JP2002240806A - Casing and feeding apparatus for agricultural product - Google Patents

Casing and feeding apparatus for agricultural product

Info

Publication number
JP2002240806A
JP2002240806A JP2001041401A JP2001041401A JP2002240806A JP 2002240806 A JP2002240806 A JP 2002240806A JP 2001041401 A JP2001041401 A JP 2001041401A JP 2001041401 A JP2001041401 A JP 2001041401A JP 2002240806 A JP2002240806 A JP 2002240806A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
hopper
agricultural
guide
plate
agricultural products
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2001041401A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Tomoshi Oda
知史 織田
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Maki Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Maki Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Maki Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Maki Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to JP2001041401A priority Critical patent/JP2002240806A/en
Publication of JP2002240806A publication Critical patent/JP2002240806A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a casing and feeding apparatus for agricultural products with which an impact to be applied to the products at casing and feeding can be sufficiently buffered to reliably prevent the products from getting damaged. SOLUTION: The easing and feeding apparatus includes a rotatable hopper which is formed to have an approximately sectorial cross section with a guide member having an arcuate guide and side plate members provided at both ends of the guide member and equipped with a supply port and a discharge port on both sides along the arc, and a support plate provided in the hopper with its tip rotatable along the arcuate guide. The hopper guides the agricultural products supported by the support plate by the rotation of the support plate stepwise toward the discharge port along the arcuate guide, rotatably separates from the support plate and opens the discharge port, thereby discharging the products in the hopper for feeding. The hopper and the support plate are provided to be capable of rising/lowering, wherein a predetermined distance is set between an agricultural product feeding apparatus positioned upward and an agricultural product conveyer for casing which is positioned downward by their rising/lowering.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、馬鈴薯等の農産物
の箱詰めのために好ましく用いられる農産物の箱詰供給
装置に係わり、特に農産物を受け入れるホッパー部分の
改良に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an apparatus for feeding and packing agricultural products, which is preferably used for packing agricultural products such as potatoes, and more particularly to an improvement in a hopper portion for receiving agricultural products.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来、馬鈴薯等の農産物を収容箱として
の段ボール箱内に箱詰め供給する装置としては、例えば
特公昭57−7364号公報、特開昭60−77824
号公報あるいは実公昭62−23685号公報に開示の
ものが知られている。先ず、特公昭57−7364号公
報に開示の自動秤量装置(装置Aという)は、秤量装置
上に用意された段ボール箱内に、広幅ベルトと1個送り
ベルトとからなる供給装置を用いて、段ボール箱のフラ
ップの上域あるいは曲げたフラップの上方から農産物を
一個づつ箱詰め供給するようにしたものである。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, an apparatus for packing and supplying agricultural products such as potatoes in a cardboard box as a storage box is disclosed in, for example, Japanese Patent Publication No. 57-7364 and Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 60-77824.
Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Publication No. Sho. First, an automatic weighing device (referred to as device A) disclosed in Japanese Patent Publication No. 57-7364 uses a supply device including a wide belt and a single feed belt in a cardboard box prepared on the weighing device. The agricultural products are boxed and supplied one by one from above the flaps of the cardboard box or above the bent flaps.

【0003】また、特開昭60−77824号公報に開
示の計量箱詰方法及び装置(装置Bという)は、秤量ホ
ッパーの上部供給口と農産物の供給装置との間に、農産
物を一時収納するためにホッパーの上部供給口を塞ぐシ
ャッターを水平に出没可能に設けると共に、ホッパー装
置の底板を観音開き式に開閉可能に設け、シャッターで
ホッパー装置内への農産物の投入量を調整しつつ、ホッ
パー装置内の所定量の農産物を底板の開放で容器内に箱
詰め供給するようにしたものである。
Further, in a method and apparatus for weighing boxes disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. Sho 60-77824 (hereinafter referred to as apparatus B), agricultural products are temporarily stored between an upper supply port of a weighing hopper and an apparatus for supplying agricultural products. A shutter that closes the upper supply port of the hopper is provided so that it can come and go horizontally, and the bottom plate of the hopper device is provided so that it can be opened and closed in a double-opening manner.The shutter adjusts the input amount of agricultural products into the hopper device, A predetermined amount of agricultural products in the container is supplied in a box with the bottom plate opened.

【0004】さらに実公昭62−23685号公報に開
示の球形農産物の箱詰め装置(装置Cという)は、農産
物を搬送するコンベアの終端部近傍に農産物をストック
する遮蔽板を設けると共に、この遮蔽板の下方に設けた
上下動可能なスライド枠の底部に開閉可能なダンパーを
設け、ストックされた所定量の農産物をスライド枠内に
投入しつつ、スライド枠内の農産物をダンパーの開放で
収容函内に箱詰め供給するようにしたものである。
[0004] Further, the spherical agricultural product boxing device (referred to as device C) disclosed in Japanese Utility Model Publication No. Sho 62-23885 has a shield plate for stocking agricultural products near the end of a conveyor for transporting agricultural products. An openable and closable damper is provided at the bottom of the vertically movable slide frame that is provided below, and while a certain amount of agricultural products that have been stored are thrown into the slide frame, the agricultural products in the slide frame are opened into the storage box by opening the damper. They are supplied in boxes.

【0005】[0005]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、装置A
にあっては、段ボール箱のフラップの上域あるいは曲げ
たフラップの上方から段ボール箱内に農産物を直接箱詰
め供給する方式であるため、箱詰め供給開始時の農産物
の落差(供給装置と段ボール箱底部との距離)が大きく
なって農産物を傷める虞があると共に、農産物が所定量
箱詰めされた段ボール箱の送り出しや空の段ボール箱の
設置等の切り換え時に、段ボール箱へ農産物を箱詰め供
給することができず、箱詰め作業の能率面で劣るという
問題点を有している。
However, the device A
In this method, agricultural products are directly boxed and supplied into the cardboard box from the upper area of the flaps of the cardboard box or from above the bent flaps. Distance) may increase and damage agricultural products, and when switching out of a corrugated cardboard box in which a predetermined amount of agricultural products are packed or installation of an empty cardboard box, the agricultural products cannot be boxed and supplied to the cardboard boxes. However, there is a problem that the efficiency of the box packing operation is inferior.

【0006】また、装置Bにあっては、シャッター上に
所定量の農産物を一時収納でき、この間に容器の交換作
業等が行えることから、装置Aに比較して箱詰め作業の
能率面は向上するものの、収容部の容積(高さ)を確保
するために供給初期の落差がある程度必要になる。ま
た、ホッパー装置の底板を除々に開くと、底板と農産物
とが擦れて農産物を傷める虞があることから一度に開く
ように構成されており、そのため、特に下側の農産物に
対する衝撃が大きくなると共に、容器内に箱詰め供給さ
れた農産物が落下の勢いで跳ね返って底板の裏面側と容
器の側壁とで挟まれる虞もある。これらのことから、こ
の装置Bの場合、表皮の堅い農産物の場合にはあまり問
題ないものの、馬鈴薯のように表皮が柔らかい農産物の
場合に傷み易く適さないという問題点を有している。
Further, in the apparatus B, a predetermined amount of agricultural products can be temporarily stored on the shutter, and during this time, the container can be replaced, and the efficiency of the box packing operation is improved as compared with the apparatus A. However, in order to secure the volume (height) of the storage section, a certain initial head drop is required. In addition, when the bottom plate of the hopper device is gradually opened, the bottom plate and the agricultural product are rubbed and the agricultural product may be damaged, so that the hopper device is opened at one time, so that the impact particularly on the lower agricultural product increases. There is also a possibility that the agricultural products supplied in a box in the container may rebound with the force of falling and be caught between the back surface of the bottom plate and the side wall of the container. From these facts, in the case of this device B, although there is not much problem in the case of agricultural products having a hard skin, it has a problem that it is easily damaged and is not suitable in the case of agricultural products having a soft skin like potato.

【0007】さらに、装置Cにあっては、遮蔽板でスラ
イド枠への農産物の直接的な投入がなくなることから、
農産物の傷みはある程度防止されるものの、スライド枠
の底板が一度に開いて所定量の農産物を一度に容器内に
直接箱詰め供給する方式であるため、前記装置Bと同様
に、馬鈴薯等の表皮が柔らかい農産物の箱詰めには適さ
ないという問題点を有している。つまり、いずれの装置
にあっても、箱詰め作業の能率を向上させた状態で、箱
詰め供給時の農産物に加わる衝撃を十分に緩和させてそ
の傷みを確実に防止することが難しい。
[0007] Further, in the device C, since the direct input of agricultural products to the slide frame by the shielding plate is eliminated,
Although the damage of the agricultural products is prevented to some extent, since the bottom plate of the slide frame is opened at a time and a predetermined amount of the agricultural products are directly boxed and supplied into the container at a time, the skin of potatoes and the like, like the device B, is used. It has a problem that it is not suitable for packing soft agricultural products. In other words, it is difficult for any of the devices to sufficiently reduce the impact applied to the agricultural products during the boxing and supply and prevent the damage in a state where the efficiency of the boxing operation is improved.

【0008】本発明は、このような事情に鑑みてなされ
たもので、その目的は、箱詰め供給時に農産物に加わる
衝撃を十分に緩和させて農産物の傷み発生を確実に防止
し得る農産物の箱詰供給装置を提供することにある。ま
た、他の目的は、前記目的に加え、農産物の落下供給距
離を短縮して農産物の傷み発生をより確実に防止した
り、箱詰め作業の能率を向上させたり、受板の回動機構
やガイド部材の構成を簡略化したり、所定量づつの農産
物を確実かつ安定して箱詰め供給し得る農産物の箱詰供
給装置を提供することにある。
The present invention has been made in view of such circumstances, and an object of the present invention is to reduce the impact applied to agricultural products at the time of boxing supply and sufficiently prevent agricultural products from being damaged. To provide a supply device. In addition to the above-mentioned objects, another object of the present invention is to shorten the distance for supplying and dropping agricultural products, to more reliably prevent damage to the agricultural products, to improve the efficiency of the packing operation, to rotate the receiving plate, and to guide and rotate the receiving plate. It is an object of the present invention to provide an agricultural product boxing / supplying device which can simplify the configuration of members and can surely and stably supply a predetermined amount of agricultural products in boxes.

【0009】[0009]

【課題を解決するための手段】かかる目的を達成すべ
く、本発明のうち請求項1記載の発明は、円弧状ガイド
を有するガイド部材と該ガイド部材の両端部に設けられ
た側板部材とで断面略扇形状に形成されると共に、その
円弧に沿った両側に供給口と排出口が設けられた回動可
能なホッパーと、該ホッパー内にその先端側が円弧状ガ
イドに沿って回動可能に設けられた受板と、を備え、ホ
ッパーは、受板の回動動作により該受板で受け止めた農
産物をその円弧状ガイドに沿って排出口方向に段階的に
案内すると共に、受板から回動離間して排出口を開放す
ることによりホッパー内の農産物を下方に排出供給する
ことを特徴とする。
In order to achieve the above object, according to the first aspect of the present invention, a guide member having an arcuate guide and side plate members provided at both ends of the guide member are provided. A rotatable hopper having a generally fan-shaped cross section and a supply port and a discharge port provided on both sides along the arc, and a tip end side rotatable along the arc guide in the hopper. A receiving plate provided, and the hopper guides the agricultural product received by the receiving plate stepwise in the direction of the discharge port along the arcuate guide by rotating the receiving plate, and rotates the agricultural product from the receiving plate. Agricultural products in the hopper are discharged and supplied downward by opening and closing the discharge port after moving away.

【0010】このように構成することにより、農産物供
給装置で搬送されてくる農産物は、円弧状ガイドを有す
るガイド部材とこのガイド部材の両端部に設けられる側
板部材で形成された断面略扇形状のホッパー内に供給口
から投入される。この時、ホッパー内に受板が回動可能
に設けられていることから、農産物はこの受板で一旦受
け止められ、受板の回動可能により排出口方向に案内さ
れて、ホッパーの回動動作による排出口の開放でホッパ
ー内の下方に排出供給される。これにより、農産物を受
板で一旦受け止めて段階的に排出口方向に案内して排出
供給できることから、農産物の落下距離を衝撃が十分に
緩和され得る距離まで短縮できて、農産物の傷み発生が
確実に防止される。
[0010] With this configuration, the agricultural product conveyed by the agricultural product supply device has a substantially fan-shaped cross section formed by a guide member having an arcuate guide and side plate members provided at both ends of the guide member. It is fed into the hopper from the supply port. At this time, since the receiving plate is rotatably provided in the hopper, the agricultural product is temporarily received by the receiving plate, and is guided in the direction of the discharge port by the rotatable receiving plate, so that the hopper rotates. The discharge outlet is opened and the liquid is discharged and supplied downward in the hopper. As a result, the agricultural product can be once received by the receiving plate, guided stepwise in the direction of the outlet, and discharged and supplied, so that the fall distance of the agricultural product can be shortened to a distance where the impact can be sufficiently reduced, and the occurrence of damage to the agricultural product is ensured. Is prevented.

【0011】また、請求項2記載の発明は、前記ガイド
部材が、上下に配置された回動自在なローラと、該ロー
ラ間に巻回されると共にその一部が固定された可撓性部
材を有することを特徴とする。このように構成すること
により、ガイド部材の上下の回動自在なローラ間に巻回
され一部が固定された可撓性部材は、ローラの上下動で
回動しつつ下方に除々に捲れる状態で農産物から離れ
て、ホッパーの排出口が開放される。これにより、農産
物が可撓性部材に擦れることなく下方に落下排出され、
農産物の傷み発生がより確実に防止される。
According to a second aspect of the present invention, the guide member is provided with a rotatable roller disposed vertically and a flexible member wound between the rollers and partially fixed thereto. It is characterized by having. With this configuration, the flexible member that is wound between the vertically rotatable rollers of the guide member and partially fixed is gradually turned downward while being rotated by the up and down movement of the rollers. Away from the produce in the state, the outlet of the hopper is opened. As a result, the agricultural product is dropped and discharged downward without rubbing against the flexible member,
Damage to agricultural products is more reliably prevented.

【0012】また、請求項3記載の発明は、前記ガイド
部材が、側板部材間に固定された円弧状板体であること
を特徴とする。このように構成することにより、その両
側に側板部材が固定された回動可能な円弧状板体でガイ
ド部材が形成されることから、ガイド部材自体の構造の
簡略化が図れる。
The invention according to claim 3 is characterized in that the guide member is an arc-shaped plate fixed between side plate members. With such a configuration, the guide member is formed of a rotatable arc-shaped plate body having the side plate members fixed on both sides thereof, so that the structure of the guide member itself can be simplified.

【0013】また、請求項4記載の発明は、前記円弧状
板体が、少なくとも円弧状ガイドを形成する内側面が農
産物が滑らかに滑動し得る低摩擦抵抗の衝動面で形成さ
れていることを特徴とする。このように構成することに
より、円弧状ガイドを形成する際に、例えば滑り易い樹
脂部材の採用や滑り易い部材の貼り付け等で、農産物の
滑動を助長する摺動面で形成された円弧状板体の内側面
を、農産物が良好に滑動しつつ下方にスムーズに案内さ
れることから、農産物の傷み発生がより一層確実に防止
される。
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, the arcuate plate has at least an inner surface forming an arcuate guide formed of a low friction resistance impulse surface on which agricultural products can smoothly slide. Features. With this configuration, when forming the arc-shaped guide, for example, by adopting a slippery resin member or pasting a slippery member, an arc-shaped plate formed of a sliding surface that promotes sliding of agricultural products. Since the produce is smoothly guided down the inner surface of the body while sliding well, the occurrence of damage to the produce is more reliably prevented.

【0014】また、請求項5記載の発明は、前記受板
が、水平な回転軸に軸支され、農産物の供給量に応じて
所定角度位置と略垂直位置との間で回動し得ることを特
徴とする。このように構成することにより、基端側を水
平軸に軸支するだけで、受板の先端部がガイド部材の円
弧状ガイドに沿って回動することから、受板の回動機構
の簡略化が図れる。
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, the receiving plate is supported by a horizontal rotating shaft, and can rotate between a predetermined angular position and a substantially vertical position according to the supply amount of agricultural products. It is characterized by. With this configuration, the distal end portion of the receiving plate rotates along the arc-shaped guide of the guide member simply by pivotally supporting the base end side on the horizontal axis. Can be achieved.

【0015】また、請求項6記載の発明は、前記ホッパ
ーと受板が昇降可能に設けられ、その昇降動作によって
上部に位置する農産物供給装置と下部に位置する箱詰め
用農産物搬送装置との間の距離が所定に設定されること
を特徴とする。このように構成することにより、ホッパ
ーの上昇動作で農産物供給装置との距離が最短に設定さ
れ、下降動作で箱詰め用農産物搬送装置との距離が最短
に設定されることから、農産物供給装置から箱詰め用農
産物搬送装置までの間における農産物の自然落下距離を
短縮できて、農産物の傷み発生がより一層確実に防止さ
れる。
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, the hopper and the receiving plate are provided so as to be able to move up and down, and the raising and lowering operation is performed between the agricultural product supply device located at the upper part and the agricultural product transporting device located at the lower part. The distance is set to a predetermined value. With this configuration, the distance to the agricultural product supply device is set to the shortest by the raising operation of the hopper, and the distance to the agricultural product transport device for boxing is set to the shortest by the lowering operation. The natural fall distance of the agricultural product to the agricultural product transport device can be shortened, and the occurrence of damage to the agricultural product can be more reliably prevented.

【0016】また、請求項7記載の発明は、前記農産物
の重量や数を計測し得る計測装置を備えることを特徴と
する。このように構成することにより、計測装置でホッ
パー内に供給される農産物の重量や個数を計測しつつ、
所定の測定値になった際にホッパーの排出口を開放して
所定量の農産物を下方に排出できることから、所定量づ
つの農産物の箱詰め供給作業が確実かつ安定して行え
る。
Further, the invention according to claim 7 is characterized by comprising a measuring device capable of measuring the weight and the number of the agricultural products. With this configuration, the measuring device measures the weight and number of agricultural products supplied into the hopper,
When the predetermined measured value is reached, the discharge port of the hopper can be opened to discharge a predetermined amount of agricultural products downward, so that a predetermined amount of agricultural products can be reliably boxed and supplied.

【0017】[0017]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面
に基づいて詳細に説明する。図1〜図9は、本発明に係
わる農産物の箱詰供給装置の一実施例を示し、図1が該
装置を使用した箱詰施設の平面図、図2が図1のA−A
線に沿った矢視図、図3が箱詰供給装置の要部斜視図、
図4が図3のB方向から見た正面図、図5及び図6がそ
の側面図、図7がその平面図、図8が動作説明図、図9
がガイド部材の変形例の動作説明図である。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the drawings. 1 to 9 show an embodiment of an apparatus for packing and supplying agricultural products according to the present invention, wherein FIG. 1 is a plan view of a packing facility using the apparatus, and FIG. 2 is AA of FIG.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an essential part of the box feeding device,
4 is a front view as viewed from the direction B in FIG. 3, FIGS. 5 and 6 are side views thereof, FIG. 7 is a plan view thereof, FIG.
Is an operation explanatory view of a modified example of the guide member.

【0018】図1及び図2において、箱詰供給装置1
は、農産物供給装置としてのバイブレータ2の終端側下
方に配置され、このバイブレータ2の始端側には、農産
物が搬送されるベルト式の引出コンベア3が接続されて
いる。また、箱詰供給装置1の後述するホッパー13の
下方には正逆転可能な搬送コンベア4が配置され、この
搬送コンベア4の搬送方向の両端部下方には、空箱搬送
コンベア6から供給される空の段ボール箱8を搬送した
り農産物が箱詰めされた段ボール箱8を製品搬送コンベ
ア7に供給する搬送コンベア5がそれぞれ接続されてい
る。
In FIG. 1 and FIG.
Is disposed below the end side of the vibrator 2 as an agricultural product supply device, and a belt-type draw-out conveyor 3 to which agricultural products are transported is connected to the start end side of the vibrator 2. In addition, a forward / reverse transport conveyor 4 is disposed below a hopper 13 of the box feeding device 1 which will be described later, and is supplied from an empty box transport conveyor 6 below both ends of the transport conveyor 4 in the transport direction. The transport conveyors 5 that transport empty cardboard boxes 8 or supply the cardboard boxes 8 packed with agricultural products to the product transport conveyor 7 are connected to each other.

【0019】なお、搬送コンベア4の両端部には傾斜し
たシュート板9がそれぞれ連結されると共に、搬送コン
ベア4の両端部下方には、空の段ボール箱8を所定角度
傾斜した箱詰め位置にセットすると共に、農産物が箱詰
めされた段ボール箱8を水平状態にして搬送コンベア5
の供給排出位置にセットする一対の受台10と、この受
台10をそれぞれ作動させるシリンダー11が配置され
ている。また、搬送コンベア5には、空の段ボール箱8
を供給排出位置の直前で待機させるストッパー板5aが
昇降可能に配置されている。
In addition, inclined chute plates 9 are connected to both ends of the conveyor 4, respectively, and an empty cardboard box 8 is set at a boxing position inclined at a predetermined angle below both ends of the conveyor 4. At the same time, the cardboard box 8 in which agricultural products are packed is placed in a horizontal state and the conveyor 5
A pair of receiving stands 10 to be set at the supply / discharge positions, and a cylinder 11 for operating each of the receiving stands 10 are arranged. In addition, an empty cardboard box 8
The stopper plate 5a for waiting the position immediately before the supply / discharge position is arranged to be able to move up and down.

【0020】そして、前記箱詰供給装置1は、図3〜図
7に示すように、ガイド部材14とこのガイド部材14
の長手方向の両端部に設けられた一対の側板15とで断
面略扇形状に形成されて回動可能なホッパー13と、こ
のホッパー13内に回動可能に配置された受板16等を
有している。ホッパー13のガイド部材14は、上下方
向に所定の間隔に配置された上ローラ17aと下ローラ
17bを有し、この上ローラ17a及び下ローラ17b
は、側板15に固定された支持板18にそれぞれ回動自
在に支持されている。
As shown in FIGS. 3 to 7, the box feeding device 1 includes a guide member 14 and the guide member 14.
The hopper 13 has a pair of side plates 15 provided at both ends in the longitudinal direction and has a substantially fan-shaped cross section and is rotatable. The receiving hopper 16 is rotatably disposed in the hopper 13. are doing. The guide member 14 of the hopper 13 has an upper roller 17a and a lower roller 17b arranged at predetermined intervals in the vertical direction.
Are rotatably supported by support plates 18 fixed to the side plates 15, respectively.

【0021】また、支持板18には円弧形状の板体から
なるスライド板19が固定され、このスライド板19の
内外面側で前記一対のローラ17a、17b間には、可
撓性部材としてのベルト20が巻回されている。そし
て、ベルト20は、その上ローラ17a側の内側がスラ
イド板19の内側に配置されたベルト固定板21に固定
されており、このベルト20の内側面20aが、農産物
の箱詰め供給時に円弧状ガイドとして機能することにな
る。
A slide plate 19 made of an arc-shaped plate is fixed to the support plate 18, and a flexible member as a flexible member is provided between the pair of rollers 17a and 17b on the inner and outer surfaces of the slide plate 19. The belt 20 is wound. The belt 20 has its upper roller 17a inner side fixed to a belt fixing plate 21 arranged inside the slide plate 19, and the inner side surface 20a of the belt 20 serves as an arc-shaped guide when the agricultural products are boxed and supplied. Will function as

【0022】前記ホッパー13の側板15は側面視扇形
状に形成されて、その中心部分に水平な回転軸23が設
けられ、この回転軸23の一端側には、揺動杆24を介
して受板回動用シリンダー25が連結されると共に、回
転軸23の他端側の側板15には、揺動杆26を介して
ホッパー回動用シリンダー27が連結されている。ま
た、回転軸23の一対の側板15間に位置する部分の周
面には、前記受板16の基端部が回転軸23の径方向に
突出する状態で固定されてその回動機構の簡略化が図ら
れると共に、回転軸23の両端部は昇降板28に軸架さ
れている。
The side plate 15 of the hopper 13 is formed in a fan shape in a side view, and a horizontal rotating shaft 23 is provided at a center portion thereof, and one end of the rotating shaft 23 is received via a swinging rod 24. A plate rotation cylinder 25 is connected, and a hopper rotation cylinder 27 is connected to the side plate 15 on the other end side of the rotation shaft 23 via a swinging rod 26. In addition, a base end of the receiving plate 16 is fixed to a peripheral surface of a portion located between the pair of side plates 15 of the rotating shaft 23 so as to protrude in a radial direction of the rotating shaft 23, thereby simplifying a rotating mechanism thereof. At the same time, both ends of the rotating shaft 23 are supported on an elevating plate 28.

【0023】そして、この昇降板28の両端部にはガイ
ド板29が固定され、このガイド板29は枠状の支持フ
レーム30に上下方向に固定されたガイド棒31に摺動
状態で係合すると共に、昇降板28の中央部分には連結
板を介して昇降シリンダー32が連結されている。な
お、前記受板16は、その先端部16a(図5参照)が
ガイド部材14の円弧状ガイドとしてのベルト20の内
側面20aに対して、常に所定の間隔を有して回動し得
るように設定されている。
A guide plate 29 is fixed to both ends of the elevating plate 28. The guide plate 29 is slidably engaged with a guide rod 31 fixed to a frame-shaped support frame 30 in a vertical direction. At the same time, an elevating cylinder 32 is connected to a central portion of the elevating plate 28 via a connecting plate. The receiving plate 16 has a tip portion 16a (see FIG. 5) which can always rotate at a predetermined interval with respect to the inner side surface 20a of the belt 20 as an arc-shaped guide of the guide member 14. Is set to

【0024】これにより、前記受板回動用シリンダー2
5が作動してそのピストンロッドが図3の矢印ロの如く
進退することで、揺動杆24を介して回転軸23が回転
し、この回転軸23の回転に追従して受板16の先端部
16aが、図5の実線で示す下方に所定角度(例えば3
0度)傾斜した傾斜位置と、二点鎖線で示す略垂直位置
との間を矢印ハ方向に回動(傾動)する。
Thus, the receiving plate rotating cylinder 2
When the piston rod 5 moves and the piston rod advances and retreats as shown by the arrow B in FIG. 3, the rotating shaft 23 rotates via the swinging rod 24, and the tip of the receiving plate 16 follows the rotation of the rotating shaft 23. The portion 16a is positioned at a predetermined angle (for example, 3 degrees) below the solid line in FIG.
(0 degree) Rotate (tilt) in the direction of arrow C between the inclined position and the substantially vertical position indicated by the two-dot chain line.

【0025】また、前記ホッパー回動用シリンダー27
が作動してそのピストンロッドが図3の矢印ニの如く進
退することで、側板15(すなわちホッパー13)が回
転軸23を中心に図5の矢印ホ方向に回動し、ベルト固
定板21に固定されたベルト20が、該固定点を基点に
して円弧形状を保ちながら同方向に回動する。さらに、
前記昇降シリンダー32が作動してそのピストンロッド
が上下動することで、ホッパー13と受板16が図5の
矢印ヘ方向に上下動する。
The hopper rotation cylinder 27
When the piston rod moves forward and backward as indicated by arrow d in FIG. 3, the side plate 15 (that is, the hopper 13) rotates around the rotation shaft 23 in the direction indicated by arrow e in FIG. The fixed belt 20 rotates in the same direction while maintaining an arc shape with the fixed point as a base point. further,
The hopper 13 and the receiving plate 16 move up and down in a direction indicated by an arrow in FIG. 5 by operating the elevating cylinder 32 and moving the piston rod up and down.

【0026】なお、ガイド部材14の円弧に沿った一方
の端部である上端側には、両側が側板15で閉塞され図
5において略上方に開口した前記ホッパー13の供給口
13aが形成され、円弧に沿った他方の端部である下端
側には、図5において略右方向に開口したホッパー13
の排出口13bが形成されている。また、排出口13b
は、ホッパー13が図5に示す位置において、受板16
が垂直位置まで回動した際でも閉塞され得るように設定
されている。
A supply port 13a of the hopper 13, which is closed at both ends by a side plate 15 and opened substantially upward in FIG. At the lower end, which is the other end along the arc, a hopper 13 opened substantially rightward in FIG.
Outlet 13b is formed. Also, the outlet 13b
When the hopper 13 is in the position shown in FIG.
Is set so that it can be closed even when turned to the vertical position.

【0027】そして、この箱詰供給装置1は、秤量機3
3上に平板状の支持フレーム34と前記枠状の支持フレ
ーム30を介して配置されており、この秤量機33で、
箱詰供給装置1や支持フレーム30、34及びホッパー
13内に供給された農産物の総重量が時々刻々計量さ
れ、その計量値が前記各種シリンダー等の作動を制御す
る制御装置に入力される。また、箱詰供給装置1のホッ
パー13の下部と秤量機33の支持フレーム34との間
には、前記搬送コンベア4が配置され、この搬送コンベ
ア4は、図示しない正逆転可能なモータでその搬送方向
が図4の矢印イ方向となるように設定されている。
The box feeding device 1 includes a weighing machine 3
3 is disposed via a flat support frame 34 and the frame-shaped support frame 30.
The total weight of the agricultural products supplied into the box supply device 1, the support frames 30, 34, and the hopper 13 is weighed every moment, and the weighed value is input to a control device that controls the operation of the various cylinders and the like. The transport conveyor 4 is disposed between the lower portion of the hopper 13 of the box feeding device 1 and the support frame 34 of the weighing machine 33. The transport conveyor 4 is transported by a forward / reverse motor (not shown). The direction is set so as to be the direction of arrow A in FIG.

【0028】ところで、前記バイブレータ2は、図2及
び図4に示すように、その少なくとも送出口36の搬送
方向と直交する方向の形状が、左右の傾斜面部36aと
平坦底面部36b及び三角状底面部36cを有する如く
形成されている。そして、このバイブレータ2の送出口
36とホッパー13の供給口13aとの間には、図5及
び図6に示すように、所定角度に傾斜し終端側が供給口
13a上に位置する投入シュート37が配置され、この
投入シュート37とバイブレータ2の送出口36と間に
は、シャッター板38が上下動可能に配置されている。
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, the shape of the vibrator 2 at least in the direction perpendicular to the conveying direction of the outlet 36 is such that the left and right inclined surface portions 36a, the flat bottom portion 36b and the triangular bottom portion 36b are formed. It is formed to have a portion 36c. 5 and 6, between the outlet 36 of the vibrator 2 and the supply port 13a of the hopper 13, a charging chute 37 inclined at a predetermined angle and whose end side is located above the supply port 13a. A shutter plate 38 is disposed between the input chute 37 and the outlet 36 of the vibrator 2 so as to be vertically movable.

【0029】このシャッター板38は、図4に示すよう
に、送出口36の三角状底面部36cに対応した部分に
方形状の切欠き部38aを有し、シリンダー39(図5
及び図6参照)の作動で上下動するように構成されてい
る。さらに、シャッター板38の切欠き部38aに対応
して、回転シリンダー40の回転軸に連結されたストッ
パー板41が図4の矢印トの如く回動可能に配置されて
いる。そして、このシャッター板38の上下動やストッ
パー板41の回動動作によって、バイブレータ2からホ
ッパー13内に投入される農産物の量が後述する如く調
整される。
As shown in FIG. 4, the shutter plate 38 has a rectangular notch 38a at a portion corresponding to the triangular bottom surface 36c of the delivery port 36, and a cylinder 39 (FIG. 5).
And FIG. 6). Further, a stopper plate 41 connected to the rotating shaft of the rotating cylinder 40 is rotatably arranged as shown by an arrow G in FIG. 4 corresponding to the notch 38a of the shutter plate 38. Then, by the vertical movement of the shutter plate 38 and the turning operation of the stopper plate 41, the amount of agricultural products to be put into the hopper 13 from the vibrator 2 is adjusted as described later.

【0030】次に、上記箱詰供給装置1の動作の一例を
図8等に基づいて説明する。先ず、図2に示すよう搬送
コンベア4の一方側の受台10を傾斜させて箱詰め位置
に設定し、他方側の受台10を水平の箱供給排出位置に
設定すると共に、受板16を初期位置である傾斜位置に
設定する。また、前記制御装置(図示せず)に、受板1
6を回動させる第1所定重量値とホッパー13を回動さ
せて排出口13bを開放する第2所定重量値を設定す
る。説明の便宜上、第1所定重量値が2kgで、第2所
定重量値が5kgであるとする。なお、これらの第1及
び第2所定重量値は、ホッパー13を含む箱詰供給装置
1の風袋重量を差し引いた馬鈴薯Wの正味重量値であ
る。
Next, an example of the operation of the box feeding device 1 will be described with reference to FIG. First, as shown in FIG. 2, the receiving table 10 on one side of the conveyor 4 is inclined to set it in the box packing position, the receiving table 10 on the other side is set to the horizontal box supply / discharge position, and the receiving plate 16 is initialized. Set to the tilt position, which is the position. Further, the control device (not shown) includes a receiving plate 1.
6 and a second predetermined weight value for rotating the hopper 13 to open the outlet 13b. For convenience of explanation, it is assumed that the first predetermined weight value is 2 kg and the second predetermined weight value is 5 kg. Note that these first and second predetermined weight values are net weight values of potato W from which the tare weight of the box feeding device 1 including the hopper 13 is subtracted.

【0031】この状態で、引出コンベア3で搬送されて
くる農産物としての例えば馬鈴薯Wは、バイブレータ2
で振動されつつ転動してその送出口36方向に搬送さ
れ、投入シュート37から箱詰供給装置1のホッパー1
3の供給口13aに投入される。この時、ホッパー13
内の受板16は先端部16aが下方に30度傾斜した傾
斜位置に設定されていることから、図8(a)に示すよ
うに、この受板16上に馬鈴薯Wが収納されると共に、
この馬鈴薯Wの収納による支持フレーム30、34を含
む箱詰供給装置1の全重量が秤量機33で計量される。
In this state, for example, potato W as an agricultural product conveyed by the draw-out conveyor 3 is
And is conveyed in the direction of the outlet 36 while being vibrated by the hopper 1 of the box feeder 1
3 is supplied to the supply port 13a. At this time, hopper 13
Since the front end 16a of the inner receiving plate 16 is set at an inclined position inclined downward by 30 degrees, the potato W is stored on the receiving plate 16 as shown in FIG.
The total weight of the box feeding device 1 including the supporting frames 30 and 34 for storing the potatoes W is measured by the weighing machine 33.

【0032】そして、秤量機33で計量された重量値の
増加分、すなわち風袋重量を差し引いた正味重量(以
下、単に計量値という)が前記第1所定重量値(2k
g)になると、制御装置からの開放信号で受板回動用シ
リンダー25が作動し、そのピストンロッドが進出し受
板16の先端部16aを下方に回動させる。これによ
り、受板16が垂直位置に設定されて、受板16上に収
納されていた2kgの馬鈴薯Wは、受板16の回動動作
に追従しつつベルト20の内側面20a(円弧状ガイ
ド)に沿って転動しながら排出口13b方向に案内され
る。この馬鈴薯Wは、ホッパー13の排出口13bが垂
直位置の受板16で閉塞されていることから、ホッパー
13外に排出されることはない。
Then, the increment of the weight value measured by the weighing machine 33, that is, the net weight minus the tare weight (hereinafter simply referred to as the measured value) is the first predetermined weight value (2k).
In g), the receiving plate rotating cylinder 25 is operated by the release signal from the control device, and the piston rod advances to rotate the distal end portion 16a of the receiving plate 16 downward. As a result, the receiving plate 16 is set to the vertical position, and the 2 kg potatoes W stored on the receiving plate 16 follow the inner surface 20a of the belt 20 (arc guide) while following the rotation of the receiving plate 16. ) Is guided in the direction of the discharge port 13b while rolling along. The potato W is not discharged out of the hopper 13 because the discharge port 13b of the hopper 13 is closed by the receiving plate 16 in the vertical position.

【0033】前記受板16が回動を開始してもバイブレ
ータ2から次の馬鈴薯Wが連続的に送出されてホッパー
13内に投入されており、この馬鈴薯Wの重量が秤量機
33で計量される。そして、その計量値が第2所定重量
値である5kgになると、制御装置からの信号で、ホッ
パー13内への馬鈴薯Wの供給が後述する如く停止され
ると共に、図8(b)に示すように、昇降シリンダー3
2を作動させてそのピストンロッドを下降させ、ホッパ
ー13と受板16を所定位置まで下降させて排出口13
bを搬送コンベア4の直上方に位置させる。
Even if the receiving plate 16 starts rotating, the next potato W is continuously sent out from the vibrator 2 and put into the hopper 13, and the weight of the potato W is measured by the weighing machine 33. You. Then, when the weighed value reaches the second predetermined weight value of 5 kg, the supply of the potato W into the hopper 13 is stopped by a signal from the control device as described later, and as shown in FIG. And lifting cylinder 3
2, the piston rod is lowered, the hopper 13 and the receiving plate 16 are lowered to predetermined positions,
b is located immediately above the conveyor 4.

【0034】この状態で、ホッパー回動用シリンダー2
7を作動させて、ホッパー13を図8(c)に示すよう
に矢印ホ方向に回動させる。この時、上下のローラ17
a、17bに巻回されたベルト20は、ホッパ回動用シ
リンダー27によるホッパー13(すなわち側板15)
の回動動作で、ベルト固定板21による固定点を基点し
て、内側面20aが外側に捲れる状態で矢印ホ方向に回
動する。その結果、ホッパー13の回動的にベルト20
の内側面20aが馬鈴薯Wの下方から自然に退去する状
態となり、馬鈴薯Wとベルト20の擦れが確実に防止さ
れる。
In this state, the hopper rotating cylinder 2
7 is operated to rotate the hopper 13 in the direction of the arrow E as shown in FIG. At this time, the upper and lower rollers 17
The belt 20 wound around a, 17b is hopper 13 (that is, the side plate 15) by a hopper rotation cylinder 27.
Is rotated in the direction of arrow E with the inner side surface 20a turned outward from the fixing point by the belt fixing plate 21. As a result, the rotation of the hopper 13
The inner side surface 20a of the belt 20 naturally retreats from below the potato W, and the friction between the potato W and the belt 20 is reliably prevented.

【0035】そして、ホッパー13が回動すると、ホッ
パー13の排出口13bが垂直位置の受板16から離間
して開放され、ホッパー13内に収納された5kgの馬
鈴薯Wが直下の搬送コンベア4のベルト4a上に落下供
給される。この時、ホッパー13内の馬鈴薯Wは、略投
入された順に下方に排出され、略先入れ先出し状態で搬
送コンベア4上に供給されることなる。
When the hopper 13 rotates, the discharge port 13b of the hopper 13 is separated and opened from the receiving plate 16 at the vertical position, and the 5 kg of potatoes W stored in the hopper 13 is transferred to the conveying conveyor 4 immediately below. It is dropped and supplied on the belt 4a. At this time, the potatoes W in the hopper 13 are discharged downward in the order in which they are substantially inserted, and are supplied onto the conveyor 4 in a substantially first-in first-out state.

【0036】この状態で、図8(d)に示すように、昇
降シリンダー32を作動させて、ホッパー13と受板1
6を初期位置まで上昇させることにより、ホッパー13
が搬送コンベア4上に積まれた状態で供給された馬鈴薯
Wの搬送に邪魔になることがなくなり、搬送コンベア4
の所定方向への移動で、所定の段ボール箱8に5kgの
馬鈴薯Wが箱詰めされる。なお、ホッパー13等が図8
(d)の状態に設定されると、ホッパー13が回動して
初期位置に復帰すると共に、受板16も回動して初期位
置に復帰し、次の馬鈴薯Wを受け入れる体制に自動設定
される。
In this state, as shown in FIG. 8D, the elevating cylinder 32 is actuated, and the hopper 13 and the receiving plate 1 are moved.
6 to the initial position, the hopper 13
Does not interfere with the transport of the potatoes W supplied in a state of being stacked on the transport conveyor 4, and
Is moved in a predetermined direction, 5 kg of potato W is packed in a predetermined cardboard box 8. The hopper 13 and the like are shown in FIG.
When the state is set to the state (d), the hopper 13 rotates and returns to the initial position, and the receiving plate 16 also rotates and returns to the initial position, so that the system is automatically set to receive the next potato W. You.

【0037】ところで、投入シュート37を介するホッ
パー13内への馬鈴薯Wの投入量は、例えば次のように
して制御される。すなわち、秤量機33で計量される計
量値が4.5kgまでは、図4の実線で示すように、シ
ャッター板38が下降してバイブレータ2の送出口36
を全開放とし、比較的量の多い所定量の馬鈴薯Wが連続
的にホッパー13内に投入される。この馬鈴薯Wの投入
で計量値が4.5kgに達すると、この時点で図4の二
点鎖線で示すように、シャッター板38を上昇させて、
送出口36の平坦底面部36bを塞ぐ。
The amount of potato W charged into the hopper 13 through the charging chute 37 is controlled, for example, as follows. That is, until the weighing value measured by the weighing machine 33 is up to 4.5 kg, as shown by the solid line in FIG.
Is fully opened, and a relatively large amount of a predetermined amount of potato W is continuously put into the hopper 13. When the weighed value reaches 4.5 kg by the addition of the potato W, the shutter plate 38 is raised at this time, as shown by a two-dot chain line in FIG.
The flat bottom portion 36b of the delivery port 36 is closed.

【0038】これにより、バイブレータ2で送られる馬
鈴薯Wは、シャッター板38の幅の狭い切欠き部38a
部分のみからホッパー13内に少量づつ投入されること
になる。そして、計量値が5kgになった時点で、前記
回転シリンダー40が作動して、図4の二点鎖線で示す
ように、ストッパー板41でシャッター板38の切欠き
部38aが閉塞され、これによりバイブレータ2の排出
口36がシャッター板38とストッパー板41で完全に
閉塞された状態となり、馬鈴薯Wのホッパー13内への
投入が停止される。
As a result, the potato W sent by the vibrator 2 is cut into the narrow notch 38 a of the shutter plate 38.
Only a small portion is fed into the hopper 13 little by little. Then, when the measured value reaches 5 kg, the rotary cylinder 40 is operated, and the notch 38a of the shutter plate 38 is closed by the stopper plate 41 as shown by the two-dot chain line in FIG. The discharge port 36 of the vibrator 2 is completely closed by the shutter plate 38 and the stopper plate 41, and the charging of the potato W into the hopper 13 is stopped.

【0039】なお、箱詰供給装置1により搬送コンベア
4上に落下供給された馬鈴薯Wは、搬送コンベア4の正
転方向への動作で、図2の左方向に搬送され、箱詰め位
置に傾斜状態でセットされている空の段ボール箱8にシ
ュート板9を介して供給される。この5kgの馬鈴薯W
が供給された段ボール箱8は、シリンダー11の作動
で、水平状態に設定されて搬送コンベア5のローラ上に
載置(箱供給排出位置にセット)される。これにより、
一方側の段ボール箱8への5kgの馬鈴薯Wの箱詰め作
業が終了し、この馬鈴薯Wが箱詰めされた段ボール箱8
(製品)は、搬送コンベア5の作動によって搬送されて
製品搬送コンベア7に供給され、この馬鈴薯入り段ボー
ル箱8が排出された箱供給排出位置には、搬送コンベア
5のストッパー5aの下降で次の空の段ボール箱8が供
給される。
The potato W dropped and supplied onto the conveyor 4 by the box feeding device 1 is conveyed leftward in FIG. 2 by the operation of the conveyor 4 in the normal rotation direction, and is tilted to the boxed position. Is supplied via the chute plate 9 to the empty cardboard box 8 set in the above. This 5kg potato W
Is supplied to the cardboard box 8 and set on the rollers of the transport conveyor 5 by the operation of the cylinder 11 (set at the box supply / discharge position). This allows
The work of packing 5 kg of potatoes W into one side of the cardboard box 8 is completed, and the cardboard box 8 in which the potatoes W are packed in a box.
The (product) is conveyed by the operation of the conveyor 5 and supplied to the product conveyor 7, and is moved to the box supply / ejection position where the potato-containing cardboard box 8 is ejected by the lowering of the stopper 5 a of the conveyor 5. An empty cardboard box 8 is supplied.

【0040】このようにして一方側の段ボール箱8に馬
鈴薯Wの箱詰め作業が終了すると、一方側のシリンダー
11の作動と同期して他方側のシリンダー11が作動
し、水平状態にある受台10が傾動して、箱供給排出位
置にある空の段ボール箱8が箱詰め位置にセットされ
る。また、初期位置に復帰した箱詰供給装置1のホッパ
ー13内の受板16上に、前述したと同様に次の馬鈴薯
Wが投入され、所定重量となった際に、搬送コンベア4
上に落下供給され、この馬鈴薯Wは、逆転している搬送
コンベア4により、図2の右方向に搬送されて右側の箱
詰め位置にセットされている段ボール箱8に箱詰めされ
る。
When the operation of packing the potatoes W into the cardboard box 8 on one side is completed in this way, the cylinder 11 on the other side operates in synchronization with the operation of the cylinder 11 on the one side, and Is tilted, and the empty cardboard box 8 at the box supply / discharge position is set to the box packing position. In the same manner as described above, the next potato W is put on the receiving plate 16 in the hopper 13 of the box feeding device 1 that has returned to the initial position.
This potato W is dropped and supplied upward, and is conveyed rightward in FIG. 2 by the reversing conveyor 4 and packed into a cardboard box 8 set at the right packing position.

【0041】つまり、ポッパー13内に投入される馬鈴
薯Wが受板16の回動動作で段階的に排出口13b方向
に案内(落下)されると共に、ホッパー13の排出口1
3bの開放が、ベルト20の下方後方への退去、すなわ
ちベルト20が馬鈴薯Wの下方から捲れる状態で退去す
ることにより行われる。そして、搬送コンベア4上に供
給された馬鈴薯Wが、該コンベア4の正逆転動作で左方
向と右方向に交互に搬送されて、左右の箱詰め位置に傾
斜状態でセットされている段ボール箱8に交互に箱詰め
されることになる。
That is, the potato W put into the popper 13 is guided (dropped) in the direction of the outlet 13 b stepwise by the rotating operation of the receiving plate 16, and the outlet 1 of the hopper 13
The opening of 3b is performed by retreating downward and rearward of the belt 20, that is, retreating while the belt 20 is turned up from below the potato W. Then, the potatoes W supplied on the conveyor 4 are alternately transported leftward and rightward by the forward / reverse operation of the conveyor 4, and are transferred to the cardboard box 8 which is set in an inclined state at the left and right packing positions. They will be boxed alternately.

【0042】このように、上記実施例の箱詰供給装置1
にあっては、一対の側板15間に円弧状ガイドとしての
ベルト20を有するガイド部材14を設けてホッパー1
3を形成すると共に、このホッパー13内に先端部16
aがベルト20の内側面20aに沿って回動する受板1
6を設けているため、受板16でホッパー13内に投入
される所定重量の馬鈴薯Wを一旦受け止め、これを受板
16の回動動作で下方に段階的に案内して、ホッパー1
3の回動動作で開放された排出口13bから下方に落下
供給できる。その結果、投入シュート37からホッパー
13の底板としての受板16上への馬鈴薯Wの落下距離
(自然落下距離)を短縮化することができる。
As described above, the box feeding device 1 of the above embodiment
In the hopper 1, a guide member 14 having a belt 20 as an arcuate guide is provided between a pair of side plates 15.
3 and a tip 16 in the hopper 13.
receiving plate 1 in which a rotates along the inner side surface 20a of the belt 20
Since the receiving plate 16 is provided, the receiving plate 16 once receives the potato W having a predetermined weight put into the hopper 13, and guides the potato W stepwise downward by the rotating operation of the receiving plate 16.
By the turning operation of No. 3, it is possible to drop and supply downward from the opened outlet 13b. As a result, the fall distance (natural fall distance) of the potato W from the charging chute 37 onto the receiving plate 16 as the bottom plate of the hopper 13 can be reduced.

【0043】特に、ホッパー13自体が上下動するよう
に構成されているため、上昇させることでホッパー13
の供給口13aを投入シュート37の直下に位置させ
て、投入シュート37からホッパー13の受板16上へ
の馬鈴薯Wの落下距離を最短に設定できると共に、下降
させることで所定重量の馬鈴薯Wが収納されたホッパー
13を搬送コンベア4の直上方に位置させて、ホッパー
13から搬送コンベア4上への馬鈴薯Wの落下距離を最
短に設定でき、箱詰め供給時における馬鈴薯Wの落下距
離をより短縮できる。
In particular, since the hopper 13 itself is configured to move up and down, raising the hopper 13
Of the potato W on the receiving plate 16 of the hopper 13 from the feeding chute 37 can be set to the shortest distance, and the potato W having a predetermined weight is lowered by lowering the supply port 13a of the potato W. The stored hopper 13 is positioned immediately above the conveyor 4 so that the falling distance of the potatoes W from the hopper 13 onto the conveyor 4 can be set to the shortest, and the falling distance of the potatoes W during box-feeding can be further reduced. .

【0044】また、ホッパー13の排出口13bの開放
時に、ガイド部材14のベルト20が、馬鈴薯Wの下面
から捲られて自然に退去する状態となるため、排出口1
3b開放時のベルト20と馬鈴薯Wの擦れ状態がなくな
る。また、受板16上に受け止められた馬鈴薯Wが円弧
状のベルト20の内側面20aに沿って転動しつつ下方
に案内されるため、ホッパー13内において馬鈴薯Wを
スムーズに排出口13b方向に移動させることができ
る。これらにより、投入シュート37から搬送コンベア
4上への供給時における馬鈴薯Wに加わる衝撃を十分に
緩和できて、箱詰め供給作業時における馬鈴薯Wの傷み
発生を確実に防止することが可能になる。
Further, when the discharge port 13b of the hopper 13 is opened, the belt 20 of the guide member 14 is wound from the lower surface of the potato W and retreats naturally.
The rubbing state between the belt 20 and the potato W at the time of opening 3b is eliminated. In addition, since the potato W received on the receiving plate 16 is guided downward while rolling along the inner side surface 20a of the arc-shaped belt 20, the potato W is smoothly discharged in the hopper 13 toward the discharge port 13b. Can be moved. Thus, the impact applied to the potatoes W during the supply from the charging chute 37 onto the conveyor 4 can be sufficiently reduced, and the occurrence of damage to the potatoes W during the boxing supply operation can be reliably prevented.

【0045】また、本発明によれば、次のような付随的
な作用効果が得られる。すなわち、一つの秤量機33上
に箱詰供給装置1を配置し、この箱詰供給装置1のホッ
パー13下方に正逆転可能な搬送コンベア4を配置する
と共に、搬送コンベア4の両端部に段ボール箱8をそれ
ぞれ配置しているため、ホッパー13内に投入される馬
鈴薯Wの重量を一つの秤量機33で計量しつつ、交互に
搬送方向が変わる搬送コンベア4上に供給して、2つの
箱詰め位置にセットされた段ボール箱8に交互に箱詰め
することができる。その結果、馬鈴薯Wを計量する秤量
機33が1台でよく、秤量機33自体のコストとその制
御コストを低減させることができると共に、秤量機33
のメンテナンスコストも低減させることができて、安価
な箱詰供給装置1が得られる。
According to the present invention, the following additional effects can be obtained. That is, the box feeding device 1 is arranged on one weighing machine 33, the transport conveyor 4 that can be rotated forward and backward is arranged below the hopper 13 of the box feeding device 1, and the cardboard boxes are provided at both ends of the conveyor 4. 8 are arranged, and while the weight of the potatoes W put into the hopper 13 is measured by one weighing machine 33, the weight is supplied onto the conveyor 4 whose conveyance direction changes alternately, and the two boxing positions are set. Can be alternately packed in the cardboard box 8 set in the box. As a result, only one weighing machine 33 for weighing potato W is required, and the cost of the weighing machine 33 itself and the control cost thereof can be reduced.
Can also reduce the maintenance cost, and the inexpensive box feeding device 1 can be obtained.

【0046】また、1台の秤量機33で所定重量の馬鈴
薯Wを計量するため、複数台の秤量機毎の計量バラツキ
を考慮する必要がなくなり、メンテナンスがより容易に
行えると共に、均一重量の馬鈴薯Wを各段ボール箱8に
安定して箱詰めできると共に、略先入れ先出し状態での
箱詰め作業が可能となって、安定した箱詰め状態が容易
に得られる。また、受台10を傾動可能に配置し、箱詰
め位置において段ボール箱8を所定角度傾斜させた状態
で箱詰めできるため、馬鈴薯Wを傾斜したシュート板9
から傾斜状態の段ボール箱8にスムーズに供給すること
ができて、段ボール箱8への箱詰め時の馬鈴薯Wの傷付
きも防止することができ、箱詰め作業における馬鈴薯W
の傷み発生がより確実に防止される。
Further, since a single weighing machine 33 weighs a predetermined weight of potato W, it is not necessary to consider a weighing variation among a plurality of weighing machines, so that maintenance can be performed more easily and a potato of uniform weight can be obtained. W can be stably packed in each cardboard box 8, and the box can be packed in a substantially first-in first-out state, so that a stable boxed state can be easily obtained. In addition, since the receiving table 10 is tiltably disposed and the cardboard box 8 can be box-packed at a predetermined angle at the box-packing position, the potato W can be tilted into the chute plate 9.
Can be smoothly supplied to the cardboard box 8 in an inclined state, and the potato W can be prevented from being damaged when the box is packed in the cardboard box 8, and the potato W in the box packing operation can be prevented.
The occurrence of damage is more reliably prevented.

【0047】さらに、ホッパー13の下降位置での排出
動作後に、ホッパー13が上昇回動して初期位置に復帰
すると共に、受板16が回動して初期位置に復帰して次
の馬鈴薯Wの受け入れ体制に自動設定されるため、搬送
コンベア4上の所定量の全ての馬鈴薯Wが段ボール箱8
に箱詰めされる間に、次の馬鈴薯Wをホッパー13内の
受板16上に投入でき、略連続的な馬鈴薯Wの投入動作
を行うことができる。
Further, after the discharging operation of the hopper 13 at the lowered position, the hopper 13 is rotated upward to return to the initial position, and the receiving plate 16 is rotated to return to the initial position, and the next potato W is removed. Since the receiving system is automatically set, all potatoes W of a predetermined amount on the conveyor 4 are placed in the cardboard box 8.
The next potato W can be put on the receiving plate 16 in the hopper 13 while being packed in a box, and a substantially continuous potato W putting operation can be performed.

【0048】また、段ボール箱8を搬送コンベア4の搬
送方向両端部に配置して箱詰め位置と箱供給排出位置に
交互になるように制御されるため、段ボール箱8の入れ
換えによる供給作業時間のロスを減少させることができ
ると共に、段ボール箱8の箱詰め位置への供給、箱供給
排出位置への空の段ボール箱8の供給や箱詰めされた段
ボール箱9の排出を効率的に行うことができ、これらに
より、箱詰め作業の処理能力の向上が図れる。
Further, since the cardboard boxes 8 are arranged at both ends in the conveying direction of the conveyor 4 and are controlled so as to alternate between the box packing position and the box supply / discharge position, the supply work time is lost due to the replacement of the cardboard boxes 8. Can be reduced, and the supply of the cardboard box 8 to the box packing position, the supply of the empty cardboard box 8 to the box supply / discharge position, and the discharge of the boxed cardboard box 9 can be performed efficiently. Thereby, the processing capacity of the box packing operation can be improved.

【0049】なお、上記実施例においては、ガイド部材
14が、上下一対のローラ17a、17bと、このロー
ラ17a、17b間に無端状に巻回され内側面20aの
上端部分が固定されたベルト20を有する構成とした
が、例えば図9に示すように構成することもできる。こ
のガイド部材14は、一端部をベルト固定板21に固定
したベルト20を、上下のローラ17a、17b間に巻
回すると共に他端をシリンダー43に連結したものであ
る。また、下方のローラ17bは、バネ44によってホ
ッパー13の排出口13bが塞がれる方向に常時付勢さ
れている。
In the above embodiment, the guide member 14 has a pair of upper and lower rollers 17a, 17b, and a belt 20 having the upper end portion of the inner side surface 20a fixed endlessly wound between the rollers 17a, 17b. However, for example, a configuration shown in FIG. 9 can be used. The guide member 14 is formed by winding a belt 20 having one end fixed to a belt fixing plate 21 between the upper and lower rollers 17a and 17b and connecting the other end to a cylinder 43. The lower roller 17b is constantly urged by a spring 44 in a direction in which the discharge port 13b of the hopper 13 is closed.

【0050】この例のガイド部材14は、図9(a)の
状態で、受板16上に投入された馬鈴薯Wが受板16の
回動動作により、ホッパー13内を排出口13b方向に
段階的に案内され、この馬鈴薯Wが図9(b)に示すよ
うに、シリンダー43の作動でベルト20を矢印チ方向
に巻き取ることにより、下方のローラ17bが矢印ホ方
向に回動してホッパー13の排出口13bが開放され
る。したがって、ベルト20が馬鈴薯Wから捲れる状態
で退去してホッパー13の排出口13bが開放され、こ
の排出口13bからホッパー13内の所定重量の馬鈴薯
Wを直下の搬送コンベア4上に排出することができ、上
記実施例と同様の作用効果が得られる。
In the guide member 14 of this example, in the state of FIG. 9A, the potato W put on the receiving plate 16 is stepped in the hopper 13 in the direction of the discharge port 13b by the rotating operation of the receiving plate 16. As shown in FIG. 9 (b), the potato W is wound around the belt 20 by the operation of the cylinder 43 so that the lower roller 17b pivots in the direction of arrow E to rotate the hopper. The 13 outlets 13b are opened. Therefore, the belt 20 retreats in a state of being turned up from the potato W, the outlet 13b of the hopper 13 is opened, and the potato W having a predetermined weight in the hopper 13 is discharged from the outlet 13b onto the transport conveyor 4 immediately below. Thus, the same operation and effect as those of the above embodiment can be obtained.

【0051】図10〜図12は、本発明に係わる箱詰供
給装置の他の実施例を示し、図10が図5と同様の側面
図、図11が図6と同様の側面図、図12がその動作説
明図である。以下、上記実施例と同一部位には、同一符
号を付して説明する。この実施例の特徴は、ガイド部材
14として、前記ベルト20等に代えて円弧状板体45
を使用した点にある。すなわち、側板15間に円弧状板
体45を固定して断面略扇形状のホッパー13を、上記
ホッパー13と同様に回動可能で上下動可能に設けると
共に、このホッパー13内に回転軸23に固定された受
板16を回動可能に配置する。また、円弧状板体45
は、板体自体の材質や低摩擦抵抗の摺動面(例えば高密
度ポリエチレン等)のシート材の貼り付け等により、少
なくとも内側面45aが農産物の滑り易い面に形成され
ている。
10 to 12 show another embodiment of the box feeding device according to the present invention. FIG. 10 is a side view similar to FIG. 5, FIG. 11 is a side view similar to FIG. FIG. Hereinafter, the same parts as the above embodiments, are denoted by the same reference numerals. The feature of this embodiment is that the guide member 14 is replaced by the circular plate 45 instead of the belt 20 or the like.
The point is to use. That is, the arc-shaped plate body 45 is fixed between the side plates 15, and the hopper 13 having a substantially fan-shaped cross section is provided so as to be rotatable and vertically movable like the hopper 13, and the rotation shaft 23 is provided in the hopper 13. The fixed receiving plate 16 is rotatably arranged. In addition, the arc-shaped plate 45
At least the inner side surface 45a is formed on the slippery surface of the agricultural product by, for example, sticking a sheet material of the plate body itself or a sliding surface (for example, high-density polyethylene or the like) having a low frictional resistance.

【0052】この実施例の箱詰供給装置1によれば、図
12(a)の初期位置状態で、ホッパー13の供給口1
3aから傾斜位置の受板16上に馬鈴薯Wが投入され、
その重量が所定計量値になった際に、受板16が回動し
て略垂直位置に設定されると共に、図12(b)に示す
ようにホッパー13が下降する。そして、この位置で図
12(c)に示すように、ホッパー13が回動してその
排出口13bが開放され、ホッパー13内の所定重量の
馬鈴薯Wが搬送コンベア4上に落下供給される。次に、
図12(d)に示すように、ホッパー13が受板16と
共に上昇動作及び回動動作することにより、次の馬鈴薯
Wの受け入れ体制となる初期位置に自動設定される。
According to the box feeding device 1 of this embodiment, the supply port 1 of the hopper 13 is in the initial position shown in FIG.
From 3a, potato W is put on the receiving plate 16 in the inclined position,
When the weight reaches a predetermined weighing value, the receiving plate 16 is rotated to be set to a substantially vertical position, and the hopper 13 is lowered as shown in FIG. At this position, as shown in FIG. 12 (c), the hopper 13 is rotated to open its discharge port 13b, and the potato W having a predetermined weight in the hopper 13 is dropped and supplied onto the transport conveyor 4. next,
As shown in FIG. 12D, when the hopper 13 moves up and rotates together with the receiving plate 16, the hopper 13 is automatically set to the initial position where the next potato W can be received.

【0053】この実施例においても、馬鈴薯Wの自然落
下距離を短縮できて、その傷付きを防止することができ
る等、上記実施例の箱詰供給装置1と略同様の作用効果
が得られる他に、次のような作用効果が得られる。すな
わち、ガイド部材14が円弧状板体45で形成されるた
め、ローラ17a、17bやベルト20等が不要となっ
て、ガイド部材14自体(すなわちホッパー13)の構
成を簡略化することができて、箱詰供給装置1が安価に
形成されると共に、特に、円弧状板体45の内側面45
aを馬鈴薯Wが滑り易い面で形成することで、馬鈴薯W
のホッパー13内における転動作用が良好となって、馬
鈴薯Wの傷み発生がより確実に防止される。
Also in this embodiment, substantially the same operation and effects as those of the box feeding device 1 of the above embodiment can be obtained, such that the natural falling distance of the potato W can be shortened and the potato W can be prevented from being damaged. In addition, the following effects can be obtained. That is, since the guide member 14 is formed by the arc-shaped plate body 45, the rollers 17a and 17b, the belt 20, and the like become unnecessary, and the configuration of the guide member 14 itself (that is, the hopper 13) can be simplified. In addition, the box packing supply device 1 is formed at low cost, and in particular, the inner side surface 45 of the arc-shaped plate body 45 is formed.
a is formed on a surface on which the potato W is slippery.
The rolling operation in the hopper 13 is improved, and the occurrence of damage to the potato W is more reliably prevented.

【0054】なお、上記各実施例においては、ホッパー
13内に回動可能に配置される受板16を、30度傾斜
した初期位置と略垂直位置との間で2段階に回動させた
が、本発明はこれに限定されるものでもなく、側板15
の形状等に応じて初期位置を水平位置に設定したり、回
動停止位置を3段階以上の複数段に設定することもでき
る。また、上記各実施例においては、箱詰供給装置1を
秤量機33上に配置して、ホッパー13内に投入される
農産物の重量を計量して受板16等を制御したが、例え
ばホッパー13内に投入される農産物の個数を計数する
構成としても良い。
In each of the above embodiments, the receiving plate 16 rotatably disposed in the hopper 13 is rotated in two stages between the initial position inclined at 30 degrees and the substantially vertical position. The present invention is not limited to this.
The initial position can be set to a horizontal position, or the rotation stop position can be set to a plurality of stages of three or more stages according to the shape or the like. Further, in each of the above embodiments, the box feeding device 1 is disposed on the weighing machine 33, and the weight of the agricultural product put into the hopper 13 is measured to control the receiving plate 16 and the like. It is good also as a structure which counts the number of agricultural products thrown in.

【0055】さらに、上記各実施例における、側板15
やガイド部材14の形状も、略円弧に沿った両端部に供
給口13aと排出口13bを有する所定形状のホッパー
13を形成し得る適宜形状に変更できるし、箱詰供給装
置1から排出される所定量の農産物の段ボール箱8内へ
の搬送及び供給方法等も、本発明に係わる各発明の要旨
を逸脱しない範囲において種々変更することができる。
Further, in each of the above embodiments, the side plate 15
Also, the shape of the guide member 14 can be changed to an appropriate shape capable of forming a hopper 13 of a predetermined shape having a supply port 13a and a discharge port 13b at both ends along a substantially circular arc, and is discharged from the box feeding device 1. The method of transporting and supplying a predetermined amount of agricultural products into the cardboard box 8 and the like can be variously changed without departing from the gist of each invention according to the present invention.

【0056】[0056]

【発明の効果】以上詳述したように、請求項1記載の発
明によれば、ガイド部材と側板部材で形成される回動可
能なホッパー内に受板が回動可能に設けられているた
め、農産物を受板で一旦受け止めて段階的に排出口方向
に案内して排出供給でき、農産物の落下距離を衝撃が十
分に緩和され得る距離まで短縮できて、農産物の傷み発
生を確実に防止することができる。
As described in detail above, according to the first aspect of the present invention, the receiving plate is rotatably provided in the rotatable hopper formed by the guide member and the side plate member. Once the agricultural product is received by the receiving plate, it can be guided stepwise in the direction of the outlet to discharge and supply, and the fall distance of the agricultural product can be shortened to a distance where the impact can be sufficiently reduced, thus reliably preventing damage to the agricultural product be able to.

【0057】また、請求項2記載の発明によれば、請求
項1記載の発明の効果に加え、ガイド部材の上下の回動
自在なローラ間に巻回され一部が固定された可撓性部材
が、ローラの上下動で回動しつつ下方に除々に捲れる状
態で農産物から離れて、ホッパーの排出口が開放される
ため、農産物が可撓性部材に擦れることなく下方に排出
供給され、農産物の傷み発生をより確実に防止すること
ができる。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, in addition to the effects of the first aspect of the present invention, the flexible member is wound between the upper and lower rotatable rollers of the guide member and partially fixed. The member is separated from the produce in a state where it is gradually turned downward while rotating by the up and down movement of the roller, and the discharge port of the hopper is opened, so that the produce is discharged and supplied downward without rubbing against the flexible member. In addition, it is possible to more reliably prevent damage to agricultural products.

【0058】また、請求項3記載の発明によれば、請求
項1記載の発明の効果に加え、ガイド部材がその両側に
側板が固定された回動可能な円弧状板体で形成されるた
め、ガイド部材自体の構造が簡略化されて、より安価な
箱詰供給装置を得ることができる。
According to the third aspect of the invention, in addition to the effects of the first aspect, the guide member is formed of a rotatable arc-shaped plate having side plates fixed to both sides thereof. In addition, the structure of the guide member itself is simplified, and a more inexpensive box feeding device can be obtained.

【0059】また、請求項4記載の発明によれば、請求
項3記載の発明の効果に加え、例えば材質や滑り易い部
材の貼り付け等により、円弧状板体の内側面が農産物の
滑動を助長する摺動面で形成されるため、農産物が良好
に滑動しつつ下方にスムーズに案内され、農産物の傷み
発生をより一層確実に防止することができる。
According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, in addition to the effects of the third aspect, the inner surface of the arc-shaped plate body slides agricultural products, for example, by sticking a material or a slippery member. Since the agricultural product is formed by the promoting sliding surface, the agricultural product can be smoothly guided downward while smoothly sliding, and the occurrence of damage to the agricultural product can be more reliably prevented.

【0060】また、請求項5記載の発明によれば、請求
項1ないし4記載の発明の効果に加え、基端側を水平軸
に軸支するだけで、受板の先端部がガイド部材の円弧状
ガイドに沿って回動するため、受板の回動機構が簡略化
されて、安価な箱詰供給装置を得ることができる。
According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, in addition to the effects of the first to fourth aspects of the present invention, only the base end is supported on the horizontal shaft, and the distal end of the receiving plate is formed of the guide member. Since the rotation is performed along the arc-shaped guide, the rotation mechanism of the receiving plate is simplified, and an inexpensive box feeding device can be obtained.

【0061】また、請求項6記載の発明によれば、請求
項1ないし5記載の発明の効果に加え、ホッパーと受板
が昇降可能に設けられるため、上昇動作で農産物供給装
置との距離を最短に設定し、下降動作で箱詰め用農産物
搬送装置との距離を最短に設定でき、農産物供給装置か
ら箱詰め用農産物搬送装置までの農産物の落下距離を短
縮できて、農産物の傷み発生をより一層確実に防止する
ことができる。
According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, in addition to the effects of the first to fifth aspects, the hopper and the receiving plate are provided so as to be able to move up and down. It can be set to the shortest distance, and the distance to the boxed agricultural product transport device can be set to the shortest by the descending operation, the fall distance of the agricultural product from the agricultural product supply device to the boxed agricultural product transport device can be shortened, and the occurrence of agricultural product damage is further ensured Can be prevented.

【0062】また、請求項7記載の発明によれば、請求
項1ないし6記載の発明の効果に加え、農産物の重量や
数を計測する計測装置を有するため、この計測装置でホ
ッパー内に供給される農産物の量を計測しつつ、所定量
になった際にホッパーの排出口を開放して農産物を下方
に排出でき、所定量づつの農産物の箱詰め供給作業を確
実かつ安定して行うことができる等の効果を奏する。
According to the seventh aspect of the present invention, in addition to the effects of the first to sixth aspects, since there is a measuring device for measuring the weight and the number of agricultural products, the measuring device supplies the product into the hopper. While measuring the amount of agricultural products to be produced, when the predetermined amount is reached, the outlet of the hopper can be opened and the agricultural products can be discharged downward, and the predetermined amount of agricultural products can be boxed and supplied reliably and stably. It has effects such as being able to do.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本発明に係わる農産物の箱詰供給装置を使用し
た箱詰施設の平面図
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a packaging facility using a packaging supply device for agricultural products according to the present invention.

【図2】同図1のA−A線に沿った矢視図FIG. 2 is an arrow view along the line AA in FIG. 1;

【図3】同箱詰供給装置の要部斜視図FIG. 3 is a perspective view of an essential part of the box feeding device.

【図4】同図3のB方向から見た正面図FIG. 4 is a front view as viewed from a direction B in FIG. 3;

【図5】同その側面図FIG. 5 is a side view of the same.

【図6】同他の側面図FIG. 6 is another side view of the same.

【図7】同その平面図FIG. 7 is a plan view of the same.

【図8】同その動作説明図FIG. 8 is an explanatory diagram of the operation.

【図9】同ガイド部材の変形例を示す動作説明図FIG. 9 is an operation explanatory view showing a modification of the guide member.

【図10】本発明に係わる箱詰供給装置の他の実施例を
示す図5と同様の側面図
FIG. 10 is a side view similar to FIG. 5, showing another embodiment of the box feeding device according to the present invention.

【図11】同図6と同様の側面図FIG. 11 is a side view similar to FIG. 6;

【図12】同その動作説明図FIG. 12 is an explanatory diagram of the operation.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1・・・・・・・・・・箱詰供給装置 2・・・・・・・・・・バイブレータ 3・・・・・・・・・・引出コンベア 4・・・・・・・・・・搬送コンベア 8・・・・・・・・・・段ボール箱 13・・・・・・・・・ホッパー 13a・・・・・・・・供給口 13b・・・・・・・・排出口 14・・・・・・・・・ガイド部材 15・・・・・・・・・側板 16・・・・・・・・・受板 16a・・・・・・・・先端部 17a・・・・・・・・上ローラ 17b・・・・・・・・下ローラ 19・・・・・・・・・スライド板 20・・・・・・・・・ベルト 20a・・・・・・・・内側面(円弧状ガイド) 21・・・・・・・・・ベルト固定板 25・・・・・・・・・受板回動用シリンダー 27・・・・・・・・・ホッパー回動用シリンダー 32・・・・・・・・・昇降シリンダー 43・・・・・・・・・シリンダー 45・・・・・・・・・円弧状板体 45a・・・・・・・・内側面(円弧状ガイド) W・・・・・・・・・・馬鈴薯 1 ·····················································································································・ Conveyor 8 ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ Cardboard box 13 ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ Hopper 13a ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ Supply port 13b ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ Discharge port 14 ...... Guide member 15 ...... Side plate 16 ...... Receiver plate 16a ...... End part 17a ...... Upper roller 17b Lower roller 19 Slide plate 20 Belt 20a Inside Side surface (arc-shaped guide) 21 ...... Belt fixing plate 25 ...... Cylinder for receiving plate rotation 27 ...... Cylinder for hopper rotation 2 ... Cylinder 45 ... Cylinder 45 ... Arc plate 45a ... Inner surface (circle) Arc-shaped guide) W ... Potato

Claims (7)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】円弧状ガイドを有するガイド部材と該ガイ
ド部材の両端部に設けられた側板部材とで断面略扇形状
に形成されると共に、その円弧に沿った両側に供給口と
排出口が設けられた回動可能なホッパーと、該ホッパー
内にその先端側が前記円弧状ガイドに沿って回動可能に
設けられた受板と、を備え、 前記ホッパーは、前記受板の回動動作により該受板で受
け止めた農産物をその円弧状ガイドに沿って排出口方向
に段階的に案内すると共に、前記受板から回動離間して
排出口を開放することによりホッパー内の農産物を下方
に排出供給することを特徴とする農産物の箱詰供給装
置。
1. A guide member having an arcuate guide and side plate members provided at both ends of the guide member are formed in a substantially fan-shaped cross section, and a supply port and a discharge port are provided on both sides along the arc. A rotatable hopper provided, and a receiving plate whose tip side is rotatably provided along the arcuate guide in the hopper, wherein the hopper is rotated by the rotating operation of the receiving plate. The agricultural products received by the receiving plate are guided stepwise in the direction of the discharge port along the arc-shaped guide, and the agricultural products in the hopper are discharged downward by rotating and separating from the receiving plate to open the discharge port. A box feeding device for agricultural products, characterized in that it is supplied.
【請求項2】前記ガイド部材は、上下に配置された回動
自在なローラと、該ローラ間に巻回されると共にその一
部が固定された可撓性部材を有することを特徴とする請
求項1記載の農産物の箱詰供給装置。
2. The guide member according to claim 1, wherein said guide member includes a vertically rotatable roller and a flexible member wound between said rollers and a part of which is fixed. Item 4. A boxed supply device for agricultural products according to Item 1.
【請求項3】前記ガイド部材は、前記側板部材間に固定
された円弧状板体であることを特徴とする請求項1記載
の農産物の箱詰供給装置。
3. An apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said guide member is an arc-shaped plate fixed between said side plate members.
【請求項4】前記円弧状板体は、少なくとも円弧状ガイ
ドを形成する内側面が農産物が滑らかに滑動し得る低摩
擦抵抗の摺動面で形成されていることを特徴とする請求
項3記載の農産物の箱詰供給装置。
4. The arc-shaped plate body according to claim 3, wherein at least an inner surface forming the arc-shaped guide is formed of a sliding surface with low frictional resistance on which agricultural products can smoothly slide. Agricultural box feeding equipment.
【請求項5】前記受板は、水平な回転軸に軸支され、農
産物の供給量に応じて所定角度位置と略垂直位置との間
で回動し得ることを特徴とする請求項1ないし4のいず
れかに記載の農産物の箱詰供給装置。
5. The receiving plate according to claim 1, wherein the receiving plate is pivotally supported by a horizontal rotating shaft, and is rotatable between a predetermined angular position and a substantially vertical position according to a supply amount of the agricultural product. 4. The boxed supply device for agricultural products according to any one of 4.
【請求項6】前記ホッパーと受板は昇降可能に設けら
れ、その昇降動作によって上部に位置する農産物供給装
置と下部に位置する箱詰め用農産物搬送装置との間の距
離が所定に設定されることを特徴とする請求項1ないし
5のいずれかに記載の農産物の箱詰供給装置。
6. The hopper and the receiving plate are provided so as to be able to move up and down, so that a distance between an agricultural product supply device located at an upper portion and a boxed agricultural product transport device located at a lower portion is set by the elevating operation. The boxed supply device for agricultural products according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that:
【請求項7】前記農産物の重量や数を計測し得る計測装
置を備えることを特徴とする請求項1ないし6のいずれ
かに記載の農産物の箱詰供給装置。
7. The boxed supply device for agricultural products according to claim 1, further comprising a measuring device capable of measuring the weight and number of said agricultural products.
JP2001041401A 2001-02-19 2001-02-19 Casing and feeding apparatus for agricultural product Pending JP2002240806A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001041401A JP2002240806A (en) 2001-02-19 2001-02-19 Casing and feeding apparatus for agricultural product

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001041401A JP2002240806A (en) 2001-02-19 2001-02-19 Casing and feeding apparatus for agricultural product

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2002240806A true JP2002240806A (en) 2002-08-28

Family

ID=18903852

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2001041401A Pending JP2002240806A (en) 2001-02-19 2001-02-19 Casing and feeding apparatus for agricultural product

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2002240806A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005011563A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-10 Yuyama Mfg. Co., Ltd. Medicine delivery device and medicine filling device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2005011563A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-10 Yuyama Mfg. Co., Ltd. Medicine delivery device and medicine filling device
JPWO2005011563A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2006-11-16 株式会社湯山製作所 Drug dispensing apparatus and drug filling apparatus
US7823748B2 (en) 2003-07-31 2010-11-02 Yuyama Mfg. Co., Ltd. Drug dispenser and drug filling apparatus incorporating the same
JP4643448B2 (en) * 2003-07-31 2011-03-02 株式会社湯山製作所 Drug dispensing apparatus and drug filling apparatus
KR101148106B1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2012-05-23 가부시키가이샤 유야마 세이사쿠쇼 Medicine delivery device and medicine filling device

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