable that the sealant is made of a silicone resin because heat dissipation is good.

  Further, a protrusion or recess extending in the axial direction is provided at the end of the support, and the recess or protrusion for holding the support by engaging the protrusion or recess of the support with the cap member. When the portion is formed, the support and the cap member can be easily assembled. In that case, when the length including the protrusion of the support is longer than the length of the tubular member, the protrusion or recess of the support and the corresponding recess or protrusion of the cap member can be easily aligned during assembly. Therefore, it is preferable.

  In another embodiment, a partition wall may be provided on the cap member. The cap member has a portion extending along the outer peripheral surface of the tubular member, and the cavity is formed in the portion of the cap member so that the tube wall of the tubular member functions as a partition wall. It is also possible to do. In this case, since the cap member can be made thin, it is possible to prevent dark portions from being formed between adjacent display / illumination devices when the display / illumination devices are arranged in the longitudinal direction.

  When both ends of the tubular member are closed by the cap member, if the display / illuminating device further includes a solar cell for supplying power to the light emitter, wiring with an external power source can be eliminated. In addition, a display / lighting device suitable for use outdoors can be provided.

  Further, when both ends of the tubular member are closed by the cap member, it is preferable that the tubular member is made of a glass tube because the glass tube has excellent heat dissipation characteristics. Thereby, coupled with the fact that the electronic device (resistor) that generates heat is separated and arranged outside the tube, the temperature rise in the tube can be suppressed without providing a ventilation hole or the like (for example, 60 ° C. or less). While suitably preventing damage to the light-emitting body due to heat, the device can be sealed to obtain effects such as waterproofing and insect-proofing.

  According to another aspect of the present invention, it has at least one light emitter, a support that supports the light emitter, and a translucent tubular member that houses the light emitter and the support, on one side of the support. The light emitting body is supported, and the display / illumination device according to claim 1, wherein one surface side of the support body forms a three-dimensional reflecting surface. Since the reflective surface having a three-dimensional shape is configured by the support body that is accommodated in the tubular member and supports the light emitter, the handling becomes easier as compared with the case where such a reflective surface is separately provided. At the same time, the reflective surface can be prevented from being deteriorated by dust or the like.

  When the support has a bottom plate portion for attaching the light emitter and a pair of side wall portions extending in the longitudinal direction along both side edges of the bottom plate portion, such a three-dimensional reflection surface can be easily configured. can do. In such a case, the cover can be attached to the free end portions of the pair of side wall portions. The cover can have, for example, light diffusibility. Alternatively, for example, when a material that emits ultraviolet light is used as the illuminant, a fluorescent material that converts ultraviolet light into visible light may be included. Such a fluorescent material is not limited to one that converts ultraviolet light into visible light, and may be one that converts light of one color into light of another color, for example. The fluorescent material can be contained in the cover or applied to the cover surface.

  Preferably, both end portions of the tubular member are closed by cap members, and the support is supported in the tubular member by engaging with the cap members, and between the inner peripheral surface of the tubular member and the support. In addition, a gap is provided so that thermal convection is possible when the light emitter is turned on. In this way, by providing a gap between the inner peripheral surface of the tubular member and the support to enable convection of air by heat emitted from the light emitter, the possibility of damage to the light emitter due to heat is further reduced. be able to.

  According to still another aspect of the present invention, the light emitting device includes a plurality of light emitters, at least two supports that respectively support the light emitters, and a translucent tubular member that accommodates the light emitters and the support. A display / lighting device is provided. Thus, if it has a some support body which supported the light-emitting body, the display and the illuminating device which have various illumination effects can be easily obtained by changing the arrangement of a support body. In particular, the at least two supports include a pair of supports arranged back to back. For example, when the pair of supports arranged back to back supports light emitters having different emission colors, Color display and illumination can be performed, which is preferable. In addition, protrusions are provided on the mutually facing surfaces of the pair of supports arranged back to back, and when a space is formed between the pair of supports in a state of being arranged back to back, For example, there is an advantage that leads for wiring can be passed. When the tubular member is long, it can be easily handled by connecting at least two supports in the longitudinal direction.

  According to still another aspect of the present invention, at least one light emitter, a support that supports the light emitter, a translucent tubular member that houses the light emitter and the support, and attached to each end of the tubular member Each cap member has a socket pin having a pin portion and a socket portion located on the back side of the pin portion, and the socket pin of one cap member has its socket pin A pin / part is exposed to the outside, and the socket pin of the other cap member has the socket part exposed to the outside. Thereby, connection with an adjacent display / illumination device can be easily and quickly performed by connecting corresponding socket pins. Furthermore, by providing a socket pin at each end of the support so that it can be connected to the socket pin of the cap member, the mechanical connection and electrical connection between the support and the cap member can be easily and quickly performed. Productivity is greatly improved. Thus, when a socket pin is provided in a support body, if at least two such support bodies are included and adjacent support bodies are connected via corresponding socket pins, Electrical and mechanical connection can be easily performed, which is preferable.

  When one cap member is provided with an annular wall surrounding the pin portion of the socket pin exposed to the outside, and the other cap member is provided with an annular groove aligned with the annular wall, the socket pin for electrical connection Can be suitably protected.

  It is more preferable that the light emitters are connected by conductive connecting pieces to form a light source connector. The connection between the light emitter and the conductive connecting piece can be preferably performed by caulking (crimping) or spot welding. By doing so, the light emitters can be connected in a required form such as series, parallel, and series-parallel without using a printed wiring board, and thus the cost can be reduced by not using the printed wiring board. Further, since the solder used for connection between the printed wiring board and the light emitter can be eliminated, the influence on the light emitter due to environmental load and heat during soldering can be reduced.

  For example, in a cove illumination such as a hotel, the area to be illuminated is often bent rather than linear. As a display / illumination device suitable for such a case, according to still another aspect of the present invention, at least one light emitter, a flat plate-like support body that supports the light emitter, and the light emission. There is provided a display / illumination device comprising: a body and a translucent tubular member that is bent at least partially to accommodate the support. In such a case, if the light emitter includes a side view type light emitting diode, it becomes possible to irradiate light in a direction along the light emitter attachment surface of the flat plate-like support, and other display / illumination devices and When used in combination, the light irradiation direction can be made uniform, which is preferable.

  According to still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a display / illumination system including first and second display / illumination devices, each of the first and second display / illumination devices including at least one light emitter. A support that supports the light emitter, a translucent tubular member that accommodates the light emitter and the support, and a cap that is attached to at least one end of the translucent tubular member and holds a conductor for electrical connection And the first and second display / illumination devices are mechanically and electrically connected to each other via a cap member, and the cap member of the first display / illumination device is held by the first display / illumination device An annular wall projecting from the end face of the cap member of the second display / illumination device is provided to surround the conductor, and an annular groove aligned with the annular wall of the cap member of the first display / illumination device is provided. The key of the first display / lighting device A display / illumination system characterized in that an end wall of the cap member can be brought into close contact when the annular wall of the cup member is inserted into the annular groove of the second display / illumination device and the cap members are connected to each other. Provided. By doing so, it is possible to easily connect the display / illuminating device and to prevent the electrical connection conductor from being exposed to the outside in the connected state. More preferably, packing is provided between the end surface of the cap member of the first display / illumination device and the end surface of the second display / illumination device. Alternatively or in addition, a packing may be provided between the annular wall of the cap member of the first display / illumination device and the annular groove of the cap member of the second display / illumination device. By using the packing in this manner, moisture, dust and the like are prevented from entering the tubular member, and the display / illumination system can be used outdoors.

  According to still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a display / illumination system including first and second display / illumination devices, each of the first and second display / illumination devices including at least one light emitter. A support member that supports the light emitter, a translucent tubular member that accommodates the light emitter and the support member, and a cap member that is attached to at least one end of the translucent tubular member and holds a conductor for electrical connection And the first and second display / illumination devices are mechanically and electrically coupled to each other via a cap member, and the display / illumination system engages with the cap member and the cap member There is further provided a display / illumination system characterized by further comprising a cap holding body for holding in a connected state. Preferably, the cap holder has first and second parts separable from each other, the first and second parts being engaged with the cap members after the cap members are connected. They are joined together. By using such a cap holder, it is possible to effectively prevent the connected cap members from being undesirably separated.

  The features, objects, and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description of preferred embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  According to one aspect of the present invention, in a display / illumination apparatus having an LED supported by a support in a tubular member, an electronic device that generates heat such as resistance is disposed outside the tubular member containing the LED. Such heat can prevent the temperature inside the tubular member from rising and adversely affecting the LED. Further, according to another aspect of the present invention, in the display / illumination device having an LED supported by a support in a tubular member, a reflective surface having a three-dimensional shape is configured by the support. Compared with the case where such a reflective surface is separately provided, handling becomes easier, and the reflective surface can be prevented from being deteriorated by dust or the like. According to still another aspect of the present invention, in a display / illumination device having an LED supported by a support in a tubular member, a socket pin for electrical connection is held in a cap member attached to an end of the tubular member. As a result, it is possible to easily and quickly connect the adjacent devices by connecting the corresponding socket pins. Furthermore, by providing socket pins at both ends of the support plate so that it can be connected to the socket pins of the cap member, mechanical connection and electrical connection with the cap member of the support plate can be performed easily and quickly. Productivity is greatly improved.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 1 is a perspective view generally showing an embodiment of a display / illumination device according to the present invention. FIG. 1 is a sectional view taken along line II-II in FIG. As shown in the figure, the display / illumination device 1 has a plurality of LEDs 2 as light emitters, a pair of supports 10 each supporting the LEDs 2, and a light-transmitting property that accommodates the LEDs 2 and the supports 10, for example. A tubular member 3 made of glass and a pair of cap members 20 attached to both ends of the tubular member 3 are provided. The cap member 20 is preferably made of resin and can be opaque. However, in order to clearly show the shape of the support 10 in FIG. 1, a portion hidden by the cap member 20 of the support 10 is also illustrated. Further, instead of molding, the cap member 20 may be formed by integrally bonding a plurality of parts with an adhesive, bolts, or the like.

  The tubular member 3 can be made of plastic or the like, but is preferably a glass tube with good heat dissipation characteristics. Moreover, the whole does not necessarily need to have translucency, and an opaque part may be included in part. Each cap member 20 holds a pair of conductive pins 4 as electrical connection portions, and can be connected to, for example, a normal fluorescent lamp socket. In addition, although illustration is abbreviate | omitted, it cannot be overemphasized that the electroconductive pin 4 and LED2 can be electrically connected through an appropriate electronic device and / or circuit, and can supply electric power to LED2. Each support 10 may include, for example, a printed wiring board having a desired electrical circuit formed on the lower surface. Each LED 2 supported by each support 10 is a so-called “bullet-shaped LED” having two parallel leads in the illustrated example, and its main body is mounted separately from the surface of the support 10. . In this way, for example, when the LED 2 is attached to the support 10 with solder, adverse effects on the LED 2 due to the heat of the solder can be reduced, and the heat dissipation effect of the LED 2 during lighting can be enhanced. It is also possible to use other types of LEDs such as chip type LEDs that do not have lead wires instead of type LEDs.

  As well shown in FIG. 2, each support 10 has a bottom plate portion 11 to which the LED 2 is attached and side wall portions 12 extending along both sides of the bottom plate portion 11. A reflecting surface (in this example, a concave reflecting surface) having a three-dimensional structure for reflecting light emitted from the LED to obtain desired light distribution characteristics is formed on the mounting surface side of the LED 2. Thus, the support 10 that supports the LED 2 constitutes a reflective surface having a three-dimensional structure, and the support 10 is accommodated in the tubular member 3, thereby facilitating handling and attaching a separate reflector. Since no fixture is required, the manufacturing cost and installation space can be reduced. Further, it is possible to prevent deterioration due to dust on the reflecting surface.

  FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of an end portion of the display / illumination device 1 shown in FIG. As shown in the drawing, an annular groove 21 is formed on the peripheral edge of the cap member 20 on the side facing the tubular member 3 so as to receive the end of the tubular member 3. Further, on the same side of the cap member 20, a groove 22 having a shape aligned with the protruding portion 13 provided in the end portion of the support body 10 and extending in the axial direction is formed. The support 10 is held in the tubular member 3 by press-fitting the directional protrusion 13. As can be seen, the overall length of the support 10 including the axial protrusion 13 is longer than the tubular member 3, thereby facilitating assembly of these components.

  Furthermore, the cap member 20 is provided with a cavity 23 for accommodating an electronic device 30 such as a resistor for limiting a current flowing through the LED 2 connected to the LED 2 of each support 10. The resistors 30 accommodated in the cavities are spatially separated from the LEDs 2 in the tubular member 3 by partition walls 14 extending substantially vertically from the bottom plate portion 11 of each support 10. Thereby, the temperature rise in the tubular member 3 due to the heat generated from the resistor 30 is greatly reduced, and it is possible to prevent the LED 2 from being damaged due to such a temperature rise. In order to improve the dustproof / waterproof performance, the cavity 23 of the cap member 20 that accommodates the resistance may be sealed with a resin 31 having a high thermal conductivity such as a silicone resin. Further, as shown by a broken line in FIG. 2, for example, when the solar cell 35 is disposed on the opposite side of the support 10 from the side where the LED 2 is provided, thereby supplying power to the LED 2, Since wiring can be made unnecessary, in combination with the dustproof / waterproof structure as described above, it is suitable for a display / illumination device suitable for outdoor use.

  A further recess 24 is provided in the central portion of the cap member 20, and the conductive pin 4 described above is held at the bottom thereof. The recess 24 can accommodate an electronic device that generates little heat, such as a rectifier 32, thereby eliminating the need to provide a space in the tubular member 3 for accommodating such an electronic device. A thinner tubular member 3 can be used or more LEDs 2 can be accommodated.

  FIG. 4 is a partially exploded perspective view for explaining assembly of the cap member 20 and the support 10 as shown in FIG. In the example of FIG. 4, it will be understood that the cap member 20 is formed so as to be able to hold four supports 10.

  At the time of assembly, the resistor 30 is first attached to the side of the support 10 facing the cap member 20 of the partition wall 14. As shown in the drawing, the leads 30a (conductive wires) at both ends of the resistor 30 pass through the slits 14a provided in the partition wall 14 and are connected to the LED circuit side. Preferably, the lead 30a is tightly inserted into the slit 14a, and the resistance 30 is maintained in a substantially vertical posture with respect to the partition wall 14 in combination with the mechanical strength of the lead 30a itself. An adhesive or the like may be used for maintaining the posture of the resistor 30. The lead 30a that has passed through the slit 14a further extends through the through-hole 11a provided in the bottom plate portion 11 of the support 10 and is connected to the LED circuit as desired.

  After the resistor 30 is attached to the support 10, the axial protrusion 13 and the resistor 30 of the support 10 are inserted into the corresponding groove 22 and cavity 23 of the cap member 20, respectively. Accordingly, the first opening 23a of the cavity 23 opened to the inside of the tubular member is closed by the partition wall 14 of the support 10, and the resistor 30 accommodated inside the cavity 23 and the LED 2 mounted on the support 10 are space. Separated.

  Thus, after attaching the resistor 30 to the support 10 in advance so as to be located on the opposite side of the LED 2 with respect to the partition wall 14 provided at the end of the support 10, the support 10 is combined with the cap member 20 to cap it. By accommodating the resistor 30 in the cavity in the member 20, both electrical connection and spatial separation between the resistor 30 and the LED 2 can be easily realized. In the figure, the electrical connection between the rectifier 32 housed in the central recess 24 of the cap member 20 and the LED circuit on the support 10 side is omitted, but before the support 10 is attached to the cap member 20. It is possible to make such a connection in advance. Alternatively, the rectifier 32 can be installed on the support 10 (shown by a dotted line in FIG. 3).

  After the support 10 is coupled to the cap member 20 and the resistor 30 is accommodated in the cavity 23 of the cap member 20, an adhesive 31 such as a silicone adhesive having high thermal conductivity and suitable for heat dissipation is directed outward. Injecting from the second opening 23b of the open cavity and sealing the cavity 23 together with the resistor 30 in a liquid-tight manner can prevent dust and moisture from entering the display / illumination device 1 and can be used outdoors. Is also possible.

  FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view similar to FIG. 2 showing a modified embodiment of the first embodiment of the display / illumination apparatus described above. In this figure, the same parts as those in FIG. In this example, as shown in the figure, four supports 10 that support the LEDs 2 are used, and both the upper and lower sides of the figure can be irradiated. Protrusions 15 are provided on the back side of each support 10, and a space 33 is formed between the supports 10 that are back-to-back, so that a conductor or the like necessary for wiring can be accommodated. A cover 34 is attached to the free end portion of the side wall portion 12 outside the adjacent support 10. The cover 34 may be, for example, a milky white cover having light diffusibility, or may be a coated or contained fluorescent material when an LED that emits ultraviolet light is used, for example. In addition to ultraviolet light, it is possible to use a fluorescent material that converts visible light of one color into visible light of another color.

  FIG. 6 is a partially exploded perspective view showing a second embodiment of the display / illumination device according to the present invention, which is partially cut away. In this figure, a part of each of the two display / illumination devices 100A and 100B having the same structure is shown. 7 is a vertical cross-sectional view of the display / illumination device 100A (100B) shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 6, each display / illumination device 100 </ b> A, 100 </ b> B uses a chip-type LED as the LED 102, and includes only one support 110 that supports the LED 102. Similar to the first embodiment, the support 110 has a side wall 112 and forms a three-dimensional reflection surface. Further, a cavity 123 for accommodating an electronic device 130 such as a resistor connected to the LED 102 is formed in one cap member 120 attached to the end of the tubular member 103, and the end of the support 110 is formed in the end of the support 110. A partition 114 is provided for spatially separating the electronic device 130 and the LED 102 so that heat generated from the electronic device 130 does not adversely affect the LED 102. A similar cavity may be provided in the cap member 140 attached to the other end.

  In the display / lighting devices 100A and 100B, so-called “socket pins” 151 and 152 are used as electrical connection portions for connection to an external device (for example, a power supply or another display / lighting device). As illustrated, the socket pin includes a conductor in which a socket part (also referred to as a concave part or a female part) is integrally formed on the back side of a pin part (also referred to as a convex part or a male part). The PD series sold by McEight Co., Ltd. can be used. As well shown in FIG. 7, the pair of socket pins 151 held by one cap member 120 has a pin portion exposed to the outside, and the pair of socket pins 152 held by the other cap member 140. The socket part is exposed to the outside. Therefore, when connecting adjacent display / illumination devices 100A and 100B, the pin portion exposed to the outside of one display / illumination device 100A may be inserted into the socket portion exposed to the outside of the other display device 100B. Can be easily connected. The cap member 120 with the pin portion exposed to the outside is preferably provided with an annular wall 126 for protecting the exposed pin portion, and the other cap member 140 receives the annular wall 126 of the cap member 120. An annular groove 125 is formed. Thereby, since the socket pins are not exposed to the outside in the connected state, it is possible to prevent an undesired short-circuit between the socket pins.

  In addition, in the display devices 100A and 100B, the support body 110 supports and electrically connects the LED 102 and the socket pins 151 and 152 held by the cap members 120 and 140 are electrically and mechanically connected. A pair of socket pins 153 and 154 are also provided at both ends of 110. As well shown in FIG. 7, socket pins 153 and 154 are held at the bottom of the bottom 111 of the support 110. The socket pin 153 connected to the socket pin 151 held by the cap member 120 protrudes outward, and the socket pin 154 connected to the socket pin 152 held by the cap member 140 has an external socket portion. Facing the direction. By doing so, for example, even when the tubular member 103 is as thin as about 1 cm, the socket pins 151 and 152 provided on the cap members 120 and 140 and the corresponding socket pins 153 and 154 provided on the support 110 are provided. By connecting the two, the mechanical connection and electrical connection between the cap members 120 and 140 and the support body 110 can be quickly achieved without requiring complicated work, and the productivity is greatly improved and the manufacturing is performed. Cost can be reduced.

  In addition, it is also possible to electrically connect a separate pin (or male connector) and a socket (or female connector) by, for example, a lead to configure an electrical connection structure similar to the socket pin, Compared with the case of using a socket pin, the structure becomes complicated and the assembly workability can be lowered.

  FIG. 8 is a side sectional view showing a modified embodiment of the display / illumination device 100A (100B) shown in FIG. In this figure, parts similar to those in FIG. In this example, the tubular member 103 has individual supports 110A, 110B, 110C,. . . The support bodies 110A, 110B, 110C,. . . Are arranged in the axial direction (length direction) and adjacent supports are connected to each other using socket pins 153 and 154 to form a member having a length suitable for the tubular member 103. That is, each support 110A, 110B, 110C to which the light source 102 is attached is used as a light emitting module. In this case, the support members 110B, 110C,... Other than the support member 110A connected to the cap member 120 located at the left end in the drawing. . . Then, the partition 114 for spatially blocking the electric element such as a resistor housed in the cap member 120 from the light source 102 located inside the tube 103 is unnecessary.

  FIG. 9 is a partial sectional view showing a further embodiment of the display / illumination device according to the present invention. As shown in the figure, in this display / illumination device 200, the LED 202 is provided only on one surface side of the support 210, and irradiates light on the upper side of the figure. Then, on the side not irradiated with light, a part of the cap member 220 extends substantially along the outer peripheral surface of the tubular member 203, and together with this outer peripheral surface, a space 223 that accommodates an electronic device 230 such as a resistor is formed. . Further, the cap member 220 leads the lead 230a of the resistor 230 to the inside of the tubular member 203, and connects the conductive pin 204 held by the cap member 220 and the LED 202 held by the support 210 to the passage 227. Is formed. In this way, the resistor 230 is installed outside the tubular member 203, and heat generated therefrom can be prevented from adversely affecting the LED 202 housed inside the tubular member 203, and the light irradiation side can be prevented. , The width of the cap member 220 can be reduced. For example, when the display / illumination device 200 is arranged side by side in the axial direction (longitudinal direction), a dark portion is prevented from being formed between the adjacent display / illumination devices 200. can do. In this embodiment, it can be said that the partition wall that spatially separates the resistor 230 and the LED 202 is formed by the tube wall of the tubular member 203.

  10 to 14 show still another embodiment of the display / illumination device according to the present invention. 10 is an exploded perspective view of the display / illumination device 300, FIG. 11 is a horizontal sectional view thereof, FIG. 12 is an electrical circuit diagram of the display / illumination device 300, and FIG. 13 is a line XIII-XIII in FIG. FIG. 14 is a side view of an embodiment of a light source assembly used in the embodiment of FIG.

  As shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the display / illumination device 300 includes a light source coupling body 350 formed by coupling a plurality of LEDs 302 as a light emitter (or light source), and a support that supports the light source coupling body 350. It includes a body 310, a translucent tubular member 303 that accommodates the LED 302 and the support 310, and a pair of cap units 360A and 360B attached to both ends of the tubular member 303.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the light source connector 350 is formed by connecting a plurality of LEDs 302 with a plurality of conductive connection pieces 305. The connection piece 305 has connection portions 309 at both ends thereof, and the connection piece 305 and the LED 302 are electrically connected by caulking the connection portion 309 to the lead 302 a of the LED 302. It is also possible to connect by spot welding instead of caulking. By using the light source assembly 350 thus formed, a printed wiring board can be made unnecessary, and solder used for connecting the printed wiring board and the LED can also be made unnecessary. As a result, not only cost reduction can be achieved, but also the adverse effect on the LED 302 due to heat during soldering can be eliminated (particularly, lead-free solder has a higher melting point than ordinary solder and is likely to cause damage to the LED 302). ), It is possible to reduce the burden on the environment due to the use of solder, and there is an advantage that problems do not occur even if the apparatus is used for a long period of time because there is no influence due to aging of the solder. In the illustrated example, the plurality of LEDs 302 are connected in series, but may be connected in parallel or in series-parallel.

  Referring to FIGS. 10 and 11 again, one cap unit 360A includes a cap member 320A preferably formed of resin, a base 330A holding a pair of conductive pins 304, and resistors R1 to R1 as electronic devices. The plate 331 supports the R4 and the full-wave rectifier REC and is disposed between the cap member 320A and the base 330A. The other cap unit 360B has a cap member 320B formed by molding a resin or the like in the same manner as the cap member 320A, and a base 330B that is the same as the base 330A.

  As well shown in FIG. 11, each of the cap members 320 </ b> A and 320 </ b> B has a bottom wall 321, and a tubular groove 322 for receiving the end of the tubular member 303 is formed on the side facing the tubular member 303. Has been. A cylindrical side wall 323 extends from the surface opposite to the tubular member 303 of the bottom wall 321 of one cap member 320A to form a cavity 324 for accommodating the resistors R1 to R4 supported by the plate 331 and the rectifier REC. is doing. In this way, the resistors R1 to R4 are installed outside the tubular member 303 and are spatially isolated from the LEDs 302 arranged inside the tubular member 303, so that they are generated from the resistors R1 to R4 and the rectifier REC. The LED 302 is not adversely affected by the heat generated. In other words, in this example, a partition wall that spatially separates the electronic devices (R1 to R4, REC) and the light source (302) is formed by the bottom wall 321 of the cap member 320A.

  The cap member 320A is formed with a protrusion 325 that is press-fitted into a groove (concave portion) 315 formed at one end of the support 310, and the cap member 320B is formed at the other end of the support 310. A groove (recess) 326 to be fitted into the protrusion 316 is formed. As a result, the support 310 is held in the tubular member 303.

  The bases 330A and 330B can be standard straight tube type fluorescent lamp aluminum bases. Such an aluminum die is suitable because it is widely available on the market and can be easily obtained at low cost and has sufficient heat dissipation characteristics.

  FIG. 12 is a schematic circuit diagram of the display / illumination device 300. As shown in the figure, the pair of conductive pins 304, 304 held by one base 330A is connected to the pair of conductive pins 304, 304 held by the other base 330B by a pair of power supply lines PL. The A pair of input ends of the rectifier REC is connected between the pair of power supply lines PL, and a pair of light source connectors 350 is connected between the pair of output ends of the rectifier REC. In this example, the end of the LED connector 350 on the side away from the rectifier REC and the low voltage output end of the rectifier REC are connected by a common line CL. Resistors R 1 and R 2 or resistors R 3 and R 4 are connected in series to each light source coupling body 350, and an overcurrent is prevented from flowing through the LED 302. Although not shown, one or a plurality of holes are formed in the bottom wall 321 of the cap members 320A and 320B, and the power line PL, the common line CL, the resistors R1 to R4, the rectifier REC, and the LED 302 are connected to each other. Other connection lines necessary for making an electrical connection can be passed.

  13 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XIII-XIII in FIG. As shown in the drawing, the support 310 has a bottom wall 311 to which the LED 302 is attached, a pair of side walls 312 and a central wall 313, and these walls form two three-dimensional (concave) reflective surfaces. is doing. Two pairs of protrusions 318 extending in the longitudinal direction are formed on the upper surface of the bottom wall 311, and the lead 302 a of the LED 302 is held between each pair. A plurality of ridges 319 extending in the longitudinal direction are formed on the bottom surface of the bottom wall 311, and grooves for receiving a pair of power supply lines PL and common lines CL are formed between the adjacent ridges 319. . A gap is provided between the side wall 312 and the tubular member 303, and the outer shape of the side wall 312 is generally along the inner peripheral wall of the tubular member 303, and air convection generated by the heat generated by the LED is not generated. It is designed not to be disturbed. This further reduces the possibility of LED damage due to heat.

  In the display / illumination apparatus 300 shown in FIGS. 10 to 14, two or more supports 310 can be connected and used in accordance with the length of the tubular member 303. In that case, two adjacent supports can be easily connected by press-fitting a protrusion 316 provided at one end of one support into a groove 315 formed at the opposite end of the other support.

  15 to 19 show still another embodiment of the display / illumination device according to the present invention. FIG. 15 is a perspective view of the display / illumination device 400, and FIG. 16 is a plan view thereof. 17a and 17b are horizontal sectional views taken along line XVII-XVII of the portion including the cap members 420 and 440 of FIG.

  As shown in the drawing, this display / illumination device 400 has a translucent tubular member 403 bent in a semicircular shape, and is flexible so as to match the shape of the tubular member 403 therein. A flat plate-like support 410 having the above is accommodated. Unlike the above embodiment, the support 410 does not have side walls. Side-view type chip LEDs 402 are arranged on one side (in this example, the inner side) of the support 410. Here, the side view type LED refers to an LED configured to emit light from a surface (side surface) substantially perpendicular to the mounting surface (bottom surface). As described above, since the side-view type LED 402 is used in this embodiment, it is possible to irradiate light in a direction along the LED mounting surface of the support 410 (upward in FIG. 15). Note that the LEDs 402 can be provided on both sides of the support 410. The display / illumination device 400 using the bent tubular member 403 and the flexible support body 410 in this way is not only a straight portion but also a bent portion such as a cove illumination such as a hotel. Ideal for inclusion.

Similar to the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, a cap member 420 that holds a pair of socket pins 451 so that the pin portion protrudes to the outside is fitted on one end of the tubular member 403, and the other end A cap member 440 that holds a pair of socket pins 452 so that the socket portion faces the outside is fitted into the portion.
As well shown in the horizontal sectional view of FIG. 17a, the socket portion of the socket pin 451 has a pair of socket pins 453 that are held on both sides of the substrate 410 by resin or the like and are electrically connected to the LED 402. Part is inserted. On the other hand, as well shown in the horizontal cross-sectional view of FIG. 17b, the pin portions of the socket pins 452 are held on both sides of the substrate 410 with resin or the like and electrically connected to the LED 402, like the socket pins 453. A pair of socket pins 454 are inserted into socket portions. As described above, the socket pins 451 and 452 are held by the cap members 420 and 440 so that the cap members 420 and 440 are connected to the corresponding socket pins 453 and 454 on the support 410 when the cap members 420 and 440 are attached to the tubular member 403. As a result, the electrical connection between the LED 402 provided on the substrate 410 and the socket pins 451 and 452 and the holding of the substrate 410 in the tubular member 403 can be easily realized. This is particularly effective when the diameter of the tubular member is as small as 1 cm or less.

  Further, the cap member 420 is formed with an annular wall 426 that protects the pin portion of the socket pin 451, and a portion surrounded by the annular wall 426 is recessed from the end surface of the cap member 420 to expose the pin portion of the socket pin 451. ing. On the other hand, the cap member 440 has an annular groove 425 aligned with the annular wall 426, and a portion surrounded by the annular groove 425 of the cap member 440 protrudes outward from the end surface of the cap member 440, Matched shape. Thereby, when the cap members 420 and 440 are connected, the end faces of these cap members are in close contact with each other (see FIG. 19). Moreover, you may provide the cyclic | annular groove | channel 423,424 for accommodating packing in the end surface of these cap members 420,440. By using the cap members whose end face shapes are aligned with each other in this way, for example, a plurality of display / illumination devices having the same cap member can be easily mechanically and electrically connected to each other. -A display / lighting system including a lighting device can be easily constructed. In particular, in the display / illumination device 400 shown in FIGS. 15 to 17, the socket pins 451 and 452 are provided on both sides of the flexible support body 410, and the LEDs 402 arranged on the support body 410 are side view. Due to the type, for example, a pair of socket pins are provided on the lower surface side of a support such as the display / illumination device (100A, 100B) shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, and a normal (ie, mounting surface) is provided on the upper surface side. When connected to a display / illumination device of a type provided with a chip-shaped LED (irradiating light in a generally opposite direction to the bottom surface), the light irradiation direction may be aligned in the same direction in these connected devices. There is an advantage that you can. Depending on the application, LEDs other than the side view type may be used in the display / illumination devices of FIGS. It is of course possible to connect the two display / illuminating devices via a cord having an appropriate connector corresponding to the cap member.

  18 is a partially exploded perspective view for explaining the connection between the two display / illumination devices 400A and 400B including the cap members 420 and 440 shown in FIG. 17, and FIG. 19 is a partial horizontal direction showing the connection state. It is sectional drawing. As shown in these drawings, a packing 455 that is received in grooves 423 and 424 provided on the end surface is provided between the cap members 420 and 440. Further, another packing 456 is provided between the end surface of the annular wall 426 of the cap member 420 and the bottom of the corresponding annular groove 425 of the cap member 440. By providing the packing between the cap members in this way, it is possible to prevent dust and moisture from entering the tubular member 403, and for example, the apparatus can be used outdoors and the application can be expanded. .

  The connected display / illumination devices 400A and 400B are held so as not to be undesirably separated by the cap holding body 460 engaged with the cap members 420 and 440. The cap holder 460 includes first and second separable first and second portions 461 and 462 each having a generally semi-cylindrical shape. These first and second portions 461 and 462 have flange portions 463 and 464 extending laterally on both sides. Screw holes 465 and 466 are formed in the flange portions 463 and 464, and the first and second portions 461 and 462 are integrally coupled by inserting the screw 467 into the screw holes 465 and 466 in a use state. A generally cylindrical space for accommodating the cap members 420 and 440 is defined therein. As well shown in FIG. 19, the ends of the first and second portions 461, 462 have radially inwardly extending portions, so that the openings 468, 469 in the cylindrical space. Is smaller than the diameter of the cap members 420 and 440. Thereby, it is possible to prevent the end portions of the first and second portions 461 and 462 from engaging with the cap members 420 and 440 and undesirably separating them. The first and second portions 461 and 462 may be connected on one side surface so as to be capable of hinge operation. Further, the first and second portions 461 and 462 can be held together by using any appropriate means such as a locking claw using elastic deformation of plastic instead of the screw. Further, for example, the bottom of the second portion 462 can be flattened so that it is stable during installation.

  As described above, according to one aspect of the present invention, in a display / illumination apparatus having an LED supported by a support in a tubular member, an electronic device that emits heat, such as a resistor, is provided for the tubular member containing the LED. By disposing outside, it is possible to prevent the temperature inside the tubular member from rising due to such heat and adversely affecting the LED. Further, according to another aspect of the present invention, in the display / illumination device having an LED supported by a support in a tubular member, a reflective surface having a three-dimensional shape is configured by the support. Compared with the case where such a reflective surface is separately provided, handling becomes easier, and the reflective surface can be prevented from being deteriorated by dust or the like. According to still another aspect of the present invention, in a display / illumination device having an LED supported by a support in a tubular member, a socket pin for electrical connection is held in a cap member attached to an end of the tubular member. As a result, it is possible to easily and quickly connect the adjacent devices by connecting the corresponding socket pins. Furthermore, by providing socket pins at both ends of the support plate so that it can be connected to the socket pins of the cap member, mechanical connection and electrical connection with the cap member of the support plate can be performed easily and quickly. Productivity is greatly improved.

  Although the present invention has been described in detail based on examples, these examples are merely examples, and the present invention is not limited to the examples. It goes without saying that those skilled in the art can make various modifications or changes without departing from the technical idea of the present invention defined by the claims.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing an embodiment of a display / illumination device according to the present invention. FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line II-II in FIG. FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view in the vertical direction of the display / illumination device of FIG. 1. FIG. 4 is a perspective view for explaining assembly of the cap member 20 and the support 10. FIG. 5 is a sectional view showing a modified embodiment of the display / illumination device of FIG. FIG. 6 is a partial perspective view showing another embodiment of the display / illumination device according to the present invention. FIG. 7 is a longitudinal sectional view of the display / illumination device of FIG. FIG. 8 is a partial cross-sectional view showing an example in which a plurality of supports shown in FIG. 6 are connected. FIG. 9 is a partial longitudinal sectional view showing still another embodiment of the display / illumination device according to the present invention. FIG. 10 is an exploded perspective view showing still another embodiment of the display / illumination device according to the present invention. 11 is a horizontal section of the display / illumination device shown in FIG. 12 is an electric circuit diagram of the display / illumination device shown in FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XIII-XIII in FIG. FIG. 14 is a side view of an embodiment of the light source assembly used in the embodiment of FIG. FIG. 15 is a perspective view showing still another embodiment of the display / illumination device according to the present invention. FIG. 16 is a plan view of the display / illumination device shown in FIG. 17a and 17b are horizontal cross-sectional views along the line XVII-XVII of the portion including the cap members 420 and 440 of FIG. 15, respectively. 17a and 17b are horizontal cross-sectional views along the line XVII-XVII of the portion including the cap members 420 and 440 of FIG. 15, respectively. FIG. 18 is a partially exploded perspective view for explaining the connection of two display / illumination devices including the cap members 420 and 440 shown in FIGS. 17a and 17b. FIG. 19 is a partial horizontal cross-sectional view showing a connection state of two display / illumination devices.

Claims (4)

  1. At least one illuminant;
    A support for supporting the light emitter;
    A translucent tubular member that houses the light emitter and the support;
    A pair of cap members attached to both ends of the tubular member;
    Each cap member holds a socket pin having a pin portion and a socket portion located on the back side of the pin portion for electrical connection with an external device,
    The socket pin of one cap member has its pin portion exposed to the outside, and the socket pin of the other cap member has its socket portion exposed to the outside. .
  2. The support has a socket pin electrically connected to the light emitter at each end thereof, and the socket pin is adapted to be connectable with a socket pin of the corresponding cap member. The display / illumination device according to claim 1.
  3. The display / illumination device according to claim 2, wherein the display / illumination device includes at least two of the supports, and the adjacent supports are connected via corresponding socket pins.
  4. The one cap member is provided with an annular wall surrounding the pin portion of the socket pin exposed to the outside, and the other cap member is provided with an annular groove aligned with the annular wall. The display / illumination device according to claim 1.
JP2005237789A 2001-07-02 2005-08-18 Display / lighting device Expired - Fee Related JP4153935B2 (en)

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