JP2005336779A - Opening-closing device - Google Patents

Opening-closing device Download PDF

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JP2005336779A
JP2005336779A JP2004155211A JP2004155211A JP2005336779A JP 2005336779 A JP2005336779 A JP 2005336779A JP 2004155211 A JP2004155211 A JP 2004155211A JP 2004155211 A JP2004155211 A JP 2004155211A JP 2005336779 A JP2005336779 A JP 2005336779A
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opening
closing
guide
plate
sound
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JP4596818B2 (en
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Takashi Shimizu
隆 清水
Kazuhiko Omachi
和彦 大町
Kazutake Fujii
一毅 藤井
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Bunka Shutter Co Ltd
文化シヤッター株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an opening-closing device capable of properly restraining generation of a sound such as a rubbing sound. <P>SOLUTION: This opening-closing device has a guide body 3 having an engagement receiving part 21. The opening-closing device has an opening-closing body 9 having an insertion part 8 positioned in the guide body 3 and opening and closing an opening part 2. The insertion part 8 of the opening-closing body 9 is provided with a slipping-out preventive body 31 for preventing slipping-out of the insertion part 8 from the inside of the the guide body 3 by engagement with the engagement receiving part 21. The guide body 3 is provided with a sound generation restraining means 36 for restraining generation of the rubbing sound by contact between the slipping-out preventive body 31 and the guide body 3 when moving the opening-closing body 9. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

本発明は、音の発生を適切に抑制できる開閉装置に関するものである。   The present invention relates to an opening / closing device that can appropriately suppress the generation of sound.
従来、例えば係合受け部を有する左右一対の案内体と、案内体内に位置する挿入部を左右両端部に有し案内体にて案内されながら移動して開口部を開閉する開閉体と、開閉体の挿入部に間隔をおいて並設され係合受け部との係合により挿入部の案内体内からの抜け出しを防止する略T状の抜止め体とを備えた開閉装置が知られている(例えば、特許文献1参照)。
特開2001−146884号公報
Conventionally, for example, a pair of left and right guide bodies having an engagement receiving portion, an open / close body that has an insertion portion located in the left and right ends and moves while being guided by the guide body to open and close the opening, There is known an opening / closing device provided with a substantially T-shaped retaining body that is arranged in parallel with an insertion portion of the body and prevents the insertion portion from coming out of the guide body by engaging with the engagement receiving portion. (For example, refer to Patent Document 1).
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2001-146884
しかしながら、上記従来の開閉装置では、例えば開閉体の移動時に抜止め体と案内体とが接触して擦れ音等が発生するおそれがある。   However, in the conventional opening / closing device, for example, when the opening / closing body is moved, the retaining body and the guide body may come into contact with each other to generate a rubbing sound.
本発明は、このような点に鑑みなされたもので、音の発生を適切に抑制することができる開閉装置を提供することを目的とする。   This invention is made | formed in view of such a point, and it aims at providing the switchgear which can suppress generation | occurrence | production of a sound appropriately.
請求項1記載の開閉装置は、係合受け部を有する案内体と、この案内体内に位置する挿入部を有し、前記案内体にて案内されながら移動して開口部を開閉する開閉体と、この開閉体の前記挿入部に設けられ、前記係合受け部との係合により前記挿入部の前記案内体内からの抜け出しを防止する抜止め体と、この抜止め体および前記案内体の少なくともいずれか一方に設けられ、前記開閉体の移動の際における前記抜止め体と前記案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段とを備えるものである。   The opening / closing device according to claim 1 has a guide body having an engagement receiving portion, an opening / closing body having an insertion portion located in the guide body, and moving while being guided by the guide body to open and close the opening. A retaining body that is provided in the insertion portion of the opening / closing body and prevents the insertion portion from coming out of the guide body by engagement with the engagement receiving portion; and at least one of the retaining body and the guide body Sound generation suppression means provided on either one of them for suppressing generation of sound due to contact between the retaining body and the guide body when the opening / closing body is moved is provided.
そして、開閉体の移動の際における抜止め体と案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段を備えるため、音の発生を適切に抑制することが可能である。   And since the sound generation | occurrence | production suppression means which suppresses generation | occurrence | production of the sound by the contact with the retaining body and guide body in the case of a movement of an opening / closing body is provided, generation | occurrence | production of a sound can be suppressed appropriately.
請求項2記載の開閉装置は、案内体と、互いに連結された複数の開閉体構成部材を有し、前記案内体にて案内されながら移動して開口部を開閉する開閉体と、この開閉体に設けられ、前記一の開閉体構成部材に対する前記他の開閉体構成部材のずれを防止するずれ防止体と、このずれ防止体および前記案内体の少なくともいずれか一方に設けられ、前記開閉体の移動の際における前記ずれ防止体と前記案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段とを備えるものである。   The opening / closing device according to claim 2 includes a guide body and a plurality of opening / closing body constituting members connected to each other, and the opening / closing body that moves while being guided by the guide body to open / close the opening, and the opening / closing body A displacement prevention body that prevents the other opening / closing body component member from being displaced with respect to the one opening / closing body component member, and is provided on at least one of the displacement prevention body and the guide body, Sound generation suppression means for suppressing generation of sound due to contact between the slip prevention body and the guide body during movement is provided.
そして、開閉体の移動の際におけるずれ防止体と案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段を備えるため、音の発生を適切に抑制することが可能である。   And since the sound generation suppression means which suppresses generation | occurrence | production of the sound by the contact with the slip prevention body and guide body in the case of movement of an opening-closing body is provided, generation | occurrence | production of a sound can be suppressed appropriately.
請求項3記載の開閉装置は、案内体と、この案内体にて案内されながら開閉方向に移動して開口部を開閉する開閉体と、この開閉体に設けられ、前記開閉方向と交差する方向への前記開閉体の移動を抑制する移動抑制体と、この移動抑制体および前記案内体の少なくともいずれか一方に設けられ、前記開閉体の移動の際における前記移動抑制体と前記案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段とを備えるものである。   The opening / closing device according to claim 3, a guide body, an opening / closing body that moves in the opening / closing direction while being guided by the guide body to open / close the opening, and a direction that is provided in the opening / closing body and intersects the opening / closing direction A movement suppressing body that suppresses the movement of the opening / closing body to the at least one of the movement suppressing body and the guide body, and the movement suppressing body and the guide body at the time of the movement of the opening / closing body. Sound generation suppression means for suppressing generation of sound due to contact.
そして、開閉体の移動の際における移動抑制体と案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段を備えるため、音の発生を適切に抑制することが可能である。   And since the sound generation | occurrence | production suppression means which suppresses generation | occurrence | production of the sound by the contact with the movement suppression body and guide body in the case of a movement of an opening / closing body is provided, generation | occurrence | production of a sound can be suppressed appropriately.
請求項4記載の開閉装置は、案内体と、この案内体にて案内されながら移動して開口部を開閉する開閉体と、この開閉体に設けられ、前記案内体との摩擦を減少させる摩擦減少部材と、この摩擦減少部材および前記案内体の少なくともいずれか一方に設けられ、前記開閉体の移動の際における前記摩擦減少部材と前記案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段とを備えるものである。   The opening / closing device according to claim 4 is a guide body, an opening / closing body that moves while being guided by the guide body to open and close the opening, and friction that is provided on the opening / closing body and reduces friction with the guide body. Sound generation suppression that is provided on at least one of the reduction member, the friction reduction member, and the guide body, and suppresses the generation of sound due to contact between the friction reduction member and the guide body when the opening / closing body moves. Means.
そして、開閉体の移動の際における摩擦減少部材と案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段を備えるため、音の発生を適切に抑制することが可能である。   And since the sound generation | occurrence | production suppression means which suppresses generation | occurrence | production of the sound by the friction reduction member and the guide body in the case of a movement of an opening / closing body is provided, generation | occurrence | production of a sound can be suppressed appropriately.
請求項5記載の開閉装置は、請求項1ないし4のいずれか一記載の開閉装置において、音発生抑制手段は、案内体にこの案内体の案内方向に沿って設けられているものである。   The switchgear according to claim 5 is the switchgear according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the sound generation suppressing means is provided in the guide body along the guide direction of the guide body.
そして、案内体にこの案内体の案内方向に沿って設けられた音発生抑制手段にて、音の発生をより一層適切に抑制可能である。   The sound generation can be suppressed more appropriately by the sound generation suppressing means provided on the guide body along the guide direction of the guide body.
請求項1に係る発明によれば、開閉体の移動の際における抜止め体と案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段を備えるため、擦れ音等の音の発生を適切に抑制できる。   According to the first aspect of the present invention, since the sound generation suppressing means for suppressing the generation of sound due to the contact between the retaining body and the guide body during the movement of the opening / closing body is provided, the generation of sound such as a rubbing sound is appropriately performed. Can be suppressed.
請求項2に係る発明によれば、開閉体の移動の際におけるずれ防止体と案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段を備えるため、擦れ音等の音の発生を適切に抑制できる。   According to the second aspect of the present invention, since the sound generation suppressing means for suppressing the generation of sound due to the contact between the slip prevention body and the guide body during the movement of the opening / closing body is provided, the generation of sound such as a rubbing sound is appropriately performed. Can be suppressed.
請求項3に係る発明によれば、開閉体の移動の際における移動抑制体と案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段を備えるため、擦れ音等の音の発生を適切に抑制できる。   According to the invention of claim 3, since the sound generation suppressing means for suppressing the generation of sound due to the contact between the movement suppressing body and the guide body during the movement of the opening / closing body is provided, it is possible to appropriately generate the sound such as a rubbing sound. Can be suppressed.
請求項4に係る発明によれば、開閉体の移動の際における摩擦減少部材と案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段を備えるため、擦れ音等の音の発生を適切に抑制できる。   According to the invention of claim 4, since the sound generation suppressing means for suppressing the generation of sound due to the contact between the friction reducing member and the guide body during the movement of the opening / closing body is provided, the generation of sound such as rubbing sound is appropriately performed. Can be suppressed.
請求項5に係る発明によれば、案内体にこの案内体の案内方向に沿って設けられた音発生抑制手段にて、擦れ音等の音の発生をより一層適切に抑制できる。   According to the invention which concerns on Claim 5, generation | occurrence | production of sounds, such as a rubbing sound, can be suppressed much more appropriately by the sound generation suppression means provided in the guide body along the guide direction of this guide body.
本発明の開閉装置の一実施の形態を図面を参照して説明する。   An embodiment of a switchgear according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
図1および図2において、1は開閉装置で、この開閉装置1は、例えば建物の窓開口等の開口部2を開閉する窓シャッタ装置である。   1 and 2, reference numeral 1 denotes an opening / closing device. The opening / closing device 1 is a window shutter device that opens and closes an opening 2 such as a window opening of a building.
そして、開閉装置1は、開口部2を介して互いに離間対向した上下方向長手状の左右一対の金属製の案内体(ガイドレール)3を備えている。両案内体3の下端部間には左右方向長手状の被当接部である下枠体4が配設されている。また、両案内体3の上端部間には左右方向長手状で略箱状の収容ケース体(シャッタボックス)5が配設され、収容ケース体5内には巻軸等の巻体6が左右方向の中心軸線を中心として回転可能に配設されている。   The opening / closing device 1 includes a pair of left and right metal guide bodies (guide rails) 3 which are vertically spaced apart from each other through the opening 2. Between the lower ends of both guide bodies 3, a lower frame body 4 that is a contact portion having a longitudinal shape in the left-right direction is disposed. In addition, between the upper ends of both guide bodies 3, a substantially box-shaped storage case body (shutter box) 5 is disposed in the left-right direction. Inside the storage case body 5, a winding body 6 such as a winding shaft is provided on the left and right sides. It is disposed so as to be rotatable about the central axis of the direction.
また、開閉装置1は、巻体6に巻取りおよび巻戻り可能に設けられ案内体3内に位置する挿入部8を左右方向両端部に有し両案内体3にて案内されながら上下方向(開閉方向つまり開移動方向Oおよび閉移動方向C)に移動して開口部2を開閉する略面状の金属製の開閉体(シャッタカーテン)9を備えている。すなわち、この開閉体9は、開口部2の閉鎖時には巻体6からの巻戻しにより挿入部8が案内体3にて案内されながら閉移動方向先端部である下端部が下枠体4に当接するまで下降して略全体が略平板状となって開口部2を閉鎖し、開口部2の開口時には巻体6の巻取りにより挿入部8が案内体3にて案内されながら下端部が収容ケース体5の底面部に当接するまで上昇して略全体が収容ケース体5内で略円筒状となって開口部2を開口させる。   In addition, the opening / closing device 1 has insertion portions 8 provided in the guide body 3 so as to be wound and unwound on the winding body 6 at both ends in the left-right direction and being guided by the guide bodies 3 in the vertical direction ( A substantially planar metal opening / closing body (shutter curtain) 9 that opens and closes the opening 2 by moving in the opening / closing direction, that is, the opening movement direction O and the closing movement direction C) is provided. That is, when the opening 2 is closed, the opening / closing body 9 is guided by the guide body 3 by the rewinding from the winding body 6, and the lower end, which is the front end in the closing movement direction, contacts the lower frame body 4. It is lowered until it comes into contact, and the substantially entire plate becomes substantially flat and closes the opening 2. When the opening 2 is opened, the lower end is accommodated while the insertion portion 8 is guided by the guide body 3 by winding the winding body 6. Ascending until it comes into contact with the bottom surface of the case body 5, substantially the whole becomes a substantially cylindrical shape inside the housing case body 5, and the opening 2 is opened.
ここで、案内体3は、開口部2側に向って開口した平面視略コ字状で上下方向長手状に形成され開閉体9の挿入部8を案内する案内本体部11を有している。   Here, the guide body 3 has a guide main body portion 11 that is formed in a substantially U-shape in a plan view that opens toward the opening portion 2 side, is formed in a vertically long shape, and guides the insertion portion 8 of the opening / closing body 9. .
案内本体部11は、開閉体9の厚さ方向である前後方向に互いに離間対向した前後一対の対向板12を有し、両対向板12の開口部2側の端部とは反対側の端部同士がレール底部である連結板13にて一体に連結されている。   The guide main body 11 has a pair of front and rear opposing plates 12 that are spaced apart from each other in the front-rear direction, which is the thickness direction of the opening / closing body 9, and is opposite to the end on the opening 2 side of both opposing plates 12. The parts are integrally connected by a connecting plate 13 which is a rail bottom.
対向板12の開口部2側の端部には、対向する対向板12側に向って突出した平面視略C字状の突出部分14が形成され、この突出部分14には案内体3の案内本体部11の対向板12と開閉体9の挿入部8との衝突をやわらげる緩衝部材15が設けられている。緩衝部材15は、例えば案内本体部11の対向板12の突出部分14の内側に嵌着された上下方向長手状で略板状の基部16と、この基部16に設けられ突出部分14の開口を通って挿入部8側に向って突出したモヘア部17とにて構成されている。また、案内本体部11の連結板13の前後方向略中央部には、案内本体部11内に向って開口した平面視略C字状の保持部分18が形成されている。   At the end of the facing plate 12 on the opening 2 side, a projecting portion 14 having a substantially C-shape in a plan view projecting toward the facing facing plate 12 is formed. A buffer member 15 is provided to soften the collision between the opposing plate 12 of the main body 11 and the insertion portion 8 of the opening / closing body 9. The buffer member 15 includes, for example, a vertically long base plate 16 that is fitted inside the protruding portion 14 of the opposing plate 12 of the guide body 11, and an opening of the protruding portion 14 that is provided on the base portion 16. It is comprised with the mohair part 17 which protruded through the insertion part 8 side. In addition, a substantially C-shaped holding portion 18 in plan view that opens toward the inside of the guide main body 11 is formed at a substantially central portion in the front-rear direction of the connecting plate 13 of the guide main body 11.
また、案内本体部11の対向板12の左右方向略中央部には、対向する対向板12側に向って対向板12から突出した上下方向長手状で略板状の係合受け部21が一体に設けられ、互いに離間対向した前後一対の係合受け部21間には所定の大きさの間隙22が形成されている。なお、案内体3の案内本体部11の下端部には、突出状の係合受け突部(下端位置用鍵受け)23が設けられている。   In addition, a substantially plate-like engagement receiving portion 21 that is long in the vertical direction and protrudes from the opposing plate 12 toward the opposing opposing plate 12 side is integrally formed in the substantially central portion of the opposing plate 12 of the guide body 11 in the left-right direction. A gap 22 having a predetermined size is formed between the pair of front and rear engagement receiving portions 21 that are provided to each other and face each other. Note that a protruding engagement receiving protrusion (lower end position key receiver) 23 is provided at the lower end of the guide body 11 of the guide body 3.
一方、開閉体9は、互いに回動自在に連結され開口部2の閉鎖時に上下方向に並んで位置する左右方向長手状で略板状の複数の金属製の開閉体構成部材であるスラット25にて構成され開口部2を開閉する開閉本体部26を有し、開閉本体部26の上端部が巻体6に固着されている。開閉本体部26の下端部には、開口部2の閉鎖時に下枠体4に当接する左右方向長手状で中空状の当接部である幅木部27が設けられている。この幅木部27の左右方向両端部には、施錠時に案内体3の係合受け突部23との係合により開閉体9の上方への移動を規制する施錠部28が設けられ、施錠部28は図示しない操作レバーの操作で幅木部27内に対して出入り可能となっている。   On the other hand, the opening / closing body 9 is connected to a slat 25 which is a plurality of metal opening / closing body constituting members that are pivotally connected to each other and positioned side by side in the vertical direction when the opening 2 is closed. The opening / closing body 26 is configured to open and close the opening 2, and the upper end of the opening / closing body 26 is fixed to the wound body 6. At the lower end of the opening / closing main body 26, there is provided a baseboard 27 that is a hollow contact portion that is long in the left-right direction and contacts the lower frame 4 when the opening 2 is closed. Locking portions 28 for restricting the upward movement of the opening / closing body 9 by engagement with the engagement receiving projections 23 of the guide body 3 at the time of locking are provided at both left and right ends of the baseboard 27. 28 can be moved in and out of the skirting board 27 by operating an operation lever (not shown).
また一方、開閉装置1は、開閉体9の各挿入部8に間隔をおいて並設され案内体3の係合受け部21との係合により挿入部8の案内体3内からの抜け出しを防止する複数の合成樹脂製の抜止め体(抜止めフック)31を備えている。   On the other hand, the opening / closing device 1 is juxtaposed with each insertion portion 8 of the opening / closing body 9 at intervals, and the insertion portion 8 is pulled out of the guide body 3 by engagement with the engagement receiving portion 21 of the guide body 3. A plurality of synthetic resin retaining bodies (prevention hooks) 31 to be prevented are provided.
抜止め体31は、平面視略T字状のもので、開閉体9の挿入部8から外側方に向って突出した第1板部33を有し、この第1板部33の先端部にはこの第1板部33に対して直交状の第2板部34が一体に設けられている。そして、開口部2の閉鎖時には、第1板部33は係合受け部21間の間隙22に挿通され、第2板部34は係合受け部21と対向して位置する。なお、抜止め体31は、例えば案内体3の案内本体部11との摩擦を減少させる摩擦減少部材である合成樹脂部材30にて構成されている。   The retaining body 31 is substantially T-shaped in a plan view, and has a first plate portion 33 projecting outward from the insertion portion 8 of the opening / closing body 9, and at the distal end portion of the first plate portion 33. The second plate portion 34 orthogonal to the first plate portion 33 is integrally provided. When the opening 2 is closed, the first plate portion 33 is inserted into the gap 22 between the engagement receiving portions 21, and the second plate portion 34 is positioned to face the engagement receiving portion 21. The retaining body 31 is constituted by a synthetic resin member 30 that is a friction reducing member that reduces friction between the guiding body 3 and the guide body 11 of the guide body 3, for example.
また、開閉装置1は、案内体3にこの案内体3の略全長にわたって案内方向である上下方向に沿って設けられ開閉体9の上下方向の移動の際における抜止め体31と案内体3の案内本体部11との接触による擦れ音の発生を抑制する上下方向長手状の消音帯等の音発生抑制手段36を備えている。   Further, the opening / closing device 1 is provided on the guide body 3 along the vertical direction which is the guide direction over substantially the entire length of the guide body 3, and the retaining body 31 and the guide body 3 when the opening / closing body 9 moves in the vertical direction. There is provided sound generation suppression means 36 such as a longitudinal silencer band that suppresses the generation of rubbing sound due to contact with the guide main body 11.
音発生抑制手段36は、例えばクッション性を有する弾性変形可能な帯状の音発生抑制部材37にて構成されている。そして、音発生抑制部材37は、例えば案内本体部11の連結板13の保持部分18の内側に嵌着された上下方向長手状で略板状の基部38と、この基部38に設けられ保持部分18の開口を通って連結板13から案内本体部11内に向って突出した弾性変形可能な作用部であるモヘア部39とにて構成されている。   The sound generation suppressing means 36 is constituted by a band-shaped sound generation suppressing member 37 having a cushioning property and capable of elastic deformation. The sound generation suppressing member 37 is, for example, a vertically long and substantially plate-like base portion 38 fitted inside the holding portion 18 of the connecting plate 13 of the guide main body portion 11, and a holding portion provided on the base portion 38. The mohair part 39 is an elastically deformable action part that protrudes from the connecting plate 13 into the guide main body part 11 through the 18 openings.
次に、上記開閉装置1の作用等について説明する。   Next, the operation and the like of the opening / closing device 1 will be described.
開口部2を閉鎖する場合、開閉体9を巻体6から巻戻しつつ案内体3に沿って下降つまり開口部2に沿って閉移動方向Cに移動させ、開閉体9の幅木部27を下枠体4の上面部に当接させる。   When closing the opening 2, the opening / closing body 9 is lowered along the guide body 3 while being unwound from the winding body 6, that is, moved in the closing movement direction C along the opening 2, and the baseboard 27 of the opening / closing body 9 is moved. It is brought into contact with the upper surface of the lower frame body 4.
この開閉体9の下降時に、例えば開閉体9が左右いずれか一方に片寄った場合、開閉体9とともに下降する抜止め体31の第2板部34は、音発生抑制部材37のモヘア部39と接触するが、第2板部34とモヘア部39とが接触しても不快な擦れ音(異音)やがたつき音等はほとんど発生しない。また、音発生抑制部材37のモヘア部39は弾性復元力により開閉体9の片寄りを修正する。   When the opening / closing body 9 is lowered, for example, when the opening / closing body 9 is shifted to either the left or right side, the second plate portion 34 of the retaining body 31 descending together with the opening / closing body 9 is connected to the mohair portion 39 of the sound generation suppressing member 37. Although they come into contact with each other, even if the second plate portion 34 and the mohair portion 39 come into contact with each other, unpleasant rubbing noise (abnormal noise), rattling noise, etc. hardly occur. Further, the mohair portion 39 of the sound generation suppressing member 37 corrects the deviation of the opening / closing body 9 by the elastic restoring force.
一方、開口部2を開口させる場合、開閉体9を巻体6で巻取りつつ案内体3に沿って上昇つまり開口部2に沿って開移動方向Oに移動させ、開閉体9の幅木部27を収容ケース体5の底面部に当接させる。   On the other hand, when opening the opening 2, the opening / closing body 9 is lifted along the guide body 3 while being wound around the winding body 6, that is, moved in the opening movement direction O along the opening 2, 27 is brought into contact with the bottom surface of the housing case body 5.
この開閉体9の上昇時に、例えば開閉体9が左右いずれか一方に片寄った場合、開閉体9とともに上昇する抜止め体31の第2板部34は、音発生抑制部材37のモヘア部39と接触するが、第2板部34とモヘア部39とが接触しても不快な擦れ音(異音)はほとんど発生しない。また、音発生抑制部材37のモヘア部39は弾性復元力により開閉体9の片寄りを修正する。   When the opening / closing body 9 is raised, for example, when the opening / closing body 9 is shifted to either the left or right side, the second plate portion 34 of the retaining body 31 rising together with the opening / closing body 9 is connected to the mohair portion 39 of the sound generation suppressing member 37. Although they come into contact with each other, even if the second plate portion 34 and the mohair portion 39 come into contact with each other, an unpleasant rubbing sound (abnormal noise) hardly occurs. Further, the mohair portion 39 of the sound generation suppressing member 37 corrects the deviation of the opening / closing body 9 by the elastic restoring force.
このように上記開閉装置1によれば、開閉体9の上下移動の際における抜止め体31と案内体3との接触による擦れ音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段36を備えるため、この音発生抑制手段36にて擦れ音の発生を適切に抑制することができる。   As described above, the opening / closing device 1 includes the sound generation suppressing means 36 that suppresses the generation of the rubbing sound caused by the contact between the retaining body 31 and the guide body 3 when the opening / closing body 9 is moved up and down. The generation suppressing means 36 can appropriately suppress the generation of rubbing noise.
なお、音発生抑制手段36は、モヘア部39を有する音発生抑制部材37にて構成されたものには限定されず、図3に示すように、帯状の合成樹脂製の音発生抑制部材41にて構成されたものでもよい。この音発生抑制部材41は、例えば連結板13の保持部分18の内側に嵌着された上下方向長手状で略板状の第1板部42と、この第1板部42に保持部分18の開口内に位置する連絡部43を介して一体に設けられ連結板13の内面を覆うように位置する上下方向長手状で略板状の第2板部44とにて構成されている。   Note that the sound generation suppression means 36 is not limited to the one configured by the sound generation suppression member 37 having the mohair portion 39, and as shown in FIG. It may be configured. The sound generation suppressing member 41 includes, for example, a first plate portion 42 that is vertically long and substantially plate-like fitted inside the holding portion 18 of the connecting plate 13, and the first plate portion 42 has the holding portion 18. A second plate portion 44 that is integrally provided via a connecting portion 43 located in the opening and that is vertically long and substantially plate-shaped and is positioned so as to cover the inner surface of the connecting plate 13.
そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が左右いずれか一方に片寄った場合、開閉体9とともに下降する抜止め体31の第2板部34が音発生抑制部材41の第2板部44と接触するが、第2板部34と第2板部44とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生しない。   Then, when the opening / closing body 9 is shifted to either the left or right side when the opening / closing body 9 is moved up and down, the second plate portion 34 of the retaining body 31 that descends together with the opening / closing body 9 becomes the second plate portion 44 of the sound generation suppressing member 41. However, even if the second plate portion 34 and the second plate portion 44 come into contact with each other, almost no rubbing noise is generated.
また、音発生抑制手段36は、図4に示すように、例えばクッション性を有する弾性変形可能な帯状の合成樹脂製の音発生抑制部材46にて構成されたものでもよい。この音発生抑制部材46は、例えば連結板13の平面視略コ字状のコ字状部分47から突出して案内本体部11側に向って開口した平面視略C字状の保持部分18の内側に嵌着された上下方向長手状で略板状の基部48を有している。この基部48からは連絡部49が保持部分18の開口を通って一体に突出し、この連絡部49の先端部には円弧状部分とこの円弧状部分の両端から突出した平面状部分とを有する上下方向長手状で平面視略Ω字状の作用部50が一体に設けられ、この作用部50の円弧状部分が連結板13から案内本体部11内に向って突出している。   Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the sound generation suppressing means 36 may be constituted by a sound generation suppressing member 46 made of an elastically deformable belt-like synthetic resin having a cushioning property, for example. For example, the sound generation suppressing member 46 protrudes from the substantially U-shaped portion 47 of the connecting plate 13 which is substantially U-shaped in plan view and is open to the inside of the substantially C-shaped holding portion 18 which is open toward the guide main body 11 side. And has a substantially plate-like base portion 48 that is vertically long and fitted to the base plate. A connecting portion 49 protrudes integrally from the base portion 48 through the opening of the holding portion 18, and the tip portion of the connecting portion 49 has an arc-shaped portion and planar portions protruding from both ends of the arc-shaped portion. An action portion 50 having a longitudinal direction and a substantially Ω-shape in plan view is integrally provided, and an arcuate portion of the action portion 50 projects from the connecting plate 13 into the guide main body 11.
そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が左右いずれか一方に片寄った場合、開閉体9とともに下降する抜止め体31の第2板部34が音発生抑制部材46の作用部50の円弧状部分と接触するが、第2板部34と作用部50の円弧状部分とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生せず、またこの弾性変形可能な作用部50は弾性復元力により開閉体9の片寄りを修正する。   When the opening / closing body 9 is shifted to either the left or right side when the opening / closing body 9 is moved up and down, the second plate portion 34 of the retaining body 31 that descends together with the opening / closing body 9 becomes the circle of the action portion 50 of the sound generation suppressing member 46. Although it makes contact with the arcuate part, even if the second plate part 34 and the arcuate part of the action part 50 come into contact with each other, almost no rubbing noise is generated, and this elastically deformable action part 50 is opened and closed by an elastic restoring force. Correct the 9 offset.
また、音発生抑制手段36は、図5に示すように、例えばクッション性を有する弾性変形可能な帯状の前後一対の音発生抑制部材51にて構成されている。この各音発生抑制部材51は、例えば案内本体部11の対向板12に形成された平面視略C字状の保持部分52の内側に嵌着された上下方向長手状で略板状の基部53と、この基部53に設けられた弾性変形可能な作用部であるモヘア部54とにて構成されている。   Further, as shown in FIG. 5, the sound generation suppressing means 36 is constituted by a pair of front and rear sound generation suppressing members 51 having a cushioning property and capable of elastic deformation. Each of the sound generation suppressing members 51 is, for example, a vertically long and substantially plate-like base portion 53 that is fitted inside a holding portion 52 that is substantially C-shaped in a plan view formed on the opposing plate 12 of the guide main body portion 11. And a mohair portion 54, which is an elastically deformable action portion provided on the base portion 53.
そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が前後いずれか一方に片寄った場合、開閉体9とともに下降する抜止め体31の第2板部34が音発生抑制部材51のモヘア部54と接触するが、第2板部34とモヘア部54とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生せず、またこの弾性変形可能なモヘア部54は弾性復元力により開閉体9の片寄りを修正する。   When the opening / closing body 9 is shifted to either the front or back during the vertical movement of the opening / closing body 9, the second plate portion 34 of the retaining body 31 that descends together with the opening / closing body 9 contacts the mohair portion 54 of the sound generation suppressing member 51. However, even if the second plate portion 34 and the mohair portion 54 come into contact with each other, almost no rubbing noise is generated, and the elastically deformable mohair portion 54 corrects the offset of the opening / closing body 9 by an elastic restoring force.
また、音発生抑制手段36は、図6に示すように、例えばクッション性を有する弾性変形可能な帯状の前後一対の音発生抑制部材56にて構成されている。この各音発生抑制部材56は、例えば係合受け部21に形成された平面視略C字状の保持部分57の内側に嵌着された上下方向長手状で略板状の基部58と、この基部58に設けられた弾性変形可能な作用部であるモヘア部59とにて構成されている。   Further, as shown in FIG. 6, the sound generation suppressing means 36 is constituted by a pair of front and rear sound generation suppressing members 56 having a cushioning property and capable of elastic deformation. Each of the sound generation suppressing members 56 includes, for example, a vertically long and substantially plate-shaped base 58 fitted inside a substantially C-shaped holding portion 57 formed in the engagement receiving portion 21 in a plan view. It is composed of a mohair portion 59 which is an elastically deformable action portion provided on the base portion 58.
そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が前後いずれか一方に片寄った場合、開閉体9とともに下降する抜止め体31の第1板部33が音発生抑制部材56のモヘア部59と接触するが、第1板部33とモヘア部59とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生せず、またこの弾性変形可能なモヘア部59は弾性復元力により開閉体9の片寄りを修正する。   When the opening / closing body 9 is shifted to either one of the front and rear sides when the opening / closing body 9 moves up and down, the first plate portion 33 of the retaining body 31 descending together with the opening / closing body 9 contacts the mohair 59 of the sound generation suppressing member 56. However, even if the first plate portion 33 and the mohair portion 59 come into contact with each other, almost no rubbing noise is generated, and the elastically deformable mohair portion 59 corrects the offset of the opening / closing body 9 by an elastic restoring force.
また、開閉装置1は、音発生抑制手段36が案内体3のみに設けられたものには限定されず、音発生抑制手段36が抜止め体31のみに設けられたものでもよく、案内体3および抜止め体31の両方に設けられたものでもよい。   The opening / closing device 1 is not limited to the one in which the sound generation suppression means 36 is provided only in the guide body 3, and the sound generation suppression means 36 may be provided only in the retaining body 31. It may be provided on both the retaining member 31 and the retaining member 31.
図7に示す音発生抑制手段36は、例えばクッション性を有する弾性変形可能な音発生抑制部材61にて構成されている。この音発生抑制部材61は、例えば第2板部34に形成され連結板13側に向って開口した平面視略C字状の保持部分62の内側に嵌着された略板状の基部63と、この基部63に設けられ保持部分62の開口を通って第2板部34から連結板13側に向って突出した弾性変形可能な作用部であるモヘア部64とにて構成されている。そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が左右いずれか一方に片寄った場合、案内体3の連結板13と抜止め体31側の音発生抑制部材61のモヘア部64とが接触するが、連結板13とモヘア部64とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生せず、またこの弾性変形可能なモヘア部64は弾性復元力により開閉体9の片寄りを修正する。   The sound generation suppressing means 36 shown in FIG. 7 is constituted by an elastically deformable sound generation suppressing member 61 having a cushioning property, for example. The sound generation suppressing member 61 includes, for example, a substantially plate-like base portion 63 that is formed on the inner side of a holding portion 62 that is formed in the second plate portion 34 and opens toward the connecting plate 13 in a plan view. The mohair portion 64 is an elastically deformable working portion provided on the base portion 63 and projecting from the second plate portion 34 toward the connecting plate 13 through the opening of the holding portion 62. When the opening / closing body 9 is shifted to either the left or right side when the opening / closing body 9 moves up and down, the connecting plate 13 of the guide body 3 and the mohair part 64 of the sound generation suppressing member 61 on the retaining body 31 side come into contact with each other. Even if the connecting plate 13 and the mohair portion 64 come into contact with each other, almost no rubbing noise is generated, and the elastically deformable mohair portion 64 corrects the offset of the opening / closing body 9 by an elastic restoring force.
図8に示す音発生抑制手段36は、例えばクッション性を有する弾性変形可能な前後一対の音発生抑制部材66にて構成されている。この各音発生抑制部材66は、例えば板厚状にした第2板部34に形成され対向板12側に向って開口した平面視略C字状の保持部分67の内側に嵌着された略板状の基部68と、この基部68に設けられ保持部分67の開口を通って第2板部34から対向板12側に向って突出した弾性変形可能な作用部であるモヘア部69とにて構成されている。そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が前後いずれか一方に片寄った場合、案内体3の対向板12と抜止め体31側の音発生抑制部材66のモヘア部69とが接触するが、対向板12とモヘア部69とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生せず、またこの弾性変形可能なモヘア部69は弾性復元力により開閉体9の片寄りを修正する。   The sound generation suppressing means 36 shown in FIG. 8 is configured by a pair of front and rear sound generation suppressing members 66 having cushioning properties and capable of elastic deformation, for example. Each of the sound generation suppressing members 66 is formed, for example, on the inner side of a holding portion 67 having a substantially C-shape in a plan view formed on the second plate portion 34 having a plate thickness and opened toward the opposing plate 12 side. A plate-like base portion 68 and a mohair portion 69 which is an elastically deformable action portion provided on the base portion 68 and projecting from the second plate portion 34 toward the counter plate 12 through the opening of the holding portion 67; It is configured. When the opening / closing body 9 is shifted to either the front or back when the opening / closing body 9 moves up and down, the opposing plate 12 of the guide body 3 and the mohair portion 69 of the sound generation suppressing member 66 on the retaining body 31 side come into contact with each other. Even if the opposing plate 12 and the mohair portion 69 come into contact with each other, almost no rubbing noise is generated, and the elastically deformable mohair portion 69 corrects the offset of the opening / closing body 9 by an elastic restoring force.
図9に示す音発生抑制手段36は、例えばクッション性を有する弾性変形可能な前後一対の音発生抑制部材71にて構成されている。この各音発生抑制部材71は、例えば第1板部33に形成され係合受け部21側に向って開口した平面視略C字状の保持部分72の内側に嵌着された略板状の基部73と、この基部73に設けられ保持部分72の開口を通って第1板部33から係合受け部21側に向って突出した弾性変形可能な作用部であるモヘア部74とにて構成され、このモヘア部74内に係合受け部21の先端部が入り込むようになっている。そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に、案内体3の係合受け部21と抜止め体31側の音発生抑制部材71のモヘア部74とが接触(摺接)するが、係合受け部21とモヘア部74とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生しない。   The sound generation suppressing means 36 shown in FIG. 9 is composed of, for example, a pair of front and rear sound generation suppressing members 71 having cushioning properties and capable of elastic deformation. Each of the sound generation suppressing members 71 is, for example, a substantially plate-like shape that is formed on the inner side of a holding portion 72 that is formed in the first plate portion 33 and opens toward the engagement receiving portion 21 in a plan view. A base 73 and a mohair part 74 which is an elastically deformable action part provided on the base 73 and projecting from the first plate part 33 toward the engagement receiving part 21 through the opening of the holding part 72 The tip of the engagement receiving portion 21 enters the mohair portion 74. When the opening / closing body 9 moves up and down, the engagement receiving part 21 of the guide body 3 and the mohair part 74 of the sound generation suppressing member 71 on the retaining body 31 side come into contact (sliding contact). Even if the mohair part 74 comes into contact with each other, almost no rubbing noise is generated.
図10に示す音発生抑制手段36は、例えば抜止め体31全体を含油樹脂で形成することにより抜止め体31の表面部に一体に設けられた易滑性の音発生抑制面部76にて構成されている。そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が片寄った場合、案内体3と抜止め体31側の音発生抑制面部76とが接触するが、案内体3と音発生抑制面部76とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生しない。   The sound generation suppressing means 36 shown in FIG. 10 is configured by a slippery sound generation suppressing surface portion 76 that is integrally provided on the surface portion of the retaining body 31 by, for example, forming the entire retaining body 31 with an oil-containing resin. Has been. When the opening / closing body 9 is displaced when the opening / closing body 9 moves up and down, the guide body 3 and the sound generation suppressing surface portion 76 on the retaining body 31 side come into contact with each other, but the guide body 3 and the sound generation suppressing surface portion 76 are in contact with each other. However, almost no rubbing noise is generated.
図11に示す音発生抑制手段36は、例えば金属製或いは合成樹脂製等の抜止め体31の表面に二硫化モリブデン・フッソ系樹脂等の塗料を塗布することにより抜止め体31の表面部に設けられた易滑性の音発生抑制面部77にて構成されている。そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が片寄った場合、案内体3と抜止め体31側の音発生抑制面部77とが接触するが、案内体3と音発生抑制面部77とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生しない。なお、案内体3を含油樹脂で形成したり或いは案内体3を表面処理したりして案内体3の表面部に易滑性の音発生抑制部を設けてもよい。   The sound generation suppressing means 36 shown in FIG. 11 is applied to the surface of the retaining body 31 by applying a paint such as molybdenum disulfide / fluorinated resin to the surface of the retaining body 31 made of metal or synthetic resin. It is composed of an easy-sliding sound generation suppressing surface portion 77 provided. When the opening / closing body 9 is displaced when the opening / closing body 9 moves up and down, the guide body 3 and the sound generation suppressing surface portion 77 on the retaining body 31 side come into contact with each other, but the guide body 3 and the sound generation suppressing surface portion 77 are in contact with each other. However, almost no rubbing noise is generated. The guide body 3 may be formed of an oil-containing resin, or the guide body 3 may be surface-treated to provide a slippery sound generation suppressing portion on the surface portion of the guide body 3.
一方、図12に示す音発生抑制手段36は、案内体3と抜止め体31との接触面積を減少させて擦れ音の発生を抑制するもので、例えば案内体3の連結板13に一体に設けられ案内体3の略全長にわたって位置する複数本、例えば平行な2本の線状の凸部78と、第2板部34の対向板12と対向する両端部に一体に設けられた先細状で湾曲状の先細部79とにて構成されている。   On the other hand, the sound generation suppression means 36 shown in FIG. 12 reduces the contact area between the guide body 3 and the retaining body 31 and suppresses the generation of rubbing noise. For example, the sound generation suppression means 36 is integrated with the connecting plate 13 of the guide body 3. A plurality of, for example, two parallel line-shaped convex portions 78 that are provided over substantially the entire length of the guide body 3 and a tapered shape that is integrally provided at both end portions of the second plate portion 34 facing the opposing plate 12. It is composed of a curved tapered detail 79.
図13に示す音発生抑制手段36も、案内体3と抜止め体31との接触面積を減少させて擦れ音の発生を抑制するもので、例えば平面視略半楕円状にした第2板部34の対向板12と対向する両端部に一体に設けられた先細状の第1先細部81と、第2板部34の連結板13と対向する面部に一体に設けられた先細状で湾曲状の第2先細部82とにて構成されている。   The sound generation suppressing means 36 shown in FIG. 13 also suppresses the generation of rubbing noise by reducing the contact area between the guide body 3 and the retaining body 31. For example, the second plate portion having a substantially semi-elliptical shape in plan view. A tapered first tapered portion 81 integrally provided at both ends of the counter plate 12 facing the counter plate 12 and a tapered and curved shape integrally provided on a surface portion of the second plate portion 34 facing the connecting plate 13. And a second tapered portion 82.
図14に示す音発生抑制手段36も、案内体3と抜止め体31との接触面積を減少させて擦れ音の発生を抑制するもので、例えば第2板部34の対向板12と対向する両端部に一体に設けられた先細状で湾曲状の第1先細部83と、第2板部34の連結板13と対向する面部に一体に設けられた先細状の第2先細部84とにて構成されている。   The sound generation suppressing means 36 shown in FIG. 14 also suppresses the generation of rubbing noise by reducing the contact area between the guide body 3 and the retaining body 31 and, for example, faces the counter plate 12 of the second plate portion 34. A tapered and curved first taper 83 provided integrally at both ends, and a tapered second taper 84 provided integrally on the surface of the second plate 34 facing the connecting plate 13. Configured.
また一方、図15ないし図17に示す開閉装置1は、開閉体9の移動時に抜止め体31と接触する複数のころ等の回転体であるローラ86にて音発生抑制手段36が構成されたものである。   On the other hand, in the opening / closing device 1 shown in FIGS. 15 to 17, the sound generation suppressing means 36 is configured by a roller 86 that is a rotating body such as a plurality of rollers that contacts the retaining body 31 when the opening / closing body 9 moves. Is.
複数のローラ86は、例えば図15の丸印で示す6箇所、すなわち案内体3の上端部、案内体3の上下方向中央よりやや上の部分および案内体3の上下方向中央よりやや下の部分に前後方向の回転中心軸線を中心として回転自在に設けられている。すなわち、各ローラ86は、連結板13に設けられたローラ支持体87の前後方向の軸部88に回転自在に設けられ、ローラ86の一部は連結板13に形成された開口部を通って連結板13から案内本体部11内に向って突出している。そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が左右いずれかに片寄った場合、開閉体9とともに下降する抜止め体31の第2板部34がローラ86と接触するが、第2板部34とローラ86とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生しない。なお、抜止め体31に回転自在のローラ86等の回転体を設けて擦れ音の発生を抑制するようにしてもよく、またローラ86等の回転体の数および位置は任意である。   The plurality of rollers 86 are, for example, six locations indicated by circles in FIG. 15, that is, the upper end portion of the guide body 3, a portion slightly above the vertical center of the guide body 3, and a portion slightly below the vertical center of the guide body 3. Is provided so as to be rotatable about a rotation center axis in the front-rear direction. That is, each roller 86 is rotatably provided on a shaft portion 88 in the front-rear direction of a roller support 87 provided on the connecting plate 13, and a part of the roller 86 passes through an opening formed on the connecting plate 13. Projecting from the connecting plate 13 into the guide body 11. When the opening / closing body 9 moves to the left or right when the opening / closing body 9 moves up and down, the second plate portion 34 of the retaining body 31 that descends together with the opening / closing body 9 contacts the roller 86, but the second plate portion 34 Even if the roller 86 comes into contact with the roller 86, almost no rubbing noise is generated. The retaining member 31 may be provided with a rotating member such as a rotatable roller 86 to suppress the generation of rubbing noise, and the number and position of the rotating members such as the roller 86 are arbitrary.
また、上記各実施の形態では、音発生抑制手段36が開閉体9の移動の際における抜止め体31と案内体3との接触による擦れ音の発生を抑制する構成について説明したが、図18ないし図20に示すように、音発生抑制手段36が開閉体9の移動の際における合成樹脂製のずれ防止体91と案内体3との接触による擦れ音の発生を抑制する構成でもよい。   Further, in each of the above-described embodiments, the configuration in which the sound generation suppressing means 36 suppresses the generation of a rubbing sound due to the contact between the retaining body 31 and the guide body 3 when the opening / closing body 9 is moved has been described. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 20, the sound generation suppressing means 36 may be configured to suppress the generation of rubbing sound due to the contact between the synthetic resin displacement preventing body 91 and the guide body 3 when the opening / closing body 9 moves.
ずれ防止体91は、カール部25aで互いに回動自在に連結された隣接する開閉体構成部材であるスラット25のうちの一のスラット25に対する他のスラット25の左右方向への横ずれを防止するもので、スラット25の側端から突出してこの側端に沿って位置してカール部25aを覆う略板状の作用部92を有し、開閉体9の各挿入部8に間隔をおいて並設されている。なお、ずれ防止体91は、例えば案内体3の案内本体部11との摩擦を減少させる摩擦減少部材である合成樹脂部材30にて構成されている。   The slip prevention body 91 prevents the lateral displacement of the other slat 25 in the left-right direction with respect to one slat 25 of the adjacent slats 25 that are pivotally connected to each other by the curl portion 25a. And has a substantially plate-like action portion 92 that protrudes from the side end of the slat 25 and is positioned along the side end to cover the curled portion 25a, and is arranged in parallel with each insertion portion 8 of the opening / closing body 9 at intervals. Has been. The slip prevention body 91 is configured by a synthetic resin member 30 that is a friction reducing member that reduces friction between the guide body 3 and the guide main body 11, for example.
音発生抑制手段36は、上記いずれの形態を適用したものでもよいが、例えば図20に示す音発生抑制手段36は、図2に対応したもので、例えばクッション性を有する弾性変形可能な帯状の音発生抑制部材37にて構成されている。この音発生抑制部材37は、例えば案内本体部11の連結板13の保持部分18の内側に嵌着された上下方向長手状で略板状の基部38と、この基部38に設けられ保持部分18の開口を通って連結板13から案内本体部11内に向って突出した弾性変形可能な作用部であるモヘア部39とにて構成されている。   The sound generation suppressing means 36 may be applied to any of the above forms. For example, the sound generation suppressing means 36 shown in FIG. 20 corresponds to FIG. 2, for example, an elastically deformable belt-like shape having cushioning properties. The sound generation suppressing member 37 is used. The sound generation suppressing member 37 is, for example, a vertically long and substantially plate-like base portion 38 fitted inside the holding portion 18 of the connecting plate 13 of the guide main body portion 11, and the holding portion 18 provided on the base portion 38. And a mohair portion 39 which is an elastically deformable action portion protruding from the connecting plate 13 into the guide main body portion 11 through the opening.
そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が左右いずれか一方に片寄った場合、開閉体9とともに下降するずれ防止体91の作用部92が音発生抑制部材37のモヘア部39と接触するが、作用部92とモヘア部39とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生せず、またこの弾性変形可能なモヘア部39は弾性復元力により開閉体9の片寄りを修正する。   When the opening / closing body 9 moves to the left or right side when the opening / closing body 9 moves up and down, the action portion 92 of the shift prevention body 91 that moves down together with the opening / closing body 9 comes into contact with the mohair portion 39 of the sound generation suppressing member 37. Even if the action portion 92 and the mohair portion 39 come into contact with each other, almost no rubbing noise is generated, and the elastically deformable mohair portion 39 corrects the offset of the opening / closing body 9 by an elastic restoring force.
また、図21ないし図23に示すように、音発生抑制手段36が開閉体9の移動の際における合成樹脂製の移動抑制体96と案内体3との接触による擦れ音の発生を抑制する構成でもよい。   Further, as shown in FIGS. 21 to 23, the sound generation suppressing means 36 is configured to suppress the generation of rubbing sound due to contact between the synthetic resin movement suppressing body 96 and the guide body 3 when the opening / closing body 9 is moved. But you can.
移動抑制体96は、開閉方向である上下方向と交差する方向である左右方向への開閉体9の移動を抑制するもので、スラット25の側端から突出して位置する略半楕円板状で先細状の作用部97を有し、開閉体9の各挿入部8に間隔をおいて並設されている。なお、移動抑制体96は、例えば案内体3の案内本体部11との摩擦を減少させる摩擦減少部材である合成樹脂部材30にて構成されている。   The movement suppressing body 96 suppresses the movement of the opening / closing body 9 in the left-right direction that intersects the up-down direction that is the opening / closing direction, and is a substantially semi-elliptical plate-like shape that tapers from the side end of the slat 25. The action part 97 has a shape, and is arranged in parallel with each insertion part 8 of the opening / closing body 9 at intervals. In addition, the movement suppression body 96 is comprised by the synthetic resin member 30 which is a friction reduction member which reduces the friction with the guide main-body part 11 of the guide body 3, for example.
音発生抑制手段36は、上記いずれの形態を適用したものでもよいが、例えば図23に示す音発生抑制手段36は、図2に対応したもので、例えばクッション性を有する弾性変形可能な帯状の音発生抑制部材37にて構成されている。この音発生抑制部材37は、例えば案内本体部11の連結板13の保持部分18の内側に嵌着された上下方向長手状で略板状の基部38と、この基部38に設けられ保持部分18の開口を通って連結板13から案内本体部11内に向って突出した弾性変形可能な作用部であるモヘア部39とにて構成されている。   The sound generation suppression means 36 may be applied to any of the above forms. For example, the sound generation suppression means 36 shown in FIG. 23 corresponds to FIG. The sound generation suppressing member 37 is used. The sound generation suppressing member 37 is, for example, a vertically long and substantially plate-like base portion 38 fitted inside the holding portion 18 of the connecting plate 13 of the guide main body portion 11, and the holding portion 18 provided on the base portion 38. And a mohair portion 39 which is an elastically deformable action portion protruding from the connecting plate 13 into the guide main body portion 11 through the opening.
そして、開閉体9の上下移動時に開閉体9が左右いずれか一方に片寄った場合、開閉体9とともに下降する移動抑制体96の作用部97が音発生抑制部材37のモヘア部39と接触するが、作用部97とモヘア部39とが接触しても擦れ音はほとんど発生せず、またこの弾性変形可能なモヘア部39は弾性復元力により開閉体9の片寄りを修正する。なお、ずれ防止体91や移動抑制体96は、係合受け部21との係合により挿入部8の案内体3内からの抜け出しを防止する抜止めフック部を有するもの等でもよい。   When the opening / closing body 9 moves to the left or right when the opening / closing body 9 moves up and down, the action portion 97 of the movement suppressing body 96 that moves down together with the opening / closing body 9 contacts the mohair portion 39 of the sound generation suppressing member 37. Even if the action portion 97 and the mohair portion 39 come into contact with each other, almost no rubbing noise is generated, and the elastically deformable mohair portion 39 corrects the offset of the opening / closing body 9 by the elastic restoring force. The slip prevention body 91 and the movement restraining body 96 may have a retaining hook portion that prevents the insertion portion 8 from coming out of the guide body 3 by engagement with the engagement receiving portion 21.
なお、開閉装置1は、抜止め体31、ずれ防止体91および移動抑制体96のうちの少なくとも2以上を備えるもの等でもよい。   The opening / closing device 1 may be provided with at least two or more of the retaining body 31, the slip prevention body 91, and the movement restraining body 96.
また、抜止め体31は、開閉体9の挿入部8の前後面から突出した突出状のものには限定されず、前面側のみや後面側のみに突出したものでもよく、それに対応する案内体3の対向板12は一対でなく、抜止め体31が突出した側の面のみに設けたもの等でよい。   Further, the retaining body 31 is not limited to a projecting shape projecting from the front and rear surfaces of the insertion portion 8 of the opening / closing body 9 and may be a projecting body projecting only on the front surface side or only on the rear surface side. The three opposing plates 12 are not a pair but may be provided only on the surface on which the retaining body 31 protrudes.
さらに、開閉装置1は、開口部2の周囲等に固定された窓シャッタ装置には限定されず、その他の開口部の周囲に固定された他のシャッタ装置、ブラインド装置、スクリーン装置、或いはこれら装置のうちの同種または異種を複数並設したもの等でもよい。   Furthermore, the opening / closing device 1 is not limited to a window shutter device fixed around the opening 2 or the like, but is another shutter device, a blind device, a screen device, or these devices fixed around other openings. Of these, the same type or different types may be arranged side by side.
さらに、開閉装置1は、開口部2の閉鎖時に開閉体9の下端部が下枠体4に当接する構成には限定されず、例えば下枠体を設けず、開閉体9の下端部を床面等の建物の躯体側や地面等に直接当接させる構成等でもよい。   Furthermore, the opening / closing device 1 is not limited to a configuration in which the lower end of the opening / closing body 9 abuts against the lower frame body 4 when the opening 2 is closed. For example, the lower frame body is not provided and the lower end of the opening / closing body 9 is placed on the floor. The structure etc. which contact | abut directly to the building side of the building, such as a surface, the ground, etc. may be sufficient.
また、開閉装置1は、開閉体9が開口部2に沿って上下方向に移動する構成には限定されず、例えば開閉体9が左右方向に移動する構成、床面等に沿って水平方向に移動する構成、床面等に対して傾斜した傾斜方向に移動する構成、或いはこれらの複合した方向に移動する構成でもよい。   The opening / closing device 1 is not limited to the configuration in which the opening / closing body 9 moves in the vertical direction along the opening 2. For example, the opening / closing body 9 moves in the horizontal direction along the floor surface, etc. The structure which moves to the inclination direction inclined with respect to the floor surface etc., or the structure which moves to these combined directions may be sufficient.
さらに、開閉装置1の駆動方式は、手動式やモータ等の駆動手段による電動式、更には自重降下式等でもよい。   Further, the driving method of the opening / closing device 1 may be a manual type, an electric type by a driving means such as a motor, or a self-weight drop type.
また、開閉装置1を窓シャッタを含むシャッタ装置とした場合、複数の開閉体構成部材であるスラット25にて開閉本体部26を構成するものとしたが、開閉体構成部材をパネルやパイプ等としてもよく、スラットやパネル、パイプ等を適宜組み合わせてこれらの複合にて開閉本体部26を構成するもの等としてもよい。   Further, when the opening / closing device 1 is a shutter device including a window shutter, the opening / closing body 26 is constituted by the slats 25 which are a plurality of opening / closing member constituting members. Alternatively, the opening / closing main body portion 26 may be configured by combining slats, panels, pipes, and the like as appropriate.
本発明の開閉装置の一実施の形態の正面図である。It is a front view of one embodiment of the switchgear of the present invention. 同上開閉装置の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of an opening / closing apparatus same as the above. 本発明の開閉装置の他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of other embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の正面図である。It is a front view of further another embodiment of the switchgear of the present invention. 同上開閉装置の要部正面図である。It is a principal part front view of an opening / closing apparatus same as the above. 同上開閉装置の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of an opening / closing apparatus same as the above. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部正面図である。It is a principal part front view of further another embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 同上開閉装置の要部側面図である。It is a principal part side view of an opening / closing apparatus same as the above. 同上開閉装置の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of an opening / closing apparatus same as the above. 本発明の開閉装置のさらに他の実施の形態の要部正面図である。It is a principal part front view of further another embodiment of the switchgear of this invention. 同上開閉装置の要部側面図である。It is a principal part side view of an opening / closing apparatus same as the above. 同上開閉装置の要部平面図である。It is a principal part top view of an opening / closing apparatus same as the above.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 開閉装置
2 開口部
3 案内体
8 挿入部
9 開閉体
21 係合受け部
25 開閉体構成部材であるスラット
30 摩擦減少部材である合成樹脂部材
31 抜止め体
36 音発生抑制手段
91 ずれ防止体
96 移動抑制体
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Opening / closing device 2 Opening part 3 Guide body 8 Insertion part 9 Opening / closing body
21 Engagement receiver
25 Slats as components of opening and closing bodies
30 Synthetic resin components that reduce friction
31 Detachment body
36 Sound generation suppression means
91 Anti-slip body
96 Migration inhibitor

Claims (5)

  1. 係合受け部を有する案内体と、
    この案内体内に位置する挿入部を有し、前記案内体にて案内されながら移動して開口部を開閉する開閉体と、
    この開閉体の前記挿入部に設けられ、前記係合受け部との係合により前記挿入部の前記案内体内からの抜け出しを防止する抜止め体と、
    この抜止め体および前記案内体の少なくともいずれか一方に設けられ、前記開閉体の移動の際における前記抜止め体と前記案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段と
    を備えることを特徴とする開閉装置。
    A guide body having an engagement receiving portion;
    An opening / closing body that has an insertion portion located in the guide body, moves while being guided by the guide body, and opens and closes the opening;
    A retaining member that is provided in the insertion portion of the opening / closing body and prevents the insertion portion from coming out of the guide body by engagement with the engagement receiving portion;
    Sound generation suppression means provided on at least one of the retaining body and the guide body, and suppressing sound generation due to contact between the retaining body and the guide body when the opening / closing body is moved. A switchgear characterized by that.
  2. 案内体と、
    互いに連結された複数の開閉体構成部材を有し、前記案内体にて案内されながら移動して開口部を開閉する開閉体と、
    この開閉体に設けられ、前記一の開閉体構成部材に対する前記他の開閉体構成部材のずれを防止するずれ防止体と、
    このずれ防止体および前記案内体の少なくともいずれか一方に設けられ、前記開閉体の移動の際における前記ずれ防止体と前記案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段と
    を備えることを特徴とする開閉装置。
    A guide,
    An opening / closing body that has a plurality of opening / closing body components connected to each other, moves while being guided by the guide body, and opens / closes the opening;
    A displacement prevention body provided on the opening / closing body, for preventing displacement of the other opening / closing body constituting member with respect to the one opening / closing body constituting member;
    Sound generation suppression means provided on at least one of the shift prevention body and the guide body, and suppressing the generation of sound due to contact between the shift prevention body and the guide body when the opening / closing body is moved. A switchgear characterized by that.
  3. 案内体と、
    この案内体にて案内されながら開閉方向に移動して開口部を開閉する開閉体と、
    この開閉体に設けられ、前記開閉方向と交差する方向への前記開閉体の移動を抑制する移動抑制体と、
    この移動抑制体および前記案内体の少なくともいずれか一方に設けられ、前記開閉体の移動の際における前記移動抑制体と前記案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段と
    を備えることを特徴とする開閉装置。
    A guide,
    An opening and closing body that moves in the opening and closing direction while opening and closing the opening while being guided by the guide body;
    A movement suppressing body that is provided in the opening and closing body and suppresses movement of the opening and closing body in a direction intersecting the opening and closing direction;
    Sound generation suppression means provided on at least one of the movement suppression body and the guide body, and for suppressing generation of sound due to contact between the movement suppression body and the guide body when the opening / closing body is moved. A switchgear characterized by that.
  4. 案内体と、
    この案内体にて案内されながら移動して開口部を開閉する開閉体と、
    この開閉体に設けられ、前記案内体との摩擦を減少させる摩擦減少部材と、
    この摩擦減少部材および前記案内体の少なくともいずれか一方に設けられ、前記開閉体の移動の際における前記摩擦減少部材と前記案内体との接触による音の発生を抑制する音発生抑制手段と
    を備えることを特徴とする開閉装置。
    A guide,
    An opening and closing body that moves while being guided by the guide body to open and close the opening;
    A friction reducing member that is provided in the opening and closing body and reduces friction with the guide body;
    Sound generation suppressing means provided on at least one of the friction reducing member and the guide body, and suppressing generation of sound due to contact between the friction reducing member and the guide body when the opening / closing body is moved. A switchgear characterized by that.
  5. 音発生抑制手段は、案内体にこの案内体の案内方向に沿って設けられている
    ことを特徴とする請求項1ないし4のいずれか一記載の開閉装置。
    The opening / closing device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the sound generation suppressing means is provided on the guide body along a guide direction of the guide body.
JP2004155211A 2004-05-25 2004-05-25 Switchgear Expired - Fee Related JP4596818B2 (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010163800A (en) * 2009-01-16 2010-07-29 Bunka Shutter Co Ltd Opening and closing device
KR101778567B1 (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-09-14 주식회사 동아스트 Screen windows enable of a opening system
KR101868807B1 (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-06-20 주식회사 쓰리지테크놀러지 Roller shutter

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4510606Y1 (en) * 1965-05-28 1970-05-14
JPS5139397U (en) * 1974-09-18 1976-03-24
JPS51108819U (en) * 1975-02-26 1976-08-31
JPS6083193U (en) * 1983-11-14 1985-06-08
JPS6398987U (en) * 1986-12-18 1988-06-27
JPH01173297U (en) * 1988-05-30 1989-12-08
JPH0953376A (en) * 1995-08-11 1997-02-25 Bunka Shutter Co Ltd Locking structure of slat curtain in shutter
JPH09125840A (en) * 1995-10-31 1997-05-13 Bunka Shutter Co Ltd Preventive structure agent slipping-off of slat curtain in shutter

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS4510606Y1 (en) * 1965-05-28 1970-05-14
JPS5139397U (en) * 1974-09-18 1976-03-24
JPS51108819U (en) * 1975-02-26 1976-08-31
JPS6083193U (en) * 1983-11-14 1985-06-08
JPS6398987U (en) * 1986-12-18 1988-06-27
JPH01173297U (en) * 1988-05-30 1989-12-08
JPH0953376A (en) * 1995-08-11 1997-02-25 Bunka Shutter Co Ltd Locking structure of slat curtain in shutter
JPH09125840A (en) * 1995-10-31 1997-05-13 Bunka Shutter Co Ltd Preventive structure agent slipping-off of slat curtain in shutter

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2010163800A (en) * 2009-01-16 2010-07-29 Bunka Shutter Co Ltd Opening and closing device
KR101778567B1 (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-09-14 주식회사 동아스트 Screen windows enable of a opening system
KR101868807B1 (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-06-20 주식회사 쓰리지테크놀러지 Roller shutter

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