JP2005044450A - Optical recording medium and method for manufacturing same, and data recording method and data reproducing method for optical recording medium - Google Patents

Optical recording medium and method for manufacturing same, and data recording method and data reproducing method for optical recording medium Download PDF

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JP2005044450A
JP2005044450A JP2003278710A JP2003278710A JP2005044450A JP 2005044450 A JP2005044450 A JP 2005044450A JP 2003278710 A JP2003278710 A JP 2003278710A JP 2003278710 A JP2003278710 A JP 2003278710A JP 2005044450 A JP2005044450 A JP 2005044450A
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recording medium
optical recording
layer
laser
less
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Shigetoshi Fukuzawa
Takashi Kikukawa
Tatsuhiro Kobayashi
龍弘 小林
成敏 福澤
隆 菊川
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Tdk Corp
Tdk株式会社
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    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
    • G11B7/26Apparatus or processes specially adapted for the manufacture of record carriers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B7/00Recording or reproducing by optical means, e.g. recording using a thermal beam of optical radiation by modifying optical properties or the physical structure, reproducing using an optical beam at lower power by sensing optical properties; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B7/004Recording, reproducing or erasing methods; Read, write or erase circuits therefor
    • G11B7/0045Recording
    • G11B7/00452Recording involving bubble or bump forming
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
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    • G11B7/24Record carriers characterised by shape, structure or physical properties, or by the selection of the material
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    • G11B2007/24306Metals or metalloids transition metal elements of groups 3-10
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an optical recording medium, capable of forming recording marks by the generation of chemically stable gas. <P>SOLUTION: The optical recording medium 10 comprises a supporting substrate 11, a light transmission layer 12, a first dielectric layer 3 arranged between the light transmission layer 12 and the supporting substrate 11, a noble metal nitride layer 23, a second dielectric layer 32, a light absorption layer 22, a third dielectric layer 33, and a reflective layer 21. With the optical recording medium, the noble metal nitride layer 23 is locally decomposed by irradiating the medium with a laser beam 40 from a light incident surface 12a side and recording marks can be formed by generated air bubbles. In such a case, the gas filled in the air bubbles which are the recording marks is the chemically stable gaseous nitrogen (N<SB>2</SB>) and therefore the possibility that such gas causes the oxidation or corrosion of the other layers is extremely little and high preservation reliability can be obtained. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2005,JPO&NCIPI

Description

  The present invention relates to an optical recording medium and a manufacturing method thereof, and more particularly to an optical recording medium of a type in which a recording mark is formed by generation of gas and a manufacturing method thereof. The present invention also relates to a data recording method and a data reproducing method for an optical recording medium, and relates to a data recording method and a data reproducing method for an optical recording medium of a type in which a recording mark is formed by generation of gas.

  In recent years, optical recording media represented by CD (Compact Disc) and DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) have been widely used as recording media for recording large-capacity digital data.

  Of the CDs, the type (CD-ROM) that cannot add or rewrite data has a structure in which a reflective layer and a protective layer are laminated on a light transmissive substrate having a thickness of about 1.2 mm. Data can be reproduced by irradiating the reflective layer with a laser beam having a wavelength of about 780 nm from the light transmissive substrate side. On the other hand, among the CDs, the type in which data can be additionally written (CD-R) and the type in which data can be rewritten (CD-RW) has a recording layer added between the light-transmitting substrate and the reflective layer. Data recording and reproduction can be performed by irradiating the recording layer with a laser beam having a wavelength of about 780 nm from the light-transmitting substrate side.

  In the CD, an objective lens having a numerical aperture of about 0.45 is used for focusing the laser beam, and thereby, the beam spot diameter of the laser beam on the reflection layer or the recording layer is reduced to about 1.6 μm. As a result, the CD has a recording capacity of about 700 MB and a data transfer rate of about 1 Mbps at a reference linear velocity (about 1.2 m / sec).

  In addition, a DVD (DVD-ROM) type in which data cannot be additionally written or rewritten is a laminate in which a reflective layer and a protective layer are laminated on a light transmissive substrate having a thickness of about 0.6 mm, It has a structure in which a dummy substrate having a thickness of about 0.6 mm is bonded through an adhesive layer, and data is reproduced by irradiating the reflective layer with a laser beam having a wavelength of about 635 nm from the light-transmitting substrate side. be able to. On the other hand, among DVDs, a type in which data can be additionally written (DVD-R, etc.) or a type in which data can be rewritten (DVD-RW, etc.) is a recording layer between a light-transmitting substrate and a reflective layer. Is added, and data can be recorded and reproduced by irradiating the recording layer with a laser beam having a wavelength of about 635 nm from the light transmissive substrate side.

  In the DVD, an objective lens having a numerical aperture of about 0.6 is used for focusing the laser beam, and thereby, the beam spot diameter of the laser beam on the reflection layer or the recording layer is reduced to about 0.93 μm. As described above, in recording and reproduction on DVD, a laser beam having a wavelength shorter than that of CD is used and an objective lens having a large numerical aperture is used, so that a beam spot diameter smaller than that of CD is realized. Has been. Thereby, in DVD, a recording capacity of about 4.7 GB / surface and a data transfer rate of about 11 Mbps at a reference linear velocity (about 3.5 m / sec) are realized.

  In recent years, there has been proposed an optical recording medium having a data recording capacity exceeding that of a DVD and capable of realizing a data transfer rate exceeding that of a DVD. In such a next-generation optical recording medium, a laser beam having a wavelength of about 405 nm and an objective lens having a numerical aperture of about 0.85 are used in order to realize a large capacity and a high data transfer rate. As a result, the beam spot diameter of the laser beam is reduced to about 0.43 μm, and a data transfer rate of about 36 Mbps can be realized at a recording capacity of about 25 GB / surface and a reference linear velocity (about 4.9 m / sec). .

  In this way, since the next-generation optical recording medium uses an objective lens with a very high numerical aperture, in order to ensure a sufficient tilt margin and suppress the occurrence of coma aberration, light transmission that becomes the optical path of the laser beam is used. The thickness of the layer is set as very thin as about 100 μm. For this reason, in the next generation type optical recording medium, it is difficult to form various functional layers such as a recording layer on a light-transmitting substrate like current type optical recording media such as CD and DVD. A method in which a reflective layer and a recording layer are formed on a substrate and then a thin resin layer is formed thereon by a spin coating method or the like and used as a light transmission layer has been studied. In other words, in the production of the next generation type optical recording medium, unlike the current optical recording medium in which film formation is performed sequentially from the light incident surface side, the film formation is performed sequentially from the side opposite to the light incident surface. Become.

  As described above, the increase in the capacity of the optical recording medium and the increase in the data transfer rate are achieved mainly by reducing the beam spot diameter of the laser beam. Therefore, it is necessary to further reduce the beam spot diameter in order to achieve higher capacity and higher data transfer rate. However, if the wavelength of the laser beam is further shortened, the absorption of the laser beam in the light transmission layer increases rapidly, or the aging of the light transmission layer increases, and it is difficult to shorten the wavelength further. Considering the difficulty in lens design and securing a tilt margin, it is also difficult to further increase the numerical aperture of the objective lens. That is, it can be said that it is very difficult to further reduce the beam spot diameter of the laser beam.

  Under such circumstances, super resolution optical recording media have been proposed in recent years as another attempt to achieve large capacity and high data transfer rate. Super-resolution optical recording medium refers to an optical recording medium capable of forming a minute recording mark exceeding the reproduction limit and reproducing data from such a recording mark, and using such an optical recording medium, It is possible to realize a large capacity and a high data transfer rate without reducing the beam spot diameter.

More specifically, when the wavelength of the laser beam is λ and the numerical aperture of the objective lens is NA, the diffraction limit d 1 is d 1 = λ / 2NA.
Given in. Therefore, in an optical recording medium of a type in which data is expressed by the length of a recording mark and a blank area, that is, a distance between edges, such as a CD or DVD, the reproduction limit d 2 of a single signal is
d 2 = λ / 4NA
Given in. That is, in a normal optical recording medium that is not a super-resolution type, if the length of the shortest recording mark or the shortest blank area is less than the reproduction limit, the recording mark and the blank area cannot be distinguished. In contrast, a super-resolution optical recording medium can use recording marks and blank areas whose length is less than the reproduction limit, so it is possible to increase the capacity and transfer high data without reducing the beam spot diameter. This makes it possible to realize a rate.

  As a super-resolution optical recording medium, a super-resolution optical recording medium called a “scattering super lens” has been proposed (see Non-Patent Document 1). In this optical recording medium, a reproduction layer composed of a phase change material layer and a metal oxide is used, and when irradiated with a laser beam, the metal oxide constituting the reproduction layer is decomposed at a high energy portion at the center of the beam spot, thereby It is considered that the laser beam is scattered by the generated metal fine particles and the contact light is generated. As a result, the phase change material layer is locally irradiated with near-field light, and it is explained that super-resolution recording and super-resolution reproduction can be performed using the phase change. Yes. Then, when the laser beam is moved away, the metal and oxygen generated by the decomposition of the reproducing layer are combined again to return to the original metal oxide, so that repeated rewriting is possible.

  However, according to the study by the present inventors, in the super-resolution optical recording medium called “scattering super lens”, the phase change of the phase change material layer hardly appears as a signal, and the reproduction is performed. It became clear that the decomposition of the layer was irreversible. In other words, a super-resolution optical recording medium called a “scattering super lens” is not a rewritable optical recording medium that can form a reversible recording mark on a phase change material layer, but an irreversible recording mark. It has been clarified that it can be realized as a write-once type optical recording medium that can be formed on the reproduction layer (noble metal oxide layer) (see Non-Patent Document 2).

Here, the reason why it is possible to form a minute recording mark below the reproduction limit on the noble metal oxide layer is that the noble metal oxide layer is locally decomposed in the high energy portion at the center of the beam spot, and the bubbles generated thereby This is because the region undergoes plastic deformation. The plastically deformed part is used as a recording mark, and the part not plastically deformed is used as a blank area. On the other hand, the reason why data can be reproduced from the minute recording marks formed in this way is not clear at present.
"A near-field recording and readout technology using a matellic probe in an optical disk", Jap. J. Appl. Phys., Japan Society of Applied Physics, 2000, Volume 39, p.980-981 "Rigid bubble pit formation and huge signal enhancement in super-resolution near-field structure disk with platinum-oxide layer", Applied Physics Letters, American Institute of Physics, December 16, 2002, Volume 81, Number 25, p.4697-4699

Thus, in the currently proposed super-resolution optical recording medium, the region is locally plastically deformed by oxygen gas (O 2 ) generated by decomposition of the noble metal oxide layer, and this is used as a recording mark. is doing. Therefore, it is considered desirable that the gas to be generated is chemically more stable, and this point is similarly applied to an optical recording medium that is not a super-resolution optical recording medium.

  On the other hand, the purpose of applying super-resolution technology to optical recording media is to achieve higher capacity and higher data transfer rate, so a laser beam with a shorter wavelength and a larger numerical aperture It is considered desirable to record and reproduce data using an objective lens.

  Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an optical recording medium capable of forming a recording mark by generating a chemically stable gas, in particular, a super-resolution optical recording medium and a method for manufacturing the same. .

  Another object of the present invention is to use a laser beam having a shorter wavelength and an objective lens having a larger numerical aperture for an optical recording medium in which a recording mark is formed by generation of a chemically stable gas. It is to provide a method for recording data and a method for reproducing data.

An optical recording medium according to the present invention includes a substrate and a noble metal nitride layer provided on the substrate. In the optical recording medium according to the present invention, by irradiating the laser beam from the light incident surface side, the noble metal nitride layer is locally decomposed, and a recording mark can be formed by the generated bubbles. In this case, since the gas filled in the bubbles serving as recording marks is chemically stable nitrogen gas (N 2 ), there is very little possibility that this will oxidize or corrode other layers, and high storage reliability. Can be obtained.

Here, the first dielectric layer provided on the light incident surface side when viewed from the noble metal nitride layer, and the second dielectric layer provided on the opposite side to the light incident surface when viewed from the noble metal nitride layer. It is preferable to further comprise. In this way, if the noble metal nitride layer is sandwiched between the first and second dielectric layers, nitrogen gas (N 2 ) generated by the decomposition of the noble metal nitride layer is stably sealed over a long period of time. Therefore, higher storage reliability can be obtained.

  Here, a light absorbing layer and a third dielectric layer arranged in this order when viewed from the second dielectric layer are further provided on the side opposite to the light incident surface when viewed from the second dielectric layer. preferable. With such a structure, the energy of the laser beam irradiated at the time of recording is efficiently converted into heat, so that good recording characteristics can be obtained.

  In addition, it is preferable to further include a reflective layer provided on the side opposite to the light incident surface when viewed from the third dielectric layer. Providing such a reflective layer increases the level of the reproduced signal and greatly improves the reproduction durability. Here, “reproduction durability” means a reproduction deterioration phenomenon, that is, the state of the noble metal nitride layer is changed by the energy of the laser beam irradiated during reproduction, which causes an increase in noise and a decrease in carriers, resulting in a CNR. It refers to resistance to a decreasing phenomenon. The thickness of the reflective layer is preferably 5 nm or more and 200 nm or less, and more preferably 10 nm or more and 150 nm or less. By setting the thickness of the reflective layer in this way, it is possible to obtain a sufficient effect of improving the reproduction durability without greatly reducing the productivity.

  The noble metal nitride layer preferably contains platinum nitride (PtNx). In this case, it is most preferable that substantially all of the noble metal nitride layer is made of platinum nitride (PtNx). However, other materials and inevitably mixed impurities may be included. If platinum nitride (PtNx) is used as the material of the noble metal nitride layer, it is possible to obtain good signal characteristics and sufficient durability.

  Further, it is preferable to further include a light transmission layer provided on the side opposite to the substrate as viewed from the first dielectric layer and having the light incident surface. In this case, the thickness of the substrate is 0.6 mm or more and 2.0 mm or less, the thickness of the light transmission layer is 10 μm or more and 200 μm or less, and the thickness of the noble metal nitride layer is 2 nm or more and 75 nm or less. The second dielectric layer has a thickness of 5 nm to 100 nm, the light absorption layer has a thickness of 5 nm to 100 nm, and the third dielectric layer has a thickness of 10 nm to 140 nm. Preferably there is. According to this, by using a laser beam having a wavelength (λ) of less than about 635 nm and an objective lens having a numerical aperture (NA) of more than about 0.6, λ / NA is set to 640 nm or less and super-resolution recording is performed. In particular, super-resolution recording and super-resolution using a laser beam having a wavelength of about 405 nm and an objective lens having a numerical aperture of about 0.85, which are used in next-generation optical recording media, can be performed. In the resolution reproduction, it is possible to obtain good characteristics.

In the method for manufacturing an optical recording medium according to the present invention, a reflective layer, a third dielectric layer, a light absorbing layer, a second dielectric layer, a noble metal nitride layer, and a first dielectric layer are formed on a support substrate. The method includes a first step of forming sequentially, and a second step of forming a light transmission layer on the first dielectric layer. According to the present invention, by using a laser beam having a wavelength of less than about 635 nm and an objective lens having a numerical aperture of more than about 0.6, λ / NA is set to 640 nm or less and super-resolution recording and super-resolution reproduction are performed. It is possible to manufacture an optical recording medium capable of performing the above. Moreover, in the optical recording medium manufactured in this way, bubbles due to chemically stable nitrogen gas (N 2 ) become recording marks, so that high storage reliability can be obtained. The first step is preferably performed by a vapor deposition method, and the second step is preferably performed by a spin coating method.

  The data recording method according to the present invention is a data recording method for recording data by irradiating the above-mentioned optical recording medium with a laser beam from the light incident surface side, wherein the wavelength of the laser beam is λ, and the laser When the numerical aperture of the objective lens for focusing the beam is NA, λ / NA is set to 640 nm or less, and a recording mark row including a recording mark having a length of λ / 4 NA or less is recorded. To do. A data reproduction method according to the present invention is a data reproduction method for reproducing data by irradiating the above-described optical recording medium with a laser beam from the light incident surface side, wherein the wavelength of the laser beam is λ, When the numerical aperture of the objective lens for focusing the laser beam is NA, λ / NA is set to 640 nm or less, and data is reproduced from a recording mark row including a recording mark having a length of λ / 4 NA or less. It is characterized by performing. In any case, it is most preferable to set the wavelength of the laser beam to about 405 nm and the numerical aperture of the objective lens to about 0.85. According to this, recording / reproduction for the next generation type optical recording medium is possible. Since a recording / reproducing apparatus similar to the apparatus can be used, the development cost and manufacturing cost of the recording / reproducing apparatus can be suppressed.

As described above, the optical recording medium according to the present invention includes the noble metal nitride layer provided on the substrate and uses the bubbles generated by the decomposition as the recording marks, so that the bubbles that become the recording marks are filled. The gas becomes chemically stable nitrogen gas (N 2 ). Therefore, there is very little possibility that the nitrogen gas (N 2 ) filled in the bubbles oxidizes or corrodes other layers such as the substrate, and thereby high storage reliability can be obtained.

  In addition, the optical recording medium according to the present invention uses a laser beam having a wavelength of less than about 635 nm and an objective lens having a numerical aperture of more than about 0.6 to set λ / NA to 640 nm or less and perform super-resolution recording and recording. Super-resolution reproduction can be performed. In particular, super-resolution recording and super-resolution using a laser beam having a wavelength of about 405 nm and an objective lens having a numerical aperture of about 0.85, which are used in next-generation optical recording media. Good characteristics can be obtained in image reproduction. Therefore, since the recording / reproducing apparatus similar to the recording / reproducing apparatus for the next generation type optical recording medium can be used, the development cost and manufacturing cost of the recording / reproducing apparatus can be suppressed.

  Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  FIG. 1A is a cutaway perspective view showing the appearance of an optical recording medium 10 according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 1B is an enlarged partial cross-section of part A shown in FIG. FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 1A, the optical recording medium 10 according to the present embodiment has a disc shape. As shown in FIG. 1B, the support substrate 11, the light transmission layer 12, the support substrate 11, and the light The reflective layer 21, the light absorption layer 22 and the noble metal nitride layer 23 provided in this order between the transmission layer 12, the light absorption layer 22 and the noble metal nitride layer 23 between the reflection layer 21 and the light absorption layer 22. And dielectric layers 33, 32, and 31 provided between the noble metal nitride layer 23 and the light transmission layer 12, respectively. Data recording and reproduction can be performed by irradiating the laser beam 40 from the light incident surface 12 a side while rotating the optical recording medium 10. The wavelength of the laser beam 40 can be set to less than 635 nm, and most preferably set to a wavelength of about 405 nm used for the next generation type optical recording medium. The numerical aperture of the objective lens for focusing the laser beam 40 can be set to more than 0.6. In particular, the aperture is about 0.85 used for the next generation type optical recording medium. It can be set to a number.

  The support substrate 11 is a disk-shaped substrate used for ensuring the mechanical strength required for the optical recording medium 10, and one surface thereof is directed from the vicinity of the center portion toward the outer edge portion or from the outer edge portion. Grooves 11a and lands 11b for guiding the laser beam 40 are formed in a spiral shape toward the vicinity of the center. The material and thickness of the support substrate 11 are not particularly limited as long as the mechanical strength can be ensured. For example, as the material of the support substrate 11, glass, ceramics, resin, or the like can be used, and it is preferable to use a resin in consideration of ease of molding. Examples of such resins include polycarbonate resins, olefin resins, acrylic resins, epoxy resins, polystyrene resins, polyethylene resins, polypropylene resins, silicone resins, fluorine-based resins, ABS resins, and urethane resins. Among these, it is particularly preferable to use a polycarbonate resin or an olefin resin from the viewpoint of processability. However, since the support substrate 11 does not become an optical path of the laser beam 40, it is not necessary to select a material having high light transmittance in the wavelength region.

  On the other hand, the thickness of the support substrate 11 is preferably set to a thickness that is necessary and sufficient for ensuring the mechanical strength, for example, 0.6 mm or more and 2.0 mm or less. Considering compatibility with the generation type optical recording medium, it is preferable to set the thickness to 1.0 mm or more and 1.2 mm or less, particularly about 1.1 mm. The diameter of the support substrate 11 is not particularly limited, but is preferably set to about 120 mm in consideration of compatibility with current optical recording media and next-generation optical recording media.

  The light transmission layer 12 is a layer that serves as an optical path of the laser beam 40 irradiated during recording and reproduction. The material is not particularly limited as long as the material has a sufficiently high light transmittance in the wavelength region of the laser beam 40 to be used. For example, a light transmissive resin can be used. In the optical recording medium 10 according to the present embodiment, the thickness of the light transmission layer 12 is set to 10 μm or more and 200 μm or less. This is because if the thickness of the light transmission layer 12 is less than 10 μm, the beam diameter on the light incident surface 12a becomes very small, so that the scratches and dust on the light incident surface 12a have a greater effect on recording and reproduction. This is because if it exceeds 200 μm, it is difficult to secure a tilt margin and suppress coma. In consideration of compatibility with next-generation optical recording media, it is preferably set to 50 μm or more and 150 μm or less, and particularly preferably set to 70 μm or more and 120 μm or less.

  The reflective layer 21 is a layer that plays the role of increasing the level of the reproduction signal and improving the reproduction durability. As the material of the reflective layer 21, gold (Au), silver (Ag), copper (Cu), platinum (Pt), aluminum (Al), titanium (Ti), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), cobalt ( A single metal or alloy such as Co), nickel (Ni), magnesium (Mg), zinc (Zn), and germanium (Ge) can be used. The thickness of the reflective layer 21 is not particularly limited, but is preferably set to 5 nm or more and 200 nm or less, and more preferably set to 10 nm or more and 150 nm or less. This is because if the thickness of the reflective layer 21 is less than 5 nm, the effect of improving the reproduction durability cannot be obtained sufficiently, and if the thickness of the reflective layer 21 exceeds 200 nm, the film formation takes time. This is because, while the productivity is reduced, the effect of improving the reproduction durability beyond this is hardly obtained. On the other hand, if the thickness of the reflective layer 21 is set to 10 nm or more and 150 nm or less, a sufficient reproduction durability improvement effect can be obtained without greatly reducing the productivity. In the present invention, it is not essential to provide the reflective layer 21 on the optical recording medium. However, by providing this, the above-described effect can be obtained.

  The light absorption layer 22 mainly serves to absorb the energy of the laser beam 40 and convert it into heat. As a material thereof, the light absorption layer 22 has a large absorption in the wavelength region of the laser beam 40 to be used, and a noble metal at the time of recording. It is preferable to use a material having a relatively low hardness so as not to prevent the deformation of the nitride layer 23. Examples of a material that satisfies such conditions for the laser beam 40 having a wavelength of less than 635 nm include a phase change material used as a recording layer material in a rewritable optical recording medium. As the phase change material, it is preferable to use an alloy of antimony (Sb), tellurium (Te) and germanium (Ge) or a material obtained by adding an additive thereto.

Specifically, the atomic ratio of the phase change material constituting the light absorption layer 22 is set to (Sb a Te 1-a ) 1-b MA b
Or
{(GeTe) c (Sb 2 Te 3 ) 1-c } d MB 1-d
(However, MA is an element excluding antimony (Sb) and tellurium (Te), and MB is an element excluding antimony (Sb), tellurium (Te) and germanium (Ge)).
When expressed in
0 ≦ a ≦ 1, and 0 ≦ b ≦ 0.25
Or
1/3 ≦ c ≦ 2/3 and 0.9 ≦ d
It is preferable to set to.

  In particular, when the value of b exceeds 0.25, the light absorption coefficient may be lower than the value required for the light absorption layer 22, and the thermal conductivity is lower than the value required for the light absorption layer 22. Is not preferable because it may be lowered.

  The type of element MA is not particularly limited, but germanium (Ge), indium (In), silver (Ag), gold (Au), bismuth (Bi), selenium (Se), aluminum (Al), phosphorus (P), Hydrogen (H), silicon (Si), carbon (C), vanadium (V), tungsten (W), tantalum (Ta), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), titanium (Ti), tin (Sn), Select one or more elements selected from the group consisting of palladium (Pd), lead (Pb), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O) and rare earth elements (scandium (Sc), yttrium (Y) and lanthanoid) It is preferable to do. In particular, when a laser beam having a wavelength of 390 nm to 420 nm is used, one or more elements are selected from the group consisting of silver (Ag), germanium (Ge), indium (In), and rare earth elements as the element MA. Is preferred. This makes it possible to obtain good signal characteristics when a laser beam having a wavelength of 390 to 420 nm, particularly a laser beam having a wavelength of about 405 nm is used.

  The type of element MB is not particularly limited, but indium (In), silver (Ag), gold (Au), bismuth (Bi), selenium (Se), aluminum (Al), phosphorus (P), hydrogen (H) , Silicon (Si), carbon (C), vanadium (V), tungsten (W), tantalum (Ta), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), titanium (Ti), tin (Sn), palladium (Pd) It is preferable to select one or more elements selected from the group consisting of, lead (Pb), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O) and rare earth elements (scandium (Sc), yttrium (Y) and lanthanoid) . In particular, when a laser beam having a wavelength of 390 nm to 420 nm is used, it is preferable to select one or more elements from the group consisting of silver (Ag), indium (In), and rare earth elements as the element MB. This makes it possible to obtain good signal characteristics when a laser beam having a wavelength of 390 to 420 nm, particularly a laser beam having a wavelength of about 405 nm is used.

  However, even when a phase change material is used as the material of the light absorption layer 22, the phase change due to recording hardly appears as a signal. This is why it is not essential to use a phase change material as the material of the light absorption layer 22. However, at present, the inventors have confirmed that the best signal characteristics can be obtained when a phase change material, particularly a phase change material having the above-described composition, is used as the material of the light absorption layer 22.

  The thickness of the light absorption layer 22 is preferably set to 5 nm or more and 100 nm or less, more preferably 10 nm or more and 80 nm or less, and more preferably 10 nm or more and 60 nm when a phase change material is used as the material. It is particularly preferable to set the following. This is because if the thickness of the light absorption layer 22 is less than 5 nm, the energy of the laser beam may not be sufficiently absorbed, and if it exceeds 100 nm, it takes time to form a film and productivity is lowered. Because. On the other hand, if the thickness of the light absorption layer 22 is set to 10 nm or more and 80 nm or less, particularly 10 nm or more and 60 nm or less, it is possible to sufficiently absorb the energy of the laser beam 40 while ensuring high productivity. Become.

  In the present invention, it is not essential to provide the light absorption layer 22 in the optical recording medium. However, as described above, by providing this, the energy of the laser beam 40 can be efficiently converted into heat.

  The noble metal nitride layer 23 is a layer on which a recording mark is formed by irradiation with the laser beam 40, and has a noble metal nitride as a main component. Although it does not specifically limit as a kind of noble metal, At least 1 sort (s) of platinum (Pt), silver (Ag), and palladium (Pd) is preferable, and platinum (Pt) is especially preferable. That is, it is particularly preferable to select platinum nitride (PtNx) as the material of the noble metal nitride layer 23. If platinum nitride (PtNx) is used as the material of the noble metal nitride layer 23, it is possible to obtain good signal characteristics and sufficient durability. When platinum nitride (PtNx) is used as the material of the noble metal nitride layer 23, the value of x is set so that the extinction coefficient (k) is less than 3 (k <3) in the wavelength region of the laser beam 40 to be used. It is preferable to do.

  The thickness of the noble metal nitride layer 23 greatly affects the signal characteristics. In order to obtain good signal characteristics, the thickness is preferably set to 2 nm or more and 75 nm or less, and more preferably set to 2 nm or more and 50 nm or less. In particular, in order to obtain good signal characteristics for signals below the diffraction limit, the thickness is preferably set to 2 nm or more and 15 nm or less. When the thickness of the noble metal nitride layer 23 is less than 2 nm or more than 75 nm, a recording mark having a good shape is not formed even when the laser beam 40 is irradiated, and a sufficient carrier / noise ratio (CNR) is obtained. It is because there is a possibility that it is not possible. On the other hand, when the thickness of the noble metal nitride layer 23 is set to 2 nm or more and 15 nm or less, good CNR can be obtained not only for the signal above the diffraction limit but also for the signal below the diffraction limit.

The dielectric layers 31, 32, and 33 mainly serve to physically and chemically protect the layers adjacent to these layers and adjust the optical characteristics. In the present specification and claims, the dielectric layers 31, 32 and 33 may be referred to as first, second and third dielectric layers, respectively. As a material of the dielectric layers 31, 32, and 33, an oxide, sulfide, nitride, or a combination thereof can be used as a main component. Specifically, Al 2 O 3 , AlN, ZnO, ZnS, GeN, GeCrN, CeO 2 , SiO, SiO 2 , Si 3 N 4 , SiC, La 2 O 3 , TaO, TiO 2 , SiAlON (SiO 2 , Al 2 O 3 , Si 3 N 4 and AlN mixture) and LaSiON (La 2 O 3 , SiO 2 and Si 3 N 4 mixture), such as aluminum (Al), silicon (Si), cerium (Ce), titanium It is preferable to use oxides such as (Ti), zinc (Zn), and tantalum (Ta), nitrides, sulfides, carbides, or mixtures thereof, and it is particularly preferable to use a mixture of ZnS and SiO 2. . In this case, the ZnS ratio is preferably set to 70 mol% or more and 90 mol% or less, the SiO 2 ratio is preferably set to 10 mol% or more and 30 mol% or less, and the molar ratio of ZnS and SiO 2 is set to 80 mol%. : Most preferably, it is set to about 20.

  The dielectric layers 31, 32, and 33 may be made of the same material as each other, or part or all of them may be made of different materials. Furthermore, a multilayer structure in which at least one of the dielectric layers 31, 32, and 33 includes a plurality of layers may be employed.

  The thickness of the dielectric layer 33 is preferably set to 10 nm or more and 140 nm or less, and more preferably set to 20 nm or more and 120 nm or less. This is because if the thickness of the dielectric layer 33 is less than 10 nm, the light absorption layer 22 may not be sufficiently protected. If the thickness of the dielectric layer 33 exceeds 140 nm, it takes time to form the film. This is because productivity decreases. On the other hand, if the thickness of the dielectric layer 33 is set to 20 nm or more and 120 nm or less, the light absorption layer 22 can be effectively protected while ensuring high productivity. However, when the light absorbing layer 22 is not provided on the optical recording medium, the dielectric layer 33 can be omitted.

  The thickness of the dielectric layer 32 is preferably set to 5 nm or more and 100 nm or less, and more preferably set to 20 nm or more and 100 nm or less. This is because if the thickness of the dielectric layer 32 is less than 5 nm, it may be destroyed when the noble metal nitride layer 23 is decomposed, and the noble metal nitride layer 23 may not be protected. If the thickness exceeds 100 nm, the noble metal nitride layer 23 may not be sufficiently deformed during recording. On the other hand, when the thickness of the dielectric layer 32 is set to 20 nm or more and 100 nm or less, the noble metal nitride layer 23 is sufficiently protected and deformation during recording is not excessively hindered. The thickness of the dielectric layer 32 also affects the signal characteristics during data reproduction. By setting the thickness to 50 nm or more and 70 nm or less, particularly about 60 nm, a high CNR can be obtained. .

  The thickness of the dielectric layer 31 may be determined according to the required reflectance as long as the noble metal nitride layer 23 can be sufficiently protected, and is preferably set to 30 nm or more and 120 nm or less, for example, 50 nm or more. , More preferably 100 nm or less, and particularly preferably about 70 nm. This is because if the thickness of the dielectric layer 31 is less than 30 nm, the noble metal nitride layer 23 may not be sufficiently protected. If the thickness of the dielectric layer 31 exceeds 120 nm, it takes time to form the film. This is because the productivity decreases. On the other hand, when the thickness of the dielectric layer 31 is set to 50 nm or more and 100 nm or less, particularly about 70 nm, the noble metal nitride layer 23 can be sufficiently protected while ensuring high productivity.

  The above is the structure of the optical recording medium 10.

  In manufacturing the optical recording medium 10 having such a structure, first, the support substrate 11 is prepared, and the reflection layer 21, the dielectric layer 33, and the light absorption layer 22 are formed on the surface on which the grooves 11a and the lands 11b are formed. The dielectric layer 32, the noble metal nitride layer 23, the dielectric layer 31, and the light transmission layer 12 can be formed in this order. That is, in the production of the optical recording medium 10, film formation is sequentially performed from the side opposite to the light incident surface 12a, as in the next generation type optical recording medium.

  The reflective layer 21, the dielectric layer 33, the light absorption layer 22, the dielectric layer 32, the noble metal nitride layer 23, and the dielectric layer 31 can be formed by vapor phase growth using chemical species including these constituent elements, for example, A sputtering method or a vacuum deposition method can be used, and among these, the sputtering method is preferably used. On the other hand, the light-transmitting layer 12 is formed by a method in which a viscosity-adjusted, for example, acrylic or epoxy ultraviolet curable resin is coated by a spin coating method and cured by irradiating ultraviolet rays in a nitrogen atmosphere. can do. However, the light transmissive layer 12 may be formed using a light transmissive sheet mainly composed of a light transmissive resin and various adhesives and pressure-sensitive adhesives instead of the spin coating method.

  Note that a hard coat layer may be provided on the surface of the light transmission layer 12 to protect the surface of the light transmission layer 12. In this case, the surface of the hard coat layer constitutes the light incident surface 12a. Examples of the material of the hard coat layer include an ultraviolet curable resin containing an epoxy acrylate oligomer (bifunctional oligomer), a polyfunctional acrylic monomer, a monofunctional acrylic monomer, and a photopolymerization initiator, aluminum (Al), silicon (Si), and the like. An oxide such as cerium (Ce), titanium (Ti), zinc (Zn), and tantalum (Ta), nitride, sulfide, carbide, or a mixture thereof can be used. When an ultraviolet curable resin is used as the material for the hard coat layer, it is preferably formed on the light transmission layer 12 by a spin coat method, and the oxide, nitride, sulfide, carbide, or a mixture thereof is preferably used. When used, a vapor phase growth method using a chemical species containing these constituent elements, for example, a sputtering method or a vacuum evaporation method can be used, and among these, the sputtering method is preferably used.

Moreover, since the hard coat layer plays a role of preventing the light incident surface 12a from being scratched, it is preferable that the hard coat layer not only is hard but also has lubricity. In order to give lubricity to the hard coat layer, it is effective to add a lubricant to the material (for example, SiO 2 ) that is the base of the hard coat layer. As the lubricant, a silicone-based lubricant or a fluorine-based lubricant can be used. It is preferable to select a lubricant and a fatty acid ester lubricant, and the content is preferably 0.1% by mass or more and 5.0% by mass or less.

  Next, a data recording method and recording principle for the optical recording medium 10 according to the present embodiment will be described.

  Data recording on the optical recording medium 10 is performed by rotating the optical recording medium 10 and entering a laser beam 40 having a wavelength of less than 635 nm, particularly about 405 nm used for next-generation optical recording media. This is performed by irradiating the noble metal nitride layer 23 from the surface 12a side. In this case, as the objective lens for focusing the laser beam 40, an objective lens having a numerical aperture of more than 0.6, particularly a numerical aperture of about 0.85 used for next-generation optical recording media. Can be used. That is, data can be recorded using an optical system similar to the optical system used for the next-generation optical recording medium.

  FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view schematically showing a state in which the optical recording medium 10 is irradiated with the laser beam 40. The cross section of the optical recording medium 10 shown in FIG. 2 is a cross section along the groove 11a or the land 11b.

As shown in FIG. 2, when the laser beam 40 having the above wavelength is focused by the objective lens 50 having the above numerical aperture and irradiated onto the optical recording medium 10, the noble metal nitride layer 23 is decomposed at the center portion of the beam spot, Bubbles 23a filled with nitrogen gas (N 2 ) are formed. Inside the bubbles 23a, the raw material metal fine particles 23b are dispersed. At this time, since each layer present around the bubble 23a is plastically deformed by the pressure, the bubble 23a can be used as an irreversible recording mark. For example, when the material of the noble metal nitride layer 23 is platinum nitride (PtNx), platinum nitride (PtNx) is decomposed into platinum (Pt) and nitrogen gas (N 2 ) in the central portion of the beam spot, and the bubbles 23a Platinum (Pt) fine particles are dispersed. A portion of the noble metal nitride layer 23 where the bubbles 23a are not formed is a blank region. Since the nitrogen gas (N 2 ) generated by the decomposition is a chemically very stable gas, it is very unlikely that it will oxidize or corrode other layers, so that high storage reliability can be obtained. It becomes possible.

  The decomposition of the noble metal nitride layer 23 does not occur in the entire beam spot, but only in the central portion of the beam spot as described above. Therefore, the formed bubble 23a (record mark) is smaller than the beam spot diameter, thereby realizing super-resolution recording. The reason why such super-resolution recording can be performed is as follows.

  FIG. 3A is a plan view showing a beam spot of the laser beam 40 on the noble metal nitride layer 23, and FIG. 3B is a diagram showing its intensity distribution.

As shown in FIG. 3A, the planar shape of the beam spot 41 is almost circular, but the intensity distribution of the laser beam 40 in the beam spot 41 is not uniform, and as shown in FIG. Have a distribution. That is, the energy in the beam spot 41 becomes higher at the center. Therefore, if a predetermined threshold value A sufficiently exceeding 1 / e 2 of the maximum intensity is set, the diameter W2 of the region 42 having an intensity equal to or higher than the threshold value A is sufficiently larger than the diameter W1 of the beam spot 41. Get smaller. This means that if the noble metal nitride layer 23 has a property of decomposing when irradiated with the laser beam 40 having an intensity equal to or higher than the threshold value A, the region irradiated with the laser beam 40 is This means that bubbles 23a (record marks) are selectively formed only in a portion corresponding to the region 42 in the beam spot 41.

As a result, as shown in FIG. 4, bubbles 23a (record marks) sufficiently smaller than the beam spot diameter W1 can be formed in the noble metal nitride layer 23, and the diameter thereof is approximately W2. That is, the relationship between the apparent beam spot diameter W2 and the actual beam spot diameter W1 is W1> W2.
Thus, super-resolution recording is realized.

  Therefore, if a laser beam 40 whose intensity is modulated while being rotated along the optical recording medium 10 is irradiated along the grooves 11a and / or lands 11b, a fine recording mark less than the reproduction limit is applied to a desired portion of the noble metal nitride layer 23. Can be formed.

  FIG. 5 is a waveform diagram showing an example of the intensity modulation pattern of the laser beam 40 during recording. As shown in FIG. 5, the intensity 40a of the laser beam 40 during recording is set to the recording power (= Pw) in the region where the recording marks M1, M2, M3. What is necessary is just to set to base power (= Pb) in the area | region (blank area | region) which should not be. Thereby, bubbles 23a are formed by decomposition in the region irradiated with the laser beam 40 having the recording power Pw in the noble metal nitride layer 23, so that the recording marks M1, M2, M3,. It becomes possible to form. However, the intensity modulation pattern of the laser beam 40 at the time of recording is not limited to the pattern shown in FIG. 5. For example, as shown in FIG. 6, recording marks M1, M2, M3,. It doesn't matter.

  FIG. 7 is a graph schematically showing the relationship between the recording power of the laser beam 40 and the CNR of a reproduction signal obtained by subsequent reproduction.

  As shown in FIG. 7, in the optical recording medium 10, if the recording power of the laser beam 40 is less than Pw1, an effective reproduction signal cannot be obtained even after reproduction. This is considered to be because the noble metal nitride layer 23 is not substantially decomposed when the recording power of the laser beam 40 is less than Pw1. Further, in the region where the recording power of the laser beam 40 is equal to or higher than Pw1 and lower than Pw2 (> Pw1), the higher the recording power, the higher the CNR is obtained in the subsequent reproduction. This is because in the region where the recording power of the laser beam 40 is equal to or higher than Pw1 and lower than Pw2, the noble metal nitride layer 23 is partially decomposed. For this reason, the higher the recording power, the larger the amount of decomposition. Conceivable. In the region where the recording power of the laser beam 40 is Pw2 or more, the CNR obtained by the subsequent reproduction hardly changes even if the recording power is further increased. This is presumably because the noble metal nitride layer 23 is almost completely decomposed when the recording power of the laser beam 40 is Pw2 or more. Considering the above, it can be said that the recording power of the laser beam 40 is preferably set to Pw2 or more.

The value of Pw2 varies depending on the configuration of the optical recording medium 10 (material of each layer, thickness of each layer, etc.) and recording conditions (recording linear velocity, wavelength of the laser beam 40, etc.), but the recording linear velocity is about 6.0 m / s. When the wavelength of the laser beam 40 is about 405 nm and the numerical aperture of the objective lens 50 is about 0.85,
7.0 mW ≦ Pw2 ≦ 11.0 mW
And in relation to Pw1,
Pw1 × 1.4 ≦ Pw2 ≦ Pw1 × 2.0
It is.

  In setting the actual recording power, it is preferable to set the recording power higher by 0.3 mW or more than Pw2 in consideration of manufacturing variations of the optical recording medium 10 and power fluctuations of the laser beam 40. This is because the actual recording power is too high compared to Pw2, so that there is no great harm, and a sufficient margin should be secured for Pw2. However, since a recording power higher than necessary is useless, it is not necessary to set it higher than 2.0 mW above Pw2. From the above, it can be said that the actual recording power may be set to 7.3 mW (= 7.0 mW + 0.3 mW) or more and 13.0 mW (= 11.0 mW + 2.0 mW) or less.

  The above is the data recording method and recording principle for the optical recording medium 10.

  When reproducing the data recorded in this way, a laser beam 40 fixed to a predetermined intensity (reproduction power = Pr) is irradiated along the groove 11a and / or land 11b while rotating the optical recording medium 10. That's fine. Then, if the reflected light obtained is photoelectrically converted, an electrical signal corresponding to the recording mark row can be obtained. The reason why such super-resolution reproduction is possible is not necessarily clear, but when the laser beam 40 set at the reproduction power is irradiated, the laser beam 40 and the metal fine particles 23b existing in the bubbles 23a have some interaction. It is speculated that this enables super-resolution reproduction.

  FIG. 8 is a graph schematically showing the relationship between the reproduction power of the laser beam 40 and the CNR.

  As shown in FIG. 8, when the reproduction power of the laser beam 40 is less than Pr1, an effective reproduction signal is hardly obtained. However, when the reproduction power is set to Pr1 or more, the CNR rapidly increases and the reproduction power is increased to Pr2 (> The CNR is saturated when it is increased to Pr1). The reason why such a phenomenon occurs is not necessarily clear, but it is assumed that the interaction between the metal fine particles 23b and the light occurs or becomes remarkable due to the irradiation of the laser beam 40 set to Pr1 or more. Therefore, the reproducing power of the laser beam 40 needs to be set to Pr1 or more, and is preferably set to Pr2 or more.

  However, if the reproduction power is set too high, the noble metal nitride layer 23 may be decomposed in the blank region. If such decomposition occurs, the reproduction may be greatly deteriorated or data may be lost in some cases. . Considering this point, it is preferable to set the reproduction power of the laser beam 40 to Pr2 or more and less than Pw1.

The value of Pr2 varies depending on the configuration of the optical recording medium 10 (the material of each layer, the thickness of each layer, etc.) and the reproduction conditions (reproduction linear velocity, wavelength of the laser beam 40, etc.), but the reproduction linear velocity is about 6.0 m / s. When the wavelength of the laser beam 40 is about 405 nm and the numerical aperture of the objective lens 50 is about 0.85,
1.0mW ≦ Pr2 ≦ 3.0mW
And in relation to Pr1,
Pr1 × 1.05 ≦ Pr2 ≦ Pr1 × 1.6
It is.

  In actual setting of the reproduction power, it is preferable to set it higher than Pr2 by 0.1 mW or more and 0.3 mW or less. This is because when the playback power exceeds Pr2, even if the playback power is set higher, the CNR cannot be improved, but playback degradation is likely to occur. This is because the reproduction power should be set to a level slightly higher than Pr2. Usually, the power fluctuation of the laser beam 40 in the region where the output is 1 mW to 3 mW is less than 0.1 mW. Therefore, even if manufacturing variations of the optical recording medium 10 are taken into consideration, 0.1 mW or more than Pr2, It is considered sufficient to set it higher than 3 mW. From the above, it can be said that the actual reproduction power may be set to 1.1 mW (= 1.0 mW + 0.1 mW) or more and 3.3 mW (= 3.0 mW + 0.3 mW) or less.

  The reproduction power in the conventional optical recording medium is usually about 0.1 mW to 0.5 mW, and the reproduction power exceeding about 0.8 mW is set even in the next generation type optical recording medium having two recording surfaces on one side. Considering that there is almost no occurrence, it can be seen that the level of the reproduction power in this embodiment is considerably higher than that of a conventional optical recording medium.

Also, the actual playback power is related to the actual recording power.
Pw × 0.1 ≦ Pr ≦ Pw × 0.5
Preferably set to
Pw × 0.1 ≦ Pr ≦ Pw × 0.4
It is more preferable to set to. Also from this, it can be seen that the level of the reproduction power in this embodiment is considerably higher than that of the conventional optical recording medium.

  The values that should actually be set as the recording power and the reproduction power are preferably stored in the optical recording medium 10 as “setting information”. If such setting information is stored in the optical recording medium 10, the setting information is read out by the optical recording / reproducing apparatus when the user actually records or reproduces data, and the recording power is based on the setting information. And the playback power can be determined.

  The setting information includes not only recording power and reproducing power but also information necessary for specifying various conditions (such as linear velocity) necessary for recording and reproducing data on the optical recording medium 10. More preferably. The setting information may be recorded as wobbles or prepits, or may be recorded as data in the noble metal nitride layer 23. In addition to directly indicating various conditions necessary for data recording and reproduction, by specifying any of the various conditions stored in advance in the optical recording / reproducing apparatus, recording power, reproducing power, etc. The identification may be performed indirectly.

As described above, the optical recording medium according to the present embodiment includes the noble metal nitride layer 23 and the dielectric layers 31 and 32 provided therebetween, so that the laser beam having a wavelength of less than about 635 nm and By using an objective lens having a numerical aperture of more than about 0.6, it is possible to perform super-resolution recording and super-resolution reproduction by setting λ / NA to 640 nm or less. In super-resolution recording and super-resolution reproduction using a laser beam having a wavelength of about 405 nm and an objective lens having a numerical aperture of about 0.85, good characteristics can be obtained. Therefore, since the recording / reproducing apparatus similar to the recording / reproducing apparatus for the next generation type optical recording medium can be used, the development cost and manufacturing cost of the recording / reproducing apparatus can be suppressed. In addition, since the gas filled in the bubbles 23a serving as recording marks is chemically stable nitrogen gas (N 2 ), there is very little possibility that this will oxidize or corrode other layers, and thus high storage is achieved. It is also possible to obtain reliability.

  The present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, and various modifications are possible within the scope of the invention described in the claims, and these are also included in the scope of the present invention. Needless to say.

  For example, the structure of the optical recording medium 10 shown in FIG. 1 is a preferable structure of the optical recording medium according to the present invention, and the structure of the optical recording medium according to the present invention is not limited to this. For example, another noble metal nitride layer may be added on the support substrate 11 side when viewed from the light absorption layer 22, and another light absorption layer may be added on the light transmission layer 12 side when viewed from the noble metal nitride layer 23. You can add it. The optical recording medium 10 shown in FIG. 1 has a structure that is highly compatible with a so-called next-generation optical recording medium. However, the optical recording medium 10 has a so-called DVD-type optical recording medium and CD-type optical recording medium. It is also possible to have a structure with high compatibility.

  Further, by providing various functional layers such as the light absorption layer 22 and the noble metal nitride layer 23 on both surfaces of the support substrate 11, it is possible to have a structure having recording surfaces on both surfaces. It is also possible to have a structure having two or more recording surfaces on one side by laminating two or more functional layers on the surface with a transparent intermediate layer.

  Furthermore, in the above embodiment, super-resolution recording and super-resolution reproduction are performed by using a laser beam having a wavelength of less than about 635 nm and an objective lens having a numerical aperture of more than about 0.6. It is not essential to use such a laser beam and an objective lens in recording and reproduction with respect to an optical recording medium by using a laser beam having a wavelength of about 635 nm or more and / or an objective lens having a numerical aperture of about 0.6 or less. Recording and reproduction may be performed. However, it is preferable to use a laser beam having a wavelength of less than about 635 nm and an objective lens having a numerical aperture of more than about 0.6 because a finer recording mark can be formed. Furthermore, in the present invention, it is not essential to use a recording mark or blank area less than the reproduction limit, and data recording and reproduction may be performed using only a recording mark or blank area exceeding the reproduction limit. That is, it is not essential to perform super-resolution recording or super-resolution reproduction. However, since the optical recording medium according to the present invention is essentially capable of super-resolution recording and super-resolution reproduction, the use of recording marks and blank areas below the reproduction limit further increases the capacity and increases the capacity. It is preferable to achieve a data transfer rate.

  Furthermore, in the above embodiment, the noble metal nitride layer 23 is sandwiched between the dielectric layers 31 and 32. However, when excessive deformation of the mark portion formed by the decomposition of the noble metal nitride layer 23 can be suppressed, One or both of the dielectric layer 31 and the dielectric layer 32 can be omitted.

  Hereinafter, although the Example of this invention is described, this invention is not limited to this Example at all.

  [Preparation of sample]

Example 1

  An optical recording medium sample having the same structure as the optical recording medium 10 shown in FIG. 1 was produced by the following method.

  First, a disk-shaped support substrate 11 made of polycarbonate having a thickness of about 1.1 mm and a diameter of about 120 mm and having grooves 11a and lands 11b formed on the surface was produced by an injection molding method.

Next, this support substrate 11 is set in a sputtering apparatus, and a reflective layer 21 made of substantially platinum (Pt) and having a thickness of about 20 nm is formed on the surface on which grooves 11a and lands 11b are formed. a mixture of SiO 2 (molar ratio = about 80:20) having a thickness of about 80nm comprised of dielectric layer 33, substantially Ag a in b Sb c Te d (a = 5.9, b = 4.4, c = 61.1, d = 28.6) and a light absorption layer 22 having a thickness of about 60 nm, and a dielectric having a thickness of about 60 nm substantially made of a mixture of ZnS and SiO 2 (molar ratio = about 80:20). The body layer 32, a noble metal nitride layer 23 made of platinum nitride (PtNx) and having a thickness of about 2 nm, and a mixture of ZnS and SiO 2 (molar ratio = about 80:20) having a thickness of about 70 nm. Dielectric layer 31 is sequentially sputtered Ri was formed.

Here, in the formation of the noble metal nitride layer 23, platinum (Pt) is used as a target, nitrogen gas (N 2 ) and argon gas (Ar) are used as sputtering gases (flow rate = 1: 1), and the pressure in the chamber is increased. Was set to 0.72 Pa, and the sputtering power was set to 100 W. As a result, the extinction coefficient (k) of the formed platinum nitride (PtNx) with respect to light having a wavelength of about 405 nm was about 1.74.

  Then, an acrylic ultraviolet curable resin was coated on the dielectric layer 31 by a spin coating method, and this was irradiated with ultraviolet rays to form a light transmission layer 12 having a thickness of about 100 μm. Thereby, the optical recording medium sample according to Example 1 was completed.

Example 2

  The optical recording medium according to Example 2 is the same as the optical recording medium sample according to Example 1, except that the thickness of the dielectric layer 33 is set to about 100 nm and the thickness of the noble metal nitride layer 23 is set to about 4 nm. A sample was made.

  [Characteristic Evaluation 1]

First, the optical recording medium samples of Example 1 and Example 2 were set in an optical disk evaluation apparatus (DDU1000 manufactured by Pulstec Corp.) and rotated at a linear velocity of about 6.0 m / s, while the numerical aperture was about 0.85. The noble metal nitride layer 23 was irradiated from the light incident surface 12a to the noble metal nitride layer 23 through the objective lens, and a single signal having a predetermined recording mark length and blank length was recorded. The recording mark length and blank length were variously set in the range of 37.5 nm to 320 nm. When using the above optical system,
d 2 = λ / 4NA
The reproduction limit given by is about 120 nm.

  As for the power of the laser beam 40 at the time of recording, the recording power (Pw) is set to a level (optimum recording power) at which the highest CNR can be obtained for any optical recording medium sample, and the base power (Pb) is set to approximately 0 mW. Set. Further, the pattern shown in FIG. 5 was used as the pulse pattern of the laser beam 40.

  The recorded single signal was reproduced and its CNR was measured. The reproduction power (Pr) of the laser beam 40 was set to a level (optimum reproduction power) at which the highest CNR was obtained in each optical recording medium sample. The optimum recording power and optimum reproduction power were 8.5 mW and 2.4 mW for the optical recording medium sample 1, respectively, and 10.0 mW and 2.4 mW for the optical recording medium sample 2, respectively.

  The measurement result of CNR is shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 9, in any of the optical recording medium samples of Example 1 and Example 2, a high CNR was obtained even when the recording mark length and the blank length were less than the reproduction limit (about 120 nm). Can be confirmed. For example, even when the recording mark length and the blank length are 80 nm, a CNR of about 41 dB is obtained for the optical recording medium sample of Example 1 and about 40 dB for the optical recording medium sample of Example 2. Thus, it was confirmed that super-resolution recording and super-resolution reproduction can be performed by using the optical recording medium samples of Example 1 and Example 2.

  [Characteristic evaluation 2]

  Next, the optical recording medium samples of Example 1 and Example 2 are set in the optical disk evaluation apparatus described above, and the recording mark length and the blank length are 80 nm under the same conditions as the above-mentioned “characteristic evaluation 1”. A single signal was recorded. The recording power (Pw) of the laser beam 40 during recording was set to various values in the range from 6.0 mW to 10.5 mW, and the base power (Pb) was set to almost 0 mW. Further, the pattern shown in FIG. 5 was used as the pulse pattern of the laser beam 40.

  The recorded single signal was reproduced and its CNR was measured. The reproduction power (Pr) of the laser beam 40 was set to 2.4 mW. The measurement results are shown in FIG.

As shown in FIG. 10, in the optical recording medium sample of Example 1, in the region where the recording power is less than 8.5 mW, the CNR is increased in conjunction with the recording power, but the recording power is 8.5 mW or more. In the region of CNR, the CNR was saturated and no further improvement was observed. That is, in the optical recording medium sample of Example 1,
Pw2 = 8.5mW
Met.

In the sample of the optical recording medium of Example 2, the CNR is increased in association with the recording power in the region where the recording power is less than 10.0 mW, but the CNR is increased in the region where the recording power is 10.0 mW or more. Saturated and no further improvement was seen. That is, in the optical recording medium sample of Example 2,
Pw2 = 10.0mW
Met.

  [Characteristic Evaluation 3]

  Next, among the single signals recorded in “Evaluation 2 of characteristics”, the single signal recorded with the recording power set to 8.5 mW for the optical recording medium sample of Example 1, the optical recording of Example 2 For the medium sample, a single signal recorded with a recording power set to 10.0 mW was reproduced using various reproduction powers, and the CNR was measured. The measurement results are shown in FIG.

As shown in FIG. 11, for any optical recording medium sample, the CNR was less than 10 dB in the region where the reproduction power was less than 2.0 mW, but when the reproduction power became 2.0 mW or more, the CNR increased rapidly. became. That is, the optical recording medium samples of Example 1 and Example 2 are both Pr2 = 2.0 mW.
Met.

(A) is a notch perspective view which shows the external appearance of the optical recording medium 10 by preferable embodiment of this invention, (b) is the fragmentary sectional view which expanded the A section shown to (a). 2 is a diagram schematically showing a state in which a laser beam 40 is irradiated on an optical recording medium 10. FIG. (A) is a top view which shows the beam spot of the laser beam 40 on the noble metal nitride layer 23, (b) is a figure which shows the intensity distribution. It is a figure for demonstrating the size of the bubble 23a (recording mark). It is a wave form diagram which shows an example of the intensity | strength modulation pattern of the laser beam 40 at the time of recording. It is a wave form diagram which shows the other example of the intensity | strength modulation pattern of the laser beam 40 at the time of recording. 6 is a graph schematically showing the relationship between the recording power of a laser beam 40 and the CNR of a reproduction signal obtained by subsequent reproduction. 4 is a graph schematically showing the relationship between the reproduction power of a laser beam 40 and CNR. It is a graph which shows the measurement result in evaluation 1 of a characteristic. It is a graph which shows the measurement result in characteristic evaluation 2. It is a graph which shows the measurement result in characteristic evaluation 3.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Optical recording medium 11 Support substrate 11a Groove 11b Land 12 Light transmissive layer 12a Light incident surface 21 Reflective layer 22 Light absorption layer 23 Noble metal nitride layer 23a Bubble 23b Fine metal particles 31 to 33 Dielectric layer 40 Laser beam 40a Intensity of laser beam 41 Beam spot 42 Area 50 in which intensity is higher than threshold A Objective lens

Claims (11)

  1.   An optical recording medium comprising a substrate and a noble metal nitride layer provided on the substrate.
  2.   A first dielectric layer provided on the light incident surface side when viewed from the noble metal nitride layer, and a second dielectric layer provided on the opposite side to the light incident surface when viewed from the noble metal nitride layer. The optical recording medium according to claim 1, further comprising:
  3.   A light absorbing layer and a third dielectric layer arranged in this order as viewed from the second dielectric layer on the opposite side of the light incident surface as viewed from the second dielectric layer; The optical recording medium according to claim 2, wherein:
  4.   4. The optical recording medium according to claim 3, further comprising a reflective layer provided on a side opposite to the light incident surface when viewed from the third dielectric layer.
  5.   5. The optical recording medium according to claim 1, wherein the noble metal nitride layer contains platinum nitride (PtNx). 6.
  6.   6. The light emitting device according to claim 2, further comprising a light transmission layer provided on a side opposite to the substrate as viewed from the first dielectric layer and having the light incident surface. 6. Optical recording medium.
  7.   The thickness of the substrate is 0.6 mm or more and 2.0 mm or less, the thickness of the light transmission layer is 10 μm or more and 200 μm or less, and the thickness of the noble metal nitride layer is 2 nm or more and 75 nm or less. , The thickness of the second dielectric layer is 5 nm or more and 100 nm or less, the thickness of the light absorption layer is 5 nm or more and 100 nm or less, and the thickness of the third dielectric layer is 10 nm or more, The optical recording medium according to claim 6, wherein the optical recording medium is 140 nm or less.
  8.   A first step of forming a reflective layer, a third dielectric layer, a light absorbing layer, a second dielectric layer, a noble metal nitride layer, and a first dielectric layer in this order on a support substrate; And a second step of forming a light transmission layer on the one dielectric layer.
  9.   9. The method of manufacturing an optical recording medium according to claim 8, wherein the first step is performed by a vapor deposition method, and the second step is performed by a spin coating method.
  10.   A data recording method for recording data by irradiating the optical recording medium according to any one of claims 1 to 7 with a laser beam from the light incident surface side, wherein the wavelength of the laser beam is λ When the numerical aperture of the objective lens for focusing the laser beam is NA, λ / NA is set to 640 nm or less, and a recording mark row including a recording mark having a length of λ / 4 NA or less is recorded. A data recording method characterized by the above.
  11. A data reproduction method for reproducing data by irradiating a laser beam on the optical recording medium according to any one of claims 1 to 7 from the light incident surface side, wherein the wavelength of the laser beam is λ , Where NA is the numerical aperture of the objective lens for focusing the laser beam, λ / NA is set to 640 nm or less, and data is reproduced from a recording mark row including a recording mark having a length of λ / 4 NA or less. A data reproduction method characterized in that
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CNA2004800209331A CN1826646A (en) 2003-07-24 2004-07-22 Optical recording medium and process for producing the same, and data recording method and data reproducing method for optical recording medium
PCT/JP2004/010787 WO2005010878A1 (en) 2003-07-24 2004-07-22 Optical recording medium and process for producing the same, and data recording method and data reproducing method for optical recording medium
KR1020067001517A KR20060033027A (en) 2003-07-24 2004-07-22 Optical recording medium and process for producing the same, and data recording method and data reproducing method for optical recording medium
US10/565,679 US20060245339A1 (en) 2003-07-24 2004-07-22 Optical recording medium and process for producing the same, and data recording method and data reproducing method for optical recording medium
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