JP2003262525A - Charging stand information-supplying apparatus - Google Patents

Charging stand information-supplying apparatus

Info

Publication number
JP2003262525A
JP2003262525A JP2002062986A JP2002062986A JP2003262525A JP 2003262525 A JP2003262525 A JP 2003262525A JP 2002062986 A JP2002062986 A JP 2002062986A JP 2002062986 A JP2002062986 A JP 2002062986A JP 2003262525 A JP2003262525 A JP 2003262525A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
charging station
charging
information
information providing
providing device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2002062986A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Kenichi Sakai
Tomonaga Sugimoto
智永 杉本
健一 酒井
Original Assignee
Nissan Motor Co Ltd
日産自動車株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nissan Motor Co Ltd, 日産自動車株式会社 filed Critical Nissan Motor Co Ltd
Priority to JP2002062986A priority Critical patent/JP2003262525A/en
Publication of JP2003262525A publication Critical patent/JP2003262525A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0013Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging several batteries simultaneously or sequentially
    • H02J7/0027Stations for charging mobile units, e.g. of electric vehicles, of mobile telephones
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/305Communication interfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C21/00Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in preceding groups G01C1/00-G01C19/00
    • G01C21/26Navigation; Navigational instruments not provided for in preceding groups G01C1/00-G01C19/00 specially adapted for navigation in a road network
    • G01C21/34Route searching; Route guidance
    • G01C21/3407Route searching; Route guidance specially adapted for specific applications
    • H02J7/00036
    • H02J7/00034
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/7055Controlling vehicles with more than one battery or more than one capacitor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7088Charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/121Electric charging stations by conductive energy transmission
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/128Energy exchange control or determination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/161Navigation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/163Information or communication technologies related to charging of electric vehicle

Abstract

(57) [Summary] [Problem] To provide information on a charging station that can start charging immediately upon arrival. SOLUTION: From the stored charging stations,
A charging station existing around the current location of the electric vehicle is extracted, and the location of the extracted charging station and availability information of a charger installed in the charging station are provided.

Description

Description: BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an electric vehicle.
The present invention relates to an apparatus for providing information on a charging station. 2. Description of the Related Art An electric vehicle runs out of battery power.
So that it can be charged before
Based on the current battery level
To find the driver and guide the occupants to the charging station
Charging station information providing device is disclosed
JP-A-09-210702). [0003] By the way, electric vehicles
It takes time to charge the battery of the
Other electric vehicles are charging and the charger is empty
If you don't have it, you can't charge it. Therefore, charging
Just guiding the occupants to the stand will not save the electric car.
There is a problem that it is not possible to make a full operation plan
You. [0004] The object of the present invention is to quickly fill up upon arrival.
To provide information on charging stations that can start charging
You. [0005] (1) The invention of claim 1
Is a stand position memory hand that stores the position of the charging station.
Usage for each stage and the charger installed on the charging stand
Charger information obtaining means for obtaining possible information and electric vehicles
Current position detecting means for detecting the current position of the
Out of the charging stations stored in the
Of charging stations around the current location of Ki-car
Stand extraction means, and extraction by the stand extraction means.
The location of the charging station that was
Charger that provides the availability information of the installed charger
Information providing means. (2) The charging station information providing device according to claim 2,
Availability information is available immediately or at a location upon arrival at the charging station.
Available chargers that can start charging within a fixed time
Information. (3) The charging station information providing device according to claim 3 is used for a road.
From the current location to the charging station based on the map data
A stand route searching means for searching a road, wherein the charger
The location of the charging station and its charging
Availability information of the charger installed on the stand, and
And provide a route to the charging station
It is. (4) The charging station information providing device of claim 4 is
Remaining capacity detecting means for detecting the remaining capacity of a vehicle battery
And, based on the road map data,
Destination route searching means for searching for a route, to the destination
To travel from your current location to your destination
Required capacity estimating means for estimating the required capacity of
Battery based on the remaining capacity and the required capacity.
Determine if you can travel to your destination without charging the terry
Traveling determination means, and the charger information providing means.
The remaining capacity of the battery
If it is determined that the vehicle cannot travel to the destination,
Charge the battery immediately after arrival at the stand or within the specified time.
Can start and charge at least to the required capacity
This is to provide information about the charger. (5) The charging station information providing device according to claim 5,
The remaining capacity of the battery is determined by the charger information providing means.
The required charging time from
Calculate and provide the required charging time from the full charging capacity
It is like that. (6) The charging station information providing device according to claim 6,
Charger selected by occupant from available chargers
Charging reservation means for making a reservation for use with respect to. (7) The charging station information providing device according to claim 7,
The battery information is provided by the charger information providing means.
Extract and provide information on available facilities while charging terry
That's what I did. (8) The invention according to claim 8 is a tube for managing a charging station.
Charging system consisting of an information center and an in-vehicle information terminal of an electric vehicle
A stand information providing device, wherein the management center includes:
Stand position storage means for storing the position of the charging station
Available for each charger installed on the charging stand
Charger information obtaining means for obtaining function information.
Position of the stand and the charging station
The in-vehicle information terminal is communicated with the available information of the appliance by wireless communication.
Distribute to the end. (9) The vehicle of the charging station information providing device according to claim 9.
The on-board information terminal detects the current location of the electric vehicle.
Output means to send the detected current location to the management center.
The management center is provided with the stand position storage means.
From the charging stations stored in the
A stand that extracts charging stations around the current location
Equipped with an extraction means, the position of the extracted charging station and its
Available information of the charger installed in the charging station in Japan
And deliver. (10) In front of the charging station information providing device of claim 10
Available information will be available immediately after arriving at the charging station.
Is an available charger that can start charging within a predetermined time
Related information. (11) In front of the charging station information providing device of claim 11
The in-vehicle information terminal determines whether the current location is based on the road map data.
Stand route search to find the route from the charging station to the charging station
Equipped with means, the location of the charging station,
Available information on installed chargers and their charging
Provide a route to the stand. (12) In front of the charging station information providing device of claim 12
The in-vehicle information terminal measures the remaining battery capacity of the electric vehicle.
Based on the remaining capacity detecting means to detect and the road map data
Destination route search to find the route from the current location to the destination
Means and a destination from the current location along the route to the destination.
Estimate the required battery capacity to travel to the ground
Required capacity estimating means, the remaining capacity of the battery and the required capacity
To the destination without charging the battery based on the required capacity
Traveling determination means for determining whether traveling is possible,
The destination is determined based on the remaining capacity of the battery by the travel determination means.
If it is determined that the vehicle cannot run
Charging can be started immediately after arrival or within a predetermined time,
And a charger capable of charging at least the required capacity.
Provide information to do. (13) In front of the charging station information providing device of claim 13
The in-vehicle information terminal determines the required capacity from the remaining capacity of the battery.
The required charging time to the required capacity and the full charging capacity from the remaining capacity
The required charging time up to the amount is calculated and provided. (14) In front of the charging station information providing device of claim 14
The in-vehicle information terminal is used by an occupant from among the available chargers.
Sends the information of the charger selected by
Yes, the management center has been selected by the crew
Make a reservation for the charger. (15) In front of the charging station information providing device of claim 15
The in-vehicle information terminal uses the road map data to charge the battery.
It extracts and provides information on facilities that can be used during power transmission. According to the present invention, immediately upon arrival,
Provide charging station information that can start charging
This improves the convenience of the charging station information user. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Charging station information according to one embodiment
The provision device includes a plurality of in-vehicle devices
Device, charging station management center, and multiple charging stations
Consists of FIG. 1 shows a configuration of an on-vehicle apparatus according to an embodiment.
You. The three-phase AC motor 1 is a driving source for an electric vehicle.
Drive through the reduction gear 2 and the propeller shafts 3a and 3b.
The driving wheels 4a and 4b are driven. Inverter 5 is a battery
-6 DC power is converted to three-phase AC power and
Apply. The three-phase AC motor 1 has a synchronous motor.
And an induction motor can be used. Also,
In one embodiment, a three-phase
An example using an AC motor is shown.
A stream motor may be used. In that case, the inverter
5 is replaced by a DC-DC converter. Further
The type of the battery 6 is not particularly limited.
Batteries, nickel-metal hydride batteries, etc.
Can be. [0010] EV (Electric Vehicle) controller
10 is a peripheral part such as a microcomputer and a memory
The accelerator pedal depression amount, brake pedal depression
Based on the amount of vehicle, vehicle speed, battery voltage, etc.
Controller 5 and battery 6 are controlled. Navigation
The controller 11 is a microcomputer and a memory.
Which peripheral parts are available to reach the destination and charging station
Route search and route guidance, current position detection by self-contained navigation, road
It performs display control of a road map and the like. The voltage sensor 12 is connected to the terminal of the battery 6.
Detect pressure. The accelerator sensor 13 is an accelerator pedal
The brake sensor 14 determines the amount of depression of the brake pedal.
The amount of stepping on the knob is detected. Communication device 15
For communicating with the charging station management center
Place. The GPS receiver 16 detects the current position of the vehicle by satellite navigation.
Detect your location. The input device 17 allows the occupant to enter a destination or the like.
Information on the charging station and available charging
Select an electric appliance, etc. or use the available charging station
This is an operation input device for making a reservation of a container. The storage device 18 stores road map data and facility data.
Storage device such as a DVD-ROM for storing data
You. The direction sensor 19 detects the traveling direction of the vehicle.
The vehicle speed sensor 20 is a detector such as an illuminator.
This is a detector that detects the line speed. Navigation controller
The roller 11 is driven by the traveling direction from the direction sensor 19 and the vehicle.
The vehicle is driven by self-contained navigation based on the vehicle speed from the speed sensor 20.
Detect both current positions. Display 21 is a road
Figure, current location and destination of vehicle, guidance route to destination,
Displays the position of the desk lamp, etc. FIG. 2 shows a charging station management system according to an embodiment.
2 shows the configuration of the charging station and the charging stand. Charging stand management
Center 30 is computer 31, database 3
2. Equipped with communication devices 33 and 34, many charging stations
to manage. The computer 31 is connected via the communication device 33
Communicates with many in-vehicle devices shown in FIG.
It communicates with many charging stations via the communication device 34.
In the DB 32, the installation place of the charging stand, the number of chargers,
Charger usage such as current usage status and reservation status of each charger
Possible information is stored. The charging stand 40 includes a management device 41 and a charger.
42, 43, a communication device 44, and the like. Management device
41 communicates with the management center 30 via the communication device 44
And the usage status and reservation status of each charger 42, 43, etc.
Manage. Each of the chargers 42 and 43 has an electric vehicle connector.
Charging cable and connector to connect to the
The display shows charging voltage, current, time, etc.
A, a charge start operation switch and the like are provided. In FIG. 2, one charging stand 40
In fact, many charging stations are
Under the control of the enterprise 30. Below, many of them
The charging station will be described with reference numeral 40 as a representative. Ma
The number of chargers installed for each charging stand 40 is
different. Further, in FIG. 2, only one management center 30 is provided.
The management center 30 is set up in each region,
Connected to many charging stations 40 in the area
You. Below are a number of management centers located in each region.
The description will be made with reference numeral 30 as a representative. Administration Center
The communication between the charging station 30 and the charging station 40 is wireless.
Or wired. FIG. 3 shows a charging station management program.
It is a flowchart. Charging stand management center 30
Computer 31 executes the program every predetermined time.
Execute the program. In step 1, the management center 30
Communication to one of the many charging stations 40 managed by
Request. The charge received from the management center 30
The desk lamp 40 returns that communication is possible. The next step
In Step 2, a reply is received from the management device 41 of the charging station 40.
Check if there is, that is, whether communication is possible
If no, go to step 4 and say that there is no reply and communication is not possible
Go to step 3. If there is no reply and communication is not possible,
3 starts a communication request to the charging station 40
It is checked whether a predetermined time has elapsed since. Already prescribed
If the time has elapsed, return to step 1 and perform another charge.
A communication request is made to the stand 40. On the other hand, the predetermined time
If not, return to step 2 and charge
Wait for a reply from C40. Communication is possible with a reply from the charging station 40
If it is possible, install it on the charging stand 40 in step 4
Available information on the chargers 42 and 43
Request. These available information include each charger 42,
The usage status and the reservation status for each 43 are included. Each charge
The charging station 40 requested for the device availability information
Use of chargers 42 and 43, such as usage status and reservation status
The information is transmitted to the management center 30. In step 5, the charging stand 40
Use of chargers 42 and 43, such as usage status and reservation status
Obtain available information and store it in database 32
Update available information. In Step 6, under management
Obtain available information from all charging stations 40
Check that the charging station 40 has not been acquired.
If so, go back to step 1 and repeat the above process.
Process when available information is obtained from the charging station 40
To end. FIG. 4 shows a navigation program of the vehicle-mounted device.
It is a flowchart which shows a ram. In-vehicle device shown in FIG.
Of the navigation controller 11 every predetermined time
Run this program. In step 11,
Check whether the destination is set by the input device 17
If the destination has not been set, the process ends. If the destination is set, go to step 12.
Go ahead and detect the current location of the vehicle using satellite navigation and self-contained navigation
You. In step 13, the data is stored in the storage device 18.
Optimal from current location to destination based on road map data
To find the best route. In the following step 14, the display
21 displays a road map around the current location and
Display the best route to the current location and destination on the road map
Then, route guidance to the destination is started. Step 15
Sets 1 to the flag F indicating that the destination has been set
And memorize. Note that the driver can change the destination while driving.
When the destination is canceled, the destination setting flag F is set to 0.
Is reset to In step 16, charging information to be described later
The charging of the onboard battery 6 is reserved by the display program.
Check if it is Charging must be reserved
If so, the process ends. If charging is reserved,
Proceed to Step 17 and charge the battery
Search for the optimal route to C40. And step
Search for charging station 40 and charging station 40 reserved for charging in 18
The route is displayed on the road map on the display 21, and the charging
The route guidance to the stand 40 is performed. FIGS. 5 and 6 show charging information display programs of the vehicle-mounted device.
It is a flowchart which shows a program. In-vehicle device navigation
The gating controller 11 sets this
Execute the program. In step 21, the destination
Whether the destination is set by the setting flag F
Confirm. If no destination is set, end the process
I do. If the destination has been set, proceed to step 22.
The current location of the vehicle using satellite navigation and self-contained navigation.
You. In step 23, the search has already been performed.
Calculate the remaining distance from the current location to the destination along the guidance route
I do. In the following step 24, the voltage sensor 12
The terminal voltage of the battery 6 is detected and stored in the storage device 18 in advance.
Of the remaining battery capacity to the battery voltage
Battery corresponding to the battery voltage detection value from the
-Calculate the remaining capacity by table. In step 25,
Required to reach the destination from the current location along the route
Battery capacity (hereinafter referred to as required capacity)
You. In calculating the required capacity, the latest battery
-6 and accumulate data on the relationship between discharge capacity and mileage
And calculate the average fuel consumption based on this actual data
And drive the remaining distance from the current location to the destination with average fuel efficiency.
Find the required capacity when In addition, per unit distance in advance
Memorized primary fuel economy and multiply it by the remaining distance
The required capacity may be calculated in advance. Where
Car runs while consuming the charging power of battery 6
Power consumption should be calculated from conventional gasoline-powered vehicles and
In this specification, the power consumption is
Fuel consumption or fuel economy. In step 26, the current state of the battery 6 is
Compare the current remaining capacity with the required capacity to the destination,
Check if you can travel to the destination with the remaining capacity. This
Is determined that the vehicle can run if the remaining capacity is greater than the required capacity.
May run for some distance after arriving at the destination.
The difference between the remaining capacity and the required capacity is at least
It is desirable to be able to travel if the capacity is equal to or more than a predetermined capacity. Current
If it is possible to travel to the destination with the remaining capacity, the charging information is displayed.
Since there is no need to indicate this, the process ends. To the destination with the current remaining capacity of the battery 6
If the vehicle cannot run, the process proceeds to step 27, and the battery 6
Required to charge from current remaining capacity to full charge capacity
Calculate time. Here, the full charge capacity is stored in the storage device 1 in advance.
8. Next, at step 28, the current
It is necessary to charge from the remaining battery capacity to the required capacity.
Calculate the time to do. In step 29, the management center 30
To communicate with the charger of the charging station 40 near the current location
At least to the required capacity.
Search for a charger. Specifically, the management center 30
In the charging stand 40 stored in the storage device 18
The charging station 40 within a predetermined range around the current location
Search and at least among those charging stations 40
Choose a charger that is readily available up to the required capacity. However, a charger that can be used immediately or
There is no charger available if you wait for some time
Even if there is a next charge reservation,
Do not select a charger that cannot charge to the required capacity.
No. In addition, business hours may end while charging to the required capacity.
Don't even choose a charger that gets lost. In other words, there is no
Immediately upon arrival or within a specified waiting time.
Search for a charger that can charge up to the required capacity. In the search for a rechargeable charger,
In this embodiment, communication is performed with the management center 30 to record.
An example of using the database of the storage device 18 will be described.
Prior to searching for a charger that can be charged,
Preliminary information on the availability of chargers around the current location is stored from the storage device 18.
Obtain the above information from the availability information of those chargers.
Select a rechargeable charger that meets the conditions
Is also good. In step 30, the selected chargeable charge is
The electric appliance is displayed on the display 21. At this time,
Charge time to charge, charge time to full charge,
The distance to the charging stand 40 with a charger
Information such as the required travel time is also displayed. FIG. 7 shows a charging star provided with a rechargeable charger.
Here is a display example of the command. On the display screen of the display 21
Indicates the current location (arrow) of the vehicle on the road map and can be charged
Displays the positions of charging stations A and B equipped with a functional charger
As well as the distance to charging stations A and B,
Graph showing status, usage status and reservation status, until full charge
Required charging time and required charging time to required capacity
Displayed. Graphs showing usage and reservation status
After the current time indicated by the triangle,
Time is indicated by hatching, available free time
Is shown in white. In addition, "selection" at the bottom of the display screen,
"Information search", "reservation" and "return" operation switches
Is arranged. The occupant of the electric vehicle reads the charging information shown in FIG.
Look at the display screen of which charging station to use.
How much capacity can be charged at the charging station?
Can only be charged with
You. Each time the occupant presses the “Select” switch,
The charging stunts A and B on the road map blink and display sequentially
The frame is highlighted thick. For example, the charging station A blinks and the display frame is thick.
When the information search switch is
When the charging stand A is used,
And charging instead of charging station information as shown in FIG.
Information on the surrounding facilities of the stand A is displayed. Shown in FIG.
In the display example, the charging station A mark on the road map
And the display frame remains thick and highlighted,
Around the charging station A available during charging time and during charging
Facilities, for example, restaurants a, pachinko parlors b, etc.
Location and detailed information about those facilities are displayed. In step 31, the display 21
Is operated, the detailed information is requested.
Check if any details have been requested.
Proceed to step 36. On the other hand, if there is a request for detailed information,
Proceed to step 32 until charging starts with the selected charger.
Add the time required for charging to the time at
The time from arrival to the end of charging (hereinafter referred to as charging end)
Time). In step 33, the data stored in the storage device 18 is stored.
Of the charging station A selected from the facility data
Nearby entertainment and amusement facilities, or restaurants and coffee shops
Search for available facilities during the time until charging ends, such as
I do. In the following step 34, the display 21 is displayed as shown in FIG.
Shows detailed information on facilities around charging station A as shown
Show. At step 35, the occupant returns to the display screen.
Check that the switch has been operated, and
Display of the facility information is continued until the switch is operated. "Return
Is operated, the process proceeds to step 36, and the occupant
Has operated the "Charge reservation" switch on the display screen
Check. If there is no operation to reserve the selected charger,
Returning to step 31, the above-described processing is repeated. If there is an operation to reserve the charger, step
Proceed to 37 to store the usage reservation information of the selected charger
To the command management center 30. Charger reservation information
The information includes the charging station and charger number you want to use,
ID, use time, and the like. Charger reservation information
The management center 30 that has received the information,
Use of charger to management device 41 of charging stand 40 provided
Transfer information and make charger reservations. As described above, according to one embodiment, the charging switch
At the stand management center, note the location of the charging station.
Remember, the charger installed on the charging stand
Available information, that is, after arriving at the charging station,
Available to start charging immediately or within specified time
Information about the charger and the location of the charging station
And the charger installed at the charging station can be used.
Information to the on-board equipment via wireless communication and provide it to the crew.
The battery is charged immediately after arrival.
Charging station information that can be started
The convenience of the user of the station information is improved. According to one embodiment, a charging stand is provided.
Position of the charger and the charger
Provide available information and the route to the charging station
So that available chargers are installed
The charging station is set as a new destination,
This saves time and effort for searching, and is beneficial for charging station information users.
Convenience is improved. According to one embodiment, the battery charge
If it is determined that the vehicle cannot travel to the destination
Charges immediately or within a specified time after arriving at the station
Can be started and at least the required capacity can be charged.
Available because we provide information about electric appliances
Can provide accurate charger information, provide information
Reliability can be improved. Further, according to one embodiment, a battery
-The required charging time from the remaining capacity to the required capacity and the remaining capacity
Calculate and provide the required charging time from
So that the proper and safe operation of electric vehicles
You can make a picture. According to one embodiment, an available charger
Reservation for charger selected by crew from among
And saves the occupant the trouble of making reservations.
As a result, the convenience of the charging station information user is improved. Further, according to one embodiment, the road
From the map data, the available facilities while the battery is charging
Since the information is extracted and provided,
Spend time waiting for the battery to finish charging
be able to. Components of Claims and Embodiment
Is as follows. That is,
The database 32 stores the stand position storage means,
Computer 30 of the printer 30 is a means for obtaining charger information.
And a charging reservation means, a GPS receiver 16, a direction sensor
-19, vehicle speed sensor 20 and navigation controller
The roller 11 provides the current position detecting means with the navigation controller.
Troller 11 is a stand extraction means, a charger information provider
Step, stand route search means, destination route search means, required
The capacity estimating means and the traveling determining means
Controller 11 and voltage sensor 12 detect remaining capacity
Means are provided by the navigation controller 11 and the
The spray 21 constitutes each of the in-vehicle information terminals. What
As long as the characteristic functions of the present invention are not impaired,
The element is not limited to the above configuration.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration of a vehicle-mounted device of a charging station information providing device according to an embodiment. FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a charging station management center and a charging station of the charging station information providing apparatus according to the embodiment; FIG. 3 is a flowchart showing a charging station management program according to one embodiment. FIG. 4 is a flowchart illustrating a navigation program of the vehicle-mounted device according to the embodiment; FIG. 5 is a flowchart illustrating a charge information display program of the on-vehicle device according to the embodiment; FIG. 6 is a flowchart following FIG. 5 showing a charge information display program of the vehicle-mounted device according to the embodiment; FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a display example of a charging stand provided with a chargeable charger. FIG. 8 is a diagram showing a display example of detailed information around a charging station A. [Description of Signs] 1 Three-phase AC motor 2 Reduction gears 3a, 3b Propeller shafts 4a, 4b Driving wheels 5 Inverter 6 Battery 10 EV controller 11 Navigation controller 12 Voltage sensor 13 Accelerator sensor 14 Brake sensor 15 Communication device 16 GPS receiver 17 Input device 18 Storage device 19 Orientation sensor 20 Vehicle speed sensor 21 Display 30 Charging station management center 31 Computer 32 Database 33, 34 Communication device 40 Charging station 41 Management device 42, 43 Charger 44 Communication device

   ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuation of front page    F term (reference) 2F029 AA02 AB07 AC02 AC14 AC16                 5H180 AA01 BB04 BB05 FF04 FF05                       FF13 FF22 FF32

Claims (1)

  1. Claims: 1. A stand position storing means for storing a position of a charging station, a charger information obtaining means for obtaining available information for each charger installed in the charging stand, and an electric vehicle. Current position detecting means for detecting the current position of the vehicle; stand extracting means for extracting a charging station present around the current position of the electric vehicle from charging stations stored in the stand position storing means; and extracting by the stand extracting means. A charging station information providing device, comprising: a charging station information providing unit that provides a position of a charged charging station and availability information of a charger installed in the charging station. 2. The charging station information providing device according to claim 1, wherein the available information is information on an available charger that can start charging immediately after arriving at the charging station or within a predetermined time. A charging station information providing device, characterized in that: 3. The charging station information providing device according to claim 2, further comprising a stand route searching means for searching a route from a current location to a charging station based on road map data, wherein said charger information providing means includes The location of the stand, available information on the charger installed on the charging station,
    And a route to the charging station. 4. The charging station information providing device according to claim 2, wherein the remaining capacity detecting means for detecting the remaining capacity of the battery of the electric vehicle, and a method for detecting the remaining capacity from the current location to the destination based on the road map data. Destination route searching means for searching for a route; required capacity estimating means for estimating a required capacity of a battery for traveling from a current position to a destination along a route to the destination; a remaining capacity of the battery and the required capacity Traveling determination means for determining whether or not it is possible to travel to the destination without charging the battery based on the capacity. If it is determined that the vehicle cannot travel to the required level, charging can be started immediately or within a predetermined time after arriving at the charging station. Charging station information providing apparatus and providing information about the rechargeable battery charger. 5. The charging station information providing device according to claim 4, wherein the charger information providing means includes a charging time required from the remaining capacity of the battery to the required capacity and a charging time from the remaining capacity to the full charging capacity of the battery. A charging station information providing device, which calculates and provides the required charging time. 6. The charging station information providing device according to claim 2, wherein a charging reservation is made for a charger selected by an occupant from the available chargers. A charging station information providing device comprising: 7. The charging station information providing device according to claim 1, wherein the charger information providing unit extracts information on facilities available during charging of the battery from road map data. And a charging station information providing device. 8. A charging station information providing device comprising a management center for managing a charging station and an in-vehicle information terminal of an electric vehicle, wherein the management center stores a position of the charging station; A charger information obtaining means for obtaining usable information for each charger installed in the stand, and wirelessly communicating the position of the charging stand and the available information of the charger installed in the charging stand. A charging station information providing device for delivering to the on-vehicle information terminal. 9. The charging station information providing device according to claim 8, wherein the in-vehicle information terminal includes a current position detecting means for detecting a current position of the electric vehicle, and transmits the detected current position to the management center; The center is provided with stand extracting means for extracting a charging station present around the current location of the electric vehicle from the charging stations stored in the stand position storage means, and the position of the extracted charging station and the charging station Charging station information providing device, which distributes information on the availability of a charger installed in a charging station. 10. The charging station information providing device according to claim 8, wherein the available information relates to an available charger that can start charging immediately after arriving at the charging station or within a predetermined time. A charging station information providing device, which is information. 11. The charging station information providing device according to claim 10, wherein the in-vehicle information terminal includes stand route searching means for searching a route from a current location to a charging station based on road map data, and A charging station information providing device, which provides a position, availability information of a charger installed in the charging station, and a route to the charging station. 12. The charging station information providing device according to claim 10, wherein the on-vehicle information terminal is configured to detect a remaining capacity of a battery of the electric vehicle and a remaining capacity detecting unit based on road map data. A destination route searching means for searching for a route from the current location to the destination; a required capacity estimating means for estimating a required capacity of a battery for traveling from the current location to the destination along the route to the destination; Traveling determination means for determining whether or not it is possible to travel to a destination without charging a battery based on the remaining capacity and the required capacity, and traveling to the destination with the remaining capacity of the battery by the traveling determination means. If it is determined that charging is not possible, charging can be started immediately after arrival at the charging station or within a predetermined time, and at least the required capacity is reached. Charging station information providing apparatus and providing information about the rechargeable battery charger. 13. The charging station information providing device according to claim 12, wherein the on-board information terminal includes a charging time required from the remaining capacity of the battery to the required capacity and a required charging time from the remaining capacity to the full charging capacity of the battery. A charging station information providing device, which calculates and provides a charging time. 14. The charging station information providing device according to claim 10, wherein the on-board information terminal transmits information on a charger selected by an occupant from the available chargers. The charging center information providing device, wherein the charging center information is transmitted to the management center, and the management center makes a reservation for use of the charger selected by the occupant. 15. The charging station information providing device according to claim 8, wherein the on-board information terminal extracts and provides information on facilities available during charging of the battery from road map data. A charging station information providing device.
JP2002062986A 2002-03-08 2002-03-08 Charging stand information-supplying apparatus Pending JP2003262525A (en)

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