JP2003180321A - Method for forming food and apparatus therefor - Google Patents

Method for forming food and apparatus therefor

Info

Publication number
JP2003180321A
JP2003180321A JP2001384276A JP2001384276A JP2003180321A JP 2003180321 A JP2003180321 A JP 2003180321A JP 2001384276 A JP2001384276 A JP 2001384276A JP 2001384276 A JP2001384276 A JP 2001384276A JP 2003180321 A JP2003180321 A JP 2003180321A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
skin
shutter
holding
cover
food
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2001384276A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP3400441B1 (en
Inventor
Masao Kobayashi
将男 小林
Hironori Kobayashi
博紀 小林
Toru Fukiage
透 吹上
Original Assignee
Kobird Co Ltd
株式会社コバード
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kobird Co Ltd, 株式会社コバード filed Critical Kobird Co Ltd
Priority to JP2001384276A priority Critical patent/JP3400441B1/en
Priority claimed from US10/203,955 external-priority patent/US6817850B2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3400441B1 publication Critical patent/JP3400441B1/en
Publication of JP2003180321A publication Critical patent/JP2003180321A/en
Active legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for forming a food by which the food having uniform skin can readily be formed and an apparatus therefor. <P>SOLUTION: The center part of a sheet-like outer skin material F is pushed or pulled out in a state partially holding the periphery of the outer skin material F. Thereby, the periphery of the holding part is drawn and the outer skin material F is formed in nearly bowl-shape while forming a plurality of ear parts f and these ear parts f of the outer skin material F are sealed so as to envelope an ingredient material G in a state in which the ingredient material G is enveloped in a state in which the ingredient material G is arranged in the outer skin material F. As a result, since conventional method in which almost all dough of the periphery of the outer skin material is concentrated to the center and sealed is not carried out, the wall thickness of the sealed part does not become extremely thick. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2003,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、食品成形方法、及
びその装置に関し、より詳しくは、パン生地、饅頭生地
等の外皮材によって餡、調理した肉・野菜等の内材を包
み込み成形することができる食品成形方法と食品成形装
置に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a food forming method and an apparatus therefor, and more particularly, it can be formed by wrapping an inner material such as bean jam or cooked meat / vegetable with an outer skin material such as bread dough or steamed bun dough. The present invention relates to a food forming method and a food forming apparatus that can be used.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来、パン生地、饅頭生地等の外皮材に
より餡、調理した肉・野菜等の内材を包み込む食品成形
に関する技術としては、内材を棒状にしてその外側に外
皮材を筒状にしたものを連続的に形成し、これをシャッ
タ機構の開閉動作により絞り込んで成形切断することが
行われている(例えば実公昭63-29433号公報)。しかし
ながら、外皮材としてパン生地等の発酵性生地を用いる
場合には、筒状に形成する際、生地に過度な圧力や捻り
などが加わることから、成形切断後に生地が十分膨らま
なくなり、外皮材が弾力性に乏しい硬い食品になってし
まう難点があり、その成形加工は人手で行っているのが
現状である。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, as a technique for forming foods in which an inner material such as beef or cooked meat or vegetables is wrapped with an outer material such as bread dough or bun dough, the inner material is rod-shaped and the outer material is cylindrical outside. It has been practiced to continuously form the above-mentioned products, and then form and cut the products by narrowing them down by the opening / closing operation of the shutter mechanism (for example, Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 63-29433). However, when fermentable dough such as bread dough is used as the skin material, excessive pressure and twist are applied to the dough when it is formed into a tubular shape, so that the dough does not expand sufficiently after molding and cutting, and the skin material is elastic. There is a problem that it becomes a hard food with poor properties, and the molding process is currently done manually.
【0003】こうした外皮材の筒状形成を避けてシート
状の外皮材から食品成形を行う方法も提案されている。
例えば、特開2000-50854号公報では、上面が開口したカ
ップ状の雌型の内壁面に沿って外皮材を椀状に形成し、
この椀状に形成した外皮材の内側に内材を供給した後、
外皮材の上縁部を複数のシャッタ片から成るシャッタで
絞ることにより外皮材の上縁部を封着して内材を包み込
み成形することが記載されている。
A method of forming a food from a sheet-shaped outer skin material while avoiding the tubular formation of the outer skin material has also been proposed.
For example, in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2000-50854, an outer skin material is formed in a bowl shape along an inner wall surface of a cup-shaped female mold having an open upper surface,
After supplying the inner material to the inside of the outer skin formed in a bowl shape,
It is described that by squeezing the upper edge portion of the outer skin material with a shutter composed of a plurality of shutter pieces, the upper edge portion of the outer skin material is sealed and the inner material is wrapped and molded.
【0004】[0004]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、このよ
うな従来の食品成形方法は、椀状形成された外皮材の上
縁部をシャッタで一様に絞って封着していたので、シャ
ッタの絞り動作によって外皮材の上縁部のほぼ全ての生
地が中央に集められることになり、この封着部分の生地
量が増えて其処だけ肉厚になる傾向があった。したがっ
て、従来の食品成形方法によって外皮材の皮周りが均一
な成形食品を成形しようとする場合には、例えば、外皮
材の径をあまり変えることなくその周縁部を薄くすると
いった調整の困難な前処理を施さねばならず、作業能率
の低下を来す難点があった。
However, in such a conventional food molding method, since the upper edge portion of the bowl-shaped outer skin material is uniformly squeezed and sealed by the shutter, the squeeze of the shutter is performed. By the operation, almost all the cloth at the upper edge portion of the outer skin material was gathered in the center, and the amount of cloth at the sealing portion increased, and the thickness tended to be thicker. Therefore, when trying to form a molded food product in which the skin of the outer skin material is uniform by the conventional food molding method, for example, it is difficult to adjust the outer skin material such that the peripheral portion is thinned without changing the diameter of the outer skin material. Since it has to be treated, there is a problem that work efficiency is reduced.
【0005】本発明は、従来の食品成形技術に上記のよ
うな難点があったことに鑑みて為されたもので、皮周り
の均一な成形食品を容易に成形することができる食品成
形方法とその装置を提供することを目的とする。
The present invention has been made in view of the above-mentioned drawbacks of the conventional food molding technology, and a food molding method capable of easily molding a molded food having a uniform skin circumference. The purpose is to provide the device.
【0006】[0006]
【課題を解決するための手段】本発明に係る食品成形方
法は、シート状の外皮材の周縁部を部分的に保持する工
程と;周縁部を部分的に保持した状態で、外皮材の中央
部を押すか、或いは外皮材の中央部を引くことによっ
て、保持部分の周辺を引き伸ばして耳部を形成しながら
外皮材を略椀状に形成する工程と;外皮材に内材を配置
した状態で、内材を包むように外皮材の耳部を封着する
工程と;を含むことを特徴とする。
A method of molding food according to the present invention comprises a step of partially holding a peripheral portion of a sheet-shaped outer cover material; a center of the outer cover material in a state where the peripheral portion is partially held. Pressing the part or pulling the central part of the outer cover material to extend the periphery of the holding part to form the ear part and form the outer cover material in a substantially bowl shape; a state in which the inner cover material is arranged on the outer cover material And a step of sealing the ear portion of the outer skin material so as to wrap the inner material.
【0007】また、本発明に係る食品成形装置は、複数
のシャッタ片から成るシャッタと;このシャッタ上に戴
置されたシート状の外皮材の周縁部を部分的に保持する
保持手段と;周縁部を部分的に保持した状態で、外皮材
の中央部を前記シャッタの開口部に押し込むことによっ
て、保持部分の周辺を引き伸ばして耳部を形成しながら
外皮材を略椀状に形成する押込み手段と;外皮材に内材
を配置した状態で、前記シャッタを閉じ動作させて内材
を包むように外皮材の耳部を封着するシャッタ駆動手段
と;を備えたことを特徴とする。さらに、複数のシャッ
タ片から成るシャッタと;開口部を備え、シート状の外
皮材がこの開口部を塞ぐように戴置される受け部材と;
この受け部材上に戴置された外皮材の周縁部を部分的に
保持する保持手段と;周縁部を部分的に保持した状態
で、外皮材の中央部を前記受け部材の開口部に押し込む
ことによって保持部分の周辺を引き伸ばして耳部を形成
しながら外皮材を略椀状に形成する押込み手段と;外皮
材に内材を配置した状態で、前記シャッタを閉じ動作さ
せて内材を包むように外皮材の耳部を封着するシャッタ
駆動手段と;を備えたことを特徴とする。さらに、前記
押込み手段は、内材を供給する内材供給手段を備えてい
ることを特徴とする。さらに、略椀状に形成された外皮
材を支持する支持手段を備えたことを特徴とする。さら
に、前記押込み手段の代わりに、外皮材の中央部を前記
シャッタの開口部に引き込むことによって保持部分の周
辺を引き伸ばして耳部を形成しながら外皮材を略椀状に
形成する引込み手段を備えたことを特徴とする。さら
に、前記シャッタを、少なくとも二段配設したことを特
徴とする。
Further, the food forming apparatus according to the present invention includes a shutter composed of a plurality of shutter pieces; holding means for partially holding a peripheral portion of a sheet-shaped outer skin material placed on the shutter; In a state in which the portion is partially held, by pushing the central portion of the outer covering material into the opening portion of the shutter, the pushing means for forming the outer covering material in a substantially bowl shape while extending the periphery of the holding portion to form the ears. And; shutter driving means for sealing the ears of the outer skin so as to wrap the inner material by closing the shutter with the inner material arranged on the outer skin. Further, a shutter including a plurality of shutter pieces; a receiving member having an opening, and a sheet-shaped outer cover member placed so as to close the opening;
Holding means for partially holding the peripheral edge portion of the outer cover material placed on the receiving member; and pushing the central portion of the outer cover material into the opening of the receiving member with the peripheral edge portion partially retained. Pressing means for stretching the periphery of the holding portion to form the ears and forming the outer skin material in a substantially bowl shape; and with the inner material arranged in the outer skin material, the shutter is closed to wrap the inner material. Shutter driving means for sealing the ears of the outer cover material; Further, the pushing means includes an inner material supplying means for supplying an inner material. Further, it is characterized in that it is provided with a supporting means for supporting the outer skin material formed in a substantially bowl shape. Further, instead of the pushing means, there is provided a pulling-in means for pulling the central portion of the outer covering material into the opening portion of the shutter to extend the periphery of the holding portion to form the ear portion and form the outer covering material in a substantially bowl shape. It is characterized by that. Further, the shutter is arranged in at least two stages.
【0008】[0008]
【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明を添付図面に示す、
第一実施形態および第二実施形態に基づいて詳しく説明
する。なお、図1は第一実施形態の食品成形装置の部分
断面正面図、図2及び図3は同装置のシャッタ及び受け
部材の平面図、図4は同装置のシャッタ駆動手段の概略
平面図、図5は同装置の保持手段の押え部材の蛙観図、
図6は同装置の押え部材で外皮材を部分保持した状態を
示す概略平面図、図7〜図15は同装置による食品成形工
程を説明する概略側面図と斜視図である。また、図16及
び図17は本発明に係る実施変形例を説明する概略側面図
である。
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION The present invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
A detailed description will be given based on the first embodiment and the second embodiment. 1 is a partial cross-sectional front view of the food product molding apparatus according to the first embodiment, FIGS. 2 and 3 are plan views of a shutter and a receiving member of the apparatus, and FIG. 4 is a schematic plan view of shutter driving means of the apparatus. FIG. 5 is a frog view of the holding member of the holding means of the device,
FIG. 6 is a schematic plan view showing a state in which the outer cover material is partially held by a holding member of the apparatus, and FIGS. 7 to 15 are schematic side views and perspective views for explaining a food forming process by the apparatus. 16 and 17 are schematic side views for explaining modified examples of the present invention.
【0009】[第一実施形態]図1中、符号1で指示す
るものは、図2及び図3の平面図に示す計4枚のシャッ
タ片10・10…が組み合って開閉可能に構成されたシャッ
タである。図2及び図3は図1の面Sにおける平面図で
あり、図2はシャッタ1が開いた状態を示し、図3はシ
ャッタ1がほぼ閉じた状態を示している。シャッタ1
は、図1〜図3に示すように、駆動軸11・11…に固定さ
れた各シャッタ片10がこの駆動軸11を中心に往復揺動し
て各シャッタ片10の先端縁が隣のシャッタ片10の側面を
摺動移動するように構成されており、これらシャッタ片
10・10…の側面で囲んだ領域を開閉させる。
[First Embodiment] In FIG. 1, what is designated by reference numeral 1 is configured so that a total of four shutter pieces 10 shown in the plan views of FIGS. 2 and 3 can be combined to open and close. It is a shutter. 2 and 3 are plan views on the plane S of FIG. 1, FIG. 2 shows a state where the shutter 1 is open, and FIG. 3 shows a state where the shutter 1 is almost closed. Shutter 1
As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the shutter pieces 10 fixed to the drive shafts 11 and 11 reciprocally swing about the drive shafts 11 so that the leading edge of each shutter piece 10 is adjacent to the shutter. The shutter 10 is configured to slide on the side surface of the piece 10.
Open and close the area surrounded by the side of 10.10.
【0010】図4は図1の面Tにおける平面図であり、
シャッタ1のシャッタ駆動機構を示している。図1及び
図4に示すように、シャッタ1の駆動機構は、各駆動軸
11の下端部に固定されたフランジ12と、このフランジ12
に枢着され、フランジ12同士を連繋するリンク13・13…
と、これらリンク13を駆動するモータ14とから構成され
ており、このモータ14の回転方向、回転角度等を制御す
ることによって複数のリンク13・13…が連関動作してシ
ャッタ1を適宜に開閉させる。
FIG. 4 is a plan view on the plane T of FIG.
The shutter drive mechanism of the shutter 1 is shown. As shown in FIGS. 1 and 4, the drive mechanism of the shutter 1 includes drive shafts
The flange 12 fixed to the lower end of 11 and this flange 12
Links 13 ・ 13 that are pivotally attached to each other and connect the flanges 12 to each other.
And a motor 14 for driving these links 13, and by controlling the rotation direction, rotation angle, etc. of the motor 14, the plurality of links 13, 13 ... Let
【0011】図1中、符号3で指示するものは、上記シ
ャッタ1の下方に配設され、上面にシート状の外皮材が
戴置されるべき受け部材である。本実施形態の受け部材
3は図2及び図7に示すように、その中央に円形の開口
部30が開設された薄板材から構成されており、この開口
部30を塞ぐようにシート状外皮材Fが戴置される。
In FIG. 1, what is designated by reference numeral 3 is a receiving member which is arranged below the shutter 1 and on which a sheet-shaped outer cover material should be placed. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 7, the receiving member 3 of the present embodiment is made of a thin plate material having a circular opening 30 formed in the center thereof, and the sheet-shaped outer cover material covers the opening 30. F is placed.
【0012】図1中、符号4で指示するものは、前記シ
ャッタ1の上方に配設され、シート状の外皮材を略椀状
に形成するための押込み手段である。この押込み手段4
は、ステー41に固定された押込み部材40と、このステー
41を上下動させる送りねじ機構42と、この送りねじ機構
42を駆動するモータ43とから構成されており、このモー
タ43の回転方向、回転角度等を制御することにより押込
み部材40を適宜に上下昇降させる。この押込み部材40を
下降させて前記受け部材3の開口部30に進入させること
により受け部材3上に戴置した外皮材の中央部を押し窪
ませて外皮材を略椀状に形成する。
In FIG. 1, what is designated by reference numeral 4 is a pushing means arranged above the shutter 1 for forming a sheet-shaped outer skin material into a substantially bowl shape. This pushing means 4
The push member 40 fixed to the stay 41 and the stay
The feed screw mechanism 42 that moves 41 up and down, and this feed screw mechanism
And a motor 43 for driving the motor 42. By controlling the rotation direction, rotation angle, etc. of the motor 43, the pushing member 40 is appropriately moved up and down. By lowering the pushing member 40 to enter the opening 30 of the receiving member 3, the central portion of the outer covering material placed on the receiving member 3 is depressed to form the outer covering material in a substantially bowl shape.
【0013】また、本実施形態の押込み手段4は、略椀
状に形成した外皮材の内側に内材を供給する内材供給手
段を備えている。即ち、本実施形態の押込み部材40は、
下端に内材を吐出するための吐出孔を備えた筒体にて構
成されており、この吐出孔を開閉するための弁50が内装
されている。しかして、ホッパ55内へ投入した内材を従
来公知のポンプ54により供給パイプ53を通じて押込み部
材40の筒内へ圧送し、そして、前記ステー41に固定され
たエアシリンダ52の進退動作によりロッド51を介して弁
50を上下動させることで吐出孔を適宜に開閉し、略椀状
に形成した外皮材の内側に所要量の内材を供給し配置す
る。
Further, the pushing means 4 of this embodiment is provided with an inner material supplying means for supplying the inner material to the inside of the outer skin material formed in a substantially bowl shape. That is, the pushing member 40 of the present embodiment,
It is composed of a cylindrical body having a discharge hole for discharging the inner material at the lower end, and a valve 50 for opening and closing the discharge hole is incorporated. Then, the inner material thrown into the hopper 55 is pressure-fed into the cylinder of the pushing member 40 through the supply pipe 53 by the conventionally known pump 54, and the rod 51 is moved by the forward / backward movement of the air cylinder 52 fixed to the stay 41. Valve through
By vertically moving 50, the discharge hole is opened and closed appropriately, and a required amount of inner material is supplied and arranged inside the outer skin material formed in a substantially bowl shape.
【0014】図1中、符号6で指示するものは、前記シ
ャッタ1の上方に配設され、前記受け部材3上で外皮材
の周縁部を部分的に保持する保持手段である。この保持
手段6は、図7に示すように、押込み手段4の押込み部
材40に固定され、複数の通孔を有するリング状のステー
62と、このステー62の通孔に上下スライド可能に挿嵌さ
れ、上端にステー62に係止可能な頭部を備えた複数の支
持ロッド61・61…と、この支持ロッド61・61…の下端に
固定されたリング状の押え部材60と、この押え部材60と
ステー62との間において各支持ロッド61に被嵌され、押
え部材60を下方へ付勢するコイルばね63とから構成され
ており、押え部材60の下面には、図5に示すように、計
4つの押え突起60a・60a…が等間隔に形成されてい
る。押込み部材40を下降させることによって、押え部材
60の押え突起60a・60a…で受け部材3上の外皮材Fの
周縁部を4ヶ所、部分的に押えて保持する(図6参
照)。
In FIG. 1, what is designated by reference numeral 6 is a holding means which is arranged above the shutter 1 and partially holds the peripheral portion of the outer covering material on the receiving member 3. As shown in FIG. 7, the holding means 6 is fixed to the pushing member 40 of the pushing means 4 and has a ring-shaped stay having a plurality of through holes.
62, a plurality of support rods 61, 61 ... Fitted in the through hole of the stay 62 so as to be slidable up and down, and provided with a head at the upper end that can be locked to the stay 62, and the support rods 61, 61. It is composed of a ring-shaped pressing member 60 fixed to the lower end, and a coil spring 63 fitted between the pressing member 60 and the stay 62 on each support rod 61 and biasing the pressing member 60 downward. As shown in FIG. 5, a total of four pressing protrusions 60a, 60a, ... Are formed on the lower surface of the pressing member 60 at equal intervals. By lowering the pushing member 40,
The pressing protrusions 60a, 60a of 60 hold the peripheral edge of the outer cover material F on the receiving member 3 by partially pressing it at four places (see FIG. 6).
【0015】図1中、符号7で指示するものは、前記受
け部材3の下方に配設され、外皮材を支持するための支
持手段である。この支持手段7は、ラック−ピニオン機
構72により支持ロッド71を介して適宜に上下動する支持
部材70と、この支持部材70によってベルトが上下動され
るベルトコンベヤ73とから構成されている。この支持手
段7を適宜に上下動させて外皮材をベルト上に支持する
と共に、成形して得られた成形品Hをベルト上に載置し
て搬送する。なお、本実施形態では、支持部材70を板状
にしてベルトコンベヤ73のベルトを上下させるように構
成しているが、ベルトコンベヤ自体を上下動させるよう
にしても良い。
In FIG. 1, the reference numeral 7 designates a supporting means which is arranged below the receiving member 3 and which supports the outer skin material. The supporting means 7 is composed of a supporting member 70 which is vertically moved by a rack-pinion mechanism 72 via a supporting rod 71, and a belt conveyor 73 whose belt is vertically moved by the supporting member 70. The supporting means 7 is appropriately moved up and down to support the outer skin material on the belt, and the molded product H obtained by molding is placed on the belt and conveyed. In the present embodiment, the support member 70 is formed in a plate shape and the belt of the belt conveyor 73 is moved up and down, but the belt conveyor itself may be moved up and down.
【0016】以下、図7〜図15を参照しながら、第一実
施形態の食品成形装置による食品包み込み成形工程につ
いて説明する。なお、本実施形態では外皮材Fとしてパ
ン生地を使用し、内材Gとして餡を使用した例で説明す
る。
The food wrapping molding process by the food molding device of the first embodiment will be described below with reference to FIGS. In the present embodiment, an example in which bread dough is used as the outer skin material F and bean paste is used as the inner material G will be described.
【0017】まず、図7に示すように、シャッタ1を開
口させた状態で、受け部材3の上面にシート状の外皮材
Fを供給する。このとき、シャッタ1のシャッタ片10を
閉じる方向に動作させてその開口面積を縮小させれば、
縮小した開口状態に合わせて外皮材Fをセットすること
ができ、外皮材Fが所定位置に収まるように外皮材Fの
位置調整を行なうことができる。このことによって、外
皮材の形状のばらつきや位置ずれが予め修正され、より
確実な成形処理を行なうことが可能となる。
First, as shown in FIG. 7, with the shutter 1 opened, a sheet-shaped outer cover material F is supplied to the upper surface of the receiving member 3. At this time, if the shutter piece 10 of the shutter 1 is operated in the closing direction to reduce the opening area,
The outer cover material F can be set in accordance with the reduced opening state, and the position of the outer cover material F can be adjusted so that the outer cover material F fits in a predetermined position. As a result, variations in the shape of the outer cover material and positional deviations are corrected in advance, and more reliable molding processing can be performed.
【0018】次に、図8に示すように、上方の押込み手
段4の押込み部材40を下降させることによって保持手段
6の押え突起60aで外皮材Fの周縁部を部分的に保持す
る。即ち、押込み部材40と共に保持手段6を下降させて
押え突起60aを外皮材Fの縁部に当接させ、この保持手
段6をさらに下降させることによって、押え部材60とス
テー62との間隔を狭めてコイルばね63を圧縮し、このコ
イルばね63の弾性力を利用して押え突起60aを外皮材F
の縁部に押し付けて外皮材Fを4箇所、部分的に押え保
持する。
Next, as shown in FIG. 8, the pushing member 40 of the pushing means 4 above is lowered to partially hold the peripheral edge portion of the outer skin material F by the holding projections 60a of the holding means 6. That is, the holding means 6 is lowered together with the pushing member 40 to bring the pressing projection 60a into contact with the edge portion of the outer skin material F, and the holding means 6 is further lowered to narrow the gap between the pressing member 60 and the stay 62. The coil spring 63 is compressed, and the elastic force of the coil spring 63 is used to press the pressing protrusion 60a onto the outer cover material F.
The outer skin material F is partially pressed and held by being pressed against the edge of the outer cover.
【0019】そして、図9に示すように、押え突起60a
で外皮材Fの周縁部を部分的に保持した状態で、押込み
部材40をさらに下降させることにより押込み部材40を受
け部材3の開口部30に進入させ、シート状の外皮材Fの
中央部を受け部材3の開口部30に押し込むことによって
外皮材Fを略椀状に形成する。このとき、外皮材Fの周
縁部は押え突起60aにより部分的に保持されているの
で、図10に示すように、外皮材Fは、その保持部分周辺
だけが引き伸ばされることになり、周縁部に4つの耳部
fが形成される。また、このとき、外皮材Fを支持部材
70で支持しているので、外皮材Fが必要以上に下方へ伸
びてしまうことを防ぐことができる。
Then, as shown in FIG. 9, the pressing protrusion 60a
With the peripheral edge portion of the outer cover material F partially held, the pressing member 40 is further lowered to enter the opening portion 30 of the receiving member 3 so that the central portion of the sheet-like outer cover material F is removed. The outer skin material F is formed into a substantially bowl shape by being pushed into the opening 30 of the receiving member 3. At this time, the peripheral edge portion of the outer skin material F is partially held by the pressing protrusion 60a, so that the outer skin material F is stretched only around the holding portion, as shown in FIG. Four ears f are formed. At this time, the outer skin material F is attached to the supporting member.
Since it is supported by 70, the outer skin material F can be prevented from extending downward more than necessary.
【0020】次に、図11に示すように、押込み部材40を
上昇させながら押込み部材40内の弁50を上昇させて吐出
孔を開くことにより内材Gを吐出させ、略椀状に形成さ
れた外皮材Fの内側に内材Gを配置する。そして、所定
量の内材Gが吐出された時点で弁50を下降させて吐出孔
を閉じる。このように本実施形態では押込み部材40を上
昇させると同時にこの押込み部材40を通して内材Gを供
給しているので、押込み部材40の上昇に伴ってパン生地
から成る外皮材Fが収縮するのを防ぐことができると共
に、外皮材Fの形状形成と内材Gの供給を短時間に効率
良く行なうことが可能となる。また、このとき、外皮材
Fを支持部材70で支持しているので、内材Gの吐出によ
る外皮材Fの必要以上の伸びを防ぐこともでき、内材G
を確実に外皮材Fの内側に配置することができる。
Next, as shown in FIG. 11, while raising the pushing member 40, the valve 50 in the pushing member 40 is raised to open the discharge hole to discharge the inner material G and form a substantially bowl shape. The inner material G is arranged inside the outer skin material F. Then, when a predetermined amount of the inner material G is discharged, the valve 50 is lowered to close the discharge hole. As described above, in this embodiment, since the pushing member 40 is raised and the inner material G is supplied through the pushing member 40 at the same time, the outer skin material F made of the bread dough is prevented from contracting as the pushing member 40 rises. In addition, the shape of the outer skin material F and the supply of the inner material G can be efficiently performed in a short time. Further, at this time, since the outer skin material F is supported by the supporting member 70, it is possible to prevent the outer skin material F from being stretched more than necessary due to the discharge of the inner material G.
Can be reliably disposed inside the outer skin material F.
【0021】次に、図12に示すように、押込み部材40を
さらに上昇させて押え突起60aを外皮材Fの耳部fから
離す。そして、図13に示すように、シャッタ1を閉じ動
作させることによって、受け部材3上の外皮材Fの耳部
fを、内材Gを包む込むように中央に集め(図14参
照)、さらに図15に示すように集めた外皮材Fの耳部f
を封着することによって外皮材Fで内材Gを包み込んだ
成形品Hを得る。その後、シャッタ1を開いて成形品H
を支える支持部材70を下降させてベルトに成形品Hを戴
置し、ベルトコンベヤ73を駆動させて成形品Hをベルト
搬送する。
Next, as shown in FIG. 12, the pushing member 40 is further raised to separate the holding projection 60a from the ear portion f of the outer skin material F. Then, as shown in FIG. 13, by closing the shutter 1, the ears f of the outer skin material F on the receiving member 3 are gathered in the center so as to wrap the inner material G (see FIG. 14). As shown in FIG. 15, the ears f of the outer skin material F collected
By sealing the above, a molded product H in which the inner material G is wrapped with the outer skin material F is obtained. After that, the shutter 1 is opened and the molded product H
The supporting member 70 for supporting the molded article H is lowered to place the molded article H on the belt, and the belt conveyor 73 is driven to convey the molded article H by the belt.
【0022】このように本実施形態によれば、シート状
の外皮材Fを略椀状に形成する際に押え突起60aで外皮
材Fの周縁部を部分的に保持するので、外皮材Fの縁部
に簡単かつ確実に複数の耳部fを形成することが可能と
なり、そして、これら複数の耳部fをシャッタ1で封着
することによって内材Gを包み込んでいるので、外皮材
の周縁部のほぼ全ての生地を中央に集めて封着していた
従来装置のように封着部分が極端に肉厚になることもな
く、外皮材の皮周りが均一な成形食品も容易に成形する
ことができるのである。
As described above, according to this embodiment, when the sheet-shaped outer covering material F is formed into a substantially bowl shape, the peripheral edge portion of the outer covering material F is partially held by the pressing projections 60a. Since it becomes possible to easily and reliably form a plurality of ears f on the edge portion, and the inner material G is wrapped by sealing the plurality of ears f with the shutter 1, the peripheral edge of the outer cover material Unlike the conventional device that collects and seals almost all the dough in the center, the sealed part does not become extremely thick, and it is easy to mold a molded food with a uniform skin around the outer skin. It is possible.
【0023】なお、本実施形態では、外皮材を略椀状に
形成した後、外皮材Fの内側に内材Gを配置している
が、例えば、予め内材Gを外皮材F上に載置しておいた
状態でこの外皮材Fを受け部材3上に供給し、押込み部
材40により内材Gと共に外皮材Fをシャッタ1の開口部
に押し込むことによって外皮材Fを椀状形成するように
しても良い。
In the present embodiment, the inner material G is placed inside the outer skin material F after the outer skin material is formed into a substantially bowl shape. However, for example, the inner material G is placed on the outer skin material F in advance. The outer skin material F is supplied to the receiving member 3 in a state of being placed, and the outer skin material F is pushed into the opening of the shutter 1 together with the inner material G by the pushing member 40 so that the outer skin material F is formed into a bowl shape. You can
【0024】また、上記実施形態では、外皮材Fの耳部
fを一段のシャッタ1の閉じ動作により封着している
が、本発明は決してこれに限定されるものではなく、例
えば、図16(a)〜(c)に示すように、シャッタ1の
下方に、このシャッタ1と同様な構成の複数のシャッタ
片20・20…から成るシャッタ2を設け、これら上下二段
のシャッタで外皮材Fの耳部fの封着を行なうようにし
ても良い。このことで、より確実な封着作業を行なうこ
とが可能となり、また、図16(b)に示すように上方の
シャッタ1を完全に閉じた後、下方のシャッタ2を閉じ
るようにすれば、封着時のシャッタ1上方への外皮材F
のはみ出しも防ぐことが可能となる。
Further, in the above-described embodiment, the ear portion f of the outer skin material F is sealed by the closing operation of the shutter 1 in one step, but the present invention is not limited to this, and for example, FIG. As shown in (a) to (c), below the shutter 1, there is provided a shutter 2 composed of a plurality of shutter pieces 20, 20, ... Of the same structure as the shutter 1, and these two upper and lower shutters are used to form a cover material. The ears f of F may be sealed. This makes it possible to perform a more reliable sealing work, and if the upper shutter 1 is completely closed and then the lower shutter 2 is closed as shown in FIG. 16 (b). Outer skin material F above the shutter 1 at the time of sealing
It is also possible to prevent the protrusion of.
【0025】更にまた、上記実施形態では、受け部材3
上に外皮材Fを供給し、この受け部材3上で外皮材Fの
耳部fを形成しているが、図17(a)に示すように、上
下二段式に配設したシャッタ機構の下側のシャッタ2の
シャッタ片20上に外皮材Fを供給し、このシャッタ片20
上で外皮材Fの周縁部を部分的に保持して耳部fを形成
するようにしても良い。
Furthermore, in the above embodiment, the receiving member 3
The outer skin material F is supplied to the upper part, and the ears f of the outer skin material F are formed on the receiving member 3. However, as shown in FIG. The outer skin material F is supplied onto the shutter piece 20 of the lower shutter 2 and the shutter piece 20
The edge portion f may be formed by partially holding the peripheral portion of the outer cover material F above.
【0026】[第二実施形態]図18〜図25を参照しなが
ら、第二実施形態の食品成形装置について説明する。な
お、図18は本実施形態の食品成形装置の部分断面正面
図、図19〜図25は同装置による食品成形工程の概略側面
図である。また、図26は本発明に係る実施変形例のシャ
ッタを説明する概略平面図、図27及び図28は本発明に係
る他の実施変形例のシャッタを説明する概略平面図であ
る。
[Second Embodiment] A food forming apparatus according to a second embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. 18 to 25. Note that FIG. 18 is a partial cross-sectional front view of the food product forming apparatus of this embodiment, and FIGS. 19 to 25 are schematic side views of the food product forming process by the device. Further, FIG. 26 is a schematic plan view illustrating a shutter according to a modified example of the present invention, and FIGS. 27 and 28 are schematic plan views illustrating shutters according to other modified examples of the present invention.
【0027】第二実施形態の食品成形装置は、上述した
第一実施形態における押込み手段4の代わりに、受け部
材3上に供給された外皮材Fを受け部材3の開口部30に
引き込むことによって略椀状に形成する引込み手段8を
採用した点に特徴があり、他の構成は第一実施形態とほ
ぼ同様である。
In the food forming apparatus of the second embodiment, the outer skin material F supplied onto the receiving member 3 is pulled into the opening 30 of the receiving member 3 instead of the pushing means 4 in the first embodiment described above. It is characterized in that the retracting means 8 formed in a substantially bowl shape is adopted, and the other structure is almost the same as that of the first embodiment.
【0028】この引込み手段8は、図18に示すように昇
降台83に固定されたステー82に基部側が軸受けされ、先
端側が直角に屈曲した管状の引込み部材81と、この引込
み部材81の先端を回動させるために引込み部材81の基部
を回動させるピニオン−ラック機構84と、このピニオン
−ラック機構84のラックを直線往復運動させる図示しな
いエアシリンダと、上記昇降台83を上下昇降させるため
の送りねじ機構85と、この送りねじ機構85の雄ねじを駆
動するモータ86とから構成されている。このモータ86の
回転方向、回転角度等を制御することにより引込み部材
81の先端を適宜に上下昇降させると共に、エアシリンダ
によりピニオン−ラック機構84を駆動させて適時に引込
み部材81の先端を上向きから下向きへ反転させる。
As shown in FIG. 18, the pull-in means 8 has a tubular pull-in member 81 whose base side is supported by a stay 82 fixed to a lift 83 and whose tip side is bent at a right angle, and a tip end of this pull-in member 81. A pinion-rack mechanism 84 that rotates the base of the retracting member 81 to rotate, an air cylinder (not shown) that linearly reciprocates the rack of the pinion-rack mechanism 84, and a lift table 83 that moves up and down. The feed screw mechanism 85 and the motor 86 that drives the male screw of the feed screw mechanism 85 are configured. By controlling the rotation direction, rotation angle, etc. of this motor 86, the retractable member
The tip of 81 is vertically moved up and down, and the pinion-rack mechanism 84 is driven by an air cylinder to flip the tip of the retracting member 81 from top to bottom at a proper time.
【0029】また、この引込み手段8の引込み部材81
は、図19に示すように、その先端に複数の通気孔80・80
…が開設されている一方、基端側には図示しない吸排気
装置が接続されており、これら通気孔80・80…で吸気す
ることによって外皮材Fの下面を吸着保持し(図20参
照)、そして、これら通気孔80・80…から噴気すること
により吸着保持した外皮材Fを離すように構成されてい
る(図25参照)。
Further, the retracting member 81 of the retracting means 8
As shown in Fig. 19, a plurality of ventilation holes 80
... is opened, while an intake / exhaust device (not shown) is connected to the base end side, and the lower surface of the outer skin material F is adsorbed and held by sucking air through these ventilation holes 80, 80 (see FIG. 20). Then, the outer skin material F adsorbed and held is separated by ejecting air from these ventilation holes 80, ... (See FIG. 25).
【0030】本実施形態の保持手段6は、図19に示すよ
うに、複数の通孔を有し、エアシリンダ64の進退動作に
より上下昇降するステー62と、このステー62の通孔に上
下スライド可能に挿嵌され、上端にステー62に係止可能
な頭部を備えた複数の支持ロッド61・61…と、この支持
ロッド61・61…の下端に固定されたリング状の押え部材
60と、この押え部材60とステー62との間において各支持
ロッド61に被嵌され、押え部材60を下方へ付勢するコイ
ルばね63とから構成されており、押え部材60の下面に
は、図5に示す第一実施形態と同様、計4つの押え突起
60a・60a…が等間隔に形成されている。ステー62を下
降させることによって、押え部材60の押え突起60a・60
a…で受け部材3上の外皮材Fの周縁部を4ヶ所、部分
的に押えて保持する。
As shown in FIG. 19, the holding means 6 of this embodiment has a plurality of through holes, and a stay 62 that moves up and down by the forward / backward movement of the air cylinder 64, and a vertical slide in the through holes of the stay 62. A plurality of support rods 61, 61 ... Injectablely fitted and having a head capable of engaging with the stay 62 at the upper end, and a ring-shaped pressing member fixed to the lower ends of the support rods 61, 61.
The pressing member 60 and the stay 62 are fitted between the supporting member 61 and the coil spring 63 that urges the pressing member 60 downward, and the lower surface of the pressing member 60 includes: Similar to the first embodiment shown in FIG. 5, a total of four pressing protrusions
60a, 60a ... Are formed at equal intervals. By lowering the stay 62, the pressing protrusions 60a, 60 of the pressing member 60
The peripheral edges of the outer cover material F on the receiving member 3 are partially pressed and held at four locations by a.
【0031】また、図18中、符号7で指示するものは、
引込み手段8の下方に配設されたベルトコンベヤから成
る支持手段であり、成形処理されて引込み手段8の引込
み部材81から離れた成形品Hをベルト搬送する(図25参
照)。
Further, in FIG. 18, what is designated by reference numeral 7 is
It is a supporting means composed of a belt conveyor arranged below the pulling means 8, and conveys the molded product H which has been molded and separated from the pulling member 81 of the pulling means 8 by a belt (see FIG. 25).
【0032】以下、図19〜図25を参照しながら第二実施
形態の食品成形装置による食品成形工程について説明す
る。
The food forming process by the food forming apparatus of the second embodiment will be described below with reference to FIGS. 19 to 25.
【0033】まず、図19に示すように、シャッタ1を開
口させ、引込み手段8の引込み部材81を上昇させて予め
受け部材3の開口部30に進入させておいた状態で、受け
部材3及び引込み部材81上にシート状の外皮材Fを供給
する。なお、外皮材F上には図示しない内材供給手段に
より予め内材Gが配置されている。このように、本実施
形態では、受け部材3及び引込み部材81上に外皮材Fを
戴置することができるので、供給したシート状外皮材F
が開口部30に落ち込む恐れもなく安定的に外皮材Fを供
給戴置することができる。そして、第一実施形態と同
様、外皮材Fを供給戴置した後、シャッタ1のシャッタ
片10を閉じる方向に動作させてその開口面積を縮小させ
れば、縮小した開口状態に合わせて外皮材Fをセットす
ることができ、外皮材Fが所定位置に収まるように外皮
材Fの位置調整を行なうことができる。このことで、外
皮材の形状のばらつきや位置ずれが予め修正され、より
確実な成形処理を行うことが可能となる。
First, as shown in FIG. 19, the shutter 1 is opened, and the retracting member 81 of the retracting means 8 is raised to advance into the opening 30 of the receiving member 3 and the receiving member 3 and The sheet-shaped outer cover material F is supplied onto the pull-in member 81. An inner material G is previously arranged on the outer skin material F by an inner material supply means (not shown). As described above, in the present embodiment, since the outer skin material F can be placed on the receiving member 3 and the pull-in member 81, the supplied sheet-shaped outer skin material F
The outer skin material F can be stably supplied and placed without fear of falling into the opening 30. Then, as in the first embodiment, after the outer skin material F is supplied and placed, the shutter piece 10 of the shutter 1 is operated in the closing direction to reduce the opening area, and thus the outer skin material is adjusted in accordance with the reduced opening state. F can be set, and the position of the outer skin material F can be adjusted so that the outer skin material F fits in a predetermined position. As a result, variations in the shape of the outer cover material and positional deviation are corrected in advance, and a more reliable molding process can be performed.
【0034】次に、図20に示すように、引込み手段8の
引込み部材81の通気孔80から吸気して外皮材Fの中央部
下面を吸着する。そして、上方の保持手段6を下降させ
ることによって押え部材60の押え突起60aで外皮材Fの
周縁部を部分的に保持する。即ち、保持手段6を下降さ
せて押え突起60aを外皮材Fの縁部に当接させ、この保
持手段6をさらに下降させることにより押え部材60とス
テー62との間隔を狭めてコイルばね63を圧縮し、このコ
イルばね63の弾性力を利用して押え突起60aを外皮材F
の縁部に押し付けて外皮材Fを4箇所、部分的に押え保
持する。
Next, as shown in FIG. 20, air is sucked from the vent hole 80 of the pulling member 81 of the pulling means 8 and the lower surface of the central portion of the outer skin material F is adsorbed. Then, by lowering the upper holding means 6, the peripheral edge portion of the outer skin material F is partially held by the holding projections 60a of the holding member 60. That is, the holding means 6 is lowered to bring the pressing projection 60a into contact with the edge portion of the outer covering material F, and the holding means 6 is further lowered to narrow the gap between the pressing member 60 and the stay 62, thereby reducing the coil spring 63. Compress and use the elastic force of the coil spring 63 to press the pressing protrusion 60a to the outer cover material F.
The outer skin material F is partially pressed and held by being pressed against the edge of the outer cover.
【0035】そして、図21に示すように、押え突起60a
で外皮材Fの縁部を部分的に保持した状態で外皮材Fの
中央下面を引込み部材81で吸着保持したまま、引込み手
段8を下降させて引込み部材81を受け部材3の開口部30
から退出させ、外皮材Fを開口部30に引き込むことによ
って外皮材Fを略椀状に形成する。このとき、外皮材F
上に予め供給されている内材Gは外皮材の椀状形成に伴
って外皮材Fの中央部分と共に下降して椀状形成された
外皮材Fの内側に配置される。本実施形態においても、
外皮材Fを椀状形成する際に、外皮材Fの周縁部は押え
突起60aにより部分的に保持されているので、図10に示
す第一実施形態と同様、外皮材Fはその保持部分の周辺
だけが引き伸ばされることになり、周縁部に4つの耳部
fが形成される。
Then, as shown in FIG. 21, the pressing protrusion 60a
While the edge portion of the outer skin material F is partially retained, the retracting means 8 is lowered to hold the central lower surface of the outer skin material F by the retracting member 81, and the retracting member 81 is opened in the opening 30 of the receiving member 3.
The outer cover material F is formed into a substantially bowl shape by retracting the outer cover material F into the opening 30. At this time, the outer skin material F
The inner material G, which is previously supplied in advance, descends together with the central portion of the outer skin material F as the outer skin material is formed into a bowl shape, and is disposed inside the outer skin material F formed into the bowl shape. Also in this embodiment,
When the outer skin material F is formed into a bowl shape, the peripheral edge portion of the outer skin material F is partially held by the pressing protrusions 60a. Therefore, as in the first embodiment shown in FIG. Only the periphery is stretched, and four ears f are formed on the peripheral edge.
【0036】次に、図22に示すように、保持手段6を上
昇させて押え突起60aを外皮材Fの耳部fから離し、シ
ャッタ1を閉じ動作させることによって受け部材3上の
外皮材Fの耳部fを、内材Gを包み込むように中央に集
め、さらに図23に示すように集めた外皮材Fの耳部fを
封着し、図24に示すようにシャッタ1を完全に閉鎖させ
ることによって外皮材Fで内材Gを包み込んだ成形品H
を得る。その後、図25に示すように、引込み部材81で成
形品Hを吸着保持したまま、引込み部材81の先端を上向
きから下向きに反転させ、通気孔80から噴気することに
より成形品Hを引込み部材81から離してコンベヤ7上に
戴置し、成形品Hをベルト搬送する。
Next, as shown in FIG. 22, the holding means 6 is raised to separate the pressing projection 60a from the ear portion f of the outer cover material F, and the shutter 1 is closed to operate the outer cover material F on the receiving member 3. The ears f of the outer material F are collected in the center so as to wrap the inner material G, and the ears f of the collected outer material F are sealed as shown in FIG. 23, and the shutter 1 is completely closed as shown in FIG. Molded product H in which inner material G is wrapped with outer material F by
To get After that, as shown in FIG. 25, the tip end of the drawing member 81 is inverted from upward to downward while the molded product H is suction-held by the drawing member 81, and the molded product H is drawn by blowing air from the ventilation hole 80. Then, the molded product H is placed on the conveyor 7 and conveyed by a belt.
【0037】このように本実施形態によれば、シート状
の外皮材Fを略椀状に形成する際に上述した第一実施形
態と同様、押え突起60aで外皮材Fの周縁部を部分的に
保持するので、外皮材Fの縁部に簡単かつ確実に複数の
耳部fを形成することが可能となり、そして、これら複
数の耳部fをシャッタ1で封着することによって内材G
を包み込んでいるので、外皮材の周縁部のほぼ全ての生
地を中央に集めて封着していた従来装置のように封着部
分が極端に肉厚になることもなく、外皮材の皮周りが均
一な成形食品も容易に成形することができる。
As described above, according to the present embodiment, when the sheet-shaped outer cover material F is formed into a substantially bowl shape, as in the above-described first embodiment, the peripheral edge portion of the outer cover material F is partially covered by the pressing protrusions 60a. It is possible to form a plurality of ears f at the edge of the outer cover material F easily and reliably, and by sealing the plurality of ears f with the shutter 1, the inner material G
Since it encloses the outer skin material, almost all the fabric on the periphery of the outer skin material is collected in the center and sealed, unlike the conventional device where the sealing part does not become extremely thick, and the skin surroundings of the outer skin material It is possible to easily mold a molded food having a uniform shape.
【0038】また、本実施形態によれば、シャッタ1の
開口部に進入させた引込み手段8の引込み部材81で外皮
材Fの中央部分を吸着保持し、この引込み部材81を受け
部材3の開口部30から退出させるだけで、シート状外皮
材Fを略椀状に形成することができるので、ほとんど外
皮材Fにダメージを加えることなく椀状形成することが
でき、高品質な成形品を得ることができる。しかも、こ
の引込み手段8と外皮材F上の内材Gとを接触させるこ
となく外皮材Fを椀状形成できるので、内材の充填定量
性が損なわれたり、衛生面の問題を生じたりする恐れも
ない。
Further, according to the present embodiment, the central portion of the outer skin material F is adsorbed and held by the retracting member 81 of the retracting means 8 which has entered the opening of the shutter 1, and the retracting member 81 is opened in the receiving member 3. Since the sheet-shaped outer skin material F can be formed into a substantially bowl shape simply by retreating from the portion 30, the outer skin material F can be formed into a bowl shape with almost no damage, and a high-quality molded product is obtained. be able to. Moreover, since the outer skin material F can be formed into a bowl shape without contacting the drawing means 8 and the inner material G on the outer skin material F, the filling quantitativeness of the inner material is impaired and a sanitary problem occurs. I have no fear.
【0039】また、本実施形態によれば、引込み手段8
の引込み部材81で外皮材Fを吸着することによって保持
し、この引込み部材81からの噴気によって成形品Hをリ
リースしているので、成形品Hを確実かつ迅速にコンベ
ヤ7へ移戴することができ、より安定的な高速運転が可
能となる。
Further, according to the present embodiment, the retracting means 8
The outer cover member F is held by being sucked by the pull-in member 81 and the molded product H is released by the air blown from the pull-in member 81, so that the molded product H can be transferred to the conveyor 7 reliably and quickly. This enables more stable high speed operation.
【0040】なお、本実施形態では、予め外皮材F上に
内材Gを配置しておき、その後、耳部fを形成しながら
外皮材を略椀状に形成しているが、勿論これに限定され
るものではなく、外皮材Fを略椀状に形成した後に、こ
の外皮材Fの内側に内材Gを配置するようにしても良
い。
In the present embodiment, the inner material G is arranged on the outer skin material F in advance, and then the outer skin material is formed into a substantially bowl shape while forming the ears f. The outer material F is not limited to this, and the inner material G may be arranged inside the outer material F after the outer material F is formed into a substantially bowl shape.
【0041】また、上記実施形態では、外皮材Fの耳部
fを一段のシャッタ1の閉じ動作により封着している
が、上述した第一実施形態の変形例と同様、シャッタ1
の下方に、このシャッタ1と同様な構成の複数のシャッ
タ片20・20…から成るシャッタ2を設け、これら上下二
段のシャッタで外皮材Fの耳部fの封着を行なうように
しても良い。また、上下二段式に配設したシャッタ機構
の下側のシャッタ2のシャッタ片20上に外皮材Fを供給
し、このシャッタ片20上で外皮材Fの周縁部を部分的に
保持して耳部fを形成するようにしても良い。
Further, in the above-mentioned embodiment, the ear portion f of the outer cover material F is sealed by the closing operation of the one-step shutter 1. However, like the modification of the first embodiment described above, the shutter 1 is closed.
A shutter 2 composed of a plurality of shutter pieces 20, 20, ... Of the same construction as the shutter 1 is provided below the shutter 1, and the ears f of the outer skin material F are sealed by these two upper and lower shutters. good. Further, the outer skin material F is supplied onto the shutter piece 20 of the shutter 2 below the shutter mechanism arranged in the upper and lower two-stage type, and the peripheral edge portion of the outer skin material F is partially held on the shutter piece 20. The ears f may be formed.
【0042】更にまた、上記第一実施形態および第二実
施形態では、シャッタ1として、駆動軸を中心に往復揺
動する4枚のシャッタ片10を用いているが、外皮材の耳
部を封着することが可能であれば、シャッタ片の枚数、
形状は特に限定されることはない。例えば、図26に示す
ように6枚のシャッタ片15が互いに矢印方向へスライド
直線移動することにより開閉動作するシャッタ機構を用
いたり、図27及び図28に示すように、6枚のシャッタ片
16が作用ピン17の矢印方向への回転運動に応じて直線運
動しながら揺動することにより開閉動作するシャッタ機
構を用いたり、各シャッタ片が連続回転して開閉動作す
るシャッタ機構を用いたり、種々のシャッタ機構を採用
することができる。
Furthermore, in the first and second embodiments described above, the four shutter pieces 10 that reciprocally swing about the drive shaft are used as the shutter 1, but the ears of the outer cover are sealed. If you can wear it, the number of shutter pieces,
The shape is not particularly limited. For example, as shown in FIG. 26, a shutter mechanism that opens and closes by sliding the six shutter pieces 15 linearly in the direction of the arrow is used, or as shown in FIG. 27 and FIG.
16 uses a shutter mechanism that opens and closes by swinging while linearly moving according to the rotational movement of the action pin 17 in the direction of the arrow, or a shutter mechanism that opens and closes by continuously rotating each shutter piece, Various shutter mechanisms can be adopted.
【0043】更にまた、上記第一実施形態および第二実
施形態では、外皮材Fの周縁部を部分的に保持する保持
手段6として、下面に4つの押え突起60aを備えた押え
部材60を使用しているが、勿論これに限定されるもので
はなく、外皮材Fの性質、サイズ、厚み等を考慮して、
例えば押え突起60aのサイズ、位置、形状、数等を変更
することで、形成すべき耳部fのサイズ、位置、形状、
数等を適宜に変更することが可能である。
Furthermore, in the first and second embodiments, the holding member 60 having the four holding projections 60a on the lower surface is used as the holding means 6 for partially holding the peripheral edge of the outer cover material F. However, of course, the present invention is not limited to this, and in consideration of the properties, size, thickness and the like of the outer skin material F,
For example, by changing the size, position, shape, number, etc. of the presser projections 60a, the size, position, shape of the ears f to be formed,
The number and the like can be changed appropriately.
【0044】[0044]
【発明の効果】以上、説明したとおり、本発明によれ
ば、シート状の外皮材を略椀状に形成する際に、外皮材
の周縁部を部分的に保持するので、外皮材の縁部に簡単
かつ確実に複数の耳部を形成することが可能となり、そ
して、これら複数の耳部を封着することによって内材を
包み込んでいるので、外皮材の周縁部のほぼ全ての生地
を中央に集めて封着していた従来装置のように封着部分
が極端に肉厚になることもなく、外皮材の皮周りが均一
な成形食品も容易に成形することができる。
As described above, according to the present invention, when the sheet-shaped outer skin material is formed into a substantially bowl shape, the peripheral edge portion of the outer skin material is partially held, so that the edge portion of the outer skin material is held. It is possible to easily and reliably form multiple ears, and since the inner material is wrapped by sealing these ears, almost all the fabric on the periphery of the outer skin is centered. Unlike the conventional device that collects and seals the product, the sealed part does not become extremely thick, and a molded food product having a uniform skin circumference can be easily molded.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】第一実施形態の食品成形装置の部分断面正面図
である。
FIG. 1 is a partial cross-sectional front view of a food product molding apparatus according to a first embodiment.
【図2】同装置のシャッタ及び受け部材の平面図であ
る。
FIG. 2 is a plan view of a shutter and a receiving member of the same device.
【図3】同装置のシャッタ及び受け部材の平面図であ
る。
FIG. 3 is a plan view of a shutter and a receiving member of the same device.
【図4】同装置のシャッタ駆動手段の概略平面図であ
る。
FIG. 4 is a schematic plan view of shutter driving means of the same apparatus.
【図5】同装置の保持手段の押え部材の蛙観図である。FIG. 5 is a frog view of the pressing member of the holding means of the device.
【図6】同装置の押え部材で外皮材を部分保持した状態
を示す概略平面図である。
FIG. 6 is a schematic plan view showing a state in which a cover member is partially held by a pressing member of the same device.
【図7】同装置による食品成形工程を説明する概略側面
図である。
FIG. 7 is a schematic side view illustrating a food molding process using the apparatus.
【図8】同装置による食品成形工程を説明する概略側面
図である。
FIG. 8 is a schematic side view illustrating a food molding process using the apparatus.
【図9】同装置による食品成形工程を説明する概略側面
図である。
FIG. 9 is a schematic side view illustrating a food molding process using the apparatus.
【図10】同食品成形工程によって、外皮材の耳部が形
成され、略椀状に形成された状態の全体斜視図である。
FIG. 10 is an overall perspective view showing a state in which an ear portion of the outer skin material is formed and is formed into a substantially bowl shape by the food forming process.
【図11】同装置による食品成形工程を説明する概略側
面図である。
FIG. 11 is a schematic side view illustrating a food molding process using the apparatus.
【図12】同装置による食品成形工程を説明する概略側
面図である。
FIG. 12 is a schematic side view illustrating a food molding process using the apparatus.
【図13】同装置による食品成形工程を説明する概略側
面図である。
FIG. 13 is a schematic side view illustrating a food molding process using the apparatus.
【図14】同食品成形工程によって、外皮材の耳部が中
央へ集められた状態の全体斜視図である。
FIG. 14 is an overall perspective view showing a state in which the ears of the outer cover are gathered in the center by the food forming process.
【図15】同装置による食品成形工程を説明する概略側
面図である。
FIG. 15 is a schematic side view illustrating a food molding process using the apparatus.
【図16】本発明に係る実施変形例を説明する概略側面
図である。
FIG. 16 is a schematic side view illustrating a modified example of the present invention.
【図17】本発明に係る他の実施変形例を説明する概略
側面図である。
FIG. 17 is a schematic side view illustrating another modified example of the present invention.
【図18】本発明に係る第二実施形態の食品成形装置の
部分断面正面図である。
FIG. 18 is a partial cross-sectional front view of the food product molding apparatus according to the second embodiment of the present invention.
【図19】同装置による食品成形工程の概略側面図であ
る。
FIG. 19 is a schematic side view of a food molding process using the same device.
【図20】同装置による食品成形工程の概略側面図であ
る。
FIG. 20 is a schematic side view of a food molding process using the same apparatus.
【図21】同装置による食品成形工程の概略側面図であ
る。
FIG. 21 is a schematic side view of a food molding process using the same device.
【図22】同装置による食品成形工程の概略側面図であ
る。
FIG. 22 is a schematic side view of a food molding process using the same device.
【図23】同装置による食品成形工程の概略側面図であ
る。
FIG. 23 is a schematic side view of a food molding process using the same device.
【図24】同装置による食品成形工程の概略側面図であ
る。
FIG. 24 is a schematic side view of a food molding process using the same device.
【図25】同装置による食品成形工程の概略側面図であ
る。
FIG. 25 is a schematic side view of a food molding process using the same device.
【図26】本発明に係る実施変形例のシャッタを説明す
る概略平面図である。
FIG. 26 is a schematic plan view illustrating a shutter according to a modified example of the present invention.
【図27】本発明に係る他の実施変形例のシャッタを説
明する概略平面図である。
FIG. 27 is a schematic plan view illustrating a shutter of another modified example of the present invention.
【図28】本発明に係る他の実施変形例のシャッタを説
明する概略平面図である。
FIG. 28 is a schematic plan view illustrating a shutter of another modified example of the present invention.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
F 外皮材 f 外皮材の耳部 G 内材 H 成形品 1 シャッタ 10 シャッタのシャッタ片 11 駆動軸 12 フランジ 13 リンク 14 モータ 15 変形例シャッタ片 16 変形例シャッタ片 17 作用ピン 2 下側シャッタ 20 下側シャッタのシャッタ片 3 受け部材 30 開口部 4 押込み手段 40 押込み部材 41 ステー 42 送りねじ機構 43 モータ 50 弁 51 ロッド 52 エアシリンダ 53 供給パイプ 54 ポンプ 55 ホッパ 6 保持手段 60 押え部材 60a 押え突起 61 支持ロッド 62 ステー 63 コイルばね 64 エアシリンダ 7 支持手段 70 支持部材 71 支持ロッド 72 ラック−ピニオン機構 73 ベルトコンベヤ 8 引込み手段 80 通気孔 81 引込み部材 82 ステー 83 昇降台 84 ピニオン−ラック機構 85 送りねじ機構 86 モータ F skin material f Ear of skin material G inner material H molded products 1 shutter 10 Shutter shutter piece 11 Drive shaft 12 flange 13 links 14 motor 15 Modified shutter piece 16 Modified shutter piece 17 Working pin 2 Lower shutter 20 Shutter piece for lower shutter 3 Receiving member 30 openings 4 Pushing means 40 Push member 41 stay 42 Feed screw mechanism 43 motor 50 valves 51 rod 52 Air cylinder 53 supply pipe 54 pump 55 hopper 6 holding means 60 Presser member 60a Presser protrusion 61 Support rod 62 stay 63 coil spring 64 air cylinder 7 Supporting means 70 Support member 71 Support rod 72 Rack-pinion mechanism 73 Belt conveyor 8 Retracting means 80 vents 81 Retractable member 82 Stay 83 Lift 84 Pinion-rack mechanism 85 Feed screw mechanism 86 motor

Claims (8)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 シート状の外皮材の周縁部を部分的に保
    持する工程と;周縁部を部分的に保持した状態で、外皮
    材の中央部を押すことにより保持部分の周辺を引き伸ば
    して耳部を形成しながら外皮材を略椀状に形成する工程
    と;外皮材に内材を配置した状態で、内材を包むように
    外皮材の耳部を封着する工程と;を含むことを特徴とし
    た食品成形方法。
    1. A step of partially holding a peripheral portion of a sheet-shaped outer covering material; and a state in which a peripheral portion of the outer covering material is partially held by pushing the central portion of the outer covering material so as to stretch the periphery of the holding portion. A step of forming the outer skin material into a substantially bowl shape while forming the portion; and a step of sealing the ear portion of the outer skin material so as to wrap the inner material with the inner material arranged in the outer skin material. And the food molding method.
  2. 【請求項2】 シート状の外皮材の周縁部を部分的に保
    持する工程と;周縁部を部分的に保持した状態で、外皮
    材の中央部を引くことにより保持部分の周辺を引き伸ば
    して耳部を形成しながら外皮材を略椀状に形成する工程
    と;外皮材に内材を配置した状態で、内材を包むように
    外皮材の耳部を封着する工程と;を含むことを特徴とし
    た食品成形方法。
    2. A step of partially holding a peripheral portion of a sheet-shaped outer covering material; and a state in which the peripheral portion is partially held, by pulling the central portion of the outer covering material, the periphery of the holding portion is stretched to extend the ear. A step of forming the outer skin material into a substantially bowl shape while forming the portion; and a step of sealing the ear portion of the outer skin material so as to wrap the inner material with the inner material arranged in the outer skin material. And the food molding method.
  3. 【請求項3】 複数のシャッタ片から成るシャッタと;
    このシャッタ上に戴置されたシート状の外皮材の周縁部
    を部分的に保持する保持手段と;周縁部を部分的に保持
    した状態で、外皮材の中央部を前記シャッタの開口部に
    押し込むことによって、保持部分の周辺を引き伸ばして
    耳部を形成しながら外皮材を略椀状に形成する押込み手
    段と;外皮材に内材を配置した状態で、前記シャッタを
    閉じ動作させて内材を包むように外皮材の耳部を封着す
    るシャッタ駆動手段と;を備えたことを特徴とする食品
    成形装置。
    3. A shutter comprising a plurality of shutter pieces;
    Holding means for partially holding the peripheral portion of the sheet-shaped outer covering material placed on the shutter; and pressing the central portion of the outer covering material into the opening portion of the shutter with the peripheral portion partially held. A pressing means for stretching the periphery of the holding portion to form the ears and forming the outer skin material into a substantially bowl shape; and with the inner material arranged in the outer skin material, the shutter is closed to move the inner material. A food product forming apparatus, comprising: shutter driving means for sealing the ear portion of the outer cover material so as to wrap it.
  4. 【請求項4】 複数のシャッタ片から成るシャッタと;
    開口部を備え、シート状の外皮材がこの開口部を塞ぐよ
    うに戴置される受け部材と;この受け部材上に戴置され
    た外皮材の周縁部を部分的に保持する保持手段と;周縁
    部を部分的に保持した状態で、外皮材の中央部を前記受
    け部材の開口部に押し込むことによって、保持部分の周
    辺を引き伸ばして耳部を形成しながら外皮材を略椀状に
    形成する押込み手段と;外皮材に内材を配置した状態
    で、前記シャッタを閉じ動作させて内材を包むように外
    皮材の耳部を封着するシャッタ駆動手段と;を備えたこ
    とを特徴とする食品成形装置。
    4. A shutter comprising a plurality of shutter pieces;
    A receiving member having an opening, and a sheet-shaped outer cover member placed to cover the opening; holding means for partially holding a peripheral edge of the outer cover member placed on the receiving member; With the peripheral edge partly held, the central part of the outer cover material is pushed into the opening of the receiving member to stretch the periphery of the holding part to form the ears and form the outer cover material in a substantially bowl shape. And a shutter driving unit that closes the shutter and closes the ears of the outer material so as to wrap the inner material with the inner material disposed in the outer material. Molding equipment.
  5. 【請求項5】 前記押込み手段は、内材を供給する内材
    供給手段を備えていることを特徴とした請求項3または
    請求項4記載の食品成形装置。
    5. The food forming apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the pushing means includes an inner material supplying means for supplying an inner material.
  6. 【請求項6】 略椀状に形成された外皮材を支持する支
    持手段を備えたことを特徴とする請求項3〜5の何れか
    に記載の食品成形装置。
    6. The food forming apparatus according to claim 3, further comprising a support means for supporting the outer skin material formed in a substantially bowl shape.
  7. 【請求項7】 前記押込み手段の代わりに、外皮材の中
    央部を前記シャッタの開口部に引き込むことによって保
    持部分の周辺を引き伸ばして耳部を形成しながら外皮材
    を略椀状に形成する引込み手段を備えたことを特徴とす
    る請求項3または請求項4記載の食品成形装置。
    7. A retractor for forming the outer cover member into a substantially bowl shape while extending the periphery of the holding part by retracting the central part of the outer cover material into the opening of the shutter in place of the pushing means to form the ear part. The food forming apparatus according to claim 3 or 4, further comprising means.
  8. 【請求項8】 前記シャッタを、少なくとも二段配設し
    たことを特徴とする請求項3〜請求項7の何れかに記載
    の食品成形装置。
    8. The food forming apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the shutters are arranged in at least two stages.
JP2001384276A 2001-12-18 2001-12-18 Food molding method and apparatus therefor Active JP3400441B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001384276A JP3400441B1 (en) 2001-12-18 2001-12-18 Food molding method and apparatus therefor

Applications Claiming Priority (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001384276A JP3400441B1 (en) 2001-12-18 2001-12-18 Food molding method and apparatus therefor
US10/203,955 US6817850B2 (en) 2001-04-09 2002-04-08 Method of and apparatus for forming food
EP02714521A EP1380211B1 (en) 2001-04-09 2002-04-08 Food forming method and device
KR10-2002-7008539A KR100470849B1 (en) 2001-04-09 2002-04-08 A food shaping method and apparatus
PCT/JP2002/003474 WO2002082910A1 (en) 2001-04-09 2002-04-08 Food forming method and device
CNB028000145A CN100356856C (en) 2001-04-09 2002-04-08 Food formation method and device
DE60235533T DE60235533D1 (en) 2001-04-09 2002-04-08 FOOD MOLDING METHOD AND MACHINE
TW091106935A TWI249988B (en) 2001-04-09 2002-04-08 Apparatus for shaping food
MYPI20021289A MY129062A (en) 2001-04-09 2002-04-09 Method of and apparatus for forming food
HK04102482A HK1059536A1 (en) 2001-04-09 2004-04-07 Food forming device
US10/955,530 US20050042350A1 (en) 2001-04-09 2004-09-30 Method of and apparatus for forming food

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP3400441B1 JP3400441B1 (en) 2003-04-28
JP2003180321A true JP2003180321A (en) 2003-07-02

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WO2015115178A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-08-06 レオン自動機株式会社 Shutter piece and food shaping device
JP6041414B1 (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-12-07 株式会社コバード Ring-shaped food molding apparatus and method

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JP3811788B2 (en) * 2003-05-12 2006-08-23 株式会社コバード Food molding equipment
TWI376207B (en) * 2006-12-27 2012-11-11 Rheon Automatic Machinery Co
JP5140492B2 (en) * 2008-05-23 2013-02-06 レオン自動機株式会社 Packaged food production equipment
JP2012147736A (en) * 2011-01-20 2012-08-09 Rheon Automatic Machinerty Co Ltd Food dough, and method and apparatus for rolling/molding food dough
JP6319827B1 (en) * 2017-03-20 2018-05-09 株式会社コバード Encased food molding equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015115178A1 (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-08-06 レオン自動機株式会社 Shutter piece and food shaping device
JP2015163062A (en) * 2014-01-29 2015-09-10 レオン自動機株式会社 Shutter piece and food molding apparatus
US10182576B2 (en) 2014-01-29 2019-01-22 Rheon Automatic Machinery Co., Ltd. Shutter piece and food shaping device
JP6041414B1 (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-12-07 株式会社コバード Ring-shaped food molding apparatus and method

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