JP2003175373A - Garbage treatment system - Google Patents

Garbage treatment system

Info

Publication number
JP2003175373A
JP2003175373A JP2001377980A JP2001377980A JP2003175373A JP 2003175373 A JP2003175373 A JP 2003175373A JP 2001377980 A JP2001377980 A JP 2001377980A JP 2001377980 A JP2001377980 A JP 2001377980A JP 2003175373 A JP2003175373 A JP 2003175373A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
water
waste
kitchen
solid
pumping
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2001377980A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yasuhiro Kunitake
康裕 國武
Masaaki Niimi
正明 新美
Maomi Takada
真臣 高田
Noriyuki Yoshida
憲幸 吉田
Toru Oyama
徹 大山
Masaki Hayakawa
正記 早川
Yoichi Kojima
洋一 小島
Original Assignee
Aichi Electric Co Ltd
愛知電機株式会社
Toto Ltd
東陶機器株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Aichi Electric Co Ltd, 愛知電機株式会社, Toto Ltd, 東陶機器株式会社 filed Critical Aichi Electric Co Ltd
Priority to JP2001377980A priority Critical patent/JP2003175373A/en
Publication of JP2003175373A publication Critical patent/JP2003175373A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a garbage treatment system for grinding garbage to separate the same into sewage and solid waste and automatically treating the solid waste so as to make the same disposable. <P>SOLUTION: The garbage treatment system is constituted of a gathering pit for storing water-containing organic waste obtained by grinding garbage by a grinding means along with kitchen wastewater, a pumping-up means for the water-containing organic waste stored in the gathering pit and kitchen wastewater, a solid-liquid separation means for separating the pumped-up water- containing organic waste or the like into solid waste and sewage, a drying treatment means for drying the solid waste separated by the solid-liquid separation means, a sewage treatment means for biologically treating the sewage separated by the solid-liquid separation means, a residue recovery means for recovering the residue accumulated in the sewage treatment means in the solid- liquid separation means, a changeover means connecting the residue recovery means and the pumping-up means to an air supply means to individually change over the driving of both means, a detection means for detecting the starting time of the pumping-up means and a control means for controlling the respective means. Garbage can be treated rapidly, easily and sanitarily. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2003,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、戸建て住宅や集合
住宅等一般住宅の台所、あるいは、業務用の調理場等で
発生する野菜屑、残飯等からなる厨芥等をディスポーザ
等の粉砕手段により粉砕した含水有機廃棄物を、迅速・
確実に乾燥処理して廃棄可能とした厨芥処理システムの
改良に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention crushes kitchen waste in a general house such as a detached house or an apartment house, or kitchen waste such as kitchen waste for business use, such as kitchen waste, etc., by a crushing means such as a disposer. Quickly remove water-containing organic waste
The present invention relates to improvement of a garbage disposal system that can be surely dried and disposed of.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来から、一般家庭の台所等の厨房で排
出される厨芥等は、例えば、台所の流し台の排水口から
台所排水とともに直接公共下水道に放流させることがで
きないため、例えば、流し台の排水口にメッシュのかご
を設置し、このかごに厨芥等が適量溜まった時点で水切
りを行い、この後ビニール袋等に詰める等して廃棄処分
していた。しかし、この方法は、厨芥等を台所から排出
する際、その都度ビニール袋等に詰めたりする煩雑さや
悪臭に対する不快感に加え、廃棄時まで保管しているこ
とにより腐敗臭等が発生するため、生活環境の悪化や不
衛生を助長する大きな要因となっていた。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, kitchen waste discharged in a kitchen such as a kitchen of a general household cannot be discharged directly from a drainage outlet of a kitchen sink into the public sewer together with the kitchen drainage. A mesh basket was installed at the drainage port, and when the garbage was collected in this basket in an appropriate amount, it was drained, and then packed in a plastic bag or the like for disposal. However, in this method, when the kitchen waste or the like is discharged from the kitchen, in addition to the troublesomeness of being packed in a plastic bag or the like and the discomfort for a bad odor, a rotten odor or the like is generated because it is stored until the time of disposal. It was a major factor contributing to deterioration of living environment and poor hygiene.
【0003】前記の事情から、厨芥等をディスポーザ等
の粉砕手段により細かく粉砕し、粉砕された含水有機廃
棄物を台所排水とともに公共下水道に排出することによ
り、厨房等において発生する厨芥等の処理を簡易に、か
つ、衛生的に行うことも考えられるが、前記粉砕処理し
た含水有機廃棄物を台所排水とともに直接公共下水道に
放流すると、粉砕物によって下水管に目詰まり等を誘発
する問題、あるいは、最終汚水処理場での処理能力不足
により、放流河川等の水質を汚染させたりするという問
題が生じ、今日まで普及に至らないというのが現状であ
る。
In view of the above-mentioned circumstances, kitchen waste is finely crushed by a crushing means such as a disposer, and the crushed water-containing organic waste is discharged into a public sewer together with kitchen drainage, thereby treating kitchen waste generated in a kitchen or the like. It is possible to simply and hygienically, but if the pulverized water-containing organic waste is discharged directly into the public sewer together with kitchen drainage, the pulverized material may cause clogging of the sewer pipe, or the like, or Due to the lack of treatment capacity at the final sewage treatment plant, there is a problem that the water quality of discharged rivers is polluted, and it is not spread until today.
【0004】このため、前記の問題点を解決するのに、
今日では、例えば、厨芥等を直接発酵処理させて、堆肥
化させるためのコンポスト装置等の廃棄物処理装置を使
用することがよく知られている。
Therefore, in order to solve the above problems,
Nowadays, it is well known to use a waste treatment device such as a composting device for directly fermenting kitchen waste and the like for composting.
【0005】[0005]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかし、前記コンポス
ト方式の廃棄物処理装置を採用した場合、定期的に堆肥
化された処理物を廃棄物処理装置より排出していたが、
その排出作業はほとんど人力に頼っていたので、処理作
業者は悪臭に悩ませられたり、衛生面に対しても神経を
使う等して排出作業を行っていたため、作業は非常に手
間と時間を要することばかりでなく、厨芥等を処理する
都度、好気性菌や水分調整材等の基材を用いて堆肥化処
理を行っていた関係上、堆肥化処理に際しては、前記排
出時における衛生上の問題はもとより、コンポスト処理
に多くの時間と費用を要し、更に、堆肥化した処理物を
一般家庭等においてすべて肥料として使用することが難
しい等種々の問題点が山積していた。
However, when the compost-type waste treatment device is adopted, the composted wastes are regularly discharged from the waste treatment device.
Most of the discharge work relied on human power, so the processing workers were bothered by the foul odor, and the discharge work was done with nervousness in terms of hygiene. Not only is it necessary to perform composting treatment using a substrate such as aerobic bacteria and moisture control material each time garbage is treated, therefore, during composting treatment, the sanitary conditions at the time of discharge are to be considered. In addition to problems, composting requires a lot of time and cost, and it is difficult to use all the composted treated materials as fertilizers in general households, and there are various problems.
【0006】本発明は、前記の種々な問題点に鑑み、台
所等の厨房から発生する厨芥等をディスポーザにて粉砕
処理し、前記粉砕された含水有機廃棄物を台所排水とと
もに定量的に貯留しながら、前記貯留した含水有機廃棄
物を台所排水と分離して廃棄可能に処理するとともに、
台所排水も併せて清浄化処理して下水道等に排水可能と
した、厨芥処理の安定化と処理性能を良好に維持可能と
した厨芥処理システムを提供することを目的とする。
In view of the above-mentioned various problems, the present invention crushes kitchen waste generated from kitchens such as kitchens with a disposer, and quantitatively stores the crushed water-containing organic waste together with kitchen drainage. However, while separating the stored water-containing organic waste from kitchen wastewater and treating it so that it can be disposed of,
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kitchen waste treatment system capable of stabilizing kitchen waste and maintaining good treatment performance, in which kitchen wastewater is also cleaned and drained to sewers and the like.
【0007】[0007]
【課題を解決するための手段】請求項1記載の発明は、
粉砕手段にて粉砕された厨芥等の含水有機廃棄物と台所
排水とを固形廃棄物と汚水とに分離し、前記汚水と分離
された固形廃棄物を廃棄可能に処理する厨芥処理システ
ムにおいて、前記粉砕手段にて粉砕された含水有機廃棄
物と台所排水とを一定量集めて貯留する集合ますと、前
記集合ますに貯留される含水有機廃棄物と台所排水とを
所定量汲み上げるポンプ機能を具備した汲上手段と、前
記汲上手段にて汲み上げられた含水有機廃棄物と台所排
水とを固形廃棄物と汚水とに分離する固液分離手段と、
前記固液分離手段により分離された固形廃棄物を加熱乾
燥処理する乾燥処理手段と、前記固液分離手段により分
離された汚水を生物処理する汚水処理手段と、前記汚水
処理手段に堆積する微細な固形物等からなる残渣を固液
分離手段に回収する残渣回収手段と、この残渣回収手段
と汲上手段とをエア供給手段に切換・駆動可能に個別に
連接して駆動可能としたエア供給路切換用の切換手段
と、前記汲上手段の起動開始時を検出する検出手段と、
前記各手段を駆動制御する制御手段とを具備して構成し
たことを特徴とする。
The invention according to claim 1 is
In the kitchen waste treatment system for separating water-containing organic waste such as kitchen waste crushed by crushing means and kitchen wastewater into solid waste and sewage, and disposing the solid waste separated from the sewage in a disposable manner, When collecting a certain amount of water-containing organic waste crushed by the crushing means and kitchen drainage and storing it, it has a pump function of pumping up a predetermined amount of water-containing organic waste and kitchen drainage stored in the collecting yard. A pumping means, a solid-liquid separation means for separating the water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater pumped up by the pumping means into solid waste and sewage.
Drying treatment means for heating and drying the solid waste separated by the solid-liquid separation means, sewage treatment means for biologically treating sewage separated by the solid-liquid separation means, and fine particles accumulated on the sewage treatment means. Residue recovery means for recovering a residue composed of solid matter or the like in the solid-liquid separation means, and the air supply path switching in which the residue recovery means and the pumping means are connected to and can be driven by the air supply means individually Switching means, and detection means for detecting the start-up time of the pumping means,
A control means for driving and controlling each of the above means is provided.
【0008】請求項1記載の発明によれば、台所排水を
含む含水有機廃棄物を汲上手段により定量汲み上げ、こ
れを固液分離手段にて順次汚水と分離して水分をある程
度除去した固形廃棄物を廃棄可能に乾燥処理するととも
に、必要に応じて汚水処理手段に堆積する残渣も併せて
回収手段にて回収して前記固形廃棄物に付着させて固形
廃棄物と同時に乾燥処理可能となし、しかも、前記固形
廃棄物,残渣の廃棄可能な処理と、台所排水,汚水の汚
水処理手段による清浄化処理とを所定のシーケンスに従
って連続的に行うようにしたので、台所等で発生する厨
芥を各家庭においても容易に、かつ、衛生的に処理する
ことができる。その上、汚水処理手段に堆積する残渣も
同時に回収して廃棄処理することができるため、汚水処
理手段に残渣が堆積するのを良好に回避し、汚水処理手
段のメンテナンス作業を不要とすることができる等優れ
た利点を有する。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, the solid waste is obtained by quantitatively pumping up water-containing organic waste including kitchen wastewater by the pumping means, and sequentially separating this from the wastewater by the solid-liquid separating means to remove water to some extent. In addition to performing the dry treatment so that it can be discarded, the residue accumulated on the sewage treatment means is also collected by the collecting means and attached to the solid waste so that it can be dried simultaneously with the solid waste. Since the solid waste and the waste can be disposed of and the cleaning process of the kitchen wastewater and the sewage by the sewage treatment means is continuously performed according to a predetermined sequence, the garbage generated in the kitchen or the like can be removed from each household. Also in the case, it can be easily and hygienically processed. Moreover, since the residue accumulated on the sewage treatment means can be collected and disposed of at the same time, it is possible to satisfactorily avoid the accumulation of the residue on the sewage treatment means and eliminate the maintenance work of the sewage treatment means. It has excellent advantages such as being possible.
【0009】請求項2記載の発明は、請求項1記載の厨
芥処理システムにおいて、前記汲上手段と残渣回収手段
は、含水有機廃棄物,台所排水と残渣とを所定回数汲上
・回収を実行し、前記汲上・回収を実行した後汲上手段
のみを更に所定時間作動させて、含水有機廃棄物と台所
排水とを固液分離手段に汲み上げるように構成したこと
を特徴とする。この発明においては、含水有機廃棄物と
台所排水との汲み上げ時、必要に応じて汚水処理手段内
の残渣も併せて回収するようにしたので、固形廃棄物と
残渣とを一緒に乾燥処理して廃棄することが可能とな
り、この結果、固形廃棄物の廃棄可能な処理と併せて汚
水処理手段に残渣が堆積するという問題を確実に回避・
抑制することができる。
According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the kitchen waste treatment system according to the first aspect, the pumping means and the residue recovery means perform pumping and recovery of the water-containing organic waste, kitchen drainage and residue a predetermined number of times, After the pumping / collection is performed, only the pumping means is further operated for a predetermined time to pump up the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen drainage to the solid-liquid separation means. In this invention, when the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen wastewater are pumped up, the residue in the sewage treatment means is also collected as needed, so that the solid waste and the residue are dried together. As a result, it is possible to dispose of the solid waste, and as a result, it is possible to reliably avoid the problem that residues are accumulated on the sewage treatment means together with the disposal of solid waste.
Can be suppressed.
【0010】請求項3記載の発明は、請求項2記載の厨
芥処理システムにおいて、前記汲み上げ手段と残渣回収
手段は、含水有機廃棄物と台所排水とが集合ますに汲上
可能量貯留されたことを検出手段が検知したことをもと
に汲み上げを開始するように構成したことを特徴とす
る。この発明においては、集合ますに貯留される含水有
機廃棄物と台所排水は、検出手段により所定量貯留され
たことを常に把握し、即ち、含水有機廃棄物等の汲み上
げ時期や残渣の回収時期を事前に設定して汲み上げ・回
収するようにしたので、常時汲み上げ・回収する場合と
異なり、定常的に汲上手段・残渣回収手段を作動させる
ことができるため、含水有機廃棄物や残渣の汲み上げ・
回収作業及びそれに伴うエネルギー使用の効率化を良好
に図ることができる。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the garbage treatment system according to the second aspect, the pumping means and the residue collecting means store the hydrated organic waste and the kitchen drainage in a pumpable amount. It is characterized in that the pumping is started based on the detection by the detection means. In this invention, it is always known that the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen drainage stored in the aggregate have been stored in a predetermined amount by the detecting means, that is, the timing of pumping up the water-containing organic waste, etc. Since the pumping / recovery is set in advance, unlike the case of pumping / recovering at all times, the pumping means / residue collecting means can be operated constantly, so that it is possible to pump water-containing organic waste or residue.
It is possible to favorably improve the efficiency of the recovery work and the energy use accompanying it.
【0011】請求項4記載の発明は、請求項2記載の厨
芥処理システムにおいて、汲上手段や残渣回収手段は、
厨芥を粉砕する粉砕手段が駆動した時点、あるいは、含
水有機廃棄物,台所排水が集合ますに流入することを検
出した時点をもとにして起動するように構成したことを
特徴とする。この発明においては、前記粉砕手段により
厨芥を処理する毎に汲上手段及び残渣回収手段を作動さ
せるようにしたので、厨芥を処理した含水有機廃棄物や
汚水処理手段に堆積する残渣は、粉砕手段が駆動する都
度廃棄可能に処理することができ、これにより、厨芥処
理装置に廃棄処理するための固形物が不必要に滞留する
のを良好に抑制することができる。
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the garbage treatment system according to the second aspect, the pumping means and the residue collecting means are:
It is characterized in that it is configured to start at the time when the crushing means for crushing the kitchen waste is driven, or when it is detected that water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater flow into the aggregate. In the present invention, since the pumping means and the residue collecting means are operated each time the garbage is processed by the crushing means, the crushing means does not remove the residue deposited on the water-containing organic waste or the wastewater processing means that has processed the garbage. Each time it is driven, it can be disposed of so that it can be disposed of, so that it is possible to favorably prevent unnecessary accumulation of solid matter for disposal in the garbage processing device.
【0012】請求項5記載の発明は、請求項2記載の厨
芥処理システムにおいて、前記汲上手段は、設定した汲
み上げ回数を越えて汲上動作を継続したときは、異常と
判断して前記汲上手段の動作を停止させるとともに、報
知手段により報知するように構成したことを特徴とす
る。この発明においては、汲上手段の動作回数を前記の
ように設定することにより、廃棄処理する含水有機廃棄
物等の処理量を常に定量化することが可能となるため、
厨芥処理の標準化が図れ、処理設備の安定した使用が可
能となるばかりでなく、設備の故障を未然に回避するこ
とができる。また、汲上手段の動作が設定回数を超えれ
ば、直ちに駆動を停止して使用者に報知するようにした
ので、点検・補修作業が迅速に行うことができ、汲上手
段の無用な動作に伴う機器の損傷を良好に回避すること
ができる。
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the garbage treatment system according to the second aspect, when the pumping means continues the pumping operation beyond the set number of pumping times, it is judged as abnormal and the pumping means It is characterized in that the operation is stopped and the notification is made by the notification means. In the present invention, by setting the number of operations of the pumping means as described above, it becomes possible to constantly quantify the treatment amount of the water-containing organic waste to be disposed of,
Not only can the garbage treatment be standardized and the treatment equipment can be used stably, but also equipment failures can be avoided. Further, if the operation of the pumping means exceeds the set number of times, the driving is immediately stopped and the user is informed, so that the inspection / repair work can be carried out promptly, and the equipment accompanying the unnecessary operation of the pumping means. It is possible to satisfactorily avoid the damage.
【0013】請求項6記載の発明は、請求項3記載の厨
芥処理システムにおいて、前記含水有機廃棄物と台所排
水との汲上開始時点を検出する検出手段は、フロートス
イッチ,水を検出する電極等を集合ますに設置して構成
したことを特徴とする。この発明においては、集合ます
に所定量貯留される含水有機廃棄物,台所排水を簡易
で、かつ、故障の少ない部材の活用により、容易に、し
かも、確実に検出することが可能となるため、集合ます
のメンテナンスが容易化できるとともに、集合ます自体
を小形で安価に製造することができる。また、検出手段
は前記汲上開始時点を検出しこれを報知することによ
り、使用者は厨芥の廃棄処理状況が容易に把握すること
ができるとともに、報知されない場合は、機器の故障と
判断できるため、補修作業を容易に行うことができると
いう利点もある。
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, in the kitchen waste treatment system according to the third aspect, the detection means for detecting the start point of pumping of the water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater is a float switch, an electrode for detecting water, etc. It is characterized in that it is installed and configured in a set. In the present invention, the water-containing organic wastes and kitchen drainages that are accumulated in a predetermined amount can be easily and reliably detected by utilizing the members with few malfunctions. Maintenance of the aggregate can be facilitated, and the aggregate itself can be manufactured in a small size and at low cost. Further, the detection means detects the pumping start time point and notifies it, so that the user can easily grasp the waste disposal status of the garbage, and if it is not notified, it can be determined that the device is in failure. There is also an advantage that repair work can be performed easily.
【0014】請求項7記載の発明は、請求項4記載の厨
芥処理システムにおいて、汲上手段の起動開始時点を検
出する検出手段は、粉砕手段の駆動や含水有機廃棄物,
台所排水の流通動作を検出する手段にて構成したことを
特徴とする。この発明においては、含水有機廃棄物,台
所排水の貯留量を把握する必要は全くなく、粉砕手段等
の駆動と連動させて汲上手段を起動させればよいので、
前記含水有機廃棄物,台所排水の貯留量を検出する手段
が全く不要となり、かつ、集合ますは含水有機廃棄物,
台所排水を所定量貯留する必要がないため、小形化が可
能となり経済的である。
According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, in the garbage treatment system according to the fourth aspect, the detection means for detecting the start-up start time of the pumping means is the drive of the crushing means, the water-containing organic waste,
It is characterized by being configured by means for detecting the circulation operation of kitchen wastewater. In the present invention, it is not necessary to grasp the storage amounts of water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater, and the pumping means may be activated in association with the driving of the crushing means,
The means for detecting the amount of water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater stored is completely unnecessary, and the aggregate water-containing organic waste,
Since it is not necessary to store a certain amount of kitchen drainage, it is economical because it can be downsized.
【0015】請求項8記載の発明は、請求項1記載の厨
芥処理システムにおいて、前記汲上手段は、集合ますに
収容したポンプを、エア供給手段に切換手段を介して駆
動可能に連接して構成したことを特徴とする。この発明
においては、汲上手段をエア駆動するポンプにて構成す
るようにしたので、集合ますに貯留する含水有機廃棄物
や多量の台所排水を、駆動源を内蔵した市販の高価な汲
み上げポンプを使用して汲み上げる必要がないため、汲
上手段を簡易に、かつ、故障の少ない構成での提供が可
能となる。
According to an eighth aspect of the present invention, in the garbage treatment system according to the first aspect, the pumping means is constructed by connecting the pump housed in the gathering unit to the air supply means so as to be drivable through the switching means. It is characterized by having done. In this invention, since the pumping means is configured by an air-driven pump, an expensive commercially available pump for pumping the water-containing organic waste and a large amount of kitchen wastewater stored in the aggregate is used. Since it is not necessary to pump the pumping means, it is possible to provide the pumping means easily and with a structure with few failures.
【0016】請求項9記載の発明は、請求項8記載の厨
芥処理システムにおいて、前記ポンプは、集合ますに収
容したポンプ筐体と、このポンプ筐体下部の開口部に取
付けた逆止弁と、前記ポンプにエアを供給するエア供給
管と、含水有機廃棄物や台所排水を搬送するスラリー搬
送管とを具備して構成したことを特徴とする。この発明
において、汲上手段を構成するポンプは、特別な駆動手
段を用いることなく台所排水等が充満する集合ますに設
置することができ、エア供給手段からのエア供給にて駆
動手段を有しなくても、円滑に駆動して含水有機廃棄物
を台所排水とともに汲み上げることができることはもと
より、台所排水が充満する集合ます内に設置しても駆動
部分を有しないため、故障は生じず、この結果、含水有
機廃棄物等の汲み上げ作業を迅速に、しかも、円滑・良
好に行うことができる。
According to a ninth aspect of the present invention, in the garbage treatment system according to the eighth aspect, the pump includes a pump casing housed in a lump and a check valve attached to an opening at a lower portion of the pump casing. An air supply pipe for supplying air to the pump and a slurry transfer pipe for transferring water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater are provided. In this invention, the pump constituting the pumping means can be installed in the gathering room filled with kitchen drainage etc. without using a special driving means, and the driving means is not provided by the air supply from the air supply means. However, not only can it be driven smoothly to pump up water-containing organic waste with kitchen drainage, but even if it is installed in a gathering room filled with kitchen drainage, there is no drive part, so no failure occurs and this result The pumping work of water-containing organic waste can be carried out quickly, smoothly and satisfactorily.
【0017】請求項10記載の発明は、請求項9記載の
厨芥処理システムにおいて、前記ポンプは、含水有機廃
棄物と台所排水との汲み上げに際して、集合ます内に貯
留する含水有機廃棄物等をその水頭圧により逆止弁を開
いてポンプ内に流入させ、この状態で、エア供給管内を
正圧化して、ポンプ筐体内の含水有機廃棄物と台所排水
をスラリー搬送管を介して搬送するように構成したこと
を特徴とする。この発明においては、集合ます内に所定
量貯留されている含水有機廃棄物,台所排水により生じ
る水頭圧を利用してポンプ内に前記含水有機廃棄物等を
流入させ、これをエア供給管から送出されるエアにてス
ラリー搬送管に給送することができるようにしたので、
固液分離手段には、常にポンプ内に流入する含水有機廃
棄物等の量だけ汲み上げることができるため、固液分離
手段における固形廃棄物と汚水との分離作業を円滑に行
うことができる。
According to a tenth aspect of the present invention, in the kitchen waste treatment system according to the ninth aspect, the pump collects the water-containing organic wastes and the like stored in the aggregate when the water-containing organic wastes and kitchen wastewater are pumped up. The check valve is opened by hydraulic head pressure to allow it to flow into the pump, and in this state, the air supply pipe is positively pressured so that the water-containing organic waste in the pump casing and the kitchen drainage are transferred through the slurry transfer pipe. It is characterized by being configured. In the present invention, the water-containing organic wastes stored in a predetermined amount in the aggregate, the water-containing organic wastes, etc., are made to flow into the pump by utilizing the water head pressure generated by the kitchen drainage, and are sent out from the air supply pipe. Since it is possible to feed the slurry transfer pipe with the air that is generated,
Since the solid-liquid separation means can always pump up the amount of the water-containing organic waste or the like flowing into the pump, the solid-liquid separation means can smoothly separate the solid waste and the sewage.
【0018】請求項11記載の発明は、請求項9記載の
厨芥処理システムにおいて、前記ポンプは、ポンプ内の
含水有機廃棄物や台所排水を固液分離手段に搬送した
後、エア供給管内を大気中に開放させ、集合ます内に貯
留される含水有機廃棄物,台所排水により生じる水頭圧
を利用して逆止弁を開放し、前記含水有機廃棄物等をポ
ンプ内に浸入させるように構成したことを特徴とする。
この発明においては、ポンプ内の含水有機廃棄物等を固
液分離手段に搬送した後、ポンプ内、エア供給管内を一
旦大気中に開放することにより、集合ます内において水
頭圧が生じるようにしたので、集合ます内の含水有機廃
棄物,台所排水を容易にポンプ内に浸入させることがで
きるため、ポンプは集合ます内の含水有機廃棄物等を間
欠的に固液分離手段に搬送することが可能となり、これ
により、固液分離手段において含水有機廃棄物等は、間
欠的に汲み上げた量だけ固形廃棄物と汚水とに分離すれ
ばよいので、含水有機廃棄物の汚水との分離を迅速・確
実に行うことができる。
The invention according to claim 11 is the kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 9, wherein the pump conveys the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen wastewater in the pump to the solid-liquid separation means, and thereafter, the inside of the air supply pipe is exposed to the atmosphere. The check valve is opened by using the water-containing organic waste stored in the collecting yard and the water head pressure generated by kitchen drainage, and the water-containing organic waste is introduced into the pump. It is characterized by
In this invention, after conveying water-containing organic waste in the pump to the solid-liquid separation means, the inside of the pump and the air supply pipe are once opened to the atmosphere so that the water head pressure is generated in the assembly. Therefore, since the water-containing organic waste in the collecting yard and kitchen wastewater can easily enter the pump, the pump can intermittently convey the water-containing organic waste in the collecting yard to the solid-liquid separation means. This makes it possible for the solid-liquid separation means to separate the water-containing organic waste and the like into the solid waste and the sewage by the intermittently pumped amount, so that the separation of the water-containing organic waste from the sewage can be performed quickly. It can be done reliably.
【0019】請求項12記載の発明は、請求項1記載の
厨芥処理システムにおいて、固液分離手段は、含水有機
廃棄物と台所排水とを固形廃棄物と汚水とに分離する手
段と、固形廃棄物を間欠的に移送して乾燥処理手段に移
送(排出)する手段とを備え、更に、汚水処理手段に堆
積する残渣を回収する残渣回収手段を連接して構成した
ことを特徴とする。この発明においては、汚水と分離さ
れた固形廃棄物を、乾燥処理手段に排出するまで間欠移
動させるようにしたので、固形廃棄物は乾燥処理手段に
排出されるまでの間、良好に水切りを行うことができ、
固形廃棄物は水分を少なくした状態での乾燥処理を確実
に行うことができ利便である。
According to a twelfth aspect of the present invention, in the kitchen waste treatment system according to the first aspect, the solid-liquid separation means is means for separating the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen wastewater into solid waste and sewage, and solid waste. It is characterized in that it comprises means for intermittently transferring the substance and transferring (discharging) it to the drying treatment means, and further is constituted by connecting residue collecting means for collecting the residue accumulated in the wastewater treatment means. In this invention, the solid waste separated from the sewage is intermittently moved until it is discharged to the drying treatment means. Therefore, the solid waste is drained well until being discharged to the drying treatment means. It is possible,
It is convenient that the solid waste can be surely subjected to a drying process in a state where the water content is reduced.
【0020】請求項13記載の発明は、請求項12記載
の厨芥処理システムにおいて、前記固液分離手段は、含
水有機廃棄物と台所排水とが汲み上げられたとき、残渣
回収手段にて残渣を併行回収してこれを含水有機廃棄物
上に乗載し、分離手段により固形廃棄物と汚水とに分離
するように構成したことを特徴とする。この発明におい
ては、汚水処理手段に堆積する残渣を固形廃棄物に付着
させた状態で一緒に廃棄処理するようにしたので、汚水
処理手段に残渣が堆積してこれを除去するというような
作業は全く不要となり、厨芥処理装置をほぼメンテナン
スフリーにての使用が可能となる。
According to a thirteenth aspect of the present invention, in the kitchen waste treatment system according to the twelfth aspect, the solid-liquid separation means carries out the residue by means of the residue recovery means when the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen wastewater are pumped up. It is characterized in that it is constituted such that it is collected and mounted on the water-containing organic waste and separated into solid waste and sewage by a separating means. In the present invention, since the residue accumulated on the sewage treatment means is disposed of together with the solid waste and disposed of together, the residue is accumulated on the sewage treatment means and the work for removing the residue is not performed. It becomes completely unnecessary and the garbage processing device can be used almost without maintenance.
【0021】請求項14記載の発明は、請求項1記載の
厨芥処理システムにおいて、前記乾燥処理手段は、固液
分離手段と同期させて駆動制御するように構成したこと
を特徴とする。この発明においては、固液分離手段と乾
燥処理手段とを1つの駆動源により同期させて駆動する
ことにより、汚水と分離された固形廃棄物を乾燥機に排
出した場合、前記固形廃棄物は乾燥機に取付けた攪拌羽
根により攪拌して塊が生じないように乾燥機の底面にほ
ぼ均一な厚さで保持させることができるので、固形廃棄
物の乾燥処理を円滑・良好に行うことができる。また、
乾燥処理手段は、固形廃棄物を廃棄可能に処理してこれ
を乾燥機から排出する場合、人手に頼ることなく自動排
出することが可能であるとともに、前記自動排出させた
とき、乾燥機内には廃棄する乾燥処理した廃棄物の一部
が残存しており、この残存している廃棄物は次に乾燥処
理する固形廃棄物に対する基材として利用することが可
能となり、これにより、前記残存する廃棄物を基材とし
て使用すれば、乾燥処理する固形廃棄物の表面に付着す
る水分の吸収が良好に行い得、固形廃棄物の乾燥処理を
効率的に行うことができるという利点を備えている。
According to a fourteenth aspect of the present invention, in the garbage treatment system according to the first aspect, the drying processing means is configured to drive and control in synchronization with the solid-liquid separation means. In the present invention, when the solid waste separated from the waste water is discharged to the dryer by driving the solid-liquid separation means and the drying treatment means in synchronization with one drive source, the solid waste is dried. Since the stirring blades attached to the machine can hold the bottom surface of the dryer with a substantially uniform thickness so as to prevent agglomeration due to stirring, solid waste can be dried smoothly and satisfactorily. Also,
The drying treatment means, when the solid waste is disposed of so that it can be disposed of and is discharged from the dryer, it can be automatically discharged without relying on human hands. A part of the dried waste to be discarded remains, and this remaining waste can be used as a base material for the solid waste to be dried next, whereby the remaining waste is discarded. If the material is used as a base material, the water adhering to the surface of the solid waste to be dried can be absorbed well, and the solid waste can be efficiently dried.
【0022】請求項15記載の発明は、請求項1記載の
厨芥処理システムにおいて、前記乾燥処理手段は、固液
分離手段と非同期状態で個別に駆動制御可能に構成した
ことを特徴とする。この発明においては、乾燥処理手段
の運転中は固液分離手段を駆動させないようにすること
により、固液分離手段の無駄な駆動が抑制できることは
もとより、固液分離手段に汚水と分離されて滞留してい
る固形廃棄物が、不意に乾燥処理中の乾燥機内に排出さ
れて乾燥むらが生じるという問題を確実に防ぐことがで
きるとともに、前記固形廃棄物を固液分離手段に滞留さ
せることにより水分の除去を良好に行うことができる等
の利点がある。
According to a fifteenth aspect of the present invention, in the food waste treatment system according to the first aspect, the drying processing means is configured to be individually drive-controllable in an asynchronous state with the solid-liquid separation means. In the present invention, by not driving the solid-liquid separation means during the operation of the drying treatment means, it is possible to suppress unnecessary driving of the solid-liquid separation means, and at the same time, the solid-liquid separation means is separated from sewage and accumulated. It is possible to reliably prevent the problem that the solid waste that is being discharged is unexpectedly discharged into the dryer during the drying process and uneven drying occurs, and by retaining the solid waste in the solid-liquid separation means, moisture Can be removed satisfactorily.
【0023】請求項16記載の発明は、請求項1記載の
厨芥処理システムにおいて、前記乾燥処理手段は、固形
廃棄物の乾燥処理後排出口を自動開放し、廃棄可能に処
理した廃棄物を、これを一時保管する貯留槽に自動排出
するように構成したことを特徴とする。この発明におい
ては、乾燥処理した廃棄物を人手に頼ることなく自動排
出し、かつ、排出した廃棄物を一時貯留できるようにし
たので、廃棄物の取扱は悪臭に悩まされることなく、容
易に、しかも、衛生的に行うことができる。その上、廃
棄する乾燥処理した廃棄物は、自動排出させることによ
り、その一部が乾燥機に残存して基材として利用するこ
とができるので、固形廃棄物の乾燥処理に際して使用す
る水分吸収用基材は、最初に乾燥処理を行うときだけに
準備すればよいため、固形廃棄物の乾燥処理を効率的
に、しかも、経済的に行うことができる。
According to a sixteenth aspect of the present invention, in the kitchen waste treatment system according to the first aspect, the drying processing means automatically opens the discharge port after the drying processing of the solid waste, and disposes of the waste that has been disposed of so that it can be disposed of. It is characterized in that it is automatically discharged to a storage tank for temporary storage. In the present invention, the dry-processed waste is automatically discharged without relying on human hands, and since the discharged waste can be temporarily stored, the waste is easily handled without being bothered by a bad odor. Moreover, it can be performed hygienically. In addition, the waste that has been dried and processed can be used as a base material by remaining part of it in the dryer by automatically discharging it. Since the base material only needs to be prepared when the drying process is performed for the first time, the drying process of the solid waste can be performed efficiently and economically.
【0024】請求項17記載の発明は、請求項9記載の
厨芥処理システムにおいて、前記ポンプは、集合ますの
下部に残留している含水有機廃棄物と台所排水との汲み
上げに際し、スラリー搬送管を閉鎖し、かつ、エア供給
管を介してポンプ内をエア供給手段により負圧にして前
記残存している台所排水等をポンプ内に導入するように
構成したことを特徴とする。この発明によれば、スラリ
ー搬送管を閉鎖した後、エア供給手段の外気吸入作用を
利用してポンプ内を負圧化することにより、容易に集合
ますの下部に残存している含水有機廃棄物や台所排水を
ポンプ内に導入させることができるので利便である。こ
れにより、集合ますに残存している台所排水等をほぼ汲
み上げることが可能となり、集合ます内を衛生的に保持
することができ、集合ますのメンテナンスや清掃等を容
易に軽減することができる。
According to a seventeenth aspect of the present invention, in the garbage treatment system according to the ninth aspect, the pump uses a slurry transfer pipe when pumping up the water-containing organic waste remaining in the lower part of the collecting yard and the kitchen drainage. It is characterized in that it is closed and the inside of the pump is made negative pressure by the air supply means via the air supply pipe to introduce the remaining kitchen wastewater and the like into the pump. According to this invention, after the slurry transfer pipe is closed, the inside of the pump is easily made negative pressure by utilizing the outside air suction action of the air supply means, so that the water-containing organic waste remaining in the lower part of the aggregate easily. It is convenient because the kitchen drainage can be introduced into the pump. As a result, it is possible to almost pump up the kitchen drainage and the like remaining in the gathering pit, the inside of the gathering pit can be maintained hygienically, and the maintenance and cleaning of the gathering pit can be easily reduced.
【0025】請求項18記載の発明は、請求項17記載
の厨芥処理システムにおいて、前記ポンプは、集合ます
の下部に残存する含水有機廃棄物や台所排水をポンプ内
に導入した場合、スラリー搬送管を開放し、負圧下にあ
るポンプ内を大気中に開放した後エア供給管をエア供給
手段により加圧して、ポンプ内の台所排水等をスラリー
搬送管を介して固液分離手段に汲み上げるように構成し
たことを特徴とする。この発明によれば、集合ますの下
部に残存している台所排水等をポンプ内に導入した後、
通常のポンプの駆動にてポンプ内の台所排水等を固液分
離手段に容易に搬送することができるので、集合ますの
下部に残存する含水有機廃棄物,台所排水の大部分を汲
み上げることができるため、集合ますを常に衛生的に保
持することができる。
The invention according to claim 18 is the kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 17, wherein when the water-containing organic waste remaining in the lower part of the collecting yard or kitchen wastewater is introduced into the pump, the slurry transfer pipe is provided. Open the inside of the pump under negative pressure to the atmosphere and then pressurize the air supply pipe with the air supply means so that kitchen wastewater in the pump is pumped up to the solid-liquid separation means via the slurry transfer pipe. It is characterized by being configured. According to this invention, after introducing kitchen wastewater and the like remaining at the bottom of the gathering pit into the pump,
Since the kitchen drainage in the pump can be easily transported to the solid-liquid separation means by driving a normal pump, most of the water-containing organic waste and kitchen drainage remaining at the bottom of the aggregate can be pumped up. Therefore, it is possible to keep the gathering mast always hygienic.
【0026】[0026]
【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明の実施の形態を図1
ないし図5にもとづいて説明する。ここで、図1は本発
明に係る厨芥処理装置1の全体構成を概略的に示す図で
ある。
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to FIG.
The description will be made with reference to FIG. Here, FIG. 1 is a diagram schematically showing an overall configuration of the garbage processing apparatus 1 according to the present invention.
【0027】図1において、前記厨芥処理装置1は大別
すると、厨芥(以下、含水有機廃棄物という)を微細に
粉砕するディスポーザ等の粉砕手段2と、前記粉砕され
た含水有機廃棄物を食材や食器等を洗浄した際に生じる
台所排水(以下、汚水という)とともに一旦集合ます6
に貯留した後、前記集合ます6より定量汲み上げるため
の汲上手段5と、前記汲上手段5にて汲み上げた汚水を
含む含水有機廃棄物を汚水と固形廃棄物とに分離する固
液分離手段15と、汚水と分離された固形廃棄物を減容
化して廃棄可能に処理する乾燥処理手段25と、固形廃
棄物より分離された汚水を清浄化処理するための汚水処
理手段31と、前記汲上手段5の駆動源をはじめ汚水処
理手段31を構成する各槽等にエアを必要に応じて供給
するエア供給手段41と、前記エア供給手段41から供
給されるエアを所要個所に任意に供給可能とした切換手
段45と、更に、前記各手段2,15,25,41,4
5を駆動制御する制御手段51とによって概略構成され
ている。
In FIG. 1, the garbage processing device 1 is roughly classified into crushing means 2 such as a disposer for finely crushing garbage (hereinafter referred to as hydrated organic waste), and the crushed hydrated organic waste as food materials. Gather together with kitchen drainage (hereinafter referred to as sewage) generated when washing dishes and dishes
And a solid-liquid separation means 15 for separating the water-containing organic waste containing sewage pumped by the pumping means 5 into sewage water and solid waste after being stored in A drying treatment means 25 for reducing the volume of the solid waste separated from the sewage and treating it so that it can be discarded, a sewage treatment means 31 for cleaning the sewage separated from the solid waste, and the pumping means 5 The air supply means 41 for supplying air to each tank constituting the sewage treatment means 31 including the drive source as required, and the air supplied from the air supply means 41 can be arbitrarily supplied to required places. Switching means 45, and further each of the means 2, 15, 25, 41, 4
The control means 51 for driving and controlling 5 is roughly configured.
【0028】次に、前記各手段等の詳細について説明す
る。最初に、粉砕手段2は図1に示すように、シンクを
備えた流し台3の下部に取付けたディスポーサ4と、こ
のディスポーザ4にて粉砕された野菜屑等の含水有機廃
棄物を後述する集合ます6に汚水ととも排出する排水管
4aとによって構成されている。そして、前記ディスポ
ーザ4は、通常知られているように、図示しない粉砕刃
の回転により、野菜屑や食物の残渣等を微細に粉砕し、
前記粉砕物である含水有機廃棄物を汚水とともに、これ
らを一旦貯留する集合ます6に排出するように構成され
ている。
Next, details of the above-mentioned means will be described. First, as shown in FIG. 1, the crushing means 2 collects the disposer 4 attached to the lower part of the sink 3 equipped with a sink and the water-containing organic waste such as vegetable scraps crushed by the disposer 4 as described later. 6 includes a drain pipe 4a that discharges the wastewater together with the wastewater. Then, the disposer 4 finely grinds vegetable waste, food residues, and the like by rotating a grinding blade (not shown), as is generally known,
The water-containing organic waste, which is the crushed product, is discharged together with the sewage to the aggregate 6 for temporarily storing them.
【0029】つづいて、汲上手段5について説明する。
この汲上手段5は、前述した集合ます6に貯留された含
水有機廃棄物を汚水とともに、後述する固液分離手段1
5に定量汲み上げるためのものである。この汲上手段5
は、図1に示すように、汚水を含む含水有機廃棄物を貯
留するための集合ます6内に収容設置したポンプ7(エ
アリフトポンプ)と、このポンプ7にエア(圧縮空気)
を供給するエア供給管8と、ポンプ7にて汲み上げた含
水有機廃棄物等のスラリーを固液分離手段15に搬送す
るスラリー搬送管9と、更に、集合ます6の貯留量(水
位)を検出する検出手段(図2参照)10とによって概
略構成されている。なお、前述した検出手段10は、集
合ます6内の水位が一定の高さまで上昇すると、例えば
内部のスイッチが投入されるフロートスイッチとか、一
対の電極の先端が所定の水位に達すると汚水内に没入す
ることにより、電極抵抗が減少する原理を利用して、水
位が一定の高さに達したことを検出する水位検出部材に
よって構成されている。
Next, the pumping means 5 will be described.
This pumping means 5 is a solid-liquid separation means 1 which will be described later together with the water-containing organic waste stored in the above-mentioned collecting basin 6 together with sewage.
It is for quantitative pumping to item 5. This pumping means 5
As shown in Fig. 1, the pump 7 (air lift pump) housed and installed in the aggregate 6 for storing water-containing organic waste including sewage, and air (compressed air) in this pump 7
An air supply pipe 8 for supplying water, a slurry transfer pipe 9 for transferring a slurry such as water-containing organic waste pumped up by a pump 7 to the solid-liquid separation means 15, and further, a storage amount (water level) of the aggregate 6 is detected. And a detection means (see FIG. 2) 10 for performing the operation. When the water level in the assembly 6 rises to a certain level, for example, a float switch that turns on an internal switch, or when the tips of a pair of electrodes reach a predetermined water level, the detecting means 10 is set in the dirty water. It is configured by a water level detection member that detects that the water level has reached a certain height by utilizing the principle that the electrode resistance decreases by being immersed.
【0030】そして、前記集合ます6は一般に土中に埋
設されており、また、この集合ます6に設置したポンプ
7は、例えば、図2に示すように、集合ます6の底部に
脚部11aを固定してポンプ筐体11を集合ます6の底
面近くに浮上させた状態で設置し、このポンプ筐体11
には逆止弁13を具備した導入筒12が取付けられ、集
合ます6に貯留されている汚水を含む含水有機廃棄物を
ポンプ筐体11内に導入できるように構成されている。
The collecting basin 6 is generally buried in the soil, and the pump 7 installed in the collecting lump 6 has, for example, as shown in FIG. The pump casing 11 is fixed by fixing the pump casing 11 and installed in a state of being floated up near the bottom surface of the pump casing 11.
An introducing cylinder 12 having a check valve 13 is attached to the pump casing 11 so that the water-containing organic waste containing sewage stored in the collecting box 6 can be introduced into the pump casing 11.
【0031】また、前記ポンプ筐体11の上部側には、
エア供給管8とスラリー搬送管9とが、それぞれ基部を
ポンプ筐体11内に適宜導入した状態で水密構造で並行
・立設されている。なお、図2に示すように、ポンプ筐
体11内において、エア供給管8の基部はポンプ筐体1
1天井部のやや下方位置に開口されており、逆に、スラ
リー搬送管9の基部は、前記逆止弁13に近接してポン
プ筐体11の底面近くまで延出して開口されている。こ
れは、ポンプ筐体11内へのエアの供給を円滑に行うと
ともに、含水有機廃棄物等のスラリーをできるだけ多く
回収することを目的として、スラリー搬送管9は前記エ
ア供給管8より長く設定されている。なお、エア供給管
8,スラリー搬送管9は、前記に限定することなく、ス
ラリーの搬送効率等を考慮して任意の長さに設定しても
よいことは当然である。
On the upper side of the pump casing 11,
The air supply pipe 8 and the slurry transfer pipe 9 are installed in parallel and stand up in a watertight structure with their bases properly introduced into the pump casing 11. As shown in FIG. 2, in the pump casing 11, the base of the air supply pipe 8 is the pump casing 1.
1 is opened at a position slightly lower than the ceiling portion, and conversely, the base portion of the slurry transfer pipe 9 is opened close to the check valve 13 and extends to near the bottom surface of the pump casing 11. For the purpose of smoothly supplying air into the pump casing 11 and collecting as much slurry as water-containing organic waste as much as possible, the slurry transfer pipe 9 is set longer than the air supply pipe 8. ing. The air supply pipe 8 and the slurry transfer pipe 9 are not limited to the above, and may naturally be set to any length in consideration of the slurry transfer efficiency and the like.
【0032】そして、前記ポンプ7は、集合ます6内に
含水有機廃棄物と汚水が定量貯留されると作動する。即
ち、集合ます6の水位が所定の水位に達すると、検出手
段10はこの水位を検出する。検出手段10にて集合ま
す6の水位が検出されると、制御手段51からの指令に
て切換手段45を切換駆動し、エア供給手段(ブロワ)
41からエアをエア供給管8に供給する。エア供給管8
にエアが供給されると、ポンプ7のポンプ筐体11内は
正圧化され、ポンプ筐体11内に流入している含水有機
廃棄物と汚水とを、スラリー搬送管9を介して固液分離
手段15に搬送(汲み上げ)する。
The pump 7 operates when the water-containing organic waste and wastewater are quantitatively stored in the aggregate 6. That is, when the water level of the aggregate 6 reaches a predetermined water level, the detecting means 10 detects this water level. When the detection means 10 detects the water level of the aggregate 6, the switching means 45 is switched and driven by the command from the control means 51, and the air supply means (blower).
Air is supplied from 41 to the air supply pipe 8. Air supply pipe 8
When the air is supplied to the pump casing 11, the inside of the pump casing 11 of the pump 7 is positively pressured, and the water-containing organic waste and the sewage flowing into the pump casing 11 are solid-liquid passed through the slurry conveying pipe 9. It is conveyed (pumped) to the separating means 15.
【0033】前記ポンプ7に供給されるエアの供給時間
は、ポンプ筐体11内の汚水を含む含水有機廃棄物を汲
み上げるのに要する時間にて設定されており、本例で
は、約10秒間である。これは、ポンプ筐体11内の汚
水等を汲み上げた後、不必要にポンプ7が駆動(空転)
するのを防ぐためである。
The supply time of the air supplied to the pump 7 is set to the time required to pump up the water-containing organic waste containing sewage in the pump casing 11, and in this example, it is about 10 seconds. is there. This is because the pump 7 is driven (idling) unnecessarily after pumping up the dirty water in the pump casing 11.
This is to prevent this.
【0034】前記ポンプ7は、ポンプ筐体11内の含水
有機廃棄物や汚水の固液分離手段15への汲み上げが終
了すると(エアの供給時間)、制御手段51からの指令
により切換手段45を大気開放側に切換え、エア供給管
8内を正圧状態から大気中と連通させて常圧状態に戻
す。この結果、ポンプ筐体11内も常圧化され、集合ま
す6内の汚水等は、汚水等の存在により生ずる水頭圧に
より逆止弁13が開弁し、ポンプ筐体11内に浸入す
る。
When the pump 7 has finished pumping up the water-containing organic waste and waste water into the solid-liquid separating means 15 in the pump casing 11 (air supply time), the switching means 45 is activated by a command from the control means 51. Switching to the atmosphere open side, the inside of the air supply pipe 8 is made to communicate with the atmosphere from the positive pressure state and returned to the normal pressure state. As a result, the inside of the pump casing 11 is also brought to normal pressure, and the check valve 13 opens due to the head pressure generated by the presence of the sewage or the like, so that the sewage and the like in the aggregate 6 enters the pump casing 11.
【0035】前記エア供給管8を大気中に開放する時間
は、汚水等がポンプ筐体11内に浸入してポンプ筐体1
1内を充満させるだけの時間があればよく、本例では約
5秒間である。前記汚水等のポンプ筐体11内への流入
が終ると、切換手段45は制御手段51からの指令によ
り、再びエア供給管8にエア供給手段41からエアを供
給する方向に自動切換されて、エア供給管8,ポンプ筐
体11内を正圧化し、含水有機廃棄物や汚水の汲み上げ
を再開する。このように、前記ポンプ7は、前述した動
作をあらかじめ設定された回数だけ繰り返し、集合ます
6内の含水有機廃棄物や汚水の固液分離手段15への汲
み上げ作用を間欠的に行うように構成されている。
During the time when the air supply pipe 8 is opened to the atmosphere, sewage or the like enters the pump casing 11 and the pump casing 1
It suffices if the time required to fill the inside of 1 is about 5 seconds in this example. When the inflow of the dirty water into the pump casing 11 is finished, the switching means 45 is automatically switched again in the direction to supply the air from the air supply means 41 to the air supply pipe 8 in response to the command from the control means 51. The air supply pipe 8 and the inside of the pump casing 11 are made to have a positive pressure, and pumping of water-containing organic waste and sewage is restarted. In this way, the pump 7 repeats the above-mentioned operation a preset number of times, and is configured to intermittently perform the pumping action to the solid-liquid separation means 15 of the water-containing organic waste and waste water in the collecting unit 6. Has been done.
【0036】次に固液分離手段15について説明する。
図2,4において、固液分離手段15は、汚水処理手段
31の上方に設置した上面が閉鎖されて平面形状を円形
状に形成した容器16と、前記容器16の閉鎖上面の図
示しない開口部上を被覆して形成した導入部17と、前
記導入部17を通って集合ます6から汲み上げられる含
水有機廃棄物,汚水を、汚水と固形廃棄物とに分離する
分離手段としての濾過部材18と、前記濾過部材18と
対向してその下側に設けた汚水受部19と、前記容器1
6の他方端側の下部に開口した排出口20と乾燥処理手
段25との間を気密に連通させる排出筒21と、前記容
器16内に回転可能に収容され、濾過部材18において
汚水と分離された固形廃棄物を、前記排出口20側に間
欠的に移送させる移送手段としての回転羽根22とを具
備して概略構成されている。
Next, the solid-liquid separating means 15 will be described.
2 and 4, the solid-liquid separating means 15 includes a container 16 having an upper surface installed above the sewage treatment means 31 and having a circular planar shape, and an opening (not shown) on the closed upper surface of the container 16. An introducing part 17 formed by covering the upper part, and a filtering member 18 as a separating means for separating the water-containing organic waste and the sewage pumped up from the collecting part 6 through the introducing part 17 into sewage and solid waste. The filthy water receiver 19 provided on the lower side of the container 1 so as to face the filter member 18, and the container 1
6, a discharge tube 21 that air-tightly communicates between a discharge port 20 that is open at the lower end on the other end side of 6 and the drying processing means 25, and is rotatably accommodated in the container 16 and separated from waste water by the filter member 18. The rotary blade 22 as a transfer means for intermittently transferring the solid waste to the discharge port 20 side is generally configured.
【0037】なお、前記回転羽根22は図4で示すよう
に、複数の羽根部材を具備して容器16内を複数の部屋
に区画(本例では5室)するようにして、容器16内に
回転自在に取付けられている。また、前記導入部17は
図4に示すように、回転羽根22にて複数に区画された
容器16内の1区画の室と連通するように形成されて、
汲上手段5のスラリー搬送管9と、汚水処理手段31内
に堆積する卵の殻,貝殻の微細化物等微細な固形物等、
厨芥の残渣を回収する残渣回収手段32と連接する残渣
流入管33とが連結されている。なお、図2中、34は
汚水受部19と汚水処理手段31との間に配管接続した
汚水排水管で、汚水受部19に流出した汚水を汚水処理
手段31に排水する。
As shown in FIG. 4, the rotary blade 22 is provided with a plurality of blade members so as to divide the inside of the container 16 into a plurality of chambers (five chambers in this example). It is rotatably attached. Further, as shown in FIG. 4, the introducing portion 17 is formed so as to communicate with one compartment of the container 16 divided into a plurality of parts by the rotary blades 22,
Slurry transfer pipe 9 of pumping means 5 and fine solid matter such as egg shells and fine shells accumulated in sewage treatment means 31,
A residue collecting means 32 for collecting the residue of the garbage and a residue inflow pipe 33 connected to the residue collecting means 32 are connected. In FIG. 2, reference numeral 34 denotes a wastewater drainage pipe connected between the wastewater receiving portion 19 and the wastewater treatment means 31, and drains the wastewater discharged to the wastewater receiving portion 19 to the wastewater treatment means 31.
【0038】そして、前記回転羽根22は図2,4にお
いて、例えば、複数の図示しない減速歯車からなる減速
装置23の図示しない最終歯車に装着した回転軸24に
取付けられており、また、この減速装置23には、最終
歯車の少し手前の図示しない減速歯車に、乾燥処理手段
25の乾燥機26に設けた固形廃棄物攪拌用の攪拌羽根
27を止着した回転軸28が装着されており、前記回転
羽根22と乾燥機26の攪拌羽根27は、それぞれの1
つの駆動源(電動機)29に駆動結合した前記減速装置
23の減速ギヤ比に従って回転する。本実施例において
は、固液分離手段15の回転羽根22の回転数は、乾燥
機26の攪拌羽根27より遅く設定されている。これ
は、固液分離手段15に汲み上げられた汚水を含む含水
有機廃棄物の汚水との分離(水切り)を良好に行うため
である。
2 and 4, the rotary blade 22 is attached to, for example, a rotary shaft 24 attached to a final gear (not shown) of a reduction gear 23 including a plurality of reduction gears (not shown), and the reduction gear In the device 23, a rotary shaft 28 having a stirring blade 27 for stirring solid waste provided in a dryer 26 of a drying treatment means 25 is attached to a reduction gear (not shown) just before the final gear, The rotary blade 22 and the stirring blade 27 of the dryer 26 are
It rotates according to the reduction gear ratio of the reduction device 23 drivingly connected to one drive source (electric motor) 29. In the present embodiment, the rotation speed of the rotary blade 22 of the solid-liquid separating means 15 is set to be slower than that of the stirring blade 27 of the dryer 26. This is because the separation (drainage) of the water-containing organic waste containing the wastewater pumped up to the solid-liquid separation means 15 from the wastewater is favorably performed.
【0039】次に、乾燥処理手段25について説明す
る。この乾燥処理手段25は前述したように、乾燥機2
6がその主体構成をなすもので、この乾燥機26は図2
に示すように、内部に攪拌羽根27を具備し、固液分離
手段15にて汚水と分離されて排出される固形廃棄物を
所定温度にて所定時間加熱・乾燥することにより減容化
させて、廃棄処理するようにして構成されている。
Next, the drying processing means 25 will be described. As described above, the drying processing means 25 is used for the dryer 2
6 is the main structure, and this dryer 26 is shown in FIG.
As shown in FIG. 3, the solid waste discharged from the solid-liquid separating means 15 after being agitated by the stirring blade 27 is heated and dried at a predetermined temperature for a predetermined time to reduce the volume. , Is configured to be disposed of.
【0040】そして、前記固形廃棄物を廃棄可能に処理
した廃棄物は、乾燥機26に設けた図示しない排出口を
自動開閉する開閉蓋26aを開放し、乾燥機26の下側
にセットした貯留槽30に自動廃棄され、一定時間保管
される。保管期限がきた場合、あるいは、貯留槽30が
満杯となったときは、袋詰めを行い廃棄物として廃棄処
理すればよい。
The solid waste that has been treated to be disposed of is stored in the dryer 26 by opening an opening / closing cover 26a for automatically opening and closing a discharge port (not shown), and setting the storage under the dryer 26. It is automatically discarded in the tank 30 and stored for a certain period of time. When the storage period has expired, or when the storage tank 30 is full, it may be packed into bags and disposed of as waste.
【0041】つづいて、汚水処理手段31について説明
する。図1,2において、前記汚水処理手段31は、集
合ます6から汲み上げられて前記固液分離手段15にて
含水有機廃棄物と分離された汚水を清浄化して公共の下
水道等に排水するためのもので、その構造は接触ばっ気
槽35,好気可溶化槽36,沈殿槽37とからなり、各
槽は図2に示すように、固液分離手段15から排水され
た汚水を、前記接触ばっ気槽35,沈殿槽37,好気可
溶化槽36において、それぞれ所要の浄化手段により浄
化処理して下水道等に排水するように構成されている。
Next, the sewage treatment means 31 will be described. In FIGS. 1 and 2, the sewage treatment means 31 is for cleaning the sewage pumped up from the aggregate 6 and separated from the water-containing organic waste by the solid-liquid separation means 15 and discharging it to public sewers or the like. The structure is composed of a contact aeration tank 35, an aerobic solubilization tank 36, and a precipitation tank 37. Each tank, as shown in FIG. The aeration tank 35, the precipitation tank 37, and the aerobic solubilization tank 36 are each configured to be purified by required purification means and drained to sewers or the like.
【0042】そして、前記各槽における構成を概略的に
説明すると、最初に接触ばっ気槽35には、残渣回収手
段32,散気手段35b,固液分離手段15と連接する
汚水排水管34とが配管されているとともに、好気性微
生物の付着を良好に行わせる図示しない接触部材(例え
ば、合成樹脂によりハニカム状に形成した部材)が没入
・設置されている。
The structure of each of the tanks will be briefly described. First, in the contact aeration tank 35, there are a residue recovery means 32, an air diffusion means 35b, and a wastewater drainage pipe 34 connected to the solid-liquid separation means 15. And a contact member (for example, a member formed in a honeycomb shape made of synthetic resin) (not shown) for favorably adhering aerobic microorganisms is immersed and installed.
【0043】また、前記残渣回収手段32は、この接触
ばっ気槽35の槽底に堆積する微細な固形物(例えば、
卵の殻,貝殻の微細物,砂等)である厨芥の残渣を固液
分離手段15に回収するために形成したものであり、更
に、散気手段35bは汚水中に新鮮な空気を間欠ばっ気
により供給し、好気性微生物を生育・増殖させて、固液
分離手段15から排水される汚水を1次処理水として処
理(汚水中の有機性成分を汚泥化する)するために設け
られている。更に、接触部材はこれを用いて好気性微生
物の生育・増殖をはかるようにしている。そして、前記
接触ばっ気槽35により、浄化した1次処理水は、後段
の沈殿槽37に連通管35aを通じて給送される。
Further, the residue collecting means 32 is a fine solid substance (for example, a fine solid substance deposited on the bottom of the contact aeration tank 35).
It is formed to collect the residue of kitchen waste, such as egg shells, fine shells, sand, etc.) in the solid-liquid separation means 15, and the aeration means 35b intermittently supplies fresh air to the wastewater. It is provided in order to treat the sewage discharged from the solid-liquid separation means 15 as primary treated water by supplying by air to grow and multiply aerobic microorganisms (sludge organic components in sewage). There is. Furthermore, the contact member uses this to grow and multiply aerobic microorganisms. Then, the primary treated water purified by the contact aeration tank 35 is fed to the subsequent settling tank 37 through the communication pipe 35a.
【0044】次に、接触ばっ気槽35から連通管35a
を通して1次処理水が流入する後段の沈殿槽37は、接
触ばっ気槽35において1次処理した排水を重力沈降に
より固・液分離する装置で、重力沈降によって固形分が
除かれた2次処理水は、その上澄水がオーバーフローに
より沈殿槽37外の排水管37aに排水され、最終的に
は他の生活排水と混合して下水道または合併処理浄化槽
へ放流される。一方、沈殿槽37に重力沈降した汚泥
は、前記沈殿槽37に具備した汚泥回収手段38によ
り、定期的に隣接する好気可溶化槽36に返送される。
Next, from the contact aeration tank 35 to the communication pipe 35a.
The latter settling tank 37 into which the primary treated water flows through is a device for separating the solid waste from the primary treated wastewater in the contact aeration tank 35 by gravity settling, and the secondary treatment in which the solid content is removed by gravity settling. The clear water of the water is discharged to the drain pipe 37a outside the settling tank 37 due to overflow, and finally mixed with other domestic waste water and discharged to the sewer or the combined treatment septic tank. On the other hand, the sludge gravity settled in the settling tank 37 is periodically returned to the adjacent aerobic solubilization tank 36 by the sludge collecting means 38 provided in the settling tank 37.
【0045】また、前記沈殿槽37から汚泥が返送され
る好気可溶化槽36は、槽内の水位を接触ばっ気槽3
5,沈殿槽37より高くなるように形成し、かつ、散気
手段36aを具備して間欠ばっ気を行うことにより、前
記沈殿槽37から返送された汚泥を好気的に処理して、
水と炭酸ガスとに分解して減容化させるようにした装置
で、この好気可溶化槽36により好気的処理された上澄
水は、接触ばっ気槽35との間の隔壁に穿孔した流通孔
(図示せず)を通って接触ばっ気槽35内に流入し、再
度浄化処理された後、沈殿槽37に1次処理水として排
水される。
The aerobic solubilization tank 36 to which the sludge is returned from the settling tank 37 is the aeration tank 3 for contacting the water level in the tank.
5. The sludge returned from the settling tank 37 is aerobically treated by forming it so that it is higher than the settling tank 37 and providing the air diffuser 36a for intermittent aeration.
The supernatant water aerobically treated by the aerobic solubilization tank 36 was perforated in the partition wall between the contact aeration tank 35 and the device for decomposing into water and carbon dioxide to reduce the volume. It flows into the contact aeration tank 35 through a flow hole (not shown), is purified again, and is then discharged to the settling tank 37 as primary treated water.
【0046】つづいて、エア供給手段41について説明
する。このエア供給手段41はブロワにて構成されてお
り、前記ブロワにて吸引したエアを所定の圧力により、
前述した汲上手段5,汚水処理手段31の残渣回収手段
32,汚泥回収手段38,散気手段35b,36aに供
給し、前記各手段を駆動するための駆動源として使用す
る。そして、エア供給手段41から前記各手段5,3
2,35b,36a,38にエアを供給する場合の前記
エア供給手段41の駆動制御は、事前に設定されたシー
ケンスに従って、エアの供給流路を切換える切換手段4
5によって制御される。
Next, the air supply means 41 will be described. The air supply means 41 is composed of a blower, and the air sucked by the blower is given a predetermined pressure,
The pumping means 5, the waste water treatment means 31, the residue collecting means 32, the sludge collecting means 38, and the air diffusing means 35b, 36a are supplied and used as a drive source for driving the respective means. Then, from the air supply means 41 to the respective means 5, 3
The drive control of the air supply means 41 in the case of supplying air to 2, 35b, 36a, 38 is a switching means 4 for switching the air supply flow path in accordance with a preset sequence.
Controlled by 5.
【0047】前記切換手段45は、エア供給手段41か
ら供給されるエアを、所定の部位(各手段)に順次切換
えて供給するようにしたもので、一般にエアの供給路を
事前に設定したシーケンスに従って、制御手段51から
の指令により多方向に切換えることができる切換弁が使
用されている。
The switching means 45 is adapted to sequentially switch and supply the air supplied from the air supply means 41 to a predetermined portion (each means). Generally, a sequence in which an air supply path is preset is set. Accordingly, a switching valve capable of switching in multiple directions according to a command from the control means 51 is used.
【0048】前記切換手段45は図2に示すように、一
方は送出管a1を介してエア供給手段41と連通され、
他方はエア供給管8,b1〜e1を介して前記各手段5,
32,35b,36a,38にそれぞれ連結されて構成
されている。そして、この切換手段45は、制御手段5
1にて事前に設定されたシーケンスに従って切換制御す
ることにより、エア供給手段41から供給されるエアを
効率的に所定の手段に供給することが可能となる。
As shown in FIG. 2, one of the switching means 45 is connected to the air supply means 41 through the delivery pipe a 1 ,
The other is through the air supply pipe 8, b 1 to e 1 the means 5,
32, 35b, 36a, and 38, respectively. The switching means 45 is the control means 5
By performing the switching control according to the sequence set in advance in No. 1, the air supplied from the air supply unit 41 can be efficiently supplied to the predetermined unit.
【0049】なお、前述した制御手段51は、本発明の
厨芥処理システムを効率よく、かつ、自動運転を行わせ
るシーケンスを組込んで構成したもので、前述した各手
段、即ち、汲上手段5,固液分離手段15,乾燥処理手
段25,汚水処理手段31,切換手段45の各動作シー
ケンスを事前に設定して組み込むことにより、前記各手
段を円滑・良好に駆動制御することが可能となる。
The control means 51 is constructed by incorporating the garbage processing system of the present invention with a sequence for efficiently and automatically operating, and each means described above, that is, the pumping means 5, By presetting and incorporating the respective operation sequences of the solid-liquid separation means 15, the drying treatment means 25, the sewage treatment means 31, and the switching means 45, it becomes possible to smoothly and satisfactorily drive and control the respective means.
【0050】次に、本発明の厨芥処理システムの動作に
ついて説明する。最初に、使用者は図1に示す表示部5
2の表示にて粉砕手段(ディスポーザ)2が使用できる
か(例えば、故障表示等の有・無)確認を行ってから、
野菜屑とか残飯等の含水有機廃棄物を粉砕手段2に投入
し、図示しないスイッチの操作により粉砕手段2を駆動
する。これにより、粉砕手段2は駆動し、野菜屑等の含
水有機廃棄物を微細に粉砕し、水道水または汚水(台所
排水)とともに排水管4aを通って集合ます6に排出さ
れる。
Next, the operation of the garbage processing system of the present invention will be described. First, the user uses the display unit 5 shown in FIG.
After confirming whether the crushing means (disposer) 2 can be used with the display of 2 (for example, presence / absence of failure display etc.),
Water-containing organic waste such as vegetable waste or leftover food is put into the crushing means 2, and the crushing means 2 is driven by operating a switch (not shown). As a result, the crushing means 2 is driven to finely crush the water-containing organic waste such as vegetable waste, and the water-containing organic waste is discharged together with tap water or sewage (kitchen drainage) through the drainage pipe 4a to be collected 6.
【0051】粉砕手段2による粉砕作業が終了したら、
粉砕手段2のスイッチを遮断する。一方、集合ます6に
おいては、粉砕手段2により処理した含水有機廃棄物や
汚水の貯留量が一定量に達した場合、即ち、集合ます6
に設置した水位検出用のフロートスイッチ等からなる検
出手段10により、集合ます6の水位が所定水位に達し
たことが検出されると、制御手段51からの指令により
切換手段45をエア供給管8の供給路を開く方向に切換
え、エア供給手段41からエアを供給して、ポンプ7を
起動する。(図5の7参照)。
When the crushing operation by the crushing means 2 is completed,
The crushing means 2 is turned off. On the other hand, in the gathering assembly 6, when the storage amount of the water-containing organic waste and sewage treated by the crushing means 2 reaches a certain amount, that is, the gathering assembly 6
When it is detected that the water level of the assembly 6 has reached a predetermined water level by the detection means 10 including a water level detection float switch or the like installed in the, the switching means 45 is instructed by the control means 51. The supply path is switched to the opening direction, air is supplied from the air supply means 41, and the pump 7 is started. (See 7 in FIG. 5).
【0052】なお、前記検出手段10が集合ます6の水
位を検出すると、切換手段45は、制御手段51からの
指令にてポンプ7にエア供給手段41よりエアが供給で
きるように自動切換を行う関係上、散気手段35b,3
6aに対するエアの供給は中断され、接触ばっ気槽3
5、好気可溶化槽36のばっ気処理を一時中止する。
When the detecting means 10 detects the water level of the aggregate 6, the switching means 45 automatically switches so that the air can be supplied from the air supply means 41 to the pump 7 in response to a command from the control means 51. Due to the relation, the aeration means 35b, 3
The supply of air to 6a is interrupted, and the contact aeration tank 3
5. Temporarily suspend the aeration process of the aerobic solubilization tank 36.
【0053】前記切換手段45の切換操作によってエア
供給管8にエア供給手段41から一定圧力のエアが供給
されると、ポンプ筐体11は供給されるエアによって圧
力が上昇(正圧)し、ポンプ筐体11内の含水有機廃棄
物を汚水とともに、スラリー搬送管9を介して固液分離
手段15に搬送(汲み上げる)する。前記切換手段45
にてエア供給管8に事前に設定した所定時間(約10秒
間)エアを供給すると、切換手段45はエア供給管8へ
の供給を一旦中止する。(図5の7,45参照)。
When a constant pressure of air is supplied from the air supply means 41 to the air supply pipe 8 by the switching operation of the switching means 45, the pressure of the pump casing 11 is increased (positive pressure) by the supplied air, The water-containing organic waste in the pump casing 11 is transported (pumped up) to the solid-liquid separation means 15 through the slurry transport pipe 9 together with the dirty water. The switching means 45
When the air is supplied to the air supply pipe 8 for a predetermined time (about 10 seconds), the switching unit 45 temporarily stops the supply to the air supply pipe 8. (See 7, 45 in FIG. 5).
【0054】即ち、切換手段45は制御手段51から指
令により切換駆動し、エアをエア供給管e1に供給して
残渣回収手段32を作動させる。前記残渣回収手段32
が作動すると、図2に示すように、接触ばっ気槽35の
槽底に堆積している微細な固形物である泥状の残渣を、
残渣流入管33を介して固液分離手段15に、既に搬送
されている含水有機廃棄物の上に乗載(回収)する。前
記残渣の回収を所定の設定時間(約10秒間)実行した
ら、再び切換手段45を切換操作(制御手段51の指令
による)し、エアをエア供給管8に供給してポンプ7を
再駆動し、含水有機廃棄物を集合ます6から固液分離手
段15に搬送(汲み上げる)する。
That is, the switching means 45 is switched and driven by a command from the control means 51 to supply air to the air supply pipe e 1 to operate the residue collecting means 32. The residue collecting means 32
When activated, as shown in FIG. 2, the mud-like residue, which is a fine solid matter, deposited on the bottom of the contact aeration tank 35,
It is mounted (collected) on the water-containing organic waste already conveyed to the solid-liquid separation means 15 via the residue inflow pipe 33. After the collection of the residue has been performed for a predetermined set time (about 10 seconds), the switching means 45 is switched again (in accordance with a command from the control means 51) to supply air to the air supply pipe 8 to re-drive the pump 7. The water-containing organic waste is conveyed (pumped) from the collecting unit 6 to the solid-liquid separation unit 15.
【0055】前記ポンプ7の再駆動に際し、ポンプ筐体
11内はポンプ7がその作動を休止している間に含水有
機廃棄物や汚水が、集合ます6内に貯留されている汚水
等により生じる水頭圧により、空洞化している前記ポン
プ筐体11内に逆止弁13を開放して浸入しているた
め、前記ポンプ7の再駆動時、直ちに汚水を含む含水有
機廃棄物の汲み上げを行うことができる。
At the time of re-driving the pump 7, water-containing organic wastes and sewage are generated in the pump housing 11 by the sewage stored in the aggregate 6 while the pump 7 is not operating. Since the check valve 13 is opened and penetrated into the hollowed pump casing 11 by the water head pressure, when the pump 7 is restarted, the water-containing organic waste containing sewage should be immediately pumped up. You can
【0056】このように、ポンプ7と残渣回収手段32
を所定回数交互に駆動させて、集合ます6の含水有機廃
棄物と接触ばっ気槽35内の残渣の汲み上げを固液分離
手段15に行う。そして、接触ばっ気槽35から回収し
た残渣は、その都度既に汲み上げられている含水有機廃
棄物のベット層の上に乗載し、含水有機廃棄物と一緒に
濾過部材18にて汚水との分離を行う。前記ポンプ7と
残渣回収手段32との作動を所定回数実行したら、残渣
回収手段32の作動を停止し、残渣の回収を中止する
(図5の32参照)。
Thus, the pump 7 and the residue collecting means 32
Are alternately driven a predetermined number of times to pump up the water-containing organic waste in the collecting unit 6 and the residue in the contact aeration tank 35 to the solid-liquid separation unit 15. Then, the residue collected from the contact aeration tank 35 is mounted on the bed layer of the water-containing organic waste that has already been pumped up in each case, and is separated together with the water-containing organic waste by the filtering member 18 from the waste water. I do. When the operation of the pump 7 and the residue collecting means 32 is executed a predetermined number of times, the operation of the residue collecting means 32 is stopped and the collection of the residue is stopped (see 32 in FIG. 5).
【0057】前記残渣回収の中止後の集合ます6内の水
位が汲み上げ可能な水位であれば、検出手段10はオン
状態を維持し、ポンプ7の駆動を続行すべく、切換手段
45をポンプ7を作動させる位置に制御手段51からの
指令にて切換え、ポンプ動作を継続し、含水有機廃棄物
や汚水の汲み上げを継続する。
If the water level in the gathering room 6 after the collection of the residue is the pumpable water level, the detecting means 10 maintains the ON state and the switching means 45 is operated by the pump 7 to continue the drive of the pump 7. Is switched to a position to be operated by a command from the control means 51, the pump operation is continued, and pumping of water-containing organic waste and dirty water is continued.
【0058】そして、前記ポンプ7は、図5のタイムチ
ャート図で示すように、残渣回収手段32との交互運転
を中止したあと、自体の運転を所定の設定時間行うと、
切換手段45は制御手段51からの指令にて図示しない
大気開放口側に切換えて、ポンプ7内の残圧を大気中放
出(約5秒間)し、集合ます6内に生じている水頭圧に
より、汚水を含む含水有機廃棄物をポンプ筐体11内に
流入させ次の汲み上げに備える。ポンプ7の残圧放出時
間が終了すると、再び切換手段45はエアの供給路をエ
ア供給管8側に切換えポンプ7を作動させ、含水有機廃
棄物や汚水の汲み上げを実行する。
Then, as shown in the time chart of FIG. 5, the pump 7 performs its own operation for a predetermined set time after stopping the alternate operation with the residue collecting means 32.
The switching means 45 switches to the atmosphere opening port side (not shown) in response to a command from the control means 51, releases the residual pressure in the pump 7 to the atmosphere (for about 5 seconds), and by the head pressure generated in the assembly 6. In order to prepare for the next pumping, the water-containing organic waste containing sewage is caused to flow into the pump casing 11. When the residual pressure release time of the pump 7 is finished, the switching means 45 switches the air supply path to the air supply pipe 8 side again and operates the pump 7 to pump up the water-containing organic waste and wastewater.
【0059】このように、ポンプ7を間欠的に所定時間
作動させることにより、集合ます6に貯留される含水有
機廃棄物,汚水の固液分離手段15への汲み上げを行
う。そして、検出手段10により含水有機廃棄物等の汲
み上げが不可と判断された場合(含水有機廃棄物,汚水
が汲み出し可能量貯留されていない場合)、検出手段1
0はオフしてポンプ7を制御手段51からの指令にて作
動を停止させる。即ち、汲上手段5の運転を一旦停止さ
せ、次の作業に移行する。
In this way, the pump 7 is intermittently operated for a predetermined time to pump up the water-containing organic waste and waste water stored in the aggregate 6 to the solid-liquid separating means 15. When the detection means 10 determines that the water-containing organic waste or the like cannot be pumped up (when the water-containing organic waste or the sewage is not stored in the pumpable amount), the detection means 1
0 turns off and the operation of the pump 7 is stopped by a command from the control means 51. That is, the operation of the pumping means 5 is temporarily stopped, and the operation proceeds to the next work.
【0060】なお、汲上手段5が例えば、事前に設定し
た汲上回数を超えて動作を継続している場合、制御手段
51は、厨芥処理装置1に異常が発生したと判断し、こ
の状態を図示しない報知手段にて表示部52に報知する
ことにより、使用者に厨芥処理装置1に異常が発生した
ことを知らせるとともに、厨芥処理装置1の運転を即時
に停止し、異常停止の原因を解明する。前記異常原因が
解明すればその時点で次の作業工程に移行する。そし
て、汲上手段5の作業が終了すると、切換手段45は制
御手段51からの指令により、エア供給手段41からの
エアの供給を散気手段35b,36a側に切換え、接触
ばっ気槽35,好気可溶化槽36のばっ気処理を再開す
る。
When the pumping means 5 continues to operate, for example, more than the preset number of times of pumping, the control means 51 determines that an abnormality has occurred in the garbage processing device 1, and this state is shown in the figure. By notifying the display unit 52 by the notifying means, the user is notified that an abnormality has occurred in the garbage processing device 1 and the operation of the garbage processing device 1 is immediately stopped to elucidate the cause of the abnormal stop. . When the cause of the abnormality is clarified, the next work process is started at that point. Then, when the work of the pumping means 5 is completed, the switching means 45 switches the supply of air from the air supply means 41 to the aeration means 35b, 36a side in response to a command from the control means 51, and the contact aeration tank 35, The aeration process of the air solubilization tank 36 is restarted.
【0061】次に、前記汲上手段5にて汲み上げた含水
有機廃棄物と汚水との固・液分離作業について説明す
る。この固・液分離作業は、図5のタイムチャート図に
示すように、汲上手段5を実行している間に行われる。
これは、汲上手段5により汲み上げた含水有機廃棄物,
汚水を、一刻も早く廃棄可能に処理するためのものであ
り、本発明では図5のタイムチャート図に示すように、
例えば、汚水処理手段31より残渣を回収した時点で、
固液分離手段15を作動すべく制御手段51にはそのシ
ーケンスが組込まれている。
Next, the solid / liquid separation work of the water-containing organic waste pumped up by the pumping means 5 and the sewage will be described. This solid / liquid separation operation is performed while the pumping means 5 is being executed, as shown in the time chart of FIG.
This is a water-containing organic waste pumped up by the pumping means 5,
This is for treating wastewater so that it can be discarded as soon as possible, and in the present invention, as shown in the time chart of FIG.
For example, when the residue is collected from the sewage treatment means 31,
The sequence is incorporated in the control means 51 to operate the solid-liquid separation means 15.
【0062】そして、前記固液分離手段15に回収され
た含水有機廃棄物と残渣は、容器16内の1区画におい
て濾過部材18を介して汚水と固形廃棄物とに分離さ
れ、汚水は濾過部材18の下側に配置した汚水受部1
9、汚水排水管34を経て汚水処理手段31の接触ばっ
気槽35に排水される。
The water-containing organic waste and the residue collected by the solid-liquid separation means 15 are separated into sewage and solid waste through the filter member 18 in one section of the container 16, and the sewage is filtered by the filter member. Sewage receiving part 1 arranged below 18
9. The water is discharged to the contact aeration tank 35 of the wastewater treatment means 31 through the wastewater drainage pipe 34.
【0063】一方、汚水と分離された固形廃棄物(濾過
部材18にて水切りを行った含水有機廃棄物,残渣を指
す)においては、図5に示すように、ポンプ7にて含水
有機廃棄物等の汲み上げを行う時点に、制御手段51か
らの指令により駆動する駆動源(電動機)29にて、回
転羽根22を容器16内において1区画分づつ回動させ
ることにより、次に汲み上げる含水有機廃棄物等と重複
することがないように、容器16内を間欠的に排出口2
0側に向けて移送させる。
On the other hand, in the solid waste separated from the sewage (the water-containing organic waste that has been drained by the filtering member 18 and the residue), as shown in FIG. At the time of pumping, etc., the drive source (electric motor) 29 driven by a command from the control means 51 rotates the rotary blades 22 in the container 16 by one partition at a time, so that the next water-containing organic waste is pumped up. The discharge port 2 is intermittently provided in the container 16 so as not to overlap with other objects.
Transfer to 0 side.
【0064】前記のように、固液分離手段15に汲上手
段5によって集合ます6から含水有機廃棄物と汚水とが
汲み上げられる都度、前記回転羽根22を1区画分づつ
回動し、容器16内に汲み上げられた含水有機廃棄物,
残渣を汚水との分離(水切り)を行いつつ、排出口20
側に移送し、容器16内の排出筒21から次工程の乾燥
処理手段25を構成する乾燥機26内に順次排出(落
下)する。
As described above, each time the water-containing organic waste and the sewage are pumped up from the solid-liquid separation means 15 by the pumping means 5, the rotary blades 22 are rotated by one division, and the inside of the container 16 is rotated. Water-containing organic waste pumped up to
While separating the residue from sewage (draining), the discharge port 20
And is discharged (dropped) sequentially from the discharge cylinder 21 in the container 16 into the dryer 26 that constitutes the drying processing means 25 in the next step.
【0065】このように、固液分離手段15において
は、集合ます6や汚水処理手段31から汲み上げた含水
有機廃棄物や汚水,残渣を一定時間容器16内に滞留さ
せ、水切りを十分に行ってから乾燥処理手段25に排出
するように構成したので、固形廃棄物は水分をある程度
除去した状態で乾燥処理を行うことができる。
As described above, in the solid-liquid separating means 15, the water-containing organic wastes, sewage, and residues pumped up from the collecting unit 6 and the sewage treatment means 31 are retained in the container 16 for a certain period of time to sufficiently drain them. Since the solid waste is discharged to the drying processing means 25, the solid waste can be dried while the moisture is removed to some extent.
【0066】しかも、固液分離手段15の回転羽根22
と乾燥機26に設けた攪拌羽根27は、ともに減速装置
23を介して同一駆動源(電動機)29により駆動され
ているので、固液分離手段15から乾燥処理手段25に
排出された固形廃棄物は、前記固液分離手段15の駆動
中においても、乾燥処理手段25にて攪拌羽根27によ
り攪拌することができるため、固形廃棄物が乾燥前に乾
燥機26内の一ケ所に堆積したりすることなく、乾燥機
26内に均一な厚さの状態で滞留させることができるの
で、乾燥処理時における脱水処理を迅速・容易に行うこ
とができる。
Moreover, the rotary blade 22 of the solid-liquid separating means 15
Since the stirring blades 27 provided in the dryer and the dryer 26 are both driven by the same drive source (electric motor) 29 via the speed reducer 23, the solid waste discharged from the solid-liquid separation means 15 to the drying processing means 25. Can be agitated by the agitation blade 27 in the drying treatment means 25 even while the solid-liquid separation means 15 is being driven, so that solid waste may be deposited in one place in the dryer 26 before drying. Since it can be made to stay in the dryer 26 in a state of a uniform thickness, the dehydration treatment at the time of the drying treatment can be performed quickly and easily.
【0067】前記のように、固形廃棄物と残渣とが乾燥
機26に排出されると、乾燥機26に設けた図示しない
加熱手段(例えば、ヒータ等)及び乾燥機26内の空気
(臭気)を排出するための排気ファンが制御手段51か
らの指令にて起動を開始する。なお、前記加熱手段や排
気ファンの起動は、例えば、固液分離手段15の水切り
作業時間を予め制御手段51に設定しておき、水切り終
了後直ちに前記乾燥機26の加熱手段や排気ファンに、
制御手段51からの指令にて通電を行って起動するか、
あるいは、制御手段51にタイマをセットし、所定の時
刻に達したら乾燥処理手段25を駆動するようにしても
よい(図5の27、加熱手段、排気ファン参照)。
As described above, when the solid waste and the residue are discharged to the dryer 26, heating means (for example, a heater or the like) (not shown) provided in the dryer 26 and air (odor) in the dryer 26. The exhaust fan for discharging the gas starts to be activated by a command from the control means 51. The activation of the heating means and the exhaust fan is performed by, for example, setting the water draining operation time of the solid-liquid separation means 15 in the control means 51 in advance, and immediately after the draining is completed, the heating means and the exhaust fan of the dryer 26 are
Whether to start by energizing according to a command from the control means 51,
Alternatively, a timer may be set in the control means 51 and the drying processing means 25 may be driven when a predetermined time is reached (see 27, heating means, exhaust fan in FIG. 5).
【0068】乾燥処理は1回に処理する固形廃棄物の処
理量(重量)と、その乾燥度合の状況を事前に把握して
おいて設定する。本例の場合は、事前に把握しておいた
時間で処理を行うもので、例えば、5時間で乾燥処理が
終了できるとすれば、5時間で処理できる重量だけ乾燥
機26に固形廃棄物を投入して行うことになる。
For the drying treatment, the treatment amount (weight) of the solid waste to be treated at one time and the condition of the drying degree are grasped in advance and set. In the case of this example, the treatment is carried out for the time that has been grasped in advance. For example, if the drying treatment can be completed in 5 hours, the solid waste is put in the dryer 26 by a weight that can be treated in 5 hours. It will be thrown in and done.
【0069】前記のように、固形廃棄物の乾燥処理は、
攪拌羽根27を回転させ、かつ、加熱手段にて乾燥機2
6内を設定温度に維持して固形廃棄物の乾燥処理を行う
もので、攪拌羽根27の回転速度は固形廃棄物の含水度
合、あるいは、時間の経過とともに適宜可変する等して
固形廃棄物の乾燥処理を効率的に行う。
As described above, the drying process of solid waste is
The drier 2 is rotated by rotating the stirring blade 27 and by heating means.
The solid waste is dried by maintaining the inside of 6 at a set temperature, and the rotation speed of the stirring blade 27 is changed by changing the water content of the solid waste, or with the passage of time. Perform the drying process efficiently.
【0070】また、乾燥処理中に発生する水分は気化し
て水蒸気となり、図示しない排気ファンにより乾燥機2
6外に排気管39の途中に設けた脱臭部材(例えば、活
性炭等の脱臭部材)39aに送られ、水蒸気中に含まれ
る臭気を除去する。臭気を除去した水蒸気は、例えば、
本例の場合、そのまま汚水処理手段31内に排出する。
前記汚水処理手段31を収容した厨芥処理装置1は、外
部とはある程度の気密性を維持して形成されているの
で、臭気を除去した水蒸気がそのまま外部に直接排出さ
れることはない。
Further, the water generated during the drying process is vaporized into water vapor, and the drier 2 is driven by an exhaust fan (not shown).
The odor contained in the water vapor is removed by being sent to a deodorizing member (for example, a deodorizing member such as activated carbon) 39a provided on the outside of the exhaust pipe 39. The steam from which odor has been removed is, for example,
In the case of this example, the waste water is directly discharged into the wastewater treatment means 31.
Since the garbage treatment device 1 accommodating the sewage treatment means 31 is formed to maintain a certain degree of airtightness with the outside, the steam from which odor has been removed is not directly discharged to the outside.
【0071】固形廃棄物の乾燥処理が終了したら、図示
しない排出口を閉鎖している開閉蓋26aを制御装置5
1からの指令により駆動して排出口を開放する。前記排
出口を開放したら、例えば、攪拌羽根27を回転し、乾
燥処理(減容化)した廃棄可能な固形物を排出口から乾
燥機26の下側に設置した貯留槽30に自動排出する。
貯留槽30に排出した廃棄物は、貯留槽30が廃棄物で
一杯になった時点で廃棄処分する。排出作業が終了した
ら排出口を自動閉鎖し、固形廃棄物の乾燥処理作業を終
える(図5の27,26a参照)。
After the drying process of the solid waste is completed, the controller 5 is provided with the opening / closing lid 26a closing the discharge port (not shown).
It is driven by the command from 1 to open the discharge port. After the discharge port is opened, for example, the stirring blade 27 is rotated to automatically discharge the dried (volume-reduced) solid waste that can be disposed into the storage tank 30 installed below the dryer 26.
The waste discharged to the storage tank 30 is discarded when the storage tank 30 is filled with the waste. When the discharge work is completed, the discharge port is automatically closed, and the solid waste drying process work is completed (see 27 and 26a in FIG. 5).
【0072】なお、乾燥機26から乾燥処理した廃棄物
を自動排出する際,乾燥機26の側面に排出口を形成す
ることにより、前記乾燥処理した廃棄物は、乾燥機26
から全部排出されることなく、一部は乾燥機26内に残
存することになる。この残存する減容化された廃棄物は
乾燥処理されているため、次回に処理する固形廃棄物の
基材として利用することが可能となる。この結果、本発
明の厨芥処理装置1においては、固形廃棄物を最初に乾
燥処理するときだけ新規に基材(水分吸収材)を用意す
ればよく、次回以降は乾燥処理した廃棄物を基材代りに
利用できるので、基材を準備する手間を著しく低減する
ことが可能となる。
When the dried waste material is automatically discharged from the dryer 26, a discharge port is formed on the side surface of the dryer 26 so that the dried waste material is removed from the dryer 26.
A part of the gas remains in the dryer 26 without being completely discharged from the dryer. Since the remaining volume-reduced waste is dried, it can be used as a base material for the solid waste to be processed next time. As a result, in the garbage treatment device 1 of the present invention, a new base material (moisture absorbing material) may be prepared only when the solid waste is first dried, and from the next time onward, the dried waste is used as the base material. Since it can be used instead, it is possible to significantly reduce the labor for preparing the substrate.
【0073】次に、固液分離手段15により含水有機廃
棄物や汚水,残渣から分離した汚水の処理について説明
する。前記分離された汚水は、汚水排水管34を通って
汚水処理手段31の接触ばっ気槽35に排出される。こ
の接触ばっ気槽35は連通管35aを介して沈殿槽37
と連通しており、汚水の一部は沈殿槽37にも流入す
る。
Next, the treatment of water-containing organic waste, sewage, and sewage separated from the residue by the solid-liquid separation means 15 will be described. The separated sewage is discharged to the contact aeration tank 35 of the sewage treatment means 31 through the sewage drainage pipe 34. The contact aeration tank 35 is a settling tank 37 via a communication pipe 35a.
And a part of the wastewater also flows into the settling tank 37.
【0074】そして、接触ばっ気槽35に排出された汚
水は、接触ばっ気槽35に設けた図示しない接触部材に
付着している好気性微生物による好気性分解にて清浄化
され、順次沈殿槽37に連通管35aを通って排出され
る。また、沈殿槽37においては、汚水中に含まれてい
る微細な固形物は沈降し、槽底に汚泥として堆積され
る。なお、沈殿槽37に堆積した汚泥は、汚泥回収手段
38にて好気可溶化槽36に移送される。
Then, the sewage discharged to the contact aeration tank 35 is cleaned by aerobic decomposition by aerobic microorganisms adhering to a contact member (not shown) provided in the contact aeration tank 35, and is sequentially settled. It is discharged to 37 through the communication pipe 35a. In the settling tank 37, fine solids contained in the wastewater settle and are deposited on the bottom of the tank as sludge. The sludge accumulated in the settling tank 37 is transferred to the aerobic solubilization tank 36 by the sludge collecting means 38.
【0075】前記汚泥回収手段38により沈殿槽37の
汚泥を好気可溶化槽36に移送するのは、沈殿槽37に
堆積する汚泥の減容化をはかることにより、接触ばっ気
槽35により処理された1次処理水の沈殿槽37におけ
る重力沈降処理の円滑化をはかるために行うもので、即
ち、汚泥の堆積減少化をはかるために行う。実行に当っ
ては、切換手段45を制御手段51の指令により切換え
て、エア供給管c1にエア供給手段41からエアを供給
し、汚泥回収手段38の作動により沈殿槽37内の汚泥
を好気可溶化槽36に移送する。汚泥の回収後は切換手
段45をエア供給管b1,d1側に切換え、散気手段35
b,36aを作動させ、好気可溶化槽36に移送した汚
泥を好気的処理(生物分解・可溶化)して減容化する。
The sludge in the settling tank 37 is transferred to the aerobic solubilization tank 36 by the sludge collection means 38 by treating the sludge accumulated in the settling tank 37 by the contact aeration tank 35. This is performed in order to facilitate the gravity settling process in the settling tank 37 of the treated primary treated water, that is, in order to reduce the accumulation of sludge. In execution, the switching means 45 is switched by a command of the control means 51, air is supplied from the air supply means 41 to the air supply pipe c 1 , and the sludge in the sedimentation tank 37 is favored by the operation of the sludge collection means 38. Transfer to the air solubilization tank 36. After the sludge is collected, the switching means 45 is switched to the side of the air supply pipes b 1 and d 1 , and the aeration means 35
b and 36a are activated, and the sludge transferred to the aerobic solubilization tank 36 is aerobically treated (biodegradation / solubilization) to reduce the volume.
【0076】前記好気可溶化槽36と接触ばっ気槽35
は、汲上手段5,残渣回収手段32,汚泥回収手段38
が作動しない限り、切換手段45によって常に散気手段
35b,36aが作動するように構成されているので、
散気手段35b,36aの作動により常にエア供給手段
41から供給される新鮮な外気が供給され、前記回収し
た汚泥を生物分解,可溶化処理する。即ち、好気的処理
にて汚泥を減容化する。一方、沈殿槽37にて2次処理
された処理水は、その上澄水を順次沈殿槽37の槽外に
配管した排水管37aより下水道等に放流される。
Contact aeration tank 35 with aerobic solubilization tank 36
Is a pumping means 5, a residue collecting means 32, and a sludge collecting means 38.
Since the air diffusing means 35b and 36a are always operated by the switching means 45 unless
By the operation of the air diffusers 35b and 36a, fresh fresh air supplied from the air supply means 41 is constantly supplied, and the sludge thus recovered is biodegraded and solubilized. That is, the volume of sludge is reduced by aerobic treatment. On the other hand, the treated water subjected to the secondary treatment in the settling tank 37 is discharged to the sewer or the like through a drainage pipe 37a which is a pipe of the supernatant water sequentially outside the settling tank 37.
【0077】次に、本発明の汲上手段5の他の実施例を
図6により説明する。図1,2にて説明した汲上手段5
は、含水有機廃棄物と汚水とが集合ます6に所定量貯留
された場合に汲み上げる例について説明したもので、こ
の場合は、ポンプ7のポンプ筐体11内に進入している
スラリー搬送管9の下端開口部が、汚水中に没入してい
る間は汚水等の汲み上げが可能である反面、汚水の水面
がスラリー搬送管9から離れた場合は汲み上げることが
できない。
Next, another embodiment of the scooping means 5 of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. Pumping means 5 described in FIGS.
Describes an example of pumping up when a predetermined amount of water-containing organic waste and sewage are collected in the aggregate 6, and in this case, the slurry transfer pipe 9 entering the pump casing 11 of the pump 7 While the lower end opening of the sewage can pump up sewage and the like while it is immersed in the sewage, it cannot be pumped up when the water surface of the sewage is separated from the slurry transport pipe 9.
【0078】しかし、図6に示すように、集合ます6に
はその底部に水位イで示すように、含水有機廃棄物と汚
水とが残存しているが、前記スラリー搬送管9の下端開
口部は空気中において開口しているため、集合ます6の
底部に残っている汚水等を汲み上げることはできない。
However, as shown in FIG. 6, although water-containing organic waste and sewage still remain at the bottom of the aggregate 6 as shown by the water level a, the lower end opening of the slurry transfer pipe 9 Since it is open in the air, it is not possible to pump up the sewage and the like remaining at the bottom of the aggregate 6.
【0079】このため、集合ます6の底部に滞留してい
る汚水等をポンプ7のポンプ筐体11内に流入させるこ
とができれば、残存する汚水等の量を減少させることが
可能となる。このため、例えば、図6に示すように、基
端がポンプ7のポンプ筐体11内に進入しているエア供
給管8,スラリー搬送管9の途中に、エアの流れを切換
える弁体を取付ける。即ち、エア供給管8は図6におい
て、ポンプ筐体11から突出する部位を2叉状に形成し
て、その一方をエア供給手段41の吸引側に、他方はエ
ア供給手段41の出力側にそれぞれ所要の切換弁を介し
て接続する。
Therefore, if the sewage and the like accumulated at the bottom of the gathering 6 can be made to flow into the pump casing 11 of the pump 7, the amount of the sewage and the like remaining can be reduced. Therefore, for example, as shown in FIG. 6, a valve body for switching the flow of air is attached in the middle of the air supply pipe 8 and the slurry transfer pipe 9 whose base ends enter the pump casing 11 of the pump 7. . That is, in FIG. 6, the air supply pipe 8 is formed with a two-pronged portion projecting from the pump casing 11, one of which is on the suction side of the air supply means 41 and the other is on the output side of the air supply means 41. Each is connected via the required switching valve.
【0080】例えば、エア供給管8の2叉に分岐した分
岐部に、流入口A,Bと流出口Cを備えた三方弁56を
取付け、エア供給管8のエア供給手段41の吸引側に接
続する部位には同じく流入口A,Bと流出口Cを備えた
三方弁57を設け、更に、エア供給管8の三方弁56と
エア供給手段41の排出側との間に切換手段45(第1
実施例と同等のもの)を配管接続し、更に、スラリー搬
送管9側には配管途中に流通口Aを備えた二方弁58を
設ける。
For example, a three-way valve 56 having inflow ports A and B and an outflow port C is attached to a bifurcated branch portion of the air supply pipe 8, and the suction side of the air supply means 41 of the air supply pipe 8 is attached. A three-way valve 57, which is also provided with inflow ports A and B and an outflow port C, is provided at the connecting portion, and a switching means 45 (is provided between the three-way valve 56 of the air supply pipe 8 and the discharge side of the air supply means 41. First
(Equivalent to that of the embodiment) is connected by a pipe, and a two-way valve 58 having a flow port A is provided on the slurry transfer pipe 9 side in the middle of the pipe.
【0081】そして、集合ます6の水位がイで示す場合
(この水位では検出手段10は当然作動しない)におい
て、含水有機廃棄物,汚水を汲み上げるときは、最初に
エア供給管8に設けた三方弁56の流出口Cを閉じ、流
入口A,Bを開く、つづいて、三方弁57は流入口A,
Bは開,流出口Cは閉。また、スラリー搬送管9に設け
た二方弁の流通口Aを閉じる。この後、切換手段45の
図示しない大気開放側を開放してエア供給手段41を駆
動する。以上の作業はすべて制御手段51にて事前に設
定したシーケンス動作により実行される。
When the water level of the aggregate 6 is indicated by (a) (the detection means 10 does not operate naturally at this water level), when pumping up the water-containing organic waste and the sewage, the three sides provided in the air supply pipe 8 are first provided. The outlet C of the valve 56 is closed and the inlets A and B are opened. Subsequently, the three-way valve 57 is connected to the inlet A and B.
B is open and outlet C is closed. Further, the flow port A of the two-way valve provided in the slurry transfer pipe 9 is closed. After that, the air opening side (not shown) of the switching means 45 is opened to drive the air supply means 41. All the above work is executed by the sequence operation preset by the control means 51.
【0082】前記エア供給手段41を起動すると、ポン
プ7のポンプ筐体11内のエアは、エア供給手段41の
吸引作用によりエア供給管8を通して吸引され、切換手
段45より大気中に放出される。前記エアの吸引動作に
よりポンプ筐体11内は次第に減圧される。この結果、
逆止弁13は開放され集合ます6の底面に滞留する汚水
等は、導入筒12を通してポンプ筐体11内に吸入され
る。そして、前記汚水の水位が導入筒12の下方端と同
一位置(水位口で示す位置)まで達した時点で、制御手
段51からの指令にてエア供給手段41を一旦停止す
る。
When the air supply means 41 is activated, the air in the pump casing 11 of the pump 7 is sucked through the air supply pipe 8 by the suction action of the air supply means 41 and released into the atmosphere by the switching means 45. . The inside of the pump casing 11 is gradually depressurized by the air suction operation. As a result,
The check valve 13 is opened and collected. Sewage and the like accumulated on the bottom surface of 6 is sucked into the pump casing 11 through the introduction cylinder 12. Then, when the water level of the dirty water reaches the same position as the lower end of the introduction tube 12 (position indicated by the water level port), the air supply means 41 is temporarily stopped by a command from the control means 51.
【0083】エア供給管8に対する空気の吸引動作を終
了したら、三方弁56の流入口Aを閉,流入口B,流出
口Cは開、同じく三方弁57は流入口Aを閉、流入口
B,流出口Cは開、また、二方弁58の流通口Aは開と
する。つづいて、切換手段45を第1実施例で説明した
場合と同様に、エア供給管8側に切換えて再びエア供給
手段41を起動する。
When the air suction operation to the air supply pipe 8 is completed, the inflow port A of the three-way valve 56 is closed, the inflow port B and the outflow port C are opened, and the three-way valve 57 is closed in the inflow port A and the inflow port B. The outlet C is opened, and the flow port A of the two-way valve 58 is opened. Subsequently, the switching means 45 is switched to the air supply pipe 8 side and the air supply means 41 is activated again, as in the case described in the first embodiment.
【0084】前記のように、切換手段45を切換える
と、ポンプ筐体11内はエア供給管8,スラリー搬送管
9を介して大気中と連通して、常圧状態下に戻るため、
ポンプ筐体11内に流入した汚水等に加わる水頭圧によ
り逆止弁13は閉鎖され、ポンプ筐体11内に流入した
汚水等が集合ます6の底面に流出するのを防ぐ。この
後、前記エア供給手段41の起動により、エア供給管8
にエアが供給され、ポンプ筐体11内に吸入した含水有
機廃棄物,汚水を、スラリー搬送管9を通して固液分離
手段15に汲み上げる(搬送)。
As described above, when the switching means 45 is switched, the inside of the pump casing 11 communicates with the atmosphere through the air supply pipe 8 and the slurry transfer pipe 9 and returns to the normal pressure state.
The check valve 13 is closed by the head pressure applied to the sewage that has flowed into the pump casing 11 to prevent the sewage that has flowed into the pump casing 11 from flowing out to the bottom surface of the aggregate 6. Thereafter, the air supply pipe 41 is activated by the activation of the air supply means 41.
Air is supplied to the pump housing 11, and the water-containing organic waste and sewage sucked into the pump casing 11 are pumped up (transported) to the solid-liquid separation means 15 through the slurry transport pipe 9.
【0085】この結果、本発明の第2実施例を実施する
ことにより、集合ます6の底面に滞留する汚水等は効率
的に汲み上げることができる。なお、汲上手段5,固液
分離手段15の作動は第1実施例で実行した場合と同様
にするか、あるいは、作動回数,作動時間を可変するこ
とは、集合ます6に滞留する汚水等の残量によって任意
に設定できることは当然である。
As a result, by carrying out the second embodiment of the present invention, the sewage and the like accumulated on the bottom surface of the collecting yard 6 can be efficiently pumped up. The operation of the pumping means 5 and the solid-liquid separation means 15 is the same as that performed in the first embodiment, or the number of times of operation and the operation time are varied so that sewage accumulated in the aggregate 6 can be removed. Of course, it can be arbitrarily set according to the remaining amount.
【0086】また、本発明においては、固液分離手段1
5の回転羽根22と乾燥処理手段25の乾燥機26に設
けた攪拌羽根27は、減速装置23により回転数は異な
るものの、含水有機廃棄物の固・液分離処理時と固形廃
棄物の乾燥処理時は、いつも同時に回転している実施例
で説明したが、回転羽根22の回転軸24と攪拌羽根2
7の回転軸28に、例えば、電磁クラッチを介在させ
て、回転羽根22と攪拌羽根27とを個別に駆動するよ
うにしたり、あるいは、各回転軸24,28にそれぞれ
駆動源(電動機)を個々に駆動連結して、固液分離手段
15と乾燥処理手段25を個別に駆動し、例えば、乾燥
処理手段25の駆動中に集合ます6の水位が設定水位に
達したとき、事前に汲み上げ作業を実行し、固液分離手
段15にて含水有機廃棄物の水切り作業を事前に行うよ
うにしても、本発明は成立するものである。
Further, in the present invention, the solid-liquid separation means 1
The rotating blade 22 of No. 5 and the stirring blade 27 provided in the dryer 26 of the drying treatment means 25 have different rotation speeds due to the speed reducer 23, but at the time of solid / liquid separation treatment of the water-containing organic waste and at the drying treatment of the solid waste. The time has been described with reference to the embodiment in which the rotating blades 22 and the stirring blade 2 rotate at the same time.
For example, an electromagnetic clutch may be interposed on the rotary shaft 28 of FIG. 7 to drive the rotary blade 22 and the stirring blade 27 individually, or drive sources (electric motors) may be individually provided on the rotary shafts 24 and 28, respectively. The liquid-liquid separation means 15 and the drying treatment means 25 are individually driven by connecting to the driving means, and, for example, when the water level of 6 gathered during the driving of the drying treatment means 25 reaches the set water level, the pumping work is performed in advance. The present invention can be achieved even if the solid-liquid separating means 15 is executed to drain the water-containing organic waste in advance.
【0087】更に、本発明は、検出手段10を集合ます
6に付設した実施例について説明したが、これに限定す
ることなく、例えば、粉砕手段2を起動させたとき、あ
るいは、排水管4aに取付けた流量計等が含水有機廃棄
物や汚水が流通動作したことを検出する検出手段からの
検出信号を検出し、この検出信号を制御手段51が受信
した時点で、汲上手段5にこれを作動させる指令を出力
することにより、集合ます6に設置した検出手段10と
同様に粉砕手段2等が起動したことを検出する手段を、
汲上手段5を作動させるための検出手段として援用する
ようにしても本発明は成立するものである。この場合、
集合ます6に検出手段10を付設する必要がないので、
検出手段10を付設するための手間、費用を必要としな
い利点がある。
Further, although the present invention has been described with reference to the embodiment in which the detecting means 10 is attached to the assembly 6, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, when the crushing means 2 is activated, or the drain pipe 4a is installed. The attached flow meter or the like detects a detection signal from the detection means for detecting that the water-containing organic waste or the sewage has flowed, and when the control means 51 receives the detection signal, the pumping means 5 operates the detection signal. By outputting a command to perform, a means for detecting that the crushing means 2 and the like are activated, like the detecting means 10 installed in the gathering yard 6,
The present invention can be realized even if it is incorporated as detection means for operating the pumping means 5. in this case,
Since it is not necessary to attach the detecting means 10 to the gathering room 6,
There is an advantage that the labor and cost for attaching the detection means 10 are not required.
【0088】[0088]
【発明の効果】請求項1記載の発明によれば、含水有機
廃棄物と台所排水とを汲上手段により定量汲み上げ、こ
れを固液分離手段にて順次汚水を分離して水分をある程
度除去した状態で、固形廃棄物を廃棄可能に乾燥処理
し、また、必要に応じて汚水処理手段に堆積する残渣も
併せて回収手段にて回収して前記固形廃棄物に付着させ
て固形廃棄物と同様に乾燥処理可能となし、しかも、前
記固形廃棄物,残渣の廃棄可能な処理と、台所排水,汚
水の汚水処理手段による清浄化処理とを所定のシーケン
スに従って連続的に行うように構成したので、台所等で
発生する厨芥を各家庭においても容易に、かつ、衛生的
に処理することができる。その上、汚水処理手段に堆積
する残渣も同時に回収して廃棄処理することができるた
め、汚水処理手段に残渣が堆積するのを良好に回避し、
汚水処理手段のメンテナンス作業を必要しないという優
れた効果を備えている。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen wastewater are pumped up in a fixed amount by the pumping means, and the solid-liquid separating means sequentially separates the sewage to remove the water to some extent. Then, the solid waste is dried so that it can be disposed of, and if necessary, the residue accumulated on the wastewater treatment means is also collected by the collection means and adhered to the solid waste in the same manner as the solid waste. Since it is configured such that it can be dried, and that the solid waste and the residue can be discarded and the cleaning treatment by kitchen wastewater and sewage sewage treatment means is continuously performed according to a predetermined sequence, It is possible to easily and hygienically dispose of kitchen waste generated in such households. In addition, since the residue accumulated on the sewage treatment means can be collected and disposed of at the same time, it is possible to satisfactorily avoid the accumulation of the residue on the sewage treatment means,
It has an excellent effect that maintenance work of the sewage treatment means is not required.
【0089】請求項2記載の発明によれば、汲上手段と
残渣回収手段は、台所排水を含む含水有機廃棄物と残渣
とを交互に所定回数汲上・回収を実行し、前記汲上・回
収を実行した後前記汲上手段のみを更に所定時間作動さ
せて、含水有機廃棄物と台所排水とを固液分離手段に汲
み上げるように構成したので、前記含水有機廃棄物,台
所排水の汲み上げ時、必要に応じて汚水処理手段内の残
渣も併せて回収することができるため、固形廃棄物と残
渣とを一緒に乾燥処理して、減容化し廃棄することがで
きる。この結果、固形廃棄物の廃棄可能な処理と併せ
て、汚水処理手段に残渣が堆積するのを良好に回避・抑
制することができ、汚水処理手段を長期的にわたり円滑
に使用することができる。
According to the second aspect of the invention, the pumping means and the residue collecting means alternately carry out the pumping and collecting of the water-containing organic waste including the kitchen drainage and the residue a predetermined number of times, and carry out the pumping and collecting. After that, only the pumping means is further operated for a predetermined time to pump up the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen drainage to the solid-liquid separation means, so that when the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen drainage are pumped up, if necessary. Since the residue in the sewage treatment means can also be collected together, the solid waste and the residue can be dried together to reduce the volume and be discarded. As a result, in addition to the disposal of solid waste, it is possible to satisfactorily avoid or suppress the accumulation of residues on the sewage treatment means, and the sewage treatment means can be used smoothly for a long period of time.
【0090】請求項3記載の発明によれば、前記汲上手
段と残渣回収手段は、含水有機廃棄物と台所排水とを、
集合ますに汲み上げ可能量貯留されたことを検出手段に
より検知して汲み上げを開始するように構成したので、
集合ますに貯留される含水有機廃棄物や台所排水は、検
出手段により定量貯留されたことを常に把握できる。即
ち、含水有機廃棄物等の汲み上げ時期や残渣の回収時期
を事前に設定して汲み上げ・回収することが可能とな
り、これまでの常時汲み上げ・回収する場合と全く異な
り、定常的に、かつ、間欠的に汲上手段・残渣回収手段
を作動させることができるため、含水有機廃棄物や残渣
の汲み上げ・回収作業と、それに伴うエネルギー使用の
効率化を良好に図ることができる。
According to the third aspect of the present invention, the pumping means and the residue collecting means are provided with water-containing organic waste and kitchen drainage, respectively.
Since it is configured to start pumping by detecting that the amount that can be pumped up in the aggregate is stored by the detection means,
The water-containing organic wastes and kitchen wastewater stored in the aggregate can always be ascertained by the detection means. In other words, it is possible to set the pumping time of water-containing organic waste, etc. and the collection time of the residue in advance, and to collect and collect them. Since the pumping-up means / residue collecting means can be activated, it is possible to effectively carry out the pumping / collecting work of the water-containing organic waste and the residue and the associated efficient use of energy.
【0091】請求項4記載の発明によれば、汲上手段や
残渣回収手段は、厨芥を粉砕する粉砕手段の駆動、ある
いは、含水有機廃棄物や台所排水の流動を検出した時点
で起動するように構成したので、厨芥を処理する毎に汲
上手段を作動させることができ、これにより、厨芥を粉
砕処理した含水有機廃棄物や汚水処理手段に堆積する残
渣を、その都度廃棄可能に処理することができるため、
厨芥処理装置は廃棄処理するための固形物が不必要に滞
留するのを良好に抑制し、衛生的に保持することができ
る。
According to the invention described in claim 4, the pumping means and the residue collecting means are activated when the crushing means for crushing the garbage is driven or when the flow of the water-containing organic waste or the kitchen wastewater is detected. Since it is configured, the pumping means can be activated each time the kitchen waste is treated, whereby the water-containing organic waste obtained by crushing the kitchen waste and the residue accumulated on the wastewater treatment means can be disposed of each time. Because you can
The kitchen waste disposal apparatus can favorably prevent unnecessary accumulation of solid matter for disposal, and can be maintained sanitarily.
【0092】請求項5記載の発明によれば、前記汲上手
段は、事前に設定した汲み上げ回数を越えて汲上動作を
継続したときは異常と判断して前記汲上手段の動作を停
止させるとともに、報知手段により報知するように構成
したので、汲上手段の作動回数を事前に設定することに
より、廃棄処理する含水有機廃棄物等の処理量を常に定
量化することが可能となることはもとより、厨芥処理の
標準化が図れ、処理設備の安定した使用が可能となり、
設備の故障を未然に回避することができる。しかも、汲
上手段の動作が設定回数を超えれば、直ちに駆動を停止
して使用者に報知するようにしたので、点検・補修作業
が迅速に行うことができ、汲上手段の無用な動作に伴う
機器の損傷を確実に阻止することができる。
According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, when the pumping means continues the pumping operation beyond the preset number of times of pumping, it is judged to be abnormal and the operation of the pumping means is stopped and a notification is given. Since it is configured to notify by means of means, it is possible to always quantify the amount of water-containing organic waste to be disposed of by setting the number of times of operation of the pumping means in advance, as well as garbage disposal. Standardization, and stable use of processing equipment is possible,
Equipment failure can be avoided in advance. Moreover, when the operation of the pumping means exceeds the set number of times, the driving is immediately stopped and the user is informed, so that the inspection / repair work can be performed promptly, and the equipment accompanying the unnecessary operation of the pumping means. It is possible to reliably prevent damage to the.
【0093】請求項6記載の発明によれば、前記含水有
機廃棄物と台所排水との汲上開始時点を検出する検出手
段は、フロートスイッチ,水を検出する電極等を集合ま
すに設置して構成するようにしたので、集合ますに所定
量貯留される含水有機廃棄物や台所排水を簡素な構成
で、かつ、故障の少ない部材の活用により、容易に、し
かも、確実に検出することが可能となるため、汲み上げ
作業の確実化と集合ますのメンテナンスが容易化でき、
集合ます自体を小形で安価に製造することができる。ま
た、検出手段は汲上開始時点を検出しこれを報知するこ
とにより、使用者は厨芥の廃棄処理状況が容易に把握す
ることができ、逆に報知されない場合は、機器の故障と
判断できるため、補修作業を容易に行うことができると
いう利点もある。
According to the invention described in claim 6, the detection means for detecting the start point of the pumping of the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen drainage is configured by installing a float switch, an electrode for detecting water, etc. in a collective. As a result, it is possible to easily and reliably detect water-containing organic waste and kitchen drainage, which are stored in a predetermined amount in a collective manner, with a simple structure and by using members with few failures. As a result, it is possible to ensure pumping work and facilitate maintenance of the gathering girder,
The aggregate itself can be manufactured in a small size and at low cost. In addition, the detection means detects the pumping start time and notifies it, so that the user can easily grasp the waste disposal status of the kitchen waste, and if not notified, it can be determined that the device is in failure. There is also an advantage that repair work can be performed easily.
【0094】請求項7記載の発明によれば、汲上手段の
起動開始時点を検出する検出手段は、粉砕手段の駆動や
排水管に設けた流量計等の動作を検出する手段にて構成
することにより、含水有機廃棄物,台所排水の貯留量を
把握する必要がなくなるため、前記含水有機廃棄物等の
集合ますにおける貯留量を検出する手段は全く不要とな
り、かつ、集合ますも含水有機廃棄物を所定量貯留する
必要がないため、小形軽量化でき利便である。
According to the invention described in claim 7, the detecting means for detecting the start-up time point of the pumping means is constituted by means for driving the crushing means and detecting the operation of the flow meter provided in the drain pipe. As a result, it is not necessary to know the storage amount of water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater, so there is no need to detect the storage amount of the water-containing organic waste, etc. Since it is not necessary to store a predetermined amount, it is convenient because it can be made compact and lightweight.
【0095】請求項8記載の発明によれば、前記汲上手
段は、集合ますに収容したポンプ機能を備えたポンプ
を、エア供給手段に切換手段を介して駆動可能に連接し
て構成したので、前記集合ますに貯留する含水有機廃棄
物,台所排水を、駆動源を内蔵した市販の高価な汲み上
げポンプ等を使用して汲み上げる必要は全くないため、
汲上手段を簡易に、かつ、故障の少ない構成で提供する
ことができる。
According to the invention described in claim 8, since the pumping means is constructed by connecting the pump having the pump function housed in the aggregate to the air supply means so as to be drivable through the switching means. Since it is not necessary to pump up the water-containing organic wastes and kitchen wastewater stored in the collecting yard using a commercially available expensive pumping pump having a built-in drive source,
The pumping-up means can be provided easily and with a structure with few failures.
【0096】請求項9記載の発明によれば、前記ポンプ
は、集合ますに収容したポンプ筐体と、このポンプ筐体
下部の開口部に取付けた逆止弁と、ポンプ筐体と連通し
てエア切換手段に連接したエア供給管と、含水有機廃棄
物,台所排水をポンプ筐体から固液分離手段に搬送する
スラリー搬送管とを具備して構成したので、汲上手段を
構成するポンプは、特別な駆動手段を用いることなく台
所排水等が充満する集合ますに直接設置することがで
き、エア供給手段からのエア供給により、円滑に駆動し
て含水有機廃棄物と台所排水の汲み上げを円滑に行うこ
とができる。その上、台所排水等が充満する集合ます内
に設置しても駆動部分を有しないため故障は生じず、こ
の結果、含水有機廃棄物等の汲み上げ作業を迅速に、し
かも、円滑・良好に行うことができる。
According to the invention as set forth in claim 9, the pump has a pump housing housed in a group, a check valve attached to an opening at the bottom of the pump housing, and a pump housing communicating with the pump housing. Since the air supply pipe connected to the air switching means and the slurry transport pipe for transporting the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen wastewater from the pump casing to the solid-liquid separation means are provided, the pump constituting the pumping means, It can be installed directly in a gathering room filled with kitchen wastewater without using special driving means, and the air supply from the air supply means enables smooth driving to pump up water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater. It can be carried out. Moreover, even if it is installed in a gathering room filled with kitchen drainage etc., it does not have a drive part, so no failure occurs, and as a result, pumping work of water-containing organic waste etc. can be carried out quickly, smoothly and satisfactorily. be able to.
【0097】請求項10記載の発明によれば、前記ポン
プは、含水有機廃棄物と台所排水との汲み上げに際し
て、集合ます内に貯留する含水有機廃棄物等をその水頭
圧により逆止弁を開いてポンプ筐体内に流入させこの状
態で、エア供給管内を増圧してポンプ筐体内の含水有機
廃棄物,台所排水をスラリー搬送管より固液分離手段に
搬送(汲上)するように構成したので、集合ます内に所
定量貯留されている含水有機廃棄物等により生じる水頭
圧を利用してポンプ筐体内に含水有機廃棄物等を流入さ
せ、これをエア供給管から送出されるエアにてスラリー
搬送管に給送することが可能となり、この結果、固液分
離手段には、常にポンプ筐体内に流入する含水有機廃棄
物等の量だけ汲み上げることができるため、固液分離手
段における固形廃棄物と汚水との分離作業を迅速・確実
に行うことができる。
According to the tenth aspect of the present invention, the pump opens the check valve by the water head pressure of the water-containing organic waste stored in the aggregate when pumping the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen drainage. In this state, the pressure inside the air supply pipe is increased to convey the water-containing organic waste in the pump casing and the kitchen wastewater to the solid-liquid separation means from the slurry conveying pipe. Utilizing the water head pressure generated by the water-containing organic waste stored in the collection chamber, the water-containing organic waste, etc. is made to flow into the pump casing, and the slurry is conveyed by the air sent from the air supply pipe. As a result, it is possible to feed into the pipe, and as a result, the solid-liquid separation means can always pump up only the amount of the water-containing organic waste, etc. that flows into the pump housing. The separating operation of the sewage can be performed quickly and reliably with.
【0098】請求項11記載の発明によれば、前記ポン
プは、ポンプ筐体内の含水有機廃棄物を固液分離手段に
搬送した後、エア供給管内を大気中に開放させ、集合ま
す内に貯留される含水有機廃棄物と台所排水とにより生
じる水頭圧を利用して逆止弁を開放し、前記含水有機廃
棄物等をポンプ筐体内に浸入させるように構成したの
で、ポンプ筐体内の含水有機廃棄物等を固液分離手段に
搬送した後、ポンプ筐体内、エア供給管内を一旦大気中
に開放すると、集合ます内の含水有機廃棄物,台所排水
を容易にポンプ筐体内に浸入させることができるため、
ポンプは集合ます内の含水有機廃棄物等を間欠的に固液
分離手段に搬送することができ、固液分離手段におい
て、含水有機廃棄物等を間欠的に汲み上げた量だけ、固
形廃棄物と汚水とに分離することができるので、汚水の
固形廃棄物からの分離を迅速・確実に行うことができ
る。
According to the eleventh aspect of the present invention, the pump conveys the water-containing organic waste in the pump casing to the solid-liquid separation means and then opens the inside of the air supply pipe to the atmosphere and stores it in the assembly. The check valve is opened by using the water head pressure generated by the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen drainage, and the water-containing organic waste is introduced into the pump housing. After transporting wastes etc. to the solid-liquid separation means, once the inside of the pump housing and the air supply pipe are opened to the atmosphere, the water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater in the aggregate can easily infiltrate into the pump housing. Because you can
The pump can intermittently convey the water-containing organic wastes etc. in the collection to the solid-liquid separation means, and the solid-liquid separation means intermittently pumps up the water-containing organic wastes etc. Since it can be separated into waste water, separation of waste water from solid waste can be performed quickly and reliably.
【0099】請求項12記載の発明によれば、含水有機
廃棄物,台所排水を固形廃棄物と汚水とに分離する手段
と、固形廃棄物を間欠的に移送して乾燥処理手段に移送
(排出)する手段とを備え、更に、汚水処理手段に堆積
する残渣を回収する残渣回収手段を連接して構成したの
で、汚水と分離された固形廃棄物は、乾燥処理手段に排
出するまでのあいだ間欠移動させることにより、固形廃
棄物は乾燥処理手段に排出されるまで良好に汚水の分離
が行えるので、固形廃棄物は水分を少なくした状態での
乾燥処理を確実に行うことができ利便である。
According to the twelfth aspect of the present invention, means for separating the water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater into solid waste and sewage, and intermittent transfer of the solid waste to the drying treatment means (discharging). ), And the residue recovery means for recovering the residue accumulated in the wastewater treatment means is connected to the wastewater treatment means, so that the solid waste separated from the wastewater is intermittently discharged until it is discharged to the drying treatment means. By moving the solid waste, sewage can be satisfactorily separated until it is discharged to the drying treatment means. Therefore, it is convenient that the solid waste can be surely subjected to the drying treatment in a state where the water content is low.
【0100】請求項13記載の発明によれば、前記固液
分離手段は、含水有機廃棄物,台所排水が汲み上げられ
たとき、残渣回収手段にて残渣を回収してこれを含水有
機廃棄物上に乗載して分離手段により固形廃棄物と汚水
とを分離するように構成したので、汚水処理手段に堆積
する残渣を固形廃棄物と一緒に廃棄処理することが可能
となるため、汚水処理手段に残渣が堆積してこれを除去
するという作業は全く不要となり、厨芥処理装置をほぼ
メンテナンスフリーにての使用が可能となる。
According to the thirteenth aspect of the present invention, the solid-liquid separation means collects the residue by the residue recovery means when the water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater are pumped up, and collects the residue on the water-containing organic waste. Since the solid waste is separated from the solid waste by the separating means mounted on the vehicle, the residue accumulated on the waste water treatment means can be disposed of together with the solid waste. No work is required to remove and remove the residue, and the garbage processing device can be used almost without maintenance.
【0101】請求項14記載の発明によれば、前記乾燥
処理手段は、固液分離手段と同期させて駆動制御するよ
うに構成したので、固液分離手段と乾燥処理手段とを1
つの駆動源により同期させて駆動することにより、汚水
を分離した固形廃棄物を乾燥機に排出させた場合、前記
固形廃棄物を乾燥機に取付けた攪拌羽根により攪拌して
塊が生じないように乾燥機の底面にほぼ均一な厚さで保
持させることができるもので、固形廃棄物の乾燥処理を
円滑・良好に行うことができる。また、乾燥処理手段
は、固形廃棄物を廃棄可能に処理してこれを乾燥機から
排出する場合、人手に頼ることなく乾燥機内には廃棄す
る廃棄物を一部残存させた状態で自動廃棄し、しかも、
前記乾燥機内に残存する廃棄物を次に乾燥処理する固形
廃棄物に対する基材として利用することができるので、
乾燥処理する固形廃棄物はその表面等に付着する水分の
吸収が良好に行うことができるため、固形廃棄物の乾燥
処理を効率的に、かつ、基材を新たに準備することなく
経済的に行うことができる。
According to the fourteenth aspect of the present invention, since the drying treatment means is configured to drive and control in synchronization with the solid-liquid separation means, the solid-liquid separation means and the drying treatment means are combined into one unit.
When the solid waste from which the waste water is separated is discharged to the dryer by being driven synchronously by two drive sources, the solid waste should be stirred by the stirring blades attached to the dryer so that no lumps are formed. Since it can be held on the bottom surface of the dryer with a substantially uniform thickness, the solid waste can be dried smoothly and satisfactorily. In addition, when the solid waste is treated to be disposable and discharged from the dryer, the drying treatment means automatically discards the waste to be discarded in the dryer without relying on human labor. And moreover,
Since the waste remaining in the dryer can be used as a base material for the solid waste to be subsequently dried,
Since the solid waste to be dried can absorb moisture adhering to the surface of the solid waste satisfactorily, the solid waste can be efficiently dried and economically without preparing a new base material. It can be carried out.
【0102】請求項15記載の発明によれば、前記乾燥
処理手段は、固液分離手段と非同期状態で個別に駆動制
御可能に構成することにより、乾燥処理手段の運転中は
固液分離手段を駆動させないので、固液分離手段の無駄
な駆動が抑制できることはもとより、固液分離手段に汚
水と分離されて滞留している固形廃棄物が、不意に乾燥
処理中の乾燥機内に排出されて乾燥むらが生じるという
問題を確実に防ぐことができる。しかも、前記固形廃棄
物を固液分離手段に滞留させておくことができるので、
水分の除去が良好に行い得、利便である。
According to the fifteenth aspect of the present invention, the dry treatment means is configured so that it can be individually driven and controlled in an asynchronous state with the solid-liquid separation means, so that the solid-liquid separation means can be operated during the operation of the dry treatment means. Since it is not driven, useless drive of the solid-liquid separation means can be suppressed, and the solid waste that is separated from the wastewater and accumulated in the solid-liquid separation means is unexpectedly discharged into the dryer during the drying process and dried. The problem of unevenness can be surely prevented. Moreover, since the solid waste can be retained in the solid-liquid separation means,
It is convenient because water can be removed well.
【0103】請求項16記載の発明によれば、前記乾燥
処理手段は、固形廃棄物の乾燥処理後排出口を自動開放
し、廃棄可能に処理した廃棄物を、これを一時保管する
貯留槽に自動排出するように構成したので、乾燥処理し
た廃棄物は人手に頼ることなく自動排出でき、しかも、
前記排出した廃棄物を一時貯留することにより、廃棄物
の取扱を悪臭に悩まされることなく、容易に、しかも、
衛生的に行うことができる。しかも、廃棄する乾燥処理
した廃棄物は、自動排出することによりその一部が乾燥
機に残存して基材として利用することができるので、固
形廃棄物の乾燥処理に際して基材は、最初の乾燥処理時
のみに準備すればよく、固形廃棄物の乾燥処理を効率的
に、しかも、経済的に行うことができる。
According to the sixteenth aspect of the present invention, the drying treatment means automatically opens the discharge port after the drying treatment of the solid waste, and puts the waste into a storage tank for temporarily storing the waste. Since it is configured to automatically discharge, the dried waste can be automatically discharged without relying on human hands, and
By temporarily storing the discharged waste, the waste can be easily handled without being bothered by a bad odor, and
It can be done hygienically. Moreover, a part of the dried waste to be discarded remains in the dryer and can be used as a base material by automatically discharging it. It is sufficient to prepare only during the treatment, and the solid waste can be dried efficiently and economically.
【0104】請求項17記載の発明によれば、前記ポン
プは、ポンプによる汲み上げができない集合ますの下部
に残存している含水有機廃棄物や台所排水の汲み上げに
際し、スラリー搬送管を閉鎖し、かつ、ポンプ筐体内を
負圧にして前記残存している台所排水等をポンプ筐体内
に導入するように構成したので、スラリー搬送管を閉鎖
した後エア供給手段の外気吸入作用を利用してポンプ筐
体内を負圧化することにより、容易に集合ますの下部に
残存している含水有機廃棄物,台所排水を、ポンプ内に
導入させることができるので利便である。また、ポンプ
筐体内の負圧化はエア供給手段を利用することにより可
能となるため、経済的である。この結果、集合ます内に
残存している台所排水等をほぼ汲み上げることが可能と
なり、これにより、集合ます内の衛生状態を良好に保持
することができ、集合ますのメンテナンスや清掃等を簡
易に行うことができる。
According to the seventeenth aspect of the present invention, the pump closes the slurry transfer pipe when the water-containing organic waste remaining in the lower part of the aggregate which cannot be pumped by the pump or the kitchen drainage is pumped, and Since the inside of the pump casing is made negative pressure and the residual kitchen wastewater and the like are introduced into the pump casing, the pump casing is utilized by utilizing the outside air suction action of the air supply means after closing the slurry transfer pipe. By making the inside of the body negative pressure, it is convenient because the water-containing organic waste and kitchen drainage remaining in the lower part of the assembly can be easily introduced into the pump. In addition, the negative pressure inside the pump housing can be achieved by using the air supply means, which is economical. As a result, it is possible to pump up most of the kitchen drainage remaining in the gathering yard, which allows good hygiene in the gathering yard and simplifies maintenance and cleaning of the gathering yard. It can be carried out.
【0105】請求項18記載の発明によれば、前記ポン
プは、集合ますの下部に残存する台所排水を含む含水有
機廃棄物をポンプ筐体内に導入した場合、スラリー搬送
管を開放し、負圧下にあるポンプ筐体内をエア供給管を
介して大気中に一旦開放した後、エア供給管を加圧して
ポンプ筐体内の台所排水等をスラリー搬送管を介して固
液分離手段に汲み上げるように構成したので、集合ます
の下部に残存する台所排水等をポンプ筐体内に導入した
後、通常のポンプの駆動にてポンプ筐体内の台所排水等
を固液分離手段に搬送することができるため、集合ます
の下部に残存する台所排水を含む含水有機廃棄物を容易
に汲み上げることができ、至便である。
According to the eighteenth aspect of the present invention, in the pump, when the water-containing organic waste containing the kitchen drainage remaining at the lower part of the collecting chamber is introduced into the pump casing, the slurry transfer pipe is opened and the negative pressure is reduced. After once opening the inside of the pump housing in the atmosphere to the atmosphere via the air supply pipe, pressurizing the air supply pipe to pump up kitchen wastewater in the pump housing to the solid-liquid separation means via the slurry transfer pipe. Therefore, after introducing kitchen wastewater etc. remaining in the lower part of the gathering room into the pump housing, the kitchen wastewater etc. in the pump housing can be transported to the solid-liquid separation means by driving the normal pump. It is convenient because water-containing organic waste including kitchen wastewater remaining at the bottom of the masu can be easily pumped up.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]
【図1】本発明の厨芥処理装置システムの全体構成を示
す概略図である。
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing an overall configuration of a garbage processing device system of the present invention.
【図2】本発明の厨芥処理システムの各構成要素を概略
的に説明する説明図である。
FIG. 2 is an explanatory diagram for schematically explaining each component of the garbage processing system of the present invention.
【図3】本発明の厨芥処理システムのブロック図であ
る。
FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a garbage processing system of the present invention.
【図4】固液分離手段の要部を示す平面図である。FIG. 4 is a plan view showing a main part of a solid-liquid separating means.
【図5】本発明の厨芥処理システムの動作を説明するタ
イムチャート図である。
FIG. 5 is a time chart diagram for explaining the operation of the garbage processing system of the present invention.
【図6】本発明の厨芥処理システムに使用するポンプの
他の実施例を示す概略構成図である。
FIG. 6 is a schematic configuration diagram showing another embodiment of the pump used in the garbage processing system of the present invention.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 厨芥処理装置 2 粉砕手段 5 汲上手段 6 集合ます 7 ポンプ 8 エア供給管 9 スラリー搬送管 10 検出手段 11 ポンプ筐体 15 固液分離手段 16 容器 22 回転羽根 25 乾燥処理手段 26 乾燥機 30 貯留槽 31 汚水処理手段 32 残渣回収手段 35 接触ばっ気槽 36 好気可溶化槽 37 沈殿槽 38 汚泥回収手段 41 エア供給手段 45 切換手段 51 制御手段 1 Garbage Disposal Equipment 2 crushing means 5 Pumping means 6 gather 7 pumps 8 Air supply pipe 9 Slurry transfer pipe 10 Detection means 11 pump housing 15 Solid-liquid separation means 16 containers 22 rotating blades 25 Drying processing means 26 dryer 30 storage tanks 31 Sewage treatment means 32 means for collecting residues 35 Contact aeration tank 36 Aerobic solubilization tank 37 Settling tank 38 Sludge recovery means 41 Air supply means 45 switching means 51 control means
フロントページの続き (72)発明者 新美 正明 愛知県春日井市愛知町1番地 愛知電機株 式会社内 (72)発明者 高田 真臣 愛知県春日井市愛知町1番地 愛知電機株 式会社内 (72)発明者 吉田 憲幸 愛知県春日井市愛知町1番地 愛知電機株 式会社内 (72)発明者 大山 徹 愛知県春日井市愛知町1番地 愛知電機株 式会社内 (72)発明者 早川 正記 愛知県春日井市愛知町1番地 愛知電機株 式会社内 (72)発明者 小島 洋一 愛知県春日井市愛知町1番地 愛知電機株 式会社内 Fターム(参考) 4D003 AA01 AB01 AB15 BA01 BA02 CA03 CA07 DA09 EA01 EA05 EA30 FA05 FA07 4D004 AA02 AA03 AC01 CA04 CA13 CA15 CA22 CA42 CA48 CB13 CB27 CB32 DA01 DA02 DA04 DA20 4D059 AA03 AA07 BA03 BA34 BE02 BE13 BE49 BE51 BK12 CA22 CB01 CB25 EA02 EB15 Continued front page    (72) Inventor Masaaki Niimi             1 Aichi-cho, Kasugai-shi, Aichi Aichi Electric Co., Ltd.             Inside the company (72) Inventor Masaomi Takada             1 Aichi-cho, Kasugai-shi, Aichi Aichi Electric Co., Ltd.             Inside the company (72) Inventor Noriyuki Yoshida             1 Aichi-cho, Kasugai-shi, Aichi Aichi Electric Co., Ltd.             Inside the company (72) Inventor Toru Oyama             1 Aichi-cho, Kasugai-shi, Aichi Aichi Electric Co., Ltd.             Inside the company (72) Inventor Masaaki Hayakawa             1 Aichi-cho, Kasugai-shi, Aichi Aichi Electric Co., Ltd.             Inside the company (72) Inventor Yoichi Kojima             1 Aichi-cho, Kasugai-shi, Aichi Aichi Electric Co., Ltd.             Inside the company F-term (reference) 4D003 AA01 AB01 AB15 BA01 BA02                       CA03 CA07 DA09 EA01 EA05                       EA30 FA05 FA07                 4D004 AA02 AA03 AC01 CA04 CA13                       CA15 CA22 CA42 CA48 CB13                       CB27 CB32 DA01 DA02 DA04                       DA20                 4D059 AA03 AA07 BA03 BA34 BE02                       BE13 BE49 BE51 BK12 CA22                       CB01 CB25 EA02 EB15

Claims (18)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 粉砕手段にて粉砕された厨芥等の含水有
    機廃棄物と台所排水とを固形廃棄物と汚水とに分離し、
    前記汚水と分離された固形廃棄物を廃棄可能に処理する
    厨芥処理システムにおいて、前記粉砕手段にて粉砕され
    た含水有機廃棄物や台所排水を一定量集めて貯留する集
    合ますと、前記集合ますに貯留される含水有機廃棄物と
    台所排水とを所定量汲み上げるポンプ機能を具備した汲
    上手段と、前記汲上手段にて汲み上げられた含水有機廃
    棄物と台所排水とを固形廃棄物と汚水とに分離する固液
    分離手段と、前記固液分離手段により分離された固形廃
    棄物を乾燥処理する乾燥処理手段と、前記固液分離手段
    により分離された汚水を生物処理する汚水処理手段と、
    前記汚水処理手段に堆積する微細な固形物等からなる残
    渣を固液分離手段に回収する残渣回収手段と、前記残渣
    回収手段と汲上手段とをエア供給手段に切換・駆動可能
    に個別に連接して駆動可能としたエア供給路切換用の切
    換手段と、前記汲上手段の起動開始時を検出する検出手
    段と、前記各手段を駆動制御する制御手段とを具備して
    構成したことを特徴とする厨芥処理システム。
    1. A water-containing organic waste such as kitchen waste crushed by crushing means and kitchen wastewater are separated into solid waste and sewage,
    In the kitchen treatment system that treats the solid waste separated from the sewage in a disposable manner, a certain amount of water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater crushed by the crushing means is collected and stored. A pumping means having a pump function for pumping a predetermined amount of stored water-containing organic waste and kitchen drainage, and separating the water-containing organic waste and kitchen drainage pumped up by the pumping means into solid waste and wastewater. Solid-liquid separation means, drying processing means for drying the solid waste separated by the solid-liquid separation means, sewage treatment means for biologically treating the sewage separated by the solid-liquid separation means,
    A residue recovery means for recovering a residue consisting of fine solids and the like deposited on the wastewater treatment means to a solid-liquid separation means, and the residue recovery means and the pumping means are individually connected to the air supply means in a switchable and drivable manner. And driving means for switching the air supply path, detecting means for detecting the start-up time of the pumping means, and control means for driving and controlling the respective means. Garbage disposal system.
  2. 【請求項2】 前記汲上手段と残渣回収手段は、含水有
    機廃棄物と台所排水と残渣とを所定回数汲上・回収を実
    行し、前記汲上・回収を実行した後、前記汲上手段のみ
    を更に所定時間作動させて、含水有機廃棄物と台所排水
    とを固液分離手段に汲み上げるように構成したことを特
    徴とする請求項1記載の厨芥処理システム。
    2. The pumping means and the residue collecting means carry out pumping and collecting of the water-containing organic waste, kitchen drainage and residue a predetermined number of times, and after carrying out the pumping and collecting, only the pumping means is further specified. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the kitchen waste treatment system is configured to be pumped up to the solid-liquid separation means by operating for a period of time to hydrate organic waste and kitchen wastewater.
  3. 【請求項3】 前記汲上手段と残渣回収手段は、検出手
    段が含水有機廃棄物と台所排水が集合ますに汲み上げ可
    能量貯留されたことを検出したことをもとに起動するよ
    うに構成したことを特徴とする請求項2記載の厨芥処理
    システム。
    3. The pumping means and the residue collecting means are configured to be activated based on the detection means detecting that the water-containing organic waste and the kitchen drainage have been collected in a pumpable amount. The garbage processing system according to claim 2.
  4. 【請求項4】 前記汲上手段と残渣回収手段は、検出手
    段が厨芥を粉砕する粉砕手段の駆動、あるいは、含水有
    機廃棄物,台所排水の流動を検出したことをもとに起動
    するように構成したことを特徴とする請求項2記載の厨
    芥処理システム。
    4. The pumping means and the residue collecting means are configured to be activated based on the detection means driving the crushing means for crushing garbage or detecting the flow of water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater. The kitchen garbage processing system according to claim 2, wherein
  5. 【請求項5】 前記汲上手段は、設定した汲み上げ回数
    を越えて汲上動作を継続したときは異常と判断して、前
    記汲上手段の動作を停止させ、かつ、報知手段にて報知
    するように構成したことを特徴とする請求項2記載の厨
    芥処理システム。
    5. The pumping means is configured so that when the pumping operation is continued beyond the set number of times of pumping, it is judged to be abnormal, the operation of the pumping means is stopped, and a notification means is provided. The kitchen garbage processing system according to claim 2, wherein
  6. 【請求項6】 前記汲上手段の起動開始時点を検出する
    検出手段は、フロートスイッチ,水を検出する電極等を
    集合ますに設置して構成したことを特徴とする請求項3
    記載の厨芥処理システム。
    6. The detection means for detecting the start-up time point of the pumping means is configured by installing a float switch, an electrode for detecting water, etc. in an assembly.
    The garbage processing system described.
  7. 【請求項7】 前記汲上手段の起動開始時点を検出する
    検出手段は、粉砕手段の駆動、あるいは、含水有機廃棄
    物,台所排水の流動を検出する手段をもとにして構成し
    たことを特徴とする請求項4記載の厨芥処理システム。
    7. The detection means for detecting the start-up time point of the pumping means is constituted based on the means for driving the crushing means, or for detecting the flow of water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater. The garbage processing system according to claim 4.
  8. 【請求項8】 前記汲上手段は、集合ますに収容したポ
    ンプを、エア供給手段に切換手段を介して駆動可能に連
    接して構成したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の厨芥処
    理システム。
    8. The kitchen waste disposal system according to claim 1, wherein the pumping means is configured by connecting a pump housed in the aggregate to the air supply means so as to be drivable through the switching means.
  9. 【請求項9】 前記ポンプは、ポンプ筐体と、前記ポン
    プ筐体下部の開口部に取付けた逆止弁と、前記ポンプに
    エアを供給するエア供給管と、含水有機廃棄物や台所排
    水を搬送するスラリー搬送管とを具備して構成したこと
    を特徴とする請求項8記載の厨芥システム。
    9. The pump includes a pump casing, a check valve attached to an opening at a lower portion of the pump casing, an air supply pipe for supplying air to the pump, and water-containing organic waste and kitchen drainage. 9. The kitchen waste system according to claim 8, further comprising a slurry transfer pipe for transferring.
  10. 【請求項10】 前記ポンプは、集合ますに流入する含
    水有機廃棄物や台所排水が集合ます内に流入することに
    よって生じる水頭圧にて、逆止弁を開放してポンプ内に
    含水有機廃棄物や台所排水を流入させ、かつ、エア供給
    管内をエア供給手段により正圧して、前記ポンプ内の含
    水有機廃棄物や台所排水をスラリー搬送管を介して搬送
    するように構成したことを特徴とする請求項9記載の厨
    芥処理システム。
    10. The water-containing organic waste in the pump is opened by opening the check valve by the water head pressure generated by the water-containing organic waste flowing into the collecting tank or kitchen wastewater flowing into the collecting tank. And kitchen waste water are introduced, and the inside of the air supply pipe is positively pressured by the air supply means, and the water-containing organic waste and kitchen waste water in the pump are conveyed through the slurry conveyance pipe. The garbage processing system according to claim 9.
  11. 【請求項11】 前記ポンプは、ポンプ内の含水有機廃
    棄物や台所排水を搬送した後エア供給管内を大気中に開
    放させ、集合ます内に貯留される含水有機廃棄物や台所
    排水の水頭圧にて逆止弁を開放し、前記含水有機廃棄物
    や台所排水をポンプ内に浸入させるように構成したこと
    を特徴とする請求項9記載の厨芥処理システム。
    11. The head of the water-containing organic waste or the kitchen wastewater stored in the pump is opened after the water-containing organic waste in the pump or the kitchen wastewater is conveyed to the atmosphere. 10. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 9, wherein the check valve is opened to allow the water-containing organic waste and kitchen drainage to enter the pump.
  12. 【請求項12】 前記固液分離手段は、汲上手段にて汲
    み上げられた含水有機廃棄物と台所排水とを固形廃棄物
    と汚水とに分離する分離手段と、固形廃棄物を乾燥処理
    手段に排出する移送手段とを具備し、かつ、前記汚水処
    理手段に堆積する残渣を回収する残渣回収手段を連接し
    て構成したことを特徴とする請求項1記載の厨芥処理シ
    ステム。
    12. The solid-liquid separation means separates the water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater pumped up by the pumping means into solid waste and sewage, and discharges the solid waste to the drying processing means. 2. The garbage treatment system according to claim 1, further comprising: a transfer means for operating the waste water treatment means, and connecting a residue recovery means for recovering the residue accumulated on the wastewater treatment means.
  13. 【請求項13】 前記固液分離手段は、汲上手段にて汲
    み上げられた含水有機廃棄物に残渣回収手段により回収
    した残渣を乗載し、前記含水有機廃棄物と残渣とを分離
    手段にて固形廃棄物と汚水とに分離しつつ、移送手段に
    より前記固形廃棄物を乾燥処理手段に移送させて排出す
    るように構成したことを特徴とする請求項12記載の厨
    芥処理装置。
    13. The solid-liquid separating means mounts the residue collected by the residue collecting means on the water-containing organic waste pumped up by the pumping means, and the water-containing organic waste and the residue are solidified by the separating means. The garbage disposal according to claim 12, wherein the solid waste is transferred to the drying processing means by the transfer means and discharged while being separated into waste and sewage.
  14. 【請求項14】 前記乾燥処理手段は、固液分離手段と
    同期させて駆動制御するように構成したことを特徴とす
    る請求項1記載の厨芥処理システム。
    14. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the drying treatment means is configured to drive and control in synchronization with the solid-liquid separation means.
  15. 【請求項15】 前記乾燥処理手段は、固液分離手段と
    非同期状態で個別に駆動制御可能に構成したことを特徴
    とする請求項1記載の厨芥処理システム。
    15. The kitchen waste processing system according to claim 1, wherein the drying processing means is configured to be individually drive-controllable in an asynchronous state with the solid-liquid separation means.
  16. 【請求項16】 前記乾燥処理手段は、固形廃棄物の乾
    燥処理後排出口を自動開放し、廃棄可能に処理した廃棄
    物を貯留槽に自動排出するように構成したことを特徴と
    する請求項1記載の厨芥処理システム。
    16. The drying processing means is configured to automatically open a discharge port after drying processing of solid waste and automatically discharge waste that has been processed to be disposed of into a storage tank. The garbage processing system according to 1.
  17. 【請求項17】 前記ポンプは、前記含水有機廃棄物や
    台所排水を汲み上げ用のスラリー搬送管を閉鎖し、か
    つ、エア供給管を介してポンプ内をエア供給手段により
    負圧化して、前記集合ますに残存している含水有機廃棄
    物や台所排水をポンプ内に導入するように構成したこと
    を特徴とする請求項9記載の厨芥処理システム。
    17. The assembly of the pump, wherein a slurry transfer pipe for pumping up the water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater is closed, and the inside of the pump is negatively pressured by an air supply means via the air supply pipe. The kitchen waste treatment system according to claim 9, wherein the remaining water-containing organic waste and kitchen wastewater are introduced into the pump.
  18. 【請求項18】 前記ポンプは、前記スラリー搬送管を
    開放し、かつ、負圧状態下のエア供給管を大気中に開放
    した後エア供給手段にて加圧し、ポンプ内の含水有機廃
    棄物や台所排水を、スラリー搬送管を介して汲み上げる
    ように構成したことを特徴とする請求項17記載の厨芥
    処理装置。
    18. The pump is configured to open the slurry transfer pipe, open the air supply pipe under negative pressure to the atmosphere, and then pressurize by an air supply means to discharge water-containing organic waste in the pump. The kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 17, wherein the kitchen drainage is configured to be pumped up through a slurry transfer pipe.
JP2001377980A 2001-12-12 2001-12-12 Garbage treatment system Pending JP2003175373A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001377980A JP2003175373A (en) 2001-12-12 2001-12-12 Garbage treatment system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001377980A JP2003175373A (en) 2001-12-12 2001-12-12 Garbage treatment system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2003175373A true JP2003175373A (en) 2003-06-24

Family

ID=19185822

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001377980A Pending JP2003175373A (en) 2001-12-12 2001-12-12 Garbage treatment system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2003175373A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1658906A1 (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-05-24 Firma SBM Maschinen GmbH Process and apparatus for treating biowaste
JP2008080329A (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-04-10 Yamazaki Jari Shoten:Kk Material recovery system and material recovery method
CN103357648A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-23 安徽科技学院 Multifunctional kitchen waste integrated processor
CN105057313A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-18 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Full-mechanical-drive dry pre-treatment device and method for mixed kitchen waste
CN113058982A (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-07-02 深圳市粤昆仑环保实业有限公司 Kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation collection device
CN113058982B (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-12-14 深圳市粤昆仑环保实业有限公司 Kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation collection device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1658906A1 (en) * 2004-11-22 2006-05-24 Firma SBM Maschinen GmbH Process and apparatus for treating biowaste
JP2008080329A (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-04-10 Yamazaki Jari Shoten:Kk Material recovery system and material recovery method
CN103357648A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-23 安徽科技学院 Multifunctional kitchen waste integrated processor
CN105057313A (en) * 2015-08-20 2015-11-18 中国科学院广州能源研究所 Full-mechanical-drive dry pre-treatment device and method for mixed kitchen waste
CN113058982A (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-07-02 深圳市粤昆仑环保实业有限公司 Kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation collection device
CN113058982B (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-12-14 深圳市粤昆仑环保实业有限公司 Kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation collection device

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