JP2002185358A - Method for fitting rf transponder to container - Google Patents

Method for fitting rf transponder to container

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Publication number
JP2002185358A
JP2002185358A JP2000357027A JP2000357027A JP2002185358A JP 2002185358 A JP2002185358 A JP 2002185358A JP 2000357027 A JP2000357027 A JP 2000357027A JP 2000357027 A JP2000357027 A JP 2000357027A JP 2002185358 A JP2002185358 A JP 2002185358A
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Prior art keywords
container
article
element
transponder
wall
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JP2000357027A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Andries Petrus Cronje Fourie
Johan David Kruger
Christopher G G Turner
アンドリーズ・ペトラス・クロニエ・フォーリー
クリストファー・ゴードン・ガーヴェイス・ターナー
ジョアン・ダウィド・クルガー
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Supersensor Pty Ltd
スーパーセンサー・(プロプライアテリ)・リミテッド
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a method for relaxing interference due to the reflection of a container where a transponder is fitted when receiving a signal that is transmitted for identifying the transponder and returning a response signal including an identification code, by utilizing the energy in an electronic identification device including a plurality of passive transponders.
SOLUTION: The container 10 is composed by reflection content 16 for reflecting a radio frequency energy in use. The transponder 22 having radio frequency label is fitted to the container. An identification device is operated by an energization signal having an operation wavelength of λ. The transponder is made by an antenna 26 that is composed by a feeder element 26.1. The feeder element is separated from the reflection content 16 by an electrical distance of at least λ/100. A dielectric medium 20 is arranged between a feeder element and a reflection element, and separates the feeder element from the reflection content.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2002,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、電子識別装置に関し、さらに詳しく言えば、無線周波(RF)トランスポンダを含む装置に関するものである。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to an electronic identification device and, more particularly, to an apparatus including a radio frequency (RF) transponder.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】質問機またはリーダおよび複数の受動トランスポンダを含む電子識別装置は、当該技術においては周知である。 BACKGROUND ART interrogator or electronic identification device including a reader and a plurality of passive transponders are well known in the art. 使用のさいに、質問機は超高周波(UH To Sai of use, the interrogator is ultra-high frequency (UH
F)帯域のRF付勢信号を、識別および読出しされるべきトランスポンダに向けて発信する。 An RF energizing signal F) band, transmits toward the transponder to be identified and read. トランスポンダは、その一部を形成するローカル回路に電力を送るように付勢信号のエネルギを利用し、そして、識別コードを含む応答信号を質問機に送信することによって、付勢信号に応答する。 The transponder utilizes the energy of the biasing signal to send power to the local circuits forming a part hereof, and by transmitting a response signal including an identification code to the interrogator, in response to the energizing signal. 質問機は、信号を受信し、識別コードを読み取る。 Interrogator receives the signal and reads the identification code. コード読出しは、トランスポンダおよびそれが装着されている物品または容器を識別するように利用される。 Code reading, transponder and it is utilized to identify the article or container is mounted.

【0003】RFエネルギを反射する容器のような物品に関連して用いられるときに、これらの装置に係わる問題は、入射付勢信号と容器からのその反射信号との間の破壊的干渉により、容器の壁に従来のように装着されたトランスポンダは、付勢信号から十分なエネルギを引き出せないことである。 [0003] When used in connection with articles such as containers which reflect RF energy, problems associated with these devices, the destructive interference between the reflected signal from the incident energizing signal and the container, mounted transponder as in the prior art on the wall of the container is that it is not pulled out enough energy from the energizing signal. ある物品は、トランスポンダ・アンテナ・インピーダンスを変えることによって、離調効果を有し、これによりトランスポンダが十分なエネルギを引き出すことを妨げている。 Some articles, by changing the transponder antenna impedance, have a detuning effect, thereby transponder is prevented from pulling out a sufficient energy.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】したがって、本発明の目的は、本出願人は上述した欠点が少なくとも緩和されていると信ずる物品およびその物品にトランスポンダを設ける方法を提供することにある。 OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION It is therefore an object of the present invention, the applicant is to drawbacks described above to provide a method of providing a transponder on an article and the article believes are at least alleviated.

【0005】 [0005]

【課題を解決するための手段】物品は、使用のさいに無線周波エネルギを反射する反射要素と、動作波長 を有する無線周波識別装置のトランスポンダと、誘電体媒体とからなり、前記トランスポンダはフィーダ要素からなるアンテナからなり、該フィーダ要素は少なくともλ/ Article SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION comprises a reflective element for reflecting radio frequency energy to again use a transponder of a radio frequency identification device having an operating wavelength, consists of a dielectric medium, said transponder feeder element consists antenna consisting of, the feeder element is at least lambda /
100の電気的距離だけ反射要素から離間され、前記誘電体媒体は前記フィーダ要素と前記反射要素との間にある。 Only electrical distance of 100 is spaced from the reflective element, wherein the dielectric medium is between the reflective element and the feeder element.

【0006】本明細書において、電気的距離(d e )の用語は、以下の式で示す物理的距離(d)に関して、用いられる。 [0006] As used herein, the term electrical distance (d e) with regard to physical distance (d) expressed by the following equation, is used. e =d(c/V m )。 d e = d (c / V m). ここで、cは自由空間を通る電磁波の速度であり、また、V mは誘電体媒体を通る電磁波の速度である。 Here, c is the speed of electromagnetic wave through free space, Moreover, V m is the velocity of an electromagnetic wave through the dielectric medium.

【0007】物品は、好ましくは持ち運びでき、壁からなる容器でもよい。 [0007] The article can preferably carry may be a container made from the wall. 反射要素は壁によって構成されていてもよい。 Reflective element may be constituted by a wall. 代案として、反射要素は誘電体壁を有する容器の内容物からなっていてもよい。 Alternatively, the reflective element may comprise a contents of the container having a dielectric wall.

【0008】反射要素および/または誘電体媒体はアンテナの必須の一部を構成する。 [0008] reflective elements and / or dielectric medium may constitute an essential part of the antenna. 誘電体媒体は壁に装着された誘電体材料の本体からなり、フィーダ要素が壁に装着されてそれを反射要素から離間する。 The dielectric medium comprises a body of dielectric material mounted on the wall, the feeder element is separated it is mounted on the wall from the reflective element.

【0009】容器は、その閉鎖要素からなる閉鎖集合体と、容器に装着されたアンカ部材と、アンカ部材と閉鎖要素との間にあるリンクとからなり、フィーダ要素が集合体に装着される。 [0009] The container and closure assembly comprising a the closure element consists of a anchor member attached to the container, the link existing between the anchor member and the closure element, the feeder element is mounted on the assembly.

【0010】閉鎖要素はキャップからなり、アンカ部材は容器の首に装着されたカラーからなる。 [0010] The closure element consists of a cap, anchor member is made of a color that has been attached to the neck of the container. キャップ、カラー、リンクはプラスチック材料から一体に形成される。 Cap, collar, links are formed integrally from a plastic material. フィーダ要素がリンクに設けられることが好ましい。 It is preferred that the feeder element is provided in the link.

【0011】他の実施例においては、フィーダ要素は容器の首領域に設けられ、誘電体媒体がフィーダ要素と容器の内容物との間で容器内の頭部空間によって部分的に設けられる。 [0011] In another embodiment, the feeder element is provided in the neck region of the vessel, the dielectric medium is provided in part by a head space in the container between the contents of the feeder element and the container.

【0012】別の実施例においては、フィーダ要素は可撓リンクによって物品に取り付けられた誘電体体ケーシングに装着され、ケーシングは誘電体体媒体を構成する。 [0012] In another embodiment, the feeder element is mounted on the dielectric body casing attached to the article by a flexible link, the casing constitutes the dielectric material medium. ケーシングはフィーダ要素をカプセルに入れることによって設けられてもよい。 The casing may be provided by placing a feeder element in the capsule.

【0013】さらに別の実施例においては、誘電体媒体は容器の壁を厚くすることからなっていてもよい。 [0013] In yet another embodiment, the dielectric medium may comprise a thickening the wall of the container. さらに別の実施例においては、誘電体媒体は容器の壁に設けられた誘電体材料のインサートからなっていてもよい。 In yet another embodiment, the dielectric medium may be made from the insert of a dielectric material provided in the wall of the container.
インサートは容器の壁内の周辺溝に設けられたループの形体になっていてもよい。 Insert may be adapted to form a loop provided in the circumferential groove in the wall of the container.

【0014】さらに別の実施例においては、誘電体媒体は第2壁と、前記壁と第2壁との間にある空気ギャップとからなっていてもよい。 [0014] In yet another embodiment, the dielectric medium may be comprised of an air gap between the second wall and the wall and the second wall. また、本発明の範囲内に自動充填物品の配列が含まれる。 The arrangement of the automatic filling articles are included within the scope of the present invention. 各物品が、使用のさいに無線周波エネルギを反射する反射要素と、動作波長λを有する無線周波識別装置のトランスポンダと、誘電体媒体とからなり、トランスポンダはフィーダ要素からなるアンテナからなり、フィーダ要素は少なくともλ/100 Each article comprises a reflective element for reflecting radio frequency energy to again use a transponder of a radio frequency identification device having an operating wavelength lambda, composed of a dielectric medium, the transponder consists of an antenna consisting of the feeder element, a feeder element is at least λ / 100
の電気的距離だけ反射要素から離間され、誘電体媒体はフィーダ要素と反射要素との間にある。 Is spaced from the electrical distance reflective elements, the dielectric medium is between feeder element and the reflective element.

【0015】さらに本発明の範囲内に、反射要素からなる物品に、動作波長λを有する電子識別装置のトランスポンダを設ける方法が含まれる。 Furthermore within the scope of the present invention, the article comprising a reflective element includes a method of providing a transponder of an electronic identification system having an operating wavelength lambda. この方法は、トランスポンダのアンテナのフィーダ要素を、反射要素から少なくともλ/100の電気的距離だけ離間させること、誘電体媒体をフィーダ要素と反射要素との間に設けることからなる。 This method, the feeder element of the antenna of the transponder, be spaced apart electrical distance of at least lambda / 100 from the reflective element consists of providing a dielectric medium between the feeder element and the reflective element.

【0016】本発明は、その範囲内に電子識別装置のトランスポンダと、トランスポンダを容器から離間させる誘電体媒体とからなる、容器用キャップ集合体を含む。 [0016] The present invention includes a transponder of an electronic identification device within its range, and a dielectric medium for spacing the transponder from the container, the container cap assembly.

【0017】 [0017]

【発明の実施の形態】公知の電子識別装置200のブロック線図が図11に示されている。 Block diagram of the embodiment of the invention Known electronic identification device 200 is shown in Figure 11. 電子識別装置は、リーダまたは質問機202および複数の受動トランスポンダ204.1−204. Electronic identification device, a reader or interrogator 202 and a plurality of passive transponders 204.1-204. nからなる。 Consisting of n. 使用にさいしては、トランスポンダが、識別または計数されるべき容器のような物品に装着される。 In use, the transponders are mounted on articles such as containers to be identified or counted. したがって、各トランスポンダは各物品に常態では関連されている。 Thus, each transponder is associated with normal to each article.

【0018】使用にさいしては、物品は、質問機に無線周波(RF)質問信号を物品に向けて発信させることによって、識別される。 [0018] In use, the article, by submitting towards the radio frequency (RF) interrogation signal to the article interrogator, is identified. 質問信号は400MHz−3GH The interrogation signal 400MHz-3GH
z(代表的には、900MHz)の範囲にある搬送周波数fcを有する搬送波からなる。 (Typically, 900 MHz) z consists carrier with a carrier frequency fc in the range of. 各トランスポンダは、 Each transponder,
トランスポンダの一部を形成するローカル回路に電力を送るように付勢信号としてのエネルギを利用し、次いで質問機への識別コードを含む応答信号208を送信することによって、付勢信号に応答する。 Utilizing the energy of the biasing signal to send power to the local circuit forming part of the transponder, and then by sending a response signal 208 including an identification code to the interrogator responds to the energizing signal. 質問機は、応答信号を受け、識別コードを読み出す。 Interrogator receives the response signal and reads the identification code. 読み出されたコードは、トランスポンダ、したがって、それが関連している物品または容器を識別し、計数する。 Read code, a transponder, thus, to identify the article or container it is associated, counted.

【0019】本明細書の冒頭において、前述した種類のトランスポンダが、金属製カンまたは導電性流体を収容するその他の容器のような導電性容器の反射物品に使用された場合には、問題が起きると指摘した。 [0019] In the beginning of this specification, if the type of the transponder as described above, was used for the reflective articles of the conductive container, such as other container containing a metallic can or conductive fluid, problems occur He pointed out that.

【0020】入射電磁付勢信号が導電面によって180 [0020] 180 by actuating signal with the incident electromagnetic conductive surface
度の位相変化を伴って反射されることが知られている。 It is known to be reflected with a phase change in degrees.
また、入射信号と反射信号との間の破壊的な干渉のために、入射信号の波長に関して距離が小さい反射面からの電気的距離d eにおける全電界強度(Eγ)は次の式で与えられる。 Further, due to the destructive interference between the incident and reflected signals, the total electric field strength in the electrical distance d e from the reflecting surface distance is smaller with respect to the wavelength of the incident signal (Eγ) is given by the following formula . Eγ(d e )=E i (d e )+E r (d e )。 Eγ (d e) = E i (d e) + E r (d e).
ここで、E i (d e )は、d eにおける入射付勢信号の電界強度である。 Here, E i (d e) is the electric field strength of the incident energizing signal at d e. r (d E r (d e )は、d eにおける反射信号の電界強度である。 e) is the electric field strength of the reflected signal at d e.

【0021】d e =λ/12における完全反射は、Eγ [0021] The complete reflection in d e = λ / 12 is, Eγ
(d e )=E i (d e )である。 A (d e) = E i ( d e). λ/12よりも大きいd e λ / 12 large d e than
については、Eγ(d e )>E i (d e )である。 For a Eγ (d e)> E i (d e). 例えば、d e =λ/4においては、Eγ(d e )=2E For example, in d e = λ / 4, Eγ (d e) = 2E
i (d e )である。 a i (d e). これは最大値である。 This is the maximum value.

【0022】λ/12よりも小さいd eについては、E [0022] The λ / 12 small d e than it is, E
γ(d e )<E i (d e )である。 It is a γ (d e) <E i (d e). 例えば、d e =λ/24 For example, d e = λ / 24
においては、Eγ(d e )=E i (d e )/2である。 In a Eγ (d e) = E i (d e) / 2. e d e
>λ/100については、従来技術に比較した改良された結果が達成されたと信じられる。 > The lambda / 100, believed improved results compared to the prior art was achieved.

【0023】さらに、電気的距離d eは、下記の式にもとづく表面からの誘電体媒体により離間された位置の物理的距離dに関連されていることが知られている。 Furthermore, the electrical distance d e are known to be related to the physical distance d of spaced positions by a dielectric medium from the surface based on the following equation. e d e
=d(c/V m )=d(εr) 1/2ここで、cは信号が自由空間を通過する速度である。 = D (c / V m) = d (εr) 1/2 , where, c is the speed at which the signal passes through the free space. mは信号が誘電体媒体を通過する速度である。 V m is the velocity of signal passes through the dielectric medium. εrは純粋誘電体媒体の誘電率である。 εr is the dielectric constant of the pure dielectric medium.

【0024】自由空間以外の誘電体媒体の誘電率は1よりも大きいので、反射面からの実際のまたは物理的距離dは、特定の位置と反射表面との間の自由空間以外に誘電体媒体を設けることによって、電気的距離d eよりも小さくなされてもよい。 [0024] Since the dielectric constant of the dielectric medium other than free space is greater than 1, the actual or physical distance d from the reflective surface is a dielectric medium other than free space between the particular position and the reflective surface by providing, it may be made smaller than the electrical distance d e.

【0025】無線周波(RF)トランスポンダからなる容器の形体の本発明にもとづく物品の第1実施例は、図1に総体的に参照番号10で示される。 [0025] The first embodiment of an article according to the present invention the form of a container made of radio frequency (RF) transponder is shown generally designated the reference numeral 10 in FIG. 1. 容器10は、送電体である液体16のような製品を保持する室14を画定する誘電体材料の本体12からなる。 The container 10 comprises a body 12 of dielectric material defining a chamber 14 for holding a product such as liquid 16 which is the power transmission element. 容器10は、キャップ18によって閉じられ、液体16とキャップ18 Container 10 is closed by the cap 18, the liquid 16 and the cap 18
との間に頭部空間20を画定する。 Defining a headspace 20 between.

【0026】チップまたはダイス24およびアンテナ2 [0026] chip or die 24 and the antenna 2
6を含むトランスポンダ22が、基体30に装着される。 Transponder 22 containing 6 is mounted on the substrate 30. チップは一体の電子トランスポンダ回路からなり、 Chip consists of a piece of electronic transponder circuit,
アンテナはフィーダ点でチップに接続されたフィーダ要素26.1からなる。 The antenna consists of a feeder element 26.1 connected to the chip in the feeder point. 基体は、容器の首領域32に装着可能なカラーの形体をしているので、頭部空間20内の空気は液体16からフィーダ要素26.1を、誘電体識別装置の動作波長λの少なくともλ/100、好ましくはλ/50、より好ましくは少なくともλ/12、最大λ/4までの電気的距離d eに等価の距離dだけ離す。 Substrate, since the form of wearable color container neck region 32, the feeder element 26.1 from the liquid 16 is air in the head space 20, at least λ of the operating wavelength λ of the dielectric identification device / 100, preferably lambda / 50, more preferably at least lambda / 12, releasing the electrical distance d e of up lambda / 4 only equivalent distance d.
このような構成は、トランスポンダが一部を形成する電子識別装置の動作、より詳しくはトランスポンダの動作を改善する。 Such an arrangement, the operation of the electronic identification device transponder forms part, and more particularly to improve the operation of the transponder.

【0027】図2、3において、本発明にもとづく容器40の第2実施例が示される。 [0027] In FIG. 2, a second embodiment of a container 40 according to the present invention is shown. 容器40は、その側壁4 Container 40, the sidewalls 4
4に装着された適切な誘電体材料のプラットフォーム4 Platform 4 of suitable dielectric material disposed in 4
2を含む。 Including the 2. チップ48およびそこにスクリーン印刷されたアンテナ・フィーダ要素50を含むトランスポンダ4 Transponder 4 which includes a chip 48 and therefrom to the screen-printed antenna feeder element 50
6を支持する基体は、プラットフォームに装着される。 Substrate for supporting the 6 is attached to the platform.
プラットフォーム42は、フィーダ要素を液体16から、少なくともλ/24の電気的距離d eに相当する距離dだけ分離して、全体としてトランスポンダおよび識別装置を改善する。 Platform 42, a feeder element from a liquid 16, separated by a distance d which corresponds to the electrical distance d e of at least lambda / 24, to improve the transponder and identification system as a whole.

【0028】第3実施例においては、容器50はチップ56および誘電体カプセル52に入れられたアンテナ5 [0028] In the third embodiment, the container 50 is an antenna 5 which is placed on the chip 56 and dielectric encapsulation 52
8からなるトランスポンダ54からなる。 It consists of a transponder 54 made of 8. カプセル52 Capsule 52
は、ひも60等によって容器60に固定されるので、カプセル52は容器の首領域62から緩く吊るされる。 Since is secured to the container 60 by 60 such cord, the capsule 52 is suspended loosely from the container neck area 62. カプセルは、少なくともλ/100、好ましくはλ/2 Capsules, at least lambda / 100, preferably lambda / 2
4、さらに好ましくはλ/12の電気的距離に相当する距離だけアンテナとカプセルの外面との間で分離する。 4, more preferably separates between only antenna and the capsule outer surface a distance corresponding to the electrical length of lambda / 12.

【0029】図5において、容器70の第4実施例が示される。 [0029] In FIG. 5, a fourth embodiment of the container 70 is shown. 容器70は、空気間隙76によって分離された二重プラスチック壁72、74を含む。 Container 70 includes double plastic walls 72 and 74 separated by an air gap 76. チップ80およびアンテナ82を含むトランスポンダを支持する誘電体スペーサ78が、容器の壁74に固定される。 Dielectric spacer 78 which supports the transponder including chip 80 and antenna 82 is secured to the wall 74 of the container. 空気間隙76、二重壁、スペーサは、液体16からトランスポンダを分離するように働き、したがって、従来の構成と比較してトランスポンダおよび装置の動作を改良する。 Air gaps 76, double wall, the spacer acts from the liquid 16 so as to separate the transponder, thus, as compared with the conventional configuration to improve the operation of the transponder and devices.

【0030】図6に示す第5実施例においては、容器8 [0030] In the fifth embodiment shown in FIG. 6, the container 8
4は誘電体材料の比較的厚い中実壁86を有していてもよい。 4 may have a solid wall 86 in a relatively thick dielectric material. 周辺環状溝88が壁内に設けられてもよい。 Peripheral annular groove 88 may be provided in the wall. 適切な誘電体容器を有する材料のベルト90は、溝に着脱自在にまたは恒久的に装着されてもよい。 Material of the belt 90 having a suitable dielectric container may be removably or permanently attached to the groove. トランスポンダ92がベルトに装着されるので、ベルトはアンテナ・フィーダ要素を液体16からλ/100よりも大きい、好ましくはλ/24よりも大きい、さらに好ましくはλ/ Since the transponder 92 is attached to the belt, the belt is an antenna feeder element greater than lambda / 100 from the liquid 16, preferably greater than lambda / 24, more preferably lambda /
12よりも大きい電気的距離に相当する距離dだけ分離する。 Distance d corresponding to the large electrical distance than 12 separate.

【0031】別の実施例においては、トランスポンダ9 [0031] In another embodiment, transponder 9
4は容器98用のキャップ集合体96に装着されてもよい。 4 may be mounted to the cap assembly 96 for a container 98. キャップ集合体96は、容器用のキャップ100、 The cap assembly 96, cap 100 for a container,
容器の首104のまわりに着脱自在にまたは恒久的に装着されたカラー形成部102、キャップ100とカラー形成部102との間に延びるプラットフォームの形体のリンク106を含む。 Color forming unit 102 is freely or permanently mounted removably around the neck of the container 104 includes a platform for form of link 106 extending between the cap 100 and the collar forming part 102. トランスポンダ94は、プラットフォームに装着され、領域108および頭部空間110 The transponder 94 is mounted to the platform, the area 108 and head space 110
内の空気がトランスポンダを容器または容器内の液体から分離する。 Air inner separates the transponder from the liquid in the container or vessel.

【0032】図8において、本発明にもとづく容器の別の実施例が示される。 [0032] In FIG. 8, another embodiment of a container according to the invention is shown. 容器120は金属キャップである。 Container 120 is a metal cap. チップ124と、フィーダ要素126からなるアンテナとからなるトランスポンダ122が金属壁からアンテナ・フィーダ要素を離間する誘電体スペーサ128によって容器の金属壁に装着される。 A chip 124, a transponder 122 having an antenna consisting of feeder element 126 is mounted on the metal wall of the container by a dielectric spacer 128 spacing the antenna feeder element from the metal wall. 距離dは、λ/10 The distance d, λ / 10
0よりも大きい電気的距離に相当する。 It corresponds to greater electrical distance than 0. さらに、カンおよび/または誘電体スペーサの金属壁は、熟慮した上でのアンテナ設計によってアンテナの必須の一部を形成して、使用のさいにアンテナの最適性能を与える。 Furthermore, the metal wall of the can and / or dielectric spacer, forms a mandatory part of the antenna by the antenna design in terms of the contemplated, provide optimum performance of the antenna again for use.

【0033】図9において、誘電体壁132を有する容器130が示される。 [0033] In FIG. 9, a container 130 having a dielectric wall 132 is shown. この場合、壁のローカル厚み13 In this case, the wall of the local thickness 13
4は、トランスポンダ138のアンテナ136を容器の内容物から分離するように働く。 4 serves to separate the antenna 136 of the transponder 138 from the contents of the container.

【0034】図10において、容器142.1−14 [0034] In FIG. 10, container 142.1-14
2.6の形体の自動充填物品配列140を示す。 An automatic filling article arrangement 140 forms 2.6. 各容器は、各物品の反射面から所望の距離dだけ離間されたフィーダ要素を有するトランスポンダ144からなる。 Each container consists of a transponder 144 having a desired distance d spaced feeder element from the reflective surface of each article. 各容器間の間隔146は、dに等しいかまたはそれよりも大きいことが好ましい。 Spacing 146 between the containers is preferably equal to d or larger than that.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】RFトランスポンダからなる容器の形体の本発明にもとづく物品の第1実施例の概略正面図である。 1 is a schematic front view of a first embodiment of an article according to the present invention the form of a container made of RF transponders.

【図2】RFトランスポンダからなる本発明容器の第2 [2] The second of the present invention the container made of RF transponders
実施例の概略正面図である。 It is a schematic front view of an embodiment.

【図3】図2のIII−III線から取った断面図である。 3 is a cross-sectional view taken from line III-III in FIG.

【図4】RFトランスポンダからなる本発明容器の第3 [4] Third of the present invention the container made of RF transponders
実施例の概略正面図である。 It is a schematic front view of an embodiment.

【図5】RFトランスポンダからなる本発明容器の第4 [5] Fourth of the present invention the container made of RF transponders
実施例の概略正面図である。 It is a schematic front view of an embodiment.

【図6】RFトランスポンダからなる本発明容器の第5 [6] Fifth of the present invention the container made of RF transponders
実施例における壁の断面図である。 It is a cross-sectional view of a wall in the embodiment.

【図7】RFトランスポンダからなる容器用キャップ集合体の概略正面図である。 7 is a schematic front view of the container cap assembly comprising a RF transponder.

【図8】本発明容器の第6実施例の概略斜視図である。 8 is a schematic perspective view of a sixth embodiment of the present invention the container.

【図9】本発明容器の第7実施例の概略縦断面図である。 9 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of a seventh embodiment of the present invention the container.

【図10】本発明の自動充填物品の配列を示す概略正面図である。 Is a schematic front view showing an arrangement of an automatic filling article of the present invention; FIG.

【図11】リーダまたは質問機および複数のトランスポンダからなる電子標識装置のブロック線図である。 11 is a block diagram of an electronic label device reader or interrogator and comprising a plurality of transponders.

フロントページの続き (72)発明者 クリストファー・ゴードン・ガーヴェイ ス・ターナー 南アフリカ共和国ガウテング,ハーフウェ イ・ハウス,アグリカルチュラル・ホール ディングズ,プレジデント・パーク,ホフ メイアー・ロード 265 (72)発明者 アンドリーズ・ペトラス・クロニエ・フォ ーリー 南アフリカ共和国ガウテング,ヨハネスブ ルグ,2193,グリーンサイド・イースト, ドネガル・ドライブ 38 Fターム(参考) 3E062 AA09 AC02 AC03 BA20 BB03 BB06 BB10 5K012 AA01 AC01 AC08 AC10 AE12 Of the front page Continued (72) inventor Christopher Gordon Garvey vinegar Turner South Africa Gautengu, Hafuwe Lee House, Agricultural Hall Dinguzu, President Park, Hof Meier Road 265 (72) inventor and Leeds Petras · Kuronie-follower Ri South Africa Gautengu, Johannesburg, 2193, green side East, Donegal drive 38 F-term (reference) 3E062 AA09 AC02 AC03 BA20 BB03 BB06 BB10 5K012 AA01 AC01 AC08 AC10 AE12

Claims (21)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】使用のさいに無線周波エネルギを反射する反射要素と、動作波長 を有する無線周波識別装置のトランスポンダと、誘電体媒体とからなり、前記トランスポンダはフィーダ要素からなるアンテナからなり、該フィーダ要素は少なくともλ/100の電気的距離だけ反射要素から離間され、前記誘電体媒体は前記フィーダ要素と前記反射要素との間にある、物品。 And 1. A reflective elements to again use reflects radio frequency energy, and the transponder radio frequency identification device having an operating wavelength, consists of a dielectric medium, the transponder consists of an antenna consisting of the feeder element, said feeder element is spaced from the electrical distance reflective elements of at least lambda / 100, the dielectric medium is between the reflective element and the feeder element, the article.
  2. 【請求項2】持ち運びできる請求項1に記載の物品。 The article of claim 1, wherein it portable.
  3. 【請求項3】壁からなる容器である請求項1に記載の物品。 3. The article of claim 1 is a container made from the wall.
  4. 【請求項4】前記反射要素は壁によって構成されている、請求項3に記載の物品。 Wherein said reflective element is constituted by a wall, article of claim 3.
  5. 【請求項5】前記反射要素は誘電体壁を有する容器の内容物からなる、請求項3に記載の物品。 Wherein said reflective element is a contents of the container having a dielectric wall, article of claim 3.
  6. 【請求項6】前記反射要素は前記アンテナの受動要素を構成する、前記請求項のうち任意の一項記載の物品。 Wherein said reflective element constitutes a passive element of the antenna, the article of any one claim among the claims.
  7. 【請求項7】前記誘電体媒体は前記壁に装着された誘電体材料の本体からなり、前記フィーダ要素が壁に装着されてそれを前記反射要素から離間する、請求項3に記載の物品。 Wherein said dielectric medium is made from the body of dielectric material mounted on the wall, the feeder element is separated it is mounted on the wall from the reflective element, article of claim 3.
  8. 【請求項8】前記容器は、該容器の閉鎖要素からなる閉鎖集合体と、前記容器に装着されたアンカ部材と、該アンカ部材と前記閉鎖要素との間にあるリンクとからなり、前記フィーダ要素が前記集合体に装着される、請求項3に記載の物品。 Wherein said container is composed of a closure assembly comprising a closure element of the container, and an anchor member attached to the container, the link is between the closure element and said anchor member, said feeder elements are mounted on the assembly, article of claim 3.
  9. 【請求項9】前記閉鎖要素はキャップからなり、前記アンカ部材は前記容器の首に装着されたカラーからなる、 Wherein said closure element is a cap, the anchor member is made of a collar mounted on the neck of the container,
    請求項8に記載の物品。 The article of claim 8.
  10. 【請求項10】前記キャップ、カラー、リンクはプラスチック材料から一体に形成された、請求項9に記載の物品。 Wherein said cap, collar, links formed integrally from a plastic material, article of claim 9.
  11. 【請求項11】前記フィーダ要素が前記リンクに設けられている、請求項8から10までのうち任意の一項に記載の物品。 Wherein said feeder element is provided in the link An article according to any one paragraphs of claims 8 to 10.
  12. 【請求項12】前記フィーダ要素は前記容器の首領域に設けられ、前記誘電体媒体が前記フィーダ要素と前記容器の内容物との間で前記容器内の頭部空間によって部分的に設けられる、請求項5に記載の物品。 12. The method of claim 11, wherein the feeder element is provided in the neck region of the container, the dielectric medium is provided in part by a head space in the container between the contents of the container and the feeder element, the article of claim 5.
  13. 【請求項13】前記フィーダ要素は可撓リンクによって前記物品に取り付けられた誘電体体ケーシングに装着され、該ケーシングは誘電体体媒体を構成する、請求項1 Wherein said feeder element is mounted on the dielectric body casing attached to the article by a flexible link, the casing constitutes the dielectric material medium, according to claim 1
    に記載の物品。 The article according to.
  14. 【請求項14】前記ケーシングは前記フィーダ要素をカプセルに入れることによって設けられる、請求項13に記載の物品。 14. The casing is provided by placing the feeder element to the capsule, article of claim 13.
  15. 【請求項15】前記誘電体媒体は前記容器の壁を厚くすることからなる、請求項5に記載の物品。 15. The dielectric medium consists in thickening the wall of the container, article of claim 5.
  16. 【請求項16】前記誘電体媒体は前記容器の壁に設けられた誘電体材料のインサートからなる、請求項5に記載の物品。 16. The dielectric medium consists insert of a dielectric material in the wall of the container, article of claim 5.
  17. 【請求項17】前記インサートは前記容器の壁内の周辺溝に設けられたループの形体になっている、請求項16 17. The insert is in the form of a loop provided in the circumferential groove in the wall of the container, according to claim 16
    に記載の物品。 The article according to.
  18. 【請求項18】前記誘電体媒体は第2壁と、前記壁と前記第2壁との間にある空気ギャップとからなる、請求項5に記載の物品。 18. The method of claim 17, wherein the dielectric medium is composed of an air gap between the second wall and the wall and the second wall, article of claim 5.
  19. 【請求項19】自動充填物品の配列であって、各物品が、使用のさいに無線周波エネルギを反射する反射要素と、動作波長 を有する無線周波識別装置のトランスポンダと、誘電体媒体とからなり、前記トランスポンダはフィーダ要素からなるアンテナからなり、該フィーダ要素は少なくともλ/100の電気的距離だけ反射要素から離間され、前記誘電体媒体は前記フィーダ要素と前記反射要素との間にある、自動充填物品の配列。 19. The sequence of automatic filling articles, each article is a reflective element for reflecting radio frequency energy to again use a transponder of a radio frequency identification device having an operating wavelength, it consists of a dielectric medium the transponder comprises an antenna consisting of the feeder element, the feeder element is spaced from the electrical distance reflective elements of at least lambda / 100, the dielectric medium is between the reflective element and the feeder element, automatic the sequence of filling the article.
  20. 【請求項20】反射要素からなる物品に、動作波長λを有する電子識別装置のトランスポンダを設ける方法であって、前記トランスポンダのアンテナのフィーダ要素を、前記反射要素から少なくともλ/100の電気的距離だけ離間させること、誘電体媒体を前記フィーダ要素と前記反射要素との間に設けることからなる、方法。 To 20. a reflecting element article, a method of providing a transponder of an electronic identification system having an operating wavelength lambda, the feeder element of the antenna of the transponder, the electrical distance of at least lambda / 100 from the reflective element only be spaced apart, it consists of providing a dielectric medium between the reflecting element and the feeder element method.
  21. 【請求項21】電子識別装置のトランスポンダと、該トランスポンダを前記容器から離間させる誘電体媒体とからなる、容器用キャップ集合体。 21. A transponder of an electronic identification device, and a dielectric medium for spacing the transponder from the container, the container cap assembly.
JP2000357027A 2000-11-24 2000-11-24 Method for fitting rf transponder to container Pending JP2002185358A (en)

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