JP2000217434A - Plant raising vessel - Google Patents

Plant raising vessel

Info

Publication number
JP2000217434A
JP2000217434A JP11021398A JP2139899A JP2000217434A JP 2000217434 A JP2000217434 A JP 2000217434A JP 11021398 A JP11021398 A JP 11021398A JP 2139899 A JP2139899 A JP 2139899A JP 2000217434 A JP2000217434 A JP 2000217434A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
water
plant cultivation
cylindrical
plant
drainage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
JP11021398A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP3157801B2 (en
Inventor
Kiyoshi Jinno
清 神野
Original Assignee
Kiyoshi Jinno
清 神野
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kiyoshi Jinno, 清 神野 filed Critical Kiyoshi Jinno
Priority to JP02139899A priority Critical patent/JP3157801B2/en
Publication of JP2000217434A publication Critical patent/JP2000217434A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP3157801B2 publication Critical patent/JP3157801B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a plant raising vessel so designed that water or a nutritious liquid runs uniformly throughout the vessel and can be renewed efficiently. SOLUTION: This plant raising vessel 1 is so designed and has such a scheme that, a cylindrical body 2 with the circumferential wall having planting holes 3 is divided into a plurality of compartments 2A, 2B through flat perforated plates 4A, 4B which are packed with a plant raising support 5, respectively, at least the lowermost compartment 2B is perpendicularly furnished with a perforated cylinder 9 for draining use, the lower end of the perforated cylinder 9 is allowed to communicate via the bottom of the cylindrical body 2 with the outside, plants P are planted in the holes 3, water or a nutritious liquid fed into the cylindrical body 2 is dispersed horizontally by the aid of the flat perforated plates 4A, 4B, and the water in the plant raising support 5 is allowed to run throughout the vessel 1 perpendicularly and uniformly by the aid of negative pressure developed in draining from the perforated cylinder 9.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
【0001】[0001]
【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は縦型の植物栽培容器
に関するものである。
TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a vertical plant cultivation container.
【0002】[0002]
【従来の技術】図6に示す従来の縦型の植物栽培容器(3
1)は、周壁に複数個の植孔(33)を有し、底部(34)には排
水口(35)を設け、該筒状本体(32)内底部排水口(35)上に
目皿(36)を載置し、該筒状本体(32)内にはロックウー
ル、バーミキュライト等の植物栽培担体(37)を充填した
構成を有し、該筒状本体(32)の植孔(33)に植物Pを植付
け、該筒状本体(32)の上端開口部(38)から該植物栽培担
体(37)に給水して該植物Pを生長させる。
2. Description of the Related Art As shown in FIG.
1) has a plurality of planting holes (33) in the peripheral wall, a drain port (35) is provided in the bottom part (34), and a plate is provided on the inner bottom drain port (35) of the cylindrical body (32). (36) is placed, and the cylindrical main body (32) has a configuration in which a plant cultivation carrier (37) such as rock wool or vermiculite is filled. ), A plant P is planted, and water is supplied to the plant cultivation carrier (37) from the upper end opening (38) of the tubular main body (32) to grow the plant P.
【0003】[0003]
【発明が解決しようとする課題】上記従来の植物栽培容
器(31)にあっては、植物栽培担体(37)に対する給水およ
び排水を順調に行なうことが困難であって、特に該植物
栽培担体(37)の下部には水が溜り易く、その付近に植え
られている植物Pの根ぐされが発生し、また上端開口部
(38)から微生物、藻類が内部に侵入して、繁殖し易く、
また害虫も侵入し易く、更に該開口部(38)から植物栽培
担体(37)に含まれる水が蒸発し水分が不足するおそれが
あり、更に該筒状本体(32)の植孔(33)から外部に水が溢
出して床面に落下し、床面を汚すという問題点があっ
た。
In the above-mentioned conventional plant cultivation container (31), it is difficult to smoothly supply and drain water to the plant cultivation carrier (37). 37) Water easily accumulates in the lower part, rooting of the plant P planted near it occurs, and the upper end opening
From (38), microorganisms and algae invade the interior and are easy to breed,
In addition, pests can easily enter, and the water contained in the plant cultivation carrier (37) may evaporate from the opening (38), causing a shortage of water. There is a problem that water overflows to the outside and falls on the floor surface, thereby contaminating the floor surface.
【0004】[0004]
【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は上記従来の課題
を解決するための手段として、周壁に植孔(3) を有する
筒状本体(2) 内を目皿(4A,4B) によって複数個の区画(2
A,2B) に分割し、各区画(2A,2B) には植物栽培担体(5)
を充填し、少なくとも最下段の区画(2B)には水抜き用多
孔筒(9) を縦設し、該多孔筒(9) 下端部を該筒状本体
(2) 底部から外部に連絡し、該筒状本体(2) 上端部には
給水路(6) を連絡した植物栽培容器(1) および該植物栽
培容器(1) の筒状本体(2) 内の最下段の区画(2A)の下側
には貯水室(2C)を設け、該水抜き用多孔筒(9) の下端を
該貯水室(2C)内に開口せしめ、該筒状本体(2) の上端部
から該貯水室(2) 内には吸排水路(7) を連絡した植物栽
培容器(1) を提供するものである。該筒状本体(2) の上
下開口部(2D,2E) は密閉されていることが望ましく、更
に該筒状本体(2) 上端には吊下げ用の把手(8) が取付け
られていることが望ましい。
According to the present invention, as a means for solving the above-mentioned conventional problems, a plurality of holes (4A, 4B) are used in a cylindrical body (2) having a hole (3) in a peripheral wall. Compartments (2
A, 2B), and each section (2A, 2B) has a plant cultivation carrier (5).
And at least the lowermost section (2B) is vertically provided with a drainage porous tube (9), and the lower end of the porous tube (9) is attached to the cylindrical main body.
(2) A plant cultivation container (1) connected to the outside from the bottom and connected to a water supply channel (6) at the upper end, and a cylindrical body (2) of the plant cultivation container (1) A water storage chamber (2C) is provided below the lowermost section (2A), and the lower end of the perforated drainage cylinder (9) is opened into the water storage chamber (2C). A plant cultivation container (1) is provided from the upper end of (2) into the water storage chamber (2) through an intake / drainage channel (7). The upper and lower openings (2D, 2E) of the tubular body (2) are desirably sealed, and a handle (8) for suspension is attached to the upper end of the tubular body (2). Is desirable.
【0005】[0005]
【作用】給水路(6) から筒状本体(2) 内に供給された水
は最上段の目皿(4A)によって分散された上で最上段の区
画(2A)の植物栽培担体(5) 内に毛細管現象によって浸透
しつつ流下し、更に二段目の目皿(4B)によって分散され
た上で二段目の区画(2B)の植物栽培担体(5) 内に毛細管
現象によって浸透しつつ流下する。以下同様にして水は
各段の区画の植物栽培担体(5) 内に均一に供給される
が、少なくとも最下段の区画(2B)においては、該植物栽
培担体(5) 内に供給された水は水抜き用多孔筒(9) 内に
集められ排出される。この場合は、水が多孔筒(9) 内に
集められ排出される際に生ずる負圧によって、水分は植
物栽培担体(5) に維持されるから、植物栽培担体(5) に
含まれる水分は蒸発を防止され、かつ筒状本体(2) の植
孔(3)から外部へ溢出を防止され、また供給された水は
毛細管現象も相乗して充分均一に植物栽培担体(5) 内に
浸透し、かつ円滑に更新される。該最下段の区画(2B)の
下側に貯水室(2C)を設け該水抜き用多孔筒(9) の下端を
該貯水室(2C)内に開口せしめ、該筒状本体(2) の上端部
から該貯水室(2C)内には吸排水路(7) を連絡した場合に
は、最下段の区画(2B)に供給された水は水抜き用多孔筒
(9) 内に集められ、貯水室(2C)内に流下し、吸排水路
(7) から吸排水されるから、クローズドシステムにな
る。この場合には、吸排水路(7) からの吸排水によって
貯水室(2C)内には更に大きな負圧が生じ、植物栽培担体
(5) に含まれる水分は更に効果的に蒸発を防止され、か
つ植物栽培担体(5) に供給された水の浸透、更新も更に
効果的に行われる。該筒状本体(2) の上下開口部(2D,2
E) を密閉した場合には更に筒状本体(2) 内には負圧が
効果的に及ぼされ、また開口部(2D,2E) からの水分の蒸
発も防止され、更に開口部(2D,2E) から筒状本体(2) 内
に微生物、藻類が侵入しにくく、また侵入しても光が遮
断されているから繁殖しにくい。
[Function] The water supplied from the water supply channel (6) into the tubular main body (2) is dispersed by the top plate (4A), and then the plant cultivation carrier (5) in the top section (2A) It flows down while penetrating by capillary action, and is further dispersed by the second plate (4B) and then penetrates into the plant cultivation carrier (5) in the second section (2B) by capillary action. Flow down. In the same manner, water is uniformly supplied into the plant cultivation carrier (5) in each section, but at least in the lowest section (2B), the water supplied into the plant cultivation carrier (5) is supplied. Are collected and discharged in the perforated drainage cylinder (9). In this case, water is maintained in the plant cultivation carrier (5) due to the negative pressure generated when the water is collected and discharged into the perforated cylinder (9). Evaporation is prevented, and it is prevented from spilling out through the planting hole (3) of the cylindrical body (2) .The supplied water also penetrates the uniformity of the plant cultivation carrier (5) evenly by capillary action. And will be updated smoothly. A water storage chamber (2C) is provided below the lowermost section (2B), and the lower end of the water drainage porous cylinder (9) is opened into the water storage chamber (2C), and the cylindrical main body (2) is opened. When the suction / drainage channel (7) is connected from the upper end to the water storage chamber (2C), the water supplied to the lowermost section (2B) is
(9) Collected into the water storage chamber (2C)
The system is closed because the water is sucked and drained from (7). In this case, a greater negative pressure is generated in the water storage chamber (2C) due to the suction and drainage from the suction and drainage channel (7), and
The water contained in (5) is more effectively prevented from evaporating, and the water supplied to the plant cultivation carrier (5) is more effectively permeated and renewed. Upper and lower openings (2D, 2D) of the cylindrical body (2)
When (E) is closed, a negative pressure is effectively applied to the inside of the cylindrical body (2), moisture is prevented from evaporating from the openings (2D, 2E), and the openings (2D, 2E) are further prevented. From 2E), microorganisms and algae are unlikely to enter the tubular body (2), and even if they do enter, light is blocked, so that propagation is difficult.
【0006】[0006]
【実施例】図1〜図4は本発明の一実施例を示す。図に
示す植物栽培容器(1) の筒状本体(2) の周壁には複数個
の植孔(3) が設けられており、該筒状本体(2) の内部上
端部と中央部には目皿(4A,4B) が張設されており、下端
部には底板(4C)が張設されており、該目皿(4A,4B) およ
び底板(4C)によって該筒状本体(2) は上下二つの区画(2
A,2B) に分別され、下側の区画(2B)中央部には網筒であ
る水抜き用多孔筒(9) が縦設されており、該多孔筒(9)
の下端には連続気泡構造を有するプラスチックやゴムの
発泡体、フェルト等からなる通液性ブロック(9A)が嵌着
されている。
1 to 4 show an embodiment of the present invention. A plurality of planting holes (3) are provided on the peripheral wall of the cylindrical main body (2) of the plant cultivation container (1) shown in the figure, and the inner upper end and the central part of the cylindrical main body (2) are provided at the center. A perforated plate (4A, 4B) is stretched, and a bottom plate (4C) is stretched at the lower end, and the cylindrical body (2) is formed by the perforated plates (4A, 4B) and the bottom plate (4C). Is the upper and lower compartments (2
A, 2B), and a drainage porous tube (9), which is a net tube, is provided vertically in the center of the lower section (2B), and the porous tube (9)
A liquid-permeable block (9A) made of plastic, rubber foam, felt, or the like having an open-cell structure is fitted to the lower end of the block.
【0007】該筒状本体(2) の上端部と下端部とには上
下キャップ(10,11) が螺着されることによって上下開口
部(2D,2E) が密閉されており、該上キャップ(10)の上面
には給水口(12)と吸排水口(13)およびフック(8) が設け
られており、該下キャップ(11)と該底板(4C) との間に
は貯水室(2C)が形成されている。該上キャップ(10)の吸
排水口(13)から該貯水室(2C)内には吸排水チューブ(14)
が連絡されており、該吸排水チューブ(14)の下部は多孔
筒(9) 内に挿通されており、下端にはチーズ(15)が取付
けられている。
Upper and lower openings (2D, 2E) are sealed by screwing upper and lower caps (10, 11) to the upper end and lower end of the cylindrical main body (2). A water inlet (12), a water inlet / outlet (13), and a hook (8) are provided on the upper surface of (10), and a water reservoir (2C) is provided between the lower cap (11) and the bottom plate (4C). ) Is formed. A water suction / drain tube (14) enters the water storage chamber (2C) from the water suction / drain port (13) of the upper cap (10).
The lower part of the suction / drainage tube (14) is inserted into the perforated tube (9), and the cheese (15) is attached to the lower end.
【0008】図3に示すように、該筒状本体(2) の中央
目皿(4B)の上側と多孔筒(9) の外側には防根シート(16,
17) が被覆され、そして各区画(2A,2B) には植物栽培担
体(5) が充填されている。該植物栽培担体(5) は例えば
ロックウール、ビートモス、バーミキュライト等であ
る。
As shown in FIG. 3, root protection sheets (16, 16) are provided above the central perforated plate (4B) of the cylindrical body (2) and outside the perforated cylinder (9).
17), and each compartment (2A, 2B) is filled with a plant cultivation carrier (5). The plant cultivation carrier (5) is, for example, rock wool, beet moss, vermiculite and the like.
【0009】上記植物栽培容器(1) の給水口(12)には給
水路(6) を接続し、吸排水口(13)には吸排水路(7) を接
続する。該吸排水路(7) は図示しない真空ポンプを備え
た貯水槽に連結している。そして該筒状本体(2) の植孔
(3) を介して植物栽培担体(5) には植物Pの種または苗
が植付けられる。該植物は例えばレタス、ミツバ、サラ
ダ菜、ホウレン草等の葉菜類、イチゴ、トマト、ナス等
の果菜類、ベゴニア、バラ、チューリップ等の花類、し
いたけ、えのきだけ、しめじ等のきのこ類、大根、ごぼ
う等の根菜類等である。
A water supply channel (6) is connected to a water supply port (12) of the plant cultivation container (1), and a water intake and drainage channel (7) is connected to a water intake and drainage port (13). The suction / drain passage (7) is connected to a water storage tank provided with a vacuum pump (not shown). And a hole in the tubular body (2)
The seeds or seedlings of the plant P are planted on the plant cultivation carrier (5) via (3). The plants are, for example, leaf vegetables such as lettuce, honeybee, salad vegetables, spinach, fruit vegetables such as strawberries, tomatoes, eggplants, flowers such as begonia, roses, tulips, mushrooms such as shiitake mushrooms, shimeji mushrooms, radish, burdock etc. Root vegetables.
【0010】上記植物Pの種または苗が植付けられた
ら、給水路(6) から水あるいは肥料等を溶解した養液を
該植物栽培容器(1) 内に供給する。この場合の水あるい
は養液の供給圧は通常1〜3kg/cm2とする。該水または
養液は上目皿(4A)によって水平方向に均一に分散された
上で上段の区画(2A)内の植物栽培容器(1) 内に供給され
た上で上段の区画(2A)内の植物栽培担体(5) 内に供給さ
れ、毛細管現象によって均一に浸透し、かつ下方に流下
しつつ植物Pに供給され、更に中央目皿(4B)によって水
平方向に均一に分散された上で下段の区画(2B)内の植物
栽培担体(5) 内に供給され毛細管現象によって均一に浸
透して植物Pに供給され、多孔筒(9) を介して下側の貯
水室(2C)内に流下する。
When the seeds or seedlings of the plant P are planted, a nutrient solution in which water or fertilizer is dissolved is supplied from the water supply channel (6) into the plant cultivation container (1). In this case, the supply pressure of water or nutrient solution is usually 1 to 3 kg / cm 2 . The water or nutrient solution is uniformly dispersed in the horizontal direction by the upper plate (4A), and then supplied to the plant cultivation container (1) in the upper section (2A), and then the upper section (2A) It is supplied into the plant cultivation carrier (5) inside, is uniformly infiltrated by capillary action, and is supplied to the plant P while flowing downward, and is further uniformly dispersed in the horizontal direction by the central perforated plate (4B). And into the plant cultivation carrier (5) in the lower section (2B), uniformly penetrates by capillary action and is supplied to the plant P, and is supplied to the lower water storage chamber (2C) through the porous tube (9). Flow down to
【0011】該貯水室(2C)内に貯溜した水あるいは養液
はチーズ(15)から吸排水チューブ(14)に吸引され、吸排
水口(13)から吸排水路(7) に吸排水される。この場合、
該貯水室(2C)は吸排水チューブ(14)の吸引力によって上
下開口部(2D,2E) を密閉されている筒状本体(2) 内部は
負圧になり、そのために植物栽培担体(5) 内の水または
養液の流下は促進され、垂直方向に均一に分散され、更
に下段の区画(2B)内の植物栽培担体(5) 内にあっては、
水または養液は多孔筒(9) の吸引力によって内側に配向
され円滑に多孔筒(9) 内に集められ、該多孔筒(9) 内に
嵌着されている通液性ブロック(9A)による吸引抵抗によ
って吸引量を調節された上で、貯水室(2C)内に流下す
る。したがって植物栽培担体(5) 内の水または養液が筒
状本体(2)の上下開口部(2D,2E) および植孔(3) から外
部へ蒸発することは最小限に抑制され、しかも特に下段
の区画(2B)において、植物栽培担体(5) 内の吸排水は円
滑に行われ、水または養液の更新は効果的に行われる。
The water or nutrient solution stored in the water storage chamber (2C) is sucked from the cheese (15) to the suction / drain tube (14), and is sucked and drained from the suction / drain port (13) to the suction / drain passage (7). in this case,
The inside of the cylindrical body (2) whose upper and lower openings (2D, 2E) are closed becomes negative pressure due to the suction force of the water suction / drain tube (14) in the water storage chamber (2C). ) The flow of water or nutrient solution inside is promoted, evenly dispersed in the vertical direction, and further in the plant cultivation carrier (5) in the lower section (2B),
The water or nutrient solution is directed inward by the suction force of the perforated cylinder (9) and is smoothly collected in the perforated cylinder (9), and the liquid-permeable block (9A) fitted in the perforated cylinder (9). After the suction amount is adjusted by the suction resistance of the water, the water flows down into the water storage chamber (2C). Therefore, evaporation of water or nutrient solution in the plant cultivation carrier (5) from the upper and lower openings (2D, 2E) and the planting hole (3) of the cylindrical body (2) to the outside is suppressed to a minimum. In the lower section (2B), the water absorption and drainage in the plant cultivation carrier (5) is performed smoothly, and the renewal of water or nutrient solution is performed effectively.
【0012】このような水または養液の供給、吸排水に
よって植物Pは順調に根ぐされを起こすことなく生長
し、根も植物栽培担体(5) 内で伸長するが、防根シート
(16,17) のために、中央目皿(4B)や多孔筒(9) が根によ
って目詰まりを起こすことがない。また筒状本体(2) の
上下開口部(2D,2E) はキャップ(10,11) によって密閉さ
れているから、植物栽培担体(5) 内の水分は蒸発を防止
され、かつ外部からの微生物や藻類の侵入が防止され、
また微生物や藻類が侵入しても筒状本体(2) 内は遮光さ
れているから、特に藻類等は繁殖を抑制される。
The plant P grows smoothly without rooting due to the supply or absorption of water or nutrient solution, and the roots also grow in the plant cultivation carrier (5).
Due to (16, 17), the central perforated plate (4B) and the perforated cylinder (9) are not clogged by roots. In addition, since the upper and lower openings (2D, 2E) of the cylindrical main body (2) are sealed by caps (10, 11), moisture in the plant cultivation carrier (5) is prevented from evaporating, and microorganisms from the outside are prevented. And algae are prevented from entering,
Even if microorganisms or algae enter, the inside of the cylindrical body (2) is shielded from light, so that the growth of algae and the like is particularly suppressed.
【0013】上記給水および吸排水のタイミングは該貯
水室(2C)内の水位を水位計で測定して決定するか、ある
いは予め所定の間隔に設定しておいてもよい。給水およ
び吸排水のON,OFFは通常はバルブの開閉で行なう
が、給水ポンプや真空ポンプの作動のON,OFFで行
なってもよい。更に必要とあれば該植物栽培容器(1)に
外部からスプレー等によって給水してもよい。また所望
なれば、給水口(12)あるいは別個に設けた供給口から酸
素、空気、炭酸ガス、窒素等の気体を送って温度調節、
あるいは植物根部の生長促進を図ってもよい。温度調節
の場合は該気体を所望の温度に調節しておく。
[0013] The timing of the water supply and suction / drainage may be determined by measuring the water level in the water storage chamber (2C) with a water level meter, or may be set in advance at predetermined intervals. The ON and OFF of water supply and suction and drainage are usually performed by opening and closing valves, but may be performed by turning ON and OFF the operation of a water supply pump and a vacuum pump. If necessary, water may be supplied to the plant cultivation container (1) from the outside by spraying or the like. If desired, oxygen, air, carbon dioxide, gas such as nitrogen is sent from the water supply port (12) or a separately provided supply port to control the temperature,
Alternatively, the growth of the plant root may be promoted. In the case of temperature control, the gas is adjusted to a desired temperature.
【0014】上記植物栽培容器(1) は例えば図4に示す
ように複数個フック(8) を介してワイヤ(18)によって吊
下げられるが、空間効率の点からみて上下交互に配置さ
れるのが望ましい。そして各植物栽培容器(1) の給水路
(6) はバルブ(6A)を介して主給水路(19)に集められ、吸
排水路(7) は主吸排水路(20)に集められ、該主給水路(1
9)は図示しない養液タンクにポンプを介して接続し、該
主吸排水路(20)は図示しない真空ポンプを供えた養液受
けタンクに接続されている。この場合、各植物栽培容器
(1) の筒状本体(2) の上下開口部(2D,2E) は密閉されて
いるから、各植物栽培容器(1) について吸排水にむらが
あっても、上記システムの真空状態は良好に維持され
る。
The above-mentioned plant cultivation containers (1) are suspended by wires (18) via a plurality of hooks (8) as shown in FIG. 4, for example. Is desirable. And the water supply channel of each plant cultivation container (1)
(6) is collected via a valve (6A) in the main water supply channel (19), and the suction / drainage channel (7) is collected in the main suction / drainage channel (20), and is connected to the main water supply channel (1).
9) is connected to a nutrient solution tank (not shown) via a pump, and the main suction / drain passage (20) is connected to a nutrient solution tank provided with a vacuum pump (not shown). In this case, each plant cultivation container
Since the upper and lower openings (2D, 2E) of the cylindrical main body (2) of (1) are sealed, the vacuum state of the above system is good even if the intake and drainage of each plant cultivation container (1) is uneven. Is maintained.
【0015】上記実施例では排水口は吸排水路に連絡す
る吸排水チューブ(14)を貯水室(2C)に挿入して吸排水し
たが、図5に示すように下キャップ(11)に排水孔(21)を
設けて自然排水を行なってもよい。
In the above embodiment, the drain port is inserted into the water storage chamber (2C) by suction / drainage tube (14) communicating with the suction / drainage passage to suck and drain water. However, as shown in FIG. (21) may be provided for natural drainage.
【0016】[0016]
【発明の効果】本発明の植物栽培容器は、縦型であるか
ら、場所をとらずに空間効率良く植物を栽培することが
出来る。また筒状本体はカセットとして簡単に取替える
ことが出来る。更に該筒状本体は一度に大量簡単に消毒
することが出来る。本発明の植物栽培容器は内部に充填
した植物栽培担体に均一に水あるいは養液が行きわた
り。また効果的に更新されるから植物は順調に生育す
る。更に本発明の植物栽培容器は無重力状態でも植物栽
培担体中の水分が外部に散逸せず、また毛細管現象によ
って植物担体中に均一に水分が行きわたるから、例えば
スペースシャトル、宇宙基地等での植物栽培が簡単に出
来る。
The plant cultivation container of the present invention is of a vertical type, so that a plant can be cultivated with good space efficiency without taking up space. The cylindrical body can be easily replaced as a cassette. Furthermore, the tubular body can be easily and easily disinfected in large quantities at a time. In the container for plant cultivation of the present invention, water or nutrient solution spreads evenly over the plant cultivation carrier filled therein. Also, the plant grows smoothly because it is effectively renewed. Further, the plant cultivation container of the present invention does not disperse the water in the plant cultivation carrier to the outside even in a zero-gravity state, and the water is evenly distributed in the plant carrier by a capillary phenomenon. Cultivation is easy.
【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]
図1〜図4は本発明の一実施例を示すものである。 1 to 4 show one embodiment of the present invention.
【図1】斜視図FIG. 1 is a perspective view
【図2】内部構造説明斜視図FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating the internal structure.
【図3】縦断面図FIG. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view
【図4】複数個の植物栽培容器の配置説明図FIG. 4 is an explanatory view of arrangement of a plurality of plant cultivation containers.
【図5】他の実施例の下端部縦断面図FIG. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of a lower end portion of another embodiment.
【図6】従来例の縦断面図FIG. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view of a conventional example.
【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]
1 植物栽培容器 2 筒状本体 2A,2B 区画 2C 貯水室 2D,2E 開口部 3 植孔 4A,4B 目皿 5 植物栽培担体 6 給水路 7 吸排水路 8 把手 9 多孔筒 1 Plant cultivation container 2 Cylindrical body 2A, 2B compartment 2C Water storage room 2D, 2E Opening 3 Planting hole 4A, 4B Plate 5 Plant cultivation carrier 6 Water supply channel 7 Suction / drainage channel 8 Handle 9 Perforated cylinder

Claims (4)

    【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]
  1. 【請求項1】周壁に植孔を有する筒状本体内を目皿によ
    って複数個の区画に分割し、各区画には植物栽培担体を
    充填し、少なくとも最下段の区画には水抜き用多孔筒を
    縦設し、該多孔筒下端部を該筒状本体底部から外部に連
    絡し、該筒状本体上端部には給水路を連絡したことを特
    徴とする植物栽培容器
    1. A cylindrical body having a perforated hole in a peripheral wall is divided into a plurality of sections by a perforated plate, each section is filled with a plant cultivation carrier, and at least the lowermost section is a drainage porous cylinder. A plant cultivation container characterized in that the lower end of the perforated tube is communicated to the outside from the bottom of the tubular main body, and the upper end of the tubular main body is connected to a water supply channel.
  2. 【請求項2】請求項1の植物栽培容器の筒状本体内の最
    下段の区画の下側には貯水室を設け、該水抜き用多孔筒
    の下端を該貯水室内に開口せしめ、該筒状本体の上端部
    から該貯水室内には吸排水路を連絡したことを特徴とす
    る植物栽培容器
    2. A water storage chamber is provided below the lowermost section in the cylindrical main body of the plant cultivation container according to claim 1, and a lower end of the drainage porous cylinder is opened into the water storage chamber. A plant cultivation container, characterized in that an intake / drainage passage is connected from the upper end of the main body to the water storage chamber.
  3. 【請求項3】該筒状本体の上下開口部は密閉されている
    請求項1または2に記載の植物栽培容器
    3. The container for cultivating plants according to claim 1, wherein the upper and lower openings of the tubular main body are sealed.
  4. 【請求項4】該筒状本体上端には吊下げ用の把手が取付
    けられている請求項1〜3に記載の植物栽培容器
    4. The plant cultivation container according to claim 1, wherein a handle for hanging is attached to an upper end of the cylindrical main body.
JP02139899A 1999-01-29 1999-01-29 Plant cultivation container Expired - Fee Related JP3157801B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP02139899A JP3157801B2 (en) 1999-01-29 1999-01-29 Plant cultivation container

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP02139899A JP3157801B2 (en) 1999-01-29 1999-01-29 Plant cultivation container

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2000217434A true JP2000217434A (en) 2000-08-08
JP3157801B2 JP3157801B2 (en) 2001-04-16

Family

ID=12053959

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP3157801B2 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011011614A2 (en) * 2009-07-22 2011-01-27 Scott Harder Method and apparatus for growing plants
JP2012516151A (en) * 2009-01-30 2012-07-19 ヒョク カン Strawberry and small leaf vegetable cultivation apparatus and method using multilayer structure mechanism
JP2013164179A (en) * 2012-02-09 2013-08-22 Asahi Kasei Homes Co Transpiration element
JP5495198B1 (en) * 2013-06-12 2014-05-21 正和 那須 Cylindrical greening unit
JP2018509941A (en) * 2015-03-31 2018-04-12 マンティコア エット ゲーエムベーハーManticore It Gmbh Pillar elements of vertical plant cultivation equipment
CN108739185A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-06 重庆大学 A kind of device for enclosing party's plantation
KR200493718Y1 (en) * 2020-07-21 2021-05-25 강서진 Flowerport of pipe type for cultivating a plant

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2012516151A (en) * 2009-01-30 2012-07-19 ヒョク カン Strawberry and small leaf vegetable cultivation apparatus and method using multilayer structure mechanism
WO2011011614A2 (en) * 2009-07-22 2011-01-27 Scott Harder Method and apparatus for growing plants
WO2011011614A3 (en) * 2009-07-22 2011-04-28 Scott Harder Method and apparatus for growing plants
US8122643B2 (en) 2009-07-22 2012-02-28 Grow Tube, LLC Method and apparatus for growing plants
US8261487B2 (en) 2009-07-22 2012-09-11 Grow Tube, LLC Method and apparatus for growing plants
JP2013164179A (en) * 2012-02-09 2013-08-22 Asahi Kasei Homes Co Transpiration element
JP5495198B1 (en) * 2013-06-12 2014-05-21 正和 那須 Cylindrical greening unit
WO2014199883A1 (en) * 2013-06-12 2014-12-18 株式会社Nassun.E Tubular greening units
JP2018509941A (en) * 2015-03-31 2018-04-12 マンティコア エット ゲーエムベーハーManticore It Gmbh Pillar elements of vertical plant cultivation equipment
CN108739185A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-06 重庆大学 A kind of device for enclosing party's plantation
KR200493718Y1 (en) * 2020-07-21 2021-05-25 강서진 Flowerport of pipe type for cultivating a plant

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