JP2001037564A - Device for closing drawer - Google Patents

Device for closing drawer

Info

Publication number
JP2001037564A
JP2001037564A JP11216599A JP21659999A JP2001037564A JP 2001037564 A JP2001037564 A JP 2001037564A JP 11216599 A JP11216599 A JP 11216599A JP 21659999 A JP21659999 A JP 21659999A JP 2001037564 A JP2001037564 A JP 2001037564A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
drawer
slider
operating
engaging
engagement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP11216599A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP3925887B2 (en
Inventor
Yoshiaki Tsuda
芳明 津田
Katsunori Hama
克典 濱
Kazufumi Otani
和史 大谷
Original Assignee
Itoki Crebio Corp
株式会社イトーキクレビオ
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Itoki Crebio Corp, 株式会社イトーキクレビオ filed Critical Itoki Crebio Corp
Priority to JP21659999A priority Critical patent/JP3925887B2/en
Publication of JP2001037564A publication Critical patent/JP2001037564A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3925887B2 publication Critical patent/JP3925887B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To draw a drawer into a cabinet body without providing pins on the side face of the drawer. SOLUTION: A slider 13 is freely longitudinally movably attached to a guide element 11 provided on the inner surface of a cabinet body and an actuating part 15 is molded integral with the slider 13 via a freely foldable hinge part 16. The actuating part 15 is provided with engaging pawls 18, 24, and the guide element 11 and the side frame 2 of a drawer 1 are provided respectively with an engaging groove 17 and an engaging hole 25. When the drawer 1 is drawn out, the actuating part 15 is rotated for escape during the movement of the drawer 1, and the first engaging pawl 18 fits into the first engaging groove 17. When the drawer 1 drawn out is pushed in, the actuating part 15 is rotated toward the drawer 1 by the kicking action of a projection 27. Thereby the second engaging pawl 24 fits into the second engaging hole 25 and the drawer 1 is drawn into the cabinet body 8 by a spring 19.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、抽斗を後退位置に
引き込む閉止装置に関するものである。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a closing device for drawing a drawer to a retracted position.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】キャビネットのように抽斗を備えた家具
において、後退位置近くまで押し込まれた抽斗を自動的
に家具本体内に引き込む閉止装置を設けて、抽斗を家具
本体内に後退し切った状態に保持することが行われてい
る。
2. Description of the Related Art In a furniture provided with a drawer such as a cabinet, a closing device is provided for automatically drawing a drawer pushed into the vicinity of a retracted position into a furniture body, and the drawer is completely retracted into the furniture body. It has been done to hold.
【0003】その例として、特公平5−23763号公
報の第1〜第4図には、家具本体の内側面に、傾斜部分
と称する作動部材を前後動自在に装着して、作動部材を
ばねで後退方向に引っ張り付勢すると共に、作動部材
を、前進し切ると前傾姿勢となるように設定することに
より、作動部材がばねで後退方向に引っ張られた状態の
ままで前進位置に保持されるように設定する一方、抽斗
の側面に、前記作動部材に形成した上向き開口の溝に嵌
まるピンを横向きに突設し、作動部材が前傾姿勢になる
とピンが作動部材の係合溝から離脱するように設定して
おくことが記載されている。
As an example, FIG. 1 to FIG. 4 of Japanese Patent Publication No. Hei 5-23763 show that an operating member called an inclined portion is mounted on the inner surface of a furniture body so as to be able to move back and forth, and the operating member is a spring. By setting the operating member to be in the forwardly inclined position when the operating member is fully advanced, the operating member is held in the advanced position while being pulled in the backward direction by the spring. On the other hand, on the side surface of the drawer, a pin that fits into the groove of the upward opening formed in the operating member is protruded laterally on the side of the drawer, and when the operating member is in the forward inclined posture, the pin is moved from the engagement groove of the operating member. It is described that the setting is made to leave.
【0004】すなわち、この従来技術では、抽斗を後退
し切った状態から引き出すと、ピンによって作動部材は
そのストロークの範囲内で前進し、作動部材が前進し切
って前傾姿勢になるとピンは作動部材の係合溝から抜け
出て、抽斗はそのまま引き出される。
That is, in this prior art, when the drawer is pulled out of the fully retracted state, the operating member moves forward within the range of its stroke by the pin, and when the operating member advances completely and assumes the forward inclined position, the pin operates. The drawer comes out of the engagement groove of the member, and the drawer is pulled out as it is.
【0005】そして、抽斗を後退位置近くまで押し込む
と、ピンが作動部材における係合溝の一側面に当たるこ
とにより、作動部材は前傾姿勢から水平状の姿勢に戻さ
れ、それと同時にピンが作動部材の係合溝に嵌まり係合
する。すると、作動部材はばねの引っ張りによって後退
し、これに伴って抽斗は押し込み切った後退位置に引き
込まれる。また、公報の第5図〜第12図には、抽斗の
下面の箇所に作動部材を配置することが記載されてい
る。
When the drawer is pushed to the vicinity of the retracted position, the pin hits one side surface of the engagement groove in the operating member, so that the operating member is returned from the forward inclined posture to the horizontal posture, and at the same time, the pin is moved to the operating member. And engages with the engaging groove. Then, the operating member is retracted by the tension of the spring, and accordingly, the drawer is retracted to the retracted retracted position. In addition, FIGS. 5 to 12 of the publication disclose that an operating member is disposed at a location on the lower surface of the drawer.
【0006】[0006]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】前記従来技術による
と、作動部材(傾斜部分)の前後移動ストロークを任意
の長さに設定できるので、抽斗を引き込みできる範囲を
大きくすることができる利点がある。
According to the above-mentioned prior art, since the longitudinal movement stroke of the operating member (inclined portion) can be set to an arbitrary length, there is an advantage that the range in which the drawer can be pulled in can be increased.
【0007】しかし、前記従来技術のようにピンで作動
部材の姿勢を変えるものでは、繰り返しの使用によって
ピンが曲がり変形しやすく、耐久性に問題があった。ま
た、抽斗の側面にピンを設けると、組立前にピンが人の
衣服に引っ掛かったり、組立た後においても、抽斗を引
き出した状態で露出したピンに衣服が引っ掛かったり、
物が当たってピンを変形させたりする虞がある点も問題
であった。
However, in the case of changing the position of the operating member by using a pin as in the prior art, the pin is easily bent and deformed by repeated use, and there is a problem in durability. In addition, if pins are provided on the side of the drawer, the pins may catch on human clothes before assembly, or after assembly, clothes may catch on pins exposed when the drawer is pulled out,
There is also a problem that the pin may be deformed by hitting an object.
【0008】更に、抽斗に設けたピンによって作動部材
の全体の姿勢を変えるものであるため、作動部材は後退
した状態でその姿勢を変えることはできず、このため、
抽斗を引き出している状態において何らかの理由で作動
部材がばねによって後退してしまうと、抽斗を押し込ん
でもピンが作動部材前面に当たって、抽斗を奥まで押し
込むことができなるという問題もあった。
Further, since the entire posture of the operating member is changed by the pin provided on the drawer, the operating member cannot change its posture in the retracted state.
If the operating member is retracted by a spring for some reason while the drawer is being drawn, there is also a problem that even if the drawer is pushed in, the pins hit the front surface of the operating member and the drawer cannot be pushed all the way.
【0009】本発明は、これらの問題を解消して閉止装
置を提供することを目的とするものである。
An object of the present invention is to solve these problems and to provide a closing device.
【0010】[0010]
【課題を解決するための手段】請求項1に係る発明で
は、抽斗を前後動自在に設けた家具本体の内部のうち抽
斗と対向した部位に前後動自在なスライダーを設け、こ
のスライダーに、当該スライダーの移動方向と交叉した
方向に回動し得る作動部を設けている。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, a slider that can move back and forth is provided at a portion facing the drawer in the interior of the furniture body in which the drawer is provided so as to be movable back and forth. An actuating section is provided which can rotate in a direction crossing the direction of movement of the slider.
【0011】そして、前記作動部と家具本体とに、スラ
イダーが前進した状態で作動部が一方方向に回動すると
互いに係合してスライダーを前進状態に保持する第1係
合手段を設け、ばねにより、スライダーを後退方向に付
勢すると共に、スライダーが前進した状態では前記第1
係合手段が係合し勝手となるように付勢している。
The operating portion and the furniture main body are provided with first engaging means which engages with each other when the operating portion rotates in one direction in a state where the slider is advanced, and holds the slider in the advanced state. With this, the slider is urged in the backward direction, and the first
The engaging means is biased so as to be engaged and selfish.
【0012】更に、前記スライダーの作動部と抽斗と
に、抽斗を押し込むと前記作動部を他方方向に回動させ
て前記第1係合手段の係合を解除させる係合解除手段
と、この係合解除手段によって作動部が他方方向に回動
すると互いに係合してスライダーと抽斗とを一緒に後退
させる第2係合手段とを設けている。
Further, when the drawer is pushed into the operating portion of the slider and the drawer, the operating portion is rotated in the other direction to release the engagement of the first engaging means, Second engaging means is provided which engages with each other when the operating portion is rotated in the other direction by the engagement canceling means, and which retreats the slider and the drawer together.
【0013】また、請求項2に係る発明では、前記スラ
イダーは合成樹脂製であって、家具本体の内側面に配置
されている一方、作動部は、平面視で水平回動するよう
に変形自在な蝶番部を介してスライダーに一体成形され
ており、前記第2係合手段は、作動部に設けた平面視鉤
形の係合爪と、この係合爪が係脱するように抽斗の側板
に形成した係合穴とからなっている。
Further, in the invention according to claim 2, the slider is made of synthetic resin and is disposed on the inner side surface of the furniture body, while the operating portion is freely deformable so as to rotate horizontally in plan view. The hinge is formed integrally with the slider via a hinge portion, and the second engaging means includes a hook-shaped engaging claw provided on the operating portion and a side plate of the drawer so that the engaging claw is disengaged. And an engagement hole formed in the hole.
【0014】[0014]
【発明の作用・効果】本発明によると、スライダーに設
けた作動部を回動させることによって抽斗に係脱させる
ものであるため、抽斗を引き込むための第2係合手段と
しては、例えば請求項2のように側板に単なる係合穴を
形成するなどすることが可能となり、ピンをなくすこと
ができる。従って、人の衣服が引っ掛かるような問題
や、物が当たって変形するような問題をなくすことがで
きる。
According to the present invention, since the operating portion provided on the slider is rotated to be disengaged from the drawer, the second engaging means for retracting the drawer may include, for example, the following: It is possible to form a simple engaging hole in the side plate as in 2, and the pin can be eliminated. Therefore, it is possible to eliminate a problem that a person's clothes are caught and a problem that an object hits and deforms.
【0015】また、スライダーを後退させた状態でも作
動部は回動し得るため、抽斗を引き出し状態で何らかの
理由によってスライダーが後退してしまっても、抽斗の
押し込みによって作動部を逃げ回動させて、第2係合手
段が互いに係合するように形成することが可能となり、
その結果、抽斗を引き出した状態でスライダーが後退す
る不測の事態が生じても、抽斗を家具本体の奥まで押し
込み切ることができる。
Further, since the operating portion can rotate even when the slider is retracted, even if the slider is retracted for some reason while the drawer is pulled out, the operating portion is released and rotated by pushing the drawer. , The second engagement means can be formed to engage with each other,
As a result, even if an unexpected situation occurs in which the slider retreats with the drawer pulled out, the drawer can be pushed all the way into the furniture body.
【0016】[0016]
【発明の実施形態】次に、本発明の実施形態を図面に基
づいて説明する。
Next, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
【0017】本発明は三段式のキャビネットに適用して
おり、図1は中段の抽斗1を引き出した状態でのキャビ
ネットの斜視図、図2は図1の部分側面図、図3は部材
を一部破断した状態での閉止装置の分離斜視図、図4の
うち(A)は図2のIV−IV視断面図、(B)は図5
(A)の IVA-IVA視断面図、図5のうち(A)は抽斗1
を後退させた状態での図4(A)の VA-VA視断面図、
(B)は同じく抽斗1を後退させた状態での図4(A)
の VB-VB視断面図、図6は作用を示す断面図で、(B)
は(A)のB−B視断面図、図7も作用を示す図であ
る。
The present invention is applied to a three-stage cabinet. FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the cabinet with the middle drawer 1 pulled out, FIG. 2 is a partial side view of FIG. 1, and FIG. FIG. 4A is a cross-sectional view taken along the line IV-IV of FIG. 2, and FIG.
FIG. 5A is a sectional view taken along the line IVA-IVA, and FIG.
FIG. 4A is a sectional view taken along the line VA-VA of FIG.
FIG. 4B shows a state in which the drawer 1 is also retracted.
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line VB-VB of FIG.
FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along line BB of FIG. 7A, and FIG.
【0018】図2や図3に示すように、抽斗1は、正面
視L字状に形成された左右側枠2を備えている。抽斗1
は、左右一対のレール装置(サスペンションレール)3
によって前後動自在に支持されている。
As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the drawer 1 has left and right side frames 2 formed in an L-shape in a front view. Drawer 1
Is a pair of left and right rail devices (suspension rails) 3
It is supported to be able to move back and forth freely.
【0019】図4(A)に明瞭に示すように、レール装
置3は、抽斗1の側枠2に固定された抽斗側レール4
と、家具本体8の内側面に固着した本体側レール5と、
これらのレール4,5にボール7前後動自在に装着され
た中間レール6とによって3段式に構成されており、図
2に示すように、抽斗1は、全体がキャビネット本体8
から突出する状態に引き出すことができる。レール装置
3は抽斗1の下部に配置している。
As clearly shown in FIG. 4A, the rail device 3 includes a drawer side rail 4 fixed to the side frame 2 of the drawer 1.
And a main body side rail 5 fixed to the inner surface of the furniture main body 8,
An intermediate rail 6 mounted on these rails 4 and 5 so as to freely move back and forth is constituted by a three-stage system. As shown in FIG.
It can be pulled out to a state protruding from. The rail device 3 is arranged below the drawer 1.
【0020】例えば図4(A)に示すように、本体側レ
ール5は、キャビネット本体8の内側面にスペーサ9を
介して取付けられた前後ブラケット10に固着されてい
る。ブラケット10のうちレール装置3よりも上方の部
位はキャビネット本体8の側板に向けて段落ちするよう
に折曲げられており、前部に位置した左右ブラケット1
0の段落ち部10aに、前後方向に延びる断面略C字状
のガイド体11をそれぞれねじ12で固着しており、ガ
イド体11の内部に、スライダー13を前後動自在に嵌
め入れている。
For example, as shown in FIG. 4A, the main body side rail 5 is fixed to a front and rear bracket 10 attached to the inner surface of the cabinet main body 8 via a spacer 9. A portion of the bracket 10 above the rail device 3 is bent so as to step down toward the side plate of the cabinet body 8, and the left and right brackets 1 located at the front part are bent.
Guide members 11 each having a substantially C-shaped cross section and extending in the front-rear direction are fixed to the step-down portions 10a of the respective screws by screws 12, and a slider 13 is fitted inside the guide members 11 so as to be movable back and forth.
【0021】ガイド体11は合成樹脂製としているが、
金属製であっても良い。なお、ブラケット10は前後に
長く延びるように形成しても良いし、また、ガイド体1
1は、レール装置3の取付け用ブラケット10とは別の
部材に取付けても良い。
The guide body 11 is made of synthetic resin.
It may be made of metal. The bracket 10 may be formed so as to extend long in the front-back direction.
1 may be mounted on a member different from the mounting bracket 10 of the rail device 3.
【0022】スライダー13は合成樹脂製であり、その
前端部に、ガイド体11の開口溝14から抽斗1の方向
に露出した作動部15を一体に設けている。作動部15
のうちスライダー13との連続部は撓み変形自在な蝶番
部16となっており、蝶番部16を平面視で傾斜状に延
びる姿勢とすることにより、作動部15を抽斗1の外側
面に近接させている。
The slider 13 is made of a synthetic resin, and is integrally provided at its front end with an operating portion 15 exposed in the direction of the drawer 1 from the opening groove 14 of the guide body 11. Actuator 15
The hinge portion 16 is flexible and deformable, and the hinge portion 16 extends in an inclined manner in a plan view so that the operating portion 15 is brought close to the outer surface of the drawer 1. ing.
【0023】図6(B)に明示するように、作動部15
の上下幅寸法は、ガイド体11における開口溝14の溝
幅よりも小さい寸法に設定されている。
As clearly shown in FIG.
Is set to a size smaller than the groove width of the opening groove 14 in the guide body 11.
【0024】ガイド体11における前端寄り部位の開口
縁11aに第1係合溝17が切欠き形成されている一
方、前記スライダー13の作動部15には、スライダー
13が前進し切った状態で作動部15が水平回動すると
前記第1係合溝17に嵌脱する上下一対の第1係合爪1
8を形成している。上下の第1係合爪18は互いに連続
しているが、ガイド体11の上下第1係合溝17に嵌脱
すれば良いから、互いに分断されていても良い。第1係
合溝17と第1係合爪18とは、請求項に記載した第1
係合手段の一例である。
A first engaging groove 17 is cut out at the opening edge 11a of the guide body 11 near the front end, and the operating portion 15 of the slider 13 is operated in a state where the slider 13 is fully advanced. A pair of upper and lower first engagement claws 1 that fit into and disengage from the first engagement grooves 17 when the portion 15 rotates horizontally
8 are formed. The upper and lower first engaging claws 18 are continuous with each other, but may be separated from each other since they only have to be fitted into and removed from the upper and lower first engaging grooves 17 of the guide body 11. The first engagement groove 17 and the first engagement claw 18 are the first engagement claws described in the claims.
It is an example of an engagement means.
【0025】作動部15のうち上下第1係合爪18の箇
所には、ばね19の前端を引っ掛ける前部ばね止め20
を設ける一方、ガイド体11の後部には、ばね19の後
端を引っ掛ける後部ばね止め21が形成されており、更
に、スライダー13と蝶番部16とには、ばね19が貫
通する逃がし溝22と逃がし穴23が空いてる。このば
ね19により、スライダー13は常に後退方向に引っ張
り付勢されている。
A front spring stopper 20 for hooking a front end of a spring 19 is provided on the upper and lower first engagement claws 18 of the operating portion 15.
On the other hand, a rear spring stopper 21 for hooking a rear end of a spring 19 is formed at a rear portion of the guide body 11, and a relief groove 22 through which the spring 19 penetrates is formed on the slider 13 and the hinge portion 16. The escape hole 23 is open. With this spring 19, the slider 13 is always urged in the backward direction.
【0026】ばね19は作動部15よりもガイド体11
に寄った部位に配置されているため、ばね19の引っ張
り力は、作動部15をガイド体11の方向に回動させる
ようにも作用している。このため、スライダー13の前
後動に際して第1係合爪18はガイド体11の開口縁に
当接しており、スライダー13が前進し切ると、作動部
15が蝶番部16を弾性変形させて水平回動し、その結
果、第1係合爪18が第1係合溝17に嵌まり込む。
The spring 19 is provided on the guide body 11 more than the operating portion 15.
, The pulling force of the spring 19 also acts to rotate the operating portion 15 in the direction of the guide body 11. Therefore, the first engaging claw 18 is in contact with the opening edge of the guide body 11 when the slider 13 moves back and forth, and when the slider 13 moves forward, the operating portion 15 elastically deforms the hinge portion 16 to rotate the hinge 13 horizontally. As a result, the first engagement claws 18 are fitted into the first engagement grooves 17.
【0027】なお、引っ張りばね19で後方に引っ張る
ことに代えて、作動部15の手前側に圧縮ばねを配置
し、この圧縮ばねによって作動部15を後方に付勢して
も良い。また、請求項に記載した「ばね」とは、ゴム等
の他の弾性体、ばね手段を広く含む概念である。
Instead of pulling backward by the tension spring 19, a compression spring may be arranged in front of the operating portion 15 and the operating portion 15 may be urged rearward by this compression spring. The “spring” described in the claims is a concept that widely includes other elastic bodies such as rubber and spring means.
【0028】スライダー13における作動部15の前端
には、抽斗1の外側面に向けて突出する平面視鉤状の第
2係合爪24が形成されている。他方、抽斗1の側枠2
には、抽斗1が後退し切った状態で前記第2係合爪24
が嵌合し得る第2係合穴25が形成されている。これら
第2係合爪24と第2係合穴25とは、請求項2に記載
した第2係合手段の一例を成すものである。側枠2に係
合爪を形成し、作動部15に第2係合穴25を形成して
も良い。
At the front end of the operating portion 15 of the slider 13, a hook-shaped second engaging claw 24 projecting toward the outer surface of the drawer 1 is formed. On the other hand, side frame 2 of drawer 1
In the state where the drawer 1 is completely retracted, the second engaging claw 24
Is formed with a second engagement hole 25 into which the can be fitted. The second engagement claw 24 and the second engagement hole 25 constitute an example of the second engagement means described in claim 2. An engagement claw may be formed on the side frame 2 and a second engagement hole 25 may be formed on the operation portion 15.
【0029】側枠2のうち第2係合穴25の後方部は外
向きに膨出部25aとなっているが、これは、側枠2の
厚さ寸法が小さくても、第2係合爪24の引っ掛かりを
確実ならしめるためである(外向き膨出部25aの突出
寸法を大きくすると、第2係合穴25を設ける必要がな
くなり、この場合は、外向き膨出部25aと第2係合爪
24とが請求項の第2係合手段を構成することにな
る)。
The rear portion of the second engagement hole 25 of the side frame 2 is formed as an outwardly bulging portion 25a. This is because even if the thickness of the side frame 2 is small, the second engagement hole 25a is formed. This is to ensure that the claw 24 is caught (when the protrusion size of the outwardly bulging portion 25a is increased, it is not necessary to provide the second engagement hole 25. In this case, the outwardly bulging portion 25a and the second The engaging claw 24 constitutes the second engaging means of the present invention).
【0030】作動部15の前端部(或いは第2係合爪2
4の前部)のうち抽斗1と対向した面は、手前に向かっ
て抽斗1の側面との間隔が広がる傾斜面26に形成され
ている。
The front end of the operating portion 15 (or the second engaging claw 2
4), the surface facing the drawer 1 is formed as an inclined surface 26 in which the distance from the side surface of the drawer 1 increases toward the near side.
【0031】作動部15の後端部には、抽斗1の側面に
向けて突出する突起27が形成されている。他方、抽斗
1の側枠2には、抽斗1が後退し切った状態で前記突起
27の前端面に近接した切欠き28が形成されており、
これら突起27と切欠き28が、請求項に記載した係合
解除手段の一例を成している。切欠き28を設けること
に代えて、抽斗1の側面にブロック状等の突起を設けて
も良い。
A projection 27 projecting toward the side surface of the drawer 1 is formed at the rear end of the operating portion 15. On the other hand, the side frame 2 of the drawer 1 is formed with a notch 28 close to the front end face of the projection 27 in a state where the drawer 1 is completely retracted,
The projection 27 and the notch 28 form an example of the engagement release means described in the claims. Instead of providing the notch 28, a block-shaped projection or the like may be provided on the side surface of the drawer 1.
【0032】図5(B)に示すように、抽斗1がキャビ
ネット本体8の内部に押し込まれた状態では、作動部1
5の第2係合爪24が抽斗1の第2係合穴25に嵌合し
た状態でスライダー13がばね19によって後方に引っ
張られており、このため、抽斗1は後退位置に保持され
ている。なお、抽斗1は図示しないストッパーで後退位
置が規制されている。また、抽斗1の前進動を阻止する
ラッチ爪を別に設けても良い抽斗1を引き出すと、図6
(B)に示すように第1係合爪18がガイド体11の開
口縁11aに当たっている範囲では、図6(A)に示す
ように、抽斗1の前進動に伴ってスライダー13も一緒
に引き出される。
As shown in FIG. 5B, when the drawer 1 is pushed into the interior of the cabinet body 8, the operating section 1
The slider 13 is pulled rearward by the spring 19 in a state in which the second engagement claw 24 of No. 5 is fitted in the second engagement hole 25 of the drawer 1, so that the drawer 1 is held at the retracted position. . The drawer 1 has its retracted position restricted by a stopper (not shown). When the drawer 1, which may be separately provided with a latch claw for preventing the forward movement of the drawer 1, is pulled out, FIG.
As shown in FIG. 6 (B), in a range where the first engagement claw 18 is in contact with the opening edge 11a of the guide body 11, as shown in FIG. 6 (A), the slider 13 is also pulled out along with the forward movement of the drawer 1. It is.
【0033】そして、抽斗1の引き出し動に伴って第1
係合爪18が第1係合溝17の箇所に来ると、図7
(A)に示すように、作動部15がばね19の引っ張り
力によってガイド体11に近づくように回動して、第2
係合爪24が第2係合穴25から離脱すると共に、第1
係合爪18が第1係合溝17に嵌まり込み、これによ
り、スライダー13は前進し切った位置に保持される。
第2係合爪24と第2係合穴25との係合が解除される
ため、抽斗1はそのまま引き出される。
Then, the first movement of the drawer 1
When the engaging claw 18 comes to the first engaging groove 17, FIG.
As shown in (A), the operating portion 15 rotates so as to approach the guide body 11 by the pulling force of the spring 19, and
When the engaging claw 24 is disengaged from the second engaging hole 25,
The engaging claw 18 is fitted into the first engaging groove 17, whereby the slider 13 is held at the fully advanced position.
Since the engagement between the second engagement claw 24 and the second engagement hole 25 is released, the drawer 1 is pulled out as it is.
【0034】作動部15は蝶番部16を中心にして回動
するものであるため、その姿勢が変わっても、突起27
と抽斗1との間隔は殆ど変わらない。このため、図7
(B)に示すように、引き出していた抽斗1を押し込む
と、その押し込み動に伴って、側枠2の切欠き28が作
動部15の突起27に当たる。
Since the operating portion 15 rotates about the hinge portion 16, even if its posture changes, the projection 27
And the distance between the drawer 1 and the drawer 1 hardly change. Therefore, FIG.
As shown in (B), when the drawn-out drawer 1 is pushed in, the notch 28 of the side frame 2 hits the projection 27 of the operating portion 15 with the pushing-in movement.
【0035】すると、図7(B)に示すように、作動部
15は抽斗1に近づくように蝶番部16を中心にして水
平回動し、これにより、第1係合爪18は第1係合溝1
7から離脱する。そして、スライダー13はばね19で
引っ張られて後退動するため、仮に、人が抽斗1を最後
まで押し切らなくても、抽斗1は後退位置まで引き込ま
れる。スライダー13の移動ストロークは、一般には2
5mm程度に設定されていることが多い。
Then, as shown in FIG. 7 (B), the operating portion 15 is horizontally rotated about the hinge portion 16 so as to approach the drawer 1, whereby the first engaging claw 18 is brought into the first engagement position. Groove 1
Leave 7 Then, since the slider 13 is pulled by the spring 19 and retreats, even if a person does not push the drawer 1 to the end, the drawer 1 is retracted to the retreat position. The moving stroke of the slider 13 is generally 2
It is often set to about 5 mm.
【0036】以上の説明から容易に理解できるように、
本発明によると、抽斗1には第2係合穴25や切欠きの
ような非ピン状の係合部を設ければ足りるため、人の衣
服の引っ掛かり自己や変形などの問題を防止できる(実
施形態のように、第2係合手段として抽斗1の側枠2に
第2係合穴25を形成すると共に、係合解除手段として
側枠2に切欠き28を形成すると、側枠をプレス加工す
るだけで足りるため、加工工程が簡単になる利点があ
る)。
As can be easily understood from the above description,
According to the present invention, since it is sufficient to provide the drawer 1 with a non-pin-shaped engaging portion such as the second engaging hole 25 or a notch, it is possible to prevent a problem such as a person's own clothes being caught or deformed ( As in the embodiment, when the second engagement hole 25 is formed in the side frame 2 of the drawer 1 as the second engagement means and the notch 28 is formed in the side frame 2 as the engagement release means, the side frame is pressed. There is an advantage that the processing steps are simplified because only processing is required).
【0037】また、抽斗1を引き出した状態で何らかの
理由でスライダー13が後退してしまっても、抽斗1を
押し込むと、側枠2が作動部15の傾斜面26に当たる
ことによるガイド作用により、作動部15は逃げ回動し
てから第2係合爪24が第2係合穴25に嵌合すること
になり、このため、抽斗1を最奥まで押し込みできなく
なる不具合もない。
Even if the slider 13 retreats for some reason in a state where the drawer 1 is pulled out, when the drawer 1 is pushed in, the side frame 2 is actuated by the guiding action by hitting the inclined surface 26 of the operating portion 15. The second engaging claw 24 is fitted into the second engaging hole 25 after the part 15 has been rotated to escape, so that there is no problem that the drawer 1 cannot be pushed to the innermost position.
【0038】作動部15を逃げ回動させるガイド手段と
しては、作動部15に傾斜面26を形成することに代え
て、又はこれに加えて、側枠2の切欠き28にガイド用
傾斜面を形成しても良い。また、必ずしも抽斗1には側
枠2を設ける必要はなく、他の部材に第2係合手段及び
係合解除手段を設けても良い。
As a guide means for releasing and rotating the operating portion 15, instead of or in addition to forming the inclined surface 26 in the operating portion 15, a guide inclined surface is formed in the notch 28 of the side frame 2. It may be formed. Further, the drawer 1 does not necessarily need to be provided with the side frame 2, and other members may be provided with the second engagement means and the engagement release means.
【0039】本実施形態のように蝶番部16の変形によ
って作動部15の回動を許容する場合は、図8に示すよ
うに、板ばね等の弾性金属板からなる芯板30をインサ
ート成形によってスライダー13に埋設することによ
り、耐久性のアップを図っても良い。また、板ばねのよ
うな弾性金属板を板金加工することにより、作動部付き
のスライダーを製造しても良い。また、スライダー13
と作動部15と別々に製造して、板ばねに固着しても良
い。
When the rotation of the operating portion 15 is allowed by the deformation of the hinge portion 16 as in this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 8, a core plate 30 made of an elastic metal plate such as a leaf spring is formed by insert molding. By embedding in the slider 13, the durability may be improved. Further, a slider with an operating portion may be manufactured by sheet metal processing of an elastic metal plate such as a leaf spring. In addition, slider 13
And the operating part 15 may be manufactured separately and fixed to a leaf spring.
【0040】上記の実施形態は作動部をスライダーに一
体成形した場合であったが、作動部をスライダーとは別
体に製造して、ピンや軸によって回動自在に取付けても
良い。また、スライダーを後退方向に付勢するばねと、
作動部を抽斗から離反する方向に付勢するばねとを別々
に設けても良い。
In the above-described embodiment, the operating portion is integrally formed with the slider. However, the operating portion may be manufactured separately from the slider, and may be rotatably mounted by a pin or a shaft. A spring for biasing the slider in the backward direction,
A spring for urging the operating portion in a direction away from the drawer may be separately provided.
【0041】更に、スライダーや作動部は必要に応じて
様々の形状を選択できるし、スライダーの前後動をガイ
ドするガイド手段も、様々の形態に具体化できる。ま
た、スライダーを抽斗の下面の箇所に配置することも可
能である。
Further, the slider and the operating portion can be selected from various shapes as necessary, and the guide means for guiding the slider back and forth can be embodied in various forms. It is also possible to arrange the slider on the lower surface of the drawer.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
【図1】中段の抽斗を引き出した状態でのキャビネット
の斜視図である。
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a cabinet with a middle drawer pulled out.
【図2】図1の部分側面図である。FIG. 2 is a partial side view of FIG.
【図3】部材を一部破断した状態での閉止装置の分離斜
視図である。
FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of the closing device in a state where a member is partially broken.
【図4】(A)は図2の IVA-IVA視断面図、(B)は図
5(A)の IVA-IVA視断面図である。
4A is a cross-sectional view taken along the line IVA-IVA of FIG. 2, and FIG. 4B is a cross-sectional view taken along the line IVA-IVA of FIG. 5A.
【図5】抽斗を後退させた状態での図4(A)の VA-VA
視断面図、 VB-VB視断面図である。
FIG. 5: VA-VA of FIG. 4 (A) with the drawer retracted
FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along line VB-VB.
【図6】作用を示す断面図で、(B)は(A)のB−B
視断面図である。
FIGS. 6A and 6B are cross-sectional views showing the operation, in which FIG.
FIG.
【図7】各分図とも作用を示す図である。FIG. 7 is a diagram showing the operation of each of the division diagrams.
【図8】変形例を示す図である。FIG. 8 is a diagram showing a modification.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 抽斗 2 抽斗の側枠 3 レール装置 8 キャビネット本体 10 ブラケット 11 ガイド体 13 スライダー 15 作動部 16 蝶番部 17 第1係合手段を構成する第1係合溝 18 第1係合手段を構成する第1係合爪 19 ばね 24 第2係合手段を構成する第2係合爪 25 第2係合手段を構成する第2係合穴 27 係合解除手段を構成する突起 28 係合解除手段を構成する切欠き DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Drawer 2 Drawer side frame 3 Rail device 8 Cabinet main body 10 Bracket 11 Guide body 13 Slider 15 Actuating part 16 Hinge part 17 First engaging groove constituting first engaging means 18 First constituting first engaging means 1 engaging claw 19 spring 24 second engaging claw constituting second engaging means 25 second engaging hole constituting second engaging means 27 protrusion constituting engaging disengaging means 28 constituting disengaging means Notch
───────────────────────────────────────────────────── フロントページの続き (72)発明者 大谷 和史 大阪市城東区今福東1丁目4番12号 株式 会社イトーキクレビオ内 Fターム(参考) 3B060 NB04 ND03 NE01 NE02 NE05 ────────────────────────────────────────────────── ─── Continuing on the front page (72) Inventor Kazufumi Otani 1-4-12-1 Imafukuhigashi, Joto-ku, Osaka City F-term in Itoki Crebio Co., Ltd. 3B060 NB04 ND03 NE01 NE02 NE05

Claims (2)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】抽斗を前後動自在に設けた家具本体の内部
    のうち抽斗と対向した部位に前後動自在なスライダーを
    設け、このスライダーに、当該スライダーの移動方向と
    交叉した方向に回動し得る作動部を設け、 前記作動部と家具本体とに、スライダーが前進した状態
    で作動部が一方方向に回動すると互いに係合してスライ
    ダーを前進状態に保持する第1係合手段を設け、 ばねにより、スライダーを後退方向に付勢すると共に、
    スライダーが前進した状態では前記第1係合手段が係合
    し勝手となるように付勢し、 更に、前記スライダーの作動部と抽斗とに、抽斗を押し
    込むと前記作動部を他方方向に回動させて前記第1係合
    手段の係合を解除させる係合解除手段と、この係合解除
    手段によって作動部が他方方向に回動すると互いに係合
    してスライダーと抽斗とを一緒に後退させる第2係合手
    段とを設けていること、を特徴とする抽斗の閉止装置。
    An interior of a furniture body in which a drawer is freely movable back and forth is provided with a slider that can move forward and backward at a position facing the drawer, and the slider is turned in a direction intersecting the movement direction of the slider. An operating portion is provided, and the operating portion and the furniture body are provided with first engaging means that engages with each other when the operating portion rotates in one direction in a state where the slider is advanced and holds the slider in an advanced state, A spring urges the slider in the backward direction,
    When the slider is moved forward, the first engagement means is engaged and biased to be selfish. Further, when the drawer is pushed into the operating portion of the slider and the drawer, the operating portion rotates in the other direction. Disengagement means for disengaging the first engagement means, and engaging the first and second engaging members when the operating portion is rotated in the other direction by the engagement disengagement means, thereby causing the slider and the drawer to retract together. 2. An apparatus for closing a drawer, comprising two engaging means.
  2. 【請求項2】前記スライダーは合成樹脂製であって、家
    具本体の内側面に配置されている一方、作動部は、平面
    視で水平回動するように変形自在な蝶番部を介してスラ
    イダーに一体成形されており、前記第2係合手段は、作
    動部に設けた平面視鉤形の係合爪と、この係合爪が係脱
    するように抽斗の側枠に形成した係合穴とからなってい
    ることを特徴とする請求項1に記載した抽斗の閉止装
    置。
    2. The slider is made of synthetic resin and is disposed on the inner surface of the furniture body, while the operating portion is connected to the slider via a hinge portion which is horizontally deformable so as to rotate horizontally in plan view. The second engaging means is integrally formed, and has a hook-shaped engaging claw provided on the operating portion, and an engaging hole formed in a side frame of the drawer so that the engaging claw is disengaged. 2. The drawer closing device according to claim 1, wherein the device comprises:
JP21659999A 1999-07-30 1999-07-30 Drawer closing device Expired - Fee Related JP3925887B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP21659999A JP3925887B2 (en) 1999-07-30 1999-07-30 Drawer closing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP21659999A JP3925887B2 (en) 1999-07-30 1999-07-30 Drawer closing device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2001037564A true JP2001037564A (en) 2001-02-13
JP3925887B2 JP3925887B2 (en) 2007-06-06

Family

ID=16690959

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP21659999A Expired - Fee Related JP3925887B2 (en) 1999-07-30 1999-07-30 Drawer closing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3925887B2 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007155324A (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-21 Lg Electronics Inc Refrigerator rail assembly and refrigerator storage box extracting/retracting device including the same
JP2008264438A (en) * 2007-04-16 2008-11-06 Shigeo Ono Furniture
JP2010088932A (en) * 2010-01-12 2010-04-22 Nifco Inc Slide-assisting device
JP2011172648A (en) * 2010-02-23 2011-09-08 Osaka Kanagu Kk Buffering/closing device for drawers
JP2011525127A (en) * 2008-06-19 2011-09-15 ポール ヘティッヒ ゲーエムベーハー ウント ツェーオー. カーゲー Drawer guide for furniture drawer parts
KR20200116602A (en) 2019-04-02 2020-10-13 김종원 Pull-out guide fixing holder for furniture drawers
KR20200116603A (en) 2019-04-02 2020-10-13 김종원 Pull-out guide fixing holder for furniture drawers

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007155324A (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-21 Lg Electronics Inc Refrigerator rail assembly and refrigerator storage box extracting/retracting device including the same
DE102006057582C5 (en) * 2005-12-07 2018-10-31 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator rail assembly and refrigerator storage container drawer / drawer device with same
JP2008264438A (en) * 2007-04-16 2008-11-06 Shigeo Ono Furniture
JP2011525127A (en) * 2008-06-19 2011-09-15 ポール ヘティッヒ ゲーエムベーハー ウント ツェーオー. カーゲー Drawer guide for furniture drawer parts
JP2010088932A (en) * 2010-01-12 2010-04-22 Nifco Inc Slide-assisting device
JP2011172648A (en) * 2010-02-23 2011-09-08 Osaka Kanagu Kk Buffering/closing device for drawers
KR20200116602A (en) 2019-04-02 2020-10-13 김종원 Pull-out guide fixing holder for furniture drawers
KR20200116603A (en) 2019-04-02 2020-10-13 김종원 Pull-out guide fixing holder for furniture drawers

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