JP2001340110A - Accessory attaching and detaching structure to and from shoe sole - Google Patents

Accessory attaching and detaching structure to and from shoe sole

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Publication number
JP2001340110A
JP2001340110A JP2000211149A JP2000211149A JP2001340110A JP 2001340110 A JP2001340110 A JP 2001340110A JP 2000211149 A JP2000211149 A JP 2000211149A JP 2000211149 A JP2000211149 A JP 2000211149A JP 2001340110 A JP2001340110 A JP 2001340110A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
receiving
formed
insert
recess
sole
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Pending
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JP2000211149A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yoshitaka Mishima
Mitsuo Sato
圭貴 三島
光男 佐藤
Original Assignee
Yoshitaka Mishima
Sato Seisakusho:Kk
圭貴 三島
有限会社 佐藤製作所
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43DMACHINES, TOOLS, EQUIPMENT OR METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING OR REPAIRING FOOTWEAR
    • A43D100/00Setting or removing eyelets, buttons, lacing-hooks, or elastic gussets in shoes
    • A43D100/14Devices for removing buttons, lacing-hooks, or the like from shoes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B21/00Heels; Top-pieces, e.g. high heels, heel distinct from the sole, high heels monolithic with the sole
    • A43B21/36Heels; Top-pieces, e.g. high heels, heel distinct from the sole, high heels monolithic with the sole characterised by their attachment; Securing devices for the attaching means
    • A43B21/38Heels; Top-pieces, e.g. high heels, heel distinct from the sole, high heels monolithic with the sole characterised by their attachment; Securing devices for the attaching means by screws only
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B21/00Heels; Top-pieces, e.g. high heels, heel distinct from the sole, high heels monolithic with the sole
    • A43B21/36Heels; Top-pieces, e.g. high heels, heel distinct from the sole, high heels monolithic with the sole characterised by their attachment; Securing devices for the attaching means
    • A43B21/46Heels; Top-pieces, e.g. high heels, heel distinct from the sole, high heels monolithic with the sole characterised by their attachment; Securing devices for the attaching means by bolts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43CFASTENINGS OR ATTACHMENTS OF FOOTWEAR; LACES IN GENERAL
    • A43C15/00Non-skid devices or attachments
    • A43C15/16Studs or cleats for football or like boots
    • A43C15/161Studs or cleats for football or like boots characterised by the attachment to the sole

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an accessory attaching and detaching structure to and from shoe soles which may be removed by a wrench for screws in spite of the attaching and detaching structure which inserts the insert bodies of accessories, or the like, into receiving recessed parts to be embedded into the shoe soles and attachably and detachably grasps and holds the insert bodies within the receiving recessed parts by means of elastic bodies.
SOLUTION: This accessory attaching and detaching structure to and from the shoe soles is constituted as follows: Firstly, the structure comprises the receiving recessed part embedded into the shoe sole and the accessories formed with the insert body into the receiving recessed part on the side opposite to the side formed with a receiving part of an attaching and detaching tool on the shoe sole side. Secondly, the insert body is inserted into the receiving recessed part and the insert body of the accessories is attachably and detachably grasped and fixed within the receiving recessed part by mean of the elastic body. Thirdly, a lifting up slope is formed on either the receiving recessed part side or the insert body side and a profiling part to profile the lifting up slope is formed on the other side. Fourthly, the insert body is removed from the receiving recessed part by rotating the accessories by means of the attaching and detaching tool.
COPYRIGHT: (C)2001,JPO

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、靴底への付属品着脱構造に関するものであり、主として靴のヒールの着脱構造及びゴルフシューズなどのスポーツシューズの底部に設ける滑り防止のためのスパイク等の着脱構造を主眼に開発されたものである。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates to accessory attachment and detachment structure of the shoe sole, mainly of spikes or the like for preventing slippage provided on the bottom of the sports shoes, such as shoes of the heel of the removable structure and golf shoes has been developed to focus the removable structure.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来、スポーツシューズに特定すれば底部の所望部に埋め込まれる取付基体の受け凹部に、スパイクの挿入体を挿入し、受け凹部内でスパイクの挿入体を弾性体にて着脱可能に挟持固定するスパイク着脱構造が、既に本特許出願人により公開特許公報11−896 Conventionally, the receiving recess of the mounting base to be embedded in a desired portion of the bottom if a particular sports shoes, by inserting an insert of the spike receives removable inserts of spikes in the recess an elastic body spike detachable structure sandwiched and fixed is already published patents by the present applicant 11-896
09号で公開されている。 It has been published in issue 09.

【0003】しかし、上記スパイク着脱構造は、取り付けは容易であるが、取り外しでは、釘抜きや梃子のようなもので持ち上げなければ取り外せなかった。 However, the spike removable structure is fitted is easy, the removal was not detached unless lifted by things like nail pull or lever. そのため専用の取り外しの用具が必要となり、従来のねじ用のレンチが利用できないという不便さがあった。 Therefore it will need a dedicated removal of the tool, wrench for a conventional screw there is inconvenience that can not be used. その上、ヒールのように前後の位置合わせが必要な付属品の装着には適さず、ヒールや靴底等への応用には無理があった。 Moreover, not suitable for the front and rear of the alignment of the necessary accessories mounted to the heel, there has been impossible for application to the heel and shoe soles and the like.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】そこで本発明は、従来のねじ用のレンチ等の着脱具を利用して容易に取り外せる機構を付加し、靴底の所望部に埋め込まれる受け凹部に付属品等の挿入体を挿入し、受け凹部内で該挿入体を弾性体にて着脱可能に挟持固定する着脱構造であっても、従来のねじ用レンチで取り外すことのできる靴底への付属品着脱構造を提供することを目的とする。 [0007] The present invention utilizes a removable device such as a wrench for conventional screw adds easy removal mechanism, accessory etc in receiving recesses that are embedded in a desired portion of the sole of inserting the inserts, even within the receiving recess a detachable structure for detachably clamped securing the insert in the elastic body, accessory detachable structure of the shoe sole which can be removed by conventional wrench screw an object of the present invention is to provide a.

【0005】同時に、付属品がヒールのように方向性を有するものであっても正確に位置合わせして装着し、容易に外すことが可能な靴底への付属品着脱構造を提供するものである。 [0005] At the same time, those accessories provide accessory detachable structure may be one having a directionality is mounted in precise alignment, the easily be removed soles as heel is there.

【0006】 [0006]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は、上記課題を解決するため、靴底への付属品着脱構造を次のように構成した。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention is to solve the above problems, and constitutes the accessory detachable structure of the shoe sole as follows. 第1の発明は以下の手段を採用した靴底への付属品着脱構造である。 The first invention is accessory detachable structure of the shoe sole that has adopted the following means. 第1に、靴底に埋め込まれた受け凹部と、靴底側に着脱具の受け部が形成され反対側に受け凹部への挿入体が形成された付属品とで構成する。 First, constituted by a receiving recess embedded in the sole, and accessories that insert into the recess receiving the the receiving part of the detachable member to the sole side forming opposite side is formed. 第2 The second
に、受け凹部に挿入体を挿入し、受け凹部内で付属品の挿入体を弾性体にて着脱可能に挟持固定する。 To receive and insert the insert into the recess, the insert accessories in receiving the recess removably fixedly hold an elastic body. 第3に、 Third,
受け凹部側又は挿入体側のいずれか一方に押し上げ傾斜面を形成し、他方側に押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部を形成する。 Receiving form the inclined surfaces push on one of the concave side or insertion side, to form the copying portion follow the inclined surfaces push the other side. 第4に、付属品を着脱具で回転させ受け凹部から挿入体を取り外す。 Fourth, removing the insert from the recess receiving rotate the accessory in removable device.

【0007】第2の発明は、以下の手段を採用した靴底への付属品着脱構造である。 [0007] The second invention is a accessory detachable structure to the following means adopted soles. 第1に、靴底に埋め込まれた受け凹部と、靴底側に着脱具の受け部と付属品押さえ鍔部が形成され反対側に受け凹部への挿入体が形成された止め具と、挿入体が貫通可能な貫通穴が形成された付属品とで構成する。 First, a receiving recess that is embedded in the sole, the stop which inserts into the accessory presser flange portion and the receiving portion of the detachable member to the sole side forming the recess receiving the opposite side is formed, inserted body composed of accessories and the through holes of formed pierceable. 第2に、止め具の挿入体を付属品の貫通穴を貫通させて受け凹部に挿入し、受け凹部内で止め具の挿入体を弾性体にて着脱可能に挟持固定する。 Second, insert the insert fasteners into the recess receiving by the through-hole with a fittings, the insert fasteners in receiving the recess removably fixedly hold an elastic body. 第3に、受け凹部側又は挿入体側のいずれか一方に押し上げ傾斜面を形成し、他方側に押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部を形成する。 Thirdly, receiving forms an inclined surface pushed up on one of the concave side or insertion side, to form the copying portion follow the inclined surfaces push the other side. 第4に、止め具を着脱具で回転させ、受け凹部から挿入体を取り外す。 Fourth, by rotating the stop by a removable tool, removing the insert from the receiving recess.

【0008】 [0008]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、図面に従って、実施例と共に本発明の実施の形態について説明する。 DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, with reference to the drawings will be described embodiments of the present invention with examples. 図1及び図3 1 and 3
は靴底への付属品着脱構造の第1実施例を示す図であり、本発明はスポーツシューズを含む履き物全般に適用されるが、第1実施例は婦人用靴のヒール底1を付属品とした例である。 Is a diagram showing a first embodiment of attachment detachable structure of the shoe sole, the present invention is applied to footwear in general, including sports shoes, the first embodiment accessories heel bottom 1 women's shoes it is an example of a.

【0009】第1実施例に係る靴底への付属品着脱構造は、受け凹部9が形成された取付基体8と挿入体4が形成された付属品であるヒール底1とよりなるものである。 [0009] Accessories detachable structure of the shoe sole according to the first embodiment is to more the heel bottom 1 is receiving accessories and insert 4 mounting base 8 is formed a recess 9 is formed . たとえば、婦人用のヒール底1などの小さなヒール底1の場合、直接一本の挿入体4で踵本体に固定することができる。 For example, for small heel bottom 1, such as the heel bottom 1 feminine can be in insert 4 of a single directly fixed to the heel body. 又、本発明では、受け凹部9は、靴底2に直接形成されたものであっても良いが、第1実施例では製造上の便利のため取付基体8を別途準備した。 In the present invention, receiving recesses 9 may be one which is formed directly on the sole 2, but separately prepared mounting base 8 for the manufacture useful in the first embodiment.

【0010】靴底2の所望箇所に埋設される取付基体8 [0010] mounting base 8 that is embedded in a desired portion of the sole 2
には、ヒール底1の挿入体4が挿入される受け凹部9が形成され、受け凹部9の内側に弾性体としてのバネリング12が受け凹部9内側に突出する形で装着されている。 The formed receiving recess 9 which inserts 4 heel bottom 1 is inserted, receiving spring ring 12 as an elastic member inside the concave portion 9 is mounted in a manner to protrude into the recess 9 inward support.

【0011】受け凹部9の先端部(図1中下端部)には、V溝型の切り欠きが4カ所設けられており、各々に押し上げ傾斜面10を形成している。 [0011] The distal end portion of the receiving recess 9 (1 in the lower end drawing), V groove type cut-out of are provided four places to form an inclined surface 10 pushed respectively. 尚、各V溝型切り欠きの底部が位置が各々角度90度間隔となるよう配置した。 Incidentally, the bottom of each V-groove type cut-out is arranged such that position is each angular intervals of 90 degrees. ヒール底1が、前後方向のみが定まっており、左右対称であれば、V溝型切り欠きは前後方向2カ所で良いが、左右対称形でない場合はV溝型切り欠きを角度9 Heel bottom 1 has definite only the front-rear direction, if symmetrical, but V groove type cut-out good in the longitudinal direction two positions, the if not left-right symmetric V groove type cut-out angle 9
0度間隔で4ヶ所設けて、挿入体4の向きを90度単位で調整できるようにした。 Provided four locations at 0 ° intervals, the orientation of the insert 4 and it can be adjusted in 90-degree increments.

【0012】取付基体8は、受け凹部9のバネリング1 [0012] The mounting base 8, a spring ring 1 of the receiving recess 9
2の装着箇所より奥方の位置で、取付基体本体と蓋体1 In deeper position than the second mounting portion, the mounting base body and a lid 1
3に分離してある。 It is separated into 3. これにより、製造過程では、分離状態でバネリング12を取付基体8の内側に装着し、その後、蓋体13を装着して、かしめて固定する方法をとることができる。 Thus, in the manufacturing process, fitted with a spring ring 12 on the inner side of the mounting base 8 in a separated state, then, by mounting the lid 13, or tighten can take a method of fixing. 尚、図中11は、フランジであり、靴底2に取付基体8を、容易に脱落しないようにするために形成されている。 In the figure, 11 is a flange, are formed in order that the mounting base 8 to the sole 2 does not fall off easily.

【0013】ヒール底1には、着脱具の受け部となるレンチ用穴5が開口され、且つ、受け凹部9への挿入体4 [0013] The heel sole 1, the wrench hole 5 serving as a receiving portion of the removable device is opened, and, the insert 4 into the receiving recess 9
が形成されている。 There has been formed. 挿入体4の先端付近にはバネリング12を着脱自在に固定するための係止溝6が穿設されている。 Locking groove 6 for detachably fixing the spring ring 12 is bored in the vicinity of the distal end of the insert 4.

【0014】尚、ヒール底1の下面には、倣い突起7が取付基体8の切り欠きに対応した4カ所に設けられている。 [0014] Incidentally, the lower surface of the heel bottom 1, are provided at four positions of the copying projection 7 corresponding to the notches of the mounting substrate 8. 倣い突起7は、取付基体8の切り欠きの深さに対応した大きさのもので、切り欠き底部のもっとも深い部分では、押し上げ斜面10に接しないが、ヒール底1が回動することにより、倣い突起7は、押し上げ斜面10を滑りながら、上昇させられる位置関係を有する。 Copying projection 7 is of a size corresponding to the depth of the notch in the mounting base 8 is, in the deepest part of the notch bottom, but not in contact with the push-up slope 10, by the heel bottom 1 is rotated, copying projection 7, while sliding the push-up slope 10 has a positional relationship to be raised.

【0015】本実施例でのヒール底1は、挿入体4を取付基体8の受け凹部9に挿入し、挿入体4の係止溝6 [0015] Heel bottom 1 of the present embodiment inserts an insert 4 into the receiving recess 9 of the mounting base 8, the insert 4 engaging groove 6
に、受け凹部9のバネリング12を嵌め合わせて着脱可能に挟持固定される。 To be detachably sandwiched and fixed by fitting the spring ring 12 of the receiving recess 9. 挿入後ある程度回す(90度から180度以下)ことで、倣い突起7が切り欠きに沿って滑り移動し、挿入体4が受け凹部9内に進入し、バネリング12が係止溝6に嵌ってロックされる。 Some degree turn (180 degrees or less from 90 °) it is later inserted, copying projections 7 along the notch and sliding movement, enters the insert 4 is received recess 9, the spring ring 12 is fitted in the engaging groove 6 It is locked.

【0016】取り外し機構の基本的な考え方は、バネリング12にてヒール底1の挿入体4を取付基体8の受け凹部9に着脱可能に挟持固定した状態から、ヒール底1 The basic idea of ​​the removal mechanism, the insert 4 heel bottom 1 from a state of being detachably sandwiched and fixed to the receiving recess 9 of the mounting base 8 by a spring ring 12, the heel bottom 1
のレンチ用穴5にレンチを差し込み、ヒール底1を回転させることで、倣い突起7を押し上げ斜面10上を滑らせ、これにより挿入体4を受け凹部9内側から持ち上げ、取付基体8の受け凹部9からヒール底1を外すのである。 Insert the wrench wrench hole 5, by rotating the heel bottom 1, copying projections 7 a push slipped slope 10 above, thereby lifting from the recesses 9 inward support the insert 4, receiving concave portion of the mounting base 8 it is to remove the heel bottom from 1 to 9.

【0017】図4及び図5は、第2実施例を示す図であり、図4は、挿入体4が止め具3に形成された第2実施例の分解斜視図で、図5は同部分拡大断面図である。 FIG. 4 and FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a second embodiment, FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the second embodiment is insert 4 formed a stop 3, FIG. 5 is the moiety enlarged cross-sectional views. 基本的に第1実施例と同様であるが、ヒール底1と止め具3が分離していること、付属品として男性用靴のヒール底1を対象とするため、着脱構造を2カ所に設けている点が相違するに過ぎない。 Is similar to the first embodiment basically, the heel bottom 1 and stopper 3 are separated in order to cover a heel bottom 1 male shoe as an accessory, provided with detachable structure in two places and that the point is not only to be the difference.

【0018】本実施例に係る靴底2への付属品着脱構造は、受け凹部9が形成された取付基体8と挿入体4が形成された止め具3と付属品であるヒール底1とよりなるものである。 [0018] Accessories detachable structure of the sole 2 of the present embodiment is more a stop 3 and the insert 4 mounting base 8 is formed a recess 9 is formed receiving the heel bottom 1 is a accessory it become one. 靴底2のヒール部分2箇所に埋設された取付基体8には、止め具3の挿入体4が挿入される受け凹部9が形成され、受け凹部9の内側に弾性体としてのバネリング12が装着されている。 The mounting base 8 embedded in the heel two places of the sole 2, is formed receiving recess 9 which inserts 4 fasteners 3 are inserted, receiving spring ring 12 as an elastic member inside the concave portion 9 is fitted It is. 受け凹部9の先端部には、V溝型の切り欠きが4カ所設けられており、各々に押し上げ傾斜面10を形成している。 The distal end portion of the receiving recess 9, V grooved cutouts are provided four places to form an inclined surface 10 pushed respectively. 尚、各V溝型切り欠きの底部が位置が各々角度90度間隔となるよう配置した。 Incidentally, the bottom of each V-groove type cut-out is arranged such that position is each angular intervals of 90 degrees.

【0019】止め具3には、レンチ用穴5が開口され、 [0019] The stopper 3, wrench hole 5 is opened,
受け凹部9への挿入体4が形成されている。 Insert 4 into receiving recess 9 is formed. 挿入体4の先端付近にはバネリング12を着脱自在に固定するための係止溝6が穿設されている。 Locking groove 6 for detachably fixing the spring ring 12 is bored in the vicinity of the distal end of the insert 4. ヒール底1には貫通穴2 The heel sole 1 through hole 2
2が、止め具3の挿入体4は貫通するが、鍔部23は貫通できない大きさに穿設されている。 2, the insert 4 of the stopper 3 is through a flange 23 is formed in a size that can not penetrate.

【0020】尚、止め具3の下面には、倣い突起7が取付基体8の切り欠きに対応した4カ所に設けられている。 [0020] Incidentally, on the lower surface of the stopper 3, it is provided at four positions of the copying projection 7 corresponding to the notches of the mounting substrate 8. 倣い突起7は、取付基体8の切り欠きの深さに対応した大きさのもので、切り欠き底部のもっとも深い部分では、押し上げ斜面10に接しないが、ヒール底1が回動することにより、倣い突起7は、押し上げ斜面10を滑りながら、上昇させられる位置関係を有する。 Copying projection 7 is of a size corresponding to the depth of the notch in the mounting base 8 is, in the deepest part of the notch bottom, but not in contact with the push-up slope 10, by the heel bottom 1 is rotated, copying projection 7, while sliding the push-up slope 10 has a positional relationship to be raised.

【0021】本実施例でのヒール底1は、止め具3の鍔部23に押さえられて固定される。 The heel bottom 1 of the present embodiment is fixed by being pressed to the flange portion 23 of the stopper 3. 止め具3は、挿入体4を取付基体8の受け凹部9に挿入し、挿入体4の係止溝6に、受け凹部9のバネリング12を嵌め合わせて着脱可能に挟持固定される。 Stop 3, insert the insert 4 into the receiving recess 9 of the mounting base 8, the locking groove 6 of the insert 4, is detachably sandwiched and fixed by fitting the spring ring 12 of the receiving recess 9.

【0022】取り外し機構の基本的な考え方は、バネリング12にて止め具3の挿入体4を取付基体8の受け凹部9に着脱可能に挟持固定した状態から、止め具3のレンチ用穴5にレンチを差し込み、止め具3を回転させることで、倣い突起7を押し上げ斜面10上を滑らせ、これにより挿入体4を持ち上げ、取付基体8の受け凹部9 The basic idea of ​​the removal mechanism, the insert 4 of the stopper 3 can from the sandwiching state detachable from the receiving recess 9 of the mounting base 8 by the spring ring 12, a wrench hole 5 of the stopper 3 insert the wrench by rotating the stopper 3, slipped slope 10 on push the copying projection 7, thereby lifting the insert 4, receiving concave portion 9 of the mounting base 8
から止め具3を外し、その後、ヒール底1を外すのである。 Remove the stopper 3 from, then, is to remove the heel bottom 1.

【0023】第3実施例は付属品がスパイクの場合の着脱構造であり、取付基体8とスパイク31とよりなるものである。 [0023] The third embodiment is detachable structure when accessory spike is made more a mounting base 8 and the spike 31. 本発明では、受け凹部9は、直接スポーツシューズ底面に形成されたものであっても良いが、実施例では製造上の便利のため取付基体8を別途準備した。 In the present invention, receiving recesses 9 may be one which is formed directly on sports shoes bottom, but separately prepared mounting base 8 for the manufacture useful in the embodiment.

【0024】シューズ底部の所望箇所に埋設される取付基体8には、スパイク31の挿入体4が挿入される受け凹部9が形成され、受け凹部9の内側に弾性体としてのバネリング12が装着されている。 [0024] mounting substrate 8 that is embedded in a desired portion of the shoe bottom, are formed receiving recess 9 which inserts 4 spike 31 is inserted, receiving spring ring 12 as an elastic member inside the concave portion 9 is mounted ing. 受け凹部9の先端部(図中上端部)には、切り欠きが2カ所設けられており、各々に押し上げ傾斜面10を形成している。 The distal end portion of the receiving recess 9 (in the drawing the upper end), is provided notch two places to form an inclined surface 10 pushed respectively.

【0025】取付基体8は、受け凹部9のバネリング1 [0025] The mounting base 8, a spring ring 1 of the receiving recess 9
2の装着箇所より奥方の位置で、取付基体本体と蓋体1 In deeper position than the second mounting portion, the mounting base body and a lid 1
3に分離してある。 It is separated into 3. これにより、製造過程では、分離状態でバネリング12を取付基体8の内側に装着し、その後、蓋体13を装着して、かしめて固定する方法をとることができる。 Thus, in the manufacturing process, fitted with a spring ring 12 on the inner side of the mounting base 8 in a separated state, then, by mounting the lid 13, or tighten can take a method of fixing. 尚、図中11は、フランジであり、スポーツシューズの底面に取付基体8を、容易に脱落しないようにするために形成されている。 In the figure, 11 is a flange, a mounting base 8 to the bottom surface of the sports shoes, are formed in order not to fall off easily.

【0026】スパイク31は、スパイクピン32とレンチ用穴5が開口された鍔部33と受け凹部9への挿入体4を有しており、挿入体4の先端付近にはバネリング1 The spike 31, the spike pin 32 and has an insert 4 wrench hole 5 into the recess 9 receiving the flange portion 33 which is opened, it is near the tip of the insert 4 spring ring 1
2を着脱自在に固定するための係止溝6が穿設されている。 Locking groove 6 for fixing 2 detachably is bored.

【0027】尚、スパイク31の鍔部33下面には、倣い突起7が取付基体8の切り欠きに対応した2カ所に設けられている。 [0027] Incidentally, the flange portion 33 the lower surface of the spike 31, are provided in two locations copying projection 7 corresponding to the notches of the mounting substrate 8. 倣い突起7は、取付基体8の切り欠きの深さに対応した大きさのもので、切り欠きのもっとも深い部分では、押し上げ斜面10に接しないが、鍔部33 Copying projection 7 is of a size corresponding to the depth of the notch in the mounting base 8 is, in the deepest portion of the notch, but not in contact with the push-up slope 10, the flange 33
が回動することにより、倣い突起7は、押し上げ斜面1 By but rotates, copying projection 7 pushes up the slope 1
0を滑りながら、上昇させられる位置関係を有する。 While sliding 0, it has a positional relationship to be raised.

【0028】本実施例でのスパイク31は、挿入体4を取付基体8の受け凹部9に挿入し、スパイク31の挿入体4の係止溝6に、受け凹部9のバネリング12を嵌め合わせて着脱可能に挟持固定する。 The spikes 31 in the present embodiment, by inserting the insert 4 into the receiving recess 9 of the mounting base 8, the locking groove 6 of the insert 4 of the spike 31, by fitting a spring ring 12 of the receiving recess 9 removably sandwiching fixed.

【0029】取り外し機構の基本的な考え方は、全実施例に共通でバネリング12にてスパイク31の挿入体4 The basic idea of ​​the removal mechanism, the insert 4 of the spike 31 at the spring ring 12 is common to all embodiments
を取付基体8の受け凹部9に着脱可能に挟持固定した状態から、スパイク31の鍔部33のレンチ用穴5にレンチを差し込み、スパイク31を回転させることで、倣い突起7を押し上げ斜面10上を滑らせ、挿入体4を持ち上げ、取付基体8の受け凹部9からスパイク31を外すのである。 From a state of detachably sandwiched and fixed in the recess 9 receiving the mounting base 8, insert the wrench wrench hole 5 of the flange 33 of the spike 31, by rotating the spike 31, the upper inclined surface 10 pushes up the copying projections 7 the slipped, lifting the insert 4 is from the receiving recess 9 of the mounting base 8 to disengage the spike 31. 尚、スパイクの場合も、ヒールの場合と同様、挿入体4とスパイクピン32とは別体でも良い。 Also in the case of the spike, as in the heel, or separately from the insert 4 and the studs 32.

【0030】図8は、第4実施例を示すもので、押し上げ傾斜面20を受け凹部9先端部(図中上端部)を斜めに切り落として形成し、倣い部としてスパイク31の鍔部33下面に倣い面27を形成したものである。 [0030] FIG. 8 shows a fourth embodiment, the recess 9 tip receives an upward inclined surface 20 (in the drawing upper portion) is formed by cutting off at an angle, the flange 33 of the spike 31 as copying portion lower surface it is obtained by forming a following surface 27.

【0031】図9は、第5実施例を示すもので、押し上げ斜面20を受け凹部9内側底面に形成し、倣い面17 [0031] Figure 9 shows a fifth embodiment, to form the recess 9 inner bottom surface receives a push-up slope 20, following surface 17
をスパイク31の挿入体4端面に斜面として形成することにより設けたものである。 The those provided by forming a slope in the insertion body 4 end surface of the spike 31.

【0032】図10は、第6実施例を示すもので、野球用シューズの靴底2に装着される野球スパイク金具34 [0032] Figure 10 shows a sixth embodiment, baseball spike fitting is attached to the sole 2 of the shoe baseball 34
の着脱構造を示している。 It shows a removable structure. 従来、主として一般的な六角ボルトで止めているものが多く、交換を必要としない場合などには釘で止めているものも存在したが、第6実施例のごとく構成することにより、野球シューズの野球スパイク金具34を簡単に交換することができる。 Conventionally, mainly those stopped with typical hexagonal bolt Many, although in a case that does not require replacement was also present those stopped with nails, by configuring as in the sixth embodiment, baseball shoes the baseball spike fitting 34 can be easily replaced.

【0033】実施例は、いずれもバネリング12が取付基体8の受け凹部9に取り付けられており、係止溝6が挿入体4に形成されたものであるが、バネリング12を挿入体4に取り付け、係止溝6を取付基体8の受け凹部9に内壁に形成したものであっても良い。 [0033] Example are all spring ring 12 is attached to the receiving recess 9 of the mounting base 8, but in which the locking groove 6 is formed on the insert 4, attached to the insert 4 to spring ring 12 , or it may be formed on the inner wall of the locking groove 6 in the receiving recess 9 of the mounting base 8.

【0034】各実施例でのヒール底1等の付属品、止め具3及び受け凹部9の素材は、金属でも良いし、樹脂でも良いし、その両方でも良い。 The accessories, such as the heel bottom 1 in each embodiment, the material of the stopper 3 and the receiving recess 9 may be a metal, it may be a resin, or both. 例えば付属品がゴルフシューズのスパイク31の場合、金属が適しているであろうし、付属品が靴底2のような場合には樹脂が適している。 For example, if accessory spikes 31 of a golf shoe, to would metals are suitable, if accessory such as sole 2 resin is suitable.

【0035】又、挿入体4の受け構造となる係止溝6を図10に示すように2カ所以上設けることで、最初の1 [0035] Also, the locking groove 6 serving as a receiving structure of the insert 4 by providing more than two places as shown in FIG. 10, the first one
ヶ所が外れても、バネリング12が次の係止溝6に係止し、挿入体4が容易に脱落しないようにすることができる。 Even disconnected places, can spring ring 12 is engaged with the next locking groove 6, so that the insert 4 does not fall off easily.

【0036】本発明の実施例として、ヒール底1及びゴルフシューズのスパイク31の着脱構造について説明したが、ヒール自体、靴底自体、多重靴底の外側靴底及び陸上競技用スパイク、サッカーシューズ野球用シューズのスパイク、更には、スノーブーツや釣り用シューズの滑り止め部材の着脱構造にも応用できる。 [0036] As an example of the present invention has been described detachable structure of the spike 31 of the heel bottom 1 and golf shoes, heels itself, the sole itself, outsole and athletics spike multi sole, soccer shoes baseball use shoes of the spike, and further, it can also be applied to the removable structure of the anti-slip member of snow boots and fishing for shoes.

【0037】 [0037]

【発明の効果】本発明は、如上のように構成され使用されるため次のような効果を発揮する。 According to the present invention, the following effects to be used is constructed as According to the process 30. 本発明は、靴底に取り付ける付属品又は止め具に着脱具の受け部を形成し、受け凹部側又は付属品側(止め具)のいずれか一方に押し上げ傾斜面を形成し、他方側に押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部を形成し、付属品(止め具)を回転させることにより受け凹部より挿入体を取り外すものであるため従来のレンチを利用して簡単に付属品を外すことができるものとなった。 The present invention forms a receiving portion of the detachable member to fittings or fasteners attached to the shoe sole, received form the inclined surfaces push on either the concave side or accessory side (stop), push the other side copying portion is formed to follow the inclined surface, and which can be removed accessories (stop) briefly accessories utilizing conventional wrenches for those removing the insert from the recess receiving by rotating the became.

【0038】請求項5記載の発明の効果ではあるが、受け凹部下部で受け凹部本体と蓋体に分離し、弾性体を受け凹部本体の内側に装着後、蓋体を装着してかしめて固定することにより、装着も簡単に行うことができるものとなった。 [0038] Although the effect of the invention of claim 5, wherein, receiving separated into the recess body and the lid member received in the recess bottom, after attachment to the inside of the recess body undergoing elastic body, crimped by mounting the lid fixed by became what could be done easily also installed. これにより製造時に挟持する弾性体であるバネリングの強さを容易に調整でき、また製造方法も容易でコストダウンしやすいものとなった。 Thus the strength of an elastic body for clamping at the time of manufacture the spring ring can be easily adjusted, also became that easily easy cost can manufacturing method.

【0039】請求項11記載の発明の効果ではあるが、 [0039] Although the effect of the invention of claim 11 wherein,
押し上げ傾斜面がV溝型切り欠きにより複数個構成され、各V溝型切り欠きの底部の配置が所定角度となるよう構成することにより、付属品がヒールのように前後の方向性を有するものであっても正確に位置合わせして装着し、容易に外すことが可能な靴底への付属品着脱構造となった。 Pushed up the inclined surface is a plurality configured by lack V groove type cut, by arrangement of the bottom of each V-groove type cut-out is configured such that a predetermined angle, which accessory has the direction of back and forth as the heel also mounted in precise alignment be at became accessory detachable structure of the shoe sole which can be easily remove.

【0040】本発明は、ねじ構造をなくすことにより靴底への付属品着脱構造の肉厚を薄くでき、軽量化できるものとなった。 [0040] The present invention can reduce the wall thickness of the accessory attachment and detachment structure of the shoe sole by eliminating the screw structure, it has become a thing that can be lighter.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】挿入体がヒール底に形成された第1実施例の分解斜視図 Figure 1 is an exploded perspective view of a first embodiment inserts are formed in the heel bottom

【図2】同拡大断面説明図 FIG. 2 is the enlarged cross-sectional illustration

【図3】本発明の利用部分を示す靴の説明図 Illustration of a shoe that shows the use of part of FIG. 3 of the present invention

【図4】挿入体が止め具に形成された第2実施例の分解斜視図 Figure 4 is an exploded perspective view of a second embodiment insert is formed a stop

【図5】同部分拡大断面図 FIG. 5 is the partially enlarged cross-sectional view

【図6】スパイクの取り外し構造の第3実施例を示す分解斜視図 Figure 6 is an exploded perspective view showing a third embodiment of the removable structure of the spike

【図7】同取り付け状態を示す断面説明図 FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional explanatory view, showing the mounting state

【図8】第4実施例を示す分解断面図 Figure 8 is an exploded sectional view showing a fourth embodiment

【図9】第5実施例を示す分解断面図 Figure 9 is an exploded sectional view showing a fifth embodiment

【図10】係止溝が2つ形成された挿入体を示す図 10 is a view locking groove exhibits two formed insert

【図11】野球シューズのスパイク金具取付状態を示す図 FIG. 11 is a diagram showing a spike bracket mounted state of baseball shoes

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1. 1. . . . . . . . ヒール底 2. Heel bottom 2. . . . . . . . 靴底 3. The sole 3. . . . . . . . 止め具 4. Stop 4. . . . . . . . 挿入体 5. Insert 5. . . . . . . . レンチ用穴 6. Wrench hole 6. . . . . . . . 係止溝 7. The locking groove 7. . . . . . . . 倣い突起 8. Profiling projections 8. . . . . . . . 取付基体 9. Mounting base 9. . . . . . . . 受け凹部 10、20. Receiving recesses 10, 20. . . . 押し上げ斜面 11. The push-up slope 11. . . . . . . フランジ 12. Flange 12. . . . . . . バネリング 13. Spring ring 13. . . . . . . 蓋体 17,27. The lid 17 and 27. . . . 倣い面 22. Following surface 22. . . . . . . 貫通穴 31. The through hole 31. . . . . . . スパイク 32. Spike 32. . . . . . . スパイクピン 23,33. Spike pin 23 and 33. . . . 鍔部 34. The flange portion 34. . . . . . . 野球スパイク金具 Baseball spike bracket

───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (51)Int.Cl. 7識別記号 FI テーマコート゛(参考) A43B 21/52 A43B 21/52 A43C 15/04 A43C 15/04 Fターム(参考) 4F050 BA14 BA20 BB12 BB13 BB19 MA57 MA69 ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── of the front page continued (51) Int.Cl. 7 identification mark FI theme Court Bu (reference) A43B 21/52 A43B 21/52 A43C 15/04 A43C 15/04 F -term (reference) 4F050 BA14 BA20 BB12 BB13 BB19 MA57 MA69

Claims (13)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】靴底に埋め込まれた受け凹部と、靴底側に着脱具の受け部が形成され反対側に受け凹部への挿入体が形成された付属品とによりなり、受け凹部に挿入体を挿入し、受け凹部内で付属品の挿入体を弾性体にて着脱可能に挟持固定する靴底への付属品着脱構造において、 And 1. A received embedded in the sole recess made by the accessories insert into the receiving portion of the detachable tool is formed to the sole side received in opposite recesses are formed to receive inserted into the recess insert the body, the accessory detachable structure of the inserts of accessories to the sole for removably fixedly hold an elastic body receiving recess,
    受け凹部側又は挿入体側のいずれか一方に押し上げ傾斜面を形成し、他方側に押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部を形成し、付属品を着脱具で回転させることにより受け凹部から挿入体を取り外すことを特徴とする靴底への付属品着脱構造。 Receiving form the inclined surfaces push on one of the concave side or insertion side, copying portion is formed to follow the inclined surface pushed up on the other side, to detach the insert from the recess receiving by rotating the accessory with detachable tool accessory attachment and detachment structure of the shoe sole according to claim.
  2. 【請求項2】靴底に埋め込まれた受け凹部と、靴底側に着脱具の受け部と付属品押さえ鍔部が形成され反対側に受け凹部への挿入体が形成された止め具と、挿入体が貫通可能な貫通穴が形成された付属品とによりなり、止め具の挿入体を付属品の貫通穴を貫通させて受け凹部に挿入し、受け凹部内で止め具の挿入体を弾性体にて着脱可能に挟持固定する靴底への付属品着脱構造において、受け凹部側又は挿入体側のいずれか一方に押し上げ傾斜面を形成し、他方側に押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部を形成し、止め具を着脱具で回転させることにより受け凹部から挿入体を取り外すことを特徴とする靴底への付属品着脱構造。 2. A received embedded in the sole recess, a stop which inserts into the accessory holding flange portion and the receiving portion of the detachable member to the sole side are formed recesses receiving the opposite side is formed, insert is by the accessories through-holes are formed penetrable, insert the insert fasteners into the recess receiving by the through-hole with a accessory receiving elastic inserts of fasteners in the recess in accessory detachable structure of the shoe sole for removably clamped fixed by the body, subjected to form an inclined surface pushed up on one of the concave side or insertion side, copying portion is formed to follow the inclined surface pushed up on the other side , accessory detachable structure of the shoe sole, characterized by removing the insert from the recess receiving by rotating the stop by a removable fixture.
  3. 【請求項3】靴底に埋め込まれた受け凹部と、靴底側に着脱具の受け部が形成され反対側に受け凹部への挿入体が形成された付属品とによりなり、受け凹部に弾性体が装着され、挿入体に弾性体の係止溝が形成され、受け凹部に挿入体を挿入し、受け凹部内で付属品の挿入体を弾性体にて着脱可能に挟持固定する靴底への付属品着脱構造において、受け凹部側又は挿入体側のいずれか一方に押し上げ傾斜面を形成し、他方側に押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部を形成し、付属品を着脱具で回転させることにより受け凹部から挿入体を取り外すことを特徴とする靴底への付属品着脱構造。 3. A received embedded in the sole recess made by the accessories insert into the receiving portion of the detachable tool is formed to the sole side received in opposite recesses are formed to receive resilient in the recess body is mounted, the locking grooves of the elastic body is formed on the insert, subjected to insert the insert into the recess receives the insert accessories in the recess to the sole for removably fixedly hold an elastic body in accessories detachable structure, subjected to form an inclined surface pushed up on one of the concave side or insertion side, copying portion is formed to follow the inclined surface pushed up on the other side, receiving by rotating the accessory with detachable tool accessories detachable structure of the sole, characterized in that removing the insert from the recess.
  4. 【請求項4】靴底に埋め込まれた受け凹部と、靴底側に着脱具の受け部と付属品押さえ鍔部が形成され反対側に受け凹部への挿入体が形成された止め具と、挿入体が貫通可能な貫通穴が形成された付属品とによりなり、受け凹部に弾性体が装着され、挿入体に弾性体の係止溝が形成され、止め具の挿入体を付属品の貫通穴を貫通させて受け凹部に挿入し、受け凹部内で止め具の挿入体を弾性体にて着脱可能に挟持固定する靴底への付属品着脱構造において、受け凹部側又は挿入体側のいずれか一方に押し上げ傾斜面を形成し、他方側に押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部を形成し、止め具を着脱具で回転させることにより受け凹部から挿入体を取り外すことを特徴とする靴底への付属品着脱構造。 4. A received embedded in the sole recess, a stop which inserts into the accessory holding flange portion and the receiving portion of the detachable member to the sole side are formed recesses receiving the opposite side is formed, insert is by the accessories through-holes are formed penetrable, receiving concave portion elastic member is attached to, the locking grooves of the elastic body is formed on the insert, through the accessory insertion of stopper was inserted into the recess receiving by the through holes, one of receiving the accessory attachment and detachment structure of the insert fasteners in the recess to the sole for removably fixedly hold an elastic body, receiving concave side or insertion side on the other hand, an inclined surface is formed push-up, copying portion is formed to follow the inclined surface pushed up on the other side, attachment to the shoe sole, characterized by removing the insert from the recess receiving by rotating the stop by a removable tool goods removable structure.
  5. 【請求項5】受け凹部奥方で受け部本体と蓋体に分離し、弾性体を受け部本体の内側に装着後、蓋体を装着して、かしめて固定することを特徴とする請求項1乃至請求項4記載の靴底への付属品着脱構造。 5. A receiving separated into the receiving part body and the lid in the recess deeper, after mounted inside the receiving part body an elastic body, according to claim wearing the lid caulked characterized by fixed 1 or accessory detachable structure of the shoe sole according to claim 4, wherein.
  6. 【請求項6】押し上げ傾斜面を受け凹部上端部に切り欠きを設けることにより形成し、押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部として付属品に倣い突起を設けたことを特徴とする請求項1又は請求項5記載の靴底への付属品着脱構造 6. A formed by providing a notch in the recess upper part receiving the push-up inclined surfaces, according to claim 1 or claim, characterized in that a projection imitate accessory as copying portion follow an upward inclined surface 5 accessory attachment and detachment structure of the shoe sole as set forth
  7. 【請求項7】押し上げ傾斜面を受け凹部上端部を斜めに切り落として形成し、押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部として付属品に倣い斜面を形成したことを特徴とする請求項1又は請求項5記載の靴底への付属品着脱構造。 7. A formed by cutting off a push inclined surfaces receiving recess upper part diagonally claim 1 or claim 5, wherein the forming the slant scanning in the accessory as copying portion follow an upward inclined surface accessories removable structure to the shoe sole.
  8. 【請求項8】押し上げ傾斜面を受け凹部上端部に切り欠きを設けることにより形成し、押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部として止め具に倣い突起を設けたことを特徴とする請求項2又は請求項4記載の靴底への付属品着脱構造 8. formed by providing a notch in the recess upper part receiving the push-up inclined surfaces, claim 2 or claim, characterized in that a copying a stop projection as copying portion follow an upward inclined surface 4 accessory attachment and detachment structure of the shoe sole as set forth
  9. 【請求項9】押し上げ傾斜面を受け凹部上端部を斜めに切り落として形成し、押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部として止め具に倣い斜面を形成したことを特徴とする請求項2又は請求項4記載の靴底への付属品着脱構造。 9. formed by cutting off a concave upper portion receives the pushing up the inclined surface diagonally, claim 2 or claim 4, wherein the forming the slant scanning a stop as copying portion follow an upward inclined surface accessories removable structure to the shoe sole.
  10. 【請求項10】押し上げ斜面を受け凹部内側底面に形成し、押し上げ傾斜面を倣う倣い部として挿入体端面を斜面に形成したことを特徴とする請求項1乃至請求項5記載の靴底への付属品着脱構造。 10. A formed in the recess inner bottom surface receives a push-up slope to claim 1 or shoe sole of claim 5, wherein the forming the slopes insert end surfaces as copying portion follow an upward inclined surface accessories removable structure.
  11. 【請求項11】押し上げ傾斜面がV溝型切り欠きにより複数個構成され、各V溝型切り欠きの底部の配置が所定角度となるよう構成した請求項1乃至請求項5記載の靴底への付属品着脱構造。 11. pushed up the inclined surface is a plurality constituted by lack V groove type cut, each V groove type cut-out according to claim 1 or shoe sole of claim 5 wherein the arrangement of the bottom is configured such that a predetermined angle accessories removable structure of.
  12. 【請求項12】付属品が靴のヒール又は多重靴底の外側靴底である請求項1乃至請求項11記載の靴底への付属品着脱構造。 12. accessory detachable structure of the sole of the accessory according to claim 1 to claim 11 wherein the outsole heel or multiple sole of the shoe.
  13. 【請求項13】付属品がスパイク及び滑り止め部材である請求項1乃至請求項11記載の靴底への付属品着脱構造。 13. accessory detachable structure of the accessories are spikes and skidproof claims 1 to shoe sole of claim 11, wherein.
JP2000211149A 2000-03-28 2000-07-12 Accessory attaching and detaching structure to and from shoe sole Pending JP2001340110A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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JP2000088635 2000-03-28
JP2000-88635 2000-03-28
JP2000211149A JP2001340110A (en) 2000-03-28 2000-07-12 Accessory attaching and detaching structure to and from shoe sole

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000211149A JP2001340110A (en) 2000-03-28 2000-07-12 Accessory attaching and detaching structure to and from shoe sole
US09815281 US6510625B2 (en) 2000-03-28 2001-03-23 Structure for attaching and detaching attachment to/from shoe sole
US10308133 US6655049B2 (en) 2000-03-28 2002-12-03 Connector for attaching and detaching attachment to/from shoe sole

Publications (1)

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Cited By (3)

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WO2003055341A3 (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-10-16 Roland Jungkind Sports shoe with cleats
JP2008505727A (en) * 2004-07-12 2008-02-28 クリーツ・エルエルシー Removable footwear traction plate
JP2013536043A (en) * 2010-08-26 2013-09-19 クリーツ・エルエルシーCleats Llc Cleat mounting system

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JP2001340110A (en) * 2000-03-28 2001-12-11 Yoshitaka Mishima Accessory attaching and detaching structure to and from shoe sole
US6601322B2 (en) * 2001-12-10 2003-08-05 Hsing-Nan Hsiao Spike anchoring device for detachably securing a spike to a sole of a golf shoe
CN100398023C (en) 2004-06-10 2008-07-02 刘志强;蔡茂徵 Decomposable assembled sandals and slippers and their manufacture method
US7249428B1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2007-07-31 Gary Burella Universal footwear including removable cleats
US7204043B2 (en) * 2004-08-11 2007-04-17 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with upper support assembly
US7289259B2 (en) * 2004-09-27 2007-10-30 Idc, Llc Conductive bus structure for interferometric modulator array
US20080244931A1 (en) * 2007-04-08 2008-10-09 Gallegos Alvaro Z Replaceable heel system
US20080229620A1 (en) * 2007-03-19 2008-09-25 Alcoa Global Fasteners Double flush fastener for attaching cleats
US7874083B1 (en) * 2007-06-11 2011-01-25 Kiheim Tillman Sole wear protection system
DE202007010575U1 (en) * 2007-07-30 2008-12-24 Puma Aktiengesellschaft Rudolf Dassler Sport Shoe, in particular sports shoe
DE102009038885A1 (en) * 2009-08-26 2011-03-03 Framas Kunststofftechnik Gmbh Studs for sports footwear

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US2689417A (en) * 1951-11-05 1954-09-21 Bernstein Joseph Randolph Golf spike assembly
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JP2001340110A (en) * 2000-03-28 2001-12-11 Yoshitaka Mishima Accessory attaching and detaching structure to and from shoe sole

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003055341A3 (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-10-16 Roland Jungkind Sports shoe with cleats
US7249427B2 (en) 2001-12-28 2007-07-31 Roland Jungkind Sports shoe with cleats
JP2008505727A (en) * 2004-07-12 2008-02-28 クリーツ・エルエルシー Removable footwear traction plate
US9049903B2 (en) 2004-07-12 2015-06-09 Cleats Llc Removable footwear traction plate
JP2013536043A (en) * 2010-08-26 2013-09-19 クリーツ・エルエルシーCleats Llc Cleat mounting system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20020020079A1 (en) 2002-02-21 application
US6510625B2 (en) 2003-01-28 grant
US20030074807A1 (en) 2003-04-24 application
US6655049B2 (en) 2003-12-02 grant

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