JP2001301614A - Electric car - Google Patents

Electric car

Info

Publication number
JP2001301614A
JP2001301614A JP2000120054A JP2000120054A JP2001301614A JP 2001301614 A JP2001301614 A JP 2001301614A JP 2000120054 A JP2000120054 A JP 2000120054A JP 2000120054 A JP2000120054 A JP 2000120054A JP 2001301614 A JP2001301614 A JP 2001301614A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
driver
cabin
cab
train
floor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP2000120054A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP3576458B2 (en
Inventor
Tatsuya Tajima
辰哉 田島
Original Assignee
Aruna Koki Kk
アルナ工機株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Aruna Koki Kk, アルナ工機株式会社 filed Critical Aruna Koki Kk
Priority to JP2000120054A priority Critical patent/JP3576458B2/en
Publication of JP2001301614A publication Critical patent/JP2001301614A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3576458B2 publication Critical patent/JP3576458B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T30/00Transportation of goods or passengers via railways, e.g. energy recovery or reducing air resistance

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide an electric car which has less eccentric quantity of a car body inward of a curvature in traveling a curved traveling passage part, and which can be utilized as a super-low floor type streetcar. SOLUTION: This electric car 1 comprising cabin parts 3, 4 at a front and a rear end having a passenger room part 2 in the middle is separated into cabin parts 3, 4 at the front and the rear ends, and the passenger room part 2, trunk units 5, 6 are installed on bottom parts of the cabin parts 3, 4 at the front and the rear end, the cabin parts 3, 4 at the front and the rear end are connected to the passenger room part 2 by connection means 26, 27 to be capable of relative oscillation in the laterally horizontal direction, and the passenger room part 2 in the middle is composed in a lower floor structure than the cabin parts 5, 6 at the front and the rear end.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、超低床形路面電車
として活用できる電車に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a train which can be used as an ultra-low floor tram.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】図6Aに示すように、中間の客室部Aを
挟んで前後両端に運転室部B,Cを備えた単車形路面電
車として使用される電車は、それぞれが前後2軸の台車
ユニットD1,D2により車体Eの前後両端部が垂直回
転軸心F1,F2の周りで回転可能に支持されるもので
あるが、この種の電車の客室部Aの床面の地上高を低く
するためには、前後の台車ユニットD1,D2を可能な
限り電車の前後両端に寄せて配置し、前後の台車ユニッ
トD1,D2間で中間の客室部Aの床を下げる必要があ
る。即ち、客室部Aを低床構造とするためには、前後の
台車ユニットD1,D2間の間隔を長くしなければなら
ない。
2. Description of the Related Art As shown in FIG. 6A, a train used as a single-car tram having driver's cabs B and C at both front and rear sides with an intermediate passenger compartment A interposed therebetween is a two-axle bogie. The front and rear ends of the vehicle body E are supported by the units D1 and D2 so as to be rotatable around the vertical rotation axes F1 and F2. However, the floor height of the floor surface of the passenger compartment A of this type of train is reduced. For this purpose, it is necessary to arrange the front and rear bogie units D1 and D2 as close to the front and rear ends of the train as possible, and lower the floor of the passenger compartment A between the front and rear bogie units D1 and D2. That is, in order for the passenger compartment A to have a low floor structure, the interval between the front and rear bogie units D1 and D2 must be increased.
【0003】一方、前後の台車ユニットD1,D2間の
間隔が長くなればなるほど、両台車ユニットD1,D2
の垂直回転軸心F1,F2間の距離が長くなるので、カ
ーブ走行経路部に於ける前後の台車ユニットD1,D2
間の車体Eのカーブ中心側への偏心量Δが大きくなり、
カーブ走行経路部の内外両レールR1,R2の内、内側
レールR1の外側(カーブ中心側)には、直進走行経路
部に於ける同レールR1からの車体Eの出っ張り量より
も格段に広い、車体が安全に通過し得るだけの十分な空
間を確保しておく必要がある。特に電車の走行経路を柵
等で囲うことができない路面電車の場合、カーブ走行経
路部の内側に障害物が入り込んで事故につながる恐れも
大きくなり、障害物の立入りを防止するための花壇等の
設置に際しても、カーブ走行経路部の内側レールR1と
の間に広い空間を確保しなければならない。
On the other hand, the longer the distance between the front and rear bogie units D1 and D2, the longer the two bogie units D1 and D2
, The distance between the vertical rotation axes F1 and F2 becomes longer, so that the front and rear bogie units D1 and D2 in the curve traveling path portion
The amount of eccentricity Δ of the vehicle body E to the center of the curve between
Of the inner and outer rails R1 and R2 of the curved traveling route portion, on the outer side of the inner rail R1 (center side of the curve), the projecting amount of the vehicle body E from the rail R1 on the straight traveling route portion is much wider. It is necessary to secure enough space so that the vehicle body can pass safely. Especially in the case of a tram where the running route of the train cannot be surrounded by fences, etc., there is a greater possibility that an obstacle may enter the inside of the curved running route and lead to an accident, and a flower bed or the like to prevent entry of the obstacle At the time of installation, it is necessary to secure a wide space between the inside rail R1 of the curve traveling route portion.
【0004】又、車体Eの横巾と台車ユニットD1,D
2の横巾との差を小さくして、車体Eの安定性を高めよ
うとすると、垂直回転軸心F1,F2の周りに回転しな
ければならない台車ユニットD1,D2の横側方を開放
しておく必要があり、台車ユニットD1,D2の左右両
外側を車体の外側面と面一のカバー部材で覆うことがで
きない。従って、単に車体のデザインに制約を受けるこ
とになるだけでなく、外側から台車ユニット部D1,D
2へ障害物が入り込んで事故につながる恐れも大きくな
る。
The width of the vehicle body E and the bogie units D1, D
In order to increase the stability of the vehicle body E by reducing the difference from the lateral width of the vehicle 2, the lateral sides of the bogie units D1 and D2, which must rotate around the vertical rotation axes F1 and F2, are opened. It is necessary to cover both left and right outer sides of the bogie units D1 and D2 with a cover member flush with the outer side surface of the vehicle body. Therefore, not only is the design of the vehicle body limited, but also the bogie unit portions D1, D
There is also a greater risk that an obstacle may enter the vehicle and cause an accident.
【0005】[0005]
【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は上記のような従
来の問題点を解消し得る電車を提供することを目的とす
るものであって、その手段を後述する実施形態の参照符
号を付して示すと、中間の客室部2を挟んで前後両端に
運転室部3,4を有する電車1を前後両端の運転室部
3,4とその間の客室部2とに分離し、前後両端の運転
室部3,4の底部に台車ユニット5,6が取り付けら
れ、この前後両端の運転室部3,4と中間の客室部2と
は、左右水平方向に相対揺動可能に連結され、中間の客
室部2は、前後両端の運転室部5,6より低床構造に構
成されている。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide a train which can solve the above-mentioned conventional problems. As shown, the train 1 having the driver's cab sections 3 and 4 at both front and rear ends with the middle passenger compartment 2 interposed therebetween is separated into the driver's cab sections 3 and 4 at both front and rear ends and the passenger compartment 2 between them, and Bogie units 5, 6 are attached to the bottoms of the cab sections 3, 4, and the cab sections 3, 4 at the front and rear ends and the middle cabin section 2 are connected to each other so as to be relatively swingable in the left-right horizontal direction. Has a lower floor structure than the driver's cab sections 5 and 6 at the front and rear ends.
【0006】又、好ましくは、前記台車ユニット5,6
は、前後両端の運転室部3,4の底部の前後両端ぎりぎ
りの位置に車輪7a〜8bが位置するように取り付けら
れてなるものである。
Preferably, the cart units 5 and 6 are used.
Are mounted so that the wheels 7a to 8b are located at positions just below the front and rear ends of the bottoms of the cab portions 3 and 4 at the front and rear ends.
【0007】上記構成の本発明電車を実施するについ
て、前後両端の運転室部3,4と中間の客室部2とをつ
なぐ通路部28,29を設け、この通路部28,29の
上下両側に、前後両端の運転室部3,4と中間の客室部
2とを左右水平方向に相対揺動可能に連結する連結手段
26,27を配設することができる。
In implementing the train of the present invention having the above structure, passages 28 and 29 are provided for connecting the driver's cabs 3 and 4 at the front and rear ends and the passenger cabin 2 in the middle, and upper and lower sides of the passages 28 and 29 are provided. In addition, connecting means 26 and 27 for connecting the driver's cab sections 3 and 4 at the front and rear ends and the middle passenger compartment 2 so as to be relatively swingable in the left and right horizontal direction can be provided.
【0008】又、中間の客室部2の前後両端側部に乗降
口39を配設し、前記通路部28,29と客室部2との
境界付近に運賃箱34,35を配設することができる。
この場合、前記運賃箱34,35を、前記通路部28,
29を開閉するように移動可能に構成することができ
る。
Further, it is possible to arrange entrances 39 at both front and rear sides of the middle passenger compartment 2 and to dispose fare boxes 34 and 35 near the boundary between the aisles 28 and 29 and the passenger compartment 2. it can.
In this case, the fare boxes 34 and 35 are
29 can be configured to be movable to open and close.
【0009】更に、前後両端の運転室部3,4の前側及
び左右両側の底部には、台車ユニット5,6を隠すスカ
ート部45,46を配設することができる。
Further, skirt portions 45 and 46 for concealing the bogie units 5 and 6 can be provided on the front sides of the operator cab sections 3 and 4 at the front and rear ends and at the bottom on both the left and right sides.
【0010】[0010]
【発明の実施の形態】以下に本発明の好適実施形態を添
付図に基づいて説明すると、図1〜図5に於いて、1は
中間の客室部2を挟んで前後両端に運転室部3,4を有
する電車であって、前後両端の運転室部3,4とその間
の客室部2とに3分割されている。前後の運転室3,4
には、その底部に台車ユニット5,6が固定されてい
る。これら台車ユニット5,6は、左右一対前後二組の
車輪7a,7b及び8a,8bを備えたもので、例えば
左右横置きのモーターにより前後二組の車輪7a,7b
及び8a,8bの内、少なくとも一組が正逆回転駆動さ
れる。しかして、前後の運転室部5,6の前後方向長さ
は、これら運転室部3,4の底部の前後両端部、好まし
くは両端部ぎりぎりの位置に台車ユニット5,6の車輪
7a,7b及び8a,8bが位置するように設定されて
いる。勿論、場合によっては、台車ユニット5,6の前
後に機器を配置するための空間を確保するために、台車
ユニット5,6の前後方向長さより運転室部3,4の前
後方向長さを多少長くすることも可能である。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In FIGS. , 4, which are divided into three sections: driver's cab sections 3, 4 at both front and rear ends and cabin section 2 therebetween. Front and rear driver cabs 3, 4
Have truck units 5 and 6 fixed to the bottom thereof. These bogie units 5, 6 are provided with two pairs of left and right wheels 7a, 7b and 8a, 8b.
, And 8a, 8b, at least one pair is driven forward and reverse. The longitudinal lengths of the front and rear operator cab portions 5 and 6 are set at the front and rear end portions of the bottom portions of the operator cab portions 3 and 4, preferably at positions just near both ends, and the wheels 7 a and 7 b of the bogie units 5 and 6. And 8a, 8b. Of course, in some cases, in order to secure a space for arranging the devices before and after the bogie units 5 and 6, the longitudinal length of the driver's cab sections 3 and 4 may be slightly larger than the longitudinal length of the bogie units 5 and 6. It can be longer.
【0011】中間の客室部2は、その前後の運転室部
3,4よりも低床構造に構成されている。具体的には、
客室部2の床9は、地上高が300〜400mm、好ま
しくは350mm程度の超低床構造に構成され、その前
後の運転室部3,4の床10,11は、その底部に従来
周知の台車ユニット5,6を配設できるように、地上高
が800〜850mm、好ましくは815mm程度に構
成されている。なお、従来周知の台車ユニットは、車体
底部に垂直軸心の周りに回転可能に取り付けられるもの
であるのに対し、本発明に於ける前後の運転室部3,4
の底部に取り付けられる台車ユニット5,6はその必要
がなく、単に固定すれば良いので、前後の運転室部3,
4の床10,11の地上高は、比較的低くすることがで
きる。
The intermediate cabin 2 has a lower floor structure than the driver's cabs 3 and 4 before and after it. In particular,
The floor 9 of the passenger compartment 2 has an ultra-low floor structure with a ground height of 300 to 400 mm, preferably about 350 mm, and floors 10 and 11 of the driver's cab sections 3 and 4 before and after the floor 9 are conventionally known at the bottom. The height of the ground is set to 800 to 850 mm, preferably about 815 mm so that the bogie units 5 and 6 can be arranged. The conventional well-known bogie unit is mounted on the bottom of the vehicle body so as to be rotatable around a vertical axis.
The bogie units 5 and 6 attached to the bottom of the vehicle do not need to be provided, and can be simply fixed.
The ground height of the floors 10 and 11 of the fourth floor can be relatively low.
【0012】客室部2及び運転室部3,4の車体外側の
天井12〜14は、前後の運転室部3,4の正面上端部
より低く構成されると共に、これら客室部2及び運転室
部3,4の天井12〜14の左右両側には、前後の運転
室部3,4の正面上端部と同一高さまで車体の側面から
連続して立ち上がるサイドカバー部15〜17が連設さ
れ、これら左右両サイドカバー部15〜17の間で天井
12〜14上に各種機器が分散設置されている。例え
ば、客室部2の天井12上には、集電ユニット(シング
ルアームパンタグラフ等)18、制御装置19、クーラ
ー室外装置20、その他の機器を設置し、一方の運転室
部3の天井13上には、ブレーキ用抵抗器21を設置
し、他方の運転室部4の天井14上には、電源装置22
を設置することができる。
The ceilings 12 to 14 outside the vehicle body of the cabin section 2 and the cab sections 3 and 4 are formed lower than the front upper ends of the front and rear cab sections 3 and 4. Side covers 15 to 17 are continuously provided on both left and right sides of the ceilings 12 to 14 of the vehicle cabs 3 and 4 and rise continuously from the side of the vehicle body to the same height as the upper front end of the front and rear driver cabs 3 and 4. Various devices are distributed and installed on the ceilings 12 to 14 between the left and right side cover parts 15 to 17. For example, a current collecting unit (single arm pantograph or the like) 18, a control device 19, a cooler outdoor device 20, and other devices are installed on the ceiling 12 of the passenger compartment 2, Is provided with a braking resistor 21, and a power supply device 22
Can be installed.
【0013】客室部2の内側天井23は、クーラー室内
装置等の設置空間を確保する関係から、運転室部3,4
の内側天井24,25よりも若干低くなっているが、床
9の地上高を前記のように十分低くしているので、室内
高さは2000mm以上、好ましくは2250mm程度
は確保することができる。
The inner ceiling 23 of the cabin 2 is provided with the driver's cabs 3 and 4 in order to secure an installation space for the cooler room equipment and the like.
Although the height is slightly lower than the inner ceilings 24 and 25, the floor height of the floor 9 is sufficiently low as described above, so that the indoor height can be secured to 2000 mm or more, preferably about 2250 mm.
【0014】客室部2と前後の運転室部3,4とは、そ
れぞれ連結手段26,27により左右水平方向に相対揺
動可能に連結されると共に、客室部2と前後の運転室部
3,4との間には、この両者間で運転者等が行き来する
ための通路部28,29が設けられている。この通路部
28,29は、予想されるカーブ走行経路部の最小曲率
半径と車体の横巾とに照らして、必要最小限の長さ、例
えば600mm程度の長さに構成されるもので、図3及
び図5に示すように、運転室部3,4の床10,11と
略同一レベルで客室部2側及び運転室部3,4側からそ
れぞれ延出する歩行板30,31を互いに摺接可能に重
ね合わせて構成した床部32と、この床部32上の通路
空間の周囲を取り囲む蛇腹状囲壁33とから構成されて
おり、当該通路部28,29と客室部2との境界付近、
例えば通路部28,29の客室部側端部に、これら通路
部28,29を開閉する扉を兼用するように運賃箱3
4,35がそれぞれ垂直軸心34a,35aの周りに回
動可能に配設されている。勿論、これら運賃箱34,3
5は、客室部2の左右巾方向にスライドさせて通路部2
8,29を開閉するように構成しても良いし、この運賃
箱34,35の横を通路として利用できる程度に通路部
28,29の横巾が広い場合は、運賃箱34,35を固
定することもできる。
The passenger compartment 2 and the front and rear driver's cabs 3 and 4 are connected to each other by connecting means 26 and 27 so as to be relatively swingable in the left and right horizontal directions, respectively. Passages 28, 29 for a driver or the like to move between them are provided between the two. The passages 28 and 29 are configured to have a necessary minimum length, for example, a length of about 600 mm in light of the expected minimum radius of curvature of the curve traveling path and the width of the vehicle body. As shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 5, the walking boards 30, 31 extending from the cabin section 2 and the driver cab sections 3, 4 respectively at substantially the same level as the floors 10, 11 of the cab sections 3, 4 are slid together. It comprises a floor portion 32 which is configured to be overlapped so as to be able to contact, and a bellows-like surrounding wall 33 surrounding the passage space on the floor portion 32, near a boundary between the passage portions 28 and 29 and the passenger compartment 2. ,
For example, the fare box 3 is provided at the passenger compartment side end of the aisles 28 and 29 so as to double as a door for opening and closing the aisles 28 and 29.
4 and 35 are rotatably disposed around the vertical axes 34a and 35a, respectively. Of course, these fare boxes 34,3
5 is the passage portion 2 which is slid in the width direction of the cabin 2
8 and 29 may be opened and closed, or if the width of the passages 28 and 29 is wide enough to use the sides of the fare boxes 34 and 35 as passages, the fare boxes 34 and 35 are fixed. You can also.
【0015】連結手段26,27は、図3及び図5に示
すように、前記通路部28,29を構成する蛇腹状囲壁
33の下側と上側とに振り分けて上下一対配設されてお
り、客室部2側から突設された軸受部材36と運転室部
3,4側から突設された軸受部材37とを上下同心状の
垂直支軸38により相対揺動自在に連結して成るもので
ある。勿論、連結手段26,27が十分な牽引強度を有
するものであれば、通路部28,29の上下何れか、例
えば下側にのみ配設しても良い。
As shown in FIGS. 3 and 5, the connecting means 26 and 27 are arranged in a pair on the lower and upper sides of the bellows-like surrounding wall 33 constituting the passages 28 and 29, respectively. A bearing member 36 protruding from the cabin section 2 and a bearing member 37 protruding from the operator cab sections 3 and 4 are connected by a vertically concentric vertical support shaft 38 so as to be relatively swingable. is there. Of course, as long as the connecting means 26 and 27 have sufficient traction strength, they may be disposed either above or below the passage portions 28 and 29, for example, only on the lower side.
【0016】なお、客室部2には、その前後両端の左右
両側部に乗降口39が配設され、その室内には、前後の
乗降口39の間で左右両側に乗客用座席40が並設され
る。なおまた、前記客室部の前後両端部には乗客が下車
専用の降口39を設け、図示しないが、客室部の中央部
に乗降口あるいは専用乗口を設けるようにしてもよい。
乗降口39には、スライドドアー等が併設される。前後
の運転室部3,4内には中央一箇所に運転手用座席41
が設置され、この運転手用座席41の正面には運転用制
御盤42が配設されている。又、停留場等に於いて、中
間客室部2と前後の運転室部3,4との間に人や他の障
害物が入り込むのを防止するため、中間客室部2の前後
両端の左右両側辺と運転室部3,4の客室部側端部の左
右両側辺とに、電車が最小曲率半径のカーブ走行経路部
を走行するのを妨害しない程度の突出量を持つ、ゴム等
の弾性材から成るバンパー43,44を付設することが
できる。更に、前後の運転室部3,4の前側及び左右両
側の底部には、台車ユニット5,6を隠すスカート部4
5,46を配設することができる。このスカート部4
5,46は、運転室部3,4の外側面と面一に連続する
ように構成するのが望ましい。
The passenger compartment 2 is provided with entrances 39 at both left and right sides of the front and rear ends, and passenger seats 40 are arranged in the cabin between the front and rear entrances 39 on both left and right sides. Is done. In addition, at the front and rear ends of the passenger compartment, passengers may be provided with exits 39 exclusively for getting off the vehicle. Although not shown, a passenger entrance or a dedicated entrance may be provided at the center of the passenger compartment.
A slide door or the like is provided at the entrance 39. In the front and rear driver's cab sections 3 and 4, a driver's seat 41 is provided at a central location.
A driving control panel 42 is provided in front of the driver's seat 41. In addition, in order to prevent people and other obstacles from entering between the intermediate passenger compartment 2 and the front and rear driver's cabs 3 and 4 at a stop, etc. Elastic material, such as rubber, having protrusions on the sides and on the left and right sides of the cabin side end of the driver's cab sections 3 and 4 so as not to hinder the train from traveling on the curved path with the minimum radius of curvature. Bumpers 43 and 44 made of Further, a skirt portion 4 for hiding the bogie units 5 and 6 is provided on the front side of the front and rear driver cab portions 3 and 4 and on the bottom portions on both left and right sides.
5, 46 can be provided. This skirt part 4
It is desirable that the parts 5 and 46 be configured so as to be continuous with the outer side surfaces of the cab parts 3 and 4.
【0017】[0017]
【発明の効果】以上のように実施することのできる本発
明の電車によれば、中間の客室部に左右水平方向揺動可
能に連結された前後の運転室部の底部に台車ユニットが
配置されているにもかかわらず、図6Bに基づいて実施
形態の参照符号を付して説明すると、電車1がカーブ走
行経路部を走行するときの台車ユニット側(運転室部
3,4)と車体側(客室部2)との間の左右水平方向の
相対揺動中心(連結手段26,27の垂直回転軸心3
8)が、前後の運転室部3,4と中間客室部2との連結
位置、即ち、台車ユニット5,6の中心位置よりも電車
中間部の客室部2側に寄った位置にあるため、カーブ走
行経路部に於ける前後の台車ユニット5,6間の車体
(中間客室部2)のカーブ中心側への偏心量Δが小さく
なる。
According to the train of the present invention which can be carried out as described above, the bogie unit is arranged at the bottom of the front and rear driver's cabs connected to the middle passenger compartment so as to be able to swing left and right horizontally. 6B, the bogie unit side (operating cabin sections 3 and 4) and the vehicle body side when the train 1 travels along a curved traveling route section will be described. (The cabin part 2) and the center of relative swing in the left and right horizontal direction (the vertical rotation axis 3
8) is located at a connection position between the front and rear driver cab portions 3 and 4 and the intermediate cabin portion 2, that is, a position closer to the cabin portion 2 side of the train middle portion than the center position of the bogie units 5 and 6, The amount of eccentricity Δ of the vehicle body (intermediate passenger compartment 2) between the front and rear bogie units 5 and 6 on the curve traveling route portion toward the center of the curve is reduced.
【0018】従って、カーブ走行経路部の内側レールR
1の外側(カーブ中心側)に安全のために確保しなけれ
ばならない空間が狭くて済み、特に電車の走行経路を柵
等で囲うことができない路面電車の場合であっても、カ
ーブ走行経路部の内側に入り込んだ障害物が事故につな
がる恐れも小さくなり、障害物の立入りを防止するため
の花壇等の設置に際しても、カーブ走行経路部の内側レ
ールとの間に確保しなければならない遊び空間を小さく
できる。
Therefore, the inner rail R of the curve traveling route portion
The space that must be ensured for safety outside of the vehicle 1 (at the center of the curve) is small, and even in the case of a tram in which the running route of the train cannot be surrounded by fences or the like, the curved running route section The play space that must be secured between the inside rails of the curved route section when installing flower beds etc. to prevent entry of obstacles inside the building leading to accidents and preventing entry of obstacles Can be reduced.
【0019】そして、台車ユニットの長さと余り変わら
ない長さとなる運転室部間に低床構造の客室部を連結配
置するのであるから、低床構造客室部の電車全体の全長
に締める割合を大きくして、電車の乗客利用効率を高め
ることができる。
Since the cabin having a low-floor structure is connected and arranged between the driver's cabs having a length not much different from the length of the bogie unit, the ratio of tightening the entire train in the cabin with the low-floor structure is increased. As a result, the efficiency of passenger use of the train can be improved.
【0020】又、車体は大きいが構造がシンプルで構成
部品も少なくて済む中間客室部と、車体は小さいが精密
機械部品や電気部品の集合体であって構造が極めて複雑
な前後の運転室部とに3分割されているので、中間客室
部と前後の運転室部とを別々の製造設備を利用してそれ
ぞれ独自の日程で製造し、最終的に組立工場に於いて連
結一体化することができるので、生産効率を高めてコス
トダウンを図ることが容易になる。又、点検修理も、中
間客室部と前後の運転室部とを分離してそれぞれ専用の
設備により効率良く行えると共に、修理や交換を中間客
室部と前後の運転室部とに分けて各別に行えるので、車
両の稼働効率も高めることができる。
An intermediate passenger compartment, which has a large body but has a simple structure and requires only a small number of components, and a front and rear driver's cab, which is a small body but is an assembly of precision mechanical parts and electric parts and has a very complicated structure. Since the middle cabin and the front and rear driver's cabs are manufactured on their own schedule using separate manufacturing facilities, they can be integrated and integrated at the assembly plant. Therefore, it is easy to increase production efficiency and reduce costs. In addition, inspection and repair can be performed efficiently with dedicated equipment by separating the middle cabin and the front and rear driver's cab, and repair and replacement can be performed separately for the middle guest room and the front and rear driver's cab. Therefore, the operating efficiency of the vehicle can be improved.
【0021】特に請求項2に係る発明のように、中間の
客室部に左右水平方向揺動可能に連結された前後の運転
室部に、その底部の前後両端ぎりぎりの位置に車輪が位
置するように台車ユニットを取り付けた場合に、前後両
端部の台車ユニットの間に低床構造の客室部をより広く
余裕をもって設けることができるにもかかわらず、カー
ブ走行経路部に於ける前後の台車ユニット5,6間の車
体(中間客室部2)のカーブ中心側への偏心量Δが小さ
くすることができ、低床タイプの路面電車として極めて
有効である。
In particular, as in the second aspect of the present invention, the front and rear driver's cabs are connected to the middle passenger compartment so as to be able to swing left and right in the horizontal direction. When the bogie unit is mounted on the vehicle, the passenger compartment unit 5 having the low floor structure can be provided with a wider room between the bogie units at the front and rear ends, and the front and rear bogie units 5 in the curve traveling route portion. , 6 of the vehicle body (intermediate passenger compartment 2) toward the center of the curve can be reduced, which is extremely effective as a low-floor type tram.
【0022】なお、請求項3に係る発明によれば、底部
に台車ユニットを備えていて高床構造となる前後の運転
室部には、低床構造である中間客室部を通じて出入りす
ることができるので、前後の運転室部に乗降口を設けて
直接出入りすることができるように構成しなければなら
ない場合と比較して、運転室部に対する運転手等の出入
りが安全且つ容易になるばかりでなく、運転室部の構造
が簡単になり且つ小型に構成し易くなる。しかも、前後
の運転室部と中間客室部とは上下一対の連結手段で連結
することになるので、十分な連結強度(牽引強度)を得
ることができる。
According to the third aspect of the present invention, the cab unit is provided at the bottom and the driver's cab part before and after the high floor structure can be entered and exited through the middle passenger room part having the low floor structure. As compared with the case where the front and rear driver's cabs must be provided so as to be able to directly enter and exit by providing an entrance and exit, not only is it possible for a driver and the like to enter and exit the driver's cab safely and easily, The structure of the driver's cab is simplified, and it is easy to reduce the size. In addition, since the front and rear driver's cabs and the intermediate passenger cabin are connected by a pair of upper and lower connecting means, a sufficient connection strength (traction strength) can be obtained.
【0023】又、請求項4に記載の構成によれば、運転
室部に搭乗する運転手が後方を向くことにより、又は必
要に応じて後側の客室部との間の通路部内に移動するだ
けで、客室部の前後両端側部の乗降口を出入りする乗客
や運賃箱に運賃を投入する乗客と容易に会話を交わした
り、運賃箱に対する釣銭支払いなどの操作が容易にで
き、運転手が車掌を兼務するワンマンカー方式で運行す
る場合でも支障がない。
Further, according to the configuration of the fourth aspect, the driver boarding the driver's cab moves rearward or, if necessary, into the passage between the passenger compartment and the rear passenger compartment. It is possible to easily exchange conversations with passengers entering and exiting the front and rear entrances at the front and rear ends of the cabin and passengers who enter fares into the fare box, and to facilitate operations such as payment of change to the fare box. There is no problem even when operating with a one-man car system that also serves as a conductor.
【0024】この場合、請求項5に記載の構成によれ
ば、客室部内の乗客が前記通路部を経由して運転室部内
に入り込むのを、当該通路部を開閉する扉兼用の運賃箱
によって防止することができる。又、運賃箱の横に通路
空間を確保できる程に通路部の横巾を広げる必要がな
く、必要最小限の横巾の通路部により所期の目的を達成
できる。
In this case, according to the configuration of the fifth aspect, the passenger in the cabin is prevented from entering the driver's cab via the aisle by the fare box serving as a door that opens and closes the aisle. can do. Further, it is not necessary to widen the width of the passage so that the passage space can be secured beside the fare box, and the intended purpose can be achieved by the passage having the minimum necessary width.
【0025】更に、請求項6に記載の構成によれば、前
後の運転室部の正面側だけでなく左右両側も台車ユニッ
トをスカート部で隠すことができるので、台車ユニット
部への障害物の巻き込み事故が生じる恐れも少なくな
り、安全性が高まるだけでなく、電車全体のデザインに
対する制約も少なくなる。
Further, according to the configuration of the sixth aspect, the bogie unit can be hidden by the skirt on both the left and right sides as well as the front side of the front and rear driver's cabs, so that the obstacle to the bogie unit can be prevented. The risk of entrainment is reduced, which not only increases safety, but also reduces restrictions on the overall train design.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】 電車全体の側面図である。FIG. 1 is a side view of an entire train.
【図2】 電車全体の縦断側面図である。FIG. 2 is a longitudinal side view of the entire train.
【図3】 電車全体の横断平面図である。FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional plan view of the entire train.
【図4】 電車全体の平面図である。FIG. 4 is a plan view of the entire train.
【図5】 中間客室部と前後の運転室部との間の連結部
で縦断して客室部側を見た縦断正面図である。
FIG. 5 is a vertical sectional front view of a connecting portion between an intermediate cabin portion and front and rear driver's cab portions, viewed from the cabin portion side.
【図6】 A図は従来の単車形電車がカーブ走行経路部
を走行するときの状態を示す概略平面図であり、B図は
本発明による電車がカーブ走行経路部を走行するときの
状態を示す概略平面図である。
FIG. 6A is a schematic plan view showing a state in which a conventional single-wheeled electric train travels on a curved traveling route section, and FIG. 6B shows a state in which a train according to the present invention travels on a curved traveling route section. It is a schematic plan view shown.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
2 中間客室部 3,4 前後運転室部 5,6 台車ユニット 7a〜8b 車輪 9 中間客室部の床 10,11 前後運転室部の床 26,27 連結手段 28,29 通路部 32 床部 33 蛇腹状囲壁 34,35 運賃箱 39 乗降口 41 運転手用座席 43,44 バンパー 45,46 運転室部のスカート部 2 Middle cabin section 3, 4 Front and rear driving room section 5, 6 Bogie unit 7a to 8b Wheel 9 Floor of middle cabin section 10, 11 Floor of front and rear driving room section 26, 27 Connecting means 28, 29 Passage section 32 Floor section 33 Bellows Surrounding walls 34, 35 Fare box 39 Getting on and off 41 Driver's seat 43, 44 Bumper 45, 46 Skirt in driver's cab

Claims (6)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】中間の客室部を挟んで前後両端に運転室部
    を有する電車を前後両端の運転室部とその間の客室部と
    に分離し、前後両端の運転室部の底部に台車ユニットが
    取り付けられ、この前後両端の運転室部と中間の客室部
    とは、左右水平方向に相対揺動可能に連結され、中間の
    客室部は、前後両端の運転室部より低床構造とした電
    車。
    1. A train having an operating room at both front and rear ends with an intermediate cabin interposed therebetween is separated into an operating room at the front and rear ends and a cabin between them, and a bogie unit is provided at the bottom of the operating room at the front and rear ends. The train is mounted so that the driver's cab section at the front and rear ends and the middle cabin section are connected so as to be relatively swingable in the horizontal direction, and the middle cabin section has a lower floor structure than the driver's cab sections at the front and rear ends.
  2. 【請求項2】前記台車ユニットは、前後両端の運転室部
    の底部の前後両端ぎりぎりの位置に車輪が位置するよう
    に取り付けられてなる請求項1に記載の電車。
    2. The electric train according to claim 1, wherein the bogie unit is mounted so that wheels are located at positions just below the front and rear ends of the bottom of the driver's cab at the front and rear ends.
  3. 【請求項3】前後両端の運転室部と中間の客室部とをつ
    なぐ通路部を備え、この通路部の上下両側に、前後両端
    の運転室部と中間の客室部とを左右水平方向に相対揺動
    可能に連結する連結手段が配設されている、請求項1又
    は2に記載の電車。
    3. A passage connecting the driver's cab at the front and rear ends to the passenger compartment at the middle, and the driver's cab at the front and rear ends and the passenger at the middle at the upper and lower sides of the passage are positioned in the horizontal direction. The train according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising a connecting means for swingably connecting.
  4. 【請求項4】中間の客室部の前後両端側部に乗降口また
    は降口が配設され、前記通路部と客室部との境界付近に
    運賃箱が配設されている、請求項3に記載の電車。
    4. The vehicle according to claim 3, wherein entrances and exits are provided at both front and rear ends of the intermediate cabin, and a fare box is provided near a boundary between the aisle and the cabin. Train.
  5. 【請求項5】前記運賃箱が前記通路部を開閉するように
    移動可能に構成されている、請求項4に記載の電車。
    5. The train according to claim 4, wherein the fare box is movable so as to open and close the passage.
  6. 【請求項6】前後両端の運転室部の前側及び左右両側の
    底部に、台車ユニットを隠すスカート部を備えている、
    請求項1〜5の何れかに記載の電車。
    6. A skirt portion for concealing the bogie unit is provided at the front side and the bottom left and right sides of the driver's cab section at both front and rear ends.
    The train according to claim 1.
JP2000120054A 2000-04-20 2000-04-20 Electric train Expired - Lifetime JP3576458B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000120054A JP3576458B2 (en) 2000-04-20 2000-04-20 Electric train

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000120054A JP3576458B2 (en) 2000-04-20 2000-04-20 Electric train

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2001301614A true JP2001301614A (en) 2001-10-31
JP3576458B2 JP3576458B2 (en) 2004-10-13

Family

ID=18630930

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2000120054A Expired - Lifetime JP3576458B2 (en) 2000-04-20 2000-04-20 Electric train

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3576458B2 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007245745A (en) * 2006-03-13 2007-09-27 Railway Technical Res Inst Articulated railroad vehicle, and lateral pressure reduction method therein
JP2007331713A (en) * 2006-06-19 2007-12-27 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Low-floor type railroad vehicle truck
JP2007331461A (en) * 2006-06-13 2007-12-27 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Single-shaft bogy with guide wheel for low-floor railroad vehicle
JP2008062680A (en) * 2006-09-05 2008-03-21 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Low floor type tramcar
CN102501868A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-06-20 沈阳新阳光机电科技有限公司 Local low-floor four-axis tramcar
US8327772B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2012-12-11 Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Low-floor railway vehicle bogie and low-floor railway vehicle comprising the bogie
KR101249946B1 (en) 2012-05-31 2013-04-02 (주)코리아테크놀러지사이언스 A railroad round car and the railroad check system using the same

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007245745A (en) * 2006-03-13 2007-09-27 Railway Technical Res Inst Articulated railroad vehicle, and lateral pressure reduction method therein
JP2007331461A (en) * 2006-06-13 2007-12-27 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Single-shaft bogy with guide wheel for low-floor railroad vehicle
JP2007331713A (en) * 2006-06-19 2007-12-27 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Low-floor type railroad vehicle truck
JP2008062680A (en) * 2006-09-05 2008-03-21 Kawasaki Heavy Ind Ltd Low floor type tramcar
US8327772B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2012-12-11 Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Low-floor railway vehicle bogie and low-floor railway vehicle comprising the bogie
CN102501868A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-06-20 沈阳新阳光机电科技有限公司 Local low-floor four-axis tramcar
KR101249946B1 (en) 2012-05-31 2013-04-02 (주)코리아테크놀러지사이언스 A railroad round car and the railroad check system using the same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP3576458B2 (en) 2004-10-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP4781997B2 (en) Guideway and chassis system for wheeled rail vehicle
US5669307A (en) Transportation vehicle having doors with doorsills at different levels
JP5121191B2 (en) Low-floor railway vehicles and low-floor trams
US7721656B2 (en) Monorail vehicle
JP4385053B2 (en) Fully automatic transportation system
US5456183A (en) Integrated infrastructure transit system
JP3576458B2 (en) Electric train
JP2007331713A (en) Low-floor type railroad vehicle truck
RU2430847C2 (en) Intercar passage device for two coupled passenger train cars, car and train
EP1685015B1 (en) Articulated passenger rail vehicle with an intermediate car module
JP2007331461A (en) Single-shaft bogy with guide wheel for low-floor railroad vehicle
JP2004249894A (en) Low floor type electric car
EP3375687A1 (en) Seating arrangement for a front end of a monorail car
CH616372A5 (en) Articulated train for public passenger transport
CN109532870B (en) Micro-rail vehicle system
RU2294293C1 (en) Rail vehicle, type tram with low-level floor, motor car of electric train or electric locomotive and tram car
US1114552A (en) Articulated passenger-car.
FR2806364A1 (en) Vehicle for transporting passengers with electric traction
JP3576436B2 (en) Electric train
RU2294294C1 (en) Rail vehicle, type tram car, motor car of electric train or electric locomotive, tram car with low-level floor
JP4514045B2 (en) Low-floor railway car body / cart structure
JP5114525B2 (en) Tram
CN110139767A (en) Municipal autonomy vehicle
FR2912366A1 (en) End coach for e.g. low-platform tramway, has mono-axles orientable with respect to body, and respectively located below passenger compartment and control cabin, where compartment has platform with door sill located at specific height
CN109532879B (en) Micro-rail vehicle system and platform with anti-shaking function

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20040616

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20040707

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 3576458

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20090716

Year of fee payment: 5

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20100716

Year of fee payment: 6

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20110716

Year of fee payment: 7

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20110716

Year of fee payment: 7

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20120716

Year of fee payment: 8

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20130716

Year of fee payment: 9

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

EXPY Cancellation because of completion of term