JP2002327497A - Brace for wooden building construction method, and wooden building construction method employing the brace - Google Patents

Brace for wooden building construction method, and wooden building construction method employing the brace

Info

Publication number
JP2002327497A
JP2002327497A JP2001171791A JP2001171791A JP2002327497A JP 2002327497 A JP2002327497 A JP 2002327497A JP 2001171791 A JP2001171791 A JP 2001171791A JP 2001171791 A JP2001171791 A JP 2001171791A JP 2002327497 A JP2002327497 A JP 2002327497A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
brace
frame
round
wooden
building
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2001171791A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Shoichi Maekawa
正一 前川
Original Assignee
Shoichi Maekawa
正一 前川
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shoichi Maekawa, 正一 前川 filed Critical Shoichi Maekawa
Priority to JP2001171791A priority Critical patent/JP2002327497A/en
Publication of JP2002327497A publication Critical patent/JP2002327497A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a brace which withstands an earthquake or a storm by incorporating it in a framework of a building built by a wooden framework method which has been used traditionally since ancient times in Japan. SOLUTION: A building frame formed in an elliptic ring as a hollow brace 5 is fitted to a space between columns 3, pole plate 4 (upper plate 11) and a groundsill 2 (plinth 10) of the wooden building framework, and the round brace 5 in the region where the inside measure of the framework and the round brace 5, which come into contact, and the wooden building framework are coupled with fixing fittings 6 to the wooden building framework and fixed to the building framework with bolts 7.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、古来より日本家屋とし
て伝わっている木造建築工法で建築した建築物を、地震
災害又風害から守るために使用されている筋交いに関す
る。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a brace used to protect a building constructed by a wooden construction method which has been traditionally used as a Japanese house from an earthquake disaster or wind damage.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来の筋交いは土台と軒げた、或いは二
階の台輪と敷げたの同一壁面内の柱間に柱と同じ材で作
った筋交いを斜めに差し渡し、該差し渡した両端は土台
と軒げた又は台輪と敷げたに差し込み口を穿った仕口に
差し入れて突っ張り、該突っ張り角度を左右対称に構築
して効力を発揮している。
2. Description of the Related Art A conventional brace diagonally inserts a brace made of the same material as a pillar between pillars in the same wall, which is laid on a base and eaves or laid on a second floor pedestal. It is inserted into a connection with an eaves or a pedestal and has an insertion opening, and is strung. The strut angle is constructed symmetrically to exert its effect.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】木造建築の軸組工法で
柱間の狭い空間に筋交いを入れると筋交いが立ってしま
い、建物の横揺れによる衝撃から建物を守る防御力が減
衰したり、又柱間の広い空間に筋交いを入れると室内の
採光有効箇所を閉塞して採光面積に支障を来してしま
い、又同じ壁面方向に筋交いを左右対称に突っ張らなけ
れば効力が発生しないという弱点がある、そして強度の
横揺れには筋交いが梃子の原理で横軸間を広げて筋交い
に近接する仕口を外すことが考えられる。
When a brace is inserted into a narrow space between pillars by a timber frame construction method, a brace is raised, and the defense force for protecting the building from the shock due to the roll of the building is attenuated. If a brace is inserted in the wide space between the pillars, the effective lighting area in the room will be blocked and the lighting area will be affected, and the effect will not be generated unless the brace is stretched symmetrically in the same wall direction. It is conceivable that the brace widens the horizontal axis based on the principle of leverage and removes the connection close to the brace for the roll of strength.
【0004】本発明は、建物に対する強度の横揺れ又は
縦揺れに対して軸組の仕口の離脱を防止して強震から家
屋の歪みを阻み家屋の倒壊を防ぐことを目的としてい
る。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to prevent the connection of the frame from coming off against strong rolling or pitching of the building, to prevent the house from being distorted by strong earthquake, and to prevent the house from collapsing.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】上記目的を達成するため
に、前記軸組の柱間を形成して対峙している柱に該柱が
土台と軒げたに仕口している内法の空間に長円環に形成
した筋交いを嵌入し、該丸筋交いの外周と前記軸組内法
面を接し、該軸組内法面と前記丸筋交いの外周が接した
部位を固定具で固定したものである。
In order to achieve the above-mentioned object, in order to achieve the above-mentioned object, an inner space is formed between the pillars of the frame assembly and opposed to each other so that the pillars are connected to the base and eaves. A brace formed in an oval ring is fitted into the ring, the outer circumference of the round brace is in contact with the inside face of the frame, and the part where the inside face of the frame and the outer circumference of the round brace are in contact is fixed with a fixture. It is.
【0006】前記の丸筋交いを、軸組内法への取り付け
を容易にするために該丸筋交いの躯体を中空にして質量
を軽減するとともに断面を長円にし表面積を大きくして
強度を増した方が好ましい。
[0006] In order to facilitate the installation of the above-mentioned round braces in the in-frame method, the body of the round braces is hollowed to reduce the mass, and the cross section is made to be an ellipse to increase the surface area to increase the strength. Is more preferred.
【0007】[0007]
【作用】上記の軸組に取り付けられた丸筋交いの軸組へ
の固定箇所が四箇所になるために家屋の揺れる衝撃を固
定箇所四箇所に分散させると共に、該固定箇所各々を結
ぶ線が前記丸筋交いの中心で十字を成すので、家屋の揺
れからくる軸組の歪みを丸筋交いへの求心作用として働
き衝撃力を丸筋交いが吸収するので軸組の仕口が外れに
くくなり、堅牢で安定した建築工法を得ることができ
る。
Since the round braces attached to the above-mentioned frame are fixed to the frame at four locations, the impact of the swinging of the house is dispersed at the four locations, and the line connecting each of the fixed locations is The cross at the center of the round braces makes it possible to work as a centripetal action to the round braces due to the shaking of the house, absorbs the impact force and absorbs the impact force, so that the connection of the shaft hardly comes off, making it robust and stable It is possible to obtain an improved construction method.
【0008】[0008]
【実施例】実施例について図面を参照して説明すると、
図1、図2では基礎1の上に組み上げた軸組の柱間と土
台2と軒げた4の間に丸筋交い5を嵌入し、該丸筋交い
5が軸組に接する部位と該軸組を固定具6を用いて取り
付けボールト7で固定している。
Embodiments will be described with reference to the drawings.
In FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, a round brace 5 is inserted between the columns of the frame assembled on the foundation 1 and between the base 2 and the eaves 4. It is fixed with a mounting vault 7 using a fixture 6.
【0009】図3は丸筋交い5の躯体を中空にしてい
る。図4では丸筋交い5の断面の長軸方向が軸組壁面に
並行して取り付けられて半筋交いになっている。
FIG. 3 shows a structure in which the frame of the round braces 5 is hollow. In FIG. 4, the longitudinal direction of the cross section of the round brace 5 is attached in parallel with the frame wall surface to form a half brace.
【0010】図5では2階梁9の上に組み上げた軸組の
柱3の柱間と台輪10と敷げた11の間に丸筋交い5を
嵌入し、該丸筋交い5が軸組に接する部位と該軸組を固
定具6を用いて取り付けボールト7で固定している
In FIG. 5, a round brace 5 is inserted between the columns 3 of the frame 3 assembled on the second floor beam 9 and between the pedestal 10 and the laid 11 and the round brace 5 comes into contact with the frame. The part and the shaft assembly are fixed by a mounting vault 7 using a fixing tool 6.
【0011】[0011]
【発明の効果】本発明は、以上説明したように構成され
ているので以下に記載されるような効果を奏する。
Since the present invention is configured as described above, it has the following effects.
【0012】丸筋交いの断面長軸を軸組壁面に対し並行
にして該軸組に組み入れ半筋交いとし、該半筋交いに半
鴨居と半敷居を応用して開口部を開けるか、又は丸筋交
いの断面長軸を軸組壁面に対して交差にして該軸組に組
み入れ、付け鴨居と付け敷居を用いて開口部を開ける、
このどちらの場合でも前記丸筋交い取り付け箇所に採光
を得ることが可能になり筋交いの取り付け許容範囲が広
がる。
The longitudinal axis of the cross section of the circular bracing is parallel to the wall surface of the frame, and the half bracing is incorporated into the frame, and an opening is opened by applying a semi-gate and a half threshold to the half bracing, or the round bracing is used. The cross-section major axis intersects the frame wall surface and is incorporated into the frame, and the opening is opened using the sill and sill.
In either case, it is possible to obtain lighting at the above-mentioned round brace attachment location, and the allowable attachment range of the brace is widened.
【0013】丸筋交いを木造軸組内法に嵌入し、該軸組
の柱と土台(台輪)と軒げた(敷げた)に固定具を介し
て丸筋交いを軸組にボールトで固定すると家屋が水平面
から衝撃を受けたときに丸筋交いを嵌入した軸組が丸筋
交いに求心しようとするので軸組の歪みが最小限に抑え
られ軸組の仕口の離脱を避けることができ、家屋を倒壊
から護ることが可能になり財産と人命を救うことができ
る。
[0013] The round bracing is inserted into the wooden frame inside method, and the round bracing is fixed to the frame by a vault on a pillar, a base (base ring), and an eaves (laying) of the frame, and then the vault is fixed to a house. When a shock is applied from a horizontal plane, the girder with the round brace inserted will attempt to center on the round brace, so the distortion of the frame will be minimized, the detachment of the frame connection will be avoided, and It is possible to protect from collapse and save property and life.
【0014】丸筋交いの躯体を中空に形成することで質
量を抑えることができ、建築現場での取り付け作業が簡
便になり建築工法内に取り入れることが容易になる。
By forming the frame of the round braid in a hollow shape, the mass can be suppressed, the mounting work at the construction site is simplified, and it can be easily incorporated into the construction method.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】柱間に取り付けた(一階部分)丸筋交いの平面
図。
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a round bracing (first floor portion) attached between pillars.
【図2】図1のA−A切断面図。FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along the line AA of FIG. 1;
【図3】図2のA−A切断面の丸筋交いの部分拡大図。FIG. 3 is a partially enlarged view of a round streak of the AA cut surface in FIG. 2;
【図4】丸筋交いの断面を縦長にして半筋交いにした部
分拡大図。
FIG. 4 is a partially enlarged view in which a cross section of a round brace is vertically elongated to form a half brace.
【図5】柱間に取り付けた(二階部分)丸筋交いの平面
図。
FIG. 5 is a plan view of a round brace attached to a pole (second floor).
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1.基礎。 2.土台。 3.柱。 4.軒げた。 5.丸筋交い。 6.固定具。 7.ボールト。 8.胴差し。 9.2階梁。 10.台輪。 11.敷げた。 1. Foundation. 2. Foundation. 3. Pillar. 4. I got eaves. 5. Round studs. 6. Fixture. 7. vault. 8. Bolt. 9. Second floor beams. 10. Undercarriage. 11. I laid it.
───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl.7 識別記号 FI テーマコート゛(参考) E04B 2/56 651 E04B 2/56 651S 652 652J ──────────────────────────────────────────────────続 き Continued on the front page (51) Int.Cl. 7 Identification symbol FI Theme coat ゛ (Reference) E04B 2/56 651 E04B 2/56 651S 652 652J

Claims (5)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 長円環に丸筋交い(5)を形成し、該丸
    筋交い(5)の躯体を中空にした木造建築工法用の筋交
    い。
    1. A brace for a wooden construction method in which a round brace (5) is formed in an oval ring, and the frame of the round brace (5) is hollow.
  2. 【請求項2】 丸筋交い(5)を長円環に形成した該長
    円環の長軸端対向に固定具(6)を備え、前記長円環の
    長軸に交差する短軸の該短軸端対向に固定具(6)を備
    えた請求項1記載の木造建築工法用の筋交い。
    2. A fixture (6), which is provided with a round strut (5) formed in an oblong ring and opposed to a long axis end of the oblong ring, wherein the short axis of the short axis crossing the long axis of the oblong ring is provided. The brace for a wooden building method according to claim 1, further comprising a fixing member (6) opposite to the shaft end.
  3. 【請求項3】 前記請求項2記載の丸筋交い(5)を建
    物の壁面に組み入れ固定具(6)で前記丸筋交い(5)
    を木造建築軸組に固定した木造建築工法。
    3. The brace (5) according to claim 2, wherein the brace (5) is incorporated into a wall of a building and fixed with a fixture (6).
    Wooden construction method in which is fixed to a wooden construction frame.
  4. 【請求項4】 建物の一階部分の土台(2)と軒げた
    (4)の同一壁面の柱間に該対向する柱(3)の内法に
    丸筋交い(5)を嵌入し、該丸筋交い(5)の外周と木
    造軸組内法面を接し、該木造軸組内法面と接した軸組の
    部位と前記の丸筋交い(5)を前記請求項2記載の固定
    具(6)で連結し、該固定具(6)をボールト(7)が
    前記木造建築軸組に固定した木造建築工法。
    4. A round bracing (5) is inserted between the bases (2) on the first floor of the building and the pillars on the same wall surface of the eaves (4) so as to fit inside the facing pillars (3). The fixing tool (6) according to claim 2, wherein an outer periphery of the brace (5) is in contact with a slope inside the wooden frame, and a portion of the frame that is in contact with the inside slope of the wooden frame is connected to the round brace (5). And a vault (7) fixing the fixture (6) to the wooden building frame.
  5. 【請求項5】 建物の二階部分の台輪(10)と敷げた
    (11)の同一壁面の柱間に該対向する柱(3)の内法
    に丸筋交い(5)を嵌入して、該丸筋交い(5)の外周
    と木造軸組内法面を接し、該木造軸組内法面と接した軸
    組の部位と前記丸筋交い(5)を前記請求項2記載の固
    定具(6)で連結し、該固定具(6)をボールト(7)
    が前記木造建築軸組に固定した木造建築工法。
    5. A round bracing (5) is inserted between the pedestal (10) on the second floor of the building and the pillar on the same wall surface of the laid (11) in the inside of the opposed pillar (3). The fixture (6) according to claim 2, wherein an outer periphery of the round bracing (5) is in contact with a slope inside the wooden frame, and a portion of the frame that is in contact with the inside slope of the wooden frame and the round bracing (5) are the fixture (6) according to claim 2. And fix the fixture (6) with the vault (7).
    Is a wooden building method fixed to the wooden building frame.
JP2001171791A 2001-05-01 2001-05-01 Brace for wooden building construction method, and wooden building construction method employing the brace Pending JP2002327497A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001171791A JP2002327497A (en) 2001-05-01 2001-05-01 Brace for wooden building construction method, and wooden building construction method employing the brace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001171791A JP2002327497A (en) 2001-05-01 2001-05-01 Brace for wooden building construction method, and wooden building construction method employing the brace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2002327497A true JP2002327497A (en) 2002-11-15

Family

ID=19013505

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001171791A Pending JP2002327497A (en) 2001-05-01 2001-05-01 Brace for wooden building construction method, and wooden building construction method employing the brace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2002327497A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101823066B (en) * 2009-09-24 2012-05-23 江苏张家港酿酒有限公司 Bottle pedestal in bottle holder in bottle washer
JP2014509356A (en) * 2011-02-09 2014-04-17 インダストリー−アカデミック コーポレーション ファウンデイション,チョソン ユニバーシティーIndustry−Academic Cooperation Foundation,Chosun University Circular brace and its construction method
JP2017203363A (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-11-16 一夫 有▲吉▼ Cushioning-type aseismatic structure for house

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101823066B (en) * 2009-09-24 2012-05-23 江苏张家港酿酒有限公司 Bottle pedestal in bottle holder in bottle washer
JP2014509356A (en) * 2011-02-09 2014-04-17 インダストリー−アカデミック コーポレーション ファウンデイション,チョソン ユニバーシティーIndustry−Academic Cooperation Foundation,Chosun University Circular brace and its construction method
JP2017203363A (en) * 2016-05-12 2017-11-16 一夫 有▲吉▼ Cushioning-type aseismatic structure for house

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