JP2002206857A - Centrifugal dehydration drying method adaptable to various pallets and apparatus therefor - Google Patents

Centrifugal dehydration drying method adaptable to various pallets and apparatus therefor

Info

Publication number
JP2002206857A
JP2002206857A JP2001003222A JP2001003222A JP2002206857A JP 2002206857 A JP2002206857 A JP 2002206857A JP 2001003222 A JP2001003222 A JP 2001003222A JP 2001003222 A JP2001003222 A JP 2001003222A JP 2002206857 A JP2002206857 A JP 2002206857A
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JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
pallet
centrifugal
various pallets
centrifugal dewatering
dewatering
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2001003222A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Toru Adachi
Seiji Mizouchi
徹 安達
清司 溝内
Original Assignee
Central Conveyor Kk
Sumitomonacco Materials Handling Co Ltd
セントラルコンベヤー株式会社
住友ナコ マテリアル ハンドリング株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Central Conveyor Kk, Sumitomonacco Materials Handling Co Ltd, セントラルコンベヤー株式会社, 住友ナコ マテリアル ハンドリング株式会社 filed Critical Central Conveyor Kk
Priority to JP2001003222A priority Critical patent/JP2002206857A/en
Publication of JP2002206857A publication Critical patent/JP2002206857A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

(57) [Summary] [Problem] An ordinary worker can easily and quickly change over the setup, do not require dangerous work, can adapt to the required type, and can adapt to the pallet shape even after the equipment is introduced. It is an object of the present invention to provide a centrifugal dewatering and drying method for various pallets and an apparatus therefor, which can be dewatered even if the object is other than a pallet. SOLUTION: A pallet holding part 21 holding a pallet 1 is separated from a pallet rotating shaft 25, and the pallet holding part 21 is moved together with the pallet 1 onto a transport conveyor 12 by pallet elevating and lowering support means 15, 16, 17, and a dehydration chamber. On the other hand, the pallet holding unit 21 holding the pallet 1 of another shape is transferred into the dewatering chamber 11 and supplied to the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining / rotating means by the pallet elevating / lowering support means and connected thereto. And a centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets in which a pallet holding unit is replaced to perform centrifugal dehydration.

Description

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0001]

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus which can be used for various pallets.

[0002]

2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, a centrifugal dewatering type pallet dryer has been used to prevent the pallet from falling off and eccentricity due to centrifugal force.
In order to simplify the mechanism of the rotating unit, only pallets of the same size are centrifugally dehydrated and dried.

[0003]

However, at present, pallets of various sizes are used for resin pallets and the like, and it is possible to dry several types of pallets for each lot, instead of the pallets having only the same size at present. There is a strong request to do so. However, as described above, in order to avoid dropping and eccentricity of the pallet due to centrifugal force, and to simplify the mechanism of the rotating part, it is difficult for the pallet gripping device to respond to various dimensions at present. .

For example, Patent Publication 2000-2138
The pallet gripping device according to No. 64 has a configuration in which a drop-off preventing piece that grips the edge of the pallet is provided at a tip end of an arm member provided in a cross shape on the rotation axis. Means to adjust the size of the screw type,
Means for adjusting the size of the arm member telescopically and fixing it with bolts,
Means for fixing the pallet with a spring member that presses against the pallet surface from the arm member may be considered, but it is necessary to put a hand inside the rotating device, and this is a dangerous work at the time of replacement,
In addition, there is a problem that it takes time to change the setup, and it is necessary to determine a pallet dimension at the time of design in advance, and there is a problem of lack of flexibility. There are problems that cannot be applied to many types, and there is a possibility that pallets may be detached during operation due to centrifugal force, etc. due to rotating parts, serious accidents such as equipment destruction may occur, and advanced adjustment and checking to prevent danger Is necessary.

According to the present invention, a general worker can easily and quickly change over the setup without any dangerous work.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a centrifugal dewatering and drying method for various types of pallets, which can be adapted to a required type, can be changed according to the pallet shape even after the device is introduced, and can dewater items other than pallets, and a device therefor. .

[0006]

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Therefore, the present invention provides a pallet holding unit of a pallet draining / rotating means for holding a pallet conveyed into a dehydration chamber by a conveying conveyor and holding the pallet by a pallet lifting / lowering supporting means. Pallet centrifugation that rotates the pallet together with the pallet holding part with the rotation of the shaft and drains water by centrifugal force, then removes the pallet from the pallet holding part, moves on the conveyor, and conveys it outside the dehydration chamber In the dehydration drying method and the apparatus, the pallet holding unit holding the pallet is separated from the pallet rotating shaft, the pallet holding unit is moved by the pallet lifting / lowering support means together with the pallet onto the transport conveyor, and is then transported out of the dehydration chamber. With the pallet holding part of the pallet of another shape to be dewatered holding the pallet, Various pallets that are conveyed into the dehydration chamber, supplied to the position where the pallet holding unit is connected to the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining rotating unit by the pallet lifting / lowering support unit, and then connected to exchange the pallet holding unit for centrifugal dewatering. A corresponding centrifugal dehydration drying method and an apparatus therefor are provided.

According to the centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets according to the present invention, the pallet holding portion holding the pallet of the pallet draining rotating means is separated from the pallet rotating shaft, so that the drained pallet can be removed. The pallet and the pallet holding section can be separated from the pallet rotating shaft and discharged to the outside of the dehydrating chamber by exactly the same means as the normal means for discharging the pallet together with the pallet. In this condition, the pallet is supplied to the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining rotating means by means of the same means as the normal pallet supplying means, and the pallet holding section is variously replaced by connecting the two. Centrifugal dehydration of many types of pallets.

Further, according to the present invention, since the pallet holding section is replaced while holding the pallet, for example, a basket-shaped pallet containing small articles and a pallet holding section other than a normal pallet can be used. The pallet drainer can be attached to and detached from the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet drainer and centrifugally dewatered.

Further, according to the present invention, in the centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets described above, the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining / rotating means and the pallet holding portion are attached to and detached from a remote controllable means such as an electromagnet or an air chuck. An object of the present invention is to provide a centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets which can be attached and detached and an apparatus therefor. According to the present invention, the pallet rotating shaft and the pallet holding portion can be detached from the pallet rotating shaft and the pallet holding portion by means of remotely attachable and detachable means such as an electromagnet and an air chuck. Can be replaced easily and quickly.

Further, according to the present invention, in the centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets described above, the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining rotating means and the pallet holding part can be attached / detached through a hollow hole provided in the pallet rotating shaft. The present invention provides a centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets and an apparatus therefor, which can be detached and operated from outside the dewatering chamber by electric power, air or the like supplied from the outside. According to the present invention, the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet drainer rotating means and the pallet holding unit are, for example,
The engaging cam provided with the engaging elasticity of the detachably connecting / removing means is evacuated against the spring elasticity by an electromagnetic force or air pressure supplied from outside the dehydration chamber through a hollow hole provided in the pallet rotation shaft. The pallet holding portion can be quickly and safely replaced with a simple structure because the pallet holding portion can be operated so as to be retracted.

Further, according to the present invention, in the centrifugal dehydration drying method and apparatus for various pallets described above, a pallet for replacing a pallet holding unit is supplied into a dehydration chamber from a discharge side of a normal pallet for dehydration by a transport conveyor. An object of the present invention is to provide a centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets, which is discharged to the discharge side together with a pallet holding section, and an apparatus therefor. According to the present invention, at the stage where a series of centrifugal dehydration of the pallets is completed, only the pallet unloading side of the dehydrating chamber is used in a state where the washed pallets having the following different shapes are on standby at the loading side of the dehydrating chamber. Thus, the pallet holding portion that has been used up to now can be detached, the pallet holding portion to be used next can be supplied, and the pallet holding portion can be smoothly and quickly replaced.

Further, according to the present invention, there is provided a centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets according to any of the above, and a centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets in which a pallet for replacing a pallet holding unit is a pallet for exclusive use. An apparatus is provided. According to the present invention, for example, a different pallet holding portion of a different type is replaced with a pallet rotating shaft, and a different pallet or the like suitable for center alignment necessary for connecting the pallet rotating shafts is used. The pallet holding part can be connected to the pallet rotating shaft.

The present invention also provides a centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for any of the above-mentioned pallets, which includes a normal operation for centrifugally dehydrating the pallet, a pallet holding unit detaching operation for detaching the pallet holding unit, An object of the present invention is to provide a centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets and an apparatus therefor, which can be operated by switching to a pallet holding unit mounting operation for mounting a pallet holding unit. According to the present invention, by controlling the switching of the operation state, for example, the same transport conveyor and the pallet elevating and lowering support means are shared, and the normal operation of centrifugally dewatering the pallet and the pallet holding unit detaching operation of detaching the pallet holding unit And a pallet holding part mounting operation for mounting the pallet holding part.

Further, according to the present invention, in the centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets described in any of the above, the center of the pallet can be positioned on the conveyor when different pallet holding parts are mounted. An object of the present invention is to provide a centrifugal dehydration drying method for various pallets and an apparatus therefor. According to the present invention, when a different pallet holding unit is mounted, the center of the pallet holding unit can be positioned on the transport conveyor. Can be linked.

[0015]

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the illustrated embodiments. In FIG. 1, reference numeral 1 denotes a pallet, which is fed from a pallet sorting machine or the like into a pallet washing machine 4 and washed by two conveyors 2 and 3, which are vacant parallel conveyors and the like that move intermittently. On the conveyor 3 in the pallet washing machine 4, the pallet 1 is washed by the washing liquid 7 ejected from the ejection nozzles 5 and 6 in the vertical direction. The cleaning liquid 8 after cleaning by the pallet cleaning machine 4 is configured to be circulated and used. 9 is an intermittent drive motor of the conveyor 3.

A pallet centrifugal dewatering / drying apparatus 10 according to the present invention is provided with a dewatering chamber 11. In the case of the embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, the pallet 1 after the cleaning by the pallet cleaning machine 4 is intermittently moved by the transport conveyor 12 composed of two parallel conveyors and stopped at the center position by the stopper 13. It is configured to do so. The stopper 13 is provided so as to be able to move up and down by an air cylinder 14. After the pallet is positioned, the stopper 13 is controlled to retreat to a lower position below the conveyor 12.
In accordance with the size of the pallet 1, the center of the pallet 1 can be positioned by controlling the advance / retreat movement along the feed direction of the conveyor 12 integrally with the air cylinder 14. As the forward / backward moving mechanism, a mechanism that guides the support base of the air cylinder 14 along the feed direction of the transport conveyor 12 so as to be able to move forward / backward, and enables forward / backward positioning by a screw feed mechanism or the like can be used. Reference numerals 18 are guides provided on both sides of the pallet 1 and provided in the dehydration chamber, and 19 is an opening / closing door on the pallet supply side of the dehydration chamber 11, which is configured to be opened and closed by an air cylinder 29 whose operation is controlled.

A pallet is provided at the center position of the conveyor 12 as a pallet elevating support means at the tip of an elevating shaft 16 of an air cylinder 15 fixed vertically to the bottom of the dewatering chamber 11 so as to be rotatable. When the pallet 1 is supported and lifted upward, the pallet 1 can be held by the pallet holding portion 21 of the pallet drainer rotating means 20.

As shown in FIG. 3, the pallet holding portion 21 has a holding frame portion 23 fitted to a corner of the pallet 1 at a tip end of an arm member 22 extending in all directions, and is rotated at a high speed. The pallet 1 can be held against the centrifugal force. Numeral 24 is a spacer provided on the arm member 22, which is configured to provide a space for cleaning between the arm member 22 and the upper surface of the pallet. Although not shown in the drawing, the rotation shaft 25 is provided with a control means for controlling the rotation stop position. When the rotation is stopped, the holding frame portion is provided at the corner of the pallet 1 lifted from the conveyor 12 by the pallet lifting support means. 23 are fitted.

In the dewatering chamber 11, the pallet holding section 21 is provided with a pallet rotating shaft 25 of a pallet draining rotating means and a detachably attachable and detachable means 26 such as an electromagnetic valve and an air chuck.
It is configured so that it can be attached and detached. In the case of the embodiment, the attaching / detaching means 26 is a hollow pallet rotating shaft 2.
The pallet rotating shaft side chuck 27 and the pallet holding unit side chuck 28 are attached and detached by air through the air chuck 5. In this case, for example, when the rotating shaft side 27 and the holding section side 28 are brought into close contact, one of the engaging cams provided with engaging elasticity is engaged with the other locking section to be integrally connected. In the air chuck, by supplying air from the outside of the dehydration chamber through a hollow hole provided in the pallet rotation shaft 25, the engaging cam is retracted against the spring elasticity, disengaged from the locking portion, and The rotating shaft side 27 and the pallet holding section side 28 can be separated.

In the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2, an air supply pipe 30 which rotates integrally is provided in the hollow portion of the pallet rotation shaft 25, and the upper end thereof is connected to a compressed air supply pipe via a rotary joint 31. 32 is connected, and the electromagnetic valve 33 provided in the compressed air supply pipe 32 is controlled to be ON / OFF so that compressed air from a supply source not shown in the drawing can be supplied to the air chuck. is there. Alternatively, for example, when the rotating shaft side 27 and the holding section side 28 are brought into close contact with each other, an engaging cam provided with one engaging elastic force is engaged with the other locking section to be integrally connected. In the chuck, the solenoid valve is actuated by supplying electric power from outside the dehydration chamber through a hollow hole provided in the pallet rotation shaft 25, and the engaging cam is retracted against the spring elasticity to disengage from the locking portion. Thus, the pallet rotation shaft side 27 and the pallet holding section side 28 can be separated.

In this case, in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, a power supply pipe 30 that rotates integrally is provided in the hollow portion of the pallet rotation shaft 25, and the upper end thereof is connected to a power supply pipe 32 through a rotary joint 31. Is connected and switch 33 is ON
It is configured so that power can be supplied to the electromagnetic chuck from a supply source not shown in the figure by performing OFF control. The pallet rotation shaft 25 is mounted on the top plate of the dewatering chamber 11 with the bearing 3.
The driven pulley 36, which is rotatably supported at 4 and 35 and is provided at the upper end protruding above the top plate of the dehydrating chamber 11, is driven to rotate via a belt 37 by a driving pulley 38 rotated by a driving motor 39. It is configured as follows. In addition, the water scattered from the pallet 1 by the centrifugal rotation is drained from the drain at the bottom 40 of the dewatering chamber 11.

The dewatering chamber 11 is provided with a pallet discharge opening / closing door 41 for discharging the pallet 1 after dehydration and drying. In a normal operation for centrifugally dehydrating the pallet, the air cylinder 42 opens and closes the pallet supply side. The operation is controlled so as to open and close in synchronization with the door 19, and the pallet holding unit is detached from the pallet holding unit 21 and the pallet holding unit is attached to the pallet holding unit 21. The opening and closing door 19 on the pallet supply side is operated and controlled so as to be opened and closed individually for taking in and out the pallet for replacing the pallet holding unit.

As an embodiment of the pallet holding section detaching operation for detaching the pallet holding section 21, after the last pallet centrifugal rotation of the series of centrifugal dehydrating operations of a series of pallets for one lot, the pallet is put together with the pallet 1 after dehydration. The pallet rotation shaft 25 and the pallet holding portion 21 are separated from the pallet rotation shaft side 27 and the pallet holding portion side 28 by attaching and detaching means 26 such as an air chuck in the state shown in FIG. And pallet lifting support means 1
The pallet holding unit 21 is placed on the conveyor 12 together with the last pallet 1 according to 5, 16 and 17, and is moved from the opening / closing door 41 onto the discharge conveyor 43 by moving the conveyor 12 in the discharge direction. It is.

As another embodiment of the detaching operation of the pallet holding unit, the last pallet of the centrifugal dehydrating operation of a series of pallets for one lot is dehydrated and transported to the outside of the dehydrating chamber. A pallet 1 is prepared, and the pallet 1 is transported from the opening / closing door 41 to the center position by the reverse operation of the transport conveyor 12, and the pallet elevating support means 15, 1
6 and 17, the pallet holding unit 2 is lifted to a position where it is fitted to the pallet holding unit 21 and the pallet holding unit 2 together with the pallet 1 for release.
1 and thereafter, as in the previous embodiment, FIG.
Alternatively, in the state shown in FIG.
6, the pallet rotating shaft 25 and the pallet holding unit 21 are separated into a pallet rotating shaft side 27 and a pallet holding unit side 28, and the pallet holding unit 15, 16 and 17 together with the pallet 1 The conveyor 21 is placed on the conveyor 12, and is separated from the opening / closing door 41 onto the discharge conveyor 43 by moving the conveyor 12 in the discharge direction.

In the case of the latter embodiment, as shown in FIG. 4 or 5, it is preferable to use a replacement pallet 45 dedicated to pallet holding section replacement. Replacement pallets 45
Has an even-angled portion formed by an outer peripheral frame portion 44 fitted to the holding frame portion 23 of the pallet holding portion 21, and has a center projecting portion 46 fitted to the center positioning concave portion 47 of the pallet holding portion 21. are doing. For a small pallet holding unit, the replacement pallet 45 can be provided with a stable bottom frame 48.

The pallet holding section detaching operation process for detaching the used pallet holding section 21 by the replacement pallet 45 is shown in order in FIGS. 6 to 11, and the pallet holding section for mounting the pallet holding section 21 to be newly used. The part mounting operation process is shown in order in FIGS. In the detaching operation of the pallet holding unit, as shown in FIG.
When the transfer pallet 45 is fed into the dewatering tub 11 by reversely driving the transport conveyor 12 from the discharge conveyor 43 side, the center positioning stopper protrudes above the transport conveyor 12 by the operation of the air cylinder 50 as shown in FIG. Stopped at 49, the replacement pallet 45 is located immediately below the pallet holding section 21, and the drive motor 41 stops. The center positioning stopper 49 is provided with an air cylinder 50 corresponding to the replacement pallets 45 having different sizes, similarly to the case of the center positioning stopper 13 described above.
The pallet 45 is controlled so that it can move forward and backward along the feed direction of the conveyor 12 so that the center of the pallets 45 can be positioned.

Here, as shown in FIG. 8, the air cylinder 15 of the pallet elevating and lowering supporting means operates, and the operating shaft 16
When the replacement pallet 45 is raised by the support base 17 and fitted into the holding frame portion 23 of the pallet holding portion 21 to be in a holding state, the solenoid valve 33 provided on the compressed air supply pipe 32 is turned on. Then, the compressed air from the supply source is operated by the attaching / detaching means 26 composed of an air chuck, and the pallet rotating shaft 2
5 and the pallet holding section 21 are separated into a pallet rotating shaft side 27 and a pallet holding section side 28.

Next, as shown in FIG. 9, the air cylinder 15 of the pallet elevating and lowering supporting means is operated, the operating shaft 16 is reduced, and the replacement pallet 45 is held down together with the pallet holding portion 21 by the support base 17 and descends. Are placed on the conveyor 12. Here, as shown in FIG. 10, the drive motor 41 is operated and the conveyor 1 is operated.
2, the pallet holding unit 21 is carried out integrally with the replacement pallet 45 in the pallet discharging direction, and is transferred to the carry-out conveyor 43 outside the dewatering chamber 11 shown in FIG. 11, thereby completing the pallet holding unit detachment operation.

Next, the pallet holding unit 2 to be newly used
In the pallet holding unit mounting operation for mounting the pallet holding unit 1 on the draining rotating means, the pallet holding unit 21 is placed on the replacement conveyor 45.
And the discharge conveyor 43 as shown in FIG.
When the conveyor 12 is driven in reverse from the side and fed into the dewatering tank 11, as shown in FIG. 13, it is stopped by the center positioning stopper 49, and the pallet holding unit 21 is replaced by the pallet draining rotating means 20 by the replacement pallet 45. , The drive motor 41 stops. here,
As shown in FIG. 14, the air cylinder 15 of the pallet elevating and lowering supporting means is operated, and the operating shaft 16 is extended to support the pallet 1.
7, the replacement pallet 45 is raised, and the pallet rotating shaft side 27 of the attaching / detaching means 26 formed of an air chuck and the pallet holding portion side 28 are in close contact with each other. And are integrally connected.

Next, as shown in FIG. 15, the air cylinder 15 of the pallet elevating and lowering supporting means is operated, and the operating shaft 16 is moved.
Is reduced and held by the support table 17 to hold the replacement pallet 45, and is placed on the transport conveyor 12. Here, as shown in FIG.
Is operated to carry out the replacement pallet 45 in the pallet discharging direction by the conveyor 12 and the pallet holding section mounting operation is completed. 16 to 16 are shown in order.

On the other hand, the pallet holding part mounting operation step shown in FIG. 12 to FIG. 16 and the pallet holding part detaching operation step shown in FIG. 6 to FIG. As described above, the stacking container layer 5 of the basket type container 51 is formed by the replacement pallet 45 and the pallet holding portion 21.
2 and the basket-type container 53 containing the small parts 54 can be centrifugally dewatered by being held in a rotatable manner.

That is, the stacked container layer 52 of the washed basket-shaped container 51 and the basket-shaped container 53 containing the small parts 54
The replacement pallet 45 and the pallet holding unit 21, which are held so as to be rotatable centrifugally, are mounted on the draining rotating means 20 by the pallet holding unit mounting operation process described in FIGS. Then, after the centrifugal rotation, the replacement pallet 45 holding the stacked baskets and the small baskets and the pallet holding unit 21 are separated from the dewatering chamber by the pallet holding unit detachment operation process shown in FIGS. Drying can be performed.

In this case, when the replacement pallet 45 holding the stacked baskets or small baskets and the pallet holding portion 21 are sequentially fed into the dewatering chamber for dewatering, the supply opening / closing door 19 side moves to the center position. Then, the pallet holding unit 21 is attached to the attachment / detachment unit 27 on the rotating shaft side for spin-drying. After the spin-drying, the attachment / detachment means 26 is detached and lowered onto the conveyor 12.
And the pallet holding unit 21, and at the same time, the pallet holding unit 21 is conveyed from the discharge opening / closing door 41 side to the discharge donveyer 43,
Continuous centrifugal dehydration drying becomes possible. If it is difficult to raise and lower the stopper 13 for center positioning during continuous operation, it is needless to say that the next pallet can be fed after the discharge of the pallet out of the dehydration chamber is completed. .

In FIG. 18, reference numeral 55 denotes a lid of the basket-shaped container 53. It is preferable that the basket type container 53 and the lid 55 are elastically sandwiched between the pallet holding portion 21 and the replacement pallet 45. Also in FIG.
Similarly, it is preferable that the stacked container layer 52 is elastically sandwiched between the pallet holding portion 21 and the replacement pallet 45.

[0035]

As described above, according to the centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets according to the present invention, the pallet conveyed into the dehydration chamber by the conveyer is moved by the pallet lifting / lowering support means to the pallet draining / rotating means. The pallet is supplied to and held by the pallet holder, and the pallet is rotated together with the pallet holder along with the rotation of the pallet rotating shaft to drain water by centrifugal force. Then, the pallet is removed from the pallet holder and moved onto the conveyor. In the pallet centrifugal dewatering and drying method and apparatus for transferring the pallet to the outside of the dehydration chamber, the pallet holding unit holding the pallet is separated from the pallet rotation shaft, and the pallet holding unit is moved onto the conveyor with the pallet by the pallet lifting / lowering support means. Pallet holding of pallets of other shapes to be dewatered while moving and transported outside the dewatering room The pallet is transported into the dehydration chamber by the transport conveyor while holding the pallet, and is supplied to the position where the pallet holding unit is connected to the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining rotating unit by the pallet lifting / lowering support unit, and the pallet holding unit is replaced. The centrifugal dewatering mechanism is used to separate the pallet holding unit holding the pallet of the pallet draining rotating means from the pallet rotating shaft, and discharge the drained pallet to the outside of the dewatering chamber. By exactly the same means as the means, the pallet holding section together with the pallet can be detached from the pallet rotation shaft and discharged out of the dehydration chamber, and a new pallet holding section to be replaced is held in a state where the pallet is gripped, in a normal state. Hold the pallet by the same means as the pallet supply means and And the supply to the connecting position of the pallet rotating shaft, by allowed to connecting the two, there is an effect capable of centrifugally dehydrated numerous types of pallet exchange pallet holder in various ways.

Further, according to the present invention, since the pallet holding portion is replaced while holding the pallet, for example, a basket-shaped container or a stacked container holding small articles other than a normal pallet is held. The pallet and the pallet holding portion are attached to and detached from the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining rotating means, and there is an effect that small parts and the like can be centrifugally dewatered.

Further, according to the present invention, in the centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets described above, the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining / rotating means and the pallet holding portion are attached to and detached from the pallet by an electromagnet, an air chuck or the like. By having a configuration that can be attached and detached, there is no need to put your hands inside the rotating device, and there is no danger at the time of replacement,
There is an effect that the setup can be changed easily and quickly.

Further, according to the present invention, in the centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets described above, the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining rotating means and the attaching / detaching means of the pallet holding portion are provided through hollow holes provided in the pallet rotating shaft. The pallet rotating shaft of the pallet drainer rotating unit and the pallet holding unit, for example, by detachably engaging the detachable unit. The engagement cam provided with elasticity is retracted against the spring elasticity by electromagnetic force, air pressure or the like supplied from the outside of the dehydration chamber through a hollow hole provided in the pallet rotation shaft, and is operated so as to be separated. Therefore, the pallet holding portion can be quickly and safely replaced with a simple structure.

Further, according to the present invention, in the centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets described above, a pallet for replacing a pallet holding unit is supplied into a dehydrating chamber from a discharge side of a normal pallet for dewatering by a conveyor. The pallet holding unit is configured to discharge the pallet to the discharge side, so that at the stage where a series of centrifugal dehydration of the pallet is completed, the following washed pallets of different shapes are put on standby at the loading side of the dehydration chamber. In this state, using only the pallet carry-out side of the dewatering room, detach the pallet holding part that has been used up to now, supply the pallet holding part to be used next, and replace the pallet holding part smoothly and quickly There is an effect that can be.

Further, the present invention provides a centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets as described above, wherein the pallet for exchanging the pallet holding unit comprises a pallet for exclusive use for exchange. Using a replacement pallet or the like suitable for center alignment necessary to exchange and connect
There is an effect that the pallet holding portions of different types can be quickly and reliably connected to the pallet rotating shaft.

The present invention also provides a centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets as described above, wherein a normal operation for centrifugally dewatering the pallet, a pallet holding portion releasing operation for releasing the pallet holding portion, and a pallet holding portion are mounted. Pallet holding unit mounting operation to control the operation of the pallet. The normal operation, the pallet holding unit detaching operation for detaching the pallet holding unit, and the pallet holding unit attaching operation for attaching the pallet holding unit can be efficiently performed.

Further, the present invention provides a centrifugal dewatering / drying method and apparatus for various pallets as described above, wherein the pallet center can be positioned on a conveyor when different pallet holding units are mounted. When a different pallet holding unit is mounted, the center of the pallet holding unit can be positioned on the conveyor, so that the pallet rotating shaft and the pallet holding unit can be connected at a position that matches the pallet holding unit by simply lifting the pallet holding unit. effective.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is a schematic explanatory diagram of one embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of a main part of the embodiment.

FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view taken out and shown to explain a main part thereof.

FIG. 4 is a schematic front view showing the essential parts taken out.

FIG. 5 is a schematic front view showing another embodiment of the main part.

FIG. 6 is a schematic explanatory view showing a use mode of a main part of one embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 7 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 8 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 9 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 10 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 11 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 12 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 13 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 14 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 15 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 16 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

FIG. 17 is a schematic explanatory view showing an essential part of one embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 18 is a schematic perspective view showing one part thereof.

FIG. 19 is a schematic explanatory view showing another mode of use of the main part.

[Explanation of symbols]

 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Pallet 2 Conveyor 3 Conveyor 4 Pallet washing machine 5 Injection nozzle 6 Injection nozzle 7 Cleaning liquid 8 Cleaning liquid 9 Intermittent drive motor 10 Pallet centrifugal dehydration and drying device 11 Dehydration chamber 12 Transport conveyor 13 Stopper 14 Air cylinder 15 Air cylinder 16 Elevating shaft 17 Turntable 18 Guide 19 Opening / closing door 20 Pallet drainer rotating means 21 Pallet holding part 22 Arm member 23 Holding frame part 24 Spacer 25 Rotating shaft 26 Attaching / detaching means 27 Pallet rotating shaft side chuck 28 Pallet holding part side chuck 29 Air cylinder 30 Supply pipe 31 Rotary joint 32 Supply pipe 33 Solenoid valve 34 Bearing 35 Bearing 36 Follower pulley 37 Belt 38 Drive pulley 39 Drive motor 40 Drain 41 Opening / closing door 42 Air cylinder 43 Discharge side conveyor 44 Outside Frame portion 45 replacement pallet 46 center protrusion 47 center positioning recess 48 stable Sokowaku section 49 center positioning stopper 50 air cylinder 51 cage type container 52 stacked container layer 53 cage container 54 small parts 55 lid

 ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuing from the front page (72) Inventor Toru Adachi 3-2 Yotsuka, Noda, Koda-cho, Nada-gun, Aichi F-term in Central Conveyor Co., Ltd. 3L113 AA03 AB08 AC67 BA39 DA07 4D057 AA16 AB01 AC00 AC05 AD01 AE02 BA01 BC05 BC11

Claims (15)

[Claims]
1. A pallet conveyed into a dehydration chamber by a conveyer is moved by a pallet elevating and lowering support means.
After supplying the pallet to the pallet holding part of the pallet draining rotating means and holding it, rotating the pallet together with the pallet holding part with the rotation of the pallet rotating shaft and draining water by centrifugal force, remove the pallet from the pallet holding part In the pallet centrifugal dewatering / drying method in which the pallet is moved onto the conveyor and transferred to the outside of the dewatering chamber, the pallet holding unit holding the pallet is separated from the pallet rotating shaft, and the pallet holding unit is moved together with the pallet by the pallet lifting / lowering support means. The pallet is moved up and transported out of the dehydration chamber, while the pallet holding part of the pallet of another shape to be dewatered next is transported into the dehydration chamber by the transport conveyor while holding the pallet. Supply to the position where the pallet holding part is connected to the pallet rotation shaft of the rotating means, Te, various palettes corresponding centrifugal dehydration drying method comprising as centrifugation dehydration by replacing the pallet holder.
2. The centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets according to claim 1, wherein the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining / rotating means and the pallet holding portion are detachably attached by a remotely operable attaching / detaching means such as an electromagnet or an air chuck. Centrifugal dewatering and drying method for various pallets.
3. The centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets according to claim 2, wherein the attaching / detaching means is operated to be attached / detached from outside of the dehydrating chamber by electric power or air supplied through a communication hole provided in the pallet rotating shaft. Centrifugal dehydration drying method for various pallets.
4. The centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein a pallet for replacing a pallet holding section is placed in a dehydrating chamber from a discharge side of a normal pallet for dehydrating by a conveyor. A centrifugal dewatering and drying method for various pallets that is supplied and discharged to the discharge side together with the pallet holding unit.
5. The centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets according to claim 1, wherein the pallet for replacing the pallet holding unit is a pallet for exclusive use for replacement.
6. The centrifugal dewatering / drying method for various pallets according to claim 1, wherein a normal operation for centrifugally dewatering the pallet, a pallet holding portion detaching operation for releasing the pallet holding portion, and a pallet holding portion. Centrifugal dewatering and drying method for various pallets that can be operated by switching to the pallet holding part mounting operation for mounting the pallet.
7. The pallet for centrifugal dewatering and drying according to claim 1, wherein the center of the new pallet can be positioned on a conveyor when a new pallet holding unit is mounted. Corresponding centrifugal dehydration drying method.
8. A pallet drainer rotating means for rotating a pallet to remove water by centrifugal force in the dehydration chamber, and lifting the pallet from the transport conveyor below the pallet stop position of the transport conveyor and rotating the pallet to the pallet drainer rotating means. A pallet centrifugal dehydration / drying apparatus provided with a pallet lifting / lowering support means for supplying pallets, the centrifugal dehydration / drying apparatus corresponding to various pallets, wherein a pallet support portion of a pallet draining / rotating means is detachably provided on a pallet rotating shaft.
9. The centrifugal dewatering / drying apparatus for various pallets according to claim 8, wherein the pallet rotating shaft of the pallet draining / rotating means and the pallet holding portion are detachably attached to each other by remotely attachable and detachable means such as an electromagnet and an air chuck. Centrifugal dewatering and drying equipment for various pallets.
10. The centrifugal dewatering / drying apparatus for various pallets according to claim 9, wherein the attaching / detaching means is detachably operated from outside the dehydrating chamber by electric power or air supplied through a communication hole provided on the pallet rotating shaft. Centrifugal dewatering and drying equipment for various pallets.
11. The centrifugal dewatering / drying apparatus for various pallets according to claim 8, 9 or 10, wherein the separation pallet and the supply pallet are placed in a dehydration chamber on the discharge side opposite to the pallet for dehydrating by a transport conveyor. Centrifugal dewatering and drying equipment for various pallets that is supplied from the outlet and discharged to the discharge side.
12. The centrifugal dewatering and drying apparatus for various pallets according to claim 8, wherein
Centrifugal dewatering and drying equipment for various pallets, where the pallets for pallet holder replacement are pallets dedicated to replacement.
13. The centrifugal dehydration / drying apparatus for various pallets according to claim 12, wherein the dedicated pallet and the pallet holding section have a center positioning section.
14. The centrifugal dewatering and drying method for various pallets according to claim 8, wherein
A centrifugal dewatering / drying apparatus for various pallets, which can be operated by switching between a normal operation for centrifugally dehydrating a pallet, a pallet holding unit detaching operation for releasing a pallet holding unit, and a pallet holding unit mounting operation for mounting a pallet holding unit.
15. The centrifugal dewatering and drying apparatus for various pallets according to claim 8,
Centrifugal dewatering and drying equipment for various pallets, provided with a positioning stopper on the conveyor that allows the center of each pallet holding part to be set when different pallet holding parts are mounted.
JP2001003222A 2001-01-11 2001-01-11 Centrifugal dehydration drying method adaptable to various pallets and apparatus therefor Pending JP2002206857A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001003222A JP2002206857A (en) 2001-01-11 2001-01-11 Centrifugal dehydration drying method adaptable to various pallets and apparatus therefor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2001003222A JP2002206857A (en) 2001-01-11 2001-01-11 Centrifugal dehydration drying method adaptable to various pallets and apparatus therefor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008045848A (en) * 2006-08-18 2008-02-28 Shibuya Machinery Co Ltd Centrifugal dewatering apparatus for pallet
JP2008246436A (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-16 Kureo:Kk Centrifugal dewatering apparatus of cleaning vessel
JP2009036466A (en) * 2007-08-02 2009-02-19 Kureo:Kk Dehydrator of washing vessel
JP2017516273A (en) * 2014-05-13 2017-06-15 エルジー ディスプレイ カンパニー リミテッド Organic light emitting device
WO2017222384A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-28 Tempel Dry Systems B.V. Centrifuge for drying containers with a bottom and a peripheral wall, upright from the bottom, such as crates, lids or trays, and a combination of a centrifuge and at lease one container with a bottom and a peripheral wall, upright from the bottom, such as a crate, lid or tray, arranged in the holder
EP3486589A1 (en) * 2017-11-17 2019-05-22 Konrad Reich Cleaning and/or drying device for boxes

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008045848A (en) * 2006-08-18 2008-02-28 Shibuya Machinery Co Ltd Centrifugal dewatering apparatus for pallet
JP2008246436A (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-16 Kureo:Kk Centrifugal dewatering apparatus of cleaning vessel
JP2009036466A (en) * 2007-08-02 2009-02-19 Kureo:Kk Dehydrator of washing vessel
JP2017516273A (en) * 2014-05-13 2017-06-15 エルジー ディスプレイ カンパニー リミテッド Organic light emitting device
US9978983B2 (en) 2014-05-13 2018-05-22 Lg Display Co., Ltd. Organic light-emitting device
WO2017222384A1 (en) * 2016-06-24 2017-12-28 Tempel Dry Systems B.V. Centrifuge for drying containers with a bottom and a peripheral wall, upright from the bottom, such as crates, lids or trays, and a combination of a centrifuge and at lease one container with a bottom and a peripheral wall, upright from the bottom, such as a crate, lid or tray, arranged in the holder
EP3486589A1 (en) * 2017-11-17 2019-05-22 Konrad Reich Cleaning and/or drying device for boxes

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