JP2005248655A - Cylinder unit - Google Patents

Cylinder unit Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2005248655A
JP2005248655A JP2004063939A JP2004063939A JP2005248655A JP 2005248655 A JP2005248655 A JP 2005248655A JP 2004063939 A JP2004063939 A JP 2004063939A JP 2004063939 A JP2004063939 A JP 2004063939A JP 2005248655 A JP2005248655 A JP 2005248655A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
cylindrical
guide
arm
unit
arch
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JP2004063939A
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JP4230386B2 (en
Inventor
Akifumi Araki
Shigeji Iwanaga
Sotaro Matsumoto
Tsutomu Matsuo
Akihiro Nakakita
Takashi Okada
昭浩 中北
喬 岡田
茂治 岩永
勉 松尾
壮太郎 松本
章文 荒木
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Kumagai Gumi Co Ltd
株式会社熊谷組
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Priority to JP2004063939A priority Critical patent/JP4230386B2/en
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a cylinder unit which is excellent in versatility and to be inserted/embedded in an arched section of the natural ground to construct robust underground timbering by itself without constructing additional timbering. <P>SOLUTION: The cylinder unit 10 with guide members is formed of a square cylinder 11 extending in a tunnel axial direction; tubular arm portions 13a, 13b protruding from a side surface 11a of the square pipe 11; first guide members 12A, 12B attached to front ends of the arm portions 13a, 13b and having cylindrical engaging members 15a, 15b, respectively; tubular arm portions 13c, 13d protruding from a side surface 11b; and second guide members 12C, 12D attached to front ends of the arm portions 13c, 13d and having gripping members 16a, 16b for allowing insertion of the engaging members 15a, 15b therein and gripping the same, respectively. Thus by engageably connecting the engaging members 15a, 15b to the respective gripping members 16a, 16b, the cylinder units are inserted and embedded in the natural ground. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2005,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention is constructed, for example, by inserting and embedding in a natural ground while connecting a plurality of cylinders extending in the tunnel axis direction, such as a preceding support work which is a support work installed prior to tunnel excavation. The present invention relates to a cylindrical unit used for an underground structure.

In general, in excavation and support when the tunnel wellhead and soil cover are thin, it is necessary to form a flat arch on the natural ground, so there are many cylinders along the flat arch in the axial direction of the tunnel. A method of reinforcing the above-mentioned natural ground by propelling and burying them adjacent to each other is performed.
18 (a) and 18 (b) are diagrams showing a tunnel construction method in which a conventional cylinder is embedded and this is used as an underground support. Here, first, in the center of the planned cross section of the tunnel, FIG. The pilot tunnel 71 is excavated in advance, bored radially from the pilot tunnel 71 to the surrounding ground, and after the ground solidifying agent is injected from the borehole to the surrounding ground, the side tunnels 72 and 72 are After that, a large number of concrete or steel cylinders 73 penetrated inside are sequentially pressed along the arch portion in the axial direction of the tunnel to surround the arch portion. The adjacent cylinders 73 are connected by a joint (not shown). Next, after disassembling and removing a part of the lower half of the cylindrical body 73, a support work 74 for supporting the cylindrical body 73 from the lower part is constructed, and the arch portion is supported. Thereby, the arch portion of the tunnel is reinforced by the cylindrical body 73 and the support work 74, so that the tunnel can be excavated in a safe state by excavating the inside of the support work 74. In addition, in order to integrate and reinforce the cylinders 73 press-fitted in the tunnel axis direction, after the support work 74 is constructed, the cylinder 73 is filled with concrete (for example, see Patent Document 1). ).

However, in the above method, since the cylindrical bodies 73 are integrated in the cross-sectional direction, the reinforcement work by the support work 74 must be performed, so that there is a problem that work efficiency is poor and the work period is prolonged. . Therefore, as shown in FIG. 19 (a), a method for constructing a preceding support work 80 by inserting and embedding a plurality of jointed steel pipes 81 having a strong joint structure in the natural ground 1 as an arch part. Has been proposed. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 19 (b), the steel pipe with joint 81 is a steel body 81m having a trapezoidal cross section, and a steel pipe with joint adjacent from the upper end and lower end of both side surfaces of the main body 81m. A steel pipe 81A having a first joint provided with joints 81a and 81b and joints 81c and 81d projecting from the upper end and lower end of the side surface of the main body 81m, and joints 81p to 81p engaged with the joints 81a to 81d, respectively. There are two types of steel pipes 81B with second joints provided with 81s, and second steel pipes with joints 81B adjacent to the first steel pipes with joints 81A are connected to the joints 81a and 81b of the first steel pipes with joints 81A. The joints 81p and 81q are connected to each other so that the steel pipes 81 and 81 with joints are connected to each other along the circumferential direction of the tunnel, and the connecting portion between the joint 81a and the joint 81p, and The grout 82 is injected into the connecting portion between the joint 81b and the joint 81q, the outside is covered with the grout steel plate 83 or the caulking material 84, and the water stop treatment is performed. (See, for example, Non-Patent Document 1).
JP-A-4-319198 (page 23, FIGS. 5 and 6) JR East pamphlet; "Tohoku Main Line Oji Station premises, Metropolitan Expressway construction and other construction"

However, in the method using the steel pipe 81 with a joint, it is necessary to use two types of steel pipes 81 with a joint, that is, a steel pipe 81A with a joint having a complex shape of joints 81a to 81d and a steel pipe 81B with a joint having joints 81p to 81s. In addition, when constructing an arch portion of a tunnel, etc., the cross-sectional shape of the main body 81m of the jointed steel pipe 81 needs to be changed depending on the shape of the arch portion, so that there is a problem that versatility is poor. It was.
Further, since the joints 81a to 81d and the joints 81p to 81s have complicated shapes, there is a problem that it is difficult to smoothly push the steel pipes 81 and 81 with joints while connecting them.

  The present invention has been made in view of the conventional problems, and it is not necessary to construct a new support work, and it is possible to construct a strong advance support work or the like by using only a cylindrical unit that is inserted and embedded in an arch of a natural ground. It aims at providing the cylinder unit excellent in the versatility which can construct | assemble a structure.

According to the first aspect of the present invention, a plurality of cylinders extending in the extending direction of the underground structure are connected to each other along the cross-sectional shape of the underground structure, and are inserted and buried in the ground. First and second projecting from the both side surfaces of the tubular body and extending in the extending direction of the underground structure. And a guide portion for guiding the first arm portion is provided on the distal end side of the second arm portion. The cylinders can be easily inserted and buried in the tunnel axis direction, and adjacent cylinders are integrated by filling the space surrounded by the first and second arms with concrete or the like. Therefore, underground structures such as advance support can be easily constructed. In addition, by appropriately changing the lengths of the first and second arm portions, it is possible to construct underground structures having various shapes while keeping the size of the cylinder as it is.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, in order to smoothly insert the cylindrical body, in the cylindrical body unit according to the first aspect, the second arm portion is guided to the distal end side of the first arm portion. A guide is provided.
According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the cylindrical unit according to the first or second aspect, the flange portions of the two H steels are connected to each other, the cylindrical body, and the first and second Each of the arm portions is configured, whereby the cylindrical unit can be easily and inexpensively manufactured.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the cylindrical unit according to the first aspect, a columnar or cylindrical engagement member is attached to the distal end side of the first arm portion, and the second arm portion. A guide member having a hollow portion for inserting the columnar or cylindrical member is attached to the distal end side of the cylindrical member, whereby the engagement of the other cylindrical body to the guiding member of one adjacent cylindrical body Since the member can be propelled while being inserted, the cylinder can be reliably inserted and embedded in the tunnel axis direction.
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the cylindrical unit according to the fourth aspect, the guide member is a gripping member for inserting and gripping the columnar or cylindrical member, and the engaging member and the above The gripping member is engaged so as to be relatively movable along the cross-sectional shape of the underground structure. As a result, the distance between adjacent cylinders can be finely adjusted. For example, the both ends of the underground structure are fixed to the reaction force plate, and the void structure is filled with an expansion mortar or the like to form the underground structure. By generating compressive stress on the body, the underground structure can be strengthened.
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, in the cylindrical unit according to the fifth aspect, a water jet injection device having a jet nozzle for injecting a high-pressure fluid at the tip is attached to the engagement member, The inner earth and sand are removed, whereby the cylindrical unit can be easily propelled into the ground.

The invention according to claim 7 is the cylindrical unit according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the cross-section of the underground structure has an arch portion, the diameter of the arch portion. The length of one or both of the first and second arm portions on the side located on the outer side in the direction is longer than the lengths of the first and second arm portions on the side located on the radially inner side of the arch portion. With this configuration, it is possible to handle various arch shapes with a simple configuration, even when the cross section of the underground structure has an arch, with the size of the cylinder remaining unchanged. It becomes.
The invention according to claim 8 is the cylinder unit according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the lengths of the first and second arm portions are set with respect to the extending direction of the cylinder. It is attached to each of the above arm parts so that the distance between them is widened, so that when the tunnel width becomes large or the width of the necessary support work widens, such as when the tunnel merges, It is possible to cope with this by simply changing the shapes of the first and second arm portions.

  As described above, according to the present invention, a plurality of cylinders extending in the extending direction of the underground structure are connected to each other along the cross-sectional shape of the underground structure, and are inserted and buried in the natural ground. First and second projecting from the both side surfaces of the tubular body and extending in the extending direction of the underground structure. And a guide portion for guiding the first arm portion is provided on the distal end side of the second arm portion, and the cylinder is connected to the tunnel axis along the guide member of the adjacent one of the cylinders. Since it can be inserted / embedded in the direction, the cylinder can be easily inserted / embedded along the arch of the natural ground, and the arch of various shapes can be used without changing the shape of the cylinder. It can correspond to the part.

Hereinafter, the best mode of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
FIGS. 1A and 1B are views showing the configuration of a cylindrical unit 10 according to the best mode, in which 11 is a rectangular tube made of a steel tube having a rectangular cross section, 12A, 12B and 12C. , 12D are first and second guide members that project substantially horizontally from the upper and lower ends of the side surfaces 11a, 11b of the square tube 11. Specifically, the first guide members 12A and 12B are flat first and second arm portions that protrude perpendicularly to the side surface 11a from the side surface 11a of the rectangular tube 11 and extend in the tunnel axis direction. 13a, 13b, mounting pieces 14a, 14b projecting vertically from the square tube 11 side of the first and second arm portions 13a, 13b, and the first and second arm portions 13a, 13b. It consists of cylindrical engaging members 15a and 15b that are attached to the front end in the protruding direction and extend in the tunnel axis direction, and the attachment pieces 14a and 14b are directed to the inside of the side surface 11a. The first guide members 12A and 12B are attached to the side surface 11a by fixing 14a and 14b to the side surface 11a of the rectangular tube 11.
The second guide members 12C and 12D are flat plate-like third and fourth arm portions 13c and 13d that protrude perpendicularly from the side surface 11b of the rectangular tube 11 to the side surface 11b and extend in the tunnel axis direction, Mounting pieces 14c, 14d projecting in the vertical direction from the square tube 11 side of the third and fourth arm portions 13c, 13d, and distal ends of the third and fourth arm portions 13c, 13d in the projecting direction Each of the mounting pieces 14c, 16b, and 16c, each of which has a concave portion 16s that forms a part of the cylinder for inserting and gripping the cylindrical engaging members 15a and 15b. The first guide member 12B is attached to the side surface 11b by fixing the attachment pieces 14c and 14d to the side surface 11b of the square tube 11 so that 14d faces the inside of the side surface 11b.
In this example, since the preceding support work is constructed in the arch portion of the tunnel by the cylindrical unit 10, the third arm attached to the upper end portion of the side surface 11b of the square tube 11 according to the flatness of the arch portion. The width of the portion 13c is set wider than the width of the fourth arm portion 13d attached to the lower end portion, but the width of the first arm portion 13a at the upper end portion of the side surface 11a of the rectangular tube 11 is set to the lower end portion. The width of the second arm portion 13b may be set wider than that of the second arm portion 13b, and the width of the arm portion 13a and arm portion 13c may be set wider than the width of the arm portion 13b and arm portion 13d, respectively.
The engaging members 15a and 15b may have a cylindrical shape as long as they have an outer shape inserted into the recess 16s of the gripping members 16a and 16b. In this example, As shown in FIG. 1 (b), the engaging members 15a and 15b are cylindrical, and are connected to the hollow portions 15s and 15s of the engaging members 15a and 15b from a high pressure water generator (not shown) to a high pressure hose. The water jet injection device 17 is provided with a jet nozzle 17b for injecting a high-pressure fluid on the distal end side of the subsequent water supply pipe 17a so that the injection port of the jet nozzle 17b is located at the front end of the cylindrical unit 10 in the traveling direction. Is inserted and installed. At this time, the cross-sectional shape of the recess 16s of the gripping members 16a and 16b may be semicircular, but the engaging members 15a and 15b can be movably engaged along the cross-sectional shape of the underground structure. It is preferable to provide an insertion groove including a semicircular portion 16r having an inner diameter slightly larger than the outer diameter of the engaging members 15a and 15b and a groove portion 16t communicating with the semicircular portion.
Further, on the outside of the both side surfaces 11a and 11b of the rectangular tube 11, a through-hole planned portion 18 provided with a notch for forming a through-hole to be described later is formed at a predetermined interval in the tunnel axis direction. In the upper surface 11c and the lower surface 11d of the square tube 11, a plurality of solidifying agents used when injecting the ground solidifying agent from the inside of the square tube 11 into the grounds on the upper surface side and the lower surface side of the square tube 11 are used. The check valve 19 is provided.

Next, a method of constructing a preceding support for a tunnel having a large cross section using the cylindrical unit 10 according to the present invention will be described.
In this example, as shown in FIGS. 2 (a) and 2 (b), advanced guiding shafts 4 </ b> A and 4 </ b> B are provided at both ends of the arch portion 3 in the cross section of the preceding support construction 2 constructed in the natural ground 1. The steel wire bundle 20 is formed by bundling a plurality of steel wires 20z so as to penetrate through the plurality of cylindrical body units 10 after the cylindrical body units 10, 10,... Are inserted and buried along the arch portion 3. Is arranged along the arch portion 3. Then, after temporarily fixing the both ends of the steel wire bundle 20 to the reaction force plates 5A and 5B provided in the advanced guiding shafts 4A and 4B and fixed to both ends of the cylindrical unit 10, the cylindrical body The preceding support 2 is constructed by filling the unit 10 with concrete.
In this example, after constructing the preceding support structure 2, both ends of the steel wire bundle 20 are fixed while taking reaction force with the reaction force plates 5A and 5B installed in the advanced guiding shafts 4A and 4B. The fixed ends 20a and 20b are made to exert tension force p on the extension line of the arch portion 3 by a jack or the like, and are formed between the fixed ends 20a and 20b and the reaction force plates 5A and 5B by the tension force p. For example, the fixed ends 20a and 20b of the steel wire bundle 20 are fixed by driving a wedge 6 into the gap, and the preceding support 2 disposed between the reaction force plate 5A and the reaction force plate 5B. A compressive force is applied along the arch portion of the cross section of the tunnel.

FIGS. 3A to 3C are views showing a configuration of an auger type hole drilling propulsion machine 30 used when the cylinder unit 10 is pushed in the tunnel axis direction and buried while excavating the natural ground 1. The drilling propulsion machine 30 has an auger with a prismatic propelling tube 31 and an auger bit 32b installed in the propelling tube 31 and provided with a drilling blade at the tip of a rotating screw 32a. A drilling device 32, a propulsion device 33 and a guide cell 34 for propelling the auger drilling device 32 and the propelling pipe 31 are provided. Both the propulsion pipe 31 and the rear end side of the auger hole drilling device 32 are fixed to a propulsion member mounting portion 33a provided at the tip of the propulsion device 33, and are integrally formed by the propulsion device 33. Promoted. Further, a right-angled triangular guide blade 11K whose cross-sectional shape narrows in the advancing direction of the square tube 11 is attached to the distal end side of the square tube 11 disposed on the outer peripheral side of the propulsion tube 31. A contact member 31K that contacts the rear end of the guide blade 11K is attached to the distal end side of the tube 31. Thus, the propulsion device 33 can propel the propulsion pipe 31, the auger drilling device 32, and the cylindrical body unit 10 into the natural ground 1 at the same time.
Further, water jet injection devices 35 each having a jet nozzle 35b connected to a high pressure water supply device (not shown) via high pressure hoses 35a are attached to the four corners of the guide blade 11K. During the propulsion, the auger bit 32b excavates the natural ground 1 in front of the cylindrical unit 10 to be inserted, and jets high-pressure jet water into the natural ground 1 from the jet nozzle 35b, thereby the auger bit. A natural ground 1 between the outer peripheral portion of the auger bit 32b and the four inner corners of the square tube 11 (hereinafter referred to as the four corners inside the square tube 11), which could not be excavated by 32b, is excavated. This assists the propulsion of the propulsion pipe 31 and the cylindrical unit 10. The muddy water including the soil excavated from the natural ground 1 is sent to the muddy water discharging means 36 through the gap between the inner wall of the propulsion pipe 31 and the blade portion of the screw 32a, and discharged to the outside.
Further, since the jet water from the jet nozzle 35b is concentrated and ejected in a narrow region between the guide blade 11K and the outer peripheral portion of the auger bit 32b, the natural ground 1 can be excavated efficiently, and the excessive excavation is performed. It is difficult to form a void due to the water, and the water of the jet water does not diffuse, so the weakening of the ground can be prevented.

When the embedding of one cylindrical unit 10 is completed, the hole propulsion machine 30 is recovered from the rectangular tube 11 of the cylindrical unit 10, and then the cylindrical unit 10A adjacent to the cylindrical unit 10 is Promote in the natural ground 1. At this time, as shown in FIG. 4, the engaging members 15a and 15b of the cylindrical unit 10 to be embedded next are inserted into the recesses 16s and 16s of the gripping members 16a and 16b of the cylindrical unit 10A previously embedded. Then, the cylindrical unit 10A is inserted into the natural ground 1, and jet water is supplied from the jet nozzles 17b and 17b of the water jet injection devices 17 and 17 attached to the engaging members 15a and 15b of the cylindrical unit 10. And the engagement members 15a and 15b are removed while removing the sand inside the recesses 16s of the gripping members 16a and 16b of the cylinder unit 10 into which the engagement members 15a and 15b of the cylinder unit 10A are inserted. insert. Thereby, it becomes possible to smoothly connect the second guide members 12C and 12D of the cylindrical unit 10 and the first guide members 12A and 12B of the cylindrical unit 10A. In FIG. 4, the width of the arm portion 13 c and the width of the arm portion 13 d are the same in order to make the insertion state easy to understand, but actually, as shown in FIG. 1, the upper end portion of the rectangular tube 11 is used. Since the width of the arm portion 13c attached to the lower end portion is set wider than the width of the arm portion 13d attached to the lower end portion, as shown in FIG. 5, the width of the upper surface 11c and the lower surface 11d of the square tube 11 are set. Even if the width of the plurality of cylinder units 10 is the same, the plurality of cylinder units 10 can be arranged on a predetermined curve that becomes the arch portion 3 of the tunnel only by changing the width of the arm portion 13c.
As a method for setting the width of the connecting plate, the width of the arm portions 13a and 13c attached to the upper end portion of the square tube 11 is wider than the width of the arm portions 13b and 13d attached to the lower end portion, respectively. It is preferable to set it symmetrically with respect to the center line of the cross section of the square tube 11.

After embedding the cylindrical unit 10, as shown in FIGS. 6 (a) and 6 (b), a solidifying agent injection device 40 in which a packer 42 is mounted on the traveling means 41 is introduced into the square tube 11, It is desirable to improve the upper and lower ground blocks 1 of the cylindrical unit 10 in advance by injecting a ground solidifying agent into the upper and lower ground blocks 1 of the cylindrical unit 10.
The packer 42 is particularly for injecting the ground solidifying agent only into the ground 1 above and below the square tube 11, and includes an upper injection part 42A provided with an injection tube 43 and a packing 44, and an upper portion thereof. A lower injection part 42B having the same configuration as the injection part 42A is connected by a shaft 45. At the time of injecting the ground solidifying agent, the shaft 45 is pushed up by the jack 46 so that the packings 44, 44 attached above and below the injection pipes 43, 43 are pressed against the upper part and the lower part of the square pipe 11, respectively. The upper and lower portions of the rectangular tube 11 are sealed, and in the above-described sealed state, the ground solidifying agent is supplied from the injection tubes 43 and 43 to the check valves 19 provided on the upper surface 11c and the lower surface 11d of the rectangular tube 11, The ground pipe 1 is reinforced by injecting it into the natural ground 1 above and below the square tube 11 through 19. The packer 42 has a structure in which the packings 44 and 44 are pressed against the upper and lower portions of the square tube 11 where the check valves 19 and 19 are provided. Even if it is rectangular like the mold tube 11, the upper and lower portions of the square tube 11 can be reliably sealed.
Note that the injection of the ground solidifying agent is not necessarily performed immediately after the insertion / embedding of one cylinder unit 10, although it depends on the strength of the natural ground 1, and a plurality of cylinder units 10 are inserted / embedded. It may be done later.

  Then, as shown in FIG. 7, the steel wire bundle 20 which bundled the several steel wire 20z which penetrates the said several cylinder unit 10 is arrange | positioned along the said arch part of the cross section of a tunnel. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 8, a punching device 50 having a hydraulic jack 52 mounted on the traveling means 51 is introduced into the rectangular tube 11 of the cylindrical unit 10, and A through-hole 18 s is formed by punching the planned through-hole portion 18. Since the through hole planned portion 18 of the rectangular tube 11 is cut in advance from the outside into the steel pipe constituting the side surface 11b (or the side surface 11a) of the rectangular tube 11, the cylinder rod of the hydraulic jack 52 is provided. The reaction force plate 52b provided on the side opposite to the tip end of 52a is brought into contact with the inner wall side of the side surface opposite to the through hole planned portion 18 to be punched out of the square tube 11, so that the reaction force plate 52b. If the cylinder rod 52a is extended while the reaction force is applied, and the through-hole planned portion 18 is pushed out of the cylindrical body, the through-hole planned portion 18 can be easily punched to form a through-hole 18s. can do.

Next, the steel wire bundle 20 is introduced from the inside of one advanced guide shaft 4A (or advanced guide shaft 4B) into the connected and embedded cylindrical body unit 10 through the through hole 18s. . At this time, as shown in FIG. 9A, a rail member 21 is laid in the square tube 11, and the through hole 18s and the portion located between the through holes 18s, 18s on the rail member 21 are connected to the rail tube 21. Cylindrical guide tubes 22 having substantially the same inner diameter are arranged, and the steel wire bundle 20 introduced into the square tube 11 from one through hole 18s is sent out from the other through hole 18s through the guide tube 22. For example, as shown in FIG. 9B, the steel wire bundle 20 can be smoothly passed through the plurality of connected rectangular tubes 11, 11, 11,.
Instead of the guide tube 22, as shown in FIG. 9C, a guide tube 23 longer than the width of the rectangular tube 11 is prepared, and the guide tube 23 is opposed to the rectangular tube 11. The through-hole 18p and the through-hole 18q may be attached to the through-holes 18s and 18s so as to communicate with each other, and the steel wire bundle 20 may be passed through the guide tube 23.

By the way, since the width (length along the arch portion 3) of the cylindrical unit 10 is considerably small with respect to the radius of curvature of the arch portion 3, the angle between the connected cylindrical units 10 and 10 is extremely small. Therefore, not only when there is a slight gap between the opposing guide tubes 23, 23 of the adjacent rectangular tubes 11, 11, but also when the guide tube 22 is installed in the rectangular tube 11, one advanced The steel wire bundle 20 introduced from the guide shaft 4A (or the advanced guide shaft 4B) passes smoothly through the guide tube 22 or the guide tube 23 to the other advanced guide shaft 4B (or the advanced guide shaft 4A). Can send.
Next, both ends of the steel wire bundle 20 are temporarily fixed to the reaction force plates 5A and 5B, and then the cylindrical tube 11 of the cylindrical unit with guide member 10 and the cylindrical member surrounded by the guide members 12A to 12D are used. After constructing the preceding support work 2 by filling each space with concrete, as shown in FIGS. 1 (a) and 1 (b), both ends of the steel wire bundle 20 are taken while taking reaction force with the reaction force plates 5A and 5B. A tension force p is applied to the extension line of the arch portion 3 by using jacks or the like to the fixed ends 20a and 20b to which the respective portions are fixed. And the fixed ends 20a and 20b of the steel wire bundle 20 are driven by fixing the wedge 6 in the gap formed between the fixed ends 20a and 20b and the reaction force plates 5A and 5B by the tension force p. To fix. Thereby, the compressive stress along the said arch part of the cross section of a tunnel can be generated in the said prior support work 2 arrange | positioned between the said reaction force board 5A and the reaction force board 5B. At this time, as shown in FIG. 1 (b), the cross-sectional shape of the concave portion 16s of the gripping members 16a and 16b is a semicircular portion 16r having an inner diameter slightly larger than the outer diameter of the engaging members 15a and 15b. By providing an insertion groove comprising a groove portion 16t communicating with the portion, it is possible to absorb a change in the distance between the cylindrical units 10 and 10 due to the compression of the concrete.
It is to be noted that the tension p is applied to the steel wire bundle 20 after the concrete in the cylindrical unit with guide member 10 is hardened. Therefore, the steel wire bundle 20 is covered with a protective tube or the like in advance, Needless to say, it is necessary not to integrate them.
Finally, a ground having a large cross section is constructed by excavating the natural ground 1 surrounded by the advanced guiding shafts 4A and 4B and the preceding support structure 2.
In this example, since the compressive force is applied in advance to the concrete of the preceding support work 2, even if a tensile force acts on the arch-type advance support work 2 after excavation of the natural ground 1, the concrete is It can be deformed within the compression region to receive the tensile force. Therefore, the preceding support work 2 can achieve the tensile force without reinforcing the guide members 12A to 12D, the connection portion between the guide member 12A and the guide member 12C, and the connection portion between the guide member 12B and the guide member 12D. It can respond sufficiently.

  Thus, in this best mode, the square pipe 11 made of a steel pipe having a rectangular cross section and the upper and lower ends of both side surfaces 11a and 11b of the square pipe 11 are entered into the ground 1 of the arch portion of the tunnel. Engaging members attached to the guide members 12A and 12B, which are provided with guide members 12A and 12B and guide members 12C and 12D extending in the horizontal direction from the section, and extending to the tunnel axis direction. 15a, 15b and gripping members 16a, 16b attached to the guide members 12C, 12D are inserted and embedded along the arch portion 3 while being engaged with each other and connected to both ends of the cylindrical unit 10. The side is brought into contact with or fixed to the reaction force plates 5A and 5B provided on the advanced guiding shafts 4A and 4B constructed on both ends of the arch portion 3, and the plurality of guides are guided along the arch portion 3. After arranging the steel wire bundle 20 penetrating through the cylindrical unit 10 with material, the cylindrical unit 10 is filled with concrete to construct the preceding support work 2, and then the reaction force plates 5A and 5B are used as reaction forces. With the tension applied to the steel wire bundle 20, the fixed ends 20a and 20b of the steel wire bundle 20 are fixed to the reaction force plates 5A and 5B, and the reaction force plate 5A and the reaction force plate 5B A compressive force is applied in advance to the preceding support work 2 arranged between the two, and then the ground 1 in the portion surrounded by the preceding support work 2 and the advanced guide shafts 4A and 4B is excavated. Therefore, even when a tensile force acts on the arch portion 3, the strength of the preceding support work 2 with respect to the tensile force can be improved. Therefore, it is possible to construct the preceding support structure 2 for a large tunnel with a simple structure and strong.

In the above-mentioned best mode, a steel pipe is used as the rectangular pipe 11 of the cylindrical unit with guide member 10. However, a concrete pipe or a plastic pipe may be used. Further, the steel wire 20z may be made of other wire material such as reinforcing fiber or glass fiber as long as it has a strength sufficient to give tension to the underground support work.
In the above example, the steel wire bundle 20 penetrating the cylindrical unit with guide member 10, 10,... Is used when prestressing is applied to the preceding support work 2, but as shown in FIG. In addition, the concrete tube 20 is filled with the concrete 20K, and the tubular space surrounded by the rectangular tube 11 and the guide members 12A to 12D of the tubular unit 10 with the guide member has an expansibility such as an expansion mortar. The prestress may be applied by filling the curable material 20M having the above. In this case, since it is necessary to provide a space for injecting the curable material 20M having expandability between the adjacent rectangular tubes 11, 11, the arm portions of the guide members 12A to 12D are provided. The lengths of the arm portions 13a to 13d and the width of the square tube 11 (length along the arch portion 3) are set so that the compression force due to the expansion of the filled curable material 20M becomes a predetermined value. It is desirable to keep it. In this case, the guide member 12A, the guide member 12C, and the guide member 12B, the guide member 12D, and the connecting portion are spread along the arch portion, so that the engaging members 15a, 15b and the gripping member 16a are expanded. , 16b are preferably shaped so that they can move relative to each other. In addition, due to the expansion of the curable material 20M, a tensile force acts on the guide members 12A to 12D in the radial direction of the arch portion. Is not a problem.
As described above, when the compressive force is applied to the preceding support 2 by filling the curable material 20M having expandability, the both ends of the cylindrical unit 10 simply contact the reaction force plates 5A and 5B. Since it is only necessary to contact or fix, it is not always necessary to construct the advanced guiding shafts 4A and 4B.
In the above example, the predetermined curve to be the arch portion of the tunnel is formed by changing the width of the connecting plate of the cylindrical unit 10, but the angle at which the cylindrical unit 10 and the guide members 12A and 12B are attached is changed. By doing so, the curve may be formed, or it may be used in combination with the change of the width.

In the above example, the case where the tunnel is excavated using the cylindrical unit 10 having the constant width of the arm portions 13a to 13d has been described. However, when the tunnel width increases in the traveling direction, or when two or more tunnels exist As shown in FIG. 11, when the width of the required support work is widened as in the case of branching, the rectangular tube 11 that is the main body of the cylindrical unit 10 is the same, and the arm portions 13a to 13d are if to use the insertion direction rear side wide set the cylindrical body units 10W than the width W 1 of the width W 2 insertion direction of the near side of, without changing the shape of the square tube 11, which easily corresponds It becomes possible. When the tunnel width becomes narrow in the advancing direction or when the required support work width becomes narrow as in the case where two or more tunnels merge, the above arm is opposite to FIG. good set narrower than the part width W 1 of the insertion direction rear side of the width W 2 insertion direction of the front side of 13 a to 13 d.
That is, when the conventional cylinder or the above-described cylinder unit 10 is used, for example, as shown in FIG. However, after the branch point, it is necessary to increase the number of the cylindrical unit 10 stepwise. Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 13, it is conceivable that a large arch 10X that straddles the two tunnels 6A and 6B is constructed after the branch point, but as shown in FIG. Before the branch point, the cylindrical unit 10 of the best mode shown in FIG. 2 is used, and after the branch point, the arch portion is formed using the cylindrical unit 10W shown in FIG. By doing so, it is possible to easily form an arch portion having a desired shape with a simple configuration.

  Moreover, in the said best form, although the method to construct | assemble the pre-supporting construction 2 of a large section tunnel using the cylindrical unit 10 with a guide member was demonstrated, it is not restricted to this, For example, as shown in FIG. In order to reinforce the natural ground 1 in the upper part of the ready-made tunnel 7, a plurality of cylinders such as the underground protective work 8 constructed in the natural ground 1 in the upper part of the tunnel 7 are inserted and buried in the ground. When constructing the arch-shaped underground structure constructed in this manner, the tubular unit 10 of the present invention or the tubular unit 10W can be used as the tubular body.

In the above example, the tubular unit 10 is configured by the square tube 11, the first guide members 12A and 12B, and the second guide members 12C and 12D. However, as shown in FIG. The upper and lower flange portions 61a and 62a and the flange portions 61b and 62b of 61 and 62 are connected to each other, and the square tube 11Z, the first arm portions 13p and 13q, and the second arm portions 13r and 13s are respectively configured. Further, the engaging members 15a and 15b are attached to the first arm portions 13p and 13q, and the holding members 16a and 16b are attached to the second arm portions 13r and 13s. Two guide members 12R and 12S may be configured. Thereby, the cylindrical unit 10Z can be manufactured easily and inexpensively. In addition, when connecting two H steel, you may make it form the curve of the arch part of a tunnel by changing the width | variety of the upper side and lower side of the flange of the side to connect, and connecting.
Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 17A, the first arm portions 13p and 13q are provided with guide portions 16p and 16q for guiding the second arm portions 13r and 13s, or FIG. As shown, the square tube 11Z can be smoothly inserted even if the second arm portions 13r and 13s are provided with guide portions 16x and 16y for guiding the first arm portions 13p and 13q. It is possible.

  As described above, according to the present invention, the cylinder can be easily inserted and embedded along the arch portion of the natural mountain, and the arch portion having various shapes can be formed without changing the shape of the cylinder. Therefore, it is possible to construct an underground structure such as a strong preceding support structure that is inserted and embedded in the arch portion of the natural ground using only the cylindrical unit without constructing a new support structure.

It is a figure which shows the structure of the cylindrical unit with a guide member which concerns on this best form. It is a figure which shows the construction method of the underground support construction which concerns on this best form. It is a figure which shows the auger type drilling propulsion machine which concerns on this best form. It is a figure which shows the connection method of the cylindrical body unit with a guide member. It is a figure which shows the connection state of the cylindrical unit with a guide member. It is a figure which shows the solidification agent injection | pouring apparatus which concerns on this best form. It is a figure which shows the prestress addition method which concerns on this best form. It is a figure which shows the punching method of the steel pipe which concerns on this best form. It is a figure which shows the introduction method of the steel wire bundle which concerns on this best form. It is a figure which shows the other addition method of the prestress which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows the other structure of the cylindrical unit with a guide member by this invention. It is a figure which shows the construction method of the underground support work in the conventional branch point. It is a figure which shows the other construction method of the underground support work in the conventional branch point. It is a figure which shows the construction method of the underground support construction in the branch point using the cylindrical body unit with a guide member by this invention. It is a figure which shows the underground protective work by this invention. It is a figure which shows the other structure of the cylindrical unit with a guide member by this invention. It is a figure which shows the other structure of the cylindrical unit with a guide member by this invention. It is a figure which shows the construction method of the underground support work using the conventional cylinder. It is a figure which shows the construction method of the conventional tunnel structure by the steel pipe with a joint.

Explanation of symbols

1 ground mountain, 2 underground support, 3 arch, 4A, 4B advanced shaft,
5A, 5B reaction force plate, 10, 10A, 10W cylindrical unit with guide member,
11 square tube, 11K guide blade, 12A-12D guide member, 13a-13d arm part,
14a-14d mounting piece, 15a, 15b engaging member, 16a, 16b gripping member,
16 s concave portion of gripping member, 17 water jet spraying device, 17 a subsequent water supply pipe,
17b Jet nozzle, 18 through-hole planned location, 18s through-hole, 19 check valve,
20 steel wire bundle, 20z steel wire, 21 rail member, 22, 23 guide tube,
30 Auger type drilling propulsion machine, 31 propulsion pipe, 31K contact member,
32 auger drilling device, 32a screw, 32b auger bit,
33 propulsion device, 33a propulsion member mounting portion, 34 guide cell,
35 water jet injection device, 35a high pressure hose, 35b jet nozzle,
36 Muddy water discharge means, 40 Solidifying agent injection device, 41 Traveling means, 42 Packer,
42A Upper injection part, 42B Lower injection part, 43 Injection tube, 44 Packing,
45 shaft, 46 jack, 50 punching device, 51 travel means,
52 Hydraulic jack, 52a Cylinder rod, 52b Reaction force plate.

Claims (8)

  1.   Used for underground structures constructed by inserting and embedding multiple cylinders extending in the extending direction of the underground structure along the cross-sectional shape of the underground structure. A cylindrical unit including first and second arm portions projecting from both side surfaces of the cylindrical body and extending in an extending direction of the underground structure, and the second arm A cylindrical unit characterized in that a guide portion for guiding the first arm portion is provided on the tip end side of the portion.
  2.   The cylindrical unit according to claim 1, wherein a guide portion that guides the second arm portion is provided on a distal end side of the first arm portion.
  3.   The cylindrical body according to claim 1 or 2, wherein two H-steel flange portions are connected to form the cylindrical body and the first and second arm portions, respectively. unit.
  4.   A guide member having a hollow portion for attaching a columnar or cylindrical engagement member to the distal end side of the first arm portion and inserting the columnar or cylindrical member into the distal end side of the second arm portion. The cylindrical unit according to claim 1, wherein the cylindrical unit is attached.
  5.   The guide member is a gripping member that inserts and grips the columnar or cylindrical member, and the engagement member and the gripping member are relatively moved along the cross-sectional shape of the underground structure. The cylindrical unit according to claim 4, wherein the cylindrical unit is movably engaged.
  6.   The cylindrical unit according to claim 4 or 5, wherein a water jet injection device having a jet nozzle for injecting a high-pressure fluid at the tip is attached to the engagement member.
  7.   When the cross section of the underground structure has an arch portion, the length of one or both of the first and second arm portions on the side located on the radially outer side of the arch portion is set to the arch portion. The cylindrical unit according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the cylindrical unit is longer than the lengths of the first and second arm portions on the inner side in the radial direction.
  8. The length of the said 1st and 2nd arm part was each attached to the said arm part so that the space | interval might mutually spread with respect to the extension direction of the said cylinder, The said Claims 1-7 characterized by the above-mentioned. The cylindrical unit according to any one of the above.
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007191979A (en) * 2006-01-23 2007-08-02 Nishimatsu Constr Co Ltd Element, element joining structure, and element joining method
KR100815174B1 (en) 2006-09-11 2008-03-20 (주)대우건설 Pipe Roof Tunnel and Constructing Method thereof
KR100904857B1 (en) * 2007-12-20 2009-06-25 김용택 A constructing method of underground structure using steel pipe and segment
KR101348339B1 (en) * 2013-04-17 2014-01-07 엔에스건설주식회사 The pressing device of underground strucyure for non-excavation method and its construccting methods thereof
JP2014025231A (en) * 2012-07-25 2014-02-06 Kumagai Gumi Co Ltd Pipe
JP2015151675A (en) * 2014-02-10 2015-08-24 株式会社大林組 Method of constructing large-cross-section tunnel
KR101901546B1 (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-11-02 (주)유니트엔지니어링 method for Steel pipe assembly for building tunnel

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007191979A (en) * 2006-01-23 2007-08-02 Nishimatsu Constr Co Ltd Element, element joining structure, and element joining method
JP4630197B2 (en) * 2006-01-23 2011-02-09 戸田建設株式会社 Element, element joining structure and element joining method
KR100815174B1 (en) 2006-09-11 2008-03-20 (주)대우건설 Pipe Roof Tunnel and Constructing Method thereof
KR100904857B1 (en) * 2007-12-20 2009-06-25 김용택 A constructing method of underground structure using steel pipe and segment
JP2014025231A (en) * 2012-07-25 2014-02-06 Kumagai Gumi Co Ltd Pipe
KR101348339B1 (en) * 2013-04-17 2014-01-07 엔에스건설주식회사 The pressing device of underground strucyure for non-excavation method and its construccting methods thereof
JP2015151675A (en) * 2014-02-10 2015-08-24 株式会社大林組 Method of constructing large-cross-section tunnel
KR101901546B1 (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-11-02 (주)유니트엔지니어링 method for Steel pipe assembly for building tunnel

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