JP2000175701A - Shoe - Google Patents

Shoe

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Publication number
JP2000175701A
JP2000175701A JP36241498A JP36241498A JP2000175701A JP 2000175701 A JP2000175701 A JP 2000175701A JP 36241498 A JP36241498 A JP 36241498A JP 36241498 A JP36241498 A JP 36241498A JP 2000175701 A JP2000175701 A JP 2000175701A
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Prior art keywords
midsole
shoe
insole
outsole
water
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Pending
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JP36241498A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Kazuo Ashino
Masayoshi Mitsui
正義 三井
一夫 芦野
Original Assignee
Masayoshi Mitsui
T & P Kikaku:Kk
正義 三井
有限会社ティー・アンド・ピー企画
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/12Special watertight footwear
    • A43B7/125Special watertight footwear provided with a vapour permeable member, e.g. a membrane

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a shoe prevented from water infiltration into the shoe even after long-term use and provided with high air permeability so as to prevent the shoe from getting stuffy by using a material excellent in durability for a water-impermeable air-permeable sheet. SOLUTION: An outer sole 5 is integrally fastened to an instep part drawn into an inner sole 3, through an inner material 4 by integral sewing with a sewing thread or by bonding with an adhesive. A large number of air holes 31, 41, 51 are bored in the inner sole 3, inner material 4 and outer sole 5, piercing the thickness direction thereof. Air permeable sheets 6 formed of a polymeric composite material of integral structure with the lower face formed of a water- impermeable polyurethane skin layer 61 of communicating porous structure and with the upper face formed of synthetic fiber foundation cloth with high air permeability and extra-high moisture permeability are interposed between the inner sole 3 and inner material 4 and between the inner material 4 and outer sole 5 respectively.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】この発明は、主として表底が天然ゴム、合成ゴム、ウレタンゴムなどからなる靴の構造に関する。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention, mainly outsole natural rubber, synthetic rubber, about the structure of the shoes made of urethane rubber.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】上記のようなゴム製表底を備えた靴の場合、表底が通気性を欠くために、蒸れ易いという欠点がある。 BACKGROUND ART shoes with rubber tabulated bottom as the above case, in order outsole lacks breathability, has a disadvantage of easily stuffiness. そこで、たとえば実用新案登録第2552714 So, for example, Utility Model Registration No. 2552714
号の掲載公報に記載のように、中底に多数の貫通穴を穿設するとともに、中物の周壁に多数の孔部を有する筒状部を内蔵し、中底の貫通孔と中物の孔部とを連通させ、 As described in published JP No., with bored multiple through-holes in the insole, a built-in cylindrical portion having a plurality of holes on the peripheral wall of the midsole, the midsole of the through hole and the midsole and a hole portion communicated with,
着用者の体重が靴に作用すると、中物の筒状部が圧縮されて内部の空気が貫通孔および孔部から靴内に流入して蒸れを防ぐ構造の靴が提案されている。 When the weight of the wearer is applied to the shoe, the compressed cylindrical portion of the midsole in the interior of the air shoe structure to prevent stuffiness and flows into the shoe through the through hole and the hole portion has been proposed.

【0003】その他の先行技術として、特開平7−32 [0003] Other prior art, JP-A-7-32
7706号公報、特開平8−294403号公報および特開平9−140404号公報に記載の靴がある。 7706 JP, there are shoes described in JP-A-8-294403 and JP-A No. 9-140404. これらの靴は、いずれも靴底(表底、中物および中底)の踏まず部から前方の部分にそれぞれ厚み方向に貫通する多数の孔が穿設され、中物(ミッドソール)の両面に通気性シート(ラミネートシート)が貼着されている。 These shoes, both surfaces of either sole (outsole, midsole and insole) number of holes penetrating from the stepped not part of the respective thickness direction in front of the part is bored, the midsole (midsole) breathable sheet (laminate sheet) is stuck on. 通気性シートは、非透水性の通気性膜を中間層にしてその片面に目の粗いポリエステル不織布を、反対面に目の細かいポリエステル不織布をそれぞれ周縁部を接着して積層した3層構造からなる。 Breathable sheet, consisting of impermeable breathable film an intermediate layer to coarse polyester nonwoven fabric on one surface thereof, a three-layer structure in which a fine nonwoven polyester fabric was laminated by bonding each peripheral portion on the opposite surface .

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、上記した従来の靴には、次のような点で改良の余地が残されている。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION However, the conventional shoe described above, there remains room for improvement in such terms as follows. すなわち、 上記した登録実用新案の靴は、表底に通気孔が設けられていないため、靴内で空気が流通しても蒸れを解消することは難しい。 In other words, the shoe of Registered Utility Model mentioned above, since no vent hole is provided in the outsole, it is difficult to air to eliminate the stuffiness even in circulation within the shoe.

【0005】 上記各特許公開公報に記載の靴は、通気性シートの中間層が非透水性のフィルム状の通気性膜からなるため、引っ張りや引き裂きに対する強度が非常に弱く、そこで両面にポリエステル不織布を積層して3 [0005] shoe according to the above patent publication is breathable since the intermediate layer of the sheet is made of an impermeable film-like breathable film, very weak strength against tensile and tear, where a polyester nonwoven fabric on both sides the stacked 3
層構造として使用している。 It is used as a layer structure. しかも3層構造の状態においても、釘や針などの先の尖ったものが表底の通気孔から侵入すると、簡単に通気性膜が破れて、水が靴内に侵入するおそれがある。 Moreover even in the state of a three-layer structure, when a pointed object such as a nail or needle penetrates the outsole vents, easily torn breathable film, water is likely to penetrate into the shoe. また、フィルム状の通気性膜が使用されているために、耐久性に乏しく、短期間で通気性膜が破損して水が侵入する可能性がある。 Further, in order to film-like breathable film is used, poor durability, short term might breathable membrane water enters damaged. さらに、非透水性のフィルム状の通気性膜の両面にはポリエステル不織布が接着剤を介して積層されているので、通気性を欠くおそれがある。 Further, on both sides of an impermeable film-like breathable film because polyester nonwoven fabric are laminated through an adhesive, which may lack breathability.

【0006】この発明は上述の点に鑑みなされたもので、非透水性の通気性シートに耐久性に優れた素材を使用することにより、長期間使用しても靴の内部に水が侵入しにくく、しかも通気性に富み、靴蒸れの起こりにくい靴を提供することを目的としている。 [0006] The invention has been made in view of the above, the use of water-impermeable material having excellent durability breathable sheet, a long period of time when water penetrates into the interior of the shoe using Nikuku, yet rich in breathable, has been an object of the present invention to provide an unlikely shoes of stuffiness shoes.

【0007】 [0007]

【課題を解決するための手段】上記の目的を達成するために本発明に係る靴は、中底に釣り込まれた製甲に対し、中物を介して表底を縫い糸により一体に縫製するか、あるいは接着剤等により一体に固着してなる靴において、前記中底、中物および表底にそれぞれ厚み方向に貫通する多数の通気孔を穿設し、下面が連通微多孔質で水を通さないポリウレタン表皮層からなり且つ上面が高通気・超高透湿性を有する合成繊維の基布からなる一体構造の高分子複合材の通気性シートを、前記中底と前記中物の間および前記中物と前記表底の間の少なくとも一方(一方だけの場合は中物と表底の間が好ましい)に介装している。 Shoe according to the present invention in order to achieve the above object SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION, compared Ltd. Jia was Tsurikoma to the insole through the midsole sewn integrally outsole by sewing thread or, alternatively in the shoe formed by integrally fixed by an adhesive or the like, the insole, respectively midsole and outsole bored a number of ventilation holes that penetrate in the thickness direction, the lower surface is a water communicating microporous the breathable sheet of polymer composite unitary structure and the upper surface consists of a polyurethane skin layer is made of a base fabric of synthetic fibers having a high air-ultra high moisture impermeable, between the insole and the midsole and the at least one (between one midsole If only the outsole is preferred) between the midsole Table bottom are interposed.

【0008】上記の構成を有する請求項1の靴によれば、靴内で発生した一種の水蒸気分は着用者の足の動きがあると積極的に、中底の通気孔、(通気性シートの連通微多孔)、中物の通気孔、通気性シートの連通微多孔および表底の通気孔を一連に通って靴底の下面外方へ抜け出す。 According to the shoe claim 1 having the structure described above, the water vapor partial kind that occur in the shoe aggressively if there is a movement of the wearer's foot, the insole vent (breathable sheet communicating microporous) of exit vents midsole, through a series of communicating microporous and outsole vents breathable sheet toward lower outer sole. 一方、表底の通気孔から抜け出す場合と逆の経路で外気が靴内に流入し、靴内の空気が入れ替わるので、靴内が湿気で蒸れることがない。 On the other hand, the outside air in the reverse path and when break out outsole vent flows into the shoe, since the air in the shoe is replaced, never stuffy in shoes with moisture. また、水溜まりなどを歩いたときに表底の通気孔から水が侵入することがあるが、通気性シート下面のポリウレタン表皮層で水の侵入が阻止され、内部へは侵入しない。 Although may enter water from the outsole of the ventilation holes when walked like puddle, entry of water is prevented by the polyurethane skin layer of breathable sheet lower surface, not intrusion into the interior. さらに、通気性シートがポリウレタン表皮層と特殊繊維の基布との一体構造の高分子複合材からなるから、丈夫で耐久性に富み、長期間使用しても通気性シートが破損しにくいので、長期間安定して水を通さず、かつ優れた通気性を保つ。 In addition, since the air-permeable sheet is made of a polymer composite material of the integral structure of the base fabric of the polyurethane skin layer and the special fiber, rich in strong and durable, because the long-term air-permeable sheet is less likely to damage be used, stably for a long period of time without going through the water, and maintain excellent breathability.

【0009】請求項2に記載のように、中底に釣り込まれた製甲に対し、中物を介して表底を縫い糸により一体に縫製するか、あるいは接着剤等により一体に固着してなる靴において、前記中底、中物および表底にそれぞれ厚み方向に貫通する多数の通気孔を穿設し、上面が連通微多孔質で水を通さないポリウレタン表皮層からなり、 [0009] As described in claim 2, with respect to manufacturing Jia was Tsurikoma to the insole through the midsole or sewing together the outsole by sutures, or by fixing together by adhesive or the like in consisting shoe, the insole, respectively midsole and outsole bored a number of ventilation holes that penetrate in the thickness direction, made of polyurethane skin layer having an upper surface impervious to water communicating microporous,
中間層が高通気・超高透湿性を有する合成繊維(たとえばポリエステル繊維やナイロン繊維)の基布からなり、 Consists base fabric of synthetic fibers intermediate layer has a highly air-ultra high moisture (for example, polyester fibers or nylon fibers),
且つ下面が防水透湿性ポリウレタンフィルム層からなる一体構造の高分子複合材の通気性シートを、前記中底と前記中物の間および前記中物と前記表底の間の少なくとも一方に介装するか、あるいは請求項3に記載のように、中底に釣り込まれた製甲に対し、中物を介して表底を縫い糸により一体に縫製するか、あるいは接着剤等により一体に固着してなる靴において、前記中底、中物および表底にそれぞれ厚み方向に貫通する多数の通気孔を穿設し、上面が高通気・超高透湿性を有する合成繊維(たとえばポリエステル繊維やナイリン繊維)の基布からなり、中間層が連通微多孔質で水を通さないポリウレタン表皮層からなり、且つ下面が防水透湿性ポリウレタンフィルム層からなる一体構造の高分子複合材の通気性シートを、前記中底と And a breathable sheet of polymer composite monolithic lower surface is made of waterproof vapor-permeable polyurethane film layer is interposed at least one of between the table base and between the midsole of the insole and the midsole or, alternatively, as described in claim 3, with respect to manufacturing Jia was Tsurikoma to the insole through the midsole or sewing together the outsole by sutures, or by fixing together by adhesive or the like in consisting shoe, the insole, and bored midsole and large number of vent holes penetrating respectively in the thickness direction in the outsole, synthetic fibers upper surface with a highly air-ultra high moisture (for example, polyester fibers or Nairin fibers) of consisting base fabric becomes intermediate layer is a polyurethane skin layer impervious to water communicating microporous and breathable sheet of the lower surface polymeric composite unitary structure consisting of the waterproof moisture-permeable polyurethane film layer, wherein in bottom and 記中物の間および前記中物と前記表底の間の少なくとも一方に介装するかしてもよい。 And between the midsole of the serial midsole and it may or interposed in at least one of between the table base.

【0010】請求項2あるいは請求項3記載の靴は、通気性シートの下面に防水透湿性ポリウレタンフィルム層を一体に備えているので、通気性では劣るものの、防水性が一丸と飛躍し、とくに降雪地域などの寒冷地での使用に好適であるほか、請求項1に記載の作用とほぼ同様の作用を発揮する。 [0010] footwear according to claim 2 or claim 3, wherein, since integrally includes waterproof moisture-permeable polyurethane film layer on the lower surface of the breathable sheet, inferior in air permeability, waterproofness leap united, especially in addition it is suitable for use in cold climates, such as snowfall areas, exhibits substantially the same effects as the effects according to claim 1.

【0011】請求項4に記載のように、前記通気性シートを、前記中底と前記中物の間および前記中物と前記表底の間の両方に介装することができる。 [0011] As described in claim 4, the breathable sheet, it may be interposed both between the table base and between the midsole of the insole and the midsole.

【0012】請求項4記載の靴によれば、表底の通気孔から水が侵入し、仮に通気性シート下面のポリウレタン表皮層で水の侵入が十分に阻止されなかったとしても、 According to the shoe according to claim 4, water entering from the outsole of the ventilation holes, even if water intrusion breathable sheet lower surface of the polyurethane skin layer is not sufficiently prevented,
中物の通気孔を通ってその上に配置された通気性シート下面のポリウレタン表皮層で水の侵入が阻止されるから、靴の内部へ水が侵入することはない。 Since penetration of water through the vent hole polyurethane skin layer arranged breathable sheet lower surface thereon of the midsole is prevented, the water to the inside of the shoe does not penetrate.

【0013】請求項5に記載のように、前記中物を独立発泡のEVA(エチレン酢酸ビニール)発泡体から形成し、前記中底の通気孔および前記表底の通気孔にそれぞれ連通するように多数の通気孔を穿設することが好ましい。 [0013] As described in claim 5, wherein the midsole is formed from a closed-cell of EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) foams, as respectively communicated with the vent hole of the vent hole and the table bottom of the insole it is preferred to bored a number of ventilation holes.

【0014】請求項5記載の靴によれば、中底下の中物が発泡体で弾力性に富むとともに、EVA(エチレン酢酸ビニール)発泡体を使用しているために非常に軽量で、快適な歩行ができ、足の負担が和らげられ、疲れにくい。 According to the shoe according to claim 5, together with the midsole under the insole is rich in elasticity in the foam, very lightweight due to the use of EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) foams, comfortable walking can be, foot of the burden is softened, less fatigue.

【0015】請求項6に記載のように、前記中底の通気孔の口径を1〜1.5mm、前記中物の通気孔の口径を2mm前後、前記表底の通気孔の口径を1〜1.5mm [0015] as described in claim 6, caliber 1~1.5mm vent of the insole, diameter before and after 2mm of vent holes of the midsole, 1 the diameter of the vent holes of the table bottom 1.5mm
とするとともに、前記通気性シートの厚みを0.8〜 With a, 0.8 a thickness of the permeable sheet
1.5mm、前記通気性シートの連通微多孔の口径を1 1.5 mm, the diameter of the communicating microporous of the permeable sheet 1
0〜40μmにするとよい。 Better to 0~40μm.

【0016】請求項6記載の靴によれば、中底の通気孔を通して湿気分が表底の外方へスムーズに抜け出す一方、表底の通気孔から靴の内部へ外気がスムーズに流入し、靴の内部の空気が常に入れ替わって不快な足の蒸れが起こりにくく、また湿気分が靴内に溜まらないために、雑菌の発生が抑えられ、靴の中が清潔に保たれる。 According to the shoe according to claim 6, while the moisture content escape smoothly to the outside of the outsole through the insole of the vent, the outside air flows smoothly from the outsole vents into the interior of the shoe, interchanged always the air inside the shoe hardly causes stuffiness unpleasant foot, and to moisture content does not collect in the shoe, generation of bacteria is suppressed, the inside of the shoe are kept clean.

【0017】 [0017]

【発明の実施の形態】以下、この発明の靴について実施の形態を図面に基づいて詳しく説明する。 BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Hereinafter, will be described in detail with reference to embodiments for the shoe of the invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

【0018】図1は本発明の実施例に係る靴の分解斜視図、図2は図1の靴の踏まず部の前方位置の縦断面図、 [0018] Figure 1 is an exploded perspective view of a shoe according to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the front of the unit arch of the shoe 1,
図3は図1の靴の靴底の分解斜視図である。 Figure 3 is an exploded perspective view of the sole of the shoe Fig.

【0019】図1に示すように、本実施例の靴1は、牛皮製の製甲2、中底3、中物4、表底5および通気性シート6ならびに踵部分の中敷き7から構成されている。 As shown in FIG. 1, the shoe 1 of the present embodiment, Ltd. Jia 2 made cowhide, insole 3, midsole 4 is composed of the outsole 5 and breathable sheet 6 and the heel portion of the insole 7 ing.
表底5は天然ゴム又は合成ゴムからなり、表底5の踏まず部と爪先部との間に厚み方向に貫通する多数の通気孔51が穿設されている。 Outsole 5 is made of natural or synthetic rubber, numerous vents 51 penetrating in the thickness direction is formed in between the stepped not part and toe part of the outsole 5. 本例では、通気孔51の口径は1.5mm前後である。 In this example, the diameter of the vent hole 51 is around 1.5 mm. また、中物4は、本例ではエチレン酢酸ビニール樹脂の独立発泡体から形成され、中物4の踏まず部と爪先部との間に厚み方向に貫通する多数の通気孔41が穿設されている。 Furthermore, midsole 4 is in this example formed from closed-cell foam of ethylene vinyl acetate resin, a large number of vent holes 41 penetrating in the thickness direction is formed in between the midsole depressed not part and toe part of the 4 ing. 通気孔41の口径は2 Diameter of the vent hole 41 is 2
mm前後で、通気孔41の個数は通気孔51のほぼ半分と少なく、通気孔51の全個数のほぼ1/2が通気孔4 mm before and after, the number of vent holes 41 is small and approximately half of vent holes 51, approximately 1/2 vent total number of vent holes 51 4
1と連通する位置に配置されている。 It is arranged at a position to 1 and the communication.

【0020】また、中底3の踏まず部と爪先部との間に厚み方向に貫通する多数の通気孔31が穿設されている。 Further, a large number of vent holes 31 penetrating in the thickness direction is formed in between the stepped not part and toe part of the insole 3. 通気孔31の口径は1.0〜1.5mmで、通気孔51とほぼ同数で、通気孔31の全個数のほぼ1/2が通気孔41と連通する位置に配置されている。 Diameter of the vent holes 31 is 1.0 to 1.5 mm, with about the same number as the vent 51, approximately 1/2 of the total number of vent holes 31 are disposed at a position that communicates with the vent hole 41. そして、 And,
中底3の踵部上には中敷き7が貼着されている。 The on heel portion of the insole 3 insole 7 is adhered.

【0021】さて、本発明においては通気性シート6に特徴部分があるので、詳しく説明すると、この通気性シート6は、下面が連通微多孔質で水を通さないポリウレタン表皮層61で、連通微孔の口径は10〜40μm [0021] Now, since in the present invention is characterized portion breathable sheet 6, will be described in detail, the breathable sheet 6, a polyurethane skin layer 61 which lower surface is impervious to water communicating microporous, communicating fine the diameter of the hole is 10~40μm
で、1200〜1800個/1cm 2の連通微孔が表皮層61の形成時に同時に形成される。 In, communication microporous of 1200 to 1800 pieces / 1 cm 2 is formed simultaneously with the formation of the skin layer 61. また、上面には合成繊維の、本例はポリエステル繊維が3次元的に絡み合わせられるとともに、ポリウレタン発泡体の粒子がポリエステル繊維内に混入された高通気・超高透湿性を有する基布62に織成されると同時に、表皮層61とも一体構造になった、高分子複合材からなる。 Further, the synthetic fibers on the top surface, this example with are intertwined polyester fibers three-dimensionally, the base cloth 62 having high air and ultra high wet the particles of the polyurethane foam is mixed into the polyester fibers At the same time the woven, is integrated structures and skin layer 61, made of a polymer composite. この通気性シート6は人工皮革として使用可能な素材である。 The breathable sheet 6 which is a material that can be used as artificial leather. 通気性シート6の厚みが1.2mmのものでは、引っ張り力:11 Intended thickness of the breathable sheet 6 is 1.2 mm, the tensile strength: 11
0〜140N/cm、引き裂き力:65N、剥離力:2 0~140N / cm, tear force: 65N, peel force: 2
5N/cm以上、フレキソ試験機による屈曲テストでの耐屈曲性:5級(20万回、10℃)耐候性:5級、透湿性:2900g/m 2 /24hr(温度35℃、湿度80%の環境において、通気時に空気に含まれて排出される湿分があるので実際にはもっと大きい)、通気度4 5N / cm or more, flexibility in the bending test according Flexo tester: Grade 5 (200,000 times, 10 ° C.) weatherability: 5 grade, moisture permeability: 2900g / m 2 / 24hr (temperature 35 ° C., 80% humidity in an environment, in fact larger in because there is a moisture discharged be included in the air during aeration), air permeability 4
l/cm 2 hr以上、耐水圧:約800mmAqである。 l / cm 2 hr or more, the water pressure: it is about 800mmAq. 本例では、厚み0.8mmの通気性シート6を、表底5と中物4との間の通気孔51・41の領域に、また中物4と中底3との間の通気孔41・31の領域にそれぞれ下面の表皮層61を下向きにして介装している。 Vent hole 41 between the present embodiment, the breathable sheet 6 having a thickness of 0.8 mm, a midsole 3 in the region of the vent holes 51, 41, also a midsole 4 between the outsole 5 and midsole 4 , 31 each in the area of ​​the lower surface of the skin layer 61 downward is interposed. 表皮層61には連通微孔が開いているが非常に小さいため、水滴は一切通さない。 Since it is communicating microporous open the skin layer 61 very small, water droplets do not pass at all. なお、この通気性シート6の素材は、帝人株式会社から商品名「エアリー(登録商標)」で市販されているので、市販品を購入して所定の厚み(たとえば0.8mm)になるように基布62側を研磨して使用することもできる。 In addition, the material of the air-permeable sheet 6, because it is commercially available under the trade name "Airy (registered trademark)" from Teijin Ltd., so as to have a predetermined thickness (for example, 0.8mm) to buy a commercial product It can be used to polish the base fabric 62 side.

【0022】上記のようにして本実施例の靴1が構成されるが、この靴1には次のような通気作用がある。 The shoe 1 of the present embodiment as described above is constituted is, this shoe 1 has ventilation effect as follows. すなわち、靴1内に足を挿入した状態で歩行するなどして足が屈曲すると、靴1内の空気や湿気分が図3に示すように中底3の通気孔31から通気性シート6の基布62内を流通し、表皮層61の連通微孔から中物4の通気孔4 That is, when the foot such as by walking in a state of inserting the foot into the shoe 1 is bent, the air and moisture content of the shoe 1 through the vent holes 31 of the insole 3, as shown in Figure 3 of the breathable sheet 6 flows through the base cloth 62, the vent holes 4 of the midsole 4 from the communication microporous skin layer 61
1を通り、さらに通気性シート6の基布62内を流通し、表皮層61の連通微孔から表底5の通気孔51を通って外部へ放出される。 Through 1, further flows through the base cloth 62 of the breathable sheet 6, emitted from the communication microporous skin layer 61 to the outside through the vent hole 51 of the outsole 5. また、これと逆の経路で外気が表底5の通気孔51から靴1内に流入する。 Also, outside air in the reverse path and which flows into the shoe 1 through the vent holes 51 of the outsole 5. 一方、水溜まりなどを歩行すると、通気孔51から浸水しようとするが、通気性シート6の表皮層61の連通微孔は水を通さないので、水が侵入することはなく、とくに通気性シート6は中物4の内側にも装着されているため、靴1内への水の侵入は二重の通気性シート6によって確実に阻止される。 On the other hand, when walking and puddles, it tries to flood through the vent hole 51, since the communication microporous skin layer 61 of the breathable sheet 6 watertight, no water can penetrate, particularly breathable sheet 6 because it is attached to the inside of the midsole 4, water entering the shoe 1 is reliably prevented by the breathable sheet 6 double. さらに、靴1で先の尖った金属片や竹櫛などを踏み付けた際に通気孔51から金属片や竹櫛などが侵入することがあるが、通気性シート6の表皮層61は丈夫で破れにくいために、表皮層61でそれ以上の侵入が阻止されたり、また通気孔51の半分は中物4の通気孔41との位置がずれているから、通気孔51から侵入した金属片が中物4の底面に当たって侵入が阻止されたりする。 Furthermore, although a metal strip or Takekushi from vents 51 when the squished and sharp metal pieces and Takekushi Former shoes 1 may enter, the skin layer 61 of the breathable sheet 6 is rugged tear for hard to, middle or is prevented from further penetration in the skin layer 61, and because the position of the vent hole 41 of the middle half was 4 vent holes 51 are displaced, the metal piece which has entered from the vent holes 51 entering against the bottom surface of the object 4 is or is blocked.

【0023】また、靴1の製造工程においても、通気性シート6は表皮層61と基布62が一体化された複合材からなり、上記公報に記載の従来の通気性シートのような非透水性のフィルム層に不織布又は織布を接着した3 Further, also in the manufacturing process of the shoe 1, the breathable sheet 6 made of a composite material skin layer 61 and the base cloth 62 are integrated, non-permeability such as a conventional breathable sheet according to the above publication bonding the nonwoven fabric or woven fabric sexual film layer 3
層構造とは違って丈夫で取り扱いも容易であるから、簡単に所定の形状に裁断して介装することができる。 Since the layer structure is easy durable handle different, it can be interposed to easily cut into a predetermined shape.

【0024】このようにして靴底が構成されるが、本例の場合には、製甲2の下端周囲を中底3の周縁部下面に釣り込み、接着剤により固着したのち、上面に通気性シート6を装着した状態の中物4および通気性シート6を介装した表底5を接着剤により一体に固着し、中物4の周縁部が製甲2から外方へはみ出すようにしている。 The soles in this manner is configured, in the case of this example, Tsurikomi lower surface of the peripheral edge portion of the midsole 3 lower end periphery of Seikabuto 2, After fixed by an adhesive, breathable upper surface so that the periphery of the fixed integrally midsole 4 protrudes from the manufacturing instep 2 outward by adhesive outsole 5 is interposed a midsole 4 and breathable sheet 6 in the state of mounting the seat 6 .

【0025】図4は寒冷地、とくに降雪地帯向けの通気性シートの実施例を示すものである。 [0025] FIG. 4 shows an embodiment of a breathable sheet of cold climates, especially snowfall zone for. 図4(a)に示す通気性シート6'は、上記した通気性シート6の基布62 Breathable sheet 6 shown in FIG. 4 (a) 'is base cloth 62 of the air-permeable sheet 6 as described above
の表面に、防水性(非透水性)で透湿性(湿気は通す性状を有する)のポリウレタンフィルム層63を積層した一体構造の高分子複合材からなり、防水性を強化している。 On the surface of, a polymer composite of unitary structure by laminating a polyurethane film layer 63 of vapor-permeable waterproof (water-impermeable) (moisture has properties through), and to enhance water resistance. この通気性シート6'は上記実施例の場合とは逆向きに、すなわちポリウレタン表皮層61を上面にし、ポリウレタンフィルム層63を下面にして中底3と中物4 The breathable sheet 6 'in a direction opposite to the case of the above embodiment, i.e., the polyurethane skin layer 61 and the upper surface, the insole 3 and the midsole 4 the polyurethane film layer 63 on the lower surface
の間および中物4と表底5の間に介装する。 Interposed between and between midsole 4 and outsole 5. その他の構成は上記実施例の靴1と共通するので、説明を省略する。 Other configurations are same as the shoe 1 of the above embodiment, the description thereof is omitted. そして、本例の靴によれば、防水性に優れたポリウレタンフィルム層63を通気性シート6が一体に備えているので、雪道等を歩いても、靴の内部へ水が浸透することがない。 Then, according to the shoe of the present embodiment, since the polyurethane film layer 63 having excellent waterproof breathable sheet 6 are provided integrally, even walking snowy road or the like, water can penetrate into the interior of the shoe Absent. 反面、通気性は劣るが、湿気分はポリウレタンフィルム層63を通して外部に放出されるので、靴の内部は蒸れにくい。 On the other hand, since it breathable is inferior, wet feeling is discharged to the outside through the polyurethane film layer 63, the interior of the shoe is difficult to stuffiness.

【0026】通気性シート6の厚みが1.2mmのものでは、引っ張り強度:125〜135N/cm、引き裂き強度:60〜65N、剥離力:30N/cm以上、フレキソ試験機による屈曲テストでの耐屈曲性:4.5〜 The intended thickness of the breathable sheet 6 is 1.2 mm, tensile strength: 125~135N / cm, tear strength: 60~65N, peel force: 30 N / cm or more, resistance in the bending test according Flexo tester flexibility: 4.5 to
5級(20万回、10℃)耐候性:5級、透湿性:約3 Grade 5 (20 million times, 10 ℃) weather resistance: 5 grade, moisture permeability: about 3
000g/m 2 /24hr(温度40℃、湿度90%の環境において)である。 000g / m 2 / 24hr (temperature 40 ° C., at a humidity of 90% for) a.

【0027】図4(b)に示す通気性シート6”は、上記した通気性シート6のポリウレタン表皮層61の表面に、防水性(非透水性)で透湿性(湿気は通す性状を有する)のポリウレタンフィルム層63を積層した一体構造の高分子複合材からなり、防水性が強化されている。 FIG. 4 breathable sheet 6 shown in (b) "is on the surface of the polyurethane skin layer 61 of the breathable sheet 6 described above, breathable waterproof (water-impermeable) (moisture has properties through) becomes a polyurethane film layer 63 of a polymeric composite material of the stacked unitary construction waterproof is enhanced.
この通気性シート6”は上記実施例の場合と同様に、ポリウレタン表皮層61およびポリウレタンフィルム層6 The breathable sheet 6 "as in the above embodiment, the polyurethane skin layer 61 and the polyurethane film layer 6
3を下側にして中底3と中物4の間および中物4と表底5の間に介装する。 3 is interposed between and between midsole 4 and outsole 5 of the insole 3 and the midsole 4 facing downward. その他の構成は上記実施例の靴1と共通するので、説明を省略する。 Other configurations are same as the shoe 1 of the above embodiment, the description thereof is omitted. なお、ポリウレタンフィルム層63は上記実施例の通気性シート6'と同様に一体に備えているので、上記特許公開公報に記載の従来の通気性シートに比べて破損しにくく、長期間使用できるが、ポリウレタン表皮層61の表面に積層してあるので、耐久性はより一層優れている。 Since the polyurethane film layer 63 is provided integrally in the same manner as breathable sheet 6 'of the embodiment described above, hardly broken as compared with conventional breathable sheet according to the above patent publication, but a long period of time it can be used because are laminated on the surface of the polyurethane skin layer 61, the durability is more excellent. また、それ以外の効果については、通気性シート6'を用いた靴とほぼ同様の効果が期待される。 As for the other effects, substantially the same effect as the shoe with breathable sheet 6 'is expected.

【0028】以上にこの発明の靴の一実施例を示したが、下記のように実施することができる。 [0028] While illustrating one embodiment of a shoe of the present invention above, it can be carried out as follows. つまり、 通気性シート6は中物4の下面側又は上面側の一方にだけ介装することができるが、この場合には中物4の下面側に介装するのがよい。 In other words, can be interposed only one of the air-permeable sheet 6 midsole 4 of the lower surface side or top side, it is preferable to disposed on the lower surface of the midsole 4 in this case.

【0029】 通気性シート6の基布62がポリエステル繊維の合成繊維で3次元的に織成されているので、 [0029] Since the base cloth 62 of the breathable sheet 6 are woven three-dimensionally synthetic fibers polyester fibers,
どの位置からでも空気や湿気分が侵入可能であるから、 Even from air and moisture content can be intruded from which position,
通気性シート6を介装させることにより通気孔31・4 Vent holes 31, 4 by interposing a breathable sheet 6
1・51の各位置が完全にずれるようにすることができ、この場合には釘や針などの通気孔51から靴1内への侵入を確実に阻止できる。 1 - 51 each position of can be completely displaced as in this case can be reliably prevented from entering the shoe 1 through the vent holes 51, such as a nail or needle. なお、基布62を織成(不織布も含む)する合成繊維はポリエステル繊維に限定されるものではなく、たとえばナイロン繊維でもよい。 Incidentally, the synthetic fibers woven fabric base 62 (nonwoven fabric including) is not limited to polyester fibers, for example, it may be a nylon fiber.

【0030】 上記実施例に示したセメント方式により製甲2と靴底を一体に固着する製法の代わりに、バルカナイズ式製法や射出成形式製法を用いてもよく、また縫い糸を用いて縫製することも可能である。 [0030] Instead of the process for fixing together a Seikabuto 2 and sole by cement system shown in the above embodiments, may be used vulcanized type process or injection molding type method, also it is sewn with a sewing thread it is also possible.

【0031】 [0031]

【発明の効果】以上説明したことから明らかなように、 [Effect of the Invention] As apparent from the above description,
本発明に係る靴には、次のような優れた効果がある。 The shoe according to the present invention has the following excellent effects.

【0032】(1) 請求項1の靴では、非透水性の通気性シートに耐久性に優れた素材を使用することにより、長期間使用しても靴の内部に水が侵入しにくく、しかも通気性に富み、靴蒸れの起こりにくい。 [0032] (1) In the shoe according to claim 1, by the use of durable materials to impermeable breathable sheet, long-term internal water is unlikely to penetrate into the shoe also be used, yet rich in breathable, less likely to occur in the stuffy shoes.

【0033】また、水溜まりなどを歩いたときに表底の通気孔から水が侵入することがあるが、通気性シート下面のポリウレタン表皮層で水の侵入が阻止され、内部へは侵入しない。 Further, there may enter water from the outsole of the ventilation holes when walked like puddle, entry of water is prevented by the polyurethane skin layer of breathable sheet lower surface, not intrusion into the interior. さらに、通気性シートがポリウレタン表皮層と合成繊維の基布との一体構造の高分子複合材からなるから、丈夫で耐久性に富み、長期間使用しても通気性シートが破損しにくいので、長期間安定して水を通さず、かつ優れた通気性が保持される。 Furthermore, since breathability sheet made of a polymer composite of integral structure of the base fabric of synthetic fibers and polyurethane skin layer, rich in strong and durable, since long-term ventilation sheet is hardly damaged even if used, stably without passing through the water, and excellent breathability is maintained for a long time.

【0034】(2) 請求項2および3記載の靴は、通気性シートの下面に防水透湿性ポリウレタンフィルム層を一体に備えているので、通気性では劣るものの、防水性が一丸と飛躍し、とくに降雪地域などの寒冷地での使用に好適である。 [0034] (2) Shoe according to claim 2 and 3 wherein, since integrally includes waterproof moisture-permeable polyurethane film layer on the lower surface of the breathable sheet, inferior in air permeability, waterproofness leap united, particularly suitable for use in cold climates, such as snowfall region. なお、その他の効果については、請求項1 Note that the other effects claim 1
の靴の効果とほぼ同様である。 The effect of the shoes to be approximately the same.

【0035】(3) 請求項4記載の靴は、仮に下側の通気性シート下面のポリウレタン表皮層で水の侵入が十分に阻止されなくても、中物の通気孔を通ってその上に配置された通気性シート下面のポリウレタン表皮層で水の侵入が阻止されるから、靴内へ水の侵入が確実に阻止される。 [0035] (3) Shoe according to claim 4, without being temporarily lower breathable sheet lower surface of the intrusion of water in the polyurethane skin layer is sufficiently prevented, thereon through the vent holes of the midsole since arranged breathable sheet lower surface of the intrusion of water in the polyurethane skin layer is prevented, penetration of water is reliably prevented into the shoe.

【0036】(4) 請求項5記載の靴は、中底下の中物が発泡体で弾力性に富むとともに、エチレン酢酸ビニール発泡体を使用しているために非常に軽量で、快適な歩行ができ、足の負担が和らげられ、疲れにくい。 [0036] (4) footwear according to claim 5, wherein, together with the midsole under the insole is rich in elasticity in the foam, very lightweight due to the use of ethylene vinyl acetate foam, a comfortable walking can, foot of the burden is softened, less fatigue.

【0037】(5) 請求項6記載の靴では、中底の通気孔を通して湿気分が表底の外方へスムーズに抜け出す一方、表底の通気孔から靴内へ外気がスムーズに流入し、 [0037] (5) In the shoe according to claim 6, while the moisture content escape smoothly to the outside of the outsole through the insole of the vent, the outside air flows smoothly from the outsole vents into the shoe,
靴の内部の空気が常に入れ替わって不快な足の蒸れが起こりにくく、また湿気分が靴内に溜まらないために、雑菌の発生が抑えられ、靴内が常に清潔に保持される。 Interchanged always the air inside the shoe hardly causes stuffiness unpleasant foot, and to moisture content does not collect in the shoe, generation of bacteria is suppressed, it is always clean retained within the shoe.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】本発明の実施例に係る靴の分解斜視図である。 1 is an exploded perspective view of a shoe according to an embodiment of the present invention.

【図2】図1の靴の踏まず部の前方位置の縦断面図である。 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the front of the stepped not part of the shoe shown in FIG.

【図3】図1の靴の靴底の分解斜視図である。 3 is an exploded perspective view of the sole of the shoe Fig.

【図4】図4(a)および図4(b)はそれぞれ通気性シートの他の実施例を示す一部を拡大した縦断面図である。 [FIG. 4 (a) and 4 (b) is a longitudinal sectional view showing an enlarged portion of each showing another embodiment of a breathable sheet.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 靴 2 製甲 3 中底 4 中物 5 表底 6・6'・6" 通気性シート 7 中敷き 31・41・51 通気孔 61 表皮層 62 基布 63 ポリウレタンフィルム層 1 shoes 2 Seikabuto 3 insole 4 midsole 5 Table bottom 6, 6 ', 6 "breathable sheet 7 insole 31, 41, 51 vent hole 61 skin layer 62 base cloth 63 polyurethane film layer

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Claims (6)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 中底に釣り込まれた製甲に対し、中物を介して表底を縫い糸により一体に縫製するか、あるいは接着剤等により一体に固着してなる靴において、 前記中底、中物および表底にそれぞれ厚み方向に貫通する多数の通気孔を穿設し、 下面が連通微多孔質で水を通さないポリウレタン表皮層からなり且つ上面が高通気・超高透湿性を有する合成繊維の基布からなる一体構造の高分子複合材の通気性シートを、前記中底と前記中物の間および前記中物と前記表底の間の少なくとも一方に介装したことを特徴とする靴。 To 1. A manufacturing instep which Tsurikoma to the insole through the midsole or sewing outsole together by sewing thread, or in the shoe formed by integrally fixed by an adhesive or the like, said insole , bored a midsole and a large number of vent holes penetrating respectively in the thickness direction in the outsole, and an upper surface made of polyurethane skin layer lower surface impervious to water communicating microporous has a highly air-ultra high moisture and characterized in that the breathable sheet of polymer composite unitary structure consisting of the base fabric of synthetic fibers, is interposed in at least one of between the table base and between the midsole of the insole and the midsole shoes to be.
  2. 【請求項2】 中底に釣り込まれた製甲に対し、中物を介して表底を縫い糸により一体に縫製するか、あるいは接着剤等により一体に固着してなる靴において、 前記中底、中物および表底にそれぞれ厚み方向に貫通する多数の通気孔を穿設し、 上面が連通微多孔質で水を通さないポリウレタン表皮層からなり、中間層が高通気・超高透湿性を有する合成繊維の基布からなり、且つ下面が防水透湿性ポリウレタンフィルム層からなる一体構造の高分子複合材の通気性シートを、前記中底と前記中物の間および前記中物と前記表底の間の少なくとも一方に介装したことを特徴とする靴。 To 2. A manufacturing instep which Tsurikoma to the insole through the midsole or sewing outsole together by sewing thread, or in the shoe formed by integrally fixed by an adhesive or the like, said insole , bored a midsole and a large number of vent holes penetrating respectively in the thickness direction in the outsole, the upper surface is a polyurethane skin layer impervious to water communicating microporous intermediate layer is a highly air-ultra high moisture synthetic fibers made from a base fabric, and the breathable sheet of polymer composite monolithic lower surface is made of waterproof vapor-permeable polyurethane film layer, and between the table base and the midsole of the insole and the midsole having shoe, characterized in that interposed in at least one between.
  3. 【請求項3】 中底に釣り込まれた製甲に対し、中物を介して表底を縫い糸により一体に縫製するか、あるいは接着剤等により一体に固着してなる靴において、 前記中底、中物および表底にそれぞれ厚み方向に貫通する多数の通気孔を穿設し、 上面が高通気・超高透湿性を有する合成繊維の基布からなり、中間層が連通微多孔質で水を通さないポリウレタン表皮層からなり、且つ下面が防水透湿性ポリウレタンフィルム層からなる一体構造の高分子複合材の通気性シートを、前記中底と前記中物の間および前記中物と前記表底の間の少なくとも一方に介装したことを特徴とする靴。 To 3. A manufacturing instep which Tsurikoma to the insole through the midsole or sewing outsole together by sewing thread, or in the shoe formed by integrally fixed by an adhesive or the like, said insole , bored a midsole and a large number of vent holes penetrating respectively in the thickness direction in the outsole consists base fabric of synthetic fibers having an upper surface with a highly air-ultra high permeability, water intermediate layer is in communication with the microporous the consists polyurethane skin layer impermeable and breathable sheet of polymer composite monolithic lower surface is made of waterproof vapor-permeable polyurethane film layer, between the insole and the midsole and the table bottom and the midsole shoe, characterized in that interposed in at least one between.
  4. 【請求項4】 前記通気性シートを、前記中底と前記中物の間および前記中物と前記表底の間の両方に介装した請求項1〜3のいずれかに記載の靴。 Shoe according to claim 4, wherein said breathable sheet, to any one of claims 1 to 3 both have interposed between said table bottom and between the midsole of the insole and the midsole.
  5. 【請求項5】 前記中物を独立発泡のエチレン酢酸ビニール発泡体から形成し、前記中底の通気孔および前記表底の通気孔にそれぞれ連通するように多数の通気孔を穿設した請求項1〜4のいずれかに記載の靴。 5. formed from ethylene vinyl acetate foam closed cell said midsole, claim bored a number of ventilation holes so as to respectively communicate with the ventilation holes of the ventilation hole and the table bottom of the insole shoes according to any one of 1 to 4.
  6. 【請求項6】 前記中底の通気孔の口径が1〜1.5m 6. A diameter of the vent hole in said bottom 1~1.5m
    m、前記中物の通気孔の口径が2mm前後、前記表底の通気孔の口径が1〜1.5mmで、 前記通気性シートの厚みが0.8〜1.5mm、前記通気性シートの連通微多孔の口径が10〜40μmである請求項3〜5のいずれかに記載の靴。 m, caliber 2mm around the vent of the midsole, in diameter of the vent holes of the table bottom 1-1.5 mm, the thickness of the breathable sheet 0.8 to 1.5 mm, the air-permeable sheet shoe according to any one of claims 3-5 bore communicating microporous is 10 to 40 [mu] m.
JP36241498A 1998-12-21 1998-12-21 Shoe Pending JP2000175701A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP36241498A JP2000175701A (en) 1998-12-21 1998-12-21 Shoe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP36241498A JP2000175701A (en) 1998-12-21 1998-12-21 Shoe

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Publication Number Publication Date
JP2000175701A true true JP2000175701A (en) 2000-06-27

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2002032246A1 (en) * 2000-10-19 2002-04-25 Geox S.P.A. Mid-sole for waterproof breathable soles for shoes, and waterproof breathable sole comprising said mid-sole
JP2010528728A (en) * 2007-06-04 2010-08-26 エウロスオーレ・エッセ・ピ・ア Water absorption and / or breathable film having the suction cups of the hourglass-shaped open which is molded from flexible thermoplastic material on a support member
KR101080106B1 (en) 2011-06-02 2011-11-04 고종택 A functional footwear
US8356425B2 (en) 2003-12-30 2013-01-22 Geox S.P.A. Breathable waterproof sole for shoes

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2002032246A1 (en) * 2000-10-19 2002-04-25 Geox S.P.A. Mid-sole for waterproof breathable soles for shoes, and waterproof breathable sole comprising said mid-sole
US7096604B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2006-08-29 Geox S.P.A. Mid-sole for waterproof breathable soles for shoes, and waterproof breathable sole comprising said mid-sole
US8356425B2 (en) 2003-12-30 2013-01-22 Geox S.P.A. Breathable waterproof sole for shoes
US8997378B2 (en) 2003-12-30 2015-04-07 Geox S.P.A. Breathable waterproof sole for shoes
US9907352B2 (en) 2003-12-30 2018-03-06 Geox S.P.A. Breathable waterproof sole for shoes
JP2010528728A (en) * 2007-06-04 2010-08-26 エウロスオーレ・エッセ・ピ・ア Water absorption and / or breathable film having the suction cups of the hourglass-shaped open which is molded from flexible thermoplastic material on a support member
KR101080106B1 (en) 2011-06-02 2011-11-04 고종택 A functional footwear

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