JP2001116290A - Heating dryer - Google Patents

Heating dryer

Info

Publication number
JP2001116290A
JP2001116290A JP29262899A JP29262899A JP2001116290A JP 2001116290 A JP2001116290 A JP 2001116290A JP 29262899 A JP29262899 A JP 29262899A JP 29262899 A JP29262899 A JP 29262899A JP 2001116290 A JP2001116290 A JP 2001116290A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
air
heating
hot water
bathroom
clothes
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
JP29262899A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Akito Oshimoto
昭人 押元
Naoki Tsukamura
直記 塚村
Hiroshi Munemura
浩 宗村
Original Assignee
Toto Ltd
東陶機器株式会社
Nihon Yupro Corp
日本ユプロ株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Toto Ltd, 東陶機器株式会社, Nihon Yupro Corp, 日本ユプロ株式会社 filed Critical Toto Ltd
Priority to JP29262899A priority Critical patent/JP2001116290A/en
Publication of JP2001116290A publication Critical patent/JP2001116290A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F3/153Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification with subsequent heating, i.e. with the air, given the required humidity in the central station, passing a heating element to achieve the required temperature

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a heating dryer that can dry clothes, dehumidify the inside in a room, and perform heating and ventilation by fixed drying capacity all year around without being affected by seasonal factors. SOLUTION: High-temperature and dry air is sent to wet clothes by a heat pump 18 of air dehumidification means that comprises a compressor 19 of a heating dyer 1, a condenser 20, a restriction mechanism 21, and evaporator 22, a hot-water heat exchanger 23 of an air-heating means that uses hot water with capacity merely for reheating air being cooled by the heat pump 18 for humidifying to 40 deg.C or higher even in winter as a heating medium, and a blower 35 for transporting the air being dried and heated by the heat pump 18 and the hot-water heat exchanger 23. Plenty of water is evaporated from the wet clothes even when temperature is low in winter or the like, and the air can contain plenty of evaporated moisture since the air has a high temperature and is dry. The air containing the plenty of moisture is taken in by the heating dryer 1 again, and is cooled and dehumidified by the heat pump 18 for eliminating moisture.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は圧縮機、凝縮器、絞
り機構、蒸発器からなる冷凍サイクルを原理とする空気
除湿手段のヒートポンプを有する暖房乾燥機に関するも
のである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a heating / drying machine having a heat pump of air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle composed of a compressor, a condenser, a throttle mechanism, and an evaporator.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】従来は、温水または電気ヒータを熱源と
する浴室暖房乾燥機によって浴室内に高温風を送り込
み、高温風で衣類から蒸発した湿気をこの乾燥機に内蔵
された専用の換気扇にて浴室外に排出し衣類を乾燥させ
るという方式が知られている。しかし、湿度の高い梅雨
時には外気の影響を受け乾燥能力が低下するといった傾
向があった。そのような外気湿度の影響を受けない衣類
乾燥方法に、例えば特開昭61−5895のヒートポン
プ式衣類乾燥機がある。該ヒートポンプ式衣類乾燥機は
圧縮機、凝縮器、絞り機構、蒸発器からなる冷凍サイク
ルの凝縮器を熱源として用いる衣類乾燥機であって、浴
室等の閉空間に吊り下げられた湿った衣類から蒸発した
水分にて多湿になった空気を冷却除湿後再熱し、低温乾
燥空気を生成し、さらに本生成空気を衣類に吹き出し湿
った衣類の乾燥を促進することを特徴としたものであ
る。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, high-temperature air is sent into a bathroom by a bathroom heater / dryer using hot water or an electric heater as a heat source, and moisture evaporated from clothes due to the high-temperature air is sent to a dedicated ventilation fan built in the dryer. 2. Description of the Related Art A method of discharging clothes outside a bathroom and drying clothes is known. However, during the humid rainy season, there was a tendency that the drying ability was reduced due to the influence of the outside air. A method of drying clothes which is not affected by the humidity of the outside air is, for example, a heat pump type clothes dryer disclosed in JP-A-61-5895. The heat pump-type clothes dryer is a clothes dryer using a condenser of a refrigeration cycle including a compressor, a condenser, a throttle mechanism, and an evaporator as a heat source. The clothes dryer dries from a wet clothes suspended in a closed space such as a bathroom. The present invention is characterized in that air that has become humid due to evaporated water is cooled, dehumidified and then reheated to generate low-temperature dry air, and the generated air is blown out to clothes to promote drying of wet clothes.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】従来のヒートポンプ式
乾燥機は、低温乾燥空気を衣類に吹き出すため乾燥させ
る湿った衣類の温度及び室温を上昇させることができな
かった。そのため、気温の低い冬季等には湿った衣類か
らの水分の蒸発量が少なくなると共に、室内の飽和絶対
湿度が低くなるために乾燥能力が極端に低下する傾向に
あった。
The conventional heat pump dryer cannot raise the temperature and room temperature of the wet clothes to be dried because the low-temperature dry air is blown to the clothes. For this reason, the amount of evaporation of moisture from wet clothes is reduced in winter or the like when the temperature is low, and the drying capacity tends to be extremely reduced due to a decrease in indoor saturation absolute humidity.
【0004】また、浴室のニーズとしては衣類乾燥のほ
かに冬季の暖房がある。しかし従来のヒートポンプ式衣
類乾燥機は暖房機能を持っていないために冬季の暖房を
行うことが出来ないといった問題があった。暖房機を別
に設けることで暖房を行うことができるが、その際ヒー
トポンプ式衣類乾燥機の運転は停止している。逆に、衣
類乾燥時にはヒートポンプ式衣類乾燥機が運転し暖房機
が停止している。つまり、衣類乾燥と暖房が同時に行わ
れることがないため、衣類乾燥機と暖房機を別々に設置
する事は設備費用、設置場所や取付工事が余分にかか
り、また操作の際には片方の停止を確認しなければなら
ないなど操作が煩雑になる事も考えられ非常に不便なも
のとなっていた。
[0004] In addition to clothes drying, bathroom needs include heating in winter. However, the conventional heat pump type clothes dryer has a problem that it cannot perform heating in winter because it does not have a heating function. Heating can be performed by providing a separate heater, but at that time, the operation of the heat pump type clothes dryer is stopped. Conversely, when drying clothes, the heat pump type clothes dryer is operating and the heater is stopped. In other words, since clothes drying and heating are not performed at the same time, installing a clothes dryer and a heater separately requires additional equipment costs, installation space and installation work, and one of the operations must be stopped during operation. The operation becomes complicated, for example, the user has to check the information, which is very inconvenient.
【0005】また、近年高気密高断熱の住宅が増えつつ
あるが、高気密なためにカビの発生が大きな問題となっ
ている。水場である浴室及び洗面所、脱衣室での発生は
著しく、換気だけでは十分な除湿ができないといった問
題もあった。そこで本発明の目的は季節要因としての気
温や湿度の影響を受けず一年を通して一定した乾燥能力
の衣類乾燥及び室内除湿、暖房を行うことのできる暖房
乾燥機を提供することにある。
[0005] In recent years, houses with high airtightness and high heat insulation are increasing, but mold generation is a serious problem due to high airtightness. The occurrence of water in bathrooms, washrooms, and undressing rooms was remarkable, and there was also a problem that sufficient dehumidification was not possible only with ventilation. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to provide a heating and drying machine capable of drying clothes, dehumidifying and heating indoors with a constant drying ability throughout the year without being affected by temperature and humidity as seasonal factors.
【0006】また、従来のヒートポンプ式衣類乾燥機は
衣類乾燥のみの機能であるため換気運転ができず、入浴
中に浴室内が湯気で煙ってしまうといった問題があっ
た。例えば、ヒートポンプ式乾燥機とは別に、換気扇を
設けることで換気を行うことができるが、その場合には
設置場所や取付工事が余分にかかり、また衣類乾燥運転
時に間違えて換気運転をしてしまうことによって衣類乾
燥ができなくなってしまうといった問題もあった。
Further, the conventional heat pump type clothes dryer has a problem that the function of only drying clothes does not allow a ventilation operation, and that the bathroom is smoked by steam during bathing. For example, separate from a heat pump dryer, ventilation can be provided by providing a ventilation fan, but in that case, the installation place and installation work will be extra, and the ventilation operation will be mistakenly performed during the clothes drying operation As a result, there has been a problem that clothes cannot be dried.
【0007】また、高齢者が冬季の入浴時に心臓発作を
おこす事故が近年問題となっている。この事故の原因は
脱衣から入浴までの寒さと入湯時の温度ギャップにある
と言われている。浴室だけでなく、脱衣室の暖房も望ま
れているが、一台の暖房機で浴室と脱衣室を同時に暖房
することが困難であった。浴室の湿気が脱衣室に回らな
いようにするために、系統を2つ別々に分けなければな
らず暖房用加熱器や送風機がそれぞれ2系統分必要であ
り、費用がかかり装置が大きくなってしまうといった問
題があった。そこで本発明の他の目的は浴室と脱衣室の
暖房を同時に行っても浴室の湿気が脱衣室に回らず、暖
房用加熱器である温水熱交換器が1系統分ですみ、浴室
脱衣室2室に対し季節要因としての気温や湿度の影響を
受けず一年を通して一定した乾燥能力の衣類乾燥及び室
内除湿、暖房、さらに換気もできる暖房乾燥機を提供す
ることにある。
In recent years, an accident in which an elderly person has a heart attack when taking a bath in winter has become a problem in recent years. It is said that the cause of the accident was the cold from undressing to bathing and the temperature gap during bathing. It is desired to heat not only the bathroom but also the dressing room, but it has been difficult to heat the bathroom and the dressing room simultaneously with a single heater. In order to prevent the moisture in the bathroom from flowing to the dressing room, two separate systems are required, and two heating heaters and two blowers are required, which is expensive and increases the size of the equipment. There was such a problem. Therefore, another object of the present invention is that even if the bathroom and the undressing room are heated at the same time, the humidity of the bathroom does not go to the undressing room, and only one system of the hot water heat exchanger as a heating heater is needed. It is an object of the present invention to provide a heating / drying machine capable of drying clothes, drying indoors, heating and ventilating clothes with a constant drying ability throughout the year without being affected by temperature and humidity as seasonal factors.
【0008】従来のヒートポンプ式乾燥機は、衣類に吹
き付ける空気量とヒートポンプを通過する除湿空気量が
同じであるため、衣類の隅々まで届くように空気量増や
した場合にはヒートポンプを通過する除湿空気量も増
え、その結果湿気を含んだ空気を露点温度まで冷却する
ことができず乾燥能力が低下するといった問題があっ
た。逆に衣類に吹き付ける空気量に見合うだけヒートポ
ンプの冷却能力を上げれば良いが、過剰な能力となるた
めに装置が大きくまたコストも割高となってしまうとい
った問題があった。そこで本発明の他の目的は、衣類に
吹き付ける空気量に左右されることなく、ヒートポンプ
の除湿能力を維持することができ、季節要因としての気
温や湿度の影響を受けず一年を通して一定した乾燥能力
の衣類乾燥及び室内除湿、暖房を行うことのできる暖房
乾燥機を提供することにある。
In the conventional heat pump dryer, the amount of air blown to the clothes and the amount of dehumidified air passing through the heat pump are the same. Therefore, when the amount of air is increased so as to reach every corner of the clothes, the dehumidification passing through the heat pump is performed. The amount of air also increased, and as a result, there was a problem that the air containing moisture could not be cooled to the dew point temperature and the drying ability was reduced. Conversely, it is sufficient to increase the cooling capacity of the heat pump in proportion to the amount of air blown to the clothes. However, there is a problem that the apparatus becomes large and the cost becomes high due to excessive capacity. Therefore, another object of the present invention is to maintain the dehumidifying capacity of the heat pump without being affected by the amount of air blown to clothing, and to maintain a constant drying throughout the year without being affected by temperature and humidity as seasonal factors. It is an object of the present invention to provide a heating / drying machine capable of performing clothing drying, indoor dehumidification, and heating.
【0009】また本発明の他の目的は衣類に吹き付ける
空気量に左右されることなく、ヒートポンプの除湿能力
を維持することができ、浴室と脱衣室の暖房を同時に行
っても浴室の湿気が脱衣室に回らず、暖房用加熱器であ
る温水熱交換器が1系統分ですみ、浴室脱衣室2室に対
し季節要因としての気温や湿度の影響を受けず一年を通
して一定した乾燥能力の衣類乾燥及び室内除湿、暖房、
さらに換気もできる暖房乾燥機を提供することにある。
Another object of the present invention is to maintain the dehumidifying ability of the heat pump without being influenced by the amount of air blown to the clothes, and to remove moisture from the bathroom even if the bathroom and the dressing room are heated simultaneously. One room is equipped with a hot water heat exchanger, which is a heater for heating, without turning around the room. Clothes with a constant drying capacity throughout the year are not affected by temperature and humidity as seasonal factors for two bathroom undressing rooms. Drying and indoor dehumidification, heating,
It is still another object of the present invention to provide a heating / drying device capable of ventilation.
【0010】[0010]
【課題を解決するための手段及びその作用、効果】本発
明の請求項1に係る暖房乾燥機は、圧縮機、凝縮器、絞
り機構、蒸発器からなる冷凍サイクルを原理とする空気
除湿手段のヒートポンプを有する暖房乾燥機において、
温水を熱媒とする空気加熱手段の温水熱交換器と、少な
くとも一つの送風機とをケース本体に納めたことによ
り、圧縮機、凝縮器、絞り機構、蒸発器からなる冷凍サ
イクルを原理とする空気除湿手段のヒートポンプと、ヒ
ートポンプによる冷却除湿された空気を冬季でもさらに
例えば40℃以上に再熱するだけの能力をもった温水を
熱媒とする空気加熱手段の温水熱交換器と、前記ヒート
ポンプ及び温水熱交換器を通り乾燥加熱された空気を搬
送送風する少なくとも一つの送風機並びに前記ヒートポ
ンプと温水熱交換器と送風機を収納するケース本体を有
する。
Means for Solving the Problems and Actions and Effects There is provided a heating / drying apparatus according to a first aspect of the present invention, which comprises an air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle including a compressor, a condenser, a throttle mechanism, and an evaporator. In a heating dryer having a heat pump,
By placing a hot water heat exchanger of air heating means using hot water as a heat medium and at least one blower in a case body, air based on a refrigeration cycle consisting of a compressor, a condenser, a throttle mechanism, and an evaporator A heat pump of a dehumidifying means, a hot water heat exchanger of an air heating means using hot water as a heat medium having a capability of reheating the air dehumidified by cooling by the heat pump even in winter, for example, to 40 ° C. or more; It has at least one blower that conveys and blows the air that has been dried and heated through the hot water heat exchanger, and a case body that houses the heat pump, the hot water heat exchanger, and the blower.
【0011】前記暖房乾燥機によって高温で乾燥した状
態となった空気を湿った衣類に送風する。このことによ
り、冬季等の気温の低いときでも湿った衣類から多くの
水分が蒸発し、さらに空気は高温で乾燥しているため蒸
発した多くの湿気をたくさん含むことができる。湿気を
多く含んだ空気を該暖房乾燥機で取り込みヒートポンプ
の蒸発器で冷却除湿し凝縮器で再熱した後、温水熱交換
器によって冬季等の気温の低いときでも40℃以上に加
熱する。そして、再度高温で乾燥した状態となった空気
を湿った衣類に送風する。このサイクルを繰り返すこと
により季節要因としての気温や湿度の影響を受けず一年
を通して一定した乾燥能力で衣類を乾燥できる。上記加
熱手段で電気的手段を利用することも考えられるが、温
水熱交換器としたことにより、以下の点で好ましい。冬
季等の気温の低いときでも高温の空気にするためには、
浴室の壁などに吸熱されてしまう熱量以上の熱量を供給
しなければならないが、この浴室の壁などに吸熱されて
しまう熱量は大きく、電気ヒーター等の電気的手段を利
用した場合に比べて、灯油焚き及びガス炊き温水熱源と
した温水熱交換器では運転費用を大幅に削減することが
できる。また電気ヒーターでは電気消費量も相当に大き
くなり、電力会社との契約電力をアップしたりといった
費用の増加も生じるが温水熱交換器ではそのようなこと
がない。
The air dried at a high temperature by the heating dryer is blown to the wet clothes. As a result, even when the temperature is low such as in winter, a lot of moisture evaporates from the wet clothes, and since the air is hot and dry, a lot of evaporated moisture can be included. Air containing much moisture is taken in by the heating dryer, cooled and dehumidified by the evaporator of the heat pump, reheated by the condenser, and then heated to 40 ° C. or more by the hot water heat exchanger even in a low temperature such as winter. Then, the air dried again at a high temperature is blown to the wet clothing. By repeating this cycle, clothes can be dried with a constant drying ability throughout the year without being affected by temperature and humidity as seasonal factors. Although it is conceivable to use electric means as the heating means, the use of a hot water heat exchanger is preferable in the following points. To make hot air even when the temperature is low, such as in winter,
It is necessary to supply more heat than is absorbed by the walls of the bathroom, etc., but the amount of heat absorbed by the walls of the bathroom is large, compared to when electric means such as an electric heater is used. With a hot water heat exchanger using kerosene-fired or gas-fired hot water as a heat source, operating costs can be significantly reduced. In addition, the electric heater consumes a considerable amount of electric power and increases the cost such as increasing the contract power with a power company. However, such an increase is not caused in the hot water heat exchanger.
【0012】また、冬季の入浴時の暖房には温水を熱媒
とする空気加熱手段の温水熱交換器で空気温度を上げ、
これを送風機により暖房する室内に温風として供給する
ことにより衣類乾燥以外にも暖房を可能とすることがで
きる。
In addition, for heating during bathing in winter, the air temperature is raised by a hot water heat exchanger of air heating means using hot water as a heat medium,
By supplying this as warm air to a room heated by a blower, heating can be performed in addition to drying clothes.
【0013】また、湿気を多く含んだ空気をヒートポン
プの蒸発器で過冷却とすることで過飽和となった水分を
取り除く室内除湿運転をすることで、入浴後などの湿っ
た室内を部屋の隅々まで素早く乾燥することができ、カ
ビの発生を抑える室内除湿をすることができる。
Further, by performing an indoor dehumidifying operation for removing supersaturated water by supercooling the air containing much humidity by an evaporator of a heat pump, the wet room such as after bathing can be placed in every corner of the room. Can be dried quickly, and can be dehumidified indoors to suppress the occurrence of mold.
【0014】本発明の請求項2に係る暖房乾燥機は請求
項1の暖房乾燥機にヒートポンプの蒸発器及び凝縮器を
迂回する空気経路のバイパスを有する。冷却除湿手段の
蒸発器及び凝縮器のバイパスを配設することによって、
ヒートポンプの能力に見合った風量のみを通過させるこ
とができ、除湿能力を低下させることなく前記暖房乾燥
機から吹き付ける湿った衣類の隅々まで届くに十分な空
気量を確保できる。
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a heating / drying machine having the same configuration as the first embodiment, except that the heating / drying machine has a bypass for an air path which bypasses an evaporator and a condenser of the heat pump. By arranging the evaporator of the cooling and dehumidifying means and the bypass of the condenser,
It is possible to pass only the amount of air corresponding to the capacity of the heat pump, and it is possible to secure a sufficient amount of air to reach every corner of the wet clothes blown from the heating dryer without lowering the dehumidifying capacity.
【0015】本発明の請求項3に係る暖房乾燥機は、請
求項1、2いずれかの暖房乾燥機に、吸気経路及び/又
は排気経路を切り替える切替ダンパーを有する。吸気経
路及び、排気経路のそれぞれの経路を一つ以上の経路と
し、分岐部に切替ダンパーを配設することによって、排
気経路では戸外及び浴室、脱衣室などに、一方吸気経路
では浴室及び脱衣室につなげた場合において、該切替ダ
ンパーを切り替えることで浴室と脱衣室の2室を衣類乾
燥及び室内除湿、暖房、換気することができる。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a heating / drying machine according to any one of the first and second aspects, further comprising a switching damper for switching an intake path and / or an exhaust path. By setting each path of the intake path and the exhaust path to one or more paths and disposing a switching damper at the branch portion, the exhaust path can be used outdoors and in a bathroom, a dressing room, and the like, while the intake path can be a bathroom and a dressing room. In this case, by switching the switching damper, the two rooms, the bathroom and the undressing room, can be dried, humidified, heated, and ventilated.
【0016】また、衣類乾燥時ヒートポンプの能力に見
合った風量のみを通過させることができ、除湿能力を低
下させることなく該暖房乾燥機から吹き付ける湿った衣
類の隅々まで届くに十分な空気量を確保でき、更に吸気
経路及び排気経路のそれぞれの経路を一つ以上の経路と
し分岐部に切替ダンパーを配設することによって、排気
経路では戸外及び浴室、脱衣室などに、一方吸気経路で
は浴室及び脱衣室につなげた場合において、該切替ダン
パーを切り替えることで浴室と脱衣室の2室を衣類乾燥
及び室内除湿、暖房、換気することができる。
[0016] Further, it is possible to pass only the amount of air corresponding to the capacity of the heat pump at the time of drying clothes, and to supply a sufficient amount of air to reach every corner of the wet clothes blown from the heating dryer without lowering the dehumidifying ability. It can be secured, and furthermore, by setting each path of the intake path and the exhaust path to one or more paths and arranging the switching damper at the branch portion, the exhaust path is outdoors and in the bathroom, the undressing room, etc., while the intake path is the bathroom and When connected to the undressing room, by switching the switching damper, two rooms, the bathroom and the undressing room, can be dried, dehumidified, heated, and ventilated.
【0017】[0017]
【発明の実施の形態】図1は、本発明の一実施形態に係
る暖房乾燥機の設置図である。暖房乾燥機1は浴室11
と脱衣室10の隣接する壁に取り付けられている。暖房
乾燥機1に温水を供給する温水熱源機8は戸外12に取
り付けられ、温水を通す温水配管7を介して暖房乾燥機
1に接続している。暖房乾燥機1に換気筒2が接続さ
れ、換気筒2は浴室天井裏13を通り、戸外に開放した
換気口3に接続している。換気時には換気口3から浴室
空気D及び脱衣室空気Bを排気Cとして戸外に排気す
る。暖房乾燥機1に浴室排気筒4が接続され、浴室排気
筒4は浴室天井裏13を通り浴室排気口5に接続してい
る。浴室排気口5には図示されていない排気ルーバーが
取り付けてあり、排気方向を可動でき衣類乾燥時には湿
った衣類に、また暖房、室内除湿時には浴室全体特に床
面まで気流が行き渡るように調節ができる。暖房乾燥機
1に浴室吸気口6が接続され、浴室吸気口6には図示さ
れていないフィルターが取り付けてある。浴室11の暖
房、衣類乾燥、及び室内除湿時には浴室11の空気Dを
浴室吸気口6で吸い込み暖房乾燥機1を経て浴室排気筒
4を通り浴室排気口5から再び排出され浴室11に戻
る。浴室11の衣類乾燥運転時には浴室排気口5から出
た気流が当たるように浴室11に湿った衣類16が吊り
下げられている。脱衣室10の暖房、衣類乾燥、及び室
内除湿時には脱衣室10の空気Bを暖房乾燥機1で直接
吸い込み、再び空気Aとして暖房乾燥機1より脱衣室1
0に戻る。暖房乾燥機1に接続されたドレン管9は浴室
11と脱衣室10の境界壁の中を通り浴室11内の図示
されていない排水溝に開放されている。衣類乾燥及び室
内除湿運転で生じた結露水はドレン管9を通り浴室11
の図示されていない排水溝に排出される。暖房乾燥機1
は、浴室11と脱衣室10の境界壁以外にも浴室11及
び脱衣室10の天井裏、並びに、浴室11と戸外12の
境界壁、脱衣室10と戸外12の境界壁、浴室11及び
脱衣室10の床下、浴槽14のエプロンの中、浴室11
の窓及び窓下、浴槽のドア、浴室11内及び脱衣室10
の壁、脱衣室10の図示されていない洗面化粧台等に設
置してもよい。また、浴室排気口5は暖房乾燥機1に直
接取り付けてもよい。
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIG. 1 is an installation diagram of a heating and drying machine according to an embodiment of the present invention. Heating dryer 1 is bathroom 11
And it is attached to the adjacent wall of the dressing room 10. A hot water heat source device 8 for supplying hot water to the heating and drying machine 1 is attached to the outside 12 and is connected to the heating and drying machine 1 via a hot water pipe 7 through which hot water passes. A ventilation tube 2 is connected to the heating / drying machine 1, and the ventilation tube 2 is connected to a ventilation opening 3 opened to the outside through a ceiling 13 of a bathroom. At the time of ventilation, the bathroom air D and the undressing room air B are exhausted from the ventilation opening 3 to the outside as exhaust air C. A bathroom exhaust tube 4 is connected to the heating / drying machine 1, and the bathroom exhaust tube 4 is connected to a bathroom exhaust port 5 through a bathroom ceiling 13. An exhaust louver (not shown) is attached to the bathroom exhaust port 5 so that the exhaust direction can be moved and the air flow can be adjusted so that the clothes flow to wet clothes when drying clothes, and to the entire bathroom, especially the floor surface when heating and indoor dehumidification. . A bathroom inlet 6 is connected to the heating / drying machine 1, and a filter (not shown) is attached to the bathroom inlet 6. During heating, drying clothes, and dehumidifying the interior of the bathroom 11, the air D in the bathroom 11 is sucked into the bathroom intake port 6, passes through the heating dryer 1, passes through the bathroom exhaust pipe 4, is discharged again from the bathroom exhaust port 5, and returns to the bathroom 11. During the clothes drying operation of the bathroom 11, wet clothes 16 are suspended from the bathroom 11 so that the airflow coming out of the bathroom exhaust port 5 hits the clothes. At the time of heating of the undressing room 10, drying of clothes, and indoor dehumidification, the air B of the undressing room 10 is directly sucked in by the heating and drying machine 1 and again as the air A from the heating and drying machine 1.
Return to 0. The drain pipe 9 connected to the heating / drying machine 1 passes through a boundary wall between the bathroom 11 and the dressing room 10 and is opened to a drain not shown in the bathroom 11. Condensation water generated by clothes drying and indoor dehumidification operation passes through the drain pipe 9 and enters the bathroom 11.
Is discharged to a drain not shown in FIG. Heating dryer 1
In addition to the boundary wall between the bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10, the ceiling and back of the bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10, the boundary wall between the bathroom 11 and the outdoor room 12, the boundary wall between the undressing room 10 and the outdoor room 12, the bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10 under the floor, in the apron of the bathtub 14, in the bathroom 11
Windows and under windows, tub doors, in bathroom 11 and dressing room 10
May be installed on a wall, a vanity not shown in the undressing room 10, or the like. Further, the bathroom exhaust port 5 may be directly attached to the heating / drying machine 1.
【0018】図2に本発明の係る暖房乾燥機の一実施形
態のシステム構成を示す。暖房乾燥機1は圧縮機19,
凝縮器20,絞り機構21、蒸発器22からなる冷凍サ
イクルを原理とする空気除湿手段のヒートポンプ18を
内設している。凝縮器20は蒸発器22よりも風下にな
るように空気経路34に内設されている。温水を熱源と
する空気加熱手段の温水熱交換器23が蒸発器22の風
下となるように並設し、前記温水熱交換器23に温水を
送る温水パイプ25に温水弁24を有している。温水熱
交換器23は対象となる浴室11又は脱衣室10の暖房
を行うことのできる能力を有する。空気経路34に凝縮
器20の風下となりかつ温水熱交換器23の風上となる
ように送風機35を内設している。ただし、送風機35
は凝縮器20及び蒸発器22の風上でも良く、また温水
熱交換器23の風下でも良い。蒸発器22で発生した結
露水31を受けるようにドレンパン28を配設し、ドレ
ンパン28にドレンパイプ29、ドレン口30と連設し
ている。暖房乾燥機1の吸気部には空気フィルター32
が配設され、吸気する空気のゴミ、埃、悪臭、細菌など
を取り除く。一方暖房乾燥機1の排気部には排気ルーバ
ー37が配設され、排気する空気の向きを変更でき、暖
房、衣類乾燥、室内除湿などの用途に合わせた最適な風
向に調節ができる。
FIG. 2 shows a system configuration of an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention. The heating dryer 1 has a compressor 19,
A heat pump 18 of an air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle composed of a condenser 20, a throttle mechanism 21, and an evaporator 22 is provided therein. The condenser 20 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be more leeward than the evaporator 22. A hot water heat exchanger 23 of air heating means using hot water as a heat source is juxtaposed to be leeward of the evaporator 22, and a hot water pipe 25 for sending hot water to the hot water heat exchanger 23 has a hot water valve 24. . The hot water heat exchanger 23 has a capability of heating the target bathroom 11 or the undressing room 10. A blower 35 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be leeward of the condenser 20 and upwind of the hot water heat exchanger 23. However, the blower 35
May be leeward of the condenser 20 and the evaporator 22 or leeward of the hot water heat exchanger 23. A drain pan 28 is provided so as to receive the dew water 31 generated in the evaporator 22, and the drain pan 28 is connected to a drain pipe 29 and a drain port 30. An air filter 32 is provided at the suction portion of the heating / drying machine 1.
Is installed to remove dirt, dust, foul odors, bacteria, etc. from the air to be taken. On the other hand, an exhaust louver 37 is provided in the exhaust part of the heating dryer 1 so that the direction of the exhausted air can be changed, and the wind direction can be adjusted to an optimum wind direction according to applications such as heating, clothes drying and indoor dehumidification.
【0019】次に衣類乾燥の運転について説明する。図
示されていない操作器で衣類乾燥運転を開始すると、操
作器の表示器に衣類乾燥運転を行っていることの表示を
し、温水弁24が開き、送風機35は衣類乾燥に適した
風量となるように制御された運転をし、ヒートポンプ1
8の圧縮機19が運転する。また温水熱源機8の運転も
開始する。湿った衣類から蒸発した湿気を多く含んだ空
気Bを空気フィルター32から吸い込み、吸気経路33
を通ってヒートポンプ18の蒸発器22によって露点以
下に冷却され、過飽和となった湿気が結露水31となっ
て排除される。結露水31はドレンパン28に集まり、
ドレンパイプ29を通ってドレン口30を経て暖房乾燥
機1の外に排出される。排出された結露水31はドレン
管9を経て浴室11内の図示されていない排水溝に排水
される。一方、蒸発器22によって冷却除湿された空気
はヒートポンプ18の凝縮器20で再熱され送風機35
に吸い込まれ、温水熱交換器23へと送風される。温水
熱交換器23には温水熱源機8からの温水bが温水入り
接続口27から入り温水弁24を経て送られてくる。そ
して温水熱交換器23に送られた乾燥した空気は温水熱
交換器23で温水の熱を熱交換し更に40℃以上に加熱
される。加熱された空気は飽和絶対湿度の高い高温の乾
燥した空気となって、排気経路36を通り排気ルーバー
37を経て乾燥する衣類のある暖房乾燥機1の外に高温
の乾燥した空気Aとして排気される。一方温水熱交換器
23で熱交換して冷やされた温水は温水パイプ25を通
り、温水戻り接続口26を経て温水bより低温となった
温水aとして温水熱源機8に戻る。なお、高温の乾燥し
た空気Aは、湿った衣類を暖め衣類からの水分の蒸発を
促し、蒸発した多くの湿気をたくさん含み高温多湿とな
った空気Bとしてまた吸気フィルター32から吸い込ま
れる。このサイクルを繰り返し、湿った衣類を乾燥す
る。冬季の気温の低いときでも暖房乾燥機1から排気さ
れる空気Aは部屋を暖め、衣類からの蒸発潜熱を供給す
るだけではなく部屋から放熱してしまう暖房負荷をも補
い暖房時と同じ室温まで加熱する。これにより湿った衣
類は季節に関係なく暖かい状態で衣類からの水分が蒸発
するため、本発明の暖房乾燥機は一年を通して乾燥能力
が一定とできる。ここで、このサイクルを繰り返すうち
に空気Bの温度が設定温度以上になったときには、温水
弁24を閉じて温水熱交換器23に温水が流れないよう
にし、温水熱交換器23へと送風される空気を加熱しな
いようにすることで室温調節を行う。運転の異常時には
図示されていない操作機の表示器に異常が起きたことを
表示し、復旧動作を行ったり、或いは運転を停止したり
する。暖房乾燥機の衣類乾燥運転の停止は、図示されて
いない操作機で停止できるほか、空気B及び空気A等の
循環空気の温度及び湿度により衣類が乾燥していること
を判断して自動で停止したり、衣類乾燥運転のタイマー
で停止する。
Next, the operation of drying clothes will be described. When the clothes drying operation is started with an operating device (not shown), the display of the operating device indicates that the clothes drying operation is being performed, the hot water valve 24 is opened, and the blower 35 has an air volume suitable for drying the clothes. Is controlled in such a manner that the heat pump 1
8 is operated. The operation of the hot water heat source device 8 is also started. The air B containing a large amount of moisture evaporated from the wet clothes is sucked from the air filter 32, and the air B is suctioned.
The water passes through the evaporator 22 of the heat pump 18 and is cooled to a temperature lower than the dew point. Condensed water 31 collects in drain pan 28,
The air is discharged to the outside of the heating and drying machine 1 through the drain port 30 through the drain pipe 29. The discharged condensed water 31 is drained to a drain (not shown) in the bathroom 11 via the drain pipe 9. On the other hand, the air cooled and dehumidified by the evaporator 22 is reheated by the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18 and
And is blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. The hot water b from the hot water heat source device 8 enters the hot water heat exchanger 23 through the hot water inlet 27 and is sent through the hot water valve 24. The dried air sent to the hot water heat exchanger 23 exchanges heat of the hot water with the hot water heat exchanger 23 and is further heated to 40 ° C. or higher. The heated air becomes high-temperature dry air having a high saturation absolute humidity, and is exhausted as high-temperature dry air A outside the heating / drying machine 1 having clothes to be dried through the exhaust path 36 through the exhaust path 36. You. On the other hand, the hot water cooled by the heat exchange in the hot water heat exchanger 23 passes through the hot water pipe 25 and returns to the hot water heat source device 8 as the hot water a having a lower temperature than the hot water b via the hot water return connection port 26. The high-temperature, dry air A warms the wet clothing to promote the evaporation of moisture from the clothing, and is sucked from the intake filter 32 as air B, which contains a lot of evaporated moisture and becomes hot and humid. This cycle is repeated to dry the wet clothing. Even when the temperature in winter is low, the air A exhausted from the heater / dryer 1 warms the room and not only supplies the latent heat of evaporation from the clothes, but also compensates for the heating load radiating heat from the room to the same room temperature as the heating. Heat. As a result, moisture from the clothes evaporates in a warm state regardless of the season, and the drying capacity of the heating / drying apparatus of the present invention can be kept constant throughout the year. Here, when the temperature of the air B becomes equal to or higher than the set temperature during the repetition of this cycle, the hot water valve 24 is closed to prevent hot water from flowing into the hot water heat exchanger 23, and the air is blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. The room temperature is adjusted by not heating the air. When the operation is abnormal, a display of the operating device (not shown) indicates that the abnormality has occurred, and a recovery operation is performed or the operation is stopped. The clothes drying operation of the heating / drying machine can be stopped by an operating device (not shown), and automatically stopped by judging that the clothes are dried based on the temperature and humidity of the circulating air such as the air B and the air A. Or stop by the clothes drying operation timer.
【0020】続いて暖房の運転について説明する。図示
されていない操作器で暖房運転を開始すると、操作器の
表示器に暖房運転を行っていることの表示をし、温水弁
24が開き、送風機35は暖房に適した風量となるよう
に制御された運転をする。また図示されていない温水熱
源機8の運転も開始する。圧縮機19は停止したまま
で、暖房する部屋の冷たい空気を空気フィルター32か
ら吸い込み、吸気経路33を通ってヒートポンプ18の
蒸発器22,凝縮器20を経て送風機35に吸い込ま
れ、温水熱交換器23へと送風される。温水熱交換器2
3には図示されていない温水熱源機8からの温水bが温
水入り接続口27から入り温水弁24を経て送られてく
る。そして温水熱交換器23に送られた空気に温水熱交
換器23で温水の熱を熱交換し加熱する。加熱された空
気は排気経路36を通り排気ルーバー37を経て暖房乾
燥機1の外に高温の空気Aとして排気される。一方温水
熱交換器23で熱交換して冷やされた温水は温水パイプ
25を通り、温水戻り接続口26を経て温水bより低温
となった温水aとして図示されていない温水熱源機8に
戻る。高温の空気Aは部屋の空気を暖め、空気Aより低
温となった空気Bとしてまた吸気フィルター32から吸
い込まれる。このサイクルを繰り返し、部屋を暖房す
る。このサイクルを繰り返すうちに空気の温度が設定温
度以上になったときには、温水弁24を閉じて温水熱交
換器23に温水が流れないようにし、温水熱交換器23
へと送風される空気を加熱しないようにすることで室温
調節を行う。その際に送風機35は送風量を抑え、体感
温度が低くなることを防止する。暖房乾燥機1の暖房運
転の停止は、図示されていない操作器で停止できるほ
か、暖房運転のタイマーで停止する。
Next, the heating operation will be described. When the heating operation is started by an operating device (not shown), a display indicating that the heating operation is being performed is displayed on the display of the operating device, the hot water valve 24 is opened, and the blower 35 is controlled so as to have an air volume suitable for heating. Driving done. Further, the operation of the hot water heat source device 8 not shown is also started. While the compressor 19 is stopped, the cool air in the room to be heated is sucked from the air filter 32, and is sucked into the blower 35 through the evaporator 22 and the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18 through the suction passage 33, and the hot water heat exchanger It is blown to 23. Hot water heat exchanger 2
3, hot water b from a hot water heat source device 8 (not shown) enters through a hot water inlet 27 and is sent through a hot water valve 24. Then, the hot water heat exchanger 23 exchanges heat of the hot water with the air sent to the hot water heat exchanger 23 to heat the air. The heated air passes through the exhaust path 36, passes through the exhaust louver 37, and is exhausted as high-temperature air A to the outside of the heating / drying machine 1. On the other hand, the hot water cooled by the heat exchange in the hot water heat exchanger 23 passes through the hot water pipe 25 and returns to the hot water heat source device 8 (not shown) as the hot water a having a lower temperature than the hot water b via the hot water return connection port 26. The high-temperature air A warms the air in the room, and is sucked from the intake filter 32 again as air B having a lower temperature than the air A. This cycle is repeated to heat the room. When the temperature of the air becomes equal to or higher than the set temperature during the repetition of this cycle, the hot water valve 24 is closed to prevent hot water from flowing into the hot water heat exchanger 23, and the hot water heat exchanger 23 is closed.
The room temperature is adjusted by not heating the air that is blown into the air. At this time, the blower 35 suppresses the amount of air to be blown to prevent the sensible temperature from lowering. The stop of the heating operation of the heating / drying machine 1 can be stopped by an operating device (not shown) or by a timer of the heating operation.
【0021】次に室内除湿の運転について説明する。図
示されていない操作器で室内除湿運転を開始すると、操
作機の表示器に室内除湿運転を行っていることの表示を
し、送風機35は室内除湿に適した風量となるように制
御された運転をし、ヒートポンプ18の圧縮機19が運
転する。湿気を多く含んだ空気Bを空気フィルター32
から吸い込み、吸気経路33を通ってヒートポンプ18
の蒸発器22によって露点以下に冷却され、過飽和とな
った湿気が結露水31となって排除される。結露水31
はドレンパン28に集まり、ドレンパイプ29を通って
ドレン口30を経て暖房乾燥機1の外に排出される。排
出された結露水31はドレン管9を経て浴室11内の図
示されていない排水口に排水される。一方、蒸発器22
によって冷却除湿された空気はヒートポンプ18の凝縮
器20で再熱され、送風機35に吸い込まれ温水熱交換
器23へと送風される。このとき温水熱交換器23に温
水は流れていないため、空気はそのまま通過して排気経
路36を通り排気ルーバー37を経て暖房乾燥機1の外
に乾燥した空気Aとして排気される。なお、乾燥した空
気Aは、室内の湿気をたくさん含み、多湿となった空気
Bとしてまた吸気フィルター32から吸い込まれる。こ
のサイクルを繰り返し、室内除湿する。暖房乾燥機の室
内除湿運転の停止は、図示されていない操作器で停止で
きるほか、空気B及び空気A等の循環空気の温度及び湿
度により終了すべきかを判断して自動で停止したり、室
内除湿運転のタイマーで停止する。
Next, the operation of indoor dehumidification will be described. When the indoor dehumidifying operation is started by an operating device (not shown), a display indicating that the indoor dehumidifying operation is being performed is displayed on the display of the operating device, and the blower 35 is operated in such a manner that the air flow is controlled to be suitable for the indoor dehumidifying operation. Then, the compressor 19 of the heat pump 18 is operated. The air B containing a lot of moisture is passed through the air filter 32.
From the heat pump 18 through the intake path 33.
Is cooled to below the dew point by the evaporator 22, and supersaturated moisture is removed as dew condensation water 31. Condensed water 31
Collects in a drain pan 28, passes through a drain pipe 29, passes through a drain port 30, and is discharged out of the heating / drying machine 1. The discharged dew water 31 is drained to a drain port (not shown) in the bathroom 11 via the drain pipe 9. On the other hand, the evaporator 22
The air thus cooled and dehumidified is reheated by the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18, sucked into the blower 35 and sent to the hot water heat exchanger 23. At this time, since hot water does not flow through the hot water heat exchanger 23, the air passes through the exhaust path 36 as it is, and is exhausted as dry air A to the outside of the heating dryer 1 via the exhaust louver 37. The dried air A contains a lot of indoor humidity and is sucked from the intake filter 32 as the humid air B. This cycle is repeated to dehumidify the room. The indoor dehumidifying operation of the heating / drying machine can be stopped by an operating device (not shown), or automatically stopped by judging whether to end based on the temperature and humidity of circulating air such as air B and air A, or Stop by the timer for dehumidification operation.
【0022】図3に本発明に係る暖房乾燥機で一つの切
替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態を示す。暖房乾燥
機1は圧縮機19,凝縮器20,絞り機構21、蒸発器
22からなる冷凍サイクルを原理とする空気除湿手段の
ヒートポンプ18を内設している。凝縮器20は蒸発器
22よりも風下になるように空気経路34に内設されて
いる。温水を熱源とする空気加熱手段の温水熱交換器2
3が蒸発器22の風下となるように並設し、前記温水熱
交換器23に温水を送る温水パイプ25に温水弁24を
有している。温水熱交換器23は対象となる浴室11又
は脱衣室10の暖房を行うことのできる能力を有する。
空気経路34に蒸発器22の風下となりかつ温水熱交換
器23の風上となるように送風機35を内設している。
ただし、送風機35は凝縮器20及び蒸発器22の風上
でも良く、また温水熱交換器23の風下でも良い。蒸発
器22で発生した結露水31を受けるようにドレンパン
28を配設し、ドレンパン28にドレンパイプ29、ド
レン口30と連設している。温水熱交換器23の風下に
は切替ダンパー38が配設され、ダンパーモーター39
で駆動する。換気経路40は切替ダンパー38の風下に
配設し、暖房乾燥機1の外に開放している。暖房乾燥機
1の吸気部には空気フィルター32が配設され、吸気す
る空気のゴミ、埃、悪臭、細菌などを取り除く。一方暖
房乾燥機の排気部には排気ルーバー37が配設され、排
気する空気の向きを変更でき、暖房、衣類乾燥、室内除
湿などの用途に合わせた最適な風向に調節ができる。
FIG. 3 shows an embodiment in which one switching damper is provided in the heating dryer according to the present invention. The heating / drying machine 1 includes therein a heat pump 18 of an air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle composed of a compressor 19, a condenser 20, a throttle mechanism 21, and an evaporator 22. The condenser 20 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be more leeward than the evaporator 22. Hot water heat exchanger 2 of air heating means using hot water as heat source 2
A hot water pipe 24 for feeding hot water to the hot water heat exchanger 23 has a hot water valve 24. The hot water heat exchanger 23 has a capability of heating the target bathroom 11 or the undressing room 10.
A blower 35 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be leeward of the evaporator 22 and upwind of the hot water heat exchanger 23.
However, the blower 35 may be located on the lee of the condenser 20 and the evaporator 22 or on the lee of the hot water heat exchanger 23. A drain pan 28 is provided so as to receive the dew water 31 generated in the evaporator 22, and the drain pan 28 is connected to a drain pipe 29 and a drain port 30. A switching damper 38 is provided downstream of the hot water heat exchanger 23, and a damper motor 39 is provided.
Drive with The ventilation path 40 is disposed downstream of the switching damper 38 and is open to the outside of the heating and drying machine 1. An air filter 32 is provided at an intake section of the heating and drying machine 1 to remove dust, dust, odor, bacteria, and the like from the air to be taken. On the other hand, an exhaust louver 37 is provided in the exhaust part of the heating dryer, so that the direction of the exhaust air can be changed, and the wind direction can be adjusted to an optimum wind direction according to applications such as heating, clothes drying, and indoor dehumidification.
【0023】次に衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運転につい
て説明する。衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運転時には、送
風機35が運転する前に切替ダンパー38が換気経路4
0を閉塞し、温水熱交換器23を経た空気が排気経路3
6を流れるようにダンパーモーター39によって切り替
わる。切替ダンパー38、ダンパーモーター39、換気
経路40に関わらない前述の請求項1の実施形態と同じ
運転については、同じ符号を付しその説明を省略する。
Next, drying of clothes, heating, and indoor dehumidification operation will be described. During the clothes drying, heating, and indoor dehumidifying operations, the switching damper 38 is connected to the ventilation path 4 before the blower 35 operates.
0 is closed and the air that has passed through the hot water heat exchanger 23 is
6 is switched by the damper motor 39 so as to flow. Regarding the same operation as that of the above-described embodiment of the first embodiment irrespective of the switching damper 38, the damper motor 39, and the ventilation path 40, the same reference numerals are given and the description thereof is omitted.
【0024】次に換気運転について説明する。図示され
ていない操作器で換気運転を開始すると、操作機の表示
器に換気運転を行っていることの表示をし、切替ダンパ
ー38が排気経路36につながる経路を閉塞し、換気経
路40につながる経路を開くようにダンパーモーター3
9が駆動し、送風機35は換気に適した風量となるよう
に制御された運転をする。換気する部屋の汚れた空気を
空気フィルター32から吸い込み、吸気経路33を通っ
てヒートポンプ18の蒸発器22,凝縮器20を経て送
風機35に吸い込まれ、温水熱交換器23へと送風され
る。空気は換気経路40を通り戸外に換気Cとして排気
される。暖房乾燥機1の換気運転の停止は、図示されて
いない操作器で停止できるほか、換気運転のタイマーで
停止する。
Next, the ventilation operation will be described. When the ventilating operation is started with an operating device (not shown), the display of the operating device indicates that the ventilating operation is being performed, and the switching damper 38 blocks the path leading to the exhaust path 36 and connects to the ventilation path 40. Damper motor 3 to open the path
9 is driven, and the blower 35 performs an operation controlled to have an air volume suitable for ventilation. The dirty air in the room to be ventilated is sucked from the air filter 32, is drawn into the blower 35 through the evaporator 22 and the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18 through the suction path 33, and is blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. The air is exhausted outside through the ventilation path 40 as ventilation C. The ventilation operation of the heating / drying machine 1 can be stopped by an operating device (not shown) or by a ventilation operation timer.
【0025】図4に本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の2つの切
替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態を示す。暖房乾燥
機1は圧縮機19,凝縮器20,絞り機構21、蒸発器
22からなる冷凍サイクルを原理とする空気除湿手段の
ヒートポンプ18を内設している。凝縮器20は蒸発器
22よりも風下になるように空気経路34に内設されて
いる。温水を熱源とする空気加熱手段の温水熱交換器2
3が蒸発器22の風下となるように並設し、前記温水熱
交換器23に温水を送る温水パイプ25に温水弁24を
有している。温水熱交換器23は対象となる浴室11及
び脱衣室10の暖房を行うことのできる能力を有する。
空気経路34に蒸発器22の風下となりかつ温水熱交換
器23の風上となるように送風機35を内設している。
ただし、送風機35は凝縮器20及び蒸発器22の風上
でも良く、また温水熱交換器23の風下でも良い。蒸発
器22で発生した結露水31を受けるようにドレンパン
28を配設し、ドレンパン28にドレンパイプ29、ド
レン口30と連設している。蒸発器22の風上には吸気
切替ダンパー38bが配設され、吸気ダンパーモーター
39bで駆動する。温水熱交換器23の風下には排気切
替ダンパー38aが配設され、排気ダンパーモーター3
9aで駆動する。暖房乾燥機1の吸気部には空気フィル
ター32が配設され、吸気する空気のゴミ、埃、悪臭、
細菌などを取り除く。一方暖房乾燥機の排気部には排気
ルーバー37が配設され、排気する空気の向きを変更で
き、暖房、衣類乾燥、室内除湿などの用途に合わせた最
適な風向に調節ができる。
FIG. 4 shows an embodiment in which two switching dampers of the heating / drying machine according to the present invention are provided. The heating / drying machine 1 includes therein a heat pump 18 of an air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle composed of a compressor 19, a condenser 20, a throttle mechanism 21, and an evaporator 22. The condenser 20 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be more leeward than the evaporator 22. Hot water heat exchanger 2 of air heating means using hot water as heat source 2
A hot water pipe 24 for feeding hot water to the hot water heat exchanger 23 has a hot water valve 24. The hot water heat exchanger 23 has the ability to heat the target bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10.
A blower 35 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be leeward of the evaporator 22 and upwind of the hot water heat exchanger 23.
However, the blower 35 may be located on the lee of the condenser 20 and the evaporator 22 or on the lee of the hot water heat exchanger 23. A drain pan 28 is provided so as to receive the dew water 31 generated in the evaporator 22, and the drain pan 28 is connected to a drain pipe 29 and a drain port 30. An intake switching damper 38b is disposed on the windward side of the evaporator 22, and is driven by an intake damper motor 39b. An exhaust gas switching damper 38a is disposed downstream of the hot water heat exchanger 23.
Drive at 9a. An air filter 32 is provided at an intake section of the heating and drying machine 1 to remove dust, dust, foul odor, and the like of the air to be inhaled.
Remove bacteria etc. On the other hand, an exhaust louver 37 is provided in the exhaust part of the heating dryer, so that the direction of the exhaust air can be changed, and the wind direction can be adjusted to an optimum wind direction according to applications such as heating, clothes drying, and indoor dehumidification.
【0026】次に衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運転につい
て説明する。浴室11での衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運
転時には、送風機が運転する前に吸気切替ダンパー38
bが脱衣室吸気経路33aを閉塞し、浴室吸気経路33
bを経た浴室空気Dが蒸発器22に流れるように吸気ダ
ンパーモーター39bによって切り替わる。吸気切替ダ
ンパー38bと同時に排気切替ダンパー38aが脱衣室
排気経路36aを閉塞し、温水熱交換器23を経た空気
が浴室排気経路36bを流れ浴室11に空気Cとして排
出されるように排気ダンパーモーター39aによって切
り替わる。
Next, the clothes drying, heating and indoor dehumidifying operations will be described. During clothes drying, heating, and indoor dehumidifying operation in the bathroom 11, the suction switching damper 38 is operated before the blower is operated.
b closes the undressing room intake passage 33a, and the bathroom intake passage 33
The air is switched by the intake damper motor 39b so that the bathroom air D that has passed through b flows into the evaporator 22. At the same time as the intake switching damper 38b, the exhaust switching damper 38a closes the dressing room exhaust path 36a, and the exhaust damper motor 39a is configured so that the air that has passed through the hot water heat exchanger 23 flows through the bathroom exhaust path 36b and is discharged into the bathroom 11 as air C. Is switched by
【0027】また、脱衣室10での衣類乾燥、暖房、室
内除湿運転時には、送風機が運転する前に吸気切替ダン
パー38bが浴室吸気経路33bを閉塞し、脱衣室吸気
経路33aを経た脱衣室空気Bが蒸発器22に流れるよ
うに吸気ダンパーモーター39bによって切り替わる。
吸気切替ダンパー38bと同時に排気切替ダンパー38
aが浴室排気経路36bを閉塞し、温水熱交換器23を
経た空気が脱衣室排気経路36aを流れ脱衣室10に空
気Aとして排出されるように排気ダンパーモーター39
aによって切り替わる。
Further, during clothes drying, heating and indoor dehumidifying operation in the undressing room 10, the suction switching damper 38b closes the bathroom suction passage 33b before the blower operates, and the undressing room air B passing through the undressing room suction passage 33a. Is switched by the intake damper motor 39b so that the air flows into the evaporator 22.
Exhaust changeover damper 38 simultaneously with intake changeover damper 38b
a closes the bathroom exhaust path 36b, and the exhaust damper motor 39 so that the air that has passed through the hot water heat exchanger 23 flows through the undressing chamber exhaust path 36a and is discharged into the undressing chamber 10 as air A.
It is switched by a.
【0028】更に、浴室11及び脱衣室10で同時に暖
房、室内除湿運転する場合には、送風機が運転する前に
吸気切替ダンパー38bが脱衣室吸気経路33aを経た
脱衣室空気B及び浴室吸気経路33bを経た浴室空気D
の両方の空気が蒸発器22に流れるように吸気ダンパー
モーター39bによって切り替わる。吸気切替ダンパー
38bと同時に排気切替ダンパー38aが温水熱交換器
23を経た空気が脱衣室排気経路36aを流れ脱衣室1
0に空気Aとして排出され、かつ同時に浴室排気経路3
6bを流れ浴室11に空気Cとして排出されるように排
気ダンパーモーター39aによって切り替わる。ただ
し、吸気切替ダンパー38bと排気切替ダンパー38a
は同時に動くため、吸気ダンパーモーター39bと排気
ダンパーモーター39aといった別々のモーターとせず
1台のモーターで吸気切替ダンパー38bと排気切替ダ
ンパー38aを同時に駆動しても良い。浴室11及び脱
衣室同時の暖房時には、ヒートポンプ18の圧縮機19
も運転する。このことにより浴室11の湿った空気の水
分を室内除湿運転と同様に取り除くことができ、脱衣室
10の空気と混ざって再び浴室11と脱衣室10に送風
されても、脱衣室10に浴室11の湿気が流れ込むこと
が無く暖房を行うことができる。 なお、暖房時及び
除湿時にどちらか一方の部屋の温度が設定温度、設定湿
度になった場合には、排気ダンパー38a及び吸気ダン
パー38bは設定温度、設定湿度になった部屋の方の空
気量を減らすように開度調節を自動で行う。このように
請求項2に係る暖房乾燥機は浴室11と脱衣室10の2
室同時の暖房を可能にすることができようになる。吸気
切替ダンパー38b、吸気ダンパーモーター39b、排
気切替ダンパー38a、排気ダンパーモーター39a、
に関わらない前述の請求項1の実施形態と同じ運転につ
いては、その説明を省略する。
Further, when the heating and the indoor dehumidifying operation are simultaneously performed in the bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10, before the blower is operated, the suction switching damper 38b is used to change the undressing room air B and the bathroom suction passage 33b through the undressing room suction passage 33a. Bathroom air D
Are switched by the intake damper motor 39b so that both air flows into the evaporator 22. At the same time as the intake switching damper 38b, the exhaust switching damper 38a causes the air that has passed through the hot water heat exchanger 23 to flow through the undressing room exhaust path 36a, and the undressing room 1
0 as air A and at the same time bathroom exhaust path 3
The exhaust damper motor 39a switches so as to flow 6b into the bathroom 11 and discharge it as air C. However, the intake switching damper 38b and the exhaust switching damper 38a
Move simultaneously, the intake switching damper 38b and the exhaust switching damper 38a may be driven simultaneously by one motor instead of separate motors such as the intake damper motor 39b and the exhaust damper motor 39a. When heating the bathroom 11 and the undressing room at the same time, the compressor 19 of the heat pump 18
Also drive. As a result, the moisture of the humid air in the bathroom 11 can be removed in the same manner as in the indoor dehumidifying operation. Heating can be performed without moisture flowing in. When the temperature of one of the rooms reaches the set temperature and the set humidity at the time of heating and dehumidification, the exhaust damper 38a and the intake damper 38b determine the air amount of the room at the set temperature and the set humidity. The opening is automatically adjusted so as to reduce it. As described above, the heating / drying apparatus according to the second aspect includes the bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10.
The simultaneous heating of the rooms can be enabled. Intake switching damper 38b, intake damper motor 39b, exhaust switching damper 38a, exhaust damper motor 39a,
Regarding the same operation as the above-mentioned embodiment of claim 1 which is not related to the above, the description thereof will be omitted.
【0029】図5に本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の3つの切
替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態を示す。暖房乾燥
機1は圧縮機19,凝縮器20,絞り機構21、蒸発器
22からなる冷凍サイクルを原理とする空気除湿手段の
ヒートポンプ18を内設している。凝縮器20は蒸発器
22よりも風下になるように空気経路34に内設されて
いる。温水を熱源とする空気加熱手段の温水熱交換器2
3が蒸発器22の風下となるように並設し、前記温水熱
交換器23に温水を送る温水パイプ25に温水弁24を
有している。温水熱交換器23は対象となる浴室11及
び脱衣室10の暖房を行うことのできる能力を有する。
空気経路34に蒸発器22の風下となりかつ温水熱交換
器23の風上となるように送風機35を内設している。
ただし、送風機35は凝縮器20及び蒸発器22の風上
でも良く、また温水熱交換器23の風下でも良い。蒸発
器22で発生した結露水31を受けるようにドレンパン
28を配設し、ドレンパン28にドレンパイプ29、ド
レン口30と連設している。蒸発器22の風上には吸気
切替ダンパー38bが配設され、吸気ダンパーモーター
39bで駆動する。温水熱交換器23の風下には排気切
替ダンパー38a及び換気切替ダンパー38cが配設さ
れ、それぞれ排気ダンパーモーター39a及び換気ダン
パーモーター39cで駆動する。暖房乾燥機1の吸気部
には空気フィルター32が配設され、吸気する空気のゴ
ミ、埃、悪臭、細菌などを取り除く。一方暖房乾燥機の
排気部には排気ルーバー37が配設され、排気する空気
の向きを変更でき、暖房、衣類乾燥、室内除湿などの用
途に合わせた最適な風向に調節ができる。
FIG. 5 shows an embodiment in which three switching dampers of the heating / drying machine according to the present invention are provided. The heating / drying machine 1 includes therein a heat pump 18 of an air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle composed of a compressor 19, a condenser 20, a throttle mechanism 21, and an evaporator 22. The condenser 20 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be more leeward than the evaporator 22. Hot water heat exchanger 2 of air heating means using hot water as heat source 2
A hot water pipe 24 for feeding hot water to the hot water heat exchanger 23 has a hot water valve 24. The hot water heat exchanger 23 has the ability to heat the target bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10.
A blower 35 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be leeward of the evaporator 22 and upwind of the hot water heat exchanger 23.
However, the blower 35 may be located on the lee of the condenser 20 and the evaporator 22 or on the lee of the hot water heat exchanger 23. A drain pan 28 is provided so as to receive the dew water 31 generated in the evaporator 22, and the drain pan 28 is connected to a drain pipe 29 and a drain port 30. An intake switching damper 38b is disposed on the windward side of the evaporator 22, and is driven by an intake damper motor 39b. An exhaust switching damper 38a and a ventilation switching damper 38c are provided downstream of the hot water heat exchanger 23, and are driven by an exhaust damper motor 39a and a ventilation damper motor 39c, respectively. An air filter 32 is provided at an intake section of the heating and drying machine 1 to remove dust, dust, odor, bacteria, and the like from the air to be taken. On the other hand, an exhaust louver 37 is provided in the exhaust part of the heating dryer, so that the direction of the exhaust air can be changed, and the wind direction can be adjusted to an optimum wind direction according to applications such as heating, clothes drying, and indoor dehumidification.
【0030】次に衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運転につい
て説明する。衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運転時には、送
風機35が運転する前に換気切替ダンパー38cが換気
経路40を閉塞し、温水熱交換器23を経た空気が脱衣
室排気経路36a、浴室排気経路36bを流れるように
換気ダンパーモーター39cによって切り替わる。換気
切替ダンパー38c、換気ダンパーモーター39c、換
気経路40に関わらない前述の2つの切替ダンパーを設
けたときの実施形態と同じ運転については、同じ符号を
付しその説明を省略する。
Next, the clothes drying, heating and indoor dehumidifying operations will be described. During clothes drying, heating, and indoor dehumidifying operation, the ventilation switching damper 38c closes the ventilation path 40 before the blower 35 operates, and the air that has passed through the hot water heat exchanger 23 flows through the undressing room exhaust path 36a and the bathroom exhaust path 36b. Is switched by the ventilation damper motor 39c. The same operations as those in the embodiment in which the above-described two switching dampers irrespective of the ventilation switching damper 38c, the ventilation damper motor 39c, and the ventilation path 40 are provided with the same reference numerals, and the description thereof will be omitted.
【0031】次に換気運転について説明する。図示され
ていない操作器で換気運転を開始すると、操作機の表示
器に換気運転を行っていることの表示をし、換気切替ダ
ンパー38cが脱衣室排気経路36a及び浴室排気経路
36bにつながる経路を閉塞し、換気経路40につなが
る経路を開くように換気ダンパーモーター39cが駆動
し、送風機35は換気に適した風量となるように制御さ
れた運転をする。脱衣室10を換気する場合吸気切替ダ
ンパー38bは浴室吸気経路33bを閉塞するように吸
気ダンパーモーター39bによって送風機35が運転す
る前に駆動する。汚れた空気Bを空気フィルター32か
ら吸い込み、吸気経路33aを通ってヒートポンプ18
の蒸発器22,凝縮器20を経て送風機35に吸い込ま
れ、温水熱交換器23へと送風される。空気は換気経路
40を通り戸外に換気Cとして排気される。また、浴室
11を換気する場合吸気切替ダンパー38bは脱衣室吸
気経路33aを閉塞するように吸気ダンパーモーター3
9bによって送風機35が運転する前に駆動する。汚れ
た空気Dを吸い込み、浴室吸気経路33bを通ってヒー
トポンプ18の蒸発器22,凝縮器20を経て送風機3
5に吸い込まれ、温水熱交換器23へと送風される。空
気は換気経路40を通り戸外に換気Cとして排気され
る。更に、浴室11と脱衣室10の2室を同時に換気す
る場合には吸気切替ダンパー38bは脱衣室吸気経路3
3aと浴室経路17bを開放とするように吸気ダンパー
モーター39bによって送風機35が運転する前に駆動
する。汚れた空気B及びDを吸い込み、それぞれ脱衣室
吸気経路33a及び浴室吸気経路33bを通ってヒート
ポンプ18の蒸発器22,凝縮器20を経て送風機35
に吸い込まれ、温水熱交換器23へと送風される。空気
は換気経路40を通り戸外に換気Cとして排気される。
暖房乾燥機1の換気運転の停止は、図示されていない操
作器で停止できるほか、換気運転のタイマーで停止す
る。
Next, the ventilation operation will be described. When the ventilating operation is started by an operating device (not shown), a display indicating that the ventilating operation is being performed is displayed on the display of the operating device, and the ventilation switching damper 38c is connected to the undressing room exhaust route 36a and the bathroom exhaust route 36b. The ventilation damper motor 39c is driven so as to close and open a path leading to the ventilation path 40, and the blower 35 performs a controlled operation so as to have a flow rate suitable for ventilation. When ventilating the undressing room 10, the suction switching damper 38b is driven by the suction damper motor 39b before the blower 35 operates so as to close the bathroom suction passage 33b. Dirty air B is sucked from the air filter 32 and passed through the intake path 33a to the heat pump 18.
The air is sucked into the blower 35 via the evaporator 22 and the condenser 20 and is blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. The air is exhausted outside through the ventilation path 40 as ventilation C. When the bathroom 11 is ventilated, the suction switching damper 38b is connected to the suction damper motor 3 so as to close the dressing room suction passage 33a.
9b drives before the blower 35 operates. Dirty air D is sucked in, passed through the bathroom suction path 33b, and passed through the evaporator 22 and the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18 to the blower 3
5 and is blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. The air is exhausted outside through the ventilation path 40 as ventilation C. Further, when the two rooms of the bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10 are simultaneously ventilated, the suction switching damper 38b is connected to the undressing room intake passage 3
The blower 35 is driven by the intake damper motor 39b before the blower 35 is operated so as to open the bath 3a and the bathroom path 17b. Dirty air B and D are sucked and passed through the evacuation unit 22 and the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18 through the undressing room suction path 33a and the bathroom suction path 33b, respectively.
And is blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. The air is exhausted outside through the ventilation path 40 as ventilation C.
The ventilation operation of the heating / drying machine 1 can be stopped by an operating device (not shown) or by a ventilation operation timer.
【0032】図6に本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の2つの送
風機を設けたときの実施形態を示す。暖房乾燥機1は圧
縮機19,凝縮器20,絞り機構21、蒸発器22から
なる冷凍サイクルを原理とする空気除湿手段のヒートポ
ンプ18を内設している。凝縮器20は蒸発器22より
も風下になるように空気経路34に内設されている。温
水を熱源とする空気加熱手段の温水熱交換器23が蒸発
器22の風下となるように並設し、前記温水熱交換器2
3に温水を送る温水パイプ25に温水弁24を有してい
る。温水熱交換器23は対象となる浴室11又は脱衣室
10の暖房を行うことのできる能力を有する。空気経路
34に蒸発器22の風下となりかつ温水熱交換器23の
風上となるように送風機35を内設している。ただし、
送風機35は凝縮器20及び蒸発器22の風上でも良
く、また温水熱交換器23の風下でも良い。蒸発器22
で発生した結露水31を受けるようにドレンパン28を
配設し、ドレンパン28にドレンパイプ29、ドレン口
30と連設している。空気フィルター32の風下で換気
用の経路が分岐し換気ファン41へと連通している。分
岐部には逆流防止ダンパー42aが配設されている。こ
の逆流防止ダンパー42aは換気ファン41の風下又は
風上のどちらでも良い。送風機35とは別に換気ファン
41として送風機を併設することにより、送風機の設計
が容易になるといった利点がある。排気ダクトに接続し
て戸外に排気する換気ファン41は室内空気を循環する
送風機35よりも正圧が高くなければならない場合があ
るなど送風系統ごとにその要求される性能が違う。2台
の送風機を併設した該暖房乾燥機ではその違いに合わせ
て送風機を設計できるが、1台で室内の空気を循環した
り戸外に排気したりする、例えば請求項2の一つの切替
ダンパーを設けたときの実施形態で使われる送風機では
両方の要求を満たさなければならないため設計が困難と
なる場合がある。暖房乾燥機1の吸気部には空気フィル
ター32が配設され、吸気する空気のゴミ、埃、悪臭、
細菌などを取り除く。一方暖房乾燥機の排気部には排気
ルーバー37が配設され、排気する空気の向きを変更で
き、暖房、衣類乾燥、室内除湿などの用途に合わせた最
適な風向に調節ができる。
FIG. 6 shows an embodiment in which two air blowers of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention are provided. The heating / drying machine 1 includes therein a heat pump 18 of an air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle composed of a compressor 19, a condenser 20, a throttle mechanism 21, and an evaporator 22. The condenser 20 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be more leeward than the evaporator 22. The hot water heat exchanger 23 of the air heating means using hot water as a heat source is juxtaposed to be leeward of the evaporator 22.
3 has a hot water valve 24 in a hot water pipe 25 for sending hot water. The hot water heat exchanger 23 has a capability of heating the target bathroom 11 or the undressing room 10. A blower 35 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be leeward of the evaporator 22 and upwind of the hot water heat exchanger 23. However,
The blower 35 may be upstream of the condenser 20 and the evaporator 22 or downstream of the hot water heat exchanger 23. Evaporator 22
A drain pan 28 is provided so as to receive the condensed water 31 generated in the above, and the drain pan 28 is connected to a drain pipe 29 and a drain port 30. A ventilation path branches downwind of the air filter 32 and communicates with the ventilation fan 41. A backflow prevention damper 42a is provided at the branch portion. This backflow prevention damper 42a may be either leeward or leeward of the ventilation fan 41. By providing a blower as the ventilation fan 41 separately from the blower 35, there is an advantage that the design of the blower is facilitated. The required performance of the ventilation fan 41 differs depending on the blower system, for example, the positive pressure of the ventilator fan 41 connected to the exhaust duct and exhausting to the outside needs to be higher than that of the blower 35 circulating the room air. In the heating / drying machine provided with two blowers, a blower can be designed according to the difference. However, one of the switching dampers according to claim 2 circulates indoor air or exhausts the air outdoors. In the case of the blower used in the embodiment provided, both requirements must be satisfied, so that designing may be difficult. An air filter 32 is provided at an intake section of the heating and drying machine 1 to remove dust, dust, foul odor, and the like of the air to be inhaled.
Remove bacteria etc. On the other hand, an exhaust louver 37 is provided in the exhaust part of the heating dryer, so that the direction of the exhaust air can be changed, and the wind direction can be adjusted to an optimum wind direction according to applications such as heating, clothes drying, and indoor dehumidification.
【0033】次に衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運転につい
て説明する。衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運転は前述の請
求項1に係る暖房乾燥機の換気経路40,換気ファン4
1、逆流防止ダンパー42a、逆流防止ダンパー42b
にかかわらない実施形態と同じ運転については同じ符号
を付しその説明を省く。ただし、いずれの運転の場合に
も逆流防止ダンパー42aが換気経路40を閉塞し、戸
外の空気が換気経路40を経て吸い込まないようにな
る。
Next, drying of clothes, heating, and indoor dehumidification operation will be described. The ventilation path 40 and the ventilation fan 4 of the heating / drying device according to claim 1, wherein the clothes drying, heating and indoor dehumidifying operation are performed.
1. Backflow prevention damper 42a, Backflow prevention damper 42b
Regarding the same operation as in the embodiment without regard, the same reference numeral is given and the description is omitted. However, in any case of operation, the backflow prevention damper 42a closes the ventilation path 40, so that outdoor air is not sucked in through the ventilation path 40.
【0034】次に換気運転について説明する。図示され
ていない操作器で換気運転を開始すると、操作機の表示
器に換気運転を行っていることの表示をし、換気ファン
41は換気に適した風量で運転をする。排気切替ダンパ
ー38aが脱衣室排気経路36a及び浴室排気経路36
bにつながる経路を閉塞するように排気ダンパーモータ
ー39aが駆動し、送風機35は換気に適した風量とな
るように制御された運転をする。脱衣室10を換気する
場合吸気切替ダンパー38bは浴室吸気経路33bを閉
塞するように吸気ダンパーモーター39bによって送風
機35が運転する前に駆動する。汚れた空気Bを空気フ
ィルター32から吸い込み、吸気経路33aを通ってヒ
ートポンプ18の蒸発器22,凝縮器20を経て送風機
35に吸い込まれ、温水熱交換器23へと送風される。
空気は換気経路40を通り戸外に換気Cとして排気され
る。また、浴室11を換気する場合吸気切替ダンパー3
8bは脱衣室吸気経路33aを閉塞するように吸気ダン
パーモーター39bによって送風機35が運転する前に
駆動する。汚れた空気Dを吸い込み、浴室吸気経路33
bを通ってヒートポンプ18の蒸発器22,凝縮器20
を経て送風機35に吸い込まれ、温水熱交換器23へと
送風される。空気は換気経路40を通り戸外に換気Cと
して排気される。更に、浴室11と脱衣室10の2室を
同時に換気する場合には吸気切替ダンパー38bは脱衣
室吸気経路33aと浴室経路17bを開放とするように
吸気ダンパーモーター39bによって送風機35が運転
する前に駆動する。汚れた空気B及びDを吸い込み、そ
れぞれ脱衣室吸気経路33a及び浴室吸気経路33bを
通ってヒートポンプ18の蒸発器22,凝縮器20を経
て送風機35に吸い込まれ、温水熱交換器23へと送風
される。空気は換気経路40を通り戸外に換気Cとして
排気される。暖房乾燥機1の換気運転の停止は、図示さ
れていない操作器で停止できるほか、換気運転のタイマ
ーで停止する。
Next, the ventilation operation will be described. When the ventilating operation is started with an operating device (not shown), the display of the operating device indicates that the ventilating operation is being performed, and the ventilation fan 41 operates at a flow rate suitable for ventilation. The exhaust switching damper 38a is connected to the dressing room exhaust path 36a and the bathroom exhaust path 36.
The exhaust damper motor 39a is driven so as to block the path leading to b, and the blower 35 operates in a controlled manner so as to have a flow rate suitable for ventilation. When ventilating the undressing room 10, the suction switching damper 38b is driven by the suction damper motor 39b before the blower 35 operates so as to close the bathroom suction passage 33b. The dirty air B is sucked from the air filter 32, is drawn into the blower 35 through the evaporator 22 and the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18 through the suction path 33 a, and is blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23.
The air is exhausted outside through the ventilation path 40 as ventilation C. When the bathroom 11 is ventilated, the intake switching damper 3
8b is driven by the intake damper motor 39b before the blower 35 operates so as to close the undressing room intake path 33a. The dirty air D is sucked in and the bathroom air intake path 33 is sucked.
b through the evaporator 22 and the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18.
, And is sucked into the blower 35 and blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. The air is exhausted outside through the ventilation path 40 as ventilation C. Further, in the case of simultaneously ventilating the bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10, the suction switching damper 38b is operated before the blower 35 is operated by the suction damper motor 39b so as to open the undressing room suction passage 33a and the bathroom passage 17b. Drive. The dirty air B and D are sucked, and are sucked into the blower 35 through the evaporator 22 and the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18 through the undressing room suction path 33a and the bathroom suction path 33b, respectively, and are blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. You. The air is exhausted outside through the ventilation path 40 as ventilation C. The ventilation operation of the heating / drying machine 1 can be stopped by an operating device (not shown) or by a ventilation operation timer.
【0035】図7に本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の2つの送
風機と3つの切替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態を
示す。暖房乾燥機1は圧縮機19,凝縮器20,絞り機
構21、蒸発器22からなる冷凍サイクルを原理とする
空気除湿手段のヒートポンプ18を内設している。凝縮
器20は蒸発器22よりも風下になるように空気経路3
4に内設されている。温水を熱源とする空気加熱手段の
温水熱交換器23が蒸発器22の風下となるように並設
し、前記温水熱交換器23に温水を送る温水パイプ25
に温水弁24を有している。温水熱交換器23は対象と
なる浴室11及び脱衣室10の暖房を行うことのできる
能力を有する。空気経路34に蒸発器22の風下となり
かつ温水熱交換器23の風上となるように送風機35を
内設している。ただし、送風機35は凝縮器20及び蒸
発器22の風上でも良く、また温水熱交換器23の風下
でも良い。蒸発器22で発生した結露水31を受けるよ
うにドレンパン28を配設し、ドレンパン28にドレン
パイプ29、ドレン口30と連設している。蒸発器22
の風上には吸気切替ダンパー38bが配設され、吸気ダ
ンパーモーター39bで駆動する。温水熱交換器23の
風下には排気切替ダンパー38aが配設され、排気ダン
パーモーター39aで駆動する。蒸発器22の風上で換
気用の経路が分岐し換気ファン41へと連通している。
分岐部には逆流防止ダンパー42が配設されている。こ
の逆流防止ダンパー42は換気ファン41の風下又は風
上のどちらでも良い。暖房乾燥機1の吸気部には空気フ
ィルター32が配設され、吸気する空気のゴミ、埃、悪
臭、細菌などを取り除く。一方暖房乾燥機の排気部には
排気ルーバー37が配設され、排気する空気の向きを変
更でき、暖房、衣類乾燥、室内除湿などの用途に合わせ
た最適な風向に調節ができる。
FIG. 7 shows an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention in which two blowers and three switching dampers are provided. The heating / drying machine 1 includes therein a heat pump 18 of an air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle composed of a compressor 19, a condenser 20, a throttle mechanism 21, and an evaporator 22. The condenser 20 is connected to the air path 3 so as to be more leeward than the evaporator 22.
4 inside. A hot water heat exchanger 23 of an air heating means using hot water as a heat source is juxtaposed to be leeward of the evaporator 22, and a hot water pipe 25 for sending hot water to the hot water heat exchanger 23.
Has a hot water valve 24. The hot water heat exchanger 23 has the ability to heat the target bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10. A blower 35 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be leeward of the evaporator 22 and upwind of the hot water heat exchanger 23. However, the blower 35 may be located on the lee of the condenser 20 and the evaporator 22 or on the lee of the hot water heat exchanger 23. A drain pan 28 is provided so as to receive the dew water 31 generated in the evaporator 22, and the drain pan 28 is connected to a drain pipe 29 and a drain port 30. Evaporator 22
An intake switching damper 38b is disposed on the windward side of the vehicle, and is driven by an intake damper motor 39b. An exhaust gas switching damper 38a is disposed downstream of the hot water heat exchanger 23, and is driven by an exhaust damper motor 39a. A ventilation path branches on the windward side of the evaporator 22 and communicates with the ventilation fan 41.
A backflow prevention damper 42 is provided at the branch portion. This backflow prevention damper 42 may be either leeward or leeward of the ventilation fan 41. An air filter 32 is provided at an intake section of the heating and drying machine 1 to remove dust, dust, odor, bacteria, and the like from the air to be taken. On the other hand, an exhaust louver 37 is provided in the exhaust part of the heating dryer, so that the direction of the exhaust air can be changed, and the wind direction can be adjusted to an optimum wind direction according to applications such as heating, clothes drying, and indoor dehumidification.
【0036】次に衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運転につい
て説明する。換気経路40,換気ファン41、逆流防止
ダンパー42にかかわらない前述の2つの切替ダンパー
を設けたときの実施形態と同じ運転については、同じ符
号を付しその説明を省く。ただし、いずれの運転の場合
にも逆流防止ダンパー42が換気経路40を閉塞し、戸
外の空気が換気経路40を経て吸い込まないようにな
る。
Next, the clothes drying, heating and indoor dehumidifying operations will be described. The same reference numerals are given to the same operations as those in the embodiment in which the two switching dampers described above, which are not related to the ventilation path 40, the ventilation fan 41, and the backflow prevention damper 42, are omitted. However, in any case of operation, the backflow prevention damper 42 blocks the ventilation path 40 so that outdoor air is not sucked in through the ventilation path 40.
【0037】次に換気運転について説明する。図示され
ていない操作器で換気運転を開始すると、操作機の表示
器に換気運転を行っていることの表示をし、排気切替ダ
ンパー38aが脱衣室排気経路36a及び浴室排気経路
36bにつながる経路を閉塞するように排気ダンパーモ
ーター39aが駆動する。送風機35は換気に適した風
量で運転をする。脱衣室10を換気する場合吸気切替ダ
ンパー38bは浴室吸気経路33bを閉塞するように吸
気ダンパーモーター39bによって送風機35が運転す
る前に駆動する。汚れた空気Bをフィルター16から吸
い込み、逆流防止ダンパー42を経て換気ファン41に
吸い込まれ、換気経路40を通り戸外に換気Cとして排
気される。また、浴室11を換気する場合吸気切替ダン
パー38bは脱衣室吸気経路33aを閉塞するように吸
気ダンパーモーター39bによって送風機35が運転す
る前に駆動する。汚れた空気Dを吸い込み、浴室吸気経
路33bを通って逆流防止ダンパー42を経て換気ファ
ン41に吸い込まれ、換気経路40を通り戸外に換気C
として排気される。更に、浴室11と脱衣室10の2室
を同時に換気する場合には吸気切替ダンパー38bは脱
衣室吸気経路33aと浴室経路17bを開放とするよう
に吸気ダンパーモーター39bによって送風機35が運
転する前に駆動する。汚れた空気B及びDを吸い込み、
それぞれ脱衣室吸気経路33a及び浴室吸気経路33b
を通って逆流防止ダンパー42を経て換気ファン41に
吸い込まれ、換気経路40を通り戸外に換気Cとして排
気される。暖房乾燥機1の換気運転の停止は、図示され
ていない操作器で停止できるほか、換気運転のタイマー
で停止する。
Next, the ventilation operation will be described. When the ventilating operation is started with an operating device (not shown), a display indicating that the ventilating operation is being performed is displayed on the display of the operating device, and the exhaust switching damper 38a is connected to the dressing room exhaust route 36a and the bathroom exhaust route 36b. The exhaust damper motor 39a is driven to close. The blower 35 operates at a flow rate suitable for ventilation. When ventilating the undressing room 10, the suction switching damper 38b is driven by the suction damper motor 39b before the blower 35 operates so as to close the bathroom suction passage 33b. The dirty air B is sucked from the filter 16, is sucked into the ventilation fan 41 via the backflow prevention damper 42, and is exhausted outside as the ventilation C through the ventilation path 40. Further, when ventilating the bathroom 11, the suction switching damper 38b is driven by the suction damper motor 39b before the blower 35 operates so as to close the dressing room suction passage 33a. The dirty air D is sucked into the ventilation fan 41 via the backflow prevention damper 42 through the bathroom air suction passage 33b, and then ventilated to the outside through the ventilation passage 40.
As exhaust. Further, in the case of simultaneously ventilating the bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10, the suction switching damper 38b is operated before the blower 35 is operated by the suction damper motor 39b so as to open the undressing room suction passage 33a and the bathroom passage 17b. Drive. Suck in dirty air B and D,
The dressing room intake path 33a and the bathroom intake path 33b, respectively.
Then, the air is sucked into the ventilation fan 41 through the backflow prevention damper 42, and is exhausted to the outside through the ventilation path 40 as ventilation C. The ventilation operation of the heating / drying machine 1 can be stopped by an operating device (not shown) or by a ventilation operation timer.
【0038】図8に本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の浴室及び
脱衣室の2室を衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿できるシステ
ム構成で3つの送風機と一つの切替ダンパーを設けたと
きの実施形態を示す。暖房乾燥機1は圧縮機19,凝縮
器20,絞り機構21、蒸発器22からなる冷凍サイク
ルを原理とする空気除湿手段のヒートポンプ18を内設
している。凝縮器20は蒸発器22よりも風下になるよ
うに空気経路34に内設されている。温水を熱源とする
空気加熱手段の温水熱交換器23が蒸発器22の風下と
なるように並設し、前記温水熱交換器23に温水を送る
温水パイプ25に温水弁24を有している。温水熱交換
器23は対象となる浴室11及び脱衣室10の暖房を行
うことのできる能力を有する。空気経路34に温水熱交
換器23の風下となる脱衣室排気経路36aに脱衣室送
風機35a及び浴室排気経路36bに浴室送風機35b
を内設している。空気通路18から脱衣室排気経路36
a及び浴室排気経路36bの分岐部に逆流防止ダンパー
42b及び26cが並設している。蒸発器22で発生し
た結露水31を受けるようにドレンパン28を配設し、
ドレンパン28にドレンパイプ29、ドレン口30と連
設している。蒸発器22の風上には吸気切替ダンパー3
8bが配設され、吸気ダンパーモーター39bで駆動す
る。蒸発器22の風上で換気用の経路が分岐し換気ファ
ン41へと連通している。分岐部には逆流防止ダンパー
42が配設されている。この逆流防止ダンパー42は換
気ファン41の風下又は風上のどちらでも良い。暖房乾
燥機1の吸気部には空気フィルター32が配設され、吸
気する空気のゴミ、埃、悪臭、細菌などを取り除く。一
方暖房乾燥機の排気部には排気ルーバー37が配設さ
れ、排気する空気の向きを変更でき、暖房、衣類乾燥、
室内除湿などの用途に合わせた最適な風向に調節ができ
る。
FIG. 8 shows an embodiment in which three air blowers and one switching damper are provided in a system configuration capable of drying clothes, heating and dehumidifying indoors of two rooms of a bathroom and a dressing room of the heating and drying machine according to the present invention. . The heating / drying machine 1 includes therein a heat pump 18 of an air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle composed of a compressor 19, a condenser 20, a throttle mechanism 21, and an evaporator 22. The condenser 20 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be more leeward than the evaporator 22. A hot water heat exchanger 23 of air heating means using hot water as a heat source is juxtaposed to be leeward of the evaporator 22, and a hot water pipe 25 for sending hot water to the hot water heat exchanger 23 has a hot water valve 24. . The hot water heat exchanger 23 has the ability to heat the target bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10. A dressing room blower 35a is provided in the undressing room exhaust passage 36a which is leeward of the hot water heat exchanger 23 in the air passage 34, and a bathroom blower 35b is provided in the bathroom exhaust passage 36b.
Is installed internally. From the air passage 18 to the dressing room exhaust passage 36
Backflow prevention dampers 42b and 26c are juxtaposed at the branch point a and the bathroom exhaust path 36b. A drain pan 28 is provided so as to receive the dew condensation water 31 generated in the evaporator 22,
The drain pan 28 is connected to the drain pipe 29 and the drain port 30. On the windward side of the evaporator 22, an intake switching damper 3 is provided.
8b is provided and driven by the intake damper motor 39b. A ventilation path branches on the windward side of the evaporator 22 and communicates with the ventilation fan 41. A backflow prevention damper 42 is provided at the branch portion. This backflow prevention damper 42 may be either leeward or leeward of the ventilation fan 41. An air filter 32 is provided at an intake section of the heating and drying machine 1 to remove dust, dust, odor, bacteria, and the like from the air to be taken. On the other hand, an exhaust louver 37 is provided in an exhaust portion of the heating dryer, and can change a direction of air to be exhausted.
It can be adjusted to the optimal wind direction according to applications such as indoor dehumidification.
【0039】次に浴室11での衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除
湿の運転について説明する。図示されていない操作器で
衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿したい部屋と衣類乾燥、暖
房、室内除湿運転を選択して運転を開始すると、操作器
の表示器に衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿したい部屋と衣類
乾燥、暖房、室内除湿運転を行っていることの表示を
し、温水弁24が開き、吸気切替ダンパー38bが選択
された浴室11又は脱衣室10又は浴室11及び脱衣室
10のいずれかに対応して選択された部屋の空気を吸い
込むように吸気ダンパーモーター39bによって切り替
わる。その後選択された部屋に通ずる脱衣室送風機35
a及び浴室送風機35bは選択された衣類乾燥及び暖
房、室内除湿のいずれかに適した風量となるように制御
された運転をし、前述の2つの切替ダンパーを設けたと
きの一実施形態に係る暖房乾燥機で説明した衣類乾燥、
暖房、浴室乾燥をおこなう。ここで暖房、室内除湿で浴
室及び脱衣室のいずれか片方が設定された温度及び湿度
になった場合には該当する部屋につながっている方の送
風機の送風量を抑え室温調節及び湿度調節を行う。なお
脱衣室送風機35aが運転しているときには逆流防止ダ
ンパー42a、42cが閉じ、浴室送風機35bが運転
しているときには逆流防止ダンパー42a、42bが閉
じる。
Next, the operation of drying clothes, heating and dehumidifying indoors in the bathroom 11 will be described. When the operation is started by selecting the clothes drying, heating, and indoor dehumidification operation with the operation device (not shown) and the clothes drying, heating, and indoor dehumidification operation, and starting the operation, the operation device displays the clothes drying, heating, and the indoor dehumidification room. The display indicates that the clothes are being dried, heated, and the indoor dehumidifying operation is being performed, and the hot water valve 24 is opened, and the suction switching damper 38b corresponds to the selected bathroom 11, the undressing room 10, or the bathroom 11 and the undressing room 10. The operation is switched by the intake damper motor 39b so as to suck the air in the selected room. Thereafter, the dressing room blower 35 that leads to the selected room
a and the bathroom blower 35b operate in such a manner that the selected clothes are dried and heated, and the amount of air is controlled to be suitable for indoor dehumidification, and the above-described two switching dampers are provided. Clothes drying described in the heating dryer,
Heat and dry the bathroom. Here, when either the bathroom or the undressing room reaches the set temperature and humidity by heating and indoor dehumidification, the air flow of the blower connected to the corresponding room is suppressed, and the room temperature and humidity are adjusted. . The backflow prevention dampers 42a and 42c are closed when the dressing room blower 35a is operating, and the backflow prevention dampers 42a and 42b are closed when the bathroom blower 35b is operating.
【0040】次に換気運転について説明する。図示され
ていない操作器で換気運転を開始すると、操作機の表示
器に換気運転を行っていることの表示をし、換気ファン
41は換気に適した風量で運転をする。脱衣室10を換
気する場合吸気切替ダンパー38bは浴室吸気経路33
bを閉塞するように吸気ダンパーモーター39bによっ
て換気ファン41が運転する前に駆動する。汚れた空気
Bをフィルター16から吸い込み、逆流防止ダンパー4
2を経て換気ファン41に吸い込まれ、換気経路40を
通り戸外に換気Cとして排気される。また、浴室11を
換気する場合吸気切替ダンパー38bは脱衣室吸気経路
33aを閉塞するように吸気ダンパーモーター39bに
よって換気ファン41が運転する前に駆動する。汚れた
空気Dを吸い込み、浴室吸気経路33bを通って逆流防
止ダンパー42を経て換気ファン41に吸い込まれ、換
気経路40を通り戸外に換気Cとして排気される。更
に、浴室11と脱衣室10の2室を同時に換気する場合
には吸気切替ダンパー38bは脱衣室吸気経路33aと
浴室経路17bを開放とするように吸気ダンパーモータ
ー39bによって換気ファン41が運転する前に駆動す
る。汚れた空気B及びDを吸い込み、それぞれ脱衣室吸
気経路33a及び浴室吸気経路33bを通って逆流防止
ダンパー42を経て換気ファン41に吸い込まれ、換気
経路40を通り戸外に換気Cとして排気される。前記い
ずれの換気運転中、逆流防止ダンパー42b及び26c
はそれぞれ脱衣室排気経路36a及び浴室排気経路36
bを閉塞する。暖房乾燥機1の換気運転の停止は、図示
されていない操作器で停止できるほか、換気運転のタイ
マーで停止する。
Next, the ventilation operation will be described. When the ventilating operation is started with an operating device (not shown), the display of the operating device indicates that the ventilating operation is being performed, and the ventilation fan 41 operates at a flow rate suitable for ventilation. In the case of ventilating the dressing room 10, the suction switching damper 38b is provided in the bathroom suction path 33.
The ventilating fan 41 is driven by the intake damper motor 39b so as to close b. Dirty air B is sucked from the filter 16 and the backflow prevention damper 4
After that, the air is sucked into the ventilation fan 41 through the ventilation path 40, and is exhausted outside through the ventilation path 40 as ventilation C. Further, when ventilating the bathroom 11, the suction switching damper 38b is driven by the suction damper motor 39b before the ventilation fan 41 operates so as to close the dressing room suction passage 33a. The dirty air D is sucked in, is sucked into the ventilation fan 41 through the backflow prevention damper 42 through the bathroom air suction path 33b, and is exhausted outside as ventilation C through the ventilation path 40. Further, when the ventilation chamber 41 is ventilated by the intake damper motor 39b so that the bathroom 11 and the dressing room 10 are simultaneously ventilated, the suction switching damper 38b opens the dressing room suction passage 33a and the bathroom passage 17b. Drive. The dirty air B and D are sucked into the ventilation fan 41 through the backflow prevention damper 42 through the undressing room suction path 33a and the bathroom suction path 33b, respectively, and are exhausted outside as ventilation C through the ventilation path 40. During any of the ventilation operations, the backflow prevention dampers 42b and 26c
Are the dressing room exhaust path 36a and the bathroom exhaust path 36, respectively.
Close b. The ventilation operation of the heating / drying machine 1 can be stopped by an operating device (not shown) or by a ventilation operation timer.
【0041】図9に本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の蒸発器及
び凝縮器を迂回するバイパス経路を配設したときのシス
テム構成を示す。暖房乾燥機1は圧縮機19,凝縮器2
0,絞り機構21、蒸発器22からなる冷凍サイクルを
原理とする空気除湿手段のヒートポンプ18を内設して
いる。凝縮器20は蒸発器22よりも風下になるように
空気経路34に内設されている。温水を熱源とする空気
加熱手段の温水熱交換器23が蒸発器22の風下となる
ように並設し、前記温水熱交換器23に温水を送る温水
パイプ25に温水弁24を有している。温水熱交換器2
3は対象となる浴室11又は脱衣室10の暖房を行うこ
とのできる能力を有する。空気経路34に蒸発器22の
風下となりかつ温水熱交換器23の風下となるように送
風機35を内設している。ただし、送風機35は温水熱
交換器23の風下でも良い。蒸発器22及び凝縮器20
へと流れる空気の一部がバイパスするように、吸気経路
33の蒸発器22の風上からバイパス入口44を分岐
し、凝縮器20の風下でかつ送風機35の風上に接続さ
れるバイパス出口45にバイパス経路43が配設されて
いる。蒸発器22で発生した結露水31を受けるように
ドレンパン28を配設し、ドレンパン28にドレンパイ
プ29、ドレン口30と連設している。暖房乾燥機1の
吸気部には空気フィルター32が配設され、吸気する空
気のゴミ、埃、悪臭、細菌などを取り除く。一方暖房乾
燥機の排気部には排気ルーバー37が配設され、排気す
る空気の向きを変更でき、暖房、衣類乾燥、室内除湿な
どの用途に合わせた最適な風向に調節ができる。
FIG. 9 shows a system configuration when a bypass path bypassing the evaporator and the condenser of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention is provided. The heating / drying machine 1 includes a compressor 19 and a condenser 2
0, a heat pump 18 of air dehumidifying means based on a refrigeration cycle composed of a throttle mechanism 21 and an evaporator 22 is provided therein. The condenser 20 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be more leeward than the evaporator 22. A hot water heat exchanger 23 of air heating means using hot water as a heat source is juxtaposed to be leeward of the evaporator 22, and a hot water pipe 25 for sending hot water to the hot water heat exchanger 23 has a hot water valve 24. . Hot water heat exchanger 2
3 has the ability to heat the bathroom 11 or the undressing room 10 as a target. A blower 35 is provided in the air path 34 so as to be leeward of the evaporator 22 and leeward of the hot water heat exchanger 23. However, the blower 35 may be located downstream of the hot water heat exchanger 23. Evaporator 22 and condenser 20
A bypass inlet 44 is branched from the windward side of the evaporator 22 in the intake passage 33 so that a part of the air flowing to the airflow path is bypassed, and is connected to the leeward of the condenser 20 and the leeward of the blower 35. Is provided with a bypass path 43. A drain pan 28 is provided so as to receive the dew water 31 generated in the evaporator 22, and the drain pan 28 is connected to a drain pipe 29 and a drain port 30. An air filter 32 is provided at an intake section of the heating and drying machine 1 to remove dust, dust, odor, bacteria, and the like from the air to be taken. On the other hand, an exhaust louver 37 is provided in the exhaust part of the heating dryer, so that the direction of the exhaust air can be changed, and the wind direction can be adjusted to an optimum wind direction according to applications such as heating, clothes drying, and indoor dehumidification.
【0042】次に衣類乾燥の運転について説明する。図
示されていない操作器で衣類乾燥運転を開始すると、操
作器の表示器に衣類乾燥運転を行っていることの表示を
し、温水弁24が開き、送風機35は衣類乾燥に適した
風量となるように制御された運転をし、ヒートポンプ1
8の圧縮機19が運転する。また温水熱源機8の運転も
開始する。湿った衣類から蒸発した湿気を多く含んだ空
気Bを空気フィルター32から吸い込み、吸気経路33
を通って一部の空気はヒートポンプ18の蒸発器22に
よって露点以下に冷却され、過飽和となった湿気が結露
水31となって排除される。また一部の空気はバイパス
入口44より入ってバイパス経路43を通りバイパス出
口45にいたり蒸発器22及び凝縮器20を迂回する。
一部の空気が蒸発器22及び凝縮器20を迂回すること
で、ヒートポンプの能力に合った風量となり除湿効率の
高い除湿を行うことができる。結露水31はドレンパン
28に集まり、ドレンパイプ29を通ってドレン口30
を経て暖房乾燥機1の外に排出される。排出された結露
水31はドレン管9を経て浴室11内の図示されていな
い排水溝に排水される。一方、蒸発器22によって冷却
除湿された空気はヒートポンプ18の凝縮器20で再熱
され、バイパス出口45から迂回してきた空気と合流し
送風機35に吸い込まれ、温水熱交換器23へと送風さ
れる。温水熱交換器23には温水熱源機8からの温水b
が温水入り接続口27から入り温水弁24を経て送られ
てくる。そして温水熱交換器23に送られた乾燥した空
気は温水熱交換器23で温水の熱を熱交換し更に40℃
以上に加熱する。加熱された空気は飽和絶対湿度の高い
高温の乾燥した空気となって、排気経路36を通り排気
ルーバー37を経て乾燥する衣類のある暖房乾燥機1の
外に高温の乾燥した空気Aとして排気される。一方温水
熱交換器23で熱交換して冷やされた温水は温水パイプ
25を通り、温水戻り接続口26を経て温水bより低温
となった温水aは温水熱源機8に戻る。なお、高温の乾
燥した空気Aは、湿った衣類を暖め衣類からの水分の蒸
発を促し、蒸発した多くの湿気をたくさん含み高温多湿
となった空気Bとしてまた吸気フィルター32から吸い
込まれる。このサイクルを繰り返し、湿った衣類を乾燥
する。冬季の気温の低いときでも暖房乾燥機1から排気
される空気Aは部屋を暖め、衣類からの蒸発潜熱を供給
するだけではなく部屋からの放熱してしまう暖房負荷を
も補い暖房時と同じ室温まで加熱する。これにより湿っ
た衣類は季節に関係なく暖かい状態で衣類からの水分が
蒸発するため、本発明の暖房乾燥機は一年を通して乾燥
能力が一定とできる。ここで、このサイクルを繰り返す
うちに空気Bの温度が設定温度以上になったときには、
温水弁24を閉じて温水熱交換器23に温水が流れない
ようにし、温水熱交換器23へと送風される空気を加熱
しないようにすることで室温調節を行う。運転の異常時
には図示されていない操作機の表示器に異常が起きたこ
とを表示し、復旧動作を行ったり、或いは運転を停止し
たりする。暖房乾燥機の衣類乾燥運転の停止は、図示さ
れていない操作機で停止できるほか、空気B及び空気A
等の循環空気の温度及び湿度により衣類が乾燥している
ことを判断して自動で停止したり、衣類乾燥運転のタイ
マーで停止する。
Next, the operation of drying clothes will be described. When the clothes drying operation is started with an operating device (not shown), the display of the operating device indicates that the clothes drying operation is being performed, the hot water valve 24 is opened, and the blower 35 has an air volume suitable for drying the clothes. Is controlled in such a manner that the heat pump 1
8 is operated. The operation of the hot water heat source device 8 is also started. The air B containing a large amount of moisture evaporated from the wet clothes is sucked from the air filter 32, and the air B is suctioned.
A part of the air is cooled by the evaporator 22 of the heat pump 18 below the dew point, and the supersaturated moisture is condensed water 31 and eliminated. Some of the air enters through the bypass inlet 44, passes through the bypass passage 43, reaches the bypass outlet 45, and bypasses the evaporator 22 and the condenser 20.
Since a part of the air bypasses the evaporator 22 and the condenser 20, the amount of air matches the capacity of the heat pump, so that the dehumidification with high dehumidification efficiency can be performed. Condensed water 31 collects in a drain pan 28 and passes through a drain pipe 29 to drain port 30
And is discharged out of the heating / drying machine 1. The discharged condensed water 31 is drained to a drain (not shown) in the bathroom 11 via the drain pipe 9. On the other hand, the air cooled and dehumidified by the evaporator 22 is reheated by the condenser 20 of the heat pump 18, merges with the air bypassed from the bypass outlet 45, is sucked into the blower 35, and is blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. . The hot water heat exchanger 23 has hot water b from the hot water heat source unit 8.
Enters through the hot water inlet 27 and is sent through the hot water valve 24. Then, the dried air sent to the hot water heat exchanger 23 exchanges heat of the hot water with the hot water heat exchanger 23, and is further heated to 40 ° C.
Heat above. The heated air becomes high-temperature dry air having a high saturation absolute humidity, and is exhausted as high-temperature dry air A outside the heating / drying machine 1 having clothes to be dried through the exhaust path 36 through the exhaust path 36. You. On the other hand, the hot water cooled by the heat exchange in the hot water heat exchanger 23 passes through the hot water pipe 25, and the hot water a having a lower temperature than the hot water b via the hot water return connection port 26 returns to the hot water heat source device 8. The high-temperature, dry air A warms the wet clothing to promote the evaporation of moisture from the clothing, and is sucked from the intake filter 32 as air B, which contains a lot of evaporated moisture and becomes hot and humid. This cycle is repeated to dry the wet clothing. Even when the temperature in winter is low, the air A exhausted from the heater / dryer 1 warms the room and not only supplies the latent heat of evaporation from the clothes, but also compensates for the heating load that radiates heat from the room and compensates for the heating load. Heat until As a result, moisture from the clothes evaporates in a warm state regardless of the season, and the drying capacity of the heating / drying apparatus of the present invention can be kept constant throughout the year. Here, when the temperature of the air B becomes equal to or higher than the set temperature while repeating this cycle,
The hot water valve 24 is closed to prevent hot water from flowing to the hot water heat exchanger 23, and the room temperature is adjusted by not heating the air blown to the hot water heat exchanger 23. When the operation is abnormal, a display of the operating device (not shown) indicates that the abnormality has occurred, and a recovery operation is performed or the operation is stopped. The clothes drying operation of the heating / drying machine can be stopped by an operating device (not shown), air B and air A.
It is determined that the clothes are dry based on the temperature and humidity of the circulating air, etc., and is automatically stopped, or stopped by a clothes drying operation timer.
【0043】暖房、室内除湿運転については前述の図2
における一実施形態に係る暖房乾燥機で説明した暖房、
室内除湿をおこなう。
The heating and indoor dehumidifying operations are described in FIG.
Heating described in the heating dryer according to one embodiment,
Perform indoor dehumidification.
【0044】図10は、本発明に係る暖房乾燥機におけ
る図9に一つの切替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形
態、図11は、本発明に係る暖房乾燥機における図9に
2つの切替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態、図12
は、本発明に係る暖房乾燥機における図9に3つの切替
ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態、図13は、本発明
に係る暖房乾燥機における図9に2つの送風機を設けた
ときの一実施形態、図14は、本発明に係る暖房乾燥機
における図9に2つの切替ダンパー及び2つの送風機を
設けたときの一実施形態、図15は、本発明に係る暖房
乾燥機における図9に1つの切替ダンパー及び3つの送
風機を設けたときの一実施形態であり、前述の図9にお
ける一実施形態に係る暖房乾燥機で説明したバイパス経
路43、バイパス入口44、バイパス出口45にかかわ
る事項を、前述の図3〜図8の実施形態に追加したもの
であり構成及び運転については、同じ符号を付しその説
明を省く。
FIG. 10 shows an embodiment in which one switching damper is provided in FIG. 9 in the heating dryer according to the present invention, and FIG. 11 shows two switching dampers in FIG. 9 in the heating dryer according to the present invention. FIG. 12 shows an embodiment in which
FIG. 9 shows an embodiment in which three switching dampers are provided in FIG. 9 in the heating and drying machine according to the present invention, and FIG. 13 shows an embodiment in which two blowers are provided in FIG. 9 in the heating and drying machine according to the present invention. Embodiment, FIG. 14 is an embodiment when two switching dampers and two blowers are provided in FIG. 9 in the heating and drying machine according to the present invention, and FIG. 15 is in FIG. 9 in the heating and drying machine according to the present invention. This is an embodiment in which one switching damper and three blowers are provided, and describes matters relating to the bypass path 43, the bypass inlet 44, and the bypass outlet 45 described in the heating dryer according to the embodiment in FIG. 9 described above. The configuration and operation are added to the above-described embodiment of FIGS. 3 to 8, and the same reference numerals are given to the same components and the description thereof is omitted.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】本発明の一実施形態に係る暖房乾燥機の設置図FIG. 1 is an installation diagram of a heating dryer according to an embodiment of the present invention.
【図2】本発明の係る暖房乾燥機の一実施形態のシステ
ム構成
FIG. 2 is a system configuration of an embodiment of a heating dryer according to the present invention.
【図3】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機で一つの切替ダンパー
を設けたときの一実施形態
FIG. 3 is an embodiment when one switching damper is provided in the heating / drying machine according to the present invention.
【図4】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の2つの切替ダンパー
を設けたときの一実施形態
FIG. 4 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention when two switching dampers are provided.
【図5】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の3つの切替ダンパー
を設けたときの一実施形態
FIG. 5 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention when three switching dampers are provided.
【図6】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の2つの送風機を設け
たときの一実施形態
FIG. 6 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention provided with two blowers.
【図7】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の2つの送風機と3つ
の切替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態
FIG. 7 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention in which two blowers and three switching dampers are provided.
【図8】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の浴室及び脱衣室の2
室を衣類乾燥、暖房、室内除湿できるシステム構成で3
つの送風機と一つの切替ダンパーを設けたときの実施形
FIG. 8 shows a bathroom and a dressing room 2 of the heating dryer according to the present invention.
The system configuration allows drying, heating and indoor dehumidification of the room.
Embodiment in which two blowers and one switching damper are provided
【図9】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機の蒸発器及び凝縮器を
迂回するバイパス経路を配設したときのシステム構成図
FIG. 9 is a system configuration diagram when a bypass path bypassing the evaporator and the condenser of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention is provided.
【図10】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機における図9に一つ
の切替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態
FIG. 10 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention when one switching damper is provided in FIG. 9;
【図11】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機における図9に2つ
の切替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態
11 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention when two switching dampers are provided in FIG. 9;
【図12】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機における図9に3つ
の切替ダンパーを設けたときの一実施形態
FIG. 12 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention when three switching dampers are provided in FIG. 9;
【図13】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機における図9に2つ
の送風機を設けたときの一実施形態
FIG. 13 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention in which two blowers are provided in FIG. 9;
【図14】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機における図9に2つ
の切替ダンパー及び2つの送風機を設けたときの一実施
形態
FIG. 14 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention when two switching dampers and two blowers are provided in FIG. 9;
【図15】本発明に係る暖房乾燥機における図9に1つ
の切替ダンパー及び3つの送風機を設けたときの一実施
形態
FIG. 15 is an embodiment of the heating / drying apparatus according to the present invention in which one switching damper and three blowers are provided in FIG. 9;
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1暖房乾燥機 17ケース本体 18ヒートポンプ 19圧縮機 20凝縮器 21絞り機構 22蒸発器 23温水熱交換器 35送風機 35a脱衣室送風機 35b浴室送風機 38切替ダンパー 38a排気切替ダンパー 38b吸気切替ダンパー 38c換気切替ダンパー 39ダンパーモーター 39a排気ダンパーモーター 39b吸気ダンパーモーター 39c換気ダンパーモーター 41換気ファン 1 Heating / drying machine 17 Case body 18 Heat pump 19 Compressor 20 Condenser 21 Throttle mechanism 22 Evaporator 23 Hot water heat exchanger 35 Blower 35a Dressing room blower 35b Bathroom blower 38 Switching damper 38a Exhaust switching damper 38b Intake switching damper 38c Ventilation switching damper 39 damper motor 39a exhaust damper motor 39b intake damper motor 39c ventilation damper motor 41 ventilation fan
───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (72)発明者 宗村 浩 兵庫県神戸市東灘区魚崎浜町43番1号 日 本ユプロ株式会社内 Fターム(参考) 3L071 BB05 BC02 BD01 BE04 3L072 AA06 AB06 AC02 AD19 AG05 3L113 AC01 AC22 AC44 AC45 AC46 AC51 AC57 BA14 DA07 4L019 BA03  ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuing on the front page (72) Inventor Hiroshi Munemura 43-1 Uozakihama-cho, Higashinada-ku, Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture F-term in Japan Yupro Corporation (Reference) 3L071 BB05 BC02 BD01 BE04 3L072 AA06 AB06 AC02 AD19 AG05 3L113 AC01 AC22 AC44 AC45 AC46 AC51 AC57 BA14 DA07 4L019 BA03

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 圧縮機、凝縮器、絞り機構、蒸発器から
    なる冷凍サイクルを原理とする空気除湿手段のヒートポ
    ンプを有する暖房乾燥機において、温水を熱媒とする空
    気加熱手段の温水熱交換器と、少なくとも一つの送風機
    とをケース本体に納めたことを特徴とする暖房乾燥機。
    1. A heating / drying machine having a heat pump of an air dehumidifying means based on a refrigerating cycle consisting of a compressor, a condenser, a throttle mechanism, and an evaporator, wherein a hot water heat exchanger of an air heating means using hot water as a heat medium is provided. And at least one blower in a case body.
  2. 【請求項2】 請求項1に記載の暖房乾燥機において、
    蒸発器及び凝縮器を迂回するバイパス経路を配設したこ
    とを特徴とする暖房乾燥機。
    2. The heating and drying machine according to claim 1, wherein
    A heating / drying machine having a bypass path bypassing an evaporator and a condenser.
  3. 【請求項3】 請求項1、2いずれかに記載の暖房乾燥
    機において、吸気経路及び/又は排気経路を切り替える
    切替ダンパーを配設したことを特徴とする暖房乾燥機。
    3. The heating / drying machine according to claim 1, further comprising a switching damper for switching an intake path and / or an exhaust path.
JP29262899A 1999-10-14 1999-10-14 Heating dryer Withdrawn JP2001116290A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP29262899A JP2001116290A (en) 1999-10-14 1999-10-14 Heating dryer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Family

ID=17784270

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Link
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JP2002349930A (en) * 2001-05-22 2002-12-04 Toto Ltd Bathroom dryer
JP2007203193A (en) * 2006-02-02 2007-08-16 Toyotomi Co Ltd Control device of air conditioning machine
JP2007528975A (en) * 2003-09-25 2007-10-18 松下電器産業株式会社 Heat pump type drying device, drying device, and drying method
JP2007301220A (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-22 Toshiba Corp Clothes dryer
JP2008000451A (en) * 2006-06-23 2008-01-10 Sun Wave Ind Co Ltd Draining structure from bathroom heat pump dehumidifier
JP2008057816A (en) * 2006-08-30 2008-03-13 Tokyo Gas Co Ltd Steam generator
JP2008232484A (en) * 2007-03-19 2008-10-02 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Bathroom ventilation air-conditioning device
JP2009017936A (en) * 2007-07-10 2009-01-29 Toshiba Corp Washing and drying machine
CN101289804B (en) * 2007-04-19 2010-06-16 株式会社东芝 Clothes dryer
JP2012073001A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-04-12 Toto Ltd Bathroom drying device
KR101180544B1 (en) * 2010-08-13 2012-09-06 황혜자 Multi having drying system
KR101180356B1 (en) 2010-10-18 2012-09-07 진금수 Drier combined air conditioning and heating apparatus
DE102012007689A1 (en) * 2012-04-19 2013-10-24 Perkenn GmbH Apparatus for drying textile articles, has heat pump with compressor, where vertical surface is cooled below dew point of adjacent air flow
CN103557684A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-05 四川双亿实业有限公司 Double-effect dehumidifying and drying unit adopting air energy
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CN104807108A (en) * 2015-04-25 2015-07-29 林智勇 Air energy dehumidification device
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CN104819513A (en) * 2015-04-25 2015-08-05 林智勇 Intelligent dehumidifier
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CN107726495A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-02-23 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Indoor set
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JP4594552B2 (en) * 2001-05-22 2010-12-08 Toto株式会社 Bathroom drying equipment
JP2002349930A (en) * 2001-05-22 2002-12-04 Toto Ltd Bathroom dryer
JP2007528975A (en) * 2003-09-25 2007-10-18 松下電器産業株式会社 Heat pump type drying device, drying device, and drying method
JP2007203193A (en) * 2006-02-02 2007-08-16 Toyotomi Co Ltd Control device of air conditioning machine
JP2007301220A (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-22 Toshiba Corp Clothes dryer
JP2008000451A (en) * 2006-06-23 2008-01-10 Sun Wave Ind Co Ltd Draining structure from bathroom heat pump dehumidifier
JP2008057816A (en) * 2006-08-30 2008-03-13 Tokyo Gas Co Ltd Steam generator
JP4699313B2 (en) * 2006-08-30 2011-06-08 東京瓦斯株式会社 Steam generator
JP2008232484A (en) * 2007-03-19 2008-10-02 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Bathroom ventilation air-conditioning device
CN101289804B (en) * 2007-04-19 2010-06-16 株式会社东芝 Clothes dryer
JP2009017936A (en) * 2007-07-10 2009-01-29 Toshiba Corp Washing and drying machine
KR101180544B1 (en) * 2010-08-13 2012-09-06 황혜자 Multi having drying system
JP2012073001A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-04-12 Toto Ltd Bathroom drying device
KR101180356B1 (en) 2010-10-18 2012-09-07 진금수 Drier combined air conditioning and heating apparatus
DE102012007689A1 (en) * 2012-04-19 2013-10-24 Perkenn GmbH Apparatus for drying textile articles, has heat pump with compressor, where vertical surface is cooled below dew point of adjacent air flow
CN103557684A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-05 四川双亿实业有限公司 Double-effect dehumidifying and drying unit adopting air energy
CN103557684B (en) * 2013-11-20 2015-04-22 四川双亿实业有限公司 Double-effect dehumidifying and drying unit adopting air energy
CN104697305A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-06-10 轻工业环境保护研究所 Heat pump drying system
CN104807108A (en) * 2015-04-25 2015-07-29 林智勇 Air energy dehumidification device
CN104807106A (en) * 2015-04-25 2015-07-29 林智勇 Intelligent air energy dehumidifier
CN104819525A (en) * 2015-04-25 2015-08-05 林智勇 Intelligent efficient moisture absorption machine
CN104819514A (en) * 2015-04-25 2015-08-05 林智勇 Intelligent air energy moisture absorption machine
CN104819513A (en) * 2015-04-25 2015-08-05 林智勇 Intelligent dehumidifier
CN104819533A (en) * 2015-04-25 2015-08-05 林智勇 Intelligent dehumidifying device
CN104807106B (en) * 2015-04-25 2017-04-26 林智勇 Intelligent air energy dehumidifier
CN107543250A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-05 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Indoor set
CN107726495A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-02-23 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Indoor set
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