JP2000159011A - Method for confirming operating element of motor vehicle in darkness - Google Patents

Method for confirming operating element of motor vehicle in darkness

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Publication number
JP2000159011A
JP2000159011A JP11365212A JP36521299A JP2000159011A JP 2000159011 A JP2000159011 A JP 2000159011A JP 11365212 A JP11365212 A JP 11365212A JP 36521299 A JP36521299 A JP 36521299A JP 2000159011 A JP2000159011 A JP 2000159011A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
operating element
brightness
receivers
light
body
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
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JP11365212A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Hoffmann Daniel
Spatzier Norbert
ダニエル・ホフマン
ノルベルト・スパツイエル
Original Assignee
Daimlerchrysler Ag
ダイムラークライスラー・アクチエンゲゼルシヤフト
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Priority to DE19853378.0 priority Critical
Priority to DE19853378A priority patent/DE19853378C2/en
Application filed by Daimlerchrysler Ag, ダイムラークライスラー・アクチエンゲゼルシヤフト filed Critical Daimlerchrysler Ag
Publication of JP2000159011A publication Critical patent/JP2000159011A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K37/00Dashboards
    • B60K37/04Arrangement of fittings on dashboard
    • B60K37/06Arrangement of fittings on dashboard of controls, e.g. controls knobs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q3/00Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interiors; Lighting devices specially adapted for vehicle interiors
    • B60Q3/10Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interiors; Lighting devices specially adapted for vehicle interiors for dashboards
    • B60Q3/12Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interiors; Lighting devices specially adapted for vehicle interiors for dashboards lighting onto the surface to be illuminated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q3/00Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interiors; Lighting devices specially adapted for vehicle interiors
    • B60Q3/10Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interiors; Lighting devices specially adapted for vehicle interiors for dashboards
    • B60Q3/16Circuits; Control arrangements
    • B60Q3/18Circuits; Control arrangements for varying the light intensity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60QARRANGEMENT OF SIGNALLING OR LIGHTING DEVICES, THE MOUNTING OR SUPPORTING THEREOF OR CIRCUITS THEREFOR, FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60Q3/00Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interiors; Lighting devices specially adapted for vehicle interiors
    • B60Q3/60Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interiors; Lighting devices specially adapted for vehicle interiors characterised by optical aspects
    • B60Q3/68Arrangement of lighting devices for vehicle interiors; Lighting devices specially adapted for vehicle interiors characterised by optical aspects using ultra-violet light
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K2370/00Details of arrangements or adaptations of instruments specially adapted for vehicles, not covered by groups B60K35/00, B60K37/00
    • B60K2370/20Optical features of instruments
    • B60K2370/33Illumination features
    • B60K2370/349Adjustment of brightness

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To use a photoelectric element used for regulation of brightness also for lighting by setting the ray of light within ultraviolet range, and providing, on at least individual operating elements, a coating which emits fluorescence when irradiated with ultraviolet ray. SOLUTION: A light source 1 is integrated into the interior lamp or interior mirror of a motor vehicle. The light of the light source 1 is advantageously turned to an operation area 7 in the center of a vehicle or the central console of the vehicle. Further, receivers 2, 3 are constituted as ultraviolet ray or infrared ray photodiodes according to the light source 1 to be used. They are provided on the surface of the operation area 7, and the intervention of a hand 4 to the operation area 7 darkens the light 6 emitted to a plurality of receivers (the receiver 3 herein). The receivers can be provided as the accumulation onto a membrane conductor and a surface material. The position of the hand 4 is recognized by an evaluating device according to the position reference of the receivers 2, 3 darkened and thus shielded and the lapse of time of darkening the receivers, and the intension of operation of a user is confirmed.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明は、請求項1の上位概念に記載の、自動車の操作素子を見えるようにする方法に関する。 The present invention relates to the in accordance with the preamble of claim 1 relates to a method of visible operation device of a motor vehicle.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】このような方法はドイツ連邦共和国特許出願公開第4232972号明細書から公知である。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Such a method is known from DE-A 4232972 A1. そこには接近センサにより、手が操作素子の近くにあるか否かを識別できることが記載されている。 The proximity sensor is there, it is described that can identify whether the hand is near the operating element. 手が操作素子の近くにあると、制御可能な開閉器を介して、操作素子及びその周囲にある別の操作素子を照らすことができる。 When the hand is close to the operating element, via a controllable switch, it is possible to illuminate a different operating element in the operating element and its surroundings. 更にそこには、例えば光電遮断柵又は反射光電遮断柵として動作する光電送信−受信装置が設けられることも記載されている。 There further, for example, a photoelectric transmission operates as a photoelectric blocking barriers, or reflective photoelectric blocking fence - receiver has also been described to be provided. 証明の明るさは、身体又は身体部分又は物体が操作素子の近くにあるか否かを識別することに応じて、少なくとも部分的に変化される。 Brightness of the proof, in response to identifying whether a body or body part or object is close to the operating element, is at least partially changed. 少なくとも1つの光電送信器により光線を送信し、身体又は身体部分又は物体により少なくとも1つの受信器を暗くすることによって、身体又は身体部分又は物体の識別を行い、 Transmits a light beam by at least one photoelectric transmitter, by darkening at least one receiver by the body or body part or object, performs identification of the body or body part or object,
この少なくとも1つの受信器の評価により、身体又は身体部分又は物体が操作素子の近くにあるか否かを識別することができる。 The evaluation of the at least one receiver, it is possible to identify whether or not the body or body part or object is near the operating element.

【0003】更に自動車において、例えば回転数、車両速度、冷却水温度、油レベル又は油圧、及びタンクの充填レベルのような車両に関する値を表示する複合計器を照明可能にすることによって、計器照明を可変にすることが普通である。 [0003] In yet an automobile, for example rotational speed, vehicle speed, coolant temperature, oil level or oil pressure, and by enabling illuminate the instrument cluster for displaying vehicle related values ​​such as the filling level of the tank, the instrument illumination it is common to the variable. 通常照明は手により調光可能なので、 Since the normal illumination that can be more dimmed in hand,
この照明の明るさを手で調節することができる。 It is possible to adjust the brightness of the illumination by hand. 明るさのこの調節可能性により、表示器を充分よく識別することができる。 The adjustability of the brightness, can be identified sufficiently well an indicator. 他方特に暗い夜に照明がまぶしく従って煩わしく感じられないように、明るさを減少する必要がある。 As other not feel troublesome in particular lighting followed in bright to dark night, it is necessary to reduce the brightness. 同様に通常中央コンソールは、そこに設けられる操作素子、カセツト区画等により照明可能である。 Usually the center console as well, the operation element provided therein, can be illuminated by the cassette compartment or the like. この照明の明るさは、通常複合計器の照明と一緒に手で調節される。 The brightness of the illumination is adjusted by hand usually with illumination of instrument cluster. これに関し出願人の知る例として、1992年までに製造された内部記号W201を持つ190製造ラインの車両があげられる。 As an example of the Applicant's knowledge this regard, 190 vehicle production line having an internal symbol W201 manufactured by 1992 and the like.

【0004】 [0004]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】本発明の課題は、車両内部空間の照明を改善することである。 The object of the present invention is to provide a is to improve the illumination of the vehicle interior.

【0005】 [0005]

【課題を解決するための手段】この課題は、本発明によれば、光線が紫外線範囲にあるようにし、少なくとも個々の操作素子に、紫外線で照射すると蛍光を発する被覆を設けることによって解決される。 Means for Solving the Problems] This object is achieved according to the present invention, is solved by the ray to be in the ultraviolet range, at least the individual operating element is provided with a coating which fluoresces when irradiated with ultraviolet light .

【0006】それにより、明るさの調整のために使用される光電素子を、同時に照明のために使用することができる。 [0006] Thereby, a photoelectric element used for adjusting the brightness, can be used for simultaneously illuminated.

【0007】照明明るさを変化できるようにするため、 [0007] In order to be able to change the illumination brightness,
適当な制御により明るさを変化できる照明素子が存在することが必要である。 It is necessary that the lighting device can change the brightness by appropriate control exists. 例えば開閉器の後ろを照らす従来の照明素子の明るさを、異なる電圧の印加により変化することができる。 For example the brightness of the conventional illumination device that illuminates the rear of the switch can be changed by the application of different voltages. これらの照明素子はその明るさを変化されることができ、蛍光を発する被覆を備えた面は、紫外線で照らされると一定の明るさで光る。 These lighting devices may be changing its brightness, surface having a coating which emits fluorescence glowing illuminated with ultraviolet light at a constant brightness.

【0008】更に明るさを調整する光線が運転者に認められないと有利である。 [0008] It is advantageous light to adjust the further brightness is not recognized by the driver. こうして煩わしい反射等は認められない。 Thus troublesome reflection or the like is not permitted.

【0009】請求項2に記載の方法では、基本明るさを手で設定可能にし、身体又は身体部分又は物体の識別に基いて、明るさを、設定された基本明るさに応じて変化する。 [0009] In the method according to claim 2, settable by hand basic brightness, based on the identification of the body or body part or an object, the brightness varies according to the basic brightness is set.

【0010】それにより運転者の希望に応じて、基本明るさを予め設定することができる。 [0010] Thus, depending on the driver's wish, it is possible to set the basic brightness in advance. 運転者又は同乗者の手が操作素子の近くにあると、この基本明るさに応じて明るさが設定されるので、この場合操作素子の良好な識別可能性が保証される。 When the driver's hand or passenger is close to the operating element, since the brightness is set according to the basic brightness, good discrimination potential of this case the operating element is ensured.

【0011】請求項3に記載の方法では、紫外線で照らされる蛍光を発する被覆が別の面に設けられている。 [0011] In the method according to claim 3, coating fluoresce illuminated by ultraviolet light is provided on the other side.

【0012】被覆を設けることにより、そうしない場合全く照らされないか又は比較的多くの費用でのみ照らされる素子を別の面として照らすことも可能である。 [0012] By providing the coating, it is also possible to illuminate the device is illuminated only in a totally illuminated no or relatively cost much Otherwise another surface. これは例えば灰皿、カセツト区画等のカバーについても当てはまる。 This applies for example ashtrays, also covers such cassette compartment.

【0013】この場合も、適当な制御により明るさを変化できる照明素子が存在することが必要である。 [0013] In this case, it is necessary to lighting elements capable of changing the brightness by appropriate control exists. 例えば開閉器の後ろを照らす従来の照明素子は、異なる電圧の印加によりその明るさを変化することができる。 For example conventional illumination device that illuminates the rear of the switch can change its brightness by the application of different voltages. その場合これらの照明素子はその明るさを変化できるが、蛍光を発する被覆を備えた面は、紫外線で照らされると一定の明るさで光る。 Although that case these lighting element can change its brightness, surface having a coating which emits fluorescence glowing illuminated with ultraviolet light at a constant brightness.

【0014】全体として、操作素子はまだ認められるが、運転者の注意をそらせることができない程度に、操作素子の照明を減少できると有利である。 [0014] Overall, the operating element is still observed, to the extent that they can not divert the attention of the driver, it is advantageous to be able to reduce the illumination of the operating element. なぜならば、 because,
その照明は優勢すぎると感じられるからである。 The illumination is because it is felt to be too dominant. 運転者又は同乗者が適当な操作素子を操作しようとする時、例えば手を操作素子の近くへもたらせばよい。 When the driver or the passenger is going to operate the appropriate operating element, for example it may be cod hands to nearby operating element. これが行われると、操作素子の明るさは、少なくとも手がちょうど存在する範囲で高められる。 When this is done, the brightness of the operating element is increased in the range of at least a hand just there. この場合そこに設けられる操作素子を一層よく識別することができる。 An operation element provided therein this case can be identified better. これは、運転者又は同乗者の手が操作素子の近くにあることから、 This is because the hand of the driver or passenger is close to the operating element,
操作素子を操作しよとしていることを推論できるという点で、有意義である。 It in that it can infer that the attempt to operate the operating element, is significant. それにより、照明が障害にならないようにするという要求と、操作素子を充分よく識別可能にするという要求との良好な妥協が行われる。 Thus, the desire to so illumination is not a failure, is a good compromise between the requirement to sufficiently well identifiable the operating element takes place.

【0015】明るさを一部高める場合、利用者の手が近くにあると、例えばカセツト装置又はCDプレーヤを統合されるラジオ装置の照明を高めることができる。 [0015] If the increase portion of the brightness, the user's hand is close, it is possible to increase the illumination of the radio devices to be integrated, for example, cassette device, or a CD player.

【0016】例えばただ1つの送信器により方法を実現することが可能である。 [0016] It is possible to realize the method by, for example, only one transmitter. 受信器のどれが暗くされているかに応じて運転者が操作素子を操作するか又は同乗者が操作素子を操作するかを推論することができる。 Driver or passenger to operate the operating device in accordance with any is darkened receiver can deduce whether operating the operating element. その場合中央コンソールの適当な範囲を明るくするか、又は中央コンソール全体の照明も可能である。 In that case either brighten the appropriate range of the center console, or central console overall illumination are possible.

【0017】本発明の実施例が図面に示されており、以下に説明される。 Example of [0017] the present invention is shown in the drawings and will be described below.

【0018】 [0018]

【実施例】図1は、自動車の操作者(運転者又は同乗者)の手が操作素子の近くにあるか否かを識別する実施例を示している。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 is a hand of the operator of the vehicle (driver or passenger) shows an embodiment for identifying whether or not the vicinity of the operating element.

【0019】中心に設けられる光源1が見られ、光電送信器として、例えば紫外線又は赤外線の範囲にある光線を送信する。 The light source 1 is observed to be provided in the center, as the photoelectric transmitter transmits a light beam in the range of, for example, ultraviolet or infrared. その際これらの光線が知覚されず、従って望ましくない反射、まぶしさ又は明るさ増大及びこれに伴って周囲を観察するコントラストの問題を生じることがない。 At that time these rays are not perceived and therefore unwanted reflections, never cause contrast problems observing the surroundings with the increase and this glare or brightness. 光源1は、例えば自動車の車内灯又は車内鏡に統合されることができる。 Light source 1 can be integrated for example in a vehicle lamp or interior mirror of a motor vehicle. 光源1の光線は車両中央の操作区域7即ち車両の中央コンソールへ有利に向けられている。 Ray of the light source 1 is advantageously directed towards the vehicle center of the operation region 7 namely vehicle center console.

【0020】更に受信器2,3が見られ、使用される光源1に応じて紫外線又は赤外線フオトダイオードとして構成されている。 The observed further receiver 2 is constructed according to the light source 1 used as an ultraviolet or infrared photodiode. これらは操作区域7の表面に設けられて、操作区域7への手4の介入が1つ又は複数の受信器(ここでは受信器3)へ当たる光線6を暗くする。 These are provided on the surface of the operation section 7, the operation manual intervention 4 to zone 7 is one or more receivers (in this case the receiver 3) to darken the rays 6 striking the. これらの受信器は、最近の製造及び構造方法により、例えば膜導体及び表面材料への集積のように設けることができる。 These receivers, recent manufacturing and construction methods can be provided as integrated into e.g. film conductors and the surface material. もちろん2つ以上の受信器を使用することも可能である。 It is of course possible to use two or more receivers.

【0021】受信器2,3の数及び操作区域7へのその分布は、できるだけ僅かな受信器でいかなる場合も手4 [0021] The distribution of the number and the control areas 7 of the receiver 2, 3, hand 4 in any case at the lowest possible receivers
による介入を識別できるように、有利に選ばれている。 So as to identify the intervention, it is advantageously chosen.

【0022】その場合評価装置により、暗くされ従って陰にされる受信器2,3の位置基準及び受信器を暗くする時間的経過に応じて手4の位置が識別され、それから利用者の操作意図が確認される。 [0022] As the case evaluation device, is darkened therefore identified the position of the hand 4 according to the time course to darken the position reference and receiver of the receiver 2 is behind, then the user operation intended There is confirmed. 場合によっては現在の設定(操作者の頭の位置)及び注視方向5のような別のパラメータも一緒に考慮することができる。 Sometimes another parameter such as the current setting (the position of the operator's head) and gaze direction 5 can also be considered together.

【0023】それに応じて操作区域7の照明を、場合によって部分的に明るくすることができる。 [0023] The illumination of the operating zone 7 accordingly, making it possible to brightly in part by the case. 全操作区域7 The total operating area 7
の特定の部分範囲のみを明るくするように、部分的に明るくすることができ、この部分範囲は、操作者により多分操作されるであろう操作素子がこの部分範囲にあるように選ばれる。 Specific so that only the brighter sub-range, it is possible to brighten partially, this subrange will be likely operated by an operator operating element is chosen to be in this partial region.

【0024】本発明による適用事例において、約±5c [0024] In an application example according to the present invention, about ± 5c
mの程度の検出精度が充分であることがわかった。 Detection accuracy of the degree of m is found to be sufficient.

【0025】検出すべき全面をくまなく照らす1つの光源1のみが有利に使用される。 [0025] Only one light source 1 to illuminate all over the entire surface to be detected is advantageously used. それにより本発明が安価に実現される。 Thus the present invention can be realized at low cost.

【0026】紫外線光源により、更に表示又は操作素子及び場合によっては紫外線で照らすと蛍光を発する被覆を備えたその他の面を照らすと、有利である。 [0026] The ultraviolet light source and illuminate the other surface provided with a coating that fluoresces when illuminated with ultraviolet rays by further display or the operating element and the case, it is advantageous. その際紫外線光源は、照らすべき面の中心上に設けられて、光によるすべての素子の均一な照射が行われるようにする。 At that time the ultraviolet light source is provided on the center of the surface to illuminate, so that uniform illumination of all elements due to light is performed.

【0027】更にこれに関して、操作区域の範囲のみが照らされるように、紫外線光源を集束するのが有利である。 [0027] Further to this, as only the range of the operation area is illuminated, it is advantageous to focus the ultraviolet light source. その場合例えば白いシヤツを照らす場合又は乗客を照らす場合のように、有害な照明現象は生じない。 As in the case for illuminating the case or passenger illuminate the case for example white Shiyatsu adverse lighting phenomenon does not occur.

【0028】素子を照らすために、操作の際陰の形成が起こらないことが望ましい。 [0028] To illuminate the device, it is desirable to form the shade during operation does not occur. しかし操作の際少なくとも部分範囲を明るくし、暗くすることを介して確認することに関連して、これは機械的に必要である。 However brighten at least subrange In operation, in connection with confirmed via darkening, which is mechanically required.

【0029】照明の明るさを変化できるようにするため、この実施例では、明るさの適当な制御により変化することができる照明素子が存在することが必要である。 [0029] In order to be able to vary the brightness of the illumination, in this embodiment, it is necessary that there is an illumination device which can be varied by appropriate control of the brightness.
例えば開閉器の後ろを照らす従来の照明素子の明るさを、異なる電圧の印加により変化することができる。 For example the brightness of the conventional illumination device that illuminates the rear of the switch can be changed by the application of different voltages. その場合これらの照明素子はその明るさを変化可能であるが、蛍光を発する被覆を備えた面は、紫外線で照らす際一定の明るさで光る。 Although that case these lighting elements can vary its brightness, surface having a coating which emits fluorescence, glow in constant brightness when illuminated with ultraviolet light.

【0030】特に可動操作素子において、電流又は光の伝達のため費用のかかる接続部なしにこれらの素子を照明可能であることは、大体において有利である。 [0030] In particular movable operating element, without connecting portion costly for the transmission of current or light it is possible illumination of these elements are advantageous in roughly. 蛍光を発する色又は物質を取付けるには、付加的な空間を必要としない。 To install the color or material emits fluorescence, it does not require additional space.

【0031】適用可能性は、例えば灰皿開口、灰皿挿入片、通風格子調節片、ラジオカセツト区画、携帯品載置面、及び特に夜において識別困難な扉取っ手のような他の種々の操作素子の照明可能性である。 The applicability is, for example ashtray opening, ashtray insert, ventilation lattice adjustment piece, radio cassette compartment, the portable article placement surface, and in particular the various other operating elements such as a hard door handle identified in the night which is a lighting possibilities. 例えば車両天井又は車両扉も照らすことができる。 For example, it is possible to illuminate even ceiling of the vehicle or the vehicle door.

【0032】表面は、単独で照らすか又は照明シンボル及び例えば木材又は大理石のような照明構造を備えることができ、これは、一方では日光で又は夜に同じ構造が見られるように実施されるか、又は日光では見えない構造が紫外線(夜間)で照らすと識別されるように、実施されることができる。 [0032] surface, alone illuminate or illuminate symbols and e.g. wood or lighting structure such as marble may comprise, or which, on the one hand is carried out such that the same structure is seen or evening sunlight or as structural invisible to the sunlight is identified as illuminated with ultraviolet (at night), it can be performed. 夜間表面を照らすことにより、そこに含まれる操作素子の空間的対応が容易になる。 By illuminating the night surface, spatial correspondence of the operating element contained therein is facilitated.

【0033】図2は自動車における操作区域を照らす可能性を示している。 FIG. 2 shows a potential to illuminate the operation area in a motor vehicle. この場合紫外線光源1は、屋根天井に例えば内部空間灯と組合わせて収容されている。 In this case the ultraviolet light source 1 is housed in combination to the roof ceiling example the internal space lighting. 紫外線6は、反射鏡又は光学素子から成る適当な光学系を介して、操作区域(斜線を施した範囲7)の範囲のみをくまなく照らすように、向けられている。 Ultraviolet 6, reflector or via a suitable optical system consisting of optical elements, only to illuminate all over the range of the control areas (range 7 hatched), it is directed. 操作範囲でハンドル203には紫外線は当たらない。 UV can not come as a steering wheel 203 in the operating range. なぜならば、そうしないと、例えば白いシヤツを照らす際有害な照明効果が認められるからである。 This is because, otherwise, adverse lighting effects when illuminate, for example, white Shiyatsu be recognized. 操作区域7の範囲には、車両中央コンソール又はドーム204の主操作区域があり、 The range of the operation section 7, there is the main operation section of the vehicle center console or dome 204,
また場合によっては同乗者側に手袋区画206及び通風ノズル207の範囲がある。 In some cases there is a range of gloves compartment 206 and ventilation nozzles 207 to passenger side. 複合計器202も同様に紫外線で照らすことができる。 It can illuminate similarly instrument cluster 202 with ultraviolet rays. 操作区域7の範囲に有利に、図1に関して説明した受信器2及び3も収容されている。 Advantageously the range of the operation section 7, is also housed receiver 2 and 3 has been described with respect to FIG. その場合紫外線光源1は照明及び操作区域7の少なくとも個々の部分範囲を一層明るく照らすべきか否かの確認のために、使用することができる。 In that case the ultraviolet light source 1 in order to confirm whether or not to illuminate more brightly at least individual partial regions of the illumination and control area 7, may be used.

【0034】図3は、図示した実施例では電気窓昇降機の開閉器として構成される操作素子301を示している。 [0034] Figure 3, in the illustrated embodiment shows the operating element 301 configured as a switch for electric windows elevator. 蛍光を発する被覆は、例えば操作素子301の縁に設けることができるので、操作素子301の識別可能性が高められる。 Coating fluoresce, since it is possible to provide, for example, the edge of the operating element 301, identifiability of the operation device 301 is improved. 縁の色変化により、例えば操作素子30 The color change edge, for example, operating element 30
2において示されているように、陰の形成を暗示することができる。 As shown in 2, it is possible to suggest the formation of shadow. それにより三次元効果が得られる。 Whereby the three-dimensional effect is obtained. 操作素子全体が蛍光を発するように構成することも可能である。 It is also possible to entire operating element is configured to emit fluorescence. それにより夜間に開閉器全体が見える。 Whereby the whole switch is visible at night.

【0035】図4は、可動操作素子の実施例を示している。 [0035] Figure 4 shows an embodiment of a movable operating element. 位置″開″及び″閉″を持つ空気量設定片401のほかに、紫外線照明技術により、通風格子用の調節片4 In addition to the air volume setting member 401 having a position "open" and "closed", the ultraviolet lighting technology, regulation piece 4 for ventilation grating
03も照らすことができる。 03 can also be illuminated.

【0036】図5は、可動操作素子、マーク及び表面構成の実施例を示している。 [0036] Figure 5 shows an embodiment of a movable operating element, marks and surface configuration. 灰皿操作素子は例えば灰皿上の長円形503として示すことができる。 Ashtray operating element can be represented as an oval 503, eg, on an ashtray. 携帯品置き区画は、縁線502によりなるべく下及び横でよく見えるようにされる。 Place the portable article compartment is visible as possible and well below and transverse the edge line 502. シフトレバー501及びコツクピツト表面504のために、例えば社標又は装備品の記号のような種々のデザイン及び構成可能性が存在する。 For the shift lever 501 and Kotsukupitsuto surface 504, for example, various designs and configurations possible, such as Shashirube or equipment symbols are present. 表面のために、種々の構造が考えられる(木材の木目、大理石、 For surface, various structures are conceivable (wood grain, marble,
繊維プラスチツク)。 Fiber plastic).

【0037】完全にするために補足すると、身体又は身体部分又は物体の識別と組合わせることなく、それに応じて照明の明るさを変化するため、蛍光を発する被覆を使用して、紫外線入射で照明を行うことも可能である。 [0037] When supplemental to complete, without combined with the identification of the body or body part or object, for changing the brightness of the illumination accordingly, using the coating fluoresces, illuminated with ultraviolet incident it is also possible to carry out.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】操作素子の近くにある手を識別する実施例の構成図である。 1 is a configuration diagram that identifies examples hands near the operating element.

【図2】紫外線により操作素子を照明する第1実施例の正面図である。 2 is a front view of a first embodiment for illuminating the operating elements by UV.

【図3】紫外線により操作素子を照明する第2実施例の正面図である。 3 is a front view of a second embodiment for illuminating the operating elements by UV.

【図4】紫外線により操作素子を照明する第3実施例の正面図である。 4 is a front view of a third embodiment for illuminating the operating elements by UV.

【図5】紫外線により操作素子を照明する第4実施例の正面図である。 5 is a front view of a fourth embodiment for illuminating the operating elements by UV.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 光電送信器 2,3 受信器 4 身体又は身体部分又は物体 6 光源 7,301,302,401,402,503 操作素子 1 photoelectric transmitter 2,3 receiver 4 body or body part or object 6 sources 7,301,302,401,402,503 operating element

Claims (3)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 操作素子を照明可能にし、操作素子(7,301,302,401,402,503)の近くに身体又は身体部分又は物体(4)があるか否かを識別することに応じて、照明の明るさを少なくとも部分的に変化し、少なくとも1つの光電送信器(1)により光線(6)を送信し、身体又は身体部分又は物体(4)により少なくとも1つの受信器(2,3)を暗くすることによって、身体又は身体部分又は物体(4)の識別を行い、この少なくとも1つの受信器(2,3)の評価により、身体又は身体部分又は物体(4)が操作素子の近くにあるか否かを識別する、暗闇で自動車の操作素子を見えるようにする方法において、光線(6)が紫外線範囲にあるようにし、少なくとも個々の操作素子(301, 1. A permit illuminating the operating element, according to identify whether there is a close to the body or body part or object of the operating element (7,301,302,401,402,503) (4) Te, the brightness of illumination at least partially changes, transmits a light beam (6) by at least one photoelectric transmitter (1), at least one receiver by the body or body part or object (4) (2, by darkening 3), the identification of a body or body part or object (4), the evaluation of the at least one receiver (2,3), the body or body part or object (4) is operated element identifying whether or not close to a a method for visible automotive operating element in the dark, light (6) to be in the ultraviolet range, at least the individual operating element (301,
    302,401,402,503)に、紫外線で照射すると蛍光を発する被覆を設けることを特徴とする、暗闇で自動車の操作素子を見えるようにする方法。 To 302,401,402,503), and providing a coating that fluoresces when irradiated with ultraviolet light, a method of visible automotive operating element in the dark.
  2. 【請求項2】 基本明るさを手で設定可能にし、身体又は身体部分又は物体(4)の識別に基いて、明るさを、 2. A settable by hand basic brightness, based on the identification of a body or body part or object (4), the brightness,
    設定された基本明るさに応じて変化することを特徴とする、請求項1に記載の方法。 Wherein the changes according to the set basic brightness, The method according to claim 1.
  3. 【請求項3】 紫外線で照射すると蛍光を発する被服を別の面(501,502,504)に設けることを特徴とする、請求項1又は2に記載の方法。 3. and providing a garment that fluoresces when irradiated with ultraviolet light to another surface (501,502,504), the method according to claim 1 or 2.
JP11365212A 1998-11-19 1999-11-18 Method for confirming operating element of motor vehicle in darkness Pending JP2000159011A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19853378.0 1998-11-19
DE19853378A DE19853378C2 (en) 1998-11-19 1998-11-19 The process for displaying controls in a motor vehicle in the dark

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JP2000159011A true JP2000159011A (en) 2000-06-13

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DE (1) DE19853378C2 (en)

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DE19853378C2 (en) 2000-09-14

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