JP2005289115A - Vehicle body frame structure - Google Patents

Vehicle body frame structure Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2005289115A
JP2005289115A JP2004103569A JP2004103569A JP2005289115A JP 2005289115 A JP2005289115 A JP 2005289115A JP 2004103569 A JP2004103569 A JP 2004103569A JP 2004103569 A JP2004103569 A JP 2004103569A JP 2005289115 A JP2005289115 A JP 2005289115A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
frame
vehicle
joint
portions
aluminum alloy
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JP2004103569A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP4247903B2 (en
Inventor
Kunihiko Kimura
Hideki Koga
Tsutomu Ogawa
Yasunari Oku
Hideji Otake
英樹 古賀
秀次 大竹
康徳 奥
努 小川
邦彦 木村
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Honda Motor Co Ltd
本田技研工業株式会社
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Application filed by Honda Motor Co Ltd, 本田技研工業株式会社 filed Critical Honda Motor Co Ltd
Priority to JP2004103569A priority Critical patent/JP4247903B2/en
Priority claimed from PCT/JP2005/006562 external-priority patent/WO2005095181A1/en
Publication of JP2005289115A publication Critical patent/JP2005289115A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4247903B2 publication Critical patent/JP4247903B2/en
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To improve load transmission performance and shape maintaining performance by solving a problem that rigidity is high in a whole of a frame. <P>SOLUTION: In the vehicle body frame structure, a front sub-frame 42 is formed to be a parallel-cross shaped or rectangular frame by an aluminum alloy, and is constituted by right and left front joint parts 64 and right and left rear joint parts 71 arranged on parallel-cross shaped or rectangular corners, and right and left vertical members 61 and front and rear lateral members 62 and 67 for connecting the joint parts 64 and 71. The right and left front joint parts 64 and the right and left rear joint parts 71 are formed by an aluminum alloy die-cast product, and the right and left vertical members 61 are formed by an aluminum alloy elongation material. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention relates to a vehicle body frame structure having a front sub-frame that is mounted on a vehicle body side with a drive system component, a steering component, a suspension component, or the like mounted thereon.
A vehicle body frame structure that includes a front subframe for supporting a drive system component including a power source, a steering component such as a steering gear box, and a suspension component such as a suspension has been put to practical use.
A practical vehicle body frame structure is practically sufficient if the front sub-frame is formed in a substantially cross-beam shape or a substantially rectangular shape so that a drive system component, a steering component, or a foot suspension component can be mounted.
As such a vehicle body frame structure, a structure employing a front subframe formed of a die-cast product made of an aluminum alloy or a front subframe formed of an extruded material of an aluminum alloy is known (for example, Patent Document 1). , 2).
JP 2002-137617 A (page 4, FIG. 1) JP 2000-177621 A (5th page, FIG. 2)
  FIG. 16 is a diagram for explaining a basic configuration of a vehicle body frame structure having a conventional aluminum die-cast subframe. The vehicle body frame structure 300 is swingable from a subframe 301 attached to the vehicle body side and an upper portion of the subframe 301. An upper arm 302 extending outward, a lower arm 303 swinging outward from the lower portion of the subframe 301, and an upper ball joint 304 and a lower joint at the tips of the upper arm 302 and the lower arms 303, 303, respectively. And an axle support member (knuckle) 307 that supports the axle (not shown) by being movably attached via the portions 305 and 305, and the subframe 301 is integrally formed by die casting made of aluminum alloy. The shape of the subframe 301 is It is obtained by forming on Jo.
  FIG. 17 is a diagram for explaining a basic configuration of a vehicle body frame structure having a sub-frame formed of a conventional aluminum extruded material. The vehicle body frame structure 310 supports suspension parts such as a drive system component and a suspension including a power source. This is a structure of a subframe (front subframe) 311 for performing the above.
  The sub-frame 311 includes a front frame portion 312, left and right front corner portions 313 and 313 connected to the left and right ends of the front frame portion 312, and a left frame portion 314 extending rearward from the left front corner portion 313. A right frame portion 314 extending rearward from the right front corner portion 313, left and right rear corner portions 315 and 315 respectively connected to tips of the left and right frame portions 314 and 314, and left and right rear corners. A rear frame portion 316 connected to the portions 315 and 315.
  The sub-frame 311 is formed by using an aluminum alloy extruded material for the front frame portion 312 and the rear frame portion 316, the left and right frame portions 314 and 314, the left and right front corner portions 313 and 313, and the left and right rear corner portions. It is formed in a rectangle.
  However, in the vehicle body frame structure 300 shown in FIG. 16, since the subframe 301 is integrally formed by die casting made of aluminum alloy, the entire frame has high rigidity. For example, an excessive load such as an impact is applied to the subframe 301. In order to improve the load transmission performance that disperses the applied load and absorbs the load and the shape maintenance performance that maintains the initial shape of the subframe 301, There is a problem that it is difficult to increase the mass productivity because it is necessary to form a complicated shape.
  Further, in the vehicle body frame structure 310 shown in FIG. 17, since the sub-frame 311 is made of an extruded material of aluminum alloy, the rigidity of the entire frame is low, for example, a steering gear box (not shown) that generates a large steering reaction force. In order to improve rigidity, it is necessary to increase the plate pressure (thickness) in the fixed portion and the connecting portion to the vehicle body where the road surface vibration is input.
  That is, there is a demand for a vehicle body frame structure that can improve load transmission performance and shape maintenance performance and can suppress an increase in weight.
  The present invention provides a vehicle body frame structure that solves the problem of high rigidity in the entire frame, improves load transmission performance and shape maintenance performance, and increases the plate pressure to improve rigidity. It is an object of the present invention to provide a vehicle body frame structure that solves this problem and can suppress an increase in vehicle body weight.
  The invention according to claim 1 is a vehicle body frame structure provided with a front subframe that supports a drive system component including a power source, a steering component including a steering gear box, and a suspension part including a front suspension, and is supported on the vehicle body side. The front sub-frame is configured to have a substantially cross-beam shape or a substantially rectangular frame, and the left and right front joint portions and the left and right rear joint portions disposed in the substantially cross-beam shape or the substantially rectangular corner are connected to these joint portions. The left and right vertical members and the front / rear horizontal members are formed, and the left and right front joint portions and the left and right rear joint portions are formed of an aluminum alloy die cast product. It is characterized by being made of wrought material.
  For example, it is preferable to improve the load transmission performance and the shape maintenance performance of the front subframe, because it is possible to disperse an input load such as an impact and absorb the load, and the plate pressure is increased. If the rigidity can be improved without doing so, it is preferable because the increase in weight can be suppressed.
  Therefore, the left and right front joints and the left and right rear joints, which are arranged in a corner having a substantially cross-beam shape or a substantially rectangular shape, and the left and right vertical members and the front and rear lateral members that connect these joints, The left and right front joint portions and the left and right rear joint portions are formed of an aluminum alloy die-cast product, and the left and right vertical members are formed of an aluminum alloy wrought material.
  That is, the left and right front joints and the left and right rear joints are formed of aluminum alloy die-cast products, and the left and right vertical members are formed of aluminum alloy wrought material, thereby reducing the load on the front subframe. In addition to improving the transmission performance and the shape maintenance performance, the weight increase is suppressed.
  The invention according to claim 2 is configured by dividing the left and right vertical members into left and right front divided parts and left and right rear divided parts, and the left and right rear divided parts, the left and right rear joint parts, and the rear horizontal members are made of an aluminum alloy. The left reinforcing member made of aluminum alloy wrought material is extended from the left front split part to the left rear joint part, and this left reinforcing member is connected to the left rear part. The right reinforcing member formed of an aluminum alloy wrench is extended from the right front divided portion to the right rear joint portion and fixed to the divided portion and the left rear joint portion. It is fixed to the rear division part and the right rear joint part.
  The left and right rear split parts, left and right rear joint parts, and rear lateral members are integrally formed of an aluminum alloy die-cast product, so that, for example, when a steering component such as a steering gear box is fixed to the rear lateral member, it is strong. To support.
  In addition, the left reinforcing member formed of aluminum alloy wrought material is extended from the left front split part to the left rear joint part, and this left reinforcing member is fixed to the left rear split part and the left rear joint part. And extending the right reinforcing member formed of an aluminum alloy wrought material from the right front split part to the right rear joint part, and connecting the right reinforcing member to the right rear split part and the right rear joint part. By fixing, the load transmission performance and the shape maintenance performance of the front subframe are improved.
According to a third aspect of the present invention, a stabilizer that suppresses the inclination of the vehicle body is fixed to the left rear joint portion and the left reinforcing member and / or to the right rear joint portion and the right reinforcing member. It is characterized by being fixed over the material.
The stabilizer is held on the front subframe even when an excessive load is applied to the stabilizer by fixing it over a rigid die-cast product and a stretchable material.
  In the invention according to claim 1, since the left and right front joint portions and the left and right rear joint portions are formed of an aluminum alloy die-cast product, and the left and right frame portions are formed of an aluminum alloy wrought material, It is possible to improve the load transmission performance and the shape maintenance performance of the front subframe, and to suppress an increase in weight. As a result, there is an advantage that the ride comfort can be improved and the fuel consumption rate can be improved.
  In the invention according to claim 2, since the rear end portions of the left and right vertical members, the left and right rear joint portions, and the rear lateral members are integrally formed of an aluminum alloy die-cast product, for example, the steering gear box is attached to the rear lateral members. When a steering component such as the above is fixed, it can be firmly supported. As a result, there is an advantage that the steering operation feeling can be improved.
  In addition, the left reinforcing member formed of an aluminum alloy wrench is extended from the front end of the left vertical member to the left rear joint, and the left reinforcing member is connected to the rear end of the left vertical member, The right reinforcing member, which is fixed to the rear joint portion and is formed of an aluminum alloy stretch material, is extended from the front end portion of the right vertical member to the right rear joint portion, and the right reinforcing member is extended to the right vertical member. Since the rear end portion and the right rear joint portion are fixed, there is an advantage that further load transmission performance and shape maintenance performance of the front subframe can be improved.
  Since the invention according to claim 3 is fixed over the rigid die-cast product and the extensible material, the stabilizer can be held on the front sub-frame even when an excessive load is applied to the stabilizer. it can. As a result, there is an advantage that the mounting strength of the stabilizer can be improved.
  The best mode for carrying out the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. “Front”, “Rear”, “Left”, “Right”, “Up”, “Down” follow the direction seen from the driver, Fr is front, Rr is rear, L is left, R is right , CL indicates the vehicle body center (vehicle width center).
First, an outline of the vehicle will be described with reference to FIGS.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a front portion of a vehicle according to the present invention. The vehicle body frame (vehicle body) 20 of the vehicle 10 has a front structure with left and right front side frames 21 and 21 extending in front and rear of the vehicle body on both sides of the front of the vehicle body, and on the outer side in the vehicle width direction of these front side frames 21 and 21. In addition, left and right upper frames 22 and 22 extending in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle body above and below, left and right front damper housings 23 and 23 spanned between the front side frames 21 and 21 and the upper frames 22 and 22, and left and right front sides This is a monocoque body mainly composed of the front bulkhead 24 coupled to the front portions of the frames 21 and 21 and the front portions of the left and right upper frames 22 and 22.
The front bulkhead 24 includes a lower cross member 25 extending in the vehicle width direction below the front portions of the left and right front side frames 21, 21, and left and right side stays 26, 26 extending upward from both ends of the lower cross member 25. The upper cross member 27 extending in the vehicle width direction so as to be coupled to the upper ends of the side stays 26 and 26 is a main component.
The upper cross member 27 is formed by extending left and right extension portions 28 and 28 obliquely rearward from both left and right end portions, and is coupled to the left and right upper frames 22 and 22 in the middle along the extension portions 28 and 28.
  Such a vehicle body frame 20 includes front and rear, left and right front parts of the left and right front side frames 21 and 21 and front end parts of the left and right floor frames 31 and 31 extending rearward from the rear ends of the front side frames 21 and 21. The front sub-frame 42 is suspended through four anti-vibration elastic bushes 41 (... indicates a plurality, the same applies hereinafter).
  FIG. 2 is a perspective view around the front side frame according to the present invention. The front subframe 42 has a horizontally placed engine (power source) 43 mounted on the right half and a transmission 44 mounted on the left half. The transmission 44 extends the propeller shaft 45 rearward from the output side to transmit power.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the rear part of the vehicle according to the present invention. The rear part of the vehicle body frame 20 is mainly composed of left and right rear side frames 51, 51 extending in the longitudinal direction on both sides of the rear part of the vehicle body. The rear side frames 51, 51 are provided with four vibration-proof elastic bushes 52,. The rear sub-frame 53 is suspended via
The rear subframe 53 has a rear differential gear box 54 attached thereto in a suspended manner. Of the rear sub-frame 53, the front side horizontal member 202 on the front side is curved so that both ends are horizontal and the central part protrudes upward in order to avoid interference with the rear differential gear box 54, that is, an arch shape. Presents. Reference numeral 201 denotes a vertical member, and 203 denotes a rear horizontal member.
  The power transmitted from the propeller shaft 45 (see FIG. 2) can be distributed and transmitted to the left and right rear wheels by the left and right drive shafts via the rear differential gear in the rear differential gear box 54. As is apparent from the above description and FIGS. 2 and 3, the vehicle 10 is a four-wheel drive vehicle that drives the front and rear wheels with the engine (power source) 43 mounted on the front portion of the vehicle body.
  Next, the overall configuration of the front subframe 42 will be described with reference to FIGS. FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the front sub-frame according to the present invention. FIG. 5 is an explanatory diagram of materials of each member constituting the front subframe according to the present invention. FIG. 6 is a plan view of the front sub-frame according to the present invention. FIG. 7 is an exploded perspective view of the front subframe according to the present invention.
As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, the front subframe 42 is a metal material product, for example, an aluminum product or an aluminum alloy product (hereinafter collectively referred to as “aluminum alloy product”). Among the members shown in FIG. 5, the white material indicates an extruded material (extruded product) or a drawn material (pultruded product) as a wrought material, and the satin pattern material indicates a die-cast product.
Here, the wrought material is a plate, strip, painted plate, painted strip, rod, wire, seamless tube, welded tube, extruded profile, forged product, foil, welding rod formed of aluminum and aluminum alloy. Including all wires.
  As shown in FIGS. 4, 6, and 7, the front sub-frame 42 has a substantially cross-beam shape (# shape) or a square shape in plan view, and left and right vertical members 61, 61 extending in the front-rear direction of the vehicle body. The front horizontal member 62 extending in the left-right direction of the vehicle body to be bridged between the front ends of the vertical members 61, 61, and the rear horizontal member extending in the horizontal direction of the vehicle body to be spanned between the rear ends of the left and right vertical members 61, 61 The composite 63, the left and right first connecting members 64 and 64 as the left and right front joints for connecting the ends of the front horizontal members 62 to the front divided portions 61a and 61a of the left and right vertical members 61 and 61, and the rear Left and right contact plates 65 and 65 (see FIG. 7) as left and right reinforcing members applied to the left and right lower surfaces of the horizontal member composite 63, and the contact plates 65 from the lower surfaces of the front divided portions 61a and 61a of the left and right vertical members 61 and 61, respectively. , 65 second left and right handed over the lower surface Forming member (joining member) 66 (see FIG. 7), made of.
  The left and right vertical members 61, 61 are composed of front division parts 61 a, 61 a and rear division parts 61 b, 61 b formed integrally with the rear horizontal member complex 63. The front division parts 61 a, 61 a are, for example, cylindrical. This is a side member of a molded product in which a square pipe made of an extruded material (extruded product) is partially formed into a concavo-convex shape by bulge molding or the like. The front horizontal member 62 is a round pipe cross member made of, for example, a cylindrical extruded material (extruded product). The left and right first connecting members 64 and 64 are die-cast products having a substantially L shape in a plan view, and are integrally formed with a vehicle body attachment portion 64b having a through hole 64a vertically passing through a corner. The vertical members 61 and 61 and the front horizontal member 62 can be inserted into the left and right first connecting members 64 and 64 and joined together.
  The rear lateral member composite 63 is a cross member made of a die-cast product having a substantially H shape in plan view. More specifically, the rear lateral member composite 63 is a substantially U-shaped cross section when viewed from the side, and is curved in an arc shape that is convex upward, and a rear lateral member 67 provided in the center, Left and right sub-vertical members 71, 71 as left and right rear joints extending in the front-rear direction of the vehicle body at the left and right ends of the rear horizontal member 67, and left and right vertical members 61, 61 extending from the sub-vertical members 71, 71 The rear divided portions 61b and 61b are integrally formed.
  As shown in FIG. 7, the left and right vertical members 61, 61 have rear split portions 61a, 61a and left and right sub-vertical members (left and right rear joint portions) 71, 71 having a downward U-shaped cross-sectional body, The vehicle body attachment portions 73 and 73 having the through holes 72 and 72 penetrating are integrally formed. On the other hand, the left and right contact plates 65, 65 are upward U-shaped cross sections. The rear divided portions 61a and 61a and the sub-vertical members 71 and 71 are closed by crossing and joining the contact plates 65 and 65 to at least the front half of the lower surfaces of the rear divided portions 61a and 61a and the sub-vertical members 71 and 71. It can be.
Further, (1) the front divided portions 61a, 61a of the left and right vertical members 61, 61 are joined to the rear divided portions 61b, 61b integrally formed with the left and right sub-vertical members (left and right rear joint portions) 71, 71. (2) The contact plates 65, 65 are applied to the lower surfaces of the rear division parts 61b, 61b of the left and right vertical members 61, 61 and the lower surfaces of the auxiliary vertical members 71, 71, and the front division parts 61a, 61a and the application plate 65, (3) The front divided portions 61a and 61a of the vertical members 61 and 61 are integrally joined to the rear lateral member composite 63 by joining the second connecting members (joining members) 66 and 66 to 65. Can do.
As is clear from the above description, the contact plates 65 and 65 and the second connecting members 66 and 66 integrally join the front divided portions 61 a and 61 a of the vertical members 61 and 61 to both ends of the rear horizontal member complex 63. It plays the role of a connecting member and a reinforcing member.
Such a rear lateral member composite 63 includes a plurality of (for example, four front and rear, right and left) first boss portions 74 that protrude upward from the left and right ends of the front edge and the rear edge, and the front edge. And a plurality of second boss portions 75 projecting upward from the central portion at the edge of the rear portion.
The left and right sub-vertical members (left and right rear joints) 71, 71 have three arm mounting portions 76 projecting upward at the front upper portion, and a stabilizer bracket bulging upward at the rear upper portion. The mounting portions 77 and 77 are integrally provided.
By the way, the front division parts 61a, 61a of the left and right vertical members 61, 61 have brackets (recesses) 81, 81 (see FIG. 8) that are open to the outside in the vehicle body width direction. The front division 61a of the left vertical member 61 includes a die-cast cover 83 that closes the transmission supporting opening 82 that is open at the top.
The front horizontal member 62 has a power plant support portion 84 attached to the upper center and a jack-up portion 85 attached to the lower center.
Next, the bracket 81 provided in the front division part 61a of the left vertical member 61 will be described with reference to FIGS. The bracket 81 provided at the front division 61a of the right vertical member 61 has the same configuration as that on the left, and thus the description thereof is omitted.
FIGS. 8A and 8B are configuration diagrams of the left vertical member according to the present invention, and FIG. 8A shows the configuration of the main part of the front dividing portion 61a of the left vertical member 61. FIG. FIG. 8B shows the configuration of the main part of the vertical member 61 broken along the line bb in FIG.
9A and 9B are configuration diagrams of the left vertical member according to the present invention. FIG. 9A shows a cross-sectional configuration taken along line bb in FIG. FIG. 9B shows a bush mounting structure in which the elastic bush 100 is mounted on the cross-sectional portion of FIG.
As shown in FIGS. 8 and 9A, the front division portion 61a of the left vertical member 61 is a frame formed of a cylindrical member. The cylindrical member is composed of an upper plate 91, an outer side plate 92, and a lower plate. It is a member formed by a plate 93 and an inner side plate 94 in a substantially rectangular closed cross section. The outer side plate 92 corresponds to the left side surface of the front sub-frame 42 shown in FIG.
Such a front split portion 61a of the left vertical member 61 is configured to be recessed in the middle of the longitudinal direction, as shown in FIG. 81 is a bracket, and a through hole 97 a is formed in the bottom 97 of the recess 81.
  The concrete structure of the recess 81 is that the outer side plate 92 is folded back from the edge of the upper plate 91 and the edge of the lower plate 93 into a closed cross section, and the upper and lower plates are moved inward through the upper and lower folded portions 95, 95. The upper and lower bracket plate portions 96, 96 are extended along the plates 91, 93, the bottom 97 is between the extended tips, and a through hole 97 a is opened in the bottom 97.
The upper bracket plate portion 96 is a flat plate in contact with the inner surface of the upper plate 91, and the lower bracket plate portion 96 is a flat plate in contact with the inner surface of the lower plate 93. In this manner, the upper and lower bracket plate portions 96 and 96 can be formed on the inner surface of the recess 81.
As shown in FIG. 9, the bottom 97 is a flat plate substantially parallel to the inner side plate 94 at a position having a certain gap from the inner side plate 94. The through hole 97 a is a large hole that opens to the vicinity of the upper and lower edges of the bottom 97. Since the bottom 97 is less affected by external force, the vertical member 61 can be reduced in weight by opening the through hole 97a.
  As shown in FIG. 9 (a), the folded portions 95, 95 have an annular cross-sectional shape that slightly bulges up and down from the edge of the upper plate / lower plate 91, 93 to the bracket plate portions 96, 96. It is the part that turned back to. Therefore, the folded portions 95, 95 have certain space portions S1, S1. Therefore, it can be said that the folded portions 95 and 95 are portions formed continuously with the vertical member 61 that is a cylindrical member. The turned-up portions 95 and 95 and the bracket plate portions 96 and 96 face each other through the fixed space portions S1 and S1.
  As is clear from the above description, the recess 81, that is, the bracket 81, has bracket plate portions 96 and 96, and folded portions 95 and 95 that are folded back from the bracket plate portions 96 and 96. Thus, the bracket 81 is characterized in that it is integrally provided in the middle of the longitudinal member 61 (see FIG. 8A) formed of a cylindrical frame. Furthermore, the bracket 81 has a bolt through-hole 98 penetrating vertically. The bolt through hole 98 penetrates the upper plate 91, the lower plate 93 and the upper and lower bracket plate portions 96, 96.
  FIG. 9B shows a bush mounting structure in which the elastic bush 100 is mounted on the vertical member 61 with a bracket 81. The elastic bush 100 is a vibration isolating member having a configuration in which an inner cylinder 101 and an outer cylinder 102 surrounding the inner cylinder 101 are connected by an elastic body 103 such as a rubber, and an arm member such as a lower arm of a front suspension is connected to the outer cylinder 102. 112 is integrally provided.
The bracket 81 is arranged so that both ends of the inner cylinder 101 are sandwiched between bracket plate portions 96 and 96, and are attached by bolts 104 through the inner cylinder 101 and bolt through holes 98. . The upper and lower bracket plate portions 96, 96 have a flat surface in contact with each end surface of the inner cylinder 101.
The upper plate 91 and the upper bracket plate portion 96 are overlapped with each other, and the lower plate 93 and the lower bracket plate portion 96 are overlapped to increase rigidity, and the elastic bush 100 is fastened by two plates on the upper and lower sides. Can support.
Next, the configuration around the front sub-frame 42 and the front suspension 110 will be described with reference to FIGS. Since the left and right front suspensions 110, 110 have the same configuration, only the left side will be described and the right side will be omitted.
FIG. 10 is a perspective view in which the front suspension and the steering gear box are attached to the front subframe according to the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a plan view of a main part in which a front suspension is attached to a front subframe according to the present invention.
FIG. 12 is an exploded view of the front subframe, the front suspension, and the steering gear box according to the present invention.
  As shown in FIG. 10, the left front suspension 110 includes an upper arm 111 attached to the front side frame 21 so as to be able to swing up and down, a front split portion 61 a of the left vertical member 61 and a left sub-vertical member (left rear joint). Main part): a lower arm 112 swingably attached to 71), a front cushion 113 attached between the lower arm 112 and the front damper housing 23 (see FIG. 1), an upper arm 111, and a knuckle 114 connected to the lower arm 112. The front wheel suspension device suspends the front wheel on the body frame 20.
As shown in FIGS. 10 to 12, the lower arm 112 is a substantially Y-shaped member in plan view that extends from the knuckle coupling portion 121 that couples the knuckle 114 to the front front arm 122 and the rear rear arm 123. It is. The tip of the front arm 122 is attached to the bracket 81 of the vertical member 61 via the elastic bush 100 so as to be able to swing up and down with a bolt 104 (see also FIG. 9B). On the other hand, the front end portion of the rear arm 123 is attached to the rear bracket 124 via an elastic bush (not shown) so that it can swing up and down with a bolt 125. The rear bracket 124 is attached to the arm attaching portions 76... Of the sub vertical member (rear joint portion) 71 with bolts 126.
  The sub-vertical member (rear joint portion) 71 is obtained by attaching a stabilizer bracket 131 to the stabilizer bracket attaching portion 77 with bolts 132 and 132. The stabilizer bracket 131 is a member that supports a rod-shaped stabilizer 133 that connects the left and right lower arms 112 (only the left is shown).
  The rear lateral member 67 (rear lateral member complex 63) also serves as a member for fixing the steering gear box 141 extending in the left-right direction of the vehicle body. The steering gear box 141 is a member that houses a gear mechanism (for example, a power steering gear mechanism) for converting a steering force of a steering handle (not shown) into a steering force in the left-right direction of the vehicle body and taking it out from the tie rod 142. The tie rod 142 is connected to the arm 114a of the knuckle 114.
  A steering gear box 141 and an aluminum die-cast cover 143 are stacked in this order on the rear side member 67 (rear side member complex 63) in this order, and these members are attached to the first boss part 74. Further, the steering gear box 141 can be attached to the front subframe 42 by fastening the cover 143 to the second boss 75 with bolts 145.
The anti-vibration elastic bush 41 that mounts the four corners of the front sub-frame 42 at the lower part of the vehicle body frame 20 (see FIG. 1) includes upper and lower elastic bush members 151 and 152 and mounting bolts 153.
The transmission supporting opening 82 of the left vertical member 61 is for attaching an anti-vibration elastic bush 161 to the cover 83 with bolts 162. The elastic bush 161 is a member for mounting the transmission 44 (see FIG. 2) on the front subframe 42.
  FIGS. 13A to 13C are explanatory views showing the operation of the front subframe of the vehicle body frame structure according to the present invention, in which FIG. 13A is a plan view of the front subframe, FIG. 13B is a side view of the front subframe, (C) shows the bottom surface of the front subframe.
  The vehicle body frame structure according to the present invention supports driving system parts including a power source (engine) 43 (see FIG. 2), steering parts including a steering gear box 141 (see FIG. 10), and suspension parts including a front suspension 110. In addition, in the vehicle body frame structure including the front subframe 42 supported on the vehicle body frame (vehicle body) 20 side, as shown in FIG. 13A, the front subframe 42 is made of an aluminum alloy (including aluminum. The same applies hereinafter. ) And the left and right first connecting portions 64 and 64 (hereinafter referred to as “left and right front joint portions 64 and 64”) arranged in a substantially cross-beam shaped or substantially rectangular corner. And left and right auxiliary vertical members 71 and 71 (hereinafter referred to as “left and right rear joint portions 71 and 71”), Left and right vertical members 61, 61 and front / rear horizontal members 62, 67 connecting the joint portions 64, 64, 71, 71, left and right front joint portions 64, 64 and left and right rear joints. It can be said that the portions 71 and 71 are formed of an aluminum alloy die-cast product, and the left and right vertical members 61 and 61 are formed of an aluminum alloy wrought material.
  For example, it is preferable to improve the load transmission performance and the shape maintenance performance of the front subframe, because it is possible to disperse an input load such as an impact and absorb the load, and the plate pressure is increased. If the rigidity can be improved without doing so, it is preferable because the increase in weight can be suppressed.
  Therefore, the front sub-frame 42 is formed of an aluminum alloy into a substantially cross-girder shape or a substantially rectangular frame, and the left and right front joint parts 64 and 64 and the left and right rear joint parts disposed at a substantially cross-girder shape or a substantially rectangular corner. 71, 71 and left and right vertical members 61, 61 and front / rear horizontal members 62, 67 that connect these joint portions 64, 64, 71, 71, and left and right front joint portions 64, 64. The left and right rear joint portions 71, 71 are formed of an aluminum alloy die-cast product, and the left and right vertical members 61, 61 are formed of an aluminum alloy wrought material.
  That is, in FIG. 13 (b), left and right front joint parts 64, 64 (left 64 is not shown) and left and right rear joint parts 71, 71 (left 71 is not shown) are made of an aluminum alloy die-cast product. The left and right vertical members 61, 61 (the left 61 is not shown) are formed of an aluminum alloy wrought material, so that the load transmission performance and the shape maintenance performance of the front subframe 42 can be improved. While improving, it can aim at suppression of a weight increase. As a result, the ride comfort can be improved and the fuel consumption rate can be improved.
  In the vehicle body frame structure according to the present invention, the left and right vertical members 61 and 61 are divided into left and right front division parts 61a and 61a and left and right rear division parts 61b and 61b in FIGS. The left and right rear divided portions 61b and 61b, the left and right rear joint portions 71 and 71, and the rear lateral member 67 are integrally formed of an aluminum alloy die cast product, and the left successor from the left front divided portion 61a. A left patch plate 65 (hereinafter referred to as “left reinforcing member 65”) formed of an aluminum alloy wrought material is extended to the hand portion 71, and the left reinforcing member 65 is connected to the left rear divided portion 61b and A right caul plate 65 (hereinafter, “right reinforcing member 65”) fixed to the left rear joint portion 71 and formed of an aluminum alloy stretch material from the right front split portion 61a to the right rear joint portion 71. ) And extend this It can be said that fixed the right reinforcing member 65 to the dividing portion 61b and the right successor hand portion 71 after the right.
  The left and right rear split portions 61b and 61b, the left and right rear joint portions 71 and 71, and the rear lateral member 67 are integrally formed of an aluminum alloy die-cast product, so that, for example, the steering gear box 141 ( When a steering component such as FIG. 10) is fixed, it can be firmly supported. As a result, the steering operation feeling can be improved.
  Further, the left reinforcing member 65 formed of a wrought material of an aluminum alloy is extended from the left front divided portion 61a to the left rear joint portion 71, and this left reinforcing member 65 is connected to the left rear divided portion 61b and the left rear divided portion 61b. The right reinforcing member 65 (see FIG. 7), which is fixed to the rear joint portion 71 and is formed of an aluminum alloy stretch material, is extended from the right front split portion 61a to the right rear joint portion 71, and this right reinforcement is provided. By fixing the member 65 to the right rear split portion 61b and the right rear joint portion 71, it is possible to improve the load transmission performance and the shape maintenance performance of the front subframe 42.
Here, the load transmission performance is the ability to disperse the input load and absorb the load when an excessive load is input to the front sub-frame 42. By increasing the load transmission performance, The impact absorbability of the frame 42 can be improved.
The shape maintenance performance is the ability to maintain the initial shape of the front sub-frame 42, and means that the rigidity of the front sub-frame 42 is improved by increasing the shape maintenance performance.
FIG. 14 is a perspective view showing the mounting portion of the stabilizer of the vehicle body frame structure according to the present invention. By fixing the stabilizer 133 that suppresses the inclination of the vehicle body to the left rear joint portion 71 and the left reinforcing member 65, the die casting is fixed. Indicates that the product is fixed over the stretch material.
Note that the stabilizer 133 is also fixed to the right rear joint 71 and the right reinforcing member 65 shown in FIG.
  FIG. 15 is a perspective view showing a mounting cross section of a stabilizer having a vehicle body frame structure according to the present invention. The die cast product (left and right rear joint portions 71, 71) and the extensible material (left and right reinforcing members 65) are highly rigid. , 65), the stabilizer 133 can be held on the front sub-frame 42 even when an excessive load is applied to the stabilizer 133. As a result, the mounting strength of the stabilizer 133 can be improved.
  The vehicle body frame structure according to the present invention is a vehicle body frame structure provided with a front subframe 42 as shown in FIG. 4, but is not limited to this, and is a rear subframe that supports the periphery of the rear wheel. There may be.
  In the vehicle body frame structure according to the present invention, as described with reference to FIG. 14, the stabilizer 133 is fixed to the left rear joint portion 71 and the left reinforcing member 65, and the right rear joint portion 71 and the right reinforcing member 65. The stabilizer is fixed to only one of the combination of the left rear joint and the left reinforcing member, or the right rear joint and the right reinforcing member. May be.
  As shown in FIG. 13, the vehicle body frame structure according to the present invention comprises aluminum alloy die-cast products in which the left and right vertical members 61, 61 have rear divided portions 61b, 61b, left and right rear joint portions 71, 71, and a rear horizontal member 67. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the left and right rear joint portions and the rear lateral members may be integrally formed of a die-cast product.
  The vehicle body frame structure according to the present invention is suitable for use in a vehicle such as a four-wheel drive vehicle in which a drive system component including a power source, a steering component such as a steering, and a suspension component such as a suspension are attached to the frame.
It is a perspective view of the front part of the vehicle concerning the present invention. It is a perspective view around the front side frame according to the present invention. It is a perspective view of the rear part of the vehicle concerning the present invention. It is a perspective view of the front subframe concerning the present invention. It is material explanatory drawing of each member which comprises the front sub-frame which concerns on this invention. It is a top view of the front subframe concerning the present invention. It is a disassembled perspective view of the front sub-frame which concerns on this invention. It is a block diagram of the left vertical member which concerns on this invention. It is a block diagram of the left vertical member which concerns on this invention. It is the perspective view which attached the front suspension and the steering gear box to the front sub-frame which concerns on this invention. It is a principal part top view which attached the front suspension to the front sub-frame which concerns on this invention. FIG. 4 is an exploded view of a front suspension and a steering gear box in the front subframe according to the present invention. It is explanatory drawing which shows the effect | action of the front sub-frame of the vehicle body frame structure which concerns on this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the attachment part of the stabilizer of the vehicle body frame structure which concerns on this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the attachment cross section of the stabilizer of the vehicle body frame structure which concerns on this invention. It is a figure explaining the basic composition of the body frame structure which has the subframe made from the conventional aluminum die-casting. It is a figure explaining the basic composition of the body frame structure which has the subframe formed with the conventional aluminum extrusion material.
Explanation of symbols
  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Vehicle, 20 ... Body frame, 42 ... Front sub-frame, 43 ... Power source (engine), 61 ... Left and right vertical members, 61a ... Front division part, 61b ... Rear division part, 62 ... Front side horizontal member, 63 ... rear horizontal member complex, 64 ... left and right front joints (first connecting members), 65 ... left and right reinforcing members (pads), 67 ... rear horizontal members, 71 ... left and right rear joints (sub-vertical members) , 110 ... Front suspension, 133 ... Stabilizer, 141 ... Steering gear box.

Claims (3)

  1. In a vehicle body frame structure including a front subframe that supports a drive system component including a power source, a steering component including a steering gear box, a suspension part including a front suspension, and a vehicle body side,
    The front sub-frame is a frame having a substantially cross-girder shape or a substantially rectangular shape, and the left and right front joint portions and the left and right rear joint portions disposed in a substantially cross-beam shape or a substantially rectangular corner, and the left and right joints connecting these joint portions. It consists of vertical members and front / rear horizontal members,
    The vehicle body frame structure characterized in that the left and right front joint portions and the left and right rear joint portions are formed of an aluminum alloy die-cast product, and the left and right vertical members are formed of an aluminum alloy wrought material. .
  2.   The left and right vertical members are divided into left and right front divided parts and left and right rear divided parts, and the left and right rear divided parts, left and right rear joint parts and rear horizontal members are integrated with an aluminum alloy die-cast product. And extending a left reinforcing member formed of a wrought material of an aluminum alloy from the left front divided portion to the left rear joint portion, and the left reinforcing member is extended to the left rear divided portion and The right reinforcing member is fixed to the left rear joint portion, and the right reinforcing member formed of an aluminum alloy wrought material is extended from the right front split portion to the right rear joint portion. The vehicle body frame structure according to claim 1, wherein the vehicle body frame structure is fixed to the rear division part and the right rear joint part.
  3. A stabilizer that suppresses the inclination of the vehicle body is fixed to the left rear joint portion and the left reinforcing member and / or to the right rear joint portion and the right reinforcing member, thereby straddling the die-cast product and the extension material. The vehicle body frame structure according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the vehicle body frame structure is fixed.
JP2004103569A 2004-03-31 2004-03-31 Body frame structure Expired - Fee Related JP4247903B2 (en)

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JP2004103569A JP4247903B2 (en) 2004-03-31 2004-03-31 Body frame structure
CN 200580000230 CN1771160B (en) 2004-03-31 2005-03-29 Vehicle body frame structure
PCT/JP2005/006562 WO2005095181A1 (en) 2004-03-31 2005-03-29 Vehicle body frame structure
EP20050721702 EP1731409B1 (en) 2004-03-31 2005-03-29 Vehicle body frame structure
US10/588,002 US7520514B2 (en) 2004-03-31 2005-03-29 Body frame structure

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JP2009051449A (en) * 2007-08-29 2009-03-12 Mitsubishi Alum Co Ltd Lower member structure of vehicle
JP2011502853A (en) * 2007-11-08 2011-01-27 カーエスエム キャスティングス ゲーエムベーハー Front axle carrier for automobiles
KR101319400B1 (en) 2011-12-15 2013-10-17 현대자동차주식회사 Subframe structure of vehicle
JP2014237402A (en) * 2013-06-10 2014-12-18 スズキ株式会社 Vehicle rear structure
DE102016119566A1 (en) 2015-10-23 2017-04-27 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha suspension member
WO2018065510A1 (en) * 2016-10-06 2018-04-12 Kirchhoff Automotive Deutschland Gmbh Support structure for a vehicle
JP2018065461A (en) * 2016-10-19 2018-04-26 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Suspension member
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KR101637265B1 (en) 2010-11-01 2016-07-08 현대자동차 주식회사 Sub-frame of vehicle
CN102582690A (en) * 2012-03-05 2012-07-18 苏州奥杰汽车工业有限公司 Aluminum alloy automotive body skeleton
CN102745233A (en) * 2012-06-20 2012-10-24 上海沿锋汽车科技有限公司 Combined aluminium alloy car frame
CN103057598A (en) * 2013-01-05 2013-04-24 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Vehicular front wall assembly
EP3274245B1 (en) * 2015-03-23 2019-06-05 Sistemi Sospensioni S.p.A. Metal cross member with composite fibre subframe
GB2538954A (en) * 2015-05-29 2016-12-07 Ford Global Tech Llc Engine mount assembly for a motor vehicle
CN105109555A (en) * 2015-09-06 2015-12-02 上海友升铝业有限公司 Fully extrusion-molded aluminum alloy auxiliary vehicle frame
US10086873B2 (en) * 2016-01-06 2018-10-02 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Extruded multi-component motor vehicle sub-frame
JP2019171933A (en) * 2018-03-27 2019-10-10 マツダ株式会社 Front part vehicle body structure of vehicle

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JP2009051449A (en) * 2007-08-29 2009-03-12 Mitsubishi Alum Co Ltd Lower member structure of vehicle
JP2011502853A (en) * 2007-11-08 2011-01-27 カーエスエム キャスティングス ゲーエムベーハー Front axle carrier for automobiles
KR101319400B1 (en) 2011-12-15 2013-10-17 현대자동차주식회사 Subframe structure of vehicle
JP2014237402A (en) * 2013-06-10 2014-12-18 スズキ株式会社 Vehicle rear structure
DE102016119566A1 (en) 2015-10-23 2017-04-27 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha suspension member
JP2017081255A (en) * 2015-10-23 2017-05-18 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Suspension member
US9889886B2 (en) 2015-10-23 2018-02-13 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Suspension member
US10676132B2 (en) 2016-07-06 2020-06-09 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Suspension member
WO2018065510A1 (en) * 2016-10-06 2018-04-12 Kirchhoff Automotive Deutschland Gmbh Support structure for a vehicle
US10882559B2 (en) 2016-10-06 2021-01-05 Kirchhoff Automotive Deutschland Gmbh Support structure for a vehicle
JP2018065461A (en) * 2016-10-19 2018-04-26 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Suspension member
US10286960B2 (en) 2016-10-19 2019-05-14 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Suspension member

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CN1771160B (en) 2011-11-23
CN1771160A (en) 2006-05-10

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