JP2001043469A - Automatic report system - Google Patents

Automatic report system

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Publication number
JP2001043469A
JP2001043469A JP21649999A JP21649999A JP2001043469A JP 2001043469 A JP2001043469 A JP 2001043469A JP 21649999 A JP21649999 A JP 21649999A JP 21649999 A JP21649999 A JP 21649999A JP 2001043469 A JP2001043469 A JP 2001043469A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
vehicle
occupant
information
emergency
automatically
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP21649999A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Yasuyuki Masaki
Shigeyuki Satomura
保行 正木
成行 里村
Original Assignee
Mazda Motor Corp
マツダ株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mazda Motor Corp, マツダ株式会社 filed Critical Mazda Motor Corp
Priority to JP21649999A priority Critical patent/JP2001043469A/en
Publication of JP2001043469A publication Critical patent/JP2001043469A/en
Application status is Granted legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To enable an intelligience agency side to accurate grasp the condion of accident or emergency and deal with the matter by automatically transmitting prescribed information such as information on a passenger when the condition that the vehicle passenger cannot directly make a conversation occurs. SOLUTION: When the passenger of a vehicle looses consciousness or he opens the door of the vehicle and goes out of the vehicle after the occurrence of an accident and after the operation of an urgent switch 11, a direct conversation by a portable telephone set 21 cannot be made. In such a case, the operation state of a door switch 13, the operation state of a passenger detection sensor 4 and an image pickup content by an intra-vehicle image pickup camera 5 after a report by telephone, after the operation of an air bag device 3 or after the operation of the urgent switch 11 are detected. The number of the passengers in the vehicle is operated from the detection content of a passenger detection sensor 4 and the image pickup content by the intra-vehicle image pickup camera 5. The number of the passengers is automatically transmitted as sound information and image pickup data by the intra-vehicle image pickup camera 5 as it is from them and as the detection result of the door switch 13 to an urgent report center.

Description

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0001]

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention belongs to the technical field of an automatic notification system for automatically informing a predetermined organization in the event of a vehicle accident or emergency to make a vehicle occupant directly talk.

[0002]

2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, there has been known an automatic notification system which automatically notifies a police, fire department, service center, or other organization when a vehicle accident occurs or in an emergency. One example is disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-70.
As disclosed in Japanese Patent No. 844, the vehicle constantly monitors the engine oil amount, engine temperature, cooling water amount, cooling water temperature, battery consumption amount, engine speed, vehicle speed, and the output of impact sensors and fire detection sensors. In some cases, when a vehicle accident or the like occurs, the above information is automatically transmitted together with the vehicle position information, so that a report of the vehicle accident or the like and its repair can be promptly performed.

In Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 9-161198, data on the lane, the type of vehicle, and the load on which the vehicle is running are monitored, and the above data is automatically transmitted when a vehicle accident or the like occurs. By doing so, it is proposed to report data necessary for processing in an emergency such as a vehicle accident.

[0004]

However, when a predetermined engine is automatically notified in the event of a vehicle accident or emergency as described above, instead of the vehicle state or the running state as in the above-described conventional example, An in-vehicle telephone (mobile phone) or an in-vehicle wireless device allows direct communication between the occupant of the vehicle and an operator (recipient) of a predetermined institution, so that information on the accident or emergency can be provided to the institution. Automatic reporting systems are being considered. Then, on the engine side, based on the information obtained through the direct dialogue with the vehicle occupants, the report may be forwarded to relevant agencies such as police and fire departments to obtain accurate emergency information by the vehicle occupants. And quick processing can be performed.

[0005] However, in this case, for example, if the occupant of the vehicle loses consciousness or opens the door of the vehicle for evacuation and goes out of the vehicle, a situation may occur in which it is impossible to directly communicate with the engine side. Under these circumstances, there is a problem that, despite the automatic notification, the engine cannot accurately grasp the vehicle accident or the emergency information on the engine side, and it is difficult to take prompt measures thereafter.

For example, an ambulance, which is one of the rescue vehicles, can transport one injured person or one suddenly ill, and therefore one of the reporting vehicles requires an occupant who needs emergency treatment (injured person or suddenly ill) ), It is necessary to dispatch as many ambulances to the site as possible, and if there is no direct dialog with the vehicle occupants, the information for that will be inaccurate. Also, when the occupant is out of the vehicle for evacuation, dispatch of the ambulance may not be necessary. However, since direct dialogue is impossible, it is not possible to accurately determine whether the dispatch is necessary.

[0007] The present invention has been made in view of the above points, and an object of the present invention is to provide an automatic notification system in which an automatic notification is made in the event of a vehicle accident or emergency and the occupant is directly interacted with as described above. By improving the control method of the automatic notification, when the dialogue with the vehicle occupant is impossible or irrespective of that, the situation of the accident or emergency is accurately grasped by the reporting organization and prompt measures are taken. Is to be able to do.

[0008]

In order to achieve the above object, according to the first aspect of the present invention, when a situation occurs in which a vehicle occupant cannot directly interact with a vehicle in a state of being automatically notified in a vehicle accident or emergency, for example, Predetermined information such as occupant information is automatically transmitted.

More specifically, the present invention is directed to an automatic reporting system provided with on-vehicle control means for automatically reporting to a predetermined engine in the event of a vehicle accident or emergency and allowing the vehicle occupant to directly interact with the vehicle. is there. And the on-vehicle control means,
When it is determined that the occupant cannot directly interact with the vehicle, predetermined information is detected and automatically transmitted.

With the above arrangement, the on-vehicle control means is activated in the event of a vehicle accident or emergency, so that a predetermined engine is automatically notified and the vehicle occupant can directly talk with the engine. This direct dialogue provides information related to vehicle accidents and emergencies to the institution, and the institution can forward the report to the relevant institution based on the information obtained through the above direct dialogue, and the emergency Appropriate processing can be performed based on the information.

When the in-vehicle control means determines that the occupant cannot directly interact with the vehicle, predetermined information is detected and transmitted automatically instead. In this way, the predetermined information is automatically transmitted when the occupant cannot directly interact with the vehicle.For example, even when the occupant of the vehicle loses consciousness or opens the door of the vehicle and goes out of the vehicle, the engine cannot be directly engaged. On the side of the vehicle, it is possible to accurately grasp vehicle accidents and emergency information on the basis of the automatically transmitted predetermined information, so that prompt measures can be taken thereafter.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an automatic notification system similar to the object of the first aspect of the present invention, wherein the in-vehicle control means detects information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle at the time of the automatic notification and automatically transmits the information. It is assumed to be configured to With this, when the vehicle is automatically notified by the on-vehicle control means in the event of a vehicle accident or emergency, information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle is detected regardless of whether or not the occupant can directly interact with the vehicle. Will be sent automatically,
Even if the occupant is unconscious, this can be accurately and easily grasped by the reporting organization from the automatically transmitted information on the occupant's condition, and prompt action can be taken.

According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided an automatic notification system similar to the first aspect of the present invention, wherein the on-vehicle control means detects information on the open / closed state of the vehicle door and automatically transmits the information at the time of the automatic notification. It is assumed to be configured to In this case, when the vehicle is automatically notified by the on-board control means in the event of an accident or emergency of the vehicle, the presence or absence of the opening / closing operation of the door of the vehicle is detected and automatically transmitted, so that even if the occupant is out of the vehicle. Even if this happens, it is possible to accurately and easily grasp the fact from the automatically transmitted door open / closed state information on the side of the reporting organization, and to take quick action.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the automatic notification system according to the first aspect of the present invention, the vehicle-mounted control means automatically transmits information relating to the state of the occupant of the vehicle as predetermined information when direct occupant interaction is not possible. It is assumed to be configured to Thus, at the time of the automatic notification by the on-vehicle control means, first, the occupant can directly talk with the engine side. However, if it is determined that the direct occupant cannot be talked with, the information regarding the state of the occupant of the vehicle is obtained. Is detected and sent automatically. In this case, even if the occupant loses consciousness, the fact can be accurately and easily grasped on the engine side from the information on the automatically transmitted occupant state, and prompt measures can be taken.

According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the automatic notification system according to the first aspect of the present invention, the in-vehicle control means automatically transmits information relating to the open / closed state of the door of the vehicle as predetermined information when direct interaction of the occupant is impossible. It is assumed to be configured to In this way, during automatic reporting, the crew will be able to communicate directly with the institution with priority first,
If it is determined that the occupant cannot directly interact with the vehicle, information on the open / closed state of the vehicle door is detected and automatically transmitted. In this case, even if the occupant is out of the vehicle, the fact can be accurately and easily grasped on the engine side from the automatically transmitted door open / closed state information, and prompt action can be taken.

In the invention according to claim 6, the information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle automatically transmitted by the on-vehicle control means is an image of the occupant. In the invention of claim 7, the information on the state of the occupant is the number of occupants. Further, in the invention of claim 8, the information on the state of the occupant is an output signal of an occupant detection sensor in the occupant protection device. In this case, optimal information to be automatically transmitted from the on-vehicle control means as information relating to the state of the occupant can be obtained.

According to a ninth aspect of the present invention, in the automatic notification system according to any one of the first to third aspects of the present invention, the on-vehicle control means is configured to automatically transmit information as voice information. When predetermined information is automatically transmitted from the in-vehicle control means to the engine, the information can be accurately and quickly grasped.

[0018]

FIG. 9 shows an entire configuration of an automatic notification system according to an embodiment of the present invention, wherein C is a vehicle, and A is an emergency call as a predetermined agency previously installed in, for example, a predetermined area. The center and B are related when the accident of the vehicle C occurs or emergency is required, such as the police headquarters, the fire department,
C1 is a rescue vehicle such as a patrol car, an ambulance, a service car, etc. belonging to the related emergency organization B, and other organizations such as service organizations (hereinafter referred to as related emergency organizations).
The vehicle C, the emergency notification center A, the related emergency agency B, and the rescue vehicle C1 can communicate or communicate with each other by telephone.

As shown in FIG. 8, the vehicle C has a CP as an on-vehicle control means constituting a part of the automatic notification system.
An automatic notification control device 1 built in U is provided. The automatic notification control device 1 is mounted near a fuel tank (not shown), which is a position where the vehicle C is least susceptible to damage at the time of a collision. The notification control device 1 automatically makes a telephone call to the emergency notification center A so that the operator of the emergency notification center A and the occupant of the vehicle C can directly talk with each other.

As shown in FIG. 7, the automatic notification control device 1 includes an airbag device 3 as an occupant protection device provided for each seat (not shown) of the vehicle C, and a state in the passenger compartment. A state in front of the vehicle C (a state outside the vehicle C around the vehicle C) in an in-vehicle imaging camera 5 (in-vehicle imaging means) composed of a CCD camera for taking an image and an automatic traveling device (not shown) for automatically steering and traveling the vehicle C ), A navigation device 7 mounted on the vehicle C, an emergency audible sound such as a voice of an occupant in the vehicle interior and a siren of the rescue vehicle C1. A microphone 8 of a hands-free type for inputting the information, a speaker 9 for emitting a voice to the occupant in the passenger compartment, a display device 10 for displaying necessary information to the occupant of the vehicle C, and a manual operation by the occupant in an emergency. An emergency switch 11, which is created, a cancel switch 12 which is manually operated by an occupant to cancel it, a door switch 13 for detecting the open or closed state of a door of the vehicle C, the headlamp 15 (headlamp),
A lamp control device 14 for controlling turning on and off of a turn signal lamp 16 (direction indicator light) and a room lamp 17 for hazard operation, and a horn control device 18 for controlling a blowing operation of a horn 19 can transmit and receive signals. It is connected. The lamp control device 14 has a control function of performing a hazard operation of blinking the turn signal lamp 16 and blinking of the head lamp 15, and has a control function of controlling the hazard operation and blinking of the head lamp 15.
A notification unit that notifies the current position of the vehicle C is configured.
Further, the horn control device 18 also includes a horn 19
The informing means for informing the current position of the vehicle C by the sounding operation of.

The airbag device 3 includes occupant detection sensors 4, 4,... For detecting an occupant based on whether or not each seat of the vehicle C is seated. In addition, the mobile phone 21 can be connected to the automatic notification control device 1 so that signals can be transmitted and received. The automatic notification control device 1 can be connected to other devices in addition to the above devices.

As shown in FIG. 8, the emergency switch 11 and the cancel switch 12 are mounted in a concentrated manner at the position of an overhead console 23 at the front of the vehicle body roof 22. The microphone 8 is arranged at the position of the front pillar 24 on the driver's seat side, and the speakers 9 are arranged at both left and right ends of the instrument panel 25.
The microphone 8 is connected to the overhead console 23.
And the speakers 9 may be arranged at the left and right sides of the lower front end of the vehicle compartment, respectively, and the arrangement positions can be changed as needed.

The in-vehicle imaging camera 5 is mounted on, for example, a rear portion of the interior mirror 26 in a state where the function of the mirror 26 is not impaired so that an occupant in the interior of the vehicle can be directly imaged. The outside camera 6 is also used as an image camera of the automatic traveling device as described above, and is attached to, for example, a front surface of the interior mirror 26 so as to be able to image a state in front of the vehicle C. (Note that the outside camera 6 is
As described above, the present invention is not limited to the imaging of the state in front of the vehicle C.
Any device that captures the state outside the vehicle may be used). Further, the display device 10 is disposed, for example, on an instrument panel 25 (meter) in front of a driver's seat. In FIG. 8, 27
A GPS antenna connected to the navigation device 7 is fixed to an outer surface of a rear portion of the vehicle body roof 22.

Next, the processing operation of the main routine performed for automatic notification in the CPU of the automatic notification control device 1 will be described with reference to FIGS. First, in step S1 after the start (normally, a flag described later is cleared to “0” at the time of the start), it is determined whether or not the vehicle C has an accident. This is determined, for example, based on whether or not the airbag device 3 is activated. If this determination is NO, it is determined in step S2 whether or not the emergency switch 11 has been operated due to an emergency of the occupant of the vehicle C. If this determination is NO, the process proceeds to step S3 and the flag is set to "1". Is determined. This flag is set to "1" when an automatic notification is sent from the on-board automatic notification control device 1 to the emergency notification center A, and is cleared to "0" otherwise. If the determination in step S3 is YES for flag = 1, the process proceeds directly to step S25 described below, but returns to NO for flag = 0.

The determination in step S1 indicates that there is an accident
In the case of S, or when the determination in step S2 is YES with an emergency switch operation, the process proceeds to step S4 to start counting by the timer. Next step S
In step 5, after an instruction to cancel is issued by operating the cancel switch 12 through the speaker 9 or the display device 10, it is determined in step S6 whether the cancel switch 12 has been operated. If the determination is YES with the cancel switch operation, the process returns as it is.
In the case of O, the process proceeds to step S7, where it is determined whether or not a predetermined time has elapsed by counting the timer, and steps S5 to S7 are repeated until the predetermined time has elapsed. If the predetermined time has elapsed, the determination in step S7 is YES
Then, in step S8, the mobile phone 21 is operated to automatically notify the emergency notification center A. The reason why the predetermined time limit is set by the timer before the start of the automatic notification is to enable the false notification to be canceled by operating the cancel switch 12 during the predetermined time in the case of a false notification.

In step S9 after step S8, ID information unique to the vehicle C (information such as registration number, vehicle type, owner, color, etc. is registered in advance at the emergency notification center A for each vehicle C). After automatically transmitting the information on the current position of the vehicle C detected by the navigation device 7 and the output information of various other sensors to the emergency notification center A, the flag is set to "1" in step S10. Then, in the next step S11, a direct dialogue with the emergency call center A (the operator) is started. After the start of the dialogue, it is determined in step S12 whether or not the dialogue is possible based on the presence or absence of a voice output from the speaker 9 or the reception of a predetermined signal from the emergency notification center A. In the next step S13, the emergency information center A determines whether or not the dialogue is possible. It is determined whether or not the predetermined signal has been received. If the determination is NO, it is determined in step S14 whether or not the occupant can talk. If the determination in step S14 is YES that the conversation is possible, the process proceeds to step S15 to determine whether the cancel switch 12 has been operated. When this determination is NO, after executing the current position notification routine 1 described later in step S16, the process proceeds to step S1.
It is determined in step 7 whether or not a call end signal from the emergency information center A has been received. If the determination in step S17 is NO, the process returns to step S12.

On the other hand, if the determination in step S15 is YES with the cancel switch operation, or step S17
If the determination is YES with the reception of the call end signal, the process proceeds to step S24 to disconnect the call. While repeating the above steps S12 to S17, a direct dialogue is performed between the occupant of the vehicle C and the emergency notification center A.

When the determination in step S13 is YES with the reception of the predetermined signal, or when the determination in step S14 is NO with no dialogue, the process proceeds to step S18, after the airbag device 3 is operated, or The operation state of the door switch 13 (open / close state of the door) after the emergency switch 11 is operated is detected, and the next step S1 is performed.
9, the operation state of the occupant detection sensor 4 (the occupant's sitting state in each seat) after the operation of the airbag device 3 or the operation of the emergency switch 11 is similarly detected. The number of occupants of the vehicle C is calculated and obtained from the detection content of the detection sensor 4. Step S
At 21, the content of the image captured by the in-vehicle imaging camera 5, that is, the content of the image of the occupant is detected. At the next step S <b> 22, the number of occupants of the vehicle C is calculated from the content of the image captured by the in-vehicle imaging camera 5. Next, in step S23, the detection result of the door switch 13, the detection result of the occupant detection sensor 4 and the number of occupants are automatically transmitted to the emergency notification center A as voice information, and the image data obtained by the in-vehicle imaging camera 5 as they are. After executing the current position notification routine 1 in step S16, the process proceeds to step S17.

After step S24, step S25 is performed.
Then, it is determined whether or not the emergency switch 11 has been operated, and if this determination is YES, the process returns to step S8. On the other hand, when the determination in step S25 is NO indicating that there is no emergency switch operation, in step S26, it is determined whether a new telephone call has been received. This step S
If the determination in step 26 is YES that there is an incoming call, step S
Proceed to 27 to connect the call, and in step S28,
The relevant emergency agency B (police headquarters, fire department, service organization, etc.) transferred from the emergency notification center A,
Alternatively, it is determined whether the vehicle is from the rescue vehicle C1 (patrol car, ambulance, service car, etc.). This judgment is a call from the related emergency organization B or the rescue vehicle C1.
If determined to be S, the process proceeds to step S30 after executing the current position notification routine 1 in step S29 in the same manner as in step S16, and proceeds to the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C.
Then, it is determined whether or not the call termination signal has been received. If this determination is NO without reception of the call end signal, steps S29 and S30 are repeated, but YES with reception is received.
In the case of, the process proceeds to step S31 to terminate the call and return.

If the determination in step S28 is NO, which is not a telephone call from the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1,
Since it is an unnecessary incoming call, the process proceeds to step S32 to disconnect the call after a predetermined time, and thereafter returns.

If the determination in step S26 is NO, that is, no incoming call, the process returns after executing the current position notification routine 2 described later in step S33.

The current position notification routine 1 performed in steps S16 and S29 is substantially performed when receiving a command signal by telephone from the emergency notification center A, the related emergency organization B, and the rescue vehicle C1. As shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, first, it is determined in step T1 whether a horn operation signal by telephone has been received. When this determination is NO without reception, the process proceeds to step T4 as it is, but when YES is received, the process proceeds to step T2 to perform a hazard operation of simultaneously blinking the left and right turn signal lamps 16 for a predetermined time, The headlamp 15 is turned on and off and the horn 19 is blown after a predetermined time has elapsed in the next step T3, and then the process proceeds to step T4.

In step T4, it is determined whether or not a lamp operation signal has been received by telephone. If the determination is NO, that is, no reception is made, the process proceeds to step T6.
When YES is received, the process proceeds to step T5, in which a hazard operation is performed by the left and right turn signal lamps 16 for a predetermined time, and the left and right head lamps 15 blink, and then the process proceeds to step T6.

In this step T6, it is determined whether or not an image pickup signal outside the vehicle by a telephone has been received. If the determination is NO in the absence of reception, the process proceeds directly to step T10. On the other hand, if YES with reception, the process proceeds to step T7 to turn on the left and right headlamps 15, and the vehicle C at that time is activated by the operation of the outside image pickup camera 6 in step T8.
An image of the front state (a state outside the vehicle) is taken to acquire outside-of-vehicle image data, and the acquired outside-of-vehicle image data is transmitted to the emergency notification center A, the related emergency organization B or the rescue vehicle C1 in step T9, and then to step T10. move on.

In step T10, it is determined whether an in-vehicle image signal has been received by telephone. If the determination is NO in the absence of reception, the process proceeds directly to step T14. Step T
Go to step 11, turn on the room lamp 17, and go to step T
In step 12, the operation of the in-vehicle imaging camera 5 captures the state of the occupant in the vehicle at that time to acquire in-vehicle imaging data. In step T13, the acquired in-vehicle imaging data is transmitted to the emergency notification center A, the related emergency agency B, or rescue. After transmitting to the vehicle C1, the process proceeds to step T14.

In step T14, it is determined whether a request signal for the current position of the vehicle C by telephone has been received. If the determination is NO without reception, the process proceeds directly to step T16. Sometimes, at step T15, the data of the current position of the vehicle C detected by the navigation device 7 is transmitted by voice to the emergency notification center A, the related emergency agency B, or the rescue vehicle C1, and then the process proceeds to step T16.

In step T16, it is determined whether a signal indicating the current position of the rescue vehicle C1 has been received. If the determination is NO, the process is terminated (step S16 in FIG. 2).
17 or step S30 in FIG. 3). In contrast,
If the determination in step T16 is YES with reception,
In step T17, the distance between the two positions is calculated based on the received current position of the rescue vehicle C1 and the current position of the vehicle C, and it is determined whether or not the distance has become equal to or less than a predetermined distance. When this determination is NO, the process is terminated as it is, but when the determination is YES, the hazard operation is performed by the left and right turn signal lamps 16 and the left and right head lamps 15 are blinked for a predetermined time in step T18, and in the next step T19, Horn 1 after predetermined time
After the 9 is sounded, the process ends.

In step T16, the rescue vehicle C1
When receiving the signal of the current position of, as shown in FIG.
The position information is received directly from the rescue vehicle C1. In addition, as shown in FIG.
May be instructed to the rescue vehicle C1 for the optimal route to the host vehicle C.

The current position notification routine 2 performed in step S33 in FIG. 3 includes receiving an emergency alert such as a siren emitted from the rescue vehicle C1 when there is no incoming call from the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1. As shown in FIG. 6, first, as shown in FIG.
To detect the microphone 8, and in the next step U2, an emergency warning sound such as a siren emitted by the rescue vehicle C1 is output from the microphone 8.
It is determined whether or not it has been detected. If the determination is NO without sound detection, the process ends (the process proceeds from step S33 in FIG. 3 to return).
In the case of S, the process proceeds to step U3, in which a hazard operation is performed by the left and right turn signal lamps 16 for a predetermined time, the left and right head lamps 15 are blinked, and the horn 19 is blown after a predetermined time has elapsed in the next step U4. Exit later.

Therefore, in this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 10, when it is determined that an accident has occurred in the vehicle C or when the emergency switch 11 is operated in an emergency, the portable telephone is automatically turned on after a predetermined time has elapsed. The information is notified to the emergency notification center A by 21 and information such as the ID information of the vehicle C, the current position, and the outputs of various sensors is automatically transmitted to the emergency notification center A (signal in FIG. 10). It becomes possible to talk directly with the notification center A side (same signal).
Through this direct dialogue, information on the accident or emergency of the vehicle C is provided to the emergency notification center A side, and the center A side selects a necessary related emergency agency B based on the information obtained by the automatic notification and the direct dialogue, The information is transferred to the relevant emergency agency B or its rescue vehicle C1 (the same signal,
). Thereafter, a call is made from the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1 to the vehicle C (the same signal), and information on the accident or emergency between the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1 and the occupant of the vehicle C is transmitted. (The same signal).

On the other hand, if the occupant of the vehicle C loses consciousness after the occurrence of an accident or the operation of the emergency switch 11, or the vehicle C is opened outside the vehicle by opening the door, the direct dialogue by the mobile telephone 21 is not performed. It will be impossible. In this case, the operation state of the door switch 13 and the operation state of the occupant detection sensor 4 after the notification of the telephone, the operation of the airbag device 3 or the operation of the emergency switch 11, and the contents captured by the in-vehicle imaging camera 5 are detected. Along with
The number of occupants of the vehicle C is calculated from the detection content of the occupant detection sensor 4 and the content of the image captured by the in-vehicle imaging camera 5, and the detection result of these door switches 13 indicates the number of occupants as audio information.
In addition, the image data from the in-vehicle imaging camera 5 is automatically transmitted to the emergency notification center A as it is (the same signal '). During the processing operation from the occurrence of an accident or from an emergency, the contents of the processing operation are sequentially displayed on the display device 10.

As described above, when it is impossible to directly communicate with the occupant of the vehicle C in the event of an accident or emergency of the vehicle C, the door opening / closing state, the number of occupants, and the image data from the in-vehicle camera 5 are automatically transmitted. Therefore, the emergency call center A can accurately grasp the accident or emergency information of the vehicle C based on the automatically transmitted information, and can take prompt measures thereafter.

At this time, the data automatically transmitted from the vehicle C to the emergency notification center A as information relating to the state of the occupant includes image data (an image of the occupant) taken by the in-vehicle imaging camera 5, the number of occupants and the occupant detection. Since this is the output signal of the sensor 4, it is possible to obtain information on the optimal occupant state at the time of occurrence of an accident or emergency. In addition, since the data of the number of occupants and the output signal of the occupant detection sensor 4 are automatically transmitted as voice to the emergency notification center A, the emergency notification center A can visually confirm the automatically transmitted data by display or the like. , The data can be grasped accurately and quickly.

Thereafter, the automatic notification and the automatically transmitted information are transferred from the emergency notification center A to the related emergency organization B or the rescue vehicle C1 (the same signal, ′), and are transmitted from the relevant emergency organization B or the rescue vehicle C1. When a call is made to the vehicle C (the same signal), any command signal of a horn operation signal, a lamp operation signal, an outside image signal, an inside image signal, or a current position request signal can be transmitted by the telephone as needed. Yes (same signal '). Then, the following operation is performed on the vehicle C side receiving these command signals (note that the following operation is performed).
These operations are similarly performed by transmitting a command signal from the emergency notification center A by telephone even when the vehicle C automatically transmits to the emergency notification center A after the occurrence of the accident or after the operation of the emergency switch 11. ).

That is, the headlamp 15 is turned on by receiving the above-mentioned image pickup signal outside the vehicle, and the vehicle C is forward (outside the vehicle).
Is brightly illuminated, and in this state, the state in front of the vehicle C (the state outside the vehicle) is clearly imaged by the outside camera 6.
The image data outside the vehicle is stored in the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1.
Sent to. Also, by receiving the in-vehicle imaging signal, the state of the occupant in the vehicle cabin is clearly imaged by the in-vehicle imaging camera 5 with the room lamp 17 turned on in the same manner as described above,
The in-vehicle image data is related emergency agency B or rescue vehicle C1
Sent to. Further, upon receiving the request signal of the current position of the vehicle C, data of the current position of the vehicle C is transmitted by voice to the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1. Therefore,
On the side of the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1, the current position of the vehicle C, its surrounding state, the state of the vehicle interior, and the current It is possible to accurately detect whether such a situation exists. In particular, since the information on the current position of the vehicle C is transmitted as audio information, the current position of the vehicle C can be accurately and quickly grasped as compared with a case where the information on the current position is visually confirmed by display or the like. Therefore, the rescue vehicle C1 can easily find the vehicle C from these pieces of information, and can take quick action.

By receiving the horn operation signal from the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1, a hazard operation of simultaneously turning on the left and right turn signal lamps 16 for a predetermined time and a blinking of the left and right head lamps 15 are performed. Then, the horn 19 sounds. Further, by receiving the lamp operation signal from the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1, the hazard operation and the blinking operation of the headlamp 15 are performed for a predetermined time. Further, the signal of the current position of the rescue vehicle C1 is received, and the vehicle C at the current position of the rescue vehicle C1 is received.
When the distance from the current position is less than a predetermined distance, a hazard operation and a blinking operation of the headlamp 15 are performed for a predetermined time, and the horn 19 is sounded. Thus, for example, the rescue vehicle C1 calls the vehicle C and transmits the horn operation signal or the lamp operation signal, or the rescue vehicle C
The above-mentioned hazard operation, the blinking of the headlamp 15, the sounding of the horn 19, and the like are performed only by approaching to a predetermined distance or less while the signal of the current position of the vehicle 1 is transmitted. Even if there is, the rescue vehicle C1 can easily find the vehicle C by visually observing the notification information, and the rescue vehicle C1 is effective especially at night, so that a quick response can be taken.

On the other hand, the related emergency agency B and the rescue vehicle C1
When there is no incoming call from the vehicle C to the vehicle C, the presence or absence of an emergency alarm sound such as a siren of the rescue vehicle C1 is detected by the microphone 8 in the passenger compartment, and when the emergency alarm sound is detected, For a predetermined time, the hazard operation and the blinking operation of the head lamp 15 are performed, and the horn 19 is sounded. Thus, even if the rescue vehicle C1 does not call the vehicle C, the hazard operation is automatically performed only by approaching the rescue vehicle C1 to the vehicle C at a distance at which an emergency warning sound such as a siren is detected. , The head lamp 15 blinks, the horn 19 blows, and the like. Therefore, also in this case, even if there is an error in the current position of the vehicle C, the rescue vehicle C1 can easily find the vehicle C that has issued the notification information (especially effective at night), and can take prompt measures. It can be carried out.

(Other Embodiments) The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, but includes various other embodiments. For example, in the processing operation shown in FIGS.
Steps S12 to S15 and S18 are omitted, and step S
After step 11, the process proceeds to step S19.
In step S23, the automatic notification control device 1 automatically transmits only the detection result by the occupant detection sensor 4, the number of occupants, and the imaging data from the in-vehicle imaging camera 5 to the emergency notification center A. As the information on the state, the image data of the occupant is used as it is, the number of occupants, the occupant detection sensor 4 in the airbag device 3.
May be automatically transmitted as audio information.

Similarly, steps S12 to S15,
S19 to S22 are omitted, and after step S11, the process proceeds to step S18. In step S23, only the detection result of the door switch 13 is automatically transmitted to the emergency notification center A as voice information, so that automatic notification control is performed. The device 1 may be configured to automatically transmit information on the open / closed state of the door of the vehicle C (whether or not there is an open / close operation) at the time of the automatic notification.

In this manner, when the automatic notification control device 1 automatically notifies the vehicle C in the event of an accident or emergency, even if the occupant is in a state where direct communication is possible or impossible, regardless of the situation, Since the information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle C (image of the occupant, the number of occupants, the output signal of the occupant detection sensor 4 in the airbag device 3), or the presence or absence of the opening / closing operation of the door of the vehicle C is automatically transmitted. Even if the occupant loses consciousness, or the occupant goes out of the vehicle, the emergency notification center A side can accurately detect the fact based on the automatically transmitted occupant's condition or the presence or absence of door opening / closing operation. Can be easily and easily grasped, and prompt measures can be taken.

In the above embodiment, the image data of the in-vehicle imaging camera 5 is transmitted at the time of notification to the emergency notification center A. In addition, the imaging data of the out-of-vehicle imaging camera 6 is also transmitted. You can also In this case, by transferring the image data of the outside camera 6 transmitted at the time of the automatic notification to the rescue vehicle C1, the rescue vehicle C1 can immediately determine the current position of the vehicle C from the image data of the outside image camera 6, Subsequent prompt actions can be taken.

Further, in the processing operations of the current position notification routines 1 and 2 shown in FIGS.
Before performing the operation of notifying the blinking or lighting of the headlamp 15 and the sounding of the horn 19, the fact that the above-described operation is to be performed may be notified in advance by voice from the speaker 9 or display on the display device 10. Good. In this way, it is possible to prevent the above-described notification operations from being erroneously determined to have been performed due to an abnormality or failure of the device.

In the above embodiment, the current position of the rescue vehicle C1 is directly obtained by receiving a telephone call from the rescue vehicle C1 (see FIG. 11), and when the distance from the rescue vehicle C1 is less than a predetermined distance. Although the hazard operation, the blinking of the headlamp 15, and the sounding of the horn 19 are performed, the position information of the rescue vehicle C1 may be received via the emergency notification center A. In addition, the emergency notification center A calculates the distance between the rescue vehicle C1 and the vehicle C, and outputs a command signal to the vehicle C when the distance from the rescue vehicle C1 is equal to or less than a predetermined distance. The vehicle C may perform the hazard operation, the blinking of the head lamp 15, and the sounding of the horn 19 by receiving the command signal from the center A.

In the above-described embodiment, both the outside camera 6 and the inside camera 5 are of a fixed type that cannot perform angle adjustment and exposure adjustment. However, as shown in FIG. 12, for example, the inside camera 5 ( Outside camera 6
May be adjusted by inputting an external signal, and a telephone is transmitted from the emergency notification center A, the related emergency agency B, and the rescue vehicle C1 to the vehicle C, and the optimal image data is transmitted. May be made available.

Further, in the automatic notification control device 1 on the side of the vehicle C, various data such as the operating state of the airbag device 3 for each seat, the vehicle speed and acceleration before and after the occurrence of the accident, the operating state of the seat belt pretensioner, etc. And a state indicating a correspondence between the degree of injury of the occupant of the vehicle C and the degree of damage to the vehicle body, and an accident state code is obtained from each data of the actual operation state of the airbag device 3 and the vehicle speed and acceleration before and after the accident. May be determined, and the accident state code may be transmitted to the emergency notification center A, the related emergency organization B, and the rescue vehicle C1 together with the image data of the in-vehicle imaging camera 5, so that more prompt measures can be expected.

In the above-described embodiment, the portable telephone 21 can be connected to the automatic report control device 1, and the portable telephone 21 can communicate with the emergency report center A, the related emergency organization B, and the rescue vehicle C1 and transmit necessary signals. , But an in-vehicle wireless device may be incorporated in place of the mobile phone 21. If the automatic notification control device 1 has a function of determining the current position of the vehicle C, the navigation device 7 is not essential.

Further, in the above embodiment, after the automatic notification to the emergency notification center A, the outside image pickup signal is transmitted by telephone from the emergency call center A or the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1, and the outside image pickup signal is transmitted. Although the outside image data by the outside image camera 6 is transmitted when it is received, when the distance between the rescue vehicle C1 and the vehicle C becomes equal to or less than a predetermined distance, or when the vehicle C becomes a siren of the rescue vehicle C1 or the like. When an emergency alarm sound is detected, the vehicle exterior camera 6 may be automatically operated to transmit vehicle exterior image data.

In the above embodiment, after the automatic report to the emergency report center A, the current location request signal is transmitted by telephone from the emergency report center A or the related emergency agency B or the rescue vehicle C1, and the signal is received. Sometimes, the current position data of the vehicle C is transmitted to notify the current position of the vehicle C to the rescue vehicle C1 and the like. However, when the distance between the rescue vehicle C1 and the vehicle C becomes equal to or less than a predetermined distance, Alternatively, the current position data of the vehicle C may be automatically transmitted by voice when the vehicle C detects an emergency warning sound such as a siren of the rescue vehicle C1.

Further, in the above-described embodiment, the predetermined organization is the emergency notification center A, but it goes without saying that another organization may be used.

[0060]

As described above, according to the first aspect of the present invention, in the event of a vehicle accident or emergency, an automatic notification system is provided to automatically notify a predetermined engine and allow the vehicle occupant to directly interact with the vehicle. On the other hand, when it is determined that the occupant cannot directly interact with the vehicle, predetermined information is detected and automatically transmitted. Further, according to the invention of claim 2, similarly, at the time of the automatic notification, information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle is detected and automatically transmitted. Further, in the invention of claim 3,
At the time of automatic notification, information on the open / close state of the vehicle door is detected and automatically transmitted. According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, when the occupant cannot directly interact with the occupant, information relating to the state of the occupant of the vehicle is automatically transmitted as the predetermined information. According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, when direct interaction of the occupant is not possible, information relating to the open / closed state of the vehicle door is automatically transmitted as the predetermined information. Therefore,
According to these inventions, in the event of a vehicle accident or emergency, the engine is automatically notified and the occupant of the vehicle can directly communicate with the engine, and can obtain accurate emergency information by this dialog, and However, even if the user loses consciousness or goes out of the vehicle by opening the door of the vehicle and cannot communicate directly, regardless of the situation, predetermined information on vehicle accidents and rescue is automatically transmitted, so the reporting agency side Thus, accident or emergency information can be accurately grasped on the basis of the automatically transmitted predetermined information, and prompt measures can be taken.

In the sixth aspect of the present invention, the information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle to be automatically transmitted is an image of the occupant. In the invention according to claim 7, the information on the state of the occupant is the number of occupants. In the invention of claim 8, the information on the state of the occupant is the output signal of the occupant detection sensor in the occupant protection device. In this manner, information on the state of the occupant that is optimal for automatic transmission can be obtained.

According to a ninth aspect of the present invention, in the automatic notification system according to any one of the first to third aspects of the present invention, information is automatically transmitted as voice information, so that predetermined information automatically transmitted is transmitted to an engine. The side can be accurately and quickly grasped.

[Brief description of the drawings]

FIG. 1 is a flowchart showing a front part of a processing operation of a main routine performed in an automatic notification control device mounted on a vehicle.

FIG. 2 is a flowchart showing an intermediate portion of a processing operation of a main routine.

FIG. 3 is a flowchart showing the rear part of the processing operation of the main routine.

FIG. 4 is a flowchart illustrating a first half of a current position notification routine 1;

FIG. 5 is a flowchart showing the latter half of the current position notification routine 1.

FIG. 6 is a flowchart showing a current position notification routine 2;

FIG. 7 is a block diagram illustrating a connection configuration of devices to the automatic notification control device.

FIG. 8 is a diagram showing an arrangement state of various devices in a vehicle.

FIG. 9 is a diagram schematically showing an overall configuration of an automatic notification system according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 10 is an explanatory diagram showing a form of information exchange performed between the emergency notification center and a related emergency agency by the automatic notification control device.

FIG. 11 is a diagram showing a signal transmission / reception form for notifying the position of the rescue vehicle when the rescue vehicle approaches a predetermined range with respect to the vehicle.

FIG. 12 is a diagram illustrating a system for controlling an in-vehicle imaging camera from an emergency notification center, a related emergency agency, and a rescue vehicle to obtain necessary image data of a vehicle interior state.

[Explanation of symbols]

 C vehicle 1 automatic notification control device (in-vehicle control means) 3 airbag device (occupant protection device) 4 occupant detection sensor 5 in-vehicle imaging camera (in-vehicle imaging means) 6 out-of-vehicle imaging camera (out-vehicle imaging means) 7 navigation device 11 emergency switch 12 Cancel switch 13 Door switch 15 Head lamp 16 Turn signal lamp 17 Room lamp 19 Horn 21 Mobile phone A Emergency call center (prescribed organization) B Related emergency organization C1 Rescue vehicle

 ──────────────────────────────────────────────────続 き Continued on the front page F term (reference) 2F029 AA02 AC02 AC06 AC18 5C087 AA02 AA03 AA08 AA19 AA37 AA44 BB12 BB64 BB65 BB74 DD02 DD03 DD08 DD14 EE05 EE06 EE07 5H180 AA01 BB05 BB15 CC04 EE15 FF13 CC04 EE15 FF13 9 JJ77 KK29 KK31 KK32 KK37 KK56 LL09

Claims (9)

[Claims]
1. An automatic notification system comprising an on-vehicle control means for automatically notifying a predetermined engine at the time of occurrence of a vehicle accident or emergency and allowing direct communication with an occupant of the vehicle, wherein the on-vehicle control means comprises: An automatic notification system configured to detect and automatically transmit predetermined information when it is determined that the direct interaction of the occupant is impossible.
2. An automatic notification system comprising an in-vehicle control means for automatically notifying a predetermined engine at the time of occurrence of a vehicle accident or emergency and allowing direct communication with an occupant of the vehicle, wherein the on-vehicle control means comprises: An automatic notification system configured to detect information on the state of a vehicle occupant at the time of automatic notification and automatically transmit the information.
3. An automatic notifying system comprising an in-vehicle control means for automatically notifying a predetermined engine in the event of a vehicle accident or emergency and allowing direct communication with an occupant of the vehicle. An automatic reporting system configured to detect and automatically transmit information on the open / closed state of a vehicle door during automatic reporting.
4. The automatic notification system according to claim 1, wherein the on-vehicle control means is configured to automatically transmit information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle as predetermined information when direct occupant interaction is not possible. An automatic notification system.
5. The automatic notification system according to claim 1, wherein the on-vehicle control means is configured to automatically transmit, as predetermined information, information on an open / closed state of a vehicle door when direct interaction of the occupant is impossible. An automatic notification system characterized by the following.
6. The automatic notification system according to claim 2, wherein the information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle automatically transmitted by the on-vehicle control means is an image of the occupant.
7. The automatic notification system according to claim 2, wherein the information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle automatically transmitted by the on-vehicle control means is the number of occupants.
8. The automatic notification system according to claim 2, wherein the information on the state of the occupant of the vehicle automatically transmitted by the on-vehicle control means is an output signal of an occupant detection sensor in the occupant protection device. Notification system.
9. The automatic notification system according to claim 1, wherein the in-vehicle control unit is configured to automatically transmit information as voice information.
JP21649999A 1999-07-30 1999-07-30 Automatic report system Granted JP2001043469A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP21649999A JP2001043469A (en) 1999-07-30 1999-07-30 Automatic report system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP21649999A JP2001043469A (en) 1999-07-30 1999-07-30 Automatic report system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2001043469A true JP2001043469A (en) 2001-02-16

Family

ID=16689396

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP21649999A Granted JP2001043469A (en) 1999-07-30 1999-07-30 Automatic report system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2001043469A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008524733A (en) * 2004-12-21 2008-07-10 ローベルト ボツシユ ゲゼルシヤフト ミツト ベシユレンクテル ハフツングRobert Bosch Gmbh Emergency call transmission method and apparatus
JP2008233992A (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-10-02 Denso Corp On-vehicle emergency notification device
US8078138B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2011-12-13 Denso Corporation In-vehicle emergency call apparatus
JP2012014728A (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-01-19 Denso Corp In-vehicle emergency notification device
JP2015169985A (en) * 2014-03-05 2015-09-28 株式会社デンソー Emergency call device for vehicle

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2008524733A (en) * 2004-12-21 2008-07-10 ローベルト ボツシユ ゲゼルシヤフト ミツト ベシユレンクテル ハフツングRobert Bosch Gmbh Emergency call transmission method and apparatus
US8134455B2 (en) 2004-12-21 2012-03-13 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method for sending an emergency call and device
US8078138B2 (en) 2006-11-02 2011-12-13 Denso Corporation In-vehicle emergency call apparatus
JP2008233992A (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-10-02 Denso Corp On-vehicle emergency notification device
US8135510B2 (en) 2007-03-16 2012-03-13 Denso Corporation On-board emergency reporting apparatus
JP2012014728A (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-01-19 Denso Corp In-vehicle emergency notification device
JP2015169985A (en) * 2014-03-05 2015-09-28 株式会社デンソー Emergency call device for vehicle

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