JP2005030374A - Wind power generator - Google Patents

Wind power generator Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2005030374A
JP2005030374A JP2003293636A JP2003293636A JP2005030374A JP 2005030374 A JP2005030374 A JP 2005030374A JP 2003293636 A JP2003293636 A JP 2003293636A JP 2003293636 A JP2003293636 A JP 2003293636A JP 2005030374 A JP2005030374 A JP 2005030374A
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Prior art keywords
wind power
generator
power
wind
heighten
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JP2003293636A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Seishi Kanko
精志 舘向
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Seishi Kanko
精志 舘向
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Application filed by Seishi Kanko, 精志 舘向 filed Critical Seishi Kanko
Priority to JP2003293636A priority Critical patent/JP2005030374A/en
Publication of JP2005030374A publication Critical patent/JP2005030374A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To heighten the wind power energy conversion ratio and power generation performance of a wind power generator, to lower the unit power generation cost, to reduce the size of the generator, to heighten the economic efficiency and prevalence of the generator, and decrease the problem, accidents and disasters related to fossil fuel. <P>SOLUTION: This wind power generator is constructed to heighten the wind power energy conversion ratio with multi-operation torque of a combination of two or more vertical shaft and horizontal shaft rotors and to heighten the power generation performance by output conversion power generation method. The wind power generator is provided with a simple automatic revolving device using the wind power itself. Thus, the performance is improved, and with a comparatively small-sized generator, high economic efficiency can be attained so that the lighting and heating expenses and the power cost can be saved in wide range utilization. The accidents and disasters related to fossil fuel can be decreased, and development and spread of various type of electric power using machines and electrical appliances can be promoted. In addition, the invention leads to measures against air pollution, global warming and so on. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2005,JPO&NCIPI

Description

産業上の利用分野Industrial application fields
本発明は低風力稼働と高発電率及び経済性により、低出力機から高出力機に至る設備利用によりエネルギー源として広範囲の分野で活用される。  The present invention is utilized in a wide range of fields as an energy source by utilizing facilities from a low output machine to a high output machine due to low wind power operation, high power generation rate and economy.
従来の風力発電装置は一般的に単数及び一方向の回転子で発電する方式のものが知られ、大容量機の大型化と風力利用効率の高さとが合致しているとは言えない。従って設置場所の選定範囲と設備利用率において限定されるものが多い。  Conventional wind power generators are generally known to generate electricity with a single and unidirectional rotor, and it cannot be said that the increase in capacity of large-capacity machines and the high efficiency of wind power use match. Therefore, there are many things that are limited in the selection range of the installation location and the facility utilization rate.
発明が解決しようとする課題Problems to be solved by the invention
年間平均風速が比較的に低い場所でも使用可能な高能率の装置の開発及び単位発電量当りの装置の小型化を進め、普及性を高める。その為に機構や材料の工夫改善を行い、回転力の増強と発電率の上昇を実現させる。  The development of highly efficient equipment that can be used even in places where the average annual wind speed is relatively low, and the miniaturization of equipment per unit of power generation will be promoted to increase the spread. For this purpose, the mechanism and materials will be improved to increase the rotational force and increase the power generation rate.
課題を解決する手段Means to solve the problem
課題1 風力発電装置に、複数の縦軸回転子(タービン型)と複数の横軸回転子(プロペラ型)を組合わせ、有効受風面積率(風力利用効率)を高めて回転力を加増すると同時に、それらから発生する多重の作動トルクが互いに補完増強しながら発電機を作動させるようにする。また発電方法を、風力に追従して自動的に出力を変換しながら効率よく発電する出力変換式にすることによってさらに発電率を高め、比較的弱風状態での稼働開始を可能にする。Problem 1 When a wind power generator is combined with a plurality of vertical axis rotors (turbine type) and a plurality of horizontal axis rotors (propeller type) to increase the effective wind receiving area ratio (wind power utilization efficiency) and increase the rotational force At the same time, the generator is operated while the multiple operating torques generated from them complement each other. In addition, the power generation method is an output conversion type that efficiently generates power while automatically converting output following wind power, thereby further increasing the power generation rate and enabling operation to start in a relatively weak wind state.
作用Action
当風力発電装置は、横軸回転子(1、2)と縦軸回転子(5、7)に作用する風力で作動トルクを発生させて発電する。各々の回転子は任意の角度を持った複数の伝動装置(6)(傘歯車、摩擦車など)で連結され、集合した回転トルクは増速機(10)を経て発電機(11)を作動させる。各回転子のそれぞれの回転方向の調整は、横軸の場合は羽根の向き、縦軸の場合はバケット型羽根の風受け方向を変えることによって行われる。その際、各回転子は同一軸上で互いに逆回転するのでそれぞれの求心力により各回転子の回転力による一方的なブレと単一方向の作用力を相殺して、水平方向と垂直方向の回転中心保持と、架台(12)及び鉄塔(13)の縦中心軸に対して作用する片持ち梁の不都合な力の消去が可能になる(ジャイロスタビライザーの効果を活用できる)。
旋回作動は風上側と風下側の横羽根の面積差と旋回補助翼(3)によって行われる。その際ワンウェイクラッチ(8)は各回転子を固定しつつ一定方向に旋回するように設定されている。風下側の羽根面積は常に風上側のそれのX倍で、Xは必要充分な旋回力が発生する値に設定される。旋回部分は連結支柱(4)によって旋回台(9)に固定されている。
付属図面は当発電装置の原理を表現した図である。
This wind power generator generates power by generating an operating torque with wind force acting on the horizontal axis rotors (1, 2) and the vertical axis rotors (5, 7). Each rotor is connected by a plurality of transmission devices (6) (bevel gears, friction wheels, etc.) having an arbitrary angle, and the assembled rotational torque operates the generator (11) via the speed increaser (10). Let Adjustment of the rotation direction of each rotor is performed by changing the direction of the blade in the case of the horizontal axis and the wind receiving direction of the bucket type blade in the case of the vertical axis. At that time, the rotors rotate in reverse on the same axis, so that each centripetal force cancels unidirectional blur due to the rotational force of each rotor and the acting force in a single direction, thereby rotating in the horizontal and vertical directions. It is possible to eliminate the inconvenient force of the cantilever beam acting on the center holding and the longitudinal center axis of the gantry (12) and the steel tower (13) (the effect of the gyro stabilizer can be utilized).
The swiveling operation is performed by the difference in area between the windward and leeward side blades and the swivel auxiliary blade (3). At that time, the one-way clutch (8) is set to turn in a certain direction while fixing each rotor. The vane area on the leeward side is always X times that on the leeward side, and X is set to a value that generates a necessary and sufficient turning force. The swivel portion is fixed to the swivel base (9) by the connecting column (4).
The attached drawings represent the principle of the power generation device.
機構的にまた力学的に当方式の作動性が証明され、さらに現存する従来方式の稼働例からも当方式の作動性と効率性が充分に発揮できることが明示される。  The operability of this method is proved mechanically and mechanically, and it is clearly shown that the operability and efficiency of this method can be fully demonstrated from the existing operation examples of the conventional method.
発明の効果The invention's effect
風力利用効率と発電性能が高まり、装置の小型化が進み普及性も高まる。稼働開始風速を低下させることができるので活用範囲が拡大する。特に当装置の性質上、特定地域の電力エネルギー源として利便性が高く、その際の送電設備が不用になると同時に広域停電事故の影響も無くなる、又は少なくなる。
またこれの発展と普及の促進により電力エネルギー価格を低下させて経済活動全般に資することができる。このような高い利便性と電力コストの低下は、電力利用交通機械や種々の電化製品等の開発と普及の促進に役立てることがてきる。同時に、化石燃料の消費と備蓄費、管理費を減少させ、またそれによる事故災害や大気汚染、地球温暖化等の問題の対策にもつながる。
Wind power utilization efficiency and power generation performance will increase, and the device will become more compact and more popular. Since the starting wind speed can be reduced, the range of use is expanded. In particular, due to the nature of this apparatus, it is highly convenient as a power energy source in a specific area, and the power transmission facilities at that time are not necessary, and at the same time, the influence of a wide-area blackout accident is eliminated or reduced.
Moreover, by promoting the development and popularization of this, it is possible to lower the price of electric power energy and contribute to the overall economic activity. Such high convenience and a reduction in power costs can be used to promote the development and popularization of power-utilizing traffic machines and various electric appliances. At the same time, it will reduce fossil fuel consumption, stockpiling costs and management costs, and it will also lead to countermeasures for accidents, air pollution and global warming.
横軸回転子(1、2)と縦軸回転子(5、7)は中央部の伝動装置(6)によって連結され、合成された作動力は増速機(10)を経て発電機(11)に達する。旋回作動は風上側と風下側の横羽根の面積差と旋回補助翼(3)によって行われる。ワンウェイクラッチ(8)は逆転防止用である。旋回部分は連結支柱(4)によって旋回台(9)に固定されている。架台(12)は装置全体を固定し、鉄塔(13)は風況などの設置条件による高さを設けるためのものである。  The horizontal axis rotors (1, 2) and the vertical axis rotors (5, 7) are connected by a central transmission (6), and the combined operating force passes through the speed increaser (10) to the generator (11 ). The swiveling operation is performed by the difference in area between the windward and leeward side blades and the swivel auxiliary blade (3). The one-way clutch (8) is for preventing reverse rotation. The swivel portion is fixed to the swivel base (9) by the connecting column (4). The gantry (12) fixes the entire apparatus, and the steel tower (13) is for providing a height according to installation conditions such as wind conditions.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 横軸回転子(風上側) 8 ワンウェイクラッチ
2 横軸回転子(風下側) 9 旋回台
3 旋回補助翼 10 増速機
4 連結支柱 11 発電機
5 縦軸回転子(上) 12 架台
6 伝動装置 13 鉄塔
7 縦軸回転子(下)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Horizontal axis | shaft rotor (windward side) 8 One-way clutch 2 Horizontal axis | shaft rotor (downward side) 9 Swivel stand 3 Turning auxiliary wing 10 Speed increaser 4 Connection support | pillar 11 Generator 5 Vertical axis | shaft rotor (upper) 12 Base 6 Transmission Equipment 13 Tower 7 Vertical axis rotor (bottom)

Claims (1)

  1. 風力を動力源とした複数の縦軸回転子(タービン型)と複数の横軸回転子(プロペラ型)を組み合わせることにより、有効受風面積率(風力利用効率)を高めて回転力を補完増強させると同時に、装置の水平と垂直の同時平衡保持(ジャイロスタビライザーの効果)と振動減少の効果を作用させ、さらに風力の強弱に従う出力変換式発電方法によって弱風状態でも高い発電率の運転が可能な風力発電装置。  By combining multiple vertical axis rotors (turbine type) and multiple horizontal axis rotors (propeller type) powered by wind power, the effective wind receiving area ratio (wind power utilization efficiency) is increased and the rotational force is complemented. At the same time, the device maintains the horizontal and vertical simultaneous equilibrium (gyro-stabilizer effect) and vibration reduction effect, and the power conversion type power generation method according to the strength of the wind power enables operation at a high power rate even in low wind conditions. Wind power generator.
JP2003293636A 2003-07-10 2003-07-10 Wind power generator Pending JP2005030374A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100460670C (en) * 2006-11-28 2009-02-11 谢振才 Multistage wind wheel generator with load supporting type frame
WO2010053961A2 (en) * 2008-11-05 2010-05-14 Frontline Aerospace, Inc Wind energy generation device
CN102422018A (en) * 2009-03-05 2012-04-18 塔尔芬·米库 Drive system for use with flowing fluids
JP2012516128A (en) * 2009-01-23 2012-07-12 ジャン ソクホJANG,Suk Ho Power generation equipment with improved power generation efficiency and rotational power
WO2012173139A1 (en) * 2011-06-16 2012-12-20 株式会社ユニバンス Fluid force power generation device
WO2013114561A1 (en) * 2012-01-31 2013-08-08 Shiroma Eiichi Transmission mechanism of wind power generating device
WO2016108388A1 (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-07-07 광운대학교 산학협력단 Disturbance observer-based speed controller for parallel-type wind power generator, and method of operating same

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100460670C (en) * 2006-11-28 2009-02-11 谢振才 Multistage wind wheel generator with load supporting type frame
WO2010053961A2 (en) * 2008-11-05 2010-05-14 Frontline Aerospace, Inc Wind energy generation device
WO2010053961A3 (en) * 2008-11-05 2010-09-16 Frontline Aerospace, Inc Wind energy generation device
JP2012516128A (en) * 2009-01-23 2012-07-12 ジャン ソクホJANG,Suk Ho Power generation equipment with improved power generation efficiency and rotational power
CN102422018A (en) * 2009-03-05 2012-04-18 塔尔芬·米库 Drive system for use with flowing fluids
WO2012173139A1 (en) * 2011-06-16 2012-12-20 株式会社ユニバンス Fluid force power generation device
JP2013002354A (en) * 2011-06-16 2013-01-07 Univance Corp Fluid force power generation device
WO2013114561A1 (en) * 2012-01-31 2013-08-08 Shiroma Eiichi Transmission mechanism of wind power generating device
WO2016108388A1 (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-07-07 광운대학교 산학협력단 Disturbance observer-based speed controller for parallel-type wind power generator, and method of operating same

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