JP2005236746A - Portable projector - Google Patents

Portable projector Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2005236746A
JP2005236746A JP2004044341A JP2004044341A JP2005236746A JP 2005236746 A JP2005236746 A JP 2005236746A JP 2004044341 A JP2004044341 A JP 2004044341A JP 2004044341 A JP2004044341 A JP 2004044341A JP 2005236746 A JP2005236746 A JP 2005236746A
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Prior art keywords
image
part
projection
portable projector
step
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JP2004044341A
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JP4533641B2 (en
Inventor
Osamu Nonaka
Kazuhiro Sato
和宏 佐藤
修 野中
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Olympus Corp
オリンパス株式会社
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Abstract

To provide a portable projector capable of viewing an image with an optimal display according to the number of viewers.
It is determined whether or not the mobile phone 10 is folded within a predetermined angle (step S8). If the mobile phone 10 is not folded within a predetermined angle, an image is displayed on a monitor liquid crystal 12. (Step S9), and when the mobile phone 10 is folded within a predetermined angle, image projection is performed. In this case, the angle formed by the first portion 10a and the second portion 10b of the mobile phone is detected from the amount of rotation of the hinge portion 9 and the like (step S18), and the projection image is corrected according to the detected angle. After performing (step S19), image projection is performed.
[Selection] Figure 10

Description

  The present invention relates to a portable projector.

  In recent years, with the miniaturization of electronic devices such as cameras and mobile phones, the size of liquid crystal monitors and the like included in these devices has also been reduced. However, since the size of the liquid crystal monitor is limited, it has become difficult for a plurality of people to simultaneously view an image reproduced on the liquid crystal monitor.

In view of this, proposals have been made regarding a projector that allows a large number of people to enjoy an image on a large screen by projecting an image on a projection surface such as a screen. Here, since the projector performs image projection with the projector device and the projection surface being arranged apart from each other, the image is not displayed correctly depending on the positional relationship between the projector device and the projection surface and the angle between them. Sometimes. Therefore, in Patent Document 1 and Patent Document 2, proposals have been made to correct the above-described image disturbance by measuring the distance using a distance meter or measuring the installation angle of the projector. Yes.
JP 2000-122617 A JP 2001-186538 A

  However, these proposals in Patent Document 1 and Patent Document 2 are intended for business projectors used in meetings and the like, and proposals for portable projectors used for personal image viewing. is not. Here, the portable projector is not assumed to be used for image projection with respect to a large number of people such as a conference, and is used for about 4 to 5 people surrounding the desk to enjoy viewing images. Assumed.

  Enlarging the screen size at the time of projection requires a lot of energy, so as a portable projector, when the number of people viewing the image is small, the screen size at the time of projection is used to save energy. It is preferable that switching can be performed so that the screen size at the time of projection is increased only when there is a large number of people.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and an object thereof is to provide a portable projector capable of viewing an image with an optimal display according to the number of people viewing.

  In order to achieve the above object, a portable projector according to a first aspect of the present invention is a portable projector including a first part and a second part that are rotatably connected via a hinge part. According to an angle formed by the projection means provided on the first part and projecting an image on a plane on which the second part is placed, and the first part and the second part Image switching control means for switching and controlling the image projected by the projection means.

  In order to achieve the above object, a portable projector according to a second aspect of the present invention is a portable projector including a first part and a second part that are rotatably connected via a hinge part. A projector that is provided in the first part and projects an image on a plane on which the second part is placed, and an angle formed by the projection means and the plane; Image switching control means for switching and controlling the image projected by the projection means.

  In order to achieve the above object, the portable projector according to the third aspect of the present invention is connected to the first portion and the first portion so as to be rotatable, and on a predetermined plane. A portable projector comprising a second part to be placed, the projector being provided in the first part and projecting an image on the predetermined plane, and projecting on the predetermined plane by the projection means Display means for displaying the same image as the image to be displayed, angle detection means for detecting an angle formed by the first part and the second part, and the first part detected by the angle detection means And an image switching control means for switching and controlling the projection of the image by the projection means and the display of the image by the display means in accordance with an angle formed by the second portion.

  According to these first to third aspects, it is possible to appreciate an image with an optimal display corresponding to the number of people to appreciate.

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the portable projector which can appreciate an image with the optimal display according to the number of people who appreciate can be provided.

  Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described. FIG. 1A to FIG. 1D are diagrams showing an external configuration when the technology of a portable projector according to an embodiment of the present invention is applied to a mobile phone. That is, as shown in FIG. 1A, the mobile phone 10 includes a first portion (upper portion of the mobile phone) 10a and a second portion (lower portion of the mobile phone) 10b via the hinge portion 9. It is configured to be connected in a rotatable manner. Here, in the first portion 10a, a speaker 11 for a user to listen to voice, a monitor liquid crystal 12 as display means for displaying various information related to a mobile phone or displaying a menu screen, and image projection are performed. A projection lens 3 is arranged for this purpose. This image projection will be described in detail later. Here, the projection lens unit 3a including the projection lens 3 is configured to be rotatable in the direction of the arrow in FIG. That is, by rotating the projection lens 3, the projection lens 3 can be moved to the back side of the first portion as shown in FIG.

  In addition, a microphone (microphone) 14 for collecting voice from the user is disposed in the second portion 10b. With such an arrangement, as shown in FIG. 2A, the sound emitted from the speaker 11 enters the ear of the user 30, and the sound emitted by the user 30 is picked up by the microphone 14. Yes. Furthermore, various operation members 15 are arranged in the second portion 10b. Here, the operation member 15 includes an operation member for instructing image shooting, an operation member for instructing image reproduction, an operation member necessary for making a telephone call as a telephone, and the like.

  Here, the mobile phone 10 can be folded as shown in FIG. When folded as shown in FIG. 1 (d), the surface shown in FIG. 1 (a) is on the inside, so that the monitor liquid crystal 12, the operation member 15 and the like are protected.

  Further, a camera lens 20, a liquid crystal display unit 21, and an antenna 22 are arranged on the back side of the surface shown in FIG. 1A of the mobile phone 10 as shown in FIG. 1C. That is, the mobile phone 10 has a camera function. Using this camera function, the user 30 determines the composition while observing the image displayed on the monitor liquid crystal 12 as shown in FIG. While enjoying the shooting. In order to enjoy the image thus captured, for example, the image may be reproduced on the monitor liquid crystal 12 and viewed. However, in the case of such a method, it is good for viewing and enjoying by one person, but the size of the monitor liquid crystal 12 of the mobile phone 10 is insufficient when more people view images at once. .

  Therefore, in the present embodiment, various images such as images taken using the camera function are projected onto a projection surface such as a screen or a desk with strong light so that a larger screen can be enjoyed by more people. It is devised to.

  That is, in the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1A, the projection lens 3 for the projector function is provided in the first portion 10a of the mobile phone 10. As a result, for example, as shown in FIG. 2C, an image is projected on the desk with the second portion 10b side of the mobile phone 10 placed on the desk, or on the wall as shown in FIG. 2D. By doing so, it is possible to project and reproduce a large screen image that exceeds the limit of the size of the monitor liquid crystal 12 arranged in the mobile phone 10.

  FIG. 3 shows the internal configuration of the mobile phone 10 having such a configuration, particularly the configuration related to the projector function.

  As described above, the mobile phone 10 has a camera function. Here, this camera function is illustrated as the camera unit 7 in FIG. The camera unit 7 has a conventionally known configuration. For example, an image sensor that photoelectrically converts a light beam incident through the camera lens 20 to obtain an image signal, noise removal in the image signal acquired by the image sensor, A preprocessing circuit that performs amplification, an A / D conversion circuit that converts the output of the preprocessing circuit into a digital signal, an image processing circuit that obtains image data by performing appropriate image processing based on the output of the A / D conversion circuit, etc. What is necessary is just to comprise. Such image data output from the camera unit 7 is stored in the memory 6.

  When the projector function is in operation, an application specific IC (ASIC) 1 having an image forming function controls the overall image projection. That is, the ASIC 1 as the image switching control means controls the digital mirror device (DMD) 2 a as the projection means via the DMD driver 2 according to the image data recorded in the memory 6. Here, the DMD 2a is an element configured by a set of a large number of pixel mirrors, and is configured to be able to change the angle of the pixel mirror that forms each pixel by an input electric signal. The light source 5a is light emission controlled by the light source control circuit 5, and the light from the light source 5a uniformly illuminates each pixel mirror of the DMD 2a via the lens 4. At this time, only the light from the pixel mirror controlled at a predetermined angle by the ASIC 1 is projected from the projection lens 3. That is, since the light from the light source 5a toward the projection lens 3 can be controlled by controlling the angle of the pixel mirror, the image can be formed by controlling the bright and dark portions of the image projected on the projection plane.

  Here, as described above, the projection lens unit 3a is configured to be rotatable. With such a rotatable design, it is possible to easily switch between the desktop projection as shown in FIG. 2C and the wall projection as shown in FIG.

  3 is connected to a switch 8 for detecting the turning operation of the projection lens unit 3a, the operation state of the operation member 15, and the like. The ASIC 1 determines a rotation operation of the projection lens unit 3a by the user, an operation of the operation member 15, and the like, and performs shooting control, image reproduction control, and the like according to this determination. Further, the ASIC 1 is connected to an angle detection unit 9 a that detects an angle formed by the first portion 10 a and the second portion 10 b of the mobile phone 10. The angle detector 9a will be described in detail later.

  Here, when the desktop projection as shown in FIG. 2C is performed, the problem described below must be solved.

That is, in the case of desk projection, the case of performing the projection in a state in which a first portion 10a of the angle theta formed between the second portion 10b is at a predetermined angle theta 1 as shown in FIG. 4 (a), the FIG. As shown in FIG. 4B, when the projection is performed in a state where θ is set to θ 2 larger than θ 1 , the screen size of the projection image 25 changes due to the difference in the projection distance. That is, if θ is reduced, the screen size of the projected image 25 is reduced, and if θ is increased, the screen size of the projected image 25 is increased. Here, when viewing and appreciating the projected image by a large number of people, it is better to increase the screen size as shown in FIG. However, in this case, the difference in the projection distance of each side with respect to the vertical direction of the screen becomes large, and the phenomenon that the screen shape of the projected image 25 becomes trapezoid becomes remarkable.

For example, as shown in FIG. 4, when the length of the first portion 10a of the mobile phone 10 is H and the angle formed by the first portion 10a and the second portion 10b is θ, the projection lens 3 is projected from the desk. The height h is
h = Hsinθ (Formula 1)
It appears like At this time, the projection image 25 is projected from the projection lens 3 around the position of x. At this time, h and x

The following relationship is established. That is, it can be seen that x changes with h, that is, the angle θ formed by the first portion 10a and the second portion 10b.

  Note that the image projection by the mobile phone 10 is performed with the battery 27 connected to the charger 27 as shown in FIG. 5, for example, the image is projected with the energy supplied by the charger 27 having a height Δh. You may make it do. In this case, if the value obtained by adding the height Δh of the charger 27 to h in (Expression 1) is considered as a new h, the relationship of (Expression 3) is obtained in the same manner as described above. It is done.

Here, the projection image 25 projected around the position of x has a width in the left-right direction of the drawing as shown in FIGS. 4 (a) and 4 (b). Further, since there is a difference between the projection distance L 1 from the projection lens 3 to the right image end in the drawing and the projection distance L 2 from the projection lens 3 to the left image end in the drawing, the screen as described above is trapezoidally deformed. A phenomenon occurs. The projection distances L 1 and L 2 at this time are based on the positional relationship shown in FIG.

It can be obtained as follows. Here, phi in FIG. 6 (a), the distance from DMD2a shown in FIG. 6 the width of the vertical DMD2a shown in (b) W 1 and FIGS. 7 (a) to the projection lens 3 (focal length) and f T It is a constant determined by. Thus, it can be seen that the projection distances L 1 and L 2 also change with h obtained by (Equation 1), that is, with the angle θ.

FIG. 7A shows a simplified view of the projection image 25 being projected from the DMD 2a through the projection lens 3. FIG. In the case of DMD2a with horizontal width W 2 as shown in FIG. 6 (b), the distance difference between the projection distance L 1 and L 2, the image shown in FIG. 7 (b) projected on the desk A trapezoidal shape. At this time, the upper side of the projection image 25 shown in FIG. 7B (the portion projected on the right side of FIG. 7A) is

The lower side of the projection image 25 (the portion projected on the left side of FIG. 7A) is projected with a width represented by W T1 of

Is projected with a width of W T2 represented by
Therefore, if the upper width of the image formed on the DMD 2a is projected to be reduced to W T2 / W T1 as shown in FIG. 8A, the image is projected on the desk at the time of projection as shown in FIG. 8B. It can be reproduced as a screen such as 8 (a). Here, the correction factor W T2 / W T1 is

It can be obtained as the ratio of L 2 and L 1 as. As described above, the correction factor W T2 / W T1 is a value that changes depending only on the angle θ formed by the first portion 10a and the second portion 10b, and is thus determined by detecting the angle θ. be able to.

  Next, the structure of the angle detector 9a for detecting the angle θ formed by the first portion 10a and the second portion 10b will be described. FIG. 9A shows an example in which the angle θ is detected by the optical switch method. That is, the angle θ is obtained by projecting from the second portion 10 b of the mobile phone 10 toward the light first portion 10 a of the light emitting element 42 such as an LED and detecting the reflected light by the sensors 40 and 41. For example, when the angle θ is large as indicated by reference numeral 101a, strong reflected light is incident on the sensor 40, and when the angle θ is small as indicated by reference numeral 102a, strong reflected light is incident on the sensor 41. That is, the ASIC 1 causes the LED 42 to emit light through the LED driver circuit 43, and the amount of light incident on the sensors 40 and 41 at that time is detected by the light amount detection circuit 44. Can be detected.

  Further, the angle detection unit 9a may be configured by arranging mechanical push switches 46 and 47 as shown in FIG. 9B (actually, more mechanical switches are arranged). That is, in the configuration as shown in FIG. 9B, the smaller the angle θ, the more switches are turned on. Since the angle θ can be switched discontinuously by such a mechanical device, an accurate θ can be obtained, and the correction factor can be calculated by the above (Equation 10).

  Furthermore, the angle θ may be obtained by providing a sensor for detecting the amount of rotation of the hinge portion 9.

FIG. 10 shows a flowchart of the main control of the mobile phone having the above configuration.
First, it is determined whether or not the user has performed an operation to start shooting (step S1). If it is determined in step S1 that the user has started shooting, the process branches to YES to perform shooting control (step S2). After the obtained image data is stored in the memory 6 (step S3), the process returns to step S1.

  On the other hand, if it is determined in step S1 that the user has not started shooting, the process branches to NO, and it is determined whether or not the user has performed an image reproduction operation (step S4). If it is determined in step S4 that the user has not performed an image reproduction operation, the process branches to NO and whether or not the mobile phone 10 is used as a telephone, that is, whether or not the user has started a call operation. Determine (step S5). If it is determined in step S5 that a call start operation has been performed, the process branches to YES, and communication control such as communication processing is performed (step S6). On the other hand, if it is determined in step S5 that a call start operation is performed, the process branches to NO and returns to step S1.

  If it is determined in step S4 that the user has performed an image reproduction operation, the process branches to YES, and an image designated by the user is selected from the image data stored in the memory 6 (step S7). Thereafter, it is determined whether or not the cellular phone 10 has been folded (step S8). Here, the “folding operation” in step S8 refers to an operation in which the angle θ formed by the first portion 10a and the second portion 10b is folded within a range of 0 ° <θ ≦ 90 °.

  If it is determined in step S8 that no folding operation has been performed, the process branches to NO and an image is reproduced on the monitor liquid crystal 12 (step S9). In this case, for example, a state as shown in FIG. That is, in this case, since the purpose is to enjoy the image individually, it is not necessary to enlarge the image by the projector function. After the image is reproduced in step S9, it is determined whether or not an image switching operation has been performed by the user (step S10). If it is determined in step S10 that the user has performed an image switching operation, the process branches to YES and returns to step S4. On the other hand, if it is determined in step S10 that the user has not performed an image switching operation, the process branches to NO and it is determined whether or not the user has performed a display end operation (step S11). If it is determined in step S11 that the display end operation is performed by the user, the process branches to YES to end the image display (step S12), and the process returns to step S1.

  In the determination in step S8, if a folding operation is performed, the process branches to YES to operate the projector function that is a feature of the present invention. As described above, in the present embodiment, the projector function is operated only when the hinge unit 9 is set to a state in which image projection is performed as shown in FIGS. 2C and 2D. Even if the projector function is operated even during a call as shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B or when an image is enjoyed by an individual, the user feels dazzled and there is a problem in terms of energy saving.

When the projector function is in operation, it is first determined whether or not the charger 27 is connected to the mobile phone 10 and the mobile phone 10 is continuously supplied with energy from the AC power supply 26 as shown in FIG. S13). If it is determined in step S13 that energy is not continuously supplied, the process branches to NO, and the brightness of the projected image is reduced (step S14). Further, switching the projection time t of the image in a predetermined short time t 2 (step S15). On the other hand, if it is determined in step S13 that energy is continuously supplied, the process branches to YES and the brightness of the projected image is increased (step S16). Further, switching the projection time t of the image on a predetermined long time t 1 (step S17). By such a device, it is possible to prevent the battery capacity of the mobile phone 10 from being quickly lost during image projection.

Further, as described above, in the present embodiment, the size of the projection image is switched according to the angle θ formed by the first portion 10a and the second portion 10b. That is, after the process of step S15 or step S17, the angle θ is detected (step S18), the correction factor W T2 / W T1 is determined based on the angle θ, and then the keystone of the projection image is corrected (step S19). ). Then, the image corrected in this way is projected (step S20). The projected image 25 projected in this way is not a trapezoidal image as shown in FIG. Here, when the angle θ is 90 ° in (Equation 10), the correction factor W T2 / W T1 cannot be calculated. However, when the angle θ is 90 °, as shown in FIG. This is a case where an image projection onto a simple wall surface is assumed. In this case, since the trapezoidal deformation of the screen does not occur, it is not necessary to perform correction itself.

  Note that such a projected image can also be switched in the same manner as the control when displayed on the monitor liquid crystal 12. That is, it is determined whether or not an image switching operation has been performed by the user (step S21). If it is determined in step S21 that an image switching operation has been performed by the user, the process branches to YES and returns to step S4. On the other hand, if it is determined in step S21 that the user has not performed an image switching operation, the process branches to NO, and it is determined whether a display end operation has been performed by the user (step S22). If the display end operation is performed by the user in the determination in step S22, the process branches to YES and proceeds to step S12. On the other hand, in the determination of step S22, it is determined whether or not the image projection time t has elapsed even when the display end operation is not performed by the user (step S23). If t has elapsed, the process proceeds to step S12. To end the image display. That is, the image projection is continued until an end operation is performed in step S22 or until a predetermined time t has elapsed in step S23.

  As described above, according to the present embodiment, since the screen size of the projected image differs depending on the amount of rotation of the hinge unit 9, the optimum size according to the number of people viewing the image. This image can be projected. In addition, since the trapezoidal deformation of the image that occurs when the screen is enlarged can be corrected, an image with no unnaturalness can be projected even on a large screen.

  In addition, since it is a portable type, it is necessary to take sufficient measures against battery consumption and glare when viewing images close by. However, in this embodiment, only when the projector function is used, light is used. Since projection is performed, it is possible to provide a portable projector that is excellent in energy saving effect and has no problem of glare.

  The projector function as described above can be applied not only to a mobile phone but also to a digital camera as shown in FIG. That is, the camera body 50 is provided with a rotating part 50a that can be rotated and lifted as shown in FIG. 11B, and the structure of the portable projector as described above is provided in the rotating part 50a. It should be built in. In this case, by switching the shape of the image projected from the projection lens 3 according to the angle of the rotation unit 50a, a natural image can be reproduced on a large screen larger than the size of the camera. Can enjoy.

  Although the present invention has been described based on the above embodiments, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various modifications and applications are naturally possible within the scope of the gist of the present invention. For example, in the present embodiment, the image projection or the display on the monitor liquid crystal is switched depending on the angle formed by the first part and the second part, but the switching is performed by a user operation. In this case, it goes without saying that the image projection and the image reproduction to the monitor liquid crystal may be switched regardless of the angle.

  Further, the above-described embodiments include various stages of the invention, and various inventions can be extracted by appropriately combining a plurality of disclosed constituent elements. For example, even if some constituent requirements are deleted from all the constituent requirements shown in the embodiment, the problem described in the column of the problem to be solved by the invention can be solved, and the effect described in the column of the effect of the invention Can be extracted as an invention.

It is a figure which shows the external appearance structure at the time of applying the technique of the portable projector which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention to a mobile telephone. FIG. 2A is a diagram illustrating an example of use of a portable projector according to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2A is a diagram illustrating an example of a telephone, and FIG. 2B is a diagram illustrating an example of a digital camera. FIG. 2C is a diagram showing an example of a projector that projects an image on a desk or the like, and FIG. 2D is a diagram showing an example of a projector that projects an image on a wall surface or the like. 1 is a diagram showing an internal configuration of a portable projector according to an embodiment of the present invention. It is a 1st figure for demonstrating the projection principle at the time of projecting an image on a desk etc. FIG. It is a figure which shows the example at the time of connecting the portable projector which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention to a charger. FIG. 6A is a first diagram for explaining the projection principle when performing image projection on a desk or the like, and FIG. 6B shows the configuration of a digital mirror device for explaining the projection principle. FIG. It is a figure for demonstrating the trapezoid deformation | transformation of a projection image. It is a figure for demonstrating the trapezoid correction | amendment of a projection image. It is a figure which shows the structural example of an angle detection part. 3 is a flowchart of main control of a portable projector according to an embodiment of the present invention. It is a figure which shows the external appearance structure at the time of applying the technique of the portable projector which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention to a digital camera.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Application specific IC (ASIC), 2 ... DMD driver, 2a ... Digital mirror device (DMD), 3 ... Projection lens, 3a ... Projection lens part, 4 ... Lens, 5a ... Light source 5 ... Light source control circuit, 6 ... Memory, 7 ... Camera unit, 8 ... Switch, 9 ... Hinge unit, 9a ... Angle detection unit, 10 ... Mobile phone, 10a ... First part, 10b ... Second part, 11 ... Speaker, 12 ... Monitor liquid crystal, DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 14 ... Microphone (microphone), 15 ... Operation member, 20 ... Camera lens, 21 ... Liquid crystal display part, 22 ... Antenna, 26 ... AC power supply, 27 ... Charger, 40, 41 ... Sensor, 42 ... Light emitting element (LED) , 43 ... LED driver circuit, 44 ... light quantity detection circuit, 46, 47 ... push switch, 50 ... camera body, 50a ... rotating part

Claims (5)

  1. A portable projector comprising a first part and a second part that are rotatably connected via a hinge part,
    Projection means provided on the first part and projecting an image on a plane on which the second part is placed;
    Image switching control means for switching and controlling an image projected by the projection means according to an angle formed by the first portion and the second portion;
    A portable projector comprising:
  2. The first part further comprises display means,
    The portable projector according to claim 1, wherein the image switching control unit further performs switching control of display on the display unit according to the angle.
  3.   The portable projector according to claim 1, wherein the image switching control unit performs keystone correction of the image when projecting the image on the plane.
  4. A portable projector comprising a first part and a second part that are rotatably connected via a hinge part,
    Projection means provided on the first part and projecting an image on a plane on which the second part is placed;
    Image switching control means for switching and controlling an image projected by the projection means according to an angle formed by the projection means and the plane;
    A portable projector comprising:
  5. A portable projector comprising a first part and a second part rotatably connected to the first part and placed on a predetermined plane,
    A projection means provided in the first portion, for projecting an image on the predetermined plane;
    Display means for displaying the same image as the image projected on the predetermined plane by the projection means;
    Angle detection means for detecting an angle formed by the first part and the second part;
    An image that controls switching between projection of the image by the projection unit and display of the image by the display unit in accordance with an angle formed by the first part and the second part detected by the angle detection unit. Switching control means;
    A portable projector comprising:
JP2004044341A 2004-02-20 2004-02-20 Portable projector Expired - Fee Related JP4533641B2 (en)

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JP2007074651A (en) * 2005-09-09 2007-03-22 Nikon Corp Electronic apparatus with projector
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JP2009159364A (en) * 2007-12-27 2009-07-16 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Terminal with image projecting function
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