JP2002291822A - Lower limb tool for walking - Google Patents

Lower limb tool for walking

Info

Publication number
JP2002291822A
JP2002291822A JP2001094766A JP2001094766A JP2002291822A JP 2002291822 A JP2002291822 A JP 2002291822A JP 2001094766 A JP2001094766 A JP 2001094766A JP 2001094766 A JP2001094766 A JP 2001094766A JP 2002291822 A JP2002291822 A JP 2002291822A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
lower limb
walking
foot orthosis
plate
coupling
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2001094766A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Kazuhiro Kameda
Morihiro Kameda
Sadao Kameda
和弘 亀田
守弘 亀田
貞男 亀田
Original Assignee
Keiai Gishi Zairyo Hanbaisho:Kk
株式会社啓愛義肢材料販売所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Keiai Gishi Zairyo Hanbaisho:Kk, 株式会社啓愛義肢材料販売所 filed Critical Keiai Gishi Zairyo Hanbaisho:Kk
Priority to JP2001094766A priority Critical patent/JP2002291822A/en
Publication of JP2002291822A publication Critical patent/JP2002291822A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a lower limb tool for walking which achieves a higher durability without requiring labors for maintenance management by facilitating the walking of a user with the least slackening.
SOLUTION: In the concept of lower limb tools for walking, this lower limb tool is provided with sole boards each of which has a pair of support side plates built upward from right and left rims thereof, lower limb struts supported on joint plate parts formed at the tips of the respective support side plates, and shoes bodies are installed on the sole boards. In the lower limb tool thus arranged, coupling shafts fastened on coupling members provided at the lower ends of the respective lower limb struts are rotatably supported with rolling bearings fitted into the respective joint plate parts. The rolling bearings herein used are preferably ball bearings or roller bearings.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2002,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、脚部麻痺等による歩行困難者の脚部に装着して、歩行を容易にするための歩行用下肢装具に関する。 The present invention relates, in mounted on leg lameness contributed by leg paralysis, etc., relating to walking foot orthosis to facilitate walking.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来から、脚部麻痺や踝関節の機能障害等によって歩行が困難となった患者に対して、歩行の機能を補助し、或いは機能回復を促すために、脚部に装着する下肢装具が用いられている。 BACKGROUND ART Conventionally, for a patient who is difficult to walk by dysfunctions like leg paralysis or ankle joint, to assist the function of walking, or to promote functional recovery, mounted on the legs foot orthosis has been used. こうした下肢装具としては、左右に側板部1aを突設した図4に示すような足底板材1をプレス成形して、図5に示すような鐙状に支持側板2aを形成した足底板2とし、その上側に足を覆うための靴体3を取り付けると共に、足底板2の下側に靴底体4を設けたものがある。 As such foot orthosis, the sole plate 1, as shown in FIG. 4 which projects the side plate portion 1a to the right and left by press-forming, the sole plate 2 which stirrup shape to form a support plate 2a as shown in FIG. 5 , is attached to the shoe body 3 for covering the foot on its upper side, there is provided a Kutsusokotai 4 on the lower side of the sole plate 2.

【0003】このような従来の下肢装具は、図6に示すように、靴体3の左右両側の踝関節の直下位置で、支持側板2aが上方に立ち上がるように足底板2を形成して、該支持側板2aの上端に形成された継手板部2b [0003] Such a conventional foot orthosis, as shown in FIG. 6, at a position immediately below the ankle joint of the left and right sides of the shoe body 3, to form a foot bottom plate 2 as the supporting side plate 2a rises upward, joint plate portion 2b formed on the upper end of the support plate 2a
が、該関節の回動軸位置に合致するようにしてある。 But are to be matched to the rotational axis position of the joint. そして、下肢に結合する下肢カフ5aを上部に設けた一対の支柱5の、下端に固定した結合部材5bを、結合部材5bにネジ結合した結合軸6により、該継手板部2bに対して前後方向に揺動可能に結合してある。 Then, the pair of columns 5 to the lower extremity cuff 5a provided in the upper binding to leg, the coupling member 5b fixed to the lower end, the coupling shaft 6 which is screwed into the coupling member 5b, back and forth with respect 該継 Teban portion 2b It is linked so as to be swingable in a direction.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】このような従来の下肢装具は、結合軸6が結合部材5bにネジ込んで固定してあるため、強く締めつけると、結合部材5bと該継手板部2bとの摩擦が大きくなって歩き難くなる。 THE INVENTION Problems to be Solved The conventional foot orthosis, since coupling shaft 6 is secured by screwed to the coupling member 5b, when tightened strongly, the coupling member 5b and 該継 Teban portion 2b friction is less likely to walk increases. 反対に締めつけを弱くすると、遊びが生じて歩き易くはなるが、 And to weaken the tightening in the opposite, but easy is to walk occurs play,
使用中に緩んできてガタつきが起こる傾向があるため、 Because there is a tendency to rattle come loose during use occurs,
調整が面倒であるという欠点があった。 Adjustment there has been a drawback that it is cumbersome. そこで本発明は、装用者が歩き易く、しかも緩みが生じ難くて、維持管理に手数が掛からず、耐久性の良い歩行用下肢装具を提供することを目的としたものである。 The present invention is easy wearer walks, yet are unlikely to occur loose, not Kakekara is troublesome in maintenance, it is intended to provide a good walking foot orthosis durability.

【0005】 [0005]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記の本発明の目的は、 Means for Solving the Problems The above object of the present invention,
一対の支持側板を左右縁から上向きに設けた足底板と、 A sole plate upwardly disposed from the left and right edges of the pair of support side plates,
該支持側板の先端に形成された継手板部に支持された下肢支柱と、該足底板の上側に設けた靴体とを備えてなる下肢装具において、該下肢支柱の下端に設けた結合部材に固着した結合軸を、該継手板部に嵌着した転動軸受により回動可能に支持してなることを要旨とする歩行用下肢装具によって達成することができ、中でも前記転動軸受が、ボールベアリングまたはローラーベアリングであることが特に好ましい。 A leg strut supported on the joint plate portion formed at the distal end of the support plate, the foot orthosis comprising a shoe body provided on the upper side of the foot bottom plate, the coupling member provided at the lower end of the lower limb strut the coupling shaft which is fixed, can be achieved by walking foot orthosis according to subject matter that formed by rotatably supported by the rolling bearing fitted to 該継 hand plate, among others the rolling bearing, ball it is particularly preferably a bearing or roller bearing.

【0006】 [0006]

【発明の実施の形態】本発明の歩行用下肢装具を、図に基づいて更に詳細に説明するが、本発明の歩行用下肢装具は、図1に示すように、支持側板2aの先端に形成した継手板部2bと、下肢支柱5の下端に設けた結合部材5bとを、結合軸6で結合する継手部分の構造が、これまでの継手の構造と異なっているほかは、従来技術による歩行用下肢装具と基本的に類似した全体構造を有しているものである。 The walking foot orthosis of the embodiment of the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to FIG, walking foot orthosis of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 1, formed at the distal end of the support plate 2a was a joint plate portion 2b, and a coupling member 5b provided at the lower end of the leg support 5, the structure of the joint portion for coupling with coupling shaft 6, except that different from the structure of the previous joint, walking according to the prior art those having a use foot orthosis basically similar overall structure.

【0007】すなわち、本発明の歩行用下肢装具において用いられる足底板材1は、図2に示すように、例えば、継手板部1bの結合軸6を挿通する位置に、径が結合軸6よりも大きい結合孔1cが形成されていて、結合軸6を挿通できる転動軸受7が、この結合孔1cに嵌合されているものである。 Namely, sole plate 1 for use in ambulatory foot orthosis of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 2, for example, the position for inserting the coupling shaft 6 of the joint plate portion 1b, diameter than the coupling shaft 6 it is formed larger coupling hole 1c also has a rolling bearing 7 capable inserting the coupling shaft 6, in which are fitted into the coupling hole 1c. このような転動軸受7としては、ボールベアリングやローラーベアリングが好ましく用いられるが、これらに限られるものではなく、耐久性が高くて回動抵抗が小さいものであれば、適宜の構造のものを使用して差し支えない。 Such rolling bearings 7, ball bearings, roller bearings are preferred, it is not limited thereto, as long as a small rotation resistance high durability, those suitable structure no problem using.

【0008】本発明においては、上記のような構造の足底板材1を従来のようにプレス成形して、一対の支持側板2aを上向きに設けた足底板2とし、他方で、従来とほぼ同様な構造の結合部材5bを備えた下肢支柱5を用意する。 [0008] In the present invention, the sole plate 1 having the above structure by press-forming as in the prior art, the sole plate 2 which is provided upward of the pair of support side plates 2a, on the other hand, almost the same as that of the conventional providing a leg support post 5 provided with a coupling member 5b of the structure. すなわち、この結合部材5bには、例えば、継手板部2bを両側から挟むことができるように、外板部5cと内板部5dとが形成され、外板部5cには結合軸6を挿通する挿通孔5eが、また内板部5dには結合軸6の先端部を螺着することができる結合孔5fが、同軸となるように形成されている。 That is, the coupling member 5b, for example, to be able to sandwich the coupling plate portion 2b from both sides, and the outer plate portion 5c and the inner plate portion 5d is formed, through a coupling shaft 6 to the outer plate portion 5c coupling holes 5f in insertion holes 5e are also inner plate portion 5d capable of screwing the tip of the coupling shaft 6 is formed so as to be coaxial.

【0009】そして、転動軸受7を嵌合してある継手板部2bを、結合部材5bの外板部5cと内板部5dとの間に挿入し、外板部5c側から転動軸受7を貫通するようにして結合軸6を挿通し、その結合軸6の先端部を結合孔5fに螺着する。 [0009] Then, the fitting plate portion 2b are fitted rolling bearing 7 is inserted between the outer plate portion 5c and the inner plate portion 5d of the coupling member 5b, the rolling bearing from the outer plate portion 5c side 7 by inserting the coupling shaft 6 so as to penetrate a screwing tip of the coupling shaft 6 to the coupling hole 5f. こうすると結合軸6は結合部材5 Coupling shaft 6 to said binding member 5
bに確実に固着されるから、継手板部2bが前後方向に回動しても、結合部材5bとの結合が緩むようなことは起こらない。 Since is securely affixed to b, the joint plate portion 2b is also rotated in the longitudinal direction, does not occur that as loosening the bond between the coupling member 5b.

【0010】 [0010]

【発明の効果】本発明の歩行用下肢装具は、靴などの履物を取り付ける足底板の、側縁から上向きに延長して立ち上げた一対の継手板部に、ボールベアリングなどの転動軸受を設けて、下肢支柱と継手板部の継ぎ手としているので、装用者に歩き難さを感じさせることがなく、また継ぎ手部分に緩みが生じて調整が必要となるなどの面倒さもなく、軽量であって見栄えもよく、耐久性が高いという効果がある。 Walking foot orthosis of the present invention exhibits, the foot bottom plate to mount the footwear, such as shoes, a pair of the joint plate portion launched to extend upwardly from the side edges, the rolling bearing such as a ball bearing provided, since the joint of the lower limb supports and joint plate portion, without feel to walk difficulty wearer, and without much trouble of such adjustment occurs slack required for joint portion, a lightweight appearance Te may be, there is an effect that is high durability.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明の歩行用下肢装具の要部の断面図である。 1 is a cross-sectional view of a main part of the walking foot orthosis of the present invention.

【図2】本発明の歩行用下肢装具に用いられる足底板材の上面図である。 2 is a top view of a sole plate used in ambulatory foot orthosis of the present invention.

【図3】本発明の歩行用下肢装具の背面図である。 3 is a rear view of the walking foot orthosis of the present invention.

【図4】従来技術の歩行用下肢装具に用いられる足底板材の例の上面図である。 4 is a top view of an example of a sole plate used in ambulatory foot orthosis of the prior art.

【図5】従来技術の歩行用下肢装具の背面図である。 FIG. 5 is a rear view of the walking foot orthosis of the prior art.

【図6】従来技術の歩行用下肢装具の外観を示す斜視図である。 6 is a perspective view showing an appearance of a walking foot orthosis of the prior art.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 足底板材 1a 側板部 1b 継手板部 1c 結合孔 2 足底板 2a 支持側板 2b 継手板部 2c 結合孔 3 靴体 4 靴底体 5 支柱 5a 下肢カフ 5b 結合部材 5c 外板部 5d 内板部 5e 挿通孔 5f 結合孔 6 結合軸 7 転動軸受 1 Plantar plate 1a side plate portion 1b joint plate portion 1c coupling hole 2 sole plate 2a supporting the side plate 2b joint plate portion 2c coupling hole 3 shoes body 4 Kutsusokotai 5 post 5a leg cuff 5b coupling member 5c skin portion 5d in the plate portion 5e insertion hole 5f coupling hole 6 connecting shaft 7 rolling bearing

フロントページの続き (72)発明者 亀田 貞男 東京都豊島区駒込3丁目3番13号 株式会 社啓愛義肢材料販売所内 Front page of the continuation (72) invention No. 3 No. 13 stock Board's Sadao Kameda Toshima-ku, Tokyo Komagome 3-chome YashiroAkiraAi prosthetics material sale house

Claims (2)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 一対の支持側板を左右縁から上向きに設けた足底板と、該支持側板の先端に形成された継手板部に支持された下肢支柱と、該足底板の上側に設けた靴体とを備えてなる下肢装具において、該下肢支柱の下端に設けた結合部材に固着した結合軸を、該継手板部に嵌着した転動軸受により回動可能に支持してなることを特徴とする歩行用下肢装具。 A sole plate as claimed in claim 1] are provided upward with a pair of supporting side plates from the left and right edges, and leg struts supported on the joint plate portion formed at the distal end of the support plate, shoes provided on the upper side of the foot bottom plate characterized in foot orthosis comprising a body, a coupling shaft fixed to the coupling member provided at the lower end of the lower limb support column, that is formed by rotatably supported by the rolling bearing fitted to 該継 hand plate portion walking foot orthosis to be.
  2. 【請求項2】 前記転動軸受は、ボールベアリングまたはローラーベアリングである、請求項1に記載の歩行用下肢装具。 Wherein said rolling bearing is a ball bearing or roller bearing, walking foot orthosis according to claim 1.
JP2001094766A 2001-03-29 2001-03-29 Lower limb tool for walking Pending JP2002291822A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001094766A JP2002291822A (en) 2001-03-29 2001-03-29 Lower limb tool for walking

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001094766A JP2002291822A (en) 2001-03-29 2001-03-29 Lower limb tool for walking

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2002291822A true JP2002291822A (en) 2002-10-08

Family

ID=18948916

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001094766A Pending JP2002291822A (en) 2001-03-29 2001-03-29 Lower limb tool for walking

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2002291822A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5126919B1 (en) * 2012-04-09 2013-01-23 英治 川西 Walking assist device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS54127197A (en) * 1978-03-08 1979-10-02 Codman & Shurtleff Artificial articulation
JPS63160826U (en) * 1987-04-08 1988-10-20
JPH0271737A (en) * 1988-01-22 1990-03-12 Salus Srl Artificial joint
JPH04504370A (en) * 1989-04-11 1992-08-06
JPH06505652A (en) * 1991-03-13 1994-06-30
JPH11313862A (en) * 1998-05-06 1999-11-16 Kawamura Gishi Kk Inferior limb orthesis and shoe exclusively used for inferior limb orthesis

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS54127197A (en) * 1978-03-08 1979-10-02 Codman & Shurtleff Artificial articulation
JPS63160826U (en) * 1987-04-08 1988-10-20
JPH0271737A (en) * 1988-01-22 1990-03-12 Salus Srl Artificial joint
JPH04504370A (en) * 1989-04-11 1992-08-06
JPH06505652A (en) * 1991-03-13 1994-06-30
JPH11313862A (en) * 1998-05-06 1999-11-16 Kawamura Gishi Kk Inferior limb orthesis and shoe exclusively used for inferior limb orthesis

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5126919B1 (en) * 2012-04-09 2013-01-23 英治 川西 Walking assist device

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