JP2004129540A - Livestock system - Google Patents

Livestock system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP2004129540A
JP2004129540A JP2002295913A JP2002295913A JP2004129540A JP 2004129540 A JP2004129540 A JP 2004129540A JP 2002295913 A JP2002295913 A JP 2002295913A JP 2002295913 A JP2002295913 A JP 2002295913A JP 2004129540 A JP2004129540 A JP 2004129540A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
feed
house
compost
livestock
spraying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2002295913A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Fumio Iwamoto
岩本 文男
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mikuni Corp
Original Assignee
Mikuni Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mikuni Corp filed Critical Mikuni Corp
Priority to JP2002295913A priority Critical patent/JP2004129540A/en
Publication of JP2004129540A publication Critical patent/JP2004129540A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a livestock system which recovers essential growth function of chicken, contributes to improvement in absorption efficiency of nutrient, normalization of discharges and improvement in efficiency of fertilization, prevents pollution and rears chickens in the soundly harmonized natural environment. <P>SOLUTION: The livestock system comprises a process for feeding a formula feed mixed with a feed additive from a feed silo 11 to chickens in a poultry house 10, a process for supplying energy-excited drinking water containing a vegetable active catalytic solution to the chickens in the poultry house 10, a process for mixing the discharges of the chickens in the poultry house 10 with a fermentation regulator and sending the mixture to a compost house 17, a process for spraying or sprinkling a deodorant, a degerming agent and a dustproof detergent in the poultry house 10 and the compost house 17 and a process for sending back the discharges sent to the compost house 17 at fixed intervals and obtaining a humous organic fertilizer. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2004,JPO

Description

【発明の属する技術分野】
本発明は、鶏、豚、牛等の家畜類の養育とこれらの排泄物の有効な肥料化に優れた機能を発揮し、且つ、公害発生防止を図った斬新な畜産システムに関するものである。
【従来の技術】
従来、例えば、現状の養鶏業で最も気を配られているのが、飼育場の環境管理、臭気と排泄物の処理、更にこれに伴う健康管理ではないかと推察される。
すなわち、採卵鶏、ブロイラーを問わず、飼育場の環境管理は、家畜の排泄物法の施行により適切な管理が義務づけられ、これに反すると厳しい罰則まで設けられている。これまでの養鶏業の経緯をみると、鶏舎の改造、飼料の配合、排泄物の処理、生産性と採算等それぞれ個々に研究されてきてはいるが、実際はこれらすべて関連している訳でありながら総合的飼育法についての資料が極めて乏しい感がある。
また、養豚業に着目すると、養豚畜舎内の最近の床構造は、スノコ方式が多く、従来のコンクリート又はオガクズ床、籾殻床は数少なくなっている。
豚糞のボロ出しと床洗い、床材の入れ換え等の作業の煩わしさからスノコ方式という省力型が普及したものと堆察されるが、発生する糞尿、汚濁廃水の水質濃度は極限に達し、処理施設は当然ながら過負荷状態となり、高度の処理技術の必要性と、更には悪臭公害対策も含めた新たな問題提起に直面しているのが現状である。
養豚業で最大の難点は、糞尿汚濁廃水の処理であることは周知の通りで、この処理法如何によって事業の経営が大きく左右されている。
現に豚の糞尿、汚濁廃水処理は、その規制が法制化されているが、現実この親制をクリアーすることができる適性な処理費用と技術を提供できる設備業者はいないと思われる。
汚濁廃水の水質濃度が高くなるに伴い、その処理内容が複雑化してきているが、当然ながら高度の処理技術とこれに拘わる費用で、ますます経営を苦しめる事態となっている。
更に、牛の場合も、現状で最も気を配られているのが牛の健康管理と牛舎内及び周辺の環境対策、排泄物の処理ではないかと推察される。
特に、牛の排泄物に関しても、家畜排泄物法の施行により適切な管理が義務づけられ、これに反すると罰則が科せられる等非常に厳しくなっている。
これまでの牛の飼育技術に関する研究の経緯をみると、牛舎の改造、飼料の配合、排泄物の処理、生産性と採算等それぞれ個々の狭い範囲での研究資料ばかりが目立ち、総合的な畜産の飼育技術についての研究資料が極めて少ないのは非常に寂しい感がある。
【発明が解決しようとする課題】
上述したように、従来の畜産業においては種々の困難な問題があり、鶏、豚や牛等の家畜類の畜産経営が厳しい状況におかれていることは、自然の生態系を無視し狭義の技術にこだわり過ぎてきたことの結果ではないかと推察される。
本発明は、上記従来の実情に鑑み開発されたものであり、家畜類本来の育成機能の回復を図り、栄養源の吸収効率の向上と排泄物の正常化更に肥料化の効率向上に寄与し、併せて公害発生防止を図り、健全なる調和のとれた自然環境の下で家畜類を飼育することを可能とした鶏、豚、牛等の家畜類の斬新な畜産システムを提供することを目的とする。
【課題を解決するための手段】
上記課題を解決するために、請求項1記載の畜産システムは、鶏舎内の鶏に飼料サイロから飼料添加物を添加した配合飼料を与える過程と、鶏舎内の鶏にエネルギー励起され植物系の活性触媒液が添加された飲料水を与える過程と、鶏舎内の鶏の排泄物と発酵調整剤とを混合して、堆肥舎に送り込む過程と、前記鶏舎内、堆肥舎に各々消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤を噴霧又は散布する過程と、堆肥舎に送り込まれた排泄物を所定の間隔で切り返し移送し、腐植有機質肥料を得る過程とを含むことを特徴とするものである。
この発明によれば、鶏の健全なる健康管理(品質向上)を図ることができ、消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤の作用による鶏舎は勿論のこと周辺への臭気公害も解消され、更には排泄物の肥料化についても高品質の腐植有機質肥料が生産されることから鶏の品質向上と併せて養鶏経営の効率改善を実現できる。
請求項2記載の畜産システムは、オガクズ、籾殻が敷設されて飼料添加物を添加して床材とし、床材上に豚用の給餌箱及び給水箱を設置して、下部に排水管を設置し、前記床材の下層、中層上層を所定の温度分布に保持して構成した豚舎内に、飼料タンクから飼料添加物を添加した配合飼料を与える過程と、豚舎内の豚にエネルギー励起され植物系の活性触媒液が添加された飲料水を与える過程と、前記豚舎内に消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤を噴霧又は散布する過程と、前記豚舎内の豚の排泄物を前記床材により腐植させて腐植有機質肥料を得る過程と、を含むことを特徴とするものである。
この発明によれば、豚が食べる餌の吸収消化促進と、脂肪の溶解分散が促進され豚の肌、毛並みが良くなり、光透過性の高い良質な肉質をもつ健康な豚を生産でき、更に、床材の下層部から腐植有機質肥料「完熟豚肥(商標)」を得ることができるとともに、前記消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤の作用で豚舎及びその周辺の環境が改善され、公害防止も図ることができる。
請求項3記載の畜産システムは、オガクズ、籾殻が敷設され飼料添加物を添加して床材とし、牛用の給餌箱及び給水箱を設置し、下部に排水管を設置し、前記床材の下層、中層上層を所定の温度分布に保持して構成した牛舎内の牛に飼料タンクから飼料添加物を添加した配合飼料を与える過程と、牛舎内の牛にエネルギー励起され植物系の活性触媒液が添加された飲料水を与える過程と、牛舎内の牛からの排泄物と、発酵調整剤と、前記を排水管からの排水とを混合し、堆肥舎に送り込む過程と、前記牛舎内、堆肥舎に各々消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤を噴霧又は散布する過程と、堆肥舎に送り込まれた排泄物を所定の間隔で切り返し移送する過程とを含み、牛舎内の床材の発酵による腐植有機質肥料と、前記堆肥舎からの腐植有機質肥料の双方を得ることを特徴とするものである。
この発明によれば、牛の健全なる健康管理(品質向上)を図ることができ、消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤による作用で牛舎は勿論のこと周辺への臭気公害も解消され、更には汚水処理施設も大幅に省力化することが可能となる。また、排泄物の肥料化についても高品質の腐植有機質肥料が生産されることから家畜の品質向上と併せて畜産経営の効率改善を実現することができる。
【発明の実施の形態】
以下に本発明の実施の形態について詳細に説明する。
(実施の形態1)
図1は本発明の実施の形態1の畜産システムの構成を示す概略ブロック図である。
本実施の形態1の畜産システムは、概説すると、鶏の健康管理と鶏舎の環境管理(臭気対策と排泄物対策)をより充実化するために検討された畜産システムである。
本畜産システムの最大の特徴は、鶏に与えられる飼料と飲料水の構造及びその機能を整えて、鶏本来の育成機能の回復を図り、栄養源の吸収効率の向上と排泄物の正常化更に肥料化の効率向上を実現し、公害発生も防止して健全なる調和のとれた自然環境の下で鶏を飼育することを可能した畜産システムにあると言える。
本畜産システムの構成は、与えられる飲料水及び飼料の生理的代謝機能−栄養素の消化吸収効率−に関与するエネルギー指数を高揚させる処方と、排泄物の処理−肥料化−に関与するエネルギーの指数を高揚させる処方の二つの処理法を組み合わせた総合的、且つ、相乗的効果を図るように設計されている。
以下に本畜産システムについて詳述する。
本畜産システムは、図1に示すように、例えば2棟の鶏舎10内の鶏に、飼料サイロ11から飼料添加物を添加しエネルギー指数を高めた配合飼料を与える過程と、鶏舎10内の鶏に飲料水タンク13に貯留した飲料水を励起部「VICMA (商標)WATER SYSTEM/ナイアス(商標)の注入装置」14でエネルギー励起し(エネルギー指数を高め)、且つ、植物系の活性触媒液を添加して与える過程と、鶏舎10内から排泄物タンク19に排出される鶏の排泄物と、発酵剤(調整剤)タンク16からの発酵調整剤とを混合器18内で混合し、堆肥舎17に送り込む過程と、前記鶏舎10内、堆肥舎17に対して洗浄剤タンク15から各々消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤を噴霧又は散布する過程と、堆肥舎17に送り込まれた排泄物を所定の間隔(10〜15日サイクル)で切り返し移送し、製品である腐植有機質肥料(完熟鶏肥)を得る過程とを含むものである。
前記励起部(VICMA WATER SYSTEM)14には、図示しないが流体浄化器とナイアスを自動定量供給する機器が搭載されている。また、ナイアスとは植物系の活性触媒液である(厚生労働省告示昭34第370号清涼飲料水の規格基準適合官保衛指令第47−1号:JRA健康食品選定品昭55.2.9付医薬品等薬物検査成績表)。
前記洗浄剤タンク(VICMA CLEAN SYSTEM)15は、洗浄水系にセットするノンジャーム(商標)の注入装置であり、VICMA VUP(商標)とノンジャームを自動定量供給する機器が組み込まれている。
前記配合飼料の生理的代謝機能のエネルギー指数高揚については、飼料添加剤「バイオゼオライト」3〜5wt%又は「メタボリックパウダー(商標)(JAR(財)競争馬理化学研所指定の飼料添加剤(競馬研第3189号)」0.1〜0.3wt%添加することにより行う。
バイオゼオライトは、植物系蛋白質から精製された酵素類を主体とした飼料添加剤メタボリックパウダーと、有用土壌薗類、助剤として炭酸塩をゼオライトに含浸させたものである。
メタボリックパウダーは、飼料の栄養価を高めると同時に、鶏の腸内細菌の秩序を整えて、消化・吸収効率を高め、更に野性的生命力(生命体のメタボリズム:代謝調節/Regulation in Metabolisum)を復活させて、健全なる育成と病気に対する抵抗力を強化させる触媒的要素を有するものである。
前記有用土壌菌と炭酸塩は、整腸作用と抗熱ストレス効果及び病気に対する予防と調整機能があり、メタボリックパウダーと併用にすることにより、飼料のエネルギー指数及び生命体のエネルギー指数とも相乗的効果を齎し、健全な飼育と成果が期待される。
勿論、配合飼料は有効に消費され、また健全なる排泄物が排泄されるから臭気も緩和され、腐植も促進されて鶏舎内及び周辺環境も大幅に改善され公害発生防止を図ることができる。このように配合飼料については、生化学的観点から微生物類、酵素類等の利用と、ミネラルの機能、生体の代謝機能の回復を図る等、総合的にエネルギー指数の高揚を図るものである。
配合飼料のエネルギー指数とは、鶏自体の代謝機能、すなわち、栄養素の吸収と消化のエネルギーを指数で表したものである。配合飼料の成分比率がどうあろうとも餌自体のエネルギーが弱ければ栄養素は充分には摂取できない。絵に書いた餅の例えになってしまう。鶏自体の代謝機能が活発になるような配合飼料であれば、エネルギー指数は高いと評価出来るわけである。従って、配合飼料のエネルギー指数を高揚させることは、与えた配合飼料が有効に消費されることを意味する。
前記飲料水の生理的代謝機能のエネルギー指数の高揚については、従来化学的指標、物理的指標、波動的指標等いろいろの角度から良い飲料水の指標を求めているが、本畜産システムでは、波動的指標に基ずき、生体システム内の高度に構造化された水の波動に最も近似した波動を効率よく飲料水に放射してエネルギー指数の高揚を図るものである。
飲料水のエネルギー指数を高揚させることは、水本来の生理的機能が向上し動物の生体を強化し生命活動を活発化する活性効果と、病原菌等病気に対する抵抗力が強化されることを意味する。
水は地球の命と言われており、また、すべてのあらゆる生物も水の尊さを知っている。エネルギー指数の高い自然水を好むことは鶏の場合も同じである。
本発明の畜産システムにおいては、「VICMA VUP」を飲料水タンクに設置する。
ここでVICMAとは、価値創造の造語で自然界の調和を表し、VUP(Value Ultra Penetration)は、「価値ある超貫通物性体」を意味する。VICMA VUPは、太陽からのエネルギーを吸収し蓄え、更に放射する機能がある。
本畜産システムにおいて、VUP本体の形状は、直径50mm×長さ320mmのステンレス製パイプで、中に放射体が収納されている。VUPから放射される「収束性波動エネルギー」により、飲料水のエネルギーは励起されてそのエネルギー指数を高め、水本来の機能(自然水の機能)を限りなく復元させることができる。また、前記収束性波動エネルギーは、水、空気、ガス、燃料油、電気等、あらゆる流体のエネルギー指数を高揚する機能を有している。
次に、鶏舎10内から排泄物タンク19に排出される鶏の排泄物と、発酵剤タンク16からの発酵調整剤とを混合器18内で混合し、堆肥舎17に送り込む過程、消臭・除菌・防塵処理の過程及び肥料化の過程について詳述する。
鶏の排泄物の処理−肥料化−に関与するエネルギー指数の高揚に関して、従来排泄物の肥料化は、天日乾燥、火力乾燥、発酵堆肥等、いろいろな方法で処理されてきているが、乾燥又は発酵の過程で発生する悪臭と、土壌に散布した後に発生する悪臭が周辺の環境公害として問題となっている。
鶏糞は未消化分が多く、また水分も多いので腐敗菌の繁殖は著しく、しかも鶏糞独特な悪臭の発生、また、ハエ、ウジ等の発生を伴うことから、養鶏場そのものが臭気公害の発生源となってしまっているのが現状である。
鶏の糞尿に関する臭気対策と肥料化についての文献を検索してみると、数多くの報告が見られるが、飲料水・飼料−排泄物−肥料化の相互関係からの報告が少ないように思われる。
その内容を分類してみると、飼料添加剤の効用、排泄物の水分調整法、微生物による糞の発酵促進法等となり、部分的な視野からの報告が多く見られる。
本畜産システムでは、飲料水・飼料のエネルギー指数の高揚により、排泄物の性状は大幅に改善され、臭気の発生も少なく、また含水率も低くなる。
従って、肥料化処理条件は大半満たされるが、安定した最適な発酵条件を整えるために水分調整と粒状化処理、発酵促進、臭気と除菌洗浄等あらゆる角度から対策を施し、高品質のエネルギー指数の高い肥料の生産を目標とする。
具体的には、排泄物の水分調整と粒状化処理による発酵促進と臭気対策を行う。鶏の排泄物を発酵処理する場合、含水率と形状が最も大きな要因であることは前述の通りであるが、その最適条件とは含水率60%前後、形状は好気性発酵を考慮して粒状化し、通気性を図る等の処理をすれば、条件は満たされ、熟成期間も短縮され、安定した良質の肥料が生産されることになる。
本発明の畜産システムでは、発酵調整剤として、焼成腐植土を主材とした土壌改良材「リソイル(商標)」又はバクテリア・コンパウンド「BC−7(商標)」を添加する。
土壌改良材リソイルは、多孔質の焼成腐植土を主材としているので、水分の調整機能に優れ、また粒状化と団粒化を形成することから通気佳のある構造となり、微生物の繁殖も活発になり安定した発酵が促進される。
従来からオガクズ、籾殻、わら等が水分調整材として使用されているが、微生物の繁殖が理想どおりにならない難しさがある。
本畜産システムにおいて、リソイルを、排泄物の含水率に応じて添加し、切り返しながら混合すれば、適度に粒状化・団粒化し、通気性、保水性、保温性等を有用微生物の繁殖に適した環境を整えることができる。
排泄物の平均的な含水率は75%程度であるが、本畜産システムの場合、70%前後と平均値を下回ることができ、リソイルの添加量は2〜5wt%を目安とする。またバクテリア・コンパウンドの添加量は3〜5wt%を目安とする。
本畜産システムにおいて、前記鶏舎10内、堆肥舎17に対して洗浄剤タンク15から各々消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤(ノンジャーム 登録商標)を噴霧又は散布する(ノンジャームは、厚生省告示昭48年第98号 食品、添加物等の規格基準の第−A洗浄剤成分規格適合品である)。
ノンジャームは、無公害の植物系(発酵酵素類)消臭・除菌効果のある洗浄剤である。
アンモニア、メルカプタン、硫化水素等の悪臭を分解除去する機能と、細菌類の除薗洗浄、油脂類の溶解洗浄機能に優れ、更に堆肥化の微生物類の繁殖活動を助長する効果がある。また、ハエ、ウジ、蚊等の発生を防ぎ、除塵効果もあり飼育環境の改善を図ることができる。
散布要領として、排泄物の堆肥化の場合には、リソイル添加時とその後は切り返し作業終了後表面に散布する。鶏舎内、堆肥舎内の環境整備を図る場合は、毎日一、二回噴霧すれば改善される。
一回当たりの散布量の基準は、原液1cc/表面積100m当たりが目安である。また、散布する場合は原液を5000乃至10000倍に希釈して噴霧する。噴霧量は例えば、(原液10cc/希釈水100リットル)/1000mの割合である。
前記堆肥舎17における堆肥化時の切り返し作業は、10〜15日毎に実施すれば概ね2〜3ヶ月で腐植有機質肥料(完熟鶏肥)が出来上がる。なお、前記堆肥舎17から得られる腐植有機質肥料の一部は混合器18に返送される。
以上が、本実施の形態1の畜産システムによる鶏の健康管理と養鶏場の環境管理(臭気対策と排泄物対策)の内容である。
本実施の形態1によれば、鶏の健全なる健康管理(品質向上)と、鶏舎は勿論のこと周辺への臭気公害も解消され、更には排泄物の肥料化についても高品質の腐植有機質肥料が生産されることから鶏の品質向上と併せて養鶏経営の一助となる利点がある。
(実施の形態2)
次に、実施の形態2である養豚に関する畜産システムについて説明する。
本畜産システムは、豚の健康管理と畜舎内及び周辺環境管理をより充実化するための飼育法である。近年、養豚事業は経営悪化と環境保全強化に伴う糞尿汚濁廃水処理(窒素、りん規制を含む)と臭気対策費の増大で二重の苦汁を飲んでいるのが実状である。
本飼育システムの最大のメリットは、第一に飼育環境改善による健全なる育成と、肉質の向上、第二は、糞尿汚濁廃水処理施設の簡素化による処理費用の大幅な節減、第三に臭気の発生が極減し畜舎内及び周辺環境の公害防止対策が結果的に図られることである。
本畜産システムでは、豚舎内の床にオガタズ、籾殻、土壌等を混合したものを敷き詰め、この床材の中で豚の排泄物をほぼ完全に処理することから、高額な糞尿汚濁廃水処理施設は必要としない。
また、従来の廃水処理施設に替えて豚舎内の床にその機能を移した構成であり床材の構造と既存の微生物類よる自浄態力の維持については、餌、飲み水と排泄物との関連性、洗浄水と生活環境との関連性等、あらゆる角度から鋭意研究してきた結果を集約したものである。
本実施の形態2の畜産システムは、具体的には図2に示すように、養豚に関するものであり、オガクズ、籾殻、土が敷設され、飼料添加物(メタボリックパウダー)を0.1〜0.3wt%を添加して厚さ1m以上の床材21とし、この床材21上に豚用の給餌箱22及び給水箱27を設置し、下部に排水管23を設置し、前記床材21の下層、中層、上層を所定の温度分布に保持して豚を養育する豚舎20を構成している。
所定の温度分布とは、前記床材21を上層部、中層部、下層部に区分し、上層部は常温、中層部は〜40℃、下層部は〜60℃とするものである。適切な温度管理により、既存の微生物類による浄化もバランスを保って進行させることができる。
そして、飼料タンク25から飼料添加物を添加した配合飼料を、豚舎20内の給餌箱22に与え豚に食べさせるとともに、飲料水タンク26に貯留した飲料水を励起部14で実施の形態1の場合と同様にしてエネルギー励起し(エネルギー指数を高め)、且つ、植物系の活性触媒液「ナイアス」を添加して豚舎20内の給水箱27に給水して豚に飲ませるようにしている。ナイアスの添加量は、1/10000〜1/2000(vol)である。
更に、飲料水タンク26と接続した洗浄剤タンク15から消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤「ノンジャーム」を豚舎20内に噴霧又は散布するようにしている。
最終的に前記豚舎20内の豚の排泄物を前記床材21により腐植(微生物による豚の排泄物の浄化作用)させて、腐植有機質肥料(完熟豚肥)を得るものである。
前記床材21の上層部は、適度の湿りを保ち、中層部から下層部は既存の微生物類により排泄物の浄化作用が活発に進むために温度は上昇する。適度の透水性、通気性を保持すれば、発酵肥料のエネルギー指数は高まり、床材21の下層部から経1年程で腐植有機質肥料(完熟豚肥)を得ることができる。
本実施の形態2の畜産システムにおいて、前記豚舎20内の豚の飼育面積としては、1〜1.2m/頭(約1mの床材21の自浄態力から算出した数値)を適性飼育面積としている。
なお、本実施の形態2における配合飼料、飲料水のエネルギー指数の高揚に関する理論的根拠は、実施の形態1の場合と同様である。
本実施の形態2の畜産システムにおける豚(成豚1頭)の排泄物量と負荷量との関係を下記表1に、BOD−SS負荷の関係を下記表2に示す。
【表1】
【表2】
但し、表1において、洗浄水を含めて1頭当たりの汚濁水量は10kg/日とする。
本実施の形態2によれば、豚が食べる餌の吸収消化促進と、脂肪の溶解分散が促進されるとともに、活発な生命活動が促進されて、健全な育成と病気に対する抵抗力が強化される。この結果、豚の肌、毛並みが良くなり、光透過性の高い良質な肉質をもつ健康な豚が生産される。
更に、床材21の下層部から経1年程で腐植有機質肥料(完熟豚肥)を得ることができるとともに、前記消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤の作用で豚舎20及びその周辺の環境が改善され、公害防止も図ることができる。
(実施の形態3)
次に、実施の形態3である牛に関する畜産システムについて説明する。
本畜産システムは、牛の健康管理と牛舎内及び周辺に対する環境管理、臭気対策と排泄物対策の充実化を目標にして検討され構成された公害の発生しない健全なる畜産システムである。
本畜産システムの最大の特徴は、牛の飼育に最も適した牛の環境整備と、与えられる飲料水と飼料のエネルギー指数の高揚を図り、生物本来の育成機能の回復と栄養源の吸収効率の向上による牛の成長促進と健康管理、品質向上、排泄物の改質(未消化分の減少)更には肥料化の効率向上等が挙げらる。
極言すれば、健全なる調和のとれた自然環境の下で公害の発生しない牛の養育を可能とした畜産システムと言える。
本畜産システムの構成は、
1.牛舎の環境整備:特に床構造の改善、臭気対策と除菌洗浄
2.飲料水及び飼料の生理的代謝機能−栄養素の消化吸収機能−に関与するエネルギー指数を高揚させる処方
3.排泄物の処理−肥料化−に関与するエネルギー指数を高揚させる処方
以上大別して、本畜産システムは、上記3要素に重点をおき総合的、且つ、相乗的効果を図るように設計されている。
本畜産システムは、具体的には図3に示すように、オガクズ、籾殻、土が敷設され、飼料添加物「メタボリックパウダー」が添加され床材31とし、牛用の給餌箱32及び給水箱33を設置し、下部に排水管34を設置し、前記床材31の下層、中層、上層を所定の温度分布に保持して構成した例えば2棟の牛舎30内の牛に、飼料タンク35からやはり実施の形態1の場合と同様飼料添加物「メタボリックパウダー」0.1〜0.3を添加した配合飼料を与えるようにしている。
また、牛舎30内の給水箱33に、飲料水タンク43に貯留した飲料水を実施の形態1と同様な励起部14でエネルギー励起し(エネルギー指数を高め)、且つ、植物系の活性触媒液「ナイアス」1/10000〜1/2000(vol)を添加して与えるようにしている。
更に、牛舎30内から排出される牛の排泄物と、発酵剤タンク16からの「リソイル」2〜5wt%又はバクテリア・コンパウンド「BC−7」3〜5wt%を添加した発酵調整剤と、前記排水管34からの排水とを混合器38内で混合し、堆肥舎37に送り込むように構成している。これにより、発酵・分解促進を強化し完熟期間の短縮を図ることができる。
更に前記牛舎30内、堆肥舎37に対して各々実施の形態1と同様な洗浄剤タンク15から消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤「ノンジャーム」を朝夕2回程度噴霧又は散布を行い、前記牛舎30及びその周辺の消臭・除菌・防塵を行い、公害防止を図っている。ノンジャームの噴霧又は散布量は、5000〜10000倍の希釈液を100cc/mの割合である。
そして、前記牛舎30内の牛の排泄物を、前記床材31により腐植(微生物による豚の排泄物の浄化作用)させて、腐植有機質肥料(完熟豚肥)を得るとともに、前記堆肥舎37に送り込まれた排泄物を所定の間隔(10〜15日サイクル)で切り返し移送し、この前記堆肥舎37からも製品である腐植有機質肥料「完熟牛肥(商標)」を得るものである。切り返しの後「ノンジャーム」を表面散布すれば発酵・分解はより一層強化され消臭効果も上がる。これにより、不快臭のない完熟腐植有機質肥料が生産される。
なお、前記堆肥舎37から得られる腐植有機質肥料の一部は混合器38に返送される。
以上が公害の発生しない本実施の形態3の畜産システムの全容で、この畜産システムにより、牛の健全なる健康管理(品質向上)と、牛舎は勿論のこと周辺への臭気公害も解消され、更には汚水処理施設も大幅に省力化することが可能となる。また、排泄物の肥料化についても高品質の有機肥料が生産されることから牛の品質向上と併せて畜産経営の一助となる利点がある。
【発明の効果】
本発明によれば、鶏の健全なる健康管理(品質向上)を図ることができ、消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤の作用による鶏舎は勿論のこと周辺への臭気公害も解消され、更には高品質の腐植有機質肥料が生産でき、鶏の品質向上と併せて養鶏経営の効率改善を実現できる畜産システムを提供できる。
また、本発明によれば、豚が食べる餌の吸収消化促進と、脂肪の溶解分散が促進され豚の肌、毛並みが良くなり、光透過性の高い良質な肉質をもつ健康な豚を生産でき、更に、床材の下層部から腐植有機質肥料(完熟豚肥)を得ることができるとともに、前記消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤の作用で豚舎及びその周辺の環境が改善され、公害防止も図ることができる畜産システムを提供できる。
更に、本発明によれば、牛の健全なる健康管理(品質向上)が図れ、消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤による作用で牛舎は勿論のこと周辺への臭気公害も解消され、更には排泄物の肥料化についても高品質の腐植有機質肥料が生産されることから牛の品質向上と併せて畜産経営の効率改善を実現することができる畜産システムを提供できる。
【図面の簡単な説明】
【図1】本発明の実施の形態1の畜産システムの構成を示す概略ブロック図である。
【図2】本発明の実施の形態2の畜産システムの構成を示す概略ブロック図である。
【図3】本発明の実施の形態3の畜産システムの構成を示す概略ブロック図である。
【符号の説明】
10 鶏舎
11 飼料サイロ
13 飲料水タンク
14 励起部
15 洗浄剤タンク
16 発酵剤タンク
17 堆肥舎
18 混合器
19 排泄物タンク
20 豚舎
21 床材
22 給餌箱
23 排水管
25 飼料タンク
26 飲料水タンク
27 給水箱
30 牛舎
31 床材
32 給餌箱
33 給水箱
34 排水管
35 飼料タンク
37 堆肥舎
38 混合器
43 飲料水タンク
TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a novel livestock farming system that exhibits excellent functions for raising livestock such as chickens, pigs, cows, and the like, and effectively converting these excrements into fertilizers, and preventing the occurrence of pollution.
[Prior art]
Conventionally, it is presumed that, for example, the current concern in the poultry industry is the environmental management of breeding farms, the treatment of odors and excrement, and the health management associated therewith.
In other words, regardless of the laying hens and broilers, the management of the environment of the breeding grounds is required to be properly managed by the enforcement of the Livestock Excretion Law, and on the contrary, severe penalties are imposed. Looking at the history of the poultry farming industry up to now, research has been done on poultry house remodeling, feed blending, excrement disposal, productivity and profitability individually, but in fact all these are related. However, there is a feeling that there is very little information on comprehensive breeding methods.
In addition, focusing on the pig raising industry, the recent floor structure in the pig raising barn is often a mushroom type, and the number of conventional concrete or sawdust floors and rice hull beds is few.
It is supposed that the labor-saving method of the snoco method has become popular due to the cumbersome work of removing pig swine, washing the floor, replacing flooring, etc., but the water concentration of generated manure and polluted wastewater has reached an extreme, The treatment facilities are naturally overloaded, and are facing the need for advanced treatment technology and the raising of new problems, including measures against odor pollution.
It is well known that the biggest difficulty in the pig farming industry is the treatment of manure polluted wastewater, and the management of the business is greatly influenced by the treatment method.
In fact, regulations on the treatment of pig manure and polluted wastewater have been enacted, but in reality, there seems to be no equipment supplier that can provide appropriate treatment costs and technologies that can meet this parental control.
As the concentration of polluted wastewater becomes higher, the content of the treatment is becoming more complicated. Naturally, however, the advanced treatment technology and the costs associated therewith make the operation more difficult.
Furthermore, in the case of cattle, it is presumed that the most important things at present are cattle health management, environmental measures in and around the barn, and disposal of excrement.
In particular, the excretion of cattle has also become extremely strict, with proper management being obliged by the enforcement of the Livestock Excretion Law, and penalties imposed on the contrary.
Looking at the history of research on cattle breeding technology so far, only research data in each narrow area such as remodeling of barn, blending of feed, treatment of excrement, productivity and profitability are conspicuous, It is very lonely that there are very few research materials on breeding techniques.
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
As mentioned above, there are various difficult problems in the conventional livestock industry, and the severe situation of livestock farming of livestock such as chickens, pigs, and cattle is in a narrow sense, ignoring the natural ecosystem. It is speculated that this may be the result of being too particular about technology.
The present invention has been developed in view of the above-mentioned conventional circumstances, and aims at restoring the original breeding function of livestock, contributing to the improvement of the absorption efficiency of nutrient sources, the normalization of excreta, and the improvement of the efficiency of fertilization. The aim is to provide a novel livestock farming system for livestock, such as chickens, pigs, and cattle, that also enables the breeding of livestock in a healthy and harmonious natural environment, while also preventing pollution. And
[Means for Solving the Problems]
In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, a livestock raising system according to claim 1 comprises a step of providing a chicken in a poultry house with a compound feed to which a feed additive is added from a feed silo; A process of providing drinking water to which a catalyst liquid has been added, a process of mixing the excreta of chickens in a poultry house with a fermentation regulator, and sending the mixture to a compost bar; -It is characterized by including a process of spraying or spraying a dustproof detergent and a process of returning and transferring excreta sent to the compost bar at predetermined intervals to obtain humic organic fertilizer.
ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the healthy health management (quality improvement) of a chicken can be aimed at, and the odor pollution to the surroundings as well as the poultry house by the action of a deodorant, a disinfection, and a dustproof cleaning agent is also eliminated, Furthermore, As for the production of excrement as fertilizer, high quality humic organic fertilizer is produced, which can improve the quality of chickens and improve the efficiency of poultry management.
In the livestock raising system according to the second aspect, sawdust and rice hulls are laid, feed additives are added to make flooring, a feed box and a water supply box for pigs are installed on the flooring, and a drain pipe is installed at the bottom. A step of feeding a mixed feed containing a feed additive from a feed tank to a pig house constructed by maintaining the lower layer and the middle layer of the floor material at a predetermined temperature distribution; A step of providing drinking water to which the active catalyst solution of the system is added, a step of spraying or spraying a deodorant, a bactericidal and a dust-proof cleaning agent in the piggery, and a process of spraying excrement of pigs in the piggery with the floor material. Humus to obtain humus organic fertilizer.
ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the absorption and digestion of the food which a pig eats is promoted, and the dissolution and dispersion of fats are promoted, the pig's skin and fur are improved, and a healthy pig having high light transmission and good meat quality can be produced. The humic organic fertilizer "Ripe pork manure (trademark)" can be obtained from the lower part of the flooring material, and the environment of the pig house and its surroundings is improved by the action of the deodorant, bacteria elimination and dust-proof cleaning agent, thereby preventing pollution. Can also be achieved.
The livestock raising system according to claim 3, wherein sawdust and rice hulls are laid and feed additives are added to form a floor material, a feed box and a water supply box for cattle are installed, a drain pipe is installed at a lower portion, and the floor material is A process in which a cattle in a barn configured by maintaining a lower layer and a middle layer in a predetermined temperature distribution is provided with a compound feed to which a feed additive is added from a feed tank to a cow in a barn, and a plant-based active catalyst solution that is energy-excited to the cow in the barn Adding drinking water with added, excreta from cows in the barn, a fermentation regulator, mixing the wastewater from the drainpipe, and sending it to a compost bar; Humus due to fermentation of the floor material in the barn, including a process of spraying or spraying a deodorant / bactericidal / dustproofing detergent on the barn and a process of returning and transferring the excrement sent to the compost bar at predetermined intervals. Both organic fertilizer and humic organic fertilizer from the compost house It is characterized in that to obtain.
ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the healthy health management (quality improvement) of a cow can be aimed at, and the odor pollution not only to the barn but also to the surroundings is eliminated by the action of the deodorant, bacteria elimination, and dust-proof cleaning agent. Sewage treatment facilities can also be significantly labor-saving. In addition, since high-quality humic organic fertilizer is produced for excrement as a fertilizer, the efficiency of livestock management can be improved in addition to improving the quality of livestock.
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.
(Embodiment 1)
FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram showing a configuration of a livestock farming system according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Briefly, the livestock system of the first embodiment is a livestock system that has been studied to further enhance the health management of chickens and the environmental management of the poultry house (countermeasures against odors and excreta).
The biggest feature of this livestock system is that the structure and function of feed and drinking water given to chickens are adjusted to restore the original breeding function of chickens, improve nutrient absorption efficiency and normalize excrement. It can be said that the system is a livestock farming system that can improve the efficiency of fertilizer use, prevent the occurrence of pollution, and raise chickens in a healthy and harmonious natural environment.
The composition of this livestock system is composed of a formula that enhances the energy index related to the physiological metabolic function of provided drinking water and feed-the efficiency of digestion and absorption of nutrients, and the energy index related to the treatment of excrement-fertilization. It is designed to achieve a comprehensive and synergistic effect by combining the two treatment methods of the prescription that enhances.
The livestock raising system is described in detail below.
As shown in FIG. 1, the present livestock raising system includes a process of adding a feed additive from a feed silo 11 to a chicken in two poultry houses 10 to provide a compound feed with an increased energy index, and The drinking water stored in the drinking water tank 13 is energy-excited (increases the energy index) by the excitation unit “VICAM (trademark) WATER SYSTEM / Nias (trademark) injection device” 14 and the plant-based active catalyst solution is discharged. The process of adding and giving, the excrement of the chicken discharged from the poultry house 10 to the excrement tank 19, and the fermentation regulator from the fermentation agent (regulator) tank 16 are mixed in the mixer 18, and 17, a process of spraying or spraying a deodorant, a bactericidal and a dustproof detergent from the detergent tank 15 onto the compost house 17 and the compost house 17, and a process of excrement sent into the compost house 17. Place And crosscut transported in the interval (10-15 days cycle), it is intended to include the steps of obtaining a humic organic fertilizer, a product (mature chicken manure).
Although not shown, the excitation unit (VICMA WATER SYSTEM) 14 is equipped with a fluid purifier and a device for automatically supplying a constant amount of nias. Nias is a plant-based active catalyst solution (Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Notification No. 34-370, conformity with the standards of soft drinks, Government Security Directive No. 47-1: JRA Health Food Selection Product 55.2.9) Drug test results table for pharmaceuticals).
The cleaning agent tank (VICMA CLEAN SYSTEM) 15 is a non-germ (trademark) injection device to be set in a cleaning water system, and has a built-in device for automatically and quantitatively supplying VICMA VUP (trademark) and non-germ.
Regarding the enhancement of the energy index of the physiological metabolic function of the compound feed, the feed additive “Biozeolite” 3 to 5 wt% or “Metabolic Powder (trademark) (JAR (stock) Competition Ma RIKEN Institute designated feed additive (horse racing) No. 3189) "by adding 0.1 to 0.3 wt%.
Biozeolite is obtained by impregnating zeolite with metabolic powder, a feed additive mainly composed of enzymes purified from plant proteins, useful soil sones, and a carbonate as an auxiliary agent.
Metabolic powder enhances the nutritional value of feed, and at the same time, regulates the order of intestinal bacteria in chickens, increases digestion and absorption efficiency, and revives wild vitality (metabolism in living organisms: Regulation in Metabolism). Thus, it has a catalytic element that enhances healthy growth and resistance to disease.
The useful soil bacteria and carbonates have an intestinal action, an anti-heat stress effect, and a preventive and regulating function against diseases, and have a synergistic effect on the energy index of feed and the energy index of living organisms when used in combination with metabolic powder. And healthy breeding and results are expected.
Of course, the compound feed is effectively consumed, and sound excretion is excreted, so that odor is alleviated, humus is promoted, and the environment inside and around the poultry house is greatly improved, thereby preventing pollution. As described above, with regard to the compound feed, the energy index is comprehensively improved by utilizing microorganisms and enzymes from a biochemical viewpoint, and recovering mineral functions and metabolic functions of living organisms.
The energy index of the compound feed is an index representing the metabolic function of the chicken itself, that is, the energy of nutrient absorption and digestion. Regardless of the composition ratio of the formula feed, if the energy of the feed itself is weak, nutrients cannot be sufficiently taken. It becomes an analogy of the mochi you wrote in the picture. A compound feed that activates the metabolic function of the chicken itself can be evaluated as having a high energy index. Therefore, raising the energy index of the compound feed means that the provided compound feed is effectively consumed.
With respect to the enhancement of the energy index of the physiological metabolic function of drinking water, conventionally, a good index of drinking water has been sought from various angles such as a chemical index, a physical index, and a wave dynamic index. It is intended to efficiently radiate the wave closest to the wave of the highly structured water in the biological system to drinking water based on the objective index to efficiently increase the energy index.
Increasing the energy index of drinking water means that the natural physiological functions of water are improved, the vital effect of strengthening the living body of animals and activating vital activities, and the resistance to diseases such as pathogenic bacteria are enhanced. .
Water is said to be the life of the earth, and all living things know the value of water. The preference for natural waters with a high energy index is the same for chickens.
In the livestock raising system of the present invention, “VICMA VUP” is installed in a drinking water tank.
Here, VICMA is a coined word of value creation that represents harmony in the natural world, and VUP (Value Ultra Penetration) means “a valuable super-penetrating physical substance”. VICMA VUP has the function of absorbing, storing and radiating energy from the sun.
In this livestock raising system, the shape of the VUP main body is a stainless steel pipe having a diameter of 50 mm and a length of 320 mm, in which a radiator is housed. The energy of the drinking water is excited by the “convergent wave energy” radiated from the VUP, the energy index is increased, and the original function of the water (the function of natural water) can be restored as much as possible. The convergent wave energy has a function of increasing the energy index of any fluid such as water, air, gas, fuel oil, and electricity.
Next, the excreta of the chicken discharged from the poultry house 10 to the excrement tank 19 and the fermentation regulator from the fermentation agent tank 16 are mixed in the mixer 18 and sent to the compost house 17, and the process of deodorization / The process of disinfecting and dustproofing and the process of turning into fertilizer will be described in detail.
Regarding the increase in the energy index related to the processing of chicken excrement-fertilization-conventionally, fertilization of excrement has been treated by various methods such as sun drying, thermal drying, and fermentation compost. Or, a bad smell generated during the fermentation process and a bad smell generated after being sprayed on the soil have become problems as environmental pollution in the surroundings.
Poultry manure has a large amount of undigested matter and a lot of water, so that the proliferation of putrefactive bacteria is remarkable, and because of the foul odor peculiar to chicken manure and the occurrence of flies and maggots, the poultry farm itself is a source of odor pollution. It is the present situation that has become.
A search of the literature on odor control and fertilization of chicken manure reveals a number of reports, but it seems that there are few reports from the interrelationship of drinking water and feed-excrement-fertilization.
When the contents are classified, there are many reports from a partial perspective, such as the effects of feed additives, the method of adjusting the water content of excrement, and the method of promoting fermentation of feces by microorganisms.
In the present livestock raising system, the properties of excreta are greatly improved, odors are reduced, and the water content is reduced due to the increase in the energy index of drinking water and feed.
Therefore, most of the fertilizer treatment conditions are satisfied, but in order to prepare stable and optimal fermentation conditions, measures such as moisture adjustment and granulation treatment, fermentation promotion, odor and sterilization cleaning are taken from every angle, and a high quality energy index The goal is to produce high fertilizer.
Specifically, it promotes fermentation and measures against odor by adjusting the water content of excrement and granulating. As described above, when fermenting chicken excrement, the moisture content and shape are the biggest factors, as described above. The optimum conditions are around 60% moisture content, and the shape is granular considering aerobic fermentation. If the treatment is carried out, for example, to increase the air permeability, the conditions are satisfied, the aging period is shortened, and a stable and high-quality fertilizer is produced.
In the animal husbandry system of the present invention, a soil improvement material “Risoyl (trademark)” or a bacterial compound “BC-7 (trademark)” mainly composed of calcined humus is added as a fermentation regulator.
Soil conditioner lithoyl is mainly made of porous calcined humus, so it has excellent moisture control function, and because it forms granulation and agglomeration, it has a structure with good ventilation and active propagation of microorganisms. To promote stable fermentation.
Conventionally, sawdust, rice husk, straw, and the like have been used as a moisture control material, but there is a difficulty that the propagation of microorganisms does not become ideal.
In this livestock production system, if lithoyl is added according to the water content of the excrement and mixed while being turned back, it is appropriately granulated and aggregated, and suitable for propagation of useful microorganisms, such as breathability, water retention, and heat retention. Environment can be prepared.
The average moisture content of the excrement is about 75%, but in the case of this livestock system, it can be around 70%, which is lower than the average value, and the addition amount of lithoyl is approximately 2 to 5 wt%. The amount of the bacterial compound is about 3 to 5 wt%.
In this livestock farming system, a deodorant, bacteria elimination, and dust-proof cleaning agent (Non-Germ registered trademark) is sprayed or sprayed from the cleaning agent tank 15 into the poultry house 10 and the composting room 17 (Non-Germ is a public notice of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, 1973 No. 98 is a product conforming to the -A detergent component standard of food, additives, etc.).
Non-germ is a non-polluting detergent (fermentative enzymes) that has a deodorizing and disinfecting effect.
It has excellent functions to decompose and remove odors such as ammonia, mercaptan, and hydrogen sulfide, to remove bacteria, to wash bacteria and to dissolve oils and fats, and to promote the propagation of composting microorganisms. In addition, the generation of flies, maggots, mosquitoes, etc. can be prevented, and there is a dust removing effect, which can improve the breeding environment.
As a spraying method, in the case of excrement composting, it is sprayed on the surface at the time of adding lithoyl and thereafter after turning back and finishing the work. When improving the environment in the poultry house and the compost house, spraying once or twice daily can improve the environment.
The standard of spraying amount per time is 1 cc of undiluted solution / 100 m of surface area 2 The hit is a guide. In the case of spraying, the stock solution is diluted 5000 to 10000 times and sprayed. The spray amount is, for example, (stock solution 10 cc / diluted water 100 liter) / 1000 m 2 Is the ratio of
If the cutback operation at the time of composting in the compost building 17 is carried out every 10 to 15 days, humic organic fertilizer (completely ripe chicken manure) is completed in about 2 to 3 months. A part of the humic organic fertilizer obtained from the compost house 17 is returned to the mixer 18.
The above is the contents of the health management of the chicken and the environmental management of the poultry farm (the measures against odor and the excrement) by the livestock system of the first embodiment.
According to the first embodiment, healthy health management (improvement of quality) of chickens, odor pollution not only in the poultry house but also in the surroundings are eliminated, and high quality humic organic fertilizers are also used for excrement as fertilizer. This is advantageous in that chicken production is improved and chicken poultry management is helped.
(Embodiment 2)
Next, a livestock raising system relating to pig raising according to the second embodiment will be described.
This livestock system is a breeding method to further enhance the health management of pigs and the management of the environment inside and around the stable. In recent years, the pig farming business has been drinking double bitter bitter due to increased manure pollution wastewater treatment (including nitrogen and phosphorus regulations) and odor control costs due to worsening management and enhanced environmental conservation.
The main advantages of this breeding system are: firstly, sound rearing and improvement of meat quality by improving the breeding environment; secondly, significant reduction in treatment costs due to simplification of the manure and polluted wastewater treatment facility; and thirdly, odor reduction. This is to minimize the outbreak and take measures to prevent pollution in the livestock barn and the surrounding environment as a result.
In this livestock raising system, a mixture of rattles, rice husks, soil, etc. is spread over the floor in the piggery, and the excrement of pigs is almost completely treated in this floor material. do not need.
In addition, the function is transferred to the floor in the piggery instead of the conventional wastewater treatment facility.The structure of the floor material and the maintenance of self-cleaning ability by the existing microorganisms require the use of food, drinking water and excrement. It summarizes the results of intensive research from all angles, such as the relevance and the relationship between washing water and the living environment.
The livestock raising system according to the second embodiment relates specifically to pig raising, as shown in FIG. 2, in which sawdust, rice hulls, and soil are laid, and feed additives (metabolic powder) are 0.1 to 0. 3 wt% is added to form a flooring material 21 having a thickness of 1 m or more. A feed box 22 and a water supply box 27 for pigs are installed on the flooring material 21, and a drain pipe 23 is installed below the flooring material 21. The lower, middle and upper layers are maintained at a predetermined temperature distribution to constitute a pig house 20 for raising pigs.
The predetermined temperature distribution is such that the flooring material 21 is divided into an upper layer, a middle layer, and a lower layer, the upper layer being at room temperature, the middle layer being up to 40 ° C, and the lower layer being up to 60 ° C. By appropriate temperature control, purification by existing microorganisms can be progressed in a balanced manner.
Then, the combined feed to which the feed additive is added from the feed tank 25 is given to the feed box 22 in the piggery 20 to feed the pig, and the drinking water stored in the drinking water tank 26 is excited by the excitation unit 14 according to the first embodiment. In the same manner as in the above case, the energy is excited (energy index is increased), and a plant-based active catalyst solution "nias" is added to supply water to the water supply box 27 in the piggery 20 so that the pigs can drink. The added amount of nias is 1/1000 to 1/2000 (vol).
Further, a deodorant, bacteria elimination and dust-proof cleaning agent “non-germ” is sprayed or sprayed into the piggery 20 from the cleaning agent tank 15 connected to the drinking water tank 26.
Finally, the excrement of pigs in the piggery 20 is made to humus (purification of pig excrement by microorganisms) by the floor material 21 to obtain humus organic fertilizer (ripened pig manure).
The upper part of the flooring material 21 keeps appropriate humidity, and the temperature increases from the middle part to the lower part because the excreta purifying action is actively promoted by the existing microorganisms. If moderate permeability and air permeability are maintained, the energy index of the fermented fertilizer increases, and a humic organic fertilizer (completely matured pig manure) can be obtained from the lower layer of the flooring material 21 in about one year.
In the animal husbandry system of the second embodiment, the breeding area of the pigs in the piggery 20 is 1 to 1.2 m. 2 / Head (about 1m 3 (A numerical value calculated from the self-cleaning ability of the floor material 21) is defined as an appropriate breeding area.
The rationale for raising the energy index of the mixed feed and drinking water in the second embodiment is the same as that in the first embodiment.
Table 1 below shows the relationship between the amount of excretion of pigs (one adult pig) and the load in the animal husbandry system of the second embodiment, and Table 2 below shows the relationship between the BOD-SS load.
[Table 1]
[Table 2]
However, in Table 1, the amount of polluted water per animal including washing water is 10 kg / day.
According to the second embodiment, the absorption and digestion of food eaten by pigs and the dissolution and dispersion of fat are promoted, and active life activities are promoted, so that healthy rearing and disease resistance are enhanced. . As a result, the pigs are improved in skin and coat, and healthy pigs having high light transmittance and good quality meat are produced.
Furthermore, humic organic fertilizer (ripened pig manure) can be obtained from the lower layer of the flooring material 21 in about one year, and the environment of the pig house 20 and its surroundings is reduced by the action of the deodorant, sterilization, and dust-proofing detergent. It can be improved and pollution can be prevented.
(Embodiment 3)
Next, a livestock raising system relating to cattle according to the third embodiment will be described.
This livestock farming system is a sound livestock farming system that has been studied and configured with the aim of improving the health management of cattle, environmental management inside and around the barn, odor control and excrement control, and is free from pollution.
The main features of this livestock farming system are to improve the environment of cattle that is most suitable for cattle breeding, to raise the energy index of drinking water and feed given, to restore the natural growth function of living organisms, and to improve the efficiency of nutrient absorption. The improvement includes promotion of growth and health management of cattle, improvement of quality, improvement of excrement (reduction of undigested content), and improvement of efficiency of fertilization.
In a nutshell, it can be said that this is a livestock raising system that enables the raising of pollution-free cattle under a healthy and harmonious natural environment.
The configuration of this livestock system
1. Improving the barn environment: Improving floor structure, odor control and sanitizing and cleaning
2. Formulation that enhances the energy index related to the physiological metabolic function of drinking water and feed-the digestive absorption function of nutrients-
3. Formulation that enhances the energy index involved in excrement disposal-fertilization-
Broadly speaking, the present livestock raising system is designed so as to achieve a comprehensive and synergistic effect with emphasis on the above three factors.
Specifically, as shown in FIG. 3, the livestock raising system includes sawdust, rice husk, and soil, and a feed additive “metabolic powder” is added to the floor material 31, and a feed box 32 and a water supply box 33 for cattle are used. And a drain pipe 34 is provided at the lower part, and the lower, middle, and upper layers of the floor material 31 are kept at a predetermined temperature distribution. As in the case of the first embodiment, a compound feed to which feed additive “metabolic powder” 0.1 to 0.3 is added is given.
Further, in the water supply box 33 in the barn 30, the drinking water stored in the drinking water tank 43 is energy-excited (increases the energy index) by the same excitation unit 14 as in the first embodiment, and a plant-based active catalyst liquid is used. "Nias" is added to give 1/1000 to 1/2000 (vol).
Furthermore, a bovine excreta discharged from the cowshed 30 and a fermentation regulator containing 2 to 5 wt% of "Risoyl" or 3 to 5 wt% of a bacterial compound "BC-7" from the fermenting agent tank 16, The waste water from the drain pipe 34 is mixed in the mixer 38 and sent to the composting room 37. Thereby, the fermentation / decomposition promotion can be enhanced and the period of ripeness can be shortened.
Further, a deodorant, bacteria elimination, and dust-proof cleaning agent “Non-Garm” is sprayed or sprayed about twice in the morning and evening from the same cleaning tank 15 as in Embodiment 1 to the cow barn 30 and the compost bar 37, respectively. 30 and its surroundings are deodorized, sanitized, and dustproofed to prevent pollution. The spraying or spraying amount of non-germ is 100 cc / m 2 Is the ratio of
The excrement of cows in the cowshed 30 is subjected to humus (purification of pig excrement by microorganisms) by the flooring material 31 to obtain humus organic fertilizer (completely matured pig manure). The sent excrement is cut back and transported at predetermined intervals (10 to 15 day cycles), and the humic organic fertilizer “Ripe beef manure (trademark)” is also obtained from the compost building 37. If "non germ" is sprayed on the surface after turning back, fermentation and decomposition will be further strengthened and deodorizing effect will increase. As a result, a ripe humic organic fertilizer having no unpleasant odor is produced.
A part of the humic organic fertilizer obtained from the compost bar 37 is returned to the mixer 38.
The above is the whole of the livestock system according to the third embodiment in which no pollution occurs. With this livestock system, healthy health management of cattle (improvement of quality) and odor pollution to the surroundings as well as the barn are eliminated. Can greatly reduce labor in sewage treatment facilities. In addition, the use of excrement as a fertilizer is advantageous in that it produces a high-quality organic fertilizer, thereby improving the quality of cattle and assisting in livestock management.
【The invention's effect】
ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the healthy health management (quality improvement) of a chicken can be aimed at, and the odor pollution to the surroundings as well as the poultry house by the action of a deodorant, a disinfection, and a dustproof cleaning agent is also eliminated, Furthermore, A livestock system capable of producing high-quality humic organic fertilizer and improving the efficiency of poultry management as well as improving the quality of chickens can be provided.
According to the present invention, it is possible to promote the absorption and digestion of the food eaten by pigs, promote the dissolution and dispersion of fat, improve the skin and coat of pigs, and produce healthy pigs having high light transmission and good meat quality. Furthermore, humic organic fertilizer (ripened pig manure) can be obtained from the lower layer of the flooring material, and the environment of the pig house and its surroundings can be improved by the action of the deodorant, bacteria elimination and dust-proof cleaning agent, and pollution can be prevented. A livestock system that can be planned can be provided.
Furthermore, according to the present invention, healthy health management (quality improvement) of cows can be achieved, and odor pollution not only in the cowshed but also in the surroundings can be eliminated by the action of the deodorant, bacteria elimination, and dust-proof cleaning agents, and further excretion. As for the production of fertilizer, a high quality humic organic fertilizer is produced, so that it is possible to provide a livestock system that can improve the efficiency of livestock management as well as improving the quality of cattle.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a schematic block diagram illustrating a configuration of a livestock farming system according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic block diagram illustrating a configuration of a livestock farming system according to a second embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic block diagram illustrating a configuration of a livestock farming system according to a third embodiment of the present invention.
[Explanation of symbols]
10 Poultry House
11 Feed silo
13 drinking water tank
14 Excitation unit
15 Cleaning agent tank
16 Fermentation agent tank
17 Compost building
18 mixer
19 excrement tank
20 Pighouse
21 flooring
22 Feeding box
23 drainage pipe
25 Feed tank
26 drinking water tank
27 water box
30 barn
31 flooring
32 Feeding box
33 water box
34 drainage pipe
35 Feed tank
37 Composting House
38 mixer
43 drinking water tank

Claims (3)

鶏舎内の鶏に飼料サイロから飼料添加物を添加した配合飼料を与える過程と、
鶏舎内の鶏にエネルギー励起され植物系の活性触媒液が添加された飲料水を与える過程と、
鶏舎内の鶏の排泄物と発酵調整剤とを混合し、堆肥舎に送り込む過程と、
前記鶏舎内、堆肥舎に各々消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤を噴霧又は散布する過程と、
堆肥舎に送り込まれた排泄物を所定の間隔で切り返し移送し、腐植有機質肥料を得る過程と、
を含むことを特徴とする畜産システム。
The process of feeding the chickens in the poultry house a compound feed with feed additives added from a feed silo,
The process of providing drinking water with energy-excited and plant-based active catalyst liquid added to the chickens in the poultry house,
Mixing the excrement of the chicken in the poultry house with the fermentation regulator and sending it to the compost house,
In the poultry house, a process of spraying or spraying a deodorant, disinfectant, dustproof cleaner on each compost house,
A process of returning the excrement sent to the compost house at predetermined intervals and obtaining a humic organic fertilizer,
A livestock farming system comprising:
オガクズ、籾殻が敷設され飼料添加物を添加して床材とし、床材上に豚用の給餌箱及び給水箱を設置し、下部に排水管を設置し、前記床材の下層、中層上層を所定の温度分布に保持して構成した豚舎内に、飼料タンクから飼料添加物を添加した配合飼料を与える過程と、
豚舎内の豚にエネルギー励起され植物系の活性触媒液が添加された飲料水を与える過程と、
前記豚舎内に消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤を噴霧又は散布する過程と、
前記豚舎内の豚の排泄物を前記床材により腐植させて腐植有機質肥料を得る過程と、
を含むことを特徴とする畜産システム。
Sawdust, rice hulls are laid and feed additives are added to make floor material, feed boxes and water supply boxes for pigs are installed on the floor material, drainage pipes are installed at the bottom, the lower layer of the floor material, the upper layer of the middle layer A process of providing a compound feed to which a feed additive has been added from a feed tank to a pig house configured to be maintained at a predetermined temperature distribution,
The process of providing drinking water with energy-excited and plant-based active catalyst liquid to the pigs in the piggery,
Spraying or spraying a deodorant, disinfectant, dustproof cleaner in the pig house,
A step of humus excreting pigs in the piggery by the flooring to obtain humic organic fertilizer,
A livestock farming system comprising:
オガクズ、籾殻が敷設され飼料添加物を添加して床材とし、牛用の給餌箱及び給水箱を設置し、下部に排水管を設置し、前記床材の下層、中層上層を所定の温度分布に保持して構成した牛舎内の牛に飼料タンクから飼料添加物を添加した配合飼料を与える過程と、
牛舎内の牛にエネルギー励起され植物系の活性触媒液が添加された飲料水を与える過程と、
牛舎内の牛からの排泄物と、発酵調整剤と、前記を排水管からの排水とを混合し、堆肥舎に送り込む過程と、
前記牛舎内、堆肥舎に各々消臭・除菌・防塵洗浄剤を噴霧又は散布する過程と、
堆肥舎に送り込まれた排泄物を所定の間隔で切り返し移送する過程と、
を含み、牛舎内の床材の発酵による腐植有機質肥料と、前記堆肥舎からの腐植有機質肥料の双方を得ることを特徴とする畜産システム。
Sawdust and rice hulls are laid and feed additives are added to make a floor material, feed boxes and water supply boxes for cattle are installed, drainage pipes are installed at the bottom, the lower layer of the floor material, the upper layer of the middle layer is a predetermined temperature distribution Feeding the cattle in the barn configured to hold the compound feed with the feed additive added from the feed tank,
The process of providing drinking water to the cows in the barn with energy excitation and plant-based active catalyst solution,
The process of mixing the excrement from the cows in the barn, the fermentation regulator, and the wastewater from the drainpipe, and sending it to the compost bar,
Spraying or spraying the deodorant, disinfectant, and dust-proof cleaning agent in the barn and the compost bar, respectively,
A process of returning and transferring the excrement sent to the compost bar at predetermined intervals,
A livestock raising system comprising: obtaining both a humic organic fertilizer obtained by fermenting floor material in a barn and an humic organic fertilizer from the compost bar.
JP2002295913A 2002-10-09 2002-10-09 Livestock system Pending JP2004129540A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002295913A JP2004129540A (en) 2002-10-09 2002-10-09 Livestock system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002295913A JP2004129540A (en) 2002-10-09 2002-10-09 Livestock system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2004129540A true JP2004129540A (en) 2004-04-30

Family

ID=32286027

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2002295913A Pending JP2004129540A (en) 2002-10-09 2002-10-09 Livestock system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2004129540A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461150A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-25 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Underground fermentation bed
CN105165655A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-23 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Local chicken breeding greenhouse with chickens and vegetables therein at same time and local chicken breeding method
KR101605542B1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-03-22 전남대학교산학협력단 manufacturing method for compost using livestocks' excrements and method for growing plant
CN105475165A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-13 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Fermentation bed padding material suitable for plane-raising type laying hens and manufacturing method thereof
CN106212306A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 黑龙江省畜牧研究所 The method that steer ration supplies with feeding automatic stirring feed system and automatic stirring
CN112075346A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-12-15 衡东县新旺种养农民专业合作社 Ecological domestic animal plant inner structure

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103461150A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-25 山东省农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所 Underground fermentation bed
KR101605542B1 (en) 2014-02-12 2016-03-22 전남대학교산학협력단 manufacturing method for compost using livestocks' excrements and method for growing plant
CN105165655A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-23 山东省农业科学院家禽研究所 Local chicken breeding greenhouse with chickens and vegetables therein at same time and local chicken breeding method
CN105475165A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-04-13 广东省农业科学院蚕业与农产品加工研究所 Fermentation bed padding material suitable for plane-raising type laying hens and manufacturing method thereof
CN106212306A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 黑龙江省畜牧研究所 The method that steer ration supplies with feeding automatic stirring feed system and automatic stirring
CN106212306B (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-11-27 黑龙江省畜牧研究所 Beef cattle breeding feeding automatic stirring feed system and the method for automatic stirring supply
CN112075346A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-12-15 衡东县新旺种养农民专业合作社 Ecological domestic animal plant inner structure

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Rotz Management to reduce nitrogen losses in animal production
JP2006141316A (en) Barn and method for treating livestock excreta in the same
JP2014039526A (en) Pig farming spread floor system
CN108976013A (en) Cow dung urinates integrated organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
Moreki et al. Poultry waste management in Botswana: A review
CN103766283A (en) Microorganism promoted live pig breeding method
JP2009124978A (en) Method of cyclical feeding/fertilizing
JP2000023584A (en) Floor mat for livestock house
CN107926857A (en) A kind of method that environmental health is efficiently raised pigs
JP2004129540A (en) Livestock system
WO2006051829A1 (en) Pig farming method
CN103951473B (en) Adopt ferment biological fermentation bed to process the method for feces of livestock and poultry
JPH089813A (en) Floor structure of pigpen
Loehr Animal waste management—problems and guidelines for solutions
JP2005160418A (en) System for treating dung and urine of animal
KR20180044611A (en) A manufacturing method for improving of livestock
CN105993974A (en) Fermentation bed pig-keeping litter and preparation method thereof
CN105075870A (en) Fermentation bed for processing cattle dung and urine without pollution and method for processing cattle dung and urine
Ndelekwute et al. Potentials of earthworm and its by-products in animal agriculture and waste management-A review
Weiske Survey of technical and management-based mitigation measures in agriculture
JP2008000118A (en) Method for sterilizing livestock rearing farm
CN107805145A (en) A kind of cattle manure method and products thereof
JP2005278512A (en) Tread-in pigsty and hog excrement processing method using the same
CN107836604A (en) A kind of method that organic waste half-fermented prepares the agreeable to the taste feed of earthworm
Jumini Alternative fish feed production from waste chicken feathers