JP2001293459A - Rotary drum-type garbage storage device - Google Patents

Rotary drum-type garbage storage device

Info

Publication number
JP2001293459A
JP2001293459A JP2000147064A JP2000147064A JP2001293459A JP 2001293459 A JP2001293459 A JP 2001293459A JP 2000147064 A JP2000147064 A JP 2000147064A JP 2000147064 A JP2000147064 A JP 2000147064A JP 2001293459 A JP2001293459 A JP 2001293459A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
drum
storage device
pipe end
rotary
garbage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP2000147064A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Masayasu Kamegawa
正靖 亀川
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to JP2000147064A priority Critical patent/JP2001293459A/en
Publication of JP2001293459A publication Critical patent/JP2001293459A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a structure for keeping the inside of the drum of a rotary drum-type garbage storage device at a fixed temperature. SOLUTION: A warming pipeline (3) is disposed on the circumferential side face of the drum (1). The end (4) of the feed pipeline of the warming pipeline and the end (5) of the return pipeline are connected to a rotary coupling (6) set in the center of rotation of the drum.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】回転ドラム型生ごみ貯留装置
のドラムの内部を一定の温度に維持するための構造に関
するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a structure for maintaining the inside of a drum of a rotary drum type garbage storage device at a constant temperature.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来の回転ドラム型加温装置の公知の加
温方法としてはつぎの2種類がある。1つはロータリー
・キルンといわれる焼却炉または乾燥炉に使用される方
法で,ドラムの内部で燃焼させるか,またはドラムの内
部に熱風を吹き込むなどの方法が取られる。この方法で
はドラム内部を一定の湿度に維持することが難しい。他
の1つはドラムの外側から加熱してドラム内部の内容物
を加温したり乾燥させたりする方法であるが,ドラムを
常に回転させて加熱しないと内容物の全体を一様の温度
に維持することが難しい。
2. Description of the Related Art There are two types of known heating methods for a conventional rotary drum type heating device. One is a method used in an incinerator or a drying oven called a rotary kiln, which involves burning inside the drum or blowing hot air into the inside of the drum. With this method, it is difficult to maintain the inside of the drum at a constant humidity. Another method is to heat and dry the contents inside the drum by heating from the outside of the drum, but if the drum is not constantly rotated and heated, the whole contents will be at a uniform temperature. Difficult to maintain.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】本発明の目的は,公知
である回転ドラム型ごみ貯留装置のドラムの内部で,微
生物を使って生ごみを発酵処理させ,生ごみを減容又は
消滅させることにある。回転ドラム型ごみ貯留装置を使
用する理由は,生ごみの投入,貯留,排出の工程がドラ
ムの回転によって効率的に行えること,内容物を大量に
貯留できしかも大量の内容物を効率よく切り返しができ
ることなどにある。しかし微生物を使って生ごみを処理
する方法には,少なくとも3つの条件が必要である。す
なわち,微生物の繁殖に適した一定の温度,一定の水分
及び湿度,十分な酸素の量が必要である。また食餌とし
て生ごみを与えた後は一定時間のみ切り返しをして酸素
を供給すればよく,常時内容物を切り返す必要はない。
また生ごみには十分な水分が含まれているから,適切な
温度に維持され,換気と切り返しが十分に行われれば,
水分は自ら蒸発し適宜な湿度を保持することとなり,酸
素も適切に補給される。したがって,回転ドラム型生ご
み貯留装置には,従来の投入,貯留,排出の効率的な機
能の他に,断続的に内容物の切り返しが行えて,一定の
温度が維持できる機能と構造が必要となる。これには前
述した2つの回転ドラムの加温方法は適用することがで
きない。本発明はこの課題を解決するためのものであ
る。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to reduce or eliminate garbage by fermenting garbage using microorganisms inside a drum of a known rotary drum type refuse storage device. It is in. The reason for using a rotary drum type garbage storage device is that the process of charging, storing and discharging garbage can be performed efficiently by rotating the drum, and a large amount of contents can be stored and a large amount of contents can be efficiently turned back. There are things that can be done. However, the method of treating garbage using microorganisms requires at least three conditions. That is, a certain temperature, a certain amount of moisture and humidity, and a sufficient amount of oxygen suitable for the propagation of microorganisms are required. In addition, after feeding garbage as food, it is only necessary to switch back for a certain period of time and supply oxygen, and it is not necessary to constantly switch back the contents.
Also, garbage contains plenty of water, so if it is maintained at an appropriate temperature and is well ventilated and turned over,
Moisture evaporates by itself to maintain an appropriate humidity, and oxygen is appropriately replenished. Therefore, in addition to the conventional efficient functions of charging, storing, and discharging, the rotating drum type garbage storage device must have a function and structure that can switch the contents intermittently and maintain a constant temperature. Becomes The above-described method of heating the two rotating drums cannot be applied to this. The present invention has been made to solve this problem.

【0004】[0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】回転ドラムが断続的に回
転しても内容物が一定の温度を保持するためには,ドラ
ム自体が常に一定の温度を保持するように構成するのが
最も確実である。その方法として温水(又は温油)を通
した配管をドラム全体に接触させて配置し,しかも温水
又は温油等を一定の温度に保持することによってドラム
の温度を保持する方法を提供する。それには回転するド
ラムに温水(または温油)を供給するための液体用の回
転接手が必要である。すなわち,内側面に螺旋状のブレ
ード(2)を設け横置きで回転する円形状のドラム
(1)の円周側面上に接触させて加温配管(3)を設け
る。加温配管(3)の往路配管端(4)と復路配管端
(5)をドラム(1)の回転中心に設けた回転接手
(6)に連結するように構成したことを特徴とする回転
ドラム型生ごみ貯留装置を提供する。
In order to keep the contents at a constant temperature even when the rotating drum rotates intermittently, it is most reliable to configure the drum itself to always maintain a constant temperature. It is. As a method therefor, there is provided a method of maintaining the temperature of the drum by arranging a pipe through which hot water (or hot oil) is brought into contact with the entire drum and maintaining the temperature of the hot water or hot oil at a constant temperature. This requires a liquid rotary joint to supply hot water (or hot oil) to the rotating drum. That is, a heating pipe (3) is provided in such a manner that a spiral blade (2) is provided on the inner surface and is brought into contact with a circumferential side surface of a circular drum (1) rotating horizontally. A rotary drum characterized in that the forward pipe end (4) and the return pipe end (5) of the heating pipe (3) are connected to a rotary joint (6) provided at the center of rotation of the drum (1). Provide a type garbage storage device.

【0005】[0005]

【発明の実施の形態】本発明の実施例の1例について図
1、図2、図3によって説明する。まず一般的な回転ド
ラム型ごみ貯留装置の公知の部分について説明する。架
台(7)上に横置きされた円形状のドラム(1)は内部
に複数の螺旋状のブレード(2)を有し,前開口部
(8)と後開口部(9)とを有している。前開口部
(8)は架台(7)の前枠(10)で覆われて投入口
(11)が設けられている。後開口部(9)は架台
(7)の後枠(12)に設けられた後部蓋(13)で常
時は閉鎖されている。ドラムの外周にはリング(14)
が設けられ,架台(7)上に取付けられたローラ軸受
(15)が回転自在にリングを支持すると同時に前後方
向の動きを規制している。またドラム外周には大スプロ
ケット(16)が設けられ,架台上のモータ(17)に
設けられた小スプロケット(18)とチェーン(19)
で連結されることによってドラムは駆動される。前開口
部(8)の投入口(11)より投入されたごみはドラム
(1)の回転によってブレード(2)により後部へ移動
するが,後開口部(9)が後部蓋(13)によって閉鎖
されているのでドラム(1)内の後部に貯留される。ご
みが満杯になると後部蓋(13)が開放され,ドラム
(1)の回転によりブレード(2)によって後開口部
(9)より排出される。以上は一般的な回転ドラム型ご
み貯留装置の概要である。本発明は,このようなドラム
(1)の内周側面又は外周側面に,加温配管(3)を溶
接などしてドラム(1)の側面に接触させ,ドラム
(1)の全側面をできるだけ覆うように1本の連続した
加温配管(3)を湾曲させて配設する。1本の連続した
加温配管(3)の往路配管端(4)と復路配管端(5)
が前開口部(8)または後開口部(9)の回転中心にく
るように配置する。同様に前開口部(8)又は後開口部
(9)の回転中心に回転接手(6)を設ける。回転接手
(6)は回転体(20)と固定体(21)とからなる公
知の構造で,この場合は往路と復路の二つの通路を内蔵
している。回転接手(6)の回転体(20)側にドラム
側の往路配管端(4)及び復路配管端(5)を連結す
る。回転接手(6)の固定体(21)側は架台(7)の
前枠(10)に支持具(22)によって固定する。架台
(7)には別途に温水(または温油)供給装置(23)
が設けられ,温水供給装置(23)からでた装置側の往
路配管端(24)と復路配管端(25)が回転接手
(6)の固定体(21)側に連結される。このようにし
て装置側の往路配管端(24)とドラム側の往路配管端
(4),および装置側の復路配管端(25)とドラム側
の復路配管端(5)が回転接手(6)を介して連通する
ように構成される。またドラム(1)の外周は内部の熱
を放散させないように保温材(26)で覆われている。
このほか架台にはドラム内部の湿度と酸素を管理する換
気装置(27)が設けられている。
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS One embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. First, a known portion of a general rotary drum type waste storage device will be described. A circular drum (1) placed laterally on a gantry (7) has a plurality of spiral blades (2) inside, and has a front opening (8) and a rear opening (9). ing. The front opening (8) is covered with a front frame (10) of the gantry (7), and an input port (11) is provided. The rear opening (9) is normally closed by a rear lid (13) provided on a rear frame (12) of the gantry (7). Ring (14) around the drum
Are provided, and a roller bearing (15) mounted on a gantry (7) rotatably supports the ring, and at the same time restricts the movement in the front-rear direction. A large sprocket (16) is provided on the outer periphery of the drum, and a small sprocket (18) and a chain (19) provided on a motor (17) on a gantry.
The drum is driven by being connected by. The dust introduced from the inlet (11) of the front opening (8) moves to the rear by the blade (2) by the rotation of the drum (1), but the rear opening (9) is closed by the rear lid (13). Therefore, it is stored in the rear part of the drum (1). When the dust is full, the rear lid (13) is opened, and the drum (1) is rotated by the blade (2) to be discharged from the rear opening (9). The above is an outline of a general rotary drum type waste storage device. According to the present invention, a heating pipe (3) is brought into contact with the side surface of the drum (1) by welding or the like to the inner side surface or the outer side surface of the drum (1), and the entire side surface of the drum (1) is made as small as possible. One continuous heating pipe (3) is arranged to be curved so as to cover it. Outgoing pipe end (4) and return pipe end (5) of one continuous heating pipe (3)
Is located at the center of rotation of the front opening (8) or the rear opening (9). Similarly, a rotary joint (6) is provided at the center of rotation of the front opening (8) or the rear opening (9). The rotating joint (6) has a known structure including a rotating body (20) and a fixed body (21), and in this case, has two built-in paths, an outward path and a return path. The forward pipe end (4) and the return pipe end (5) on the drum side are connected to the rotating body (20) side of the rotary joint (6). The fixed body (21) side of the rotary joint (6) is fixed to the front frame (10) of the gantry (7) by a support (22). A hot water (or hot oil) supply device (23) is separately provided on the gantry (7).
The outgoing pipe end (24) and the return pipe end (25) of the apparatus from the hot water supply apparatus (23) are connected to the fixed body (21) side of the rotary joint (6). In this way, the outgoing pipe end (24) on the apparatus side and the outgoing pipe end (4) on the drum side, and the return pipe end (25) on the apparatus side and the return pipe end (5) on the drum side are connected with the rotary joint (6). Are configured to communicate with each other. The outer periphery of the drum (1) is covered with a heat insulating material (26) so as not to dissipate the internal heat.
In addition, the mount is provided with a ventilator (27) for controlling the humidity and oxygen inside the drum.

【0006】本発明の実施例は以上のような構造である
が,使用する場合は次のようにする。常時ドラム(1)
の中には微生物が培養された米糠やおが屑などで構成さ
れた床材が貯留されている。いっぽう温水供給装置(2
3)により発生した温水は装置側の往路配管端(24)
より回転接手(6)を介してドラム側の往路配管端
(4)に至り,さらにドラム(1)の側面上の加温配管
(3)を巡回して復路配管端(5)に戻り,ふたたび回
転接手(6)を介して装置側の復路配管端(25)に至
り,温水供給装置に戻る。この間に加温配管(3)に接
触するドラム(1)及びドラム内部の床材は,温水によ
って加温され制御され,温水は温水供給装置(23)に
よって温度が制御される。また回転接手(6)を通じて
ドラム(1)の回転の有無に関係なく,温水は温水供給
装置(23)と加温配管(3)の間を往復できる。した
がってドラムの内部及び床材は,ドラム(1)の回転に
関係なく常に微生物の増殖に適した一定の温度に維持さ
れことができる。生ごみが投入されるとドラム(1)は
一定時間回転し,床材の中に生ごみをブレード(2)に
よって巻き込み発酵処理が始まる。ドラム(1)は生ご
み投入時のみ回転し,発酵中には回転しない。処理され
た残滓が溜まると後部蓋(13)から排出される。この
ように常にドラム内部は微生物の発酵に適した温度に維
持されるので,生ごみの投入に伴う過剰な水分の蒸発も
早く,換気装置(27)によって適正な湿度に保つこと
も容易に行うことができる。
Although the embodiment of the present invention has the above-described structure, it is used as follows. Always drum (1)
Stores flooring composed of rice bran and sawdust on which microorganisms are cultured. Meanwhile, a hot water supply device (2
The hot water generated by 3) is supplied to the outgoing pipe end (24) on the device side.
The rotation pipe (6) further reaches the forward pipe end (4) on the drum side, and further circulates the heating pipe (3) on the side surface of the drum (1) to return to the return pipe end (5). It reaches the return pipe end (25) on the device side via the rotary joint (6) and returns to the hot water supply device. During this time, the drum (1) in contact with the heating pipe (3) and the floor material inside the drum are heated and controlled by hot water, and the temperature of the hot water is controlled by a hot water supply device (23). Also, hot water can reciprocate between the hot water supply device (23) and the heating pipe (3) regardless of the rotation of the drum (1) through the rotary joint (6). Therefore, the inside of the drum and the floor material can always be maintained at a constant temperature suitable for the growth of microorganisms regardless of the rotation of the drum (1). When the garbage is thrown in, the drum (1) rotates for a certain period of time, and the garbage is rolled into the floor material by the blade (2) to start the fermentation treatment. The drum (1) rotates only when garbage is charged, and does not rotate during fermentation. When the processed residue accumulates, it is discharged from the rear lid (13). In this way, the inside of the drum is always maintained at a temperature suitable for fermentation of microorganisms, so that excessive moisture evaporates quickly with the input of garbage, and the proper humidity can be easily maintained by the ventilation device (27). be able to.

【0007】[0007]

【発明の効果】以上のように回転ドラム型生ごみ貯留装
置を構成することによって,従来の投入、貯留、排出の
効率的な機能の他に,断続的に内容物の切返しを行うこ
とによって,酸素の補給と水分蒸発が十分に行え,しか
も常に一定の温度維持が可能な機能と構造を得ることが
できる。レストランや給食設備など業務用厨房施設向の
従来の大型生ごみ処理装置では,大量の生ごみ排出量に
対して大量の微生物培地用の床材を使用するため,有効
な切返しの手段,温度管理の手段,床材の投入や排出の
手段がなかった。そのために微生物の培養管理が不徹底
となり,発酵処理がうまく機能せず失敗する例が多く,
微生物による生ごみの本格的な普及に大きな課題を残し
ていた。本発明ではこのような課題を解決することによ
って,生ごみ処理の本格的普及を可能にするものであ
り,産業と経済の発展ばかりでなく環境問題の解決に大
きく寄与するものである。
As described above, the rotary drum type garbage storage device is constituted, and in addition to the conventional efficient functions of charging, storing, and discharging, the contents are intermittently turned over. It is possible to obtain a function and structure capable of sufficiently supplying oxygen and evaporating water and constantly maintaining a constant temperature. Conventional large-scale garbage disposal equipment for commercial kitchen facilities such as restaurants and catering facilities uses a large amount of floor material for microbial culture media for a large amount of garbage discharge, so it is an effective means of switching and temperature control. There was no means for charging and discharging floor materials. As a result, culture management of microorganisms is not thorough, and in many cases, fermentation treatment does not work well and fails.
This has left a major challenge for full-scale spread of garbage by microorganisms. By solving such problems, the present invention enables full-scale dissemination of garbage disposal, and greatly contributes to solving environmental problems as well as industrial and economic development.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本発明の実施例の縦断面図を示す。FIG. 1 shows a longitudinal sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】図1のA−A断面矢視図を示す。FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along the line AA of FIG.

【図3】図1のB−B断面矢視図を示す。FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along arrow BB in FIG. 1;

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 ドラム 2 ブレード 3 加温配管 4 往路配管端 5 復路配管端 6 回転接手 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Drum 2 Blade 3 Heating pipe 4 Outgoing pipe end 5 Return pipe end 6 Rotary joint

Claims (1)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 内側面に螺旋状のブレード(2)を設け
た円形状のドラム(1)を横置きで回転させる回転ドラ
ム型貯留装置において,ドラム(1)の円周側面上に接
触させて加温配管(3)を設け,加温配管(3)の往路
配管端(4)と復路配管端(5)をドラム(1)の回転
中心に設けた回転接手(6)に連結するように構成した
ことを特徴とする回転ドラム型生ごみ貯留装置。
1. A rotary drum type storage device in which a circular drum (1) provided with a helical blade (2) on its inner surface is rotated horizontally, and is brought into contact with the circumferential side surface of the drum (1). A heating pipe (3) is provided, and the forward pipe end (4) and the return pipe end (5) of the heating pipe (3) are connected to a rotary joint (6) provided at the rotation center of the drum (1). A rotary drum type garbage storage device characterized by comprising:
JP2000147064A 2000-04-12 2000-04-12 Rotary drum-type garbage storage device Pending JP2001293459A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000147064A JP2001293459A (en) 2000-04-12 2000-04-12 Rotary drum-type garbage storage device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000147064A JP2001293459A (en) 2000-04-12 2000-04-12 Rotary drum-type garbage storage device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2001293459A true JP2001293459A (en) 2001-10-23

Family

ID=18653298

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2000147064A Pending JP2001293459A (en) 2000-04-12 2000-04-12 Rotary drum-type garbage storage device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2001293459A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101233468B1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2013-02-14 박태석 Apparatus for stirring Organic waste

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101233468B1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2013-02-14 박태석 Apparatus for stirring Organic waste

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