JP2006002746A - Biomass dry distillation gas combustion/heat exchanging generation apparatus - Google Patents

Biomass dry distillation gas combustion/heat exchanging generation apparatus Download PDF

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JP2006002746A
JP2006002746A JP2004209241A JP2004209241A JP2006002746A JP 2006002746 A JP2006002746 A JP 2006002746A JP 2004209241 A JP2004209241 A JP 2004209241A JP 2004209241 A JP2004209241 A JP 2004209241A JP 2006002746 A JP2006002746 A JP 2006002746A
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steam
combustion
furnace
pressure
heat
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JP2006002746A5 (en
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Yoichi Chiba
Hisakazu Ohara
陽一 千葉
弥一 小原
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Yoichi Chiba
Obara Yaichi
陽一 千葉
弥一 小原
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To efficiently burn high-quality fuel formed by carbonizing or drying and crushing biomass, to generate steam, and convert the steam into rotational power with a steam turbine to rotate a generator. <P>SOLUTION: A heat exchange combustion device is structured in a vertical circular shape, an upper part furnace wall and a base part furnace wall are constituted of of furnace material having strong far infrared radiation intensity, and a furnace wall of a furnace bed, an inner face of an upper part furnace has a heat exchange water pipe. A high negative pressure is exerted in the furnace by an upper chimney function, fuel and combustion air are separately supplied by a dry distilled burner which is installed from above to perform combustion reaction with reduced heat absorption at a combustion contact point so as to efficiently heat the pipe, and thereby steam with high humidity is provided. Combustion exhaust gas is drawn by a venturi scrubber mechanism utilizing the steam to generate confluence-converted steam. The secondary steam rotates a steam turbine of a new mechanism to generate rotational power and thereby to rotate a multipolar generator. A new generating set using combination of phenomena is provided. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention relates to a system technology apparatus for carbonizing or drying and pulverizing biomass to produce high-quality fuel, efficiently exchanging combustion heat to convert it into high-pressure steam, changing to rotational power with a steam turbine, and generating electric power using the power.
As a result of production and livelihood, the wasteful industrial waste resources are in a critical situation. Even if the combustible material is incinerated, there is a risk of causing environmental pollution that may hinder human health, and the processing is forced to bear enormous costs.
However, if resources with self-combustion power are converted to high-quality fuels, and they can be efficiently exchanged for combustion heat and converted into high-pressure steam to generate electricity, the resource value will be enormous. The system technology is lagging behind, and the development of universal technology has become a keen social urgent task.
In view of the preceding paragraphs, the present inventors have participated in the effective use of resources, and have proposed specific measures and techniques for converting those resources into effective heat.
The act of burning a substance to use the heat of combustion has been practiced continuously since ancient times. In order to efficiently convert to heat in a limited device, maintain the combustion atmosphere at a high temperature, heat the heating element, convert the combustion flame into electromagnetic radiation of radiant heat rays, and secure as wide a heat transfer area as possible. is there. The phenomenon embodied by the high pressure and small amount of counterflow air blowing means that wraps the flame finished based on the phenomenon that the inventors met was also an event according to Stefan Boltzmann's law. The inventors further constructed the furnace wall by selecting a furnace material with a high far-infrared radiation function, and the combustion flame is removed at a high temperature by synergistic action with high-pressure countercurrent airflow that limits the amount of air to a minimum in a negative pressure situation. Reached the area where infrared radiant heat rays are generated. Maintaining the combustion atmosphere at a high temperature has the effect of supplying the dissociation energy of each atomization of carbon and oxygen molecules, and has also become the basis of the combustion heat exchange part of the present application, which is a dry distillation gasification combustion event consistent with the combined energy theory.
High efficiency heat exchange combustion system-Japanese Patent Application No. 7-77060 (Japanese Patent No. 3030321) Environmental purification type high efficiency heat exchange combustion system-Japanese Patent Application No. 10-3708704 Environmental purification type waste oil combustion power generator-Japanese Patent Application No. 11-302870 Suction dry distillation gasification combustion apparatus for mature solid substances-Japanese Patent Application No. 11-309807 High-efficiency heat exchange suction gasification combustion apparatus for self-combustion molding solid material-Japanese Patent Application No. 2001-239924 Self-combustion industrial waste resource heat conversion power generator-Japanese Patent Application No. 2002-66116
The chemical reaction that the substance burns is that the carbon atom and oxygen atom get the condition and the combustion reaction generates heat. Enormous dissociation energy is required to become each atom from each molecule. For example, in the case of combustion, 3/4 of the heat of reaction is used for it, so only 1/4 is actually used outside. According to the total energy theory, when a solid is decomposed into carbon atoms, more dissociation energy is taken away, so the reaction heat that goes out as combustion heat is reduced, and it is said that the amount of heat of the solid is small. is there.
Inventors and others use dry-distilled gas without burning objects in an oxygen-free atmosphere that borrows the power of far-infrared rays in order to make unused resources a highly efficient fuel in order to make it a carbonaceous material that is close to carbon molecules. It has continued to follow the method of carbonization according to the chemical reaction to become. Finally, the carbon material has become highly pure and has reached the stage where it can be used in society in terms of cost. Therefore, the present invention has been reached in which heat is efficiently utilized by using the carbonized material resulting from the result or the carbonized carbonization process as a fuel.
Far-infrared carbonization equipment of natural solid material-Japanese Patent Application No. 2001-105239 Natural plant material far infrared carbonization device-Japanese Patent Application No. 2004-90516 (Application for domestic priority)
A steam turbine that greatly increases the efficiency of combustion and heat exchange, and uses a steam Venturi scrubber mechanism to attract high-temperature combustion exhaust gas to high-temperature fusion conversion steam. A wing-shaped steam turbine was developed. As a result, it is possible to efficiently convert steam with medium pressure and large capacity into a large torque with a small scale device.
Conveying device using rotating blades-Japanese Patent Application No. 63-334710 (Japanese Patent No. 2711402) Steam turbine equipment-Japanese Patent Application No. 11-256144
The origin of the new materials for building the furnace wall is as follows.
Far-infrared emissivity and wavelength measurement of silica black-Tokushima Prefecture Engineering Test (1994) Physical properties of tourmaline ores-Adan mine survey report, Brazil Life Green Rough Analysis Report-Nagano Prefectural Precision Industrial Experiment Station Metal surface hardening by high temperature treatment of boric acid solution (polon treatment)-Iwate Steel Co., Ltd.
Problems to be solved by the invention
  Following the accumulation of the previous paragraph, the present inventors diligently studied their specific utilization targets, and as a result, set a goal to convert and regenerate electricity with universal demand. If the undeveloped technological development advances, waste-based unused resources turn into troublesome things and become treasures. This application aims to develop a system technology that links urgent social demands with certain social demands.
Means and action for solving the problem
The present inventors have developed a material circulation policy in a shared role sharing, but in converting a huge amount of unused resources, particularly the subject biomass, into effective heat as fuel, the use of combustion, etc., described later. Before the technology, I realized that I should consider the premise of fueling resources. Combustion is the burning of a substance, which is a chemical reaction in which substances are gasified, that is, each atomizes and bonds, and there is a principle that must be exceeded from that dimension. Examining the actual state of the reaction, there is a heat balance law of a phenomenon that generates heat when a carbon atom and an oxygen atom collide to become carbon dioxide. Taking the combustion of pure carbon bodies of wood-based charcoal related to the basics as an example, knowing the transition of the energy balance of the combustion reaction from the viewpoint of the total energy theory in the chemical reaction that is the basis of the phenomenon is This is the basis for exploring the direction of response. It is shown in Table 1.
Of the total heat balance 383 kcal per set unit of the above reaction, we can only use 95 kcal, which is the surplus of CO2 gasification reaction heat, and the fact that it is about 1/4. (Graphite is a binding molecule with two carbon atoms)
Given the verification results from the standpoint of utilizing the heat of reaction described above and considering fuel conversion as one end of material circulation of biomass, it is possible to make the state of carbon molecules close to the limit. It is required to improve the efficiency of the exchange combustion device. On the other hand, organic solids moving away from the carbon molecular body were repeatedly subjected to dissociative endothermic reactions, and the loss was increased in inverse proportion, and the importance of the combustion environment was also realized. This is the origin of the idea of giving the dissociation energy to each factor molecule.
The present inventors are now using Japanese wood and other biomass as a raw material, and in order to connect to power generation demand, a carbonization means that approaches carbon molecules as much as possible via Japanese Patent Application No. 11-309807, Japanese Patent Application No. 2004-90516. As a result, we have reached the development of an improved type that is close to the ultimate. The carbonization philosophy – namely, the synergistic function of nitrogen gas and dry-superheated steam atmosphere and far-infrared irradiation, and the dry-distilled gas that supplies dissociation energy to carbon and oxygen combustion factors. A power generation system apparatus that uses a carbonized material as well as dry biomass as a fuel is developed as an improved version of Japanese Patent Application No. 2002-66116. Table 2 shows the data of the carbonization test for carbonization which was the basis of the carbonization combustion burner.
In the following, specific measures will be explained in order for the subject.
A-The inventors have proposed a high-efficiency heat exchange combustion apparatus-Patent No. 3030321 as a technique for considering combustion from the standpoint of utilizing the heat of combustion of a substance. That is, in a heat exchange combustion chamber equipped with a furnace wall with a large volume of far-infrared radiation as compared with fuel comparison, the flame is wrapped so as to wrap the flame generated from the combustion product that is drawn by strong negative pressure and burns with suction air. A single row or trumpet-shaped high-pressure air is jetted across the surface opposite to the flow to form an intense combustion reaction layer, which becomes an electromagnetic wave barrier. The flame is radiated into heat radiation and directly irradiated with electromagnetic waves to the parallel heat exchange water pipe walls with surrounding gaps. At the same time, the far infrared rays are reflected from the heated furnace wall, and the heat exchange of the water pipe proceeds. It is a technology that can typically take advantage of the Stefan-Boltzmann law phenomenon, which can be called flow blast gasification melt combustion. Stefan-Boltzmann's law is {combustion temperature + 273 ° C.} 4 = radiant heat ray → electromagnetic wave (high heat exchange efficiency) (Patent Document 1)
  Looking at the phenomenon of Stefan-Boltzmann's law phenomenon in this section from another viewpoint, increasing the combustion atmosphere gives dissociation energy to carbon molecules and oxygen molecules, and the surplus of combustion reaction heat increases proportionally. become.
B-Combustion means of the apparatus of the present invention is centered on the dry distillation gasification burner of the new mechanism. In other words, an event that leads to a chemical dry distillation gasification phenomenon due to the synergistic action of the catalytic function and self-mobilization woven by the high temperature atmosphere, oxygen deficient nitrogen gas atmosphere, dry distillation gas superheated steam atmosphere and powerful far infrared radiation taught by the prior application carbonization technology It aims at the mechanism that reproduces.
Secondary air injection device at the top in the specification (parallel fuel and air supply system in Japanese Patent Application No. 11-302870) in which a non-pressure fuel supply pipe device is incorporated inside the combustion air blower pipe device connected to the high pressure blower The fuel supply device below this is a conical shape that extends downward, and a low-strength metal mesh with a high degree of catalytic function is provided at the lower end, and a furnace wall is provided on the inner wall. The length is short when the fuel is a carbonized material, and long when the fuel is a solid fuel, thus driving the carbonization stage. The core in which this burner is installed is the hottest and air is shut off from the fuel supply machine, so when dry distillation gasification progresses due to the high temperature, an oxygen-deficient superheated steam atmosphere is formed and the fuel gas reaches the Rooster net When the gas is gasified until ashing and passes through the Rostor wire mesh, the catalytic action is added to become a pressure gas at the carbon atom stage, and the primary air oxygen that is injected into the trumpet shape outside the rooster part is also being atomized. It is sucked by the air film and burns and reacts intensely. The base hearth and the peripheral wall reflect far infrared rays, synergistically with the combustion reaction barrier, the combustion site becomes increasingly hot and becomes a Stefan-Boltzmann law event, and the upper counterflow blast oxygen is also given dissociation energy and reacts Therefore, the carbon atoms are completely consumed by reaction, and the combustion reaction radiant heat ray with less waste (endothermic reaction) is directly irradiated to the water pipe, so that high-rate heat exchange proceeds and the high-temperature atmosphere that wraps the burner is maintained, and the burner fuel A preferable causal effect is achieved in which sufficient dissociation energy is imparted to the combustion air.
C-Regarding the technical means for attracting exhaust gas by the venturi scrubber mechanism utilizing the steam pressure efficiently generated by the preceding paragraph and converting it into high temperature superheated steam with a large amount of medium pressure, the present inventors Although proposed in Japanese Patent Application No. 11-302870, the present invention proposes an improved steam injection mechanism. The normal venturi scrubber mechanism is attracted by a large amount of high-pressure air in order to lower the temperature (300 ° C) while sucking and moving high-temperature exhaust gas in the case of forced suction exhaust for combustion promotion or to supply specifications of the dust collector Usually, the cross-sectional ratio of the air discharge port diameter 3 and the flue port diameter 10 is 7:78.
  The purpose of the mechanism in the present application is to achieve a higher-temperature superheated secondary steam (example 250) by high-temperature fusion of both gases of high-temperature exhaust gas heat (example 400 ° C.) and primary high-temperature high-humidity steam (example 200 ° C.-15.8 kp). The target function is achieved by the trumpet-type steam injection mechanism and the expansion pressure buffering thrusting mechanism under the conditions limited to the necessity of expressing it with both gas bodies. It will be approached. The former is an improved type that sucks in the entire cross section of the pipe by the acute angle omnidirectional injection port reaching the peripheral wall of the expanded pipe diameter 20 of the chimney function pipe diameter 10. The cross-sectional ratio is 314: 78, and high-temperature exhaust gas is mixed while sucking in a quadruple cross-section to form a fusion vapor. In the latter, the explosive (200 ° C-250 ° C, 15.8 kp-40.6 kp) expansion pressure is buffered and converted into the thrust pressure by a heart-shaped air chamber formed from the entire rear circumference that wraps around the injection port of the fusion steam. It is ejected as superheated secondary steam from the converged pipe port. The jet port is enlarged from the fusion steam port to prevent backflow pressure.
The D-steam turbine is a blade having a one-dimensional shape based on a composite sinusoid and a blade having a significant width and a side plate combined with a side plate, which is built in a casing having an inlet and an outlet. It consists of an impeller that secures a required width with a configuration in which a plurality of blade outer peripheral ends are significantly shifted and fixed in parallel, and between each blade blade is a bucket shape.
The rotating shaft is hollow, and a vent hole close to the blade incident angle is opened between the blade blade mounting portions. The turbine casing, which has a width wider than the secondary steam discharge pipe diameter, has a structure that spreads flat at the inlet and applies high pressure steam to the blades at a significant angle while expanding to low pressure. The impulsive pressure point G of the steam moves along with the flow inertia of the steam and is converted into a rotational titer without interruption. Since the casing retains the steam staying outer circumference significantly, the rotating shaft is cooled by the normal temperature air drawn by the negative pressure generated by the rotation of the impeller from the vent hole of the rotating shaft to protect the bearing, While preventing overheating of the impeller, the flow of steam is promoted by generating a remarkable muffler action that reduces the volume of the steam by reducing the steam temperature at the discharge port. Feather shape that keeps the flow inertia due to rotation smoothly, rotation resistance is low, steam discharge functions efficiently, and an insulator function is added, so the rotation speed proportional to the steam pressure is moderate, but most of the steam pressure is torque. This is a medium-pressure, large-capacity steam-oriented turbine that is converted into a large rotational force. (Patent Documents 9 and 10)
The E-power generator is directly mounted with the rotating shaft of the steam turbine extending outside the bearing.
In the system of the present application, power is generated using a multi-pole generator device having a large diameter in accordance with the performance of the steam turbine to complete the system. (Patent Document 3) is applied mutatis mutandis.
  Summary-Summarizing this section, which is detailed step by step, uses high-quality fuel obtained by carbonizing or drying and pulverizing biomass, including wood, and dry distillation in the combustion chamber of a heat exchange combustor with strong negative pressure. High-humidity steam by highly efficient combustion heat exchange is obtained by the dry distillation gasification burner of the new mechanism aiming at gasification melting combustion, and high-temperature combustion exhaust gas is attracted by the venturi scrubber mechanism that makes use of the steam pressure to fuse at high temperature. Then, the secondary steam obtained by converting the expansion pressure into the thrust pressure by the heart-shaped air chamber mechanism is fed into the steam turbine. The steam turbine is an impeller with a combination of blades based on a composite sine curve. It also adds a muffler function and an insulator function to efficiently convert the steam pressure into rotational power with a large torque, and the rotation axis of the steam turbine. A system device is completed which extends outside the bearing and directly generates power by mounting a multipolar generator. However, in some cases, it is possible to use a normal generator by relaying a device whose rotation is amplified.
In addition, it is no exaggeration to say that each technology composing the present application picks up and reproduces a natural phenomenon and is the culmination of the combustion substance titer circulation.
Also, the technical means for converting wet steam of this application to high temperature dry steam by combining it with combustion exhaust gas overheats to high pressure dry steam that is considered to be most efficient for the condensate turbine (for example, from 300 ° C steam to 360 ° C dry Compared to the current situation where it is difficult to find the safe range of metal materials that can withstand the high temperature corrosion of boiler water pipes that occurs during the steam process, even in the current technology, it jumps in the middle temperature range It has significance as a universal system technology that can obtain a large torque by combining with a steam turbine having a high-pressure steam and a muffler function.
  Furthermore, even if it is compared with information that dioxins are re-synthesized when the combustion gas changes from a high temperature zone close to 1,000 ° C to an exhaust gas zone close to 300 ° C, it is possible to avoid these dangerous temperature zones. The technical value that can contribute to the environmental conservation of this system is also significant.
  Incidentally, the so-called ignition stage that reaches the high temperature atmosphere in the heat exchange device, which is long compared with fuel, requires auxiliary means for oil combustion, and in the device using carbonized material as the fuel, the fuel discharge position is installed at a high position, The distance to ensure a wide combustion reaction zone is secured, and when using solid biomass fuel, the rooster position is set to a low position, and the rooster is composed of advanced catalytic function materials to minimize the combustion carbon factor atomization. Proceed to ashing.
The invention's effect
As described above in detail in the section of the operation and the embodiment, the system of the present invention uses a combustion heat exchange furnace based on the prior patent No. 3030321, with a radiant heat ray energy that is several times the amount of heat that is inherent to the fuel. A large-capacity conversion steam is obtained by a venturi scrubber mechanism that uses heat exchange to obtain steam and also uses the heat of combustion exhaust gas, and is efficiently converted to rotational force by a steam turbine of a new mechanism. The high-pressure blower and high-pressure water pump that support the system were also born from a new mechanism (Japanese Patent No. 2711402), and the development of a steam turbine was also born from its application, opening up new grounds.
Under the objective of environmental purification aimed at by the present application, the originally conflicting factors of obtaining electric energy through the utilization of self-combustible biomass-free resources were combined with natural technologies supported by new technologies. It was realized by means of utilizing the phenomenon.
Ensuring energy through the use of unused biomass and environmental cleanup directly linked to food safety are important social issues that are indispensable for human survival. The fact that the present invention was able to contribute to the solution through its one result could be convinced that the problem was not an unsolvable world.
This is a greater contribution to society than the direct economic outcome.
Best Mode for Carrying Out the Invention
The present application is based on a high quality fuel obtained by carbonizing or drying and pulverizing various biomass to minimize the necessity of dissociation energy that becomes carbon atoms in a limited device and increasing the fuel efficiency. Efficient heat exchange by inducing the phenomenon of Stefan-Boltzmann law, which is heated by counter-flow air film formation, and attracts high-temperature waste gas by an improved venturi scrubber mechanism that also utilizes the vapor pressure of the resulting steam Then, it is converted into high-temperature fusion conversion steam, and it is converted into rotational force by a feather-shaped steam turbine based on the composite sine curve with the steam pressure of medium pressure and large capacity, and multipolar power generation with the large torque It is a system that combines a multi-stage mechanism that generates electricity by turning a machine.
Many of the mechanisms that support each stage of the mechanism have been developed by being taught by natural phenomena, and constant efforts are required to improve their functions. For example, there is a field with very little information about the structure of the furnace wall, such as a far-infrared radiation source that has an optimal catalytic function for combustion chemical reactions, and the magnitude of the influence of heat ray light waves on dry distillation, gasification, and combustion reactions Because it has been known. The same applies to the materials and the like of the devices constituting each.
An embodiment according to the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is an overall bird's-eye view of a combustion heat exchange device and a steam fusion part in the present invention.
Fig.-2-I is a dry distillation gasification burner that integrates the fuel supply and air injection device.
Fig. 2-B is a diagram of the steam injection device used for the venturi scrubber mechanism.
FIG. 3 is a diagram of a venturi scrubber conversion steam expansion pressure buffering device.
FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of a blade portion of the steam turbine apparatus.
FIG. 5 is a bird's-eye view of the whole with the generator directly connected to the steam turbine device.
Fig. 6-I is a longitudinal section of the generator.
Fig. 6-B is a cross-sectional view of the generator.
In each figure, 1- is a combustion heat exchange furnace body. 2- is a base furnace wall, 3- is a heat exchange water pipe, 4- is a cascade pump. 5- is a chimney including a shunt chimney. 6 is an upper furnace wall.
In particular, each part will be described with respect to the dry distillation gasification burner diagram.
7- is a fuel hopper, 8- is a fuel supply device connected to a regulator (not shown), and 9- fuel supply pipe is connected to the burner. The burner has a structure built into the blower pipe connected to 15 high-pressure blowers. Up to 11 secondary air injection devices, the structure is a double transfer pipe structure, and the combustion supply pipe below that is expanded into a conical shape and provided with 10-roast gold steel at the lower end to form a combustion contact. The 11- and lower injection ports are connected to the primary air injection port 11 'by a plurality of pipes.
13- is a chimney damper that adjusts the flow of exhaust gas. 16- and 16'- are intense combustion reaction layers accompanying high-pressure air injection, and 17- is a combustion site. 18- is an ignition device. Reference numeral 19- designates a high-pressure water pump, which is connected to a common 21-venturi scrubber discharge pipe port alternately with a 20-steam pipe passing through a pressure valve 10-2. 22- is a combustion exhaust gas, 23- is an expansion pressure buffering device for conversion steam. 24- is conversion steam and 25-is a steam pipe sent to the turbine. 26- is a steam turbine casing and 27 is a steam receiving port. Reference numeral 28- denotes a hollow steam turbine rotating shaft, which has a plurality of air circulation holes 30-. 29- is a vane blade and is fixed to a rotating shaft together with a 31-disc. 32-is a steam discharge port, 33-is discharge steam. Reference numeral 34- denotes a turbine bearing, which is fixed to a gantry 35-. Reference numeral 36- designates a stator of the power generation apparatus, and the 37-stator is fixed. Reference numeral 38- denotes a generator rotor, which is attached to a 39-disc, and the disc is fixedly attached to the extension turbine shaft. 40- is a hearth, 41- is a suction vent / ash drop hole, and 42- is a suction air adjustment dial. 43- is an ash receiving groove and 44- is an ash removal screw. 45- is a temperature detection hole, and a detection device connected to a 42- adjustment device (not shown) is mounted.
  The fuel used in this embodiment is carbonaceous or dry pulverized biomass such as woody as used in the subject, and is used as a high-quality fuel, so the burner body of the new mechanism is used immediately before the combustion reaction at the 10-combustion contact. Is in the shortest position of carbon atomization with sufficient dissociation energy and progressing to dry distillation ash, and the amount of combustion reaction heat used can be expected to be the largest. We are expecting to exceed.
The material which comprises the hearth and furnace wall of the heat exchange combustion furnace which are the characteristics of this apparatus is demonstrated.
▲ 1 ▼ silica black is a kind of igneous rock to yield Hokkaido, carbon -5%, SiO 2 -81.35%, Al 2 O 3 -6.35%, K 2 O-1.66%, TiO 2 - 1.18%, Fe 2 O 3 -0.53 %, higher far-infrared radiation function ore with special field contains MgO-0.45%, and the like are known.
(2) Tourmaline ore is a polar crystalline substance called tourmaline produced in Adan mine, Brazil, SiO 2 -36.6%, Al 2 O 3 -34.05%, Fe 2 O 3 -14.15%, It contains MgO-0.9% and the like and is twisted and has a permanent polarity, and is used in many fields.
▲ 3 ▼ life green composition worth of average is composed of a quartz agate containing perlite-based rock to the quartz Somen Iwanami to yield to Iozen Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture SiO 2 -75.53%, Al 2 O 3 -13 .34%, Fe 2 O 3 -0.76 %, CaO-1.33%, Na 2 O-3.65%, K 2 O-3.43%, MgO-0.16%, TiO 2 -0 In addition to containing 12%, etc., it contains emanathione (RH), exhibits an oxygen hatching phenomenon in the soil, and has a hard property anyway.
(4) The heat-resistant caster is the main material for constructing the walls of the combustion furnace, and it is believed that the one with higher temperature and heat resistance is also strong in reflectivity. The furnace wall containing this agent is extremely hard even at room temperature.
(5) Alumina cement has a strong far-infrared radiation force and has an excellent function as a binder in kneading each material.
(6) Kneading with Marinex diluted solution to knead, but this agent has a strong chelating action to dissolve ore (previous (3)), in the process of forming, drying, nitrogen gas substitution firing and making into fine ceramics Thus, the affinity of each material can be increased.
(7) By dissolving boric acid in the diluted solution of 6-, the quality of the solution is improved, the fusion and bonding of the ores are improved and the elasticity is maintained, and the processing becomes possible. (-) Strengthen the tendency to ions.
The above combination provides a furnace wall with enhanced far-infrared irradiation power that also has a catalytic function. The heat exchange water pipe has a gap through which gas flows, and the pipes are arranged vertically in parallel to increase the heat reception of the furnace wall and the far infrared reflection function.
The operation will be described based on the above configuration.
A strong negative pressure is applied to the furnace due to the suction from the chimney. The 18-ignition burner is actuated and the 15-blower also starts blowing gently (shifting). When the combustion part 17- becomes hot and the burners 10-, 11-, 12- reach the ignition temperature, the fuel supply device 8- is operated. If a little heavy oil with a high ignition temperature is added to the 7-fuel in the initial stage, the temperature rises stably. When the fuel ignites, the 18-ignition burner is turned off and the main body of the 10-, 11-, 12- The burner is activated. The furnace walls 2 and 6 are heated in the same manner as the hearth of 41-, far infrared rays are reflected and radiated, and the combustion sites of 17- are combined with the barrier formation of the high-pressure air film reaction layers of 16- and 16'-. At the same time, the entire temperature in the furnace becomes high, and the heat of reaction is converted into an electromagnetic wave of radiant heat rays, and reaches the Stefan-Boltzmann law phenomenon in which high-efficiency heat exchange proceeds by directly irradiating the 3-heat exchange water pipe. The ash falls from the 41-ash drop hole without rising, collects in the 43-ash groove, and is discharged by the 44-screw. When 3-water pipe vapor pressure increases, the pressure valve 20-2 is pushed up and injected through the 20 steam pipes to 21. The flue gas is closed by the 13-chimney damper, and is sucked and guided by the venturi scrubber function in 23 through 22-, converted into 24-converted steam, passed through 25-, and sent to the 26-steam turbine. Then, the impeller is rotated and a rotational force is given to 28-. The rotary shaft 28- is built in a 36-generator stator outside the 34-bearing, and a 39-disc is mounted and fixed, and a 38-generator rotor is attached to the tip of the disc. It is attached. A 37-generator stator is mounted on the side facing the rotor. As the disc 39 rotates, an exciting current is generated in the 38-rotor, and an induced voltage is generated in the 37-stator, resulting in electric energy.
Viewed from another aspect, the converted steam generated in this system is not high pressure, but rather is converted to rotational force with a small amount of steam even at a low pressure, and the developed steam turbine uses the new converted steam. Has functions suitable for use. Since the torque is high even at a relatively low speed, the number of rotors and stators of the multipolar power generator is increased to increase the total electric energy conversion rate.
In this section, it is stopped as described above, but the exhaust steam is also collected and recovered in the condensate, and the water and microorganisms to be purified in the septic pond, and active environmental conservation measures that fully utilize solar energy. Therefore, it is highly significant as a system technology that suggests an improvement in the present combustion heat utilization method that releases combustion exhaust gas and heat into the air.
An unused resource named biomass is full of firewood and is intimidating the environment, and much knowledge is being squeezed for its recycling. In the midst of this, the inventors have accumulated them as described in the Background Art section with the aim of using them instead of heat. Social negative cargo is also burned and regenerated, for example, with woody biomass 14.8 million liters, sewage sludge 76 million liters, livestock excrement 90 million liters, waste paper 14 million liters (Ministry of Agriculture and Water 2002) If possible, it will be a tremendous resource. On the other hand, if demand for regeneration is connected to power generation, there is no difficulty in the consumption field.
It is clear that the current challenge for unused resources that burdens the environment is that the technology to regenerate it is immature, and it is not a mistake in structural thinking.
The technical basis of this application is that it was awakened to know that it overlaps with the Stefan-Boltzmann law event because it considered the natural phenomenon of childish combustion as a wonder, and by looking at the natural phenomenon as a chemical change such as comprehensive energy theory raised. The starting point is the conversion of the current pressurized combustion system to negative pressure suction gasification combustion, and it is an environmental conservation-complete heat utilization system with the evolution of carbonization technology as a relay point, and there is no information beyond this application .
The above-mentioned enormous amount of renewable resources and the increasing probability of environmental conservation are calling for technology that will be the key to solving this, and the inventor's thought that the technical idea constituting this application suggests one direction. Is strong.
  Waste biomass generated from the results of current production and daily life is generated from the results of biosynthesis, and many of them are strongly bonded materials. Requires large dissociation energy. The realization of the (-) ion generation furnace wall that has been reached in this application is a catalytic field that makes it easy to cross the hilltop of the activation energy, and there is a growing expectation that will greatly change the direction of the chemical reaction. Not only will carbonation reforming, drying, even non-combustion cracking, carbonization, etc. record significant historical advances in material cycling in many areas.
Considering this application from an industrial point of view, the factor that led to the establishment of this application is that it did not throw away the question of a simple natural phenomenon, and there are many points that require improvement as described in (0024).
From that dimension, the direct thinking of the present invention, as well as the direct effects of the present invention, is a way of thinking that seeks improvement points from the teachings of natural phenomena. It is expected that there is a high possibility of creating a guide.
FIG. 3 is a longitudinal bird's-eye view of the combustion heat exchange conversion steam generator part of the present invention. (I) is a dry distillation gasification burner diagram. (B) is a steam injection device diagram. Fig. 2 is a diagram of an expansion pressure buffering propulsion device for venturi scrubber conversion steam. FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of a blade portion of a steam turbine device. Figure 2 is a bird's-eye view of a generator connected directly to a steam turbine device. (A) is a longitudinal section of the generator. (B) is a generator cross section.
Explanation of symbols
  1-Combustion heat exchange furnace body. 2- Base furnace wall. 3- Heat exchange water pipe. 4-caskate pump. 5- Chimney. 6-Upper furnace wall. 7-Fuel hopper. 8-Fuel supply device. 9-Fuel supply pipe. 10—Fuel outlet port stall. 11-2 Secondary air injection device. 11'-1 primary air injection device, 12-2 secondary air injection nozzle. 12'- primary air injection port. 13-Chimney damper. 14-Air duct. 15—High pressure blower. 16—High pressure air injection membrane. 17-Combustion site. 18-igniter device. 19—High pressure water pump. 20-Steam pipe. 21—High pressure water or steam outlet. 23-Venturi scrubber conversion steam expansion pressure buffering device. 26-Steam turbine unit. 27-Steam inlet. 28-Steam turbine rotating shaft. 29-Steam turbine blades. 30-Steam turbine rotating shaft air flow hole. 31-blade disc. 32-Vapor outlet. 34-bearing. 35-Mount. 36—Generator stator. 37-Generator stator. 38-Generator rotor. 39-Generator rotating disc. 40-hearth. 41-Suction vent and ash drop hole 42-Suction air adjustment dial. 43-Ash receiving groove. 44-Ash screw. 45-Temperature sensing hole.

Claims (5)

  1.   A heat exchange combustion furnace that has the function of carbonizing or drying and pulverizing biomass into high-quality fuel and converting it into effective heat at a high rate is a round solid type with multiple ore powders with strong infrared radiation function in the hearth and peripheral wall And, heat exchanging furnace with long heat exchanging water pipe is piled up on the base furnace constructed by adding a solution of boric acid to dilute special humic substance to heat resistant casters and alumina cement and kneading it, The flue gas outlet opened in the center of the ceiling is the chimney base, and strong negative pressure from the connected chimney works. In the furnace of that configuration, a new combustion mechanism efficiently burns fuel to convert it to steam, and a venturi scrubber mechanism that uses steam pressure induces combustion waste gas to create a combined sinusoidal curve with superheated steam. A biomass dry distillation gasification combustion heat conversion power generation device characterized in that it has a system configuration in which a steam turbine composed of basic blade blades is rotated and power is generated.
  2. The combustion mechanism in the heat exchange combustion furnace according to claim 1 has a dry distillation gasification combustion burner inserted from the chimney base as a core. This is a specification in which a fuel supply pipe device is incorporated in a combustion primary and secondary air supply device. The outer side of the double pipe is connected to a high pressure blower, the inner side is connected to a non-pressure fuel supply device, and the upper secondary air injection device has a double transfer pipe structure. The injection device includes a number of trumpet-type injection ports that are directed obliquely outward and downward from the link tube. The lower fuel supply system has a conical shape that extends downward, and is equipped with a furnace wall with a strong far-infrared radiation function inside, and a high-performance catalytic function rooster wire mesh at the lower end as a combustion contact, with a ring shape on the outside Are provided with a number of trumpet-type primary air injection ports oriented in the conical spreading direction, and the upper and lower injection devices are connected by a plurality of blower tubes avoiding the double transfer tube structure.
    The furnace core where the burner is installed is at the highest temperature, and the fuel inside the conical dry gasification tube whose length is set according to the quality of the fuel is sufficient for the dry distillation to dissociate into heat. ) Energized to increase the gas pressure and blow out from the wire mesh of the combustion contact. On the other hand, combustion air oxygen is given sufficient dissociation energy and is ejected from the outside of the combustion contact with a strong directing force. And the far-infrared radiation reflection from the surrounding wall synergistically increases the temperature of the combustion site, which results in a Stefan-Boltzmann law event, and the secondary air oxygen jetted from the upper counter-flow is also dissociated (endothermic) Because energy is applied and reacts, carbon atoms are completely consumed, heat reaction heat with little endothermic reaction heat is directly irradiated to the water tube with high yielding combustion reaction electromagnetic waves, efficient heat exchange proceeds, and a high-temperature atmosphere that wraps the burner The biomass having a two-sided function to be maintained, according to claim 1, wherein the biomass is a dry distillation gasification combustion heat conversion power generation device.
  3.   According to the second aspect, the steam is augmented by the superheated steam conversion device using the venturi scrubber mechanism utilizing the pressure of the steam generated by heat exchange with high efficiency. In other words, at the tip of the steam pipe inserted into the chimney function pipe diverging from the shunting device provided at the chimney base, an acute-angled all-around trumpet type steam injection port that reaches the expanded pipe peripheral wall in the direction of travel of the combustion gas Is provided, and the high pressure exhaust gas is attracted by the injection pressure of the primary high-humidity steam, and the hot exhaust gas is fused to form a higher temperature superheated steam. The expansion pressure buffering transmission mechanism that converts the expansion pressure into propulsion pressure is formed in a heart-shaped air chamber shape from the entire rear periphery surrounding the fusion steam discharge port, the tip converges and becomes a secondary steam discharge pipe, 2. The biomass dry distillation gasification combustion heat conversion power generation device according to claim 1, which has a structure of a combination mechanism connected to a steam turbine.
  4. A steam turbine for receiving secondary steam according to claim 3 is built in a casing having an inlet and an outlet, and a plurality of blade blades having a one-dimensional shape based on a composite sinusoid and a significant width. A plurality of blades combined with side plates are arranged in parallel with the blade blade outer peripheral ends being shifted significantly to hold the required width, and the blade blades have a bucket shape.
    The rotating shaft is hollow, and a vent hole similar to the blade blade angle is formed between the blade blade mounting portions, and both ends are held by bearings. The receiving port of the casing having a width wider than the diameter of the secondary steam discharge pipe is flattened, and when high pressure steam is expanded to a low pressure and applied to the blade at a significant angle, the steam has its impulse point G along the blade shape. The impeller is rotated and converted into rotational power by the flow inertia that is moved.
    The discharge port is widely opened with the steam staying outer periphery held significantly. 2. A biomass dry distillation gasification combustion heat conversion power generation device according to claim 1, wherein the biomass mechanism has a significant muffler function, and has a structure of a turbine mechanism having a small rotational resistance and a large rotational torque.
  5.   The rotating shaft of the steam turbine according to claim 4 is extended outside the bearing to directly mount the power generator. 2. The dry distillation gasification combustion heat conversion of biomass according to claim 1, wherein the power generation mechanism has a system structure for generating electricity with a multi-pole generator having a large diameter in accordance with characteristics of a comparatively low speed and high torque of the steam turbine. Power generation device.
JP2004209241A 2004-06-18 2004-06-18 Biomass dry distillation gas combustion/heat exchanging generation apparatus Pending JP2006002746A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009213474A (en) * 2008-02-16 2009-09-24 Obara Flora:Kk Means and method of increasing efficiency of monosaccharification stage and distillation stage for brewing ethanol from resources of gramineae family
JP4824827B1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-11-30 弥一 小原 Steam boiler using solid biomass or coal as fuel
KR101194748B1 (en) 2011-06-24 2012-10-25 강림중공업 주식회사 Circular damper device for exhaust gas of waste heat recovery boiler
KR101517780B1 (en) * 2014-03-04 2015-05-06 손연홍 Eco-friendly energy generation using waste combustion furnace
CN104864719A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-26 成都格瑞思文化传播有限公司 Side blown furnace
KR101704768B1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-02-09 에코트리젠 주식회사 Gasifier using pyroelectric effect
KR101704767B1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-02-09 에코트리젠 주식회사 Gasifier having circulation structure of thermal decomposition gas
KR101704766B1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-02-09 에코트리젠 주식회사 gasifier
CN106395197A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-02-15 郑州经度知识产权代理服务有限公司 Environment-friendly garbage can for smokeless toilet based on SCL
CN102927596B (en) * 2012-11-14 2017-04-05 湖南兴邦教育发展有限公司 A kind of biomass are into carbon gasification stove
WO2017196111A3 (en) * 2016-05-12 2018-08-09 에코트리젠 주식회사 Gasification device

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009213474A (en) * 2008-02-16 2009-09-24 Obara Flora:Kk Means and method of increasing efficiency of monosaccharification stage and distillation stage for brewing ethanol from resources of gramineae family
JP4824827B1 (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-11-30 弥一 小原 Steam boiler using solid biomass or coal as fuel
KR101194748B1 (en) 2011-06-24 2012-10-25 강림중공업 주식회사 Circular damper device for exhaust gas of waste heat recovery boiler
CN102927596B (en) * 2012-11-14 2017-04-05 湖南兴邦教育发展有限公司 A kind of biomass are into carbon gasification stove
KR101517780B1 (en) * 2014-03-04 2015-05-06 손연홍 Eco-friendly energy generation using waste combustion furnace
CN104864719A (en) * 2015-04-29 2015-08-26 成都格瑞思文化传播有限公司 Side blown furnace
KR101704768B1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-02-09 에코트리젠 주식회사 Gasifier using pyroelectric effect
KR101704767B1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-02-09 에코트리젠 주식회사 Gasifier having circulation structure of thermal decomposition gas
KR101704766B1 (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-02-09 에코트리젠 주식회사 gasifier
WO2017196111A3 (en) * 2016-05-12 2018-08-09 에코트리젠 주식회사 Gasification device
CN106395197A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-02-15 郑州经度知识产权代理服务有限公司 Environment-friendly garbage can for smokeless toilet based on SCL

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