JP2005003649A - Tactile sensor - Google Patents

Tactile sensor Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2005003649A
JP2005003649A JP2003170573A JP2003170573A JP2005003649A JP 2005003649 A JP2005003649 A JP 2005003649A JP 2003170573 A JP2003170573 A JP 2003170573A JP 2003170573 A JP2003170573 A JP 2003170573A JP 2005003649 A JP2005003649 A JP 2005003649A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
pressure
elastic body
layer elastic
hardness
sensitive element
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JP2003170573A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP4273397B2 (en
Inventor
Toshiharu Mukai
利春 向井
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Institute Of Physical & Chemical Research
独立行政法人理化学研究所
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To detect a vertical stress and shear stress with high sensitivity in tactile function of a robot. <P>SOLUTION: A tactile sensor 1 is constituted by embedding a pressure-sensing element 2, having a pressure detecting part in a body constituted by combining a first layer elastic body 3, a second layer elastic body 4 and a third layer elastic body 5. To the first layer elastic body 3, the pressure-sensing element 2 is fixed so that the pressure detecting part of the pressure-sensing element 2 is exposed to the surface. On the first layer elastic body 3, the second layer elastic body 4 is piled upward from the vicinity of the periphery of the pressure-sensing element 2. The third layer elastic body 5 has a shape, gradually thinning from the upper part toward the pressure-sensing element 2. As a result of this shape, the stress received from outside can be introduced to a pressure detecting part of the pressure-sensing element 2. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2005,JPO&NCIPI

Description

[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a tactile sensor applied to, for example, a robot.
[0002]
[Prior art]
Robots that share the environment with humans and interact mechanically with humans, such as those used for nursing care, are covered with a flexible material for the safety of humans and robots and for performing sophisticated mechanical operations. It is necessary to be able to detect the position and intensity of contact.
[0003]
For this purpose, a tactile sensor that is flexible and can be mounted on a curved robot surface, covers a large area, and has a necessary spatial resolution, measurement range, and measurement resolution is required (see Non-Patent Documents 1 to 4).
[0004]
[Non-Patent Document 1]
The Robotics Society of Japan Vol. 20 No. 4, pp. 385-388, 2002 Yusuke Shinoda “Current Status and Future Development of Contact Sensing”
[Non-Patent Document 2]
The Society of Instrument and Control Engineers System Integration Division Lecture Program Takashi Kawai et al. "Development of curved surface strain distribution sensor for grip force control"
[Non-Patent Document 3]
IEEE International Conference on Robotics Automation 0-7803-1965 / 95 S4.00 1995 IEEE Shinoda. et al “Tactile Sensing Using Tenser Cell”
[Non-Patent Document 4]
Advanced robotics, Vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 381-397 (2002) cVSP and Robotics Society of Japan 2002 Tajima. et. al "Development of Soft and Distributed Tactile sensors and the application to a Humanoid Robot"
[0005]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
Currently, commercially available pressure sensors with a two-dimensional distribution include film-like ones using pressure-sensitive conductive rubber, but accuracy (hysteresis characteristics, creep characteristics), shear stress cannot be detected, flexibility However, it is not suitable for use with human-symbiotic robots.
[0006]
An object of the present invention is to provide a tactile sensor that can detect a vertical stress with high sensitivity in a contact function of a robot.
[0007]
Another object of the present invention is to provide a tactile sensor that can detect shear stress with high sensitivity in the contact function of a robot.
[0008]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
In order to solve the above-described problems and achieve the above object, the tactile sensor is a pressure-sensitive element having a pressure detection part and a first hardness, and the pressure detection part of the pressure-sensitive element is exposed on the surface. A first-layer elastic body that embeds and holds the pressure-sensitive element so as to have a second hardness, and is disposed on the first-layer elastic body outside the pressure detection portion of the pressure-sensitive element. A second-layer elastic body to be laminated; and a third-layer elastic body having a third hardness and laminated on the pressure detection portion of the pressure-sensitive element and the second-layer elastic body. And a main body having a structure for inducing stress received from the outside to the pressure detection site of the pressure sensitive element, and the third hardness is higher than the second hardness. It is characterized by.
[0009]
According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the invention, a normal stress is obtained based on a pressure detected by the pressure sensitive element.
[0010]
According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the first or second aspect of the invention, the third-layer elastic body faces upward from the pressure detection portion of the pressure-sensitive element and faces the outer surface of the third-layer elastic body. It is characterized by being provided in a divergent shape.
[0011]
The tactile sensor according to the invention of claim 4 is a tactile sensor, and has a plurality of pressure sensing elements having pressure detection parts, a first hardness, and pressure sensing parts of the plurality of pressure sensing elements on a surface. A first-layer elastic body that is arranged in parallel and is embedded so as to be exposed so as to be exposed; a second layer of elastic body; and a second hardness, on the outside of the pressure detection portion of each pressure-sensitive element A second-layer elastic body laminated on the first-layer elastic body, and having a third hardness, on the pressure detection site of each pressure-sensitive element and on the second-layer elastic body A main body having a structure for inducing stress received from the outside to a pressure detection site of each pressure-sensitive element in combination with a third-layer elastic body to be laminated, and the third hardness is The hardness is higher than the hardness of 2.
[0012]
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the fourth aspect of the invention, the vertical pressure is obtained based on the pressure detected by the pressure detection portion of each pressure sensitive element, and the shear stress is obtained based on the two obtained vertical pressures. It is characterized by obtaining.
[0013]
According to a sixth aspect of the invention, in the fourth or fifth aspect of the invention, the third-layer elastic body is located above the pressure detection site of each pressure-sensitive element and on the outer surface of the third-layer elastic body. It is provided in the shape which spreads toward the end.
[0014]
The invention according to claim 7 is the invention according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the first hardness is higher than or equal to the second hardness. To do.
[0015]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
[0016]
(Embodiment 1)
First, the configuration will be described. FIG. 1A is an external perspective view showing a configuration of a tactile sensor according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention, and FIG. 1B is a side sectional view of the tactile sensor. In FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a tactile sensor according to the first embodiment.
[0017]
The tactile sensor 1 has a configuration in which the first layer, the second layer, and the third layer elastic bodies 3, 4, and 5 each having a predetermined hardness are combined, and the pressure sensitive element 2 is embedded in the elastic body. The stress applied to the sensor surface is efficiently guided to the pressure detection portion of the pressure sensitive element 2. With this configuration, it is possible to detect normal stress with high sensitivity and to have a kind of amplification function.
[0018]
The pressure sensitive element 2 is a pressure sensor capable of measuring an absolute pressure, and has a pressure detection part on the surface. The pressure sensitive element 2 is provided in a cylindrical shape having a diameter of 5.8 mm, for example. Examples of the pressure sensitive element 2 include FPBS-04A manufactured by Fujikura. In this case, a resistance bridge is provided on the diaphragm, and an absolute pressure of 42.6 to 434.7 kPa can be measured.
[0019]
The tactile sensor 1 according to the present embodiment is premised on covering the surface of a human coexisting robot, and must cover a large area, be soft like a human skin, and fit a robot exterior curved surface. Therefore, the pressure sensitive element 2 having the pressure detecting portion is embedded in the first layer, the second layer, and the third layer elastic bodies 3, 4, and 5. Actually, in order to apply the tactile sensor 1 to a human coexisting robot, it is possible to cover the whole body of the robot by making a large number of arrays of the tactile sensors 1 and arranging the arrays in tiles on the robot surface. Since the spatial resolution of a human palm is about 1 cm, it is desirable that a resolution of 1 cm can be realized at least.
[0020]
The first layer elastic body 3, the second layer elastic body 4, and the third layer elastic body 5 constitute a main body. In the first-layer elastic body 3, the second-layer elastic body 4, and the third-layer elastic body 5, when the hardness is increased (in the case of hard hardness), it can be constituted by silicon rubber or the like. As the silicone rubber, for example, Hs50 JISA can be applied. Moreover, when making hardness low (in the case of soft hardness), it can comprise with a polyurethane resin etc. As the polyurethane resin, for example, Asker C hardness 15 is applicable.
[0021]
The first-layer elastic body 3 has the pressure-sensitive element 2 embedded and fixed so that the pressure detection site of the pressure-sensitive element 2 is exposed on the surface. The second layer elastic body 4 is laminated on the first layer elastic body 3 on the outer side (near the outer periphery) of the pressure detection portion of the pressure sensitive element 2. The third layer elastic body 5 is laminated on the second layer elastic body 4 as well as on the pressure detection portion of the pressure sensitive element 2.
[0022]
As shown in FIG. 1B, the third layer elastic body 5 is provided in a shape that spreads upward from the pressure detection portion of the pressure sensitive element 2 toward the outer surface of the third layer elastic body. It has been. Since the third layer elastic body 5 has a structure that gradually becomes thinner from the outer surface to the inside, that is, the pressure detection portion, the stress applied to the surface of the tactile sensor 1 from the outside is induced to the pressure detection portion (diaphragm) of the pressure-sensitive element 2 Will be concentrated. Thereby, although not shown, it is possible to obtain a normal stress based on the pressure detected by the pressure sensitive element 2. A structure in which the main body is composed of a combination of the first, second, and third elastic bodies 3, 4, and 5 each having a predetermined hardness and the stress is concentrated on the pressure detection portion corresponds to the structure of human skin.
[0023]
Here, the structural analysis result by the difference in the size of the elastic body which comprises a main body, and hardness is described. 2, 3 and 4 are diagrams for explaining the results of structural analysis according to this embodiment. 2A, FIG. 3A, and FIG. 4A are perspective views obtained by cutting the tactile sensor 1 of FIG. 1A into 1/4 in the longitudinal (z) direction in order to explain the structural analysis. As shown in the figure, preferred structures are type 1, type 2, and type 3, respectively. FIGS. 2B, 3B, and 4B show the stress distributions of the type 1, type 2, and type 3 structural analysis results, respectively.
[0024]
In types 1 and 2, the first layer elastic body 3 and the third layer elastic body 5 have high hardness, and the second layer elastic body 4 has a low hardness. In type 3, the first layer elastic body 3 and the first layer elastic body 3 The case where the hardness of the 2 layer elastic body 4 is low and the hardness of the 3rd layer elastic body 5 is high is shown.
[0025]
In the longitudinal (z) direction on the outer surface of the tactile sensor 1 in FIG. 1 (A), in the case of Type 1, as shown in FIG. 2 (A), the thickness of the first layer elastic body 3 is 3 mm, The thickness of the three-layer elastic body 5 is 1 mm, and the thickness of the second-layer elastic body 4 is x mm. In the case of Type 2, as shown in FIG. 3A, the thickness of the first layer elastic body 3 is 1 mm thinner than Type 1, the thickness of the third layer elastic body 5 is 1 mm thinner than Type 1, and the second The thickness of the layer elastic body 4 is xmm. In the case of type 3, as shown in FIG. 4A, the thickness of the third layer elastic body 3 is 1 mm, and the hardness of the first layer elastic body 3 and the second layer elastic body 4 is the third layer elastic body. As the same hardness softer than 5, the thickness is xmm.
[0026]
In each of the types 1, 2, and 3, when stress is applied to the tactile sensor 1 from the outer surface of the first layer elastic body 3, the stress distribution becomes clear as shown in FIGS. . In FIGS. 2A, 3A, and 4A, solid arrows indicate the stress applied to the surface. Dashed arrows represent constraints. In FIG. 2B, FIG. 3B, and FIG. 4B showing the structural analysis results, the red color is increased in the pressure detection portion of the pressure-sensitive element 2. This indicates that stress is concentrated on the pressure detection portion of the pressure-sensitive element 2. Further, in the color bar shown on the right side of FIGS. 2B, 3B, and 4B, the downward vertical stress in FIG. 1B increases from the upper side to the lower side of the color bar. It shows that.
[0027]
Specifically, when 0.1 kgf / cm 2 is applied to the surface of the main body of the touch sensor 1 and the total thickness is changed from 5.5 to 11.5 mm by changing x, The calculated value of stress is shown in FIG. The vertical axis represents Z-direction stress [kgf / cm 2 ], and the horizontal axis represents the total thickness [mm] corresponding to x.
[0028]
When the elastic body has a uniform hardness without having a three-layer structure, a calculation result of 0.100 kgf / cm 2 is naturally obtained at the pressure detection site. Further, FIG. 6 shows a change with time in the magnitude of the output of the tactile sensor 1 when the same force is applied to each of the types of the hard elastic uniform structure, the above-described type 1 and type 3, and then the pressure is removed. The vertical axis represents sensor output [V] indicating sensitivity. Since unstable force is applied when pressure is applied and when it is removed, comparison is made only when stable output is obtained. In the case where the structure is provided in this way, the sensor output of type 3 and type 1 is in the vicinity of 0.002 [V] especially at 60 × 100 [ms] to 85 × 100 [ms]. It can be seen that the sensitivity is significantly higher than the uniform structure type.
[0029]
As described above, according to the first embodiment, it is possible to provide a tactile sensor that can detect the vertical stress with high sensitivity in the contact function of the robot. Moreover, in Type 1, when the 1st layer elastic body 3 is hardened compared with the 2nd layer elastic body 4, the unevenness | corrugation when contacting from an upper surface can be made small. In addition, when the first layer elastic body 3 and the second layer elastic body 4 have the same low hardness, the manufacture is easy and the entire structure can be softened. The above types 1 to 3 are examples of suitable structures, and the present invention is not limited to this.
[0030]
(Embodiment 2)
Next, the tactile sensor according to the second embodiment will be described. FIG. 7A is an external perspective view showing a configuration of a tactile sensor according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention, and FIG. 7B is a side sectional view of the tactile sensor. In FIG. 7, reference numeral 10 denotes a tactile sensor according to the second embodiment.
[0031]
The tactile sensor 10 includes a first layer, a second layer, and a third layer elastic bodies 13, 14 and 15 each having a predetermined hardness, and the planar pressure-sensitive elements 11 and 12 are embedded in the elastic bodies. In other words, the stress applied to the sensor surface from the outside is efficiently guided to the pressure detection portions of the pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12. With this configuration, it is possible to detect normal stress with high sensitivity and to have a kind of amplification function.
[0032]
The first layer elastic body 13, the second layer elastic body 14, and the third layer elastic body 15 constitute a main body. The first-layer elastic body 13 has the pressure-sensitive elements 11 and 12 embedded and held in parallel so that the pressure detection portions of the pressure-sensitive elements 11 and 12 are exposed on the surface. The second layer elastic body 14 is laminated on the first layer elastic body 13 on the outside (near the outer periphery) of the pressure detection parts of the pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12. The third layer elastic body 15 is laminated on the second layer elastic body 14 as well as on the pressure detection portions of the pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12.
[0033]
As shown in FIG. 7B, the third-layer elastic body 15 spreads upward from the pressure detection portions of the pressure-sensitive elements 11 and 12 toward the outer surface of the third-layer elastic body. It is provided in the shape. Since the third layer elastic body 15 has a structure that gradually decreases from the outer surface to the inside, that is, each pressure detection part of the pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12, stress applied to the surface of the tactile sensor 10 from the outside is applied to the pressure sensitive element 11 and Each of the 12 pressure detection sites (diaphragms) is guided and concentrated on each.
[0034]
Thereby, although not shown, it is possible to obtain the respective vertical stresses based on the pressures detected by the pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12 respectively. The mechanism for concentrating stress on the pressure detection site by the combination of the first, second and third elastic bodies 13, 14 and 15 each having a predetermined hardness is applied to the structure of human skin as in the first embodiment. Equivalent to.
[0035]
Since the pressure detection by each of the pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12 is the same as in the first embodiment described above, only the shear stress will be described below. When a shearing stress in the direction connecting the two pressure sensitive elements 11, 12 is applied to the outer surface of the tactile sensor 10 from the outside, a portion extending downward from the third layer elastic body 15 (portion toward the first layer elastic body 13) The rotation force is applied. For example, when a rightward shearing stress is applied as viewed from above in FIG. 7A, an upward vertical stress is applied to the left pressure-sensitive element 11, and a downward vertical stress is applied to the right pressure-sensitive element 12. Therefore, the shear stress can be detected by detecting the respective vertical stresses and taking the difference in stress between the left and right pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12.
[0036]
In the structural analysis, as a preferred structure, the first and second layer elastic bodies 13 and 14 are both soft with respect to the high hardness of the third layer elastic body 15 (type 3 of the first embodiment). ) Is shown in FIG. FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the tactile sensor 10 of FIG. 7A cut in half in the longitudinal (z) direction. It is assumed that shear stress is applied in the direction indicated by the solid line. In addition, a dotted line arrow shows restraint.
[0037]
The structural analysis results are shown in FIG. FIG. 10 shows the third-layer elastic body 15 taken out. In the color bar shown on the right side, the upper part of the color bar indicates upward vertical stress, and the lower part of the color bar indicates downward vertical stress. 9 and 10 that different vertical stresses are applied to the left and right pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12. That is, when a rightward shearing stress is applied as viewed from above, an upward vertical stress is applied to the left pressure-sensitive element 11, and a downward vertical stress is applied to the right pressure-sensitive element 12.
[0038]
Here, for comparison, FIG. 11 shows the result of performing the same analysis with a uniform structure (hard elastic body). FIG. 12 shows the third layer elastic body 15 taken out. As is apparent from FIGS. 10 and 12, it is understood that almost no vertical stress is applied to the pressure detection portions of the pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12. FIG. 13 shows the calculation result of the stress applied to the pressure detection parts of the pressure sensitive elements 11 and 12.
[0039]
In FIG. 13, according to the structure of the tactile sensor 10 according to the second embodiment, the left pressure-sensitive element 11 faces upward, so that the contact stress is 0.26627 [kgf / cm 2 ], and the right pressure-sensitive element 12 is The contact stress is −0.26233 [kgf / cm 2 ] because it faces downward. On the other hand, according to the structure of the tactile sensor using a uniform and hard elastic body, the left pressure-sensitive element has a contact stress of 0.03456 [kgf / cm 2 ] under the same conditions, and the right pressure-sensitive element is −0. The contact stress is 0.03652 [kgf / cm 2 ].
[0040]
As described above, the difference between the structure of the second embodiment and the uniform and hard elastic body is greatly different in the sensitivity of the vertical stress, and it is clear that the structure of the second embodiment is suitable. Further, since the normal stress can be acquired in this way, the shear stress can be acquired.
[0041]
As described above, according to the second embodiment, it is possible to provide a tactile sensor that can detect shear stress with high sensitivity in the contact function of the robot. In the second embodiment, the case where the third layer elastic body 15 has a high hardness and the first and second layer elastic bodies 13 and 14 both have a low hardness (type 3 of the first embodiment) has been described. This is an example of a suitable structure, and the present invention is not limited to this. Also in the second embodiment, description of the structural analysis result is omitted. However, for example, a preferable result can be obtained even in the structure of the first and second embodiments having the hardness of types 1 and 2.
[0042]
In addition, this invention is not limited to embodiment mentioned above, Of course, it can change variously in the range which does not deviate from the summary of this invention. For example, in the first and second embodiments, the pressure-sensitive element has a cylindrical structure, but the present invention is not limited to this and may have other shapes.
[0043]
【The invention's effect】
As described above, according to the present invention, it is possible to provide a tactile sensor that can detect a vertical stress with high sensitivity in the contact function of a robot.
[0044]
Moreover, according to this invention, there exists an effect that the tactile sensor which can detect a shear stress with a sensitivity in the contact function of a robot can be provided.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration of a tactile sensor according to a first embodiment.
FIG. 2 is a diagram for explaining a structural analysis result according to the first embodiment.
FIG. 3 is a diagram for explaining a structural analysis result according to the first embodiment.
FIG. 4 is a diagram for explaining a structural analysis result according to the first embodiment.
FIG. 5 is a diagram for explaining vertical (Z direction) stress according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating sensor output according to the first embodiment.
FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a configuration of a tactile sensor according to a second embodiment.
FIG. 8 is a diagram for explaining a structural analysis result according to the second embodiment.
FIG. 9 is a diagram for explaining a structural analysis result according to the second embodiment.
FIG. 10 is a diagram for explaining a structural analysis result according to the second embodiment.
FIG. 11 is a diagram for explaining a structural analysis result according to the second embodiment.
FIG. 12 is a diagram for explaining a structural analysis result according to the second embodiment.
FIG. 13 is a diagram for explaining a stress calculation result according to the second embodiment.
[Explanation of symbols]
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Tactile sensor 2 Pressure sensitive element 3 1st layer elastic body 4 2nd layer elastic body 5 3rd layer elastic body 10 Tactile sensor 11, 12 Pressure sensitive element 13 1st layer elastic body 14 2nd layer elastic body 15 3rd layer Elastic body

Claims (7)

  1. A tactile sensor,
    A pressure sensitive element having a pressure detection site;
    A first-layer elastic body that has a first hardness and is embedded and fixed so that the pressure-sensing element of the pressure-sensitive element is exposed on the surface; and a second hardness, A second-layer elastic body laminated on the first-layer elastic body outside the pressure-sensing portion of the pressure-sensitive element; and a third hardness, and on the pressure-sensing portion of the pressure-sensitive element and the A main body having a structure for inducing a stress received from the outside to a pressure detection site of the pressure-sensitive element by combining a third-layer elastic body laminated on the second-layer elastic body,
    With
    The tactile sensor, wherein the third hardness is higher than the second hardness.
  2. The tactile sensor according to claim 1, wherein a vertical stress is obtained based on a pressure detected by the pressure sensitive element.
  3. 2. The third-layer elastic body is provided in a shape that spreads upward from the pressure detection portion of the pressure-sensitive element and toward the outer surface of the third-layer elastic body. Or the tactile sensor of 2.
  4. A tactile sensor,
    A plurality of pressure-sensitive elements having pressure detection sites;
    A first-layer elastic body having a first hardness, wherein the pressure detection parts of the plurality of pressure-sensitive elements are arranged in parallel on the surface, and the plurality of pressure-sensitive elements are embedded and fixed so as to be exposed; A second layer elastic body having a second hardness and laminated on the first layer elastic body outside the pressure detection portion of each pressure sensitive element; and a third hardness; Combining the third layer elastic body laminated on the pressure detecting portion of each pressure sensitive element and the second layer elastic body, the stress received from the outside is applied to the pressure detecting portion of each pressure sensitive element. A main body having a structure for guiding;
    With
    The tactile sensor, wherein the third hardness is higher than the second hardness.
  5. 5. The tactile sensation according to claim 4, wherein a vertical pressure is obtained based on a pressure detected by a pressure detection portion of each pressure-sensitive element, and a shear stress is obtained based on the two obtained vertical pressures. Sensor.
  6. The third-layer elastic body is provided in a shape that spreads upward from the pressure detection site of each pressure-sensitive element and toward the outer surface of the third-layer elastic body. The tactile sensor according to 4 or 5.
  7. The tactile sensor according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the first hardness is higher than or equal to the second hardness.
JP2003170573A 2003-06-16 2003-06-16 Tactile sensor Expired - Fee Related JP4273397B2 (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006208248A (en) * 2005-01-28 2006-08-10 Univ Of Tokyo Tactile sensor and its manufacturing method
WO2007074891A1 (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-07-05 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Outer coat of robot
JP2007196372A (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-08-09 Honda Motor Co Ltd Outer coat of robot
US8336399B2 (en) 2009-10-14 2012-12-25 Tohoku University Sensor system
CN102879135A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-01-16 宁波大学 Measuring method for friction distribution of inner wall of confining device
KR101262978B1 (en) 2011-12-05 2013-05-08 현대자동차주식회사 Module and method for measuring repulsive force for walking robot
JP2015045552A (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-12 住友理工株式会社 Tactile sensor
CN107238452A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-10-10 南京航空航天大学 Many kinetic energy touch sensors and measuring method

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006208248A (en) * 2005-01-28 2006-08-10 Univ Of Tokyo Tactile sensor and its manufacturing method
WO2007074891A1 (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-07-05 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Outer coat of robot
JP2007196372A (en) * 2005-12-28 2007-08-09 Honda Motor Co Ltd Outer coat of robot
KR101010528B1 (en) * 2005-12-28 2011-01-24 혼다 기켄 고교 가부시키가이샤 Outer coat of robot
JP4724109B2 (en) * 2005-12-28 2011-07-13 本田技研工業株式会社 Robot jacket
US8033189B2 (en) * 2005-12-28 2011-10-11 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Robot skin
US8336399B2 (en) 2009-10-14 2012-12-25 Tohoku University Sensor system
KR101262978B1 (en) 2011-12-05 2013-05-08 현대자동차주식회사 Module and method for measuring repulsive force for walking robot
CN102879135A (en) * 2012-09-27 2013-01-16 宁波大学 Measuring method for friction distribution of inner wall of confining device
JP2015045552A (en) * 2013-08-28 2015-03-12 住友理工株式会社 Tactile sensor
CN107238452A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-10-10 南京航空航天大学 Many kinetic energy touch sensors and measuring method
CN107238452B (en) * 2017-04-18 2019-10-01 南京航空航天大学 Multi-functional touch sensor and measurement method

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