JP2005271982A - Small item supplying device of vertical bag filling/packaging device - Google Patents

Small item supplying device of vertical bag filling/packaging device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2005271982A
JP2005271982A JP2004091001A JP2004091001A JP2005271982A JP 2005271982 A JP2005271982 A JP 2005271982A JP 2004091001 A JP2004091001 A JP 2004091001A JP 2004091001 A JP2004091001 A JP 2004091001A JP 2005271982 A JP2005271982 A JP 2005271982A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
packaging
filling
small
small article
belt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2004091001A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP4323996B2 (en
Inventor
Masaji Kogure
政次 木暮
Original Assignee
Kawashima Packaging Mach Ltd
株式会社川島製作所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kawashima Packaging Mach Ltd, 株式会社川島製作所 filed Critical Kawashima Packaging Mach Ltd
Priority to JP2004091001A priority Critical patent/JP4323996B2/en
Publication of JP2005271982A publication Critical patent/JP2005271982A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4323996B2 publication Critical patent/JP4323996B2/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a small item supplying device of a vertical bag filling/packaging device for dispersing small items to the extent at least not to contact with others during transfer, by a belt conveyer for supplying the items to be packaged to a filling tube. <P>SOLUTION: The small item supplying device 1 of a vertical bag filling/packaging device 100 has a filling tube 101 where a plurality of small items a are inputted, and is provided with a belt conveyer 2 for transferring the small items a to the filling tube 101 and a magnetic feeder 3 for vibrating the conveyer 2. Even if the small items are in a lump form, at the beginning during transfer on the conveyer 2, by the vibration transmitted via the belt 12 from the feeder 3, they are dispersed properly. Because the items a are inputted into the tube 101 in a dispersed state, generations of bridge in the tube 101 and in an R chute 6 are prevented. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2006,JPO&NCIPI

Description

この発明は、充填筒を備えた縦型製袋充填包装装置において包装すべき複数の小物品を充填筒に向けて供給する小物品供給装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a small article supply apparatus that supplies a plurality of small articles to be packed toward a filling cylinder in a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus including a filling cylinder.
従来、供給される包装材から袋を成形しながらその内部に製品を充填し包装する包装装置の一型式として、縦型製袋充填包装装置が良く知られている。縦型製袋充填包装装置は、ウェブ状包装フィルムからフォーマと称される成形器によって筒状包装フィルムを成形し、充填筒の外周面を走行する筒状包装フィルムから包装袋を形成しつつ当該充填筒内に製品を投入し、製品が投入された包装袋の上部で筒状包装フィルムを横方向にシール等を施すことによって、製品入りの袋包装体を連続的に製造する装置である。   2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus is well known as a type of packaging apparatus that fills and packs a product inside a bag formed from a supplied packaging material. The vertical bag-making filling and packaging apparatus forms a cylindrical packaging film from a web-shaped packaging film by a former called a former, and forms a packaging bag from the cylindrical packaging film that runs on the outer peripheral surface of the filling cylinder. This is an apparatus for continuously manufacturing a bag package containing products by putting the product into a filling cylinder and sealing the cylindrical packaging film in the lateral direction at the upper part of the packaging bag into which the product is charged.
縦型製袋充填包装装置に包装する製品としては、一個毎の製品もあるが、個々に包装された飴やキャンディ、チョコレート、クッキーのような小粒の食品に代表されるような、ばらの小物品がある。このようなばらの小物品は、通常、管理された個数や重量を包装単位として包装される。   As products to be packaged in the vertical bag filling and packaging equipment, there are also individual products, but small products such as candy, chocolate, cookies, etc. There are goods. Such loose small articles are usually packaged by using a controlled number or weight as a packaging unit.
ばらの小物品を縦型製袋充填包装装置に供給するには、多数の小物品を集積部に集積しておき、集積された小物品を集積部の出口から供給手段によって縦型製袋充填包装装置の充填筒の上方にまで供給している。集積部の出口には、通常、計量部が備わっており、包装単位となる重量や個数を計測して、所定の量・個数の製品を供給手段に送り出している。供給手段としては、ベルトコンベア又はシュートが挙げられる。充填筒の入り口には、通常、充填筒への導入用として広口のホッパが設けられており、供給手段から搬出された小物品は、ホッパ内に流し込まれ、ホッパの斜面を滑りながら充填筒に投入される。   In order to supply small small articles to the vertical bag making and filling device, a large number of small articles are accumulated in the accumulating section, and the accumulated small articles are filled into the vertical bag by means of supplying from the outlet of the accumulating section. It is supplied even above the filling cylinder of the packaging device. The outlet of the accumulating unit is usually provided with a measuring unit, which measures the weight and number of packaging units and sends a predetermined amount / number of products to the supply means. Examples of the supply means include a belt conveyor or a chute. At the entrance of the filling cylinder, a wide hopper is usually provided for introduction into the filling cylinder, and small articles carried out from the supply means are poured into the hopper and slide into the filling cylinder while sliding on the slope of the hopper. It is thrown.
導入用のホッパは、通常、出口側が次第に窄んだ漏斗状に構成されているので、ホッパ内に流し込まれた多数の小物品は、ホッパの出口側で内壁面に引っ掛かるブリッジ現象が生じることがある。特に、ホッパの出口や充填筒の入り口の開口寸法よりも包装物の寸法がその向きによっては大きくなる場合や、多数の小物品のホッパへの投入時に小物品が十分分散されずに塊となって一斉に投入された場合に、ブリッジ現象が発生しやすい。   Since the introduction hopper is usually configured in a funnel shape with the outlet side gradually narrowed, a large number of small articles poured into the hopper may cause a bridging phenomenon that is caught on the inner wall surface on the hopper outlet side. is there. In particular, when the size of the package is larger than the opening size of the hopper outlet and the inlet of the filling cylinder depending on the direction, or when a large number of small articles are put into the hopper, the small articles are not sufficiently dispersed and become a lump. The bridge phenomenon is likely to occur when all of them are put together.
自動袋詰包装器に用いられるホッパ内で生じる物品のブリッジ対策の一例として、本出願人は、相互に進行速度が異なるとともに間隔を有する数条のロープ状のコンベアベルトよりなる位相装置をもって一定の高さに揃える装置の助けをへて案内筒へと移送し、案内筒の上部には上方を広く、下方にゆく程次第に狭くなる滑らかな内径曲線を有する回転円筒と回転円筒部分に近接して固定した舌片とを設けた充填装置を提案している(特許文献1)。進行速度が異なる数条のロープ状のコンベアベルトによって、被包装物の一列での搬送を可能とするとともに、この充填装置に関連する供給装置として、コンベアの上方に回転ブラシを設けることで、ある高さ以上の被包装物をブラシの回転力でコンベヤ上でずらし、一定の高さにならし、ホッパや案内筒でのブリッジの発生防止を図っている。
実公昭49−8691号公報(第2欄第26行〜第3欄第11行、第3欄第28行〜同欄第36行、図1、図2、図4)
As an example of countermeasures against bridging of articles generated in a hopper used in an automatic bagging and packaging device, the present applicant has a phase device composed of several rope-shaped conveyor belts having different traveling speeds and intervals. Move to the guide cylinder with the help of the device to align the height, close to the rotating cylinder and the rotating cylinder part with a smooth inner diameter curve that widens the upper part at the top of the guide cylinder and gradually becomes narrower as it goes down The filling device provided with the fixed tongue piece is proposed (patent document 1). A number of rope-like conveyor belts with different traveling speeds enable conveyance in a single row of packages, and as a supply device related to this filling device, a rotating brush is provided above the conveyor, The objects to be wrapped that are higher than the height are shifted on the conveyor by the rotational force of the brush, and are leveled to prevent bridges in the hopper and guide cylinder.
Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 49-8691 (column 2, line 26 to column 3, line 11, column 3, line 28 to column 36, line 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 4)
包装すべき小物品をホッパから充填筒へ直接に供給する場合には、小物品がホッパから一度に充填筒に投入されやすく、その結果、ホッパの出口や充填筒内でブリッジが発生しやすい。また、ホッパの高さが高くなると充填筒内への投入の際に小物品に作用する衝撃が大きくなり、包装物の種類によっては破損を生じるという問題もある。そこで、包装すべき小物品の充填筒への供給をベルトコンベアで行えば、充填筒への供給はベルトコンベアの搬送速度によるので、ホッパによる供給と比較すれば塊となって一度に投入されることがある程度少なくなることが期待される。また、コンベア搬送出口から充填筒への投入高さも低くして、包装物に作用する衝撃を比較的少なくすることが可能である。   When the small article to be packaged is supplied directly from the hopper to the filling cylinder, the small article is easily put into the filling cylinder at a time from the hopper, and as a result, a bridge is likely to occur at the outlet of the hopper or in the filling cylinder. Further, when the height of the hopper is increased, an impact acting on the small article is increased when the hopper is put into the filling cylinder, and there is a problem that breakage occurs depending on the type of the package. Therefore, if the small articles to be packaged are supplied to the filling cylinder by the belt conveyor, the supply to the filling cylinder depends on the conveying speed of the belt conveyor, so that it is put in a lump as compared with the supply by the hopper. This is expected to be reduced to some extent. In addition, it is possible to reduce the impact acting on the package by reducing the height of the charging from the conveyor conveyance outlet to the filling cylinder.
しかしながら、ベルトコンベアによる充填筒への小物品の供給については、ベルトコンベア上で多数の小物品が必ずしも十分に分散されず、小物品同士が互いに接触した或いは非常に近接した状態で搬送される場合もある。そうした場合には、依然として充填筒や充填筒の直前に設けられた導入用のシュートやホッパにおいて小物品のブリッジが発生する可能性がある。また、ブリッジ防止のために採用する構造が複雑になると、包装機械の製造コストやメンテナンス費用の上昇につながる。   However, regarding the supply of small articles to the filling cylinder by the belt conveyor, a large number of small articles are not necessarily sufficiently dispersed on the belt conveyor, and the small articles are conveyed in a state of being in contact with each other or very close to each other. There is also. In such a case, there is still a possibility that a small article bridge may be generated in the filling cylinder or the introduction chute or hopper provided immediately before the filling cylinder. In addition, if the structure used to prevent bridging is complicated, the manufacturing cost and maintenance cost of the packaging machine will increase.
そこで、充填筒を備えた縦型製袋充填包装装置において、包装すべき小物品を充填筒に供給するベルトコンベアによる搬送中に、小物品同士を少なくとも互いに接触しない程度に分散させる状態にする点で解決すべき課題がある。   Therefore, in the vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus provided with the filling cylinder, the small articles are at least dispersed so as not to contact each other during conveyance by the belt conveyor that supplies the small articles to be packed to the filling cylinder. There is a problem to be solved.
この発明の目的は、包装すべき小物品を充填筒に供給するベルトコンベアによって小物品を搬送するうちに、ベルトコンベア上で小物品同士を互いに少なくとも接触しない程度に分散させることによって、小物品をベルトコンベアの搬送出口から充填筒に投入するときに、小物品が充填筒やその導入用のシュートやホッパ内でブリッジを形成することを防止し、縦型製袋充填包装装置の運転停止を回避して、効率的な運転を確保することができる縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置を提供することである。   The object of the present invention is to disperse the small articles on the belt conveyor so that the small articles are not at least in contact with each other while the small articles are conveyed by the belt conveyor that supplies the small articles to be packed to the filling cylinder. Prevents small articles from forming bridges in the filling cylinder, its introduction chute or hopper when it is put into the filling cylinder from the conveyor conveyor's exit, avoiding the shutdown of the vertical bag making filling and packaging device Then, it is providing the small article supply apparatus in the vertical type bag making filling packaging apparatus which can ensure an efficient driving | operation.
上記の課題を解決するため、この発明による縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置は、複数の小物品が包装単位として投入される充填筒を備えた縦型製袋充填包装装置において前記小物品を前記充填筒に向けて供給する小物品供給装置であって、前記小物品を前記充填筒に向けて搬送するベルトコンベアと、搬送中の前記小物品を分散させるために前記ベルトコンベアに振動を与える振動フィーダとを備えていることを特徴とする。   In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, a small article supply device in a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus according to the present invention is the vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus provided with a filling cylinder into which a plurality of small articles are fed as a packaging unit. A small article supply device for supplying small articles toward the filling cylinder, the belt conveyer conveying the small articles toward the filling cylinder, and the belt conveyor for dispersing the small articles being conveyed. And a vibration feeder for applying vibration.
この縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置によれば、小物品を充填筒に向けて搬送するベルトコンベアに振動フィーダによって振動を与えているので、ベルトコンベア上で搬送中の小物品には、振動フィーダからコンベアを介して伝わる振動によって接触しようとすると互いを反発させる方向の力が作用し、結局、コンベアベルトで搬送されているうちに適宜に分散される。複数の小物品が包装単位として充填筒内に投入される際に、分散された小物品は一度に投入されることなく逐次充填されるので、コンベアベルトの出口から充填筒内に至る間で小物品のブリッジが発生することを防止することができる。   According to the small article supply device in this vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus, vibration is applied to the belt conveyor that conveys the small articles toward the filling cylinder by the vibration feeder, so that the small articles being conveyed on the belt conveyor When a contact is made by vibration transmitted from the vibration feeder through the conveyor, a force in a direction to repel each other acts, and eventually the power is properly dispersed while being conveyed by the conveyor belt. When a plurality of small articles are put into the filling cylinder as a packaging unit, the dispersed small articles are sequentially filled without being charged at a time. The occurrence of bridging of articles can be prevented.
この縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置において、前記ベルトコンベアの出口と前記充填筒の投入口との間を、前記小物品が滑り落ちる傾斜路を備えたシュート又はホッパで接続することができる。ベルトコンベアの出口と充填筒の投入口との間を充填筒への導入用のシュート又はホッパで接続することによって、ベルトコンベアによって分散された状態の小物品は、その出口から搬出されてシュート又はホッパに送り込まれるが、その分散状態が維持されたまま傾斜路を滑り降りて、充填筒の投入口から投入される。   In the small article supply apparatus in the vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus, the outlet of the belt conveyor and the inlet of the filling cylinder may be connected by a chute or hopper provided with an inclined path through which the small articles slide. it can. By connecting the outlet of the belt conveyor and the inlet of the filling cylinder with a chute or hopper for introduction into the filling cylinder, the small articles dispersed by the belt conveyor are carried out from the outlet and taken into the chute or Although it is fed into the hopper, it slides down the ramp with the dispersion state maintained, and is fed from the charging port of the filling cylinder.
この縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置において、前記シュート又はホッパの入り口上方には、前記傾斜路の傾斜方向と概略平行な方向にエアジェットを吹き出すエアインジェクタを設けることができる。シュート又はホッパを降りる小物品は、その上壁に衝突すると、搬送速度が低下し後続の小物品と互いに衝突してシュート又はホッパ内でブリッジが発生しやすくなる。シュート又はホッパの入り口上方に設けられたエアインジェクタから傾斜路の傾斜方向と概略平行な方向にエアジェットを吹き出すことで、小物品がシュート又はホッパの上壁に衝突しようとするのが気流の力で抑えられる。したがって、小物品はシュート又はホッパの上壁に衝突することなく降下することが可能になる。   In the small article supply apparatus in the vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus, an air injector that blows out an air jet in a direction substantially parallel to the inclination direction of the ramp can be provided above the entrance of the chute or hopper. When the small article that gets off the chute or the hopper collides with the upper wall, the conveyance speed decreases, and the subsequent small articles collide with each other to easily generate a bridge in the chute or the hopper. By blowing an air jet from the air injector provided above the entrance of the chute or hopper in a direction substantially parallel to the inclination direction of the ramp, the force of the airflow is that the small article tries to collide with the upper wall of the chute or hopper. Can be suppressed. Accordingly, the small article can be lowered without colliding with the upper wall of the chute or the hopper.
この縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置において、前記振動フィーダは前記ベルトコンベアを駆動する駆動源と共に機枠クレームに搭載されており、前記ベルトコンベアは前記駆動源によって駆動される駆動プーリ、前記振動フィーダの振動部に回転可能に支持された従動プーリ、及び前記駆動プーリと前記従動プーリの間に巻き掛けられた搬送ベルトを備えており、前記小物品を載置する前記搬送ベルトの搬送走行路部は前記振動部上を摺動走行するものとすることができる。機枠クレームには、振動フィーダと共にベルトコンベアを駆動する駆動源が搭載されている。ベルトコンベアは、駆動源によって駆動される駆動プーリ、振動フィーダの振動部に回転可能に支持された従動プーリ、及び駆動プーリと従動プーリの間に巻き掛けられた搬送ベルトを備えており、小物品を載置する搬送ベルトの搬送走行路部は振動部上を摺動走行するので、搬送走行路部上の小物品には、従動プーリ及び振動部を介して振動が伝達され、搬送ベルト上で分散される。   In the small article supply apparatus in the vertical bag making and filling and packaging apparatus, the vibration feeder is mounted on a machine frame claim together with a drive source for driving the belt conveyor, and the belt conveyor is driven by the drive source. A driven pulley rotatably supported by the vibrating portion of the vibration feeder, and a conveyor belt wound between the drive pulley and the driven pulley, and the conveyor belt on which the small article is placed The conveyance travel path portion can slide on the vibration portion. The machine frame claim is equipped with a drive source for driving the belt conveyor together with the vibration feeder. The belt conveyor includes a driving pulley driven by a driving source, a driven pulley rotatably supported by a vibrating portion of a vibration feeder, and a conveyance belt wound between the driving pulley and the driven pulley. Since the transport travel path portion of the transport belt on which the belt is placed slides on the vibration section, vibration is transmitted to the small articles on the transport travel path section via the driven pulley and the vibration section. Distributed.
搬送ベルトの搬送走行路部が振動部上を摺動走行している縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置において、前記振動部は、前記搬送ベルトの前記搬送走行路部の両側縁部分を案内するガイドを備えることが好ましい。振動部が搬送ベルトの搬送走行路部の両側縁部分を案内するガイドを備えているので、搬送ベルトが振動によって駆動プーリや従動プーリから外れることがなく、また、搬送ベルト上の小物品もベルトコンベア外に落ちることが防止される。   In the small article supply device in the vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus in which the conveyance running path portion of the conveyance belt slides on the vibrating portion, the vibrating portions are both side edge portions of the conveyance running path portion of the conveyance belt. It is preferable to provide a guide for guiding. Since the vibration section is provided with guides for guiding both side edge portions of the conveyance travel path section of the conveyance belt, the conveyance belt does not come off from the driving pulley and the driven pulley due to vibration, and small articles on the conveyance belt are also belts. It is prevented from falling out of the conveyor.
この発明による縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置は、複数の小物品が包装単位として投入される充填筒を備えた縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置であって、小物品を充填筒に向けて搬送するベルトコンベアと、搬送中の小物品を分散させるためにベルトコンベアに振動を与える振動フィーダとを備えているので、包装すべき小物品を充填筒に供給するベルトコンベアによって小物品を搬送する中で、振動によってベルトコンベア上で小物品同士を互いに少なくとも接触しない程度に分散させることが可能となり、小物品がベルトコンベアの搬送出口から充填筒へ投入されるときに、小物品が導入用のホッパや充填筒内でブリッジを形成するのを防止することができる。したがって、ブリッジ発生に起因する縦型製袋充填包装装置の運転停止が回避され、連続運転時間が長期化して包装装置を一層効率的に運転することができる。   A small article supply apparatus in a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus according to the present invention is a small article supply apparatus in a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus having a filling cylinder into which a plurality of small articles are put as a packaging unit. A belt conveyor that conveys articles toward the filling cylinder and a vibration feeder that vibrates the belt conveyor to disperse the small articles being conveyed, so that the belt that supplies small articles to be packed to the filling cylinder When transporting small articles by the conveyor, it becomes possible to disperse the small articles on the belt conveyor by vibration so that they are not at least in contact with each other, and when the small articles are put into the filling cylinder from the conveyor outlet of the belt conveyor The small article can be prevented from forming a bridge in the introduction hopper or the filling cylinder. Therefore, the operation stop of the vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus due to the occurrence of the bridge is avoided, the continuous operation time is prolonged, and the packaging apparatus can be operated more efficiently.
以下、添付した図面に基づいて、この発明による縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置の実施例を説明する。図1はこの発明による縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置の一実施例を示す正面図、図2は図1に示す小物品供給装置の平面図、図3は図1に示す小物品供給装置の側面図である。   Hereinafter, an embodiment of a small article supply apparatus in a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus according to the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. 1 is a front view showing an embodiment of a small article supply apparatus in a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus according to the present invention, FIG. 2 is a plan view of the small article supply apparatus shown in FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 is a small figure shown in FIG. It is a side view of an article supply apparatus.
図1〜図3に示す小物品供給装置(以下、「供給装置」という)1は、ばらの状態にある複数の小物品a(一部の小物品にのみ符号を付す。)が包装単位として投入される充填筒101を備えた縦型製袋充填包装装置100に用いられている。縦型製袋充填包装装置100は、それ自体周知の包装装置でよく、小物品aが投入される断面角形の充填筒101、充填筒101の上部に装着されて平坦なウェブ状包装フィルムFwを筒状包装フィルムFtに成形するフォーマ102、筒状包装フィルムFtの互いに合わされた側縁部をシールする縦ヒートシーラ103、更に図示しないが、筒状包装フィルムFtから先行して形成され且つ充填筒101に投入された小物品aを収容した包装袋の上部において筒状包装フィルムFtに横ヒートシールを施して、包装袋の上部を封鎖すると共に後続の包装袋の底部を形成する横ヒートシーラを備えている。   The small article supply apparatus (hereinafter referred to as “supply apparatus”) 1 shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 3 includes a plurality of small articles a (indicated by reference numerals only for some small articles) in a loose state as packaging units. It is used in a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus 100 having a filling cylinder 101 to be charged. The vertical bag-filling / packaging apparatus 100 may be a packaging apparatus known per se, and includes a filling cylinder 101 having a square cross section into which a small article a is placed, and a flat web-like packaging film Fw mounted on the upper part of the filling cylinder 101. A former 102 to be molded into the tubular packaging film Ft, a vertical heat sealer 103 that seals the side edges of the tubular packaging film Ft that are joined to each other, and although not shown, the filling cylinder 101 is formed in advance of the tubular packaging film Ft. A horizontal heat sealer is provided which applies a lateral heat seal to the tubular packaging film Ft at the top of the packaging bag containing the small articles a placed in the container, seals the top of the packaging bag and forms the bottom of the subsequent packaging bag. Yes.
供給装置1は、小物品aを充填筒101に向けて搬送するベルトコンベア2と、搬送中の小物品aを互いに分離させるためにベルトコンベア2に振動を与える振動フィーダとして例えば電磁フィーダ3とを備えている。ベルトコンベア2の搬送上流部の上方には、包装単位としての小物品aを計量するシャッタ付きの計量部4が設けられており、計量済みの小物品aがベルトコンベア2上に供給される。ベルトコンベア2の出口5と充填筒101の投入口104との間は、小物品aが滑り落ちる傾斜路7を備えた縦断面で円弧状の通路を持つRシュート6で接続されている。Rシュート6の横断面は、角形に形成されている。ベルトコンベア2によって搬送されてきた小物品aは、出口5からRシュート6に送り込まれ、傾斜路7を滑り降りて、投入口104から充填筒101内に投入される。   The supply device 1 includes, for example, an electromagnetic feeder 3 as a vibration feeder that vibrates the belt conveyor 2 in order to separate the small articles a being conveyed toward the filling cylinder 101 and the small articles a being conveyed. I have. Above the transport upstream portion of the belt conveyor 2, a measuring unit 4 with a shutter for measuring small articles a as a packaging unit is provided, and the measured small articles a are supplied onto the belt conveyor 2. The outlet 5 of the belt conveyor 2 and the charging port 104 of the filling cylinder 101 are connected by an R chute 6 having an arcuate path with a longitudinal section provided with an inclined path 7 on which the small article a slides. The cross section of the R chute 6 is formed in a square shape. The small articles a conveyed by the belt conveyor 2 are sent to the R chute 6 from the outlet 5, slide down the ramp 7, and are put into the filling cylinder 101 from the charging port 104.
電磁フィーダ3は、ベルトコンベア2を駆動する駆動源としてのモータ8と共に機枠フレーム9に搭載されている。ベルトコンベア2は、モータ8によって駆動される駆動プーリ10、電磁フィーダ3に回転可能に支持された従動プーリ11、及び駆動プーリ10と従動プーリ11の間に巻き掛けられた搬送ベルト12を備えている。搬送ベルト12は、上側の駆動プーリ10から従動プーリ11に向かって走行する搬送走行路部13において小物品aを載置しながら搬送し、戻り走行路部14において従動プーリ11側から駆動プーリ10側に戻る。   The electromagnetic feeder 3 is mounted on the machine frame 9 together with a motor 8 as a drive source for driving the belt conveyor 2. The belt conveyor 2 includes a driving pulley 10 driven by a motor 8, a driven pulley 11 rotatably supported by the electromagnetic feeder 3, and a conveyor belt 12 wound between the driving pulley 10 and the driven pulley 11. Yes. The transport belt 12 transports the small article a while placing it on the transport travel path section 13 that travels from the upper drive pulley 10 toward the driven pulley 11, and the drive pulley 10 from the driven pulley 11 side on the return travel path section 14. Return to the side.
電磁フィーダ3は、電磁的な加振源20、加振源20から延びている振動部21、及び振動部21に取り付けられておりベルトコンベア2の両側を案内するガイド22,22を備えている。振動部21は、加振源20から支柱23を介して支持されており、支柱23から搬送走行路部13と戻り走行路部14との間のスペース24において板状に延びている。搬送ベルト12の搬送走行路部13は電磁フィーダ3の振動部21上を摺動走行し、搬送ベルト12の戻り走行路部14は電磁フィーダ3の振動部21の下方を間隔を置いて走行する。したがって、搬送ベルト12の搬送走行路部13上の小物品aには、従動プーリ11に巻き掛けられ振動部21上を摺動走行する搬送ベルト12を介して振動が伝達される。なお、モータ8には、電磁フィーダ3からの振動が伝達されることは殆どない。   The electromagnetic feeder 3 includes an electromagnetic vibration source 20, a vibration part 21 extending from the vibration source 20, and guides 22 and 22 that are attached to the vibration part 21 and guide both sides of the belt conveyor 2. . The vibration part 21 is supported from the vibration source 20 via the support 23 and extends from the support 23 in a plate shape in a space 24 between the transport travel path 13 and the return travel path 14. The transport travel path 13 of the transport belt 12 slides on the vibration part 21 of the electromagnetic feeder 3, and the return travel path 14 of the transport belt 12 travels below the vibration part 21 of the electromagnetic feeder 3 with an interval. . Therefore, vibration is transmitted to the small article a on the transport travel path portion 13 of the transport belt 12 via the transport belt 12 that is wound around the driven pulley 11 and slides on the vibration portion 21. Note that vibration from the electromagnetic feeder 3 is hardly transmitted to the motor 8.
振動部21のガイド22,22は、図2に示すように、搬送ベルト12の搬送走行路部13をその両側縁部分15,15で案内する。ガイド22,22を設けることによって、搬送ベルト12が電磁フィーダ3から従動プーリ11を介して或いは振動部21によって直接に振動するときも、搬送走行路部13が駆動プーリ10及び従動プーリ11から外れることを防止することができる。また、ガイド22,22は、少なくとも搬送ベルト12上の小物品aの高さに至る高さを備えているので、小物品aはガイド22,22に規制されてベルトコンベア2外に落ちることもない。ガイド22,22自体も振動部21と共に振動しているので、小物品aは、ガイド22,22に当たるときにガイド22,22から搬送ベルト12の内寄りに戻る方向の力を受けて跳ね返される。   As shown in FIG. 2, the guides 22 and 22 of the vibration unit 21 guide the conveyance traveling path portion 13 of the conveyance belt 12 with both side edge portions 15 and 15. By providing the guides 22 and 22, even when the conveyor belt 12 vibrates directly from the electromagnetic feeder 3 via the driven pulley 11 or directly by the vibrating section 21, the conveying travel path section 13 is detached from the drive pulley 10 and the driven pulley 11. This can be prevented. Moreover, since the guides 22 and 22 are provided with a height that reaches at least the height of the small article a on the conveyor belt 12, the small article a may be regulated by the guides 22 and 22 and fall outside the belt conveyor 2. Absent. Since the guides 22 and 22 themselves vibrate together with the vibrating portion 21, the small article a is bounced by receiving a force in a direction of returning from the guides 22 and 22 toward the inside of the conveyor belt 12 when hitting the guides 22 and 22.
図4には、上記のように構成されている供給装置1による小物品aの供給状況が供給の順を追って示されている。図4(a)に示すように、計量部4において一回の包装単位としての所定量に計量された一群の小物品aがベルトコンベア2に投下されたときには、小物品aはベルトコンベア2上で塊状となっており、分散の程度が低い状態にある。ベルトコンベア2によって搬送されるに伴って、小物品aには、電磁フィーダ3から与えられる搬送ベルト12の振動によって、接触状態にある或いは接触しようとすると互いを反発させる方向の力が作用し、結局、図4(b)に示すように分散される。小物品aがガイド22,22に当たるときにも、振動するガイド22,22からベルトコンベア2の内寄りに向かう力を受ける。図4(c)に示すように、小物品aがベルトコンベア2の出口5からRシュート6に送り込まれるときには、小物品aは互いに適宜に分散された状態となる。したがって、複数の小物品aが包装単位として充填筒101内に投入される際に、小物品aはその分散状態が維持されたまま逐次充填されるので、コンベアベルト2の出口5から充填筒101内に至る間で、ブリッジが発生することを防止することができる。   In FIG. 4, the supply status of the small articles a by the supply apparatus 1 configured as described above is shown in the order of supply. As shown in FIG. 4A, when a group of small articles a weighed to a predetermined amount as a single packaging unit in the weighing unit 4 is dropped onto the belt conveyor 2, the small articles a are placed on the belt conveyor 2. It is a lump and is in a state of low dispersion. Along with being conveyed by the belt conveyor 2, the small articles a are subjected to a force in a direction in which they are in a contact state or repel each other when they are in contact with each other due to the vibration of the conveyor belt 12 given from the electromagnetic feeder 3. Eventually, the dispersion is performed as shown in FIG. Also when the small article a hits the guides 22, 22, a force directed inward of the belt conveyor 2 is received from the vibrating guides 22, 22. As shown in FIG. 4C, when the small articles a are fed into the R chute 6 from the outlet 5 of the belt conveyor 2, the small articles a are appropriately dispersed from each other. Therefore, when a plurality of small articles a are put into the filling cylinder 101 as a packaging unit, the small articles a are sequentially filled with the dispersed state maintained, so that the filling cylinder 101 is discharged from the outlet 5 of the conveyor belt 2. It is possible to prevent a bridge from being generated.
供給装置1において、ベルトコンベア2の出口5と充填筒101との間に配置されるRシュート6での小物品aのブリッジの発生を一層確実に防止するために、Rシュート6の入り口上部には、傾斜路7の傾斜方向と概略平行な方向にエアジェット33を吹き出すエアインジェクタ30がブラケット32を介して取り付けられている。エアインジェクタ30は、Rシュート6の幅より僅かに短い幅を持ち、小物品aの通過を妨げることがないように偏平な形状を有しており、先端に複数のエアノズル31が形成されている。Rシュート6を降りる小物品aは、搬送の勢いで上壁に衝突すると、搬送速度が低下し後続の小物品aと互いに衝突してRシュート6内でブリッジが発生しやすくなるが、エアインジェクタ30から、傾斜路7の傾斜方向と概略平行な方向にエアジェット33を吹き出すことで、小物品aがRシュート6の上壁に衝突しようとする(図1において、想像線で示す小物品を参照)のを気流の力で抑えることができる。したがって、小物品はRシュート6の上壁に衝突することなく傾斜路7をスムーズに降下することができる。ベルトコンベア2の出口5と充填筒101の投入口104との間は、Rシュート6に代えて、傾斜路7と同様の傾斜路を持つホッパを用いても良い。また、供給装置1においては、モータ8としてインバータモータを用いることで、包装単位となる小物品aの量や包装能力(包装速度)に応じてモータ8の出力速度を容易に且つ的確にコントロールすることができる。   In the supply device 1, in order to more reliably prevent the bridging of the small articles a at the R chute 6 disposed between the outlet 5 of the belt conveyor 2 and the filling cylinder 101, The air injector 30 which blows off the air jet 33 in a direction substantially parallel to the inclination direction of the inclined path 7 is attached via a bracket 32. The air injector 30 has a width slightly shorter than the width of the R chute 6, has a flat shape so as not to prevent passage of the small article a, and a plurality of air nozzles 31 are formed at the tip. . When the small article a that descends the R chute 6 collides with the upper wall with the momentum of conveyance, the conveyance speed decreases, and the subsequent small article a collides with each other to easily generate a bridge in the R chute 6. The small article a tries to collide with the upper wall of the R chute 6 by blowing out the air jet 33 from 30 to the direction substantially parallel to the inclination direction of the inclined path 7 (in FIG. 1, the small article indicated by the imaginary line). Can be suppressed by the force of airflow. Accordingly, the small article can smoothly descend the ramp 7 without colliding with the upper wall of the R chute 6. Instead of the R chute 6, a hopper having an inclined path similar to the inclined path 7 may be used between the outlet 5 of the belt conveyor 2 and the inlet 104 of the filling cylinder 101. Further, in the supply device 1, by using an inverter motor as the motor 8, the output speed of the motor 8 can be easily and accurately controlled according to the amount of small articles a serving as a packaging unit and the packaging capacity (packaging speed). be able to.
この発明による縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置の一実施例を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows one Example of the small article supply apparatus in the vertical bag making filling packaging apparatus by this invention. 図1に示す小物品供給装置の平面図である。It is a top view of the small article supply apparatus shown in FIG. 図1に示す小物品供給装置の側面図である。It is a side view of the small article supply apparatus shown in FIG. 図1に示す小物品供給装置による小物品の供給状況を供給の順を追って示さす説明図である。It is explanatory drawing which shows the supply condition of the small article by the small article supply apparatus shown in FIG. 1 in order of supply.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 小物品供給装置 2 ベルトコンベア
3 電磁フィーダ(振動フィーダ) 4 計量部
5 出口 6 Rシュート
7 傾斜路 8 モータ
9 機枠フレーム 10 駆動プーリ
11 従動プーリ 12 搬送ベルト
13 搬送走行路部 14 戻り走行路部
15 両側縁部分
20 加振源 21 振動部
22 ガイド 23 支柱
24 スペース
30 エアインジェクタ 31 エアノズル
32 ブラケット 33 エアジェット
100 縦型製袋充填包装装置 101 充填筒
102 フォーマ 103 縦ヒートシーラ
104 投入口
a 小物品 Fw ウェブ状包装フィルム Ft 筒状包装フィルム
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Small article supply apparatus 2 Belt conveyor 3 Electromagnetic feeder (vibration feeder) 4 Weighing part 5 Outlet 6 R chute 7 Inclined road 8 Motor 9 Machine frame 10 Drive pulley 11 Driven pulley 12 Conveyance belt 13 Conveyance travel path 14 Return travel path Part 15 Both-side edge part 20 Excitation source 21 Vibrating part 22 Guide 23 Strut 24 Space 30 Air injector 31 Air nozzle 32 Bracket 33 Air jet 100 Vertical bag making filling and packaging device 101 Filling cylinder 102 Former 103 Vertical heat sealer 104 Input port a Small article Fw Web packaging film Ft Tubular packaging film

Claims (5)

  1. 複数の小物品が包装単位として投入される充填筒を備えた縦型製袋充填包装装置において前記小物品を前記充填筒に向けて供給する小物品供給装置であって、前記小物品を前記充填筒に向けて搬送するベルトコンベアと、搬送中の前記小物品を分散させるために前記ベルトコンベアに振動を与える振動フィーダとを備えていることを特徴とする縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置。   In a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus having a filling cylinder into which a plurality of small articles are put as a packaging unit, the small article supplying apparatus supplies the small articles toward the filling cylinder, and the filling of the small articles A small article in a vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus comprising: a belt conveyor that conveys toward a cylinder; and a vibration feeder that vibrates the belt conveyor to disperse the small article being conveyed. Feeding device.
  2. 前記ベルトコンベアの出口と前記充填筒の投入口との間は、前記小物品が滑り落ちる傾斜路を備えたシュート又はホッパで接続されていることを特徴とする請求項1に記載の縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置。   2. The vertical bag making according to claim 1, wherein an outlet of the belt conveyor and an inlet of the filling cylinder are connected by a chute or a hopper provided with an inclined path through which the small article slides. Small article supply device in filling and packaging device.
  3. 前記シュート又はホッパの入り口上方には、前記傾斜路の傾斜方向と概略平行な方向にエアジェットを吹き出すエアインジェクタが設けられていることを特徴とする請求項2に記載の縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置。   The vertical bag making and filling packaging according to claim 2, wherein an air injector for blowing an air jet in a direction substantially parallel to an inclination direction of the ramp is provided above the entrance of the chute or hopper. Small article supply device in the apparatus.
  4. 前記振動フィーダは前記ベルトコンベアを駆動する駆動源と共に機枠クレームに搭載されており、前記ベルトコンベアは前記駆動源によって駆動される駆動プーリ、前記振動フィーダの振動部に回転可能に支持された従動プーリ、及び前記駆動プーリと前記従動プーリの間に巻き掛けられた搬送ベルトを備えており、前記小物品を載置する前記搬送ベルトの搬送走行路部は前記振動部上を摺動走行することを特徴とする請求項1に記載の縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置。   The vibration feeder is mounted in a machine frame claim together with a drive source for driving the belt conveyor, the belt conveyor is driven by the drive source, and a driven pulley rotatably supported by the vibration portion of the vibration feeder. A pulley, and a conveyor belt wound between the drive pulley and the driven pulley, and a conveyor traveling path portion of the conveyor belt on which the small article is placed slides on the vibrating portion. The small article supply apparatus in the vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus according to claim 1.
  5. 前記振動部は、前記搬送ベルトの前記搬送走行路部の両側縁部分を案内するガイドを備えていることを特徴とする請求項4に記載の縦型製袋充填包装装置における小物品供給装置。
    5. The small article supply device in the vertical bag making filling and packaging apparatus according to claim 4, wherein the vibration unit includes guides for guiding both side edge portions of the conveyance travel path portion of the conveyance belt.
JP2004091001A 2004-03-26 2004-03-26 Small article supply device in vertical bag making filling and packaging device Expired - Fee Related JP4323996B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004091001A JP4323996B2 (en) 2004-03-26 2004-03-26 Small article supply device in vertical bag making filling and packaging device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2004091001A JP4323996B2 (en) 2004-03-26 2004-03-26 Small article supply device in vertical bag making filling and packaging device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2005271982A true JP2005271982A (en) 2005-10-06
JP4323996B2 JP4323996B2 (en) 2009-09-02

Family

ID=35172052

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2004091001A Expired - Fee Related JP4323996B2 (en) 2004-03-26 2004-03-26 Small article supply device in vertical bag making filling and packaging device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP4323996B2 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008062988A (en) * 2006-09-11 2008-03-21 Fuso Sangyo Kk Filling machine and filling/packaging apparatus having the same
CN103129762A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-06-05 海盐福美瑞五金制造有限公司 Automatic bagger
CN105540211A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-04 桐乡市濮院毛针织技术服务中心 Iron material conveying device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008062988A (en) * 2006-09-11 2008-03-21 Fuso Sangyo Kk Filling machine and filling/packaging apparatus having the same
CN103129762A (en) * 2013-02-26 2013-06-05 海盐福美瑞五金制造有限公司 Automatic bagger
CN105540211A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-05-04 桐乡市濮院毛针织技术服务中心 Iron material conveying device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP4323996B2 (en) 2009-09-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20060048485A1 (en) Vertical bag form-fill-seal packaging method
US6648575B2 (en) Device for feeding article to a blister band
US20120145516A1 (en) Article Transfer Apparatus
JP4323996B2 (en) Small article supply device in vertical bag making filling and packaging device
JP2006335460A (en) Transport device for rod-shaped food
JP2001122414A (en) Method and device for supplying flat articles for individuation
JP4099189B2 (en) Multi-row distributor
JP2005119723A (en) Boxing system
JP2014223290A (en) Tablet supply device, and tablet supply method
CN102424139B (en) A kind of automatic packaging machine
JP4887401B2 (en) Multi-row distributor
JP2007320646A (en) Packing device and method of the same
JPH0761563A (en) Feeding device for conical article
JP2005119707A (en) Package carrying device
JP2004075357A (en) Article transport device and article packing device equipped with it
JP3974484B2 (en) Article conveying apparatus and article packing apparatus provided with the same
CN210455366U (en) Conveying device for packaged products
US6098784A (en) Apparatus for separating and orienting pouched articles
JP2021143001A (en) Packaging system
JP5412151B2 (en) Article throwing apparatus and article throwing method
KR20080000768U (en) Article feeding device
US6066810A (en) Combinatorial weighing apparatus
JP2012062070A (en) Bagging and packaging device
JP4903399B2 (en) Stick-shaped food transport device
JPH09110013A (en) Packaging machine of vertical pillow

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20070323

A977 Report on retrieval

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A971007

Effective date: 20090220

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20090303

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20090502

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20090602

A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20090605

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20120612

Year of fee payment: 3

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20150612

Year of fee payment: 6

LAPS Cancellation because of no payment of annual fees