JP2003319720A - Greenhouse - Google Patents

Greenhouse

Info

Publication number
JP2003319720A
JP2003319720A JP2002132293A JP2002132293A JP2003319720A JP 2003319720 A JP2003319720 A JP 2003319720A JP 2002132293 A JP2002132293 A JP 2002132293A JP 2002132293 A JP2002132293 A JP 2002132293A JP 2003319720 A JP2003319720 A JP 2003319720A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
hydroponic
shelves
shelf
water culture
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2002132293A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Masaru Hayashi
Tomonori Kamiya
Toru Kondo
Kimiko Mano
Yoshihisa Miyake
義久 三宅
勝 林
君子 真野
友範 神谷
亨 近藤
Original Assignee
Masaru Hayashi
Tomonori Kamiya
Toru Kondo
Kimiko Mano
Yoshihisa Miyake
義久 三宅
勝 林
君子 真野
友範 神谷
亨 近藤
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Masaru Hayashi, Tomonori Kamiya, Toru Kondo, Kimiko Mano, Yoshihisa Miyake, 義久 三宅, 勝 林, 君子 真野, 友範 神谷, 亨 近藤 filed Critical Masaru Hayashi
Priority to JP2002132293A priority Critical patent/JP2003319720A/en
Publication of JP2003319720A publication Critical patent/JP2003319720A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To effectively use the interior of a greenhouse to improve the productivity and effectively utilize natural energy. <P>SOLUTION: Ridges for soil culture or shelves for water culture are formed on the floor level of the greenhouse, and shelves for the water culture are formed in the middle space in the interior of the greenhouse. The shelves for the water culture can be lifted and lowered in the upper and lower direction, and units for the water culture are placed on the shelves for the water culture so as to be movable in the shelf length direction. Solar panels are attached to the roof of the greenhouse, and a windmill for wind power generation is installed in the vicinity thereof so as to be used as a power-generating source for auxiliary power used in the greenhouse. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2004,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は温室に関するもので
あり、詳しくは温室ハウスの構成並びに有効利用に関す
るものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a greenhouse, and more particularly to the construction and effective use of a greenhouse house.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】通常、温室ハウス内は、水耕または土耕
の平面作付けに利用され、それ以上の生産性を上げる利
用が工夫されていなかった。又、温室ハウスに使用する
動力源に自然エネルギーを積極的に利用する点でも考慮
が不足していた。
2. Description of the Related Art Normally, greenhouse greenhouses are used for flat cultivation of hydroponic or soil cultivation, and their utilization has not been contrived. In addition, there is a lack of consideration in actively using natural energy as a power source for a greenhouse house.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】本発明は上記の点に鑑
み、温室ハウス内の有効利用を図り生産性の向上と、自
然エネルギーの有効利用を図らんとするものである。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In view of the above points, the present invention aims to effectively use a greenhouse house to improve productivity and to effectively use natural energy.
【0004】[0004]
【問題を解決するための手段】本発明の温室は、温室ハ
ウスの床上を土耕用畝又は水耕用棚とし、温室ハウス内
の中間空域に水耕用棚を設置したことを特徴とするもの
である。また、請求項2の発明は、水耕用棚が上下方向
に昇降可能であると共に、水耕ユニットを棚長方向へ移
動可能に水耕用棚に載置したものである。更に、請求項
3の発明は、温室ハウスの屋根に太陽電池パネルを装着
すると共に、近傍に風力発電用風車を設置し、温室ハウ
スで使用する補助電力の発電源としたものである。
The greenhouse of the present invention is characterized in that the floor of a greenhouse house is a ridge for soil cultivation or a shelf for hydroponic cultivation, and a hydroponic shelf is installed in an intermediate air space in the greenhouse house. It is a thing. Further, according to the invention of claim 2, the hydroponic shelf is vertically movable, and the hydroponic unit is mounted on the hydroponic shelf so as to be movable in the shelf length direction. Further, according to the invention of claim 3, a solar cell panel is mounted on the roof of a greenhouse house, and a wind turbine for wind power generation is installed in the vicinity thereof to generate auxiliary power used in the greenhouse house.
【0005】温室ハウス内の床上を土耕用畝、中空を水
耕用棚としたため温室ハウスの全空間を利用するものと
なる。また、水耕用棚を昇降可能とすることで床上の土
耕用畝の農作業に水耕用棚が支障とならず、一方水耕用
棚上の水耕ユニットの農作業も適宜高さで行えるものと
なり、移動可能な水耕ユニットも作業の効率に資するも
のとなる。さらに、温室ハウスの屋根に太陽電池パネル
を装着すると共に、近傍に風力発電用風車を設置し、温
室ハウスで使用する補助電力の発電源としたことで、自
然エネルギーの有効利用を図るものである。
Since the floor of the greenhouse is a ridge for soil cultivation and the hollow is a shelf for hydroponic cultivation, the entire space of the greenhouse is used. In addition, by making the hydroponic shelves movable up and down, the hydroponic shelves do not interfere with the agricultural work of the soil ridges on the floor, while the hydroponic unit on the hydroponic shelves can also be farmed at an appropriate height. The movable hydroponic unit also contributes to work efficiency. Furthermore, by installing a solar cell panel on the roof of the greenhouse and installing a wind turbine for wind power generation in the vicinity to generate auxiliary power for use in the greenhouse, we aim to effectively use natural energy. .
【0006】[0006]
【発明の実施の形態】本発明の実施の形態を図面に基づ
いて説明する。図1は本発明の一実施の形態を示す簡略
化した断面図であり、温室ハウス1の内部には、床上に
土耕栽培の畝5を設け、上下の空間域に水耕用棚4が設
けてある。また、温室ハウス1の屋根には太陽電池パネ
ル2が装着してあり、温室ハウスの近傍には風力発電用
風車7が設置されている。
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a simplified sectional view showing an embodiment of the present invention. Inside a greenhouse house 1, a ridge 5 for soil cultivation is provided on the floor, and a shelf 4 for hydroponic cultivation is provided in the upper and lower space areas. It is provided. A solar cell panel 2 is mounted on the roof of the greenhouse house 1, and a wind turbine 7 for wind power generation is installed near the greenhouse house.
【0007】畝5は温室ハウス1の長さ方向に数条設け
られ、各畝5,5間には作業用通路6が配置してある。
水耕用棚4は温室ハウス1の幅方向の中空に適宜間隔で
複数架設され、各水耕用棚4は、対向して設置した支柱
12、12に摺動可能に巻着した環8、8に腕材11を
架設して形成し、同一側の各環8、8、・・は互いに連
結(図示せず)されている。したがって、水耕用棚4,
4,・・は一体となって空間に位置し、後述の昇降機構
によって上下方向に昇降することになる。
Several ridges 5 are provided in the lengthwise direction of the greenhouse house 1, and a working passage 6 is arranged between the ridges 5 and 5.
A plurality of hydroponic shelves 4 are erected at appropriate intervals in the width direction hollow of the greenhouse house 1, and each hydroponic shelf 4 has a ring 8 slidably wound around columns 12, 12 facing each other. 8 is formed by bridging an arm member 11, and the rings 8 on the same side are connected to each other (not shown). Therefore, the hydroponic shelves 4,
.. are integrally located in the space and can be vertically moved up and down by an elevating mechanism which will be described later.
【0008】水耕用棚4、4、・・の昇降機構は、支柱
12、12にプーリー13、13を取り付け、ワイヤー
14、15を通し先端を環8、8に固定し、基端は巻き
取り機16に巻着して環8、8の高さ位置を任意に決定
して水耕用棚4の位置決めを行うものである。このと
き、支柱12、12に上・下限のリミットスイッチ1
7、17を設けて高さ位置の設定又は安全機能として働
かせるものである。
The lifting mechanism for the hydroponic shelves 4, 4, ... Attaches the pulleys 13, 13 to the columns 12, 12, passes the wires 14, 15 to fix the tips to the rings 8, 8, and the base ends are wound. The hydroponic shelf 4 is positioned by winding around the taker 16 and arbitrarily determining the height positions of the rings 8, 8. At this time, the upper and lower limit switches 1 are attached to the columns 12, 12.
7 and 17 are provided for setting the height position or working as a safety function.
【0009】また、各腕材11にはレール10、10が
施設してあり、ストッパー付き戸車9、9、9、9を下
設した水耕用ユニット3が移動可能に載置してあり、前
記水耕用棚4、4、・・の任意の高さ位置に決定可能な
ことと相まって、土耕用畝5の農作業や水耕用棚4上の
水耕ユニット3の農作業も支障がなく行えるのである。
Further, rails 10 and 10 are installed on each arm member 11, and a hydroponic unit 3 having stopper rollers 9 and 9, 9 and 9 is movably mounted thereon. Coupled with the fact that the hydroponic shelves 4, 4, ... Can be determined at arbitrary height positions, there is no hindrance in the agricultural work of the soil ridges 5 and the hydroponic unit 3 on the hydroponic shelves 4. It can be done.
【0010】温室ハウス1内の電気や昇降機構の電気
は、ハウス1の屋根に装置した太陽電池パネル2や風力
発電用風車7の自然エネルギーを利用した補助発電によ
って得た電力を動力とするものである。更に、自然回帰
廃棄物(飲食加工業廃棄物、米糠、おから、籾殻、竹チ
ップ、木材チップ、牛糞、魚のあら等)を堆肥化した堆
肥により、無農薬耕法とすることで、生産コストの削減
及び安全な農作物の収穫を図ることもできるのである。
The electricity in the greenhouse house 1 and the electricity of the lifting mechanism are powered by the electricity generated by the auxiliary power generation using the natural energy of the solar cell panel 2 installed on the roof of the house 1 and the wind turbine 7 for wind power generation. Is. Furthermore, the production cost can be reduced by using the compost made from natural return waste (waste from food processing industry, rice bran, okara, rice husks, bamboo chips, wood chips, cow dung, fish tarts, etc.) without using pesticides. It is also possible to reduce the amount of crops and to harvest crops safely.
【0011】[0011]
【発明の効果】以上のように本発明は、温室ハウス内の
有効利用を図り、敷地面積当たりの生産性の向上と、自
然エネルギーの有効利用によって省エネ化を図る効果を
得られるものである。
INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY As described above, according to the present invention, it is possible to effectively use a greenhouse greenhouse, improve productivity per site area, and save energy by effectively using natural energy.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】本発明の一実施の形態を示す簡易化した断面図
である。
FIG. 1 is a simplified sectional view showing an embodiment of the present invention.
【図2】水耕用棚の一実施の形態を示す部分図である。FIG. 2 is a partial view showing an embodiment of a hydroponic shelf.
【図3】水耕用棚の昇降機構の一実施の形態を示す正面
図である。
FIG. 3 is a front view showing an embodiment of a lifting mechanism for a hydroponic shelf.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 温室ハウス 2 太陽電池パネル 3 水耕用ユニット 4 水耕用棚 5 土耕用畝 6 作業用通路 7 風力発電用風車 8 環 9 戸車 10 レール 11 腕材 12 支柱 13 プーリー 14 、15 ワイヤー 16 巻き取り機 17 リミットスイッチ 1 greenhouse house 2 solar panel 3 Hydroponic unit 4 hydroponic shelves 5 ridges for soil cultivation 6 Working passage 7 Wind turbine for wind power generation 8 rings 9 door car 10 rails 11 arm material 12 props 13 pulley 14 and 15 wires 16 winder 17 Limit switch
───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (71)出願人 502163269 神谷 友範 石川県金沢市神谷内町葵32番地 (71)出願人 502163281 三宅 義久 石川県河北郡高松町字高松ツ35番地1 (72)発明者 真野 君子 石川県金沢市羽場町イ55番地2 (72)発明者 近藤 亨 石川県金沢市羽場町イ55番地2 (72)発明者 林 勝 石川県金沢市長坂3丁目13番地3 (72)発明者 神谷 友範 石川県金沢市神谷内町葵32番地 (72)発明者 三宅 義久 石川県河北郡高松町字高松ツ35番地1 Fターム(参考) 2B029 AA10 FA05 FA07 GA05 GA10 2B314 MA70 NA13 NA36 NA37 PD06 PD07 PD37 PD70    ─────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continued front page    (71) Applicant 502163269             Kamiya Tomonori             32 Aoi, Kamiyachi Town, Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture (71) Applicant 502163281             Yoshihisa Miyake             35-1 Takamatsu-tsu, Takamatsu-cho, Kawakita-gun, Ishikawa Prefecture (72) Inventor Kimiko Mano             55-2 Habacho, Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture (72) Inventor Toru Kondo             55-2 Habacho, Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture (72) Inventor Masaru Hayashi             3-13 Nagasaka, Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture (72) Inventor Tomonori Kamiya             32 Aoi, Kamiyachi Town, Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture (72) Inventor Yoshihisa Miyake             35-1 Takamatsu-tsu, Takamatsu-cho, Kawakita-gun, Ishikawa Prefecture F term (reference) 2B029 AA10 FA05 FA07 GA05 GA10                 2B314 MA70 NA13 NA36 NA37 PD06                       PD07 PD37 PD70

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 温室ハウスの床上を土耕用畝又は水耕用
    棚とし、温室ハウス内の中間空域に水耕用棚を設置した
    ことを特徴とする温室。
    1. A greenhouse characterized in that a ridge for soil cultivation or a shelf for hydroponics is provided on the floor of the greenhouse house, and the shelf for hydroponics is installed in an intermediate air space in the greenhouse house.
  2. 【請求項2】 水耕用棚が上下方向に昇降可能であると
    共に、水耕ユニットを棚長方向へ移動可能に水耕用棚に
    載置した請求項1記載の温室。
    2. The greenhouse according to claim 1, wherein the hydroponic shelf is vertically movable, and the hydroponic unit is mounted on the hydroponic shelf so as to be movable in the shelf length direction.
  3. 【請求項3】 温室ハウスの屋根に太陽電池パネルを装
    着すると共に、近傍に風力発電用風車を設置し、温室ハ
    ウスで使用する補助電力の発電源とした請求項1又は2
    記載の温室。
    3. The solar cell panel is mounted on the roof of a greenhouse house, and a wind turbine for wind power generation is installed in the vicinity to generate a supplementary electric power used in the greenhouse house.
    Greenhouse described.
JP2002132293A 2002-05-08 2002-05-08 Greenhouse Pending JP2003319720A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002132293A JP2003319720A (en) 2002-05-08 2002-05-08 Greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2002132293A JP2003319720A (en) 2002-05-08 2002-05-08 Greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2003319720A true JP2003319720A (en) 2003-11-11

Family

ID=29544456

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2002132293A Pending JP2003319720A (en) 2002-05-08 2002-05-08 Greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2003319720A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006288209A (en) * 2005-04-05 2006-10-26 Graduate School For The Creation Of New Photonics Industries Device and method for carrying plant
WO2009072646A1 (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-11 Dina Systems Inc. Energy conserving type hydroponic bath, energy conserving type hydroponic system, and hydroponic method
CN102498980A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-20 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Cultivating device for assisting bamboo shoots in spring to come up out of ground and come into market in advance through wind power generation system
JP2013039045A (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-02-28 Idec Corp Cultivation device
JP2014097078A (en) * 2011-07-28 2014-05-29 Tetsuya Nakamura Building structure
CN104813870A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-05 窦观一 Ecological agriculture system that fully utilizes wind, light and gas energy sources
CN105155870A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-16 河南易博联城规划建筑设计有限公司洛阳分公司 New-energy portable house
KR101650927B1 (en) * 2015-07-30 2016-08-25 주식회사 사람과에너지 A vinyl house
CN107372078A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-11-24 广西金穗农业集团有限公司 A kind of banana plain type scale non-soil culture device and method for culturing seedlings

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006288209A (en) * 2005-04-05 2006-10-26 Graduate School For The Creation Of New Photonics Industries Device and method for carrying plant
WO2009072646A1 (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-11 Dina Systems Inc. Energy conserving type hydroponic bath, energy conserving type hydroponic system, and hydroponic method
JP2014097078A (en) * 2011-07-28 2014-05-29 Tetsuya Nakamura Building structure
JP2014097074A (en) * 2011-07-28 2014-05-29 Tetsuya Nakamura Building structure
JP2014207916A (en) * 2011-07-28 2014-11-06 鉄哉 中村 Building structure
JP2013039045A (en) * 2011-08-11 2013-02-28 Idec Corp Cultivation device
CN102498980A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-20 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Cultivating device for assisting bamboo shoots in spring to come up out of ground and come into market in advance through wind power generation system
CN102498980B (en) * 2011-11-28 2013-05-15 无锡同春新能源科技有限公司 Cultivating device for assisting bamboo shoots in spring to come up out of ground and come into market in advance through wind power generation system
CN104813870A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-05 窦观一 Ecological agriculture system that fully utilizes wind, light and gas energy sources
KR101650927B1 (en) * 2015-07-30 2016-08-25 주식회사 사람과에너지 A vinyl house
CN105155870A (en) * 2015-09-30 2015-12-16 河南易博联城规划建筑设计有限公司洛阳分公司 New-energy portable house
CN107372078A (en) * 2017-08-10 2017-11-24 广西金穗农业集团有限公司 A kind of banana plain type scale non-soil culture device and method for culturing seedlings

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
AU2014307556B2 (en) Hydroponic culture system, and plant factory provided with hydroponic culture system and greenhouse produced from styrene foam
Pangavhane et al. Review of research and development work on solar dryers for grape drying
KR101240249B1 (en) Plant growing system
US3765134A (en) Construction of rigid tensioned frame structure
US8839551B2 (en) Self-regulating greenhouse
CN201789821U (en) Vertical rotating three-dimensional multi-layer planting greenhouse
CN203675753U (en) Multifunctional three-dimensional planting greenhouse
JP6467872B2 (en) Hydroponics system
CN204669996U (en) The multi-functional photovoltaic Ecological Greenhouse of a kind of mixing
CN101940135A (en) Vertical rotary stereo type multi-layer planting greenhouse
CN203912716U (en) A kind of dragon fruit plantation or its cuttage and seedling culture device
CN205507522U (en) Photovoltaic big -arch shelter intelligence control system
WO2012118159A1 (en) Hydroponic system
CN205389721U (en) A big -arch shelter facility for nursery stock is cultivateed
JP2006280252A (en) Underground agricultural factory system
KR101229048B1 (en) Rotate type plant cultivation device
JP2010268787A (en) Local temperature adjusting device, short-sunshine local night-cooling processing system, and strawberry cultivation system
JP2003284482A (en) Insect repellent light system with yellow led
US5042196A (en) Apparatus for hydroponic cultivation
CN204762476U (en) It is rural with collection rain formula vegetable greenhouse
CN203590790U (en) Integrated intelligent-control plant cultivation equipment
CN205305735U (en) Cooperative system of organic fish and plant
US5943818A (en) System for propagation of plants
CN201029330Y (en) Circulating solid planting and cultivating integration device
WO2011049084A1 (en) Energy efficient system for raising/lowering plant cultivation boxes, energy efficient method for raising/lowering plant cultivation boxes, energy efficient device for domestic plant cultivation and energy efficient facility for plant cultivation