JP2002358972A - Fuel cell vehicle of hydrogen recycle type and hydrogen engine vehicle - Google Patents

Fuel cell vehicle of hydrogen recycle type and hydrogen engine vehicle

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Publication number
JP2002358972A
JP2002358972A JP2001216014A JP2001216014A JP2002358972A JP 2002358972 A JP2002358972 A JP 2002358972A JP 2001216014 A JP2001216014 A JP 2001216014A JP 2001216014 A JP2001216014 A JP 2001216014A JP 2002358972 A JP2002358972 A JP 2002358972A
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JP
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
hydrogen
fuel cell
system
vehicle
energy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2001216014A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Masami Uchiyama
正巳 内山
Original Assignee
Masami Uchiyama
正巳 内山
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To facilitate procurement of hydrogen by recycling the hydrogen of the fuel cell in the problem of supply and procurement of hydrogen.
SOLUTION: The waste water of the fuel cell is electrolyzed into hydrogen and oxygen and that hydrogen is sent back to the fuel cell side and reused again.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2003,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】〔発明の属する技術分野〕本発明は、燃料電池における水素の調達に関するものである [0001] The present invention [BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION relates to the procurement of hydrogen in the fuel cell

【0002】〔従来の技術〕燃料電池の自動車におき、 [0002] placed in the car of the [prior art] fuel cell,
水素の補給調達方式としては、主に3つあり、1つは水素そのものの搭載1つは、石油を搭載し、改質器で水素をとりだす。 The supply procurement system hydrogen, There are three main, one single mounting one hydrogen itself, equipped with oil, taking out the hydrogen reformer. 1つは、メタノールや天然ガスを搭載し、 One is equipped with methanol or natural gas,
改質器で水素をとりだす Take out the hydrogen in the reformer

【0003】〔発明が解決しようとする課題〕燃料電池の水素のリサイクル [0003] The recycling of hydrogen fuel cell [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION]

【0004】〔課題を解決するための手段〕水素のリサイクルをするために、廃棄物の水を電気分解して、H [0004] In order to recycle the hydrogen [Means for Solving the Problems], by electrolyzing the waste water, H 2
とO をとりだし、それをパイプで燃料電池側に再び戻す And taken out O 2, returns it again to the fuel cell side pipe

【0005】〔実施例〕 1. [0005] EXAMPLES 1. 本発明の、水素リサイクル式の燃料電池のシステム。 Of the present invention, the system of the fuel cell hydrogen recycle type. その自動車での応用は図1に示されるように、燃料電池の廃棄物の水を、電気分解して水素をとりだし、それを再び燃料電池側にとりだすものである燃料電池2からでた廃棄物の水は、パイプ3をとうし、電気分解装置4におくられるそこで、水酸化ナトリウムのてん加タンク5からの、水酸化ナトリウムをまぜた水は、電気分解されて、水素と酸素になる(水酸化ナトリウムで、水は電解しやすくなる)その水素はパイプ6をとうし、水素ボンベ7におくられるその水素は、パイプ8をとうし、 Its application in car as shown in Figure 1, the waste water of the fuel cell, taken out hydrogen by electrolyzing, waste it out of the fuel cell 2 in which again taken out to the fuel cell side the water, investment pipes 3, there sent to the electrolyzer 4, from heaven pressurized tank 5 of sodium hydroxide, water mixed with sodium hydroxide, is electrolyzed, the hydrogen and oxygen ( sodium hydroxide, water tends to electrolysis) the hydrogen invested pipe 6, its hydrogen sent to a hydrogen cylinder 7, invested pipe 8,
燃料電池2におくられて、再び使われる。 Is sent to a fuel cell 2, it is again used. こうして、廃棄物の水のリサイクルは、水素のリサイクルになる又、 Thus, recycling of waste water will recycle hydrogen addition,
電解のための添加剤は希硫酸や塩酸でもよい 2. Additives for electrolyte may be a dilute sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid 2. なお、燃料電池の始動や、パワーアップなどで、リサイクル以外の、水素自身の補助的搭載が、水素ボンベ7に必要であるすべて自給はできない。 In addition, start-up and of the fuel cell, in such as power-up, other than recycling, auxiliary installation of hydrogen itself, can not be self-sufficiency all that is required to hydrogen cylinder 7. 3. 3. 又、電気分解の電源や、水や水その、流通パイプでのモーターによる搬送には、勿論燃料電池や他の補助電源のエネルギーが使用される Further, and electrolysis power, the water and water, in transport by the motor in the secondary pipe is used of course fuel cells and other auxiliary power energy

【0006】〔発明の効果〕本発明は、燃料電池の廃棄物の水から水素をとりだす事により、水素のリサイクルを初めて可能にして、そこで水素の補給調達問題をより便利に解決したものであるつまり、水素の節約が大きく可能になったのであり、燃料電池の自動車としては、走行距離をのばす事が飛躍的にできるようになったものであるもしこの発明がなければ、水素のエネルギーは、莫大な量がすてられるままになる形である燃料電池の水素の補給調達問題に初めて、「水素のリサイクル」という要因がこの発明ででたものであるこれは自動車や電気の業者にとり予想外の事である又これは、水素エンジン車においても同様の効果がでる更に、寒冷地での水の凝結問題も解決できる [0006] [Effect of the Invention The present invention is, by taking out the hydrogen from the water of the waste of fuel cells, and for the first time enables the recycling of hydrogen, is where those that solve the supply procurement problem of hydrogen more convenient that is than savings hydrogen becomes available large as the automobile fuel cell, if there is no the present invention can extend the travel distance is obtained can now dramatically, energy of hydrogen, Only enormous amount replenishment procurement problems of hydrogen fuel cells in the form to remain to be discarded, this factor of "recycling hydrogen" is what came out in this invention unexpectedly takes a skilled automotive and electrical it is a also which of the further out the same effect also in the hydrogen engine vehicle, can be solved water condensation problems in cold areas

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明の、車におけるところの、断面図 [Figure 1] of the present invention, of a place in the car, a cross-sectional view

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 … 車体本体 2 … 燃料電池 3 … 水のパイプ 4 … 電気分解装置 5 … 水酸化ナトリウムのタンク 6 … 水素のパイプ 7 … 水素のボンベ 8 … 水素のパイプ 1 ... vehicle body 2 ... fuel cell 3 ... water pipe 4 ... of the electrolyzer 5 ... cylinder 8 ... hydrogen pipe 7 ... hydrogen tank 6 ... hydrogen sodium hydroxide pipe

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】燃料電池又は水素エネルギー装置の廃棄物である水を分解して水素をとりだし、それを燃料電池又は水素エネルギー装置で再び使うところの、水素のリサイクル式の、燃料電池のシステム又は水素エネルギーのシステム 1. A by decomposing the water, which is a waste product of a fuel cell or a hydrogen energy system is taken out of hydrogen, it the place to use again in the fuel cell or hydrogen energy system, a recycling-type of hydrogen, the fuel cell system or system of hydrogen energy
  2. 【請求項2】上記の水素のリサイクル式の燃料電池のシステム又は水素エネルギーのシステムを搭載した自動車及び電化製品 Wherein said recycle type fuel cell system or hydrogen energy vehicles and appliances incorporating a system of hydrogen
  3. 【請求項3】上記のリサイクル式の燃料電池のシステム又は水素エネルギーのシステムであるところの、家庭の電源エネルギーシステム及び電気社会のエネルギーシステム Wherein said system where a system or hydrogen energy of the fuel cell of the recycling-type, the energy system of power energy systems and electrical society homes
JP2001216014A 2001-05-31 2001-05-31 Fuel cell vehicle of hydrogen recycle type and hydrogen engine vehicle Pending JP2002358972A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001216014A JP2002358972A (en) 2001-05-31 2001-05-31 Fuel cell vehicle of hydrogen recycle type and hydrogen engine vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001216014A JP2002358972A (en) 2001-05-31 2001-05-31 Fuel cell vehicle of hydrogen recycle type and hydrogen engine vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2002358972A true true JP2002358972A (en) 2002-12-13

Family

ID=19050548

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001216014A Pending JP2002358972A (en) 2001-05-31 2001-05-31 Fuel cell vehicle of hydrogen recycle type and hydrogen engine vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2002358972A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004076017A2 (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-09-10 Questair Technologies Inc. Hydrogen recycle for high temperature fuel cells
US7684839B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2010-03-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Connecting structure for magnesium diboride superconducting wire and a method of connecting the same
US7828877B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2010-11-09 Xebec Adsorption, Inc. Separation of carbon dioxide from other gases

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2004076017A2 (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-09-10 Questair Technologies Inc. Hydrogen recycle for high temperature fuel cells
WO2004076017A3 (en) * 2003-02-26 2006-02-02 Questair Technologies Inc Hydrogen recycle for high temperature fuel cells
US7828877B2 (en) 2004-11-05 2010-11-09 Xebec Adsorption, Inc. Separation of carbon dioxide from other gases
US7684839B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2010-03-23 Hitachi, Ltd. Connecting structure for magnesium diboride superconducting wire and a method of connecting the same

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