JP2000140533A - Filter for capturing/separating fine dust and capturing/ separating of fine dust using this filter - Google Patents

Filter for capturing/separating fine dust and capturing/ separating of fine dust using this filter

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Publication number
JP2000140533A
JP2000140533A JP10336585A JP33658598A JP2000140533A JP 2000140533 A JP2000140533 A JP 2000140533A JP 10336585 A JP10336585 A JP 10336585A JP 33658598 A JP33658598 A JP 33658598A JP 2000140533 A JP2000140533 A JP 2000140533A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
filter
fine dust
felt
vacuum cleaner
separating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP10336585A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Mariko Terasaki
Kozo Uehara
弘三 上原
真理子 寺崎
Original Assignee
Shintoo Fine Kk
シントーファイン株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shintoo Fine Kk, シントーファイン株式会社 filed Critical Shintoo Fine Kk
Priority to JP10336585A priority Critical patent/JP2000140533A/en
Publication of JP2000140533A publication Critical patent/JP2000140533A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To enable the easy capturing/separation of fine dust which can be the cause for allergy and contains a tick, a mildew and the like in a room by using a felt which shows the respective specific values of thickness and density as a filter to be mounted in the suction process of a suction device such as a vacuum cleaner. SOLUTION: A guide 1 is fitted to a pipe part in the suction process of a suction device such as a vacuum cleaner, and a filter 3 is mounted on the guide 1. The method for mounting the filter 3 is preferably to sandwich it between filters 2, 4 of nylon or the like having 10-70 mesh and 10-250 mesh, respectively. The filter 3 to be used is made of a felt with 1-3 mm thickness and 0.1-0.4 g/cm3 density. The felt material to be used is not particularly limited but is preferably a polyester needle punch felt. In the practical use application of the filter, the three filters 2-4 are, for example, fitted into the guide 1 and fixed with screws 5, 6, and further, the guide 1 is mounted on the pipe part in the suction process of the vacuum cleaner.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】 [0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】本発明はハウスダスト中の、 The present invention relates to the in house dust,
ダニやカビ等を含むアレルギーの原因になりうる微細塵の捕集及び分離に用いるフィルター及びそれを用いる微細塵の捕集分離方法に関するものである。 It relates filter and collection separation method of the fine dust using the same used for the collection and separation of fine dust which can cause allergies including mites and fungi and the like.

【0002】 [0002]

【従来の技術】従来、微細塵の捕集分離方法としては、 Conventionally, as a collection separation method of fine dust,
電気掃除機等の吸引装置の吸引過程にフィルターを設け、そのフィルターとして、隙間100μm以下の高密度繊維を利用したもの 種類の異なる二枚の不織布等を重ねた、二重三層構造を利用したもの 目の大きさの異なる(例えば、16メッシュと200メッシュ等)フィルターを複数重ねたもの(特開昭64−305 The filter is provided in the suction process of the suction device such as a vacuum cleaner, as a filter, superimposed different two of nonwoven fabrics obtained by use of the following high-density fiber gaps 100 [mu] m, using a double-layer structure things th of different sizes (e.g., 16 mesh and 200 mesh or the like) filters an overlay multiple (JP 64-305
31)等が知られている。 31), and the like are known.

【0003】 [0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】しかしながら、前記、の方法では、電気掃除機の吸込仕事率が極度に低下し、実用的でない上に、電気掃除機のモーターに過度の負荷をかけることになる。 [SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION However, above, in the method, extremely reduced suction work rate of the electric vacuum cleaner, on impractical, would place an excessive load on the vacuum cleaner motor . 一方、の方法では、電気掃除機の吸込仕事率の低下は回避できるものの、微細塵の抜け及びフィルターの目詰まりという問題があった。 On the other hand, in the method, although the reduction in suction work rate of the electric vacuum cleaner can be avoided, there is a problem that omission and filter clogging of the fine dust.

【0004】 [0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】そこで本発明者らは、ハウスダスト中の微細塵を捕集分離できる手段について鋭意研究を重ねた結果、電気掃除機等の吸引装置の吸引過程にフィルターを設け、そのフィルターとして、厚さ1 Means for Solving the Problems] The present inventors have found, after extensive research on means for collecting separated fine dust in the house dust, a filter disposed in the suction process of the suction device such as a vacuum cleaner , as the filter, a thickness of 1
〜3mm、密度0.1〜0.4g/cm 3のフェルトを使用することにより、きわめて容易に微細塵を捕集分離できることを見いだし、本発明の完成に至った。 To 3 mm, by using a felt density 0.1 to 0.4 g / cm 3, it found to be able to very easily collect separated fine dust, thereby completing the present invention. すなわち、本発明は、厚さ1〜3mm、密度0.1〜0.4g That is, the present invention has a thickness of 1 to 3 mm, density 0.1~0.4g
/cm 3のフェルトを用いてなる微細塵捕集用フィルターであり、好ましくは、素材がポリエステルをはじめとする化学合成繊維のニードルパンチフェルトを用いることを特徴とする微細塵の捕集分離用フィルターである。 / Cm a fine dust collecting filter made using three felt, preferably, collecting filter for separating fine dust which comprises using a needle-punched felt chemical synthetic fibers material including polyester it is.
また、上記フィルターを用いて微細塵を捕集分離する方法であり、電気掃除機等の吸引装置の吸引過程のパイプ部分に上記フィルターをとりつける微細塵の捕集分離方法である。 Further, a method of collecting separate fine dust with the filter, a collection separation method of the fine dust attaching to the filter pipe portion of the suction process of the suction device such as a vacuum cleaner. 本発明は、フィルター部分に厚みを持たせることにより、微細塵によるフィルターの目詰まりを軽減し、さらに電気掃除機のモーターへの負荷も少なくできた。 The present invention, by providing a thickness to the filter portion, to reduce clogging of the filter due to fine dust and also possible to reduce further the load on the vacuum cleaner motor. さらにポリエステル等化学合成繊維の帯びるマイナス電荷がダストの帯びるプラス電荷と引き合う性質を利用するので、微細塵をほとんど逃すことなく吸着することができる。 Furthermore, since negative charges carry a polyester such as chemical synthetic fibers utilized the property of attracting a positive charge tinged with dust, it can be adsorbed without missing almost fine dust.

【0005】 [0005]

【発明の実施の形態】本発明においては、電気掃除機等の吸引装置の吸引過程のパイプ部に図1〜2に示すような漏斗上のガイドを取り付け、そこへ本発明のフィルターを取り付ける。 In DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention, mounting the guide on the funnel as shown in FIGS. 1-2 the pipe end of the suction process of the suction device such as a vacuum cleaner, mounting the filter of the present invention thereto. 本発明のフィルターの使用例として、 As an example of the use of the filter of the present invention,
ナイロン等からなる10〜70メッシュの第一フィルターとナイロン等からなる10〜250メッシュの最終フィルターの間にはさむ形で取り付ける方法が好ましい。 The method of attaching a manner sandwiching the 10-70 10-250 mesh final filter made from a first filter and nylon mesh of nylon or the like are preferable.
本発明のフィルターは、厚さ1〜3mm、密度0.1〜 Filter of the present invention, a thickness of 1 to 3 mm, density 0.1
0.4g/cm 3のフェルトからなる。 Consisting of felt of 0.4g / cm 3. 厚さが1mm未満のときは微細塵の抜けが多いため好ましくなく、3m Thickness when less than 1mm is not preferable because many omission of fine dust, 3m
mを越えるときは吸込仕事率が低下するため好ましくない。 Undesirably suction work rate is lowered when exceeding m. また、密度が0.1g/cm 3未満のときは、微細塵の抜けが多いため好ましくなく、0.4g/cm 3を越えるときは吸込仕事率が低下するため好ましくない。 Further, when the density is less than 0.1 g / cm 3, unfavorably often missing fine dust it is not preferable because the suction work rate is lowered when exceeding 0.4 g / cm 3.
使用するフェルトの素材は特に制限されないがポリエステルのニードルパンチフェルトが好ましい。 Felt materials used particularly unrestricted but polyester needle punched felts are preferred. 本発明においては、かかるフィルターを用いてダニやカビ等を含み、アレルギーの原因になりうる微細塵を含むハウスダストを前記の電気掃除機等にて吸引する。 In the present invention, it includes mites and fungi and the like using such filters, sucks the house dust containing fine dust which can cause allergies in the vacuum cleaner and the like. この時、第一のフィルター上には粗い塵が、本発明のフィルターには目的の微細塵が捕集分離される。 In this case, the coarse dust on the first filter, the filter of the present invention the purpose of the fine dust is collected separated. また、最終フィルターは本発明フィルターの保持が主目的である。 Also, the final filter retention of the present invention the filter is a primary objective.

【0006】 [0006]

【実施例】次に、本発明の実施例をあげて説明するが、 EXAMPLES now be described by way of examples of the present invention,
本発明はこれらに限定されるものではない。 The present invention is not limited thereto. 図1に示した漏斗状のガイドに、図2に示した2,3,4の3個のフィルター(2:ナイロン製10〜70メッシュ、3: A funnel-shaped guide shown in FIG. 1, three filters of 2, 3, and 4 shown in FIG. 2 (2: Nylon 10 to 70 mesh, 3:
本発明のフィルター、4:ナイロン製10〜250メッシュ)をはめ込み、5,6のネジで固定した上で電気掃除機の吸引過程のパイプ部に取り付けた。 Filter of the present invention, 4: nylon 10 to 250 mesh) fitting was attached to the pipe portion of the suction process of the vacuum cleaner on which is fixed with screws 5,6. また、比較例1として、2,4の2個のフィルターのみをはめ込んだもの、比較例2として3の本発明フィルターの代わりに、隙間100μm 以下の高密度繊維をはめ込んだもの、比較例3として3の本発明フィルターの代わりに厚さ0.5mm(密度0.05g/cm 3 )のフェルトをはめ込んだもの、比較例4として3の本発明フィルターの代わりに厚さ4mm(密度0.5g/cm 3 )のフェルトをはめ込んだもの、比較例5として3の本発明フィルターの代わりに密度0.05g/cm 3 (厚さ0.5 In Comparative Example 1, which is fitted only two filters 2 and 4, instead of the present invention filter 3 as Comparative Example 2, which is fitted to the following high-density fiber gaps 100 [mu] m, as a comparative example 3 3 of which fitting the felt thickness 0.5mm instead of the present invention the filter (density 0.05 g / cm 3), the thickness in place of the present invention filter 3 Comparative example 4 is 4 mm (density 0.5 g / cm 3) of those fitting the felt, Comparative example 5 as 3 of the present invention the density in place of the filter 0.05 g / cm 3 (thickness 0.5
mm)のフェルトをはめ込んだもの、比較例6として3 Those fitting the felt mm), 3 Comparative Example 6
の本発明フィルターの代わりに密度0.5g/cm Density 0.5 g / cm instead of the present invention the filter
3 (厚さ4mm)のフェルトをはめ込んだものを用意し、同じく5,6のネジで固定した上でそれぞれを電気掃除機の吸引過程のパイプ部に取り付けた。 3 was prepared fitted but what the felt (thickness 4 mm), were respectively, fix with similarly 5,6 screws attached to the pipe portion of the suction process of the vacuum cleaner. あらかじめ採取し、200メッシュのふるいにかけた微細塵(およそ50μm以下)を供試塵とし、床1m 2に1gをまんべんなくまき、前記電気掃除機にて20秒間吸引した。 Previously taken, 200 mesh sieved fine dust (approximately 50μm or less) and subjected試塵, evenly plated 1g floor 1 m 2, was aspirated 20 seconds at the vacuum cleaner.
比較例1,2についても同様に行った。 It was carried out in the same manner on Comparative Examples 1 and 2. その結果、表1 As a result, Table 1
に示すように、本発明のフィルターを用いた場合は微細塵捕集率が80%であったが、比較例1を用いた場合は微細塵捕集率が10%であった。 As shown, although the case of using the filter of the present invention was 80% fine dust collection efficiency, in the case of using Comparative Example 1 was 10% fine dust collection rate. また、比較例2のフィルターを用いた場合は、吸引しなかった。 In the case of using a filter of Comparative Example 2 was not aspirated. 比較例3と比較例5は同一のものであり、微細塵捕集率は40%以下であった。 Comparative Example 3 and Comparative Example 5 are the same, the fine dust collection efficiency was 40% or less. 比較例4と比較例6は同一のものであり、吸引力が極度に低下したため、微細塵捕集率は測定不可能であった。 Comparative Example 6 and Comparative Example 4 are the same, since the suction force is extremely lowered, fine dust collection efficiency could not be measured.

【0007】 [0007]

【表1】 [Table 1]

【0008】 [0008]

【発明の効果】本発明により、電気掃除機等の吸引装置を利用し、室内塵中のダニやカビ等を含み、アレルギーの原因になりうる微細塵を捕集分離することが極めて容易にできるようになった。 Effect of the Invention] The present invention utilizes a suction device such as a vacuum cleaner, includes mites and fungi and the like in indoor dust, can it extremely easy to collect separate fine dust which can cause allergies It became so.

【図面の簡単な説明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

【図1】フィルターを取り付けたパイプ部の縦断面図である。 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a pipe section fitted with filters.

【図2】実施例に示した3個のフィルター(2:ナイロン製10〜70メッシュ、3:本発明のフィルター、 [2] three filters shown in Example (2: Nylon 10 to 70 mesh, 3: filter of the present invention,
4:ナイロン製10〜250メッシュ)を示す図である。 4: is a diagram showing a 10 to 250 mesh) nylon.

【符号の説明】 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1 ガイド 2,3,4 フィルター 5 メスネジ 6 オスネジ 7,8 フィルター保持部 1 guide 2,3,4 filter 5 female screw 6 male thread 7,8 filter holder

Claims (4)

    【特許請求の範囲】 [The claims]
  1. 【請求項1】 厚さ1〜3mm、密度0.1〜0.4g 1. A thickness of 1 to 3 mm, density 0.1~0.4g
    /cm 3のフェルトを用いてなる微細塵捕集分離用フィルター。 / Cm fine dust collecting filter for separating formed by using three of felt.
  2. 【請求項2】 フェルトの素材が化学合成繊維のニードルパンチフェルトである請求項1記載の微細塵捕集分離用フィルター。 2. A method according to claim 1 micro dust collecting filter for separating, wherein the felt material is a needle-punched felt chemical synthetic fibers.
  3. 【請求項3】 厚さ1〜3mm、密度0.1〜0.4g 3. A thickness of 1 to 3 mm, density 0.1~0.4g
    /cm 3のフェルトを微細塵捕集分離用フィルターとして用いて微細塵を捕集分離する方法。 How to collect separate the fine dust by using / cm 3 of felt as fine dust collecting filter for separating.
  4. 【請求項4】 電気掃除機等の吸引装置の吸引過程のパイプ部に請求項1に記載のフィルターを取り付ける微細塵の捕集分離方法。 4. A collection separation method of the fine dust attaching a filter according to claim 1 in the pipe of the suction process of the suction device of the electric vacuum cleaner or the like.
JP10336585A 1998-11-10 1998-11-10 Filter for capturing/separating fine dust and capturing/ separating of fine dust using this filter Pending JP2000140533A (en)

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